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1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109566, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698268

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is a crucial pathogenic factor in osteoporosis. Autophagy is a cellular self-digestion process that can selectively remove damaged organelles under oxidative stress, and thus presents a potential therapeutic target against osteoporosis. Monotropein is an iridoid glycoside which can increase osteoblastic bone formation and be applied for medicinal purpose in China. The aim of this work is to investigate whether autophagy participates the protection effects of monotropein in osteoblasts under oxidative stress and the possible mechanism of such involvement. Here, monotropein was capable of inhibiting the H2O2-induced reactive oxygen species generation in osteoblasts. Monotropein induced autophagy and protected osteoblasts from cytotoxic effects of H2O2, as assessed by viability assays, apoptosis and western blotting. Moreover, it significantly attenuated H2O2-evoked oxidative stress as measured by malondialdehyde, catalase, and superoxide dismutase levels. Importantly, monotropein reduced the phosphorylation of protein kinase B (Akt), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and its two downstream proteins (p70S6K and 4EBP1). The autophagy level increased in osteoblasts treated with monotropein as represented by an increased in both Beclin1 expression and the LC3-II/LC3-I ratio. However, the Akt activator (SC79) and mTOR activator (MHY1485) suppressed the autophagy level induced by monotropein in H2O2-treated cells. Consequently, the antioxidant effects of monotropein were mediated, at least in part, by enhancing autophagy through the Akt/mTOR pathway. These results suggested that monotropein might be a promising candidate for osteoporosis treatment.

2.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-4, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793359

RESUMO

Cushing's syndrome (CS) during pregnancy is rare. It causes the clinical disorder by overproduction of cortisol. Hypercortisolemia in pregnancy can lead to severe complications, both for the mother and the fetus, including spontaneous abortion, perinatal death, prematurity, maternal hypertension, heart failure, diabetes and opportunistic infections. The most common cause of hypercortisolemia in pregnancy is a cortisol-secreting adrenal tumor. Herein we present a 31 year-old female patient, at 20 weeks' gestation, with CS secondary to a left adrenal tumor. A brief review of reported similar cases is included.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17970, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784657

RESUMO

Three well-conserved Horsfieldia hainanensis Merr. populations were used to investigate their soil seed bank and seedling regeneration characteristics and their relationship to environmental factors. The results showed that the seed reserves were low in the H. hainanensis soil seed bank (16.93~24.74 seed/m2). The distribution pattern for the seeds and seedlings in the H. hainanensis populations was aggregated, and they were mainly found around 2-3 m from the mother plant. The seeds in the litter layer and the 5-10 cm soil layer showed no vigor, and only 25.7%~33.3% of the total seeds in the 0-5 cm soil layer were viable affected by the high temperature and humidity, the animals' eating and poisoning. Affected by the height and coverage of the surrounding herbaceous layer and shrub layer, the seedlings of H. hainanensis could not obtain enough light and nutrients in the competition, resulting in the survival competitiveness of 1- to 3-year-old (1-3a) seedlings in the habitat had been in a weak position and a large number of seedlings died. It would take at least four years for seedlings to develop under the current environmental constraints. It can be concluded that the low seed reserve in the soil seed bank and high mortality of seedlings of H. hainanensis lead to slow or even stagnation of population regeneration, which was an important reason for the endangered of H. hainanensis. Therefore, the next research focus is to explore the influence mechanism of environmental factors on seed germination and seedling growth of H. hainanensis.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787230

RESUMO

Sleep deprivation (SD) has detrimental effects on the physiological function of the brain. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In the present study, we investigated the expression of candidate plasticity-related gene 15 (cpg15), a neurotrophic gene, and its potential role in SD using a REM-SD mouse model. Immunofluorescent and Western blot analysis revealed that the expression of cpg15 protein decreased in the hippocampus, ventral group of the dorsal thalamus (VENT), and somatosensory area of cerebral cortex (SSP) after 24-72 h of REM-SD, and the oxidative stress in these brain regions was increased in parallel, as indicated by the ratio of glutathione (GSH) to its oxidative product (GSSG). Over-expression of cpg15 in thalamus, hippocampus, and cerebral cortex mediated by AAV reduced the oxidative stress in these regions, indicating that the decrease of cpg15 might be a cause that augments oxidative stress in the sleep deprived mouse brain. Collectively, the results imply that cpg15 may play a protective function in the SD-subjected mouse brain via an anti-oxidative function. To our knowledge, this is the first time to provide evidences in the role of cpg15 against SD-induced oxidative stress in the brain.

5.
Front Pediatr ; 7: 471, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788464

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fped.2019.00341.].

6.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 473, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the last century, meconium peritonitis(MP)was once a highly fatal gastrointestinal. disease With the development of fetal radiological technology, abnormal signs, such as pseudocysts, can. be detected during the fetal period so that more patients can be diagnosed prenatally and receive surgery. in the early stage of life. The survival rate of MP has increased up to 80% in recent years. According to. a review of the treatment and outcomes of patients diagnosed with MP, we evaluated the influence of. early operation on survival rate and discussed the risk factors of prognosis. METHODS: We collected 79 cases of patients diagnosed with MP who were treated in our department. from October 2001 to December 2017. They were divided into 2 groups. Patients in group A were born. in our hospital. Patients in group B were born in a local hospital with suspicion of MP and then transferred. to our department. RESULTS: The birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) of patients were higher in group A than in. group B. There was no significant difference in the proportion of premature and low birth weight (LBW). patients between the two groups (p = 0.422, p = 0.970). Their age at the time of surgery was younger in. group A than in group B (1.4 ± 2.0 vs. 6.9 ± 14.9, p < 0.001). The overall survival rate of group A was higher. than that of group B (95.0% vs. 79.5%, p = 0.038). The prognosis of premature patients was worse than. that of full-term infants for both groups (p = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Prematurity is a significant risk factor related to death for MP patients. The survival rate. of MP patients can be improved by early operation during the neonatal period.

7.
Curr Microbiol ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802200

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, motile, aerobic and coccoid rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain YIM132180T, was isolated from a Lepraria sp. lichen collected from Pu'er, Yunnan Province, China. The strain grew at 15-35 °C (optimum, 25-28 °C), at 0-2% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-1%) and at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0). The 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain YIM132180T had highest similarity (96.4%) with Aureimonas endophytica 2T4P-2-4T, followed by Aureimonas ureilytica NBRC 106430T (95.7%) and Aureimonas rubiginis CC-CFT034T (95.6%). Phylogenetic analysis showed that the strain grouped with species of the genus Aureimonas. The genomic sequence was 4,779,519 bp and contained 4584 coding sequences (CDSs), 54 RNA genes, 3 complete rRNA genes and 47 tRNA genes. The major fatty acids (>10%) of strain YIM132180T were C18:1ω7c, C-16:0 and C19:0 cyclo ω8c. The predominant menaquinone was ubiquinone 10 (Q-10). The polar lipid profile comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified phospholipid, amino lipid, lipid and most importantly sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG). Based on the draft genome sequence, the G +C content of strain YIM132180T was 68.4 mol%. The results of the polyphasic taxonomic study, including phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic analyses, showed that strain YIM132180T represents a novel species of the genus Aureimonas, for which the name Aureimonas leprariae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 132180T (=KCTC 72462T = CGMCC 1.17389T).

8.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 3785-3798, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802851

RESUMO

Background: Post-anesthetic shivering incurs discomfort to patients or even exacerbates their condition. However, no ideal drug has been well established for preventing post-anesthetic shivering. Currently, subarachnoid and epidural dexmedetomidine have demonstrated to have an anti-shivering effect. Methods: An electronic search was conducted to identify randomized placebo-controlled trials reporting shivering and then compared subarachnoid and epidural dexmedetomidine with placebo in adults undergoing selective surgery. Data assessment and pooling were analyzed by Review Manager 5.3, STATA 15.0 and GRADE-pro 3.6 software. Results: Twenty-two studies (1389 patients) were subjected to this meta-analysis. The incidence of post-anesthetic shivering decreased from 20.10% in the placebo group to 10.30% in the dexmedetomidine group (RR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.39-0.59; Z=6.86, P<0.00001, I 2=32%). Non-Indian, epidural-space route and cesarean subgroups indicated a better anti-shivering effect. In the subarachnoid-space route subgroup, a dosage of >5 µg showed significantly superior anti-shivering effects than that of ≤5 µg. Subarachnoid and epidural dexmedetomidine increased the incidence of bradycardia, had no impact on nausea and vomiting, shortened the onset of block and lengthened the duration of block and analgesia. However, its effect on hypotension and sedation remained uncertain. The overall risk of bias was relatively low. The level of evidence was high, and the recommendation of voting results was strong. Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine as a subarachnoid and epidural adjunct drug could decrease the incidence of post-anesthetic shivering in a dose-dependent manner. However, caution should be taken in patients with original bradycardia.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18073, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MPT64 and PstS1 are the earliest known immune-dominant antigens of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and have been commonly used as candidates in the diagnosis of tuberculosis. METHODS: We constructed recombinant plasmids pET-32a-Rv0934 and pET-32a-Rv1980c to express both wild and mutant forms of MPT64 and PstS1 and purified them. From November 9 to December 9, 2016, and November 9 to December 10, 2017, 96 patients with tuberculosis, 53 patients without tuberculosis, and 96 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. We used the purified proteins as antigens to perform T-spot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for samples obtained from healthy volunteers and tuberculosis patients. RESULTS: Regarding T-spot, the area under the curve (AUC) values for MPT64-wild protein (MPT64-H37Rv) and MPT64-mutant protein (MPT64-FJ05395) were 0.723 and 0.750, respectively. The AUC values for PstS1-H37Rv, PstS1-FJ05132, and PstS1-JL06035 were 0.817, 0.796, and 0.745, respectively. With regard to ELISA, the AUC values for MPT64-H37Rv and MPT64-FJ05395 were 0.525 and 0.528, respectively, while those for PstS1-H37Rv, PstS1-FJ05132, PstS1-JL06035 were 0.588, 0.509, and 0.560, respectively. There was no difference between wild and mutant proteins when we used them as antigens to perform T-spot and ELISA assays. CONCLUSION: MPT64 and PstS1 are likely candidate diagnostic antigens for M tuberculosis T-spot test, at least in combination with other proteins. Polymorphisms of MPT64 and PstS1 had little effect on cell-mediated and humoral immunity in the host.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e17977, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725662

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Both Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and spotted fever group Rickettsiae (SFGR) are pathogens carried by ticks. There is a possibility of co-infection with these tick-borne diseases. PATIENT CONCERNS: Male patient, 63 years-of-age, admitted to hospital with skin rash presenting for 1 week and fever with cough and expectoration for 3 days before admission. DIAGNOSES: We diagnosed that the patient was co-infected by B burgdorferi sl and SFGR using laboratory test results and the patient's clinical manifestations. INTERVENTIONS: The patient started therapy with oral minocycline, then levofloxacin by intravenous injection for SFGR. Meanwhile, he was treated with penicillin G sodium, cefoperazone sulbactam sodium and ceftriaxone by intravenous injection for B burgdorferi sl. OUTCOMES: After the patient was in stable condition, he was discharged from hospital. LESSONS: This case report highlights the possibility of co-infection by 2 tick-borne diseases in Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. The antibiotic therapy should be based on the detection of pathogenic bacteria, and the different susceptibilities of co-infecting bacteria should be considered.

11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726123

RESUMO

Hydrogels containing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were recently found to exhibit excellent antibacterial properties against both gram-negative/positive bacteria and fungi. In this study, we reported the synthesis of AgNPs-contained gelatin-polyethylene glycol-dopamine (AgNP-GPD) hydrogels via the in situ formation of AgNPs in GPD polypeptide solution, followed by an enzymatic cross-linking reaction to form hydrogels. The experimental results showed that the reducing reaction exerted by GPD polypeptides under physiological conditions can afford the formation of AgNPs in situ in the polypeptide solution without the need for additional reducing agents and/or processes such as UV or thermal treatments and then the hydrogelation of GPD polypeptide solution containing AgNPs were preceeded via enzymatic cross-linking reaction. It was found that the gelation time, hydrogel mechanical property, degree of swelling and degree of enzymatic degradation for both GPD and AgNP-GPD hydrogels can be tuned by varying enzyme/oxidative agent concentration, catechol content, and the reducing reaction conditions such as reaction time and silver ion concentration. Importantly, AgNP-GPD hydrogels exhibit excellent antibacterial properties against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. This type of hydrogel is a promising biomaterial for biomedical applications including wound healing and tissue engineering.

12.
Mol Biol Cell ; : mbcE19080450, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746672

RESUMO

Mitochondrial cristae contain electron transport chain (ETC) complexes and are distinct from the inner boundary membrane (IBM). While many details regarding the regulation of mitochondrial structure are known, the relationship between cristae structure and function during organelle development is not fully described. Here, we used serial-section tomography to characterize the formation of lamellar cristae in immature mitochondria during a period of dramatic mitochondrial development that occurs after Drosophila emergence as an adult. We found that the formation of lamellar cristae was associated with the gain of COX function, and the COX subunit, COX4, was localized predominantly to organized lamellar cristae. Interestingly, 3D tomography showed some COX-positive lamellar cristae were not connected to IBM. We hypothesize that some lamellar cristae may be organized by a vesicle germination process in the matrix, in addition to invagination of IBM. OXA1 protein, which mediates membrane insertion of COX proteins, was also localized to cristae and reticular structures isolated in the matrix additional to the IBM, suggesting that it may participate in the formation of vesicle germination-derived cristae. Overall, our study elaborates on how cristae morphogenesis and functional maturation are intricately associated. Our data support the vesicle germination and membrane invagination models of cristae formation. [Media: see text] [Media: see text].

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738159

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, yellow-pigmented, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative, strictly aerobic actinobacterium, designated strain YIM 131853T, was isolated from lichen collected from the South Bank of the Baltic Sea. The novel strain was non-spore-forming, short rod-shaped and motile with a single polar flagellum. The strain could grow at 4-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 4.0-12.0 (pH 6.0) and at 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl (1 %). The DNA G+C content of strain YIM 131853T based on the draft genome sequence was 68.3 mol%. Predominant cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were identified as anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The polar lipid profile included diphosphatidylglycerol, dimannosyldiacylglycerol, three unknown glycolipids, two unknown phospholipids and one unknown lipid. Strain YIM 131853T had 2,4-diaminobutyric acid as the diagnostic cell-wall diamino acid, galactose and glucose as whole-cell sugars, and MK-10, MK-14, MK-13 and MK-12 as the major menaquinones. Although strain YIM 131853T exhibited a highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (96.6 %) to Amnibacterium kyonggiense NBRC 109360T, phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the strain formed a tight lineage with Naasia aerilata NBRC 108725T (96.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), which was the only species of genus Naasia. Based on the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain YIM 131853T should belong to the genus Naasia and represents a novel species of the genus Naasia, for which the name Naasia lichenicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 131853T (=CGMCC 4.7565T=NBRC 113605T).

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671051

RESUMO

A Gram-strain positive, mycelium-forming actinomycete, YIM 121212T, was isolated from an alkaline soil sample collected in Yunnan province, PR China. Classification using a polyphasic approach indicated that YIM 121212T represents a member of the genus Prauserella, and is closely related to Prauserella coralliicola SCSIO 11529T (99.31 %), Prauserella endophytica SP28S-3T (99.17 %), Prauserella soli 12-833T (97.43 %), Prauserella oleivorans RIPIT (97.03 %), Prauserella marina MS498T (96.74 %), Prauserella rugosa DSM 43194T (96.54 %) and Prauserella muralis 05-Be-005T (95.92 %). Average nucleotide identity values (ANI) of YIM 121212T to P. coralliicola DSM 45821T and P. endophytica CGMCC 4.7182T were 93.1 and 92.8 %, respectively, which were lower than the threshold of 95 %. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between YIM 121212T and these two species were 50.8 and 49.9 %, respectively and thus were also well below the cut off value (>70 %) for species delineation. The DNA G+C content of YIM 121212T is 70.8 mol%. Major fatty acids are iso-C16 : 0, iso-C16 : 1H, C16 : 1ω7c/iso-C15 : 0 2OH, C17 : 1ω6c, and C17 : 1ω8c. The predominant menaquinone is MK-9(H4). The polar lipid profile consists of diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylmethylethanolamine (PME), phosphatidylinositol (PI), and phosphatidylinositol mannoside (PIM). The draft genomes were further analyzed for the presence of secondary metabolite biosynthesis (SMB) gene clusters. On the basis of the above observations, YIM121212T can be distinguished from closely related species belonging to the genus Prauserella. Thus, YIM121212T represents a novel species of the genus Prauserella, for which the name Prauserella flavalba sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM121212T (=CCTCC AA 2013011T=DSM 45973T).

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674895

RESUMO

Huge numbers of bacteria reside in the digestive tract of most animals. During an investigation into the bacterial diversity of primates, strain YIM 102668T was isolated. When neighbour-joining phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences was conducted, strain YIM 102668T formed a cluster within the family Flavobacteriaceae and in a lineage not associated with any known group of previously proposed genera. Closely related genera were Algoriella (94.8 %), Chishuiella (94.8 %), Empedobacter (highest 94.6 %), Moheibacter (90.9 %) and Weeksella (90.6 %). In addition, strain YIM 102668T contained MK-6 as the predominant respiratory quinone and iso-C15 : 0 as the major fatty acid. The major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine and the genomic DNA G+C content was 30.6 mol%. These chemotaxonomic characterizations confirmed that strain YIM 102668T belonged to the family Flavobacteriaceae. Supported by the results of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses, we propose that strain YIM 102668T represents a novel genus, for which the name Faecalibacter macacae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 102668T (=KCTC 52109T=CCTCC AB 2016016T).

16.
Vet Microbiol ; 239: 108464, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767070

RESUMO

QX-like genotype infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) has become prevalent in recent years. Few studies have reported the effects of accessory proteins 3a and 3b on pathogenicity in vivo. We developed a reverse genetics system to manipulate the genome of a QX-like IBV strain IBYZ. Recombinant viruses rIBYZ-ScAUG3a, rIBYZ-ScAUG3b and rIBYZ-ScAUG3ab were generated. These viruses do not express the accessory proteins 3a, 3b, or 3ab due to a mutation in the AUG start codons. In SPF embryonated eggs, the recombinant viruses grew to the same viral load as parental strain rIBYZ. The pathogenicity of rIBYZ and recombinant viruses was examined in 1-day-old SPF chickens. In SPF chickens, rIBYZ-ScAUG3a had a lower mortality than rIBYZ. The clinical signs, gross lesions and histopathological changes of rIBYZ-ScAUG3a group were comparable to those of rIBYZ group. However, viral distribution and viral shedding showed that the viral loads of rIBYZ-ScAUG3a were lower than those of rIBYZ in tissue samples and swab specimens. The rIBYZ-ScAUG3b and rIBYZ-ScAUG3ab strains showed attenuated pathogenicity compared to rIBYZ, as no chickens died and all the parameters tested were considerably low. This study indicates that the absence of accessory proteins 3a and 3b in IBV lead to attenuated pathogenicity in chickens. Protein 3b has a greater effect on pathogenicity than protein 3a. These findings may be used in vaccination trials for the development of a new live-attenuated vaccine.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17451, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767891

RESUMO

Previous studies have demonstrated the important role of kisspeptin in impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). In addition, it was reported that the activation of autophagy in pancreatic ß-cells decreases insulin secretion by selectively degrading insulin granules. However, it is currently unknown whether kisspeptin suppresses GSIS in ß-cells by activating autophagy. To investigate the involvement of autophagy in kisspeptin-regulated insulin secretion, we overexpressed Kiss1 in NIT-1 cells to mimic the long-term exposure of pancreatic ß-cells to kisspeptin during type 2 diabetes (T2D). Interestingly, our data showed that although kisspeptin potently decreases the intracellular proinsulin and insulin ((pro)insulin) content and insulin secretion of NIT-1 cells, autophagy inhibition using bafilomycin A1 and Atg5 siRNAs only rescues basal insulin secretion, not kisspeptin-impaired GSIS. We also generated a novel in vivo model to investigate the long-term exposure of kisspeptin by osmotic pump. The in vivo data demonstrated that kisspeptin lowers GSIS and (pro)insulin levels and also activated pancreatic autophagy in mice. Collectively, our data demonstrated that kisspeptin suppresses both GSIS and non-glucose-stimulated insulin secretion of pancreatic ß-cells, but only non-glucose-stimulated insulin secretion depends on activated autophagic degradation of (pro)insulin. Our study provides novel insights for the development of impaired insulin secretion during T2D progression.

18.
Antiviral Res ; 173: 104652, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751590

RESUMO

Both classical swine fever (CSF) and pseudorabies are highly contagious, economically significant diseases of swine in China. Although vaccination with the C-strain against classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is widely carried out and severe outbreaks of CSF seldom occur in China, CSF is sporadic in many pig herds and novel sub-subgenotypes of CSFV endlessly emerge. Thus, new measures are needed to eradicate CSFV from Chinese farms. The emergence of a pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant also posed a new challenge for the control of swine pseudorabies. Here, the recombinant PRV strain JS-2012-ΔgE/gI-E2 expressing E2 protein of CSFV was developed by inserting the E2 expression cassette into the intergenic region between the gG and gD genes of the gE/gI-deletion PRV variant strain JS-2012-ΔgE/gI. The recombinant virus was stable when passaged in vitro. A single vaccination of JS-2012-ΔgE/gI-E2 via intramuscular injection fully protected against lethal challenges of PRV and CSFV. Vaccination of piglets with the recombinant JS-2012-ΔgE/gI-E2 in the presence of high levels of maternally derived antibodies (Abs) to PRV can provide partial protection against lethal challenge of CSFV. Vaccination of the recombinant PRV JS-2012-ΔgE/gI-E2 strain did not induce the production of Abs to the gE protein of PRV or to the CSFV proteins other than E2. Thus, JS-2012-ΔgE/gI-E2 appears to be a promising recombinant marker vaccine candidate against PRV and CSFV for the control and eradication of the PRV variant and CSFV.

19.
Am J Infect Control ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health care-associated meningitis or ventriculitis (HCAMV) is a serious complication in different neurosurgical procedures and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to investigate whether an educational intervention program could reduce the HCAMV incidence in patients undergoing postsurgery external ventricular drainage and wound management. METHODS: We enrolled 2,904 patients from the neurosurgery intensive care unit between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2018. The medical staff undertook an educational program developed by a multidisciplinary team on correct external ventricular drainage insertion and maintenance. The program included a 9-page self-learning module on the HCAMV risk factors and operational improvements. Each participant completed a pre- and posttest on their HCAMV knowledge. RESULTS: We found that 38 of 693 (5.48%) patients presented with infection in the preintervention 9-month period. In the 27-month postintervention period, the proportion of HCAMV incidence dropped by 52.19% (P < .0001) to 58 of 2,211 (2.62%) patients. CONCLUSIONS: Educational intervention aimed at the neurosurgery intensive care unit staff could significantly reduce the HCAMV rate, leading to a significant decline in the cost, morbidity, and mortality caused by neurosurgical procedures.

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