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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 331: 118300, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718889

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Schisandra sphenanthera (Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. et Wils.) is the dried mature fruit of Schisandra sphenanthera, a plant in the Magnoliaceae family. It was used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus in the Jade Fluid Decoction and the Xiaoke pills, which were recorded in ancient books. However, its mechanism of action in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was unclear and needs further study. AIM OF THE STUDY: This research aimed to investigate the chemical composition and lignan content of Schisandra sphenanthera petroleum ether parts (SPEP) and to evaluate the effects of SPEP on sweet taste receptors (STRs) and intestinal flora in rats on a high-fat diet (HFD). Additionally, the relationships between SPEP and hyperglycemia and insulin resistance were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: GC-MS was used to determine the chemical composition of SPEP, and HPLC was used to determine the lignin content. A combination of the HFD and the administration of streptozotocin (STZ) was employed to generate a rat model of T2DM. Petroleum ether extracts from Schisandra sphenanthera were used as the focus of the research to evaluate the effects of these extracts on the glucolipid metabolism of T2DM rats, as well as the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Analysis of the GC-MS spectrum of SESP revealed a total of 58 compounds. HPLC analysis revealed that SPEP had the highest concentration of Schisandrin A and the lowest concentration of Schisandrol A. The drug administration intervention resulted in a significant decrease in body weight and pancreatic weight of diabetic rats compared to the Normal group. When compared to the Model group, the body weight of rats in the drug administration group and the Metformin group had a more moderate decrease, while the pancreatic weight and pancreatic-to-body ratio increased. The Model group shown significant increases in FBG, OGTT, GHb, TC, TG, LDL-C, ALT, AST, MDA, FINS, and NEFA, as well as significant decreases in HDL-C and SOD, when compared to the Normal group (P < 0.05). The administration of each group was found to be significantly effective in decreasing FBG, OGTT, GHb, TC, TG, LDL-C, ALT, AST, MDA, FINS, NEFA, while increasing HDL-C and SOD when compared to the Model group. The application of SPEP had a positive impact on hepatocyte swelling, hepatocyte degeneration, and necrosis, as well as the morphological structure of pancreatic islet cells. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of T1R2, TRPM5 and GLP-1 in the small intestine of the Model group were reduced. After a period of six weeks, the protein expression levels began to align more closely with those of the Normal group of rats. Analysis of 16S rRNA sequencing revealed that the intestinal microbiota of diabetic rats was significantly disrupted, with a decrease in the abundance of the Firmicutes phylum and an increase in the abundance of the Bacteroidetes phylum. Furthermore, the composition of the dominant genus was distinct from that of the control group. After the drug intervention, the microbiota of diabetic rats was significantly altered, exhibiting a higher abundance and diversity, as well as a significant enrichment of the community. The SPEP treatment resulted in a significant increase in acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this research indicated that SPEP could be effective in treating T2DM through the regulation of STRs, the adjustment of disturbed metabolite levels, and the alteration of intestinal flora.

2.
NPJ Prim Care Respir Med ; 34(1): 10, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729942

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the real-world standardisation and adherence of medical treatment regimens in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the community for making future management strategy. The follow-up data and treatment information of patients with COPD, which were collected through the Management Information Center of COPD (MICCOPD) in 21 community health service centres in Songjiang District, a countryside region of Shanghai. Concordance between the pharmaceutical treatment plan and recommendation of 2017 Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) report during the follow-up management period, as well as the medication adherence by patients,were analysed. Out of the 2044 patients diagnosed with COPD, 814 patients (39.8%) who had an initial record of medication use were found to meet the inclusion criteria. The most common medication regimens were long-acting beta-agonist plus inhaled corticosteroids (35.9%) and oral bronchodilators (41.9%). Among these 814 patients, 45.7%, 38.0%, 31.6% and 14.6% adhered to the treatment after 6, 12, 18 and 24 months of follow-up, respectively. The concordance rate with the regimens recommended by the 2017 GOLD guidelines was 35.5% at baseline, 35.5% at 6 months, 32.7% at 12 months, 35.4% at 18 months and 37% at 24 months. The compliance and guideline consistency rates of patients with COPD in the community under the management of general practitioners need to be improved. Enhancing general practitioner proficiency in the prevention and management of COPD and increasing patient awareness of the condition, are crucial standardising and improving adherence to initial and follow-up COPD treatments.


Assuntos
Broncodilatadores , Adesão à Medicação , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , China , Internet , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Administração por Inalação
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731817

RESUMO

MCPH1 has been identified as the causal gene for primary microcephaly type 1, a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by reduced brain size and delayed growth. As a multifunction protein, MCPH1 has been reported to repress the expression of TERT and interact with transcriptional regulator E2F1. However, it remains unclear whether MCPH1 regulates brain development through its transcriptional regulation function. This study showed that the knockout of Mcph1 in mice leads to delayed growth as early as the embryo stage E11.5. Transcriptome analysis (RNA-seq) revealed that the deletion of Mcph1 resulted in changes in the expression levels of a limited number of genes. Although the expression of some of E2F1 targets, such as Satb2 and Cdkn1c, was affected, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were not significantly enriched as E2F1 target genes. Further investigations showed that primary and immortalized Mcph1 knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) exhibited cell cycle arrest and cellular senescence phenotype. Interestingly, the upregulation of p19ARF was detected in Mcph1 knockout MEFs, and silencing p19Arf restored the cell cycle and growth arrest to wild-type levels. Our findings suggested it is unlikely that MCPH1 regulates neurodevelopment through E2F1-mediated transcriptional regulation, and p19ARF-dependent cell cycle arrest and cellular senescence may contribute to the developmental abnormalities observed in primary microcephaly.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Senescência Celular , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina , Camundongos Knockout , Microcefalia , Animais , Camundongos , Senescência Celular/genética , Microcefalia/genética , Microcefalia/metabolismo , Microcefalia/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/deficiência , Fator de Transcrição E2F1/genética , Fator de Transcrição E2F1/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo
4.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1364857, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690361

RESUMO

Background: Hyperuricemia (HUA) is a prevalent metabolic disorder whose development is associated with intestinal microbiota. Therefore, probiotics have emerged as a potential and safe approach for lowering uric acid (UA) levels. However, the underlying mechanisms of many effective probiotic strains remain unknown. Methods and results: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into two groups: control and model groups. The model group received 12 weeks of potassium oxonate. Through 16s sequencing we found that HUA resulted in a significant decrease in the total diversity of all intestinal segments. When each intestinal segment was analyzed individually, the reduction in diversity was only significant in the cecum and colon sections. RDA analysis showed that lactobacilli in the rat colon exhibited a strong correlation with model group, suggesting that Lactobacillus may play an important role in HUA. Consequently, the preventive effects of Lactobacillus johnsonii YH1136 against HUA were investigated. C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: control, model and YH1136 groups. The results showed that administering Lactobacillus johnsonii YH1136 effectively reduced serum UA levels in vivo by inhibiting hepatic xanthine oxidase (XOD) activity and promoting renal ABCG2 transporter expression. Moreover, supplementation with Lactobacillus johnsonii YH1136 significantly ameliorated pathological damage in the kidney and liver, thereby reducing UA accumulation. Conclusion: Hyperuricemia is accompanied by an altered composition of multiple gut bacteria, of which Lactobacillus is a key genus. Lactobacillus johnsonii YH1136 may ameliorate renal involvement in HUA via the gut-kidney axis.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 567, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyroptosis is a type of programmed cell death mediated by the gasdermin family. Gasdermin B (GSDMB), as a member of gasdermin family, can promote the occurrence of cell pyroptosis. However, the correlations of the GSDMB expression in colorectal cancer with clinicopathological predictors, immune microenvironment, and prognosis are unclear. METHODS: Specimens from 267 colorectal cancer cases were analyzed by immunohistochemistry to determine GSDMB expression, CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T lymphocytes, CD20+ B lymphocytes, CD68+ macrophages, and S100A8+ immune cells. GSDMB expression in cancer cells was scored in the membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus respectively. GSDMB+ immune cell density was calculated. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses were performed. The association of GSDMB expression with other clinicopathological variables and immune cells were also analyzed. Double immunofluorescence was used to identify the nature of GSDMB+ immune cells. Cytotoxicity assays and sensitivity assays were performed to detect the sensitivity of cells to 5-fluorouracil. RESULTS: Multivariate survival analysis showed that cytoplasmic GSDMB expression was an independent favorable prognostic indicator. Patients with positive cytoplasmic or nuclear GSDMB expression would benefit from 5-fluorouracil based chemotherapy. The assays in vitro showed that high GSDMB expression enhanced the sensitivity of colorectal cancer cells to 5-fluorouracil. Patients with positive membranous or nuclear GSDMB expression had more abundant S100A8+ immune cells in the tumor invasive front. Positive nuclear GSDMB expression indicated more CD68+ macrophages in the tumor microenvironment. Moreover, GSDMB+ immune cell density in the stroma was associated with a higher neutrophil percentage but a lower lymphocyte counts and monocyte percentage in peripheral blood. Furthermore, the results of double immunofluorescence showed that GSDMB co-expressed with CD68 or S100A8 in stroma cells. CONCLUSION: The GSDMB staining patterns are linked to its role in cancer progression, the immune microenvironment, systemic inflammatory response, chemotherapeutic efficacy, and prognosis. Colorectal cancer cells with high GSDMB expression are more sensitive to 5-fluorouracil. However, GSDMB expression in immune cells has different effects on cancer progression from that in cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Progressão da Doença , Gasderminas , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Masculino , Prognóstico , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Adulto , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Piroptose
6.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 20: 979-987, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741580

RESUMO

Background: Postoperative delirium (POD) significantly impacts patient outcomes after acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) surgeries. This study investigates the role of Neuronal Pentraxin 2 (NPTX2) as a potential biomarker for POD in ATAAD patients. Methods: This secondary analysis involved ATAAD patients from a prospective observational study. Serum NPTX2 levels were measured preoperatively and immediately postoperatively using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Delirium was assessed using the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) or CAM for the ICU (CAM-ICU). Statistical analyses included the Pearson Correlation Coefficient and multivariate logistic regression to evaluate the association between NPTX2 levels and POD. Results: Among the 62 patients included, 46.77% developed POD. Patients with POD had significantly lower preoperative and postoperative serum NPTX2 levels. The Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that postoperative NPTX2 had a strong predictive capability for POD (AUC = 0.895). The optimal cutoff for postoperative NPTX2 in predicting POD was less than 421.4 pg/mL. Preoperative NPTX2 also demonstrated predictive value, albeit weaker (AUC = 0.683). Conclusion: Serum NPTX2 levels, both preoperatively and postoperatively, are promising biomarkers for predicting POD in ATAAD patients. These findings suggest that NPTX2 could be instrumental in early POD detection and intervention strategies.

7.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1364332, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707890

RESUMO

Background: Postoperative acute kidney injury (PO-AKI) is a prevalent complication among patients with acute type A aortic dissection (aTAAD) for which unrecognized trajectories of renal function recovery, and their heterogeneity, may underpin poor success in identifying effective therapies. Methods: This was a retrospective, single-center cohort study in a regional Great Vessel Center including patients undergoing aortic dissection surgery. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) recovery trajectories of PO-AKI were defined through the unsupervised latent class mixture modeling (LCMM), with an assessment of patient and procedural characteristics, complications, and early-term survival. Internal validation was performed by resampling. Results: A total of 1,295 aTAAD patients underwent surgery and 645 (49.8%) developed PO-AKI. Among the PO-AKI cohort, the LCMM identified two distinct eGFR trajectories: early recovery (ER-AKI, 51.8% of patients) and late or no recovery (LNR-AKI, 48.2% of patients). Binary logistic regression identified five critical determinants regarding poor renal recovery, including chronic kidney disease (CKD) history, renal hypoperfusion, circulation arrest time, intraoperative urine, and myoglobin. LNR-AKI was associated with increased mortality, continuous renal replacement therapies, mechanical ventilation, ICU stay, and hospital stay. The assessment of the predictive model was good, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.73 (95% CI: 0.69-0.76), sensitivity of 61.74%, and specificity of 75.15%. The internal validation derived a consistent average AUC of 0.73. The nomogram was constructed for clinicians' convenience. Conclusion: Our study explored the PO-AKI recovery patterns among surgical aTAAD patients and identified critical determinants that help to predict individuals at risk of poor recovery of renal function.

8.
Transl Oncol ; 45: 101986, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723299

RESUMO

Microvascular invasion (MVI) is an adverse prognostic indicator of tumor recurrence after surgery for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore, developing a nomogram for estimating the presence of MVI before liver resection is necessary. We retrospectively included 260 patients with pathologically confirmed HCC at the Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 2021 and April 2024. The patients were randomly divided into a training cohort (n = 182) for nomogram development, and a validation cohort (n = 78) to confirm the performance of the model (7:3 ratio). Significant clinical variables associated with MVI were then incorporated into the predictive nomogram using both univariate and multivariate logistic analyses. The predictive performance of the nomogram was assessed based on its discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility. Serum carnosine dipeptidase 1 ([CNDP1] OR 2.973; 95 % CI 1.167-7.575; p = 0.022), cirrhosis (OR 8.911; 95 % CI 1.922-41.318; p = 0.005), multiple tumors (OR 4.095; 95 % CI 1.374-12.205; p = 0.011), and tumor diameter ≥3 cm (OR 4.408; 95 % CI 1.780-10.919; p = 0.001) were independent predictors of MVI. Performance of the nomogram based on serum CNDP1, cirrhosis, number of tumors and tumor diameter was achieved with a concordance index of 0.833 (95 % CI 0.771-0.894) and 0.821 (95 % CI 0.720-0.922) in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. It fitted well in the calibration curves, and the decision curve analysis further confirmed its clinical usefulness. The nomogram, incorporating significant clinical variables and imaging features, successfully predicted the personalized risk of MVI in HCC preoperatively.

9.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724566

RESUMO

Psychiatric disorders are highly heritable yet polygenic, potentially involving hundreds of risk genes. Genome-wide association studies have identified hundreds of genomic susceptibility loci with susceptibility to psychiatric disorders; however, the contribution of these loci to the underlying psychopathology and etiology remains elusive. Here we generated deep human brain proteomics data by quantifying 11,608 proteins across 268 subjects using 11-plex tandem mass tag coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Our analysis revealed 788 cis-acting protein quantitative trait loci associated with the expression of 883 proteins at a genome-wide false discovery rate <5%. In contrast to expression at the transcript level and complex diseases that are found to be mainly influenced by noncoding variants, we found protein expression level tends to be regulated by non-synonymous variants. We also provided evidence of 76 shared regulatory signals between gene expression and protein abundance. Mediation analysis revealed that for most (88%) of the colocalized genes, the expression levels of their corresponding proteins are regulated by cis-pQTLs via gene transcription. Using summary data-based Mendelian randomization analysis, we identified 4 proteins and 19 genes that are causally associated with schizophrenia. We further integrated multiple omics data with network analysis to prioritize candidate genes for schizophrenia risk loci. Collectively, our findings underscore the potential of proteome-wide linkage analysis in gaining mechanistic insights into the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders.

10.
ACS Nano ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727520

RESUMO

In the current work, the foliar application of selenium nanomaterials (Se0 NMs) suppressed sheath blight in rice (Oryza sativa). The beneficial effects were nanoscale specific and concentration dependent. Specifically, foliar amendment of 5 mg/L Se0 NMs decreased the disease severity by 68.8% in Rhizoctonia solani-infected rice; this level of control was 1.57- and 2.20-fold greater than that of the Se ions with equivalent Se mass and a commercially available pesticide (Thifluzamide). Mechanistically, (1) the controlled release ability of Se0 NMs enabled a wider safe concentration range and greater bioavailability to Se0 NMs, and (2) transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses demonstrated that Se0 NMs simultaneously promoted the salicylic acid- and jasmonic-acid-dependent acquired disease resistance pathways, antioxidative system, and flavonoid biosynthesis. Additionally, Se0 NMs improved rice yield by 31.1%, increased the nutritional quality by 6.4-7.2%, enhanced organic Se content by 44.8%, and decreased arsenic and cadmium contents by 38.7 and 42.1%, respectively, in grains as compared with infected controls. Human simulated gastrointestinal tract model results showed that the application of Se0 NMs enhanced the bioaccessibility of Se in grains by 22.0% and decreased the bioaccessibility of As and Cd in grains by 20.3 and 13.4%, respectively. These findings demonstrate that Se0 NMs can serve as an effective and sustainable strategy to increase food quality and security.

11.
Redox Biol ; 73: 103176, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705094

RESUMO

Excitotoxicity is a prevalent pathological event in neurodegenerative diseases. The involvement of ferroptosis in the pathogenesis of excitotoxicity remains elusive. Transcriptome analysis has revealed that cytoplasmic reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) levels are associated with susceptibility to ferroptosis-inducing compounds. Here we show that exogenous NADPH, besides being reductant, interacts with N-myristoyltransferase 2 (NMT2) and upregulates the N-myristoylated ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1). NADPH increases membrane-localized FSP1 and strengthens resistance to ferroptosis. Arg-291 of NMT2 is critical for the NADPH-NMT2-FSP1 axis-mediated suppression of ferroptosis. This study suggests that NMT2 plays a pivotal role by bridging NADPH levels and neuronal susceptibility to ferroptosis. We propose a mechanism by which the NADPH regulates N-myristoylation, which has important implications for ferroptosis and disease treatment.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202405476, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706228

RESUMO

Despite the pivotal role of molecular oxygen (O2) activation in artificial photosynthesis, the activation efficiency is often restricted by sluggish exciton dissociation and charge transfer kinetics within polymer photocatalysts. Herein, we propose two tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-based imine-linked covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with tailored donor-acceptor (D-A) structures, TTF-PDI-COF and TTF-TFPP-COF, to promote O2 activation. Because of enhanced electron push-pull interactions that facilitated charge separation and transfer behavior, TTF-PDI-COF exhibited superior photocatalytic activity in electron-induced O2 activation reactions over TTF-TFPP-COF under visible light irradiation, including the photosynthesis of (E)-3-amino-2-thiocyano-α,ß-unsaturated compounds and H2O2. These findings highlight the significant potential of the rational design of COFs with D-A configurations as suitable candidates for advanced photocatalytic applications.

13.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703190

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a non-invasive auxiliary assessment method based on CT-derived extracellular volume (ECV) to predict the pathological grading (PG) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed 238 patients who underwent HCC resection surgery between January 2013 and April 2023. Six machine learning algorithms were employed to construct predictive models for HCC PG: logistic regression, extreme gradient boosting, Light Gradient Boosting Machine (LightGBM), random forest, adaptive boosting, and Gaussian naive Bayes. Model performance was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, including area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and F1 score. Calibration plots were used for visual evaluation of model calibration. Clinical decision curve analysis was performed to assess potential clinical utility by calculating net benefit. RESULTS: 166 patients from Hospital A were allocated to the training set, while 72 patients from Hospital B (constituting 30.25% of the total sample) were assigned to the test set. The model achieved an AUC of 1.000 (95%CI: 1.000-1.000) in the training set and 0.927 (95%CI: 0.837-0.999) in the validation set, respectively. Ultimately, the model achieved an AUC of 0.909 (95%CI: 0.837-0.980) in the test set, with an accuracy of 0.778, sensitivity of 0.906, specificity of 0.789, negative predictive value of 0.556, and F1 score of 0.908. CONCLUSION: This study successfully developed and validated a non-invasive auxiliary assessment method based on CT-derived ECV to predict the HCC PG, providing important supplementary information for clinical decision-making.

14.
Virology ; 595: 110094, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692133

RESUMO

Stress-induced immunosuppression (SIIS) is one of common problems in the intensive poultry industry, affecting the effect of vaccine immunization and leading to high incidences of diseases. In this study, the expression characteristics and regulatory mechanisms of miR-214 in the processes of SIIS and its influence on the immune response to avian influenza virus (AIV) vaccine in chicken were explored. The qRT-PCR results showed that serum circulating miR-214 was significantly differentially expressed (especially on 2, 5, and 28 days post immunization (dpi)) in the processes, so had the potential as a molecular marker. MiR-214 expressions from multiple tissues were closely associated with the changes in circulating miR-214 expression levels. MiR-214-PTEN regulatory network was a potential key regulatory mechanism for the heart, bursa of Fabricius, and glandular stomach to participate in the process of SIIS affecting AIV immune response. This study can provide references for further understanding of stress affecting immune response.

15.
Research (Wash D C) ; 7: 0355, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694202

RESUMO

Proper timing of vigilance states serves fundamental brain functions. Although disturbance of sleep onset rapid eye movement (SOREM) sleep is frequently reported after orexin deficiency, their causal relationship still remains elusive. Here, we further study a specific subgroup of orexin neurons with convergent projection to the REM sleep promoting sublaterodorsal tegmental nucleus (OXSLD neurons). Intriguingly, although OXSLD and other projection-labeled orexin neurons exhibit similar activity dynamics during REM sleep, only the activation level of OXSLD neurons exhibits a significant positive correlation with the post-inter-REM sleep interval duration, revealing an essential role for the orexin-sublaterodorsal tegmental nucleus (SLD) neural pathway in relieving REM sleep pressure. Monosynaptic tracing reveals that multiple inputs may help shape this REM sleep-related dynamics of OXSLD neurons. Genetic ablation further shows that the homeostatic architecture of sleep/wakefulness cycles, especially avoidance of SOREM sleep-like transition, is dependent on this activity. A positive correlation between the SOREM sleep occurrence probability and depression states of narcoleptic patients further demonstrates the possible significance of the orexin-SLD pathway on REM sleep homeostasis.

16.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1358101, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690166

RESUMO

Background: Lung cancer, characterized by its high morbidity and lethality, necessitates thorough research to enhance our understanding of its pathogenesis and discover novel therapeutic approaches. Recent studies increasingly demonstrate that lung cancer cells can modulate the tumor microenvironment, promoting tumor growth, and metastasis through the release of exosomes. Exosomes are small vesicles secreted by cells and contain a variety of bioactive molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, and metabolites. This paper presents a comprehensive review of exosome research in lung cancer and its progress through bibliometric analysis. Methods: Publications related to exosomes in lung cancer patients were systematically searched on the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) database. Bibliometric analysis was performed using VOSviwers, CiteSpace, and the R package "Bibliometrics". Publications were quantitatively analyzed using Microsoft Office Excel 2019. The language of publication was restricted to "English" and the search strategy employed TS=(exosomes or exosomes or exosomes) and TS=(lung cancer). The search period commenced on January 1, 2004, and concluded on November 12, 2023, at noon. The selected literature types included Articles and Reviews. Results: The study encompassed 1699 papers from 521 journals across 71 countries and 2105 institutions. Analysis revealed a consistent upward trend in lung cancer exosome research over the years, with a notable surge in recent times. This surge indicates a growing interest and depth of inquiry into lung cancer exosomes. Major research institutions in China and the United States, including Nanjing Medical University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Chinese Academy Of Sciences, and Utmd Anderson Cancer Center, emerged as crucial research hubs. The annual publication count in this field witnessed a continuous rise, particularly in recent years. Key terms such as lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), microvesicles, intercellular communication, exosomal miRNAs, and oncology dominated the research landscape. Fields like cell biology, biochemistry, biotechnology, and oncology exhibited close relation with this research. Clotilde Théry emerged as the most cited author in the field, underlining her significant contributions. These results demonstrate the broad impact of exosome research in lung cancer, with key terms covering not only disease-specific aspects such as lung cancer and NSCLC but also basic biological concepts like microvesicles and intercellular communication. Explorations into exosomal microRNAs and oncology have opened new avenues for lung cancer exosome research. In summary, lung cancer exosome research is poised to continue receiving attention, potentially leading to breakthroughs in treatment and prevention. Conclusion: Publications on lung cancer exosomes show a rising trend year by year, with China and the United States ranking first and second in terms of the number of publications. However, there is insufficient academic learning cooperation and exchanges between the two sides, and Chinese universities account for a large proportion of research institutions in this field. Jing Li is the most productive author, Clotilde Théry is the most co-cited author, and Cancers is the journal with the highest number of publications. The current focus in the field of lung cancer exosomes is on biomarkers, liquid biopsies, immunotherapy, and tumor microenvironment.

17.
Neuron ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653248

RESUMO

White matter injury (WMI) causes oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) differentiation arrest and functional deficits, with no effective therapies to date. Here, we report increased expression of growth hormone (GH) in the hypoxic neonatal mouse brain, a model of WMI. GH treatment during or post hypoxic exposure rescues hypoxia-induced hypomyelination and promotes functional recovery in adolescent mice. Single-cell sequencing reveals that Ghr mRNA expression is highly enriched in vascular cells. Cell-lineage labeling and tracing identify the GHR-expressing vascular cells as a subpopulation of pericytes. These cells display tip-cell-like morphology with kinetic polarized filopodia revealed by two-photon live imaging and seemingly direct blood vessel branching and bridging. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments indicate that GHR signaling in pericytes is sufficient to modulate angiogenesis in neonatal brains, which enhances OPC differentiation and myelination indirectly. These findings demonstrate that targeting GHR and/or downstream effectors may represent a promising therapeutic strategy for WMI.

18.
Cancer Res ; 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38657120

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive subtype of breast cancer with limited therapeutic options. Interleukin-1 receptor type 2 (IL1R2) promotes breast tumor-initiating cell (BTIC) self-renewal and tumor growth in TNBC, indicating that targeting it could improve patient treatment. Here, we observed that IL1R2 blockade strongly attenuated macrophage recruitment and the polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) to inhibit BTIC self-renewal and CD8+ T cell exhaustion, which resulted in reduced tumor burden and prolonged survival in TNBC mouse models. IL1R2 activation by TAM-derived IL1ß increased PD-L1 expression by interacting with the transcription factor yin yang 1 (YY1) and inducing YY1 ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation in both TAMs and TNBC cells. Loss of YY1 alleviated the transcriptional repression of c-Fos, which is a transcriptional activator of PD-L1. Combined treatment with an IL1R2-neutralizing antibody and anti-PD-1 led to enhanced anti-tumor efficacy and reduced TAMs, BTICs, and exhausted CD8+ T cells. These results suggest that IL1R2 blockade might be a strategy to potentiate immune checkpoint blockade efficacy in TNBC to improve patient outcomes.

19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(8)2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38676193

RESUMO

An external cavity wavelength-fiber ring laser (ECWTFL) based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a combined wavelength scanning filter in the Littrow configuration is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. With the benefit of the combination of an external cavity wavelength filter and a Lyot filter, the laser achieves a single-mode narrow linewidth output with a linewidth of 1.75 kHz. The wavelength tuning range reaches 133 nm, covering the entire S + C band. The proposed ECWTFL is used for demodulation of a fiber EFPI sensor; the result shows that the proposed ECWTFL has the ability to demodulate the small cavity-length FPI sensor.

20.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(8): 2006-2019, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38678405

RESUMO

The Paracidovorax sp. BN6-4 capable of degrading high concentrations of pyridine was isolated from the coking sludge. The removal rate of BN6-4 to 1,000 mg/L pyridine during 48 h was 97.49 ±1.59%. The primary intermediate metabolites of pyridine degradation by strain BN6-4 were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), including N-Ethylurea, acetamidoacetaldehyde, and N-Hydroxymethylacetamide, etc. Subsequently, two different biodegradation pathways of pyridine were proposed. First, the hydroxylation of pyridine to form the intermediates pyridin-2(1H)-one and 5,6-dihydropyridine-2,5-diol, the former undergoing oxidative ring opening and the latter oxidative ring opening via N-C2 and C2-C3 ring opening to ammonia and carbon dioxide. Furthermore, the organic matter was greatly degraded by the bioremediation of real coking wastewater using BN6-4. This study enriched the microbial resource for pyridine degradation and provided new insights about the biodegradation pathway of pyridine, which is of great significance for the pyridine pollution control and coking wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Piridinas , Piridinas/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Esgotos/microbiologia
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