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1.
Poult Sci ; 103(7): 103778, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703760

RESUMO

The gut-brain axis is essential in maintaining the homeostasis of neuronal system, endocrine system, and intestinal microbiota in both the afferent and efferent directions. This axis is considered to be a key mechanism that regulates feed efficiency (FE). This study aimed to investigate the regulatory mechanisms of gut-brain axis-related genes on the residual feed intake (RFI) in H-strain small-sized meat ducks. A total of 500 ducks with similar initial BW (635.2 ± 15.1 g) were selected and reared in the same experimental facility until slaughter at 42 d of age. RFI was calculated from the average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and metabolic body weight (MBW0.75). Thirty high-RFI (H-RFI) and 30 low-RFI (L-RFI) birds were selected for further evaluation of growth performance, carcass characteristics, and blood biochemical parameter measurements. Six L-RFI and 6 H-RFI birds were then subjected to hypothalamic transcriptomic and cecal microbial sequencing analyses. Results indicated that L-RFI birds exhibited lower production performance (ADFI, FCR, and RFI) and blood biochemical indices (total cholesterol and ghrelin content) compared with H-RFI birds (P < 0.05). Gene expression differed significantly between the L-RFI and H-RFI birds, with 70 upregulated and 50 downregulated genes. The bacterial communities of L-RFI birds showed higher abundances of Bacteroides, Bifidobacterium, and Lactococcus, and lower abundances of Erysipelatoclostridium, Parasutterella, Fournierella, and Blautia compared with H-RFI birds (P < 0.05). Interactive analysis revealed bacterial communities associated with FE were significantly correlated with hypothalamic genes (P < 0.05), for example, Bacteroides was positively correlated with DGKH and LIPT2, while negatively correlated with CAPN9, GABRD, and PDE1A. Bifidobacterium showed significant correlations with ATP2A3, CALHM6, and TMEM121B. Overall, RFI was a crucial indicator of FE, regulated by interactions between brain gene expression and gut microbiota through cAMP signaling, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, and calcium signaling pathways. Notably, increased expression of hypothalamic genes and abundance of carbohydrate-utilization microbiota in L-RFI meat ducks improved FE by enhancing energy metabolism and volatile fatty acids absorption.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733887

RESUMO

Cardiac hypertrophy (CH) is one of the stages in the occurrence and development of severe cardiovascular diseases, and exploring its biomarkers is beneficial for delaying the progression of severe cardiovascular diseases. In this research, we established a comprehensive and highly efficient pseudotargeted metabolomics method, which demonstrated a superior capacity to identify differential metabolites when compared to traditionaluntargeted metabolomics. The intra/inter-day precision and reproducibility results proved the method is reliable and precise. The established method was then applied to seek the potential differentiated metabolic biomarkers of cardiac hypertrophy (CH) rats, and oxylipins, phosphorylcholine (PC), lysophosphatidylcholine (LysoPC), lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LysoPE), Krebs cycle intermediates, carnitines, amino acids, and bile acids were disclosed to be the possible differentiate components. Their metabolic pathway analysis revealed that the potential metabolic alterations in CH rats were mainly associated with phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, phenylalanine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, citrate cycle, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, and tyrosine metabolism. In sum, this research provided a comprehensiveand reliable LC-MS/MS MRM platform for pseudo-targeted metabolomics investigation of disease condition, and some interesting potential biomarkers were disclosed for CH, which merit further exploration in the future.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2401944, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704733

RESUMO

2D magnetic materials hold substantial promise in information storage and neuromorphic device applications. However, achieving a 2D material with high Curie temperature (TC), environmental stability, and multi-level magnetic states remains a challenge. This is particularly relevant for spintronic devices, which require multi-level resistance states to enhance memory density and fulfil low power consumption and multi-functionality. Here, the synthesis of 2D non-layered triangular and hexagonal magnetite (Fe3O4) nanosheets are proposed with high TC and environmental stability, and demonstrate that the ultrathin triangular nanosheets show broad antiphase boundaries (bAPBs) and sharp antiphase boundaries (sAPBs), which induce multiple spin precession modes and multi-level resistance. Conversely, the hexagonal nanosheets display slip bands with sAPBs associated with pinning effects, resulting in magnetic-field-driven spin texture reversal reminiscent of "0" and "1" switching signals. In support of the micromagnetic simulation, direct explanation is offer to the variation in multi-level resistance under a microwave field, which is ascribed to the multi-spin texture magnetization structure and the randomly distributed APBs within the material. These novel 2D magnetite nanosheets with unique spin textures and spin dynamics provide an exciting platform for constructing real multi-level storage devices catering to emerging information storage and neuromorphic computing requirements.

4.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712603

RESUMO

Currently, 5 scoring systems have been proposed in the literature for predicting metastatic risk in pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL): Pheochromocytoma of the Adrenal Gland Scaled Score (PASS), Grading System for Adrenal Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma (GAPP), Composite Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma Prognostic Score (COPPS), Age, Size, Extra-adrenal location, Secretion type (ASES) score, and Size, Genetic, Age, and PASS (SGAP) model. To validate and evaluate these 5 scoring systems, we conducted a retrospective review of cases diagnosed as PPGL at the Department of Pathology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, between January 2012 and December 2019. A total of 185 PPGL cases were included, comprising 35 cases with metastasis and 150 cases remained metastasis-free for over 8 years after surgery. The criteria of the 5 scoring systems were used for scoring and risk classification. The predictive performance of the 5 scoring systems was validated, compared, and evaluated using concordance index (C-index) and decision curve analysis (DCA). The C-indices for PASS, GAPP, and SGAP were 0.600, 0.547, and 0.547, respectively, indicating low discriminative ability. In contrast, COPPS and ASES had C-indices of 0.740 and 0.706, respectively, indicating better discriminative performance. DCA also showed that the predictive capability of COPPS was superior to that of ASES, with both outperformed PASS, while PASS had better predictive ability than GAPP and SGAP. Our analysis indicated that pathology-based scoring systems cannot accurately predict metastatic risk of PPGL. Establishing a precise prediction system requires integrating clinical, pathologic, and molecular information, using a scientific methodology for predictive factor selection and weight assessment.

6.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702431

RESUMO

Numerous large scale genomic studies have uncovered rare but recurrent pathogenetic variants in a significant number of genes encoding epigenetic machinery in cases with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) especially autism spectrum disorder (ASD). These findings provide strong support for the functional importance of epigenetic regulators in neurodevelopment. After the clinical genomics evaluation of the patients using exome sequencing, we have identified, three novel protein-truncating variants (PTVs) in the MSL2 gene (OMIM: 614802) which encodes a chromatin modifying enzyme. MSL2 modifies chromatin through both mono-ubiquitination of histone 2B on lysine 34 (K34) and acetylation of histone H4 on lysine 16 (K16). We reported first time the detailed clinical features associated with 3 MSL2 PTVs. There are 15 PTVs (13 de novo) reported from the large genomics studies (12 cases) or ClinVar (3 cases) of NDD, ASD, and developmental disorders (DD) but the specific clinical features for these cases are not described. Taken together, our descriptions of dysmorphic face and other features support the causal role of MSL2 in a likely syndromic neurodevelopmental disorder and add MSL2 to a growing list of epigenetic genes implicated in ASD.

7.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30476, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711633

RESUMO

Qixue Shuangbu prescription (QSP) has been used for the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF) with remarkable curative effect. Processed QSP (PQSP) could significantly improve the treatment of CHF after traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) processing. This study elucidated the underlying efficacy enhancement mechanism of QSP after TCM processing for treating CHF in vitro and in vivo. The injury of rat cardiomyoblast H9c2 cells was induced by anoxia/reoxygenation to mimic CHF state in vitro. Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were used to established CHF model by intraperitoneally injecting doxorubicin (the accumulative dose 15 mg/kg). Biochemical examinations were performed in serum and cellular supernatant, respectively. Cardiac functions and histopathological changes were evaluated in CHF model rats. The protein and mRNA levels of ERK1/2, Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase-3 were evaluated by Western blot and RT-PCR, respectively. All above results of low dose crude QSP-treated group (L-CQSP), high dose CQSP-treated group (H-CQSP), low dose PQSP-treated group (L-PQSP), high dose PQSP-treated group (H-PQSP) were compared to systematically explore correlations between TCM processing and the efficacy enhancement for treating CHF of PQSP. Compared with the model group, the L-CQSP group showed significant improvement in cardiac function at 8th weeks, while no significant improvement in cardiomyocyte apoptosis and fibrosis. Both H-CQSP, L-PQSP and H-PQSP exerted beneficial therapeutic effects in injured H9c2 cardiomyocytes and CHF model rats. L-PQSP and H-PQSP significantly increased cell viability and the activity of SOD, decreased the activities of LDH, MDA and NO, up-regulated the expression of ERK1/2 and Bcl-2, down-regulated the expression of Bax and Caspase-3 compared to the same dosage of CQSP. The efficacy enhancement mechanism of PQSP after TCM processing for treating CHF was directly related to the regulation of ERK/Bcl-2/Bax/Caspases-3 signaling pathway.

8.
Environ Health ; 23(1): 45, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) encompass hundreds of high production volume chemicals and have been reported to be associated with adverse respiratory outcomes such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, research on the combined toxic effects of exposure to various VOCs on COPD is lacking. We aimed to assess the effect of VOC metabolite mixture on COPD risk in a large population sample. METHODS: We assessed the effect of VOC metabolite mixture on COPD risk in 5997 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2011 to 2020 (pre-pandemic) using multivariate logistic regression, Bayesian weighted quantile sum regression (BWQS), quantile-based g-Computation method (Qgcomp), and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR). We explored whether these associations were mediated by white blood cell (WBC) count and total bilirubin. RESULTS: In the logistic regression model, we observed a significantly increased risk of COPD associated with 9 VOC metabolites. Conversely, N-acetyl-S-(benzyl)-L-cysteine (BMA) and N-acetyl-S-(n-propyl)-L-cysteine (BPMA) showed insignificant negative correlations with COPD risk. The overall mixture exposure demonstrated a significant positive relationship with COPD in both the BWQS model (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.30, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06, 1.58) and BKMR model, and with marginal significance in the Qgcomp model (adjusted OR = 1.22, 95% CI: 0.98, 1.52). All three models indicated a significant effect of the VOC metabolite mixture on COPD in non-current smokers. WBC count mediated 7.1% of the VOC mixture associated-COPD in non-current smokers. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide novel evidence suggesting that VOCs may have adverse associations with COPD in the general population, with N, N- Dimethylformamide and 1,3-Butadiene contributing most. These findings underscore the significance of understanding the potential health risks associated with VOC mixture and emphasize the need for targeted interventions to mitigate the adverse effects on COPD risk.


Assuntos
Inquéritos Nutricionais , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/induzido quimicamente , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/urina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Mediação , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Modelos Logísticos
9.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697109

RESUMO

Human pluripotent stem cell-derived ß cells (hPSC-ß cells) show the potential to restore euglycemia. However, the immature functionality of hPSC-ß cells has limited their efficacy in application. Here, by deciphering the continuous maturation process of hPSC-ß cells post transplantation via single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and single-cell assay for transposase-accessible chromatin sequencing (scATAC-seq), we show that functional maturation of hPSC-ß cells is an orderly multistep process during which cells sequentially undergo metabolic adaption, removal of negative regulators of cell function, and establishment of a more specialized transcriptome and epigenome. Importantly, remodeling lipid metabolism, especially downregulating the metabolic activity of ceramides, the central hub of sphingolipid metabolism, is critical for ß cell maturation. Limiting intracellular accumulation of ceramides in hPSC-ß cells remarkably enhanced their function, as indicated by improvements in insulin processing and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. In summary, our findings provide insights into the maturation of human pancreatic ß cells and highlight the importance of ceramide homeostasis in function acquisition.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731883

RESUMO

The serine-threonine kinase protein kinase A (PKA) is a cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent intracellular protein with multiple roles in cellular biology including metabolic and transcription regulation functions. The cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor ß (PKIB) is one of three known endogenous protein kinase inhibitors of PKA. The role of PKIB is not yet fully understood. Hormonal signaling is correlated with increased PKIB expression through genetic regulation, and increasing PKIB expression is associated with decreased cancer patient prognosis. Additionally, PKIB impacts cancer cell behavior through two mechanisms; the first is the nuclear modulation of transcriptional activation and the second is the regulation of oncogenic AKT signaling. The limited research into PKIB indicates the oncogenic potential of PKIB in various cancers. However, some studies suggest a role of PKIB in non-cancerous disease states. This review aims to summarize the current literature and background of PKIB regarding cancer and related issues. In particular, we will focus on cancer development and therapeutic possibilities, which are of paramount interest in PKIB oncology research.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Animais , Humanos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo
11.
Cell Mol Neurobiol ; 44(1): 41, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656449

RESUMO

The cadherin family plays a pivotal role in orchestrating synapse formation in the central nervous system. Cadherin-related family member 1 (CDHR1) is a photoreceptor-specific calmodulin belonging to the expansive cadherin superfamily. However, its role in traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains largely unknown. CDHR1 expression across various brain tissue sites was analyzed using the GSE104687 dataset. Employing a summary-data-based Mendelian Randomization (SMR) approach, integrated analyses were performed by amalgamating genome-wide association study abstracts from TBI with public data on expressed quantitative trait loci and DNA methylation QTL from both blood and diverse brain tissues. CDHR1 expression and localization in different brain tissues were meticulously delineated using western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CDHR1 expression was consistently elevated in the TBI group compared to that in the sham group across multiple tissues. The inflammatory response emerged as a crucial biological mechanism, and pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors were not expressed in either group. Integrated SMR analyses encompassing both blood and brain tissues substantiated the heightened CDHR1 expression profiles, with methylation modifications emerging as potential contributing factors for increased TBI risk. This was corroborated by western blotting and immunohistochemistry, confirming augmented CDHR1 expression following TBI. This multi-omics-based genetic association study highlights the elevated TBI risk associated with CDHR1 expression coupled with putative methylation modifications. These findings provide compelling evidence for future targeted investigations and offer promising avenues for developing interventional therapies for TBI.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Caderinas , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/genética , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas Relacionadas a Caderinas , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética
12.
Transl Oncol ; 44: 101954, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608405

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is an aggressive liver malignancy with limited treatment options and a dismal prognosis. The tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) is crucial for iCCA progression, yet its comprehensive characterization remains incomplete. This study utilized mass cytometry by time of flight (CyTOF) to comprehensively analyze immune cell populations in fresh iCCA tumor samples and adjacent peritumor liver tissues. Notably, NK cell percentages significantly decreased in iCCA lesions compared to peritumor liver tissues. Conversely, an enrichment of immunosuppressive CD39+Foxp3+CD4+ regulatory T cells (CD39+T-regs) and exhausted-like CD8+T cells (with pronounced CD39 and PD-1 expression) within TIME was identified and confirmed by multiplex immunofluorescence staining in an independent patient cohort (n = 140). Crucially, tumor-infiltrating CD39+T-regs and CD39+PD-1+CD8+T cells emerged as independent prognostic indicators associated with an unfavorable prognosis in iCCA. These findings unveil the intricate immune landscape within iCCA, offering valuable insights for disease management and novel cancer immunotherapies.

13.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 666: 472-480, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613970

RESUMO

All-solid-state lithium batteries (ASSLBs) are considered promising energy storage systems due to their high energy density and inherent safety. However, scalable fabrication of ASSLBs based on transition metal sulfide cathodes through the conventional powder cold-pressing method with ultrahigh stacking pressure remains challenging. This article elucidates a dry process methodology for preparing flexible and high-performance FeS2-based ASSLBs under low stack pressure by utilizing polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) binder. In this design, fibrous PTFE interweaves Li6PS5Cl particles and FeS2 cathode components, forming flexible electrolyte and composite cathode membranes. Beneficial to the robust adhesion, the composite cathode and Li6PS5Cl membranes are tightly compacted under a low stacking pressure of 100 MPa which is a fifth of the conventional pressure. Moreover, the electrode/electrolyte interface can sustain adequate contact throughout electrochemical cycling. As expected, the FeS2-based ASSLBs exhibit outstanding rate performance and cyclic stability, contributing a reversible discharged capacity of 370.7 mAh g-1 at 0.3C after 200 cycles. More importantly, the meticulous dQ/dV analysis reveals that the three-dimensional PTFE binder effectively binds the discharge products with sluggish kinetics (Li2S and Fe) to the ion-electron conductive network in the composite cathode, thereby preventing the electrochemical inactivation of products and enhancing electrochemical performance. Furthermore, FeS2-based pouch-type cells are fabricated, demonstrating the potential of PTFE-based dry-process technology to scale up ASSLBs from laboratory-scale mold cells to factory-scale pouch cells. This feasible dry-processed technology provides valuable insights to advance the practical applications of ASSLBs.

14.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664095

RESUMO

Brain aging is typically associated with a significant decline in cognitive performance. Vascular risk factors (VRF) and subsequent atherosclerosis (AS) play a major role in this process. Brain resilience reflects the brain's ability to withstand external perturbations, but the relationship of brain resilience with cognition during the aging process remains unclear. Here, we investigated how brain topological resilience (BTR) is associated with cognitive performance in the face of aging and vascular risk factors. We used data from two cross-ethnicity community cohorts, PolyvasculaR Evaluation for Cognitive Impairment and Vascular Events (PRECISE, n = 2220) and Sydney Memory and Ageing Study (MAS, n = 246). We conducted an attack simulation on brain structural networks based on k-shell decomposition and node degree centrality. BTR was defined based on changes in the size of the largest subgroup of the network during the simulation process. Subsequently, we explored the negative correlations of BTR with age, VRF, and AS, and its positive correlation with cognitive performance. Furthermore, using structural equation modeling (SEM), we constructed path models to analyze the directional dependencies among these variables, demonstrating that aging, AS, and VRF affect cognition by disrupting BTR. Our results also indicated the specificity of this metric, independent of brain volume. Overall, these findings underscore the supportive role of BTR on cognition during aging and highlight its potential application as an imaging marker for objective assessment of brain cognitive performance.

15.
Front Neurosci ; 18: 1388748, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38650617

RESUMO

Background: There is evidence of an association between the gut microbiota and progression of stroke. However, the relationship between gut microbial metabolites, specifically bile acids (BAs), and post-ischemic stroke disability and poor functional outcomes remains unexplored. Methods: Patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in the Third China National Stroke Registry were grouped according to total bile acid (TBA) quartile on admission. Association of TBA with disability and poor functional outcomes were evaluated using logistic regression models and restricted cubic splines. Results: Data for 9,536 patients were included. After adjusting for confounders, the risks of disability and poor functional outcomes were significantly lower in the highest TBA quartile than in the lowest TBA quartile at the 3-month follow-up, with respective odds ratios (ORs) of 0.65 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.55-0.78; p < 0.001) and 0.66 (95% CI 0.55-0.78, p < 0.001). Each standard deviation increase in the TBA level reduced the risks of disability and poor functioning outcomes by 10% (adjusted ORs 0.9 [95% CI 0.83-0.98; p = 0.01] and 0.9 [95% CI 0.83-0.97; p < 0.001], respectively). This association remained similar at the 1-year follow-up. After stratification by TOAST subtype, the risk of disability or a poor functional outcome in patients with the large-artery atherosclerosis or "other" subtype was significantly lower in the highest quartile than in the lowest quartile (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Serum TBA is an independent risk factor for disability and poor functional outcomes after AIS or TIA, and exerts a protective effects on brain.

16.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 16: 1267307, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38650865

RESUMO

Introduction: With aging, dual task (DT) ability declines and is more cognitively demanding than single tasks. Rapidly declining DT performance is regarded as a predictor of neurodegenerative disease. Task training and non-invasive transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) are methods applied to optimize the DT ability of the elderly. Methods: A systematic search was carried out in the PUBMED, TDCS (transcranial direct current stimulation) databases, as well as Web of Science, and a qualitative analysis was conducted in 56 included studies. Aiming to summarize the results of studies that implemented tES, task training, or the combination for improving DT ability and related performance changes in healthy elderly and geriatric patients. For different approaches, the training procedures, parameters, as well as outcomes were discussed. Results: Task training, particularly cognitive-motor DT training, has more notable effects on improving DT performance in the elderly when compared to the neuromodulation method. Discussion: Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (L-DLPFC), or its combination with task training could be promising tools. However, additional evidence is required from aged healthy people and patients, as well as further exploration of electrode montage.

17.
J Rehabil Med ; 56: jrm24102, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616713

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between acute-phase gait speed and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) at 3 and 12 months post-stroke. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: 1,475 patients with first-ever ischaemic stroke. METHODS: The patients were divided into 3 groups according to tertiles of gait speed, namely ≤0.8, 0.8-1.1, ≥1.1 m/s. Gait speed was assessed by the 10-m walking test within 2 weeks of hospitalization for acute stroke and before the rehabilitation programme. HRQoL measurements include the 3-level EuroQol five dimensions (EQ-5D-3L) index and EuroQoL visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) scores. Linear and logistic regression analyses were used to identify associations between gait speed and HRQoL. RESULTS: Adjusted for all covariates, the highest gait speed tertile group were associated with higher EQ-5D-3L index (B = 0.0303 and B = 0.0228, respectively, p < 0.001), and higher EQ-VAS (B = 3.3038 and B = 3.8877, respectively, p < 0.001), and lower odds of having problems with mobility (OR = 2.55 [95% CI: 0.141-0.458] and 0.485 [0.289-0.812], respectively, p < 0.01), self-care (OR = 0.328 [95% CI: 0.167-0.646] and 0.412 [0.217-0.784], respectively, p < 0.01), and usual activities (OR = 0.353 [95% CI: 0.211-0.590] and 0.325 [0.198-0.536], respectively, p < 0.0001) at 3 and 12 months, and pain/discomfort at 12 months (OR = 0.558 [95% CI:0.335-0.930], p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Acute-phase gait speed was predictive of post-stroke HRQoL at 3 and 12 months, especially when associated with domain-specific EQ-5D-3L.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Velocidade de Caminhada
18.
Exp Neurol ; 376: 114775, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (SHE) is a focal epilepsy syndrome characterized by seizures that predominantly occur during sleep. The pathogenesis of these seizures remains unclear. We previously detected rare variants in GABRG2, which encodes the γ2 subunit of γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAAR), in patients with SHE and demonstrated that these variants impaired GABAAR function in vitro. However, the mechanisms by which GABRG2 variants contribute to seizure attacks during sleep remain unclear. METHODS: In this study, we designed a knock-in (KI) mouse expressing the mouse Gabrg2 T316N variant, corresponding to human GABRG2 T317N variant, using CRISPR/Cas9. Continuous video-electroencephalogram monitoring and in vivo multichannel electrophysiological recordings were performed to explore seizure susceptibility to pentylenetetrazol (PTZ), alterations in the sleep-wake cycle, spontaneous seizure patterns, and synchronized activity in the motor thalamic nuclei (MoTN) and secondary motor cortex (M2). Circadian variations in the expression of total, membrane-bound, and synaptic GABAAR subunits were also investigated. RESULTS: No obvious changes in gross morphology were detected in Gabrg2T316N/+ mice compared to their wild-type (Gabrg2+/+) littermates. Gabrg2T316N/+ mice share key phenotypes with patients, including sleep fragmentation and spontaneous seizures during sleep. Gabrg2T316N/+ mice showed increased susceptibility to PTZ-induced seizures and higher mortality after seizures. Synchronization of the local field potentials between the MoTN and M2 was abnormally enhanced in Gabrg2T316N/+ mice during light phase, when sleep dominates, accompanied by increased local activities in the MoTN and M2. Interestingly, in Gabrg2+/+ mice, GABAAR γ2 subunits showed a circadian increase on the neuronal membrane and synaptosomes in the transition from dark phase to light phase, which was absent in Gabrg2T316N/+ mice. CONCLUSION: We generated a new SHE mouse model and provided in vivo evidence that rare variants of GABRG2 contribute to seizure attacks during sleep in SHE.


Assuntos
Receptores de GABA-A , Animais , Receptores de GABA-A/genética , Receptores de GABA-A/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fenótipo , Sono/fisiologia , Sono/genética , Masculino , Camundongos Transgênicos , Tálamo/metabolismo , Tálamo/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Eletroencefalografia , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Epilepsia/genética , Epilepsia/fisiopatologia , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Córtex Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Feminino
19.
Nat Plants ; 10(4): 661-672, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589484

RESUMO

Carboxysomes are bacterial microcompartments that encapsulate the enzymes RuBisCO and carbonic anhydrase in a proteinaceous shell to enhance the efficiency of photosynthetic carbon fixation. The self-assembly principles of the intact carboxysome remain elusive. Here we purified α-carboxysomes from Prochlorococcus and examined their intact structures using single-particle cryo-electron microscopy to solve the basic principles of their shell construction and internal RuBisCO organization. The 4.2 Å icosahedral-like shell structure reveals 24 CsoS1 hexamers on each facet and one CsoS4A pentamer at each vertex. RuBisCOs are organized into three concentric layers within the shell, consisting of 72, 32 and up to 4 RuBisCOs at the outer, middle and inner layers, respectively. We uniquely show how full-length and shorter forms of the scaffolding protein CsoS2 bind to the inner surface of the shell via repetitive motifs in the middle and C-terminal regions. Combined with previous reports, we propose a concomitant 'outside-in' assembly principle of α-carboxysomes: the inner surface of the self-assembled shell is reinforced by the middle and C-terminal motifs of the scaffolding protein, while the free N-terminal motifs cluster to recruit RuBisCO in concentric, three-layered spherical arrangements. These new insights into the coordinated assembly of α-carboxysomes may guide the rational design and repurposing of carboxysome structures for improving plant photosynthetic efficiency.

20.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 666: 403-415, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603882

RESUMO

Transition metal phosphides have been demonstrated to be promising non-noble catalysts for water splitting, yet their electrocatalytic performance is impeded by unfavorable free energies of adsorbed intermediates. The achievement of nanoscale modulation in morphology and electronic states is imperative for enhancing their intrinsic electrocatalytic activity. Herein, we propose a strategy to expedite the water splitting process over NiCoP/FeNiCoP hollow ellipsoids by modulating the electronic structure and d-band center. These unique phosphorus (P) vacancies-rich ellipsoids are synthesized through an ion-exchange reaction between uniform NiCo-nanoprisms and K3[Fe(CN)6], followed by NaH2PO2-assisted phosphorization under N2 atmosphere. Various characterizations reveals that the titled catalyst possesses high specific surface area, abundant porosity, and accessible inner surfaces, all of which are beneficial for efficient mass transfer and gas diffusion. Moreover, density functional theory (DFT) calculations further confirms that the NiCoP/FeNiCoP heterojunction associated with P vacancies regulate the electronic structures of d-electrons and p-electrons of Co and P atoms, respectively, resulting in a higher desorption efficiency of adsorbed H* intermediates with a lower energy barrier for water splitting. Due to the aforementioned advantages, the resultant NiCoP/FeNiCoP hollow ellipsoids exhibit remarkably low overpotentials of 45 and 266 mV for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reaction to achieve the current densities of 10 and 50 mA cm-2, respectively. This work not only reports the synthesis of a hollow double-shell structure of NiCoP/FeNiCoP but also introduces a novel strategy for constructing a multifunctional electrocatalyst for water splitting.

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