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1.
J Cancer Surviv ; 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512563

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify risk factors of chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) and construct and validate a visual prediction model of such for patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A multicenter, descriptive, and cross-sectional design was adopted. Data were collected from ten public tertiary hospitals in China. Cognitive function was assessed by using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-cognitive function. Socio-demographic, clinical, psychological, and physical indicators were also assessed. The logistic prediction model was constructed by fivefold cross-validation. Then, a nomogram was utilized to visualize the prediction model, which was also evaluated via discrimination, calibration, and decision curve analysis. RESULTS: A total of 71 breast cancer patients had CRCI with a prevalence of 9.58%. This visual prediction model was constructed based on education background, exercise frequency, chemotherapy times, and fatigue and demonstrated good discrimination, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.882. The calibration curve indicated good agreement between experimental and projected values, and the decision curve proved good clinical applicability. CONCLUSION: Education background, exercise frequency, chemotherapy times, and fatigue were associated with high incidence of CRCI. The prediction model exhibits superior performance and has promise as a useful instrument for assessing the likelihood of CRCI in breast cancer patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: Our findings could provide breast cancer survivors with risk screening based on CRCI predictors to implement prevention and early intervention, and help patients integrate into society and achieve comprehensive recovery.

2.
Science ; 383(6682): eadh4859, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301022

RESUMO

Ribozymes are catalytic RNAs with diverse functions including self-splicing and polymerization. This work aims to discover natural ribozymes that behave as hydrolytic and sequence-specific DNA endonucleases, which could be repurposed as DNA manipulation tools. Focused on bacterial group II-C introns, we found that many systems without intron-encoded protein propagate multiple copies in their resident genomes. These introns, named HYdrolytic Endonucleolytic Ribozymes (HYERs), cleaved RNA, single-stranded DNA, bubbled double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), and plasmids in vitro. HYER1 generated dsDNA breaks in the mammalian genome. Cryo-electron microscopy analysis revealed a homodimer structure for HYER1, where each monomer contains a Mg2+-dependent hydrolysis pocket and captures DNA complementary to the target recognition site (TRS). Rational designs including TRS extension, recruiting sequence insertion, and heterodimerization yielded engineered HYERs showing improved specificity and flexibility for DNA manipulation.


Assuntos
Clivagem do DNA , Endonucleases , RNA Catalítico , Animais , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Endonucleases/química , Endonucleases/genética , Hidrólise , Íntrons , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Splicing de RNA , RNA Catalítico/química , RNA Catalítico/genética
3.
Inflammation ; 2023 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38159178

RESUMO

This study mainly explored the role of nicorandil in regulating ferroptosis and alleviating septic cardiomyopathy through toll-like receptor (TLR) 4/solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) signaling pathway. Twenty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into control, Nic (nicorandil), LPS (lipopolysaccharide), and LPS + Nic groups and given echocardiography. A detection kit was applied to measure the levels of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB); HE staining and the levels of glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), total iron, and Fe2+ of myocardial tissues were detected. Moreover, the expression of TLR4 and SLC7A11 were measured by qRT-PCR and the proteins regulating ferroptosis (TLR4, SLC7A11, GPX4, ACSL4, DMT1, Fpn, and TfR1) were checked by western blot. Myocardial cells (H9C2) were induced with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and transfected with si-TLR4 or SLC7A11-OE. Then, the viability, ferroptosis, and TLR4/SLC7A11 signaling pathway of cells were examined. Nicorandil could significantly increase left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) while reduce LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) and LV end-systolic volume (LVESV). Also, it greatly reduced the levels of LDH, cTnI, and CK-MB; alleviated the pathological changes of myocardial injury; notably decreased MDA, total iron, and Fe2+ levels in myocardial tissues; and significantly increased GSH level. Besides, nicorandil obviously raised protein levels of GPX4, Fpn, and SLC7A11, and decreased protein levels of ACSL4, DMT1, TfR1, and TLR4. After knockdown of TLR4 or overexpression of SLC7A11, the inhibition effect of nicorandil on ferroptosis was strengthened in LPS-induced H9C2 cells. Therefore, nicorandil may regulate ferroptosis through TLR4/SLC7A11 signaling, thereby alleviating septic cardiomyopathy.

4.
Front Oncol ; 13: 1231636, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38023126

RESUMO

Background: Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common endocrine system malignancy with a rapidly increasing incidence in China. Epidemiological data on TC at the national level are lacking. This study aimed to quantify the TC disease burden in China between 1990 and 2019 and evaluate the current status and trends of the disease burden attributed to a high body mass index (HBMI). Methods: The 2019 Global Burden of Disease Study dataset was used to explore the TC disease burden. Age-standardized rates of incidence (ASIR), prevalence (ASPR), deaths (ASDR), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) were considered and the estimated annual percentage change (EAPC) was calculated as a measure of the average change in age-standardized rates. The trend in TC-related mortality and DALYs attributed to an HBMI, accounting for different age groups and sexes, was examined. Results: Between 1990 and 2019, the ASDR and DALYs for TC decreased by 0.02/100000 and 1.17/100000, respectively. The ASPR and ASIR increased by 9.88/100000 and 1.04/100000, respectively. The EAPC for ASDR, age-standardized rates of DALYs, ASPR, and ASIR were 0.06 (95% CI: -0.09, 0.21), -0.20 (95% CI: -0.31, -0.10), 3.52 (95% CI: 3.35, 3.68), and 2.73 (95% CI: 2.58, 2.88), respectively. TC-related deaths, DALYs, and their prevalence and incidence in China increased by 118%, 350%, 81%, and 290%, respectively. The disease burden of TC was higher among male than female patients in different age groups, with varying distributions. The disease burden attributed to HBMI gradually increased over the past 30 years according to age-standardized DALYs, particularly in male patients. Conclusion: The TC burden has increased in China over the past 30 years, and population aging poses a challenge to TC prevention and control. HBMI has become an important factor in the TC disease burden and further research should focus on reducing the disease burden among Chinese male patients with TC.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 23(1): 1125, 2023 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37980468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The migration of lymphocytes shares many similarities in mode and mechanism with the metastasis of lung cancer tumor cells. But changes in the expression of lymphocyte migration regulation related proteins in urine exosomes remain unclear. This study is to investigate the expression changes of lymphocyte migration regulation related proteins in urine exosomes of lung cancer patients, and further verify their correlation with the development and progression of lung cancer. METHODS: Urine exosomes were collected from lung cancer patients and healthy people aged 15-79 years. Mass spectrometry was used to screen and explore the expression changes of lymphocyte migration regulation related proteins in healthy people of different ages. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blotting were used to detect the expression changes of lymphocyte migration regulation related proteins in lung cancer patients. RESULTS: Analyzing the data of urine exosome proteomics, a total of 12 lymphocyte related proteins were identified, 5 of which were lymphocyte migration regulation related proteins. Among these proteins, WASL and STK10 proteins showed a gradual decrease in expression with age, and WNK1 protein showed a gradual increase. Lung cancer patients had reduced expression of WASL and increased expression of STK10 and WNK1 proteins in urine exosomes compared to normal people. Urine exosome WASL, STK10, and WNK1 were diagnosed with lung cancer, with a combined AUC of 0.760. CONCLUSIONS: Lymphocyte migration regulation related proteins were differentially expressed in the urine exosome of lung cancer patients, and WASL, STK10 and WNK1 may serve as potential biomarkers for lung cancer diagnosis.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Exossomos/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo
6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1167508, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37916151

RESUMO

Background: Complete resection of the tumor and the ipsilateral thyroid lobe at the primary surgery is the "gold standard" for the treatment of parathyroid carcinoma (PC). However, differences in the overall survival (OS) of patients with PC who underwent partial and total surgical resection remain to be determined. Methods: Data on patients with PC who underwent partial and total surgical resection were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database (2000-2018). The X-tile software (https://medicine.yale.edu/lab/rimm/research/software/) was used to define the optimal cut-off values for continuous variables. The inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) method was used to reduce the selection bias. IPTW-adjusted Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare the OS of patients with PC in the partial and total surgical resection groups. Results: A total of 334 patients with PC were included in this study (183 and 151 in the partial and total surgical resection groups, respectively). The optimal cut-off values for age at diagnosis were 53 and 73 years, respectively, while that for tumor size was 34 mm. In both the Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis before IPTW, the difference in OS between the partial and total surgical resection groups was not statistically significant (p>0.05). These findings were confirmed in the IPTW-adjusted Kaplan-Meier analysis and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis (p>0.05). Subgroup analysis revealed that total surgical resection was beneficial for OS only in the subgroup with unknown tumor size. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the prognosis of patients who underwent partial and total surgical resection. This finding may provide a useful reference for the treatment of PC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Paratireoides , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/epidemiologia , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/cirurgia , Probabilidade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso
7.
BMC Cancer ; 23(1): 933, 2023 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37789268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common postoperative complication in patients undergoing surgery for gastric cancer (GC). Although VTE incidence may vary among cancers, guidelines rarely stratify preventive methods for postoperative VTE by cancer type. The risk of VTE in patients undergoing surgery for GC remains unclear. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to determine the risk of VTE after GC surgery and discuss the clinical value of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis in these cases. Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published from their inception to September 2022. RESULTS: Overall, 13 studies (111,936 patients) were included. The overall 1-month incidence of VTE, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE) after GC surgery was 1.8% (95% CI, 0.8-3.1%; I²=98.5%), 1.2% (95% CI, 0.5-2.1%; I²=96.1%), and 0.4% (95% CI, 0.1-1.1%; I²=96.3%), respectively. The prevalence of postoperative VTE was comparable between Asian and Western populations (1.8% vs. 1.8%; P > 0.05). Compared with mechanical prophylaxis alone, mechanical plus pharmacological prophylaxis was associated with a significantly lower 1-month rate of postoperative VTE and DVT (0.6% vs. 2.9% and 0.6% vs. 2.8%, respectively; all P < 0.05), but not PE (P > 0.05). The 1-month postoperative incidence of VTE was not significantly different between laparoscopic and open surgery (1.8% vs. 4.3%, P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing GC surgery do not have a high risk of VTE. The incidence of VTE after GC surgery is not significantly different between Eastern and Western patients. Mechanical plus pharmacological prophylaxis is more effective than mechanical prophylaxis alone in postoperative VTE prevention. The VTE risk is comparable between open and laparoscopic surgery for GC.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar , Neoplasias Gástricas , Tromboembolia Venosa , Humanos , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
8.
Polymers (Basel) ; 15(19)2023 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37835990

RESUMO

Thermoplastic composite structures possess superior properties compared with thermosetting composites, including recyclability and high damage tolerance. However, the poor adhesion properties of thermoplastic composites make their joining process challenging. In this research, three bonding techniques, namely adhesive, mechanical joining, and hybrid bonding, are investigated using lap shear specimens to evaluate their mechanical properties and failure modes. The stress distributions at the joints of the three bonding techniques are analyzed by numerical simulation. The findings demonstrate that hybrid bonding enhances the strength of composite joints, albeit at the expense of some stiffness due to the presence of an open hole. This method is particularly suitable for applications that necessitate robust connections requiring high strength.

9.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(55): 117591-117608, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37872329

RESUMO

Previous studies mainly focus on the game analysis of green building development under carbon tax policy, while carbon trading, as one of the important means to promote low-carbon development, is rarely mentioned in promoting the development of the green building market. Based on this, to study the impact of carbon trading policy on the development of the green building market, this study combines prospect theory for carbon trading to build a three-way evolutionary game model of developer-government-consumer. It studies the influencing causes of green building market development under the carbon trading mechanism from the whole perspective. The study shows the existence of a carbon trading policy helps the development of the green building market. In the presence of a carbon trading market, the government's punishment, subsidies, and the setting of carbon prices influence the development of the green building market. In addition, the percentage of carbon emissions bought, the potential benefits, and the selling price also affect the chance of consumers buying green buildings to a greater or lesser extent. This study introduces prospect theory into the developer-government-consumer three-way evolutionary game model, which enriches the research perspective of each subject's behavior in the green building market. It provides theoretical support for developers, governments, and consumers to collaborate to promote the coordination and development of the green building market. It has policy implications for promoting the green and high-quality development of the construction industry.


Assuntos
Carbono , Indústria da Construção , Carbono/análise , Simulação por Computador , Políticas , Comportamento do Consumidor , China
10.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 14827, 2023 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37684259

RESUMO

Accurate prognostic prediction is crucial for treatment decision-making in lung papillary adenocarcinoma (LPADC). The aim of this study was to predict cancer-specific survival in LPADC using ensemble machine learning and classical Cox regression models. Moreover, models were evaluated to provide recommendations based on quantitative data for personalized treatment of LPADC. Data of patients diagnosed with LPADC (2004-2018) were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The set of samples was randomly divided into the training and validation sets at a ratio of 7:3. Three ensemble models were selected, namely gradient boosting survival (GBS), random survival forest (RSF), and extra survival trees (EST). In addition, Cox proportional hazards (CoxPH) regression was used to construct the prognostic models. The Harrell's concordance index (C-index), integrated Brier score (IBS), and area under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve (time-dependent AUC) were used to evaluate the performance of the predictive models. A user-friendly web access panel was provided to easily evaluate the model for the prediction of survival and treatment recommendations. A total of 3615 patients were randomly divided into the training and validation cohorts (n = 2530 and 1085, respectively). The extra survival trees, RSF, GBS, and CoxPH models showed good discriminative ability and calibration in both the training and validation cohorts (mean of time-dependent AUC: > 0.84 and > 0.82; C-index: > 0.79 and > 0.77; IBS: < 0.16 and < 0.17, respectively). The RSF and GBS models were more consistent than the CoxPH model in predicting long-term survival. We implemented the developed models as web applications for deployment into clinical practice (accessible through https://shinyshine-820-lpaprediction-model-z3ubbu.streamlit.app/ ). All four prognostic models showed good discriminative ability and calibration. The RSF and GBS models exhibited the highest effectiveness among all models in predicting the long-term cancer-specific survival of patients with LPADC. This approach may facilitate the development of personalized treatment plans and prediction of prognosis for LPADC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adenocarcinoma Papilar , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Pulmão , Aprendizado de Máquina
11.
Chin Med Sci J ; 38(3): 191-205, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37503721

RESUMO

Background Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is one of the most common renal malignancies with a high mortality rate. Cuproptosis, a novel form of cell death, is strongly linked to mitochondrial metabolism and is mediated by protein lipoylation, leading to a proteotoxic stress response and cell death. To date, few studies have ellucidated the holistic role of cuproptosis-related genes (CRGs) in the pathogenesis of KIRC.Methods We comprehensively and completely analyzed the RNA sequencing data and corresponding clinical information from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. We screened for differentially expressed CRGs and constructed a prognostic risk model using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional regression analyses. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to predict the prognosis of KIRC patients. Functional enrichment analysis was utilized to explore the internal mechanisms. Immune-related functions were analyzed using single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA), tumour immune dysfunction and exclusion (TIDE) scores, and drug sensitivity analysis.Results We established a concise prognostic risk model consisting of four CRGs (DBT, DLAT, LIAS and PDHB) to predict the overall survival (OS) in KIRC patients. The results of the survival analysis indicated a significantly lower OS in the high-risk group as compared to the patients in the low-risk group. The area under the time-dependent ROC curve (AUC) at 1, 3, and 5 year was 0.691, 0.618, and 0.614 in KIRC. Functional enrichment analysis demonstrated that CRGs were significantly enriched in tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle-related processes and metabolism-related pathways. Sorafenib, doxorubicin, embelin, and vinorelbine were more sensitive in the high-risk group.Conclusions We constructed a concise CRGs risk model to evaluate the prognosis of KIRC patients and this may be a new direction for the diagnosis and treatment of KIRC.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Imunoterapia , Rim , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Prognóstico , Cobre
12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 165: 115215, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37494786

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) encompass a range of conditions that involve progressive deterioration and dysfunction of the nervous system. Some of the common NDDs include Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Although significant progress has been made in understanding the pathological mechanisms of NDDs in recent years, the development of targeted and effective drugs for their treatment remains challenging. Kaempferol is a flavonoid whose derivatives include kaempferol-O-rhamnoside, 3-O-ß-rutinoside/6-hydroxykaempferol 3,6-di-O-ß-d-glucoside, and kaempferide. Emerging studies have suggested that kaempferol and its derivatives possess neuroprotective properties and may have potential therapeutic benefits in NDDs. Here, we aimed to provide a theoretical basis for the use of kaempferol and its derivatives in the clinical treatment of NDDs. We systematically reviewed the literature in the PubMed, Web of Science, and Science Direct databases until June 2022 using the search terms "kaempferol," "kaempferol derivatives," "NDDs," "pharmacokinetics," and "biosynthesis" according to the reporting items for systematic review (PRISMA) standard. Based on combined results of in vivo and in vitro studies, we summarize the basic mechanisms and targets of kaempferol and its derivatives in the management of AD, PD, HD, and ALS. Kaempferol and its derivatives exert a neuroprotective role mainly by preventing the deposition of amyloid fibrils (such as Aß, tau, and α-synuclein), inhibiting microglia activation, reducing the release of inflammatory factors, restoring the mitochondrial membrane to prevent oxidative stress, protecting the blood-brain barrier, and inhibiting specific enzyme activities (such as cholinesterase). Kaempferol and its derivatives are promising natural neuroprotective agents. By determining their pharmacological mechanism, kaempferol and its derivatives may be new candidate drugs for the treatment of NDDs.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Esclerose Lateral Amiotrófica , Doença de Huntington , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/patologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Esclerose Lateral Amiotrófica/tratamento farmacológico , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Quempferóis/uso terapêutico , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Huntington/tratamento farmacológico
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(29): 34554-34569, 2023 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37462246

RESUMO

Nowadays, the combined use of chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT) remains the most popular strategy for cancer treatment with high theraprutic efficacy. However, targeted therapy with the on-demand release of drugs is what most clinical treatments lack, leading to heavy side effects. Herein, a new CD44-targeted and red-light-activatable nanosystem, Ru-HA@DOX nanoparticles (NPs), was developed by conjugating hydrophilic biodegradable hyaluronic acid (HA) and hydrophobic photoresponsive ruthenium (Ru) complexes, which could encapsulate the chemotherapeutic drug doxrubicin (DOX). Ru-HA@DOX NPs can selectively accumulate at the tumor through the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect and CD44-mediated endocytosis, thus avoiding off-target toxicity during circulation. After 660 nm of irradiation at the tumor site, Ru-HA@DOX NPs, as a "photoactivatable bomb", was split via the photocleavable Ru-N coordination bond to fast release DOX and produce singlet oxygen (1O2) for PDT. In general, Ru-HA@DOX NPs retained its integrity before irradiation and possessed minimal cytotoxicity, while under red-light irradiation, Ru-HA@DOX NPs showed significant cytotoxicity due to the release of DOX and production of 1O2 at the tumor. Chemotherapy-PDT of Ru-HA@DOX NPs resulted in a significant inhibition of tumor growth in A549-tumor-bearing mice and reduced the cardiotoxicity of DOX. Therefore, this study offers a novel CD44-targeted drug-delivery system with on-demand drug release for synergistic chemotherapy-PDT.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Animais , Camundongos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Nanopartículas/química , Polímeros/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
14.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 8395, 2023 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37225749

RESUMO

The actual 5-year survival rates for Gynecological Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma with Squamous Differentiation (GE-ASqD) are rarely reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how histological subtypes affected long-term survivors of GE-ASqD (> 5 years). We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed GE-ASqD from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (2004-2015). In order to conduct the studies, we employed the chi-square test, univariate cox regression, and multivariate cox proportional hazards model. A total of 1131 patients with GE-ASqD were included in the survival study from 2004 to 2015 after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria and the sample randomly split into a training set and a test set at a ratio of 7:3. Five machine learning algorithms were trained based on nine clinical variables to predict the 5-year overall survival. The AUC of the training group for the LR, Decision Tree, forest, Gbdt, and gbm algorithms were 0.809, 0.336, 0.841, 0.823, and 0.856 respectively. The AUC of the testing group was 0.779, 0.738, 0.753, 0.767 and 0.734, respectively. The calibration curves confirmed good performance of the five machine learning algorithms. Finally, five algorithms were combined to create a machine learning model that forecasts the 5-year overall survival rate of patients with GE-ASqD.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina
15.
Plant Genome ; 16(2): e20317, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36896476

RESUMO

Fully understanding traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) is still challenging because of the extreme complexity of their chemical components and mechanisms of action. The TCM Plant Genome Project aimed to obtain genetic information, determine gene functions, discover regulatory networks of herbal species, and elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in the disease prevention and treatment, thereby accelerating the modernization of TCMs. A comprehensive database that contains TCM-related information will provide a vital resource. Here, we present an integrative genome database of TCM plants (IGTCM) that contains 14,711,220 records of 83 annotated TCM-related herb genomes, including 3,610,350 genes, 3,534,314 proteins and corresponding coding sequences, and 4,032,242 RNAs, as well as 1033 non-redundant component records for 68 herbs, downloaded and integrated from the GenBank and RefSeq databases. For minimal interconnectivity, each gene, protein, and component was annotated using the eggNOG-mapper tool and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database to acquire pathway information and enzyme classifications. These features can be linked across several species and different components. The IGTCM database also provides visualization and sequence similarity search tools for data analyses. These annotated herb genome sequences in IGTCM database are a necessary resource for systematically exploring genes related to the biosynthesis of compounds that have significant medicinal activities and excellent agronomic traits that can be used to improve TCM-related varieties through molecular breeding. It also provides valuable data and tools for future research on drug discovery and the protection and rational use of TCM plant resources. The IGTCM database is freely available at http://yeyn.group:96/.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
16.
Heliyon ; 9(2): e12889, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36785826

RESUMO

This study aims to build a dynamic evolutionary game model for production decisions related to new energy vehicles and traditional fuel vehicles under a dual credit policy. The equilibrium point is calculated, and its stability is evaluated. Meanwhile, the dynamic evolution process of the system is simulated numerically, and the results reveal the complexity of the evolution process. Finally, the delay feedback control method is used to suppress the chaos of the model. Results show that in the production competition of duopoly automobile enterprises, automobile enterprises react too quickly to the market, thus resulting in system imbalance and chaos. At the same time, new energy vehicles are more sensitive to the market than traditional fuel vehicles. An excessively large output adjustment speed is not conducive to the smooth transformation of the automobile market. In addition, the delay feedback control method can effectively suppress the chaos in the system. The larger the delay feedback parameter, the faster the system returns to a steady state. This result suggests that policymakers should reflexively use this approach in practice.

17.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 61(1): 84-88, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36513526

RESUMO

Tear trough deformities and dark circles are important parts of periorbital aging. In this study, the tear trough ligament was reset to correct the tear trough deformity, and its effect on dark circles was analysed. The medical records of 60 patients who underwent eye bag plastic surgery between January 2021 and February 2022 were analysed (30 had traditional eye bag plastic surgery and 30 had the tear trough ligament reset). The tear trough deformity score and the dark circle score showed that the corrective effect on the tear trough deformity in the reset group was better than in the traditional surgery group at six-month follow up (mean (SD) tear trough rating scale (TTRS) score = 4.82 (0.95) vs 5.92 (1.00), p < 0.0001; L* value 55.27 (2.90) vs 47.51 (3.00), p < 0.0001). The satisfaction of patients in the reset group was significantly higher than it was in the traditional surgery group (25/30 vs 18/30, p = 0.045). Tear trough ligament reset is a safe and effective surgical method of periorbital rejuvenation, especially for beauty seekers with obvious tear trough deformities.


Assuntos
Lacerações , Ligamentos , Humanos , Face , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Lágrimas
18.
Nat Protoc ; 18(3): 831-853, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434096

RESUMO

Prime editors (PEs), which can install desired base edits without donor DNA or double-strand breaks, have been used in plants and can, in principle, accelerate crop improvement and breeding. However, their editing efficiency in plants is generally low. Optimizing the prime editing guide RNA (pegRNA) by designing the sequence on the basis of melting temperature, using dual-pegRNAs and engineering PEs have all been shown to enhance PE efficiency. In addition, an automated pegRNA design platform, PlantPegDesigner, has been developed on the basis of rice prime editing experimental data. In this protocol, we present detailed protocols for designing and optimizing pegRNAs using PlantPegDesigner, constructing engineered plant PE vectors with enhanced editing efficiency for prime editing, evaluating prime editing efficiencies using a reporter system and comparing the effectiveness and byproducts of PEs by deep amplicon sequencing. Using this protocol, researchers can construct optimized pegRNAs for prime editing in 4-7 d and obtain prime-edited rice or wheat plants within 3 months.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Edição de Genes , Edição de Genes/métodos , Genoma de Planta , Plantas/genética , DNA , RNA Guia de Sistemas CRISPR-Cas
19.
BMJ Support Palliat Care ; 13(4): 445-452, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the body composition and dietary intake in the patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) during radiotherapy (RT), and explore the relationship between them. METHODS: This was a prospective, longitudinal observational study. Adult patients with HNC undergoing RT between March 2017 and August 2018 were recruited. Patients' body compositions were evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and dietary intake was recorded by 24-hour dietary recall at three time points, including baseline (T1), mid-treatment (T2) and post-treatment (T3). Patients were divided into low, middle and high energy intake groups based on the average daily energy intake (DEI). Changes in body weight (BW), fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM) and skeletal muscle mass (SMM) among these three groups were compared. RESULTS: From T1 to T3, the median loss of patients' BW, FM, FFM and SMM was 4.60, 1.90, 2.60 and 1.50 kg, respectively. The loss of BW was more dramatic from T2 to T3 than that from T1 to T2. BW loss was mainly contributed by SMM loss from T1 to T2 and by FM loss from T2 to T3. Meanwhile, patients' dietary intake reduced during treatment. High DEI group had a significantly attenuated loss of patients' BW, FFM, SMM and FM compared with the low DEI group. CONCLUSION: Patients' BW, FM, FFM and SMM all significantly reduced, especially from T2 to T3, with decreased DEI during RT, which stresses the importance of nutrition intervention during the whole course of RT.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Peso Corporal , Ingestão de Alimentos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia
20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(34): 81707-81724, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35349072

RESUMO

The emergence of blockchain technology has brought about disruptive challenges in multiple fields. Blockchain research has come into the global spotlight, particularly in the field of environmental management. The decentralized mechanism of blockchain conflicts with the centralized structure of environmental management; however, there is a need to review the literature on blockchain and its potential in environmental management. In this paper, we performed a bibliometric analysis to investigate publications on environmental management based on blockchain (EMBB) in the Web of Science (WOS). The distribution by journal, author, organization and keywords were measured by R Package in a descriptive analysis. The network analysis of research themes was visualized in VOS Viewer. The results show that research on EMBB is still in its infancy and lacks case studies. In terms of research trends, we conclude by suggesting future directions in EMBB. In summary, we propose a blockchain-based environmental management framework to provide a reference for regulators. The governance framework will inform policy by unravelling the challenges and opportunities presented by technological change for decision makers in environmental governance.


Assuntos
Blockchain , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Política Ambiental , Bibliometria , Políticas
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