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1.
Ocean Coast Manag ; 231: 106414, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405874

RESUMO

Driven by globalization, the COVID-19 outbreak has severely impacted global transport and logistics systems. To better cope with this globalization crisis, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)-based on the concept of cooperation-is more important than ever in the post-pandemic era. Taking the BRI as the background, we design an intermodal hub-and-spoke network to provide reference for governments along BRI routes to improve their cross-border transportation system and promote economic recovery. In the context of the BRI, local governments at different nodes have incentives to subsidize hub construction and/or rail transportation to boost economic development. We consider co-opetition behavior among different levels of government caused by subsidies in this intermodal hub location problem, which we call the intermodal hub location problem based on government subsidies. We establish a two-stage mixed-integer programming model. In the first stage, local governments provide subsidies, then the central government decides the number and location of hubs. In the second stage, freight carriers choose the optimal route to transport the goods. To solve the model, we design an optimization method combining a population-based algorithm using contest theory. The results show that rail subsidies are positively correlated with construction subsidies but are not necessarily related to the choice of hubs. Compared with monomodal transportation, intermodal transportation can reduce costs more effectively when there are not too many hubs and the cost of different modes of transportation varies greatly. The influences of local government competition and hub construction investment on network design and government subsidies are further examined.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 855: 158799, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113786

RESUMO

To overcome the shortcomings of homogeneous Fe ion activating peroxymonosulfate (PMS), such as high pH-dependence, limited cycling of Fe(III)/Fe(II) and sludge production, graphite carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is chosen as a support for Fe ions, and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is employed to facilitate the electron transfer process, thereby enhancing catalysis. Herein, a ternary catalyst, Fe-g-C3N4/rGO, is first applied under lightless condition for PMS activation, which exhibits ideal performance for contaminant mineralization. 82.5 % of the total organic carbon (TOC) in 100 mL of 5 mg/L bis-phenol A (BPA) was removed within 20 min by the optimal catalyst named 30%rFe0.2CN, which shows a strong pH adaptability over the range of 3-11 compared with a common Fenton-like system. Moreover, the highly stable Fe-g-C3N4/rGO/PMS catalytic system resists complex water matrices, especially those with high turbidity. To unveil the mechanism of PMS activation and pollutant degradation, the physicochemical properties of the as-prepared catalysts are comprehensively characterized by multiple techniques. The Fe(III) contained in both the Fe-N group and α-Fe2O3 component of 30%rFe0.2CN not only directly reacts with PMS to produce sulfate radicals (SO4-) and hydroxyl radicals (OH), but also combines with PMS to form the essential [Fe(III)OOSO3]+ active complex, thereby generating superoxide radicals (O2-) and singlet oxygen (1O2). Among the various reactive oxidizing species, 1O2 plays an important role in pollutant removal, which is additionally generated by the CO moiety of the catalyst activating PMS as well as PMS self-oxidation, indicating the dominance of the non-radical pathway in the pollutant degradation process. Due to the advantages of high efficiency, wide pH adaptability and stability, the proposed lightless Fe-g-C3N4/rGO/PMS catalytic system represents a promising avenue for practical wastewater purification.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Grafite , Grafite/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Domínio Catalítico
3.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 61(1): 4-32, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36285724

RESUMO

Saliva is a complex biological fluid with a variety of biomolecules, such as DNA, RNA, proteins, metabolites and microbiota, which can be used for the screening and diagnosis of many diseases. In addition, saliva has the characteristics of simple collection, non-invasive and convenient storage, which gives it the potential to replace blood as a new main body of fluid biopsy, and it is an excellent biological diagnostic fluid. This review integrates recent studies and summarizes the research contents of salivaomics and the research progress of saliva in early diagnosis of oral and systemic diseases. This review aims to explore the value and prospect of saliva diagnosis in clinical application.

4.
Int J Oncol ; 62(1)2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331032

RESUMO

Subsequently to the publication of the above article, the authors have contacted the Editorial Office to explain that Fig. 7 was published containing an erroneously placed data panel. Specifically, the center panel of the images selected for the invasion assay experiments portrayed in Fig. 7A (i.e., the miR­382 experiment) was chosen incorrectly, and the authors have requested that this panel be replaced by the panel containing the data that was actually used for the statistical analysis shown in part (B). The revised version of Fig. 7, showing the correct data panel for the miR­382 experiment in the invasion assay images in part (A), is shown on the next page. The authors can confirm that the change made to this figure does not affect the overall conclusions reported in the study, and all the authors agree to the publication of this corrigendum. The authors are grateful to the Editor of International Journal of Oncology for allowing them the opportunity to publish this additional Corrigendum; furthermore, they apologize for any inconvenience caused to the readership of the Journal. [International Journal of Oncology 61: 126, 2022; DOI: 10.3892/ijo.2022.5416].

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt A): 544-555, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270175

RESUMO

Efforts to develop a green, inexpensive and effective adsorbent are crucial for eliminating antibiotics in polluted water. The sorption capacity of the as-prepared polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-assisted cellulose nanocrystals/SiO2 (CNCs/SiO2) composite aerogel to ciprofloxacin (CIP) rises with the increase of temperature and initial concentration. Reverse trend of sorption capacity can be found when increasing the adsorbent dosage of adsorbent. The optimal pH value for the sorption is proved to be 4. It's found in the uniaxial compression test that the maximum load that PVA-assisted aerogels can withstand is nearly 100 times than that of non-PVA aerogels. Sorption results confirm that the Pseudo-second order (R2 = 0.9885) and Langmuir models (R2 = 0.9959) fit well to sorption kinetics and equilibrium data, respectively. The rate constant differs from the initial concentration of CIP according to the Pseudo-second order model. The composite aerogel sorption capacity of Langmuir (qmax) for CIP was 163.34 mg·g-1. The thermodynamic studies showed that the sorption process is endothermic with the value of enthalpy change of 41.032 kJ/mol. Hydrogen bonding, π-π interaction, hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions are the dominant mechanisms of CIP sorption by the PVA-assisted CNCs/SiO2 composite aerogel.


Assuntos
Ciprofloxacina , Álcool de Polivinil , Ciprofloxacina/química , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Adsorção , Cinética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
6.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 14(10): 1131-1140, 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thrombectomy and anatomical anastomosis (TAA) has long been considered the optimal approach to portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in liver transplantation (LT). However, TAA and the current approach for non-physiological portal reconstructions are associated with a higher rate of complications and mortality in some cases. AIM: To describe a new choice for reconstructing the portal vein through a posterior pancreatic tunnel (RPVPPT) to address cases of unresectable PVT. METHODS: Between August 2019 and August 2021, 245 adult LTs were performed. Forty-five (18.4%) patients were confirmed to have PVT before surgery, among which seven underwent PV reconstruction via the RPVPPT approach. We retrospectively analyzed the surgical procedure and postoperative complications of these seven recipients that underwent PV reconstruction due to PVT. RESULTS: During the procedure, PVT was found in all the seven cases with significant adhesion to the vascular wall and could not be dissected. The portal vein proximal to the superior mesenteric vein was damaged in one case when attempting thrombolectomy, resulting in massive bleeding. LT was successfully performed in all patients with a mean duration of 585 min (range 491-756 min) and mean intraoperative blood loss of 800 mL (range 500-3000 mL). Postoperative complications consisted of chylous leakage (n = 3), insufficient portal venous flow to the graft (n = 1), intra-abdominal hemorrhage (n = 1), pulmonary infection (n = 1), and perioperative death (n = 1). The remaining six patients survived at 12-17 mo follow-up. CONCLUSION: The RPVPPT technique might be a safe and effective surgical procedure during LT for complex PVT. However, follow-up studies with large samples are still warranted due to the relatively small number of cases.

7.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 14(10): 1141-1149, 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Split liver transplantation (SLT) is a complex procedure. The left-lateral and right tri-segment splits are the most common surgical approaches and are based on the Couinaud liver segmentation theory. Notably, the liver surface following right tri-segment splits may exhibit different degrees of ischemic changes related to the destruction of the local portal vein blood flow topology. There is currently no consensus on preoperative evaluation and predictive strategy for hepatic segmental necrosis after SLT. AIM: To investigate the application of the topological approach in liver segmentation based on 3D visualization technology in the surgical planning of SLT. METHODS: Clinical data of 10 recipients and 5 donors who underwent SLT at Shenzhen Third People's Hospital from January 2020 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Before surgery, all the donors were subjected to 3D modeling and evaluation. Based on the 3D-reconstructed models, the liver splitting procedure was simulated using the liver segmentation system described by Couinaud and a blood flow topology liver segmentation (BFTLS) method. In addition, the volume of the liver was also quantified. Statistical indexes mainly included the hepatic vasculature and expected volume of split grafts evaluated by 3D models, the actual liver volume, and the ischemia state of the hepatic segments during the actual surgery. RESULTS: Among the 5 cases of split liver surgery, the liver was split into a left-lateral segment and right tri-segment in 4 cases, while 1 case was split using the left and right half liver splitting. All operations were successfully implemented according to the preoperative plan. According to Couinaud liver segmentation system and BFTLS methods, the volume of the left lateral segment was 359.00 ± 101.57 mL and 367.75 ± 99.73 mL, respectively, while that measured during the actual surgery was 397.50 ± 37.97 mL. The volume of segment IV (the portion of ischemic liver lobes) allocated to the right tri-segment was 136.31 ± 86.10 mL, as determined using the topological approach to liver segmentation. However, during the actual surgical intervention, ischemia of the right tri-segment section was observed in 4 cases, including 1 case of necrosis and bile leakage, with an ischemic liver volume of 238.7 mL. CONCLUSION: 3D visualization technology can guide the preoperative planning of SLT and improve accuracy during the intervention. The simulated operation based on 3D visualization of blood flow topology may be useful to predict the degree of ischemia in the liver segment and provide a reference for determining whether the ischemic liver tissue should be removed during the surgery.

8.
Br J Cancer ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-based cytotoxic chemotherapy is considered to be the first-line therapy for advanced bladder cancer (BC), but resistance to cisplatin limits its antitumor effect. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) has been reported to contribute to the progression and cisplatin resistance of BC. Meanwhile, chromobox protein homologue 7 (CBX7) was reported to inhibit BC progression. And our previous RNA-seq data on CBX7 (GSE185630) suggested that CBX7 might repress FGFR3, but the underlying mechanism and other cancer-related functions of CBX7 are still unknown. METHODS: Silico analysis of RNA-seq data to identify the upstream regulators and downstream target genes of CBX7. The western blot analysis, quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR), chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-qPCR analysis, CCK-8 assay, and nude mice xenograft models were used to confirm the enhancer of zeste homologue (EZH2)/CBX7/ FGFR3 axis. RESULTS: In this study, we first showed that CBX7 is downregulated in BC. Then, we revealed that EZH2 represses CBX7 expression by increasing H3K27me3 in BC cells. Moreover, we demonstrated that CBX7 directly downregulates FGFR3 expression and sensitises BC cells to cisplatin treatment by inactivating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-(RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase) AKT signalling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that CBX7 is an ideal candidate to overcome cisplatin resistance in BC.

9.
Org Biomol Chem ; 20(45): 9000-9009, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330968

RESUMO

Seventeen new cephalotane-type diterpenoids, fortalides A-Q (1-17), along with five known analogues, were isolated from the seeds of Cephalotaxus fortunei var. alpina. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic methods, as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and X-ray crystallographic data analyses. Some isolates exhibited unusual structural features that were first found in cephalotane-type diterpenoids, such as the occurrence of the 7-oxabicyclo[4.1.1]octane moiety in 14 and 15 and the cis-arrangement of 3-OH and Me-19 in 9. Besides, the antiplasmodial activity of these compounds was evaluated in this study.


Assuntos
Cephalotaxus , Diterpenos , Cephalotaxus/química , Estrutura Molecular , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Dicroísmo Circular , Cristalografia por Raios X
10.
Exp Neurol ; 359: 114268, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343679

RESUMO

Chronic stress promotes tumor progression and may harm homeostasis of energy metabolism by disrupting key metabolic processes. Recently, emerging evidence that chemokines CXCL3 as a novel adipokine plays a new role in lipid metabolism and various human malignancies. However, the role and mechanism of the CXCL3 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) progression and reprogramming lipid metabolism induced by chronic restraint stress is unclear. The analysis of transcriptome sequencing, LC-MS, GC-MS, CCK8, cell apoptosis assays, cell cycle analysis, qRT-PCR, ELISA, western blotting, immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, RNA interference and lentivirus transfection and a xenograft tumor growth and chronic restraint stress model were used to investigate the role of CXCL3 in the regulation of lipid metabolism and OSCC and explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. We showed that CXCL3 plays a critical role in in fatty acid de novo synthesis and tumor growth induced by chronic restraint stress. We demonstrated that chronic restraint stress promoted lipid accumulation, OSCC growth and metastasis in a mouse xenograft model. CXCL3 knockdown and FH535, an inhibitor of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, could attenuate fatty acid de novo synthesis, cell proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition induced by chronic restraint stress in OSCC cells. Our findings demonstrate that chronic restraint stress promotes the proliferation and metastasis of OSCC by reprogramming fatty acid metabolism via CXCL3 mediated Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Our study provides novel insights to help understand the underlying mechanisms of CXCL3 in OSCC progression induced by chronic restraint stress.

11.
Int Ophthalmol ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the potential effects of 3% diquafosol (DQS) on tear film stability after glaucoma surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who underwent glaucoma surgery at the glaucoma division of the Henan Eye Institute from January 2020 to January 2021. Clinical parameters, including age, sex, intraocular pressure, and number of glaucoma medications, were tested. Tear film parameters, such as tear meniscus height (TMH), first and average noninvasive tear break-up time (FBUT and ABUT, respectively), and tear film lipid layer grade (TFLL), were evaluated using the Oculus Keratograph 5M. We investigated the differences in clinical and tear film parameters pre- and postoperatively. We compared the baseline and different time points after surgery between the DQS and HA groups and identified the factors associated with changes in the tear film at 8 weeks postoperatively. RESULTS: A total of 101 eyes were included. Early administration of DQS increased TMH, FBUT, ABUT, and TFLL after trabeculectomy (all p < 0.05). In addition, the DQS group showed significantly higher ABUT than the HA group (p < 0.05). DQS use served as an associated parameter for better TMH, FBUT, ABUT, and the TFLL (p < 0.05). DQS and preoperative FBUT were significant independent parameters of postoperative FBUT (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that postoperative TMH, FBUT, ABUT, and TFLL significantly increased after early application of DQS, and the efficacy of ABUT was better than that of HA at the early stage in 8 weeks after trabeculectomy (p < 0.05).

12.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1027794, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389690

RESUMO

Background: Glioma is a highly aggressive brain cancer with a poor prognosis. Necroptosis is a form of programmed cell death occurring during tumor development and in immune microenvironments. The prognostic value of necroptosis in glioma is unclear. This study aimed to develop a prognostic glioma model based on necroptosis. Methods: A necroptosis-related risk model was constructed by Cox regression analysis based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) training set, validated in two Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) validation sets. We explored the differences in immune infiltration and immune checkpoint genes between low and high risk groups and constructed a nomogram. Moreover, we compiled a third validation cohort including 43 glioma patients. The expression of necroptosis-related genes was verified in matched tissues using immunochemical staining in the third cohort, and we analyzed their relationship to clinicopathological features. Results: Three necroptosis-related differentially expressed genes (EZH2, LEF1, and CASP1) were selected to construct the prognostic model. Glioma patients with a high risk score in the TCGA and CGGA cohorts had significantly shorter overall survival. The necroptosis-related risk model and nomogram exhibited good predictive performance in the TCGA training set and the CGGA validation sets. Furthermore, patients in the high risk group had higher immune infiltration status and higher expression of immune checkpoint genes, which was positively correlated with poorer outcomes. In the third validation cohort, the expression levels of the three proteins encoded by EZH2, LEF1, and CASP1 in glioma tissues were significantly higher than those from paracancerous tissues. They were also closely associated with disease severity and prognosis. Conclusions: Our necroptosis-related risk model can be used to predict the prognosis of glioma patients and improve prognostic accuracy, which may provide potential therapeutic targets and a theoretical basis for treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Humanos , Necroptose/genética , Glioma/patologia , Prognóstico , Nomogramas , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383309

RESUMO

The present study was intended to explore the valuable effects of triptonide on inflammation, asthmatic, and nociceptive. Triptonide possesses numerous beneficial effects extensively managed in the treatment of inflammation disease condition. Initially, triptonide showed anti-inflammation properties over lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Hence, the present study was directed to explore the protecting efficacy of triptonide in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma in mice. Asthma was induced intraperitoneally administration (200µL) in female BALB/c mice with suspension which has ovalbumin (100 µg/mL) and aluminum hydroxide (10 mg/mL). Triptonide (30 mg/kg) over OVA-induced experimental animals altered lung mass, nitric oxide, myeloperoxidase, immunoglobulin E status, interleukins (4, 5, and 13) inflammatory cytokines status, and histological modifications. Animals were also managed with the standard drug dexamethasone (50 mg/kg) followed by the asthma induction, which is also efficient over OVA-induced experimental animals. The nociception was provoked in male Swiss mice by various chemicals (acetic acid, capsaicin, and glutamate). The animals were administered with triptonide (5, 10, and 15 mg/kg) and separate standard drugs like diclofenac sodium (10 mg/kg) and morphine (5 mg/kg) over chemical-induced nociceptive animals. The present outcome evidently established that the triptonide considerably reduced the various chemical-induced nociception in mice (Fig. 7A, B, and C). Ultimately, the present work explored the evident powerful anti-inflammation, antinociceptive, and anti-asthma properties of a diterpenoid, triptonide experimental animal models. And it is recommended that triptonide is an excellent compound in the management of asthma and its related diseases.

14.
ChemSusChem ; : e202201810, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330750

RESUMO

Helical Bi2 O3 microfibers (HBM) were prepared with the assistance of cotton template through a simple heating treatment in air. This twisted structure induced the lattice strains, enriched the oxygen vacancies of Bi2 O3 , and promoted the sufficient exposure of active sites simultaneously, thus performing outstanding activity and selectivity as catalyst for CO2 electroreduction to formate. The faradaic efficiency (FE) of formate reached 100.4±1.9 % at -0.90 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) in an H-cell, and the partial current density was boosted to 226 mA cm-2 with FEformate of 96 % at -1.08 V vs. RHE in a flow cell. This work may open a new era for construction of metal oxide fibers by bionic strategy as high-performance electrocatalysts.

15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 247: 114250, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334341

RESUMO

With the growing diversity and complexity of diet, animals and humans are at risk of exposure to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), which is a well-known contaminant in the food chain that causes various toxicological effects. The intestine acts as the first barrier against external contaminants, but the effect of AFB1 on intestinal barrier has not been determined. This study aimed to evaluate AFB1 on the intestinal barrier function in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, porcine jejunal epithelial cells (IPEC-J2) were treated with increasing concentrations of AFB1 (10-60 mg/L). In vivo, Kunming (KM) mice were used as controls or gavaged with 1% dimethyl sulfoxide (110 mg/kg b.w.) and AFB1 (0.3 mg/kg b.w.) for 28 days. In IPEC-J2 cells, the cell viability decreased with increasing mycotoxin concentrations, and the viability of IPEC-J2 cells decreased significantly (P < 0.05) when the AFB1 concentrations were greater than 30 mg/L. In addition, quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot analysis, and immunofluorescence results show that AFB1 can downregulate the tight junction proteins and increase the expression levels of Caspase-3 and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2, suggesting that AFB1 was cytotoxic to IPEC-J2. In vivo, the ratio of villus height to crypt depth, the intestinal wall thickness, the number of intestinal villus per 1000 µm in the jejunum, the expression levels of ZO-1, Claudin-3, Occludin, MUC2, and Caspase-3, and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 were significantly affected in mice exposed to AFB1. In vitro and in vivo results showed that the effects of exposure to AFB1 on the intestinal function in the jejunum of KM mice and in the IPEC-J2 was similar, suggesting that AFB1 may adversely affect animal intestine.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1 , Intestinos , Humanos , Suínos , Camundongos , Animais , Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Caspase 3/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Apoptose , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2
16.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 117(1): 60, 2022 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378362

RESUMO

Dysregulated intracellular Ca2+ handling involving altered Ca2+ release from intracellular stores via RyR channels underlies both arrhythmias and reduced function in heart failure (HF). Mechanisms linking RyR dysregulation and disease are not fully established. Studies in animals support a role for InsP3 receptor Ca2+ channels (InsP3R) in pathological alterations in cardiomyocyte Ca2+ handling but whether these findings translate to the divergent physiology of human cardiomyocytes during heart failure is not determined. Using electrophysiological and Ca2+ recordings in human ventricular cardiomyocytes, we uncovered that Ca2+ release via InsP3Rs facilitated Ca2+ release from RyR and induced arrhythmogenic delayed after depolarisations and action potentials. InsP3R-RyR crosstalk was particularly increased in HF at RyR clusters isolated from the T-tubular network. Reduced SERCA activity in HF further facilitated the action of InsP3. Nanoscale imaging revealed co-localisation of InsP3Rs with RyRs in the dyad, which was increased in HF, providing a mechanism for augmented Ca2+ channel crosstalk. Notably, arrhythmogenic activity dependent on InsP3Rs was increased in tissue wedges from failing hearts perfused with AngII to promote InsP3 generation. These data indicate a central role for InsP3R-RyR Ca2+ signalling crosstalk in the pro-arrhythmic action of GPCR agonists elevated in HF and the potential for their therapeutic targeting.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Canal de Liberação de Cálcio do Receptor de Rianodina , Humanos , Animais , Canal de Liberação de Cálcio do Receptor de Rianodina/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Arritmias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Sinalização do Cálcio
17.
Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng ; : e3662, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385572

RESUMO

Mathematical models of human cardiovascular and respiratory systems provide a viable alternative to generate synthetic data to train artificial intelligence (AI) clinical decision-support systems and assess closed-loop control technologies, for military medical applications. However, existing models are either complex, standalone systems that lack the interface to other applications or fail to capture the essential features of the physiological responses to the major causes of battlefield trauma (i.e., hemorrhage and airway compromise). To address these limitations, we developed the cardio-respiratory (CR) model by expanding and integrating two previously published models of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. We compared the vital signs predicted by the CR model with those from three models, using experimental data from 27 subjects in five studies, involving hemorrhage, fluid resuscitation, and respiratory perturbations. Overall, the CR model yielded relatively small root mean square errors (RMSEs) for mean arterial pressure (MAP; 20.88 mm Hg), end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2 ; 3.50 mm Hg), O2 saturation (SpO2 ; 3.40%), and arterial O2 pressure (PaO2 ; 10.06 mm Hg), but a relatively large RMSE for heart rate (HR; 70.23 beats/min). In addition, the RMSEs for the CR model were 3% to 10% smaller than the three other models for HR, 11% to 15% for ETCO2 , 0% to 33% for SpO2 , and 10% to 64% for PaO2 , while they were similar for MAP. In conclusion, the CR model balances simplicity and accuracy, while qualitatively and quantitatively capturing human physiological responses to battlefield trauma, supporting its use to train and assess emerging AI and control systems.

18.
Front Oncol ; 12: 945143, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419885

RESUMO

Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are receiving increasing attention as novel biomarkers. Our goal was to investigate the diagnostic, clinicopathological, and prognostic utility of circRNAs in prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: Relevant literature was searched in PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE. Sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), positive likelihood ratio (PLR), and the area under the curve (AUC) were calculated to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of circRNA expression. circRNAs' clinical, pathological, and prognostic value was examined using pooled odds ratios (ORs) and hazard ratios (HRs). Results: This meta-analysis included 23 studies, with 5 for diagnosis, 16 for clinicopathological parameters, and 10 for prognosis. For diagnostic value, the pooled sensitivity, pooled specificity, PLR, NLR, DOR, and AUC were 0.82, 0.62, 2.17, 0.29, 7.37, and 0.81, respectively. Upregulation of carcinogenic circRNAs was associated with poor clinical parameters (Gleason score: OR = 0.222, 95% CI: 0.145-0.340; T classification: OR = 0.274, 95% CI: 0.175-0.430; lymph node metastasis: OR = 0.353, 95% CI: 0.175-0.716; tumor size: OR = 0.226, 95% CI: 0.099-0.518) and could predict poor survival outcomes (HR = 2.408, 95% CI: 1.559-3.720, p < 0.001). Conversely, downregulation of tumor-suppressor circRNAs was also associated with poor clinical parameters (Gleason score: OR = 1.689, 95% CI: 1.144-2.493; T classification: OR = 2.586, 95% CI: 1.779-3.762) and worse prognosis (HR = 1.739, 95% CI: 1.147-2.576, p = 0.006). Conclusion: Our results showed that circRNAs might be useful biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of PCa. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/, identifier CRD42021284785.

19.
J Med Virol ; 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321566

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the mechanism of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-enveloped particle release. Specifically, we used preS1 as a bait protein to screen host proteins using mass spectroscopy, with the results of immunofluorescence, western blot, co-immunoprecipitation, isothermal titration calorimetry, and pull-down assays identifying glucose-regulated protein (GRP)78 as a specific target for preS1 binding. We employed transcriptome sequencing, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and particle gel assays to investigate the mechanism of GRP78-mediated positive regulation of HBV-enveloped particle release. Additionally, we performed phage-display, surface plasmon resonance, and molecular-docking assays to assess peptides inhibiting enveloped-particle release. We found that HBV upregulated GRP78 expression in liver cell lines and the serum of patients with chronic hepatitis B. Furthermore, GRP78 promoted the release of HBV-enveloped particles in vitro and in vivo within an HBV transgenic mouse model. Moreover, we identified interactions of preS1 peptides with GRP78 via hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions, which effectively inhibited its interaction with HBV-enveloped particles and their subsequent release. These findings provide novel insights regarding HBV virion release, and demonstrated that GRP78 interacted with preS1 to positively regulate the release of HBV-enveloped particles, suggesting GRP78 as a potential therapeutic target for inhibiting HBV infection. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0221122, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321901

RESUMO

Most microbiome studies regarding the ruminant digestive tract have focused on the rumen microbiota, whereas only a few studies were performed on investigating the gut microbiota of ruminants, which limits our understanding of this important component. Herein, the gut microbiota of 30 Caprinae animals (sheep and goats) from six provinces in China was characterized using ultradeep (>100 Gbp per sample) metagenome shotgun sequencing. An inventory of Caprinae gut microbial species containing 5,046 metagenomic assembly genomes (MAGs) was constructed. Particularly, 2,530 of the genomes belonged to uncultured candidate species. These genomes largely expanded the genomic repository of the current microbes in the Caprinae gut. Several enzymes and biosynthetic gene clusters encoded by these Caprinae gut species were identified. In summary, our study extends the gut microbiota characteristics of Caprinae and provides a basis for future studies on animal production and animal health. IMPORTANCE We constructed a microbiota catalog containing 5,046 MAGs from Caprinae gut from six regions of China. Most of the MAGs do not overlap known databases and appear to be potentially new species. We also characterized the functional spectrum of these MAGs and analyzed the differences between different regions. Our study enriches the understanding of taxonomic, functional, and metabolic diversity of Caprinae gut microbiota. We are confident that the manuscript will be of utmost interest to a wide range of readers and be widely applied in future research.

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