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1.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112876, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525575

RESUMO

Flavonoids-enriched extract from Scutellaria baicalensis roots (FESR) ameliorated influenza A virus (IAV) induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice by inhibiting the excessive activation of complement system in vivo. However, FESR had no anti-complementary activity in vitro. In order to reveal the effective materials of FESR for the treatment of IAV-induced ALI, the present research explored the metabolic process of FESR both in nomal and IAV infected mice by the method of UHPLC-ESI-LTQ/MS, as well as the metabolic activating mechanism. The results showed that the inactive flavonoid glycosides of FESR were partly metabolized into anti-complementary aglycones in vivo, mainly including 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-8-methoxy-flavone, norwogonin, baicalein, wogonin, oroxylin A and chrysin. Moreover, compared with the normal mice, IAV-induced ALI mice exhibited more efficient on producing and absorbing these active metabolites, with AUC0-t and Cmax in plasma and concentrations in lungs and intestines markedly elevated in the IAV treated groups (P <  0.05). Interestingly, the intestinal bacteria from IAV-induced ALI mice showed stronger ß-glucuronidase activity and also had higher efficiency on transforming FESR to the flavonoid aglycones. These findings suggested that the anti-complementary aglycones produced by metabolic activation in vivo should be the potential effective materials of FESR against IAV infections, and intestinal bacteria might play an important role on the higher bioavailability of FESR in IAV infected mice. Additionally, the animals under the pathological state are more suitable for the metabolic study of traditional Chinese medicine.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674784

RESUMO

L-Arabinose is a monosaccharide extracted from plants or fibers, which is known to have a variety of functional properties. In this study, we aim to investigate whether L-Arabinose could inhibit colitis by modulating gut microbiota. L-Arabinose was administrated in mice daily in a DSS-induced colitis model. The histological analysis, disease index and the expression of inflammatory genes were measured. 16S-rRNA sequence analysis was performed to investigate gut microbiota. Intriguingly, we found that L-Arabinose could repress DSS-induced colitis and inhibit p38-/p65-dependent inflammation activation. Besides that, our data revealed that L-Arabinose modulated gut microbiota disturbed by DSS treatment. Additionally, by antibiotic treatment, the perturbed gut microbiota was responsible for the suppressive effects of L-Arabinose on DSS-induced colitis. Lastly, Caco-2 cells was used to confirm the protective effects of L-Arabinose. As expected, the expression levels of pro-inflammatory proteins in Caco-2 cells treated with L-Arabinose in absence or presence of TNFα. Our work suggested that L-Arabinose exert anti-inflammation effect in DSS-induced colitis. These beneficial effects may be related to the diversity and composition of the gut microbiota regulated by L-Arabinose. L-Arabinose could be a remarkable candidate as a functional food or novel therapeutic strategies for intestinal health.

3.
Int J Biol Markers ; : 1724600819884722, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of programmed death-1 (PD-1), programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), and P16 in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: A total of 95 paraffin-embedded samples of tumorous tissue of HNSCC were collected. Expression levels of PD-1, PD-L1, and P16 were determined by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: A significantly higher proportion of PD-1 among patients infected with the human papillomavirus was found. PD-L1 expression is closely associated with the primary site of the tumor, postoperative recurrence, survival, PD-1 expression and P16 expression. Univariable analysis indicated that T stage, N stage, tumor node metastasis stage, tumor differentiation, and PD-L1 expression were all shown to be prognostic variables for overall survival in patients with HNSCC. In the multivariate analysis, only N stage (P = 0.010) and PD-L1 expression (P = 0.001) were found to be independent prognostic variables for overall survival. In addition, for disease recurrence, multivariate analysis showed that only PD-L1 expression was the associated independent risk factor. For the patients with negative PD-L1 expression, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that they had significantly worse outcomes in terms of overall survival (P = 0.001). Similarly, compared with the patients with positive PD-L1 expression, those with negative PD-L1 expression had a higher probability of recurrence (P = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of PD-L1, PD-1, and P16 in HNSCC is significantly correlated. Human papillomavirus infection (P16 positive) is negatively related to postoperative recurrence. HNSCC patients with positive PD-L1/PD-1 expression tend to have better overall survival outcomes and lower probability of recurrence, providing more evidence for the PD-l-targeted immunotherapy of HNSCC.

4.
Biomaterials ; 227: 119570, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670032

RESUMO

Excessive release of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) is well-known to provoke cascades of inflammatory responses thus contributing to the pathogenesis of alcohol-induced steatohepatitis (ASH), but the cellular mechanism that regulates IL-1ß release during ASH remains unclear. Herein, we identified that gasdermin D (GSDMD) membrane pore is critical in mediating IL-1ß hypersecretion from chronic ethanol or acetaldehyde-stimulated macrophages. Deletion of GSDMD reduced IL-1ß release and ameliorated alcoholic steatohepatitis in vivo. These findings uncovered a novel mechanism regarding the IL-1ß release in ASH, and also indicated the therapeutic potential of IL-1ß blockade. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is protective to ASH by blocking IL-1ß, but it has a short biological half-life (4-6 h) and lower liver concentrations. Thus, we constructed a therapeutic plasmid pVAX1-IL-1Ra-ApoAI (pVAX1-IA) encoding IL-1Ra anchored to the liver-targeting protein apolipoprotein A-I (ApoAI), and developed hepatocyte-specific nanobiologics (Glipo-pVAX1-IA) by galactose functionalization for local and prolonged expression of IL-1Ra in liver. Data presented here showed that Glipo-pVAX1-IA facilitated efficient uptake of gene cargos by hepatocytes. The biodistribution studies confirmed a predominant hepatocytes internalization, but a minimal kupffer cells uptake of Glipo-pVAX1-IA following intravenous injection. The locally secreted IL-1Ra attenuated alcohol-induced steatohepatisis and infiltration of inflammatory cells. Together, our results unraveled the critical role of GSDMD membrane pore in IL-1ß hypersecretion and highlighted the hepatocyte-specific Glipo-pVAX1-IA nanobiologics as a promising therapeutic strategy for ASH.

5.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(38): 5850-5861, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thiopurine-induced leukopenia (TIL) is a life-threatening toxicity and occurs with a high frequency in the Asian population. Although nucleoside diphosphate-linked moiety X-type motif 15 (NUDT15) variants significantly improve the predictive sensitivity of TIL, more than 50% of cases of this toxicity cannot be predicted by this mutation. The potential use of the 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6TGN) level to predict TIL has been explored, but no decisive conclusion has been reached. Can we increase the predictive sensitivity based on 6TGN by subgrouping patients according to their NUDT15 R139C genotypes? AIM: To determine the 6TGN cut-off levels after dividing patients into subgroups according to their NUDT15 R139C genotypes. METHODS: Patients' clinical and epidemiological characteristics were collected from medical records from July 2014 to February 2017. NUDT15 R139C, thiopurine S-methyltransferase, and 6TGN concentrations were measured. RESULTS: A total of 411 Crohn's disease patients were included. TIL was observed in 72 individuals with a median 6TGN level of 323.4 pmol/8 × 108 red blood cells (RBC), which was not different from that of patients without TIL (P = 0.071). Then, we compared the 6TGN levels based on NUDT15 R139C. For CC (n = 342) and CT (n = 65) genotypes, the median 6TGN level in patients with TIL was significantly higher than that in patients without (474.8 vs 306.0 pmol/8 × 108 RBC, P = 9.4 × 10-5; 291.7 vs 217.6 pmol/8 × 108 RBC, P = 0.039, respectively). The four TT carriers developed TIL, with a median 6TGN concentration of 135.8 pmol/8 × 108 RBC. The 6TGN cut-off levels were 411.5 and 319.2 pmol/8 × 108 RBC for the CC and CT groups, respectively. CONCLUSION: The predictive sensitivity of TIL based on 6TGN is dramatically increased after subgrouping according to NUDT15 R139C genotypes. Applying 6TGN cut-off levels to adjust thiopurine therapies based on NUDT15 is strongly recommended.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646315

RESUMO

Epoxidation of olefins stands out as a crucial class of reactions and is of great interest in academic research and industry due to the production of various important fine chemicals and intermediates. Manganese complexes have the potential to catalyze the epoxidation of olefins with high efficiency. Magnetic nanocatalysts have attracted significant attention for immobilizing homogeneous transition metal complexes. Easy separation by external magnetic fields, nontoxicity, and a core shell structure are the main advantages of magnetic nanocatalysts over other heterogeneous catalysts. The method of functionalizing magnetic nanoparticles and of anchoring homogeneous metal complexes has significant effects on catalytic performance. Therefore, a critical review of recent research progress on manganese complexes' immobilization on magnetic nanoparticles for liquid phase olefin epoxidation is necessary. In this work, magnetic nanoparticles are categorized according to their preparation procedures and structures. The physical/chemical properties, catalytic performance for olefin epoxidation, reusability and plausible reaction mechanisms will be discussed, in an attempt to unravel the structure-function relationship and to guide the future study of MNPs' design for olefin epoxidations.

7.
Int J Pharm ; 571: 118751, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605722

RESUMO

Synergistic combination therapy involving the integration of chemotherapeutics and chemosensitizers into micelles has demonstrated great potential for tumor-specific location release. Here, the natural product betulinic acid (BA) and chemical drug lonidamine (LN) were used as chemosensitizers in combination with doxorubicin (DOX) for ovarian cancer treatment. We designed pH-sensitive peptide derivatives and constructed an all-in-one multifunctional multidrug pH-sensitive targeting delivery system for the synergistic co-delivery of DOX and BA (or LN). The combination of DOX and BA was found to elicit better therapeutic effects and lower cardiotoxicity than the DOX and LN combination in Skvo3 cells. Further, loading DOX/BA into the present micellar systems enabled burst release at the tumor location, leading to enhanced anti-tumor effects and reduced off-target effects. More importantly, DOX/BA micelles elicited fewer adverse effects on cardiac function and leukocyte counts in Skvo3 subcutaneous xenograft models. These features suggest that the designed micelles represent a promising multifunctional strategy for the efficient treatment of ovarian cancer.

8.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584200

RESUMO

Liver regeneration involves not only hepatocyte replication but progenitor aggregation and scarring. Partial hepatectomy (PH), an established model for liver regeneration, reactivates transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) signaling. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are primarily responding cells for TGF-ß and resident in stem cell niche. In the current study, PH mice were treated with SB-431542, an inhibitor of TGF-ß Type I receptor, aiming to address the role of TGF-ß signaling on the fate determination of HSCs during liver regeneration. After PH, control mice exhibited HSCs activation, progenitor cells accumulation, and a fraction of HSCs acquired the phenotype of hepatocyte or cholangiocyte. Blocking TGF-ß signaling delayed proliferation, impaired progenitor response, and scarring repair. In SB-431542 group, merely no HSCs were found coexpressed progenitor makers, such as SOX9 and AFP. Inhibition of TGF-ß pathway disturbed the epithelial-mesenchymal transitions and diminished the nuclear accumulation of ß-catenin as well as the expression of cytochrome P450 2E1 in HSC during liver regeneration. We identify a key role of TGF-ß signaling on promoting HSC transition, which subsequently becomes progenitor for generating liver epithelial cells after PH. This process might interact with an acknowledged stem cell function signaling, Wnt/ß-catenin.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592762

RESUMO

A facultatively anaerobic, Gram-stain-negative and non-gliding bacterium, designated F01T, was isolated from marine solar saltern in Weihai, PR China. Cells of F01T were 0.2-0.4 µm wide and 1.4-4.1 µm long, weakly catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Growth of F01T was determined to occur at 4-40 °C (optimum, 33-37 °C), pH 6.5-8.5 (optimum, 7.0-8.0), and with 0.5-18.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0-6.0 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that F01T represented a member of the genus Marinobacter within the family Alteromonadaceae. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the isolate was most closely related to Marinobacter algicola DSM 16394T, with a sequence similarity of 97.5 %. The DNA G+C content of the isolate was 57.6 mol%. The major respiratory quinone of F01T was ubiquinone-9 (Q-9) and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω9c. The major polar lipids were phosphoaminolipid, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. On the basis of the results of the phylogenetic analysis and phenotypic properties, it is concluded that F01T can be considered to represent a novel species in the genus Marinobacter, for which the name Marinobacter vulgaris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is F01T (=MCCC 1H00290T=KCTC 52700T).

10.
Cancer Lett ; 468: 27-40, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604115

RESUMO

Patients with recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) have more co-existing distant metastasis than those of no-recurrence and are more likely to suffer distant metastasis after re-irradiation than patients with newly diagnosed NPC. However, the relationship between radioresistance and distant metastasis and the mechanisms involved in radioresistance-associated metastasis are still unclear. In this study, we proved that C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) expression was significantly elevated in HONE1-IR cells and recurrent NPC tumour. Inhibition of CCL2 enhanced sensitivity to radiotherapy in NPC cells. Moreover, autocrine CCL2 promoted NPC cell adaptive radioresistance, metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Additionally, p53 activated CCL2 transcription. High CCL2 expression was highly associated with poorer locoregional recurrence free survival, progression free survival and overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed NPC. Notably, high CCL2 expression was an independent prognostic factor for distant metastasis free survival in recurrent NPC patients. Our results provide insights into the autocrine signalling mechanisms of CCL2 and suggest that inhibition of autocrine CCL2 may be a candidate treatment strategy for management of radioresistant NPC.

11.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding how cells respond to mitotic poisons is of great biomedical and clinical significance. However, it remains unknown how cell-death or survival is determined during exposure to anti-mitotic drugs. METHODS: The biological effects of SLC39A6 (LIV-1) and GrpE-like 1 (GRPEL1) on mitotic exit and apoptosis were evaluated both in vitro and in vivo using flow cytometry, western blotting, xenografts and time-lapse imaging. The interactions between proteins and the ubiquitination of GRPEL1 were assessed by GST pull down, immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry analysis. The expression of LIV-1 in cancers was assessed by immunohistochemistry. FINDINGS: Overexpression of LIV-1 led to direct apoptosis. Depleted for LIV-1 evade anti-mitotic agent-induced killing through a rapid exit from arrested mitosis. LIV-1 interacts with GRPEL1 and Stabilizes GRPEL1 Protein by Preventing Ubiquitylation of GRPEL1. LIV-1-GRPEL1 axis depletion works to reduce the mitotic arrest by inducing PP2A-B55α phosphates activity, while inhibit apoptosis by banding AIF and preventing the latter's release into the nucleus. Loss of function in this axis was frequent in multiple types of human epithelial cancer. INTERPRETATION: These data demonstrate that LIV-1-GRPEL1 axis dually regulates mitotic exit as well as apoptosis by interacting with PP2A B55α and AIF. Its discovery constitutes a conceptual advance for the decisive mechanism of cell fate during damaged mitosis. FUND: National Clinical Research Center for Obstetric and Gynecologic Diseases, the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613761

RESUMO

Light field (LF) stitching is a potential solution to improve the field of view (FOV) for hand-held plenoptic cameras. Existing LF stitching methods cannot provide accurate registration for scenes with large depth variation. In this paper, a novel LF stitching method is proposed to handle parallax in the LFs more flexibly and accurately. First, a depth layer map (DLM) is proposed to guarantee adequate feature points on each depth layer. For the regions of nondeterministic depth, superpixel layer map (SLM) is proposed based on LF spatial correlation analysis to refine the depth layer assignments. Then, DLM-SLM-based LF registration is proposed to derive the location dependent homography transforms accurately and to warp LFs to its corresponding position without parallax interference. 4D graph-cut is further applied to fuse the registration results for higher LF spatial continuity and angular continuity. Horizontal, vertical and multi-LF stitching are tested for different scenes, which demonstrates the superior performance provided by the proposed method in terms of subjective quality of the stitched LFs, epipolar plane image consistency in the stitched LF, and perspective-averaged correlation between the stitched LF and the input LFs.

13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 112302, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614203

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pregnane-X-receptor (PXR) is involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Patchouli alcohol (PA) has anti-inflammatory effects; however, the mechanisms of PA on IBD remain largely unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of PA that primarily focused on crosstalk between PA-mediated PXR activation and NF-κB inhibition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of PA with respect to PXR/NF-κB signalling using in vitro and in vivo models. In vitro, the identified PA as PXR agonist was evaluated by hPXR transactivation assays and assessing CYP3A4 expression and activity. NF-κB inhibition were analysed based on NF-κB Luciferase assays, NF-κB-mediated pro-inflammatory genes expression and NF-κB nuclear translocation after activating PXR by PA. In vivo, colonic mPXR and NF-κB signalling were analysed to assess PA-mediated the protective effect against dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Furthermore, pharmacological inhibition of PXR was further evaluated the protection of PA against DSS-induced colitis. RESULTS: PA induced CYP3A4 expression and activity via an hPXR-dependent mechanism. PA-mediated PXR activation attenuated inflammation by inhibiting NF-κB activity and nuclear translocation. The anti-inflammatory effect of PA on NF-κB was abolished by PXR knockdown. PA prevented DSS-induced inflammation by regulating PXR/NF-κB signalling, whereas pharmacological PXR inhibition abated PA-mediated suppressive effects on NF-κB inflammation signalling. CONCLUSIONS: PA activates PXR signalling and suppresses NF-κB signalling, consequently causing ameliorating inflammation. Results highlight the importance of PXR-NF-κB crosstalk in colitis and suggest a novel therapeutic reagent.

14.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 101: 103446, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577984

RESUMO

Growth plate (GP) is a type of tissue widely found in child's immature skeleton. It may have significant influence on the overall injury pattern since it has distinguishing mechanical properties compared to the surrounding bony tissue. For more accurate material modeling and advanced pediatric human body modeling, it is imperative to investigate the material property of GPs in different loading conditions. In this study, a series of tensile and shearing experiments on porcine bone-GP-bone units were carried out. Total 113 specimens of bone-GP-bone unit from the femoral head, distal femur, and proximal tibia of four 20-weeks-old piglets were tested, under different strain rates (average 0.0053 to 1.907 s-1 for tensile tests, and 0.0085 to 3.037 s-1 for shearing tests). Randomized block ANOVA was conducted to determine the effects of anatomic region and strain rate on the material properties of GPs. It was found that, strain rate is a significant factor for modulus and ultimate stress for both tensile and shearing tests; the ultimate strains are not sensitive to the input factors in both tensile and shearing tests; the GPs at knee region could be grouped due to similar properties, but statistically different from the femoral head GP. Additionally, the tensile test data from the experimental study were comparing to the limited data obtained from tests on human subjects reported in the literature. An optimal conversion factor was derived to correlate the material properties of 20-week-old piglet GPs and 10 YO child GPs. As a result, the estimated material properties of 10 YO child GPs from different regions in different loading conditions became available given the conversion law stays legitimate. These estimated material properties for 10 YO child GPs were reported in the form of tensile and shearing stress-strain curves and could be subsequently utilized for human GP tissue material modeling and child injury mechanism studies.

15.
Nanoscale ; 11(40): 18691-18701, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589216

RESUMO

Phase change materials (PCMs) exhibit wide application prospects in many fields related to energy utilization and management and attract increasing interest. In this work, through the graphene oxide (GO)-assisted dispersion technology, GO/boron nitride (BN) nanosheets were incorporated into melamine foam and successfully deposited on the surface of the foam framework after hydrothermal reaction. Through the following freeze-drying and carbonization treatment, the composite MF/rGO/BN aerogels were obtained with integrated hybrid rGO/BN frameworks. The composite PCMs were prepared through encapsulating polyethylene glycol (PEG) within the hybrid aerogels. The encapsulation stability and thermal properties of the composite PCMs were systematically investigated. The composite PCM sample containing the highest content of rGO/BN exhibited excellent encapsulation stability, high thermal conductivity (up to 0.79 W m-1 K-1), high phase change enthalpy (160.7 J g-1) with the retention of 90.8% of the pure PEG, and excellent chemical and thermal stability. Further results clearly showed that the composite PCMs had excellent light-to-heat energy transition ability and could be used as a thermal management component to suppress the overheating of devices during the operation process, or to supply energy for thermoelectric devices under emergency conditions to ensure a continuous power supply sustained for a certain time until the safeguard procedures are adopted.

16.
Future Microbiol ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661324

RESUMO

Aim: To explore early management and clinical predictors of patients with suspected CNS infections. Methods: In a prospective cohort study of 125 adult patients with suspected CNS infections, clinical features and early management time points were compared between groups with and without confirmed CNS infections. Results: The door-to-lumbar puncture time was associated with the initial Glasgow Coma Scale score, the confirmed diagnosis and the time to change empirical treatment. Multivariate analysis indicated that the initial Glasgow Coma Scale score was an independent risk factor for prognosis. Conclusion: Lumbar puncture plays a crucial role in early management of CNS infections. Patients with CNS infection who have disturbances of consciousness should receive particular attention.

17.
Curr Gene Ther ; 2019 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a malignant tumor that is difficult to eliminate, and new therapies are thus strongly desired. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the ability to locate to injured tissues, inflammation sites and tumors and are thus good candidates for carrying antitumor genes for the treatment of tumors. Treating GBM with MSCs that have been transduced with the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene has brought significant advances because MSCs can exert a bystander effect on tumor cells upon treatment with the prodrug ganciclovir (GCV). OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine whether HSV-TK-expressing umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (MSCTKs) together with prodrug GCV treatment could exert a bystander killing effect on GBM. METHODS AND RESULTS: Compared with MSCTK :U87 ratio at 1:10,1:100 and 1:100, GCV concentration at 2.5µM or 250µM, when MSCTKs were cocultured with U87 cells at a ratio of 1:1, 25 µM GCV exerted a more stable killing effect. Higher amounts of MSCTKs cocultured with U87 cells were correlated with a better bystander effect exerted by the MSCTK/GCV system. We built U87-driven subcutaneous tumor models and brain intracranial tumor models to evaluate the efficiency of the MSCTK/GCV system on subcutaneous and intracranial tumors and found that MSCTK/GCV was effective in both models. The ratio of MSCTKs and tumor cells played a critical role in this therapeutic effect, with a higher MSCTK/U87 ratio exerting a better effect. CONCLUSION: This research suggested that the MSCTK/GCV system exerts a strong bystander effect on GBM tumor cells, and this system may be a promising assistant method for GBM postoperative therapy.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588648

RESUMO

The flexible Li-air battery (FLAB) with ultrahigh energy density is a hopeful candidate for flexible energy storage devices. However, most current FLAB operate in a pure oxygen atmosphere, which is limited by safety and corrosion issues from the metallic lithium anode and has thus greatly impeded the application of FLAB. Now, inspired by the protection effect of the umbrella, a stable hydrophobic composite polymer electrolyte (SHCPE) film with high flexibility, hydrophobicity, and stability was fabricated to protect the lithium anode. The SHCPE mitigated lithium corrosion and improved the capacity, rate performance, and cycle life (from 24 cycles to 95 cycles) of a battery in the ambient air. Based on the protection of SHCPE and the catalysis of MnOOH, the prepared pouch-type FLAB displayed high flexibility, stable performances, long cycling life (180 cycles), and excellent safety; the battery can bear soaking in water, high temperature, and nail penetration.

19.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 7332-7341, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Intra-ampullary papillary-tubular neoplasm (IAPN) is recognized as a precancerous lesion with a great tendency to evolve into pancreatic cancer. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database is now large enough to study unusual cancers. Based on pathologic and epidemiologic characteristics of IAPN available in SEER, important clinicopathological correlations can be made. MATERIAL AND METHODS Cases of IAPN and other intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the bile duct (OBIPMN) diagnosed between 1973 and 2014 were searched in the SEER database. The analysis was carried out with respect to patient clinical characteristics, tumor characteristics, incidence, and survival. RESULTS In total, 685 patients with IAPN were identified compared with 2465 patients with OBIPMN in the same period. The incidence rate of IAPN was decreased, with a 4.882% annual percent change. The patient characteristics of IAPN were quite different from OBIPMN in many characteristics, including age, gender, marital status, and survival. Compared with OBIPMN, the tumor characteristics of IAPN indicated that more patients were diagnosed at an earlier stage in multiple stage systems such as pathological grade (P<0.001), sixth American Joint Committee on Cancer stage (P<0.001), TNM stage (P<0.001), and SEER historic stage (P<0.001). In the survival analysis, the cancer-specific survival of IAPN was significantly better than OBIPMN (P<0.001) and the cancer-specific survival get worse at higher stages (P<0.001). Moreover, the 5-year cancer-specific survival rate of IAPN was also significantly better than that of OBIPMN (36.5% versus 25.4%, P<0.001). Finally, the multivariate analysis showed a correlation between cancer-specific survival and age of diagnosis and N stage (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS Analysis of the SEER database clearly demonstrated that IAPN was a precancerous lesion tend to be diagnosed earlier compared with OBIPMN, which contributed to the better prognosis, and surgery was suggested if possible.

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