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1.
Integr Med Res ; 13(2): 101039, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746044

RESUMO

Background: Chronic fatigue is a predominant symptom of post COVID-19 condition, or long COVID. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Traditional, Complementary and Integrative Medicine (TCIM) for fatigue post COVID-19 infection. Methods: Ten English and Chinese language databases and grey literature were searched up to 12 April 2023 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Cochrane "Risk of bias" (RoB) tool was applied. Evidence certainty was assessed using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). Effect estimates were presented as risk ratio (RR) or mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: Thirteen RCTs with 1632 participants were included. One RCT showed that Bufei Huoxue herbal capsules reduced fatigue (n=129, MD -14.90, 95%CI -24.53 to -5.27), one RCT reported that Ludangshen herbal liquid lowered fatigue (n=184, MD -1.90, 95%CI -2.38 to -1.42), and the other one RCT shown that fatigue disappearance rate was higher with Ludangshen herbal liquid (n=184, RR 4.19, 95%CI 2.06 to 8.53). Compared to traditional Chinese medicine rehabilitation (TCM-rahab) alone, one RCT showed that fatigue symptoms were lower following Qingjin Yiqi granules plus TCM-rehab (n=388, MD -0.48, 95%CI -0.50 to -0.46). Due to concerns with RoB and/or imprecision, the certainty in this evidence was low to very low. No serious adverse events was reported. Conclusions: Limited evidence suggests that various TCIM interventions might reduce post COVID-19 fatigue. Larger, high quality RCTs of longer duration are required to confirm these preliminary findings. Study Registration: The protocol of this review has been registered at PROSPERO: CRD42022384136.

2.
EMBO J ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750259

RESUMO

Phosphoglycerate mutase 1 (PGAM1) is a key node enzyme that diverts the metabolic reactions from glycolysis into its shunts to support macromolecule biosynthesis for rapid and sustainable cell proliferation. It is prevalent that PGAM1 activity is upregulated in various tumors; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we unveil that pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) moonlights as a histidine kinase in a phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-dependent manner to catalyze PGAM1 H11 phosphorylation, that is essential for PGAM1 activity. Moreover, monomeric and dimeric but not tetrameric PKM2 are efficient to phosphorylate and activate PGAM1. In response to epidermal growth factor signaling, Src-catalyzed PGAM1 Y119 phosphorylation is a prerequisite for PKM2 binding and the subsequent PGAM1 H11 phosphorylation, which constitutes a discrepancy between tumor and normal cells. A PGAM1-derived pY119-containing cell-permeable peptide or Y119 mutation disrupts the interaction of PGAM1 with PKM2 and PGAM1 H11 phosphorylation, dampening the glycolysis shunts and tumor growth. Together, these results identify a function of PKM2 as a histidine kinase, and illustrate the importance of enzyme crosstalk as a regulatory mode during metabolic reprogramming and tumorigenesis.

3.
Org Lett ; 26(19): 4152-4157, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722029

RESUMO

An efficient approach was developed for the synthesis of the well-known BlueCage by pre-bridging two 2,4,6-tris(4-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine (TPT) panels with one linker followed by cage formation in a much improved yield and shortened reaction time. Such a stepwise methodology was further applied to synthesize three new pyridinium organic cages, C2, C3, and C4, where the low-symmetry cages C3 and C4 with angled panels demonstrated better recognition properties toward 1,1'-bi-2-naphthol (BINOL) than the high-symmetry analogue C2 featuring parallel platforms.

4.
Discov Nano ; 19(1): 88, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753219

RESUMO

With the popularity of smart terminals, wearable electronic devices have shown great market prospects, especially high-sensitivity pressure sensors, which can monitor micro-stimuli and high-precision dynamic external stimuli, and will have an important impact on future functional development. Compressible flexible sensors have attracted wide attention due to their simple sensing mechanism and the advantages of light weight and convenience. Sensors with high sensitivity are very sensitive to pressure and can detect resistance/current changes under pressure, which has been widely studied. On this basis, this review focuses on analyzing the performance impact of device structure design strategies on high sensitivity pressure sensors. The design of structures can be divided into interface microstructures and three-dimensional framework structures. The preparation methods of various structures are introduced in detail, and the current research status and future development challenges are summarized.

5.
Elife ; 132024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757931

RESUMO

Erythropoiesis and megakaryopoiesis are stringently regulated by signaling pathways. However, the precise molecular mechanisms through which signaling pathways regulate key transcription factors controlling erythropoiesis and megakaryopoiesis remain partially understood. Herein, we identified heat shock cognate B (HSCB), which is well known for its iron-sulfur cluster delivery function, as an indispensable protein for friend of GATA 1 (FOG1) nuclear translocation during erythropoiesis of K562 human erythroleukemia cells and cord-blood-derived human CD34+CD90+hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), as well as during megakaryopoiesis of the CD34+CD90+HSCs. Mechanistically, HSCB could be phosphorylated by phosphoinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) to bind with and mediate the proteasomal degradation of transforming acidic coiled-coil containing protein 3 (TACC3), which otherwise detained FOG1 in the cytoplasm, thereby facilitating FOG1 nuclear translocation. Given that PI3K is activated during both erythropoiesis and megakaryopoiesis, and that FOG1 is a key transcription factor for these processes, our findings elucidate an important, previously unrecognized iron-sulfur cluster delivery independent function of HSCB in erythropoiesis and megakaryopoiesis.


Assuntos
Eritropoese , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Trombopoese , Fatores de Transcrição , Eritropoese/fisiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Células K562 , Trombopoese/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Transporte Proteico , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSC70/metabolismo , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132618, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38795880

RESUMO

High-temperature blanching (HTB) is the primary process that causes texture softening in frozen yellow peaches. The implementation of low-temperature blanching reduced pectin methyl esterification, increased pectin cross-linking, and mitigated pectin depolymerization during the subsequent HTB, leading to the superior texture of frozen yellow peaches with enhanced water holding capacity, higher fracture stress, and initial modulus. However, adding 2 % calcium lactate (w/v) during low-temperature blanching did not further improve the texture of frozen yellow peaches. Instead, it softened the texture by reducing Na2CO3-soluble pectin (NSP) and increasing water-soluble pectin (WSP) content. This study provided a theoretical basis for applying low-temperature blanching to improve the texture of frozen yellow peaches.

7.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38795257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the genetic characteristics of central nervous system (CNS) metastases from non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we gathered the genetic profiles of brain metastases (BM) and leptomeningeal metastases (LM). Our objective was to identify genetic factors contributing to poorer overall survival (OS) in NSCLC patients with LM. METHODS: This study included 25 consecutive patients with BM and 52 patients with LM from Guangdong Sanjiu Brain Hospital. All participants underwent 168-target panel sequencing. RESULTS: Among the 25 patients with BM, TP53 was the most frequently mutated gene (44%), followed by driver genes such as EGFR and BRAF (40% and 20%, respectively). In patients with BM, EGFR_amp and CDK4 were also frequently mutated, with rates of 20% and 16%, respectively. The genetic landscape of patients with LM differed, with the top mutated genes being EGFR, TP53, EGFR_amp, CDKN2A, CCNE1, CDK4, PMS2, and PIK3CA, with mutation rates of 77%, 69%, 31%, 29%, 13%, 13%, 13%, and 12%, respectively. In our study, patients with LM exhibited significantly worse OS compared to those with BM (p = 0.029). The mutation rates of TP53, EGFR_amp, and CDKN2A varied between patients with LM and those with BM, at 69.23% vs. 44%, 30.77% vs. 20%, and 28.85% vs. 12%, respectively. Further exploration revealed that patients with BM with TP53 mutations had a shorter OS than patients without TP53 mutations (p = 0.014). Similarly, patients with LM and TP53 mutations presented with worse OS than those without TP53 mutations (p = 0.0067). LM patients with CDKN2A deletions had worse OS than those without CDKN2A deletions (p = 0.037). Additionally, patients with EGFR_amp had a shorter OS than those without EGFR_amp (p = 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with LM exhibited significantly worse OS than those with BM. Gene signatures, such as TP53, EGFR_amp, and CDKN2A, may account for shorter outcomes in patients with LM.

8.
Vet Microbiol ; 293: 110100, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718527

RESUMO

Recent epidemiological studies have discovered that a lot of cases of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) infection are frequently accompanied by porcine kobuvirus (PKV) infection, suggesting a potential relationship between the two viruses in the development of diarrhea. To investigate the impact of PKV on PEDV pathogenicity and the number of intestinal lymphocytes, piglets were infected with PKV or PEDV or co-infected with both viruses. Our findings demonstrate that co-infected piglets exhibit more severe symptoms, acute gastroenteritis, and higher PEDV replication compared to those infected with PEDV alone. Notably, PKV alone does not cause significant intestinal damage but enhances PEDV's pathogenicity and alters the number of intestinal lymphocytes. These results underscore the complexity of viral interactions in swine diseases and highlight the need for comprehensive diagnostic and treatment strategies addressing co-infections.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Infecções por Coronavirus , Intestinos , Kobuvirus , Linfócitos , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/patogenicidade , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/fisiologia , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Coinfecção/virologia , Coinfecção/veterinária , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Linfócitos/virologia , Kobuvirus/patogenicidade , Kobuvirus/genética , Intestinos/virologia , Diarreia/virologia , Diarreia/veterinária , Replicação Viral , Gastroenterite/virologia , Gastroenterite/veterinária , Infecções por Picornaviridae/veterinária , Infecções por Picornaviridae/virologia
9.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 284, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730503

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Post liver transplantation (LT) patients endure high morbidity rate of multi-organ ischemic symptoms following reperfusion. We hypothesize that enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) as a typical non-invasive assisted circulation procedure, which can efficiently inhibit the relative ischemic symptoms via the systemic improvement of hemodynamics. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old male patient, 76 kg, 172 cm, received orthotopic LT surgery for viral hepatitis B induced acute-on-chronic liver failure hepatic failure. His medical records revealed ischemic symptoms in multi-organ at the time of hospital discharge, including headache, refractory insomnia, abdominal paralysis, and lower limb pain. The EECP treatment was introduced for assisted rehabilitation and to improve the postoperative quality of life. Doppler Ultrasound examination showed significant augmentation of blood flow volume in the carotid arteries, the hepatic artery, the portal vein and the femoral artery during EECP intervention. A standard 35-hour EECP treatment led to significant improvement in quality of life, e.g. sleep quality and walking ability. CONCLUSION: We report a case of multi-organ ischemic symptoms in a post LT patient. EECP treatment can significantly improve the quality of life via the systematic promotion of hemodynamics.


Assuntos
Contrapulsação , Hemodinâmica , Transplante de Fígado , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contrapulsação/métodos , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Isquemia/cirurgia , Isquemia/fisiopatologia
10.
Sci Adv ; 10(21): eadk8908, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781342

RESUMO

DNA replication is a vulnerable cellular process, and its deregulation leads to genomic instability. Here, we demonstrate that chromobox protein homolog 3 (CBX3) binds replication protein A 32-kDa subunit (RPA2) and regulates RPA2 retention at stalled replication forks. CBX3 is recruited to stalled replication forks by RPA2 and inhibits ring finger and WD repeat domain 3 (RFWD3)-facilitated replication restart. Phosphorylation of CBX3 at serine-95 by casein kinase 2 (CK2) kinase augments cadherin 1 (CDH1)-mediated CBX3 degradation and RPA2 dynamics at stalled replication forks, which permits replication fork restart. Increased expression of CBX3 due to gene amplification or CK2 inhibitor treatment sensitizes prostate cancer cells to poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors while inducing replication stress and DNA damage. Our work reveals CBX3 as a key regulator of RPA2 function and DNA replication, suggesting that CBX3 could serve as an indicator for targeted therapy of cancer using PARP inhibitors.


Assuntos
Caseína Quinase II , Replicação do DNA , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases , Proteína de Replicação A , Humanos , Caseína Quinase II/metabolismo , Caseína Quinase II/genética , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Proteína de Replicação A/metabolismo , Proteína de Replicação A/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteólise , Dano ao DNA , Fosforilação , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona
11.
Phytochemistry ; 223: 114138, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762154

RESUMO

Croton laui (Euphorbiaceae) is a traditional medicinal plant used by the Li ethnic group in China to treat headaches, stomachaches, and diphtheria. To understand the pharmacological basis of its medicinal use, an extensive investigation of the ethanolic extract of the bark of C. laui was performed. After repeated chromatography, twenty-four undescribed labdane-type diterpenoids, lauinoids A-X (1-24), and five known analogs (25-29) were isolated. Their structures and absolute configurations were established using a combination of spectroscopic analyses, electronic circular dichroism, nuclear magnetic resonance calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Among them, compounds 1-3 exhibited an 11(12 â†’ 13)-abeo-16-nor-labdane skeleton, which originated putatively from 9 through a plausible pathway that involves a semipinacol rearrangement process. Compounds 11 and 12 belong to the rare class of 14,15-dinor-labdane diterpenoids. Compounds 18 and 28 exhibited substantial inhibitory effects by suppressing lipopolysaccharide-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages, with IC50 values of 3.37 ± 0.23 and 5.82 ± 0.28 µM, respectively. This study has greatly expanded the chemical diversity of labdane diterpenoids from C. laui and will guide future research on this ethnomedicinal plant.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Croton , Diterpenos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Croton/química , Camundongos , Animais , Células RAW 264.7 , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Conformação Molecular , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
12.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 13(5)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38790621

RESUMO

Magnesium (Mg) deficiency is a major factor limiting the growth and development of plants. Mulberry (Morus alba L.) is an important fruit tree crop that requires Mg for optimal growth and yield, especially in acid soils. However, the molecular mechanism of Mg stress tolerance in mulberry plants remains unknown. In this study, we used next-generation sequencing technology and biochemical analysis to profile the transcriptome and physiological changes of mulberry leaves under different Mg treatments (deficiency: 0 mM, low: 1 mM, moderate low: 2 mM, sufficiency: 3 mM, toxicity: 6 mM, higher toxicity: 9 mM) as T1, T2, T3, CK, T4, T5 treatments, respectively, for 20 days. The results showed that Mg imbalance altered the antioxidant enzymatic activities, such as catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and non-enzymatic, including soluble protein, soluble sugar, malondialdehyde (MDA), and proline (PRO), contents of the plant. The Mg imbalances disrupted the ultrastructures of the vital components of chloroplast and mitochondria relative to the control. The transcriptome data reveal that 11,030 genes were differentially expressed (DEGs). Genes related to the photosynthetic processes (CAB40, CAB7, CAB6A, CAB-151, CAP10A) and chlorophyll degradation (PAO, CHLASE1, SGR) were altered. Antioxidant genes such as PER42, PER21, and PER47 were downregulated, but DFR was upregulated. The carbohydrate metabolism pathway was significantly altered, while those involved in energy metabolism processes were perturbed under high Mg treatment compared with control. We also identified several candidate genes associated with magnesium homeostasis via RT-qPCR validation analysis, which provided valuable information for further functional characterization studies such as promoter activity assay or gene overexpression experiments using transient expression systems.

13.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0301864, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743669

RESUMO

Against the background of sustainable development policies, the ESG performance of Chinese manufacturing enterprises is still generally poor. As the leading enterprises in the manufacturing industry, state-owned enterprises should take the lead in responding to the national call for sustainable development and actively explore the path to improve their ESG performance. This study aims to explore whether and how state-owned manufacturing enterprises can improve their poor ESG performance through digital transformation in the digital economy. This study takes Shanghai and Shenzhen A-share state-owned listed manufacturing enterprises as the research sample and constructs an unbalanced panel. OLS regression analysis is used to empirically test the impact of digital transformation on the ESG performance of the sample firms. Further attempts are made to discuss the influence mechanism of digital transformation from the perspectives of dynamic capabilities and the institutional environment through stepwise and hierarchical regression methods, respectively. The study shows that, firstly, digital transformation is an important influencing factor in promoting the improvement of enterprises' ESG performance, and at the same time, there are significant structural differences in this influence. Second, under the dynamic capability perspective, digital transformation can improve corporate ESG performance through an absorptive feedback mechanism, matching response mechanism, and innovation efficiency enhancement mechanism. Third, from the perspective of the institutional environment, the informal system has a significant positive moderating effect on the relationship between digital transformation and ESG performance, i.e., the informal system and digital transformation have a synergistic governance effect on corporate ESG performance. The moderating effect of the formal institutional environment on digital transformation and ESG performance is not significant. The findings of the study clarify the controversy over the relationship between digital transformation and ESG performance of manufacturing state-owned enterprises and enrich the research on the influencing factors of corporate ESG performance. It also provides a theoretical foundation and empirical evidence for manufacturing SOEs to improve ESG performance and lead to sustainable development.


Assuntos
Indústria Manufatureira , China , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Humanos
14.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302204, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a precancerous condition that has the potential to develop into esophageal cancer (EC). Currently, there is a wide range of management options available for individuals at different pathological stages in Barrett's esophagus (BE). However, there is currently a lack of knowledge regarding their comparative efficacy. To address this gap, we conducted a network meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials to examine the comparative effectiveness of all regimens. METHODS: Data extracted from eligible randomized controlled trials were utilized in a Bayesian network meta-analysis to examine the relative effectiveness of BE's treatment regimens and determine their ranking in terms of efficacy. The ranking probability for each regimen was assessed using the surfaces under cumulative ranking values. The outcomes under investigation were complete ablation of BE, neoplastic progression of BE, and complete eradication of dysplasia. RESULTS: We identified twenty-three RCT studies with a total of 1675 participants, and ten different interventions. Regarding complete ablation of non-dysplastic BE, the comparative effectiveness ranking indicated that argon plasma coagulation (APC) was the most effective regimen, with the highest SUCRA value, while surveillance and PPI/H2RA were found to be the least efficacious regimens. For complete ablation of BE with low-grade dysplasia, high-grade dysplasia, or esophageal cancer, photodynamic therapy (PDT) had the highest SUCRA value of 94.1%, indicating it as the best regimen. Additionally, for complete eradication of dysplasia, SUCRA plots showed a trend in ranking PDT as the highest with a SUCRA value of 91.2%. Finally, for neoplastic progression, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and surgery were found to perform significantly better than surveillance. The risk of bias assessment revealed that 6 studies had an overall high risk of bias. However, meta-regression with risk of bias as a covariate did not indicate any influence on the model. In terms of the Confidence in Network Meta-Analysis evaluation, a high level of confidence was found for all treatment comparisons. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic surveillance alone or PPI/H2RA alone may not be sufficient for managing BE, even in cases of non-dysplastic BE. However, APC has shown excellent efficacy in treating non-dysplastic BE. For cases of BE with low-grade dysplasia, high-grade dysplasia, or esophageal cancer, PDT may be the optimal intervention as it can induce regression of BE metaplasia and prevent future progression of BE to dysplasia and EC.


Assuntos
Esôfago de Barrett , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Metanálise em Rede , Esôfago de Barrett/patologia , Esôfago de Barrett/terapia , Esôfago de Barrett/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Teorema de Bayes , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/cirurgia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Coagulação com Plasma de Argônio , Progressão da Doença
15.
Pharmacol Res ; 204: 107214, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763328

RESUMO

Studies have shown that the microbiota-gut-brain axis is highly correlated with the pathogenesis of depression in humans. However, whether independent oral microbiome that do not depend on gut microbes could affect the progression of depression in human beings remains unclear, neither does the presence and underlying mechanisms of the microbiota-oral-brain axis in the development of the condition. Hence this study that encompasses clinical and animal experiments aims at investigating the correlation between oral microbiota and the onset of depression via mediating the microbiota-oral-brain axis. We compared the oral microbial compositions and metabolomes of 87 patients with depressive symptoms versus 70 healthy controls. We found that the oral microbial and metabolic signatures were significantly different between the two groups. Significantly, germ-free (GF) mice transplanted with saliva from mice exposing to chronic restraint stress (CRS) displayed depression-like behavior and oral microbial dysbiosis. This was characterized by a significant differential abundance of bacterial species, including the enrichment of Pseudomonas, Pasteurellaceae, and Muribacter, as well as the depletion of Streptococcus. Metabolomic analysis showed the alternation of metabolites in the plasma of CRS-exposed GF mice, especially Eicosapentaenoic Acid. Furthermore, oral and gut barrier dysfunction caused by CRS-induced oral microbiota dysbiosis may be associated with increased blood-brain barrier permeability. Pseudomonas aeruginosa supplementation exacerbated depression-like behavior, while Eicosapentaenoic Acid treatment conferred protection against depression-like states in mice. These results suggest that oral microbiome and metabolic function dysbiosis may be relevant to the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of depression. The proposed microbiota-oral-brain axis provides a new way and targets for us to study the pathogenesis of depression.

16.
Clin Chim Acta ; 560: 119729, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) fragmentomic characteristics are promising analytes with abundant physiological signals for non-invasive disease diagnosis and monitoring. Previous studies on plasma cfDNA fragmentomics commonly employed a two-step centrifugation process for removing cell debris, involving a low-speed centrifugation followed by a high-speed centrifugation. However, the effects of centrifugation conditions on the analysis of cfDNA fragmentome remain uncertain. METHODS: We collected blood samples from 10 healthy individuals and divided each sample into two aliquots for plasma preparation with one- and two-step centrifugation processes. We performed whole genome sequencing (WGS) of the plasma cfDNA in the two groups and comprehensively compared the cfDNA fragmentomic features. Additionally, we reanalyzed the fragmentomic features of cfDNA from 16 healthy individuals and 16 COVID-19 patients, processed through one- and two-step centrifugation in our previous study, to investigate the impact of centrifugation on disease signals. RESULTS: Our results showed that there were no significant differences observed in the characteristics of nuclear cfDNA, including size, motif diversity score (MDS) of end motifs, and genome distribution, between plasma samples treated with one- and two-step centrifugation. The cfDNA size shortening in COVID-19 patients was observed in plasma samples with one- and two-step centrifugation methods. However, we observed a significantly higher relative abundance and longer size of cell-free mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the one-step samples compared to the two-step samples. This difference in mtDNA caused by the one- and two-step centrifugation methods surpasses the pathological difference between COVID-19 patients and healthy individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that one-step low-speed centrifugation is a simple and potentially suitable method for analyzing nuclear cfDNA fragmentation characteristics. These results offer valuable guidance for cfDNA research in various clinical scenarios.

17.
Anim Cells Syst (Seoul) ; 28(1): 237-250, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741950

RESUMO

The role of ferroptosis-associated gene SLC7A11 in esophageal cancer progression is largely unknown, therefore, the effects of blocking SLC7A11 on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells are evaluated. Results showed that SLC7A11 was overexpressed in ESCC tissues both in mRNA and protein levels. Blocking SLC7A11 using Erastin suppressed the proliferation and colony formation of ESCC cells, decreased cellular ATP levels, and improved ROS production. Sixty-three SLC7A11-binding proteins were identified using the IP-MS method, and these proteins were enriched in four signaling pathways, including spliceosome, ribosome, huntington disease, and diabetic cardiomyopathy. The deubiquitinase inhibitors PR-619, GRL0617, and P 22077 could reduce at least 40% protein expression level of SLC7A11 in ESCC cells, and PR-619 and GRL0617 exhibited suppressive effects on the cell viability and colony formation ability of KYSE30 cells, respectively. Erastin downregulated GPX4 and DHODH and also reduced the levels of ß-catenin, p-STAT3, and IL-6 in ESCC cells. In conclusion, SLC7A11 was overexpressed in ESCC, and blocking SLC7A11 using Erastin mitigated malignant phenotypes of ESCC cells and downregulated key ferroptosis-associated molecules GPX4 and DHODH. The therapeutic potential of targeting SLC7A11 should be further evaluated in the future.

18.
J Adv Res ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved turnover process for intracellular substances in eukaryotes, relying on lysosomal (in animals) or vacuolar (in yeast and plants) mechanisms. In the past two decades, emerging evidence suggests that, under specific conditions, autophagy can target particular macromolecules or organelles for degradation, a process termed selective autophagy. Recently, accumulating studies have demonstrated that the abnormality of selective autophagy is closely associated with the occurrence and progression of many human diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, cancers, metabolic diseases, and cardiovascular diseases. AIM OF REVIEW: This review aims at systematically and comprehensively introducing selective autophagy and its role in various diseases, while unravelling the molecular mechanisms of selective autophagy. By providing a theoretical basis for the development of related small-molecule drugs as well as treating related human diseases, this review seeks to contribute to the understanding of selective autophagy and its therapeutic potential. KEY SCIENTIFIC CONCEPTS OF REVIEW: In this review, we systematically introduce and dissect the major categories of selective autophagy that have been discovered. We also focus on recent advances in understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying both classical and non-classical selective autophagy. Moreover, the current situation of small-molecule drugs targeting different types of selective autophagy is further summarized, providing valuable insights into the discovery of more candidate small-molecule drugs targeting selective autophagy in the future. On the other hand, we also reveal clinically relevant implementations that are potentially related to selective autophagy, such as predictive approaches and treatments tailored to individual patients.

19.
Orthop Res Rev ; 16: 125-136, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766545

RESUMO

Background: The relationship between gout and gut microbiota has attracted significant attention in current research. However, due to the diverse range of gut microbiota, the specific causal effect on gout remains unclear. This study utilizes Mendelian randomization (MR) to investigate the causal relationship between gut microbiota and gout, aiming to elucidate the underlying mechanism of microbiome-mediated gout and provide valuable guidance for clinical prevention and treatment. Materials and Methods: The largest genome-wide association study meta-analysis conducted by the MiBioGen Consortium (n=18,340) was utilized to perform a two-sample Mendelian randomization investigation on aggregate statistics of intestinal microbiota. Summary statistics for gout were utilized from the data released by EBI. Various methods, including inverse variance weighted, weighted median, weighted model, MR-Egger, and Simple-mode, were employed to assess the causal relationship between gut microbiota and gout. Reverse Mendelian randomization analysis revealed a causal association between bacteria and gout in forward Mendelian randomization analysis. Cochran's Q statistic was used to quantify instrumental variable heterogeneity. Results: The inverse variance weighted estimation revealed that Rikenellaceae exhibited a slight protective effect on gout, while the presence of Ruminococcaceae UCG_011 is associated with a marginal increase in the risk of gout. According to the reverse Mendelian Randomization results, no significant causal relationship between gout and gut microbiota was observed. No significant heterogeneity of instrumental variables or level pleiotropy was detected. Conclusion: Our MR analysis revealed a potential causal relationship between the development of gout and specific gut microbiota; however, the causal effect was not robust, and further research is warranted to elucidate its underlying mechanism in gout development. Considering the significant association between diet, gut microbiota, and gout, these findings undoubtedly shed light on the mechanisms of microbiota-mediated gout and provide new insights for translational research on managing and standardizing treatment for this condition.

20.
Cell ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772369

RESUMO

Leveraging AAVs' versatile tropism and labeling capacity, we expanded the scale of in vivo CRISPR screening with single-cell transcriptomic phenotyping across embryonic to adult brains and peripheral nervous systems. Through extensive tests of 86 vectors across AAV serotypes combined with a transposon system, we substantially amplified labeling efficacy and accelerated in vivo gene delivery from weeks to days. Our proof-of-principle in utero screen identified the pleiotropic effects of Foxg1, highlighting its tight regulation of distinct networks essential for cell fate specification of Layer 6 corticothalamic neurons. Notably, our platform can label >6% of cerebral cells, surpassing the current state-of-the-art efficacy at <0.1% by lentivirus, to achieve analysis of over 30,000 cells in one experiment and enable massively parallel in vivo Perturb-seq. Compatible with various phenotypic measurements (single-cell or spatial multi-omics), it presents a flexible approach to interrogate gene function across cell types in vivo, translating gene variants to their causal function.

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