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1.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-968062

RESUMO

Background@#Skin diseases associated with Malassezia species include malassezia folliculitis, pityriasis versicolor, and seborrheic dermatitis. Although several treatment options are available for the treatment of pityriasis versicolor, there is a lack of research data on sulfur preparation, which is a time-honored therapeutic agent; furthermore, data comparing topical antifungal agent and sulfur preparation is not available. @*Objective@#The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and usefulness of a mixture of diflucortone valerate 1 mg/g and isoconazole nitrate 10 mg/g ointment (Travocort) and sodium thiosulfate solution 25% for pityriasis versicolor. @*Methods@#A retrospective review was performed with 185 patients diagnosed with pityriasis versicolor who presented to the Department of Dermatology, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center between August 2002 and December 2021. @*Results@#Of the 185 patients, 82 used Travocort while 103 used sodium thiosulfate solution. The average duration of the treatment was 19.3 days for Travocort and 28.8 days for sodium thiosulfate solution (p=0.001). The success rate of the treatment after 2 weeks was 65.8% for Travocort and 56.3% for sodium thiosulfate solution. Side effects occurred in 12.1% and 4.8% of the patients in the Travocort and sodium thiosulfate solution group, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Travocort had a faster healing rate than sodium thiosulfate solution. However, topical antifungal agents can cause side effects like localized cutaneous reaction. Furthermore, the glucocorticoid portion in combination therapy may induce various side effects with long-term use. Therefore, considering the side effects of Travocort, sodium thiosulfate solution can be used as a safe alternative when long-term treatment is required.

2.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 237-244, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-896807

RESUMO

Background@#Only a few studies have tried to assess factors relevant to the satisfaction of the participants in atopic dermatitis (AD) educational programs. More systematic modeling of this issue is needed. @*Objective@#To examine the benefit of a conjoint educational program for AD on patients and caregivers in a clinical setting. @*Methods@#In a half-day educational program called “AD school”, 831 people (493 patients and 338 family members) participated for 8 years. Various educational and entertaining programs were provided. The on-site survey was administered to measure participants’ satisfaction and perception of the benefit. We applied structural equation modeling to identify the relations among satisfaction and perception. @*Results@#A total of 209 family survey data was obtained and analyzed. The survey items were grouped into four categories. The categories were classified as individual education, group education, fun activity, and overall satisfaction (fun, benefit, intention to re-join and recommend to others). According to the model that we built, comprehensive group education was demonstrated to be the most relevant factor affecting overall satisfaction. @*Conclusion@#Our holistic approach would allow dermatologists to improve the efficacy of the conjoint educational program for AD.

3.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 237-244, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-889103

RESUMO

Background@#Only a few studies have tried to assess factors relevant to the satisfaction of the participants in atopic dermatitis (AD) educational programs. More systematic modeling of this issue is needed. @*Objective@#To examine the benefit of a conjoint educational program for AD on patients and caregivers in a clinical setting. @*Methods@#In a half-day educational program called “AD school”, 831 people (493 patients and 338 family members) participated for 8 years. Various educational and entertaining programs were provided. The on-site survey was administered to measure participants’ satisfaction and perception of the benefit. We applied structural equation modeling to identify the relations among satisfaction and perception. @*Results@#A total of 209 family survey data was obtained and analyzed. The survey items were grouped into four categories. The categories were classified as individual education, group education, fun activity, and overall satisfaction (fun, benefit, intention to re-join and recommend to others). According to the model that we built, comprehensive group education was demonstrated to be the most relevant factor affecting overall satisfaction. @*Conclusion@#Our holistic approach would allow dermatologists to improve the efficacy of the conjoint educational program for AD.

4.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-719701

RESUMO

No abstract available.


Assuntos
Porocarcinoma Écrino , Poroma
6.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 673-677, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-762387

RESUMO

Cutaneous lesions of leukemia cutis (LC) by chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) have been merely reported due to the rare occurrences of CNL. Furthermore cutaneous lesions in relation to clinical severity have been far less studied. A 70-year-old man presented with multiple violaceous papules and excoriations on both lower extremities. The diagnosis was LC based on histologic and laboratory evaluation and the origin was elaborated as CNL with the confirmation of colony stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) mutation. Interestingly, the patient presented clinical severity in a parallel manner to the hematologic abnormality. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no reported case of CSF3R confirmed LC in CNL featuring explicit skin eruption in relation to laboratory findings.


Assuntos
Idoso , Humanos , Fatores Estimuladores de Colônias , Diagnóstico , Leucemia , Leucemia Neutrofílica Crônica , Extremidade Inferior , Pele
7.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-917932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND@#Exposure and sensitization to fungal allergens can evoke the development and worsen allergic diseases. Many patients with allergies show multiple positive reactions to different allergens.@*OBJECTIVE@#The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between fungal allergens that are mostly found in South Korea and other positive reactions to the allergens of the multiple allergosorbent simultaneous test chemiluminescent assay (MAST-CLA).@*METHODS@#We enrolled 1,040 (588 men, 452 women) patients who showed positive reactions to three fungi, namely, Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Cladosporium herbarum, using MAST-CLA at Daegu Catholic University Medical Center from January 2010 to July 2017. The epidemiology and relationship between positive reactions to multiple fungal allergens and positive reactions to the allergens of the MAST-CLA were investigated.@*RESULTS@#A. alternata was the most common fungal species, followed by C. herbarum and A. fumigatus (78.8% vs. 52.1% vs. 20.1%). Patients who showed positive reactions to all fungal allergens had 4.97 other antigens on average. Statistically significant results were obtained when comparing positive reactions to all fungal allergens to other allergens (Spearman correlation coefficient = 0.129, p < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients should be educated on allergic diseases caused by other antigens if they are sensitized to fungal antigens.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-917921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND@#Several studies about bee venom components have reported anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer effects. Malassezia species are components of skin flora, and also associated with many dermatologic diseases such as seborrheic dermatitis, pityriasis versicolor, folliculitis, and atopic dermatitis.@*OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antifungal activity of bee venom components, melittin, and apamin, against Malassezia strains.@*METHODS@#With 10 Malassezia species, minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were tested with bee venom, and Zinc pyrithione as a reference antifungal agent.@*RESULTS@#Whole bee venom, melittin, and apamin did not show any antifungal activity against Malassezia species at the concentrations tested.@*CONCLUSION@#Although bee venom do not have anti-Malassezia activities, it is known to have antifungal activities against other fungal strains. Therefore, further study should consider revealing the mechanism of antifungal activity against fungus and other possible target strains of fungi.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-917919

RESUMO

Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is secreted by a class of helper T cells called Th17 cells, which stimulates keratinocytes to secrete proinflammatory mediator and to recruit other inflammatory cells in psoriatic skins. IL-17A inhibitor was approved for the management of psoriatic arthritis by FDA. It is the one of the biologics approved as first-line therapy for the management of psoriasis. But several studies show some side effects of IL-17A inhibitor such as upper respiratory infection and fungal infection like Candida albicans. Herein we report a widespread dermatophytosis during IL-17A inhibitor treatment. A 66-year-old male patient, with tinea unguium and chronic plaque psoriasis for several decades, presented with multiple erythematous scaly macules and patches for 2 weeks. He medicated IL-17A inhibitor for treating psoriasis total 3 times and last injection was 1 week ago. Dermatological examination revealed the involvement of 20% body surface area in the form of erythematous scaly macules and patches. KOH mount revealed the presence of numerous hyphae. The patient was started on oral terbinafine, topical isoconazole and efinaconazole. His skin lesions were improved after 1 month of anti-fungal therapy. IL-17 plays an important role in mucocutaneous microbial defense. So, fungal infection should be checked in using IL-17A inhibitor patients periodically.

10.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 202-210, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-714158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bee venom (BV) has been widely investigated for potential medical uses. Recent inadvertent uses of BV based products have shown to mitigate signs of fungal infections. However, the component mediating the antifungal effect has not been identified. OBJECTIVE: This investigation compares bee venom in its whole and partial forms to evaluate the possible component responsible for the antifungal effect. METHODS: Forty-eight plates inoculated with Trichophyton rubrum were allocated into four groups. The groups were treated with raw BV (RBV), melittin, apamin and BV based mist (BBM) respectively and each group was further allocated accordingly to three different concentrations. The areas were measured every other day for 14 days to evaluate the kinetic changes of the colonies. RESULTS: The interactions of ratio differences over interval were confirmed in groups treated with RBV and BBM. In RBV, the level of differences were achieved in groups treated with 10 mg/100 µl (p=0.026) and 40 mg/100 µl (p=0.000). The mean difference of ratio in groups treated with RBV was evident in day 3 and day 5. The groups that were treated with melittin or apamin did not show any significant interaction. In BBM groups, the significant levels of ratio differences over time intervals were achieved in groups treated with 200 µl/100 µl (p=0.000) and 300 µl/100 µl (p=0.030). CONCLUSION: The the bee venom in its whole form delivered a significant level of inhibition and we concluded that the venom in separated forms are not effective. Moreover, BV based products may exert as potential antifungal therapeutics.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Apamina , Venenos de Abelha , Abelhas , Meliteno , Negociação , Trichophyton , Peçonhas
12.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-917915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND@#Electric stimulation has been investigated for potential medical uses. Numerous articles have been published that focused on antimicrobial effects of electric current, but few studies have reported regarding modifications of fungal growth following exposure to electric current.@*OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate effects of low alternating current on the growth of Trichophyton rubrum.@*METHODS@#In total, 35 plates inoculated with T. rubrum were allocated to one of the five treatment groups (groups A, B, C, D, or E). Fungal colonies in each group were treated with a different intensity of electric current (0.5 µA, 4 µA, 25 µA, 600 µA, or 900 µA) at a frequency of 8 Hz. The area of each fungal colony was measured every other day for 7 days to evaluate the effects on fungal growth.@*RESULTS@#No experimental groups treated with electric current showed any statistically significant differences against the control groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Microcurrent did not show any detectable changes in the viability of the fungus. Our findings indicate that microcurrent may affect fungal seeding to the media rather than the growth rate. Unfortunately, there are limited studies on this topic, and further research is warranted to clarify the precise effect of electric stimulation on the activity of microorganisms.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-917909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND@#A large number of studies have been focused on bacterial growth but limited number of literature has been reported regarding modification of fungal growth.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to investigate effects of low alternating current on Microsporum (M.) canis and Trichophyton (T.) tonsurans growth.@*METHODS@#Inoculums of M. canis and T. tonsurans were applied to twenty-four PDACT (potato dextrose agar-corn meal-Tween 80) plates with a sterile spreader. Petri dishes were allocated into 8 groups according to the fungi species and the amperage delivered to these dishes. Group A, B, C and D were M. canis group and E, F, G, H were T. tonsurans group. The given amperage of electric current was 0.5 µA in group A and E, 2 µA in B and F, 4 µA in C and G. No electric current was given in group D and H.@*RESULTS@#In groups A, B, and C the average time elapsed for colony appearances were 42 hours, 43.17 hours, and 40.5 hours respectively. The average time elapsed in the control group D was 88.67 hours. In groups E, F, and G the average time elapsed for colony appearances were 63.67 hours, 61.83 hours, and 64.17 hours respectively. The average time elapsed in the control group H was 90.60 hours.@*CONCLUSION@#With electric current, faster fungal growth was observed in the amperage range used in this study. Based on these results, we hypothesized that microcurrent helps the fungal growth.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-917908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND@#The prevalence of onychomycosis is increasing due to the recent increase of the elderly population and immunosuppressed individuals. Clinical studies on onychomycosis have been reported several times in Korea. However, the public awareness of onychomycosis has not received considerable attention, and there have been no Korean studies focused on it.@*OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate public awareness and experience of onychomycosis in Korean.@*METHODS@#A total of 621 participants were given questions developed for this survey. Sociodemographic characteristics, public awareness, general knowledge and experience about onychomycosis, and diagnostic and treatment behavior were surveyed.@*RESULTS@#According to this survey, 99.5% of respondents have heard of onychomycosis, 79.4% of respondents experienced onychomycosis suspicious symptoms, and 52.8% of them responded that onychomycosis can be completely cured only by cleansing the hands and feet. The rate of self-diagnosis was 64.1% among the respondents who experienced symptoms. Only 23.9% of the respondents who were diagnosed with onychomycosis visited the hospital for the first time. Of the respondents, 54.6% who were treated at the hospital discontinued their treatments before complete cure mainly because of long treatment period.@*CONCLUSION@#Participants were well aware of onychomycosis, but the rate of self-diagnosis was high. They generally agreed to the importance of hospital treatment, but the number of patients visiting hospital was low. Moreover, people frequently discontinue their hospital treatment despite insufficient treatment duration. Patient's behaviors need to be changed, and the roles of dermatologists are important in the diagnosis, treatment, and education of the patients.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-917904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND@#There have been several therapeutic guidelines for onychomycosis in different countries and advances in its diagnosis and treatment. Optimal treatment decision-making is affected by healthcare systems and cultural backgrounds of countries.@*OBJECTIVE@#The executive committee for onychomycosis guideline of the Korean Society for Medical Mycology aims to provide up-to-date practical guidelines for onychomycosis management in Koreans.@*METHODS@#The committee thoroughly reviewed relevant literature and previous guidelines. The structured algorithmic guideline was developed by experts' consensus.@*RESULTS@#The optimal treatments can be selected alone or in combination based on the nail and patient variables. Three major classes of treatment are available: standard (topical or oral antifungals), additional (nail removal), and alternative treatments (laser). Both topical and oral antifungals alone are appropriate for mild onychomycosis, while oral antifungals are primarily recommended for moderate-to-severe cases if not contraindicated. Combined topical and oral antifungals are recommended to increase the efficacy in moderate-to-severe cases. Additional infected nail removal is also considered for moderate-to-severe onychomycosis, which is unresponsive to standard medical treatment alone. Laser therapy can be an alternative without significant side effects when standard medical treatments cannot be applied regardless of onychomycosis severity. After treatment course completion, periodic therapeutic response monitoring and onychomycosis preventive measures should be rendered to reduce recurrence.@*CONCLUSION@#The Korean consensus guideline provides evidence-based recommendations to promote good outcomes of onychomycosis. The proposed algorithm is simple and easy to comprehend, allowing clinicians to facilitate optimal treatment decision-making for onychomycosis in clinical practice.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-917903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND@#Superficial dermatomycoses are fungal infections of the skin, hair, or nails and are most commonly caused by dermatophytes. Superficial dermatomycoses are very common diseases in the field of dermatology; however, their prevalence and clinical characteristics vary with geographical areas and populations. Moreover, pathogenic species change constantly over time.@*OBJECTIVE@#This multicenter study aimed to investigate the epidemiologic and clinical findings of tinea corporis, tinea faciale, and tinea capitis in Korea during 2016-2017. In addition, we sought to identify the pathogenic organism causing these three different types of fungal infections.@*METHODS@#Total 453 patients from the dermatology clinics of 13 tertiary hospitals in Korea were enrolled in this study. Information regarding demographic characteristics, comorbidities, occupation, family history of superficial dermatomycoses, suspected routes of infection, and treatment was collected. Fungal cultures and molecular analyses were performed for patients with tinea corporis, tinea faciale, and tinea capitis.@*RESULTS@#Of the 453 patients, 275 were men and 178 were women. With respect to past history, 214 patients (53.4%) had at least one comorbidity. Tinea corporis (27.3%) was the most common form of superficial dermatomycosis, followed by tinea pedis (23.2%) and tinea unguium (16.6%). Overall, the fungal culture positivity was 77.8% (126/162). Trichophyton rubrum was the most common causative organism for tinea corporis (66.7%, 68/80) and tinea faciale (43.8%, 14/23), while Microsporum canis was the most common causative organism for tinea capitis (36.7%, 11/23).@*CONCLUSION@#Trichophyton rubrum was consistently the most common causative organism of superficial dermatomycoses, except for tinea capitis in Korea.

17.
18.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-222843

RESUMO

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare neuroendocrine tumor that is highly aggressive in nature and indolent in progression. The common risk factors for MCC are senility, prolonged exposure to sunlight, and immune deficient states. Moreover, Merkel cell polyomavirus has recently been characterized to be significantly associated with pathogenesis of MCC, including the expression of Cytokeratin 20 (CK20). Diagnosis is often difficult since histopathological results require a number of differential diagnoses through immunohistochemical (IHC) stains with other cutaneous malignancies. A 67-year-old man presented with a solitary domeshaped erythematous round mass on the left upper arm for 2 months. Biopsy and IHC studies revealed findings consistent with Merkel Cell Carcinoma of neuroendocrine origin. Common IHC stains usually confirm positive findings for CK20, which is also recognized as the key component in making the diagnosis. We present a CK20 negative MCC in light of expanding the knowledge of unusually stained IHC results in MCC.


Assuntos
Idoso , Humanos , Braço , Biópsia , Carcinoma de Célula de Merkel , Corantes , Diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Queratina-20 , Queratinas , Poliomavírus das Células de Merkel , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Fatores de Risco , Luz Solar
19.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-160689

RESUMO

No abstract available.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-160688

RESUMO

No abstract available.

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