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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857433

RESUMO

Understanding of the interactions between macrophages and multifunctional nanoparticles is important for development of novel macrophage-based immunotherapies. Here, we investigated the effects of fluorescent thiol-organosilica particle size and surface properties on cell-particle interactions, including mitochondrial activity, using the mouse macrophage cell line J774A.1. Three different sizes of thiol-organosilica particles (150, 400, and 680 nm in diameter) containing fluorescein (OS/F150, OS/F400, and OS/F680) and particles surface functionalized with polyethylenimine (PEI) (OS/F150PEI, OS/F400PEI, and OS/F680PEI) were prepared. Flow cytometric analysis, time-lapse imaging, and single-cell analysis of particle uptake and mitochondrial activity of J774A.1 cells demonstrated variations in uptake and kinetics depending on the particle size and surface as well as on each individual cell. Cells treated with OS/F150 and OS/F150PEI showed higher uptake and mitochondrial activity than those treated with other particles. The interaction between endosomes and mitochondria was observed using 3D fluorescent imaging and was characterized by the involvement of iron transport into mitochondria by iron-containing proteins adsorbed on the particle surface. Scanning electron microscopy of the cells treated with the particles revealed alterations in cell membrane morphology, depending on particle size and surface. We performed correlative light and electron microscopy combined with time-lapse and 3D imaging to develop an integrated correlation analysis of particle uptake, mitochondrial activity, and cell membrane morphology in single macrophages. These cell-specific characteristics of macrophages against functional particles and their evaluation methods are crucial for understanding the immunological functions of individual macrophages and developing novel immunotherapies.

2.
Molecules ; 28(23)2023 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38067609

RESUMO

Streck tubes are commonly used to collect blood samples to preserve cell-free circulating DNA. They contain imidazolidinyl urea as a formaldehyde-releasing agent to stabilize cells. We investigated whether the released formaldehyde leads to crosslinking of intracellular proteins. Therefore, we employed a shotgun proteomics experiment on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) that were isolated from blood collected in Streck tubes, EDTA tubes, EDTA tubes containing formaldehyde, or EDTA tubes containing allantoin. The identified crosslinks were validated in parallel reaction monitoring LC/MS experiments. In total, we identified and validated 45 formaldehyde crosslinks in PBMCs from Streck tubes, which were also found in PBMCs from formaldehyde-treated blood, but not in EDTA- or allantoin-treated samples. Most were derived from cytoskeletal proteins and histones, indicating the ability of Streck tubes to fix cells. In addition, we confirm a previous observation that formaldehyde crosslinking of proteins induces a +24 Da mass shift more frequently than a +12 Da shift. The crosslinking capacity of Streck tubes needs to be considered when selecting blood-collection tubes for mass-spectrometry-based proteomics or metabolomic experiments.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Humanos , Ácido Edético/química , Alantoína
3.
Cell Rep ; 42(8): 112841, 2023 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37494190

RESUMO

The C allele of rs11136000 variant in the clusterin (CLU) gene represents the third strongest known genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. However, whether this single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is functional and what the underlying mechanisms are remain unclear. In this study, the CLU rs11136000 SNP is identified as a functional variant by a small-scale CRISPR-Cas9 screen. Astrocytes derived from isogenic induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) carrying the "C" or "T" allele of the CLU rs11136000 SNP exhibit different CLU expression levels. TAR DNA-binding protein-43 (TDP-43) preferentially binds to the "C" allele to promote CLU expression and exacerbate inflammation. The interferon response and CXCL10 expression are elevated in cytokine-treated C/C astrocytes, leading to inhibition of oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) proliferation and myelination. Accordingly, elevated CLU and CXCL10 but reduced myelin basic protein (MBP) expression are detected in human brains of C/C carriers. Our study uncovers a mechanism underlying reduced white matter integrity observed in the CLU rs11136000 risk "C" allele carriers.


Assuntos
Clusterina , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Células Precursoras de Oligodendrócitos , Humanos , Alelos , Astrócitos , Proliferação de Células , Clusterina/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
4.
Front Mol Biosci ; 10: 1204124, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37325470

RESUMO

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play key roles in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). The miR-379 megacluster of miRNAs and its host transcript lnc-megacluster (lncMGC) are regulated by transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß), increased in the glomeruli of diabetic mice, and promote features of early DKD. However, biochemical functions of lncMGC are unknown. Here, we identified lncMGC-interacting proteins by in vitro-transcribed lncMGC RNA pull down followed by mass spectrometry. We also created lncMGC-knockout (KO) mice by CRISPR-Cas9 editing and used primary mouse mesangial cells (MMCs) from the KO mice to examine the effects of lncMGC on the gene expression related to DKD, changes in promoter histone modifications, and chromatin remodeling. Methods: In vitro-transcribed lncMGC RNA was mixed with lysates from HK2 cells (human kidney cell line). lncMGC-interacting proteins were identified by mass spectrometry. Candidate proteins were confirmed by RNA immunoprecipitation followed by qPCR. Cas9 and guide RNAs were injected into mouse eggs to create lncMGC-KO mice. Wild-type (WT) and lncMGC-KO MMCs were treated with TGF-ß, and RNA expression (by RNA-seq and qPCR) and histone modifications (by chromatin immunoprecipitation) and chromatin remodeling/open chromatin (by Assay for Transposase-Accessible Chromatin using sequencing, ATAC-seq) were examined. Results: Several nucleosome remodeling factors including SMARCA5 and SMARCC2 were identified as lncMGC-interacting proteins by mass spectrometry, and confirmed by RNA immunoprecipitation-qPCR. MMCs from lncMGC-KO mice showed no basal or TGF-ß-induced expression of lncMGC. Enrichment of histone H3K27 acetylation and SMARCA5 at the lncMGC promoter was increased in TGF-ß-treated WT MMCs but significantly reduced in lncMGC-KO MMCs. ATAC peaks at the lncMGC promoter region and many other DKD-related loci including Col4a3 and Col4a4 were significantly lower in lncMGC-KO MMCs compared to WT MMCs in the TGF-ß-treated condition. Zinc finger (ZF), ARID, and SMAD motifs were enriched in ATAC peaks. ZF and ARID sites were also found in the lncMGC gene. Conclusion: lncMGC RNA interacts with several nucleosome remodeling factors to promote chromatin relaxation and enhance the expression of lncMGC itself and other genes including pro-fibrotic genes. The lncMGC/nucleosome remodeler complex promotes site-specific chromatin accessibility to enhance DKD-related genes in target kidney cells.

5.
Blood Cancer Discov ; 4(3): 228-245, 2023 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37067905

RESUMO

RNA splicing dysregulation underlies the onset and progression of cancers. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), spliceosome mutations leading to aberrant splicing occur in ∼20% of patients. However, the mechanism for splicing defects in spliceosome-unmutated CLL cases remains elusive. Through an integrative transcriptomic and proteomic analysis, we discover that proteins involved in RNA splicing are posttranscriptionally upregulated in CLL cells, resulting in splicing dysregulation. The abundance of splicing complexes is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis. Moreover, increased splicing factor expression is highly correlated with the abundance of METTL3, an RNA methyltransferase that deposits N6-methyladenosine (m6A) on mRNA. METTL3 is essential for cell growth in vitro and in vivo and controls splicing factor protein expression in a methyltransferase-dependent manner through m6A modification-mediated ribosome recycling and decoding. Our results uncover METTL3-mediated m6A modification as a novel regulatory axis in driving splicing dysregulation and contributing to aggressive CLL. SIGNIFICANCE: METTL3 controls widespread splicing factor abundance via translational control of m6A-modified mRNA, contributes to RNA splicing dysregulation and disease progression in CLL, and serves as a potential therapeutic target in aggressive CLL. See related commentary by Janin and Esteller, p. 176. This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 171.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Proteômica , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/genética , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
6.
J Clin Invest ; 133(3)2023 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512424

RESUMO

Impaired angiogenesis in diabetes is a key process contributing to ischemic diseases such as peripheral arterial disease. Epigenetic mechanisms, including those mediated by long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), are crucial links connecting diabetes and the related chronic tissue ischemia. Here we identify the lncRNA that enhances endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression (LEENE) as a regulator of angiogenesis and ischemic response. LEENE expression was decreased in diabetic conditions in cultured endothelial cells (ECs), mouse hind limb muscles, and human arteries. Inhibition of LEENE in human microvascular ECs reduced their angiogenic capacity with a dysregulated angiogenic gene program. Diabetic mice deficient in Leene demonstrated impaired angiogenesis and perfusion following hind limb ischemia. Importantly, overexpression of human LEENE rescued the impaired ischemic response in Leene-knockout mice at tissue functional and single-cell transcriptomic levels. Mechanistically, LEENE RNA promoted transcription of proangiogenic genes in ECs, such as KDR (encoding VEGFR2) and NOS3 (encoding eNOS), potentially by interacting with LEO1, a key component of the RNA polymerase II-associated factor complex and MYC, a crucial transcription factor for angiogenesis. Taken together, our findings demonstrate an essential role for LEENE in the regulation of angiogenesis and tissue perfusion. Functional enhancement of LEENE to restore angiogenesis for tissue repair and regeneration may represent a potential strategy to tackle ischemic vascular diseases.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica/genética , Isquemia/genética , Isquemia/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Membro Posterior , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498854

RESUMO

Plasmodium vivax is the most widely distributed malaria parasite affecting humans worldwide, causing ~5 million cases yearly. Despite the disease's extensive burden, there are gaps in the knowledge of the pathophysiological mechanisms by which P. vivax invades reticulocytes. In contrast, this crucial step is better understood for P. falciparum, the less widely distributed but more often fatal malaria parasite. This discrepancy is due to the difficulty of studying P. vivax's exclusive invasion of reticulocytes, which represent 1-2% of circulating cells. Its accurate targeting mechanism has not yet been clarified, hindering the establishment of long-term continuous in vitro culture systems. So far, only three reticulocyte invasion pathways have been characterised based on parasite interactions with DARC, TfR1 and CD98 host proteins. However, exposing the parasite's alternative invasion mechanisms is currently being considered, opening up a large field for exploring the entry receptors used by P. vivax for invading host cells. New methods must be developed to ensure better understanding of the parasite to control malarial transmission and to eradicate the disease. Here, we review the current state of knowledge on cellular and molecular mechanisms of P. vivax's merozoite invasion to contribute to a better understanding of the parasite's biology, pathogenesis and epidemiology.


Assuntos
Malária Vivax , Malária , Humanos , Plasmodium vivax/metabolismo , Reticulócitos/metabolismo , Malária Vivax/parasitologia , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Malária/metabolismo , Proteínas de Protozoários/metabolismo
8.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 893071, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35847112

RESUMO

Due to immense phenotypic plasticity and adaptability, Aspergillus niger is a cosmopolitan fungus that thrives in versatile environments, including the International Space Station (ISS). This is the first report of genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic alterations observed in A. niger strain JSC-093350089 grown in a controlled experiment aboard the ISS. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) revealed that ISS conditions, including microgravity and enhanced irradiation, triggered non-synonymous point mutations in specific regions, chromosomes VIII and XII of the JSC-093350089 genome when compared to the ground-grown control. Proteome analysis showed altered abundance of proteins involved in carbohydrate metabolism, stress response, and cellular amino acid and protein catabolic processes following growth aboard the ISS. Metabolome analysis further confirmed that space conditions altered molecular suite of ISS-grown A. niger JSC-093350089. After regrowing both strains on Earth, production of antioxidant-Pyranonigrin A was significantly induced in the ISS-flown, but not the ground control strain. In summary, the microgravity and enhanced irradiation triggered unique molecular responses in the A. niger JSC-093350089 suggesting adaptive responses.

9.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 816574, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433504

RESUMO

Plasmodium falciparum is the most lethal human malaria parasite, partly due to its genetic variability and ability to use multiple invasion routes via its binding to host cell surface receptors. The parasite extensively modifies infected red blood cell architecture to promote its survival which leads to increased cell membrane rigidity, adhesiveness and permeability. Merozoites are initially released from infected hepatocytes and efficiently enter red blood cells in a well-orchestrated process that involves specific interactions between parasite ligands and erythrocyte receptors; symptoms of the disease occur during the life-cycle's blood stage due to capillary blockage and massive erythrocyte lysis. Several studies have focused on elucidating molecular merozoite/erythrocyte interactions and host cell modifications; however, further in-depth analysis is required for understanding the parasite's biology and thus provide the fundamental tools for developing prophylactic or therapeutic alternatives to mitigate or eliminate Plasmodium falciparum-related malaria. This review focuses on the cellular and molecular events during Plasmodium falciparum merozoite invasion of red blood cells and the alterations that occur in an erythrocyte once it has become infected.


Assuntos
Malária Falciparum , Malária , Animais , Eritrócitos/parasitologia , Humanos , Malária/metabolismo , Malária Falciparum/metabolismo , Merozoítos , Plasmodium falciparum/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/metabolismo
10.
J Biol Chem ; 297(5): 101305, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656562

RESUMO

CEACAM1-LF, a homotypic cell adhesion adhesion molecule, transduces intracellular signals via a 72 amino acid cytoplasmic domain that contains two immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs) and a binding site for ß-catenin. Phosphorylation of Ser503 by PKC in rodent CEACAM1 was shown to affect bile acid transport or hepatosteatosis via the level of ITIM phosphorylation, but the phosphorylation of the equivalent residue in human CEACAM1 (Ser508) was unclear. Here we studied this analogous phosphorylation by NMR analysis of the 15N labeled cytoplasmic domain peptide. Incubation with a variety of Ser/Thr kinases revealed phosphorylation of Ser508 by GSK3bß but not by PKC. The lack of phosphorylation by PKC is likely due to evolutionary sequence changes between the rodent and human genes. Phosphorylation site assignment by mass spectrometry and NMR revealed phosphorylation of Ser472, Ser461 and Ser512 by PKA, of which Ser512 is part of a conserved consensus site for GSK3ß binding. We showed here that only after phosphorylation of Ser512 by PKA was GSK3ß able to phosphorylate Ser508. Phosphorylation of Ser512 by PKA promoted a tight association with the armadillo repeat domain of ß-catenin at an extended region spanning the ITIMs of CEACAM1. The kinetics of phosphorylation of the ITIMs by Src, as well dephosphorylation by SHP2, were affected by the presence of Ser508/512 phosphorylation, suggesting that PKA and GSK3ß may regulate the signal transduction activity of human CEACAM1-LF. The interaction of CEACAM1-LF with ß-catenin promoted by PKA is suggestive of a tight association between the two ITIMs of CEACAM1-LF.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/química , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/química , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/química , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/química , beta Catenina/química , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/genética , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligação Proteica , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
11.
Microbiol Spectr ; 9(2): e0076621, 2021 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468183

RESUMO

SHA is an l-rhamnose- and d-galactose-binding lectin that agglutinates human group B erythrocytes and was first purified almost 50 years ago. Although the original SHA-producing Streptomyces strain was lost, the primary structure of SHA was more recently solved by mass spectrometry of the archived protein, which matched it to a similar sequence in the Streptomyces lavendulae genome. Using genomic and protein biochemical analyses, this study aimed to identify SHA-secreting Streptomyces strains to further investigate the expression and binding activities of these putative proteins. Of 67 strains genetically related to S. lavendulae, 17 secreted pro-SHAs in culture. Seven SHA homologues were purified to homogeneity and then subjected to liquid chromatography-high-resolution multistage mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and hemagglutination (HA) assays. Processing of pro-SHAs occurred during and after purification, indicating that associated proteases converted pro-SHAs into mature SHAs with molecular masses and HA activities similar to that of the archived SHA. Previously, the SHA monomer was shown to have two carbohydrate binding sites. The present study, however, found no HA activity in pro-SHAs, suggesting that pro-SHAs have only one binding site. Genetically, the SHA gene resides in conserved syntenic regions. The published genomes of 1,234 Streptomyces strains were analyzed, revealing 18 strains with SHA genes, 16 of which localized to a unique syntenic region. The SHA syntenic region consists of ∼17 open reading frames (ORFs) and is specific to S. lavendulae-related strains. Notably, a lipoprotein gene excludes SHA from the synteny in some strains, suggesting that horizontal gene transfer events during the course of evolution shaped the distribution of SHA genes. IMPORTANCE Lectins are extremely useful molecules for the study of glycans and carbohydrates. Here, we show that homologous genes encoding the l-rhamnose- and d-galactose-binding lectins, SHAs, are present in multiple bacterial strains, genetically related to Streptomyces lavendulae. SHA genes are expressed as precursor pro-SHA proteins that are truncated and mature into fully active lectins with two carbohydrate binding sites, which exhibit hemagglutination activity for type B red blood cells. The SHA gene is located within a conserved syntenic region, hinting at specific but yet-to-be-discovered biological roles of this carbohydrate-binding protein for its soil-dwelling microbial producer.


Assuntos
Hemaglutininas/metabolismo , Streptomyces/metabolismo , Sintenia , Sítios de Ligação , Cromatografia Líquida , Hemaglutininas/genética , Humanos , Lectinas/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Receptores de Superfície Celular , Ramnose/genética , Ramnose/metabolismo , Streptomyces/genética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
12.
Front Genet ; 12: 638708, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33815472

RESUMO

Black fungi are a group of melanotic microfungi characterized by remarkable polyextremotolerance. Due to a broad ecological plasticity and adaptations at the cellular level, it is predicted that they may survive in a variety of extreme environments, including harsh niches on Earth and Mars, and in outer space. However, the molecular mechanisms aiding survival, especially in space, are yet to be fully elucidated. Based on these premises, the rock-inhabiting black fungus Knufia chersonesos (Wt) and its non-melanized mutant (Mut) were exposed to simulated microgravity-one of the prevalent features characterizing space conditions-by growing the cultures in high-aspect-ratio vessels (HARVs). Qualitative and quantitative proteomic analyses were performed on the mycelia and supernatant of culture medium (secretome) to assess alterations in cell physiology in response to low-shear simulated microgravity (LSSMG) and to ultimately evaluate the role of cell-wall melanization in stress survival. Differential expression was observed for proteins involved in carbohydrate and lipid metabolic processes, transport, and ribosome biogenesis and translation via ribosomal translational machinery. However, no evidence of significant activation of stress components or starvation response was detected, except for the scytalone dehydratase, enzyme involved in the synthesis of dihydroxynaphthalene (DNH) melanin, which was found to be upregulated in the secretome of the wild type and downregulated in the mutant. Differences in protein modulation were observed between K. chersonesos Wt and Mut, with several proteins being downregulated under LSSMG in the Mut when compared to the Wt. Lastly, no major morphological alterations were observed following exposure to LSSMG. Similarly, the strains' survivability was not negatively affected. This study is the first to characterize the response to simulated microgravity in black fungi, which might have implications on future astrobiological missions.

13.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 199: 111527, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387796

RESUMO

Fluorescent organosilica nanoparticles (FNP) conjugated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) of variant molecular weight (2 K, 12 K, 20 K, and 30 K) were prepared to investigate their cellular uptake by murine-derived macrophages. In a medium with FBS, the cellular uptake of FNP-PEGs was decreased as compared to a medium without FBS, indicating that protein corona on FNP-PEGs reduced cellular uptake. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and hemoglobin (Hb) were detected as the most abundant components on all FNP-PEGs. Pre-coating of FNP-PEGs with BSA and Hb reduced the macrophage uptake in a medium without FBS, suggesting that these components might strengthen the stealth function of PEGs. Furthermore, there was more reduction in uptake of BSA- and Hb-coated FNP-PEGs from a medium with FBS than without FBS. BSA and Hb could be the stealth enhancement protein of FNP-PEGs in vitro.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Coroa de Proteína , Animais , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Polietilenoglicóis , Soroalbumina Bovina
14.
Clin Infect Dis ; 72(8): 1386-1391, 2021 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The toxigenic mold Stachybotrys has controversially been linked to idiopathic pulmonary hemorrhage and "sick building syndrome." However, there are no previous clinical records of invasive stachybotryosis. METHODS: Sinus biopsy specimens from a 23-year-old male with refractory acute lymphocytic leukemia were obtained at 3 different time points during the patient's hospitalization (139 days) and examined by histopathology and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Antifungal susceptibility testing and fungal speciation using multilocus sequence typing were performed. RESULTS: Hemorrhage, fungal germination, and hyphal growth were observed in the first sinus biopsy tissues. Areas with fungal growth tested positive for Stachybotrys by IHC. Fungal isolates were genotyped and identified as Stachybotrys chlorohalonata. The patient was cured from Stachybotrys sinusitis following sinus surgery and antifungal treatment. While a subsequent second sinus biopsy and a bronchoscopy showed no signs of fungal infection, a later, third sinus biopsy tested positive for Aspergillus calidoustus, a rare human pathogen. CONCLUSIONS: Here, we report the first case of invasive S. chlorohalonata sinusitis that was surgically and medically cured but followed by invasive A. calidoustus sinusitis in the setting of refractory leukemia. Our findings emphasize the risk for unusual fungal infections in severely immunocompromised patients.


Assuntos
Micoses , Sinusite , Stachybotrys , Adulto , Aspergillus , Humanos , Masculino , Micoses/diagnóstico , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Sinusite/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
15.
Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr ; 1863(1): 183451, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835655

RESUMO

AIIt, a heterotetramer of S100A10 (P11) and Annexin A2, plays a key role in calcium dependent, membrane associations with a variety of proteins. We previously showed that AIIt interacts with the short cytoplasmic domain (12 amino acids) of CEACAM1 (CEACAM1-SF). Since the cytoplasmic domains of CEACAM1 help regulate the formation of cis- or trans-dimers at the cell membrane, we investigated the possible role of their association with AIIt in this process. Using NMR and molecular dynamics, we show that AIIt and its pseudoheterodimer interacts with two molecules of short cytoplasmic domain isoform peptides, and that interaction depends on the binding motif 454-Phe-Gly-Lys-Thr-457 where Phe-454 binds in a hydrophobic pocket of AIIt, the null mutation Phe454Ala reduces binding by 2.5 fold, and the pseudophosphorylation mutant Thr457Glu reduces binding by three fold. Since these two residues in CEACAM1-SF were also found to play a role in the binding of calmodulin and G-actin at the membrane, we hypothesize a sequential set of three interactions are responsible for regulation of cis- to trans-dimerization of CEACAM1. The hydrophobic binding pocket in AIIt corresponds to a previously identified binding pocket for a peptide found in SMARCA3 and AHNAK, suggesting a conserved functional motif in AIIt allowing multiple proteins to reversibly interact with integral membrane proteins in a calcium dependent manner.


Assuntos
Anexina A2/química , Antígenos CD/química , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Complexos Multiproteicos/química , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Proteínas S100/química , Humanos , Domínios Proteicos , Multimerização Proteica
16.
Nat Cancer ; 2(9): 932-949, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35121864

RESUMO

Pseudouridine is the most frequent epitranscriptomic modification. However, its cellular functions remain largely unknown. Here, we show that pseudouridine synthase 7 (PUS7) is highly expressed in glioblastoma versus normal brain tissues, and high PUS7 expression levels are associated with worse survival in patients with glioblastoma. PUS7 expression and catalytic activity are required for glioblastoma stem cell (GSC) tumorigenesis. Mechanistically, we identify PUS7 targets in GSCs through small RNA pseudouridine sequencing and show that pseudouridylation of PUS7-regulated transfer RNA is critical for codon-specific translational control of key regulators of GSCs. Moreover, we identify chemical inhibitors for PUS7 and show that these compounds prevent PUS7-mediated pseudouridine modification, suppress tumorigenesis and extend the life span of tumor-bearing mice. Overall, we identify an epitranscriptomic regulatory mechanism in glioblastoma and provide preclinical evidence of a potential therapeutic strategy for glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Transferases Intramoleculares , Animais , Carcinogênese/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Glioblastoma/genética , Humanos , Transferases Intramoleculares/química , Camundongos , Pseudouridina/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética
17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4922, 2020 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188864

RESUMO

Early work in rodents highlighted the gut microbiota's importance in metabolic disease, including Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and obesity. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an incretin secreted by L-cells lining the gastrointestinal epithelium, has important functions: promoting insulin secretion, insulin sensitivity, and ß-cell mass, while inhibiting gastric emptying and appetite. We set out to identify microbial strains with GLP-1 stimulatory activity as potential metabolic disease therapeutics. Over 1500 human-derived strains were isolated from healthy individuals and screened for GLP-1 modulation by incubating bacterial cell-free supernatants with NCI H716 L-cells. Approximately 45 strains capable of increasing GLP-1 were discovered. All GLP-1 positive strains were identified as Staphylococcus epidermidis by 16S rRNA sequencing. Mass spectrometry analysis identified a 3 kDa peptide, Hld (delta-toxin), present in GLP-1 positive supernatants but absent in GLP-1 neutral supernatants. Studies in NCI-H716 cells and human jejunal enteroids engineered to make more enteroendocrine cells demonstrated that Hld alone is sufficient to enhance GLP-1 secretion. When administered in high-fat-fed mice, Hld-producing S. epidermidis significantly reduced markers associated with obesity and T2DM. Further characterization of Hld suggests GLP-1 stimulatory action of Hld occurs via calcium signaling. The presented results identify a novel host-microbe interaction which may ultimately lead to the development of a microbial peptide-based therapeutic for metabolic disease.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/metabolismo , Doenças Metabólicas/metabolismo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Biomarcadores , Cálcio/metabolismo , Sinalização do Cálcio , Linhagem Celular , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/genética , Humanos , Espaço Intracelular , Doenças Metabólicas/etiologia , Camundongos , Peptídeos/química
18.
J Biol Chem ; 295(13): 4212-4223, 2020 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071087

RESUMO

In up to 15% of acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs), a recurring chromosomal translocation, termed t(8;21), generates the AML1-eight-twenty-one (ETO) leukemia fusion protein, which contains the DNA-binding domain of Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) and almost all of ETO. RUNX1 and the AML1-ETO fusion protein are coexpressed in t(8;21) AML cells and antagonize each other's gene-regulatory functions. AML1-ETO represses transcription of RUNX1 target genes by competitively displacing RUNX1 and recruiting corepressors such as histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3). Recent studies have shown that AML1-ETO and RUNX1 co-occupy the binding sites of AML1-ETO-activated genes. How this joined binding allows RUNX1 to antagonize AML1-ETO-mediated transcriptional activation is unclear. Here we show that RUNX1 functions as a bona fide repressor of transcription activated by AML1-ETO. Mechanistically, we show that RUNX1 is a component of the HDAC3 corepressor complex and that HDAC3 preferentially binds to RUNX1 rather than to AML1-ETO in t(8;21) AML cells. Studying the regulation of interleukin-8 (IL8), a newly identified AML1-ETO-activated gene, we demonstrate that RUNX1 and HDAC3 collaboratively repress AML1-ETO-dependent transcription, a finding further supported by results of genome-wide analyses of AML1-ETO-activated genes. These and other results from the genome-wide studies also have important implications for the mechanistic understanding of gene-specific coactivator and corepressor functions across the AML1-ETO/RUNX1 cistrome.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Humano/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-8/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ativação Transcricional/genética , Translocação Genética/genética
19.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 2305, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31649646

RESUMO

Microbial metabolites, including B complex vitamins contribute to diverse aspects of human health. Folate, or vitamin B9, refers to a broad category of biomolecules that include pterin, para-aminobenzoic acid (pABA), and glutamate subunits. Folates are required for DNA synthesis and epigenetic regulation. In addition to dietary nutrients, the gut microbiota has been recognized as a source of B complex vitamins, including folate. This study evaluated the predicted folate synthesis capabilities in the genomes of human commensal microbes identified in the Human Microbiome Project and folate production by representative strains of six human intestinal bacterial phyla. Bacterial folate synthesis genes were ubiquitous across 512 gastrointestinal reference genomes with 13% of the genomes containing all genes required for complete de novo folate synthesis. An additional 39% of the genomes had the genetic capacity to synthesize folates in the presence of pABA, an upstream intermediate that can be obtained through diet or from other intestinal microbes. Bacterial folate synthesis was assessed during exponential and stationary phase growth through the evaluation of expression of select folate synthesis genes, quantification of total folate production, and analysis of folate polyglutamylation. Increased expression of key folate synthesis genes was apparent in exponential phase, and increased folate polyglutamylation occurred during late stationary phase. Of the folate producers, we focused on the commensal Lactobacillus reuteri to examine host-microbe interactions in relation to folate and examined folate receptors in the physiologically relevant human enteroid model. RNAseq data revealed segment-specific folate receptor distribution. Treatment of human colonoid monolayers with conditioned media (CM) from wild-type L. reuteri did not influence the expression of key folate transporters proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT) or reduced folate carrier (RFC). However, CM from L. reuteri containing a site-specific inactivation of the folC gene, which prevents the bacteria from synthesizing a polyglutamate tail on folate, significantly upregulated RFC expression. No effects were observed using L. reuteri with a site inactivation of folC2, which results in no folate production. This work sheds light on the contributions of microbial folate to overall folate status and mammalian host metabolism.

20.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1013, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156574

RESUMO

Filamentous fungi have been associated with extreme habitats, including nuclear power plant accident sites and the International Space Station (ISS). Due to their immense adaptation and phenotypic plasticity capacities, fungi may thrive in what seems like uninhabitable niches. This study is the first report of fungal survival after exposure of monolayers of conidia to simulated Mars conditions (SMC). Conidia of several Chernobyl nuclear accident-associated and ISS-isolated strains were tested for UV-C and SMC sensitivity, which resulted in strain-dependent survival. Strains surviving exposure to SMC for 30 min, ISSFT-021-30 and IMV 00236-30, were further characterized for proteomic, and metabolomic changes. Differential expression of proteins involved in ribosome biogenesis, translation, and carbohydrate metabolic processes was observed. No significant metabolome alterations were revealed. Lastly, ISSFT-021-30 conidia re-exposed to UV-C exhibited enhanced UV-C resistance when compared to the conidia of unexposed ISSFT-021.

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