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Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372732


OBJECTIVE: To substantiate the use of photochromotherapy (narrow-band optical radiation with an average wavelength of 650 nm) in the complex treatment of children with developmental speech delay on the type of general speech underdevelopment (GSU) of I and II degree. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A number of children equal 70 aged from 4 to 6 years with developmental speech delay were examined. All patients were randomized into 2 clinically comparable groups: the 1st (study) group included 35 patients who received medical treatment in accordance with clinical recommendations in combination with the use of narrow-band optical radiation with an average wavelength of 650nm for 10 days; the 2nd (comparison) group consisted of 35 subjects who received standard drug therapy according to the established clinical recommendations. All patients underwent a comprehensive clinical examination and a special neurological investigation, including electroencephalography and electromyography, as well as an assessment of the development of speech functions and dynamic coordination of gesture, the level of social and communication skills development and neuropsychological processes. RESULTS: The following data were obtained during the complex treatment with the inclusion of narrow-band optical radiation with an average wavelength of 650 nm (red radiation): statistically significant improvement of speech development (p<0.05); improvement of values of social adaptation skills of medium (71%) (Z=2.769; p=006) and low level (29%) (Z=2.691; p=0.007); significant positive dynamics of speech status (Z=3.911; p=0.000); spontaneous activity relief at rest, indicating normalization of muscle tone. CONCLUSION: The inclusion of photochromotherapy in standard therapeutic regimens for children with developmental speech delay on the GSU type of I, II degrees contributes to a significantly confirmed pronounced clinical improvement and can be recommended for practical health care.

Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Fala , Criança , Humanos