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Sensors (Basel) ; 24(3)2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339638


In the field of unmanned systems, the combination of artificial intelligence with self-operating functionalities is becoming increasingly important. This study introduces a new method for autonomously detecting humans in indoor environments using unmanned aerial vehicles, utilizing the advanced techniques of a deep learning framework commonly known as "You Only Look Once" (YOLO). The key contribution of this research is the development of a new model (YOLO-IHD), specifically designed for human detection in indoor using drones. This model is created using a unique dataset gathered from aerial vehicle footage in various indoor environments. It significantly improves the accuracy of detecting people in these complex environments. The model achieves a notable advancement in autonomous monitoring and search-and-rescue operations, highlighting its importance for tasks that require precise human detection. The improved performance of the new model is due to its optimized convolutional layers and an attention mechanism that process complex visual data from indoor environments. This results in more dependable operation in critical situations like disaster response and indoor rescue missions. Moreover, when combined with an accelerating processing library, the model shows enhanced real-time detection capabilities and operates effectively in a real-world environment with a custom designed indoor drone. This research lays the groundwork for future enhancements designed to significantly increase the model's accuracy and the reliability of indoor human detection in real-time drone applications.

Inteligência Artificial , Dispositivos Aéreos não Tripulados , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sistemas Computacionais , Cultura
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231457, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320416


The development of Web 2.0 and the rapid growth of available data have led to the development of systems, such as recommendation systems (RSs), that can handle the information overload. However, RS performance is severely limited by sparsity and cold-start problems. Thus, this paper aims to alleviate these problems. To realize this objective, a new model is proposed by integrating three sources of information: a user-item matrix, explicit and implicit relationships. The core strategy of this study is to use the multi-step resource allocation (MSRA) method to identify hidden relations in social information. First, explicit social information is used to compute the similarity between each pair of users. Second, for each non-friend pair of users, the MSRA method is applied to determine the probability of their relation. If the probability exceeds a threshold, a new relationship will be established. Then, all sources are incorporated into the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) method to compute the missing prediction values. Furthermore, the stochastic gradient descent technique is applied to optimize the training process. Additionally, two real datasets, namely, Last.Fm and Ciao, are utilized to evaluate the proposed method. In terms of accuracy, the experiment results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms eight state-of-the-art approaches: Heats, PMF, SVD, SR, EISR-JC, EISR-CN, EISR-PA and EISR-RAI.

Mídias Sociais , Rede Social , Algoritmos , Humanos , Probabilidade