*Sci Adv ; 7(29)2021 Jul.*

##### RESUMO

Unconventional superconductivity and, in particular, triplet superconductivity have been front and center of topological materials and quantum technology research. Here, we report our observation of triplet pairing in nonmagnetic CoSi2/TiSi2 heterostructures on silicon. CoSi2 undergoes a sharp superconducting transition at a critical temperature T c ≃ 1.5 K, while TiSi2 is a normal metal. We investigate conductance spectra of both two-terminal CoSi2/TiSi2 contact junctions and three-terminal T-shaped CoSi2/TiSi2 superconducting proximity structures. Below T c, we observe (i) a narrow zero-bias conductance peak on top of a broad hump, accompanied by two symmetric side dips in the contact junctions, (ii) a narrow zero-bias conductance peak in T-shaped structures, and (iii) hysteresis in the junction magnetoresistance. These three independent and complementary observations point to chiral p-wave pairing in CoSi2/TiSi2 heterostructures. The excellent fabrication compatibility of CoSi2 and TiSi2 with present-day silicon-based integrated-circuit technology suggests their potential use in scalable quantum-computing devices.

*Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4749, 2020 Sep 21.*

##### RESUMO

Strong electron correlations have long been recognized as driving the emergence of novel phases of matter. A well recognized example is high-temperature superconductivity which cannot be understood in terms of the standard weak-coupling theory. The exotic properties that accompany the formation of the two-channel Kondo (2CK) effect, including the emergence of an unconventional metallic state in the low-energy limit, also originate from strong electron interactions. Despite its paradigmatic role for the formation of non-standard metal behavior, the stringent conditions required for its emergence have made the observation of the nonmagnetic, orbital 2CK effect in real quantum materials difficult, if not impossible. We report the observation of orbital one- and two-channel Kondo physics in the symmetry-enforced Dirac nodal line (DNL) metals IrO2 and RuO2 nanowires and show that the symmetries that enforce the existence of DNLs also promote the formation of nonmagnetic Kondo correlations. Rutile oxide nanostructures thus form a versatile quantum matter platform to engineer and explore intrinsic, interacting topological states of matter.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 124(2): 027205, 2020 Jan 17.*

##### RESUMO

Quantum critical points often arise in metals perched at the border of an antiferromagnetic order. The recent observation of singular and dynamically scaling charge conductivity in an antiferromagnetic quantum critical heavy fermion metal implicates beyond-Landau quantum criticality. Here we study the charge and spin dynamics of a Kondo destruction quantum critical point (QCP), as realized in an SU(2)-symmetric Bose-Fermi Kondo model. We find that the critical exponents and scaling functions of the spin and single-particle responses of the QCP in the SU(2) case are essentially the same as those of the large-N limit, showing that 1/N corrections are subleading. Building on this insight, we demonstrate that the charge responses at the Kondo destruction QCP are singular and obey ω/T scaling. This property persists at the Kondo destruction QCP of the SU(2)-symmetric Kondo lattice model.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 122(19): 197601, 2019 May 17.*

##### RESUMO

Geometrically frustrated interactions may render classical ground states macroscopically degenerate. The connection between classical and quantum liquids and how the degeneracy is affected by quantum fluctuations is, however, not completely understood. We study a simple model of coupled quantum and classical degrees of freedom, the so-called Falicov-Kimball model, on a triangular lattice and away from half-filling. For weak interactions the phase diagram features a charge disordered state down to zero temperature. We provide compelling evidence that this phase is a liquid and show that it is divided by a crossover line that terminates in a quantum critical point. Our results offer a new vantage point to address how quantum liquids can emerge from their classical counterparts.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 117(14): 146601, 2016 Sep 30.*

##### RESUMO

Disorder or sufficiently strong interactions can render a metallic state unstable, causing it to turn into an insulating one. Despite the fact that the interplay of these two routes to a vanishing conductivity has been a central research topic, a unifying picture has not emerged so far. Here, we establish that the two-dimensional Falicov-Kimball model, one of the simplest lattice models of strong electron correlation, does allow for the study of this interplay. In particular, we show that this model at particle-hole symmetry possesses three distinct thermodynamic insulating phases and exhibits Anderson localization. The previously reported metallic phase is identified as a finite-size feature due to the presence of weak localization. We characterize these phases by their electronic density of states, staggered occupation, conductivity, and the generalized inverse participation ratio. The implications of our findings for other strongly correlated systems are discussed.

*Transgenic Res ; 24(2): 267-77, 2015 Apr.*

##### RESUMO

Plastid-encoded genes are maternally inherited in most plant species. Transgenes located on the plastid genome are thus within a natural confinement system, preventing their distribution via pollen. However, a low-frequency leakage of plastids via pollen seems to be universal in plants. Here we report that a very low-level paternal inheritance in Arabidopsis thaliana occurs under field conditions. As pollen donor an Arabidopsis accession (Ler-Ely) was used, which carried a plastid-localized atrazine resistance due to a point mutation in the psbA gene. The frequency of pollen transmission into F1 plants, based on their ability to express the atrazine resistance was 1.9 × 10(-5). We extended our analysis to another cruciferous species, the world-wide cultivated crop Brassica napus. First, we isolated a fertile and stable plastid transformant (T36) in a commercial cultivar of B. napus (cv Drakkar). In T36 the aadA and the bar genes were integrated in the inverted repeat region of the B. napus plastid DNA following particle bombardment of hypocotyl segments. Southern blot analysis confirmed transgene integration and homoplasmy of plastid DNA. Line T36 expressed Basta resistance from the inserted bar gene and this trait was used to estimate the frequency of pollen transmission into F1 plants. A frequency of <2.6 × 10(-5) was determined in the greenhouse. Taken together, our data show a very low rate of paternal plastid transmission in Brassicacea. Moreover, the establishment of plastid transformation in B. napus facilitates a safe use of this important crop plant for plant biotechnology.

##### Assuntos

Brassica napus/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plastídeos/genética , Transgenes , Arabidopsis/genética , Atrazina/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Engenharia Genética , Fenótipo , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/genética , Plastídeos/metabolismo , Pólen/genética , Pólen/crescimento & desenvolvimento*Phys Rev Lett ; 112(22): 226401, 2014 Jun 06.*

##### RESUMO

Self-consistent dynamical approximations for strongly correlated fermion systems are particularly successful in capturing the dynamical competition of local correlations. In these, the effect of spatially extended degrees of freedom is usually only taken into account in a mean field fashion or as a secondary effect. As a result, critical exponents associated with phase transitions have a mean field character. Here we demonstrate that diagrammatic multiscale methods anchored around local approximations are indeed capable of capturing the non-mean-field nature of the critical point of the lattice model encoded in a nonvanishing anomalous dimension and of correctly describing the transition to mean-field-like behavior as the number of spatial dimensions increases.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 110(1): 016601, 2013 Jan 04.*

##### RESUMO

The nonlinear conductance of semiconductor heterostructures and single molecule devices exhibiting Kondo physics has recently attracted attention. We address the observed sample dependence of the measured steady state transport coefficients by considering additional electronic contributions in the effective low-energy model underlying these experiments that are absent in particle-hole symmetric setups. A novel version of the superperturbation theory of Hafermann et al. in terms of dual fermions is developed, which correctly captures the low-temperature behavior. We compare our results with the measured transport coefficients.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 109(8): 086403, 2012 Aug 24.*

##### RESUMO

Unconventional quantum criticality in heavy-fermion systems has been extensively analyzed in terms of a critical destruction of the Kondo effect. Motivated by a recent demonstration of quantum criticality in a mixed-valent heavy-fermion system, ß-YbAlB(4), we study a particle-hole-asymmetric Anderson impurity model with a pseudogapped density of states. We demonstrate Kondo destruction at a mixed-valent quantum critical point, where a collapsing Kondo energy scale is accompanied by a singular charge-fluctuation spectrum. Both spin and charge responses scale with energy over temperature (ω/T) and magnetic field over temperature (H/T). Implications for unconventional quantum criticality in mixed-valence heavy fermions are discussed.

*Nature ; 484(7395): 493-7, 2012 Apr 25.*

##### RESUMO

A quantum critical point (QCP) arises when a continuous transition between competing phases occurs at zero temperature. Collective excitations at magnetic QCPs give rise to metallic properties that strongly deviate from the expectations of Landau's Fermi-liquid description, which is the standard theory of electron correlations in metals. Central to this theory is the notion of quasiparticles, electronic excitations that possess the quantum numbers of the non-interacting electrons. Here we report measurements of thermal and electrical transport across the field-induced magnetic QCP in the heavy-fermion compound YbRh(2)Si(2) (refs 2, 3). We show that the ratio of the thermal to electrical conductivities at the zero-temperature limit obeys the Wiedemann-Franz law for magnetic fields above the critical field at which the QCP is attained. This is also expected for magnetic fields below the critical field, where weak antiferromagnetic order and a Fermi-liquid phase form below 0.07 K (at zero field). At the critical field, however, the low-temperature electrical conductivity exceeds the thermal conductivity by about 10 per cent, suggestive of a non-Fermi-liquid ground state. This apparent violation of the Wiedemann-Franz law provides evidence for an unconventional type of QCP at which the fundamental concept of Landau quasiparticles no longer holds. These results imply that Landau quasiparticles break up, and that the origin of this disintegration is inelastic scattering associated with electronic quantum critical fluctuations--these insights could be relevant to understanding other deviations from Fermi-liquid behaviour frequently observed in various classes of correlated materials.

*FEBS Lett ; 586(1): 85-8, 2012 Jan 02.*

##### RESUMO

Whirly1 was shown to be dually located in chloroplasts and nucleus of the same cell. To investigate whether the protein translocates from chloroplasts to the nucleus, we inserted a construct encoding an HA-tagged Whirly1 into the plastid genome of tobacco. Although the tagged protein was synthesized in plastids, it was detected in nuclei. Dual location of the protein was confirmed by immunocytological analyses. These results indicate that the plastidial Whirly1 is translocated from the plastid to the nucleus where it affects expression of target genes such as PR1. Our results support a role of Whirly1 in plastid-nucleus communication.

##### Assuntos

Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genoma de Planta , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Plastídeos/genética , Transporte Proteico , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Tabaco/genética*Phys Rev Lett ; 107(7): 076404, 2011 Aug 12.*

##### RESUMO

We study the pseudogap Anderson model as a prototype system for critical Kondo destruction. We obtain finite-temperature (T) scaling functions near its quantum-critical point, by using a continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo method and also considering a dynamical large-N limit. We are able to determine the behavior of the scaling functions in the typically difficult to access quantum-relaxational regime (âω

*J Phys Condens Matter ; 23(9): 094216, 2011 Mar 09.*

##### RESUMO

YbRh2Si2 is a model system for quantum criticality. In particular, Hall effect measurements helped identify the unconventional nature of its quantum critical point. Here, we present a high-resolution study of the Hall effect and magnetoresistivity on samples of different quality. We find a robust crossover on top of a sample dependent linear background contribution. Our detailed analysis provides a complete characterization of the crossover in terms of its position, width, and height. Importantly, we find in the extrapolation to zero temperature a discontinuity of the Hall coefficient occurring at the quantum critical point for all samples. In particular, the height of the jump in the Hall coefficient remains finite in the limit of zero temperature. Hence, our data solidify the conclusion of a collapsing Fermi surface. Finally, we contrast our results to the smooth Hall effect evolution seen in chromium, the prototype system for a spin-density-wave quantum critical point.

*Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 107(33): 14547-51, 2010 Aug 17.*

##### RESUMO

Quantum criticality arises when a macroscopic phase of matter undergoes a continuous transformation at zero temperature. While the collective fluctuations at quantum-critical points are being increasingly recognized as playing an important role in a wide range of quantum materials, the nature of the underlying quantum-critical excitations remains poorly understood. Here we report in-depth measurements of the Hall effect in the heavy-fermion metal YbRh(2)Si(2), a prototypical system for quantum criticality. We isolate a rapid crossover of the isothermal Hall coefficient clearly connected to the quantum-critical point from a smooth background contribution; the latter exists away from the quantum-critical point and is detectable through our studies only over a wide range of magnetic field. Importantly, the width of the critical crossover is proportional to temperature, which violates the predictions of conventional theory and is instead consistent with an energy over temperature, E/T, scaling of the quantum-critical single-electron fluctuation spectrum. Our results provide evidence that the quantum-dynamical scaling and a critical Kondo breakdown simultaneously operate in the same material. Correspondingly, we infer that macroscopic scale-invariant fluctuations emerge from the microscopic many-body excitations associated with a collapsing Fermi-surface. This insight is expected to be relevant to the unconventional finite-temperature behavior in a broad range of strongly correlated quantum systems.

##### Assuntos

Metais/química , Modelos Químicos , Transição de Fase , Algoritmos , Fenômenos Químicos , Cinética , Magnetismo , Rubídio/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Temperatura de Transição , Itérbio/química*Phys Rev Lett ; 102(16): 166405, 2009 Apr 24.*

##### RESUMO

Motivated in part by quantum criticality in dissipative Kondo systems, we revisit the finite-size scaling of a classical Ising chain with 1/r;{2-} interactions. For 1/2<<1, the scaling of the dynamical spin susceptibility is sensitive to the degree of "winding" of the interaction under periodic boundary conditions. Infinite winding yields the expected mean-field behavior, whereas without any winding the scaling is of an interacting omega/T form. The contrast with the behavior of the Bose-Fermi Kondo model suggests a breakdown of a mapping from the quantum model to a classical one due to the smearing of the Kondo spin flips by the continuum limit taken in this mapping.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 103(20): 206401, 2009 Nov 13.*

##### RESUMO

Quantum critical systems out of equilibrium are of extensive interest, but are difficult to study theoretically. We consider here the steady-state limit of a single-electron transistor with ferromagnetic leads. In equilibrium (i.e., bias voltage V = 0), this system features a continuous quantum phase transition with a critical destruction of the Kondo effect. We construct an exact quantum Boltzmann treatment in a dynamical large-N limit, and determine the universal scaling functions of both the nonlinear conductance and fluctuation-dissipation ratios. We also elucidate the decoherence properties as encoded in the local spin response.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 100(2): 026403, 2008 Jan 18.*

##### RESUMO

We consider the finite-temperature scaling properties of a Kondo-destroying quantum critical point in the Ising-anisotropic Bose-Fermi Kondo model (BFKM). A cluster-updating Monte Carlo approach is used, in order to reliably access a wide temperature range. The scaling function for the two-point spin correlator is found to have the form dictated by a boundary conformal field theory, even though the underlying Hamiltonian lacks conformal invariance. Similar conclusions are reached for all multipoint correlators of the spin-isotropic BFKM in a dynamical large-N limit. Our results suggest that the quantum critical local properties of the sub-Ohmic BFKM are those of an underlying boundary conformal field theory.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 99(22): 227204, 2007 Nov 30.*

##### RESUMO

We address the quantum transition of a spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Kondo lattice model with an easy-axis anisotropy using the extended dynamical mean field theory. We derive results in real frequency by using the bosonic numerical renormalization group (BNRG) method and compare them with quantum Monte Carlo results in Matsubara frequency. The BNRG results show a logarithmic divergence in the critical local spin susceptibility, signaling a destruction of Kondo screening. The T=0 transition is consistent with being second order. The BNRG results also display some subtle features; we identify their origin and suggest means for further microscopic studies.

*Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 102(52): 18824-9, 2005 Dec 27.*

##### RESUMO

Considerable evidence exists for the failure of the traditional theory of quantum critical points, pointing to the need to incorporate novel excitations. The destruction of Kondo entanglement and the concomitant critical Kondo effect may underlie these emergent excitations in heavy fermion metals (a prototype system for quantum criticality), but the effect remains poorly understood. Here, we show how ferromagnetic single-electron transistors can be used to study this effect. We theoretically demonstrate a gate-voltage-induced quantum phase transition. The critical Kondo effect is manifested in a fractional-power-law dependence of the conductance on temperature (T). The AC conductance and thermal noise spectrum have related power-law dependences on frequency (omega) and, in addition, show an omega/T scaling. Our results imply that the ferromagnetic nanostructure constitutes a realistic model system to elucidate magnetic quantum criticality that is central to the heavy fermions and other bulk materials with non-Fermi liquid behavior.