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1.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To substantiate the use of photochromotherapy (narrow-band optical radiation with an average wavelength of 650 nm) in the complex treatment of children with developmental speech delay on the type of general speech underdevelopment (GSU) of I and II degree. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A number of children equal 70 aged from 4 to 6 years with developmental speech delay were examined. All patients were randomized into 2 clinically comparable groups: the 1st (study) group included 35 patients who received medical treatment in accordance with clinical recommendations in combination with the use of narrow-band optical radiation with an average wavelength of 650nm for 10 days; the 2nd (comparison) group consisted of 35 subjects who received standard drug therapy according to the established clinical recommendations. All patients underwent a comprehensive clinical examination and a special neurological investigation, including electroencephalography and electromyography, as well as an assessment of the development of speech functions and dynamic coordination of gesture, the level of social and communication skills development and neuropsychological processes. RESULTS: The following data were obtained during the complex treatment with the inclusion of narrow-band optical radiation with an average wavelength of 650 nm (red radiation): statistically significant improvement of speech development (p<0.05); improvement of values of social adaptation skills of medium (71%) (Z=2.769; p=006) and low level (29%) (Z=2.691; p=0.007); significant positive dynamics of speech status (Z=3.911; p=0.000); spontaneous activity relief at rest, indicating normalization of muscle tone. CONCLUSION: The inclusion of photochromotherapy in standard therapeutic regimens for children with developmental speech delay on the GSU type of I, II degrees contributes to a significantly confirmed pronounced clinical improvement and can be recommended for practical health care.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Fala , Criança , Humanos
2.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37427816

RESUMO

Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is inherited X-linked neuromuscular disease characterized by progressive fatigue, atrophy, hypotonia and muscle weakness, that is predominantly located in muscles of pelvic girdle, femurs and lower leg. There are only singular studies at present showing the efficacy of different training programs for patients with muscular dystrophy, and there are no recommendations allowing to detect the optimal motor regimen, that is effective and safe for such patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of regular dynamic aerobic exercises in children with BMD, who are able to self-sustained movement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The number of patients equal 13 with genetically confirmed BMD at the age from 8.9 to 15.9 years were examined. All patients took the course of exercise therapy for 4 months. The course was divided into 2 stages: the preparative (51-60% of the individual functional reserve of the heart (IFRH) with 6-8 repetitions of every exercise) and the training (61-70% of the IFRH with 10-12 repetitions of every exercise). The training duration was 60 min. The motor capabilities of patients were assessed by the 6-minute walk test, timed up & go test, MFM scale (sections D1, D2, D3) at the initial stage and during dynamic observation after 2 and 4 months. RESULTS: Statistically significant positive dynamics of indicators was revealed. The average distance in the 6-minute walk test at the initial stage was 526.9±12.7 m, after 4 months was 545.2±13.0 m (p<0.05). The average uplift time at the initial stage was 3.9±0.2 s, after 2 months was 3.5±0.2 s (p<0.05). The average running time for the distance of 10 m initially was 4.3±0.1 s, after 2 months was 3.8±0.1 s (p<0.05), after 4 months was 3.8±0.1 s (p<0.05). There was some positive dynamics in the evaluation of uplift and movement capabilities (D1) by the MFM scale: initially the indicator was 87.7±1.5%, after 2 months - 93.4±1.4% (p<0.001), after 4 months - 94.5±1.3% (p<0.001). Clinically significant adverse effects were not registered during the training courses. CONCLUSION: Aerobic trainings without weight combined with exercises on a cycle machine for 4 months allow to improve movement capabilities and are not characterized by clinically significant adverse effects in children with BMD.


Assuntos
Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/terapia , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Caminhada , Extremidade Inferior
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