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Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 13(14)2023 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37513162


One of the approaches to manipulate MnBi2Te4 properties is the magnetic dilution, which inevitably affects the interplay of magnetism and band topology in the system. In this work, we carried out angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements and density functional theory (DFT) calculations for analysing changes in the electronic structure of Mn1-xGexBi2Te4 that occur under parameter x variation. We consider two ways of Mn/Ge substitution: (i) bulk doping of the whole system; (ii) surface doping of the first septuple layer. For the case (i), the experimental results reveal a decrease in the value of the bulk band gap, which should be reversed by an increase when the Ge concentration reaches a certain value. Ab-initio calculations show that at Ge concentrations above 50%, there is an absence of the bulk band inversion of the Te pz and Bi pz contributions at the Γ-point with significant spatial redistribution of the states at the band gap edges into the bulk, suggesting topological phase transition in the system. For case (ii) of the vertical heterostructure Mn1-xGexBi2Te4/MnBi2Te4, it was shown that an increase of Ge concentration in the first septuple layer leads to effective modulation of the Dirac gap in the absence of significant topological surface states of spatial redistribution. The results obtained indicate that surface doping compares favorably compared to bulk doping as a method for the Dirac gap value modulation.

Phys Rev Lett ; 129(22): 226401, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493449


We show that graphene can be magnetized by coupling to a ferromagnetic Co film through a Au monolayer. The presence of dislocation loops under graphene leads to a ferrimagnetic ordering of moments in the two C sublattices. It is shown that the band gap of ∼80 meV in the K[over ¯] point has a magnetic nature and exists for ferrimagnetic ordering. Interplay between Rashba and exchange couplings is evidenced by spin splitting asymmetry in spin-ARPES measurements and fully supported by DFT calculation of a (9×9) unit cell. Owing to sign-opposite Berry curvatures for K[over ¯] and K[over ¯]^{'} valleys, the synthesized system is promising for the realization of a circular dichroism Hall effect.

Grafite , Meio Ambiente , Frutas
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(29): 6628-6634, 2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35834754


Recently discovered intrinsic magnetic topological insulators (IMTIs) constitute a unique class of quantum materials that combine magnetism and nontrivial topology. One of the most promising applications of these materials is Majorana fermion creation; Majorana fermions are expected to arise when a superconductor is in contact with the surface of an IMTI. Here we study the adsorption of Pb ultrathin films on top of IMTIs of various stoichiometries. By means of XPS we figure out the formation of the Pb wetting layer coupled to the surface atoms for low coverages and overlayer growth on top upon further deposition. Investigation of the adsorbed surfaces by means of ARPES shows the Dirac cone survival, its shift in a binding energy, and the Pb electronic states appearance. The obtained results allow the Pb/IMTI interfaces to be constructed for the understanding of the proximity effect and provide an important step toward quantum device engineering based on IMTIs.

Nano Lett ; 18(3): 1564-1574, 2018 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29365269


A rich class of spintronics-relevant phenomena require implementation of robust magnetism and/or strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) to graphene, but both properties are completely alien to it. Here, we for the first time experimentally demonstrate that a quasi-freestanding character, strong exchange splitting and giant SOC are perfectly achievable in graphene at once. Using angle- and spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we show that the Dirac state in the Au-intercalated graphene on Co(0001) experiences giant splitting (up to 0.2 eV) while being by no means distorted due to interaction with the substrate. Our calculations, based on the density functional theory, reveal the splitting to stem from the combined action of the Co thin film in-plane exchange field and Au-induced Rashba SOC. Scanning tunneling microscopy data suggest that the peculiar reconstruction of the Au/Co(0001) interface is responsible for the exchange field transfer to graphene. The realization of this "magneto-spin-orbit" version of graphene opens new frontiers for both applied and fundamental studies using its unusual electronic bandstructure.

ACS Nano ; 11(1): 368-374, 2017 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28005333


Graphene is one of the most promising materials for nanoelectronics owing to its unique Dirac cone-like dispersion of the electronic state and high mobility of the charge carriers. However, to facilitate the implementation of the graphene-based devices, an essential change of its electronic structure, a creation of the band gap should controllably be done. Brought about by two fundamentally different mechanisms, a sublattice symmetry breaking or an induced strong spin-orbit interaction, the band gap appearance can drive graphene into a narrow-gap semiconductor or a 2D topological insulator phase, respectively, with both cases being technologically relevant. The later case, characterized by a spin-orbit gap between the valence and conduction bands, can give rise to the spin-polarized topologically protected edge states. Here, we study the effect of the spin-orbit interaction enhancement in graphene placed in contact with a lead monolayer. By means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we show that intercalation of the Pb interlayer between the graphene sheet and the Pt(111) surface leads to formation of a gap of ∼200 meV at the Dirac point of graphene. Spin-resolved measurements confirm the splitting to be of a spin-orbit nature, and the measured near-gap spin structure resembles that of the quantum spin Hall state in graphene, proposed by Kane and Mele [ Phys. Rev. Lett. 2005 , 95 , 226801 ]. With a bandstructure tuned in this way, graphene acquires a functionality going beyond its intrinsic properties and becomes more attractive for possible spintronic applications.