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1.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 7(5): e2069, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Only a few previous studies examine immune system recovery after completed cancer treatment. AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze immune reconstitution after childhood cancer therapy in a non-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed children (N = 79) who received chemotherapy with/without irradiation for cancer diagnosed between 2014 and 2019 at Turku University Hospital, Finland. We retrospectively collected data on baseline parameters and post-treatment immunological recovery, namely neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, IgG levels, CD19, CD4 and natural killer cell counts. Immunological parameters were followed until their normalization. Treatment intensity was stratified according to the Intensity of Treatment Rating Scale (ITR-3). We analyzed the effects of treatment intensity on normalization of immunological parameters across the entire treatment range. Treatment intensity had a major effect on immune system recovery after completion of treatment. Most patients had normal immunological parameters 1-4 months post-treatment both in high- and low-intensity treatment groups, but patients classified in the high-intensity group had low parameters more often than patients in the low-intensity group. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest a fast recovery of studied immunological parameters after the majority of current pediatric oncologic treatments. Treatment for high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, medulloblastoma, and mature B-cell lymphoma was associated with prolonged recovery times for a substantial proportion of cases. High treatment intensity was associated with prolonged immunological recovery.


Assuntos
Reconstituição Imune , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Lactente , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Finlândia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Neutrófilos/imunologia
2.
J Sci Med Sport ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38796375

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies suggest that psychiatric disorders are as prevalent amongst high-performance athletes as in general populations, challenging the myth of invulnerability. Despite efforts of sport organisations to highlight the significance of athletes' mental health, it is still many times tough to combine the sport performance ethos with a discourse on mental health. This narrative cornerstone review examines challenges related to definitions and classifications of athlete mental health in high-performance sports and how these influence assessments and the implementation of interventions. We discuss challenges with concept creep and psychiatrisation and outline their consequences for sport healthcare professionals. Based on this, we present a framework that aligns different categories of athlete mental health conditions (from the reduction of wellbeing to psychiatric disorders) with intervention types (from the provision of supporting environments to pharmacotherapy). We conclude that researchers and sport practitioners need to carefully consider conceptual creep and the risk of pathologising normal and healthy, albeit emotionally aversive, reactions to athlete lifeworld events when assessing athlete mental health. A clear separation of terminology denoting the athlete's resources to handle the lifeworld (including salutogenic factors) and terms describing psychiatric conditions and their management is necessary to avoid misguidance in intervention planning.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360923

RESUMO

Children with refugee backgrounds are often exposed to violence and other adverse experiences with well-known detrimental consequences on mental health. However, the current group of approximately 40 million child refugees is heterogeneous, stressing the importance of first-person perspectives in understanding children's unique experiences and needs related to the migration process. Identifying contextual factors promoting health and resilience is also essential. For instance, the roles children play as active agents in constructing their own lives and adapting to different environments are poorly described in contemporary research on child refugees and their mental health. To address these knowledge gaps, we conducted qualitative interviews with a reflexive thematic analysis with eighteen children with refugee backgrounds in Sweden. This resulted in two main themes: Longing for a good life that cannot be taken for granted and Challenged agency and changing rights. The narratives indicate that children, although exposed to different challenges in different migration phases and based on gender and asylum status, have experiences of ordinary childhood with a desire for a good life with prospects. The results also show that children execute active and adaptable agency that is impacted by various factors. Reaching the full age appears to be a confusing and ambivalent transition due to changes in rights. The results pinpoint several possibilities to address factors that pose a risk to health and restrictions of rights among child refugees.

4.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 107, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent in adolescents. In survey and interview studies assessing NSSI, methods of assessment have been shown to influence prevalence estimates. However, knowledge of which groups of adolescents that are identified with different measurement methods is lacking, and the characteristics of identified groups are yet to be investigated. Further, only a handful of studies have been carried out using exploratory methods to identify subgroups among adolescents with NSSI. METHODS: The performance of two prevalence measures (single-item vs. behavioral checklist) in the same cross-sectional community sample (n = 266, age M = 14.21, 58.3% female) of adolescents was compared regarding prevalence estimates and also characterization of the identified groups with lifetime NSSI prevalence. A cluster analysis was carried out in the same sample. Identified clusters were compared to the two groups defined using the prevalence measures. RESULTS: A total of 118 (44.4%) participants acknowledged having engaged in NSSI at least once. Of these, a group of 55 (20.7%) adolescents confirmed NSSI on a single item and 63 (23.7%) adolescents confirmed NSSI only on a behavioral checklist, while denying NSSI on the single item. Groups differed significantly, with the single-item group being more severely affected and having higher mean scores on difficulties in emotion regulation, self-criticism, number of methods, higher frequency of NSSI, higher rates of suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior and lower mean score on health-related quality of life. All cases with higher severity were not identified by the single-item question. Cluster analysis identified three clusters, two of which fit well with the groups identified by single-item and behavioral checklist measures. CONCLUSIONS: When investigating NSSI prevalence in adolescents, findings are influenced by the researchers' choice of measures. The present study provides some directions toward what kind of influence to expect given the type of measure used, both with regards to the size of the identified group and its composition. Implications for future research as well as clinical and preventive work are discussed.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Haematologica ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356449

RESUMO

Allopurinol can be used in maintenance therapy (MT) for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to mitigate hepatic toxicity in patients with skewed 6- mercaptopurine metabolism. Allopurinol increases the erythrocyte levels of thioguanine nucleotides (e-TGN), which is the proposed main mediator of the antileukemic effect and decreases methyl mercaptopurine (e-MeMP) levels, associated with hepatotoxicity. We investigated the effects of allopurinol in thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) wild-type patients without previous clinical signs of skewed 6MP metabolism. Fifty-one patients from Sweden and Finland were enrolled in this prospective beforeafter trial during ALL MT. Mean e-TGN increased from 280 nmol/mmol Hb after 12 weeks of standard MT to 440 after 12 weeks of MT with addition of allopurinol 50 mg/m2 (p.

6.
Lancet Reg Health Eur ; 39: 100868, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420107

RESUMO

Background: The clinical management of Child sexual abuse (CSA) demands specialised skills from healthcare professionals due to its sensitivity, legal implications, and serious physical health and mental health effects. Standardised, comprehensive clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) may be pivotal. In this systematic review, we examined existing CSA national CPGs (NCPGs) from European countries to assess their quality and reporting. Methods: We systematically searched six international databases and multiple grey literature sources, reporting by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) standards. Eligible guidelines were CSA guidance from national health agencies or societies in 34 COST Action 19106 Network Countries (CANC), published between January 2012 and November 2022. Two independent researchers searched, screened, reviewed, and extracted data. NCPGs were compared for completeness with reference WHO 2017 and 2019 guidelines. We used the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) to appraise quality and reporting. PROSPERO: CRD42022320747. Findings: Of 2919 records identified by database searches, none met inclusion criteria. Of 4714 records identified by other methods, 24 NCPGs from 17 (50%) of CANC countries were included. In 17 (50%) of eligible countries, no NCPGs were found. Content varied significantly within and between countries. NCPGs lacked many components in state-of-the art clinical practice compared to WHO reference standards, particularly in safety and risk assessment, interactions with caregivers, and mental health interventions. Appraisal by AGREE II revealed shortcomings in NCPG development, regarding scientific rigour, stakeholder involvement, implementation and evaluation. Interpretation: A notable number of European countries lack an NCPG; existing NCPGs often fall short. The healthcare response to CSA in Europe requires a coordinated approach to develop and implement high-quality CPGs. We advocate for a multidisciplinary team to develop a pan-European CSA guideline to ensure quality care for survivors. Funding: Funding was provided by the International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children.

7.
8.
PLOS Glob Public Health ; 3(11): e0002433, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37939078

RESUMO

Studies on experiences of migration in childhood and subsequent health in adulthood report conflicting results. While there is limited research on the long-term health outcomes of refugee children as they transition into adulthood, it is often observed that refugee children experience adverse health conditions upon their arrival in the host country. We examined whether adults with a childhood refugee experience were more likely to have poorer mental health, general health, and risk-behaviours compared to non-refugee migrants and Swedish-born peers We included a nationally representative sample of 18-64-year-olds who answered the Swedish National Public Health survey in 2018 or 2020. Using official register data, we categorized individuals as: 1) refugees in childhood (

9.
Transl Psychiatry ; 13(1): 326, 2023 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37863883

RESUMO

Immune cells and cytokines are largely recognized as significant factors in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders. The possible role of other blood cells such as leukocytes in events of acute psychosis is in contrast only emerging. To study blood-born markers in acute psychosis we here evaluated plasma proteins in drug-naive first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients and healthy controls using a multiplex proximity extension assay technique. We analyzed a panel of 92 immune markers and plasma samples from 60 FEP patients and 50 controls and evaluated the changes obtained using multivariate statistical methods followed by protein pathway analyses. Data showed that 11 proteins are significantly different between FEP patients and healthy controls We observed increases in pro-inflammatory proteins such as interleukin-6, oncostatin-M, and transforming growth factor-alpha in FEP patients compared with controls. Likewise, the extracellular newly identified RAGE-binding protein (EN-RAGE) that regulates the expression of various cytokines was also elevated in the plasma of FEP patients. The results indicate that neutrophil-derived EN-RAGE could play an important role during the early phase of acute psychosis by stimulating cytokines and the immune response targeting thereby likely also the brain vasculature.


Assuntos
Transtornos Psicóticos , Humanos , Biomarcadores , Interleucina-6 , Análise Multivariada , Transtornos Psicóticos/metabolismo
10.
BJPsych Open ; 9(3): e100, 2023 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37226500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The research on the role of father in the foetal programming of health and behaviour has received increasing attention. However, the influences of paternal depressive symptoms and couple relationship satisfaction during pregnancy - potentially mediated via maternal well-being - on the offspring's risk of infections in early life is still seldom assessed. AIMS: The aim was to investigate if paternal psychological distress during pregnancy is associated with elevated risk of recurrent respiratory infections (RRIs) for offspring at 12 months of age, and whether maternal distress mediates the association between paternal distress and offspring RRIs. METHOD: The study population was drawn from the nested case-control cohort of the FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study. Children with RRIs (n = 50) were identified by maternal reports at the age of 12 months, whereas mothers did not report RRIs for the comparison group (n = 716). Parental depressive symptoms were measured with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and couple relationship satisfaction was measured with the Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale. RESULTS: The association between paternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and offspring RRIs was mediated by maternal prenatal depressive symptoms. Additionally, paternal poorer relationship satisfaction was associated with child RRIs independently of maternal distress. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest different pathways through which paternal distress during pregnancy may contribute to elevated risk of offspring RRIs, and more research is needed to study their underlying mechanisms. Paternal distress and couple relationship satisfaction during pregnancy should be assessed and screened as a contributor to offspring health.

12.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 34(4): e13945, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37102387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urban-related nature exposures are suggested to contribute to the rising prevalence of allergic diseases despite little supporting evidence. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of 12 land cover classes and two greenness indices around homes at birth on the development of doctor-diagnosed eczema by the age of 2 years, and the influence of birth season. METHODS: Data from 5085 children were obtained from six Finnish birth cohorts. Exposures were provided by the Coordination of Information on the Environment in three predefined grid sizes. Adjusted logistic regression was run in each cohort, and pooled effects across cohorts were estimated using fixed or random effect meta-analyses. RESULTS: In meta-analyses, neither greenness indices (NDVI or VCDI, 250 m × 250 m grid size) nor residential or industrial/commercial areas were associated with eczema by age of 2 years. Coniferous forest (adjusted odds ratio 1.19; 95% confidence interval 1.01-1.39 for the middle and 1.16; 0.98-1.28 for the highest vs. lowest tertile) and mixed forest (1.21; 1.02-1.42 middle vs. lowest tertile) were associated with elevated eczema risk. Higher coverage with agricultural areas tended to associate with elevated eczema risk (1.20; 0.98-1.48 vs. none). In contrast, transport infrastructure was inversely associated with eczema (0.77; 0.65-0.91 highest vs. lowest tertile). CONCLUSION: Greenness around the home during early childhood does not seem to protect from eczema. In contrast, nearby coniferous and mixed forests may increase eczema risk, as well as being born in spring close to forest or high-green areas.


Assuntos
Eczema , Hipersensibilidade , Criança , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Coorte de Nascimento , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Eczema/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano
13.
BMJ Open ; 13(4): e064008, 2023 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37068895

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a global public health problem with potentially severe health and mental health consequences. Healthcare professionals (HCPs) should be familiar with risk factors and potential indicators of CSA, and able to provide appropriate medical management. The WHO issued global guidelines for the clinical care of children with CSA, based on rigorous review of the evidence base. The current systematic review identifies existing CSA guidelines issued by government agencies and academic societies in the European Region and assesses their quality and clarity to illuminate strengths and identify opportunities for improvement. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This 10-database systematic review will be conducted according to the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination guidelines and will be reported according to The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Guidance for HCPs regarding CSA, written by a national governmental agency or academic society of HCPs within 34 COST Action 19106 Network Countries (CANC) and published in peer-reviewed or grey literature between January 2012 and November 2022, is eligible for inclusion. Two independent researchers will search the international literature, screen, review and extract data. Included guidelines will be assessed for completeness and clarity, compared with the WHO 2017/2019 guidelines on CSA, and evaluated for consistency between the CANC guidelines. The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II tool and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology will be used to evaluate CANC guidelines. Descriptive statistics will summarise content similarities and differences between the WHO guidelines and national guidelines; data will be summarised using counts, frequencies, proportions and per cent agreement between country-specific guidelines and the WHO 2017/2019 guidelines. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: There are no individuals or protected health information involved and no safety issues identified. Results will be published in a peer-reviewed medical journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42022320747.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Delitos Sexuais , Criança , Humanos , Literatura Cinzenta , Saúde Mental , Projetos de Pesquisa
14.
BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med ; 9(1): e001491, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36919120

RESUMO

Objectives: Little is known about figure skaters' mental health. This study aimed to describe anxiety and depression caseness (defined as a screening condition qualifying for psychiatric examination) in competitive figure skaters and analyse factors associated with such caseness. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in April 2019 among all competitive figure skaters in the south-eastern region of Sweden (N=400). The primary outcomes were anxiety caseness, measured using the short-form Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and depression caseness, measured using the WHO-5 index. Multivariable logistic regression models were employed to determine the association between anxiety caseness and explanatory factors. Results: In total, 36% (n=142) of the invited skaters participated. Only females (n=137), mean age 12.9 (SD 3.0) years) were selected for analysis. Of the participating skaters, 47% displayed anxiety caseness and 10% depression caseness. Overweight body image perception (OR 5.9; 95% CI 2.0 to 17.6; p=0.001) and older age (OR 1.2; 95% CI 1.1 to 1.4; p=0.005) were associated with anxiety caseness. Skaters reporting no caseness were younger than those reporting only anxiety caseness (mean age difference -1.9 years; 95% CI -3.1 to -0.7; p=0.001) or anxiety and depression caseness (OR -3.5 years; 95% CI -5.6 to -1.5 years; p<0.001). Conclusion: Anxiety caseness was associated with overweight body image perception and older age in female competitive figure skaters. Older skaters reported generally worse mental health. More research on the mental health of figure skaters is warranted, considering comorbidity and focusing on those needing further assessment and support.

15.
Scand J Occup Ther ; 30(8): 1280-1291, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adults with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) face multiple challenges in obtaining and maintaining employment. AIMS: To identify and describe how adults with ADHD or ASD experienced their ability to work and what factors affected their ability to find a sustainable work situation over time. METHODS: Individual in-depth interviews were performed with 20 purposively sampled participants with ADHD/ASD. Data were analysed inductively using reflexive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Three themes were identified, describing (1) one's own cognitive abilities and challenges, (2) enablement by flexibility and acceptance in the work environment, and (3) accumulated stress that makes the work situation unsustainable over time. CONCLUSIONS: Over time, a lack of continuity and predictability of support measures caused great stress and exhaustion, with severe consequences for working life and in life in general. Adaptations needed to be individually tailored and include nonoccupational factors. SIGNIFICANCE: The study shows that adults with ADHD/ASD need long-term interventions that flexibly adapt to individual needs, as they vary over time. The findings suggest that occupational therapists and other health care providers, employers, employment services and other involved agencies should pay a greater deal of attention to stability and predictability over time.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico , Adulto , Humanos , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia , Cognição , Emprego
16.
Lakartidningen ; 1192022 10 06.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36200945

RESUMO

In their latest survey from 2017/18, the Public Health Agency in Sweden reported an increase in multiple mental health complaints among children and adolescents. The study is part of a collaborative WHO project that started in 1985/86 and collects data every four years. With this background, a working group was commissioned by the Swedish Medical Association to identify areas for improvement within the school system and to work out proposals for effective interventions. In this report, we summarize research data on evidence-based knowledge within five areas. How to promote daily physical activity at school to enhance wellbeing and cognitive abilities; how to balance time on the internet; what is known about school-based intervention programs to promote mental health; the need to adapt knowledge requirements in the national curriculum to children's development and cognitive abilities, and to describe specific risk groups for impaired mental health. Finally, we describe competence-enhancing initiatives and emphasize the need for collaboration between school health, child and adolescent mental health services, pediatrics and the social services.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Adolescente , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Criança , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Instituições Acadêmicas
17.
EClinicalMedicine ; 52: 101641, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36313143

RESUMO

Background: To examine health and health-related behaviors in migrant and refugee individuals who identify as sexual or gender minority, and in comparison to their heterosexual peers. Methods: The study included 168,952 individuals (aged 16-84 years, males: 45·9%, sexual or gender minorities: 3·1%) who answered the Swedish National Public Health Survey in 2018 and 2020. Participants were grouped into Swedish-and Western-born (White) heterosexual, White sexual- or gender minority, migrant heterosexual, migrant sexual- or gender minority, refugee heterosexual, and refugee sexual- or gender minority. Outcomes included mental health (for example suicidal ideation, wellbeing), general health, risky behaviors (risk alcohol use, risk gambling, and substance use), and experiences of violence. Associations between 1) sexual- or gender -ethnic identities and 2) gender-ethnic identities and all outcomes were analyzed using logistic and linear regression adjusting for sex, age, and educational level. Findings: Being a sexual- or gender minority, regardless of ethnic minority status, was associated with worse general health and mental ill-health compared to heterosexual peers including suicidal ideation in refugee sexual- or gender minority individuals (OR 2·42, 95 % CI 1·44-4·08). Ethnic minorities (heterosexual and sexual- or gender minority migrants and refugees) had lower odds of drug and risk alcohol use compared to White heterosexual peers but higher odds of risk gambling (1·88, 1·49-2·37 for refugee heterosexuals). Transgender refugees had high odds for risk gambling (8·62, 1·94-38·40) and exposure to physical violence (7·46, 2·97-18·70). Interpretation: In this national population-based study, sexual and gender minority individuals have worse mental and general health regardless of ethnic minority status. We did not find evidence for worse health in sexual- or gender minority refugees in comparison to migrant, and White sexual- or gender minorities and their heterosexual peers. Transgender individuals (White and ethnic minority) experienced significantly higher levels of physical violence. Public health policy should emphasize preventive measures to reduce exposure to violence and discrimination in sexual- and gender minority individuals, increase access and use of mental healthcare services and sensitise healthcare professionals about higher rates of health and related issues faced by sexual- and gender minority individuals including those with multiple minority identities. Funding: We received no external funding for this study and hence the funder had no role in the study design, data collection, data analysis, data interpretation, writing of the manuscript and the decision to submit.

19.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 11(6): e34969, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35704376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental difficulties with various emotional and behavioral symptoms increase the risk of mental health problems later in life. Although we know that early detection and interventions are effective, there is a lack of intersectoral, integrative, and evidence-based working models to provide these services for preschool children and their parents. PLUSS (Psykisk hälsa Lärande Utveckling Samverkan kring Små barn; English translation: mental health, learning, development, collaboration around preschool children) is a collaborative "one way in" model involving parents, health care providers, preschools, social services, and researchers. PLUSS provides coordinated services to screen, evaluate, and support toddlers with neurodevelopmental problems. It also offers parental interventions and education for preschool teachers. OBJECTIVE: The model will be studied in a research project that aims to investigate (1) using a quasi-experimental study on longitudinal trajectories of neurodevelopmental difficulties and ability to function among participating preschoolers, (2) user satisfaction, and (3) implementation of the model and its effectiveness. The long-term goal is to provide evidence-based, coordinated services to reduce problems related to neurodevelopmental difficulties among preschool children and promote well-being and functioning in everyday life. METHODS: The population of interest is children aged 1.5-5 years, whom the child health care nurse refers for further assessment due to suspected neurodevelopmental problems. Data are collected using questionnaires and semistructured interviews. Measures include sociodemographic data, longitudinal data on neurodevelopmental problems, parental well-being and satisfaction, the effectiveness of parental and preschool teacher training and implementation of the model, and fostered multisectoral collaborations. Data will be analyzed with qualitative and quantitative methods. RESULTS: The PLUSS model has been approved by the National Ethics Review Board (2019-04839). This study was supported by FUTURUM grants 910161 and 910441. Data collection started in April 2019, with the data collection period planned to end in May 2024. CONCLUSIONS: PLUSS is an integrative working model with multiprofessional competence and intersectoral collaboration capacity to help preschool children with neurodevelopmental problems and their parents. It will be studied using quasi-experimental cross-sectional and longitudinal study designs. Data will be collected from parents, health care providers, and preschool teachers, and will be analyzed using quantitative and qualitative methods. The study will run in one Swedish county, and generalizability needs to be studied separately. Loss of follow-up could impact the longitudinal analysis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04815889; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04815889. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/34969.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35445318

RESUMO

The Nordic welfare model is often used as an example for the promotion of health and wellbeing, even in vulnerable groups of children, such as refugees. Nonetheless, there are no published reviews on resilience and/or risk and protective factors for physical and mental health among refugee children living in Nordic countries. In this systematic review, we identified 5181 studies on the topic, screened titles, and abstracts, viewed 632, and finally included 26 studies. These studies described 18 samples with a total of 34,080 individuals ranging in ages 0-18 years. Overall, the studies were of good quality. Nearly all studies assessed adversity. Six studies reported physical health outcomes and all studies mental health outcomes, most often post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety. None explicitly studied resilience. While we found that age and sex are the most frequently studied  risk- and protective factors, findings are inconclusive, since the direction of the associations was different in the different studies. This systematic review indicates that there is still a need for well-designed and -powered studies using clear definitions of key study concepts to examine health outcomes and resilience among refugee children in Nordic countries.

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