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1.
Pharm Pat Anal ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722320

RESUMO

Photoresponsive liposome development is needed to serve as a facile alternative to ELISA which is ineffective for detecting small levels of biomarkers due to low detection sensitivity. The US20210396744 patent application outlines novel photoresponsive liposomes for the detection of target substances with the aid of light. Although versatile, there may be possible stability issues that can be avoided with the appropriate selection of liposome components. Furthermore, the clinical success of this technology depends on many parameters like plasma stability, efficient loading of photosensitive components in the membrane, and immobilization of molecular recognition elements to the membrane. Despite several challenges, they possess enormous potential to become a non-invasive tool for the detection of target substances.

2.
3 Biotech ; 13(2): 52, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36685322

RESUMO

Isoflavones are a sub-class of phenylpropanoids having health benefits and a role in plant defence and plant-rhizobium interaction. Isoflavone conjugate hydrolysis is crucial in determining the bioactivity and bioavailability of these isoflavones inside the human body. This study examined the different characteristics of soy isoflavone conjugate hydrolysing ß-glucosidase (GmICHG) to explore its potential for isoflavone bioavailability enhancement. We cloned the full-length GmICHG cDNA from the soybean seedling roots from the DS2706 variety of 1545 bp. The bioinformatics analysis revealed secretion and glycosylation of this protein. The evolutionary relatedness of this gene to the other glucosidases interestingly had related sequences outside the Papilionaceae family. The protein had a pI above neutral of 7.62 and optimum pH of 6.0, indicating its activity in the extracellular acidic environment. The GmICHG gene expression at three stages of seedling roots gradually rose to 1.84 ± 0.54 fold and a concomitant increase in the ß-glucosidase activity. The enzyme kinetics of GmICHG showed a K m of 6.38 mM and V max of 2.82 U/ml and an optimum temperature of 40 °C. These hint that soy ICHG can be a potent candidate for the isoflavone bioavailability enhancement by hydrolysing their ß-glycosidic bonds. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13205-022-03427-5.

3.
Heliyon ; 9(1): e12867, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691553

RESUMO

Linear manipulators are versatile linear robotics systems that can be reprogrammed to accommodate product changes quickly and are flexible to meet unique requirements. Such robotic systems tend to have higher accuracy, making them the perfect automation solution for those mundane, repetitious tasks. With the demand for linear systems in real-life applications expanding consistently, this paper addresses motion planning and control (MPC) of a new modified unanchored linear manipulator consisting of an n-link robotic arm mounted on a mobile slider along a rail. Using the method of the Lyapunov-based Control Scheme (LbCS), new centralized acceleration-based controllers are designed for the navigation of the system to an unreachable target. Via the scheme, the unanchored manipulator can perform assigned tasks with enhanced reachability. The limitations and singularities of the linear manipulator are treated as artificial obstacles in this motion control scheme. The robotic arm manipulator utilized in this research can reposition its base link to a desired location in the workplace due to changes in work requirements. The effectiveness of the motion planner and the resulting acceleration-based control laws are validated numerically using the Runge-Kutta Method and illustrated via computer simulations. The controllers devised in this research can solve specific and targeted motion control problems of smart cities' modern mechanical systems. The unanchored linear manipulator could be used in various disciplines where pick-and-place, assembly, material handling, and surgical procedures are required.

4.
bioRxiv ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36711589

RESUMO

The geroscience hypothesis states that a therapy that prevents the underlying aging process should prevent multiple aging related diseases. The mTOR (mechanistic target of rapamycin)/insulin and NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) pathways are two of the most validated aging pathways. Yet, it’s largely unclear how they might talk to each other in aging. In genome-wide CRISPRa screening with a novel class of N-O-Methyl-propanamide-containing compounds we named BIOIO-1001, we identified lipid metabolism centering on SIRT3 as a point of intersection of the mTOR/insulin and NAD+ pathways. In vivo testing indicated that BIOIO-1001 reduced high fat, high sugar diet-induced metabolic derangements, inflammation, and fibrosis, each being characteristic of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). An unbiased screen of patient datasets suggested a potential link between the anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects of BIOIO-1001 in NASH models to those in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Directed experiments subsequently determined that BIOIO-1001 was protective in both sporadic and familial ALS models. Both NASH and ALS have no treatments and suffer from a lack of convenient biomarkers to monitor therapeutic efficacy. A potential strength in considering BIOIO-1001 as a therapy is that the blood biomarker that it modulates, namely plasma triglycerides, can be conveniently used to screen patients for responders. More conceptually, to our knowledge BIOIO-1001 is a first therapy that fits the geroscience hypothesis by acting on multiple core aging pathways and that can alleviate multiple conditions after they have set in. Brief Summary: These studies characterize a novel gerotherapy, BIOIO-1001, that identifies lipid metabolism as an intersection of the mTOR and NAD+ pathways.

5.
Cell Commun Signal ; 21(1): 14, 2023 01 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cellular communication network factor 3 (CCN3) has been implicated in the regulation of osteoblast differentiation. However, it is not known if CCN3 can regulate valvular calcification. While macrophages have been shown to regulate valvular calcification, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of this process remain poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the role of macrophage-derived CCN3 in the progression of calcific aortic valve disease. METHODS: Myeloid-specific knockout of CCN3 (Mye-CCN3-KO) and control mice were subjected to a single tail intravenous injection of AAV encoding mutant mPCSK9 (rAAV8/D377Y-mPCSK9) to induce hyperlipidemia. AAV-injected mice were then fed a high fat diet for 40 weeks. At the conclusion of high fat diet feeding, tissues were harvested and subjected to histologic and pathologic analyses. In vitro, bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) were obtained from Mye-CCN3-KO and control mice and the expression of bone morphogenic protein signaling related gene were verified via quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. The BMDM conditioned medium was cocultured with human valvular intersititial cells which was artificially induced calcification to test the effect of the conditioned medium via Western blotting and Alizarin red staining. RESULTS: Echocardiography revealed that both male and female Mye-CCN3-KO mice displayed compromised aortic valvular function accompanied by exacerbated valve thickness and cardiac dysfunction. Histologically, Alizarin-Red staining revealed a marked increase in aortic valve calcification in Mye-CCN3-KO mice when compared to the controls. In vitro, CCN3 deficiency augmented BMP2 production and secretion from bone marrow-derived macrophages. In addition, human valvular interstitial cells cultured with conditioned media from CCN3-deficient BMDMs resulted in exaggerated pro-calcifying gene expression and the consequent calcification. CONCLUSION: Our data uncovered a novel role of myeloid CCN3 in the regulation of aortic valve calcification. Modulation of BMP2 production and secretion in macrophages might serve as a key mechanism for macrophage-derived CCN3's anti-calcification function in the development of CAVD. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Calcinose , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Valva Aórtica/metabolismo , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/metabolismo , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/patologia , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Calcinose/metabolismo , Calcinose/patologia , Células Cultivadas
6.
Int J Pharm ; 634: 122633, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690130

RESUMO

The liquid crystalline phase has attracted tremendous attention from researchers across the globe due to its intriguing properties. In this article, we enumerate the different classes of liquid crystals. Lyotropic liquid crystals (LLCs) exhibit their liquid crystalline nature based on the surrounding solvent media, which opens novel horizons in drug delivery and tissue regeneration. The advantages of LLCs in the said fields and the thermodynamic mechanistic insights responsible for their structural stabilization have been conveyed. Various fabrication and characterization techniques, along with factors influencing the formation of LLCs, have been discussed. Applications in novel therapeutic avenues like bone extracellular matrix, cardiac remodeling, wound management, and implants have been unveiled. Also, regulatory considerations, patent, and clinical portfolios to circumvent the hurdles of clinical translation have been discussed. LLCs could be a promising approach in diverse avenues of tissue regeneration.

7.
8.
Life Sci ; 313: 121271, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526048

RESUMO

Mitochondria are dynamic cellular organelles with diverse functions including energy production, calcium homeostasis, apoptosis, host innate immune signaling, and disease progression. Several viral proteins specifically target mitochondria to subvert host defense as mitochondria stand out as the most suitable target for the invading viruses. They have acquired the capability to control apoptosis, metabolic state, and evade immune responses in host cells, by targeting mitochondria. In this way, the viruses successfully allow the spread of viral progeny and thus the infection. Viruses employ their proteins to alter mitochondrial dynamics and their specific functions by a modulation of membrane potential, reactive oxygen species, calcium homeostasis, and mitochondrial bioenergetics to help them achieve a state of persistent infection. A better understanding of such viral proteins and their impact on mitochondrial forms and functions is the main focus of this review. We also attempt to emphasize the importance of exploring the role of mitochondria in the context of SARS-CoV2 pathogenesis and identify host-virus protein interactions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vírus , Humanos , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , RNA Viral/metabolismo , COVID-19/patologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo
9.
J Neurol ; 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiographic vasoconstriction in reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is often undetectable at symptom onset and the diagnosis relies on clinical presentation. Although thunderclap headache is a hallmark feature of RCVS, the incidence and predictors of long-term headaches (LTH) are incompletely understood. Our study aims were twofold: to examine the sensitivity and specificity of a recently developed score (RCVS2) for vasoconstriction detection in a real-world clinical context and describe the incidence and predictors of LTH beyond the acute phase of RCVS. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with clinical diagnosis of RCVS in a tertiary hospital between 2017 and 2021. We examined associations between demographic factors, comorbidities, medications, imaging characteristics, and LTH (defined as at least one episode present at greater than 6-months follow-up necessitating medication). We separately examined the association between RCVS2 score and angiographic vasoconstriction and computed its sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive value based on established cutoffs (certain ≥ 5, negative ≤ 2). RESULTS: We included 55 patients, 50.5 (± 13.7) years; 41 (75%) female. 25 (49%) patients had LTH; only prior history of headache was significantly associated with LTH [OR 4.3, 95% CI (1.1-16.2), p = 0.03]. We found a significant association between RCVS2 score and angiographic vasoconstriction [OR 1.49, 95% CI (1.18-1.88), p = 0.001]; sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value were 64%, 94%, 95% and 58% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 50% of RCVS patients experienced LTH; only prior headache history was associated with its incidence. The RCVS2 score had a significant association with high specificity and positive predictive value for angiographic vasoconstriction in our cohort, validating its utility in improving the accuracy of diagnosis in the clinical setting.

11.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 55(1): 19, 2022 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542229

RESUMO

This study is aimed at assessing the impact of simultaneous administration of GnRH and prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) 7 days prior to Ovsynch in Hariana cow. Two hundred cyclic cows (> 4 months postpartum) were assigned to control (n = 54) and pre-OV (n = 146). As per Ovsynch protocol, buserelin acetate (10 µg), cloprostenol (500 µg), and buserelin acetate (10 µg) were injected i.m. on days 0, 7, and 9, respectively, in cows irrespective of treatment. But in pre-OV cows, buserelin acetate (10 µg) and cloprostenol (500 µg) were also injected i.m. simultaneously 7 days prior to initiate the Ovsynch protocol. Artificial insemination was performed between 18 and 24 h after the 2nd GnRH of Ovsynch in both treatments. Ultrasonography and blood sampling for hormonal analysis were done on each day of treatment, on day of AI, and 12 days post-AI. Pre-OV treatment resulted to increased (45.20% vs 29.62%; P < 0.05) pregnancy outcomes and higher (P < 0.01) ovulation rate to first GnRH of Ovsynch than control. Cows showing complete luteolysis in response to PGF2α of Ovsynch were also higher (P < 0.05) in pre-OV than control. Greater (P < 0.05) synchronization rate was recorded in pre-OV than control (86.76% and 68.75%). The circulating concentrations of estradiol on day of AI and progesterone on day 12 post-AI were higher (P < 0.01) in cows diagnosed pregnant than non-pregnant in both control and pre-OV treatment. In conclusion, simultaneous administration of GnRH and PGF2α 7 days before Ovsynch improved the synchronization rate and luteal profile in terms of CL area and hence resulted in higher conception rate in Hariana zebu cow.


Assuntos
Dinoprosta , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Gravidez , Feminino , Bovinos , Animais , Busserrelina/farmacologia , Sincronização do Estro/métodos , Progesterona , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Inseminação Artificial/métodos , Cloprostenol/farmacologia , Lactação
12.
Mol Pharm ; 2022 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36573887

RESUMO

Adequate stability, manufacturability, and safety are crucial to bringing an antibody-based biotherapeutic to the market. Following the concept of holistic in silico developability, we introduce a physicochemical description of 91 market-stage antibody-based biotherapeutics based on orthogonal molecular properties of variable regions (Fvs) embedded in different simulation environments, mimicking conditions experienced by antibodies during manufacturing, formulation, and in vivo. In this work, the evaluation of molecular properties includes conformational flexibility of the Fvs using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The comparison between static homology models and simulations shows that MD significantly affects certain molecular descriptors like surface molecular patches. Moreover, the structural stability of a subset of Fv regions is linked to changes in their specific molecular interactions with ions in different experimental conditions. This is supported by the observation of differences in protein melting temperatures upon addition of NaCl. A DEvelopability Navigator In Silico (DENIS) is proposed to compare mAb candidates for their similarity with market-stage biotherapeutics in terms of physicochemical properties and conformational stability. Expanding on our previous developability guidelines (Ahmed et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2021, 118 (37), e2020577118), the hydrodynamic radius and the protein strand ratio are introduced as two additional descriptors that enable a more comprehensive in silico characterization of biotherapeutic drug candidates. Test cases show how this approach can facilitate identification and optimization of intrinsically developable lead candidates. DENIS represents an advanced computational tool to progress biotherapeutic drug candidates from discovery into early development by predicting drug properties in different aqueous environments.

13.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aphis craccivora is the major sap-sucking pest of leguminous crops and vector of plant viruses that cause damage to plants and reduce yield. Indiscriminate and nonjudicious use of synthetic insecticides led to resistance development and harmful to environment. Therefore, it is important to discover plant-based lead(s) which can replace synthetic insecticides. In the current study the residual toxicity of extracts, fractions, and isolated compounds of Aconitum heterophyllum were evaluated against A. craccivora to identify lead(s) for further development of botanical formulation. RESULTS: In residual contact assay, ethanolic (LC50  = 2837.17 mg L-1 ) and aqueous methanolic extracts (LC50  = 2971.59 mg L-1 ) were effective against A. craccivora. Among fractions, the n-butanol fraction of the aqueous methanolic extract (LC50  = 986.96 mg L-1 ) was found to be most effective, followed by the ethyl acetate fraction of the ethanolic extract (LC50  = 1037.52 mg L-1 ) and the n-hexane fraction of both extracts (LC50  = 1113.85 to 1233.11 mg L-1 ). Among pure molecules, aconitic acid was found to be the most effective (68% mortality; LC50  = 1313.19 mg L-1 ) and was on a par with azadirachtin 0.15% EC (66% mortality; LC50  = 1921.10 mg L-1 ). Furthermore, from the effect of ethanoic extract on detoxification enzyme inhibition in A. craccivora we concluded that the target site of action of this extract in A. craccivora might be glutathione S-transferase. CONCLUSIONS: The parent extract/fractions of A. heterophylum showed promising activity against A. craccivora. Among phytoconstituents of the active extract and fractions, aconitic acid was found to be on a par with azadirachtin 0.15% EC. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

14.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-12, 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36576041

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate whether increasing estradiol (E2) during preovulatory period would increase estrous expression, luteal profiles and conception rate in 5d CIDR based timed AI protocol. A total 156 anestrus buffalo allocated (78 per group) to either 5d CIDR-Cosynch (d-5: CIDR + GnRH; d0: PGF2α+CIDR removal; 72 h post-CIDR removal: GnRH) or 5d CIDR-Heatsynch (d-5: CIDR + GnRH; d0: PGF2α+CIDR removal; 24 h post-CIDR removal: estradiol benzoate) group. All the buffaloes inseminated at 72 and 84 h post-CIDR removal. A subset of buffalo (n = 58) were subjected to examination of the follicle diameter and luteal profile during protocol, post-AI on days 5 and 12. The buffalo in 5d CIDR-Heatsynch had greater (p < .05) E2 concentrations, estrus induction and increasing trend (p < .08) for conception rate (57.7% vs. 43.6%) than 5d CIDR-Cosynch. The percentage of pregnant buffalo that exhibited estrus signs was greater (p < .01) in 5d CIDR-Heatsynch than 5d CIDR-Cosynch. Positive correlation (p < .01) was observed between POF and E2 concentrations; POF and CL diameter, CL diameter and P4 concentrations. Estrus response and P4 concentrations were indicators of probability of pregnancy. In conclusion, 5d CIDR-Heatsynch tended to improve conception rate. The estrus expression and P4 concentrations (d5 and 12 post-first-AI) is the indicator of probability of pregnancy in buffalo.

16.
Free Radic Res ; 56(7-8): 555-571, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480684

RESUMO

Redox imbalance plays a crucial role in the development of age-related diseases, and resistance to oxidative stress is crucial for optimum longevity and healthy aging. Using the wild-type, mutant and transgenic strains, this study explored the antioxidative potential and lifespan extension benefits of different Lactobacillus strains in Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). We observed that Lactobacillus brevis MTCC 1750 could enhance the resistance of C. elegans against juglone induced oxidative stress by reducing its intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Also, live L. brevis MTCC 1750 could prolong the worm's lifespan. These effects are dependent on transcription factor DAF-16 evident with significant upregulation of its target gene sod-3. This also explained the significant improvements in different age-associated changes in physiological and mechanical parameters of the worm by L. brevis MTCC 1750. Further investigations revealed that DAF-16 activation and, its enhanced translocation in the nucleus is independent of DAF-2 or JNK pathway. These findings highlighted L. brevis MTCC 1750 as a potent anti-oxidant source for complementing current antioxidant therapeutic strategies. Nonetheless, the findings showed how different signaling events are regulated based on an organism's diet component, and their consequences on the aging process in multiple species.

17.
PLoS Pathog ; 18(12): e1010994, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508467

RESUMO

The emergence of new variants of SARS-CoV-2 necessitates unremitting efforts to discover novel therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Here, we report an extremely potent mAb named P4A2 that can neutralize all the circulating variants of concern (VOCs) with high efficiency, including the highly transmissible Omicron. The crystal structure of the P4A2 Fab:RBD complex revealed that the residues of the RBD that interact with P4A2 are a part of the ACE2-receptor-binding motif and are not mutated in any of the VOCs. The pan coronavirus pseudotyped neutralization assay confirmed that the P4A2 mAb is specific for SARS-CoV-2 and its VOCs. Passive administration of P4A2 to K18-hACE2 transgenic mice conferred protection, both prophylactically and therapeutically, against challenge with VOCs. Overall, our data shows that, the P4A2 mAb has immense therapeutic potential to neutralize the current circulating VOCs. Due to the overlap between the P4A2 epitope and ACE2 binding site on spike-RBD, P4A2 may also be highly effective against a number of future variants.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/química , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/terapia , Camundongos Transgênicos , Testes de Neutralização , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424858

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a public health menace responsible for millions of fatalities and disabilities. Numerous drugs available provide symptomatic relief but cannot stop the progress of secondary injury; thus, it is required to discover newer therapeutic agents that protect neuronal damage after trauma, predominantly in secondary injury. Thus the present study was designed to study the pharmacological potential of zonisamide and Nigella sativa (NS) per se and in combination, using high-impact trauma device (HIT)-induced TBI model in Drosophila melanogaster (fruit flies). Oregon R+ strains of fruit flies were pre-treated, 24 h before TBI, with different concentrations of zonisamide, NS, and their combination. The mortality rate was observed at 0 h, 6 h, and 24 h, followed by measurement of locomotor activity using climbing assay after 6 h and 24 h of TBI. Furthermore, the level of AChE and various neurotransmitters were measured along with different oxidative stress parameters at 24 h after the injury. Administration of zonisamide and NS significantly reduced mortality rate and improved locomotor activity. Both zonisamide and NS elevate levels of AChE, GABA, serotonin, and dopamine level in fruit flies, along with a significant reduction in glutamate levels. Moreover, a concentration-dependent elevation in SOD, GSH, and catalase level and a decrease in MDA and nitrite levels were observed. Co-administration of zonisamide and NS showed tremendous neuroprotective potential by lowering behavior impairments, oxidative damages, and restoring altered neurotransmitter levels in fruit flies compared with individual administration and thus can employ as a better therapeutic medicine for the treatment of TBI.

19.
Indian J Anaesth ; 66(Suppl 6): S339-S340, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36425920
20.
Indian J Occup Environ Med ; 26(3): 172-177, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408426

RESUMO

Background: Several diseases are related to occupation. The workers in chromium mines may be exposed to hazardous environments. The objective of this research was to evaluate the oral health condition and treatment needs of chromium mine workers. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on workers in the chromium mines located in the Jajpur district, Odisha. The study included a total of 453 mine workers. The World Health Organization (WHO) oral health assessment proforma (1997) was used to assess the oral health status and treatment needs of the workers. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to acquire information on socio-demographic data, along with clinical examinations of type III. Frequency distribution analysis and independent-sample t-test were performed. Results: The majority of mineworkers demonstrated poor oral health status with high caries experience (Decayed Missing and Filled Tooth (DMFT) = 3.13 ± 1.82). The prevalence of tobacco consumption was very prevalent among them (74.8%). Leukoplakia (13.2%) was the most commonly noted oromucosal lesions. The buccal mucosa (16.8%) and commissures of the lips (3.3%) were the most common affected sites. Most workers demonstrated poor periodontal conditions. More than half of the mine workers (53.6%) showed malocclusion. Restoration, extraction, and pulp care were needed in most of the workers. Conclusion: A critical intervention should be provided to promote oral hygiene among Indian chromium mine workers. Dental health education and tobacco cessation programs are of utmost importance to improve the health conditions of these workers.

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