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1.
Sch Psychol ; 2023 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37971816

RESUMO

Teacher stress is at an all-time high. The COVID-19 pandemic created unprecedented challenges for teachers, which resulted in a record number of teachers intending to leave the classroom citing stress as a contributing factor. Understanding teachers' positive and negative psychological experiences, or well-being, during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic will inform teacher wellness interventions intended to keep teachers in the classroom. Two hundred forty-six teachers from a suburban school district participated in a survey of well-being indicators, including affect, perceived stress, teaching self-efficacy, and preventive coping. A latent profile analysis identified four patterns of well-being: strained, resilient, lower teaching self-efficacy, and lower emotional well-being. While many teachers were resilient during the crisis, approximately two-thirds experienced global or isolated areas of strain. Additionally, the Classroom Appraisal of Resources and Demands-Revised, a theory-driven assessment of teachers' workplace appraisal of demands and resources, was associated with teachers' strained and resilient well-being profiles, making it a suitable screening tool for these groups. Layered screening and tailored intervention, based on teachers' well-being patterns, may help minimize teacher attrition during and postcrises. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

2.
J Appl Meas ; 21(3): 347-360, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33983904

RESUMO

Research using the National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS) has consistently demonstrated that teachers' reported working conditions are related to both intentions to leave the profession and attrition (Tickle, Chang, and Kim, 2011). However, limited research evaluates teacher appraisals of job-related demands and resources as an antecedent to job dissatisfaction. We tested for differential item functioning (DIF) using a partial credit model approach within a Rasch modeling context to examine whether elementary and secondary teachers with similar overall stress levels respond to the NTPS Demands and Resources items in similar ways. For the Demands items, seven of the items displayed differences that were negligible, four were intermediate, and three items indicated large DIF contrasts. For the Resources items, 10 items displayed differences that were negligible, two were intermediate, and zero items indicated large DIF contrasts. These results indicate elementary and secondary teachers exhibit different appraisal patterns, suggesting implications for the development and use of survey data in public school settings in general, and for the use of the NTPS data in particular.


Assuntos
Professores Escolares , Instituições Acadêmicas , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
J Appl Meas ; 15(4): 405-21, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25232673

RESUMO

This article reports the results of an application of the Rasch rating scale model to the Teaching Strategies GOLD assessment system in a norm sample of children aged birth to 71 months. The analyses focused on the examination of dimensionality, rating scale effectiveness, the hierarchy of item difficulties, and the relationship of developmental scale scores to child age. Results show that each subscale satisfies the Rasch model for unidimensionality. Ratings were found to be less reliable at the lowest and highest ends of the scale and less distinct at 'In-between' levels. Items appear to form theoretically expected hierarchies, supporting evidence for construct validity for the measures. Moderately high correlations of developmental scale scores with child age suggest that teachers are able to make valid ratings of the developmental progress of children across the intended age range.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/classificação , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Docentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Estatísticos , Competência Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/métodos , Pré-Escolar , Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , North Carolina , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
J Prim Prev ; 32(3-4): 147-60, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21833787

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Adults and Children Together (ACT) Against Violence Parents Raising Safe Kids program, developed by the American Psychological Association in collaboration with the National Association for the Education of Young Children, as an economical primary prevention intervention for child maltreatment. Using an experimental design with random assignment to groups, program impact on participating parents' knowledge, behavior, and attitudes compared to those of a comparison group of parents receiving standard community-based support services was examined. As hypothesized, the ACT Parents Raising Safe Kids program achieved positive results in several areas related to effective parenting, including a reduction in the use of harsh verbal and physical discipline and an increase in nurturing behavior. Positive results were observable both at the conclusion of the ACT program and at three-month follow-up. Results further indicated a positive impact on parent expectations and social support for those parents with the greatest need in these areas. Qualitative data collected through focus groups demonstrated that parents themselves perceived numerous benefits to the ACT program, including assistance in controlling their anger, learning and implementing better parenting and discipline strategies, and recognizing when their child's behavior is developmentally appropriate. Overall, findings suggest that the ACT Parents Raising Safe Kids program is a promising primary prevention strategy that can be implemented across diverse community settings.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Desenvolvimento de Programas/métodos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Coleta de Dados , Avaliação Educacional , Escolaridade , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Psicometria , Apoio Social , Estatística como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Violência/prevenção & controle
5.
Am J Orthopsychiatry ; 77(2): 199-205, 2007 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17535117

RESUMO

Acculturation, the process by which individuals or groups transition from one or more cultures into another, can be complex and often stressful. In many cases, reason for immigration can contribute, both positively and negatively, to levels of acculturative stress. Immigrants to the United States from Iraq over the past several decades have shifted in terms of prevalence, reason for and ease of immigration, and pre and postmigration trauma among individuals and groups. The authors examined the psychological by-products of acculturative stress by measuring posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression among three distinct waves of immigrants from Iraq. The authors found support for the hypotheses that these variables were positively correlated with recency of immigration. Implications for psychological practitioners are discussed.


Assuntos
Aculturação , Emigração e Imigração , Refugiados/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Emigração e Imigração/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Iraque/etnologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtorno de Pânico/diagnóstico , Transtorno de Pânico/epidemiologia , Transtorno de Pânico/psicologia , Determinação da Personalidade , Psicometria , Estatística como Assunto , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos , Guerra
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