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1.
Transpl Int ; 37: 12192, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328616

RESUMO

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PcP) remains life-threatening in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). Our study investigated risk factors one-year before PcP. We conducted a monocentric, case-control study including all KTR at the Dijon University Hospital (France) with a diagnosis of PcP between 2005 and 2022 (cases), and matched control KTR with no history of PcP (3 controls/case). Among all 1,135 KTR, 57 cases (5%) and 169 matched-controls were included. PcP was associated with 18% mortality. Compared to controls, cases were older, with a higher immunological risk, and CMV infection was more frequent in the year preceding the occurrence of PcP (23% vs. 4%; p < 0.001). As early as 1 year before PcP, lymphocyte counts were lower and serum creatinine levels were higher in cases, but immunosuppressive regimens were not significantly different. Multivariable analysis identified lymphocyte count, serum creatinine level, being treated by immunosuppressive therapy other than anti-rejection drugs, and CMV infection in the year preceding the time PcP as independently associated with the occurrence of PcP. PcP was associated with an increased risk of subsequent chronic rejection (27% vs. 3%; p = 0.001) and return to dialysis (20% vs. 3%; p = 0.002). The occurrence of CMV infection and a low lymphocyte count could redefine the indications for continuation or reinitiation of anti-Pneumocystis prophylaxis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Rim , Linfopenia , Pneumocystis carinii , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis , Trombocitopenia , Humanos , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/diagnóstico , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/complicações , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Creatinina , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Linfopenia/complicações , Trombocitopenia/complicações , Transplantados , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Clin Kidney J ; 17(2): sfae019, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38370429

RESUMO

Background: The Banff Classification may not adequately address protocol transplant biopsies categorized as normal in patients experiencing unexplained graft function deterioration. This study seeks to employ convolutional neural networks to automate the segmentation of glomerular cells and capillaries and assess their correlation with transplant function. Methods: A total of 215 patients were categorized into three groups. In the Training cohort, glomerular cells and capillaries from 37 patients were manually annotated to train the networks. The Test cohort (24 patients) compared manual annotations vs automated predictions, while the Application cohort (154 protocol transplant biopsies) examined predicted factors in relation to kidney function and prognosis. Results: In the Test cohort, the networks recognized histological structures with Precision, Recall, F-score and Intersection Over Union exceeding 0.92, 0.85, 0.89 and 0.74, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed associations between the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at biopsy and relative endothelial area (r = 0.19, P = .027), endothelial cell density (r = 0.20, P = .017), mean parietal epithelial cell area (r = -0.38, P < .001), parietal epithelial cell density (r = 0.29, P < .001) and mesangial cell density (r = 0.22, P = .010). Multivariate analysis retained only endothelial cell density as associated with eGFR (Beta = 0.13, P = .040). Endothelial cell density (r = -0.22, P = .010) and mean podocyte area (r = 0.21, P = .016) were linked to proteinuria at biopsy. Over 44 ± 29 months, 25 patients (16%) reached the primary composite endpoint (dialysis initiation, or 30% eGFR sustained decline), with relative endothelial area, mean endothelial cell area and parietal epithelial cell density below medians linked to this endpoint [hazard ratios, respectively, of 2.63 (P = .048), 2.60 (P = .039) and 3.23 (P = .019)]. Conclusion: This study automated the measurement of intraglomerular cells and capillaries. Our results suggest that the precise segmentation of endothelial and epithelial cells may serve as a potential future marker for the risk of graft loss.

3.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1190394, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37475859

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Activation of the complement system is involved in the pathogenesis of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease. Glomerular deposits of complement 3 (C3) are often detected on kidney biopsies. The primary objective of this study was to analyze the prognostic value of the serum C3 level and the presence of C3 glomerular deposits in patients with anti-GBM disease. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 150 single-positive patients with anti-GBM disease diagnosed between 1997 and 2017. Patients were categorized according to the serum C3 level (forming a low C3 (C3<1.23 g/L) and a high C3 (C3≥1.23 g/L) groups) and positivity for C3 glomerular staining (forming the C3+ and C3- groups). The main outcomes were kidney survival and patient survival. Results: Of the 150 patients included, 89 (65%) were men. The median [interquartile range (IQR)] age was 45 [26-64]. At diagnosis, kidney involvement was characterized by a median [IQR] peak serum creatinine (SCr) level of 578 [298-977] µmol/L, and 106 (71%) patients required dialysis. Patients in the low C3 group (72 patients) had more severe kidney disease at presentation, as characterized by higher prevalences of oligoanuria, peak SCr ≥500 µmol/L (69%, vs. 53% in the high C3 group; p=0.03), nephrotic syndrome (42%, vs. 24%, respectively; p=0.02) and fibrous forms on the kidney biopsy (21%, vs. 8%, respectively; p=0.04). Similarly, we observed a negative association between the presence of C3 glomerular deposits (in 52 (41%) patients) and the prevalence of cellular forms (83%, vs. 58% in the C3- group; p=0.003) and acute tubulo-interstitial lesions (60%, vs. 36% in the C3- group; p=0.007). When considering patients not on dialysis at diagnosis, the kidney survival rate at 12 months was poorer in the C3+ group (50% [25-76], vs. 91% [78-100] in the C3- group; p=0.01), with a hazard ratio [95% confidence interval] of 5.71 [1.13-28.85] (p=0.04, after adjusting for SCr). Conclusion: In patients with anti-GBM disease, a low serum C3 level and the presence of C3 glomerular deposits were associated with more severe disease and histological kidney involvement at diagnosis. In patients not on dialysis at diagnosis, the presence of C3 deposits was associated with worse kidney survival.


Assuntos
Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/complicações , Prognóstico , Complemento C3/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rim/patologia
4.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol ; 18(8): 1031-1040, 2023 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37283461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IgG4-related kidney disease is a major manifestation of IgG4-related disease, a systemic fibroinflammatory disorder. However, the clinical and prognostic kidney-related factors in patients with IgG4-related kidney disease are insufficiently defined. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study using data from 35 sites in two European countries. Clinical, biologic, imaging, and histopathologic data; treatment modalities; and outcomes were collected from medical records. Logistic regression was performed to identify the possible factors related to an eGFR ≤30 ml/min per 1.73 m 2 at the last follow-up. Cox proportional hazards model was performed to assess the factors associated with the risk of relapse. RESULTS: We studied 101 adult patients with IgG4-related disease with a median follow-up of 24 (11-58) months. Of these, 87 (86%) patients were male, and the median age was 68 (57-76) years. Eighty-three (82%) patients had IgG4-related kidney disease confirmed by kidney biopsy, with all biopsies showing tubulointerstitial involvement and 16 showing glomerular lesions. Ninety (89%) patients were treated with corticosteroids, and 18 (18%) patients received rituximab as first-line therapy. At the last follow-up, the eGFR was below 30 ml/min per 1.73 m 2 in 32% of patients; 34 (34%) patients experienced a relapse, while 12 (13%) patients had died. By Cox survival analysis, the number of organs involved (hazard ratio [HR], 1.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 1.55) and low C3 and C4 concentrations (HR, 2.31; 95% CI, 1.10 to 4.85) were independently associated with a higher risk of relapse, whereas first-line therapy with rituximab was protective (HR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.06 to 0.78). At their last follow-up, 19 (19%) patients had an eGFR ≤30 ml/min per 1.73 m 2 . Age (odd ratio [OR], 1.11; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.20), peak serum creatinine (OR, 2.74; 95% CI, 1.71 to 5.47), and serum IgG4 level ≥5 g/L (OR, 4.46; 95% CI, 1.23 to 19.40) were independently predictive for severe CKD. CONCLUSIONS: IgG4-related kidney disease predominantly affected middle-aged men and manifested as tubulointerstitial nephritis with potential glomerular involvement. Complement consumption and the number of organs involved were associated with a higher relapse rate, whereas first-line therapy with rituximab was associated with lower relapse rate. Patients with high serum IgG4 concentrations (≥5 g/L) had more severe kidney disease.


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4 , Nefrite Intersticial , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/complicações , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/diagnóstico , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Prognóstico , Rim/patologia , Nefrite Intersticial/patologia , Imunoglobulina G , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 38(12): 2786-2798, 2023 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37197910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interstitial inflammation and peritubular capillaritis are observed in many diseases on native and transplant kidney biopsies. A precise and automated evaluation of these histological criteria could help stratify patients' kidney prognoses and facilitate therapeutic management. METHODS: We used a convolutional neural network to evaluate those criteria on kidney biopsies. A total of 423 kidney samples from various diseases were included; 83 kidney samples were used for the neural network training, 106 for comparing manual annotations on limited areas to automated predictions, and 234 to compare automated and visual gradings. RESULTS: The precision, recall and F-score for leukocyte detection were, respectively, 81%, 71% and 76%. Regarding peritubular capillaries detection the precision, recall and F-score were, respectively, 82%, 83% and 82%. There was a strong correlation between the predicted and observed grading of total inflammation, as for the grading of capillaritis (r = 0.89 and r = 0.82, respectively, all P < .0001). The areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves for the prediction of pathologists' Banff total inflammation (ti) and peritubular capillaritis (ptc) scores were respectively all above 0.94 and 0.86. The kappa coefficients between the visual and the neural networks' scores were respectively 0.74, 0.78 and 0.68 for ti ≥1, ti ≥2 and ti ≥3, and 0.62, 0.64 and 0.79 for ptc ≥1, ptc ≥2 and ptc ≥3. In a subgroup of patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy, the inflammation severity was highly correlated to kidney function at biopsy on univariate and multivariate analyses. CONCLUSION: We developed a tool using deep learning that scores the total inflammation and capillaritis, demonstrating the potential of artificial intelligence in kidney pathology.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Transplante de Rim , Vasculite , Humanos , Capilares/patologia , Inteligência Artificial , Rim/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Vasculite/patologia , Biópsia , Rejeição de Enxerto/patologia
6.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 38(7): 1741-1751, 2023 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36792061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the MEST-C classification is among the best prognostic tools in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), it has a wide interobserver variability between specialized pathologists and others. Therefore we trained and evaluated a tool using a neural network to automate the MEST-C grading. METHODS: Biopsies of patients with IgAN were divided into three independent groups: the Training cohort (n = 42) to train the network, the Test cohort (n = 66) to compare its pixel segmentation to that made by pathologists and the Application cohort (n = 88) to compare the MEST-C scores computed by the network or by pathologists. RESULTS: In the Test cohort, >73% of pixels were correctly identified by the network as M, E, S or C. In the Application cohort, the neural network area under the receiver operating characteristics curves were 0.88, 0.91, 0.88, 0.94, 0.96, 0.96 and 0.92 to predict M1, E1, S1, T1, T2, C1 and C2, respectively. The kappa coefficients between pathologists and the network assessments were substantial for E, S, T and C scores (kappa scores of 0.68, 0.79, 0.73 and 0.70, respectively) and moderate for M score (kappa score of 0.52). Network S and T scores were associated with the occurrence of the composite survival endpoint (death, dialysis, transplantation or doubling of serum creatinine) [hazard ratios 9.67 (P = .006) and 7.67 (P < .001), respectively]. CONCLUSIONS: This work highlights the possibility of automated recognition and quantification of each element of the MEST-C classification using deep learning methods.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Glomerulonefrite por IGA , Humanos , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/patologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Diálise Renal , Automação , Biópsia
7.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(3)2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35327036

RESUMO

This study sought to identify risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) from pre-operative variables in a population of subjects aged over 65. Eligible patients were aged 65 years or over who underwent scheduled non-cardiac, non-ambulatory surgery. Patients with a diagnosis of AKI recorded in the hospital's databases were considered since cases, from which 300 patients with no diagnosis of AKI, were drawn at random as controls. In total, 81 cases of post-operative AKI and 239 controls were identified. The incidence of post-operative AKI was 2.87%. Pre-operative creatinine level (p = 0.0001), a history of respiratory insufficiency (p = 0.04), prior vascular surgery (p = 0.0001) and abdominal surgery (p = 0.03) were associated with an increased risk of AKI after surgery. These four variables calculated a score and developed a nomogram for predicting occurrence of post-operative AKI. A history of renal disease was associated with increased risk of post-operative AKI, predominantly in cases of vascular or abdominal surgery.

8.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol ; 17(2): 260-270, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34862241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prognosis of patients undergoing kidney tumor resection or kidney donation is linked to many histologic criteria. These criteria notably include glomerular density, glomerular volume, vascular luminal stenosis, and severity of interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy. Automated measurements through a deep-learning approach could save time and provide more precise data. This work aimed to develop a free tool to automatically obtain kidney histologic prognostic features. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: In total, 241 samples of healthy kidney tissue were split into three independent cohorts. The "Training" cohort (n=65) was used to train two convolutional neural networks: one to detect the cortex and a second to segment the kidney structures. The "Test" cohort (n=50) assessed their performance by comparing manually outlined regions of interest to predicted ones. The "Application" cohort (n=126) compared prognostic histologic data obtained manually or through the algorithm on the basis of the combination of the two convolutional neural networks. RESULTS: In the Test cohort, the networks isolated the cortex and segmented the elements of interest with good performances (>90% of the cortex, healthy tubules, glomeruli, and even globally sclerotic glomeruli were detected). In the Application cohort, the expected and predicted prognostic data were significantly correlated. The correlation coefficients r were 0.85 for glomerular volume, 0.51 for glomerular density, 0.75 for interstitial fibrosis, 0.71 for tubular atrophy, and 0.73 for vascular intimal thickness, respectively. The algorithm had a good ability to predict significant (>25%) tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis level (receiver operator characteristic curve with an area under the curve, 0.92 and 0.91, respectively) or a significant vascular luminal stenosis (>50%) (area under the curve, 0.85). CONCLUSION: This freely available tool enables the automated segmentation of kidney tissue to obtain prognostic histologic data in a fast, objective, reliable, and reproducible way.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Rim/patologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
9.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 720402, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540869

RESUMO

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients exhibit clinical features of premature ageing, including frailty, cardiovascular disease, and muscle wasting. Accelerated ageing also concerns the immune system. Patients with ESRD have both immune senescence and chronic inflammation that are resumed in the so-called inflammaging syndrome. Immune senescence is particularly characterised by premature loss of thymic function that is associated with hyporesponsiveness to vaccines, susceptibility to infections, and death. ESRD-related chronic inflammation has multiple causes and participates to accelerated cardiovascular disease. Although, both characterisation of immune senescence and its consequences are relatively well-known, mechanisms are more uncertain. However, prevention of immune senescence/inflammation or/and rejuvenation of the immune system are major goal to ameliorate clinical outcomes of ESRD patients.

11.
BMC Nephrol ; 22(1): 278, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376184

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The recent COVID-19 pandemic has raised concerns about patient diagnosis and follow-up of chronically ill patients. Patients suffering from chronic illnesses, concomitantly infected by SARS-CoV-2, globally tend to have a worse prognosis and poor outcomes. Renal tropism and acute kidney injury following SARS-CoV-2 infection has recently been described in the literature, with elevated mortality rates. Furthermore, patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease, infected by SARS-CoV-2, should be monitored carefully. Here, we report the case of a 69-year-old patient with splenic marginal zone lymphoma, suffering from longstanding chronic kidney disease following SARS-CoV-2 infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 69-year-old male patient previously diagnosed with pulmonary embolism and splenic marginal zone lymphoma (Splenomegaly, Matutes 2/5, CD5 negative and CD23 positive), was admitted to the hospital with shortness of breath, fever and asthenia. A nasopharyngeal swab test was performed in addition to a CT-scan, which confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Blood creatinine increased following SARS-CoV-2 infection at 130 µmol/l, with usual values at 95 µmol/l. The patient was discharged at home with rest and symptomatic medical treatment (paracetamol and hydration), then readmitted to the hospital in August 2020. A kidney biopsy was therefore conducted as blood creatinine levels were abnormally elevated. Immunodetection performed in a renal biopsy specimen confirmed co-localization of SARS-CoV2 nucleocapsid and protease 3C proteins with ACE2, Lewis x and sialyl-Lewis x antigens in proximal convoluted tubules and podocytes. Co-localization of structural and non-structural viral proteins clearly demonstrated viral replication in proximal convoluted tubules in this chronically ill patient. Additionally, we observed the co-localization of sialyl-Lewis x and ACE2 receptors in the same proximal convoluted tubules. Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction test performed on the kidney biopsy was negative, with very low Ct levels (above 40). The patient was finally readmitted to the haematology department for initiation of chemotherapy, including CHOP protocol and Rituximab. CONCLUSIONS: Our case emphasizes on the importance of monitoring kidney function in immunosuppressed patients and patients suffering from cancer following SARS-CoV-2 infection, through histological screening. Further studies will be required to decipher the mechanisms underlying chronic kidney disease and the putative role of sialyl-Lewis x and HBGA during SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Túbulos Renais/virologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Replicação Viral , Idoso , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/análise , Biópsia , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo de Coronavírus/análise , Creatinina/sangue , Humanos , Rim/química , Rim/patologia , Rim/virologia , Túbulos Renais/química , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Antígenos CD15/análise , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/complicações , Masculino , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Antígeno Sialil Lewis X/análise , Neoplasias Esplênicas/complicações
14.
J Clin Med ; 9(10)2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33086719

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Renal transplant recipients have a high peri-operative risk for cardiovascular events. The post-transplantation period also carries a risk of myocardial infarction (MI). Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death in these patients. We aimed to assess the risk of MI, the specific morbidity profile of MI after transplantation as well as the long-term prognosis after MI in renal transplantation (RT) patients regarding cardiovascular (CV) death and all-cause death. METHODS: From a French national medical information database, all of the patients seen in French hospitals in 2013 with at least 5-years follow-up were retrospectively identified and patients without transplantation but with previous dialysis at baseline were excluded. There were 17,526 patients with RT and 3,288,857 with no RT. RESULTS: Among these patients, 1020 in the RT group (5.8%), and 93,320 in the non-RT group (2.8%) suffered acute MI during a median follow-up of 5.4 years. After multivariable adjustment, risk of MI was higher in RT patients than in non-RT patients (HR 1.45, IC 95% 1.35-1.55). The mean age was 59.5 years for transplant patients with MI, and 70.6 years for the reference population with MI (p < 0.0001). MI patients with RT (vs. non RT patients) were more likely to have hypertension, diabetes dyslipidemia, and peripheral artery disease (76.0% vs. 48.1%, 38.7% vs. 25.2%, 33.2% vs. 23.2%, and 31.2% vs. 17.3%, respectively, p < 0.0001). Incidence of non ST-elevation MI (NSTEMI) was higher in RT patients while incidence of ST-elevation MI (STEMI) was higher in patients without RT. In unadjusted analysis, risk of all-cause death and CV death within the first month after MI were higher in patients without RT (18% vs. 11.1% p < 0.0001 and 12.3% vs. 7.8%, p < 0.0001, respectively). However, multivariable analysis indicated that risk of all-cause death was higher in patients with RT than in those with no RT (adjusted HR 1.15 IC 95% 1.03-1.28). CONCLUSIONS: MI is not an uncommon complication after RT (incidence of around 5.8% after 5 years). RT is independently associated with a 45% higher risk of MI than in patients without RT, with a predominance of NSTEMI. MI in patients with RT is independently associated with a 15% higher risk of all-cause death than that in patients with MI and no RT.

15.
Anaerobe ; 61: 102099, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513845

RESUMO

Fusobacterium nucleatum is a common oral commensal bacterium capable of severe invasive infections. We report a case of a diffuse bilateral pneumopathy with F. nucleatum-positive blood culture successfully treated by common antibiotics in a patient receiving eculizumab for a drug-induced thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). It is the first described case of a severe F. nucleatum-associated infection in a patient undergoing terminal complement inhibitor therapy. We suggest providing preventive dental care before eculizumab initiation.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Bacteriemia/etiologia , Infecções por Fusobacterium/diagnóstico , Infecções por Fusobacterium/etiologia , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Pneumonia Bacteriana/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Bacteriana/etiologia , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Ânus/complicações , Neoplasias do Ânus/tratamento farmacológico , Inativadores do Complemento/efeitos adversos , Inativadores do Complemento/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Infecções por Fusobacterium/tratamento farmacológico , Fusobacterium nucleatum/genética , Humanos , Pneumonia Bacteriana/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia Doppler
16.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 35(4): 624-632, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30202981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are more prone to develop premature age-related diseases. Data on immune senescence are scarce in CKD populations, except in end-stage renal disease and dialysis. We designed a longitudinal prospective study to evaluate immune senescence at different CKD stages and its influence on CKD patient outcomes. METHODS: Clinical and biological data collections were performed on 222 patients at different CKD stages [1-2 (n = 85), 4 (n = 53) and 5 (n = 84)]. Immune senescence biomarkers were measured by cytometry on T cells (CD28, CD57, CD45RA, CD31, γH2A.X) or by quantitative polymerase chain reaction [relative telomere length (RTL)] on peripheral blood mononuclear cells and analysed according to CKD stages and outcomes. RESULTS: CKD was associated with an increase in immune senescence and inflammation biomarkers, as follows: low thymic output (197 ± 25 versus 88 ± 13 versus 73 ± 21 CD4+CD45RA+CD31+ T cells/mm3), an increased proportion of terminally differentiated T cells (CD8+CD28-CD57+) (24 ± 18 versus 32 ± 17 versus 35 ± 19%) restricted to cytomegalovirus-positive patients, telomere shortening (1.11 ± 0.36 versus 0.78 ± 0.24 versus 0.97 ± 0.21 telomere:single copy ratio) and an increase in C-reactive protein levels [median 2.9 (range 1.8-4.9) versus 5.1 (27-9.6) versus 6.2 (3.4-10.5) mg/L]. In multivariate analysis, shorter RTL was associated with death {hazard ratio [HR] 4.12 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.44-11.75]}. Low thymic output was associated with infections [HR 1.79 (95% CI (1.34-9.58)] and terminally differentiated CD8+ T-cell expansion with a risk of cardiovascular events [CEs; HR 4.86 (95% CI 1.72-13.72)]. CONCLUSION: CKD was associated with premature immune ageing. Each of these alterations increased the risk of specific age-related diseases, such as RTL and death, thymic function and infections and terminally differentiated CD8+ T-cell expansion and CEs.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/patologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/imunologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Uremia/complicações , Idoso , Envelhecimento/imunologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Ativação Linfocitária , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Telômero/genética
17.
Nephrol Ther ; 16(1): 9-18, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848067

RESUMO

Immune senescence is associated with age-related diseases (i.e. infectious disease, cardiovascular diseases and cancers). Chronic kidney disease patients die prematurely when compared with general population, because of a higher occurrence of infections, cardiovascular events and cancer. These diseases are commonly observed in the elderly population and frequently associated with immune senescence. Indeed, chronic kidney disease causes a premature aging of the T lymphocyte compartment, widely related to a decrease in thymic function, a phenomenon that plays a key role in the onset of age-related diseases in chronic kidney disease patients. The degree of immune senescence also influences patients' outcome after renal transplantation, particularly the risk of acute rejection and infections. Partial reversion of pre-transplant immune senescence is observed for some renal transplant patients. In conclusion, to reduce the increasing incidence of morbidity and mortality of chronic kidney disease patients, a better knowledge of uremia-induced immune senescence would help to pave the way to build clinical studies and promote innovative therapeutic approaches. We believe that therapeutic reversion and immune senescence prevention approaches will be part of the management of chronic kidney disease patients in the future.


Assuntos
Senilidade Prematura/imunologia , Imunossenescência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/imunologia , Humanos
20.
Immun Ageing ; 15: 16, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30026783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) causes premature ageing of the immune system. However, it is not known whether hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) similarly affect the T cell system. METHODS: The aim of our study was to analyse whether dialysis modality may mitigate ESRD-induced immune senescence. We explored a large population of patients (675 ESRD patients) and both confirmed and refined the results in a second cohort (84 patients). RESULTS: HD patients exhibited higher inflammatory monocytes counts (44/mm3 (1-520) vs 36/mm3 (1-161); p = 0.005). Patients on HD also had higher frequency of CD8 T cells (24% (7-61) vs 22% (8-42); p = 0.003) and reduced CD4/CD8 ratio. Such results were confirmed in the second cohort. Moreover, both CD4 + CD57 + CD28- (3.25% (0-38.2) vs 1.05% (0-28.5); p = 0.068) and CD8 + CD57 + CD28- (38.5% (3.6-76.8) vs 26.1 (2.1-46.9); p = 0.039) T cells frequencies were increased in HD patients. Telomere length did not differ according to dialysis modality, but was inversely related to ferritin levels (r = - 0.33; p = 0.003). There was a trend towards higher telomerase activity in PD patients (11 ± 13 vs 6 ± 11; p = 0.053). Thymic function was not different in PD and HD patients. Patients on PD before transplantation had a higher risk of acute rejection after kidney transplantation (HR, 1.61; 95%CI, 1.02 to 2.56; p = 0.041). CONCLUSIONS: More pronounced inflammation with hemodialysis may induce premature aging of the immune system. This observation correlates with a lower risk of acute kidney rejection in patients previously on HD. Clinical consequences in patients maintained on dialysis should be determined. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial registration: NCT02843867, registered July 8, 2016.

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