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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 931: 172873, 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692330

RESUMO

Carbapenem resistance's global proliferation poses a significant public health challenge. The primary resistance mechanism is carbapenemase production. In this study, we discovered a novel carbapenemase, RATA, located on the chromosome of Riemerella anatipestifer isolates. This enzyme shares ≤52 % amino acid sequence identity with other known ß-lactamases. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests and kinetic assays demonstrated that RATA could hydrolyze not only penicillins and extended-spectrum cephalosporins but also monobactams, cephamycins, and carbapenems. Furthermore, its activity was readily inhibited by ß-lactamase inhibitors. Bioinformatic analysis revealed 46 blaRATA-like genes encoding 27 variants in the NCBI database, involving 21 different species, including pathogens, host-associated bacteria, and environmental isolates. Notably, blaRATA-positive strains were globally distributed and primarily collected from marine environments. Concurrently, taxonomic analysis and GC content analysis indicated that blaRATA orthologue genes were predominantly located on the chromosomes of Flavobacteriaceae and shared a similar GC content as Flavobacteriaceae. Although no explicit mobile genetic elements were identified by genetic environment analysis, blaRATA-2 possessed the ability of horizontal transfer in R. anatipestifer via natural transformation. This work's data suggest that RATA is a new chromosome-encoded class A carbapenemase, and Flavobacteriaceae from marine environments could be the primary reservoir of the blaRATA gene.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , beta-Lactamases , beta-Lactamases/genética , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia
2.
Science ; 384(6695): 557-563, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696573

RESUMO

Hydrogels are an attractive category of biointerfacing materials with adjustable mechanical properties, diverse biochemical functions, and good ionic conductivity. Despite these advantages, their application in electronics has been restricted because of their lack of semiconducting properties, and they have traditionally only served as insulators or conductors. We developed single- and multiple-network hydrogels based on a water-soluble n-type semiconducting polymer, endowing conventional hydrogels with semiconducting capabilities. These hydrogels show good electron mobilities and high on/off ratios, enabling the fabrication of complementary logic circuits and signal amplifiers with low power consumption and high gains. We demonstrate that hydrogel electronics with good bioadhesive and biocompatible interface can sense and amplify electrophysiological signals with enhanced signal-to-noise ratios.

3.
Sci Adv ; 10(14): eadk0647, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569023

RESUMO

Conjugated polymers have demonstrated promising optoelectronic properties, but their brittleness and poor mechanical characteristics have hindered their fabrication into durable fibers and textiles. Here, we report a universal approach to continuously producing highly strong, ultratough conjugated polymer fibers using a flow-enhanced crystallization (FLEX) method. These fibers exhibit one order of magnitude higher tensile strength (>200 megapascals) and toughness (>80 megajoules per cubic meter) than traditional semiconducting polymer fibers and films, outperforming many synthetic fibers, ready for scalable production. These fibers also exhibit unique strain-enhanced electronic properties and exceptional performance when used as stretchable conductors, thermoelectrics, transistors, and sensors. This work not only highlights the influence of fluid mechanical effects on the crystallization and mechanical properties of conjugated polymers but also opens up exciting possibilities for integrating these functional fibers into wearable electronics.

4.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate corpus callosum (CC) size in fetuses with malformations of cortical development (MCD) and to explore the diagnostic value of three CC length (CCL) ratios in identifying cortical abnormalities. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective study in singleton fetuses at 20-37 weeks of gestation between April 2017 and August 2022. The midsagittal plane of the fetal brain was obtained and evaluated for the following variables: length, height, area of the corpus callosum, and relevant markers, including the ratios of corpus callosum length to internal cranial occipitofrontal dimension (CCL/ICOFD), corpus callosum length to femur length (CCL/FL), and corpus callosum length to cerebellar vermian diameter (CCL/VD). Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate measurement consistency. The accuracy of biometric measurements in prediction of MCD was assessed using the area under the receiver-operating-characteristics curves (AUC). RESULTS: Fetuses with MCD had a significantly decreased CCL, height (genu and splenium), and area as compared with those of normal fetuses (P < .05), but there was no significant difference in body height (P = .326). The CCL/ICOFD, CCL/FL, and CCL/VD ratios were significantly decreased in fetuses with MCD when compared with controls (P < .05). The CCL/ICOFD ratio offered the highest predictive accuracy for MCD, yielding an AUC of 0.856 (95% CI: 0.774-0.938, P < .001), followed by CCL/FL ratio (AUC, 0.780 (95% CI: 0.657-0.904), P < .001), CCL/VD ratio (AUC, 0.677 (95% CI: 0.559-0.795), P < .01). CONCLUSION: The corpus callosum biometric parameters in fetuses with MCD are reduced. The CCL/ICOFD ratio derived from sonographic measurements is considered a promising tool for the prenatal detection of cortical malformations. External validation of these findings and prospective studies are warranted.

5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 275: 116275, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564858

RESUMO

Compound pollution with cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) is common in nature. The effects of compounded Cd and Zn on the growth and development of Iris pseudacorus in the environment and the plant's potential to remediate heavy metals in the environment remain unclear. In this study, the effects of single and combined Cd and Zn stress on I. pseudacorus growth and the enrichment of heavy metals in I. pseudacorus seedlings were investigated. The results showed that under Cd (160 µM) and Zn (800 µM) stress, plant growth was significantly inhibited and photosynthetic performance was affected. Cd+Zn200 (160 µM + 200 µM) reduced the levels of malondialdehyde, hydrogen peroxide, and non-protein thiols by 31.29%, 53.20%, and 13.29%, respectively, in the aboveground tissues compared with levels in the single Cd treatment. However, Cd+Zn800 (160 µM + 800 µM) had no effect. Cd and Zn800 inhibited the absorption of mineral elements, while Zn200 had little effect on plants. Compared with that for Cd treatment alone, Cd + Zn200 and Cd+Zn800 reduced the Cd content in aboveground tissues by 54.15% and 49.92%, respectively, but had no significant effect on Cd in the root system. Zn significantly reduced the Cd content in subcellular components and limited the content and proportion of Cd extracted using water and ethanol. These results suggest that a low supply of Zn reduces Cd accumulation in aboveground tissues by promoting antioxidant substances and heavy metal chelating agents, thus protecting the photosynthetic systems. The addition of Zn also reduced the mobility and bioavailability of Cd to alleviate its toxicity in I. pseudacorus.


Assuntos
Gênero Iris , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cádmio/análise , Zinco/toxicidade , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
7.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e29199, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617971

RESUMO

Tumor vascular normalization profoundly affects the advancement of cancer therapy. Currently, with the rapid increase in research on tumor vascular normalization, few analytical and descriptive studies have investigated the trends in its development, key research power, present research hotspots, and future outlooks. In this study, articles and reviews published between January 1, 2003, and October 29, 2022 were retrieved from Web of Science database. Subsequently, published research trends, countries/regions, institutions, authors, journals, references, and keywords were analyzed based on traditional bibliometric laws (such as Price's exponential growth, Bradford's, Lotka's, and Zipf's). Our results showed that the last two decades have seen an increase in tumor vascular normalization research. USA emerged as the preeminent contributor to the field, boasting the highest H-index and accruing the greatest quantity of publications and citations. Among institutions, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard University made significant contributions, and Professor RK Jain was identified as a key leader in this field. Out of 583 academic journals, Cancer Research and Clinical Cancer Research published the most articles on vascular normalization. The research focal points in the field primarily include immunotherapy, tumor microenvironments, nanomedicine, and emerging frontier themes such as metabolism and mechanomedicine. Concurrently, the challenges of vascular normalization in cancer are discussed as well. In conclusion, the study presented a thorough analysis of the literature covering the past 20 years on vascular normalization in cancer, highlighting leading countries, institutions, authors, journals, and the emerging research focal points in this field. Future studies will advance the ongoing efforts in the field of tumor vascular normalization, aiming to enhance our ability to effectively manage and treat cancer.

8.
Mil Med Res ; 11(1): 22, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is usually caused by hepatic inflow occlusion during liver surgery, and is frequently observed during war wounds and trauma. Hepatocyte ferroptosis plays a critical role in liver I/R injury, however, it remains unclear whether this process is controlled or regulated by members of the DEAD/DExH-box helicase (DDX/DHX) family. METHODS: The expression of DDX/DHX family members during liver I/R injury was screened using transcriptome analysis. Hepatocyte-specific Dhx58 knockout mice were constructed, and a partial liver I/R operation was performed. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) in the liver post I/R suggested enhanced ferroptosis by Dhx58hep-/-. The mRNAs and proteins associated with DExH-box helicase 58 (DHX58) were screened using RNA immunoprecipitation-sequencing (RIP-seq) and IP-mass spectrometry (IP-MS). RESULTS: Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) decreased the expression of the IFN-stimulated gene Dhx58 in hepatocytes and promoted hepatic ferroptosis, while treatment using IFN-α increased DHX58 expression and prevented ferroptosis during liver I/R injury. Mechanistically, DHX58 with RNA-binding activity constitutively associates with the mRNA of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), a central ferroptosis suppressor, and recruits the m6A reader YT521-B homology domain containing 2 (YTHDC2) to promote the translation of Gpx4 mRNA in an m6A-dependent manner, thus enhancing GPX4 protein levels and preventing hepatic ferroptosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides mechanistic evidence that IFN-α stimulates DHX58 to promote the translation of m6A-modified Gpx4 mRNA, suggesting the potential clinical application of IFN-α in the prevention of hepatic ferroptosis during liver I/R injury.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Camundongos , Diclorodifenil Dicloroetileno , Hepatócitos , Interferon-alfa , RNA , RNA Mensageiro
9.
Clin Proteomics ; 21(1): 29, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas (ACPs) are rare benign epithelial tumours with high recurrence and poor prognosis. Biological differences between recurrent and primary ACPs that may be associated with disease recurrence and treatment have yet to be evaluated at the proteomic level. In this study, we aimed to determine the proteomic profiles of paired recurrent and primary ACP, gain biological insight into ACP recurrence, and identify potential targets for ACP treatment. METHOD: Patients with ACP (n = 15) or Rathke's cleft cyst (RCC; n = 7) who underwent surgery at Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China and received pathological confirmation of ACP or RCC were enrolled in this study. We conducted a proteomic analysis to investigate the characteristics of primary ACP, paired recurrent ACP, and RCC. Western blotting was used to validate our proteomic results and assess the expression of key tumour-associated proteins in recurrent and primary ACPs. Flow cytometry was performed to evaluate the exhaustion of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in primary and recurrent ACP tissue samples. Immunohistochemical staining for CD3 and PD-L1 was conducted to determine differences in T-cell infiltration and the expression of immunosuppressive molecules between paired primary and recurrent ACP samples. RESULTS: The bioinformatics analysis showed that proteins differentially expressed between recurrent and primary ACPs were significantly associated with extracellular matrix organisation and interleukin signalling. Cathepsin K, which was upregulated in recurrent ACP compared with that in primary ACP, may play a role in ACP recurrence. High infiltration of T cells and exhaustion of TILs were revealed by the flow cytometry analysis of ACP. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a preliminary description of the proteomic differences between primary ACP, recurrent ACP, and RCC. Our findings serve as a resource for craniopharyngioma researchers and may ultimately expand existing knowledge of recurrent ACP and benefit clinical practice.

10.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1376427, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38685960

RESUMO

Under salt stress, recretohalophyte Plumbago auriculata tetraploids enhance salt tolerance by increasing selective secretion of Na+ compared with that in diploids, although the mechanism is unclear. Using non-invasive micro-test technology, the effect of salt gland Ca2+ content on Na+ and K+ secretion were investigated in diploid and tetraploid P. auriculata under salt stress. Salt gland Ca2+ content and secretion rates of Na+ and K+ were higher in tetraploids than in diploids under salt stress. Addition of exogenous Ca2+ increased the Ca2+ content of the salt gland in diploids and is accompanied by an increase in the rate of Na+ and K+ secretion. With addition of a Ca2+ channel inhibitor, diploid salt glands retained large amounts of Ca2+, leading to higher Ca2+ content and Na+ secretion rate than those of tetraploids. Inhibiting H2O2 generation and H+-ATPase activity altered Na+ and K+ secretion rates in diploids and tetraploids under salt stress, indicating involvement in regulating Na+ and K+ secretion. Our results indicate that the increased Na+ secretion rate of salt gland in tetraploids under salt stress was associated with elevated Ca2+ content in salt gland.

11.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1365615, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38686195

RESUMO

Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) develops slowly and lacks obvious symptoms in the early stage, which makes early screening and diagnosis difficult. Urine collection is simple and is an ideal source of biomarkers. In this study, we performed urinary proteomic studies in PCa patients to screen proteins and apply them to the non-invasive early diagnosis of PCa. Method: Urine samples from PCa patients, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients and normal control group were collected. Mass spectrometry was used for proteomic analysis and screening target proteins. Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to verify the results. Correlations with clinical indicators were explored, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to evaluate the value of target proteins in PCa. Result: A total of 1065 proteins were identified. Urinary SLURP1 protein was significantly elevated in patients with PCa compared with normal controls and patients with BPH patients. Western blot and ELISA further verified the expression changes of SLURP1. The immunohistochemical staining results revealed a substantial increase in positive SLURP1 expression within PCa tumor tissue. Correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between the expression level of urine SLURP1 protein and serum PSA. ROC curve analysis of the SLURP1 protein in the urine of both normal individuals and PCa patients is determined to be 0.853 (95% CI=0.754 to 0.954). Conclusion: The concentration of SLURP1 protein in urine of PCa patients is increased, which can serve as a biomarker for screening PCa.

12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 174: 116470, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565061

RESUMO

ERCC2 plays a pivotal role in DNA damage repair, however, its specific function in cancer remains elusive. In this study, we made a significant breakthrough by discovering a substantial upregulation of ERCC2 expression in glioblastoma (GBM) tumor tissue. Moreover, elevated levels of ERCC2 expression were closely associated with poor prognosis. Further investigation into the effects of ERCC2 on GBM revealed that suppressing its expression significantly inhibited malignant growth and migration of GBM cells, while overexpression of ERCC2 promoted tumor cell growth. Through mechanistic studies, we elucidated that inhibiting ERCC2 led to cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase by blocking the CDK2/CDK4/CDK6/Cyclin D1/Cyclin D3 pathway. Notably, we also discovered a direct link between ERCC2 and CDK4, a critical protein in cell cycle regulation. Additionally, we explored the potential of TRAIL, a low-toxicity death ligand cytokine with anticancer properties. Despite the typical resistance of GBM cells to TRAIL, tumor cells undergoing cell cycle arrest exhibited significantly enhanced sensitivity to TRAIL. Therefore, we devised a combination strategy, employing TRAIL with the nanoparticle DMC-siERCC2, which effectively suppressed the GBM cell proliferation and induced apoptosis. In summary, our study suggests that targeting ERCC2 holds promise as a therapeutic approach to GBM treatment.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Proliferação de Células , Glioblastoma , Nanopartículas , Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF , Proteína Grupo D do Xeroderma Pigmentoso , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/patologia , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/química , Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF/farmacologia , Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Grupo D do Xeroderma Pigmentoso/metabolismo , Proteína Grupo D do Xeroderma Pigmentoso/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Nus , Masculino
13.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 11(5): 1148-1159, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Abnormalities in the gray matter structure of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) have been observed throughout the brain. However, whether cortico-cortical connections exist between regions of gray matter atrophy in patients with CSVD has not been fully elucidated. This question was tested by comparing the gray matter covariance networks in CSVD patients with and without cognitive impairment (CI). METHODS: We performed multivariate modeling of the gray matter volume measurements of 61 patients with CI (CSVD-CI), 85 patients without CI (CSVD-NC), and 108 healthy controls using source-based morphological analysis (SBM) to obtain gray matter structural covariance networks at the population level. Then, correlations between structural covariance networks and cognitive functions were analyzed in CSVD patients. Finally, a support vector machine (SVM) classifier was used with the gray matter covariance network as a classification feature to identify CI among the CSVD population. RESULTS: The results of the analysis of all the subjects showed that compared with healthy controls, the expression of the thalamic covariance network, cerebellum covariance network, and calcarine cortex covariance network was reduced in patients with CSVD. Moreover, CSVD-CI patients showed a significant reduction in the expression of the thalamic covariance network, encompassing the thalamus and the parahippocampal gyrus, relative to CSVD-NC patients, which persisted after excluding CSVD patients with thalamic lacunes. In patients with CSVD, cognitive functions were positively correlated with measures of the thalamic covariance network. More than 80% of CSVD patients with CI were correctly identified by the SVM classifier. INTERPRETATION: Our findings provide new evidence to explain the distribution state of gray matter reduction in CSVD patients, and the thalamic covariance network is the core region for early gray matter reduction during the development of CSVD disease, which is related to cognitive deficits. Reduced expression of thalamic covariance networks may provide a neuroimaging biomarker for the early identification of cognitive impairment in CSVD patients.


Assuntos
Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais , Disfunção Cognitiva , Substância Cinzenta , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Tálamo , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/patologia , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/complicações , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/patologia , Tálamo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tálamo/patologia , Rede Nervosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Rede Nervosa/patologia , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte
14.
Adv Mater ; : e2400287, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433667

RESUMO

Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) have attracted increasing attention due to their merits of high transconductance, low operating voltage, and good biocompatibility, ideal for biosensors. However, further advances in their practical applications face challenges of low n-type performance and poor stability. Here, it is demonstrated that wet-spinning the commercially available n-type conjugated polymer poly(benzimidazobenzophenanthroline) (BBL) into highly aligned and crystalline fibers enhances both OECT performance and stability. Although BBL is only soluble in high-boiling-point strong acids, it can be wet-spun into high-quality fibers with adjustable diameters. The BBL fiber OECTs exhibit a record-high area-normalized transconductance (gm,A ) of 2.40 µS µm-2 and over 10 times higher figure-of-merit (µC*) than its thin-film counterparts. More importantly, these fiber OECTs exhibit remarkable stability with no noticeable performance attenuation after 1500 cycles over 4 h operation, outperforming all previously reported n-type OECTs. The superior performance and stability can be attributed to shorter π-π stacking distance and ordered molecular arrangement in the fibers, endowing the BBL fiber OECT-based biosensors with outstanding sensitivity while keeping a miniaturized form factor. This work demonstrates that, beyond new material development, developing new fabrication technology is also crucial for addressing the performance and stability issues in n-type OECTs.

15.
J Neurosurg Case Lessons ; 7(10)2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome, a connective tissue disorder, poses unique challenges in neurosurgery, given the fragility of vascular structures. Superior cerebellar artery (SCA) aneurysms in patients with the syndrome are rare and present distinct surgical difficulties, necessitating innovative approaches. OBSERVATIONS: A 29-year-old male with Marfan syndrome presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured SCA aneurysm. Given the lack of a defined aneurysm neck and the small diameter of the SCA, standard clipping and endovascular therapies were unsuitable. A microsurgical approach using microsutures was successfully employed, effectively managing the aneurysm while preserving the parent artery. LESSONS: This case underscores the efficacy of the microsuture technique in complex neurosurgical scenarios, particularly in patients with connective tissue disorders such as Marfan syndrome. The adaptability of surgical strategies, as demonstrated in this case, is crucial for achieving successful outcomes in patients with unique anatomical challenges.

16.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1268433, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440116

RESUMO

Background and objective: Stent-assisted coil (SAC) embolization is a commonly used endovascular treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) but can be associated with symptomatic delayed intracerebral hemorrhage (DICH). Our study aimed to investigate the hemodynamic risk factors contributing to DICH following SAC embolization and to establish a classification for DICH predicated on hemodynamic profiles. Methods: This retrospective study included patients with UIAs located in the internal carotid artery (ICA) treated with SAC embolization at our institution from January 2021 to January 2022. We focused on eight patients who developed postoperative DICH and matched them with sixteen control patients without DICH. Using computational fluid dynamics, we evaluated the hemodynamic changes in distal arteries [terminal ICA, the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), and middle cerebral artery (MCA)] pre-and post-embolization. We distinguished DICH-related arteries from unrelated ones (ACA or MCA) and compared their hemodynamic alterations. An imbalance index, quantifying the differential in flow velocity changes between ACA and MCA post-embolization, was employed to gauge the flow distribution in distal arteries was used to assess distal arterial flow distribution. Results: We identified two types of DICH based on postoperative flow alterations. In type 1, there was a significant lower in the mean velocity increase rate of the DICH-related artery compared to the unrelated artery (-47.25 ± 3.88% vs. 42.85 ± 3.03%; p < 0.001), whereas, in type 2, there was a notable higher (110.58 ± 9.42% vs. 17.60 ± 4.69%; p < 0.001). Both DICH types demonstrated a higher imbalance index than the control group, suggesting an association between altered distal arterial blood flow distribution and DICH occurrence. Conclusion: DICH in SAC-treated UIAs can manifest as either a lower (type 1) or higher (type 2) in the rate of velocity in DICH-related arteries. An imbalance in distal arterial blood flow distribution appears to be a significant factor in DICH development.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(9): e37379, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428849

RESUMO

The study proposes a combined nomogram based on radiomics features from magnetic resonance neurohydrography and clinical features to identify symptomatic nerves in patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia. We retrospectively analyzed 140 patients with clinically confirmed trigeminal neuralgia. Out of these, 24 patients constituted the external validation set, while the remaining 116 patients contributed a total of 231 nerves, comprising 118 symptomatic nerves, and 113 normal nerves. Radiomics features were extracted from the MRI water imaging (t2-mix3d-tra-spair). Radiomics feature selection was performed using L1 regularization-based regression, while clinical feature selection utilized univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression. Subsequently, radiomics, clinical, and combined models were developed by using multivariate logistic regression, and a nomogram of the combined model was drawn. The performance of nomogram in discriminating symptomatic nerves was assessed through the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristics, accuracy, and calibration curves. Clinical applications of the nomogram were further evaluated using decision curve analysis. Five clinical factors and 13 radiomics signatures were ultimately selected to establish predictive models. The AUCs in the training and validation cohorts were 0.77 (0.70-0.84) and 0.82 (0.72-0.92) with the radiomics model, 0.69 (0.61-0.77) and 0.66 (0.53-0.79) with the clinical model, 0.80 (0.74-0.87), and 0.85 (0.76-0.94) with the combined model, respectively. In the external validation set, the AUCs for the clinical, radiomics, and combined models were 0.70 (0.60-0.79), 0.78 (0.65-0.91), and 0.81 (0.70-0.93), respectively. The calibration curve demonstrated that the nomogram exhibited good predictive ability. Moreover, The decision curve analysis curve indicated shows that the combined model holds high clinical application value. The integrated model, combines radiomics features from magnetic resonance neurohydrography with clinical factors, proves to be effective in identify symptomatic nerves in trigeminal neuralgia. The diagnostic efficacy of the combined model was notably superior to that of the model constructed solely from conventional clinical features.


Assuntos
Radiômica , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Humanos , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Água
18.
Front Genet ; 15: 1372644, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38510275

RESUMO

"Heteromorphic self-incompatibility" (HetSI) in plants is a mechanism of defense to avoid self-pollination and promote outcrossing. However, the molecular mechanism underlying HetSI remains largely unknown. In this study, RNA-seq was conducted to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying self-compatible (SC, "T × P" and "P × T") and self-incompatible (SI, "T × T" and "P × P") pollination in the two types of flowers of Plumbago auriculata Lam. which is a representative HetSI plant. By comparing "T × P" vs. "T × T", 3773 (1407 upregulated and 2366 downregulated) differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, 1261 DEGs between "P × T" and "P × P" (502 upregulated and 759 downregulated). The processes in which these DEGs were significantly enriched were "MAPK (Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases-plant) signaling pathway", "plant-pathogen interaction","plant hormone signal transduction", and "pentose and glucuronate interconversion" pathways. Surprisingly, we discovered that under various pollination conditions, multiple notable genes that may be involved in HetSI exhibited distinct regulation. We can infer that the HetSI strategy might be unique in P. auriculata. It was similar to "sporophytic self-incompatibility" (SSI) but the HetSI mechanisms in pin and thrum flowers are diverse. In this study, new hypotheses and inferences were proposed, which can provide a reference for crop production and breeding.

19.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2253, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480733

RESUMO

Ultrasound is an acoustic wave which can noninvasively penetrate the skull to deep brain regions, enabling neuromodulation. However, conventional ultrasound's spatial resolution is diffraction-limited and low-precision. Here, we report acoustic nanobubble-mediated ultrasound stimulation capable of localizing ultrasound's effects to only the desired brain region in male mice. By varying the delivery site of nanobubbles, ultrasound could activate specific regions of the mouse motor cortex, evoking EMG signaling and limb movement, and could also, separately, activate one of two nearby deep brain regions to elicit distinct behaviors (freezing or rotation). Sonicated neurons displayed reversible, low-latency calcium responses and increased c-Fos expression in the sub-millimeter-scale region with nanobubbles present. Ultrasound stimulation of the relevant region also modified depression-like behavior in a mouse model. We also provide evidence of a role for mechanosensitive ion channels. Altogether, our treatment scheme allows spatially-targetable, repeatable and temporally-precise activation of deep brain circuits for neuromodulation without needing genetic modification.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Crânio , Masculino , Animais , Camundongos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Ultrassonografia , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Movimento
20.
Plant J ; 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461478

RESUMO

Flavan-3-ols are prominent phenolic compounds found abundantly in the young leaves of tea plants. The enzymes involved in flavan-3-ol biosynthesis in tea plants have been extensively investigated. However, the localization and associations of these numerous functional enzymes within cells have been largely neglected. In this study, we aimed to investigate the synthesis of flavan-3-ols in tea plants, particularly focusing on epigallocatechin gallate. Our analysis involving the DESI-MSI method to reveal a distinct distribution pattern of B-ring trihydroxylated flavonoids, primarily concentrated in the outer layer of buds. Subcellular localization showed that CsC4H, CsF3'H, and CsF3'5'H localizes endoplasmic reticulum. Protein-protein interaction studies demonstrated direct associations between CsC4H, CsF3'H, and cytoplasmic enzymes (CHS, CHI, F3H, DFR, FLS, and ANR), highlighting their interactions within the biosynthetic pathway. Notably, CsF3'5'H, the enzyme for B-ring trihydroxylation, did not directly interact with other enzymes. We identified cytochrome b5 isoform C serving as an essential redox partner, ensuring the proper functioning of CsF3'5'H. Our findings suggest the existence of distinct modules governing the synthesis of different B-ring hydroxylation compounds. This study provides valuable insights into the mechanisms underlying flavonoid diversity and efficient synthesis and enhances our understanding of the substantial accumulation of B-ring trihydroxylated flavan-3-ols in tea plants.

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