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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The bispectral index (BIS) monitor is the most frequently used electroencephalogram (EEG)-based depth of anesthesia (DoA) technology in Norwegian hospitals. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the extent and clinical impact of its use and how anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists use the information provided by the DoA monitors in their clinical practice. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey on the use of DoA monitors in Norway used a web-based questionnaire distributed to anesthesia personnel in all hospitals in Norway. Participation was voluntary and anonymized, and the web form could not track IP sources or respondents' locations. RESULTS: Three hundred and ninety-one nurse anesthetists (n = 324) and anesthesiologists (n = 67) responded. Among the EEG-based DoA monitoring tools, BIS was most often used to observe and assess patients' DoA (98%). Raw EEG waveform analysis (10%), EEG-spectrogram (9%), and suppression rate (10%) were seldom used. Twenty-seven percent of the anesthesia personnel were able to recognize a burst suppression pattern on EEG and its significance. Fifty-eight percent of the respondents considered clinical observations more reliable than BIS. Almost all respondents reported adjusting anesthetic dosage based on the BIS index values (80%). However, the anesthetic dose was more often increased (90%) because of high BIS index values than lowered (55%) because of low BIS index values. CONCLUSION: Despite our respondents' extensive use of DoA monitoring, the anesthesia personnel in our survey did not use all the information and the potential to guide the titration of anesthetics the DoA monitors provide. Thus, anesthesia personnel could generally benefit from increased knowledge of how EEG-based DoA monitoring can be used to assess and determine individual patients' need for anesthetic medication.

2.
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand ; 68(4): 567-574, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317613

RESUMO

The Norwegian standard for the safe practice of anaesthesia was first published in 1991, and revised in 1994, 1998, 2005, 2010 and 2016 respectively. The 1998 version was published in English for the first time in Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica in 2002. It must be noted that this is a national standard, reflecting the specific opportunities and challenges in a Norwegian setting, which may be different from other countries in some respects. A feature of the Norwegian healthcare system is the availability, on a national basis, of specifically highly trained and qualified nurse anaesthetists. Another feature is the geography, with parts of the population living in remote areas. These may be served by small, local emergency hospitals. Emergency transport of patients to larger hospitals is not always achievable when weather conditions are rough. These features and challenges were considered important when designing a balanced and consensus-based national standard for the safe practice of anaesthesia, across Norwegian clinical settings. In this article, we present the 2024 revision of the document. This article presents a direct translation of the complete document from the Norwegian original.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Anestesiologia , Humanos , Hospitais , Enfermeiras Anestesistas , Noruega
3.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 158, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurse anesthesia is acknowledged as advanced practice nursing, and requires independency in patient monitoring and clinical decision-making. In Norway, 2022, a prerequisite to nurse anesthesia education programs of at least two years of clinical nursing experience prior to entry, was removed. The consequences of removing the prerequisite of clinical nursing experience prior to entering the nurse anesthetist education program on academic progression or on students' qualifications after completion of the program remain unexplored. Hence, the purpose of the current study was to explore nurse anesthetist students' experiences of the impact their previous clinical nursing experience had on their academic progression. METHODS: A qualitative design with semi-structured individual interviews was used. The sample consisted of 12 nurse anesthetist students at the end of the education program. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis in-line with recommendations from Braun & Clarke. RESULTS: Two main themes with in total six subthemes were identified, namely 1) Experience develops non-technical skills, with subthemes (a) feeling secure in task management, (b) recognizing different situations, (c) understanding my role in teamwork, and 2) Integration of non-technical and technical skills, with subthemes (a) possessing procedural competence, (b) taking responsibility in medication administration, and (c) including a patient-centred approach. Previous clinical experience as a nurse prior to entry to a NA education program had provided a basis of non-technical and technical competencies, that supported further learning and development of advanced level competencies that are needed for NAs. CONCLUSION: Non-technical and technical nursing competence represented a solid base for achievement of anesthesia competence within the same areas, also ensuring patient-centred practice. Hence, the change in prerequisites to the NA education program must be followed by evaluations of consequences on students' academic progress and competence at the end of the program, as well as a possible increased need for supervision throughout.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Enfermeiras Anestesistas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Noruega , Competência Clínica
4.
Reg Anesth Pain Med ; 49(3): 223-226, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37726195

RESUMO

Since its description in 2016, the erector spinae plane block (ESPB) has become a widely employed regional anesthetic technique and kindled interest in a range of related techniques, collectively termed intertransverse process blocks. There has been ongoing controversy over mechanism of action of the ESPB, mainly due to incongruities between results of cutaneous sensory testing, clinical efficacy studies, and investigations into the neural structures that are reached by injected local anesthetic (LA). This paper reviews the spread of LA to the paravertebral and epidural space and the cutaneous anesthesia in ESPB, with specific emphasis on the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). We hypothesize that the DRG, due to its unique and complex microarchitecture, represents a key therapeutic target for modulation of nociceptive signaling in regional anesthesia. This paper discusses how the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the DRG may be one of the factors underpinning the clinical analgesia observed in ESPB and other intertransverse process blocks.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Nervoso , Humanos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Gânglios Espinais , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico
5.
BMC Nurs ; 22(1): 428, 2023 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37964266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Implementation of digital technology has been suggested as a potential solution to future healthcare challenges. Healthcare personnel's attitudes are important in the acceptance and implementation of digital technologies. AIM: The aims of this study were to (1) translate and validate two different questionnaires to Norwegian and Swedish respectively, and then (2) use these to examine nursing students' attitudes towards digital technology in healthcare, as well as their attitudes towards older adults' abilities to use digital technology. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was distributed in first year nursing students in a Norwegian and a Swedish university college, respectively. The questionnaire consisted of the short form of the 'Information Technology Attitude Scales for Health (ITASH)' and the 'Attitudes Towards Older Adults Using Digital technology (ATOAUT-11)' questionnaire. The questionnaires were translated and validated in both countries. Frequencies, Student's t-test, and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: In total 236 students responded to the questionnaire in the period September 2022 to April 2023. Students mainly reported positive attitudes towards digital technology use in general. They most agreed with the items 'Using digital technology devices makes my communication with other health professionals faster', 'The sort of information I can get from the digital technology devices helps me give better care to patient', and 'Digital technology skills are becoming more and more necessary for healthcare professionals'. However, they reported more negative attitudes towards older adults using digital technology. They most agreed with the items 'One needs a lot of patience to explain to an older adult how to use digital technologies', 'It's hard to explain to older adults how to use digital technology', 'Using digital technology is harder for most older adults', and 'Most older adults fear using digital technology because they fear of being scammed or cheated'. CONCLUSION: The ITASH and the ATOAUT-11 is appropriate for use in a Norwegian and Swedish setting. Even if nursing students are positive to digital technology in healthcare in general, they are sceptical to older adults using digital technology. This may impact on their attitudes to using digital technology in the healthcare of older adults. These aspects need emphasis when revising nursing education curricula focusing on developing technological competencies in nursing, and gaining knowledge regarding older adults' use of digital technology.

6.
AANA J ; 91(5): 364-370, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37788178

RESUMO

Research focusing on the scope of practice by nurse anesthetists (NAs) is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine NAs' scope of practice in Norway, and to explore whether and how this has changed during the period from 1979 to 2018. The study had a repeated crosssectional design. All members of the Norwegian Association of Nurse Anesthetists at the four time-points (1979, 1989, 1999 and 2018) were invited to participate in a questionnaire study. Inclusion criteria were education and work as an NA and currently working in Norway. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Findings indicate that the scope of NAs' practice in Norway has been increasingly restricted from 1979 to 2018 (N = 2171, P < .001). Additionally, the presence of an anesthesiologist when performing anesthesia had significantly increased during that time (39% in 1979 vs 90% in 2018). However, NAs' independent practice significantly increased in some areas, such as handling of acute situations, (i.e., handling of laryngospasm/bronchospasm [41% in 1979 versus 54% in 2018]). International and national standards underline the independent role of NAs. The development shown in our results should be addressed to avoid further restrictions of NAs' scope of practice.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia , Enfermeiras Anestesistas , Humanos , Anestesiologistas , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Nurs Rep ; 13(3): 1304-1317, 2023 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37755353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An Advanced Practice Nurse (APN) is a specialized nurse who has acquired context specific knowledge, complex decision-making skills, and clinical competencies. Previously in Norway, APN education programs had a prerequisite of a minimum of two years of clinical nursing experience. Recently, the government decided to abandon this prerequisite. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess APN's and APN students' (1) perspectives on the impact of clinical nursing experience on various aspects of nursing practice, (2) perspectives on the association between APN students' previous clinical experience and the ability to achieve the learning outcomes in the education program, and (3) attitudes towards clinical nursing practice as a prerequisite before entry to APN education programs. DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional design. METHODS: APN and APN students were invited to respond to a researcher-developed questionnaire. A snowballing sampling method was used. The questionnaire included 24 questions scored on a five-point Likert scale, and two questions with text responses. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and text responses with thematic analysis. RESULTS: In total, 1767 APNs (92.9%) and APN students (7.1%) responded. Between 93.6 and 98.2% of the respondents (n = 1767) agreed that clinical nursing experience leads to experience with communication, collaboration, basic procedures, medical equipment and documentation, and to the development of situation awareness, increased awareness on own role in teams, the ability to provide person-centered nursing, an independent nursing identity, and feeling of security. Over 90% of the respondents agreed that students' previous clinical experience was associated with the ability to achieve the learning outcomes in the APN program. In addition, 93.7% of the respondents agreed that clinical nursing experience should be a prerequisite before entry to APN programs. Advantages of clinical experience were reported as 'Professional identity', 'Intuitive grasp', 'Integration of technical skills', and 'See the whole picture'. Disadvantages were reported as 'Prejudice and bad habits', 'The importance of relevant experience', and 'Recruitment issues'. CONCLUSION: This study adds insights into the impact of clinical nursing experience as a prerequisite to APN education programs. The results indicate that clinical nursing experience is an essential contributor to the development of nursing competence and a nursing identity. This study was not registered.

8.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 11(9)2023 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37174838

RESUMO

Background: Transformation toward digital services offers unique opportunities to meet the challenges of responding to changing public healthcare needs and health workforce shortages. There is a knowledge gap regarding digital health and person or patient-centered care. Aim: The aim of the current scoping review was to obtain an overview of existing research on person or patient centeredness in digital primary healthcare services. Design: A scoping review following the five stages by Arksey and O'Malley. Methods: Literature searches were conducted in the databases PubMed, Scopus (Elsevier), APA PsychInfo (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), Cinahl (Ovid) and Cochrane Library in June 2022. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyzes extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) Checklist was followed. Results: The electronic database searches identified 782 references. A total of 116 references were assessed in full text against the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Finally, a total of 12 references were included. The included papers represent research from 2015 to 2021 and were conducted in eight different countries, within a variety of populations, settings and digital solutions. Four themes providing knowledge about current research on patient or person centeredness and digital primary health care were identified: 'Accessibility', 'Self-management', 'Digitalization at odds with patient centeredness' and 'Situation awareness'. The review underlines the need for further research on these issues.

9.
BMC Emerg Med ; 23(1): 25, 2023 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36907847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Norway, planning for disasters has been specifically emphasized since the incidents on July 22nd, 2011. Every municipality is now legislated to have a contingency plan that includes plans for staff recall during situations with mass influx of patients. Whether the primary health care services in Norway are prepared for mass influx of patients remains unclear. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The aims of this study were (1) to assess the experiences of head doctors at emergency primary health care centers (EPHCC) in Norway with mass influx of patients, (2) to explore mass influx and staff recall procedures in use, (3) to assess head doctors' experiences with staff recall systems, and (4) to assess their perspective on automatized staff recall systems. We also wanted to assess whether there were differences between small and large EPHCCs regarding whether they had plans in place. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional, multicenter design, using a self-developed questionnaire. The questionnaire was developed utilizing recommendations from the Delphi technique, including an expert group and piloting. A purposive sampling strategy was used, including head doctors from Norwegian EPHCCs (n = 169). Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, and included descriptive statistics, Chi-Square tests and Shapiro-Wilks. Free-text answers were analyzed by content analysis. RESULTS: A total of 64 head doctors responded to the questionnaire. The results show that 25% of the head doctors had experienced mass influx of patients at their EPHCC. In total 54.7% of Norwegian EPHCCs did not have disaster plans that consider mass influx situations. The majority of EPHCCs plan to recall staff one by one (60.3%) or through Short-Message-Systems (34.4%). Most EPHCCs had available telephone "alarm" lists (81.4%), that are updated regularly (60.9%). However, only 17.2% had plans that consider loss of mobile phone connection or internet. In total, 67,2% of the head doctors reported to have little experience with automatized staff recall systems, and 59,7% reported to have little knowledge about such systems. There were no significant difference between small and large EPHCCs in having plans or not. CONCLUSION: Even though our results show that few EPHCCs experience mass influx of patients, it is important to be prepared when such incidents do occur. Our results indicate that it is still potential for improvement regarding plans for staff recall and implementation of staff recall systems at Norwegian EPHCCs. Involving national disaster medicine experts in the process of generating tools or checklists could aid when constructing disaster plans. Education and implementation of training for mass influx situations at all levels should always be highlighted.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Desastres , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Noruega , Atenção Primária à Saúde
10.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 11(6)2023 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36981561

RESUMO

AIM: The integration of robots can help provide solutions in regards to the need for an increase in resources in healthcare. The aim of this review was to identify how robots are utilized in the healthcare of people who are over the age of 65 and how this population experiences interacting with healthcare robots. DESIGN: A systematic literature review with an integrated design was conducted. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the electronic databases CINAHL via EBSCO, EMBASE, and Medline via Ovid. Content analysis was performed to assess the studies that were included in this review. RESULTS: A total of 14 articles were included. Participants in the studies included 453 older people ranging from 65 to 108 years of age. Nine of the studies focused on people with dementia or cognitive impairment. Seven studies included different types of socially assistive human-like robots, six of the studies included two different types of animal-like robots, and one study focused on a robotic rollator. The robots mainly served as social assistive- or engagement robots.

12.
Nurs Open ; 10(2): 1007-1015, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126110

RESUMO

AIM: Simulation-based nursing education interventions have a strong educational effect on psychomotoric skills, but students may experience physiological stress and anxiety during simulation. The aims of this study were to explore (1) nursing students' perceived stress, self-efficacy, control and evaluation before and after simulation as part a structured course in physical assessment, (2) whether factors such as gender, age or previous work experience were associated with perceived stress during simulation and (3) nursing students evaluation of the course. DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional study before and after simulation and a course in physical assessment. METHODS: We utilized "the Self-Assessment Manikin for measuring emotion" before and after simulation, a questionnaire to identify symptoms of stress after simulation, and a questionnaire to evaluate the physical assessment course. RESULTS: A total of 59 students participated. Students perceived stress before simulation but reported a lower degree of activation, a more positive mood, increased feeling of control and self-efficacy after the simulation. They also felt more secure about their assessments. Even though students reported of several symptoms of stress before simluation, the course increased students' self-reported competence and feeling of security.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Autoeficácia , Estudos Transversais , Estresse Psicológico
13.
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand ; 67(2): 221-229, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36267030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and the anterior quadratus lumborum block (QLB) have been shown effective in reducing postoperative pain after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Our hypothesis was that there is no difference in analgesic effect between the two blocks for this procedure. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blind, randomised controlled study, 60 adult patients undergoing laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair were equally randomly assigned to either a preoperative TAP block or an anterior QLB. The primary outcome was oral morphine equivalent (OME) consumption at 4 h postoperatively. Secondary outcomes were OME consumption at 24, 48 h and 7 days, pain scores at rest and when coughing, nausea, and level of sedation measured at 1, 2, 3, 24, and 48 h and 7 days postoperatively. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients completed the study. There was no significant difference in OME consumption at 4 h postoperatively, TAP group (10.3 ± 7.85 mg) (mean ± SD) versus the anterior QLB group (10.9 ± 10.85 mg) (p = .713). The pain scores were similar at rest and when coughing during the 7 day observation period, as were the level of sedation and incidence of nausea. There were no cases of serious side-effects or muscle weakness of the thigh on the same side as the block. CONCLUSION: There is no difference in OME consumption, pain, nausea or sedation between the TAP and the anterior QLB. Thus, the choice between the two blocks in a clinical setting of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair should be based on other aspects, such as skills, practicalities, and potential risks.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Adulto , Humanos , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Morfina , Náusea/cirurgia , Músculos Abdominais , Laparoscopia/métodos , Anestésicos Locais , Analgésicos Opioides
14.
Nurs Open ; 10(3): 1536-1544, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36210540

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to explore patients' experiences after gynaecological day surgery one and 30 days postoperatively, as well as potential factors influencing these experiences. DESIGN: The study had a multicentre, quantitative, longitudinal design. METHODS: The study was conducted in three different hospitals' day surgical unit and included patients undergoing gynaecological surgery in general anaesthesia. We used a questionnaire including the European Quality of Life tool (EQ5D3L), the Quality-of-Recovery-15 questionnaire (QoR-15) and items relating to patient experiences, the first day (T1, n = 444) and 30 days (T2, n = 193) after surgery. Data were collected in the period March 2019 to March 2020. RESULTS: Results show that patients mainly had positive experiences and ranged quality of recovery high, even though some areas needed improvement. Patient scores on the QoR-15 relating to their experiences 24 h postoperative were rated higher at T1 than at T2. Twenty per cent of the respondents experienced complications such as infection, haemorrhage and pain. About 1/5 of these contacted healthcare services, and three per cent was hospitalized. EQ5D score was the only factor that made an statistically significant impact on patients' experiences with quality of recovery (R2 .169, F = 82.87). However, this effect was weak.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Qualidade de Vida , Feminino , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/efeitos adversos , Estudos Longitudinais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente
15.
Reg Anesth Pain Med ; 48(2): 74-79, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is a truncal fascial block with a disputed mechanism and anatomical site of effect. This study aimed to perform a one-sided ESPB and use MRI to investigate the spread of the local anesthetic (LA) and the corresponding cutaneous loss of sensation to pinprick and cold. METHODS: Ten volunteers received a right-sided ESPB at the level of the seventh thoracic vertebra (Th7), consisting of 30 mL 2.5 mg/mL ropivacaine with 0.3 mL gadolinium. The primary outcome was the evaluation of the spread of LA on MRI 1-hour postblock. The secondary outcome was the loss of sensation to cold and pinprick 30-50 min after the block was performed. RESULTS: All volunteers had a spread of LA on MRI in the erector spinae muscles and to the intercostal space. 9/10 had spread to the paravertebral space and 8/10 had spread to the neural foramina. 4/10 volunteers had spread to the epidural space. One volunteer had extensive epidural spread as well as contralateral epidural and foraminal spread. Four volunteers had a loss of sensation both posterior and anterior to the midaxillary line, while six volunteers had a loss of sensation only on the posterior side. CONCLUSION: We found that LA consistently spreads to the intercostal space, the paravertebral space, and the neural foramina after an ESPB. Epidural spread was evident in four volunteers. Sensory testing 30-50 min after an ESPB shows highly variable results, and generally under-represents what could be expected from the visualized spread on MRI 60 min after block performance. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05012332.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais , Bloqueio Nervoso , Humanos , Voluntários Saudáveis , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Ropivacaina , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1452, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When surviving a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), physical, cognitive, and emotional effects of surviving may be present for months or years. The survivors' family and colleagues are also highly affected by the incident. There is little knowledge about experiences of surviving SCA in individuals who prior to the incident were young and reported to exercise regularly. Consequently, the aim of this study was to explore the aftermath of surviving a SCA in young, regular exercisers. METHODS: The study had a qualitative design, conducting in-depth individual interviews with SCA survivors < 50 years of age reporting to exercise ≥ 5 h/week and/or who suffered SCA during or less than 60 min after exercise. The data were analysed using systematic text condensation in-line with recommendations from Malterud. RESULTS: 18 of 31 eligible participants were included in the study. Through analysis we identified 'Establishing a new everyday life' as superordinate category, with subordinate categories a) being part of my surroundings, b) expecting normality but facing a new reality and c) lucky to be alive! CONCLUSION: This study adds knowledge about young and regular exercisers' experiences after surviving a SCA. The obligations of everyday life in young survivors of SCA often imply a high work load and complex tasks, e.g. due to being in the beginning of their career or even still studying. Healthcare personnel, as well as the society, need to acknowledge that although lucky to be alive and apparently well-functioning, young survivors of SCA may have persistent challenges that cause frustration and reduced quality of life.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Lactente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sobreviventes , Noruega
17.
Resusc Plus ; 11: 100293, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051158

RESUMO

Aim: To explore how young exercisers experience surviving sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), focusing on interpretation of warning signs and experiences with the healthcare system. Methods: The study had a qualitative design, and data was collected using individual, semi-structured interviews. Inclusion criteria were SCA survivors aged 18-50 years old who reported at least five hours of exercise/week prior to SCA, or who suffered SCA during or ≤60 min after exercise. Results: 18 interviews were performed (4 females), age range 19-49 years old. Analysis identified the themes [1] neglected warning signs, [2] fluctuating between gratitude and criticism and [3] one size does not fit all. When young exercisers experienced symptoms such as fainting, chest pain, arrythmia, shortness of breath and fatigue, these were often ignored by either the participants, healthcare personnel or both. SCA survivors were grateful to the healthcare system and for the efforts made by healthcare personnel, but experienced a mismatch between what patients needed and could utilize, and what they actually received regarding both information and individualised services. Being young exercisers, the participants reported to have individual needs, but treatment and rehabilitation were not adapted and were mainly targeted to rehabilitation of older patients. Conclusion: Patients and healthcare personnel should be aware of cardiac related symptoms and warning signs for SCA, and these should be properly assessed in the population of young exercisers. SCA survivors need useful and repeated information. The needs of SCA survivors among young exercisers require individualisation of services.

18.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 715, 2022 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35637492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Norway, municipal acute wards (MAWs) have been implemented in primary healthcare since 2012. The MAWs were intended to offer decentralised acute medical care 24/7 for patients who otherwise would be admitted to hospital. The aim of this study was to assess whether the MAW represents the alternative to hospitalisation as intended, through 1) describing the characteristics of patients intended as candidates for MAWs by primary care physicians, 2) exploring the need for extended diagnostics prior to admission in MAWs, and 3) exploring factors associated with patients being transferred from the MAWs to hospital. METHODS: The study was based on register data from five MAWs in Norway in the period 2014-2020. RESULTS: In total, 16 786 admissions were included. The median age of the patients was 78 years, 60% were women, and the median length of stay was three days. Receiving oral medication (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.09-1.40), and the MAW being located nearby the hospital (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.92-2.72) were factors associated with patients admitted to MAW after extended diagnostics. Patients needing advanced treatment, such as oxygen therapy (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.81-2.51), intravenous medication (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.45-1.81), intravenous fluid therapy (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.19-1.47) and MAWs with long travel distance from the MAW to the hospital (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.22-1.74) had an increased odds for being transferred to hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that MAWs do not represent the alternative to hospitalisation as intended. The results show that patients receiving extended diagnostics before admission to MAW got basic treatment, while patients in need of advanced medical treatment were transferred to hospital from a MAW. This indicates that there is still a potential to develop MAWs in order to fulfil the intended health service level.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Hospitais , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega/epidemiologia
19.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 443, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Older patients are the most frequent users of initial hospital admissions and readmissions. Both hospital admission and discharge require communication and coordination between healthcare professionals within the hospital, and between professionals in hospitals and primary healthcare. We have identified few studies exploring hospital physicians' perspectives on older patients' pathways in the interface between hospital and primary healthcare services. The aim of this study was to explore hospital physicians' experiences and reflections on their work and role in relation to older patients' pathways between hospital and primary healthcare. Specifically, we focused on the challenges they faced and how they dealt with these in relation to admission and discharge, and their suggestions for service improvements that could facilitate older patients' pathway. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach, conducting individual in-depth interviews with 18 hospital physicians from two hospitals in eastern Norway. Data were analyzed using systematic text condensation, in line with a four-step prosedure developed by Malterud. RESULTS: The participants emphasized challenges in the communication about patients across the two service levels. Moreover, they described being in a squeeze between prioritizing patients and trying to ensure a proper flow of patients through the hospital wards, but with restricted possibilities to influence on the admissions. They also described a frustration regarding the lack of influence on the healthcare delivery after discharge. The participants had various suggestions for service improvements which might be beneficial to older patients. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that the hospital physicians perceived being squeezed between professional autonomy and limited capacity at the hospital, and between their medical judgement as a specialist and their power to decide on hospital admissions for old patients and also on the delivery of health care services to patients after discharge.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Médicos , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 453, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic triggered an unprecedented demand for digital health technology solutions, such as remote monitoring. Previous research has focused on patients with chronic diseases, and their experiences with remote monitoring during the pandemic. Several recommendations have been presented to reduce the frequency of cancer patients' visits to oncology centers and minimizing the risk of exposure to COVID-19, such as remote monitoring. However, few studies have explored how this has influenced the healthcare services to cancer patients. AIM: To explore cancer patients' perspectives on remote monitoring at home during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: The study had a qualitative design, using in-depth, individual interviews. METHODS: A total of eleven interviews were conducted with patients who received remote monitoring during the COVID-19 outbreak. Three of the interviews were conducted by telephone, and eight on a digital platform, audio recorded, and transcribed verbatime. Data were analyzed using reflexive thematic analysis as recommended by Braun & Clarke. RESULTS: All participants were conscious about being vulnerable to infections due to having cancer and receiving cancer treatment, and the pandemic to them represented an extra burden. Most of the participants experienced that their healthcare services had changed due to the pandemic, but there was no consensus on how the services had changed. All of the participants presented remote monitoring as something «new¼. Whether they received remote monitoring by telephone, video consultations or more advanced solutions with the possibility to complete a questionnaire or fill in measurements, did not seem to impact their views. However, all agreed that remote monitoring could never totally replace physical consultations in hospital. Participants' views seemed to grow more positive over time, but still they emphasized both positive and negative aspects of remote monitoring solutions in cancer care. CONCLUSION: Remote monitoring was introduced as a necessity in cancer care during the COVID-19 outbreak. This may seem as an efficient solution, allowing for patients to stay at home and avoid infection. Our results indicate that, in the case of cancer patients, it is important that healthcare personnel balance the remote monitoring solution with person-to-person contact.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa , SARS-CoV-2
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