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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(2): 350-356, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859797

RESUMO

Flavonoids have been reported to have therapeutic potential for spinal cord injury. Hawthorn leaves have abundant content and species of total flavonoids, and studies of the effects of the total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves on spinal cord injury have not been published in or outside China. Therefore, Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish a spinal cord injury model by Allen's method. Rats were intraperitoneally injected with 0.2 mL of different concentrations of total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) after spinal cord injury. Injections were administered once every 6 hours, three times a day, for 14 days. After treatment with various concentrations of total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves, the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scores and histological staining indicated decreases in the lesion cavity and number of apoptotic cells of the injured spinal cord tissue; the morphological arrangement of the myelin sheath and nerve cells tended to be regular; and the Nissl bodies in neurons increased. The Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scores of treated spinal cord injury rats were increased. Western blot assays showed that the expression levels of pro-apoptotic Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were decreased, but the expression level of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein was increased. The improvement of the above physiological indicators showed a dose-dependent relationship with the concentration of total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves. The above findings confirm that total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves can reduce apoptosis and exert neuroprotective effects to promote the recovery of the motor function of rats with spinal cord injury. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Guangxi Medical University of China (approval No. 201810042) in October 2018.

2.
Food Chem ; 336: 127716, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768910

RESUMO

Jackfruit seed starch (JFSS) was modified by an improved extrusion cooking technology (IECT), and the supramolecular structure, molecular weight, debranched chain length distributions, relative crystallinity (Rc), and amylose content, were studied. During IECT, the α-1.4-glycosidic bond in amylopectin was broken, which led to decreased radius of gyration (Rg), number-average molar mass (Mn), weight-average molar mass (Mw), long chains and Rc. The medium and short chains and PI (Mw/Mn) increased, while the amylose content hardly changed. The crystalline structure of JFSS was converted from A-type to V-type. Increasing the temperature and screw speed during the treatment significantly increased the medium and short chains and Rg, while it decreased the long chains, amylose, Mn, Mw, PI, and Rc. However, the opposite effect was observed when increasing the moisture content. The in vitro digestibility of JFSS was significantly improved after IECT, due to destruction of starch supramolecular structure according to principal component analysis.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066006

RESUMO

With rapid urbanization, the air pollution issue is becoming an increasingly serious issue given that people are strongly swayed in their location choice to settle down in a growing urban area where most job opportunities have been created. This study investigated the influences of both air quality and income on the settlement intentions of Chinese migrants by using microlevel samples of the China Migrants Dynamic Survey (CMDS) data from 2017 and the annual average concentration of PM2.5 (particles with diameter ≤ 2.5 µm in the air) to measure a city's air quality. The results showed that the settlement decisions of Chinese migrants involved a trade-off between income and air quality. Poorer air quality could significantly decrease the settlement intention, while a higher income could significantly increase the settlement intention of Chinese migrants. However, as the migrants' income opportunity increased at a location, the negative influence of poorer air quality on the settlement intention at that location gradually declined. Specifically, when deciding whether to settle down in cities, the migrants with a non-agricultural "hukou" (household registration) tended to pay more attention to air quality than the migrants with an agricultural "hukou," and migrants who moved farther away in geographic distance tended to pay more attention to income. It was concluded that the influences of air quality and income on the settlement intentions of the migrants were robust and consistent after using different estimation methods and considering the issue of endogeneity.

4.
Biol Res ; 53(1): 46, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kidney cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. It is necessary to clarify its underlying mechanism and find its prognostic biomarkers. Current studies showed that SHMT2 may be participated in several kinds of cancer. METHODS: Our studies investigated the expression of SHMT2 in kidney cancer by Oncomine, Human Protein Atlas database and ULCAN database. Meanwhile, we found its co-expression gene by cBioPortal online tool and validated their relationship in A498 and ACHN cells by cell transfection, western blot and qRT-PCR. Besides these, we also explored their prognostic values via the Kaplan-Meier plotter database in different types of kidney cancer patients. RESULTS: SHMT2 was found to be increased in 7 kidney cancer datasets, compared to normal renal tissues. For the cancer stages, ages and races, there existed significant difference in the expression of SHMT2 among different groups by mining of the UALCAN database. High SHMT2 expression is associated with poor overall survival in patients with kidney cancer. Among all co-expressed genes, NDUFA4L2 and SHMT2 had a high co-expression efficient. SHMT2 overexpression led to the increased expression of NDUFA4L2 at both mRNA and protein levels. Like SHMT2, overexpressed NDUFA4L2 also was associated with worse overall survival in patients with kidney cancer. CONCLUSION: Based on above results, overexpressed SHMT2 and its co-expressed gene NDUFA4L2 were all correlated with the prognosis in kidney cancer. The present study might be benefit for better understanding the clinical significance of SHMT2 and provided a potential therapeutic target for kidney cancer in future.

5.
J Neurosci ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067362

RESUMO

The central amygdala (CeA) is critically involved in a range of adaptive behaviors, including defensive behaviors. Neurons in the CeA send long-range projections to a number of extra-amygdala targets, but the functions of these projections remain elusive. Here, we report that a previously neglected CeA-to-globus pallidus external segment (GPe) circuit plays an essential role in classical fear conditioning. By anatomical tracing, in situ hybridization and channelrhodopsin (ChR2)-assisted circuit mapping in both male and female mice, we found that a subset of CeA neurons send projections to the GPe, and the majority of these GPe-projecting CeA neurons express the neuropeptide somatostatin. Notably, chronic inhibition of GPe-projecting CeA neurons with the tetanus toxin light chain completely blocks auditory fear conditioning. In vivo fiber photometry revealed that these neurons are selectively excited by the unconditioned stimulus (US) during fear conditioning. Furthermore, transient optogenetic inactivation or activation of these neurons selectively during US presentation impairs or promotes, respectively, fear learning. Our results suggest that a major function of GPe-projecting CeA neurons is to represent and convey US-related information through the CeA-GPe circuit, thereby regulating learning in fear conditioning.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENTThe central amygdala (CeA) has been implicated in the establishment of defensive behaviors towards threats, but the underlying circuit mechanisms remain unclear. Here we found that a subpopulation of neurons in the CeA, which are mainly those that express the neuropeptide somatostatin, send projections to the globus pallidus external segment (GPe), and this CeA-GPe circuit conveys unconditioned stimulus-related information during classical fear conditioning, thereby having an indispensable role in learning. Our results reveal a previously unknown circuit mechanism for fear learning.

6.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068141

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Midgut volvulus is associated with intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury and can progress to severe intestinal damage. Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) reduces IR-induced injury in distant organs. The aim of this study was to investigate whether RIC protects the intestine from IR injury. METHODS: We investigated intestinal IR injury in 3 weeks old SD rats. Animals underwent: (i) sham laparotomy, (ii) intestinal IR injury, (iii) intestinal IR + RIC during ischemia, or (iv) intestinal IR + RIC after reperfusion. Intestinal IR injury was achieved by 45 min occlusion of superior mesenteric artery followed by de-occlusion. RIC was administered via four cycles of 5 min of hind limb ischemia followed by 5 min reperfusion. Animals were sacrificed 24 h after surgery and the ileum was harvested for evaluation. RESULTS: Intestinal injury was present after IR. However, this injury was reduced in both IR + RIC groups. Expression of inflammatory cytokine IL6 was lower in IR + RIC groups compared to IR alone. Carbonyl protein was also significantly lower in IR + RIC compared to IR, indicating lower oxidative stress in both IR + RIC groups. CONCLUSION: Remote ischemic conditioning attenuated intestinal injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress in experimental intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury. Remote ischemic conditioning may be useful in children with midgut volvulus to reduce the intestinal injury. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Experimental study. TYPE OF STUDY: Animal experiment.

7.
Reprod Sci ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048317

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to evaluate the reproductive outcomes of patients with previous cesarean section (CS) undergoing single-embryo transfer (SET). A total of 5479 patients previously underwent CS or vaginal delivery (VD) were included. The patients with previous CS included single/double cleavage (SCT/DCT), single/double blastocyst stage embryo transfer (SBT/DBT). The comparison of reproductive outcomes between CS and VD, SET, and double-embryo transfer of CS was conducted. The main outcome measures included clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), multiple pregnancy rate (MPR), live birth rate (LBR), and cumulative live birth rate (CLBR). There were no differences in CPR and LBR between patients previously underwent CS and VD, and the preterm birth rate of multiple births in patients underwent CS were significantly higher than underwent VD. As for patients underwent CS, the CPR, MPR, and LBR were lower in patients treated with SCT than DCT in IVF/ICSI cycles. The CPR and LBR of patients treated with SCT were not statistically different compared with DCT and SBT when patients' age were younger than 35 years in FET cycles, and the MPR of patients treated with SCT was lower. The CPR and LBR of patients treated with SCT were lower than DCT/SBT when patients' age were 35 years or older in FET cycles. The CPR, LBR, and CLBR of patients treated with SBT were not lower than DCT in IVF/ICSI-ET, FET, and complete cycles, but the MPR was lower. Reducing the number of embryos transferred should be considered seriously for CS. SCT under the 35 years of FET cycles is feasible. SBT is an effective strategy to reduce MPR of IVF/ICSI, FET, and complete cycles regardless of overall or age stratification.

8.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048323

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to reveal the impact of the plant hormone salicylic acid (SA) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on the growth, effective components accumulation, and related gene expression of the hairy root of Salvia przewalskii Maxim. Various concentrations of SA (0, 25, 50, 100, 200 µM) or MeJA (0, 50, 100, 200, 400, 600 µM) were added to the culture medium of Salvia przewalskii Maxim. Low concentrations of SA promoted the growth of hairy root, while a high concentration inhibited it. 0 to 400 µM MeJA promoted the growth of hairy root, but 600 µM MeJA starts to inhibit its growth. 50 µM SA and 400 µM MeJA significantly enhanced the production of caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid B, cryptotanshinone, and tanshinone IIA. In general, 50 µM SA can be used to accumulate of tanshinone in hairy roots of S. przewalskii with 6 days. 400 µM MeJA can be used to accumulate of phenolic acids in hairy roots of S. przewalskii with 3 days. The selected genes in the tanshinone and phenolic acid biosynthetic pathway were upregulated with elicitation. To obtain a higher yield and content of secondary metabolites, it is advisable to use 50 µM SA or 400 µM MeJA as the optimal doses to cultivate the hairy root of S. przewalskii. This study provides, for the first time, an efficient tanshinone and phenolic acid production method for S. przewalskii.

9.
J Environ Sci Health B ; : 1-9, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030406

RESUMO

Trichlorfon is widely used to control pest insects and various parasitic infestations in agriculture, aquaculture and human medicine. However, the long-term widespread use and overuse of trichlorfon poses risks to public and environmental health. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the interference of trichlorfon on gene transcription patterns in the brain of Rana chensinensis with 4 weeks treatment under control conditions and 0.1 mg/L exposure. In total, 102,013 unigenes were obtained from the brain tissue of R. chensinensis, and 874 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. Functional annotation indicated that out of 118,643 unigenes, 45,600 (44.7%) were annotated in the Nr, Nt, the Swiss-Prot, KEGG, COG, and GO databases. The differential expression patterns of 4 genes associated with neural activity were selected and validated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The results revealed that except for the canonical cholinesterase-based mechanism, trichlorfon could act on other receptors and alter certain types of neuronal ion channels as the major target sites. All of these effects ultimately cause disorders of multifunctional pathways and other neurotransmitter pathways in the host. The results further our understanding of the mechanisms underlying nontarget effects of organophosphate insecticides (OPs) through multitargets studies.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e21913, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031257

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The incidence of psoriasis vulgaris is increasing worldwide. Chronic recurrence of the disease, as well as accompanying cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and depression has affected the physical and mental health of these patients. Psoriasis vulgaris is a difficult and major disease in the dermatology field. Short-term curative effects using conventional therapy for psoriasis vulgaris has made major strides. However, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment has long-term curative advantages for psoriasis vulgaris but lacks the scientific and clinical evidence for its use. This study intends to demonstrate and provide scientific and clinical evidence for the use of TCM to delay the recurrence of psoriasis vulgaris. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This will be a prospective, multicenter cohort study. We intend to recruit 1521 psoriasis vulgaris patients from 14 hospitals in Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei. Treatment will be based on the diagnosis specifications and clinical practice guidelines of TCM and conventional therapy. During inclusion and the subsequent follow-up period, doctors through electronic case reports will collect different therapeutic TCM regimens and conventional therapy that were administered. Information on life condition, skin lesions at each visit, World Health Organization Quality of Life Instruments, Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale, Zung Self-assessment of Depression, laboratory examinations, incidence of new rash and recurrence during the remission and recurrence stages will be recorded. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The clinical trial protocol for this study was approved by the ethics committee of the Beijing hospital of TCM affiliated to capital medical university (Ethics number: 2019BL02-010-02). We will publish and present our results at national and international conferences and in peer-reviewed journals specialized in dermatology. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This protocol has been registered in clinicaltrials. gov (ChiCTR1900021629).

11.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033867

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether the extended culture of day 3 (D3) embryos with low blastomere number to blastocyst following frozen-thawed embryo transfer improved the clinical outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of clinical data of women undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles in the Tangdu Hospital. The patients were divided into groups with 4-5, 6, 7-9 and > 9 cells based on the blastomere number of D3 embryos. The clinical outcomes were compared. RESULTS: In fresh transfer cycles, the implantation and clinical pregnancy rates significantly decreased, while the abortion rate significantly increased in the groups with 4-5 and 6 cells compared with those with 7-9 and > 9 cells. In frozen-thawed transfer cycles, the clinical pregnancy and implantation rates for a single blastocyst transfer cycle showed no significant differences in the groups with 4-5 and 6 cells compared with those with 7-9 and > 9 cells. However, the abortion rate was significantly higher in the group with 4-5 cells than in that with 7-9 and > 9 cells. In the double blastocyst transfer cycle, the clinical pregnancy rate showed no significant differences among the groups with 4-5, 6, and 7-9 cells. CONCLUSION: The implantation and clinical pregnancy rates of D3 embryos with 6 cells significantly decreased; these embryos were not considered as high-quality embryos. Extended culture of D3 embryos with ≤ 6 blastomeres to blastocysts, particularly 6-cell embryos, resulted in a similar clinical pregnancy rate as that of blastocysts derived from D3 embryos with ≥ 7 blastomeres.

12.
J Orthop Res ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034924

RESUMO

Decorin (Dcn) is a member of the class I small leucine-rich proteoglycans whose expression in the nucleus pulposus (NP) of intervertebral discs (IVDs) has been shown to increase with aging in humans and sheeps. Dcn induces autophagy in endothelial cells; however, its precise role in NP and IVD degeneration during aging is not well understood. We addressed this question in the present study by treating rat nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) with different concentrations of Dcn. The western blotting and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay results showed that Dcn treatment induced autophagy and decreased the apoptosis caused by interleukin (IL)-1ß application. This effect was dependent on protein kinase B/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR)/ p70 S6 Kinase signaling. Dcn treatment also decreased the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-3 and -13 and decreased the IL-1ß-induced attenuation of collagen type II and aggrecan levels. The role of Dcn in stimulating autophagy was further supported by the fact that the observed effects were abrogated by knocking down autophagy-related protein 7 with Atg7 siRNA. Thus, Dcn protects NPCs in IVDs from IL-1ß-induced apoptosis and degeneration by promoting autophagy through mTOR signaling. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-6, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035999

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, the authors' aim was to investigate whether obesity affects surgery rates for adjacent-segment degeneration (ASD) after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for spondylolisthesis. METHODS: Patients who underwent single-level TLIF for spondylolisthesis at the University of California, San Francisco, from 2006 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Inclusion criteria were a minimum 2-year follow-up, single-level TLIF, and degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Exclusion criteria were trauma, tumor, infection, multilevel fusions, non-TLIF fusions, or less than a 2-year follow-up. Patient demographic data were collected, and an analysis of spinopelvic parameters was performed. The patients were divided into two groups: mismatched, or pelvic incidence (PI) minus lumbar lordosis (LL) ≥ 10°; and balanced, or PI-LL < 10°. Within the two groups, the patients were further classified by BMI (< 30 and ≥ 30 kg/m2). Patients were then evaluated for surgery for ASD, matched by BMI and PI-LL parameters. RESULTS: A total of 190 patients met inclusion criteria (72 males and 118 females, mean age 59.57 ± 12.39 years). The average follow-up was 40.21 ± 20.42 months (range 24-135 months). In total, 24 patients (12.63% of 190) underwent surgery for ASD. Within the entire cohort, 82 patients were in the mismatched group, and 108 patients were in the balanced group. Within the mismatched group, adjacent-segment surgeries occurred at the following rates: BMI < 30 kg/m2, 2.1% (1/48); and BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, 17.6% (6/34). Significant differences were seen between patients with BMI ≥ 30 and BMI < 30 (p = 0.018). A receiver operating characteristic curve for BMI as a predictor for ASD was established, with an AUC of 0.69 (95% CI 0.49-0.90). The optimal BMI cutoff value determined by the Youden index is 29.95 (sensitivity 0.857; specificity 0.627). However, in the balanced PI-LL group (108/190 patients), there was no difference in surgery rates for ASD among the patients with different BMIs (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In patients who have a PI-LL mismatch, obesity may be associated with an increased risk of surgery for ASD after TLIF, but in obese patients without PI-LL mismatch, this association was not observed.

14.
J Orthop Res ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038032

RESUMO

Although autophagy may be beneficial for maintaining the metabolic balance of the extracellular matrix in the nucleus pulposus and its vitality under inflammation, the underlying mechanism still remains unclear. A previous study found that autophagy activation stimulated the release of exosomes in normal chondrocytes, which are located in a similar avascular environment and share many common features with those of nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs). This study explored the protective effect on matrix degradation in the nucleus pulposus by exosomes derived from autophagy-activated NPCs and exosomal miRNAs. NPCs-derived exosomes (NPCs-Exos) were isolated from culture medium of either normal NPCs or rapamycin-treated NPCs and quantified by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). The effect of rapamycin-treated NPC-derived exosomes on NPCs were assessed by co-culture with IL-1ß-stimulated NPCs. After examination of six major proteinases of the extracellular matrix, matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) was chosen for further study. miR-27a, which targets MMP-13, was investigated through previous studies and bioinformatics tool. The levels of miR-27a were upregulated in both rapamycin-treated NPCs and their exosomes, compared to the control. When exosomal miR-27a was transferred into NPCs, it alleviated IL-1ß-induced degradation of the NPC extracellular matrix by targeting MMP-13. Autophagy activation may promote the release of NPCs-derived exosomes and thereby prevent the NPC matrix from degradation. Autophagy activation also alleviates intervertebral disc degeneration, at least partly via exosomal miR-27a, which restrains MMP-13 expression under IL-1ß stimulation. Our work elucidates a new mechanism for how autophagy may participate in preventing intervertebral disc degeneration, which may be a promising therapeutic strategy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 228, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) has two natural isomers: C-reactive protein pentamer (pCRP) and C-reactive protein monomer (mCRP). The levels of CRP are significantly elevated in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). mCRP not only activates the endothelial cells, platelets, leukocytes, and complements, but also has a proinflammatory structural subtype that can localize and deposit in inflammatory tissues. Thus, it regulates a variety of clinical diseases, such as ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, Alzheimer's disease, age-related macular degeneration, and cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that plasma mCRP levels are related to cardiovascular disease in AAV. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 37 patients with AAV were assessed. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and mCRP in plasma were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was diagnosed by coronary angiography, and the Gensini score calculated. Echocardiography evaluated the ejection fraction (EF%), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), and left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated based on serum creatinine, age, and gender. RESULTS: The plasma level of mCRP in AAV was significantly higher than that in healthy volunteers (P < 0.001). Then, mCRP and CRP levels were compared with and without STEMI complications in AAV. The plasma level of mCRP was higher, but that of CRP was lower in STEMI. The plasma level of mCRP was correlated with Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS), eGFR, BNP, EF%, LVEDV, LVESV, LVMI, and STEMI complications' Gensini score in AAV; however, CRP did not correlate with BNP, EF%, LVEDV, LVESV, LVMI, and Gensini score. CONCLUSIONS: The plasma level of mCRP was related to cardiovascular diseases in AAV patients.

16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4950, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009377

RESUMO

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease of premature infants with high mortality rate, indicating the need for precision treatment. NEC is characterized by intestinal inflammation and ischemia, as well derangements in intestinal microcirculation. Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has emerged as a promising tool in protecting distant organs against ischemia-induced damage. However, the effectiveness of RIC against NEC is unknown. To address this gap, we aimed to determine the efficacy and mechanism of action of RIC in experimental NEC. NEC was induced in mouse pups between postnatal day (P) 5 and 9. RIC was applied through intermittent occlusion of hind limb blood flow. RIC, when administered in the early stages of disease progression, decreases intestinal injury and prolongs survival. The mechanism of action of RIC involves increasing intestinal perfusion through vasodilation mediated by nitric oxide and hydrogen sulfide. RIC is a viable and non-invasive treatment strategy for NEC.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021073

RESUMO

The first example of a BN-doped Cycloparaphenylene BN-[10]CPP was synthesized and characterized. Its reactivity and photophysical properties were evaluated in direct comparison to its carbonaceous analogues Mes-[10]CPP and [10]CPP . While the photophysical properties of BN-[10]CPP remains similar to its carbonaceous analogues, the electronic structure changes associated with the introduction of a 1,2-azaborine BN heterocycle into a CPP scaffold enables facile and selective late-stage functionalizations that cannot be accomplished with carbonaceous CPPs. Specifically, Ir-catalyzed hydrogenation of BN-[10]CPP selectively reduces the BN heterocyclic ring, which upon hydrolysis produces a rare example of a macrocyclic paraphenylene 6 incorporating the versatile ketone functionality within the macrocyclic ring.

18.
J Nat Med ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021693

RESUMO

In the original publication of the article, an incorrect immunofluorescence of GFP-LC3 puncta was included in the Fig. 3a. The correct version of Fig. 3a is provided below.

20.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 69: 101801, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) on lung cancer screening in high-risk populations in Sichuan. METHODS: From April 2014 to July 2018, LDCT was performed annually on 3185 subjects aged 50-74 years who had smoked ≥ 20 pack-years (or subjects having quit smoking within 5 years). Information about all deaths and lung cancer diagnoses were obtained by active investigation, or passive matching to disease surveillance system. RESULTS: The screening population had a median age of 60 years. 62.4 % of which were current smokers and had smoked 30 pack-years. After participating in the baseline screening, the compliance rates of subjects consecutively completing one round, two rounds, three rounds, and four rounds of annual screening were 67.22 %, 52.84 %, 43.24 %, and 40.04 %, respectively. The positive rates in baseline and annual screening were 6.53 % and 5.79 %, respectively. During the 5 rounds, a total of 9522 person-times were screened by LDCT with a screening sensitivity of 89.13 % (95 % CI: 76.96-95.27), specificity of 94.36 % (95 % CI: 93.88-94.81), positive predictive value of 7.13 % (95 % CI: 5.30-9.53), and negative predictive value of 99.94 % (95 % CI: 99.87-99.98). There were no statistically significant performance differences between baseline and annual screening. The difference in the proportion of screen-detected stage I lung cancer between baseline screening and annual screening was not statistically significant, neither. CONCLUSION: The application of LDCT on lung cancer screening in high-risk populations shows favorable compliance and a high screening performance in the project area of Sichuan,China.

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