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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2508-2513, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492269

RESUMO

Nanofluidics devices with two-dimensional nano-structures have attracted extensive interests for biological and chemical applications. The fabrication of nanoscale mask patterns with controllable line width is an indispensable process for manufacturing two-dimensional nano-structures. However, a simple and low-cost method for fabricating two-dimensional nano-patterns is still a challenge. In this work, a novel simple and low-cost method for fabricating nanoscale mask patterns with controllable line width, based on the ultraviolet exposure is presented. In the experiment, a layer of AZ5214 reversal photoresist was exposed to the ultraviolet light through the photomask with microscale patterns. After the lithography, nanoscale photoresist mesas patterns instead of microscale patterns were produced. The photoresist mesas with 400~800 nm width were fabricated. Meanwhile, by adjusting the parameters of exposure time, various nanoscale dimensions of photoresist mesas can be obtained. The proposed method overcomes limitations of the conventional ultraviolet lithography technology without the need to the expensive nanolithography equipment. Our novel fabrication method should be a useful tool for two-dimensional nano-structures fabrication due to its advantages of simple fabrication process, well controllability, and low-cost.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 659-667, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383060

RESUMO

As a new kind of two-dimensional nanomaterial, black phosphorus (BP) nanosheets have attracted significant interests in diverse bioapplications due to their unique structure and physicochemical properties. Despite BP nanosheets' advantages in cancer diagnosis and therapy applications, their biosafety issues are still unclear. Herein, we report a systematic study on the In Vitro and In Vivo toxicity of BP nanosheets. In Vitro experiments showed that BP nanosheets decrease the viability of human bronchial epithelial cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The mechanism study showed that BP nanosheets interfere with mitochondrial membrane potential, leading to an increase in intracellular ROS. These responses further initiated the activation of the caspase-3 and ultimately dictated cells to undergo apoptosis. Then, the In Vivo experiments of BP nanosheets revealed that single injection of BP nanosheets does not cause toxicity to mice in a short period of time, whereas multiple injections of BP nanosheets exert adverse effects on liver and renal function of mice. Interestingly, the liver and renal function of the mice returned to normal after a recovery period. Our findings provide insights into the rational design of BP nanosheets and guide their applications in biomedical fields.

3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) is prevalent among women of reproductive age and associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the association between iron nutritional status and the prevalence of TAI in women during the first trimester of pregnancy and in non-pregnant women of childbearing age. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 7463 pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy and 2185 non-pregnant women of childbearing age nested within the sub-clinical hypothyroid in early pregnancy study, a prospective collection of pregnant and non-pregnant women's data, was conducted in Liaoning province of China between 2012 and 2015. Serum thyrotropin, free thyroxine, thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAbs), thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAbs), serum ferritin, and urinary iodine were measured. Iron deficiency (ID) was defined as serum ferritin <15 µg/L and iron overload (IO) was defined as ferritin >150 µg/L. TPOAb-positive was defined as >34 U/mL and TgAb-positive was defined as >115 U/mL. Multilevel logistic regression was conducted to examine the association between TAI and different iron nutritional status after adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: The prevalence of isolated TPOAb-positive was markedly higher in women with ID than those without ID, in both pregnant and non-pregnant women (6.28% vs. 3.23%, χ = 10.264, P = 0.002; 6.25% vs. 3.70%, χ = 3,791, P = 0.044; respectively). After adjusting for confounders and the cluster effect of hospitals, ID remained associated with TPOAb-positive in pregnant and non-pregnant women (odds ratio [OR]: 2.111, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.241-3.591, P = 0.006; and OR: 1.822, 95% CI: 1.011-3.282, P = 0.046, respectively). CONCLUSION: ID was associated with a higher prevalence of isolated TPOAbs-positive, but not with isolated TgAb-positive, in both pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy and non-pregnant women of childbearing age, while IO was not associated with either isolated TPOAb-positive or isolated TgAb-positive. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-TRC-13003805, http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx.

4.
Nat Cell Biol ; 21(9): 1164-1172, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481796

RESUMO

Single-cell measurement of chromatin states, including histone modifications and non-histone protein binding, remains challenging. Here, we present a low-cost, efficient, simultaneous indexing and tagmentation-based ChIP-seq (itChIP-seq) method, compatible with both low cellular input and single cells for profiling chromatin states. itChIP combines chromatin opening, simultaneous cellular indexing and chromatin tagmentation within a single tube, enabling the processing of samples from tens of single cells to, more commonly, thousands of single cells per assay. We demonstrate that single-cell itChIP-seq (sc-itChIP-seq) yields ~9,000 unique reads per cell. Using sc-itChIP-seq to profile H3K27ac, we sufficiently capture the earliest epigenetic priming event during the cell fate transition from naive to primed pluripotency, and reveal the basis for cell-type specific enhancer usage during the differentiation of bipotent cardiac progenitor cells into endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes. Our results demonstrate that itChIP is a widely applicable technology for single-cell chromatin profiling of epigenetically heterogeneous cell populations in many biological processes.

5.
Chaos ; 29(8): 083112, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472492

RESUMO

We study numerically the evolutions of perturbations at critical points between modulational instability and stability regimes. It is demonstrated that W-shaped solitons and rogue waves can be both excited from weak resonant perturbations at the critical points. The rogue wave excitation at the critical points indicates that rogue wave comes from modulation instability with resonant perturbations, even when the baseband modulational instability is absent. The perturbation differences for generating W-shaped solitons and rogue waves are discussed in detail. These results can be used to generate W-shaped solitons and rogue waves controllably from weak perturbations.

6.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1865(12): 165541, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472216

RESUMO

Cognitive decline is a common symptom at advanced stage of type 1 diabetes (T1D), but its potential pathogenesis remains unclear. In this study, therefore, we investigated changes in the gut microbiome and metabolome in serum and hippocampus between advanced-stage T1D (AST1D) rats with cognitive decline and age-matched controls (AMC), and explored the possible mechanism of the gut-microbiota-metabolite axis in T1D-induced cognitive dysfunction. The results demonstrated that AST1D rats possessed peculiar metabolic phenotypes in serum and hippocampus relative to AMC rats, as characterized by decreases in tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and amino acid and choline metabolism as well as disturbances in glutamate/GABA-glutamine cycle and astrocyte-neuron metabolism. We also found that AST1D rats had higher relative abundances of Prevotella_9, Bacteroides and Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group as well as lower relative abundances of Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, Romboutsia and Turicibacter than AMC rats. Microbiota-host metabolic correlation analysis suggests that metabolic alterations in serum and hippocampus may be modulated by the gut microbiota, especially Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, Romboutsia and Turicibacter. Therefore, our study implies that the modification of host metabolism by targeting the gut microbiota may be a novel avenue for prevention and treatment of diabetic encephalopathy in the future.

7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12852, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492879

RESUMO

Here, we bridge the gap between carbon mineralization and laundry detergent builder with sodium oxalate. Daily laundry can help mineralize carbon dioxide. First, we screen an environment-friendly process to produce sodium oxalate, using CO2 as a raw material. Then, we evaluate the properties of sodium oxalate as a detergent builder and prove the formation of calcium oxalate under laundry conditions. Our data suggest that sodium oxalate has excellent calcium-removing properties. Detergents based on sodium oxalate have good detergency. Furthermore, solid calcium oxalates (calcium oxalate monohydrate or calcium oxalate dihydrate, which has good stability in water and thermal stability), is obtained from washing waters. These results demonstrate the possibility of using sodium oxalate as detergent builder. The whole process can transform the greenhouse gas CO2 into commodity chemicals and can mineralize carbon.

8.
BMC Urol ; 19(1): 81, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metastatic tumors of the penis are uncommon, and fewer than 500 cases have been reported since 1870. Most penile secondary tumors originate in organs of the genitourinary tract, followed by the gastrointestinal tract. Primary tumors of sarcoma origin are extremely rare. Herein, we present a teenager who had recurrent sarcoma of the right femur with penile metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: The 20-year-old male patient was diagnosed with sarcoma of the right femur when he was 16 days old. He was stable following combination chemotherapy with the VAC regimen (vincristine, adriamycin, and cyclophosphamide) and debulking surgery. In January 2018, five months ago, he presented with right leg pain and swelling, and a recurrent tumor was found. Following excision of the tumor showed recurrent sarcoma. However, 2 months after the operation, right thigh swelling with tenderness occurred. A firm nodule on the glans of the penis was also noted. Penile metastasis was suspected and a biopsy was performed. The final pathology report disclosed pleomorphic sarcoma with penile metastasis. Symptoms including priapism and inguinal lymph node enlargement progressed rapidly within 2 weeks. He also complained of voiding difficulty with urine retention. The patient died 35 days after admission due to pneumonia with septic shock. CONCLUSION: Penile metasitasis largely occurs from organs in the pelvis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of a teenager with a secondary penile tumor, metastasizing from sarcoma of the bone. It presented as a palpable mass, and then progressed into priapism. The patient had a dismal prognosis and the symptoms progressed faster than his physicians anticipated.

9.
Lasers Surg Med ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of single-fiber laser ablation (LA) under ultrasound guidance and appropriate ablation modes in the treatment of selected metastatic lymph nodes of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and benign cold thyroid nodules STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 18 patients (consisting of 8 patients with 18 metastatic lymph nodes of PTC and 10 patients with 10 benign cold thyroid nodules) each underwent one session of single-fiber LA under ultrasound guidance. On the basis of the sizes of the nodules, the ablation modes were chosen accordingly. The single-dot ablation mode was used in the nodules with three orthogonal diameters measuring no greater than 10 mm in diameter, with a dot, a level and an insertion. The double-dots overlapping ablation mode was used in the nodules with the largest diameters measuring greater than 10 mm (in which the nodules measured no more than 15 mm in diameter and with the other two perpendicular diameters measuring no greater than 10 mm in diameter) with two dots, a level and two insertions. The multiple levels and dots overlapping ablation mode was used in the nodules with the three orthogonal diameters all measuring larger than 10 mm, with multiple dots, levels and insertions. RESULTS: After 12 months of follow-up in the treated nodules of the metastatic lymph nodes of PTC and benign cold thyroid nodules, the mean baseline volumes decreased from 0.29 ± 0.12 to 0.03 ± 0.03 ml and 3.85 ± 0.64 to 1.1 ± 0.37 ml, respectively, and the mean volume reduction ratios (VRRs), which was calculated as {[(initial volume-final volume) × 100%]/initial volume}, were 90.3 ± 7.6% and 72 ± 5.8%, respectively. There were six ablative zones that completely disappeared, whereas the ablative zones that still existed presented as scar-like areas or small hyperechoic areas that were compatible with scar tissue among the 18 malignant nodules at the last follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Single-fiber LA under ultrasound guidance, with the appropriate ablation modes, is feasible and effective for the treatment of selected metastatic lymph nodes of PTC and benign cold thyroid nodules. This study suggests that single-fiber LA may be applied to selected cases with appropriate ablation modes. Lasers Surg. Med. 2019 © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

10.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 94: 113-121, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491526

RESUMO

Autophagy related gene 16 (Atg16), which encodes a core protein for autophagosome formation, participates in autophagy activity, the ubiquitin proteasome system and inflammatory response in mammals. In this study, we cloned and characterized an Atg16 homolog from orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) (EcAtg16L1). EcAtg16L1 encodes a 656-amino acid polypeptide, which shares 94.22% and 72.65% homology with large yellow croakers (Larimichthys crocea) and humans (Homo sapiens), respectively. EcAtg16L1 contains a conserved Atg16 domain and a WD-repeat-containing domain. Subcellular localization showed that EcAtg16L1 was distributed in the cytoplasm of grouper cells with a dot-like pattern. EcAtg16L1 overexpression promoted Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) and red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) replication, as evidenced by the increase in viral gene transcription and viral coat protein. Furthermore, EcAtg16L1 overexpression negatively regulated interferon (IFN)-related molecules and proinflammatory cytokines, and decreased IFN, IFN-stimulated response element, and nuclear factor κB promoter activities. Taken together, aside from its function in autophagosome formation, EcAtg16L1 also plays role in promoting SGIV and RGNNV replication and the pro-viral effect might involve its down regulation to interferon and inflammatory responses.

12.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(9): 648, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501415

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by the remodeling of fibrotic tissue and collagen deposition, which mainly results from aberrant fibroblasts proliferation and trans-differentiation to myofibroblasts. Patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia, myeloproliferative disorder, and scleroderma with pulmonary fibrosis complications show megakaryocyte infiltration in the lung. In this study, we demonstrated that the number of CD41+ megakaryocytes increased in bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung fibrosis tissues through the Chemokine (CXCmotif) ligand 12/Chemokine receptor 4 (CXCL12/CXCR4) axis. Pharmacological inhibition of the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis with WZ811 prevented migration of CD41+ megakaryocytes induced by BLM-injured lung tissue ex vivo and in vivo. In addition, WZ811 significantly attenuated lung fibrosis after BLM challenge. Moreover, megakaryocytes directly promoted fibroblast proliferation and trans-differentiation to myofibroblasts. We conclude that thrombopoietin (TPO) activated megakaryocytes through transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) pathway to promote fibroblast proliferation and trans-differentiation to myofibroblasts, which is abolished by treatment with selective TGF-ßR-1/ALK5 inhibitors. Therefore, CD41+ megakaryocytes migrate to injured lung tissue partially through the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis to promote the proliferation and trans-differentiation of fibroblasts through direct contact and the TGF-ß1 pathway.

13.
J Exp Biol ; 222(Pt 15)2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399510

RESUMO

Terrestrial animals often must self-right from an upside-down orientation on the ground to survive. Here, we compared self-righting strategies of the Madagascar hissing, American and discoid cockroaches on a challenging flat, rigid, low-friction surface to quantify the mechanical principles. All three species almost always self-righted (97% probability) when given time (30 s), frequently self-righted (63%) on the first attempt, and on that attempt did so in 1 s or less. When successful, two of the three species gained and used pitch and/or roll rotational kinetic energy to overcome potential energy barriers (American 63% of all attempts and discoid 78%). By contrast, the largest, heaviest, wingless cockroach (Madagascar hissing) relied far less on the energy of motion and was the slowest to self-right. Two of the three species used rolling strategies to overcome low potential energy barriers. Successful righting attempts had greater rolling rotation than failed attempts as the center of mass rose to the highest position. Madagascar hissing cockroaches rolled using body deformation (98% of all trials) and the American cockroach rolled using leg forces (93%). By contrast, the discoid cockroach overcame higher and a wider range of potential energy barriers with simultaneous pitching and rolling using the wings (46% of all trials) and legs (49%) equally to self-right. Our quantification revealed the performance advantages of using rotational kinetic energy to overcome the potential energy barrier and rolling more to lower it, while maintaining diverse strategies for ground-based self-righting.

14.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 388, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent investigations indicate that schistosome infection is closely associated with aberrant glycolipid metabolism. However, the actual glycolipid metabolism gene expression, as well as the possible pathways that regulate glycolipid metabolism in the schistosome-infected liver, has not been extensively explored. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the dynamic expression of glycolipid metabolism-associated genes and proteins in the livers from mice infected with Schistosoma japonicum at the indicated time points using real-time PCR and immunofluorescence. Then, cultures of macrophages were treated with schistosome soluble egg antigen (SEA) to detect the expression levels of genes associated with glucose and lipid metabolism in order to identify macrophages metabolic characteristics in response to these antigens. Furthermore, SEA-stimulated macrophages were co-cultures with hepatocytes and detected the effects of macrophages on the gene expression of hepatocytes metabolism. RESULTS: The expression of glycolysis-related genes (Ldha, Glut4, Pkm2, Glut1, Pfkfb3, Aldoc, HK2, Pfk) in the liver were upregulated but the gluconeogenesis gene (G6pc) was downregulated during S. japonicum infection. In addition, the mRNA levels of fatty acid (FA) oxidation-related genes (Ucp2, Atp5b, Pparg) in the liver were significantly upregulated; however, the FA synthesis genes (Fas, Acc, Scd1, Srebp1c) and lipid uptake gene (Cd36) were downregulated post-S. japonicum-infection. In consistence with these data, stimulation with SEA in vitro significantly enhanced the gene expression that involved in glycolysis and FA oxidation, but decreased genes related to gluconeogenesis, FA synthesis and lipid uptake in macrophages. The levels of phosphorylated AMPK, AKT and mTORC1 were increased in macrophages after SEA stimulation. Inhibition of phosphorylated AMPK, AKT and mTORC1 promoted SEA-treated macrophages to produce glucose. In addition, suppression of phosphorylated-AMPK, but not phosphorylated-AKT and phosphorylated-mTOR, induced the lipid accumulation in SEA-stimulated macrophages. Furthermore, SEA-treated macrophages significantly reduced the expression of Acc mRNA in hepatocytes in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: These findings reveal S. japonicum infection induces dynamic changes in the expression levels of genes involved in catabolism (glucose uptake, glycolysis and fatty acid oxidation) and suppressing anabolism (glycogen synthesis) in the liver, which could occur via macrophages' metabolic states, particularly those involved in the AMPK, AKT and mTORC1 pathways.

15.
Sci Immunol ; 4(38)2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420321

RESUMO

This is our response to the Technical Comment by Rolfs et al. where we point out errors in their reanalysis of our data.

16.
PLoS Pathog ; 15(8): e1007983, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433824

RESUMO

Recognition of viral RNA by the retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs), including RIG-I and MDA5, initiates innate antiviral responses. Although regulation of RLR-mediated signal transduction has been extensively investigated, how the recognition of viral RNA by RLRs is regulated remains enigmatic. In this study, we identified heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein M (hnRNPM) as a negative regulator of RLR-mediated signaling. Overexpression of hnRNPM markedly inhibited RNA virus-triggered innate immune responses. Conversely, hnRNPM-deficiency increased viral RNA-triggered innate immune responses and inhibited replication of RNA viruses. Viral infection caused translocation of hnRNPM from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. hnRNPM interacted with RIG-I and MDA5, and impaired the binding of the RLRs to viral RNA, leading to inhibition of innate antiviral response. Our findings suggest that hnRNPM acts as an important decoy for excessive innate antiviral immune response.

17.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 5343-5350, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452370

RESUMO

In this work, a sensitive deep ultraviolet (DUV) light photodetector based on inorganic and lead-free Cs3Cu2I5 crystalline film derived by a solution method was reported. Optoelectronic characterization revealed that the perovskite device exhibited nearly no sensitivity to visible illumination with wavelength of 405 nm but exhibited pronounced sensitivity to both DUV and UV light illumination with response speeds of 26.2/49.9 ms for rise/fall time. The Ilight/Idark ratio could reach 127. What is more, the responsivity and specific detectivity were calculated to be 64.9 mA W-1 and 6.9 × 1011 Jones, respectively. In addition, the device could keep its photoresponsivity after storage in air environment for a month. It is also found that the capability of Cs3Cu2I5 crystalline film device can readily record still DUV image with acceptable resolution. The above results confirm that the DUV photodetector may hold great potential for future DUV optoelectronic device and systems.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e17002, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by published meta-analyses. However, disease outcomes were inconsistent and heterogeneity was observed attributed to placebo-controlled studies. We present a protocol for a systematic review aiming to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of CHM comparing to placebo in the treatment of stable COPD, to provide robust evidence for the use of CHM in COPD. METHODS: We will comprehensively search the following 9 databases from inception to March 2019: Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WANFANG Database, Chinese Scientific and Technological Periodical Database (VIP) and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), and the Cochrane Library database. All clinical randomized controlled trials comparing CHM to placebo for the treatment of stable COPD in English or Chinese will be included. The primary outcome will be quality of life, symptom score and exacerbation frequency, and the secondary outcomes include traditional Chinese medicine syndrome score and effective rate, lung function, 6-minute walk distance, and adverse events. Data extraction and quality assessment will be performed independently by 2 reviewers. Data synthesis and risk of bias will be assessed using the Review Manager software. This protocol will be conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidance. RESULTS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will provide a high-quality comprehensive evaluation of the efficacy and safety based on current literature evidence of CHM intervention for stable COPD. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this study will present the evidence of whether CHM is an effective and safe intervention for stable COPD patients.

19.
J Invertebr Pathol ; 166: 107231, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425685

RESUMO

Virus-like particles (VLPs) are potential containers for delivery of therapeutic agents at the nanoscale. In this study, the capsid protein of Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) was expressed in a baculovirus insect cell system. The 37-kDa recombinant protein containing the hexahistidine residues (His Tag) at N-terminal was purified using immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) and assembled into VLPs with a diameter of 23 ±â€¯3 nm analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. We also verified that disassembly/reassembly of IHHNV-VLPs was controlled in the presence and absence of DTT. The efficiency of IHHNV-VLPs to encapsulate plasmid DNA was about 48.2%, and the VLPs encapsulating the pcDNA3.1(+)-EGFP plasmid DNA could recognize the primary shrimp hemocytes and deliver the loaded plasmid into cells by detection of expressed enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). These results implied that the IHHNV-VLPs might be a good candidate for packaging and delivery of expressible plasmid DNA, and may produce an antiviral product in shrimp cells for gene therapy.

20.
Viruses ; 11(8)2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430947

RESUMO

The picornavirus Aichi virus (AiV) is a non-enveloped RNA virus that causes acute gastroenteritis symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever. Antiviral host defense involves the fast response of type I interferon (IFN) and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines against pathogens. However, the intestinal inflammatory and antiviral response to AiV infection is poorly understood. This study evaluated the antiviral activity of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), which form a single-cell layer separating the bowel wall from pathogens. Isolated primary mouse IECs were subjected to AiV infection and virion production, inducing the mRNA expression of type I/type III IFNs and inflammatory cytokines. The mechanism involved induced the expression of phospho-IFN regulatory factor 3 and mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein of type I IFN signaling. These findings were also observed in AiV-infected human colon carcinoma cells. In summary, a viral productive and pathogenic infection of AiV in primary murine IECs is validated.

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