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2.
Food Chem ; 452: 139614, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744132

RESUMO

Soy protein isolate (SPI)-polyphenol conjugates were produced by grafting SPI individually with curcumin, naringenin, and catechin. The resulting conjugates showed better emulsifying properties and were used to develop active films containing rose essential oil. The effect of conjugation on the physicochemical and mechanical properties of these emulsion-based films was evaluated. The results showed that the barrier and mechanical properties of the films were improved when the SPI-polyphenol conjugates were used to emulsify the essential oil; in particular, the SPI-curcumin conjugate showed significant improvement. The improvements on the water vapor and oxygen barrier properties in the films were attributed to the formation of compact structure. Emulsion-based films stabilized by SPI-polyphenol conjugates showed antioxidant and antibacterial activities. They also demonstrated an ability to extend the shelf life of cherry tomatoes, as indicated by better preservation of weight, firmness, and ascorbic acid content.

3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10586, 2024 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719951

RESUMO

Carotenoids play essential roles in plant growth and development and provide plants with a tolerance to a series of abiotic stresses. In this study, the function and biological significance of lycopene ß-cyclase, lycopene ε-cyclase, and ß-carotene hydroxylase, which are responsible for the modification of the tetraterpene skeleton procedure, were isolated from Lycium chinense and analyzed. The overexpression of lycopene ß-cyclase, lycopene ε-cyclase, and ß-carotene hydroxylase promoted the accumulation of total carotenoids and photosynthesis enhancement, reactive oxygen species scavenging activity, and proline content of tobacco seedlings after exposure to the salt stress. Furthermore, the expression of the carotenoid biosynthesis genes and stress-related genes (ascorbate peroxidase, catalase, peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, and pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase) were detected and showed increased gene expression level, which were strongly associated with the carotenoid content and reactive oxygen species scavenging activity. After exposure to salt stress, the endogenous abscisic acid content was significantly increased and much higher than those in control plants. This research contributes to the development of new breeding aimed at obtaining stronger salt tolerance plants with increased total carotenoids and vitamin A content.


Assuntos
Carotenoides , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Lycium , Nicotiana , Proteínas de Plantas , Tolerância ao Sal , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Nicotiana/genética , Nicotiana/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Lycium/genética , Lycium/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Liases Intramoleculares/genética , Liases Intramoleculares/metabolismo , Fotossíntese/genética , Oxigenases de Função Mista/genética , Oxigenases de Função Mista/metabolismo , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo
4.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1396641, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725660

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is regarded as a chronic metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia. Long-term hyperglycemia may result in oxidative stress, damage pancreatic ß-cell function and induce insulin resistance. Herein we explored the anti-hypoglycemic effects and mechanisms of action of N-p-coumaroyloctopamine (N-p-CO) in vitro and in vivo. N-p-CO exhibited high antioxidant activity, as indicated by the increased activity of SOD, GSH and GSH-Px in HL-7702 cells induced by both high glucose (HG) and palmitic acid (PA). N-p-CO treatment significantly augmented glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in HG/PA-treated HL-7702 cells. Moreover, administration of N-p-CO in diabetic mice induced by both high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ) not only significantly increased the antioxidant levels of GSH-PX, SOD and GSH, but also dramatically alleviated hyperglycemia and hepatic glucose metabolism in a dose-dependent manner. More importantly, N-p-CO upregulated the expressions of PI3K, AKT and GSK3ß proteins in both HG/PA-induced HL-7702 cells and HFD/STZ-induced mice. These findings clearly suggest that N-p-CO exerts anti-hypoglycemic and anti-oxidant effects, most probably via the regulation of a PI3K/AKT/GSK3ß signaling pathway. Thus, N-p-CO may have high potentials as a new candidate for the prevention and treatment of diabetes.

5.
Cureus ; 16(4): e57911, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725774

RESUMO

Binasal quadrantanopia is a rare type of visual field defect characteristic of vision loss in either the upper or lower quadrants of both nasal visual fields. The affected individuals often exhibit impairments in peripheral vision, leading to difficulties in various daily activities such as navigation, object recognition, and hazard avoidance. The consequences of binasal quadrantanopia can be profound, affecting the individual's quality of life and functional independence. However, due to its atypical presentation and overlapping clinical features with other visual field defects, accurately pinpointing the lesion's precise location for further management becomes a complex task. Here, we present an unusual case of binasal quadrantanopia caused by bilateral anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) and aim to explore the unique characteristics, etiology, and diagnostic approaches associated with binasal quadrantanopia, shedding light on the challenges encountered in lesion localization.

6.
Nurse Educ Today ; 139: 106238, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Professional self-concept consists of one's judgments, attitudes about oneself professionally, and one's own perception as a professional. A positive professional self-concept can support students and new nurses throughout their nursing careers. OBJECTIVE: To describe levels of self-concept among pre-licensure undergraduate students. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: The participants were nursing students in a Bachelor of Science in Nursing program in the United States. DESIGN/METHODS: This is a cross-sectional correlational study with self-report instruments, including demographics and the Professional Self-Concept of Nurses Instrument. Data (N = 103) were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 29.0. Descriptive statistics and professional self-concept scores were examined with independent t-tests, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlations. RESULTS: Most participants were female (n = 90), with a mean age of 20 years (SD = 1). The mean professional self-concept of nurses score was 78 (SD = 7), ranging from 27 to 108, and professional self-concept was positively correlated with receiving tutoring through the university's program, working as a tutor for nursing students or students in prerequisite classes, transferring into the nursing program, and participating in campus nursing organizations. Professional self-concept was negatively correlated with advancement in semesters of the nursing program, being a first-generation college student, having a family member who is a nurse, GPA, and having clinical-related work experience in healthcare. CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of exposure to nursing may be related to lower professional self-concept. This is important to recognize and it may generalize to other nursing schools and health-related departments. Schools of nursing should enhance students' resilience by promoting self-concept. Our findings also shade light on self-care and the mental health of healthcare professionals.

8.
Chemosphere ; 359: 142276, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761830

RESUMO

The production of solid wastes in the metallurgical industry has significant implications for land resources and environmental pollution. To address this issue, it is crucial to explore the potential of recycling these solid wastes to reduce land occupation while protecting the environment and promoting resource utilization. Steel slag, red mud, copper slag and steel picking waste liquor are examples of solid wastes generated during the metallurgical process that possess high iron content and Fe species, making them excellent catalysts for persulfate-based advanced oxidation processes (PS-AOPs). This review elucidates the catalytic mechanisms and pathways of Fe2+ and Fe0 in the activation PS. Additionally, it underscores the potential of metallurgical iron-containing solid waste (MISW) as a catalyst for PS activation, offering a viable strategy for its high-value utilization. Lastly, the article provides an outlook towards future challenges and prospects for MISW in PS activation for the degradation of organic pollutants.

9.
Small ; : e2400338, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766952

RESUMO

0D hybrid metal halides (0D HMHs) with fully isolated inorganic units provide an ideal platform for studying the correlations between chiroptical activities and crystal structures at atomic levels. Here, through the incorporation of different solvent molecules, a series of 0D chiral manganese bromides (RR/SS-C20H28N2)3MnBr8·2X (X = C2H5OH, CH3OH, or H2O) are synthesized to elucidate their chiroptical properties. They show negligible circular dichroism signals of Mn absorptions due to C2v-symmetric [MnBr4]2- tetrahedra. However, they display distinct circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) signals with continuously increased luminescence asymmetry factors (glum) from 10-4 (X = C2H5OH) to 10-3 (X = H2O). The increased glum value is structurally revealed to originate from the enhancement of [MnBr4]2- tetrahedral bond-angle distortions, due to the presence of different solvent molecules. Furthermore, (RR/SS-C20H28N2)MnBr4·H2O enantiomers with larger bond-angle distortions of [MnBr4]2- tetrahedra are synthesized based on hydrobromic acid-induced structural transformation of (RR/SS-C20H28N2)3MnBr8·2H2O enantiomers. Therefore, such (RR/SS-C20H28N2)MnBr4·H2O enantiomers exhibit enhanced CPL signals with |glum| up to 1.23 × 10-2. This work provides unique insight into enhancing chiroptical activities in 0D HMH systems.

11.
Poult Sci ; 103(6): 103724, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701630

RESUMO

Sertoli cells (SC) are a type of important cells in the testes, which can provide transport proteins, regulatory proteins, growth factors, and other cytokines for the spermatogenic process. They participate in the regulation of the maturation and differentiation of spermatogenic cells and play an important supporting role in the migration, proliferation, and differentiation of germ cells at all levels in the testes. Previous studies found differential expression of LINC9137, miR-140-3p, and Sodium/Potassium Transporting ATPase Interacting 3 (NKAIN3) genesin high and low sperm motility goose testicular tissues. This study investigated the effects of the LINC9137-miR-140-3p-NKAIN3 signal axis on the proliferation and apoptosis of goose testicular sertoli cells at the cellular level, respectively. The results showed that through acridine orange staining, oil red O staining, Alkaline phosphatase (AKP) staining, and RT qPCR assay, it was comprehensively identified that the cultured testicular sertoli cells were purified in vitro. Through the dual luciferase activity detection test, it was found that LINC9137 has a targeted binding site with miR-140-3p and NKAIN3. In addition, this study found that overexpression of miR-140-3p significantly inhibited the expression of LINC9137 and NKAIN3 in sertoli cells, and their expression was significantly increased when miR-140-3p was interfered with. By measuring cell proliferation activity and apoptosis related gene expression, it was found that overexpression of LINC9137 decreased cell proliferation activity (P > 0.05), while the expression level of apoptosis factor Bcl2 Associated X Protein (Bax)/B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl2) increased (P > 0.05). On the contrary, when interfering with LINC9137, the cell proliferation activity of sertoli cells was significantly increased (P < 0.01), and the expression level of apoptosis factor Bax/Bcl2 was significantly reduced (P < 0.05); The effect of miR-140-3p on the proliferation and apoptosis of sertoli cells is opposite to that of LINC9137. Meanwhile, this study co transfected overexpressed LINC9137 and miR-140-3p plasmids into sertoli cells, and found that the effect of LINC9137 overexpression on supporting cell proliferation was weakened by miR-140-3p. This study elucidates the role and function of the LINC9137 miR-140-3p-NKAIN3 signaling axis in the development of goose testes and spermatogenesis, establishes a regulatory network related to spermatogenesis, and provides a theoretical basis for studying the genetic regulation of goose spermatogenesis.

12.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1393852, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711526

RESUMO

Different eukaryotic cell organelles (e.g., mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome) are involved in various cancer processes, by dominating specific cellular activities. Organelles cooperate, such as through contact points, in complex biological activities that help the cell regulate energy metabolism, signal transduction, and membrane dynamics, which influence survival process. Herein, we review the current studies of mechanisms by which mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and lysosome are related to the three major malignant gynecological cancers, and their possible therapeutic interventions and drug targets. We also discuss the similarities and differences of independent organelle and organelle-organelle interactions, and their applications to the respective gynecological cancers; mitochondrial dynamics and energy metabolism, endoplasmic reticulum dysfunction, lysosomal regulation and autophagy, organelle interactions, and organelle regulatory mechanisms of cell death play crucial roles in cancer tumorigenesis, progression, and response to therapy. Finally, we discuss the value of organelle research, its current problems, and its future directions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos , Mitocôndrias , Organelas , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Organelas/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular , Animais , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Autofagia , Metabolismo Energético , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Exp Neurol ; 377: 114805, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729552

RESUMO

Staufen-1 (STAU1) is a double-stranded RNA-binding protein (RBP) involved in a variety of pathological conditions. In this study, we investigated the potential role of STAU1 in Alzheimer's disease (AD), in which two hallmarks are well-established as cerebral ß-amyloid protein (Aß) deposition and Tau-centered neurofibrillary tangles. We found that STAU1 protein level was significantly increased in cells that stably express full-length APP and the brain of APP/PS1 mice, an animal model of AD. STAU1 knockdown, as opposed to overexpression, significantly decreased the protein levels of ß-amyloid converting enzyme 1 (BACE1) and Aß. We further found that STAU1 extended the half-life of the BACE1 mRNA through binding to the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR). Transcriptome analysis revealed that STAU1 enhanced the expression of growth arrest and DNA damage 45 ß (GADD45B) upstream of P38 MAPK signaling, which contributed to STAU1-induced regulation of Tau phosphorylation at Ser396 and Thr181. Together, STAU1 promoted amyloidogenesis by inhibiting BACE1 mRNA decay, and augmented Tau phosphorylation through activating GADD45B in relation to P38 MAPK. Targeting STAU1 that acts on both amyloidogenesis and tauopathy may serve as an optimistic approach for AD treatment.

14.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1341455, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699420

RESUMO

Background: Population ageing is inseparable from technological innovation, social progress and the development of human civilization, and constitutes a new element in the development of contemporary human history. Objective: To dynamically analyses the developmental, structural and growth characteristics of population ageing in 31 provincial capitals and municipalities in China, using the data of the fifth national census in 2000 and the seventh national census in 2020. Methods: The development characteristics and spatial and temporal patterns of population aging in the 31 cities were measured using the population aging index growth model, Theil's index, coefficient of variation, population aging index and other analytical methods. Results: (1) From 2000 to 2020, the population aging rate of the 31 central cities generally increased, and the population aging level of the cities showed the characteristics of "East-Central-Northeast-West" to "Northeast-East-Central-West" decreasing. (2) Regional differences in the ratio of old to young are relatively high, while regional differences in the level of population ageing are relatively small. The level of population ageing is classified with the indicators of size structure, family structure and age structure in the first and third quadrants, and with the geographic concentration rate in the second and fourth quadrants. (3) China's population ageing has a T-shaped spatial distribution characteristic pointing along the coast - along the Yangtze Rivers. Conclusion: The 31 central cities are the center of gravity of China's economy and have strong economic power in dealing with the challenges of population ageing, but how to make population ageing compatible with the economy and society, and then promote sustainable population development, is a topic that needs further attention in the study.


Assuntos
Cidades , Dinâmica Populacional , Análise Espaço-Temporal , China , Humanos , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Dinâmica Populacional/tendências , Dinâmica Populacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso
15.
NanoImpact ; : 100512, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768902

RESUMO

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) have been widely employed in various industry fields, which makes consumers concerned about their health impact. Our previous work displayed that TiO2 NPs participate in the mitigation of TNBS-induced colitis, but the mechanism is still unknown. This work aimed to explore the role of oxidative stress and NF-κB pathway in the effect of TiO2 NPs on TNBS-induced colitis. The results showed that TiO2 NPs administration reduced the DAI score of colitis mice after TNBS enema. TiO2 NPs did not alter oxidative stress states (GSH/GSSG), but repaired the gut dysbacteriosis and inhibited the canonical NF-κB pathway activation in TNBS-induced colitis mice, manifested as a decrease in pathogenic bacteria and an increase in beneficial bacteria, as well as down-regulation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), IKKα, IKKß, p65 and pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α and IFN-γ) in mRNA level, and the increased transcription of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, TGF-ß, and IL-12), along with the declined protein level of TNF-α in TiO2 NPs treated colitis mice. The present study suggested that oral TiO2 NPs administration inhibited the canonical NF-κB pathway activation by repairing gut dysbacteriosis, which made a predominant role in alleviating colitis. These findings provided a new perspective for exploring the safety of TiO2 NPs.

16.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 610, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major complication of breast cancer surgical patients. Assessing VTE awareness enables medical staff to tailor educational programs that improve patient self-management and reduce VTE risk. Therefore, this study aimed to assess VTE awareness among breast cancer surgical patients and identify factors influencing their awareness level. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted on breast cancer patients scheduled for surgery from May 2023 to November 2023. Data were collected using a general information form and a validated self-assessment questionnaire on VTE awareness for breast cancer surgical patients. Univariate analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Of 1969 patients included, the term awareness rates for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism were 42.5% and 26.1%, respectively. Information about VTE was primarily obtained from doctors (30.4%), nurses (24.0%), and social media (23.3%). The overall average VTE awareness score was 1.55 ± 0.53, with the dimension of VTE preventive measures scoring highest, and VTE clinical symptoms/signs scoring lowest. Multivariate analysis identified education level, personal VTE history, chemotherapy and surgical history, and the hospital's regional location as significant factors associated with VTE awareness level (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study highlights a critical need for improved VTE awareness among breast cancer surgical patients, particularly regarding clinical symptoms/signs. Health education programs are recommended especially tailored for patients with lower education levels, no history of VTE, or without prior surgery or chemotherapy, to improve their understanding of VTE.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Tromboembolia Venosa , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle
17.
Theranostics ; 14(7): 2835-2855, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773970

RESUMO

Rationale: The large-scale genomic analysis classifies glioblastoma (GBM) into three major subtypes, including classical (CL), proneural (PN), and mesenchymal (MES) subtypes. Each of these subtypes exhibits a varying degree of sensitivity to the temozolomide (TMZ) treatment, while the prognosis corresponds to the molecular and genetic characteristics of the tumor cell type. Tumors with MES features are predominantly characterized by the NF1 deletion/alteration, leading to sustained activation of the RAS and PI3K-AKT signaling pathways in GBM and tend to acquire drug resistance, resulting in the worst prognosis compared to other subtypes (PN and CL). Here, we used the CRISPR/Cas9 library screening technique to detect TMZ-related gene targets that might play roles in acquiring drug resistance, using overexpressed KRAS-G12C mutant GBM cell lines. The study identified a key therapeutic strategy to address the chemoresistance against the MES subtype of GBM. Methods: The CRISPR-Cas9 library screening was used to discover genes associated with TMZ resistance in the U87-KRAS (U87-MG which is overexpressed KRAS-G12C mutant) cells. The patient-derived GBM primary cell line TBD0220 was used for experimental validations in vivo and in vitro. Chromatin isolation by RNA purification (ChIRP) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays were used to elucidate the silencing mechanism of tumor suppressor genes in the MES-GBM subtype. The small-molecule inhibitor EPIC-0412 was obtained through high-throughput screening. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to characterize the exosomes (Exos) secreted by GBM cells after TMZ treatment. Blood-derived Exos-based targeted delivery of siRNA, TMZ, and EPIC-0412 was optimized to tailor personalized therapy in vivo. Results: Using the genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 library screening, we found that the ERBIN gene could be epigenetically regulated in the U87-KRAS cells. ERBIN overexpression inhibited the RAS signaling and downstream proliferation and invasion effects of GBM tumor cells. EPIC-0412 treatment inhibited tumor proliferation and EMT progression by upregulating the ERBIN expression both in vitro and in vivo. Genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 screening also identified RASGRP1(Ras guanine nucleotide-releasing protein 1) and VPS28(Vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 28) genes as synthetically lethal in response to TMZ treatment in the U87-KRAS cells. We found that RASGRP1 activated the RAS-mediated DDR pathway by promoting the RAS-GTP transformation. VPS28 promoted the Exos secretion and decreased intracellular TMZ concentration in GBM cells. The targeted Exos delivery system encapsulating drugs and siRNAs together showed a powerful therapeutic effect against GBM in vivo. Conclusions: We demonstrate a new mechanism by which ERBIN is epigenetically silenced by the RAS signaling in the MES subtype of GBM. Restoration of the ERBIN expression with EPIC-0412 significantly inhibits the RAS signaling downstream. RASGRP1 and VPS28 genes are associated with the promotion of TMZ resistance through RAS-GDP to RAS-GTP transformation and TMZ efflux, as well. A quadruple combination therapy based on a targeted Exos delivery system demonstrated significantly reduced tumor burden in vivo. Therefore, our study provides new insights and therapeutic approaches for regulating tumor progression and TMZ resistance in the MES-GBM subtype.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Exossomos , Glioblastoma , Temozolomida , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/patologia , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Temozolomida/farmacologia , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Camundongos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Nus , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Tob Induc Dis ; 222024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751549

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Food delivery drivers represent a rapidly growing occupational group in China in recent years. Their unique work patterns such as a complex work environment and high time-pressure may subject them to more severe tobacco use issues compared to other professions. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of tobacco use within this group and examine the underlying reasons behind it. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multistage sampling design was conducted to select 1879 food delivery riders from Guangzhou and Shenzhen. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data from August to December 2022. Chi-squared analysis and binary logistic regression analysis, adjusted for factors including gender, education level, type of employment, alcohol use, job-related uncertainty stress, and emotional exhaustion, were used to explore the key factors associated with smoking among this occupational group. RESULTS: Altogether, 65.5% of individuals in this sample were smokers, with 69.5% among males and 26.2% among females. Factors found to be significantly associated with smoking behavior were male sex (AOR=5.48; 95% CI: 3.74-8.02), education level of junior high school or lower (AOR=1.60; 95% CI: 1.21-2.11), education level of senior high school (AOR=1.52; 95% CI: 1.18-1.95), full-time job (AOR=1.39; 95% CI: 1.18-1.80), alcohol use (AOR=3.91; 95% CI: 3.14-4.87), moderate level of job-related uncertainty stress (AOR=0.58; 95% CI: 0.42-0.81), high level of emotional exhaustion (AOR=1.57; 95% CI: 1.17-2.10) and moderate level of emotional exhaustion (AOR=1.52; 95% CI: 1.00-2.30). CONCLUSIONS: Demographic factors like gender, education level, job type, and substance use should be considered in designing smoking cessation campaigns for this group. Improving work conditions, reducing emotional exhaustion, and managing stress may also reduce smoking and enhance the well-being of these riders.

19.
Chemosphere ; 358: 142158, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697561

RESUMO

A novel dual Photo-Fenton photocatalyst Fe2O3-Fe-CN with excellent Fe(III)/Fe(II) conversion efficiency and trace metal ion leaching rate has been fabricated by in-situ deposition of α-Fe2O3 quantum dots on ultrathin porous Fe-doped carbon nitride (Fe-CN) nanosheets. The iron species in Fe-CN and α-Fe2O3 QDs constitute a mutually reinforcing dual Photo-Fenton effect. The 4% Fe2O3-Fe-CN showed superior performance with kobs values 8.60 and 4.80 folders greater than pure CN and Fe-CN, respectively. The synergistic effect between α-Fe2O3 QDs and the ultrathin porous structure of Fe-CN is the primary reason for the outstanding catalytic performance exhibited by α-Fe2O3/Fe-CN. On one hand, the ultrathin porous structure of Fe-CN promotes the rapid transfer of photogenerated electrons. On the other hand, the efficient photogenerated charge separation at the α-Fe2O3/Fe-CN interface enables more photogenerated electrons to participate in the Fe3+/Fe2+ conversion and H2O2 activation. The trapping experiments demonstrate that •OH and •O2- are the primary active species in TC degradation. This work presents novel insights into the design of efficient heterogeneous Fenton catalysts for practical applications.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ferro , Pontos Quânticos , Catálise , Compostos Férricos/química , Ferro/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Processos Fotoquímicos , Nitrilas/química , Porosidade , Grafite , Compostos de Nitrogênio
20.
ACS Nano ; 18(20): 13286-13297, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728215

RESUMO

The ideal interface design between the metal and substrate is crucial in determining the overall performance of the alkyne semihydrogenation reaction. Single-atom alloys (SAAs) with isolated dispersed active centers are ideal media for the study of reaction effects. Herein, a charge-asymmetry "armor" SAA (named Pd1Fe SAA@PC), which consists of a Pd1Fe alloy core and a semiconducting P-doped C (PC) shell, is rationally designed as an ideal catalyst for the selective hydrogenation of alkynes with high efficiency. Multiple spectroscopic analyses and density functional theory calculations have demonstrated that Pd1Fe SAA@PC is dual-regulated by lattice tensile and Schottky effects, which govern the selectivity and activity of hydrogenation, respectively. (1) The PC shell layer applied an external traction force causing a 1.2% tensile strain inside the Pd1Fe alloy to increase the reaction selectivity. (2) P doping into the C-shell layer realized a transition from a p-type semiconductor to an n-type semiconductor, thereby forming a unique Schottky junction for advancing alkyne semihydrogenation activity. The dual regulation of lattice strain and the Schottky effect ensures the excellent performance of Pd1Fe SAA@PC in the semihydrogenation reaction of phenylethylene, achieving a conversion rate of 99.9% and a selectivity of 98.9% at 4 min. These well-defined interface modulation strategies offer a practical approach for the rational design and performance optimization of semihydrogenation catalysts.

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