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2.
Adv Mater ; : e1903762, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599045

RESUMO

Self-healing ability is an important survival feature in nature, with which living beings can spontaneously repair damage when wounded. Inspired by nature, people have designed and synthesized many self-healing materials by encapsulating healing agents or incorporating reversible covalent bonds or noncovalent interactions into a polymer matrix. Among the noncovalent interactions, the coordination bond is demonstrated to be effective for constructing highly efficient self-healing polymers. Moreover, with the presence of functional metal ions or ligands and dynamic metal-ligand bonds, self-healing polymers can show various functions such as dielectrics, luminescence, magnetism, catalysis, stimuli-responsiveness, and shape-memory behavior. Herein, the recent developments and achievements made in the field of self-healing polymers based on coordination bonds are presented. The advantages of coordination bonds in constructing self-healing polymers are highlighted, the various metal-ligand bonds being utilized in self-healing polymers are summarized, and examples of functional self-healing polymers originating from metal-ligand interactions are given. Finally, a perspective is included addressing the promises and challenges for the future development of self-healing polymers based on coordination bonds.

3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Available research about the anatomic patterns of intertrochanteric fractures is lacking, and fracture mapping has not previously been performed on intertrochanteric fractures. This study aimed to determine the major trajectories of intertrochanteric fracture lines using computed tomography data from a series of surgically treated patients. METHODS: In this study, 504 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were retrospectively analyzed. Fracture patterns were graded according to Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen classification. Fracture lines were transcribed onto proximal femoral templates and graphically superimposed to create a compilation of fracture maps that were subsequently divided into anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial fracture maps to create a three-dimensional (3D) pattern by reducing fragments in the 3D models. The fracture maps were then converted into frequency spectra. The major fracture patterns were assessed by focusing on the lateral femoral wall, lesser trochanter, intertrochanteric crest, and inner cortical buttress. RESULTS: Anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial fracture maps were created. The majority of fracture lines (85.9%, 433/504) on the anterior maps were along the intertrochanteric line where the iliofemoral ligament was attached. In the medial plane, the majority of fracture lines (49.0%, 247/504) shown on the frequency spectrum included the turning point involving the third quadrant. In the posterior plane, the majority of fracture lines (52.0%, 262/504) involved the intertrochanteric crest from the greater to the lesser trochanter. In the lateral plane, the majority of fracture lines (62.7%, 316/504) involved the greater trochanter at the gluteus medius attachment. CONCLUSIONS: The fracture patterns observed in the present study might be used to describe morphologic characteristics and aid with management strategies. Further classifications or modifications that incorporate the fracture patterns identified in this study may be used in future research.

4.
Biomater Sci ; 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576843

RESUMO

Understanding the relationship between the morphology and biological performance of nanomaterials is very important for their biomedical applications. However, most of the published research focused on spherical systems. The biological properties of the anisotropic nanomaterials have not been studied enough. In this study, we synthesized three sets of cylindrical polymer brushes (CPBs) with different lengths (∼34, 60 and 119 nm) by taking advantage of controlled radical polymerization and Cu(i)-catalyzed alkyne-azide click chemistry. These CPBs had one-dimensional wormlike morphology, the same chemical structure and diameter, desirable water solubility, abundant amino groups and narrowly distributed lengths. These characteristics encouraged us to study length effects on their in vitro and in vivo properties. We demonstrated that longer CPBs had higher cellular uptake, lower tissue permeability, shorter blood circulation time, lower tumor accumulation and rapider body clearance than their shorter counterparts. This work might provide important guidance for the design of biomedical nanomaterials.

5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4554, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591404

RESUMO

Explaining colour variation among animals at broad geographic scales remains challenging. Here we demonstrate how deep learning-a form of artificial intelligence-can reveal subtle but robust patterns of colour feature variation along an ecological gradient, as well as help identify the underlying mechanisms generating this biogeographic pattern. Using over 20,000 images with precise GPS locality information belonging to nearly 2,000 moth species from Taiwan, our deep learning model generates a 2048-dimension feature vector that accurately predicts each species' mean elevation based on colour and shape features. Using this multidimensional feature vector, we find that within-assemblage image feature variation is smaller in high elevation assemblages. Structural equation modeling suggests that this reduced image feature diversity is likely the result of colder environments selecting for darker colouration, which limits the colour diversity of assemblages at high elevations. Ultimately, with the help of deep learning, we will be able to explore the endless forms of natural morphological variation at unpreceded depths.

6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14586, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601919

RESUMO

Thin-section computed tomography (TSCT) imaging biomarkers are uncertain to distinguish progressive adenocarcinoma from benign lesions in pGGNs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of TSCT characteristics for differentiating among transient (TRA) lesions, atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH), adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) and invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) presenting as pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs). Between January 2016 and January 2018, 255 pGGNs, including 64 TRA, 22 AAH, 37 AIS, 108 MIA and 24 IAC cases, were reviewed on TSCT images. Differences in TSCT characteristics were compared among these five subtypes of pGGNs. Logistic analysis was performed to identify significant factors for predicting MIA and IAC. Progressive pGGNs were more likely to be round or oval in shape, with clear margins, air bronchograms, vascular and pleural changes, creep growth, and bubble-like lucency than were non-progressive pGGNs. The optimal cut-off values of the maximum diameter for differentiating non-progressive from progressive pGGNs and IAC from non-IAC were 6.5 mm and 11.5 mm, respectively. For the prediction of IAC vs. non-IAC and non-progressive vs. progressive adenocarcinoma, the areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves were 0.865 and 0.783 for maximum diameter and 0.784 and 0.722 for maximum CT attenuation, respectively. The optimal cut-off values of maximum CT attenuation were -532 HU and -574 HU for differentiating non-progressive from progressive pGGNs and IAC from non-IAC, respectively. Maximum diameter, maximum attenuation and morphological characteristics could help distinguish TRA lesions from MIA and IAC but not from AAH. So, CT morphologic characteristics, diameter and attenuation parameters are useful for differentiating among pGGNs of different subtypes.

7.
J Chem Inf Model ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603319

RESUMO

A drug may be metabolized by multiple CYP450 isoforms. Predicting the metabolic fate of drugs is very important to prevent drug-drug interactions in the development of novel pharmaceuticals. Prediction of CYP450 enzyme-substrate selectivity is formulized as a multi-label learning task in this study. Firstly, we compared the performance of feature combinations based on 4 different categories of features which are physiochemical property descriptors (PC), mol2vec descriptors (M2V), Extended Connectivity Fingerprints (ECFP) and Molecular ACCess System (MACCS) keys fingerprints on modeling. After identifying the best combination of features, we applied 7 different multi-label models which are ML-kNN, MLTSVM and 5 Network-based Label Space Division (NLSD)-based methods (NLSD-MLP, NLSD-XGB, NLSD-EXT, NLSD-RF, NLSD-SVM). The six models (ML-kNN, NLSD-MLP, NLSD-XGB, NLSD-EXT, NLSD-RF, NLSD-SVM) in this paper all produce better performances than the previous work. Besides, NLSD-XGB achieves the best performance with the average top-1 prediction success of 91.1%, the average top-2 prediction success of 96.2%, and the average top-3 prediction success of 98.2%. When compared with the previous work, NLSD-XGB shows a significant improvement over 11% on top-1 in 10 times repeated 5-fold cross-validation test and over 14% on top-1 in 10 times repeated hold-out method. To the best of our knowledge, the Network-based Label Space Division model is firstly introduced in drug metabolism and performs well in this task.

8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111711, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585276

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii severely threaten the health of immunocompromised patients and pregnant women as this parasite can cause several disease, including brain and eye disease. Current treatment for toxoplasmosis commonly have high cytotoxic side effects on host and require long durations ranging from one week to more than one year. The regiments lack efficacy to eradicate T. gondii tissue cysts to cure chromic infection results in the needs for long treatment and relapsing disease. In addition, there has not been approved drugs for treating the pregnant women infected by T. gondii. Moreover, Toxoplasma vaccine researches face a wide variety of challenges. Developing high efficient and low toxic agents against T. gondii is urgent and important. Over the last decade, tremendous progress have been made in identifying and developing novel compounds for the treatment of toxoplasmosis. This review summarized and discussed recent advances between 2009 and 2019 in exploring effective agents against T. gondii from five aspects of drug discovery.

9.
Med Biol Eng Comput ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502181

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to investigate the synergetic effect of the pelvic rotation and X-ray offset on the radiographic anteversion/inclination (RA/RI) angles of the acetabular cup using a mathematical model. A cone model for establishing the spatial relationship between a three-dimensional (3D) circle and its two-dimensional (2D) elliptical projection is utilized to quantify the relationship between the 3D RA/RI angles of the cup and their 2D counterparts with different types of pelvic rotations in pelvic/hip anteroposterior radiographs. The results reveal that the effect of inlet/outlet views on the 2D RA angle is similar to that of iliac/obturator views. The permissible ranges of pelvic rotation for the 2D RA angle with an acceptable bias are the 3D space formed by the limits of triple axial rotations. For a specified acceptable bias of the 2D RA angle, these ranges are almost equal between pelvic and hip radiographs. The combined inlet/obturator or outlet/iliac views can maintain the 2D RA angle of a pelvic radiograph within the same range of acceptable bias as that of a hip radiograph. For a 2D RA angle with an acceptable bias, the permissible range of pelvic rotation needs to be evaluated with equal attention in both radiographs. Graphical abstract The traditional methods for calculating the radiographic angles of the acetabular cup are based on the ellipse projection of the opening circle of the cup on radiographs. However, with varying locations of the X-ray source and pelvis rotations about different axes, the outline of this ellipse projection will change, and accordingly, the traditional method and calculating results will be inaccurate. In this study, a cone model for three-dimensional circle-to-two-dimensional ellipse projection is utilized to incorporate the effect of X-ray offset and quantify the relationships of the radiographic angles of the cup with the true orientation of the cup and pelvic rotations in either pelvic or hip anteroposterior radiographic situation.

10.
Molecules ; 24(18)2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487954

RESUMO

Dual-functional polymeric system combining shape memory with self-healing properties has attracted increasingly interests of researchers, as both of these properties are intelligent and promising characteristics. Moreover, shape memory polymer that functions at human body temperature (37 °C) are desirable because of their potential applications in biomedical field. Herein, we designed a polymer network with a permanent covalent crosslinking and abundant weak hydrogen bonds. The former introduces elasticity responsible and maintain the permanent shape, and the latter contributes to the temporary shape via network rearrangement. The obtained PDMS-COO-E polymer films exhibit excellent mechanical properties and the capability to efficiently self-heal for 6 h at room temperature. Furthermore, the samples turn from a viscous state into an elastic state at 37 °C. Therefore, this polymer has shape memory effects triggered by body temperature. This unique material will have a wide range of applications in many fields, containing wearable electronics, biomedical devices, and 4D printing.

11.
Nat Cell Biol ; 21(9): 1164-1172, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481796

RESUMO

Single-cell measurement of chromatin states, including histone modifications and non-histone protein binding, remains challenging. Here, we present a low-cost, efficient, simultaneous indexing and tagmentation-based ChIP-seq (itChIP-seq) method, compatible with both low cellular input and single cells for profiling chromatin states. itChIP combines chromatin opening, simultaneous cellular indexing and chromatin tagmentation within a single tube, enabling the processing of samples from tens of single cells to, more commonly, thousands of single cells per assay. We demonstrate that single-cell itChIP-seq (sc-itChIP-seq) yields ~9,000 unique reads per cell. Using sc-itChIP-seq to profile H3K27ac, we sufficiently capture the earliest epigenetic priming event during the cell fate transition from naive to primed pluripotency, and reveal the basis for cell-type specific enhancer usage during the differentiation of bipotent cardiac progenitor cells into endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes. Our results demonstrate that itChIP is a widely applicable technology for single-cell chromatin profiling of epigenetically heterogeneous cell populations in many biological processes.

12.
J Clin Psychiatry ; 80(5)2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that a significant association exists between prenatal exposure to acetaminophen and the offspring's attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) risk. However, this association has largely been unexplored among the Asian population, generally, and the Taiwanese population, specifically. METHODS: In our study, 950 study pairs (children with ADHD [ICD-9-CM code: 314] and their mothers) and 3,800 control pairs (children without ADHD and their mothers) matched by demographic characteristics were identified between 1998 and 2008 from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database. Maternal use of acetaminophen was assessed in the first trimester, second trimester, and third trimester of pregnancy and over the period from 3 months before pregnancy to the date of last menstrual cycle. RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis with adjustments for demographic data, gestational infections, comorbid perinatal conditions, and maternal mental health disorders indicated that exposure to acetaminophen in the second trimester (odds ratio [OR] = 1.19; 95% CI, 1.00-1.40), both the first and second trimesters (OR = 1.28; 95% CI, 1.00-1.64), or in any trimester (OR = 1.20; 95% CI, 1.01-1.42) was associated with an increased risk of ADHD in offspring. Sensitivity analysis excluding gestational infections and maternal mental health disorders confirmed this association (OR = 1.33; 95% CI, 1.04-1.69). CONCLUSION: Prenatal exposure to acetaminophen was associated with an increased risk of ADHD in offspring, regardless of gestational infections and maternal mental health disorders. Additional studies are necessary to clarify the underlying mechanisms by which prenatal exposure to acetaminophen leads to neurodevelopmental risks.

13.
Food Funct ; 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545328

RESUMO

Mastitis, a major disease affecting dairy cows, is most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Selenium (Se) can activate pivotal proteins in immune responses and regulate the immune system, and microRNA-155 (miR-155) is a key transcriptional regulator for inflammation-related diseases. We constructed the model of mouse mastitis in vivo and primary mouse mammary epithelial cells (MMECs) in vitro, which were induced by S. aureus. Se content of the mammary was estimated using an atomic fluorescence spectrophotometer. Histopathological analysis was performed via hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. The mmu-miR-155-5p mimic was transfected in MMECs, and viability was determined through the MTT assay. Transfected efficiency was evaluated by qPCR and fluorescence staining. Cytokines including TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-10 and TLRs were detected with qPCR. In addition, western blotting was used to evaluate the expression of the NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways. The results demonstrated that a Se-supplemented diet improved the content of Se in mammary tissues. Histopathological studies indicated that the mammary glands were protected in the Se-supplemented group after S. aureus infection. Se-supplementation suppressed the production of MPO, mmu-miR-155, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and TLR2 and significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB and MAPKs in vivo and in vitro. All the data indicated that mmu-miR-155 played a pro-inflammatory role in our study, and Se-supplementation could suppress the expression of mmu-miR-155 to inhibit inflammation in S. aureus-induced mastitis in mice.

14.
Chemistry ; 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562784

RESUMO

Lithium ion batteries (LIBs) at present still suffer from low rate capability and poor cycle life during fast ion insertion/extraction process. Searching high-capacity and stable anode materials is still ongoing challenge. Herein, a facile strategy for the synthesis of ultrathin GeS 2 nanosheets with the thickness of 1.1 nm is reported. When used as anodes for LIBs, the two-dimensional (2D) structure can effectively increase the electrode/electrolyte interface area, facilitate the ion transport and buffer the volume expansion. Benefiting from these merits, the as-synthesized GeS 2 nanosheets deliver high specific capacity (1335 mAh g -1 at 0.15 A g -1 ), extraordinary rate performance ( 337 mA h g -1 at 15 A g -1 ) and stable cycling performance (974 mAh g -1 after 200 cycles at 0.5 A g -1 ). Importantly, our fabricated Li-ion full cells manifest an impressive specific capacity of 577 mAh g -1 after 50 cycles at 0.1 A g -1 and a high energy density of 361 Wh kg -1 at a power density of 346 W kg -1 . Furthermore, the electrochemical reaction mechanism is investigated by the means of ex-situ high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. These results suggest that GeS 2 can use to be an alternative anode material and encourage more efforts to develop other high-performance LIBs anodes.

15.
Biol Psychiatry ; 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prolonged intermittent theta burst stimulation (piTBS) with triple doses of the standard protocol is an updated form of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and it is an effective add-on intervention for major depressive disorder. In the present study, our objective was to investigate the antidepressant efficacy of piTBS monotherapy. Efficacy between the standard 5-cm method and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided coil positioning to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex method was also compared. METHODS: In the present double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial, 105 patients with recurrent depression who exhibited no responses to at least one adequate antidepressant treatment for the prevailing episode were assigned randomly to one of three groups: piTBS monotherapy (n = 35), repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation monotherapy (n = 35), or sham stimulation (n = 35). The acute treatment period was 2 weeks. Half of the patients were randomized to MRI navigation in each group. RESULTS: No serious adverse events were observed. The piTBS group exhibited significantly greater decreases in depression scores than the sham group at week 2 (-40.0% vs. -13.9%; p < .001 after correcting for multiple comparisons by Bonferroni [effect size (Cohen's d) = 1.12]), and the odds ratio for responses was high. The MRI navigation method (-32.4%) did not yield better antidepressant effects than the standard method (-40.6%). Brain stimulation and 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale changes in the first week were the most important variables for predicting antidepressant responses. CONCLUSIONS: Left prefrontal piTBS monotherapy is effective for the treatment of recurrent depression, and the MRI-guided method of coil targeting is not better than the standard method.

16.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 456, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As mosquitoes are one of the most harmful creatures in the world, recent high-frequency interceptions of invasive mosquito species have emphasized the need to enhance the biological security of the Zhejiang Province in China. As such, an integrated management system should be implemented to monitor the vectors of mosquito-borne diseases during data digitization and the processing of permanent E-forms and provide an online one-stop identification service. METHODS: This system is a semi-open network built on the latest Microsoft.NET Framework, Active Server Page.NET (ASP.NET) and Internet Information Services (IIS) for the Windows 2000 service as a basic infrastructure platform. This creates a physical separation between the data input as the back-page intranet and the online automated Lucid identification as the front-page internet through the digital interchange platform and security firewall. RESULTS: This system mainly comprises three core modules: automated statistical analysis of operational data, online vector identification and digital specimen storage management, in addition to accessory modules. The joint analysis of invasive and native data collected between 2011 and 2017 at 14 surveillance points in the Zhejiang Province, excluding Ningbo Port, provided insights into the geographical differences in species abundance and the dynamic nature of seasonal interception within the statistical analysis module. Most importantly, multi-access keys to mosquitoes based on Lucid software were loaded in the module for vector identification. Subscribers can utilize this procedure for the online identification of 2 subfamilies, 10 genera and 33 mosquitoes by selecting any typical morphological feature in the classification system that matches the current images at hand. CONCLUSIONS: Our report suggests that this system can enhance the ability to master the basic information on invasive mosquitoes and satisfy the increasing requirements for public health safety in the integrated management of vector-borne diseases.

17.
Elife ; 82019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513014

RESUMO

In many vertebrates, establishment of Left-Right (LR) asymmetry results from the activity of a ciliated organ functioning as the LR Organizer (LRO). While regulation of the formation of this structure by major signaling pathways has been described, the transcriptional control of LRO formation is poorly understood. Using the zebrafish model, we show that the transcription factors and cofactors mediating or regulating the transcriptional outcome of the Hippo signaling pathway play a pivotal role in controlling the expression of genes essential to the formation of the LRO including ligands and receptors of signaling pathways involved in this process and most genes required for motile ciliogenesis. Moreover, the transcription cofactor, Vgll4l regulates epigenetic programming in LRO progenitors by controlling the expression of writers and readers of DNA methylation marks. Altogether, our study uncovers a novel and essential role for the transcriptional effectors and regulators of the Hippo pathway in establishing LR asymmetry.

18.
Neuroscience ; 418: 189-204, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487541

RESUMO

JLX001, a novel compound with similar structure with cyclovirobuxine D (CVB-D), has been proved to exert therapeutical effects on permanent focal cerebral ischemia. However, the protective effects of JLX001 on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and its anti-apoptotic effects have not been reported. We investigated the efficacy of JLX001 in two pharmacodynamic tests (pre-treatment test and post-treatment) with rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R). The pharmacodynamic tests demonstrated that JLX001 ameliorated I/R injury by reducing infarct sizes and brain edema. The results of Morris water maze, neurological scores, cylinder test and posture reflex test implied that JLX001 improved the learning, memory and motor ability after MCAO/R in the long term. Anti-apoptotic effects of JLX001 and its regulation of cytosolic c-Jun N-terminal Kinases (JNKs) signal pathway were confirmed in vivo by co-immunofluorescence staining and western immunoblotting. Furthermore, primary cortical neuron cultures were prepared and exposed to oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) for in vitro studies. Cytotoxicity test and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) test showed that JLX001 enhanced cell survival rate and maintained MMP. Flow cytometry and TdT-mediated dUTP-X nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining demonstrated the anti-apoptotic effects of JLX001 in vitro. Likewise, JLX001 regulated JNK signal pathway in vivo, which was also confirmed by western immunoblotting. Collectively, this study presents the first evidence that JLX001 exerted protective effects against I/R injury by reducing neuronal apoptosis via down-regulating JNK signaling pathway.

19.
N Engl J Med ; 381(13): 1240-1247, 2019 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509667

RESUMO

The safety of CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)-based genome editing in the context of human gene therapy is largely unknown. CCR5 is a reasonable but not absolutely protective target for a cure of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, because CCR5-null blood cells are largely resistant to HIV-1 entry. We transplanted CRISPR-edited CCR5-ablated hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) into a patient with HIV-1 infection and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The acute lymphoblastic leukemia was in complete remission with full donor chimerism, and donor cells carrying the ablated CCR5 persisted for more than 19 months without gene editing-related adverse events. The percentage of CD4+ cells with CCR5 ablation increased by a small degree during a period of antiretroviral-therapy interruption. Although we achieved successful transplantation and long-term engraftment of CRISPR-edited HSPCs, the percentage of CCR5 disruption in lymphocytes was only approximately 5%, which indicates the need for further research into this approach. (Funded by the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03164135.).


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Edição de Genes/métodos , Infecções por HIV/terapia , HIV-1 , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Receptores CCR5/genética , Adulto , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , HIV-1/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Carga Viral
20.
Chemistry ; 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495994

RESUMO

Sodium-ion batteries have attracted more interest as an alternative to Lithium-ion batteries because of the abundance and cost effectiveness. However, searching for suitable anode materials with high-rate and stable cycling performance is still needed to promote their practical application. Herein, three-dimensional Na2Ti3O7 nanowire arrays with enriched surface vacancies endowed by phosphorus doping are reported. When evaluated as anodes for sodium-ion batteries, the electrode delivers a high specific capacity of 290 mAh g-1 at 0.2 C, good rate capability (50 mAh g-1 at 20 C), and stable cycling capability (98% capacity retention over 3100 cycles at 20 C). The superior electrochemical performance is attributed to the synergistic effects of the unique nanowire arrays and phosphorus doping. The rational structures can provide convenient channels to facilitate ions/electrons transport and improve the capacitive contributions. Moreover, the phosphorus-doping-induced surface vacancies not only provide more active sites but also improve the intrinsic electrical conductivity of Na2Ti3O7, which will enable the electrode materials with excellent sodium storage performance. This work may provide an effective strategy for the synthesis of other anode materials with fast electrochemical reaction kinetics and good sodium storage performance.

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