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1.
Talanta ; 221: 121458, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076080

RESUMO

Pharmaceuticals are widespread in aquatic ecosystem, which may pose a potential threat to fish and human. In the study, a robust and reliable magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) based on bovine serum albumin (BSA) restricted access octadecyl/phenyl-mixed-functionalized magnetic silica nanoparticles (BSA-C18/Ph-Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs) as sorbent was developed for the extraction of venlafaxine, paroxetine, fluoxetine, norfluoxetine, sertraline and diphenhydramine from the muscle extracts of aquatic products followed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) detection. The homemade sorbent showed appropriate compatibility in aqueous solution and good performance in reducing matrix interference of snakehead muscle tissue extracts with absolute matrix effect ranging in 95.4%-105.5%. The protocol was validated in analyte-free snakehead muscle with favorable recoveries ranging in 91.6%-103.6% and relative standard deviations (RSDs) less than 9.5%. Limits of detection (LODs) of the drugs were lower than 0.018 µg kg-1. Short-term drug-exposure experiments at low and high doses were conducted on snakeheads, and the measured contents of analytes were in the range 0.029-9.58 µg kg-1 with appropriate recoveries (90.0%-114.0%). The approach was extensively applied for the analysis of twelve species of market-sale aquatic products (total 37 samples), and up to 1.868 and 0.521 µg kg-1 of diphenhydramine and venlafaxine were measured, respectively. The approach shows remarkable potential in biological complex samples.

2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(11): 604, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037925

RESUMO

A novel ultrasensitive surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)-based method was developed for the determination of hyaluronidase (HAase), which was based on hyaluronic acid-coated gold nanoparticles (HA-AuNPs) as a substrate, via a facile one-pot method. The detection mechanism is based on HAase which can hydrolyze HA on HA-AuNPs into hyaluronic acid oligomers, causing the originally uniformly dispersed HA-AuNPs to be disintegrated into many smaller HA-AuNPs. These oligomers in turn increase the surface shielding of AuNPs, resulting in high aggregation tendencies. As a result, the original SERS substrate was disassembled, leading to a weakening of the SERS signal at 1173 cm-1. Malachite green was also used as a Raman probe to detect the change of SERS peak intensity and to quantify HAase. Compared with other methods for the determination of HAase, this method is more convenient and efficient; its determination limit was 0.4 mU mL-1. The recoveries of HAase spiked into human urine samples ranged from 97.2 to 103.9%.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16103, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999372

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of nurse and doctor height on occupational dose to the temple during fluoroscopically guided cardiovascular procedures. Additionally, an evaluation of the relationship between doctor height and table height was performed. Staff exposed during fluoroscopic procedures may be at elevated risk of cardiovascular damage or oncogenesis and have demonstrated a higher incidence of subscapular cataracts. The heads of taller staff may be exposed to reduced levels of radiation due to the increased distance from the area of highest intensity X-ray scatter. Limited research has been performed investigating height as a predictor of head dose to nursing staff. The level of radiation dose at the level of the temple to the doctor (n = 25), scrub (n = 28), and scout nurse (n = 29) was measured in a prospective single-center, observational study using Philips DoseAware badges. Procedural characteristics were recorded for vascular and cardiac cases performed in three dedicated angiography suites. Data were also collected to investigate relationships between doctor height and table height. Data were collected for 1585 cardiac and 294 vascular procedures. Staff height was a statistically significant predictor of temple dose for doctors, scrub, and scout nurses when considering the full data sample. The log temple dose demonstrated an inverse relationship to staff height during cardiac procedures, but a positive relationship for scrub and scout nurses during vascular studies. This observational study has demonstrated that taller staff are exposed to less cranial exposure dose during fluoroscopically guided cardiac examinations but has revealed a positive correlation between height and temple dose during vascular procedures. It was also determined that doctor height was correlated with average procedural table height and that vascular access point influences the choice of table elevation.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006691

RESUMO

Our aim was to investigate whether SARS-CoV-2 infection raised high risks of late pregnancy complications, and posed health problems in fetuses and neonates. We analyzed the data of COVID-19 pregnant women with COVID-19 during late pregnancy and their neonates. Eleven out of 16 (69%) pregnant women with COVID-19 had ++ or +++ of ketone body in urine. The blood uric acid of pregnant patients was 334 µmol/L (IQR, 269-452). D-dimer and FDP in pregnant patients were 3.32 mg/L (IQR, 2.18-4.21) and 9.6 mg/L (IQR, 5.9-12.4). Results of blood samples collected at birth showed that 16 neonates had leukocytes (15.7 × 109/L (IQR, 13.7-17.2)), neutrophils (11.1 × 109/L (IQR, 9.2-13.2)), CK (401 U/L (IQR, 382-647)), and LDH (445 U/L (IQR, 417-559)). Twenty-four hours after birth, a neonate from COVID-19 woman had fever and positive of SARS-CoV-2 gene. Another woman had strongly positive for SARS-CoV-2 gene (+++) for 4 weeks, and delivered one neonate who had SARS-CoV-2 IgM (46 AU/mL) and IgG (140 AU/mL) on day 1 after birth. In the third trimester, COVID-19 infection in pregnant patients raised high risks of ketonuria, hypercoagulable state, and hyperfibrinolysis, which may lead to severe complications. COVID-19 increased the inflammatory responses of placenta, and fetuses and neonates had potential organ dysregulation and coagulation disorders. There was a potential intrauterine transmission while pregnant women had high titer of SARS-CoV-2, but it is necessary to detect SARS-CoV-2 in the blood cord, placenta, and amniotic fluid to further confirm intrauterine infection of fetuses.

5.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010159

RESUMO

Proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs), which selectively degrade targeted proteins by the ubiquitin-proteasome system, have emerged as a novel therapeutic technology with potential advantages over traditional inhibition strategies. In the past few years, this technology has achieved substantial progress and two PROTACs have been advanced into phase I clinical trials. However, this technology is still maturing and the design of PROTACs remains a great challenge. In order to promote the rational design of PROTACs, we present PROTAC-DB, a web-based open-access database that integrates structural information and experimental data of PROTACs. Currently, PROTAC-DB consists of 1662 PROTACs, 202 warheads (small molecules that target the proteins of interest), 65 E3 ligands (small molecules capable of recruiting E3 ligases) and 806 linkers, as well as their chemical structures, biological activities, and physicochemical properties. Except the biological activities of warheads and E3 ligands, PROTAC-DB also provides the degradation capacities, binding affinities and cellular activities for PROTACs. PROTAC-DB can be queried with two general searching approaches: text-based (target name, compound name or ID) and structure-based. In addition, for the convenience of users, a filtering tool for the searching results based on the physicochemical properties of compounds is also offered. PROTAC-DB is freely accessible at http://cadd.zju.edu.cn/protacdb/.

6.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Machine learning (ML) may be helpful to simplify the risk stratification of coronary artery disease (CAD). The current study aims to establish a ML-aided risk stratification system to simplify the procedure of the diagnosis of CAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: 5819 patients with coronary artery angiography (CAG) from July 2015 and December 2018 in our hospital, 2583 patients (aged 56 ±â€¯11, <50% stenosis) and 3236 patients (aged 60 ±â€¯10, ≥50% stenosis), available on age, sex, history of smoking, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol level, low- and high-density lipoprotein, triglyceride level, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c and uric acid were included in the ensemble model of ML. Receiver-operating characteristic curves showed that area-under-the-curve of the training data (90%) and the testing data (10%) were 0.81 and 0.75 (P = 0.006483). The validation data of 582 patients with CAG from July 2019 to September 2019 in our hospital showed the same predictive rate of the testing data. The low-risk group (risk probability<0.2) without the treatment of hypertension, diabetes and CAD could be probably excluded the diagnosis of CAD, the moderate-risk group (risk probability 0.2-0.8) would need further examination, and high-risk group (risk probability>0.8) would suggested to perform CAG directly. CONCLUSION: Machine learning-aided detection system with the clinical data of age, sex, history of smoking, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol level, low- and high-density lipoprotein, triglyceride level, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c and uric acid could be helpful for the risk stratification of prediction for the coronary artery disease.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045302

RESUMO

Nanodiamonds (NDs), which are safe carbon nanomaterials, have been used for the transmission of DNA, proteins and drugs. The feasibility of utilizing NDs to deliver NH2-PLGA nanoparticle-encapsulated fig polysaccharides for strongly enhanced immune responses has not been clearly studied. In this study, we aimed to use NDs as carriers to deliver NH2-PLGA nanoparticle-encapsulated fig polysaccharides for strongly enhanced immune responses. ND particles with a diameter of 5 nm were functionalized by surface carboxylation and covalently conjugated with NH2-PLGA nanoparticle-encapsulated fig polysaccharides. NDs-PLGA-FP/OVA could promote antigen uptake and lymphocyte proliferation, increase the expression levels of MHC II, CD80 and CD86, and upregulate the ratio of Th1/Th2 cells in immunized mice. NDs-PLGA-FP/OVA could also upregulate the IL-17 signalling pathway for further immunological enhancement. NDs-PLGA-FP/OVA induced increased TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-6 cytokine secretion and the levels of OVA-specific antibodies (IgG). These findings demonstrate that NDs-PLGA-FP/OVA have the potential to serve as an effective vaccine delivery and adjuvant system to induce vigorous and long-term immune responses.

8.
Herz ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of a novel scoring system, based on D­dimer, total cholesterol, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), and serum albumin levels, in patients with heart failure. METHODS: A total of 221 patients diagnosed with heart failure between May 2016 to January 2020 were enrolled in this retrospective study. The prognostic significance of the biomarkers D­dimer, total cholesterol, hs-cTnT, and serum albumin was determined with univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. A novel prognostic score based on these predictors was established. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to compare the adverse outcomes of patients in different risk groups. RESULT: Results from univariate and multivariate analyses showed that high D­dimer, low serum albumin, high hs-cTnT, and low total cholesterol levels were independent prognostic factors for adverse outcomes (D-dimer >0.63 mg/l, HR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.16-2.94, p = 0.010; serum albumin >34 g/l, HR = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.45-0.99, p = 0.046; hs-cTnT >24.06 pg/ml, HR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.08-2.53, p = 0.020; total cholesterol >3.68 mmol/l, HR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.43-0.92, p = 0.017). Moreover, all the patients were stratified into low-risk or high-risk group according to a scoring system based on these four markers. Kaplan-Meier analyses demonstrated that patients in the high-risk group were more prone to having adverse outcomes compared with patients in the low-risk group. CONCLUSION: D­dimer, total cholesterol, hs-cTnT, and serum albumin levels were independent prognostic factors in the setting of heart failure. A novel and comprehensive scoring system based on these biomarkers is an easily available and effective tool for predicting the adverse outcomes of patients with heart failure.

9.
J Hazard Mater ; 404(Pt A): 124101, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065455

RESUMO

A novel class of hybrid solvents (mEIP:Tetz) comprising of N-methylated ethylene imine polymer (mEIP) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrazolate ([Emim][Tetz]) were developed for the highly efficient and reversible capture of SO2. The synergistic interactions rather than simple mixing between mEIP and [Emim][Tetz] were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Besides, it was experimentally demonstrated that mEIP:Tetz mixtures exhibited improved kinetics for SO2 absorption, and the production of viscous solids were completely eliminated, compared with using mEIP alone. More significantly, an exceedingly high solubility of 0.308 g SO2·g-1 absorbent in 2mEIP:8Tetz was received for trapping SO2 from simulated flue gas containing 2000 ppm SO2, which was much higher than most of the results reported in previous literatures under the same conditions. Finally, the absorption and desorption mechanisms were proposed according to the results of FTIR and 1H NMR analysis.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(19): 19083-19094, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Apathy is common in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. However, its relation with other clinical symptoms in AD and brain structural changes in magnetic resonance imaging is unclear. RESULTS: Compared with AD with no apathy group, cognitive function and activities of daily living were significantly impaired and neuropsychiatric symptoms were obviously presented in AD with apathy group (P<0.05). The frequency of Apolipoprotein E genotypes was not significantly different (P>0.05). Correlation analyses and multiple linear analyses revealed that thickness of left temporal pole and volume of posterior corpus callosum were significantly and negatively correlated with Modified Apathy Estimation Scale score in AD patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Apathy with AD is positively correlated with cognitive impairment, neuropsychiatric symptoms and poor activities of daily living. Atrophy of left temporal pole and posterior corpus callosum presented by MRI is positively related with apathy of AD. METHODS: In this study, 137 AD patients were recruited and divided into AD with apathy group and AD with no apathy group according to Modified Apathy Estimation Scale score. We evaluated patients' cognitive function, neuropsychiatric symptoms and activities of daily living, detected the frequency of Apolipoprotein E genotypes and measured cortical thickness and volume by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

11.
Eur J Radiol ; 132: 109137, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022550

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility and advantages of high-resolution high-contrast magnetic resonance neurography (HRHC-MRN) for visualizing the morphology and pathology of the peripheral branches of cranial nerves. MATERIALS: cMRN (3D SPACE STIR sequence) and HRHC-MRN (contrast enhanced 3D SPACE STIR sequence) were performed at 3 T MR unit on 16 volunteers and 12 patients with head and neck tumors. Quantitative measurements such as SNR, CNR and CR were calculated. Three readers evaluated the continuity of the 10 major peripheral branches of cranial nerves using a 5-score scale (scores 0-4). Interobserver variability was tested. Quantitative measurements and scores were compared between cMRN and HRHC-MRN. The imaging features of the nerve pathology were analyzed. RESULTS: The CRs of nerve to bone marrow, nerve to muscle, and nerve to gland were significantly higher with HRHC-MRN than with cMRN (P = 0.014, P = 0.02, P <0.001, respectively). The scores of all nerve trunks were significantly higher with HRHC-MRN than with cMRN (all, P < 0.001). For all nerves on HRHC-MRN, the interobserver consistency was excellent across the three readers (all κ > 0.8). The scores of the inferior alveolar nerve, hypoglossal nerve, lingual nerve, facial nerve, infraorbital nerve, masseteric nerve, glossopharyngeal/vagus nerve, supraorbital nerve, auriculotemporal nerve and buccal nerve were 3.95, 3.77, 3.63, 3.25, 3.15, 3.04, 3.04, 2.87, 2.79, 1.88, respectively. CONCLUSION: HRHC-MRN provides improved visualization of the peripheral branches of cranial nerves and is a promising nerve-selective imaging method for evaluating cranial nerve morphology and pathology.

12.
Water Res ; 188: 116447, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038715

RESUMO

Chlorinated organophosphate esters (Cl-OPEs), e.g., tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP), tris(2-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TCPP) and tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCPP), are widely used as additive flame retardants in commercial and building products. They have potential persistent organic pollutant properties and are frequently detected in various waters, especially in wastewaters. Nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI)-based method is an efficient reductive technology for treating waters polluted by halogenated organic pollutants (HOCs). Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) is a ubiquitous surfactant in wastewaters and can favorably affect the interaction between HOCs and nZVI. However, its effect on the Cl-OPEs removal by nZVI-based materials still remains unknown. Herein, the adsorption and degradation efficiencies of Cl-OPEs by nZVI and sulfidated nZVI (S-nZVI) in the presence or absence of CTAB were quantified based on the decreasing concentrations of Cl-OPEs in reaction systems. Our results showed that TDCPP and TCPP were adsorbed onto the nZVI or S-nZVI surface and subsequently degraded. In contrast, TCEP was just adsorbed onto the particle surface without further degradation. The addition of CTAB significantly enhanced the hydrophobic adsorption between Cl-OPEs and nZVI or S-nZVI, leading to increased degradation of Cl-OPEs (especially TCEP). CTAB adsorption isotherms indicated that S-nZVI had a higher adsorption capacity for CTAB than nZVI. The S-nZVI/CTAB composite exhibited a better performance than nZVI/CTAB composite. When S-nZVI was combined with 100.0 mg L-1 CTAB, 100% of TDCPP, TCPP and TCEP was degraded within 3 hours, 5 and 14 days, respectively. As the concentration of CTAB was increased up to 335.0 mg L-1, TCEP could be completely degraded within 3 days by S-nZVI. Five degradation products of TCEP were identified, of which O,O-di-(2-chloroethyl) O-ethyl phosphate (DCEEP) and ethane were reported for the first time. We propose that TCEP is dechlorinated by nZVI or S-nZVI through the electron attack at the ethyl-chlorine group to form bis(2-chloroethyl) phosphate, DCEEP, chloride, ethene and ethane, representing previously unknown degradation pathways.

13.
Molecules ; 25(20)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066298

RESUMO

Protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) has been considered as a promising target for treating insulin resistance. In searching for naturally occurring PTB1B antagonists, two new pimarane diterpenoids, named 2α-hydroxy-7-oxo-pimara-8(9),15-diene (1) and 19-hydroxy-2α-acetoxy-7-oxo-pimara-8(9),15-diene (2), were isolated from the seeds of Caesalpinia minax. Their structures were determined by extensive analysis of NMR and HR-ESIMS data, and their absolute configurations were determined by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compound 1 was disclosed as a competitive inhibitor of PTP1B with an IC50 (the half-maximal inhibitory concentration) value of 19.44 ± 2.39 µM and a Ki (inhibition constant) value of 13.69 ± 2.72 µM. Moreover, compound 1 dose-dependently promoted insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in C2C12 myotubes through activating insulin signaling pathway. Compound 1 might be further developed as an insulin sensitizer.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17510, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060753

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRNAs) post-transcriptionally regulate the expression of targeted genes. We here systematically identify miRNAs in response to simulated microgravity based on both expressions and functional analysis in Caenorhabditis elegans. After simulated microgravity treatment, we observed that 19 miRNAs (16 down-regulated and 3 up-regulated) were dysregulated. Among these dysregulated miRNAs, let-7, mir-54, mir-67, mir-85, mir-252, mir-354, mir-789, mir-2208, and mir-5592 were required for the toxicity induction of simulated microgravity in suppressing locomotion behavior. In nematodes, alteration in expressions of let-7, mir-67, mir-85, mir-252, mir-354, mir-789, mir-2208, and mir-5592 mediated a protective response to simulated microgravity, whereas alteration in mir-54 expression mediated the toxicity induction of simulated microgravity. Moreover, among these candidate miRNAs, let-7 regulated the toxicity of simulated microgravity by targeting and suppressing SKN-1/Nrf protein. In the intestine, a signaling cascade of SKN-1/Nrf-GST-4/GST-5/GST-7 required for the control of oxidative stress was identified to act downstream of let-7 to regulate the toxicity of simulated microgravity. Our data demonstrated the crucial function of miRNAs in regulating the toxicity of simulated microgravity stress in organisms. Moreover, our results further provided an important molecular basis for epigenetic control of toxicity of simulated microgravity.

15.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1136: 82-90, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081952

RESUMO

In this paper, a novel approach was established on the basis of a molecularly imprinted technique with the aid of double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA) embedded in a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) membrane as a new functional unit with chiral recognition for highly specific chiral recognition. The chiral molecules were immobilized and anchored in the cavities of the MIP membrane on the basis of the three-dimensional structure of a molecule determined by the functional groups, spatial characterization of the cavities of MIPs, and the spatial orientation with dsDNA embedded in MIPs. D-carnitine was selected as an example of a chiral molecular template, which intercalated into dsDNA immobilized on the gold electrode surface to form dsDNA-D-carnitine complex, and then the complex was embedded in the MIP during electropolymerization. After elution, the stereo-selective cavities were obtained. Our findings have shown that AAAA-TTTT base sequence had high affinity for D-carnitine intercalation. Combined with the electrochemical detection method, MIP sensor was prepared. The selectivity of the MIP sensor to ultratrace D-carnitine was significantly improved; the sensor had remarkable stereo-selectivity and highly chiral specific recognition to D-carnitine, and L-carnitine with a concentration of 10,000 times D-carnitine did not interfere with the detection of D-carnitine in the assay of raceme. The sensor also exhibited high sensitivity to ultratrace D-carnitine determination with a linear response to the concentration of D-carnitine in the range of 3.0 × 10-16 mol/L to 4.0 × 10-13 mol/L, with a detection limit of 2.24 × 10-16 mol/L. The mechanism of chiral recognition was studied, and result showed that apart from the recognition effect of imprinted cavities, dsDNA provided chiral selectivity to the spatial orientation of chiral molecules via the intercalation of chiral molecules with dsDNA and electrostatic interaction with groups of DNA base.

16.
Plant Physiol ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023939

RESUMO

During the course of evolution of land plants, different classes of flavonoids, including flavonols and anthocyanins, sequentially emerged, facilitating adaptation to the harsh terrestrial environment. Flavanone 3ß-hydroxylase (F3H), an enzyme functioning in flavonol and anthocyanin biosynthesis and a member of the 2-oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenase (2-ODD) family, catalyzes the hydroxylation of (2S)-flavanones to dihydroflavonols, but its origin and evolution remains elusive. Here we demonstrate that functional flavone synthase Is (FNS Is) are widely distributed in the primitive land plants liverworts and evolutionarily connected to seed plant F3Hs. We identified and characterized a set of 2-ODD enzymes from several liverwort species and plants in various evolutionary clades of the plant kingdom. The bifunctional enzyme FNS I/F2H emerged in liverworts, and FNS I/F3H evolved in Physcomitrium (Physcomitrella) patens and Selaginella moellendorffii, suggesting they represent the functional transition forms between canonical FNS Is and F3Hs. The functional transition from FNS Is to F3Hs provides a molecular basis for the chemical evolution of flavones to flavonols and anthocyanins, which contributes to the acquisition of a broader spectrum of flavonoids in seed plants and facilitates their adaptation to the terrestrial ecosystem.

17.
Analyst ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020766

RESUMO

Traditional cancer diagnosis strategies are not considered by most people until the last resort, which delays many cancer treatments leading to advanced stages. Tumor marker sensors show great potential for detecting cancer because of its cost-effective and harmless checking procedures. Normally, one tumor marker is detected each time by using one type of sensor, but the accuracy to declare cancer is not always satisfied. Metal nanoclusters are ultra-small nanomaterials with low toxicity, distinct optical properties, catalytic activities, and cost-effective performance. Some metal nanoclusters have been designed to detect more than one tumor marker in a single step. The consideration of combined parameters using such facile sensing strategies has the potential to simplify the test procedure, and increase the diagnostic accuracy of early cancer. Therefore, various sensing strategies for the multiplex detection of tumor markers using metal nanoclusters are summarized.

18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 2138387, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029494

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide since December 2019. This retrospective study determined the characteristics and prognostic factors of COVID-19 patients, focusing on inpatients who died or were discharged between 30 December 2019 and 29 February 2020 at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University. Patients' medical histories, comorbidities, symptoms, signs, laboratory findings, computed tomography (CT) findings, and clinical management were recorded. All 293 patients were divided into the nonsurviving (n = 116) and surviving (n = 177) groups. The median age was older in the nonsurviving group than in the surviving group; most patients were older than 65 years in the nonsurviving group. The incidence rates of lymphopenia, neutrophilia, and leukocytosis were significantly higher in the nonsurviving group than in the surviving group. More patients in the nonsurviving group had increased levels of nonspecific infection markers, abnormal liver and kidney function, cardiac injury, and blood coagulation abnormalities on admission. Immune and inflammatory responses were more severely disturbed in the nonsurviving group than in the surviving group. The incidence rates of complications during hospitalization were higher in the nonsurviving group than in the surviving group. Cox regression results also showed that older age, symptoms of dyspnea, comorbidities, and complications were all predictors of death. Close monitoring and timely treatment are needed for high-risk COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Alta do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068433

RESUMO

Inhibitors that form covalent bonds with their targets have traditionally been considered highly adventurous due to their potential off-target effects and toxicity concerns. However, with the clinical validation and approval of many covalent inhibitors during the past decade, design and discovery of novel covalent inhibitors have attracted increasing attention. A large amount of scattered experimental data for covalent inhibitors have been reported, but a resource by integrating the experimental information for covalent inhibitor discovery is still lacking. In this study, we presented Covalent Inhibitor Database (CovalentInDB), the largest online database that provides the structural information and experimental data for covalent inhibitors. CovalentInDB contains 4511 covalent inhibitors (including 68 approved drugs) with 57 different reactive warheads for 280 protein targets. The crystal structures of some of the proteins bound with a covalent inhibitor are provided to visualize the protein-ligand interactions around the binding site. Each covalent inhibitor is annotated with the structure, warhead, experimental bioactivity, physicochemical properties, etc. Moreover, CovalentInDB provides the covalent reaction mechanism and the corresponding experimental verification methods for each inhibitor towards its target. High-quality datasets are downloadable for users to evaluate and develop computational methods for covalent drug design. CovalentInDB is freely accessible at http://cadd.zju.edu.cn/cidb/.

20.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: AUF1 is one of the AU-rich binding proteins, which promotes rapid ARE-mRNA degradation. Recently, it has been reported that AUF1 is involved in regulating the antioxidant system because of its capacity to bind specifically to RNA containing oxidized bases and degrade oxidized RNA. Many antioxidant proteins have been reported to be overexpressed in colorectal cancer (CRC), however, the role of AUF1 in the progression of CRC has not been explored. METHODS: The expression level of AUF1 protein in human CRC cell lines and CRC tissues was detected by western blotting and immunohistochemistry (IHC. The effects of AUF1 knockdown on CRC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and changes in the signaling pathways were evaluated using a cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), Transwell assays and western blotting. Subcutaneous xenograft tumor model was employed to further substantiate the role of AUF1 in CRC. RESULTS: AUF1 protein was upregulated in CRC tissues and CRC cells, and high expression of AUF1 was significantly associated with advanced AJCC stage (P = .001), lymph node metastasis (P = .007), distant metastasis (P = .038) and differentiation (P = .009) of CRC specimens. CRC patients with the high expression of AUF1 had an extremely poor prognosis. The knockdown of AUF1 suppressed CRC cell line proliferation, migration and invasion, inhibited CRC cells tumorigenesis and growth in nude mice, and reduced phosphorylated-ERK1/2 and phosphorylated AKT in CRC cells. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that AUF1 is probably involved in the progression of CRC via the activation of the ERK1/2 and AKT pathways. AU-rich RNA-binding factor 1 could be used as a novel prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for CRC.

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