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1.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 329, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471087

RESUMO

It's a challenge for detecting the therapeutic targets of a polypharmacological drug from variations in the responsed networks in the differentiated populations with complex diseases, as stable coronary heart disease. Here, in an adaptive, 31-center, randomized, double-blind trial involving 920 patients with moderate symptomatic stable angina treated by 14-day Danhong injection(DHI), a kind of polypharmacological drug with high quality control, or placebo (0.9% saline), with 76-day following-up, we firstly confirmed that DHI could increase the proportion of patients with clinically significant changes on angina-frequency assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 20) (12.78% at Day 30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.86-19.71%, P = 0.0003, 13.82% at Day 60, 95% CI 6.82-20.82%, P = 0.0001 and 8.95% at Day 90, 95% CI 2.06-15.85%, P = 0.01). We also found that there were no significant differences in new-onset major vascular events (P = 0.8502) and serious adverse events (P = 0.9105) between DHI and placebo. After performing the RNA sequencing in 62 selected patients, we developed a systemic modular approach to identify differentially expressed modules (DEMs) of DHI with the Zsummary value less than 0 compared with the control group, calculated by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and sketched out the basic framework on a modular map with 25 functional modules targeted by DHI. Furthermore, the effective therapeutic module (ETM), defined as the highest correlation value with the phenotype alteration (ΔSAQ-AF, the change in SAQ-AF at Day 30 from baseline) calculated by WGCNA, was identified in the population with the best effect (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 40), which is related to anticoagulation and regulation of cholesterol metabolism. We assessed the modular flexibility of this ETM using the global topological D value based on Euclidean distance, which is correlated with phenotype alteration (r2: 0.8204, P = 0.019) by linear regression. Our study identified the anti-angina therapeutic module in the effective population treated by the multi-target drug. Modular methods facilitate the discovery of network pharmacological mechanisms and the advancement of precision medicine. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01681316).

2.
J Fam Psychol ; 35(6): 822-832, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472931

RESUMO

This 1-year longitudinal study examined the relations between maternal encouragement of sociability and social, school, and psychological adjustment in nonmigrant (n = 355, Mage = 9.90 years) and migrant children (n = 248, Mage = 9.95 years) in urban China. Data were obtained from multiple sources, including mothers' reports, peer nominations, teacher ratings, and child self-reports. The results showed that maternal encouragement of sociability negatively contributed to later loneliness in nonmigrant children, but not in migrant children. Moreover, among nonmigrant children, maternal encouragement of sociability was negatively associated with later behavioral problems for those who had higher initial behavioral problems, and positively associated with later perceived self-worth for those with higher initial self-worth. Among migrant children, the maternal encouragement of sociability was positively associated with later peer victimization and learning problems for those who had higher initial problems. The results indicate that maternal encouragement of sociability may function differently in the nonmigrant and migrant family contexts in China. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474563

RESUMO

The particular characteristics of hypoxia, immune suppression in the tumor microenvironment, and the lack of accurate imaging guidance lead to the limited effects of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in reducing the recurrence rate and mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This research developed a novel theranostic agent based on Bi/Se nanoparticles (NPs), synthesized by a simple reduction reaction method for in vivo CT image-guided SBRT sensitization in mice. After loading Lenvatinib (Len), the obtained Bi/Se-Len NPs had excellent performance in reversing hypoxia and the immune suppression status of HCC. In vivo CT imaging results uncovered that the radiotherapy (RT) area could be accurately labeled after the injection of Bi/Se-Len NPs. Under Len's unique and robust properties, in vivo treatment was then carried out upon injection of Bi/Se-Len NPs, achieving excellent RT sensitization effects in a mouse HCC model. Comprehensive tests and histological stains revealed that Bi/Se-Len NPs could reshape and normalize tumor blood vessels, reduce the hypoxic situation of the tumor, and upregulate tumor-infiltrating CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes around the tumors. Our work highlights an excellent proposal of Bi/Se-Len NPs as theranostic nanoparticles for image-guided HCC radiotherapy.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477493

RESUMO

Chloropropanols such as 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol (1,3-DCP) have drawn increasing attention due to their release from food contact paper and their potential carcinogenic effects. In this study, the effects were investigated of water extraction conditions on release of chloropropanols from food contact paper, and the extraction efficiencies of chloropropanols by water extract and migration method were compared. Cold water was found to be more severe than hot water for extraction of chloropropanols, with the highest water extraction value obtained at 23°C. Two hours of extraction was sufficient as the chloropropanols can be fully extracted from food contact paper within a short period of time. Increase of temperature in the range of 10°C-60°C had little impact on release of chloropropanols, however, the extraction of chloropropanols decreased when high temperatures (80°C or above) were applied due to volatilisation losses. Hence, attention should be paid when choosing extract conditions representing the worst-case scenario. The water extraction value using EN 645 method gives higher results compared to migration test described in GB 31604.1 and GB 5009.156, suggesting that the water extract method was probably more severe. For migration test, aqueous-based simulants were found to be more conservative than oil-based simulants, suggesting the conventional experiment conditions applicable for compliance test of chloropropanols migration can be simplified and optimised.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519413

RESUMO

Heteroaromatic-conjugated aromatic molecules have inspired numerous interests in rechargeable batteries like Li-ion batteries, but were limited by low conductivity and easy dissolution in electrolytes. Herein, we immobilize a nitrogen-rich aromatic molecule tricycloquinazoline (TQ) and CuO 4 unit into a two-dimensional (2D) conductive Metal-Organic Framework (MOF) to unlock their potential for Li + storage. TQ was identified redox activity with Li + for the first time. With a synergistic effect of TQ and CuO 4 unit, the 2D conductive MOF, named Cu-HHTQ (HHTQ = 2,3,7,8,12,13-hexahydroxytricycloquinazoline), can facilitate the Li + /e - transport and ensure a resilient electrode, resulting in a high capacity of 657.6 mAh g -1 at 600 mA g -1 with extraordinary high-rate capability and impressive cyclability. Our findings highlight an efficient strategy of constructing electrode materials for energy storage with combining multiple redox-active moieties into conductive MOFs.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501881

RESUMO

The New Rural Cooperative Medical Insurance (NCMS) in China has provided benefits for rural migrant workers' health service utilization, but the financial coordination and mutual aid of NCMS is mainly based on the county or district as a unit, leading NCMS with the characteristics of regional segmentation. Our study aims to explore their health service utilization, as well as to decompose differences of the health service utilization into contributors. Data from the China Labor-Force Dynamic Survey in 2016 and Urban Statistical Yearbook in 2016 were used. We used coarsened exact matching to control the confounding factors in order to enhance the comparison of two groups. The Fairlie decomposition method was used to analyze the differences and the sources of health service utilization. Influencing factors of health service utilization for rural migrant workers with NCMS were diversified, especially contextual characteristic and individual characteristics. The proportion of ethnic minorities, the number of medical institutions for 10,000 people in the community, the number of beds for 10,000 people in the city, and the urban service quality index were the major contributors of the differences. The proportion of difference in the health service utilization of rural migrant workers with NCMS caused by health service need were -54.73% and 6.92%, respectively. The inequities of the probability of two weeks outpatient, and the probability of inpatients, were -0.006 and -0.007, respectively. There were substantial differences in the health service utilization between rural migrant workers with NCMS in the county/district and rural migrant workers with NCMS across the county/district. Our results illustrated the inequity from the differences on basis of characteristic effect and the discrimination effect. Our studies clarified that health service needs of should be fully considered, contributing to a more reliable understanding of the health service utilization of rural migrant workers.

7.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; : AAC0089521, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516243

RESUMO

Tedizolid phosphate is an oxazolidinone antibacterial agent approved for treatment of gram-positive acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) in patients aged ≥12 years. To support the use of tedizolid phosphate in adolescents with ABSSSIs, a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model, developed using adult and pediatric data, was updated to include PK data from a phase 3 clinical trial (PN012) that evaluated the safety and efficacy of once-daily oral or intravenous 200-mg tedizolid phosphate in adolescents (12 to <18 years) with ABSSSIs, along with emerging data from a phase 1 trial (PN013) in children (2 to <12 years). Updated PK parameter estimates remained similar to the previous model. Body weight was a statistically significant covariate on clearance and volume parameters, with no clinically meaningful effects on exposure in adolescents. Tedizolid exposures in adolescents from PN012 were slightly higher with largely overlapped area under the concentration-time curve distribution compared with adults from previous phase 2 and 3 trials. The probability of PK/pharmacodynamic target attainment at the minimum inhibitory concentration susceptibility breakpoint of 0.5 µg/mL for Staphylococcus and Streptococcus was 100%. As most participants from the PN012 trial were cured, no significant exposure-efficacy relationship was identified. Tedizolid exposures were similar between participants with and without a safety event from PN012; no clear relationship was detected between exposure and safety. Despite lower body weight and higher exposures in adolescents, safety profiles in adolescents were similar to adults. These results support the 200-mg, once-daily intravenous or oral dose of tedizolid phosphate in adolescents with ABSSSIs.

8.
J Biol Chem ; : 101190, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517008

RESUMO

African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a large DNA virus that is highly contagious and pathogenic in domestic pigs with a mortality rate up to 100%. However, how ASFV suppresses JAK-STAT1 signaling to evade the immune response remains unclear. In this study, we found that the ASFV-encoded protein MGF-505-7R inhibited proinflammatory IFN-γ-mediated JAK-STAT1 signaling. Mechanistically, MGF-505-7R was found to interact with JAK1 and JAK2 and mediate their degradation. Further study indicated that MGF-505-7R promoted degradation of JAK1 and JAK2 by upregulating the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF125 expression, respectively. Consistently, MGF-505-7R-deficient ASFV induced high levels of IRF1 expression and displayed compromised replication both in primary porcine alveolar macrophages and pigs compared with wild-type ASFV. Furthermore, MGF-505-7R deficiency attenuated the virulence of the ASFV and pathogenesis of ASF in pigs. These findings suggest that the JAK-STAT1 axis mediates the innate immune response to the ASFV, and that MGF-505-7R plays a critical role in the virulence of the ASFV and pathogenesis of ASF by antagonizing this axis. Thus, we conclude that deletion of MGF-505-7R may serve as a strategy to develop attenuated vaccines against the ASFV.

9.
Talanta ; 235: 122818, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517674

RESUMO

As a type of environmental endocrine disrupting chemicals, bisphenols (BPs) have a certain embryonic toxicity and teratogenicity, which can significantly increase the risks of breast cancer, prostate cancer, leukemia and other cancers. In this work, stable multivariate metal-organic frameworks (UiO-66-NH2/TCPPx) were synthesized via in situ one-pot method and used as miniaturized dispersive solid-phase extraction (dµSPE) sorbents for extraction of trace BPs from environmental samples. The phase purity, crystal morphology and physical properties of UiO-66-NH2/TCPPx samples were varied by adjusting the mass ratio of TCPP. The extraction performance of UiO-66-NH2/TCPPx samples were investigated and UiO-66-NH2/TCPP1.0 exhibited the highest adsorption efficiency. Besides, UiO-66-NH2/TCPP1.0 possessed excellent recycling stability for the adsorption and desorption of BPs more than 20 cycles. The experimental parameters including amount of adsorbent, adsorption time, sample solution pH, temperature, desorption time and desorption solvents which affecting the efficiency of dµSPE were studied, respectively. Good linearity (R2 > 0.9992) in range of 0.1-200 ng mL-1 was obtained. The detection limits (S/N = 3) and quantification limits (S/N = 10) were achieved at 0.03-0.08 ng mL-1 and 0.1-0.5 ng mL-1, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of intra-day and inter-day ranged from 2.5 to 5.5% and 1.1-6.8%. Enrichment factors were calculated in the range of 303-338. The obtained recoveries of bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol B (BPB) and bisphenol AF (BPAF) were 81.26-91.03% (RSDs = 0.96-6.47%), 82.2-97.27% (RSDs = 0.45-6.15%), 87.56-97.26% (RSDs = 1.1-6.22%) and 82.2-100.8% (RSDs = 0.46-4.07%). The UiO-66-NH2/TCPP1.0 can be employed as potential dµSPE sorbents for the enrichment of trace BPs in the environmental samples.

10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(17): 11894-11905, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488355

RESUMO

Elevated concentrations of dietary selenium (Se) cause abnormalities and extirpation of fish inhabiting in Se-contaminated environments. However, its effect on fish behavior and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, two-month-old zebrafish (Danio rerio) was fed seleno-l-methionine (Se-Met) at environmentally relevant concentrations (i.e., control (2.61), low (5.43), medium (12.16), and high (34.61) µg Se/g dry weight (dw), respectively, corresponding to the C, L, M, and H treatments) for 60 days. Targeted metabolomics, histopathological, and targeted transcriptional endpoints were compared to behavioral metrics to evaluate the effects of dietary exposure to Se-Met . The results showed that the levels of total Se and malondialdehyde in fish brains were increased in a dose-dependent pattern. Meanwhile, mitochondrial damages and decreased activities of the mitochondria respiratory chain complexes were observed in the neurons at the M and H treatments. In addition, dietary Se-Met affected neurotransmitters, metabolites, and transcripts of the genes associated with the dopamine, serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid, acetylcholine, and histamine signaling pathways in zebrafish brains at the H treatments. The total swimming distance and duration in the Novel Arm were lowered in fish from the H treatment. This study has demonstrated that dietary Se-Met affects the ultrastructure of the zebrafish brain, neurotransmitters, and associated fish behaviors and may help enhance adverse outcome pathways for neurotransmitter-behavior key events in zebrafish.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495763

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease in women worldwide. Early diagnosis and treatment can greatly improve the management of breast cancer. Liquid biopsies are becoming convenient detection methods for diagnosing and monitoring breast cancer due to their non-invasiveness and ability to provide real-time feedback. A range of liquid biopsy markers, including circulating tumor proteins, circulating tumor cells, and circulating tumor nucleic acids, have been implemented for breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis, with each having its own advantages and limitations. Circulating extracellular vesicles are messengers of intercellular communication that are packed with information from mother cells and are found in a wide variety of bodily fluids; thus, they are emerging as ideal candidates for liquid biopsy biomarkers. In this review, we summarize extracellular vesicle protein markers that can be potentially used for the early diagnosis and prognosis of breast cancer or determining its specific subtypes.

12.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496092

RESUMO

AIMS: We investigated the fate of Salmonella in lettuce seeds grown in a hydroponic system and the potentials of applying photodynamic inactivation (PDI) to enhance microbial safety of hydroponic farming systems. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lettuce was grown from Salmonella-contaminated seeds, and rose bengal-mediated PDI was applied. Without intervention, Salmonella could persist in plants and hydroponic farming environment throughout six weeks of lettuce growth. Cross-contamination from Salmonella-inoculated to non-inoculated seedlings was observed. PDI significantly decreased Salmonella from 3.90 ± 0.31 log CFU per plant to 2.77 ± 0.49 log CFU per plant without extra illumination needed (P <0.01) by week six. CONCLUSIONS: Salmonella from contaminated seeds could survive for an extended period in lettuce and hydroponic farming environment and posed serious cross-contamination risks. Rose bengal-mediated PDI showed promise in controlling Salmonella contamination in lettuce in a hydroponic farming setting. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study shed light on the serious food safety implications that Salmonella-contaminated lettuce seeds might entail in a hydroponic farming environment and demonstrated rose bengal-mediated PDI as a potential mitigation strategy. These findings contribute to the increasingly relevant field of urban farming systems and their associated food safety concerns.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499057

RESUMO

This work reports a CsI stripping/insertion process that enables the reversible transformation between blue-emissive Cs3Cu2I5 and yellow-emissive CsCu2I3 upon moisture/evaporation treatment. The successful transformation can be ascribed to the unique space confinement of the SiO2 matrix and ligand-free feature of perovskite nanocrystals, which can be a good candidate for anti-counterfeiting.

14.
Adv Mater ; : e2104002, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499382

RESUMO

Photoresponsive materials have drawn much attention and are widely applied in daily life for their reversible changes in luminous color or appearance color under light irradiation. In this work, a new photoresponsive system based on triarylamine derivatives is developed. With the changed aryl substituents, adjustable photoresponsive properties, including photoactivated phosphorescence and photochromism after being dispersed into the poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) matrix, are demonstrated. According to the theoretical calculations and experimental data, the competition between the formations of triplet excitons and cationic radicals under photoirradiation should be the main reason for their different photoresponsive properties. Excitingly, the applications of rewritable photopatterning, anticounterfeiting, information encryption, and decryption are realized conveniently, in addition to the successful model of sunglasses to protect eyes away from ultraviolet radiation and strong light in the sunlight. These studies present a simple and efficient design strategy for the development of photoresponsive materials on modulating the phosphorescence and photochromic property.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125836, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492793

RESUMO

NO2 is a common indoor and outdoor air pollutant, but its health effects are still controversial. Beside respiratory injury, more epidemiological studies show that inhalation of NO2 is associated with an increased risk of anxiety and depression. However, the causal relationship at the molecular level remains unclear. In the present study, we exposed adult C57BL/6J mice to NO2 (2.5 ppm, 5 h/day) for four weeks, and found anxiety and depression-like behaviors in male mice, but not female mice. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment indicated that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the prefrontal cortex and cerebellum were closely associated with signal transduction pathways, such as axon guidance. Importantly, NO2 inhalation damaged the ultrastructure of myelin sheath and caused the abnormal expression of related genes in males, which partially contributed to mental disorders. We also found that prolactin (Prl), through its anti-inflammatory activity and remyelination, might play a major role in the sex-specific neurobehavioral disorder in male mice caused by NO2 exposure.

16.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494149

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Identifying the lymphatic drainage pathway is important for accurate lymph node (LN) dissection in esophageal cancer (EC). This study aimed to assess lymphatic drainage mapping in thoracic EC using near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) and identify its feasibility for intraoperative LN drainage visualization and dissection. METHODS: From November 2019 to August 2020, esophagectomy was performed using intraoperative NIRF navigation with ICG injected into the esophageal submucosa by endoscopy. All LNs were divided into four groups according to the NIRF status and presence of metastasis: NIRF+LN+, NIRF+LN-, NIRF-LN+, and NIRF-LN-. RESULTS: Regional LNs were detected in all 84 enrolled patients with thoracic EC. A total of 2164 LNs were removed, and the mean number of dissected LNs was 25.68 ± 12.00. NIRF+ LNs were observed in all patients and distributed at 19 LN stations, which formed lymphatic drainage maps. The top five LN stations of NIRF+ probability in upper thoracic EC were No. 7, 106ecR, 107, 1, and 106recL; in middle thoracic EC, they were No. 107, 7, 110, 1, and 105; and in lower thoracic EC, they were No. 107, 7, 110, 106recR, and 1. There were no cases of ICG-related adverse events or chylothorax. The 30-day mortality rate was 0%. Major complications included anastomotic fistula (7.14%), pneumonia (4.76%), pleural effusion (13.10%), atelectasis (3.75%), hoarseness (8.33%), and arrhythmia (4.76%). CONCLUSION: Regional LN mapping of thoracic EC was performed using ICG/NIRF imaging, which showed different preferred LN drainage stations in various anatomical locations of the thoracic esophagus. ICG/NIRF imaging is feasible for intraoperative LN drainage visualization and dissection. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The clinical trial registration number is NCT04173676 ( http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ ).

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127003, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474367

RESUMO

The individual and combined toxicity of antibiotics and nanoplastics in marine organisms has received increasing attention. However, many studies have been mostly focused on the impacts on the directly exposed generation (F0). In this study, intergenerational effects of sulfamethazine (SMZ) and nanoplastic fragments (polystyrene, PS) on the growth and the gut microbiota of marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma) were investigated. The results showed that parental exposure to dietary SMZ (4.62 mg/g) alone and PS (3.45 mg/g) alone for 30 days decreased the body weight (by 13.41% and 34.33%, respectively) and altered the composition of gut microbiota in F1 males (two months after hatching). Interestingly, parental exposure to the mixture of SMZ and PS caused a more modest decrease in the body weight of F1 males than the PS alone (15.60% vs 34.33%). The hepatic igf1 level and the relative abundance of the host energy metabolism related phylum Bacteroidetes for the SMZ + PS group were significantly higher than those for the PS group (igf1, increased by 97.1%; Bacteroidetes, 2.876% vs 0.375%), suggesting that the parentally derived mixture of SMZ and PS might influence the first microbial colonization of gut in a different way to the PS alone. This study contributes to a better understanding of the long-term risk of antibiotics and nanoplastics to marine organisms.

18.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(9): 829, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480018

RESUMO

Recent studies indicate that Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) can function as the signal of pattern recognition receptors, which play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the autoimmune disease. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a classic autoimmune disease. Previous reports mainly focused on the potential role of TLRs in regulating the development of SLE, but little is known about the role of CLRs in the progression of SLE. Our previous studies showed that the inflammation-mediated accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) including granulocytic (G-MDSCs) and monocytic (M-MDSCs) participated in the pathogenesis of lupus. Mice deficient in Card9 (the downstream molecule of CLRs) were more susceptible to colitis-associated cancer via promoting the expansion of MDSCs. Whether the abnormal activation of CLRs regulates the expansion of MDSCs to participate in the pathogenesis of lupus remains unknown. In the present study, the expressions of CLRs were examined in both SLE patients and mouse models, revealing the expression of Dectin3 was positively correlated with SLEDAI. Dectin3 deficiency retarded the lupus-like disease by regulating the expansion and function of MDSCs. The mechanistic analysis revealed that Dectin3 deficiency promoted FoxO1-mediated apoptosis of MDSCs. Syk-Akt1-mediated nuclear transfer of FoxO1 increased in Dectin3-deficient MDSCs. Notedly, the accumulation of M-MDSCs mainly decreased in Dectin3-/- lupus mice, and the nuclear transfer of FoxO1 negatively correlated with the expression of LOX-1 on M-MDSCs. The silencing of FoxO1 expression in Dectin3-/- mice promoted the expansion of LOX-1+ M-MDSCs in vivo, and LOX-1+ M-MDSCs increased the differentiation of Th17 cells. Both LOX-1 expression on M-MDSCs and Dectin3 expression on MDSCs increased in patients with SLE. These data indicated that increased LOX-1+ M-MDSCs were related to the exacerbation of SLE development and might be potential target cells for the treatment of SLE.

19.
Curr HIV Res ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HIV drug resistance poses a major challenge for anti-retroviral treatment (ART) and the prevention and control of HIV epidemic. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to establish a novel in-house assay with high efficiency, named AP in-house method, that would be suitable for HIV-1 drug resistance detection in China. METHODS: An in-house HIV-1 genotyping method was used to sequence the partial pol gene from 60 clinical plasma samples; the results of our test were compared with a commercial ViroSeq HIV-1 genotyping system. RESULTS: Among sixty samples, 58(96.7%) were successfully amplified by AP in-house method, five of them harbored viral load below 1,000 copies/ml. The genotype distribution was 43.1% CRF07_BC (25/58), 39.7% CRF01_AE (23/58), 6.9% CRF55_01B (4/58), 5.2% subtype B (3/58) and 5.2% CRF08_BC (3/58). Compared with that of the ViroSeq system, the consistent rate of these nucleotides and amino acids obtained by AP in-house method was up to 99.5 ± 0.4% and 99.5 ± 0.4%, respectively. A total of 290 HIV-1 drug resistance mutations were identified by two methods, including 126 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), 145 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) and 19 protease inhibitors (PIs) resistance mutations. Out of them, 94.1% (273/290) were completely concordant between the AP in-house method and the ViroSeq system. CONCLUSION: Overall, the evaluation of AP in-house method provided comparable results to those of the ViroSeq system on diversified HIV-1 subtypes in China.

20.
Int J Legal Med ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515836

RESUMO

The study aimed to explore the neutrophil's spatial distributions used to estimate the histological age of contused skeletal muscle, and assessed the accuracy of various indicators, such as the proportion of neutrophils, "neutrophil mean distance," and distribution of neutrophils in areas of "contiguous contour lines." Fifty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into a control group and contusion groups at 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, and 6 h, as well as 1, 3, 5, and 15 days, post-injury (n = 5 per group). Nuclei and neutrophils were detected by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. At 0-24 h after injury, the distribution of neutrophils at distances of 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, and 600 µm from adjacent blood vessels was determined, and the best samples were screened to estimate wound age. To estimate wound age as accurately as possible, Fisher discriminant analysis (FDA) of the proportion of neutrophils, neutrophil mean distance, and distribution of neutrophils was performed, and 100.0% and 95.0% of the original and cross-validated cases were correctly classified, respectively. The spatial distribution of neutrophils at different distances from adjacent blood vessels showed a strong correlation with the histological age of contusion skeletal muscle, and the combination of the proportion of neutrophils, neutrophil mean distance, and distribution of neutrophils could be used to accurately estimate wound age.

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