Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.394
Filtrar
1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(5): 1335-1342, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621981

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the regulatory effect of the Spatholobi Caulis extract from ethyl acetate(SEA) on natural killer(NK) cells under physiological conditions and elucidate the underlying mechanism. The C57BL/6 mice were randomized into NC and SEA groups, and NK-92 cells were respectively treated with 0, 25, 50, and 100 µg·mL~(-1) SEA. The body weight and immune organ index of the mice were compared between groups. The lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) assay was employed to examine the cytotoxicity of NK-92 cells treated with SEA and the killing activity of mouse NK cells against YAC-1 cells. The cell-counting kit-8(CCK-8) was used to examine the impact of SEA on the proliferation of NK-92 cells. Flow cytometry was employed to measure the number of NK cells in the peripheral blood as well as the expression levels of natural killer group 2 member A(NKG2A) and natural killer group 2 member D(NKG2D). The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was performed to determine the interferon(IFN)-γ secretion in the serum. Semi-quantitative PCR was conducted to determine the mRNA levels of NKG2A, NKG2D, and IFN-γ in spleen cells. Western blot was employed to investigate the involvement of phosphoinositide 3-kinase(PI3K)/extracellular regulated protein kinase 1(ERK1) signaling pathway. The results showed that SEA exhibited no adverse effects on the body, while significantly enhance the number of NK cells and augment the cytotoxicity of NK-92 cells against YAC-1 cells. Moreover, it suppressed the expression of NKG2A, enhanced the expression of NKG2D, promoted IFN-γ secretion, and upregulated the protein levels of PI3K and ERK. The findings suggest that SEA has the potential to enhance the immune recognition and effector function of NK cells by increasing the cell number, modulating the expression of functional receptors, and promoting IFN-γ secretion via the PI3K/ERK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Acetatos , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Camundongos , Animais , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Matadoras Naturais
2.
Small Methods ; : e2400127, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623969

RESUMO

Stabilizing the Zn anode/electrolyte interface is critical for advancing aqueous zinc ion storage technologies. Addressing this challenge helps minimize parasitic reactions and controls the formation of Zn dendrites, which is fundamental to achieving highly reversible Zn electrochemistry. In this study, 2% by volume of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is introduced into the baseline zinc sulfate (ZS) electrolyte, which acts as an efficient regulator to form a robust solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) on the Zn anode. This innovative approach enables uniform Zn deposition and does not substantially modify the Zn2+ solvation structure. The Zn||Zn symmetric cell exhibits an extended cycle life of nearly one calendar year (>8500 h) at a current density of 0.5 mA cm-2 and an areal capacity of 0.5 mAh cm-2. Impressive full cell performance can be achieved. Specifically, the Zn||VS2 full cell achieves an areal capacity of 1.7 mAh cm-2, with a superior negative-to-positive capacity ratio of 2.5, and an electrolyte-to-capacity ratio of 101.4 µL mAh-1, displaying remarkable stability over 1000 cycles under a high mass loading of 11.0 mg cm-2 without significant degradation. This innovative approach in electrolyte engineering provides a new perspective on in situ SEI design and furthers the understanding of Zn anode stabilization.

3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 409, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) has been increasingly applied in sepsis. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic utility of mNGS of paired plasma and peritoneal drainage (PD) fluid samples in comparison to culture-based microbiological tests (CMTs) among critically ill patients with suspected acute intra-abdominal infections (IAIs). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study from October 2021 to December 2022 enrolling septic patients with suspected IAIs (n = 111). Pairwise CMTs and mNGS of plasma and PD fluid were sent for pathogen detection. The mNGS group underwent therapeutic regimen adjustment based on mNGS results for better treatment. The microbial community structure, clinical features, antibiotic use and prognoses of the patients were analyzed. RESULTS: Higher positivity rates were observed with mNGS versus CMTs for both PD fluid (90.0% vs. 48.3%, p < 0.005) and plasma (76.7% vs. 1.6%, p < 0.005). 90% of enrolled patients had clues of suspected pathogens combining mNGS and CMT methods. Gram-negative pathogens consist of most intra-abdominal pathogens, including a great variety of anaerobes represented by Bacteroides and Clostridium. Patients with matched plasma- and PD-mNGS results had higher mortality and sepsis severity. Reduced usage of carbapenem (30.0% vs. 49.4%, p < 0.05) and duration of anti-MRSA treatment (5.1 ± 3.3 vs. 7.0 ± 8.4 days, p < 0.05) was shown in the mNGS group in our study. CONCLUSIONS: Pairwise plasma and PD fluid mNGS improves microbiological diagnosis compared to CMTs for acute IAI. Combining plasma and PD mNGS could predict poor prognosis. mNGS may enable optimize empirical antibiotic use.

4.
Front Pediatr ; 12: 1346987, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633326

RESUMO

Background: The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) variant causes developmental and epileptic encephalopathy 45 (DEE45), an autosomal dominant disorder that results in oculocortical visual impairment, reduced muscle tone, psychomotor retardation, and epilepsy. Analysis of the clinical features and genetics of DEE45 may be helpful in complementing genotype-phenotype studies. Case presentation: We collected peripheral blood samples from the affected children and parents and extracted genomic DNA. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was utilized to identify the underlying disease-causing variant. WES showed that the prior carried a heterozygous variant c.686C > T p.(Ala229Val) in exon 7 of the GABRB1 (NM_000812.4), and no variant was detected in either parental sample. The child has DEE45. Conclusion: The variant c.686C > T of the GABRB1 is a possible cause of DEE45. Gene variant analysis of the relevant family lines using WES provides effective genetic counseling for developing and regressing such patients in the clinic. However, further studies are needed to verify the pathogenic mechanism.

5.
RSC Adv ; 14(17): 11616-11631, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605888

RESUMO

Aim to provide practical clinical guidance for the treatment of implants in diabetic patients, this study investigated the corrosion mechanism of bionic coatings containing different Ca/P ratios in diabetic environments. The bionic coatings were prepared in ß-titanium alloys using micro-arc oxidation (MAO) technology and evaluated for corrosion mechanism, biocompatibility, and safety by cytotoxicity, electrochemical corrosion, and coating bonding force experiments. Ca and P from the electrolyte were integrated into the coating during MAO discharge process to form hydroxyapatite. The coating Ca/P ratio initially increased and then decreased with the electrolyte Ca/P ratio. In vitro cellular experiments demonstrated that increasing the porosity of HA-containing coatings would be beneficial to the growth of cells adhering to their surfaces. Corrosion tests revealed that the corrosion tendency of the coating at higher sugar content was more severe, and a proper elevation of the Ca/P ratio was better for the corrosion resistance of the coating. The bonding analysis of the coatings before and after corrosion showed that an increase in the Ca/P ratio would improve the bonding of the MAO coatings in higher glucose content environments, thus improving the safety of the implants in diabetic patients.

6.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 233, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to confirm the safety and feasibility of totally endoscopic repair for mitral regurgitation (MR) in Barlow's disease. METHODS: From June 2018 to December 2022, 21 consecutive Barlow's disease patients (aged 33 ± 12 years; 57.1% male) underwent totally endoscopic mitral valve (MV) repair with leaflets folding, multiple artificial chordae implantation and ring annuloplasty. The safety and feasibility of this technique was evaluated by its mid-term clinical outcomes. RESULTS: There was no operative death or complications. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time was 190 ± 41 (128-267) min, and the aortic cross-clamp time was 145 ± 32 (66-200) min. The average number of artificial chordae implantation was 2.9 ± 0.7 (1-4) pairs. The mean MV coaptation length was 1.4 ± 0.3 (0.8-1.8) cm, and the median transvalvular gradient was 1 [interquartile range (IQR), 1-2] mmHg. During a median follow-up time of 24 (IQR, 10-38) months, all patients showed persistent effective valve function with no significant MR or systolic anterior motion. CONCLUSIONS: Totally endoscopic repair was a safe, effective, and reproducible procedure with satisfied mid-term clinical outcomes for MR in Barlow's disease. However, further randomized and long-term follow-up studies were warranted to determine its clinical effects.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Prolapso da Valva Mitral , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos
7.
Fetal Diagn Ther ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631314

RESUMO

Introduction CHARGE syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder with known pattern of features. The aim of the study was to present the fetal features of CHARGE syndrome to gain awareness that the antenatal characteristics can be very nonspecific. Case Presentation This was a retrospective study of 13 cases with CHARGE syndrome diagnosed by prenatal or postnatal genetic testing and physical examination. Two (15.4%; 2/13) had normal ultrasound scans during pregnancy. One (7.7%; 1/13) with first-trimester cystic hygroma presented intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) at 16 weeks gestation. The remaining 10 (76.9%; 10/13) cases had abnormal ultrasound features in utero; among these, 1 had an increased nuchal translucency in the first trimester, 5 had second-trimester abnormal ultrasounds including micrognathia, cardiac defects and facial defects, and 4 third-trimester abnormal ultrasounds including micrognathia, isolated fetal growth restriction and polyhydramnios. Among the 11 cases with abnormal prenatal ultrasound scans, no fetus could reach the diagnostic criteria of CHARGE syndrome if only based on the results of ultrasound. However, the diagnosis was made in all cases when CHD7 defects were detected. Discussion/Conclusion The CHARGE syndrome presents non-specific abnormal ultrasound markers in utero. Exome sequencing in the genetic work up will aid in prenatal diagnosis of this syndrome.

8.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 38(4): 461-465, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632067

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the method of accurately estimating the acetabular cup prosthesis coverage rate (hereinafter referred to as "cup coverage rate") in total hip arthroplasty (THA) based on X-ray films, and to determine the effective parameters that can be used to estimate the cup coverage rate. Methods: The three-dimensional printed pelvic models were established based on CT data of 16 healthy pelvis, and the acetabular prosthesis were implanted according to conventional THA procedure. The length and width of the uncovered area of the acetabular cup prosthesis were measured by a modified X-ray recording method with a rotating C-arm X-ray machine, and the cup coverage rate was calculated. Then the differences among the traditional anteroposterior X-ray recording method, the modified method, and actual measurement on pelvic model were statistically analyzed. The correlation between the area of the uncovered area of the prosthesis and its width and length was analyzed by using multiple linear regression analysis. Results: The cup coverage rates of traditional method, modified method, and actual measurement were 78.22%±3.36%, 86.74%±3.61%, and 89.62%±2.62%, respectively, with significant differences ( P<0.05). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the width and length were positively linear with the uncovered area of the prosthesis, and the regression equation was as follows: uncovered area of the prosthesis=-21.192+0.248×width+0.140×length, and the coefficient of determination R 2=0.857, P<0.001. Conclusion: Compared with the traditional method, the modified method can more accurately evaluate the cup coverage rate during THA, and the width of the uncovered area of the prosthesis can be used as an effective reference for the cup coverage rate.

9.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3295, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632230

RESUMO

Van der Waals semiconductors exemplified by two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides have promised next-generation atomically thin optoelectronics. Boosting their interaction with light is vital for practical applications, especially in the quantum regime where ultrastrong coupling is highly demanded but not yet realized. Here we report ultrastrong exciton-plasmon coupling at room temperature in tungsten disulfide (WS2) layers loaded with a random multi-singular plasmonic metasurface deposited on a flexible polymer substrate. Different from seeking perfect metals or high-quality resonators, we create a unique type of metasurface with a dense array of singularities that can support nanometre-sized plasmonic hotspots to which several WS2 excitons coherently interact. The associated normalized coupling strength is 0.12 for monolayer WS2 and can be up to 0.164 for quadrilayers, showcasing the ultrastrong exciton-plasmon coupling that is important for practical optoelectronic devices based on low-dimensional semiconductors.

10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(10): 1295-1312, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596493

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation is a clinically significant challenge in disease management. This review explores the immunological mechanisms underlying HBV reactivation, emphasizing disease progression and management. It delves into host immune responses and reactivation's delicate balance, spanning innate and adaptive immunity. Viral factors' disruption of this balance, as are interactions between viral antigens, immune cells, cytokine networks, and immune checkpoint pathways, are examined. Notably, the roles of T cells, natural killer cells, and antigen-presenting cells are discussed, highlighting their influence on disease progression. HBV reactivation's impact on disease severity, hepatic flares, liver fibrosis progression, and hepatocellular carcinoma is detailed. Management strategies, including anti-viral and immunomodulatory approaches, are critically analyzed. The role of prophylactic anti-viral therapy during immunosuppressive treatments is explored alongside novel immunotherapeutic interventions to restore immune control and prevent reactivation. In conclusion, this comprehensive review furnishes a holistic view of the immunological mechanisms that propel HBV reactivation. With a dedicated focus on understanding its implications for disease progression and the prospects of efficient management strategies, this article contributes significantly to the knowledge base. The more profound insights into the intricate interactions between viral elements and the immune system will inform evidence-based approaches, ultimately enhancing disease management and elevating patient outcomes. The dynamic landscape of management strategies is critically scrutinized, spanning anti-viral and immunomodulatory approaches. The role of prophylactic anti-viral therapy in preventing reactivation during immunosuppressive treatments and the potential of innovative immunotherapeutic interventions to restore immune control and proactively deter reactivation.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Antivirais/farmacologia , Progressão da Doença , Ativação Viral , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico
11.
World J Diabetes ; 15(3): 552-564, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association of single nucleotide polymorphism of KCNQ1 gene rs2237895 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is currently controversial. It is unknown whether this association can be gene realized across different populations. AIM: To determine the association of KCNQ1 rs2237895 with T2DM and provide reliable evidence for genetic susceptibility to T2DM. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Medline, Baidu Academic, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biomedical Liter-ature Database, and Wanfang to investigate the association between KCNQ1 gene rs2237895 and the risk of T2DM up to January 12, 2022. Review Manager 5.4 was used to analyze the association of the KCNQ1 gene rs2237895 polymorphism with T2DM and to evaluate the publication bias of the selected literature. RESULTS: Twelve case-control studies (including 11273 cases and 11654 controls) met our inclusion criteria. In the full population, allelic model [odds ratio (OR): 1.19; 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 1.09-1.29; P < 0.0001], recessive model (OR: 1.20; 95%CI: 1.11-1.29; P < 0.0001), dominant model (OR: 1.27. 95%CI: 1.14-1.42; P < 0.0001), and codominant model (OR: 1.36; 95%CI: 1.15-1.60; P = 0.0003) (OR: 1.22; 95%CI: 1.10-1.36; P = 0.0002) indicated that the KCNQ1 gene rs2237895 polymorphism was significantly correlated with susceptibility to T2DM. In stratified analysis, this association was confirmed in Asian populations: allelic model (OR: 1.25; 95%CI: 1.13-1.37; P < 0.0001), recessive model (OR: 1.29; 95%CI: 1.11-1.49; P = 0.0007), dominant model (OR: 1.35; 95%CI: 1.20-1.52; P < 0.0001), codominant model (OR: 1.49; 95%CI: 1.22-1.81; P < 0.0001) (OR: 1.26; 95%CI: 1.16-1.36; P < 0.0001). In non-Asian populations, this association was not significant: Allelic model (OR: 1.06, 95%CI: 0.98-1.14; P = 0.12), recessive model (OR: 1.04; 95%CI: 0.75-1.42; P = 0.83), dominant model (OR: 1.06; 95%CI: 0.98-1.15; P = 0.15), codominant model (OR: 1.08; 95%CI: 0.82-1.42; P = 0.60. OR: 1.15; 95%CI: 0.95-1.39; P = 0.14). CONCLUSION: KCNQ1 gene rs2237895 was significantly associated with susceptibility to T2DM in an Asian population. Carriers of the C allele had a higher risk of T2DM. This association was not significant in non-Asian populations.

12.
Org Lett ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587308

RESUMO

Isoxazolines and isoxazoles commonly serve as core structures of many therapeutic agents and natural products. However, the metal-free and catalysis-free strategy for the synthesis of these privileged motifs at room temperature remains a challenging task. Herein, we report a three-component strategy to afford diverse isoxazolines and isoxazoles via [3 + 2] cycloadditions of in situ-formed nitronates and olefins/alkynes under visible-light irradiation.

13.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 236, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyze the impact of the time of natural cessation of the umbilical cord on maternal and infant outcomes in order to explore the time of clamping that would be beneficial to maternal and infant outcomes. METHODS: The study was a cohort study and pregnant women who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from September 2020 to September 2021. Analysis using Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test, Pearson's Chi-squared test, generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) and repeated measures ANOVA. If the difference between groups was statistically significant, the Bonferroni test was then performed. A two-sided test of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 345 pregnants were included in this study. The subjects were divided into the ≤60 seconds group (n = 134), the 61-89 seconds group (n = 106) and the ≥90 seconds group (n = 105) according to the time of natural arrest of the umbilical cord. There was no statistically significant difference in the amount of postpartum hemorrhage and the need for iron, medication, or supplements in the postpartum period between the different cord spontaneous arrest time groups for mothers (P > 0.05). The weight of the newborns in the three groups was (3316.27 ± 356.70) g, (3387.26 ± 379.20) g, and (3455.52 ± 363.78) g, respectively, and the number of days of cord detachment was 12.00 (8.00, 15.75) days, 10.00 (7.00, 15.00) days and 9.00 (7.00, 13.00) days, respectively, as the time of natural cessation of the cord increased. The neonatal lymphocyte ratio, erythrocyte pressure, and hemoglobin reached a maximum in the 61-89 s group at (7.41 ± 2.16) %, (61.77 ± 8.17) % and (194.52 ± 25.84) g/L, respectively. Lower incidence of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in the 61-89 s group compared to the ≥90s group 0 vs 4.8 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In full-term singleton vaginal births, maternal and infant outcomes are better when waiting for 61-89 s after birth for the cord to stop pulsating naturally, suggesting that we can wait up to 90s for the cord to stop pulsating naturally, and if the cord does not stop pulsating after 90s, artificial weaning may be more beneficial to maternal and infant outcomes.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Cordão Umbilical , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Nascimento a Termo
14.
Physiol Plant ; 176(2): e14287, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606719

RESUMO

Salt stress substantially leads to flowering delay. The regulation of salt-induced late flowering has been studied at the transcriptional and protein levels; however, the involvement of secondary metabolites has rarely been investigated. Here, we report that FMOGS-OXs (EC 1.14.13.237), the enzymes that catalyze the biosynthesis of glucosinolates (GSLs), promote flowering transition in Arabidopsis thaliana. It has been reported that WRKY75 is a positive regulator, and MAF4 is a negative regulator of flowering transition. The products of FMOGS-OXs, methylsulfinylalkyl GSLs (MS GSLs), facilitate flowering by inducing WRKY75 and repressing the MAS-MAF4 module. We further show that the degradation of MS GSLs is involved in salt-induced late flowering and salt tolerance. Salt stress induces the expression of myrosinase genes, resulting in the degradation of MS GSLs, thereby relieving the promotion of WRKY75 and inhibition of MAF4, leading to delayed flowering. In addition, the degradation products derived from MS GSLs enhance salt tolerance. Previous studies have revealed that FMOGS-OXs exhibit alternative catalytic activity to form trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) under salt stress, which activates multiple stress-related genes to promote salt tolerance. Therefore, FMOGS-OXs integrate flowering transition and salt tolerance in various ways. Our study shed light on the functional diversity of GSLs and established a connection between flowering transition, salt resistance, and GSL metabolism.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Oxigenases , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Glucosinolatos
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172268, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583629

RESUMO

Due to the inappropriate disposal of waste materials containing lead (Pb) and irrigation with sewage containing Pb, the migration of Pb2+ within the soil profile has been extensively investigated. The conventional Pb2+ block method is challenging to implement due to its complex operational procedures and high construction costs. To address this issue, this study introduces the microbial-induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) technique as a novel approach to impede the migration of Pb2+ in the soil profile. Soil acclimatization with urea resulted in an increased proportion of urease-producing microorganisms, including Bacillus, Paenibacillus, and Planococcaceae, along with heightened expression of urea-hydrolyzing genes (UreA, UreB, UreC, and UreG). This indicates that urea-acclimatized soil (Soil-MICP) possesses the potential to induce carbonate precipitation. Batch Pb2+ fixation experiments confirmed that the fixation efficiency of Soil-MICP on Pb2+ exceeded that of soil without MICP, attributed to the MICP process within the Soil-MICP group. Dynamic migration experiments revealed that the MICP reaction transformed exchangeable lead into carbonate-bound Pb, effectively impeding Pb2+ migration in the soil profile. Additionally, the migration rate of Pb2+ in Soil-MICP was influenced by varying urea amounts, pH levels, and pore flow rates, leading to a slowdown in migration. The Two-site sorption model aptly described the Pb2+ migration process in the Soil-MICP column. This study aims to elucidate the MICP biomineralization process, uncover the in-situ blocking mechanism of MICP on lead in soil, investigate the impact of Pb on key genes involved in urease metabolism, enhance the comprehension of the chemical morphology of lead mineralization products, and provide a theoretical foundation for MICP technology in preventing the migration of Pb2+ in soil profiles.

16.
BMC Nurs ; 23(1): 237, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses with a strong professional self-concept tend to exhibit a positive mindset and strong work engagement, delivering high-quality patient care. Although numerous quantitative studies have examined the factors impacting professional self-concept, there remains a limited exploration of these factors from the perspective of nurses themselves. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study uses the PERMA theory and Social Cognitive Theory as the theoretical framework. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 nurses from six public hospitals in China. The data were analyzed thematically using a combination of inductive and deductive approaches. RESULTS: Nurses' understanding of professional self-concept could be divided into four categories: professional identity, competence, care, and knowledge. Factors influencing nurses' professional self-concept were categorized into eight subthemes in three domains: (1) personal factors, including psychological qualities and attitude towards the nursing profession; (2) occupational-related behavioral factors, including role-oriented behavior and knowledge-oriented behavior; and (3) work environment and external factors, including external evaluation and perceptions of nurses, time allocation, nursing work tasks, work atmosphere, school education, and perceived supports. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that, although nurses had different personal experiences, their perceptions of professional self-concept were similar. Nurses' professional self-concept is a multidimensional concept and involves various factors, such as personality, work-related characteristics, environment, and family. To thrive in a nursing career, nurses must discern the factors that can enhance or hinder their professional self-concept. By identifying and adjusting these factors, personalized support and positive interventions can be tailored to meet nurses' specific needs, which ultimately nurtures their professional development. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered on December 14, 2022, in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2200066699) as part of our ongoing study.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1364339, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559355

RESUMO

Introduction: Matrine (MT) is a potential resistance reversal agent. However, it remains unclear whether MT can reverse the resistance of Haemophilus parasuis (H. parasuis) to ß-lactams, and, if so, by what mechanism MT works. Methods: We screened one cefaclor (CEC)-resistant strain (clinical strain C7) from eight clinical (H. parasuis) strains and determined the underlying resistance mechanism. Then, we investigated the reversal effect of MTon the resistance of this strain to CEC. Results and Discussion: The production of ß-lactamase, overexpression of AcrAB-TolC system, and formation of biofilm might not be responsible for the resistance of clinical strain C7 to CEC. Fourteen mutation sites were found in four PBP genes (ftsI, pbp1B, mrcA, and prcS) of clinical strain C7, among which the mutation sites located in ftsI (Y103D and L517R) and mrcA (A639V) genes triggered the resistance to CEC. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of CEC against clinical strain C7 was reduced by two to eight folds after MT treatment, accompanied by the significant down-regulated expression of mutated ftsI and mrcA genes. Based on such results, we believed that MT could reverse the resistance of H. parasuis to CEC by inhibiting the mutations in ftsI and mrcA genes. Our research would provide useful information for restoring the antimicrobial activity of ß-lactams and improving the therapeutic efficacy of Glässer's disease.

18.
Synth Syst Biotechnol ; 9(2): 369-379, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559425

RESUMO

Gluconobacter oxydans is an important Gram-negative industrial microorganism that produces vitamin C and other products due to its efficient membrane-bound dehydrogenase system. Its incomplete oxidation system has many crucial industrial applications. However, it also leads to slow growth and low biomass, requiring further metabolic modification for balancing the cell growth and incomplete oxidation process. As a non-model strain, G. oxydans lacks efficient genome editing tools and cannot perform rapid multi-gene editing and complex metabolic network regulation. In the last 15 years, our laboratory attempted to deploy multiple CRISPR/Cas systems in different G. oxydans strains and found none of them as functional. In this study, Cpf1-based or dCpf1-based CRISPRi was constructed to explore the targeted binding ability of Cpf1, while Cpf1-FokI was deployed to study its nuclease activity. A study on Cpf1 found that the CRISPR/Cpf1 system could locate the target genes in G. oxydans but lacked the nuclease cleavage activity. Therefore, the CRISPR/Cpf1-FokI system based on FokI nuclease was constructed. Single-gene knockout with efficiency up to 100% and double-gene iterative editing were achieved in G. oxydans. Using this system, AcrVA6, the anti-CRISPR protein of G. oxydans was discovered for the first time, and efficient genome editing was realized.

19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 26(3): 275-281, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557380

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the nutritional status of children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and understand the correlation between malnutrition and clinical characteristics as well as lung function. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical data of CF children admitted from January 2016 to June 2023. Clinical characteristics of CF children with different nutritional statuses were compared, and the correlation between malnutrition and lung function was analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 52 CF children were included, comprising 25 boys (48%) and 27 girls (52%), aged between 7 months and 17 years. Respiratory symptoms were the predominant clinical manifestations (96%, 50/52). The prevalence of malnutrition was 65% (34/52), with moderate/severe malnutrition being the most common (65%, 22/34). The malnutrition group had a longer duration of illness, higher proportion of digestive system symptoms, and lower levels of serum albumin (P<0.05). Pulmonary function parameters, including forced expiratory volume in one second as a percentage of the predicted value, ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity, forced expiratory flow at 25% of forced vital capacity exhaled, forced expiratory flow at 50% of forced vital capacity exhaled, forced expiratory flow at 75% of forced vital capacity exhaled, and maximum mid-expiratory flow as a percentage of the predicted value, were lower in the malnutrition group compared to the normal nutrition group (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed body mass index Z-score was positively correlated with the above six pulmonary function parameters (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of malnutrition is high in CF children and is associated with decreased lung function. CF children with higher body mass index have better lung function. Therefore, screening and evaluation of nutritional status as well as appropriate nutritional intervention should be emphasized in CF children.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Desnutrição , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fibrose Cística/complicações , Pulmão , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Desnutrição/etiologia , Desnutrição/complicações
20.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28633, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586404

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of exercise on executive function in children, providing an evidence-based foundation to inform future research in school physical education and health education. Methods: We searched ten databases: Cochrane Library, Scopus, OVID, Web of Science, PubMed, EBSCOhost, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, CNKI, WANFANG DATA, VIP, and SinoMed, and eight articles were included. Applying the revised Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool for Randomized Trials (RoB2), funnel plots and Egger regression analysis were integrated with R meta-analysis to screen for publication bias. The quality of the evidence was appraised using the Grading system. Results: The included literature contained 2655 participants, with 1308 in the experimental group and 1347 in the control group. The results indicated that the aerobic exercise group considerably improved inhibitory control in children compared to the control group [SMD = 0.29, 95% CI (0.05, 0.54), P = 0.018]; working memory [SMD = 0.25, 95% CI (0.07, 0.42), P = 0.005]; and cognitive flexibility [SMD = 0.36, 95% CI (0.17, 0.54), P < 0.001]. However, the findings indicated that only aerobic exercise interventions extending beyond 50 weeks positively influenced academic performance in children [SMD = 1.19, 95% CI (0.34, 2.04), P = 0.006]. The results of an Egger regression analysis revealed that the p-values for inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility, and academic performance were more significant than 0.1. The Grade system said that the quality of evidence was all low regarding the level of evidence. Conclusion: Aerobic exercise enhanced executive function but only aerobic exercise interventions extending beyond 50 weeks demonstrated a significant effect on the academic performance of children. Due to the low quality of evidence presented in this study, additional high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these findings.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...