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1.
Brachytherapy ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039332

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the local control and toxicities of three-dimensional image-guided combined intracavitary and interstitial (IC/IS) high-dose-rate brachytherapy (BT) in cervical cancer through a systematic review. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic review of relevant studies was performed through the PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases through May 10, 2020. Articles reporting on IC/IS technology, volumetric doses to high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV) and organs at risk (OARs), tumor control and/or treatment-related side effects were identified. The key information, including the type of applicator, implantation technology, characteristics of implantation, volumetric doses, tumor control, and/or treatment-related side effects, was extracted. A probit model analysis between HR-CTV D90 and tumor local control was performed. RESULTS: Twelve studies encompassing 520 patients were included in the probit model between HR-CTV D90 and the local control rate. The probit model showed a significant relationship between the HR-CTV D90 value and the local control probability, p = 0.003. The prescribed dose of 85 GyEQD2,10 would in theory warrant an 87.4% (95% confidence interval 82.5%-90.5%) local control rate. CONCLUSION: IC/IS BT is an appropriate method to achieve a high therapeutic ratio for tumors with large volumes or poor responses after external irradiation in cervical cancer. The probit model showed that the dose escalation of HR-CTV D90 was helpful to improve the local tumor control rate.

2.
J Gene Med ; : e3287, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The abnormal expression of lncRNA LINC00466 (LINC00466) has been demonstrated in several tumor types. However, the expression pattern and functions of LINC00466 in glioma remain uninvestigated. METHODS: qRT-PCR was utilized to analyze LINC00466 in human glioma tissues and cell lines. Luciferase reporter assays were performed to explore whether YY1 could bind to the promoter region of LINC00466. CCK-8, flow cytometry, colony-formation, transwell migration and invasion assays were carried out to determine the involvements of INC00466 in glioma. Luciferase assays and pull-down assays were processed for verifying the binding sites. RESULTS: We report that LINC00466 expression is increased in glioma cells and tissues. YY1 transcription factor (YY1) can bind directly to the LINC00466 promoter region. Clinical studies revealed that the elevated expression of LINC00466 is closely correlated with an advanced WHO grade (p = 0.008), Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) score (p = 0.004) and a short overall survival (p = 0.0035) of glioma patients. Functional assays revealed that LINC00466 knockdown distinctly suppresses glioma cell proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT progress, and promotes apoptosis. Moreover, dual-luciferase reporter assays indicated that LINC00466 acts as an endogenous sponge via binding to miR-508 and decreasing its expressions. Luciferase assays and RT-PCR assays demonstrated that checkpoint kinase 1 (CHEK1) is a target of miR-508, and LINC00466 modulates CHEK1 levels by competing for miR-508. LINC00466 may exhibit its anti-oncogenic roles through targeting miR-508/CHEK1 axis CONCLUSIONS: Our finding identified a novel glioma-related lncRNA LINC00466, which may provide a potential novel prognostic and therapeutic target for glioma.

3.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051980

RESUMO

The rice leaffolder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis Guenée (Crambidae, Lepidoptera), is an important agricultural pest that causes serious losses of rice production in rice-growing regions with high humidity and temperature. However, a lack of genomic resources limits the in-depth understanding of its biological characteristics and ecological adaptation. Here, we sequenced the genome of rice leaffolder using the Illumina and PacBio platforms, yielding a genome assembly of 528.3 Mb with a contig N50 of 524.6 Kb. A high percentage (96.4%) of Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Orthologs (BUSCO) were successfully detected, suggesting high-level completeness of the genome assembly. In total, 39.5% of the genome consists of repeat sequences and 15,045 protein-coding genes were annotated. Comparative phylogenomic analysis showed that some gene families associated with hormone biosynthesis expanded in rice leaffolder. Next, we used Hi-C technique to produce a chromosome-level genome assembly with a scaffold N50 of 16.1 Mb by anchoring 3,248 scaffolds to 31 chromosomes. The rice leaffolder genome showed high chromosomal synteny with the genome of four other lepidopteran insects. By comparing coverage ratios from the genome resequencing of male and female pupae, we identified near intact Z and W chromosomes. The W chromosome is estimated as 20.75 Mb, which is the most complete known W chromosome in Lepidoptera. The protein-coding genes on the W chromosome were significantly enriched in metabolic pathways. In all, the high-quality genome assembly and the near intact W chromosome of rice leaffolder should be a useful resource for the fields of insect migration, chromosome evolution and pest control.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064070

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic actinobacterium, designated strain CBS5P-1T, was isolated from bark of Excoecaria agallocha Linn collected from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, PR China. Cells were short rods. Colonies were light yellow, circular and had entire margins. Strain CBS5P-1T grew at 10-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and pH 6.0-12.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0). Its nearest phylogenetic neighbour was Microbacterium amylolyticum DSM 24221T with 97.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain CBS5P-1T was 71.8 mol%. Anteiso-C15  : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C16:0 were predominant cellular fatty acids. Major menaquinones were MK-11 and MK-10. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified glycolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. The combination of chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and phenotypic data clearly distinguished strain CBS5P-1T from its phylogenetic neighbour. Accordingly, the name Microbacterium excoecariae sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate this new member of the genus Microbacterium. The type strain is CBS5P-1T (=KCTC 49239T=CGMCC 1.13862T).

5.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105220, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007422

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease resulting from the degeneration of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and subsequent deficit of dopamine in the striatum. PD is inversely associated with consumption of peppers; however, the constituent and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 7-ethoxy-4-methylcoumarin (EMC), a pepper constituent, on PD-like disorders in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced mice and 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-exposed C. elegans. In this study, EMC was identified as an agonist of dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) and increased the expression of P-CREB and BDNF in SH-SY5Y cells. In MPTP-treated PD mice, EMC was shown to apparently ameliorate the motor and gait disorders, and restore the depressed TH expression in SNpc and striatum. Meanwhile, it recovered the locomotor deficit caused by 6-OHDA in wild type N2 and CAT-2-transgenic UA57 of C. elegans, and relieved the degeneration of DAergic neurons resulting from 6-OHDA or with ageing. Moreover, EMC inhibited α-synuclein accumulation in C. elegans strain NL5901 overexpressing human α-synuclein gene. Taken together, EMC was identified as a novel DRD2 agonist and improved experimental PD in mice and C. elegans. These findings suggest that EMC may be beneficial to PD patients, further supporting that the consumption of peppers may have favorable effect on PD progression.

6.
Elife ; 92020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074103

RESUMO

Insects utilize diverse food resources which can affect the evolution of their genomic repertoire, including leading to gene losses in different nutrient pathways. Here we investigate gene loss in amino acid synthesis pathways, with special attention to hymenopterans and parasitoid wasps. Using comparative genomics, we find that synthesis capability for tryptophan, phenylalanine, tyrosine and histidine was lost in holometabolous insects prior to hymenopteran divergence, while valine, leucine and isoleucine were lost in the common ancestor of Hymenoptera. Subsequently, multiple loss events of lysine synthesis occurred independently in the Parasitoida and Aculeata. Experiments in the parasitoid Cotesia chilonis confirm that it has lost the ability to synthesize eight amino acids. Our findings provide insights into amino acid synthesis evolution, and specifically can be used to inform the design of parasitoid artificial diets for pest control.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029688

RESUMO

Homologous feeder culture system can efficiently promote the proliferation of embryonic germ (EG) cells or embryonic stem (ES) cells while avoiding contamination by exogenous proteins and pathogens. In this study, we compared the potency of using homologous porcine embryonic fibroblasts (PEFs), gonadal stromal cells (GSCs), porcine adipose-derived stem cells (PASCs), or porcine amniotic fluid stem (PAFS) cells as feeder cells for porcine EG growth, with the commonly used mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). We compared the feeder cell growth rates; secretion of growth factors including stem cell factor (SCF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF); the effects of growth factors on porcine PGC growth; and EG growth rates when individual cells were used as feeders. Our results showed that feeder cells secreted limited amounts of growth factors, and supplementation of growth factors can significantly improve the formation of EG colonies and number of passages (P < 0.05). GSC and PEF were more suitable for EG growth because of their faster growth rate and their support on EG growth. In conclusion, this study identified novel homologous cells that can be used for EG production.

8.
Clin Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although successful ablation of the accessory pathway (AP) eliminates atrial fibrillation (AF) in some of patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome and paroxysmal AF, in other patients it can recur. HYPOTHESIS: Whether adding pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) after successful AP ablation effectively prevents AF recurrence in patients with WPW syndrome is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 160 patients (102 men, 58 women; mean age, 46 ± 14 years) with WPW syndrome and paroxysmal AF who underwent AP ablation, namely 103 (64.4%) undergoing only AP ablation (AP group) and 57 (35.6%) undergoing AP ablation plus PVI (AP + PVI group). Advanced interatrial block (IAB) was defined as a P-wave duration of >120 ms and biphasic (±) morphology in the inferior leads, using 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG). RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of 30.9 ± 9.2 months (range, 3-36 months), 22 patients (13.8%) developed AF recurrence. The recurrence rate did not differ in patients in the AP + PVI group and AP group (15.5% vs 10.5%, respectively; P = .373). Univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses showed that PVI was not associated with the risk of AF recurrence (hazard ratio, 0.66; 95% confidence interval, 0.26-1.68; P = .380). In WPW patients with advanced IAB, the recurrence rate was lower in patients in the AP + PVI group vs the AP group (90% vs 33.3%, respectively; P = .032). CONCLUSIONS: PVI after successful AP ablation significantly reduced the AF recurrence rate in WPW patients with advanced IAB. Screening of a resting 12-lead ECG immediately after AP ablation helps identify patients in whom PVI is beneficial.

9.
Molecules ; 25(19)2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003419

RESUMO

Previous studies showed that aromatic compounds such as lignin, phenols, and furans were main inhibitors of cellulase hydrolysis in recycled alkali black liquor (RBL), which should be removed to improve alkali utilization. In this study, three polymeric resins, XAD-4, XAD-16N, and XAD-7HP, were evaluated for their abilities to remove lignin from alkali black liquor recycled at the third time. Adsorption conditions of adsorbent dose and equilibrium time, isotherms, and kinetics were investigated. Of three tested adsorbents, XAD-16N was the most efficient, which can remove 89.84% of lignin after adsorption at an adsorbent-to-solution ratio of 1:4 for 2.5 h. Pseudo-second-order model was efficient to represent XAD-16N and XAD-7HP adsorption kinetics. Adsorption behavior of XAD-4 on RBL was fitted better to Langmuir model, while XAD-16N and XAD-7HP adsorption were more consistent with Freundlich model. The cellulase hydrolysis rate of corn straw treated with RBL after XAD-16N adsorption combined with ozone was 86.89%, which was only 0.89% lower than that of sodium hydroxide combined with ozone treatment. Structure characterization proved that the damage of XAD-16N adsorbed RBL to corn straw was similar to that of sodium hydroxide. It indicated that adsorption was effective in inhibitor removal from RBL to improve alkali utilization.

10.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1774-1781, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067989

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of post-transplantation serum immunoglobulin level in the outcome of patients with hemalologic malignancies treated by haploidentical peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplanta-tion(Haplo-HSCT). METHODS: The clinical data of 157 patients treated by haplo-HSCT were analyzed retrospectively. The overall survival rate (OS), graft versus host disease (GVHD) incidence, infection incidence, serum immunoglobulin level, the relationship of immunoglobulin levels with OS and transplant complications were analyzed. RESULTS: The 2-year OS rate was 59.2%(95%CI:51.6%-66.9%), 2-year relapse mortality was 11.5%(95%CI: 6.4%-16.6%), and non-relapse mortality was 29.3%(95%CI:21.7%-36.9%). The cumulative incidence of III-IV aGVHD was 16.6%(95%CI:10.8%-22.9%); the cumulative incidence of extensive cGVHD was 21.7%(95%CI:15.3%-28.6%); the cumulative incidence of severe bacterial infection within 1 year was 59.2%(95%CI:51.6%-66.2%); the cumulative incidence of invasive fungal infection was 47.1%(95%CI:38.9%-54.8%). The occurrence of extensive cGVHD after haplo-HSCT related with the gender match of donor-recipient and bacterial infection. The levels of IgG in patients with 0-II aGVHD and patients with III-IV aGVHD for 1 month after haplo-HSCT were (6.96±2.47) and (4.27±2.42) g/L (P=0.003), IgG levels at 3 months afte haplo-HSCT were (8.71±4.47) and (6.65±2.95) g/L (P=0.038); IgG levels at 1 month after haplo-HSCT showed predictive value for III-IV aGVHD susceptibility(P=0.003); for patients with IgG<4 g/L at any time after haplo-HSCT, the incidence of extensive cGVHD was significantly increased (35.5% vs 18.3%) (P=0.037), the incidence of fungal infection within 1 year after haplo-HSCT was significantly increased(71.0% vs 41.3%) (P=0.003), and the 2-year survival rate was reduced significantly (P=0.035). CONCLUSION: Haplo-HSCT is effective for the treatment of hematologic malignancies. Patients with lower IgG at 1 month after haplo-HSCT are more likely to develop III-IV aGVHD, and IgG levels at 1 month after haplo-HSCT can predict its susceptibility to a certain extent. Patients with severe hypoimmunoglobulinemia (IgG<4 g/L) after haplo-HSCT are more likely to develop extensive cGVHD, fungal infection and show worse survival prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1782-1786, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067990

RESUMO

B cell lymphoma is a group of very heterogeneous biologically complex malignancies, which originates from lymph nodes with different kinds of clinical and biologic characteristics. B cell lyphoma can occur in every part of body, and accouting for more than 80% of cell lyphomas. Natural killer (NK) is the impartant composition cell of immune system, which can fast response to the targeting cells, such as tumour cells or cells infected by virus without sensitization, NK cells play an important role in the early innate immunity. Compelling evidences shows that NK cells play an important role in occurrence, development and treatment of B cell lyphoma, and B cell lymphoma can be inhibitied by advanced and impoved NK cells. In this review, the biologic characteristics and role of NK cells in B cell lyphoma was summrized briefly.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células B , Neoplasias , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais , Linfonodos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082828

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed to analyze the active ingredients, drug targets, and related pathways in the combination of Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) and Radix puerariae (RP) in the treatment of cardio-cerebral vascular diseases (CCVDs). Method: The ingredients and targets of SM and RP were obtained from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the disease targets were obtained from Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) Database. The synergistic mechanisms of the SM and RP were evaluated by gene ontology (GO) enrichment analyses and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) path enrichment analyses. Result: A total of 61 active ingredients and 58 common targets were identified in this study. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis results showed that SM- and RP-regulated pathways were mainly inflammatory processes, immunosuppression, and cardiovascular systems. The component-target-pathway network indicated that SM and RP exert a synergistic mechanism for CCVDs through PTGS2 target in PI3k-Akt, TNF, and Jak-STAT signaling pathways. Conclusion: In summary, this study clarified the synergistic mechanisms of SM and RP, which can provide a better understanding of effect in the treatment of CCVDs.

13.
Bioengineered ; 11(1): 1221-1232, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33100142

RESUMO

In this study, the effects of enzyme +bacteria treatment of buckwheat straw and alfalfa on growth performance and rumen bacterial diversity was investigated, 20 three-month-old Ningxia Tan sheep with similar body weights were selected and randomly divided into two groups, 10 sheep in each group. The control group was fed with basal diet + untreated buckwheat straw and alfalfa (the ratio of buckwheat to alfalfa was 2:8), and the experimental group was fed with basic diet + cellulase (enzyme activity ≥ 10,000 U/g) + compound probiotics (enzyme to bacteria ratio 8:20). 1) The total weight gain and average daily gain of Tan sheep in the experimental group were extremely significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.01). 2). The proportion of Firmicutes in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). 3). In the KEGG pathway B level, 15 genes were significantly higher than in the control group (P < 0.05). 4). In the CAZy level B, 12 genes were upregulated in the experimental group compared with the control group (P < 0.05),3 genes were downregulated (P < 0.05).Feeding Tan sheep with buckwheat straw and alfalfa treated with enzyme and bacteria can improve the weight gain effect, change the rumen bacterial diversity, and increase the some functional genes in the rumen. The conditions of this experiment would be beneficial to the healthy breeding of Tan sheep, and thus the methods can be used in commercial production.

14.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 36(12): 176, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103226

RESUMO

Nerve growth factor (NGF) is an essential trophic factor for the growth and survival of neurons in the central and peripheral nervous systems. For many years, mouse NGF (mNGF) has been used to treat various neuronal and non-neuronal disorders. However, the biological activity of human NGF (hNGF) is significantly higher than that of mNGF in human cells. Using the CRISPR/Cas9 system, we constructed the transgenic mice expressing hNGF specifically in their submandibular glands. As demonstrated by fluorescence immunohistochemical staining, these mice produced hNGF successfully, with 0.8 mg produced per gram of submandibular glands. hNGF with 99% purity was successfully extracted by two-step ion-exchange chromatography and one-step size-exclusion chromatography from the submandibular glands of these transgenic mice. Further, the purified hNGF was verified by LC-MS/MS. We analyzed the NH2-terminus of hNGF using both Edman degradation and LC-MS/MS-based methods. Both results showed that the obtained hNGF lost the NH2-terminal octapeptide (SSSHPIFH). Moreover, the produced hNGF demonstrated a strong promotion in the proliferation of TF1 cells.

15.
Drug Deliv ; 27(1): 1425-1437, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096949

RESUMO

Drug delivery systems have shown tremendous promise to improve the diagnostic and therapeutic effects of drugs due to their special property. Targeting tissue damage, tumors, or drugs with limited toxicity at the site of infection is the goal of successful pharmaceuticals. Targeted drug delivery has become significantly important in enhancing the pharmaceutical effects of drugs and reducing their side effects of therapeutics in the treatment of various disease conditions. Unfortunately, clinical translation of these targeted drug delivery system mechanisms faces many challenges. At present, only a few targeted drug delivery systems can achieve high targeting efficiency after intravenous injection, even though numerous surface markers and targeting approaches have been developed. Thus, cell-mediated drug-delivery targeting systems have received considerable attention for their enhanced therapeutic specificity and efficacy in the treatment of the disease. This review highlights the recent advances in the design of the different types of cells that have been explored for cell-mediated drug delivery and targeting mechanisms. A better understanding of cell biology orientation and a new generation of delivery strategies that utilize these endogenous approaches are expected to provide better solutions for specific site delivery and further facilitate clinical translation.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(10): 907, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097698

RESUMO

The eukaryotic cell cycle involves a highly orchestrated series of events in which the cellular genome is replicated during a synthesis (S) phase and each of the two resulting copies are segregated properly during mitosis (M). Host cell factor-1 (HCF-1) is a transcriptional co-regulator that is essential for and has been implicated in basic cellular processes, such as transcriptional regulation and cell cycle progression. Although a series of HCF-1 transcriptional targets have been identified, few functional clues have been provided, especially for chromosome segregation. Our results showed that HCF-1 activated CDC42 expression by binding to the -881 to -575 region upstream of the CDC42 transcription start site, and the regulation of CDC42 expression by HCF-1 was correlated with cell cycle progression. The overexpression of a spontaneously cycling and constitutively active CDC42 mutant (CDC42F28L) rescued G1 phase delay and multinucleate defects in mitosis upon the loss of HCF-1. Therefore, these results establish that HCF-1 ensures proper cell cycle progression by regulating the expression of CDC42, which indicates a possible mechanism of cell cycle coordination and the regulation mode of typical Rho GTPases.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077476

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have suggested that maternal diabetes may have programming effect on fetal brain development. However, little is known about the association between maternal diabetes and neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring that mainly manifest in infancy or early childhood. We aimed to examine the association between maternal diabetes before or during pregnancy and feeding and eating disorders (FED) in offspring. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This population-based cohort study included 1 193 891 singletons born in Denmark during 1996-2015. These children were followed from birth until the onset of FED, the sixth birthday, death, emigration, or 31 December 2016, whichever came first. Relative risk of FED was estimated by HRs using Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: A total of 40 867 (3.4%) children were born to mothers with diabetes (20 887 with pregestational diabetes and 19 980 with gestational diabetes). The incidence rates of FED were 6.8, 4.6 and 2.9 per 10 000 person-years among children of mothers with pregestational diabetes, gestational diabetes and no diabetes, respectively. Offspring of mothers with diabetes had a 64% increased risk of FED (HR 1.64; 95% CI 1.36 to 1.99; p<0.001). The HR for maternal pregestational diabetes and gestational diabetes was 2.01 (95% CI 1.59 to 2.56; p<0.001) and 1.28 (95% CI 0.95 to 1.72; p=0.097), respectively. The increased risk was more pronounced among offspring of mothers with diabetic complications (HR 2.97; 95% CI 1.54 to 5.72; p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Maternal diabetes was associated with an increased risk of FED in offspring in infancy and early childhood. Our findings can inform clinical decisions for better management of maternal diabetes, in particular before pregnancy, which can reduce early neurodevelopmental problems in the offspring.

18.
Mol Immunol ; 128: 69-78, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096414

RESUMO

At infection sites, macrophages are sentinels that resist and destroy various pathogens, through direct phagocytosis. In macrophages, microRNAs play a variety of crucial roles, the most striking of which is the regulation of the ability of the host cell to resist infection. However, the underlying mechanisms associated with the anti-infection effects mediated by microRNAs remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated that miR-26a is downregulated during infection by Listeria monocytogenes (Lm). In miR-26a overexpressing mice, the Lm bacterial burden of liver and spleen decreased significantly within 72 h of infection, compared with that in control mice. Subsequently, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data suggested that miR-26a may attenuate the survival of Lm by targeting the Ephrin receptor tyrosine kinase A2 (EphA2). The knockdown of EphA2 in RAW264.7 macrophage cells resulted in decreased intracellular Lm burden. Taken together, these findings validate EphA2 as a target of miR-26a and provide a mechanism through which Lm may survive within macrophages by altering host miRNA expression.

19.
BMC Pediatr ; 20(1): 477, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological problems among children. The aim of this survey was to assess the knowledge and attitude among preschool staff in Shanghai regarding epilepsy. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among the staff at selected preschools. A stratified random sampling method was first used to identify suitable subjects. Data were obtained using a self-completed questionnaire. A standardized collection of demographic information was performed, and participants were given a questionnaire about their knowledge and attitudes regarding epilepsy. RESULTS: A total of 1069 subjects completed the questionnaire. In this survey, 387 (36.2%) staff members had previously participated in related training. 17.6% of teachers knew how to provide appropriate first aid for seizures. Correct responses regarding first aid for seizures, such as laying the person on his or her side (24.9%), moving harmful objects out of the way (20.7%), protecting the head (36.1%), waiting until the seizure ends (7.9%), and dialing the emergency number (40.1%), were low. The staff members had different attitudes towards children with epilepsy: some subjects had a positive attitude, some had a negative attitude. CONCLUSIONS: The level of first-aid knowledge among preschool staff in Shanghai relevant to epilepsy was low. There is an urgent need to educate staff about epilepsy and appropriate first-aid practices for seizures.

20.
Comput Biol Chem ; 89: 107397, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035753

RESUMO

Qiang-Huo-Sheng-Shi decoction (QHSSD), a classic traditional Chinese herbal formula, which has been reported to be effective in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). However, the concurrent targeting mechanism of how the aforementioned formula is valid in the two distinct diseases OA and RA, which represents the homotherapy-for-heteropathy principle in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), have not yet been clarified. In the present study, network pharmacology was adopted to analyze the potential molecular mechanism, and therapeutic effective components of QHSSD on both OA and RA. A total of 153 active ingredients in QHSSD were identified, 142 of which associated with 59 potential targets for the two diseases were identified. By constructing the protein-protein interaction network and the compound-target-disease network, 72 compounds and 10 proteins were obtained as the hub targets of QHSSD against OA and RA. The hub genes of ESR1, PTGS2, PPARG, IL1B, TNF, MMP2, IL6, CYP3A4, MAPK8, and ALB were mainly involved in osteoclast differentiation, the NF-κB and TNF signaling pathways. Moreover, molecular docking results showed that the screened active compounds had a high affinity for the hub genes. This study provides new insight into the molecular mechanisms behind how QHSSD presents homotherapy-for-heteropathy therapeutic efficacy in both OA and RA. For the first time, a two-disease model was linked with a TCM formula using network pharmacology to identify the key active components and understand the common mechanisms of its multi-pathway regulation. This study will inspire more innovative and important studies on the modern research of TCM formulas.

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