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1.
Opt Lett ; 49(5): 1121-1124, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426953

RESUMO

Lithium niobate on insulator (LNOI) holds great potential for frequency conversion, where a variety of high-performance nonlinear devices based on different structures has been demonstrated. Here, we report on second harmonic generation (SHG) in MgO-doped LNOI ridge micro-waveguides for efficient green light emission, via an exact type-I noncritical birefringence phase matching (BPM). The LNOI micro-waveguide has a cross section of ∼3×4 µm2, featuring low coupling loss with lens fiber. The normalized conversion efficiency from a continuous-wave (cw) pump to its second harmonic is measured to be 37%/Wcm2 in a single-pass configuration. The device shows both relatively high efficiency and a void of periodic poling, offering a potential solution for efficient and scalable green light sources and frequency converters.

2.
Environ Health Perspect ; 132(3): 37001, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few studies on the health effects of long-term exposure to neighborhood greenness in a longitudinal setting, especially in Asian countries with high population densities. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the association between long-term exposure to neighborhood greenness and hypertension among adults in Taiwan. METHODS: We selected 125,537 participants (≥18 years of age) without hypertension from Taiwan who had joined the standard medical examination program between 2001 and 2016. Neighborhood greenness was estimated using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), derived from satellite images at a resolution of 250 m2. The 2-y average NDVI value within a 500-m circular buffer around participants' residences was calculated. A time-varying Cox regression model was used to investigate the association between neighborhood greenness and incident hypertension. Mediation analyses were performed to examine whether the association was explained by air pollution, leisure-time physical exercise, or body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Compared with living in areas within the first quartile of neighborhood greenness, living in areas within the second, third, and fourth quartiles of neighborhood greenness was found to be associated with a lower risk of hypertension, with hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of 0.95 (95% CI: 0.91, 1.00), 0.95 (95% CI: 0.90, 0.99), and 0.93 (95% CI: 0.88, 0.97), respectively. Each 0.1-unit increase in the NDVI was associated with a 24% lower risk of developing hypertension (HR=0.76; 95% CI: 0.66, 0.87), with this associations being stronger among males and those with higher education levels. This association was slightly mediated by BMI but not by air pollution or leisure-time physical exercise. DISCUSSION: Our findings suggest the protective effects of neighborhood greenness on hypertension development, especially in males and well-educated individuals. Our results reinforced the importance of neighborhood greenness for supporting health. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP13071.

3.
J Org Chem ; 89(5): 3652-3656, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353480

RESUMO

An efficient synthetic approach was developed and applied to the syntheses of four linear biosynthetic C25-precursors of leucosceptroids. The synthesis features a Julia-Kocienski olefination and a late-stage bioinspired photo-oxidation as key steps. The immunosuppressive effects of all synthetic compounds on mouse T cells and macrophage RAW264.7 were determined.

4.
Regen Ther ; 25: 344-354, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362337

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is one of the major leading causes of back pain affecting the patient's quality of life. However, the roles of circular RNA (circRNA) in IDD remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the function and underlying mechanism of circ_0036763 in IDD. In this study, expressions of circ_0036763, U2 small nuclear RNA auxiliary factor 2 (U2AF2), miR-583 and aggrecan (ACAN) in primary human nucleus pulposus cells (HNPCs) derived from IDD patients and healthy controls were detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) or Western blot (WB). The relationship between pre-circ_0036763 and U2AF2, circ_0036763 and miR-583, miR-583 and ACAN mRNA was determined by bioinformatic analysis, miRNA pull down or RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. The expressions of Collagen I and Collagen II were evaluated by WB. Co-culture of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (bMSCs) or bMSCs-derived exosomes and HNPCs were performed to identify the effect of U2AF2 on the mature of circ_0036763 and ACAN. Results indicated that circ_0036763, U2AF2 and ACAN were downregulated while miR-583 was upregulated in HNPCs derived from IDD patients compared with that in normal HNPCs. Besides, overexpression of circ_0036763 elevated the expressions of ACAN and Collagen II whereas reduced Collagen I expression in HNPCs. Moreover, U2AF2 promoted the mature of circ_0036763, and circ_0036763 positively regulated ACAN by directly sponging miR-583. Furthermore, exosomal U2AF2 derived from bMSCs could increase U2AF2 levels in HNPCs and subsequently regulate the expression of ACAN by circ_0036763/miR-583 axis. In summary, circ_0036763 modified by exosomal U2AF2 derived from bMSCs alleviated IDD through regulating miR-583/ACAN axis in HNPCs. Thus, this study might provide novel therapeutic targets for IDD.

5.
Small ; : e2310952, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377230

RESUMO

Salt scaling poses a significant obstacle to the practical implementation of solar-driven evaporation for desalination. Attempts to mitigate scaling by enhancing mass transfer often lead to a compromise in evaporation efficiency due to associated heat loss. In the present work, a novel seesaw evaporator with a Janus structure to harness scaling for periodic self-descaling is reported. The seesaw evaporators are facilely fabricated by delignifying balsa wood and subsequently single-sided spray-coating it with soot and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). This unique Janus structure enables the evaporator to float on the brine while ensuring an ample supply of solution for evaporation. During evaporation, salt ions are transported directionally toward the cocked end of the evaporator to form scaling, triggering the seesaw evaporator to flip once a threshold is reached. The accumulated salts re-dissolve back into the solution. By adjusting the tilt angle, the evaporator can achieve an impressive evaporation rate of up to 2.65 kg m-2  h-1 when evaporating an 8 wt.% NaCl solution. Remarkably, these evaporators maintain a stable evaporation rate during prolonged 120 h operation and produce ≈3.93-6.35 L m⁻2 ·day⁻¹ of freshwater from simulated brines when assembled into an evaporation device.

6.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: T2 mapping is valuable to evaluate pathophysiology in kidney disease. However, variations in T2 relaxation time measurements across MR scanners and vendors may occur requiring additional correction. PURPOSE: To harmonize renal T2 measurements between MR vendor platforms, and use an extended-phase-graph-based fitting method ("StimFit") to correct stimulated echoes and reduce between-vendor variations. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. SUBJECTS: 8 healthy "travelling" volunteers (37.5% female, 32 ± 6 years) imaged on four MRI systems across three vendors at four sites, 10 healthy volunteers (50% female, 32 ± 8 years) scanned multiple times on a given MR scanner for repeatability evaluation. ISMRM/NIST system phantom scanned for evaluation of T2 accuracy. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3T, multiecho spin-echo sequence. ASSESSMENT: T2 images fit using conventional monoexponential fitting and "StimFit." Mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) of phantom measurements with reference T2 values. Average cortex and medulla T2 values compared between MR vendors, with masks obtained from T2 -weighted images and T1 maps. Full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM) T2 distributions to evaluate local homogeneity of measurements. STATISTICAL TESTS: Coefficient of variation (CV), linear mixed-effects model, analysis of variance, student's t-tests, Bland-Altman plots, P-value <0.05 considered statistically significant. RESULTS: In the ISMRM/NIST phantom, "StimFit" reduced the MAPE from 4.9%, 9.1%, 24.4%, and 18.1% for the four sites (three vendors) to 3.3%, 3.0%, 6.6%, and 4.1%, respectively. In vivo, there was a significant difference in kidney T2 measurements between vendors using a monoexponential fit, but not with "StimFit" (P = 0.86 and 0.92, cortex and medulla, respectively). The intervendor CVs of T2 measures were reduced from 8.0% to 2.6% (cortex) and 7.1% to 2.8% (medulla) with StimFit, resulting in no significant differences for the CVs of intravendor repeat acquisitions (P = 0.13 and 0.05). "StimFit" significantly reduced the FWHM of T2 distributions in the cortex and whole kidney. DATA CONCLUSION: Stimulated-echo correction reduces renal T2 variation across MR vendor platforms. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 1.

7.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382995

RESUMO

AIMS: Studies showed that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) to triglyceride (TG) ratio could be used as a predictive parameter of low-density lipoprotein oxidation in vivo and the level of small dense LDL-C. However, whether LDL-C/TG ratio is associated with stroke prognosis remains unclear. We investigated the associations of LDL-C/TG ratio with outcomes in patients with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) or transient ischaemic attacks (TIA) and explored whether it produced more predictive value than LDL-C and TG. METHODS: Data were derived from the Third China National Stroke Registry (CNSR-III). Multivariable Cox regression for stroke recurrence, composite vascular events and all-cause death and logistic regression for the poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 3-6) were used. RESULTS: A total of 14123 patients were included. After adjusting for confounding factors, quartile 4 of LDL-C/TG ratio was associated with an increased risk of recurrent stroke (hazard ratio [HR], 1.27; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.56), composite vascular events (HR,1.23; 95% CI, 1.00-1.52), death (HR,1.70; 95% CI, 1.13-2.54) and poor functional outcome (odds ratio, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.12-1.61) at 3 months follow-up compared with quartile 1. We also found that quartile 4 of LDL-C and TG was positively and negatively associated with poor functional outcome at 3 months, respectively. LDL-C/TG ratio performed better than LDL-C or TG in predicting clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: LDL-C/TG ratio was associated with the risk of stroke recurrence, composite vascular events, death and poor functional outcome in patients with AIS or TIA.

8.
Chemistry ; : e202304266, 2024 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369590

RESUMO

The exploration of stable, efficient, and low-cost catalysts toward ammonia borane hydrolysis is of vital significance for the practical implementation of this hydrogen production technology. Integrating interface engineering and nano-architecture engineering is a favorable strategy to elevate catalytic performance, as it can modify the electronic structure and provide sufficient active sites simultaneously. In this work, urchin-like NiCoP/CoP heterostructures are prepared via a three-step hydrothermal-oxidation-phosphorization synthesis route. It is demonstrated that the original Ni/Co molar ratio and the amount of phosphorus are crucial for adjusting the morphology, enhancing the exposed surface area, facilitating charge transfer, and modulating the adsorption and activation of H2O molecules. Consequently, the optimal Ni1Co2P heterostructure displays remarkable catalytic properties in the hydrolysis of ammonia borane with a turnover frequency (TOF) value of 30.3 molH2·min-1·molmetal-1, a low apparent activation energy of 25.89 kJ·mol-1, and good stability. Furthermore, by combining infrared spectroscopy and isotope kinetics experiments, a possible mechanism for the hydrolysis of ammonia borane was proposed.

9.
Adv Mater ; : e2311013, 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341656

RESUMO

Stimulus-responsive membranes demonstrate promising applications in switchable oil/water emulsion separations. However, they are unsuitable for the treatment of double emulsions like oil-in-water-in-oil (O/W/O) and water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsions. For efficient separation of these complicated emulsions, fine control over the wettability, response time, and aperture structure of the membrane is required. Herein, dual-coated fibers consisting of primary photothermal-responsive and secondary CO2 -responsive coatings are prepared by two steps. Automated weaving of these fibers produces membranes with photothermal- and CO2 -responsive characteristics and narrow pore size distributions. These membranes exhibit fast switching wettability between superhydrophilicity (under CO2 stimulation) and high hydrophobicity (under near-infrared stimulation), achieving on-demand separation of various O/W/O and W/O/W emulsions with separation efficiencies exceeding 99.6%. Two-dimensional low-field nuclear magnetic resonance and correlated spectra technique are used to clarify the underlying mechanism of switchable double emulsion separation. The approach can effectively address the challenges associated with the use of stimulus-responsive membranes for double emulsion separation and facilitate the industrial application of these membranes.

10.
Ecol Evol ; 14(2): e10869, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322002

RESUMO

Against the backdrop of global warming, marine heatwaves are projected to become increasingly intense and frequent. This trend poses a potential threat to the survival of corals and the maintenance of entire coral reef ecosystems. Despite extensive evidence for the resilience of corals to heat stress, their ability to withstand repeated heatwave events has not been determined. In this study, we examined the responses and resilience of Turbinaria peltata to repeated exposure to marine heatwaves, with a focus on physiological parameters and symbiotic microorganisms. In the first heatwave, from a physiological perspective, T. peltata showed decreases in the Chl a content and endosymbiont density and significant increases in GST, caspase-3, CAT, and SOD levels (p < .05), while the effects of repeated exposure on heatwaves were weaker than those of the initial exposure. In terms of bacteria, the abundance of Leptospira, with the potential for pathogenicity and intracellular parasitism, increased significantly during the initial exposure. Beneficial bacteria, such as Achromobacter arsenitoxydans and Halomonas desiderata increased significantly during re-exposure to the heatwave. Overall, these results indicate that T. peltata might adapt to marine heatwaves through physiological regulation and microbial community alterations.

11.
Eur Radiol ; 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The prognostic stratification for oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) is heavily based on postoperative pathological depth of invasion (pDOI). This study aims to propose a preoperative MR T-staging system based on tumor size for non-pT4 OTSCC. METHODS: Retrospectively, 280 patients with biopsy-confirmed, non-metastatic, pT1-3 OTSCC, treated between January 2010 and December 2017, were evaluated. Multiple MR sequences, including axial T2-weighted imaging (WI), unenhanced T1WI, and axial, fat-suppressed coronal, and sagittal contrast-enhanced (CE) T1WI, were utilized to measure radiological depth of invasion (rDOI), tumor thickness, and largest diameter. Intra-class correlation (ICC) and univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate measurement reproducibility, and factors' significance, respectively. Cutoff values were established using an exhaustive method. RESULTS: Intra-observer (ICC = 0.81-0.94) and inter-observer (ICC = 0.79-0.90) reliability were excellent for rDOI measurements, and all measurements were significantly associated with overall survival (OS) (all p < .001). Measuring the rDOI on axial CE-T1WI with cutoffs of 8 mm and 12 mm yielded an optimal MR T-staging system for rT1-3 disease (5-year OS of rT1 vs rT2 vs rT3: 94.0% vs 72.8% vs 57.5%). Using multivariate analyses, the proposed T-staging exhibited increasingly worse OS (hazard ratio of rT2 and rT3 versus rT1, 3.56 [1.35-9.6], p = .011; 4.33 [1.59-11.74], p = .004; respectively), which outperformed pathological T-staging based on nonoverlapping Kaplan-Meier curves and improved C-index (0.682 vs. 0.639, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: rDOI is a critical predictor of OTSCC mortality and facilitates preoperative prognostic stratification, which should be considered in future oral subsite MR T-staging. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: Utilizing axial CE-T1WI, an MR T-staging system for non-pT4 OTSCC was developed by employing rDOI measurement with optimal thresholds of 8 mm and 12 mm, which is comparable with pathological staging and merits consideration in future preoperative oral subsite planning. KEY POINTS: • Tumor morphology, measuring sequences, and observers could impact MR-derived measurements and compromise the consistency with histology. • MR-derived measurements, including radiological depth of invasion (rDOI), tumor thickness, and largest diameter, have a prognostic impact on OS (all p < .001). • rDOI with cutoffs of 8 mm and 12 mm on axial CE-T1WI is an optimal predictor of OS and could facilitate risk stratification in non-pT4 OTSCC disease.

12.
J Am Heart Assoc ; : e031723, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance as a significant vascular risk factor has been studied in relation to cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). Evidence suggests that insulin resistance might trigger high blood pressure (BP). Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether insulin resistance impacts SVD with a mediating effect of BP in nondiabetic subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: PRECISE (Polyvascular Evaluation for Cognitive Impairment and Vascular Events) study participants underwent brain and vascular imaging techniques and metabolomic risk factors measurements. Insulin resistance was evaluated by the insulin sensitivity index and the Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance based on the standard oral glucose tolerance test. On average, 2752 nondiabetic subjects (47.1% men) aged 60.9 years were included. The multivariable logistic regression model and linear regression model tested the association of insulin resistance with BP components (including systolic BP [SBP], diastolic BP (DBP), and pulse pressure [PP]) and SVD, and of BP components with SVD. In the mediation analysis, SBP, DBP, and PP were found to partially mediate the detrimental effect of insulin resistance (assessed by the insulin sensitivity index) on lacunes (mediation percentage: SBP, 31.15%; DBP, 34.21%; PP, 10.43%), white matter hyperintensity (mediation percentage: SBP, 37.34%; DBP, 44.15%; PP, 9.80%), and SVD total burden (mediation percentage: SBP, 42.07%; DBP, 49.29%; PP, 11.71%) (all P<0.05). The mediation analysis results were not significant when using the Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance to assess insulin resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Higher insulin resistance was associated with SVD in this community-dwelling population. The association of insulin resistance with lacunes, white matter hyperintensity, and SVD total burden was explained in part by BP. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03178448.

13.
Entropy (Basel) ; 26(2)2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392353

RESUMO

The measurement of vertebral rotation angles serves as a crucial parameter in spinal assessments, particularly in understanding conditions such as idiopathic scoliosis. Historically, these angles were calculated from 2D CT images. However, such 2D techniques fail to comprehensively capture the intricate three-dimensional deformities inherent in spinal curvatures. To overcome the limitations of manual measurements and 2D imaging, we introduce an entirely automated approach for quantifying vertebral rotation angles using a three-dimensional vertebral model. Our method involves refining a point cloud segmentation network based on a transformer architecture. This enhanced network segments the three-dimensional vertebral point cloud, allowing for accurate measurement of vertebral rotation angles. In contrast to conventional network methodologies, our approach exhibits notable improvements in segmenting vertebral datasets. To validate our approach, we compare our automated measurements with angles derived from prevalent manual labeling techniques. The analysis, conducted through Bland-Altman plots and the corresponding intraclass correlation coefficient results, indicates significant agreement between our automated measurement method and manual measurements. The observed high intraclass correlation coefficients (ranging from 0.980 to 0.993) further underscore the reliability of our automated measurement process. Consequently, our proposed method demonstrates substantial potential for clinical applications, showcasing its capacity to provide accurate and efficient vertebral rotation angle measurements.

14.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392920

RESUMO

Blue light photoreceptor cryptochrome 1 (CRY1) in herbaceous plants plays crucial roles in various developmental processes, including cotyledon expansion, hypocotyl elongation and anthocyanin biosynthesis. However, the function of CRY1 in perennial trees is unclear. In this study, we identified two ortholog genes of CRY1 (PagCRY1a and PagCRY1b) from Populus, which displayed high sequence similarity to Arabidopsis CRY1. Overexpression of PagCRY1 substantially inhibited plant growth and promoted secondary xylem development in Populus, while CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockout of PagCRY1 enhanced plant growth and delayed secondary xylem development. Moreover, overexpression of PagCRY1 dramatically increased anthocyanin accumulation. The further analysis supported that PagCRY1 functions specifically in response to blue light. Taken together, our results demonstrated that modulating the expression of blue light photoreceptor CRY1 ortholog gene in Populus could significantly influence plant biomass production and the process of wood formation, laying a foundation for further investigating the light-regulated tree growth.

15.
Small ; : e2311740, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412430

RESUMO

Metal oxides with conversion and alloying mechanisms are more competitive in suppressing lithium dendrites. However, it is difficult to simultaneously regulate the conversion and alloying reactions. Herein, conversion and alloying reactions are regulated by modulation of the zinc oxide bandgap and oxygen vacancies. State-of-the-art advanced characterization techniques from a microcosmic to a macrocosmic viewpoint, including neutron diffraction, synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy, synchrotron X-ray microtomography, nanoindentation, and ultrasonic C-scan demonstrated the electrochemical gain benefit from plentiful oxygen vacancies and low bandgaps due to doping strategies. In addition, high mechanical strength 3D morphology and abundant mesopores assist in the uniform distribution of lithium ions. Consequently, the best-performed ZnO-2 offers impressive electrochemical properties, including symmetric Li cells with 2000 h and full cells with 81% capacity retention after 600 cycles. In addition to providing a promising strategy for improving the lithiophilicity and mechanical strength of metal oxide anodes, this work also sheds light on lithium metal batteries for practical applications.

16.
Soc Sci Med ; 345: 116680, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394947

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported the relationship between educational attainment and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the mechanism of this relationship remains unknown. It is well known that educational attainment correlates with income. Therefore, based on summary data from a genome-wide association study we used two-step Mendelian randomization (MR) to explore the role of income between education and ADHD. The inverse variance weighted (IVW) method was used in our analysis. The IVW results suggested that educational attainment and income were protective factors against ADHD. Educational attainment affects ADHD through income [ADHD: Beta = -0.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.87, -0.49; female: Beta = -0.87, 95% CI = -1.28, -0.47; male: Beta = -1.01, 95% CI = -1.34, -0.68; childhood: Beta = -0.52, 95% CI = -0.74, -0.30; late-diagnosed: Beta = -0.78, 95% CI = -1.11, -0.47; persistent: Beta = -0.82, 95% CI = -1.33, -0.31]. Income also affected ADHD through educational attainment [female: Beta = -1.08, 95% CI = -1.35, -0.83; male: Beta = -1.16, 95% CI = -1.57, -0.77; persistent: Beta = -1.48, 95% CI = -2.09, -0.94]. In the final analysis, data with heterogeneity were analyzed using IVW random effects results. The mechanism is that income will mediate the relationship between educational attainment and ADHD.

17.
Redox Biol ; 71: 103087, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377789

RESUMO

Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent lipid peroxidation-induced form of regulated cell death, shows great promise as a cancer therapy strategy. Despite the critical role of mitochondria in ferroptosis regulation, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. This study reveals that the mitochondrial protein METTL17 governs mitochondrial function in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells through epigenetic modulation. Bioinformatic analysis establishes that METTL17 expression positively correlates with ferroptosis resistance in cancer cells and is up-regulated in CRC. Depletion of METTL17 sensitizes CRC cells to ferroptosis, impairs cell proliferation, migration, invasion, xenograft tumor growth, and AOM/DSS-induced CRC tumorigenesis. Furthermore, suppression of METTL17 disrupts mitochondrial function, energy metabolism, and enhances intracellular and mitochondrial lipid peroxidation and ROS levels during ferroptotic stress. Mechanistically, METTL17 inhibition significantly reduces mitochondrial RNA methylation, including m4C, m5C, m3C, m7G, and m6A, leading to impaired translation of mitochondrial protein-coding genes. Additionally, the interacting proteins associated with METTL17 are essential for mitochondrial gene expression, and their knockdown sensitizes CRC cells to ferroptosis and inhibits cell proliferation. Notably, combined targeting of METTL17 and ferroptosis in a therapeutic approach effectively suppresses CRC xenograft growth in vivo. This study uncovers the METTL17-mediated defense mechanism for cell survival and ferroptosis in mitochondria, highlighting METTL17 as a potential therapeutic target for CRC.

18.
Gels ; 10(2)2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38391457

RESUMO

The Henan Oilfield's medium-permeability blocks face challenges such as high temperatures and severe heterogeneity, making conventional flooding systems less effective. The starch gel system is an efficient approach for deep profile control in high-temperature reservoirs, while the nano-MoS2 system is a promising enhanced oil recovery (EOR) technology for high-temperature low-permeability reservoirs. Combining these two may achieve the dual effects of profile control and oil displacement, significantly enhancing oil recovery in high-temperature heterogeneous reservoirs. The basic performance evaluation of the combination system was carried out under reservoir temperature. Displacement experiments were conducted in target blocks under different permeabilities and extreme disparity core flooding to evaluate the combination system's oil displacement effect. Additionally, the displacement effects and mechanisms of the starch gel and nano-MoS2 combination system in heterogeneous reservoirs were evaluated by simulating interlayer and intralayer heterogeneity models. The results show that the single nano-MoS2 system's efficiency decreases with increased core permeability, and its effectiveness is limited in triple and quintuple disparity parallel experiments. After injecting the starch gel-nano-MoS2 combination system, the enhanced oil recovery effect was significant. The interlayer and intralayer heterogeneous models demonstrated that the primary water flooding mainly affected the high-permeability layers, while the starch gel effectively blocked the dominant channels, forcing the nano-MoS2 oil displacement system towards unswept areas. This coordination significantly enhanced oil displacement, with the combination system improving recovery by 15.33 and 12.20 percentage points, respectively. This research indicates that the starch gel and nano-MoS2 combination flooding technique holds promise for enhancing oil recovery in high-temperature heterogeneous reservoirs of Henan Oilfield, providing foundational support for field applications.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401092

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to analyze the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after receiving immunotherapy and construct a prediction model to evaluate the overall survival rate of patients. Methods: This study was a retrospective study that collected data from 493 NSCLC patients who received immunotherapy for the first time. Survival data were analyzed using Cox regression models and the Kaplan-Meier method. The average age of patients was 56 years, and the data collection process included regular outpatient follow-up and observation of overall survival (OS) in the last 36 months. Results: Multivariate analysis identified significant risk factors such as smoking history, age, T stage, and M stage on survival and disease progression. The model's performance indicators (C-index and AUC) and calibration curve verified the model's accuracy and predictive ability. In the training set, the AUCs of 3-year and 5-year survival were 0.761 and 0.763, respectively, and in the validation set, they were 0.739 and 0.761. Conclusion: This study developed a prediction model for evaluating the survival of NSCLC patients after immunotherapy that integrates multiple influencing factors. This predictive model can be used as a tool to assess individual risks in NSCLC patients after immunotherapy, helping clinicians to develop more precise treatment and follow-up plans, potentially improving patient outcomes.

20.
Mol Cell ; 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401542

RESUMO

Most eukaryotic proteins are degraded by the 26S proteasome after modification with a polyubiquitin chain. Substrates lacking unstructured segments cannot be degraded directly and require prior unfolding by the Cdc48 ATPase (p97 or VCP in mammals) in complex with its ubiquitin-binding partner Ufd1-Npl4 (UN). Here, we use purified yeast components to reconstitute Cdc48-dependent degradation of well-folded model substrates by the proteasome. We show that a minimal system consists of the 26S proteasome, the Cdc48-UN ATPase complex, the proteasome cofactor Rad23, and the Cdc48 cofactors Ubx5 and Shp1. Rad23 and Ubx5 stimulate polyubiquitin binding to the 26S proteasome and the Cdc48-UN complex, respectively, allowing these machines to compete for substrates before and after their unfolding. Shp1 stimulates protein unfolding by the Cdc48-UN complex rather than substrate recruitment. Experiments in yeast cells confirm that many proteins undergo bidirectional substrate shuttling between the 26S proteasome and Cdc48 ATPase before being degraded.

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