Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.753
Filtrar
1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 147-155, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacterial community successions were surveyed during the processing stages of sugar production using high-throughput sequencing methods. Furthermore, the correlation between bacterial community and nitrate/nitrite content in beet sugar processing were investigated. RESULTS: In an analysis of the V3-V4 region of the 16S rDNA gene, 254 122 effective sequences were obtained from samples, which included sugar beet, cossettes, diffusion juice, second-phase diffusion juice, light juice and thick juice. The results showed that dominant genera included Pantoea, Pseudomonas, Leuconostoc and Burkholderia. Moreover, significant changes in bacterial communities were observed in samples. Regarding the relevant nitrogen metabolic potential, this study revealed communities with the ability for nitrate and nitrite metabolism. Furthermore, a shaking experiment involving diffusion juice and second-phase diffusion juice was performed, and results showed that the nitrate level declined 73% and 98% in 36 h, respectively. These results suggested that the bacterial communities contribute to nitrate and nitrite transformation. CONCLUSION: This study illustrated that the bacterial communities and their specific effects on the formation of nitrate and nitrite during beet sugar processing. The results presented the basic concept involving the nitrate- and nitrite-forming pathways directly related to the mechanism of bacterial community growth. This study could facilitate an understanding of the correlation between nitrite content and microorganisms to guide beet sugar manufacturers regarding the control of nitrite and nitrate content. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Beta vulgaris/química , Nitratos/análise , Nitritos/análise , Tubérculos/microbiologia , Açúcares/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Beta vulgaris/microbiologia , Biotransformação , Manipulação de Alimentos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Nitratos/metabolismo , Nitritos/metabolismo , Tubérculos/química , Açúcares/química
2.
Food Chem ; 369: 130923, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455331

RESUMO

Lactic acid bacteria are one of the most pivotal probiotics. Promoting their viability could be an effective method to modulate the balance of intestinal flora, thereby improving human health. The current solution is to take advantage of carbon-sourced prebiotics, while protein and peptides with potential prebiotic functions have not been investigated. Soy proteins and peptides have been proven to enhance the growth and metabolism of Lactobacillus. However, research on the relationship between strains of lactobacilli and the structure of soybean peptides is still limited. In the present study, soybean protein and peptides effectively increased the growth and organic acid secretion of Limosilactobacillus reuteri LR08. Additionally, soybean peptides and fructooligosaccharides showed synergistic effects in modulating Limosilactobacillus reuteri LR08. Fraction 1 acquired from soy peptides using RP-HPLC exhibited the most effectiveness and several novel peptides were identified. These results could theoretically and practically benefit soybean peptide application as a potential prebiotic.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus reuteri , Probióticos , Humanos , Lactobacillus , Peptídeos , Prebióticos , Soja
3.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 671, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781975

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explored the risk factors influencing the length of hospital stay (LOS) and establish whether the type of anesthesia is independently associated with the LOS in patients after primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 2309 patients undergoing unilateral TKA were recruited between January 2013 and June 2014 in a tertiary academic medical center in Singapore. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to identify the independent risk factors associated with LOS. Besides, subgroup and interaction analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship between the type of anesthesia and LOS. RESULT: In total, 2309 patients were identified. Out of these, 791 patients underwent general anesthesia, whereas 1518 patients underwent regional anesthesia. Multivariate regression analyses revealed that prolonged LOS was significantly associated with age ≥ 65 years (ß = 0.48; 95% CI, 0.09-0.87; P = 0.015), diabetes mellitus (DM) (ß = 0.8; 95% CI, 0.33-1.27; P = 0.001), congestive cardiac failure (CCF) (ß = 4.1; 95% CI, 2.02-6.17; P < 0.001), perioperative blood transfusion (ß = 5.71; 95% CI, 4.86-6.56; P < 0.001), creatinine > 2 mg/dL (ß = 4.54; 95% CI, 2.46-6.62; P < 0.001), ASA status (III) (ß = 1.72; 95% CI, 0.72-2.71; P = 0.001), general anesthesia (ß = 0.78; 95% CI, 0.41-1.66; P < 0.001). The LOS further decreased among participants receiving regional anesthesia at advanced age (age ≥ 65 years) (ß = - 1.12; 95% CI, - 1.66 to - 0.58; P < 0.001), patients with BMI ≤ 25 kg/m2 (ß = - 1.92; 95% CI, - 2.73 to - 1.11; P < 0.001) or ≥ 30 kg/m2 (ß = - 0.58; 95% CI, - 1.1 to - 0.06; P = 0.029). CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that age ≥ 65 years, DM, CCF, perioperative blood transfusion, creatinine > 2 mg/dL, ASA status (III), general anesthesia are associated with a prolonged LOS after primary TKA. Elderly patients (age ≥ 65 years) and patients with BMI ≤ 25 kg/m2 or ≥ 30 kg/m2 receiving regional anesthesia have a further reduced LOS. Therefore, when TKA is performed, priority for regional anesthesia is given to the elderly patients (age ≥ 65 years old) and those with BMI ≤ 25 kg/m2 or ≥ 30 kg/m2.

4.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 736066, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721333

RESUMO

The tea-oil tree Camellia oleifera is native to China and is cultivated in many parts of southern China. This plant has been grown for over 2,000 years, mainly for its high-quality cooking oil. Anthracnose is the main disease of tea-oil tree and results in a huge loss annually. Colletotrichum fructicola is a major pathogen causing anthracnose on tea-oil tree. In a previous study, we characterized that the bZIP transcription factor CfHac1 controlled the development and pathogenicity of C. fructicola. Here, we identified and characterized the function of CfVAM7 gene, which was significantly downregulated at the transcriptional level in the ΔCfhac1 strain under dithiothreitol stress. Targeted gene deletion revealed that CfVam7 is important in growth, pathogenicity, and responses to endoplasmic reticulum-related stresses. Further analysis revealed that CfVam7 is required for appressorium formation and homotypic vacuole fusion, which are important for fungal pathogen invasion. Cytological examinations revealed that CfVam7 is localized to vacuole membranes in the hyphal stage. The Phox homology (PX) and SNARE domains of CfVam7 were indispensable for normal cellular localization and biological function. Taken together, our results suggested that CfVam7-mediated vacuole membrane fusion promotes growth, stress response, and pathogenicity of C. fructicola.

5.
Br J Cancer ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (TIM3) is a crucial immune checkpoint and is considered as an emerging target for cancer treatment. However, the clinical significance and immune-related role of TIM3+ cells in gastric cancer remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate the clinical significance of tumour-infiltrating TIM3+ cells and their association with immune contexture in gastric cancer. METHODS: This study enrolled three cohorts, including 436 tumour tissue microarray specimens and 58 fresh tumour tissues of gastric cancer patients from Zhongshan Hospital, and 330 transcriptional data from The Cancer Genome Atlas. TIM3+ cells and their association with CD8+ T cells were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry analyses. Kaplan-Meier curves, Cox model and interaction test were performed to assess clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Tumour-infiltrating TIM3+ cells' high subgroups experienced poorer overall survival and disease-free survival and predicted inferior therapeutic responsiveness to fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy. TIM3 indicated CD8+ T cell dysfunction, which impeded chemotherapeutic responsiveness. Besides, HAVCR2 messenger RNA expression was associated with specific molecular characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: The abundance of tumour-infiltrating TIM3+ cells could identify an immunoevasive subtype gastric cancer with CD8+ T cell dysfunction, suggesting that TIM3 might serve as a promising target for immunotherapy in gastric cancer.

6.
J Food Sci ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730237

RESUMO

Current studies regarding the effect of different nitrogen sources on gut microbiota have thus far disregarded the ability of probiotics and coliforms to compete for protein. This study aimed to investigate the differences in the utilization of soybean protein (SPro) and its derived peptides (SPep) by the gut microbiota of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. The SPro and SPep prepared in this study showed extensive SPro molecular weight distribution, while that of SPep was minimal, ranging between 150 and 1000 Da and primarily consisting of two to five amino acids. The cecum microflora composition of the rats was determined via 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing, showing that the SPro and SPep significantly increased the abundance and uniformity of the gut microbiota after 35 days of feeding. The Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratios of the SPep, SPro, and casein groups were 2.49 ± 0.60, 2.98 ± 1.12, and 2.59 ± 0.74, respectively. Although the rats fed with SPro and SPep displayed similar gut microbiome structures, SPep significantly promoted Lactobacillus and Phascolarctobacterium growth. The results showed that SPep significantly increased the diversity of the gut microbiota and elevated the probiotic proportion. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: SPro and SPep are two nutritious and high-quality nitrogen sources. The results showed that SPro and SPep regulated the structure of gut microbiota in rats, and the effect of SPep was better. This study provides a theoretical basis for developing SPep functional foods able to regulate gut microbiota and maintain health.

7.
Food Sci Nutr ; 9(11): 6322-6334, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760262

RESUMO

In this study, selenium-enriched soybean peptides (<3 kDa, named Se-SPep) was isolated and purified from the selenium-enriched soybean protein (Se-SPro) hydrolysate by ultrafiltration. The in-vivo immunomodulatory effects of Se-SPep were investigated in cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppressed mice. Se-SPep treatment could alleviate the atrophy of immune organs and weight loss observed in immunosuppressive mice. Besides, Se-SPep administration could dramatically improve total protein, albumin, white blood cell, immunoglobulin (Ig) M, IgG, and IgA levels in blood. Moreover, Se-SPep strongly stimulated interleukin-2 (IL-2), interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), nitric oxide (NO), and cyclic guanosine monophosphate productions by up-regulating mRNA expressions of IL-2, IFN-γ, and inducible NO synthase in spleen tissue. Furthermore, Se-SPep exhibits more effective immunomodulatory activity compared to Se-SPro and SPep. In conclusion, Se-SPep could effectively enhance the immune capacity of immunosuppressive mice. These findings confirm Se-SPep is an effective immunomodulator with potential application in functional foods or dietary supplements.

8.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 17(11): e1009516, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723962

RESUMO

The spleen, the largest secondary lymphoid organ in humans, not only fulfils a broad range of immune functions, but also plays an important role in red blood cell's (RBC) life cycle. Although much progress has been made to elucidate the critical biological processes involved in the maturation of young RBCs (reticulocytes) as well as removal of senescent RBCs in the spleen, the underlying mechanisms driving these processes are still obscure. Herein, we perform a computational study to simulate the passage of RBCs through interendothelial slits (IES) in the spleen at different stages of their lifespan and investigate the role of the spleen in facilitating the maturation of reticulocytes and in clearing the senescent RBCs. Our simulations reveal that at the beginning of the RBC life cycle, intracellular non-deformable particles in reticulocytes can be biomechanically expelled from the cell upon passage through IES, an insightful explanation of why this peculiar "pitting" process is spleen-specific. Our results also show that immature RBCs shed surface area by releasing vesicles after crossing IES and progressively acquire the biconcave shape of mature RBCs. These findings likely explain why RBCs from splenectomized patients are significantly larger than those from nonsplenectomized subjects. Finally, we show that at the end of their life span, senescent RBCs are not only retained by IES due to reduced deformability but also become susceptible to mechanical lysis under shear stress. This finding supports the recent hypothesis that transformation into a hemolyzed ghost is a prerequisite for phagocytosis of senescent RBCs. Altogether, our computational investigation illustrates critical biological processes in the spleen that cannot be observed in vivo or in vitro and offer insights into the role of the spleen in the RBC physiology.

9.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 732893, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746251

RESUMO

Background: A novel, fully automated right ventricular (RV) software for three-dimensional quantification of RV volumes and function was developed. The direct comparison of the software performance with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) was limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test the feasibility, accuracy, and reproducibility of a fully automated RV quantification software against CMR imaging as a reference. Methods: A total of 170 patients who underwent both CMR and three-dimensional echocardiography were enrolled. RV end-diastolic volume (RVEDV), RV end-systolic volume (RVESV), and RV ejection fraction (RVEF) were obtained using fully automated three-dimensional RV quantification software and compared with a CMR reference. For inter-technical agreement, Spearman correlation and Bland-Altman analysis were used. Results: The fully automated RV quantification software was feasible in 149 patients. RVEDV and RVESV were underestimated, and RVEF was overestimated compared with CMR values. RV measurements obtained from the manual editing method correlated better with CMR values than that without manual editing (RVEDV, 0.924 vs. 0.794: RVESV, 0.955 vs. 0.854; RVEF, 0.941 vs. 0.781 respectively, all p < 0.0001) with less bias and narrower limit of agreement (LOA). The bias and LOA for RV volumes and EF using the automated software without and with manual editing were greater in patients with severely impaired RV function or low frame rate than those with normal and mild impaired RV function, or high frame rate. The fully automated RV three-dimensional measurements were highly reproducible. Conclusion: The novel fully automated RV software shows good feasibility and reproducibility, and the measurements had a high correlation with CMR values. These findings support the routine application of the novel 3D automated RV software in clinical practice.

10.
Protein Cell ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748200

RESUMO

Aging-induced changes in the immune system are associated with a higher incidence of infection and vaccination failure. Lymph nodes, which filter the lymph to identify and fight infections, play a central role in this process. However, careful characterization of the impact of aging on lymph nodes and associated autoimmune diseases is lacking. We combined single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) with flow cytometry to delineate the immune cell atlas of cervical draining lymph nodes (CDLNs) of both young and old mice with or without experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). We found extensive and complicated changes in the cellular constituents of CDLNs during aging. When confronted with autoimmune challenges, old mice developed milder EAU compared to young mice. Within this EAU process, we highlighted that the pathogenicity of T helper 17 cells (Th17) was dampened, as shown by reduced GM-CSF secretion in old mice. The mitigated secretion of GM-CSF contributed to alleviation of IL-23 secretion by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and may, in turn, weaken APCs' effects on facilitating the pathogenicity of Th17 cells. Meanwhile, our study further unveiled that aging downregulated GM-CSF secretion through reducing both the transcript and protein levels of IL-23R in Th17 cells from CDLNs. Overall, aging altered immune cell responses, especially through toning down Th17 cells, counteracting EAU challenge in old mice.

12.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 44(12): 1954-1963, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741196

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment (EVT) for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to intracranial atherosclerosis-related basilar artery occlusion (ICAS-related BAO) by comparison with embolic and tandem occlusion. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients with AIS due to BAO who underwent EVT. Patients were assigned to the ICAS-related group and embolic group, and tandem group based on the etiology. Baseline data, procedural details, and clinical outcomes were compared between the three groups. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients (ICAS-related group: 31; embolic group: 41; tandem group: 28) were included. No significant difference was observed in the successful reperfusion (mTICI 2b or 3), but the procedural time differed significantly (60 min vs. 43 min vs. 60 min, P = 0.010). There were no differences in the different intracranial hemorrhage grades among the three groups (P = 0.134). After adjusting for baseline differences, there was no significant difference in pairwise comparisons regarding favorable outcome (mRS 0-2), moderate outcome (mRS 0-3), and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment for patients with acute ICAS-related BAO had equal efficacy and safety compared with embolic BAO and tandem BAO. Primary endovascular treatment and rescue modalities were effective treatments for acute ICAS-related BAO.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Immunol ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799427

RESUMO

Autoimmune uveitis (AU) is a sight-threatening ocular inflammatory disorder, characterized by massive retinal vascular leakage and inflamed lesions with infiltration of the uveitogenic T cells in the retina and disorders of the T cell-related immune response in the system. Stimulation of TCRs can trigger calcium release and influx via Ca2+ channels and then transmit signals from the surface to the nucleus, which are important for energy metabolism, proliferation, activation, and differentiation. Inhibition of Ca2+ influx by pharmacological modulation of Ca2+ channels may suppress T cell function, representing a novel anti-inflammatory strategy in the treatment of AU. This study investigated the effects of the l-type voltage-gated calcium channel blocker nimodipine in experimental AU (EAU). Nimodipine was found to not only decrease the clinical and histopathological inflammation score of EAU (C57BL/6J mice) but also dwindle the infiltration of uveitogenic CD4+ T cells into the retina. Moreover, nimodipine decreased the effector T cells and increased the regulatory T cells in the immune system. In vitro, nimodipine reduced the effector T cell differentiation of the IRBP1-20-specific CD4+ T cells of EAU mice and LPS-stimulated PBMCs of uveitis patients. Meanwhile, nimodipine suppressed the energy metabolism, proliferation, activation, and Th1 cell differentiation of T cells. Further studies on RNA sequencing and molecular mechanisms have established that nimodipine alleviates EAU by regulating T cells response through the p38-MAPK pathway signaling. Taken together, our data reveal a novel therapeutic potential of the l-type Ca2+ channels antagonist nimodipine in AU by regulating the balance of T cell subsets.

14.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 377, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As we know, radiotherapy plays an irreplaceable role in the clinical management on solid tumors. However, due to the non-specific killing effects of ionizing radiation, normal tissues damages would be almost simultaneous inevitably. Therefore, ideal radioprotective agents with high efficiency and low toxicity are always desirable. In this work, atomically precise Ag14 clusterzymes were developed, and their applications in radioprotection were studied in vitro and in vivo for the first time. METHODS: The ultra-small glutathione supported Ag14 clusterzymes were synthesized by convenient sodium borohydride (NaBH4) reduction of thiolate-Ag (I) complexes and then they were purified by desalting columns. The enzyme-like activity and antioxidant capacity of Ag14 clusterzymes have been tested by various commercial kits, salicylic acid method and electron spin resonance (ESR). Next, they were incubated with L929 cells to evaluate whether they could increase cell viability after γ-ray irradiation. And then Ag14 clusterzymes were intravenously injected into C57 mice before 7 Gy whole-body γ-ray irradiation to evaluate the radioprotection effects in vivo. At last, the in vivo toxicities of Ag14 clusterzymes were evaluated through biodistribution test, hematological details, serum biochemical indexes and histological test in female Balb/c mice with intravenous injection of Ag14 clusterzymes. RESULTS: Our studies suggested atomically precise Ag14 clusterzymes were potential radioprotectants. Ag14 clusterzymes exhibited unique superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity, strong anti-oxidative abilities, especially on •OH scavenging. The Ag14 clusterzymes could effectively improve cell viability through eliminating ROS and prevent DNA damages in cells dealt with γ-ray irradiation. In vivo experiments showed that Ag14 clusterzymes could improve the irradiated mice survival rate by protecting hematological systems and repairing tissue oxidative stress damage generated by γ-ray irradiation. In addition, bio-distribution and toxicological experiments demonstrated that the ultrasmall Ag14 clusterzymes could be excreted quickly from the body by renal clearance and negligible toxicological responses were observed in mice up to 30 days. CONCLUSION: In summary, atomically precise, ultrasmall and water soluble Ag14 clusterzymes with SOD-like activity were successfully developed and proved to be effective both in vitro and in vivo for radioprotection. Furthermore, with atomically precise molecular structure, Ag14 clusterzymes, on aspect of the catalytic and optical properties, may be improved by structure optimization on atom-scale level for other applications in disease diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Eur J Med Chem ; : 113998, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839997

RESUMO

Development of small molecule PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors as a novel immunotherapy strategy exhibits great promise. Herein, a novel series of quinazoline derivatives were designed, synthesized and their inhibitory activity against the PD-1/PD-L1 interaction was evaluated through a homogenous time-resolved fluorescence (HTRF) assay. Among them, the compound 39 exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 1.57 nM. Furthermore, the cellular level assays revealed that 39 could inhibit the PD-1/PD-L1 interaction and restore T-cell function, and showed low toxicity on the PBMCs. In addition, the structure-activity relationships (SARs) of the novel quinazoline derivatives were explored and the binding mode of 39 with dimeric PD-L1 was analyzed by molecular docking. This work demonstrates that incorporation of pyrimidine group between the 2 and 3-positions of the biphenyl structure is an effective strategy for designing novel and more potent small molecule PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors, and 39 can be regarded as a promising lead compound for further investigation.

16.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(11)2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829228

RESUMO

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most widespread trichothecene mycotoxins in contaminated cereal products. DON plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of Fusarium graminearum, but the molecular mechanisms of DON underlying Fusarium-wheat interactions are not yet well understood. In this study, a novel wheat ADP-ribosylation factor-like protein 6-interacting protein 4 gene, TaArl6ip4, was identified from DON-treated wheat suspension cells by suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH). The qRT-PCR result suggested that TaArl6ip4 expression is specifically activated by DON in both the Fusarium intermediate susceptible wheat cultivar Zhengmai9023 and the Fusarium resistant cultivar Sumai3. The transient expression results of the TaARL6IP4::GFP fusion protein indicate that TaArl6ip4 encodes a plasma membrane and nucleus-localized protein. Multiple sequence alignment using microscale thermophoresis showed that TaARL6IP4 comprises a conserved DON binding motif, 67HXXXG71, and exhibits DON affinity with a dissociation constant (KD) of 91 ± 2.6 µM. Moreover, TaARL6IP4 exhibited antifungal activity with IC50 values of 22 ± 1.5 µM and 25 ± 2.6 µM against Fusarium graminearum and Alternaria alternata, respectively. Furthermore, TaArl6ip4 interacted with the plasma membrane of Fusarium graminearum spores, resulting in membrane disruption and the leakage of cytoplasmic materials. The heterologous over-expression of TaArl6ip4 conferred greater DON tolerance and Fusarium resistance in Arabidopsis. Finally, we describe a novel DON-induced wheat gene, TaArl6ip4, exhibiting antifungal function and DON affinity that may play a key role in Fusarium-wheat interactions.

17.
Chin J Cancer Res ; 33(5): 535-547, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815628

RESUMO

More than 600,000 people are diagnosed with esophageal cancer (EC) every year globally, and the five-year survival rate of EC is less than 20%. Two common histological subtypes of EC, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), have great geographical variations in incidence rates. About half of the world's EC was diagnosed in China and a majority of which belong to ESCC. Globally, the overall incidence rate of EC is decreasing. In some high-risk Asian regions, such as China, the incidence rate of ESCC has generally declined, potentially due to economic growth and improvement of diet habits. In some European high-income countries and the United States, the decline is mainly attributed to the decrease in smoking and drinking. The risk factors of EC are not well understood, and the importance of environmental and genetic factors in the pathogenesis is also unclear. The incidence and mortality of advanced EC can be reduced through early diagnosis and screening. White light endoscopy is still the gold standard in the current screening technology. This article reviews the epidemiology, risk factors, and screening strategies of EC in recent years to help researchers determine the most effective management strategies to reduce the risk of EC.

18.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 8317-8324, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815704

RESUMO

Purpose: Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is a minimally invasive spinal surgery for huge lumbar disc herniation (HLDH). The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term clinical effectiveness of PELD for HLDH with complete dural sac stenosis via an interlaminar approach. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 56 patients diagnosed with HLDH with complete dural sac stenosis and treated with PELD via an interlaminar approach. Numerical rating scale (NRS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), and modified Japanese orthopedic association (mJOA) were used to evaluate preoperative conditions as well as outcomes at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. At the final follow-up, the clinical effects were evaluated using modified MacNab criteria. Results: All patients were followed for at least 12 months. At 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively, the NRS and ODI scores were significantly decreased, and the mJOA score significantly increased compared with preoperative results (P<0.001). According to the Macnab criteria at the final follow-up, it was excellent in 42 patients (75%), good in 9 (16.1%), and fair in 5 (8.9%). The overall clinical satisfactory rate was 91.1%. Conclusion: Our study results suggest that percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy (PEID) is available for the treatment of HLDH with complete dural sac stenosis, whose benefits are rapid recovery, complete removal of the herniated disc, effective spinal canal decompression, fewer complications, and significant relief of clinical symptoms.

19.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 1331, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824370

RESUMO

Huanglongbing (HLB) is a destructive disease of citrus primarily transmitted by the Asian citrus psyllid (ACP). Biocontrol of ACP is an environmentally sustainable alternative to chemicals. However, the risk of parasitoid rational application in ACP biocontrol has never been evaluated. Here we show, the dominant parasitoid of ACP, Tamarixia radiata, can acquire the HLB pathogen Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas) and transmit it horizontally when probing ACP nymphs. If these ACP nymphs survive the probing, develop to adults and move to healthy plants, CLas can be transmitted to citrus leaves during feeding. We illustrate the formerly unrecognized risk that a parasitoid can potentially serve as a phoretic vector of the pathogen transmitted by its host, thus potentially diminishing some of the benefits it confers via biocontrol. Our findings present a significant caution to the strategy of using parasitoids in orchards with different infection status of insect-vectored pathogens.

20.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 1325, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824394

RESUMO

Poor sleep has become an important public health issue. With loss of sleep durations, poor sleep has been linked to the increased risks for diseases. Here we employed mass cytometry and single-cell RNA sequencing to obtain a comprehensive human immune cells landscape in the context of poor sleep, which was analyzed in the context of subset composition, gene signatures, enriched pathways, transcriptional regulatory networks, and intercellular interactions. Participants subjected to staying up had increased T and plasma cell frequency, along with upregulated autoimmune-related markers and pathways in CD4+ T and B cells. Additionally, staying up reduced the differentiation and immune activity of cytotoxic cells, indicative of a predisposition to infection and tumor development. Finally, staying up influenced myeloid subsets distribution and induced inflammation development and cellular senescence. These findings could potentially give high-dimensional and advanced insights for understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms of pathologic conditions related to poor sleep.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...