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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12812, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834714

RESUMO

The importance of fuel mixing for the progress of the scramjet engine is indisputable. The present article shows the importance of the non-equal multi-injector system for effective fuel distribution and flame holding inside the combustion segment of a scramjet engine. The supersonic air and fuel jet flow in the non-equal nozzle arrangement is simulated via computational fluid dynamic technique. Two injector types of circular and rectangular nozzle have been analyzed to attain flow characteristics of hydrogen jets at supersonic cross flow. Mach contour is also analyzed for these jet arrangements to show the interface of the jet in the non-equal jet arrangement. Besides, addition of internal air jet is also simulated and evaluated in this research. Our investigation shows that the diffusion height of the fuel jet is higher when a rectangular non-equal nozzle is applied. The circular nozzle is more active in the spreading of the fuel in the combustor and the use of an internal air jet effectively increases fuel in a combustor of the scramjet.

2.
Trends Ecol Evol ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849221

RESUMO

Although species are central units for biological research, recent findings in genomics are raising awareness that what we call species can be ill-founded entities due to solely morphology-based, regional species descriptions. This particularly applies to groups characterized by intricate evolutionary processes such as hybridization, polyploidy, or asexuality. Here, challenges of current integrative taxonomy (genetics/genomics + morphology + ecology, etc.) become apparent: different favored species concepts, lack of universal characters/markers, missing appropriate analytical tools for intricate evolutionary processes, and highly subjective ranking and fusion of datasets. Now, integrative taxonomy combined with artificial intelligence under a unified species concept can enable automated feature learning and data integration, and thus reduce subjectivity in species delimitation. This approach will likely accelerate revising and unraveling eukaryotic biodiversity.

3.
J Integr Med ; 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies have demonstrated that cycloastragenol induces antitumor effects in prostate, colorectal and gastric cancers; however, its efficacy for inhibiting the proliferation of lung cancer cells is largely unexplored. This study explores the efficacy of cycloastragenol for inhibiting non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and elucidates the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS: The effects of cycloastragenol on lung cancer cell proliferation were assessed using an adenosine triphosphate monitoring system based on firefly luciferase and clonogenic formation assays. Cycloastragenol-induced apoptosis in lung cancer cells was evaluated using dual staining flow cytometry with an annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide kit. To elucidate the role of cycloastragenol in the induction of apoptosis, apoptosis-related proteins were examined using Western blots. Immunofluorescence and Western blotting were used to determine whether cycloastragenol could induce autophagy in lung cancer cells. Genetic techniques, including small interfering RNA technology, were used to investigate the underlying mechanisms. The effects against lung cancer and biosafety of cycloastragenol were evaluated using a mouse subcutaneous tumor model. RESULTS: Cycloastragenol triggered both autophagy and apoptosis. Specifically, cycloastragenol promoted apoptosis by facilitating the accumulation of phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced protein 1 (NOXA), a critical apoptosis-related protein. Moreover, cycloastragenol induced a protective autophagy response through modulation of the adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/unc-51-like autophagy-activating kinase (ULK1)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. CONCLUSION: Our study sheds new light on the antitumor efficacy and mechanism of action of cycloastragenol in NSCLC. This insight provides a scientific basis for exploring combination therapies that use cycloastragenol and inhibiting the AMPK/ULK1/mTOR pathway as a promising approach to combating lung cancer. Please cite this article as follows: Zhu LH, Liang YP, Yang L, Zhu F, Jia LJ, Li HG. Cycloastragenolinduces apoptosis and protective autophagy through AMPK/ULK1/mTOR axis in human non-small celllung cancer cell lines. J Integr Med. 2024: Epub ahead of print.

4.
Environ Res ; 257: 119084, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823617

RESUMO

Ocean acidification (OA) is known to influence biological and ecological processes, mainly focusing on its impacts on single species, but little has been documented on how OA may alter plankton community interactions. Here, we conducted a mesocosm experiment with ambient (∼410 ppmv) and high (1000 ppmv) CO2 concentrations in a subtropical eutrophic region of the East China Sea and examined the community dynamics of microeukaryotes, bacterioplankton and microeukaryote-attached bacteria in the enclosed coastal seawater. The OA treatment with elevated CO2 affected taxa as the phytoplankton bloom stages progressed, with a 72.89% decrease in relative abundance of the protist Cercozoa on day 10 and a 322% increase in relative abundance of Stramenopile dominated by diatoms, accompanied by a 29.54% decrease in relative abundance of attached Alphaproteobacteria on day 28. Our study revealed that protozoans with different prey preferences had differing sensitivity to high CO2, and attached bacteria were more significantly affected by high CO2 compared to bacterioplankton. Our findings indicate that high CO2 changed the co-occurrence network complexity and stability of microeukaryotes more than those of bacteria. Furthermore, high CO2 was found to alter the proportions of potential interactions between phytoplankton and their predators, as well as microeukaryotes and their attached bacteria in the networks. The changes in the relative abundances and interactions of microeukaryotes between their predators in response to high CO2 revealed in our study suggest that high CO2 may have profound impacts on marine food webs.

5.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; : 106830, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38878906

RESUMO

Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel has reduced ischemic vascular events significantly. Genetics influence, especially those in clopidogrel pharmacokinetic-relevant genes partially accounts for interindividual pharmacodynamic variability of clopidogrel. However, most studies have concentrated on the genetic variations in introns, exons, or promoters of the candidate genes, and the association between genetic variations in 3'-UTR in clopidogrel pharmacokinetic-relevant genes and clopidogrel response is unknown. In our study, ten different algorithms were applied to pick potential miRNAs targeting the clopidogrel pharmacokinetic-relevant genes. Furthermore, the correlation between miRNA expression profiles and mRNA expression of corresponding clopidogrel pharmacokinetic-relevant genes were analyzed. Through comprehensive analysis, including bioinformatics prediction and correlation analysis of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles, miR-218-5p and miR-506-5p were supposed to regulate the expression of PON1 via binding with its 3'-UTR. Moreover, PON1 rs854551 and rs854552 were located in miRNA recognizing sequences and may serve as potential miRSNPs possibly affecting PON1 expression. The rs854552 polymorphism was genotyped and platelet reactivity index (PRI) indicative of clopidogrel response was measured in 341 Chinese coronary artery disease (CAD) patients 24h after administration of 300 mg clopidogrel. Our results showed that PON1 rs854552 had a significant influence on PRI in CAD patients, especially in patients with CYP2C19 extensive metabolic phenotype. In conclusion, PON1 rs854552 polymorphisms may affect clopidogrel response. Bioinformatics prediction followed by functional validation could aid in decoding the contribution of unexplained variations in the 3'-UTR in drug-metabolizing enzymes on clopidogrel response.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 272(Pt 1): 132774, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823735

RESUMO

Although emulsion gels show significant potential as fat substitutes, they are vulnerable to degreasing, delamination, and other undesirable processes during freezing, storage, and thawing, leading to commercial value loss in terms of juiciness, flavor, and texture. This study investigated the gel strength and freeze-thaw stability of soybean protein isolate (SPI)/curdlan (CL) composite emulsion gels after adding sodium chloride (NaCl). Analysis revealed that adding low salt ion concentrations promoted the hardness and water-holding capacity (WHC) of fat substitutes, while high levels displayed an inhibitory effect. With 40 mM NaCl as the optimum concentration, the hardness increased from 259.33 g (0 mM) to 418.67 g, the WHC increased from 90.59 % to 93.18 %, exhibiting good freeze-thaw stability. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and particle size distribution were used to examine the impact of salt ion concentrations on protein particle aggregation and the damaging effect of freezing and thawing on the proteoglycan complex network structure. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and protein solubility evaluation indicated that the composite gel network structure consisted of covalent contacts between the proteoglycan molecules and hydrogen bonds, playing a predominant role in non-covalent interaction. This study showed that the salt ion concentration in the emulsion gel affected its molecular interactions.


Assuntos
Congelamento , Proteínas de Soja , beta-Glucanas , Proteínas de Soja/química , beta-Glucanas/química , Emulsões/química , Cloreto de Sódio/química , Solubilidade , Íons/química , Água/química , Géis/química
7.
Sci Total Environ ; : 174012, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880132

RESUMO

Rivers are not only an essential component of the development of civilization and the carbon cycle worldwide, but also a main contributor to natural disasters, especially the Lower Yellow River (LYR). With the functional degradation of the water-sediment regulation scheme (WSRS), LYR has reached a new stage. Thus, the changes in the sediment load in the Suspended River and its driving factors have significant practical applications. In this study, the sediment load in the LYR was analyzed from 1919 to 2021 based on improved sediment identity factor decomposition, wavelet analysis, and a double cumulative curve. The results showed that the changes in discharge and sediment exhibited poor synchronicity at different timescales. The sediment load decreased significantly, with evident periodicity of 9-10 years (years denoted as 'a') since 1950, and 69-a, 32-a, and 9-a since 1919. The changes in the sediment load can be divided into four phases: 1919-1959, 1960-1979, 1980-1998, and 1999-2021. Artificial levees can effectively constrain water flow and enhance sediment transport when the levee spacing is less than 6 km. To restrain deposition of the LYR, large dams control the incoming sediment coefficient so as to not exceed 0.009 kg∙s m-6. However, the WSRS reached its limit in 2010, and the wandering reach showed a deteriorating trend. Human activities control the changes in the sediment load. The reduction in the sediment load was mainly attributed to decreases in effective water yield capacity (53 %-75 %) before 1999 and sediment concentrations (46 %-65 %) after 1999. These results can provide a reference for further management of the suspended river.

8.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 107814, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880364

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the association of the genetic predisposition of specific gut microbiotas with the clinical outcome of ischemic stroke. METHODS: We leveraged publicly available genome-wide association study (GWAS) data to perform Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. The gut microbiota-related GWAS data from 18,340 individuals from the international consortium MiBioGen was used. The summary data for functional outcomes after ischemic stroke was obtained from the Genetics of Ischemic Stroke Functional Outcome (GISCOME) network meta-analysis. The primary outcomes were judged by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). The principal analyses were conducted using the inverse-variance weighted (IVW) MR method. The Cochran's Q test, weighted median, MR-Egger regression, leave-one-SNP-out analysis, MR-Pleiotropy Residual Sum, and Outlier methods were adopted as sensitivity analyses. Furthermore, we performed bi-directional MR analysis and the MR Steiger directionality test to examine the direction of the causal relations. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that the genetic predisposition of genus Lactococcus, genus Ruminococcaceae NK4A214 group, family Peptostreptococcaceae, and genus Odoribacter was positively associated with favorable functional outcome after ischemic stroke. Genus Collinsella, genus Ruminococcaceae UCG005, genus Akkermansia, genus Eubacterium oxidoreducens group, and family Verrucomicrobiaceae were identified to be associated with worse functional outcomes after ischemic stroke. Our results showed no evidence of heterogeneity, directional pleiotropic effects, or collider bias, and the sensitivity of our analysis was acceptable. CONCLUSION: The genetic predisposition of different gut microbiotas was associated with the clinical outcome of ischemic stroke. Microbiota adjustment was a promising method to improve the clinical outcome of ischemic stroke.

9.
Adv Mater ; : e2404833, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847439

RESUMO

The development of new near-infrared-responsive photocatalysts is a fascinating and challenging approach to acquire high photocatalytic hydrogen evolution (PHE) performance. Herein, near-infrared-responsive black CuVP2S6 and CuCrP2S6 flakes, as well as CuInP2S6 flakes, are designed and constructed for PHE. Atom-resolved scanning transmission electron microscopy images and X-ray absorption fine structure evidence the formation of ultrathin single-crystalline sheet-like structure of CuVP2S6 and CuCrP2S6. The synthetic CuVP2S6 and CuCrP2S6, with a narrow bandgap of ≈1.0 eV, shows the high light-absorption edge exceeding 1100 nm. Moreover, through the femtosecond-resolved transient absorption spectroscopy, CuCrP2S6 displays the efficient charge transfer and long charge lifetime (18318.1 ps), which is nearly 3 and 29 times longer than that of CuVP2S6 and CuInP2S6, respectively. In addition, CuCrP2S6, with the appropriate d-band and p-band, is thermodynamically favorable for the H+ adsorption and H2 desorption by contrast with CuVP2S6 and CuInP2S6. As a result, CuCrP2S6 exhibits high PHE rates of 9.12 and 0.66 mmol h-1 g-1 under simulated sunlight and near-infrared light irradiation, respectively, far exceeding other layered metal phospho-sulfides. This work offers a distinctive perspective for the development of new near-infrared-responsive photocatalysts.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 273(Pt 2): 133126, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876243

RESUMO

Connective tissue is an important component of meat products that provides support to animal muscles. Hydrogels are considered a promising alternative to connective tissues and simulate actual products by adjusting the gel texture and mouthfeel. This study used soybean protein isolate (SPI), corn starch (CS), konjac glucomannan (KGM), and seaweed powder (SP) as raw materials to examine the effect of different added SP and KGM concentrations on the gel texture. The G' of the gel increased five-fold when the SP and KGM concentration was increased from 1 % to 3 %. The results of mechanical property tests showed that with the addition of SP, the gel hardness increased from 316.00 g to 1827.23 g and the tensile strength increased from 0.027 MPa to 0.089 MPa. Sensory evaluation showed that the samples with 2 % SP and KGM presented the highest overall acceptability score and the most significant similarity to real connective tissue. The connective tissue simulants exhibited excellent water-holding capacity (>90 %), significantly increasing their juiciness. SEM indicated that 2 % KGM addition improved gel network structure stability. The results demonstrate the potential of seaweed polysaccharide-derived hydrogels as connective tissue mimics. This provides a new strategy for the preparation of high mechanical strength hydrogels and lays the foundation for structural diversification of plant-based meat.

11.
J Thorac Dis ; 16(5): 3117-3128, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38883679

RESUMO

Background: Left atrioventricular valvular regurgitation (LAVVR) recurrence after partial and transitional atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) repair is the main risk factor associated with reoperation or mortality. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with the recurrence of LAVVR after surgical repair of transitional and partial AVSD at a single institution. Methods: A hundred and fifty-seven patients who underwent anatomical repair for partial and transitional AVSD from January 2013 to December 2021 were included in our institutional database. Demographic characteristics, operative information, comorbidities, complications, and outcomes were retrieved from electronic medical records. Echocardiographic evaluations included cardiac dimensions, the degree of LAVVR, and the anatomy of the atrioventricular valve. Results: After a median follow-up period of 5.8 years, 40 patients had recurrent moderate or even more severe LAVVR. Compared with patients without recurrent LAVVR, those experiencing LAVVR recurrence were more likely to have larger preoperative left atrial (LA) size and larger left ventricular (LV) size after standardization, larger left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) cleft width, higher proportions of preoperative moderate or even more severe LAVVR, and immediately postoperative mild to moderate or even more severe LAVVR. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that age at first repair, height, LA size after standardization, LV size after standardization, the severity of preoperative LAVVR, immediately postoperative LAVVR, and the LAVV cleft width more than 1cm were risk factors for recurrent LAVVR (P<0.05 for all). Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that mild to moderate or even more severe LAVVR postoperatively [hazard ratio (HR) 9.53, 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.78-24.01; P<0.001], the width of LAVV cleft more than 1 cm (HR: 3.90, 95% CI: 1.80-8.48; P<0.001) and age at first repair (HR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.31-0.66; P<0.001) were independently associated with the recurrence of LAVVR. Conclusions: The width of LAVV cleft, mild to moderate or even more severe LAVVR immediately after surgery, and age at initial surgery are risk factors for recurrent LAVVR. The presence of recurrent LAVVR necessitates proactive surveillance to facilitate timely reintervention.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(22): 12618-12629, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38778776

RESUMO

Microbial nitrogen fixation presents a viable alternative to chemical fertilizers, yet the limited colonization and specificity of naturally occurring nitrogen-fixing microorganisms present significant challenges to their widespread application. In this study, we identified a nitrogen fixation gene cluster (VNnif) in Vibrio natriegens (VN) and tested its nitrogenase activity through the acetylene reduction assay. We investigated the potential utilization of nitrogenase by incorporating the nitrogenase gene cluster from VN into plant growth-promoting rhizosphere bacteria Pseudomonas protegens CHA0 and enhancing its activity to 48.16 nmol C2H2/mg/h through promoter replacement and cluster rearrangement. The engineered strain CHA0-PVNnif was found to positively impact the growth of Arabidopsis thaliana col-0 and Triticum aestivum L. (wheat). This study expanded the role of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and provided a research foundation for enhancing nitrogenase activity.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Proteínas de Bactérias , Família Multigênica , Fixação de Nitrogênio , Nitrogenase , Triticum , Vibrio , Nitrogenase/metabolismo , Nitrogenase/genética , Fixação de Nitrogênio/genética , Vibrio/genética , Vibrio/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Vibrio/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Triticum/microbiologia , Triticum/genética , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Triticum/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/microbiologia , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Rizosfera
13.
Acupunct Med ; 42(3): 123-132, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38813841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electroacupuncture (EA) has been reported to improve intestinal motility in mice with postoperative ileus (POI). Previous studies, however, have yielded heterogeneous results regarding the effect of EA on POI. METHODS: Herein, a POI mouse model was constructed by intestinal manipulation. To evaluate the effect of EA treatment on colonic transit, the levels of inflammatory markers (macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); immune cell infiltration was detected by immunohistochemical staining of myeloperoxidase (MPO), ectodysplasin (ED)-1 and ED-2, and the percentage of CD4+ interferon (IFN)-γ+ Th1 cells and IFN-γ secretion levels were determined. Activated Th1 cells and pentoxifylline, a cell differentiation inhibitor, were used to assess the role of Th1 cells in EA treatment of POI. Neostigmine administration and unilateral vagotomy were performed to confirm whether the effects of EA treatment on Th1 cells were mediated by the vagus nerve (VN). RESULTS: The results revealed that EA treatment at ST36 improved POI, as indicated by a decreased level of inflammatory-related markers and immune cell infiltration and shortened colonic transit time. The activated Th1 cells abolished the effects of EA treatment on POI. The effects of EA treatment on POI were enhanced by stimulation of the VN along with a decreased level of Th1 cells, but these effects were abolished by vagotomy along with an increased percentage of Th1 cells; this result indicates that the VN mediates the role of Th1 cells in the effects of EA treatment of POI. CONCLUSION: Our findings showed that the effects of EA treatment of POI were mainly mediated by Th1 cells through the stimulation of the VN and inhibition of the inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Íleus , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Células Th1 , Nervo Vago , Animais , Células Th1/imunologia , Camundongos , Íleus/terapia , Íleus/imunologia , Nervo Vago/imunologia , Masculino , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/imunologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Inflamação/terapia
14.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 20: 17455057241248398, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymph node metastasis is associated with a poorer prognosis in endometrial cancer. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to synthesize and critically appraise existing predictive models for lymph node metastasis risk stratification in endometrial cancer. DESIGN: This study is a systematic review. DATA SOURCES AND METHODS: We searched the Web of Science for articles reporting models predicting lymph node metastasis in endometrial cancer, with a systematic review and bibliometric analysis conducted based upon which. Risk of bias was assessed by the Prediction model Risk Of BiAS assessment Tool (PROBAST). RESULTS: A total of 64 articles were included in the systematic review, published between 2010 and 2023. The most common articles were "development only." Traditional clinicopathological parameters remained the mainstream in models, for example, serum tumor marker, myometrial invasion and tumor grade. Also, models based upon gene-signatures, radiomics and digital histopathological images exhibited an acceptable self-reported performance. The most frequently validated models were the Mayo criteria, which reached a negative predictive value of 97.1%-98.2%. Substantial variability and inconsistency were observed through PROBAST, indicating significant between-study heterogeneity. A further bibliometric analysis revealed a relatively weak link between authors and organizations on models predicting lymph node metastasis in endometrial cancer. CONCLUSION: A number of predictive models for lymph node metastasis in endometrial cancer have been developed. Although some exhibited promising performance as they demonstrated adequate to good discrimination, few models can currently be recommended for clinical practice due to lack of independent validation, high risk of bias and low consistency in measured predictors. Collaborations between authors, organizations and countries were weak. Model updating, external validation and collaborative research are urgently needed. REGISTRATION: None.


Introduction to predictive models for lymph node metastasis in endometrial cancerLymph node metastasis of endometrial cancer is associated with a poor prognosis. There are currently many predictive models. We summarized and evaluated them in this article.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Metástase Linfática , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Prognóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
15.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e081018, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719320

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the use of frozen embryo transfers (FET) has rapidly increased following the freeze-all strategy due to the advantages of increased maternal safety, improved pregnancy rates, lower ectopic pregnancy rates and better obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Currently, there is still no good scientific evidence to support when to perform FET following a stimulated in vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycle in the freeze-all strategy. METHODS/ANALYSIS: This will be a randomised controlled trial. A total of 828 women undergoing their first FET following their first stimulated IVF cycle in the freeze-all strategy will be enrolled and randomised into one of the following groups according to a computer-generated randomisation list: (1) the immediate group, in which FET will be performed in the first menstrual cycle following the stimulated IVF cycle; or (2) the delayed group, in which FET will be performed at least in the second menstrual cycle following the stimulated IVF cycle. The primary outcome will be live birth, which is defined as the delivery of any infants at ≥22 gestational weeks with heartbeat and breath. ETHICS/DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was granted by the Ethics Committee of Assisted Reproductive Medicine at the Shanghai JiAi Genetics & IVF Institute (JIAI E2019-15). Written informed consent will be obtained from each woman before any study procedure is performed, according to good clinical practice. The results of this trial will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04371783.


Assuntos
Criopreservação , Fertilização in vitro , Taxa de Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , China , Criopreservação/métodos , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Nascido Vivo , Transferência de Embrião Único/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol ; 48(6): 102369, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection presents with indicators of varying clinical significance. We aimed to evaluate the correlation among HBV Pre-S1 antigen (HBV PreS1-Ag), HBV e antigen (HBeAg), HBV DNA, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 6180 serum samples collected between 2020 and 2022 at the Shanghai General Hospital, China. Data regarding PreS1-Ag, HBeAg, ALT, and HBV DNA were compiled. Correlation analyses and cross-tabulations were employed to explore the diagnostic indicators. RESULTS: The detection rates of both antigen indicators showed a proportional increase with HBV DNA loads. The correlation between PreS1-Ag and HBV DNA (r = 0.616) was stronger than that between HBeAg and HBV DNA (r = 0.391). The specificity of PreS1-Ag (84.30 %) was lower than that of HBeAg (97.44 %), whereas the sensitivity of HBeAg (91.13 %) significantly surpassed that of PreS1-Ag (29.56 %). Among the HBV DNA positive patients, 92.04 % tested positive for at least one indicator, which exceeded the rate of PreS1+HBeAg- and PreS1-HBeAg+ (52. 28 % and 68. 56 %, respectively). Only 1.75 % of the patients exhibited double negativity, which was lower than the percentage of patients with single negativity (1.95 % and 12.00 % for PreS1-Ag and HBeAg, respectively). The PreS1 levels correlated with ALT levels (r = 0.317); patients with PreS1-positive status had higher ALT levels than patients with PreS1-negative status. CONCLUSION: PreS1-Ag is a more robust HBV replication indicator than HBeAg. PreS1-Ag displayed high sensitivity, whereas HBeAg demonstrated high specificity. Moreover, PreS1-Ag levels correlated with ALT levels. A combination of these indicators demonstrated dependable clinical value for detecting HBV infection and evaluating liver function.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase , DNA Viral , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , DNA Viral/sangue , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Feminino , Masculino , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem , Idoso , Precursores de Proteínas
17.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731407

RESUMO

The problem of bacterial resistance has become more and more common with improvements in health care. Worryingly, the misuse of antibiotics leads to an increase in bacterial multidrug resistance and the development of new antibiotics has virtually stalled. These challenges have prompted the need to combat bacterial infections with the use of radically different approaches. Taking lessons from the exciting properties of micro-/nano-natural-patterned surfaces, which can destroy cellular integrity, the construction of artificial surfaces to mimic natural functions provides new opportunities for the innovation and development of biomedicine. Due to the diversity of natural surfaces, functional surfaces inspired by natural surfaces have a wide range of applications in healthcare. Nature-inspired surface structures have emerged as an effective and durable strategy to prevent bacterial infection, opening a new way to alleviate the problem of bacterial drug resistance. The present situation of bactericidal and antifouling surfaces with natural and biomimetic micro-/nano-structures is briefly reviewed. In addition, these innovative nature-inspired methods are used to manufacture a variety of artificial surfaces to achieve extraordinary antibacterial properties. In particular, the physical antibacterial effect of nature-inspired surfaces and the functional mechanisms of chemical groups, small molecules, and ions are discussed, as well as the wide current and future applications of artificial biomimetic micro-/nano-surfaces. Current challenges and future development directions are also discussed at the end. In the future, controlling the use of micro-/nano-structures and their subsequent functions will lead to biomimetic surfaces offering great potential applications in biomedicine.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Nanoestruturas , Propriedades de Superfície , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle
18.
Adv Mater ; : e2404851, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742925

RESUMO

Photocatalytic synthesis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) from O2 and H2O under near-infrared light is a sustainable renewable energy production strategy, but challenging reaction. The bottleneck of this reaction lies in the regulation of O2 reduction path by photocatalyst. Herein, the center of the one-step two-electron reduction (OSR) pathway of O2 for H2O2 evolution via the formation of the hydroxyl-bonded Co single-atom sites on boroncarbonitride surface (BCN-OH2/Co1) is constructed. The experimental and theoretical prediction results confirm that the hydroxyl group on the surface and the electronic band structure of BCN-OH2/Co1 are the key factor in regulating the O2 reduction pathway. In addition, the hydroxyl-bonded Co single-atom sites can further enrich O2 molecules with more electrons, which can avoid the one-electron reduction of O2 to •O2 -, thus promoting the direct two-electron activation hydrogenation of O2. Consequently, BCN-OH2/Co1 exhibits a high H2O2 evolution apparent quantum efficiency of 0.8% at 850 nm, better than most of the previously reported photocatalysts. This study reveals an important reaction pathway for the generation of H2O2, emphasizing that precise control of the active site structure of the photocatalyst is essential for achieving efficient conversion of solar-to-chemical.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1400505, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38784817

RESUMO

Introduction: Cassia seeds, originating from the mature seeds of leguminous cassia species, possess pharmacological effects attributed to their rich composition of various active ingredients, notably anthraquinones. While current research predominantly focuses on pharmaceutical extractions, there has been limited progress in fermentation studies. Methods: Our study aimed to enhance the content of active compounds such as anthraquinones, flavonoids, and polyphenols using microbial fermentation techniques. We specifically optimized a fermentation system through a single-factor experimental design. Results: The antioxidant properties of the fermentation solution were validated through assays involving HaCaT cells and zebrafish. We observed effective suppression of inflammatory reactions in both RAW264.7 cells and transgenic zebrafish by the fermentation solution. Moreover, significant inhibition of tyrosinase activity and melanin production was evident in B16-F10 cells and zebrafish. Positive outcomes were also obtained in antibacterial assays and chick embryo experiments. Discussion: These findings highlight the potential of cassia seed fermentation solution as a safe and eco-friendly material in food chemistry and biomedical sciences.

20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(21): 14835-14843, 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728105

RESUMO

The transformation of carbon dioxide (CO2) into functional materials has garnered considerable worldwide interest. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), as a distinctive class of materials, have made great contributions to CO2 capture and conversion. However, facile conversion of CO2 to stable porous MOFs for CO2 utilization remains unexplored. Herein, we present a facile methodology of using CO2 to synthesize stable zirconium-based MOFs. Two zirconium-based MOFs CO2-Zr-DEP and CO2-Zr-DEDP with face-centered cubic topology were obtained via a sequential desilylation-carboxylation-coordination reaction. The MOFs exhibit excellent crystallinity, as verified through powder X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy analyses. They also have notable porosity with high surface area (SBET up to 3688 m2 g-1) and good CO2 adsorption capacity (up to 12.5 wt %). The resulting MOFs have abundant alkyne functional moieties, confirmed through 13C cross-polarization/magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared spectra. Leveraging the catalytic prowess of Ag(I) in diverse CO2-involved reactions, we incorporated Ag(I) into zirconium-based MOFs, capitalizing on their interactions with carbon-carbon π-bonds of alkynes, thereby forming a heterogeneous catalyst. This catalyst demonstrates outstanding efficiency in catalyzing the conversion of CO2 and propargylic alcohols into cyclic carbonates, achieving >99% yield at room temperature and atmospheric pressure conditions. Thus, this work provides a dual CO2 utilization strategy, encompassing the synthesis of CO2-based MOFs (20-24 wt % from CO2) and their subsequent application in CO2 capture and conversion processes. This approach significantly enhances overall CO2 utilization.

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