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J Neural Eng ; 21(1)2024 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335544


Objective.Dynamic functional network connectivity (dFNC), based on data-driven group independent component (IC) analysis, is an important avenue for investigating underlying patterns of certain brain diseases such as schizophrenia. Canonical polyadic decomposition (CPD) of a higher-way dynamic functional connectivity tensor, can offer an innovative spatiotemporal framework to accurately characterize potential dynamic spatial and temporal fluctuations. Since multi-subject dFNC data from sliding-window analysis are also naturally a higher-order tensor, we propose an innovative sparse and low-rank CPD (SLRCPD) for the three-way dFNC tensor to excavate significant dynamic spatiotemporal aberrant changes in schizophrenia.Approach.The proposed SLRCPD approach imposes two constraints. First, the L1regularization on spatial modules is applied to extract sparse but significant dynamic connectivity and avoid overfitting the model. Second, low-rank constraint is added on time-varying weights to enhance the temporal state clustering quality. Shared dynamic spatial modules, group-specific dynamic spatial modules and time-varying weights can be extracted by SLRCPD. The strength of connections within- and between-IC networks and connection contribution are proposed to inspect the spatial modules. K-means clustering and classification are further conducted to explore temporal group difference.Main results.82 subject resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) dataset and opening Center for Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) schizophrenia dataset both containing schizophrenia patients (SZs) and healthy controls (HCs) were utilized in our work. Three typical dFNC patterns between different brain functional regions were obtained. Compared to the spatial modules of HCs, the aberrant connections among auditory network, somatomotor, visual, cognitive control and cerebellar networks in 82 subject dataset and COBRE dataset were detected. Four temporal states reveal significant differences between SZs and HCs for these two datasets. Additionally, the accuracy values for SZs and HCs classification based on time-varying weights are larger than 0.96.Significance.This study significantly excavates spatio-temporal patterns for schizophrenia disease.

Mapeamento Encefálico , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Cerebelo