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2.
Curr Med Imaging ; 20: 1-11, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prediction power of MRI radiomics for microvascular invasion (MVI) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prediction performance of MRI radiomics for MVI in HCC. METHODS: Original studies focusing on preoperative prediction performance of MRI radiomics for MVI in HCC, were systematically searched from databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library. Radiomics quality score (RQS) and risk of bias of involved studies were evaluated. Meta-analysis was carried out to demonstrate the value of MRI radiomics for MVI prediction in HCC. Influencing factors of the prediction performance of MRI radiomics were identified by subgroup analyses. RESULTS: 13 studies classified as type 2a or above according to the Transparent Reporting of a Multivariable Prediction Model for Individual Prognosis or Diagnosis statement were eligible for this systematic review and meta-analysis. The studies achieved an average RQS of 14 (ranging from 11 to 17), accounting for 38.9% of the total points. MRI radiomics achieved a pooled sensitivity of 0.82 (95%CI: 0.78 - 0.86), specificity of 0.79 (95%CI: 0.76 - 0.83) and area under the summary receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.88 (95%CI: 0.84 - 0.91) to predict MVI in HCC. Radiomics models combined with clinical features achieved superior performances compared to models without the combination (AUC: 0.90 vs 0.85, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: MRI radiomics has the potential for preoperative prediction of MVI in HCC. Further studies with high methodological quality should be designed to improve the reliability and reproducibility of the radiomics models for clinical application. The systematic review and meta-analysis was registered prospectively in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (No. CRD42022333822).


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiômica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
3.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; PP2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412079

RESUMO

Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) can reflect spontaneous neural activities in the brain and is widely used for brain disorder analysis. Previous studies focus on extracting fMRI representations using machine/deep learning methods, but these features typically lack biological interpretability. The human brain exhibits a remarkable modular structure in spontaneous brain functional networks, with each module comprised of functionally interconnected brain regions-of-interest (ROIs). However, existing learning-based methods cannot adequately utilize such brain modularity prior. In this paper, we propose a brain modularity-constrained dynamic representation learning framework for interpretable fMRI analysis, consisting of dynamic graph construction, dynamic graph learning via a novel modularity-constrained graph neural network (MGNN), and prediction and biomarker detection. The designed MGNN is constrained by three core neurocognitive modules (i.e., salience network, central executive network, and default mode network), encouraging ROIs within the same module to share similar representations. To further enhance discriminative ability of learned features, we encourage the MGNN to preserve network topology of input graphs via a graph topology reconstruction constraint. Experimental results on 534 subjects with rs-fMRI scans from two datasets validate the effectiveness of the proposed method. The identified discriminative brain ROIs and functional connectivities can be regarded as potential fMRI biomarkers to aid in clinical diagnosis.

4.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(1): 1039-1060, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38223121

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the major infectious diseases in the world with a high incidence rate. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is a key and difficult challenge in the prevention and treatment of TB. Early, rapid, and accurate diagnosis of DR-TB is essential for selecting appropriate and personalized treatment and is an important means of reducing disease transmission and mortality. In recent years, imaging diagnosis of DR-TB has developed rapidly, but there is a lack of consistent understanding. To this end, the Infectious Disease Imaging Group, Infectious Disease Branch, Chinese Research Hospital Association; Infectious Diseases Group of Chinese Medical Association of Radiology; Digital Health Committee of China Association for the Promotion of Science and Technology Industrialization, and other organizations, formed a group of TB experts across China. The conglomerate then considered the Chinese and international diagnosis and treatment status of DR-TB, China's clinical practice, and evidence-based medicine on the methodological requirements of guidelines and standards. After repeated discussion, the expert consensus of imaging diagnosis of DR-PB was proposed. This consensus includes clinical diagnosis and classification of DR-TB, selection of etiology and imaging examination [mainly X-ray and computed tomography (CT)], imaging manifestations, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis. This expert consensus is expected to improve the understanding of the imaging changes of DR-TB, as a starting point for timely detection of suspected DR-TB patients, and can effectively improve the efficiency of clinical diagnosis and achieve the purpose of early diagnosis and treatment of DR-TB.

5.
Ren Fail ; 45(2): 2287129, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38073119

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Investigate the mechanism of how sodium butyrate (NaBut) improves mitochondrial function and kidney tissue injury in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) via the AMPK/PGC-1α pathway. METHODS: Assess the effects of NaBut on glucose and insulin tolerance, urine, and gut microbial composition in db/db and db/m mice. Use flow cytometry and western blotting to detect the effects of NaBut on apoptosis, kidney mitochondrial function, and AMPK/PGC-1α signaling. Use HK-2 cells induced by high glucose (HG) to establish the DKD model in vitro and detect changes in the AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway and mitochondrial function after NaBut intervention. RESULTS: NaBut attenuated blood glucose levels and reversed increases in urine and serum levels of glucose, BUN, Ucr, TG, TC, and UAE in db/db mice. NaBut improved insulin tolerance, reversed PGC-1α and p-AMPK expression level in the kidneys of db/db mice, and improved lipid accumulation and mitochondrial function. NaBut was able to reverse the effects of elevated glucose, compound C, and siRNA-PGC on ROS and ATP levels. Additionally, it increased protein expression of PGC-1α and p-AMPK. CONCLUSION: NaBut activates the kidney mitochondrial AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway and improves mitochondrial dysfunction in DKD, thus protecting kidney tissue in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Insulinas , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Ácido Butírico/farmacologia , Ácido Butírico/uso terapêutico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Insulinas/metabolismo , Rim , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo
6.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 13(12): 7741-7752, 2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38106265

RESUMO

Background: In patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis, it is important to predict those at high-risk of oesophagogastric variceal haemorrhage (OVH) to decide upon prophylactic treatment. Our published model developed with right liver lobe volume and diameters of portal vein system did not incorporate maximum variceal size as a factor. This study thus aimed to develop an improved model based on right liver lobe volume, diameters of maximum oesophagogastric varices (OV) and portal vein system obtained at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to predict OVH. Methods: Two hundred and thirty consecutive individuals with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis undergoing abdominal enhanced MRI were randomly grouped into training (n=160) and validation sets (n=70). OVH was confirmed in 51 and 23 participants in the training and validation sets during 2-year follow-up period, respectively. Spleen, total liver, right lobe, caudate lobe, left lateral lobe, and left medial lobe volumes, together with diameters of maximum OV and portal venous system were measured on MRI. In the training set, univariate analyses and binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine independent predictors. The performance of the model for predicting OVH constructed based on independent predictors from the training set was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and validated in the validation set. Results: The model for predicting OVH was established based on right liver lobe volume and diameters of the maximum OV, left gastric vein, and portal vein [odds ratio (OR) =0.991, 2.462, 1.434, and 1.582, respectively; all P values <0.05]. The logistic regression model equation [-0.009 × right liver lobe volume + 0.901 × maximum OV diameter (MOVD) + 0.361 × left gastric vein diameter (LGVD) + 0.459 × portal vein diameter (PVD) - 7.842] with a cutoff value of -0.656 for predicting OVH obtained excellent performance with an area under ROC curve (AUC) of 0.924 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.878-0.971]. The Delong test showed negative statistical difference in the model performance between the training and validation sets, with a P value >0.99. Conclusions: The model could help well screen those patients at high risk of OVH for timely intervention and avoiding the fatal complications.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(46): e35664, 2023 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37986328

RESUMO

Growing evidence supports an oncogenic role for glucoside xylosyltransferase 2 (GXYLT2) in a number of malignancies. To evaluate the prognostic value and oncogenic function of GXYLT2 in diverse cancer types, we analyzed sequencing data from public databases on 33 tumor tissues and their corresponding normal tissues. We found that GXYLT2 was overexpressed in a number of tumors, and that its expression was positively correlated with disease progression and mortality in several major cancer types including stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD). GXYLT2 was also linked to tumor size, grade, and the immune and molecular subtypes of STAD. GO and KEGG pathway analyses of GXYLT2 co-expressed genes in STAD suggested that GXYLT2 possibly plays a role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition, extracellular matrix production and degradation, angiogenesis, apoptosis, as well as in tumor inflammation, such as cytokine production and T cell activation. Finally, prognostic nomograms were created and validated for predicting 1, 3, and 5-year survival of patients with STAD. Our findings indicate that GXYLT2 may play a role in tumorigenesis and tumor immunity, and it may serve as a prognostic marker and potential immunotherapeutic target for STAD and some other types of cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Carcinogênese/genética , Progressão da Doença , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
8.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 78: 100264, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37562218

RESUMO

The power of computed tomography (CT) radiomics for preoperative prediction of microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) demonstrated in current research is variable. This systematic review and meta-analysis aim to evaluate the value of CT radiomics for MVI prediction in HCC, and to investigate the methodologic quality in the workflow of radiomics research. Databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched. The methodologic quality of included studies was assessed. Validation data from studies with Transparent Reporting of a Multivariable Prediction Model for Individual Prognosis or Diagnosis (TRIPOD) statement type 2a or above were extracted for meta-analysis. Eleven studies were included, among which nine were eligible for meta-analysis. Radiomics quality scores of the enrolled eleven studies varied from 6 to 17, accounting for 16.7%-47.2% of the total points, with an average score of 14. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and Area Under the summary receiver operator Characteristic Curve (AUC) were 0.82 (95% CI 0.77-0.86), 0.79 (95% CI 0.75-0.83), and 0.87 (95% CI 0.84-0.91) for the predictive performance of CT radiomics, respectively. Meta-regression and subgroup analyses showed radiomics model based on 3D tumor segmentation, and deep learning model achieved superior performances compared to 2D segmentation and non-deep learning model, respectively (AUC: 0.93 vs. 0.83, and 0.97 vs. 0.83, respectively). This study proves that CT radiomics could predict MVI in HCC. The heterogeneity of the included studies precludes a definition of the role of CT radiomics in predicting MVI, but methodology warrants uniformization in the radiology community regarding radiomics in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Bases de Dados Factuais , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 23(1): 292, 2023 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37653392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several proteins in the tripartite-motif (TRIM) family are associated with the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), but research on the role of TRIM69 was lacking. The present study examined the correlation between TRIM69 expression and colon adenocarcinoma (COAD). METHODS: mRNA sequencing data for COAD patients was extracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas to analyze correlations between TRIM69 expression and patients' clinical features as well as survival. Potential associations with immune cells and chemosensitivity also were predicted using various algorithms in the TIMER, Limma, clusterProfiler, GeneMANIA, and Gene Set Cancer Analysis platforms. Subsequently, polymerase chain reaction analysis and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect TRIM69 expression in COAD tissue samples from real-world patients. RESULTS: TRIM69 expression was lower in COAD tissues than in normal tissues and correlated with the pathologic stage and metastasis (M category). Additionally, TRIM69 was found to be involved in several immune-related pathways, notably the NOD-like signaling pathway. These results suggest that high TRIM69 expression has the potential to enhance tumor sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blockers. CONCLUSIONS: From our findings that TRIM69 expression was significantly reduced in COAD compared with non-cancer tissues and associated with pathologic stage and metastasis, we conclude that increasing TRIM69 expression and/or activity may help to improve therapeutic outcomes. Accordingly, TRIM69 represents a potentially valuable marker of metastasis and target for adjuvant therapy in COAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias do Colo , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Algoritmos , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética
10.
Front Plant Sci ; 14: 1129508, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37313258

RESUMO

Huanglongbing (HLB), the most prevalent citrus disease worldwide, is responsible for substantial yield and economic losses. Phytobiomes, which have critical effects on plant health, are associated with HLB outcomes. The development of a refined model for predicting HLB outbreaks based on phytobiome markers may facilitate early disease detection, thus enabling growers to minimize damages. Although some investigations have focused on differences in the phytobiomes of HLB-infected citrus plants and healthy ones, individual studies are inappropriate for generating common biomarkers useful for detecting HLB on a global scale. In this study, we therefore obtained bacterial information from several independent datasets representing hundreds of citrus samples from six continents and used these data to construct HLB prediction models based on 10 machine learning algorithms. We detected clear differences in the phyllosphere and rhizosphere microbiomes of HLB-infected and healthy citrus samples. Moreover, phytobiome alpha diversity indices were consistently higher for healthy samples. Furthermore, the contribution of stochastic processes to citrus rhizosphere and phyllosphere microbiome assemblies decreased in response to HLB. Comparison of all constructed models indicated that a random forest model based on 28 bacterial genera in the rhizosphere and a bagging model based on 17 bacterial species in the phyllosphere predicted the health status of citrus plants with almost 100% accuracy. Our results thus demonstrate that machine learning models and phytobiome biomarkers may be applied to evaluate the health status of citrus plants.

11.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 36(4): 320-5, 2023 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37087619

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical effect of intermittent flap opening technique in L-shaped incision of calcaneal fracture. METHODS: From January 2017 to January 2019, 48 patients with Sanders typeⅡ to Ⅳ calcaneal fractures were treated by open reduction and internal fixation. According to different flap opening techniques, the patients were divided into control group and observation group, 24 patients in each group. In observation group, there were 17 males and 7 females, aged from 20 to 60 years old with an average of(45.12±9.56) years old;7 patients were typeⅡ, 10 patients were type Ⅲ and 7 patients were type Ⅳ according to Sanders classification;3 patients were C0, 16 patients were C1 and 5 patients were C2 according to Tscherne-Gotzen soft-tissue assessment;treated with intermittent flap technique. In control group, there were 19 males and 5 females aged from 20 to 60 years old with an average of (47.32±10.67) years old;7 patients were typeⅡ, 11 patients were type Ⅲ and 6 patients were type Ⅳ according to Sanders classification;2 patients were C0, 18 patients were C1 and 4 patients were C2 according to Tschemc-Gotzen soft-tissue assessment;treated with static flap opening technique. Operation time, flap retraction time, changes of Böhler angle and Gissane angle before and after operation at 3 days, and occurrence of incision complications were observed and compared between two groups. RESULTS: All patients were followed up from 3 to 6 months with an average of(4.52±1.01) months. There were no significant differences in operation time, changes of Böhler angle and Gissane angle before and after operation at 3 days between the two groups(P>0.05);there was statistical difference in flap retraction time between two groups(P<0.05). Occurrence of incision complications in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Intermittent flap opening technique is superior to static opening technique in reducing incision complications of lateral "L" approach of calcaneus. Single Kirschner wire opening does not affect the exposure, reduction and fixation of fracture during operation.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Calcâneo , Traumatismos do Pé , Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos do Joelho , Ferida Cirúrgica , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Calcâneo/cirurgia
12.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 58(6): 1882-1891, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37118972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The combination of radiomics and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) may have potential clinical value in the early stage of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). PURPOSE: To investigate the value of DTI-based radiomics in the early stage of HAND in people living with HIV (PLWH). STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: A total of 138 male PLWH were included, including 68 with intact cognition (IC) and 70 with asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI). Seventy healthy controls (HCs) were recruited for tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) analysis. All PLWHs were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts at a 7:3 ratio. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3 T, single-shot spin-echo echo planar imaging (EPI). ASSESSMENT: The differences between the PLWH groups were compared using TBSS and region of interest (ROI) analysis. Radiomic features were extracted from the corpus callosum (CC) on DTI postprocessed images, including fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), mean diffusivity (MD), and radial diffusivity (RD). The performance of the radiomic signatures was evaluated by ROC curve analysis. The radiomic signature with the highest area under the curve (AUC) was combined with clinical characteristics to construct a nomogram. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was performed to evaluate the ability of different methods in discriminating ANI. STATISTICAL TESTS: Chi-square test, independent-samples t test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, threshold-free cluster enhancement (TFCE), ROC curve analysis, DCA, multivariate logistic regression analysis, Hosmer-Lemeshow test. P < 0.05 with TFCE corrected and P < 0.0001 without TFCE corrected were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The ANI group showed lower FA and higher AD than the IC group. In the validation cohort, the AUCs of the FA-, AD-, MD- and RD-based radiomic signatures and the clinicoradiomic nomogram were 0.829, 0.779, 0.790, 0.864, and 0.874, respectively. DCA revealed that the nomogram was of greater clinical value than TBSS analysis, the clinical models, and the RD-based radiomic signature. DATA CONCLUSION: The combination of DTI and radiomics is correlated with early stage of HAND in PLWH. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 3. TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.


Assuntos
Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Infecções por HIV , Humanos , Masculino , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , HIV , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/etiologia , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/complicações , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Precoce
13.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 36(2): 161-4, 2023 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36825418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of needle-guided percutaneous cannulated compression screw fixation in the treatment of acute non-displaced scaphoid fracture of wrist. METHODS: The clinic data of twenty-eight patients with acute non-displaced scaphoid fracture from January 2014 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the intraoperative method of placement of cannulated screw, they were divided into Guide group(16 patients)and Conventional group(12 patients). There were 13 males and 3 females in Guide group, aged from 20 to 60 years old with an average of(31.42±9.71)years old;5 patients were classified as type A2, 3 patients were classified as type B1 and 8 patients were classified as type B2 according to Herbert classification;they were treated with percutaneous cannulated compression screw fixation under the guidance of needle. There were 11 males and 1 female in Conventional group, aged from 23 to 61 years old with an average of(30.51±7.52)years old;5 patients were classified as type A2, 2 patients were classified as type B1 and 5 patients were classified as type B2 according to Herbert classification;they were treated with conventional percutaneous cannulated compression screw fixation. The operation time, screw angle relative to the longitudinal axis of the scaphoid and wrist function score were assessed and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 28 patients were followed up from 20 to 45 months with an average of (33.00±8.72) months. None of patients had intraoperative complication and incision infection. These patients returned to work gradually 2 weeks after operation, and all fractures healed within 12 weeks. The operation time in the Guide group was significantly less than that in the Conventinal group(P<0.05). Screw angle relative to the longitudinal axis of the scaphoid in the Guide group was significantly smaller than that in the Conventional group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in Mayo wrist function scores at the last follow-up between the two groups(P>0.05). During the follow-up period, none of the 28 patients showed internal fixation displacement, arthritis, scaphoid necrosis and other complications. CONCLUSION: In the treatment of acute non-displaced scaphoid fractures, the operation time of needle-guided percutaneous cannulated headless compression screw fixation is significantly shorter than that of conventional percutaneous screw fixation, and the screw axis is easier to be parallel to the longitudinal axis of the scaphoid.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Osso Escafoide , Traumatismos do Punho , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Osso Escafoide/cirurgia , Punho , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seringas , Traumatismos do Punho/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Parafusos Ósseos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Med Virol ; 95(2): e28514, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661040

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the association between air pollutants and outpatient visits for influenza-like illnesses (ILI) under the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) stage in the subcenter of Beijing. The data on ILI in the subcenter of Beijing from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020 were obtained from the Beijing Influenza Surveillance Network. A generalized additive Poisson model was applied to examine the associations between the concentrations of air pollutants and daily outpatient visits for ILI when controlling meteorological factors and temporal trend. A total of 171 943 ILI patients were included. In the pre-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) stage, an increased risk of ILI outpatient visits was associated to a high air quality index (AQI) and the high concentrations of particulate matter less than 2.5 (PM2.5 ), particulate matter 10 (PM10 ), sulphur dioxide (SO2 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ), and carbon monoxide (CO), and a low concentration of ozone (O3 ) on lag0 day and lag1 day, while a higher increased risk of ILI outpatient visits was observed by the air pollutants in the COVID-19 stage on lag0 day. Except for PM10 , the concentrations of other air pollutants on lag1 day were not significantly associated with an increased risk of ILI outpatient visits during the COVID-19 stage. The findings that air pollutants had enhanced immediate effects and diminished lag-effects on the risk of ILI outpatient visits during the COVID-19 pandemic, which is important for the development of public health and environmental governance strategies.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , COVID-19 , Influenza Humana , Humanos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Pequim , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Pandemias , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Política Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise , China/epidemiologia
15.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 247: 114076, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427387

RESUMO

Air pollutants can cause serious harm to human health and a variety of respiratory diseases. This study aimed to explore the associations between air pollutants and outpatient visits for influenza-like illness (ILI) under urbanization process in the sub-center of Beijing. The data of ILI in sub-center of Beijing from April 1, 2014 to December 31, 2020 were obtained from Beijing Influenza Surveillance Network. A generalized additive Poisson model was applied to examine the associations between the concentrations of air pollutants and daily outpatient visits for ILI when controlling meteorological factors and holidays. A total of 322,559 patients with ILI were included. The results showed that in the early urbanization period, the effects of PM2.5, PM10, SO2, O3, and CO on lag0 day, and PM2.5, PM10, O3, and CO on lag1 day were not significant. In the later urbanization period, AQI and the concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2 and CO on lag1 day were all significantly associated with an increased risk of outpatient visits for ILI, which increased by 0.34% (95%CI 0.23%, 0.45%), 0.42% (95%CI 0.29%, 0.56%), 0.44% (95%CI 0.33%, 0.55%), 0.36% (95%CI 0.24%, 0.49%), 0.91% (95%CI 0.62%, 1.21%) and 0.38% (95%CI 0.26%, 0.49%). The concentration of O3 on lag1 day was significantly associated with a decreased risk of outpatient visits for ILI, which decreased by 0.21% (95%CI 0.04%, 0.39%). We found that the urbanization process had significantly aggravated the impact of air pollutants on ILI outpatient visits. These findings expand the current knowledge of ILI outpatient visits correlated with air pollutants under urbanization process.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Influenza Humana , Viroses , Humanos , Urbanização , Pequim/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Material Particulado
16.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(7): 1542-1547, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571360

RESUMO

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome infection can lead to cognitive dysfunction represented by changes in the default mode network. Most recent studies have been cross-sectional and thus have not revealed dynamic changes in the default mode network following acquired immune deficiency syndrome infection and antiretroviral therapy. Specifically, when brain imaging data at only one time point are analyzed, determining the duration at which the default mode network is the most effective following antiretroviral therapy after the occurrence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. However, because infection times and other factors are often uncertain, longitudinal studies cannot be conducted directly in the clinic. Therefore, in this study, we performed a longitudinal study on the dynamic changes in the default mode network over time in a rhesus monkey model of simian immunodeficiency virus infection. We found marked changes in default mode network connectivity in 11 pairs of regions of interest at baseline and 10 days and 4 weeks after virus inoculation. Significant interactions between treatment and time were observed in the default mode network connectivity of regions of interest pairs area 31/V6.R and area 8/frontal eye field (FEF). L, area 8/FEF.L and caudal temporal parietal occipital area (TPOC).R, and area 31/V6.R and TPOC.L. ART administered 4 weeks after infection not only interrupted the progress of simian immunodeficiency virus infection but also preserved brain function to a large extent. These findings suggest that the default mode network is affected in the early stage of simian immunodeficiency virus infection and that it may serve as a potential biomarker for early changes in brain function and an objective indicator for making early clinical intervention decisions.

17.
Eur Radiol ; 33(2): 1378-1387, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a novel logistic regression model based on liver/spleen volumes and portal vein diameter measured on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for predicting oesophagogastric variceal bleeding (OVB) secondary to HBV cirrhosis. METHODS: One hundred eighty-five consecutive cirrhotic patients with hepatitis B undergoing abdominal contrast-enhanced MRI were randomly divided into training cohort (n = 130) and validation cohort (n = 55). Spleen volume, total liver volume, four liver lobe volumes, and diameters of portal venous system were measured on MRI. Ratios of spleen volume to total liver and to individual liver lobe volumes were calculated. In training cohort, univariate analyses and binary logistic regression analyses were to determine independent predictors. Performance of the model for predicting OVB constructed based on independent predictors from training cohort was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, and was validated by Kappa test in validation cohort. RESULTS: OVB occurred in 42 and 18 individuals in training and validation cohorts during the 2 years' follow-up, respectively. An OVB prediction model was constructed based on the independent predictors including right liver lobe volume (RV), left gastric vein diameter (LGVD) and portal vein diameter (PVD) (odds ratio = 0.993, 2.202 and 1.613, respectively; p-values < 0.001 for all). The logistic regression model equation (-0.007 × RV + 0.79 × LGVD + 0.478 × PVD-6.73) for predicting OVB obtained excellent performance with an area under ROC curve of 0.907. The excellent performance was confirmed by Kappa test with K-value of 0.802 in validation cohort. CONCLUSION: The novel logistic regression model can be reliable for predicting OVB. KEY POINTS: • Patients with oesophagogastric variceal bleeding are mainly characterized by decreased right lobe volume, and increased spleen volume and diameters of portal vein system. • The right liver lobe volume, left gastric vein diameter and portal vein diameter are the independent predictors of oesophagogastric variceal bleeding. • The novel model developed based on the independent predictors performed well in predicting oesophagogastric variceal bleeding with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.907.


Assuntos
Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Veia Porta , Humanos , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Vírus da Hepatite B , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/complicações , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Baço/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
18.
Clinics ; 78: 100264, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1506008

RESUMO

Abstract The power of computed tomography (CT) radiomics for preoperative prediction of microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) demonstrated in current research is variable. This systematic review and meta-analysis aim to evaluate the value of CT radiomics for MVI prediction in HCC, and to investigate the methodologic quality in the workflow of radiomics research. Databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched. The methodologic quality of included studies was assessed. Validation data from studies with Transparent Reporting of a Multivariable Prediction Model for Individual Prognosis or Diagnosis (TRIPOD) statement type 2a or above were extracted for meta-analysis. Eleven studies were included, among which nine were eligible for meta-analysis. Radiomics quality scores of the enrolled eleven studies varied from 6 to 17, accounting for 16.7%-47.2% of the total points, with an average score of 14. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and Area Under the summary receiver operator Characteristic Curve (AUC) were 0.82 (95% CI 0.77-0.86), 0.79 (95% CI 0.75-0.83), and 0.87 (95% CI 0.84-0.91) for the predictive performance of CT radiomics, respectively. Meta-regression and subgroup analyses showed radiomics model based on 3D tumor segmentation, and deep learning model achieved superior performances compared to 2D segmentation and non-deep learning model, respectively (AUC: 0.93 vs. 0.83, and 0.97 vs. 0.83, respectively). This study proves that CT radiomics could predict MVI in HCC. The heterogeneity of the included studies precludes a definition of the role of CT radiomics in predicting MVI, but methodology warrants uniformization in the radiology community regarding radiomics in HCC.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(38): e30616, 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36197258

RESUMO

To evaluate whether combinations of liver lobe and spleen volumes obtained on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could predict esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EVB) in hepatitis B-related cirrhotic patients. Ninety-six consecutive patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis underwent upper abdominal contrast-enhanced MRI within 1 week after initial hospitalization, and grouped based on outcomes of EVB during the 2 years' follow-up after being discharged. Total liver volume (TLV), spleen volume (SV) and 4 liver lobe volumes including right lobe volume (RV), left medial lobe volume (LMV), left lateral lobe volume (LLV), and caudate lobe volume (CV) were measured on MRI. Percentages of individual liver lobe volumes in TLV (including RV/TLV, LMV/TLV, LLV/TLV, and CV/TLV), ratios of SV to individual liver lobe volumes (including SV/RV, SV/LMV, SV/LLV, and SV/CV), and SV/TLV were statistically analyzed to predict EVB. Patients with EVB had lower RV than without EVB (P value = .001), whereas no differences in LMV, LLV, CV, and TLV were found (P values >.05 for all). Among percentages of individual liver lobe volumes in TLV, RV/TLV was lower whereas LMV/TLV and LLV/TLV were greater in patients with EVB than without EVB (P values <.05 for all). SV, ratios of SV to individual liver lobe volumes, and SV/TLV in patients with EVB were larger than without EVB (P values <.05 for all). Among parameters with difference between patients with and without EVB, SV/RV could best predict EVB with an area under receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.84. SV/RV could best predict EVB in hepatitis B-related cirrhotic patients.


Assuntos
Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Hepatite B , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/patologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/patologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Prospectivos , Baço/diagnóstico por imagem , Baço/patologia
20.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 401, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic chronic autoimmune disease; cellular glutamine metabolism in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) of RA was known to be essential for RA pathogenesis and progression. NEAT1, a long non-coding RNA, functions as an oncogene in diverse cancers. The exact roles and molecular mechanisms of NEAT1 in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) of RA patients are unknown. METHODS: Expression of NEAT1 and miR-338-3p was measured by qRT-PCR. lncRNA-miRNA and miRNA-mRNA interactions were predicted from starBase and validated by RNA pull-down and luciferase assay. The glutamine metabolism of FLSs was evaluated by glutamine uptake and glutaminase activity. Cell death in FLSs in response to H2O2 was assessed by MTT and Annexin V assays. RESULTS: NEAT1 was significantly upregulated, and miR-338-3p was significantly downregulated in FLSs from RA patients compared to normal FLSs. Silencing of NEAT1 and overexpression of miR-338-3p suppressed glutamine metabolism in FLSs-RA and promoted H2O2-induced apoptosis. Bioinformatics analysis showed that NEAT1 sponges miR-338-3p to form competing endogenous RNA (ceRNAs), which was verified by RNA pull-down assay and luciferase assay FLSs-RA had an increased rate of glutamine metabolism compared to normal FLSs increased compared to normal FLSs. The results confirmed that GLS (Glutaminase), a key enzyme in glutamine metabolism, is a direct target of miR-338-3p in FLSs-RA. miR-338-3p inhibition of glutamine metabolism was verified by rescue experiments verified. Finally, restoration of miR-338-3p in FLSs-RA expressing NEAT1 overcomes NEAT1-promoted glutamine metabolism and resistance to apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals the essential role and molecular targets of NEAT1-regulated glutamine metabolism and FLSs-RA dysfunction in fibroblast-like synoviocytes of RA and indicates that blocking the molecular pathway via non-coding RNAs may be beneficial for RA patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Sinoviócitos , Apoptose/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Proliferação de Células/genética , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Glutaminase/genética , Glutaminase/metabolismo , Glutamina/metabolismo , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Sinoviócitos/metabolismo
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