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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 251: 117115, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142650

RESUMO

Mannans are functional polysaccharides with unique biological activities that have been employed widely in food, medicine and pharmaceutics. Recent breakthroughs in plant polysaccharide metabolism identified numerous genes involved in the biosynthesis of mannans. However, constructing highly efficient low-cost microbial cell factories to produce low-molecular-weight (LMW) mannans remains challenging. In this work, we designed a de novo mannan synthetic pathway in food-grade Bacillus subtilis, resulting in mannan accumulation of 0.97 g/L. By co-expressing the identified committed genes (manC, manB, manA and pgi), mannan production was significantly increased to 2.5 g/L. Furthermore, by redirecting the carbon flux using a glucose-repressed promoter to control pfkA expression, mannan production was substantially increased to 4.1 g/L. Production was further enhanced to 12.6 g/L (average MW 6370 Da) in 3-L fed-batch fermentation. This work provides alternative synthetic pathways for metabolic engineering of LMW mannans in B. subtilis, and a useful, optimisable approach to enhance mannans production.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113452, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069789

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zhizhu Xiang (ZZX for short) is the root and rhizome of Valeriana jatamansi Jones, which is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) used to treat various mood disorders for more than 2000 years, especially anxiety. However, there have been few investigations to clarify the compounds in ZZX for the treatment of anxiety. AIM OF THE STUDY: Our previous study has identified five anti-anxiety components, including hesperidin, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid B and isochlorogenic acid C and chlorogenic acid, from extract of ZZX. In order to find the optimal combination and the underlying mechanism of these five components in the treatment of anxiety disorder, researches were designed based on uniform design method and proteomic technology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The samples with different proportion and content of the five active components were arranged by uniform design method. Then a mathematical model was formulated using partial least square method and stepwise regression analysis. Moreover, the empty bottle stress-induced anxiety rat model was established, and the anti-anxiety effect was recorded by the unconditioned reflex elevated maze test and the open field test. In addition, the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) technique, along with the multidimensional liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry were applied in proteomic study. At last, the result of proteomic analysis was further confirmed by Western blot. RESULTS: The optimal combination of the components from the extract of ZZX was 1.153 mg/kg hesperidin, 2.197 mg/kg Isochlorogenic acid A, 0.699 mg/kg Isochlorogenic acid B and 1.249 mg/kg Chlorogenic acid. Total 6818 proteins were identified using proteomic analysis and 80 differentially expressed proteins were used for further bioinformatic analysis. These proteins were involved in the neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, protein digestion and absorption, cholesterol metabolism, Chagas disease, and AGE/RAGE signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: The composition and proportion of anti-anxiety components in extract of ZZX was disclosed, and there was an anti-anxiety effect for the combined components of flavonoids and phenolic acids. Through proteomic analysis and Western blot, it was found that the effective components of extract of ZZX can exert synergistic anti-anxiety effects via the regulation of multi-signaling pathways. These findings could provide a preliminary research basis for the development of new low-toxic, efficient, stable and controllable anti-anxiety drugs.

3.
Food Chem ; 340: 128209, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032146

RESUMO

To improve the stabilities of low methoxy pectin (LMP) stabilized O/W emulsions for the delivery of bioactive substances, LMP was firstly modified with soy peptide (SP), corn peptide (CP) and whey protein peptide (WPP), respectively, by using dry-heat method, then the properties of LMP-peptide complexes stabilized O/W emulsions were characterized and the in vitro digestion of emulsions with ß-carotene was test to evaluate the potential applications. LMP-peptide complexes were formed by covalent bonds according to FT-IR spectroscopy. Compared to LMP stabilized emulsions, LMP-peptide complexes stabilized emulsions had smaller droplet sizes and higher stabilities in the changed pH value, temperature and ionic strength. Based on the results of in vitro digestion tests, LMP-SP and LMP-WPP obtained by incubating LMP with peptides at 60 °C for 12 h at the weight ratio of 4:1 were more suitable for the preparation of O/W emulsions to deliver camellia oil and ß-carotene.

4.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124156, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010718

RESUMO

A new process for the production of furfuryl alcohol from corncob was constructed by using deep eutectic solvents and whole cell catalysis in this paper. Firstly, the corncob was treated with deep eutectic solvents to convert the xylan into furfural, and then the pretreated corncob residue was enzymatically hydrolyzed to obtain a glucose-rich enzymatic hydrolysate, which was used to provide NADH for Bacillus coagulans NL01 during the process of furfural reduction. The furfural yield could reach 46% using the selected choline chloride-oxalic acid as catalysts and corncob as substrate under the optimized catalytic condition at 120 °C for 30 min. The final furfuryl alcohol yield of 20.7% was achieved with corncob as substrate. Moreover, this catalytic system realized the recycling of deep eutectic solvents three times, the high-value production of furfuryl alcohol, and the comprehensive utilization of corncob.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 754: 141867, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898779

RESUMO

Ammonia and thermal stress frequently have harmful effects on aquatic animals. The intestine is an important barrier allowing the body to defend against stress. In this study, we investigated the intestinal microbiota and transcriptomic and metabolomic responses of Litopenaeus vannamei subjected to individual and combined ammonia and thermal stress. The results showed that obvious variation in the intestinal microbiota was observed after stress exposure, with increased levels of Firmicutes and decreased levels of Bacteroidetes and Planctomycetes. Several genera of putatively beneficial bacteria (Demequina, Weissella and Bacteroides) were abundant, while Formosa, Kriegella, Ruegeria, Rhodopirellula and Lutimonas were decreased; pathogenic bacteria of the genus Vibrio were increased under individual stress but decreased under combined stress. The intestinal transcriptome revealed several immune-related differentially expressed genes associated with the peritrophic membrane and antimicrobial processes in contrasting accessions. Haemolymph metabolomic analysis showed that stress exposure disturbed the metabolic processes of the shrimp, especially amino acid metabolism. This study provides insight into the underlying mechanisms associated with the intestinal microbiota, immunity and metabolism of L.vannamei in response to ammonia and thermal stress; ten stress-related metabolite markers were identified, including L-lactic acid, gulonic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, l-lysine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, methylmalonic acid, trans-cinnamate, N-acetylserotonin, adenine, and dihydrouracil.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 582(Pt B): 1021-1032, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927169

RESUMO

A new broad-spectrum responsive organic-inorganic hybrid photocatalyst (PI@BWO) was successfully prepared by in-situ growing Bi2WO6 nanosheets onto the surface of π-π stacking perylene imide. The obtained PI@BWO hybrids with different composition exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity for Bisphenol A (BPA) degradation. Among them, 30% PI@BWO exhibited optimal photocatalytic degradation efficiency, which is 2.6 and 3.9 times higher than that of pristine PI and BWO, respectively. Furthermore, PI@BWO also performed good stability and recyclability. Remarkably, the π-conjugation of PI facilitated the separation of charge carriers and improved the utilization of sunlight for PI@BWO. The introduction of BWO nanosheets also enhanced the adsorption capacity for contaminants and provided much more plentiful active sites, promoting the next photocatalytic reaction. Most importantly, PI@BWO could produce abundant reactive species (such as 1O2 and ·OH) via the charge carrier transfer and energy transfer dual transfer approach, therefore leading to stronger oxidation ability. The photocatalytic degradation mechanism and pathway of the PI@BWO hybrids were finally proposed. Overall, this present work might provide a new insight into the designing and preparation of efficient organic-inorganic hybrid photocatalysts for environmental-friendly removal of hazardous organic pollutants.

7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 113286, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827658

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Crocodile oil has been used by traditional physicians around the world to treat wound healing and inflammation. However, the scientific rationale and mechanism behind its use in vivo has not been fully researched. AIMS OF THE STUDY: We mainly investigated the mechanism during crocodile oil treatment of up-regulated growth factor expression and anti-inflammatory on burn wound healing in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The moisture and nitric oxide (NO) levels in the skin of rats were analyzed in the first 14 days after burn and the changes of the structure of the skin tissues in the wound healing were studied by hematoxylin-eosin (H.E.) staining within 21 days after scald. The inflammatory factor on burn wound healing in rats was dected by ELISA kits and Q-PCR. the expression of a variety of growth factors (TGF-ß1, VEGE-α, EGF) and PCNA in the skin tissue after burns was evaluated using immunohistochemistry. The down-regulated phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in the wound healing was confirmed by Western-blot analysis. In addition, TEM was used to observe the ultrastructure of scalded skin. RESULTS: This study showed that crocodile oil could significantly reduce the protein and mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6. And it was found that the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK was down-regulated in the wound healing (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, crocodile oil can promote the expression of a variety of growth factors (TGF-ß1, VEGE-α, EGF) and PCNA in the skin tissue after burns, and promote the repair of collagen fibers in the dermis, preventing the production of melanin and maintain the appearance of repaired skin.

8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 113391, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931880

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As the largest genus of Gentianaceae family, the Gentiana genus harbors over 400 species, widely distributed in the alpine areas of temperate regions worldwide. Plants from Gentiana genus are traditionally used to treat a wide variety of diseases including easing pain dispelling rheumatism, and treating liver jaundice, chronic pharyngitis and arthritis in China since ancient times. In this review, a systematic and constructive overview of the traditional uses, phytochemistry, molecular mechanisms, toxicology and pharmacological activities of the researched species of genus Gentiana is provided. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The used information in this review is based on various databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Wiley online library, Wanfang Data, Web of Science) through a search using the keyword "Gentiana" in the period of 1981-2019. Besides, other ethnopharmacological information was acquired from Chinese herbal classic books and Chinese pharmacopoeia 2015 edition. RESULTS: The plants from Gentiana genus have a long tradition of various medicinal uses in Europe and Asia. Phytochemical studies showed that the main bioactive components isolated from this genus includes iridoids xanthones and flavonoids. These compounds and extracts isolated from this genus show a wide range of protective activities including hepatic protection, gastrointestinal protection, cardiovascular protection, immunomodulation, joint protection, pulmonary protection, bone protection and reproductive protection. Molecular mechanism studies also indicated several potential therapeutic targets in the treatment of certain diseases by plants from this genus. Besides, natural products from this plant show no significant animal toxicity, cytotoxicity or genotoxicity. CONCLUSION: This review summarized the traditional medicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and molecular mechanism of genus Gentiana, providing references and research tendency for plant-based drug development and further clinical studies.

9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185088

RESUMO

The discovery of novel succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors (SDHIs) has attracted great attention worldwide. Herein, a fragment recombination strategy was proposed to design new SDHIs by understanding the ligand-receptor interaction mechanism of SDHIs. Three fragments, pyrazine from pyraziflumid, diphenyl-ether from flubeneteram, and a prolonged amide linker from pydiflumetofen and fluopyram, were identified and recombined to produce a pyrazine-carboxamide-diphenyl-ether scaffold as a new SDHI. After substituent optimization, compound 6y was successfully identified with good inhibitory activity against porcine SDH, which was about 2-fold more potent than pyraziflumid. Furthermore, compound 6y exhibited 95% and 80% inhibitory rates against soybean gray mold and wheat powdery mildew at a dosage of 100 mg/L in vivo assay, respectively. The results of the present work showed that the pyrazine-carboxamide-diphenyl-ether scaffold could be used as a new starting point for the discovery of new SDHIs.

10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9791608, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33195700

RESUMO

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) constitutes a great threat to health worldwide. Endothelial cell injury and dysfunction comprise the critical contributor for the development of DVT. However, the mechanism behind it remains poorly elucidated. The study is aimed at investigating the role of microRNA-122 (miR-122) and oxidative stress on DVT. The results showed that miR-122 overexpression dampened H2O2-evoked cytotoxic injury in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) by increasing cell viability, suppressing cell apoptosis and oxidative stress injury. Notably, miR-122 overexpression attenuated provasoconstriction factor endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression in HUVECs exposed to H2O2 but enhanced the productions of vasodilatation factor Prostaglandin F1α (PGF1α). Moreover, inhibition of miR-122 had the opposite results. miR-122 could inhibit the expression of p53. Low expression of p53 could enhance the protection of miR-122 on HUVEC injury. This study highlights that miR-122 overexpression may restore H2O2-induced HUVEC injury by regulating the expression of p53.

11.
Chemosphere ; : 128772, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143891

RESUMO

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) can readily accumulate arsenic (As), owing to its high capacity to take up As and special flooding cultivation, which poses a potential risk to human health. Although sulfur (S) can influence As accumulation in rice, its behavior in the rice-soil system is not clear under practical water management conditions. In this study, the transfer and soil solution dynamics of As in the whole soil-rice system was investigated under continuous flooding or intermittent drainage, either with S addition or not. The results showed that intermittent drainage effectively reduced As concentration in soil solution regardless of S conditions, and it only reduced As content in rice without S addition. Exogenous S decreased As concentration in soil solution and rice, except in the roots of mature rice, under continuous flooding. Sulfur addition significantly decreased the total As and As(III) contents in rice grains, by 62% and 79% under continuous flooding and by 50% and 76% under intermittent drainage, respectively. Moreover, the addition of S resulted in impaired iron plaque and inhibited binding of As. Sulfur also reduced As translocation from rice roots to shoots. Therefore, S could alleviate the crisis of excessive accumulation of As in rice grains caused by flooded environment through various adjustments to the soil-rice system.

12.
In Vivo ; 34(6): 3407-3412, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Incisional hernia is a complication that occurs occasionally, and surgical intervention is required to prevent more severe sequela. While there are several options for management, robotic-assisted incisional repair has not been well discussed yet. We herein report a case series of 10 patients who underwent robotic-assisted incisional hernia repair (RIHR) after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). The aim of the study was to examine the feasibility of incisional hernia repair with da Vinci® robotics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We recruited patients from a group of 2,000 consecutive patients who underwent RARP from December, 2005 to June, 2020 by a single surgeon. Patient characteristics included age, body mass index (BMI), PSA level, pathology Gleason score, and pathology TNM staging. The variants regarding the patients' incisional hernia included incisional hernia occurrence time after RARP, defect size, operation time, console time, blood loss, and follow-up time after the herniation occurrence. Furthermore, we established a defect size of 3x2 cm2 as the cutoff value for using mesh reinforcement or not. RESULTS: The mean defect area was 27.7 cm2, and the average operative time was 114.8 min, with a mean console time of 87 min. Blood loss was 32.5 ml, and the hospital stay for all patients was 3 days without complications. The mean follow-up period was 29.5 months, with no recurrence. CONCLUSION: RIHR is a feasible surgical method that is not inferior to the traditional open or laparoscopic repair. Furthermore, RIHR can possibly lessen the burden of both the surgeon and patient.

13.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 440, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the most important objectives of modern medical education is to empower medical students to become humanistic clinicians. Human anatomy plays a crucial role in this mission by using cadavers to cause reflections on death, dying, illness, and the role of medical practitioners in humanistic care. The objective of this study was to introduce, describe, and evaluate the impact of a ceremony in honor of the body donors on ethical and humanistic attitudes of medical students. METHODS: We used a phenomenological research approach to explore and understand the lived experiences of the anatomy teachers as they teach anatomy in the context of humanism and ethics. A separate survey of third-year medical students was carried out to understand their perceptions of changes in themselves, respect for donors and donor families, and their relationship with patients. Data were collected in two phases: a desktop review of teaching materials followed by in-depth interviews of the main anatomy teachers followed by a self-administered, 5-item Likert scaled questionnaire given to students. RESULTS: In the present article, we describe the rituals conducted in honor of body donors at our School of Medicine. We also describe the lived experiences of anatomy teachers as they work on improving humanistic education quality through the introduction of the concept of "silent mentor" which refers to a cadaver that quietly allows medical students to learn from it. In turn, a ceremony in honor of body donors who have altruistically donated their bodies so that learning anatomy through dissection would be possible is also introduced. A survey of the impact of the ceremony in honor of body donors on medical students revealed positive responses in terms of promoting studying anatomy (3.96 Vs 3.95) as well as reflections on own death (4.44 Vs 4.35), the life of body donors (4.07 Vs 4.04), and how to humanely view future patients and their significant others (4.32 Vs 4.24) relative to those that did not attend the ceremony (5-item Likert scale). The majority of the students that attended the ceremony also indicated that it had a positive impact on their future doctor-patient relationship, thinking about the possibility of donating their body for teaching as well as about medical ethics. Most of them also think that attending the ceremony helped reduce their anxiety, fear, and disgust of seeing corpses or dissecting and 90% insisted that memorial ceremonies should continue being conducted at Zhongshan Medical School. CONCLUSION: The combination of the anatomy component of the basic medical curriculum and gratitude ceremonies as well as activities to promote body bequeathal programs might help to accomplish the goal of cultivating high-quality medical students and professionals for the future. The long-term benefits would be a medical graduate who exudes empathy, relates well with patients and their significant others, leading to a productive doctor-patient relationship.

14.
BMC Vet Res ; 16(1): 450, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interferon (IFN) regulatory factors (IRFs), as transcriptional regulatory factors, play important roles in regulating the expression of type I IFN and IFN- stimulated genes (ISGs) in innate immune responses. In addition, they participate in cell growth and development and regulate oncogenesis. RESULTS: In the present study, the cDNA sequence of IRF10 in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) was characterized (abbreviation, CcIRF10). The predicted protein sequence of CcIRF10 shared 52.7-89.2% identity with other teleost IRF10s and contained a DNA-binding domain (DBD), a nuclear localization signal (NLS) and an IRF-associated domain (IAD). Phylogenetic analysis showed that CcIRF10 had the closest relationship with IRF10 of Ctenopharyngodon idella. CcIRF10 transcripts were detectable in all examined tissues, with the highest expression in the gonad and the lowest expression in the head kidney. CcIRF10 expression was upregulated in the spleen, head kidney, foregut and hindgut upon polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) and Aeromonas hydrophila stimulation and induced by poly I:C, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and peptidoglycan (PGN) in peripheral blood leucocytes (PBLs) and head kidney leukocytes (HKLs) of C. carpio. In addition, overexpression of CcIRF10 was able to decrease the expression of the IFN and IFN-stimulated genes PKR and ISG15. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that CcIRF10 participates in antiviral and antibacterial immunity and negatively regulates the IFN response, which provides new insights into the IFN system of C. carpio.

15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113601, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220358

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Nardostachys jatamansi (D.Don) DC. (family Caprifoliaceae, NJ) is well-documented and commonly used in the systems of traditional medicine in China, Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, India and Japan for curing digestive and neuropsychiatric disorders with a long history of medication. However, the possible action mechanisms of antidepressant effects of NJ remain unraveled. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to systematically investigate chemical substances of NJ and their effects on serotonin transporter (SERT) in antidepressant activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antidepressant effects of total methanol extract of NJ were evaluated by tail suspension test (TST) and open field test (OFT). Then the total extract was analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method, and its effect on SERT activity was evaluated by high content assay (HCA) to determine half maximal effective concentration (EC50). This total extract was subfractioned into twenty subfractions by preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (p-HPLC) method, and 'subfraction-SERT activity' relationship curve was fitted with medians of the retention time of those subfractions and their SERT activity values. Then, the fraction NJFr.01 enriched with SERT enhancers was optimized, prepared and analyzed by UHPLC method. Antidepressant effects of the fraction NJFr.01 were evaluated by TST and OFT. Further, major constituents of the total extract and fraction NJFr.01 were isolated by p-HPLC and identified by extensive nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses and comparisons with those reported data, and their SERT activities were also evaluated. Finally, antagonistic effects of chlorogenic acid and desoxo-narchinol A against fluoxetine on SERT were evaluated. RESULTS: Results of TST and OFT demonstrated antidepressant effects of toatal extract of NJ. The EC50 of total extract on SERT enhancement was 31.63 µg/mL. The fitted 'subfraction-SERT activity' relationship curve revealed that fraction NJFr.01 was enriched with SERT enhancing constituents. Both total extract and fraction NJFr.01 significantly enhanced SERT activity, while the rest fraction NJFr.02 didn't show any SERT activity. Then, antidepressant effects of fraction NJFr.01 were demonstrated by TST and OFT. Further, phytochemistry investigation and UHPLC analyses confirmed the identification of fourteen constituents in the total extract of NJ, including 7-oxonardinoperoxide (1), desoxo-narchinol A (2), kanshone B (3), narchinol B (4), nardosinonediol (5), kanshone A (6), 1-hydroxylaristolone (7), debilon (8), nardosinone (9), kanshone H (10), 1,8,9,10-tetradehydroaristolan-2-one (11), (-)-aristolone (12), 1(10)-aristolene-2-one (13) and jatamol A (14), and seven constituents in the fraction NJFr.01, including chlorogenic acid (15), 8α-dihydrogeniposide (16), 7-deoxy-8-epi-loganic acid (17), adoxosidic acid (18), 8-epi-loganic acid (19), 8α-6,7-dihydroapodantheroside acetate (20) and 6''-acetylpatrinalloside (21). Their structures were established by NMR analyses and comparisons with those reported data. HCA results of these constituents demonstrated the major components of fraction NJFr.01 enhanced SERT activity. Antagonistic results showed that chlorogenic acid and desoxo-narchinol A reversed inhibition effect of fluoxetine on SERT activity. CONCLUSION: This study first systematically expatiated the roles of SERT activity in antidepressant effects of NJ, including total methanol extract and the water-soluble fraction NJFr.01 enriched with SERT enhancing constituents. This is the first report of natural SERT enhancing extract and fractions with antidepressant potential in NJ.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206511

RESUMO

Mechanochromic luminescence materials have attracted rapidly growing interest. Nevertheless, the designed synthesis of such materials remains a challenge, and there have been few examples based on weak intramolecular interactions. Herein, we report a new approach for preparing mechanochromic luminescence materials of Cu(I) complexes, i.e., constructing a photoluminescence system that bears a large coplanar multinuclear Cu(I) unit showing weak intramolecular π···π interactions with the planar rings of the coordinated ligands in the molecule. Using it, a series of novel mechanochromic luminescent tetranuclear Cu(I) complexes have been successfully designed and synthesized. As revealed by single-crystal X-ray crystallography, these Cu(I) complexes share an identical {Cu4[µ3-η2(N,N),η1(N),η1(N)-pyridyltetrazole]2}2+ planar fragment whose coplanar pyridyl rings exhibit weak intramolecular π···π interactions with the phenyl rings of the coordinated phosphine ligands in the molecule. All of these Cu(I) complexes exhibit reversible mechanochromic luminescence, which can be attributed to the change in the rigidity of the molecular structure resulting from the disruption and restoration of intramolecular π···π interactions between the pyridyl and phenyl rings triggered by grinding and CH2Cl2 vapor, as supported by powder X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. In addition, the results might provide a new route for developing mechanochromic luminescence materials of Cu(I) complexes for intelligent responsive luminescent devices.

17.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(21)2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158010

RESUMO

We report first-principles calculations on the structural, mechanical, and electronic properties of O2 molecule adsorption on different graphenes (including pristine graphene (G-O2), N(nitrogen)/B(boron)-doped graphene (G-N/B-O2), and defective graphene (G-D-O2)) under equibiaxial strain. Our calculation results reveal that G-D-O2 possesses the highest binding energy, indicating that it owns the highest stability. Moreover, the stabilities of the four structures are enhanced enormously by the compressive strain larger than 2%. In addition, the band gaps of G-O2 and G-D-O2 exhibit direct and indirect transitions. Our work aims to control the graphene-based structure and electronic properties via strain engineering, which will provide implications for the application of new elastic semiconductor devices.

18.
Immunol Lett ; 228: 93-102, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of airway allergic disorders (AAD) needs to be further investigated. Eosinophils (Eos) are the canonical effector cells in AAD attacks. Bcl2 like protein-12 (Bcl2L12) is an apoptosis inhibitor and an immune regulator. Eos have the defects of apoptosis. This study aims to investigate the role of Bcl2L12 in the AAD pathogenesis by regulating Eo activities. METHODS: Human nasal lavage fluids (NLF) and mouse bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) was collected. Eos in NLF and BALF were analyzed by flow cytometry. A murine AAD model was developed with ovalbumin as a specific antigen. RESULTS: We found that Eos isolated from NLF or BALF of AAD subjects expressed high levels of Bcl2L12 and showed defects of apoptosis. The Bcl2L12 expression in Eos was positively correlated with the AAD response. High lipopolysaccharide levels were detected in the AAD airways, that promoted the Bcl2L12 expression in Eos. Bcl2L12 mediated the LPS-induced autocrine eotaxin 1 expression in Eos through activating the MAPK p38/STAT6/NF-κB signal pathway. Depletion of Bcl2L12 in Eos suppressed experimental AAD in mice. CONCLUSIONS: AAD Eos express high levels of Bcl2L12, the latter is associated with AAD response by regulating the autocrine eotaxin 1 in Eos. Depletion of Bcl2L12 in Eos attenuates experimental AAD, suggesting that to suppress the Bcl2L12 Eos has the translational potential in the treatment of AAD.

19.
Poult Sci ; 99(11): 5344-5349, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142450

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) has been recognized as an essential dietary nutrient for decades, and organic Se sources rather than inorganic ones are increasingly advocated as Se supplements. Earthworms have been studied as a feed additive and animal protein source for many yr. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Se-enriched earthworm powder (SEP) on the antioxidative ability and immunity of laying hens. A total of 120 27-wk-old laying hens were randomly divided into 4 groups (30 hens per group). Laying hens were fed diets supplemented with SEP having 0, 0.5, or 1 mg/kg of Se or with earthworm powder alone. After 5 wk of supplementation, serum from the hens was tested for nutritional components (protein, globulin, albumin, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and glucose), antioxidative properties (glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and nitric oxide), and immune responses (lysozymes, immunoglobulin G, IL-2, and interferon gamma). We found that SEP with 1.0 mg/kg of Se upregulated the hens' total protein, albumin, glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, IgG, and IL-2 and downregulated triglycerides, total cholesterol, glucose, and nitric oxide. These results indicate that SEP improves antioxidative levels and immune function of laying hens, indicating potential benefit from use of SEP as a feed additive in the poultry industry.

20.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(10): 750-759, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228834

RESUMO

Objective: To explore potential serum biomarkers of children with Kashin-Beck Disease (KBD) and the metabolic pathways to which the biomarkers belong. Methods: A two-stage metabolomic study was employed. The discovery cohort included 56 patients, 51 internal controls, and 50 external controls. The metabolites were determined by HPLC-(Q-TOF)-MS and confirmed by Human Metabolome Databases (HMDB) and Metlin databases. MetaboAnalyst 3.0 and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database were used to analyze the metabolic pathways of the candidate metabolites. The use of HPLC-(Q-TRAP)-MS enabled quantitative detection of the target metabolites which were chosen using the discovery study and verified in another independent verification cohort of 31 patients, 41 internal controls, and 50 external controls. Results: Eight candidate metabolites were identified out in the discovery study, namely kynurenic acid, N-α-acetylarginine, 6-hydroxymelatonin, sphinganine, ceramide, sphingosine-1P, spermidine, and glycine. These metabolites exist in sphingolipid, glutathione, and tryptophan metabolic pathways. In the second-stage study, five candidate metabolites were validated, including kynurenic acid, N-α-acetylarginine, sphinganine, spermidine, and sphingosine-1P. Except for spermidine, all substances exhibited low expression in the case group compared with the external control group, and the difference in levels of sphinganine, spermidine, and sphingosine-1P was statistically significant. Conclusion: The direction of change of levels of sphinganine, spermidine, and sphingosine-1P in the two-stage study cohorts was completely consistent, and the differences were statistically significant. Therefore, these substances can be used as potential biomarkers of KBD. Furthermore, these results raise the possibility that sphingolipid metabolic pathways may be closely related to KBD.

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