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1.
Br J Cancer ; 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The contradictory role of CD8 + CD28- T cells in tumour immunity has been reported, while their biological and clinical significance in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is still unknown. METHODS: HER2-positive MBC patients with no prior therapy in the metastatic setting were retrospectively recruited at two medical centres. Peripheral CD8 + CD28- T cells (pTCD8+CD28-) were detected at baseline and following therapeutic intervals. Progression-free survival (PFS) was compared according to pTCD8+CD28- levels. The molecular features of pTCD8+CD28- and its correlation with tumour immunity were also investigated. RESULTS: A total of 252 patients were enrolled, and the median follow-up time was 29.6 months. pTCD8+CD28- high at baseline has prolonged PFS compared to pTCD8+CD28- low (P = 0.001). Patients who maintained pTCD8+CD28- high had a longer PFS than those who kept pTCD8+CD28- low (P < 0.001). The enhanced pTCD8+CD28- level also indicates a longer PFS compared to pTCD8+CD28- low (P = 0.025). Here, pTCD8+CD28- was demonstrated as an antigen-experienced effector T cell. Higher IL-2 level (P = 0.034) and lower TGF-ß level (P = 0.016) in the serum and highly infiltrated CD8 + CD28- T cells (P = 0.037) were also connected to pTCD8+CD28- high. CONCLUSIONS: High pTCD8+CD28- level is associated with a favourable tumour immunity and a better PFS of HER2-targeting therapy in MBC patients.

2.
Virology ; 594: 110059, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518442

RESUMO

Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA), caused by the jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV), is a chronic, progressive, and contagious lung tumor that seriously affects sheep production. It also represents a valuable animal model for several human lung adenocarcinomas. However, little is known about the role of autophagy in OPA tumorigenesis. Here, Western blotting combined with transmission electron microscopy examination and Cyto-ID dye staining was employed for evaluation of changes of autophagic levels. The results of the present study showed that expression of the autophagy marker proteins Beclin-1 and LC3 was decreased in OPA lung tissues, as well as in cells overexpressing the envelope glycoprotein of JSRV (JSRV Env). Reduced numbers of autophagosomes were also observed in cells overexpressing JSRV Env, although assessment of autophagic flux showed that JSRV Env overexpression did not block the formation of autophagosomes, suggesting increased degradation of autolysosomes. Last, mouse xenograft experiments indicated that inhibition of autophagy by 3-methyladenine suppressed both tumor growth and the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. In conclusion, JSRV, through JSRV Env, takes advantage of the autophagy process, leading to the development of OPA.


Assuntos
Retrovirus Jaagsiekte de Ovinos , Ovinos , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Retrovirus Jaagsiekte de Ovinos/genética , Retrovirus Jaagsiekte de Ovinos/metabolismo , Produtos do Gene env , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Autofagia , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo
3.
Nurs Open ; 11(3): e2126, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439120

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the mediating role of psychological capital between authentic leadership and innovative behaviour among Chinese nurses. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: In December 2021, online surveys were delivered among nurses from 37 hospitals in Anhui Province by convenience sampling approach. The data was collected using the Chinese version of the Authentic Leadership Questionnaire, Nurse Psychological Capital Questionnaire and Nurse Innovative Behaviour Scale. The structural equation model and bootstrap test examined the mediating role of psychological capital between authentic leadership and innovative behaviour. RESULTS: 3495 Chinese nurses from 37 Anhui Province hospitals participated in this study. The mean item score of authentic leadership was 3.25 (SD 0.83), psychological capital was 4.85 (SD 0.89), and innovative behaviour was 2.82 (SD 0.84). Authentic leadership perceived by nurses, psychological capital, and innovative behaviour were statistically significant and positively correlated with each other (r = 0.524 ~ 0.806, p < 0.01). Psychological capital significantly mediated the association between authentic leadership and innovative behaviour (ß = 0.449, p < 0.001), and its mediating effect accounted for 76.75% of the total effect. CONCLUSION: Results suggest the importance of developing nurse managers' authentic leadership to foster nurses' psychological capital and innovation behaviour.


Assuntos
Liderança , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Humanos , Povo Asiático , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais
4.
Environ Res ; 250: 118474, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368920

RESUMO

Dual-source drinking water distribution systems (DWDS) over single-source water supply systems are becoming more practical in providing water for megacities. However, the more complex water supply problems are also generated, especially at the hydraulic junction. Herein, we have sampled for a one-year and analyzed the water quality at the hydraulic junction of a dual-source DWDS. The results show that visible changes in drinking water quality, including turbidity, pH, UV254, DOC, residual chlorine, and trihalomethanes (TMHs), are observed at the sample point between 10 and 12 km to one drinking water plant. The average concentration of residual chlorine decreases from 0.74 ± 0.05 mg/L to 0.31 ± 0.11 mg/L during the water supplied from 0 to 10 km and then increases to 0.75 ± 0.05 mg/L at the end of 22 km. Whereas the THMs shows an opposite trend, the concentration reaches to a peak level at hydraulic junction area (10-12 km). According to parallel factor (PARAFAC) and high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) analysis, organic matters vary significantly during water distribution, and tryptophan-like substances and amino acids are closely related to the level of THMs. The hydraulic junction area is confirmed to be located at 10-12 km based on the water quality variation. Furthermore, data-driven models are established by machine learning (ML) with test R2 higher than 0.8 for THMs prediction. And the SHAP analysis explains the model results and identifies the positive (water temperature and water supply distance) and negative (residual chlorine and pH) key factors influencing the THMs formation. This study conducts a deep understanding of water quality at the hydraulic junction areas and establishes predictive models for THMs formation in dual-sources DWDS.

5.
Insects ; 15(2)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392517

RESUMO

The papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus, is an invasive pest species found all over the world. It is native to Mexico and Central America, but is now present in more than 50 countries and regions, seriously threatening the economic viability of the agricultural and forestry industry. In the current study, the global potential distribution of P. marginatus was predicted under current and future climatic conditions using MaxEnt. The results of the model assessment indicated that the area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic ( ROC-AUC) was 0.949, while the TSS value was 0.820. The results also showed that the three variables with the greatest impact on the model were min temperature of coldest month (bio6), precipitation of wettest month (bio13), and precipitation of coldest quarter (bio19), with corresponding contributions of 46.8%, 31.1%, and 13.1%, respectively. The results indicated that the highly suitable areas were mainly located in tropical and subtropical regions, including South America, southern North America, Central America, Central Africa, Australia, the Indian subcontinent, and Southeast Asia. Under four climate scenarios in the 2050s and 2070s, the area of suitability will change very little. Moreover, the results showed that the area of suitable areas in 2070s increased under all four climate scenarios compared to the current climate. In contrast, the area of suitable habitat increases from the current to the 2050s under the SSP370 and SSP585 climate scenarios. The current study could provide a reference framework for the future control and management of papaya mealybug and other invasive species.

6.
Mol Autism ; 15(1): 5, 2024 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helsmoortel-Van der Aa syndrome (HVDAS) is a rare genetic disorder caused by variants in the activity-dependent neuroprotector homeobox (ADNP) gene; hence, it is also called ADNP syndrome. ADNP is a multitasking protein with the function as a transcription factor, playing a critical role in brain development. Furthermore, ADNP variants have been identified as one of the most common single-gene causes of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability. METHODS: We assembled a cohort of 15 Chinese pediatric patients, identified 13 variants in the coding region of ADNP gene, and evaluated their clinical phenotypes. Additionally, we constructed the corresponding ADNP variants and performed western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis to examine their protein expression and subcellular localization in human HEK293T and SH-SY5Y cells. RESULTS: Our study conducted a thorough characterization of the clinical manifestations in 15 children with ADNP variants, and revealed a broad spectrum of symptoms including global developmental delay, intellectual disability, ASD, facial abnormalities, and other features. In vitro studies were carried out to check the expression of ADNP with identified variants. Two cases presented missense variants, while the remainder exhibited nonsense or frameshift variants, leading to truncated mutants in in vitro overexpression systems. Both overexpressed wildtype ADNP and all the different mutants were found to be confined to the nuclei in HEK293T cells; however, the distinctive pattern of nuclear bodies formed by the wildtype ADNP was either partially or entirely disrupted by the mutant proteins. Moreover, two variants of p.Y719* on the nuclear localization signal (NLS) of ADNP disrupted the nuclear expression pattern, predominantly manifesting in the cytoplasm in SH-SY5Y cells. LIMITATIONS: Our study was limited by a relatively small sample size and the absence of a longitudinal framework to monitor the progression of patient conditions over time. Additionally, we lacked in vivo evidence to further indicate the causal implications of the identified ADNP variants. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reported the first cohort of HVDAS patients in the Chinese population and provided systematic clinical presentations and laboratory examinations. Furthermore, we identified multiple genetic variants and validated them in vitro. Our findings offered valuable insights into the diverse genetic variants associated with HVDAS.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Deficiência Intelectual , Neuroblastoma , Humanos , Criança , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , Células HEK293 , Fatores de Transcrição , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética
7.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 40(3): 545-555, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198058

RESUMO

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) continues to be a major health concern globally. Apolipoprotein (Apo) B/A1 ratio is a reliable predictor of ASCVD and an important factor in assessing the risk of myocardial infarction. Tissue prolapse (TP) is defined as the tissue extrusion into the lumen through the stent struts after implantation, which is a significant factor for poor short-term outcomes such as acute and subacute thrombosis, severe myocardial necrosis, and vulnerable plaque. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Apo B/A1, plaque vulnerability, and tissue prolapse on optical coherence tomography (OCT). This study enrolled 199 patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Both pre- and post-procedural optical coherence tomography (OCT) examinations were conducted to assess TP volume and plaque morphology. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify potential risk factors for tissue prolapse volume. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was carried out to evaluate the value of the Apo B/A1 ratio for tissue prolapse volume. The high Apo B/A1 ratio group showed a larger TP volume (P = 0.001) and a higher percentage of plaque rupture and erosion in comparison to the low Apo B/A1 ratio group (P = 0.022 and P = 0.008). The high Apo B/A1 ratio group and the high TP volume group also had a higher proportion of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) (P = 0.046, P = 0.021). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both Apo B/A1 ratio (odds ratio [OR]: 1.041, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.007-1.076; P = 0.019) and TCFA (OR: 3.199, 95%CI 1.133-9.031; 0.028) were significantly related to high TP volume. Furthermore, the area under the curve (AUC) for predictive value of TP volume was 0.635 for Apo B/A1 (95% CI 0.554-0.717, P = 0.002) compared to 0.615 for low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (95% CI 0.533-0.697, P = 0.008). The Apo B/A1 ratio is an independent predictor of TP volume on OCT and is related to plaque vulnerability.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Humanos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Prolapso , Apolipoproteínas B , Apolipoproteínas , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Eur J Nutr ; 63(3): 835-846, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38194192

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Current evidence on the association between plant-based diet indices (PDIs) and mortality is inconsistent. We aimed to investigate the association of PDIs with all-cause and cause-specific mortality and to examine whether such associations were modified by socioeconomic deprivation level. METHODS: A total of 189,003 UK Biobank participants with at least one 24-h dietary assessment were included. All food items were categorised into three groups, including healthy plant foods, less healthy plant foods, and animal foods. Three PDIs, including the overall PDI (positive scores for all plant-based food intake and inverse scores for animal-based foods), the healthful PDI (hPDI) (positive scores only for healthy plant food intake and inverse scores for others), and the unhealthful PDI (uPDI) (positive scores only for less healthy plant food intake and inverse scores for others), were calculated according to the quantities of each food subgroup in three categories. The Townsend deprivation index was used as the indicator of socioeconomic deprivation level. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) of PDIs for all-cause and cause-specific mortality. The modification effects of socioeconomic deprivation levels on these associations were evaluated. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 9.6 years, 9335 deaths were documented. Compared with the lowest quintile, the highest quintile of overall PDI was associated with adjusted HRs of 0.87 (95% CI 0.81-0.93) for all-cause mortality and 0.77 (0.66-0.91) for cardiovascular mortality. Compared with the lowest quintile, the highest quintile of hPDI was associated with lower risks of all-cause mortality (0.92, 0.86-0.98), and death caused by respiratory disease (0.63, 0.47-0.86), neurological disease (0.65, 0.48-0.88), and cancer (0.90, 0.82-0.99). Compared with the lowest quintile, the highest quintile of uPDI was associated with an HR of 1.29 (1.20-1.38) for all-cause mortality, 1.95 (1.40-2.73) for neurological mortality, 1.54 (1.13-2.09) for respiratory mortality, and 1.16 (1.06-1.27) for cancer mortality. The magnitudes of associations of hPDI and uPDI with mortality were larger in the most socioeconomically deprived participants (the highest tertile) than in the less deprived ones (p-values for interaction were 0.039 and 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that having a high overall PDI and hPDI were related to a reduced risk of death, while the uPDI was linked to a higher risk of death. Sticking to a healthy plant-based diet may help decrease mortality risks across socioeconomic deprivation levels, especially for those who are the most socioeconomically deprived.


Assuntos
Dieta Vegetariana , Neoplasias , Humanos , Causas de Morte , Estudos Prospectivos , Dieta , Fatores Socioeconômicos
9.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 204(3): 617-629, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183515

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In patients with first-line advanced breast cancer (ABC), the correlation between ctDNA variant allele frequency (VAF) and tumor disease burden, and its prognostic value remains poorly investigated. METHODS: This study included patients with ABC diagnosed at Peking University Cancer Hospital who performed ctDNA test before receiving first-line treatment. Baseline plasma samples were collected for assessing ctDNA alterations and VAF with next-generation sequencing. The sum of tumor target lesion diameters (SLD) was measured with imaging methods according to RECIST 1.1 criteria. RESULTS: The final cohort included 184 patients. The median age of the cohort was 49.4 (IQR: 42.3-56.8) years. The median VAF was 15.6% (IQR: 5.4%-33.7%). VAF showed positive correlation with SLD in patients with relatively large tumor lesions (r = 0.314, p = 0.003), but not in patients with small tumor lesions (p = 0.226). VAF was associated with multiple metastasis sites (p = 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high VAF was associated with shorter overall survival (OS) (HR: 3.519, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.149-5.761), and first-line progression-free survival (PFS) (HR: 2.352, 95%CI: 1.462-3.782). Combined VAF and SLD improved prediction performance, both median OS and PFS of patients in VAF(H)/SLD(H) group were significantly longer than VAF(L)/SLD(L) group (mOS: 49.3 vs. 174.1 months; mPFS: 9.6 vs. 25.3 months). CONCLUSION: ctDNA VAF associated with tumor disease burden, and was a prognostic factor for patients with ABC. A combination of ctDNA test and radiographic imaging might enhance tumor burden evaluation, and improve prognosis stratification in patients with ABC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , DNA Tumoral Circulante , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , DNA Tumoral Circulante/genética , Carga Tumoral , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Frequência do Gene , Mutação
10.
Cancer ; 130(S8): 1476-1487, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors combined with endocrine therapy (ET) comprise the standard treatment for patients with hormone receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer. The optimal systematic treatment after progression on palbociclib and the role of HER2 expression among these patients remain unclear. METHODS: The authors retrospectively identified 361 patients who received palbociclib combined with ET. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed based on subsequent treatments and HER2 status (PFSsub and OSsub, respectively). PFS1 and OS1 were calculated from palbociclib administration to disease progression/death and death from any cause, respectively. PFSsub and OSsub were calculated from subsequent treatment initiation. RESULTS: The median PFS1 and OS1 were 10.2 and 39.9 months, respectively. The median PFSsub and OSsub of 111 patients (54.7%) who received chemotherapy were 4.9 months and 20.0 months, respectively, whereas those of 89 patients (43.8%) who received endocrine backbone therapy were 5.9 months and 29.3 months, respectively. Among them, 31 patients (15.3%) who received abemaciclib combined with new ET showed better PFSsub and OSsub (12.2 months and not reached, respectively). The median PFS1 was significantly shorter in the HER2-low subgroup than in the HER2-zero subgroup among patients who received second-line or later palbociclib (6.1 vs. 7.8 months; p = .040) but did not differ among patients who received first-line palbociclib. CONCLUSIONS: Various regimens after palbociclib use were received. An improvement was noted in PFS among patients who received endocrine backbone therapy relative to chemotherapy, which may have been secondary to the receipt of chemotherapy by patients with more aggressive disease. HER2 status was not related to the effect of first-line palbociclib, but it may play a role in later lines.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Piperazinas , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Piridinas , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo
11.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 16: 17588359231220501, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38188468

RESUMO

Advanced breast cancer (ABC) that is positive for hormone receptors (HRs) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is a cancer subtype with distinctive characteristics. The primary treatment guidelines suggest that a combination therapy comprising anti-HER2 therapy and chemotherapy should be administered as the initial treatment for HR-positive/ HER2-positive (HR+/HER2+) ABC. However, crosstalk between the HR and HER2 pathways can partially account for the resistance of HR+/HER2+ disease to HER2-targeted therapy. This, in turn, provides a rationale for the concomitant administration of HER2-targeted therapy and endocrine therapy (ET). Many clinical studies have confirmed that the combination of HER2-targeted therapy and ET as a first-line treatment is not inferior to the combination of HER2-targeted therapy and chemotherapy, and support its use as a first-line treatment choice for HR+/HER2+ ABC. Other drugs, such as antibody-drug conjugates, cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-protein kinase B (AKT)-mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, and programmed cell death protein 1 or programmed cell death ligand 1 inhibitors, may also improve the prognosis of patients with breast cancer by blocking signaling pathways associated with tumor proliferation and break new ground for the treatment of HR+/HER2+ ABC.

12.
Am J Infect Control ; 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38281685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with neurocritically illness are an under-recognized population at high risk of sepsis. We aimed to investigate the prevalence, early predictors, and outcomes of sepsis in neuro-ICU. METHODS: Daily and accumulative incidences of sepsis in neuro-ICU were explored. Demographics, medical history, baseline disease severity scores, and baseline biomarkers regarding inflammation, immunology, organ function, and nutritional status were collected and analyzed as potential predictors of sepsis. Logistic regression analyses were used to determine the independent predictors, and a nomogram was used to estimate the individual probability of sepsis in neuro-ICU. RESULTS: 153 patients were included in this study. Fifty-nine (38.6%) patients developed sepsis, and 21 (14%) patients developed septic shock. More than 86% of the septic cases occurred within the first week. Sequential organ failure assessment score ((relative risk) RR 1.334, P = .026), history of diabetes (RR 2.346, P = .049), and transferrin (RR 0.128, P = .042) on admission are independent predictors of sepsis. Septic patients had significantly higher mortality (P = .011), higher medical cost (P = .028), and a lower rate of functional independence (P = .010), compared to patients without sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: Sepsis afflicted more than one-third of neurocritically-ill patients and occurred mostly in the first week of admission. History of diabetes, serum transferrin, and sequential organ failure assessment score on admission were early predictors. Sepsis led to significantly worse outcomes and higher medical costs.

13.
Insect Sci ; 31(1): 225-235, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37221982

RESUMO

Bark beetles are an economically and ecologically important insect group, with aggregation behavior and thus host colonization success depends on pheromone-mediated communication. For some species, such as the major invasive forest pest in China, red turpentine beetle (Dendroctonus valens), gut microbiota participates in pheromone production by converting tree monoterpenes into pheromone products. However, how variation in gut microenvironment, such as pH, affects the gut microbial composition, and consequently pheromone production, is unknown. In this study, we fed wild caught D. valens with 3 different pH media (main host diet with natural pH of 4.7; a mildly acidic diet with pH 6 mimicking the beetle gut pH; and highly acidic diet with pH 4), and measured their effects on the gut pH, bacterial community and production of the main aggregation and anti-aggregation pheromone (verbenone). We further tested the verbenone production capacity of 2 gut bacterial isolates in different pH environments (pH 6 and 4). Compared to natural state or main host diet, feeding on less acidic diet (pH 6) diluted the acidity of the gut, whereas feeding on highly acidic diet (pH 4) enhanced it. Both changes in gut pH reduced the abundance of dominant bacterial genera, resulting in decreased verbenone production. Similarly, the highest pheromone conversion rate of the bacterial isolates was observed in pH mimicking the acidity in beetle gut. Taken together, these results indicate that changes in gut pH can affect gut microbiota composition and pheromone production, and may therefore have the potential to affect host colonization behavior.


Assuntos
Besouros , Feromônios , Animais , Monoterpenos Bicíclicos , Monoterpenos , Besouros/microbiologia , Bactérias , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
14.
Br J Nutr ; 131(1): 63-72, 2024 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37424288

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to further investigate the relationship between sweetener exposure and the risk of endometrial cancer (EC). Up until December 2022, a literature search in an electronic database was carried out utilizing PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid, and Scopus. The odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) were used to evaluate the results. Sweeteners were divided into nutritional sweeteners (generally refers to sugar, such as sucrose and glucose) and non-nutritional sweeteners (generally refers to artificial sweeteners, such saccharin and aspartame). Ten cohort studies and two case-control studies were eventually included. The study found that in 12 studies, compared with the non-exposed group, the incidence rate of EC in the sweetener exposed group was higher (OR = 1·15, 95 % CI = [1·07, 1·24]). Subgroup analysis showed that in 11 studies, the incidence rate of EC in the nutritional sweetener exposed group was higher than that in the non-exposed group (OR = 1·25, 95 % CI = [1·14, 1·38]). In 4 studies, there was no difference in the incidence rate of EC between individuals exposed to non-nutritional sweeteners and those who were not exposed to non-nutritional sweeteners (OR = 0·90, 95 % CI = [0·81, 1·01]). This study reported that the consumption of nutritional sweeteners may increase the risk of EC, whereas there was no significant relationship between the exposure of non-nutritional sweeteners and the incidence of EC. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended to reduce the intake of nutritional sweeteners, but it is uncertain whether use of on-nutritional sweeteners instead of nutritional sweetener.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Adoçantes não Calóricos , Feminino , Humanos , Aspartame/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/etiologia , Adoçantes não Calóricos/efeitos adversos , Sacarina/efeitos adversos , Sacarose/efeitos adversos , Edulcorantes/efeitos adversos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
15.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; 71(1): 237-246, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37463087

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterized by impairments in joint attention (JA) comprising two components: responding to JA (RJA) and initiating JA (IJA). RJA and IJA are considered two interrelated aspects of JA, related to different stages of infant development. While recent technologies have been used to characterize RJA emerging in earlier childhood, only a limited number of studies have attempted to explore IJA, which progressively becomes evident as a hallmark of ASD. This study aims to achieve the social recognition of both RJA and IJA by vision-based human behavior perception through a multi-modal framework automatically and comprehensively. METHODS: The first three layers of this framework leverage localization, feature extraction, and activity recognition. On this basis, three critical activities in JA are recognized: attention estimation, spontaneous pointing, and showing actions. Then different behaviors are linked through the fourth layer, semantic interpretation, to model the JA event. The proposed framework is evaluated on experiments of four groups: 7 children with ASD, 5 children with mental retardation (MR), 5 children with developmental language disorder (DLD), and 3 typically developed children (TD). RESULTS: Experimental results compared with human codings demonstrate recognition reliability with an intra-class coefficient of 0.959. In addition, statistical analysis suggests significant group difference and correlations. CONCLUSIONS: The multi-modal human behavior perception-based framework is a feasible solution for the recognition of joint attention in unconstrained environments. SIGNIFICANCE: Thus the proposed approach has the potential to improve the clinical diagnosis of autism by offering quantitative monitoring and statistical analysis.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico , Criança , Lactente , Humanos , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Atenção
16.
Oncologist ; 29(2): e198-e205, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37589217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyrotinib is currently approved for the treatment of HER2-positive advanced breast cancer in China. Data on the overall survival (OS) and efficacy in patients with brain metastasis (BM) remain scarce. This study evaluated the effectiveness of pyrotinib in a real-world setting, especially in patients with BM. METHODS: We reviewed patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with pyrotinib-based therapy between June 2018 and June 2022. Progression-free survival (PFS), OS, objective response rate, and safety were analyzed following the administration of pyrotinib. RESULTS: A total of 239 patients were included. The median PFS in patients who received pyrotinib-based therapy as first-line (15/239), second-line (115/239), or third-or-higher-line (109/239) treatment was 14.00, 9.33, and 8.20 months, respectively, and the median OS was not reached, 29.07 and 22.23 months, respectively. The median PFS in patients who pretreated with trastuzumab (214/239), trastuzumab plus pertuzumab (22/239), lapatinib (68/239), or trastuzumab emtansine (14/239) was 9.33, 6.87, 7.20, and 7.20 months, respectively. In 61 patients with BM, the median PFS was 7.50 months, the median central nervous system (CNS)-PFS was 11.17 months, and the median OS was 21.27 months. Furthermore, 19 patients with concomitant brain radiotherapy tended to achieve a longer OS than 42 patients without radiation (34.17 vs. 20.70 months, P = .112). CONCLUSIONS: Long-term outcomes of pyrotinib-based therapy are promising for patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer in real world and in patients with BM, regardless of the treatment lines and prior anti-HER2 therapies.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Aminoquinolinas , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Neoplasias da Mama , Feminino , Humanos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico
17.
Geroscience ; 46(1): 1229-1240, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37526906

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and artificially sweetened beverages (ASBs) with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have provided controversial findings. Furthermore, little is known about the association between pure fruit/vegetable juices and AD. The present study aims to estimate the associations of SSBs, ASBs, and pure fruit/vegetable juices with AD, and to evaluate the theoretical effects of replacing SSBs and ASBs with the different consumption of pure fruit/vegetable juices on the risk of AD. This prospective cohort study of the UK Biobank included 206,606 participants aged 39-72 years free of dementia at baseline between 2006 and 2010. Dietary intake of SSBs, ASBs, and pure fruit/vegetable juices (naturally sweet juices) were collected using a 24-h dietary recall questionnaire completed between 2009 and 2012. Incident AD was identified by medical and mortality records. Cox proportional hazard models and substitution models were conducted to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). A total of 699 cases of AD were identified over a median follow-up of 9.5 years. The consumption of SSBs and ASBs (> 2 units/d) were associated with a higher risk of AD. However, participants who drank > 1-2 units/d of pure fruit/vegetable juices were associated with a lower risk of AD. In substitution models, replacing SSBs with an equivalent consumption of pure fruit/vegetable juices could be associated with a risk reduction of AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Açúcares , Humanos , Açúcares/efeitos adversos , Edulcorantes/efeitos adversos , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Oncol Res Treat ; 47(3): 97-103, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38128508

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (MCA) of the breast is an extremely rare type of breast carcinoma. Since its biological characteristics, treatment options, and clinical outcomes are unclear, there is a lack of consensus regarding the optimal management of this disease. Thus, our single case report will aid our understanding of its natural history, prognostic factors, and treatment strategies. CASE PRESENTATION: We presented a 54-year-old woman with a case of advanced MCA of the breast accompanied by a huge breast mass, lymph node involvement, and distant bone metastases. We diagnosed primary breast MCA through clinical examination, imaging, and immunohistochemical assessments. Subsequently, the patient was treated with a regimen of nab-paclitaxel and bevacizumab, resulting in a significant clinical response. Progression-free survival was maintained during the 6-month follow-up period. CONCLUSION: We present the first report worldwide of a rare case of MCA of the breast with a large local mass and bone metastases. Our report adds to the limited literature on this rare breast cancer subtype and highlights the importance of accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of aggressive breast tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Cistadenocarcinoma Mucinoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cistadenocarcinoma Mucinoso/diagnóstico , Cistadenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Linfonodos/patologia
19.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 8314, 2023 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38097605

RESUMO

The role of pyrotinib in the treatment of HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has been well-established. This multicenter, single-arm phase II trial (NCT03876587) aimed to assess the benefit of pyrotinib plus docetaxel as a first-line treatment for HER2-positive MBC. Women with HER2-positive MBC who had not undergone HER2 blockade or chemotherapy for metastatic disease were enrolled in the study and received daily oral pyrotinib 400 mg plus intravenous docetaxel 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR), secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), duration of response (DoR), clinical benefit rate (CBR), overall survival (OS) and safety. From June 2019 to June 2021, 79 patients were enrolled. The confirmed ORR was 79.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 70.8-88.6), and the CBR was 87.3% (95%CI, 80.0-94.6) in the intention-to-treat population. The pre-specified primary endpoint was met. The median DoR was 15.9 months (interquartile range, 8.3-19.5); the median PFS was 16.0 months (95% CI, 11.2-20.8), and the median OS was not reached. The most common grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events observed were leukopenia (29.1%), neutropenia (27.8%), and diarrhea (21.5%). This study demonstrates that pyrotinib plus docetaxel show an acceptable safety profile and promising antitumor activity as a first-line treatment option for patients with HER2-positive MBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Receptor ErbB-2/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos
20.
Nutrients ; 15(24)2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38140379

RESUMO

Within the realm of aging, the nexus between diet and health has garnered considerable attention. However, only select studies have amalgamated insights into the correlation between plant and animal food consumption and frailty. Our aim was to appraise the connections between the overall plant-based diet index (PDI), healthful plant-based diet index (hPDI), and unhealthful plant-based diet index (uPDI) and frailty in the elderly, utilizing data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). This cohort study drew upon CLHLS data spanning from 2008 to 2018. The PDI, hPDI, and uPDI were gauged using a simplified food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). A frailty index, encompassing 35 variables across major health domains, was formulated. Cox proportional hazard models were employed to scrutinize the associations between the three plant-based dietary indices and frailty in older adults, including an exploration of gender disparities in these associations. A cohort of 2883 study participants was encompassed, with 1987 (68.9%) observed to be either frail or in the pre-frail stage. The Cox model with penalized spline exhibited linear associations of PDI, hPDI, and uPDI with the frailty index. Following covariate adjustments, it was discerned that older adults situated in the highest quartiles of PDI (HR = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.77-0.95) and hPDI (HR = 0.83, 95% CI: 0.74-0.93) experienced a 14% and 17% diminished risk of frailty compared to those in the lowest quartiles of PDI and hPDI, respectively. Conversely, when contrasted with those in the lowest quartile of uPDI, older adults adhering to the highest tertile of uPDI exhibited a 21% elevated risk of frailty (HR = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.08-1.36), with both associations achieving statistical significance (p < 0.01). Moreover, additional subgroup analyses revealed that the protective effects of PDI and hPDI against frailty and the deleterious effects of uPDI were more conspicuous in men compared to women. To forestall or decelerate the progression of frailty in the elderly, tailored dietary interventions are imperative, particularly targeting male seniors.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Animais , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Dieta , Longevidade , Dieta Vegetariana
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