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1.
Physiol Res ; 73(2): 205-216, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710050

RESUMO

ADHD is a common chronic neurodevelopmental disorder and is characterized by persistent inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity and are often accompanied by learning and memory impairment. Great evidence has shown that learning and memory impairment of ADHD plays an important role in its executive function deficits, which seriously affects the development of academic, cognitive and daily social skills and will cause a serious burden on families and society. With the increasing attention paid to learning and memory impairment in ADHD, relevant research is gradually increasing. In this article, we will present the current research results of learning and memory impairment in ADHD from the following aspects. Firstly, the animal models of ADHD, which display the core symptoms of ADHD as well as with learning and memory impairment. Secondly, the molecular mechanism of has explored, including some neurotransmitters, receptors, RNAs, etc. Thirdly, the susceptibility gene of ADHD related to the learning and impairment in order to have a more comprehensive understanding of the pathogenesis. Key words: Learning and memory, ADHD, Review.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Transtornos da Memória , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/genética , Humanos , Animais , Transtornos da Memória/psicologia , Transtornos da Memória/etiologia , Aprendizagem , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/psicologia , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/etiologia , Memória
2.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 32(4): 370-374, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733194

RESUMO

Authoritative guidelines at home and abroad typically classify chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection into four stages. However, in clinical practice, a considerable number of patients do not meet the guidelines for staging and are called "indeterminate phase" chronic HBV- infected patients. Studies have shown that patients in the indeterminate phase account for about 30%-50% of chronic HBV infection, have significant liver histological changes or even cirrhosis in a large proportion, and are at a higher risk of HCC and death if they do not receive antiviral therapy. Preliminary research shows that patients in the indeterminate phase who receive antiviral treatment have a good virological response and a remarkable reduced HCC risk. To this end, the 2022 publication "Expert Opinions on Expanding Antiviral Treatment for Chronic Hepatitis B" recommends aggressive treatment for patients with an indeterminate phase who have undergone more than a year of follow-up. However, there is still a lack of unified standards to refine the classification, as well as a lack of effective and rapid non-invasive diagnostic methods to identify patients in the indeterminate phase who are at risk for disease progression. This article aims to review the researches on the proportion, clinical characteristics, disease progression, and treatment benefits to further explore how to better manage indeterminate-phase chronic HBV-infected patients.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Humanos , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Progressão da Doença , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia
3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(17): 171001, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728703

RESUMO

Recently a dark matter-electron (DM-electron) paradigm has drawn much attention. Models beyond the standard halo model describing DM accelerated by high energy celestial bodies are under intense examination as well. In this Letter, a velocity components analysis (VCA) method dedicated to swift analysis of accelerated DM-electron interactions via semiconductor detectors is proposed and the first HPGe detector-based accelerated DM-electron analysis is realized. Utilizing the method, the first germanium based constraint on sub-GeV solar reflected DM-electron interaction is presented with the 205.4 kg·day dataset from the CDEX-10 experiment. In the heavy mediator scenario, our result excels in the mass range of 5-15 keV/c^{2}, achieving a 3 orders of magnitude improvement comparing with previous semiconductor experiments. In the light mediator scenario, the strongest laboratory constraint for DM lighter than 0.1 MeV/c^{2} is presented. The result proves the feasibility and demonstrates the vast potential of the VCA technique in future accelerated DM-electron analyses with semiconductor detectors.

4.
Neurología (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 39(4): 315-320, May. 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232513

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the effect of endovascular embolization of posterior communicating artery (Pcom) aneurysms on concomitant oculomotor nerve palsy (OMNP) and factors affecting the effect of treatment. Materials and methods: Patients with the Pcom aneurysms concomitant with OMNP were retrospectively enrolled for endovascular treatment of the aneurysms. All patients had the endovascular management. The clinical effect, degree of OMNP, size of the aneurysm, type of treatment, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and time from onset to treatment were analyzed on the resolution of OMNP. Results: Ninety-six patients with 99 Pcom aneurysms were enrolled and treated endovascularly, with the success rate of 100%. Immediately after endovascular treatment, 75 aneurysms (75.75%) got complete occlusion, and 24 (24.24%) nearly complete occlusion. Followed up for 3–18 (mean 8.52 ± 0.56) months, complete resolution of the OMNP was achieved in 63 patients (65.63%), partial resolution in 21 (21.88%), and non-recovery in the other 12 (12.50%). The degree of OMNP at onset, SAH, and time from onset to treatment were significantly (P < 0.05) correlated with the resolution of OMNP. Univariate analysis revealed that younger age of the patient, degree of OMNP at onset, presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage, and time from disease onset to treatment were significantly (P < 0.05) associated with the recovery of OMNP. Multivariate analysis revealed that the younger age, degree of OMNP at onset, and time from disease onset to treatment were significantly (P < 0.05) associated with the recovery of OMNP. Conclusion: Endovascular embolization of Pcom aneurysms concomitant with OMNP can effectively improve the OMNP symptoms, especially for patients with moderate and a shorter history of OMNP. Younger age, degree of oculomotor nerve palsy at onset, and time from onset to treatment may significantly affect recovery of oculomotor nerve palsy.(AU)


Objetivo: Investigar la eficacia de la embolización intravascular del aneurisma de comunicación posterior (Pcom) en pacientes con parálisis oculomotora (OMNP) y los factores que influyen en la eficacia. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron retrospectivamente los datos clínicos de la terapia intravascular en pacientes con aneurismas Pcom con OMNP. Todos los pacientes recibieron tratamiento intravascular. Se analizaron los efectos de la eficacia clínica, el grado de OMNP, el tamaño del aneurisma, el método de tratamiento, la hemorragia subaracnoidea y el tiempo desde el inicio hasta el tratamiento en la regresión de OMNP.Resultados: Un total de 96 pacientes con 99 aneurismas Pcom fueron tratados con éxito. Inmediatamente después del tratamiento intravascular, 75 casos (75,75%) de aneurismas fueron completamente ocluidos y 24 casos (24,24%) casi completamente ocluidos. Durante el seguimiento de 3 a 18 meses (promedio: 8,52 ± 0,56 meses), se logró la resolución completa en 63 casos (65,63%), la resolución parcial en 21 (21,88%) y la no recuperación en los otros 12 (12,50%). El grado de OMNP al inicio, la hemorragia subaracnoidea y el tiempo de inicio a tratamiento se correlacionaron significativamente con la resolución de la OMNP (p < 0,05). El análisis univariado mostró que la menor edad del paciente, el grado de OMNP, la presencia de hemorragia subaracnoidea y el tiempo transcurrido desde el inicio de la enfermedad hasta el tratamiento se correlacionaron significativamente con la recuperación de OMNP (p < 0,05). Conclusión: La embolización intravascular del aneurisma Pcom combinada con OMNP puede mejorar eficazmente los síntomas de OMNP, especialmente en pacientes con OMNP a corto y mediano plazo. La edad temprana, el grado de parálisis del nervio oculomotor al inicio y el tiempo desde el inicio hasta el tratamiento tuvieron un efecto significativo en la recuperación de la parálisis del nervio oculomotor.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Aneurisma , Oftalmoplegia/tratamento farmacológico , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Neurologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Neurología (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 39(4): 353-360, May. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232518

RESUMO

Background: Glioma presents high incidence and poor prognosis, and therefore more effective treatments are needed. Studies have confirmed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) basically regulate various human diseases including glioma. It has been theorized that HAS2-AS1 serves as an lncRNA to exert an oncogenic role in varying cancers. This study aimed to assess the value of lncRNA HAS2-AS1 as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for glioma. Methods: The miRNA expression data and clinical data of glioma were downloaded from the TCGA database for differential analysis and survival analysis. In addition, pathological specimens and specimens of adjacent normal tissue from 80 patients with glioma were used to observe the expression of HAS2-AS1. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic ability and prognostic value of HAS2-AS1 in glioma. Meanwhile, a Kaplan–Meier survival curve was plotted to evaluate the survival of glioma patients with different HAS2-AS1 expression levels. Results: HAS2-AS1 was significantly upregulated in glioma tissues compared with normal tissue. The survival curves showed that overexpression of HAS2-AS1 was associated with poor overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Several clinicopathological factors of glioma patients, including tumor size and WHO grade, were significantly correlated with HAS2-AS1 expression in tissues. The ROC curve showed an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.863, indicating that HAS2-AS1 had good diagnostic value. The ROC curve for the predicted OS showed an AUC of 0.906, while the ROC curve for predicted PFS showed an AUC of 0.88. Both suggested that overexpression of HAS2-AS1 was associated with poor prognosis.Conclusions: Normal tissues could be clearly distinguished from glioma tissues based on HAS2-AS1 expression. Moreover, overexpression of HAS2-AS1 indicated poor prognosis in glioma patients.(AU)


Introducción: Los gliomas presentan una alta incidencia y un mal pronóstico, por lo que es necesario un tratamiento más efectivo. Algunos estudios han confirmado que los ARN no codificantes de cadena larga (ARNncl) regulan diferentes enfermedades, entre las que se incluyen los gliomas. Se ha postulado que HAS2-AS1 actúa como un ARNncl, con un efecto oncogénico en diferentes tipos de cáncer. Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar el valor del ARNncl HAS2-AS1 como marcador diagnóstico y pronóstico de glioma. Métodos: Descargamos los datos clínicos y de expresión de micro-ARN de la base de datos del Atlas del Genoma del Cáncer (TCGA) para realizar el análisis diferencial y de supervivencia. También analizamos la expresión de HAS2-AS1 en muestras patológicas y muestras de tejido adyacente normal de 80 pacientes con glioma. Para analizar la capacidad diagnóstica y el valor pronóstico de HAS2-AS1 en el glioma, recurrimos a la curva ROC. También utilizamos curvas de Kaplan-Meier para evaluar la supervivencia de los pacientes con glioma con diferentes niveles de expresión de HAS2-AS1. Resultados: La expresión de HAS2-AS1 era significativamente mayor en las muestras patológicas que en el tejido normal. Las curvas de supervivencia demostraron que la sobreexpresión de HAS2-AS1 estaba relacionada con una menor supervivencia general y supervivencia libre de progresión. Algunos factores clínico-patológicos de los pacientes con glioma, como el tamaño del tumor y su grado, según la clasificación de la OMS, mostraron una correlación significativa con la expresión de HAS2-AS1 en los tejidos afectados. La curva ROC mostró un área bajo la curva de 0,863, lo que indica que la expresión de HAS2-AS1 posee un importante valor diagnóstico. El área bajo la curva de la supervivencia general estimada fue de 0,906; para la supervivencia libre de progresión estimada, de 0,88. Ambos valores muestran que la sobreexpresión de HAS2-AS1 se asocia con un mal pronóstico...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Hialuronan Sintases
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(17): 1507-1513, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706058

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of chemotherapy and endocrine therapy combined with targeted drugs after progression on cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor treatment in hormone receptor (HR) positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-low metastatic breast cancer. Methods: Patients with metastatic breast cancer diagnosed with HR positive/HER2 low expression at the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from October 1, 2018 to September 30, 2023 were retrospectively included. All patients received sequential chemotherapy or sequential endocrine therapy combined with targeted drugs after progression on CDK4/6 inhibitor treatment.The median follow-up was 9 months, and the follow-up ended on October 31, 2023. The patients were divided into chemotherapy group (receiving sequential chemotherapy) and endocrine therapy group (receiving sequential endocrine therapy combined with targeted drugs), according to the treatment plan. Information on demographic data, clinical and pathological diagnosis, treatment regimen, and efficacy evaluation was collected. The basic conditions of patients who may affect the curative effect of different treatment schemes were preset as stratified subgroups, including age, progesterone receptor (PR) status, HER2 status, disease-free survival, number of previous endocrine therapy and chemotherapy, and visceral metastasis. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS), the secondary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate(CBR) and PFS based on stratification factors. The survival curve was plotted by Kaplan-Meier method, the comparison of PFS between groups was performed by log-rank test, and the comparison of ORR and CBR between groups were performed by χ2 test. Results: A total of 188 patients were included, including 126 patients in the chemotherapy group [all females, aged 29-74 (51±10) years] and 62 patients in the endocrine therapy group [1 male and 61 female, aged 29-77 (51±12) years]. ORR of chemotherapy group was 23.0% (29/126), higher than that of endocrine treatment group [3.2% (2/62)] (P<0.001); The CBR of chemotherapy group and endocrine therapy group were 46.8% (59/126) and 33.9% (21/62), respectively, with no statistical significance (P=0.091). The median PFS of chemotherapy group and endocrine therapy group were 5.0 (95%CI: 4.3-5.7) and 4.0 (95%CI: 1.6-6.4) months, respectively, with no statistical significance (P=0.484). In the preset stratified subgroups, the median PFS of chemotherapy [6.0 (95%CI: 5.4-6.6) months] was longer than that of endocrine combined with targeted therapy [2.0 (95%CI: 1.8-2.2) months] (P<0.001) in PR negative patients; In patients who had progressed on over 2 previous endocrine treatments, the median PFS of chemotherapy [5.0 (95%CI: 3.8-6.2) months] was longer than that of endocrine combined with targeted therapy [2.0 (95%CI: 0.6-3.4) months] (P=0.045). Conclusions: After progression on treatment with CDK4/6 inhibitors for HR-positive/HER2-low expression metastatic breast cancer, both chemotherapy and endocrine therpy combined with targeted drugs are viable treatment options. However, for patients with PR negative or ≥2 lines of endocrine therapy previously, priority should be accorded to chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina , Receptor ErbB-2 , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
7.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(4): 765-772, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708511

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression level of Kruppel-like transcription factor family member KLF11 in intestinal mucosal tissues of Crohn's disease (CD) and its regulatory effect on intestinal inflammation in CD-like colitis. METHODS: We examined KLF11 expression levels in diseased and normal colon mucosal tissues from 12 CD patients and 12 patients with colorectal cancer using immunofluorescence staining. KLF11 expression was also detected in the colon mucosal tissues of a mouse model of 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis. A recombinant adenoviral vector was used to upregulate KLF11 expression in the mouse models and the changes in intestinal inflammation was observed. A Caco-2 cell model with stable KLF11 overexpression was constructed by lentiviral infection. The effect of KLF11 overexpression on expressions of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway proteins was investigated using immunoblotting in both the mouse and cell models. The mouse models were treated with coumermycin A1, a JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway agonist, and the changes in intestinal inflammatory responses were observed. RESULTS: The expression level of KLF11 was significantly lowered in both the clinical specimens of diseased colon mucosal tissues and the colon tissues of mice with TNBS-induced colitis (P < 0.05). Adenovirus-mediated upregulation of KLF11 significantly improved intestinal inflammation and reduced the expression levels of inflammatory factors in the intestinal mucosa of the colitis mouse models (P < 0.05). Overexpression of KLF11 significantly inhibited the expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 in intestinal mucosal tissues of the mouse models and in Caco-2 cells (P < 0.05). Treatment with coumermycin A1 obviously inhibited the effect of KLF11 upregulation for improving colitis and significantly increased the expression levels of inflammatory factors in the intestinal mucosa of the mouse models (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: KLF11 is downregulated in the intestinal mucosa in CD, and upregulation of KLF11 can improve intestinal inflammation and reduce the production of inflammatory factors probably by inhibiting the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose , Colite , Mucosa Intestinal , Janus Quinase 2 , Proteínas Repressoras , Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Transdução de Sinais , Ácido Trinitrobenzenossulfônico , Animais , Camundongos , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/metabolismo , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Doença de Crohn/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
8.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 60(5): 416-422, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706079

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of glaucoma secondary to congenital ectropion uveae (CEU) using penetrating Schlemm's canaloplasty. Methods: This was a retrospective case series study. Medical records of patients diagnosed with glaucoma secondary to CEU and undergoing penetrating Schlemm's canaloplasty at the Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University between August 2020 and December 2021 were collected. Clinical characteristics including the extent and location of iris ectropion, type of glaucoma, were analyzed. Follow-up visits were conducted at 1, 3, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), anterior segment and fundus condition, filtering bleb morphology, use of IOP-lowering medications, ultrasound biomicroscopy results, and other indicators were analyzed to summarize surgical outcomes. Results: Six cases (6 eyes) of glaucoma secondary to CEU were included, all unilateral, with 3 left eyes and 3 right eyes; median age was 10.0 (5.3, 28.8) years; including 3 males and 3 females. Preoperative IOP was (31.7±10.0) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and the preoperative number of IOP-lowering medications used was 2.0 (2.0, 3.2). The extent of iris ectropion in the 6 cases ranged from 270 ° to 360 °, with peripheral anterior synechiae corresponding to the location of iris ectropion, and angle closure with the degree of synechiae extending beyond Schwalbe's line. No surgical complications occurred in any of the 6 cases postoperatively. At 1 month postoperatively, the IOP was (16.4±3.2) mmHg, with a median of 0.0 (0.0, 1.5) medications used. At 3 months postoperatively, the IOP was (14.8±6.0) mmHg, with a median of 0.0 (0.0, 2.2) medications used. At 6 months postoperatively, the IOP was (18.1±6.1) mmHg, with a median of 0.0 (0.0, 0.5) medications used. Among them, 5 patients had a follow-up period of 1 year postoperatively, all achieving controlled IOP without the use of IOP-lowering medications, with an average IOP of (15.5±3.1) mmHg. No obvious filtering bleb formation was observed at the surgical site in all patients. Conclusions: Glaucoma secondary to CEU manifests primarily as closed-angle glaucoma, with a correspondence between the closure range of anterior iris adhesions in the angle and the extent of iris ectropion. Penetrating Schlemm's canaloplasty demonstrates favorable and stable efficacy for its treatment.


Assuntos
Ectrópio , Glaucoma , Pressão Intraocular , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Glaucoma/etiologia , Ectrópio/etiologia , Ectrópio/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Adulto , Úvea/cirurgia , Cirurgia Filtrante/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual , Iris/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente
9.
J Prev Alzheimers Dis ; 11(3): 558-566, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical trial satisfaction is increasingly important for future trial designs and is associated with treatment adherence and willingness to enroll in future research studies or to recommend trial participation. In this post-trial survey, we examined participant satisfaction and attitudes toward future clinical trials in the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network Trials Unit (DIAN-TU). METHODS: We developed an anonymous, participant satisfaction survey tailored to participants enrolled in the DIAN-TU-001 double-blind clinical trial of solanezumab or gantenerumab and requested that all study sites share the survey with their trial participants. A total of 194 participants enrolled in the trial at 24 study sites. We utilized regression analysis to explore the link between participants' clinical trial experiences, their satisfaction, and their willingness to participate in upcoming trials. RESULTS: Survey responses were received over a sixteen-month window during 2020-2021 from 58 participants representing 15 study sites. Notably, 96.5% of the survey respondents expressed high levels of satisfaction with the trial, 91.4% would recommend trial participation, and 96.5% were willing to enroll again. Age, gender, and education did not influence satisfaction levels. Participants reported enhanced medical care (70.7%) and pride in contributing to the DIAN-TU trial (84.5%). Satisfaction with personnel and procedures was high (98.3%). Respondents had a mean age of 48.7 years, with most being from North America and Western Europe, matching the trial's demographic distribution. Participants' decisions to learn their genetic status increased during the trial, and most participants endorsed considering future trial participation regardless of the DIAN-TU-001 trial outcome. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that DIAN-TU-001 participants who responded to the survey exhibited high motivation to participate in research, overall satisfaction with the clinical trial, and willingness to participate in research in the future, despite a long trial duration of 4-7 years with detailed annual clinical, cognitive, PET, MRI, and lumbar puncture assessments. Implementation of features that alleviate barriers and challenges to trial participation is like to have a high impact on trial satisfaction and reduce participant burden.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Satisfação do Paciente , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto
11.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 63(5): 486-489, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715486

RESUMO

The clinical data of five patients [one male and four female; median age: 31 (21-65) years] with cytomegalovirus (CMV)-induced hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) diagnosed and treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were retrospectively analyzed from January 2011 to December 2020. None of the patients had any underlying disease, and all were immunocompetent. The main clinical presentations were fever in all five patients, splenomegaly in four, enlarged lymph nodes in two, liver enlargement in one, and rash in three. Pulmonary infection was found in three patients, two of whom developed respiratory failure. Two patients had jaundice. Central nervous system symptoms and gastrointestinal bleeding were observed in one case. All patients received glucocorticoids and antiviral therapy. One patient was treated with the COP (cyclophosphamide+vincristine+prednisone) chemotherapy regimen after antiviral therapy failed and he developed central nervous system symptoms. After treatment, four patients achieved remission, but the fifth pregnant patient eventually died of disease progression after delivery. CMV-associated HLH in an immunocompetent individual without underlying diseases is extremely rare, and most patients have favorable prognosis. Antiviral therapy is the cornerstone of CMV-HLH treatment.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/tratamento farmacológico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/virologia , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/etiologia , Masculino , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem , Idoso , Citomegalovirus , Prognóstico
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 58(5): 615-621, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715500

RESUMO

Objective: Employing the cascade care model, this qualitative study explores determinants influencing the cascading care stages of hypertension and diabetes by interviewing various stakeholders. Methods: In July 2023, purposive sampling was employed to recruit participants from Gongyi and Wugang cities in Henan Province, and Linqu County in Weifang City, Shandong Province. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with representatives of policymakers, healthcare institution managers, providers, and patients with hypertension and diabetes.And thematic analysis was performed using both inductive and deductive approaches. Results: A total of 82 individuals were interviewed, with an age range of (53.8±12.0) years, among which 48 (58.5%) were male; including 5 policymakers, 10 institutional managers, 20 healthcare providers, and 47 patients with hypertension and diabetes. The study identified both barriers and facilitating factors at the patient, healthcare provider, and system levels across various stages: awareness, screening, diagnosis, treatment, long-term management, and control of hypertension and diabetes. Conclusion: By delineating and analyzing the barriers and facilitators at each stage of hypertension and diabetes care, this study lays the groundwork for the development of effective, feasible, and sustainable implementation pathways, with significant implications for the enhanced management of hypertension and diabetes in China.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hipertensão , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Hipertensão/terapia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Adulto , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , China , Idoso
13.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 45(3): 233-241, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716594

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of 85 newly diagnosed patients with follicular lymphoma (FL), as well as the prognostic value of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in patients with FL aged ≥ 60 years old. Methods: The clinical data and prognosis of 85 newly diagnosed FL patients admitted from August 2011 to June 2022 were collected. The clinical features, laboratory indicators, therapeutic efficacy, survival and prognostic factors of patients were statistically analyzed, and the prognosis of patients was stratified using various geriatric assessment tools. Results: ① The patients with FL were mostly middle-aged and older, with a median age of 59 (20-87) years, including 41 patients (48.2%) aged ≥60 years. The ratio of male to female was 1∶1.36. Overall, 77.6% of the patients were diagnosed with Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, and 17 cases (20.0%) were accompanied by B symptoms. Bone marrow involvement was the most common (34.1%). ②Overall, 71 patients received immunochemotherapy. The overall response rate was 86.6%, and the complete recovery rate was 47.1% of 68 evaluated patients. Disease progression or relapse in the first 2 years was observed in 23.9% of the patient. Overall, 14.1% of the patients died during follow-up. ③Of the 56 patients receiving R-CHOP-like therapies, the 3-year and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 85.2% and 72.8%, respectively, and the 3-year and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 95.9% and 88.8%, respectively. The univariate analysis showed that age ≥60 years old (HR=3.430, 95% CI 1.256-9.371, P=0.016), B symptoms (HR=5.030, 95% CI 1.903-13.294, P=0.016), Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) <45.25 (HR=3.478, 95% CI 1.299-9.310, P=0.013), Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) high-risk (HR=2.918, 95% CI 1.074-7.928, P=0.036), and PRIMA-prognostic index (PRIMA-PI) high-risk (HR=2.745, 95% CI 1.057-7.129, P=0.038) significantly predicted PFS. Moreover, age ≥60 years old and B symptoms were independent risk factors for PFS. Progression of disease within 24 months (POD24) significantly predicted OS in the univariate analysis. Conclusions: FL is more common among middle-aged and older women. Age, B symptoms, PNI score, FLIPI high-risk, PRIMA-PI high-risk, and POD24 influenced PFS and OS. The CGA can be used for treatment selection and risk prognostication in older patients with FL.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica , Linfoma Folicular , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto , Taxa de Sobrevida , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
14.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 45(3): 299-302, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716604

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with e6a2 transcript type is very rare in clinic,which is usually related to disease aggressiveness. Its clinical characteristics and relationship with tyrosine kinase inhibitor efficacy are still unclear. In this paper, the clinical characteristics and related laboratory tests of a patient with e6a2 fusion gene positive CML characterized by multiple osteolytic bone destruction throughout the body and eosinophil infiltration in gastrointestinal tract, lymph nodes and other organs were retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literature was reviewed. The patient was Ph chromosome positive with chromosome +8, and the common BCR::ABL1 transcript of CML was negative, but e6a2 transcript was positive detected by RT-PCR. The patient was treated with dasatinib 100 mg/d. Three months later, the patients achieved CHR, CCyR and MR4.0. However, the e6a2 transcript is very rare in clinical practice, and more cases of e6a2 transcript need to be studied to clarify its clinical characteristics and improve the treatment effect of these rare cases.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Masculino , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética
15.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-9, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738875

RESUMO

1. Skeletal muscle is an important component of chicken carcass. In chickens, the number of muscle fibres is fixed during the embryonic period, and muscle development during the embryonic period determines the muscle development potential after hatching.2. Beijing-You (BY) and Cornish (CN) chickens show completely different growth rates and body types, and two breeds were used in this study to explore the role of lncRNAs in muscle development during different chicken embryonic periods. A systematic analysis of lncRNAs and mRNAs were conducted in the pectoral muscle tissues of BY and CN chickens at embryonic days 11 (ED11), 13 (ED13), 15 (ED15), 17 (ED17), and 1-day-old (D1) using RNA-seq. A total of 4,104 differentially expressed transcripts (DETs) were identified among the five stages, including 2,359 lncRNAs and 1,745 mRNAs.3. The number of DETs between the two breeds at ED17 (1,658 lncRNAs and 1,016 mRNAs) was much higher than the total number of DET at all the other stages (692 lncRNAs and 729 mRNAs), indicating that the two breeds show the largest difference in gene regulation at ED17.4. Correlation analysis was performed for all differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs during the five periods. Forty-three, cis interaction pairs of lncRNA-mRNA related to chicken muscle development were predicted. The expression of four pairs was verified, and the results showed MSTRG.12395.2-FGFBP2 and MSTRG.18590.6-FMOD were significantly up-regulated in CN at ED11 compared to BY and might be important candidate genes for embryonic muscle development.

16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(18): 1601-1609, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742347

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of peripheral blood inflammatory indicators on the efficacy of immunotherapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) complicated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed to include 178 patients with Ⅲ-Ⅳ NSCLC complicated with COPD who received at least 2 times of immunotherapy in Xinqiao Hospital of the Army Medical University from January 2019 to August 2021. Baseline peripheral blood inflammatory indicators such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were collected within 2 weeks before the first treatment, with the last one being on or before February 7, 2022. X-tile software was used to determine the optimal cut-off value of peripheral blood inflammatory indicators. The Cox multivariate regression models were used to analyze the factors affecting progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Among the 178 patients, there were 174 males (97.8%) and 4 females (2.2%); the age ranged from 42 to 86 (64.3±8.3) years old.There were 30 cases (16.9%) of immunotherapy monotherapy, 114 cases (64.0%) of immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy, 21 cases (11.8%) of immunotherapy combined with antivascular therapy, and 13 cases (7.3%) of immunotherapy combined with radiotherapy. The median follow-up period was 14.5 months (95%CI: 13.6-15.3 months). The objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were 44.9% (80/178) and 90.4% (161/178) for the whole group, the median PFS was 14.6 months (95%CI: 11.6-17.6 months), and the median OS was 25.7 months (95%CI: 18.0-33.4 months). The results of Cox multivariate analysis showed that IL-6>9.9 ng/L (HR=5.885, 95%CI: 2.558-13.543, P<0.01), TNF-α>8.8 ng/L (HR=3.213, 95%CI: 1.468-7.032, P=0.003), IL-8>202 ng/L (HR=2.614, 95%CI: 1.054-6.482, P=0.038), systemic immune inflammatory index (SII)>2 003.95 (HR=2.976, 95%CI: 1.647-5.379, P<0.001) were risk factors for PFS, and advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI)>171.15 was protective factor for PFS (HR=0.545, 95%CI: 0.344-0.863, P=0.010). IL-6>9.9 ng/L(HR=6.124, 95%CI: 1.950-19.228, P<0.002), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)>190.7 U/L (HR=2.776, 95%CI: 1.020-7.556, P=0.046), SII>2 003.95 (HR=4.521, 95%CI: 2.241-9.120, P<0.001) were risk factors for OS, and ALI>171.15 was a protective factor for OS (HR=0.434, 95%CI: 0.243-0.778, P=0.005). Conclusion: Baseline high levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-8, SII, LDH, and low levels of ALI are risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with advanced NSCLC-COPD receiving immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Imunoterapia , Interleucina-6 , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Adulto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Inflamação , Interleucina-8/sangue , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(18): 1617-1622, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742349

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the inplementation of cardiovascular surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) in China. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out. The CHD cardiovascular surgery data collected by the Chinese Society of Extracorporeal Circulation from 2017 to 2021 in 31 provinces (autonomous regions/municipalities) of China were retrospectively reviewed, the implementation of CHD cardiovascular surgery in different provinces, regions, general/specialized hospitals, and different age groups (whether≤18 years old) were summarized, and the correlation analysis between the number of surgeries carried out in each province/region and the gross regional product and the number of the regional population was performed. Results: Between 2017 and 2021, the annual volume of CHD cardiovascular surgery was 77 120, 77 634, 81 161, 62 663 and 71 492, respectively, showing a decreasing trend. Meanwhile, the proportion of CHD patients aged≤18 years who underwent cardiovascular surgery also showed a downward trend, from 79.8% (61 557/77 120) in 2017 to 58.6% (41 871/71 492) in 2021 (P=0.027). The number of surgical cases varied greatly among different provinces, including 4 provinces with≥5 000 cases and 9 provinces with 2 000-5 000 cases. In the five years, the number of CHD cardiovascular surgeries in Central and East China was the largest, accounting for 41.1%-45.5% of the total surgical cases. The proportion of CHD surgery cases≤18 years old was the highest in Southwest China (69.7%-87.4%) and the lowest in Northeast China (28.2%-68.9%). Except for 2021, the number of cases carried out by each region between 2017 and 2020 was correlated with the gross regional product (r=0.929, 0.929, 0.893 and 0.964, respectively, all P<0.05) and the population (r=0.821, 0.893, 0.821 and 0.857, respectively, all P<0.05). Hospitals that performed more than 100 operations (20.5%±1.2% of the total number of hospitals) completed 86.2%±1.2% of the total number of operations in China during the 5-year period. In 2017 and 2021, the number of CHD cardiovascular surgeries preformed in children's/women's and children's specialized hospitals accounted for 24.3% (18 772/77 120) and 23.8% (17 012/71 492) of the total number of cases in China, respectively. Conclusions: From 2017 to 2021, the number of cardiovascular surgery for CHD decreases slightly, but the proportion of surgery for adult CHD patients increases significantly.There is a strong correlation between the number of CHD operations in each region and their economic development status. The scale of CHD cardiovascular surgery performed in children's hospitals/women's and children's hospitals accounts for about a quarter of the total volume in China.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Humanos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , China , Inquéritos e Questionários , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/tendências , Adolescente , Criança , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos
18.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 46(5): 391-398, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742352

RESUMO

Lymph node metastasis status stands as a pivotal prognostic indicator in forecasting the outlook for breast cancer patients. Consequently, precise evaluation of this status holds paramount importance in the staging, treatment, and prognosis of breast cancer. The utilization of radiomics, genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics, and histopathology methodologies has notably enhanced the precision of lymph node metastasis status prediction in breast cancer. This review provides an overview of recent advancements in omics-based lymph node metastasis prediction for breast cancer, elucidating the significance of various omics prediction models and integrated multi-omics models in this predictive endeavor. The overarching goal is to augment the accuracy of preoperative lymph node metastasis status prediction in breast cancer, thereby aiding clinicians in the selection of efficacious personalized treatment strategies, while concurrently averting undertreatment of patients with a heightened risk of metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Genômica , Metástase Linfática , Proteômica , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Feminino , Proteômica/métodos , Prognóstico , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Multiômica
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(16): 1410-1417, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644292

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the genetic and expression characteristics of transcription factor IIH (TFIIH) in pre-initiationcomplex in prostate cancer (PCa) and its relationship with prostate cancer progression. Methods: Analyzing the expression characteristics and clinical signification of TFIIH subunits about 495 cases of PCa and 52 cases of adjacent cancer in The Cancer Genome Atlas-Prostate adenocarcinoma (TCGA-PRAD) database. PCa microarray chip was used to verify the correlation between the key factor General Transcription Factor IIH Subunit 4 (GTF2H4) in TFIIH and clinical features. Results: The 495 patients with PCa were (61.01±6.82) years old.The mRNA expression of ERCC3、GTF2H4 and MNAT1 were high in PCa tissues with GS≥8(P<0.05). The expression of GTF2H4 and MNAT1 were relevant to the pathological stages(P<0.05). High expression of GTF2H4 has higher biochemical recurrence (BCR) rate in PCa patients(HR=2.47, 95%CI:1.62-3.77, P<0.001), which has better predictive effect of BCR in PCa patients(The 3rd, 5th, and 7th year AUC all>0.7) than other subunits, and it has been verified in four additional databases. Single-factor Cox regression analysis showed that GTF2H4 were risk factors for BCR (HR=2.470, 95%CI:1.620-3.767, P<0.001) and GTF2H5 were protective factors(HR=0.506,95%CI: 0.336-0.762, P=0.001). The results of immunohistochemical staining showed that the protein expression of GTF2H4 was correlated with the clinical features of PCa patients.The differences of the above results were statistically significant. Conclusion: GTF2H4, the key factor of TFIIH, is highly expressed in PCa and indicates a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Prognóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , DNA Helicases/genética , Idoso , Fatores de Transcrição TFII/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição TFII/genética
20.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3379, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643180

RESUMO

Transition from traditional high-fiber to Western diets in urbanizing communities of Sub-Saharan Africa is associated with increased risk of non-communicable diseases (NCD), exemplified by colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. To investigate how urbanization gives rise to microbial patterns that may be amenable by dietary intervention, we analyzed diet intake, fecal 16 S bacteriome, virome, and metabolome in a cross-sectional study in healthy rural and urban Xhosa people (South Africa). Urban Xhosa individuals had higher intakes of energy (urban: 3,578 ± 455; rural: 2,185 ± 179 kcal/d), fat and animal protein. This was associated with lower fecal bacteriome diversity and a shift from genera favoring degradation of complex carbohydrates (e.g., Prevotella) to taxa previously shown to be associated with bile acid metabolism and CRC. Urban Xhosa individuals had higher fecal levels of deoxycholic acid, shown to be associated with higher CRC risk, but similar short-chain fatty acid concentrations compared with rural individuals. Fecal virome composition was associated with distinct gut bacterial communities across urbanization, characterized by different dominant host bacteria (urban: Bacteriodota; rural: unassigned taxa) and variable correlation with fecal metabolites and dietary nutrients. Food and skin microbiota samples showed compositional differences along the urbanization gradient. Rural-urban dietary transition in South Africa is linked to major changes in the gut microbiome and metabolome. Further studies are needed to prove cause and identify whether restoration of specific components of the traditional diet will arrest the accelerating rise in NCDs in Sub-Saharan Africa.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , População da África Austral , Animais , Humanos , Urbanização , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Metaboloma , Dieta Ocidental , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/microbiologia , Fezes/microbiologia
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