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1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(1): 37-42, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023697

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of texture analysis based on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in the differential diagnosis of atypically enhanced small hepatocellular carcinoma (sHCC) and dysplastic nodules (DNs) in liver cirrhosis. Methods: Data of 59 cases with atypical enhancement and solitary cirrhotic nodule (≤2 cm) confirmed by dynamic contrast enhanced MRI and surgical pathology specimen were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 37 cases were of atypically enhanced sHCC and 22 cases of DNS. The DWI signal characteristics of the lesions were analyzed to measure the average apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of the lesions, and the ADC ratio of the lesion to the liver parenchyma. MaZda software was used to manually draw the region of interest to extract the texture parameters of DWI lesions. The three sets (combination of Fisher coefficient, classification of error probability combined with average correlation coefficient and interactive information) were used to select the thirty optimal texture parameters. Raw data analysis (RDA), principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and non-linear discriminant analysis (NDA) were performed for texture classification. The difference of ADC value and ADC ratio between sHCC and DNS group was compared by independent sample t-test, and χ2 test was used to compare the count data (or rate). ROC curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency. Results: The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DWI high-signal in the identification of atypically enhanced sHCC and DNs were 94.6% (35/37), 68.2% (15/22), and 84.7% (50/59), respectively. The ADC ratio of atypically enhanced sHCC was significantly lower than DNs, and the difference was statistically significant (t = 2.99, P = 0.002). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the diagnosis of atypically enhanced sHCC were 73.0% (27/37), 72.7% (16/22) and 72.9% (43/59), respectively. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DWI texture analysis in diagnosing atypically enhanced sHCC were 94.6% (35/37), 95.5% (21/22) and 94.9% (56/59).The diagnostic efficiency of DWI texture analysis (AUC = 0.94) was significantly higher than DWI high-signal (AUC = 0.81) and ADC ratio (AUC = 0.72). Conclusion: The texture analysis based on DWI can identify atypically enhanced sHCC and dysplastic nodules under the background of cirrhosis, and its efficacy is better than qualitative and quantitative DWI.

2.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(1): 58-63, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023720

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of adult inpatients with gas burns in the Department of Burns of Hwa Mei Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter referred to as the author's unit) , so as to provide evidence for the prevention of gas burn. Methods: Medical records of all inpatients with flame burns admitted to the author's unit from January 2011 to December 2017 were collected. The percentage of adult inpatients with gas burns in total inpatients with flame burns in the same period, and their gender, age, injury season, accident place, burn severity, common compound injury, complication, population caliber, education, industry, as well as the pre-injury disease and prognosis of elderly inpatients with gas burns were retrospectively analyzed. In addition, the age, accident place, education, and industry of the floating population in the adult inpatients with gas burns were analyzed separately and compared with the total population of adult inpatients with gas burns in 7 years. Data were processed with chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability test (Monte Carlo algorithm). Results: During the 7 years, 1 490 inpatients with flame burns were admitted to the author's unit, among which 511 were adult inpatients with gas burns, accounting for 34.30%. The number of adult inpatients with gas burns increased gradually during the 7 years, but its percentage in the total inpatients with flame burns during the same period showed no significant difference (χ(2)=7.087, P>0.05). Among the 511 adult inpatients with gas burns (hereinafter referred to as the patients in this group), there were 315 males and 196 females, with a male/female ratio of 1.61 to 1.00, and the middle-aged patients were the most, up to 270 cases, accounting for 52.84%. The distribution of adult inpatients with gas burns during the 7 years was significantly different in gender and age (χ(2)=54.810, 27.832, P<0.01). Among the patients in this group, most were injured in summer, totally 251 cases, accounting for 49.12%, and the accident place was mainly at home, totally 388 cases, accounting for 75.93%. The distribution of adult inpatients with gas burns during the 7 years was significantly different in injury season (χ(2)=42.254, P<0.01), but not in accident place (χ(2)=6.782, P>0.05). The patients in this group were mainly with moderate burns (237 cases, accounting for 46.38%), and the distribution trend of burn severity of adult inpatients with gas burns was basically the same during the 7 years (χ(2)=19.680, P>0.05); 176 patients (34.44%) were accompanied by inhalation injury, and 30 patients (5.87%) were accompanied by blast injury of lung; post injury complications occurred in 20 patients (3.91%). In the elderly inpatients with gas burns, 44.44% (32/72) were accompanied by pre-injury basic diseases, and the proportion of death or unhealed reached 18.06% (13/72). Most of the patients in this group were permanent residents (358 cases, accounting for 70.06%) and received secondary education (304 cases, accounting for 59.49%), and the majority of them were engaged in manufacturing/construction (138 cases, accounting for 27.01%), self-employed business (90 cases, accounting for 17.61%), and catering (90 cases, accounting for 17.61%) industries. The distribution of adult inpatients with gas burns during the 7 years was significantly different in population caliber, education, and occupation (χ(2)=17.496, 29.898, 88.896, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Among the patients of this group, the floating population were mainly young (90 cases, accounting for 58.82%) and middle-aged (62 cases, accounting for 40.52%), with main accident place at home (97 cases, accounting for 63.40%), generally received secondary education (101 cases, accounting for 66.01%), and were mainly engaged in manufacturing/construction (71 cases, accounting for 46.41%), self-employed business (26 cases, accounting for 16.99%), and catering (20 cases, accounting for 13.07%) industries. Compared with the total adult inpatients with gas burns in 7 years, the floating population were younger, more injured in the workplace, and more concentrated in industry (χ(2)=42.924, 9.390, 27.819, P<0.01). Conclusions: Gas burn was the leading injury cause of inpatients with flame burns in the author's unit, which mainly occurred in summer and at home; the patients were mainly male, young and middle-aged, and permanent residents, most of which were with moderate burn, often accompanied by inhalation injury. Most of the patients were of secondary education, engaged in manufacturing/construction, self-employed business, and catering industries, among which the floating population were younger, more injured in the workplace, and more concentrated in industry. In order to prevent gas burn, we should pay more attention to the propaganda and education of gas safety among young and middle-aged men, floating population, retired old people and housewives, especially in summer, we should do a good job in gas safety inspection at home. In addition, we should urge enterprises to further strengthen the supervision of production safety.

3.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(1): 50-54, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023769

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical features and risk factors of hepatic injury due to immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) therapy in malignant tumor. Methods: Data of 112 patients (64 men and 48 women) who received CPI between January 2016 and March 2019 in Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Shenzhen Hospital, and Huazhong University of Science and Techology Union Shenzhen Hospital were retrospectively collected. The median age of these patients was 60 years. Results: Hepatic adverse events were observed in 30 patients out of 112 patients (26.8%). Among them, the incidence of grade 3-5 hepatic adverse events were 7.14% (8/112). The median time of hepatic adverse event occurrence was 3 weeks (2-30) after undergoing therapy. The results of univariate and multivariate analyses showed that liver cancer was attributed to the CPI induced hepatitis (P<0.05). Patients with severe hepatic injury got almost complete resolution after receiving methlprednisolone for 4 to 6 weeks. Conclusion: Live cancer is the risk factor of CPI-related hepatic adverse events.

4.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(1): 55-60, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023770

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the menopausal symptoms and quality of life of hormone receptor positive (HR+ ) breast cancer patients at different endocrine therapy time. Methods: The HR+ breast cancer patients who were pathologically confirmed from 2011 to 2017 in the Sichuan Cancer Hospital were divided into three groups according to endocrine therapy time (<12 months, 12~36 months, >36 months) and analyzed by a cross-sectional study. The Menopausal symptoms and quality of life of these patients were measured using the modified Kupperman scale and the functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast cancer (FACT-B) scale. The differences of menopausal symptoms among different time groups and drug groups were analyzed by Chi-square test. The differences of quality of life and the effects of menopausal symptoms on quality of life were tested by covariance and multiple linear regression analyses. Results: The average score of menopausal symptom of 167 patients was 14.5±7.6 and the prevalence rate was 87.4% (146/167). Among all of the menopausal symptoms, the prevalence rate of insomnia was the highest (73.7%, 123/167). Besides insomnia and excitement, hot flashes was more prevalent in selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) users (64.8%, 79/122) , while osteoarthritis was more prevalent in aromatase inhibitor (AI) users (62.2%, 28/45). The total score of FACT-B of Patients was 104.5±15.5, and the compliance rate was up to 89.8% (150/167). However, the condition of each dimension was different, the compliance rates of social/ family and functional dimension were lowest, which were 73.0% (122/167) and 50.9% (85/167), respectively. The menopausal symptoms of patients at different time groups were 15.0±1.3, 14.0±6.9, 14.5±7.4, respectively, and the total score of FACT-B of patients at different time groups were 102.7±17.8, 105.0±12.9, 105.6±16.7, respectively, without significant differences (both P>0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that menopausal symptoms impaired the quality of life of SERM users during the endocrine therapeutic period. The standardized regression coefficients of three time groups were -0.67, -0.30, -0.50, respectively, with the lowest effect on 12~36 months group. Conclusion: HR+ breast cancer patients will have a poor function recovery and social/ family return, who need more attention. Menopausal symptoms are common problems during endocrine therapy, and active measures should be taken to improve patients' quality of life.

5.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(2): 194-197, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003410

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Multiple statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS) risk factors usually coexist in a given older diabetic patient, but the association between statin use and physical function in older Asian persons with T2MD remains uncertain. The present study therefore sought to provide insight into this uncertainty through a focused assessment of statin-associated outcomes in Chinese diabetic adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: The study included 146 participants with T2MD in the Center of Gerontology and Geriatric, West China Hospital. MEASUREMENTS: The participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). Statin use and other medical data for each patient were determined via assessment of the inpatient hospital information system. Assessments of physical functions included ADLs, IADLs and the Timed "Up and Go" (TUG) test. Multiple regression analyses were then performed in order to determine the relationship between statin utilization and physical function. RESULTS: The average age of these 146 participants (32 women, 21.9%) was 80.00±5.60 years. At enrollment, 78 (53.4%) of the 146 patients were treated with statins. Among the statin users, 48.7% presented with a lack of TUG ability, which was significantly greater than in non-statin users (27.9%). However, the rates of IADL and ADL disabilities did not differ significantly between groups. In a multiple regression analyses, statin use was associated with a three-fold (95% CI 1.06, 9.51) increase in the risk of TUG inability, after adjusted all covariates. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant association between statin use and TUG inability in older Chinese inpatients with diabetes.

6.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 54-58, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023755

RESUMO

Objective: To reveal clinical features, pathological diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of primary thymic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and review literatures. Methods: The clinical characteristics, pathological diagnosis, laboratory texts, treatment and prognosis of 7 cases of primary thymic MALT lymphoma identified at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2017 to January 2019 were collected and analyzed. Results: Of 7 primary thymic MALT lymphoma cases, six were female. Patients were often asymptomatic and were found mediastinal mass by chest CT. After mediastinal mass resection, pathologist reported a primary thymic MALT lymphoma. Laboratory tests showed all patients were positive for anti-nuclear antibody, anti-Ro52 antibodies and anti-Sjogren's syndrome A antibodies, and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) . Four were diagnosed with Sjogren's syndrome (SS) . After surgery, the patients were given the positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) scans. All cases received "watch and wait" approach. Up to now, all cases showed good prognoses and none of them relapsed. Conclusion: Primary thymic MALT lymphoma was rare, and it was often associated with autoimmune diseases. Such patients who usually had good prognoses should be followed up closely and avoided excessive treatments if there were no indications of intervention.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B , Síndrome de Sjogren , Neoplasias do Timo , Feminino , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035624

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate whether preflushing before connecting a power injector to a patient's catheter reduces the incidence of venous air embolism (VAE) in contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: With the approval from the local ethics committee, consecutive patients were divided randomly into a control group and a preflushing group and underwent CTA from June to November 2017. The control group underwent the conventional injection procedure. In the preflushing group, the injector tubes were flushed at high speed (10 ml/s) with saline before being connected to the patients' indwelling catheters. The locations, number, and sizes of VAE were analysed. The difference in the incidence of VAE between the two groups was compared. RESULTS: A total of 4,900 adults (control/preflushing, 2,190/2,710) were included and 228 (4.65%) patients were found to have 318 VAEs (285 bubbles and 33 gas-liquid plane VAEs). The incidence of VAE in the preflushing group (3.21%) was lower than that in the control group (6.44%); a similar trend was observed for multiple VAEs (p<0.05). VAEs occurred in the following locations from high to low frequency: right atrium>pulmonary artery trunk>superior vena cava>right ventricle>left brachial vein>right brachial vein. There was no significant difference in the location, shape, or diameters (p=0.19) of VAEs between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed preflushing procedure is simple yet effective in reducing the incidence of VAE by 50.16% in patients with CTA, thus improving safety during power injection.

8.
Ann Oncol ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enzalutamide and apalutamide are potent next-generation androgen receptor (AR) antagonists used in metastatic and non-metastatic prostate cancer. Metabolic, hormonal and immunologic effects of deep AR suppression are unknown. We hypothesized that enzalutamide and apalutamide suppress 11ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 (11ß-HSD2), which normally converts cortisol to cortisone, leading to elevated cortisol concentrations, increased ratio of active to inactive glucocorticoids and possibly suboptimal response to immunotherapy. On-treatment glucocorticoid changes might serve as an indicator of active glucocorticoid exposure and resultant adverse consequences. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Human kidney tissues were stained for AR and 11ß-HSD2 expression. Patients in three trials [neoadjuvant apalutamide plus leuprolide, enzalutamide ± PROSTVAC (recombinant poxvirus prostate-specific antigen vaccine) for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and enzalutamide ± PROSTVAC for non-metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer] were analyzed for cortisol and its metabolites using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Progression-free survival was determined in the metastatic CRPC study of enzalutamide ± PROSTVAC for those with glucocorticoid changes above and below the median. RESULTS: Concurrent AR and 11ß-HSD2 expression occurs only in the kidneys of men. A statistically significant rise in cortisol concentration, cortisol/cortisone ratio and tetrahydrocortisol/tetrahydrocortisone ratio with AR antagonist treatment occurred uniformly across all three trials. In the trial of enzalutamide ± PROSTVAC for metastatic CRPC, high cortisol/cortisone ratio in the enzalutamide arm was associated with significantly improved progression-free survival. However, in the enzalutamide + PROSTVAC arm, the opposite trend was observed. CONCLUSION: Enzalutamide and apalutamide treatment toggles renal 11ß-HSD2 and significantly increases indicators of and exposure to biologically active glucocorticoids, which is associated with clinical outcomes.

9.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327120903482, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031413

RESUMO

Arsenic is an environmental poison and is a grade I human carcinogen that can cause many types of damage to the body. The skin is one of the main target organs of arsenic damage, but the molecular mechanisms underlying arsenic poisoning are not clear. Arsenic is an epigenetic agent. Histone acetylation is one of the earliest covalent modifications to be discovered and is closely related to the occurrence and development of tumors. To investigate the role of acetylated histone H3K18 (H3K18 ac) in arsenic-induced DNA damage, HaCaT cells were exposed to sodium arsenite (NaAsO2) for 24 h. It was found that arsenic induced the downregulation of xeroderma pigmentosum A, D, and F (XPA, XPD, and XPF-nucleotide excision repair (NER)-related genes) expression, as well as histone H3K18 ac expression, and aggravated DNA damage. Chromatin immunoprecipitation quantitative polymerase chain reaction (ChIP-qPCR) analysis showed that H3K18 acetylation in the promoter regions of XPA, XPD, and XPF was downregulated. In addition, the use of the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) partially inhibited arsenic-induced DNA damage, inhibited deacetylation of H3K18 ac in the promoter regions of XPA, XPD, and XPF genes, increased acetylation of H3K18, and promoted the transcriptional expression of NER-related genes. Our study revealed that NaAsO2 induces DNA damage and inhibits the expression of NER-related genes, while TSA increases the H3K18 ac enrichment level and promotes the transcriptional expression of NER, thereby inhibiting DNA damage. These findings provide new ideas for understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying arsenic-induced skin damage.

11.
Lupus ; : 961203320905668, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of systemic lupus erythematosus with transverse myelitis (SLE-TM) in a relatively large patient series. METHODS: This retrospective study considered 45 SLE-TM individuals treated as inpatients and outpatients at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 1993 and 2018. SLE-TM patients were compared with 180 controls, and SLE-TM patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) were compared to those without NMOSD. RESULTS: Compared to controls, the SLE-TM group frequently had a fever and had a significantly higher positive rate of anticardiolipin and lupus anticoagulant. Among the 45 patients, 22 met the NMOSD criteria. Compared to non-NMOSD patients, NMOSD patients had a lower incidence of rash (p = 0.023), serositis (p = 0.042) and renal disorder (p = 0.073); a lower prevalence of decreased complement (p = 0.083); and lower rates of positive anti-dsDNA (p = 0.074) and anti-Sm (p = 0.042). Among 22 SLE-TM patients with NMOSD, 18 underwent aquaporin 4 antibody testing, with 11 showing positive results. Out of the 45 patients, 39 were given methylprednisolone pulse treatment. After treatment, 32 patients had lower-limb muscle strength recovery (recovered group), whereas 13 had no change and persistent severe neurological deficits (non-recovered group). Compared to the recovered group, the non-recovered group were younger (p = 0.002), had a higher likelihood of having a fever (p = 0.020), initial severe myelitis (p < 0.001), long spinal segment involvement (p = 0.017) and higher C-reactive protein levels (p = 0.020). Methylprednisolone pulse given within two weeks of onset was more frequent in the recovered group than in the non-recovered group (p = 0.082). CONCLUSIONS: Disease characteristics differed between SLE-TM patients with and without NMOSD. SLE and NMOSD tended to be co-morbidities. Initial severe neurological impairment, extensive spinal cord lesions, hyper-inflammation and delayed steroid impulse treatment could be predictors of poor outcome for SLE-TM.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062890

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the registration characteristics and development trend of clinical trials of pneumoconiosis, analyze the clinical research characteristics and current situation of prevention and treatment pneumoconiosis. Methods: In December 2018, the databases of primary registries certified by International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) , such as Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR) , Clinical Trials. gov, and Japan Primary Registries Network (JPRN) were retrieved. All clinical trials related to pneumoconiosis were included from the database establishment until December 1, 2018, and the characteristics of registered clinical trials were analyzed. Results: A total of 23 clinical trials related to pneumoconiosis were inclued. The number of registrations in China and Brazil are 9 and 3 respectively, while the registration numbers of Clinical Trials. gov and ChiCTR are 10 and 5 respectively. Fourteen trials have been completed; five trials are ongoing, and four trials are unknown for the research progress. Ten trials were for silicosis patients. Eight trials with a sample size less than 50. Twelve trials were randomized controlled trials. Interventions of five clinical trial are pulmonary rehabilitation. There were six trials with a 12-month course of treatment. Conclusion: At present, the number of registered studies in clinical trials of pneumoconiosis is relatively less; the proportion of published clinical research results is low, and some clinical research status is unknown. It should increase the publicity of the registration of clinical trials for pneumoconiosis, improve the awareness of registration and the intensity of research design to promote the development of high-quality clinical trials.

13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062891

RESUMO

Objective: To detect the prevalence of sleep disorders among metro staff and to analyze influencing effects of effort reward imbalance (ERI) on it. Methods: In January 2015, subway driver, dispatcher and station operator from Guangzhou subway were selected as the research object in the whole group sampling method. A total of 1200 questionnaires were distributed and 1124 were valid questionnaires, and the effective questionnaire recovery rate was 93.7%. Based on the effort reward imbalance questionnaire and the self-administered sleep questionnaire, the data of the general demographic characteristics, life satisfaction, occupational stress and sleep status of the respondents were collected. Epi.data3.1 and spss19.0 were used for analyzing. Results: A total of 1124 subway employees were surveyed, with an average age of (28±5) years; the working age was (4.5±3.6) years. ERI occupied 24.7% (278/1124) of the study population and sleep disorders as 42.2% (474/1124) . Single factor analysis showed that marital status, educational level, work position, life satisfaction and ERI could significantly influence sleep disorders of metro staff (P<0.05) . Logistic regression showed that higher effort (adjusted OR=2.56, 95%CI: 1.79-3.68) , lower reward (adjusted OR=1.90, 95%CI: 1.34-2.68) and ERI (adjusted OR=2.33, 95%CI: 1.69-3.22) could increase the risk of sleep disorders after the confounding factors were controlled. ERI (adjusted OR=2.89, 95% CI: 1.80-4.64) , and over commitment (adjusted OR=4.64, 95%CI: 2.81-7.68) could influence the risk of sleep disorders independently when over commitment was evaluated as a moderating variable. Conclusion: Occupational stress as ERI could influence the risk of sleep disorders among metro staff. The situation should not be neglected for occupational health of metro staff.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(0): E002, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036640
15.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 91(1): 013307, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012517

RESUMO

LAPECR3 (Lanzhou All Permanent magnet Electron cyclotron Resonance ion source No. 3) had been developed as an ion injector of Heavy Ion Medical Machine (HIMM) accelerator facility since 2009. The first HIMM accelerator facility was built in Wuwei city in 2015, and the LAPCER3 ion source has delivered C5+ ion beam to HIMM for more than 1000 days in the past four years. In order to improve the performance of the LAPECR3 ion source for intense carbon beams production, continuous research and development work has been made. The recently developed LAPECR3 ion source together with the new low-energy beam transportation can provide better performance in terms of both beam intensity and quality. This paper will generally review the LAPECR3 ion source operation status for HIMM, and the recent improvement will be presented, especially the stable beams production of C4+ and C5+.

16.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 91(1): 013901, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012549

RESUMO

The feasibility of a thin-wire torsion stress-strain experiment with nanostrain sensitivity is demonstrated. A gauge length of 50 m was made possible by using The Monument, London, thereby restoring it to its original purpose as a scientific instrument. A wire of 150 µm diameter was studied using the load-unload method, and data were recorded in the elastic regime and through the elastic-plastic transition. Analysis of this preliminary experiment suggested some necessary improvements to the equipment and methods. Progress towards definitive experiments is described together with difficulties still to be overcome.

17.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 91(1): 013322, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012624

RESUMO

The efficiency of the microwave-plasma coupling is a key issue to enhance the performance of electron cyclotron resonance ion sources (ECRISs) in terms of higher ion beam intensity yield. The coupling properties are affected by the microwave coupling scheme, especially for the high frequency (f > 20 GHz) and high power (P > 5 kW) ECR ion sources. Based on the study of 24 GHz SECRAL ion source performances working at different launching systems, a new microwave coupling scheme, called the Vlasov launcher, is proposed, which can not only realize efficient power matching and feeding but also enhance the microwave power distribution on the ECR surface. The first promising results are presented in this article. Then, a prototype dedicated to the next generation ECRIS is described.

18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 581-590, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of long non-coding ribonucleic acid (lncRNA)-maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) on the Notch signaling pathway, and its influences on the proliferation and apoptosis of osteosarcoma MG-63 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LncRNA MEG3 was overexpressed in osteosarcoma MG-63 cells, and the cells were divided into Blank group, Len-con group, and Len-MEG3 group. The expression level of MEG3 in each group was detected via quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR), the cell proliferation level in each group was detected via Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, and the apoptosis in each group was detected via Hoechst 33258 staining. Moreover, the content of the inflammatory factors in each group was determined using the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), and the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins and Notch signaling pathway-related proteins were determined through Western blotting. RESULTS: The expression level of lncRNA MEG3 in Len-MEG3 group was significantly higher than that in the Blank group and Len-con group (p<0.01). The overexpression of lncRNA MEG3 could significantly weaken the proliferation (p<0.01) and enhance the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells (p<0.01). The overexpression of lncRNA MEG3 could significantly increase the content of the inflammatory factor interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (p<0.01), and remarkably decrease the content of the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 in osteosarcoma cells (p<0.01). Besides, the overexpression of lncRNA MEG3 could evidently raise the expression of Caspase3 (p<0.01) and reduce the Bcl-2/Bax expression in osteosarcoma cells (p<0.01). Finally, the overexpression of lncRNA MEG3 could remarkably reduce the protein expressions of Jagged1, Notch1, and NICD1 in osteosarcoma cells (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The overexpression of lncRNA MEG3 can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of osteosarcoma MG-63 cells by suppressing the Notch signaling pathway.

19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 673-680, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016968

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:   To clarify the function of actin filament associated protein 1-antisense RNA1 (AFAP1-AS1) to promote the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer (GC) cells by downregulating Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression level of AFAP1-AS1 in GC tissues and matched paracancerous tissues was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Besides, its level in GC either with lymphatic metastasis or not, and those in different tumor stages were determined as well. Regulatory roles of AFAP1-AS1 in cellular behaviors of GC cells were evaluated by functional experiments. The ability of AFAP1-AS1 to recruit EZH2 was evaluated through chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay. The expression level of KLF2 in GC cells influenced by AFAP1-AS1 and EZH2 was detected by Western blot. Finally, a series of rescue experiments were conducted to clarify the role of AFAP-AS1/KLF2 in GC cell performances. RESULTS: AFAP1-AS1 was upregulated in GC tissues, and its expression in lymph node metastasis and progressive gastric cancer tissues were much higher. Knockdown of AFAP1-AS1 reduced the viability, proliferative and migratory abilities, but induced apoptosis of GC cells. AFAP1-AS1 was verified to bind to EZH2. After knockdown of AFAP1-AS1, the ability of AFAP1-AS1 to recruit EZH2 was remarkably attenuated. Knockdown of AFAP1-AS1 or EZH2 upregulated KLF2 expression in GC cells. Notably, knockdown of KLF2 partially reversed the effect of AFAP1-AS1 on GC cell performances. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA AFAP1-AS1 accelerates the proliferative and migratory abilities of GC cells by downregulating the expression of KLF2, thus promoting the progression of GC.

20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 905-914, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the association between the expression of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway and adiponectin (APN), leptin, and vascular endothelial function in rats with coronary heart disease (CHD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experimental rats were divided into three groups, including: control (Col) group, CHD model (CHD) group, and CHD+AMPK activator (CHD+AICAR) group. Except those in Col group, all rats were fed with high-fat diet and intraperitoneally injected with pituitrin to establish the CHD model. The levels of serum APN, leptin, and endothelin-1 (ET-1) were determined via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The content of serum nitric oxide (NO) was detected using the nitrate reductase method. Meanwhile, the expression of AMPK pathway-related protein AMPKα in vascular endothelial tissues was detected via Western blotting (WB). Aortic vascular endothelial cells (VECs) were cultured with AICAR or ET-1 in vitro. Subsequently, the expressions of AMPK pathway and protein kinase B (AKT) pathway-related proteins were determined through co-immunoprecipitation and WB. Moreover, the expression level of NO in VECs was determined using the DAF-FM DA fluorescence probe. RESULTS: Compared with Col group, CHD group showed significantly decreased levels of serum APN and NO (p<0.05), significantly increased the levels of leptin and ET-1 (p<0.05), as well as remarkably decreased protein expression of p-AMPKα in vascular endothelial tissues (p<0.05). After injection of AMPK activator AICAR (200 mg/kg), the protein expression of p-AMPKα in CHD rats was significantly activated (p<0.05). The levels of serum APN and NO were remarkably upregulated (p<0.05), while the levels of leptin and ET-1 were significantly reduced (p<0.05). Besides, AICAR could evidently activate the activity of AMPK pathway in VECs in vitro, upregulate the protein levels of p-eNOS (Ser1177) and p-AMPKα, and promote the secretion of NO (p<0.05). In addition, AICAR remarkably inhibited ET-1-induced expression of AKT pathway (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Activating the AMPK pathway may play a positive role in the normal function of VECs and exert a certain curative effect on CHD in rats.

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