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1.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187676

RESUMO

AIM: To establish a machine-learning model to differentiate adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) or minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) from invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) appearing as pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 136 patients with histopathologically diagnosed with AIS, MIA, and IAC. All pGGNs were divided randomly into a training and a testing dataset at a ratio of 7 : 3. Radiomics features were extracted based on the unenhanced computed tomography (CT) images derived from the last preoperative CT examination of each patient. The F-test and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression were applied to select the most valuable features to establish a support vector machine (SVM) model. The performance of the model was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), and the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were calculated to compare the diagnostic performance of radiologists and the SVM model. RESULTS: Six significant radiomics features were selected to develop the SVM model and showed excellent ability to differentiate AIS/MIA from IAC in both the training dataset (AUROC=0.950, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.886-0.984) and the testing dataset (AUROC=0.945, 95% CI: 0.826-0.992). Compared with two radiologists, the proposed model possessed significant advantages with higher accuracy (90.24% versus 75.61% and 80.49%), sensitivity (91.67% versus 50% and 75%), and specificity (89.66% versus 86.21% and 82.76%). CONCLUSION: A machine-learning model based on radiomics features exhibits superior diagnostic performance in differentiating AIS/MIA from IAC appearing as pGGNs.

2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 891-896, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171564

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of digital technique-aided occlusal rehabilitation based on implant-supported fixed prostheses (ISFP), and to provide some information for clinical application of digital technique. Methods: Retrospectively reviewed the cases which had used neuromuscular system and condylar movement tracing device to reconstruct occlusion in one or double jaw fully edentulous ISFP from January, 2013 to January, 2020. A total of 6 eligible patients were enrolled in the present study with 56 implants and 8 ISFP, including 4 male patients and 2 female patients, aged from 43 to 74 years. The clinical outcomes were evaluated in four aspects, including implant survival rate, implants success rate, marginal bone loss and the occurrence of prosthesis complications. Results: The follow-up time was (4.0±2.2) years (1-7 years). The implant survival rate was 100% (56/56) and the implant success rate was 98% (55/56), with an average missal and distal marginal bone loss of (0.04±0.11) mm/year. Veneer chipping occurred at incisal edge of 2 adjacent incisors in only one prosthesis 3 years after rehabilitation. Conclusions: Combination of digital techniques of neuromuscular system and condylar movement tracing device to assist occlusal rehabilitation based on ISFP showed a high implant success rate. The complication seldom happened. Long and stable occlusion has been observed. The clinical outcomes were favorable.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Arcada Edêntula , Boca Edêntula , Adulto , Idoso , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Arcada Edêntula/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(5): 459-463, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185055

RESUMO

Malaria was one of the major infectious diseases in Jiangsu Province, where Anopheles sinensis and An. anthropophagus are main vectors for malaria transmission. Following the concerted efforts for decades, the goal of malaria elimination was achieved in Jiangsu Province in 2019, and the vector control strategy has played a vital role during the progress towards malaria elimination in Jiangsu Province. Hereby, we review the historical distribution and ecological features of An. sinensis and An. anthropophagus and describe vector control strategies at different stages of malaria control in Jiangsu Province. In addition, the advances in the research of vector biology and control in Jiangsu Province are discussed, including vector identification, strain colonization, susceptibility to malaria parasites and insecticide resistance.

5.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(10): 822-828, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190439

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients newly diagnosed with multiple myeloma(NDMM)with bone-related extramedullary(EM-B)disease and those with extraosseous extramedullary(EM-E)disease and to address their prognostic factors. Methods: The clinical features, outcomes, and prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed in 80 patients with NDMM with extramedullary disease. Results: Among 80 patients with extramedullary disease, 51 had EM-B and 29 EM-E. The level of ß(2)-microglobulin(5.82 mg/L vs 3.99 mg/L, P=0.030), lactate dehydrogenase(256 U/L vs 184 U/L, P=0.003), 1q21 amplification rate(78.6% vs 53.1%, P=0.035), and Ki-67 proliferation index(50% vs 25%, P=0.002)in the EME group were significantly higher than those in the EM-B group. The posieive rate of CD56(14.3% vs 66.7%)and overall response rate(60% vs 82.3%)in EM-E group were significantly lower than those in EM-B group. The median overall survival (OS)of patients with EM-E and EM-B was 14.5 and 49.5 months, and the median progression-free survival(PFS)of the two groups was 9.0 and 18.0 months. Patients with EM-E had a significantly shorter OS(P=0.035)and PFS(P < 0.001)than those of patients with EM-B, whereas the PFS did not significantly differ(P=0.263)when patients accepted proteasome inhibitor(PI)-based regimens for induction therapy. Multivariate analysis with Cox model showed the best response that did not achieve partial response(PR)was an independent poor prognostic factor for both OS and PFS in NDMM patients with EM-E(P=0.031, P=0.005), ISS-III, and the best response that did not achieve PR were independent prognostic factors for the shorter OS in patients with NDMM with EM-B(P=0.009, P=0.044). Conclusions: The clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with NDMM with EM-E are different from patients with EM-B. Outcomes of patients with EM-E is significantly poor. PI induction therapy improved the PFS of patients with EM-E.

8.
Anim Genet ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200847

RESUMO

Genomic imprinting is a rare epigenetic process in mammalian cells that leads to monoallelic expression of a gene with a parent-specific pattern. The UBE3A (ubiquitin protein ligase E3A) gene is imprinted with maternal allelic expression in the brain but biallelically expressed in all other tissues in humans. The silencing of the paternal UBE3A allele is thought to be caused by the paternally expressed antisense RNA transcript of UBE3A-ATS. The aberrant imprinted expression of the UBE3A is associated with several neurodevelopmental syndromes and psychological disorders. Cattle are a valuable model species in determining the genetic etiology of sporadic human disorder, and maternal expression of UEB3A has been revealed by next-generation sequencing study in the bovine conceptus. In this study, we investigated the allelic expression of UBE3A and UBE3A-ATS in adult bovine somatic tissues. To confirm the splicing pattern of bovine UBE3A, five 5' alternative transcripts (MT210534-MT210538) were first obtained from bovine brain tissue by RT-PCR. Based on 10 SNP genotypes, we found that the brain-specific monoallelic expression of bovine UBE3A did not occur along the entire locus, and there was a shift from biallelic expression to monoallelic expression in exon 14 of the UBE3A gene. However, the brain-specific monoallelic expression of bovine UBE3A-ATS occurred in the entire gene. These observations demonstrated that the monoallelic expression did not occur along the bovine UBE3A entire locus and was associated with the genomic position.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(40): 3179-3185, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142403

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the prevalence of anxiety among old people before and during the COVID-19 epidemic in China, and to provide scientific evidence for psychological intervention of the elderly during public health emergencies. Methods: In 2019, the National Psychological Care Project for the Elderly was launched, covering 818 communities across the country, and 188 407 subjects received psychological assessment. In April and May 2020, a convenient sample of 6 467 aged 65 and above subjects were followed up on the anxiety status and its influencing factors during the epidemic period by using structurized questionnaire. Data collection and management were carried out using the national elderly psychological care project data collection platform. McNemar test was used to compare the difference of the prevalence of anxiety among elderly before (October 2019 to January 23, 2020) and during the epidemic (April-May 2020). The difference of the prevalence of anxiety among elderly with different characteristics was compared by chi square test. The influencing factors of anxiety before and during the epidemic situation were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model. Results: The prevalence of anxiety symptoms in the elderly population was 4.95% (95%CI: 4.42%-5.48%) before the outbreak of COVID-19, and 10.10% (95%CI: 9.36%-10.83%) during the epidemic which was twice as high as before the outbreak. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of anxiety symptoms before the outbreak were with one underlying disease (OR=1.57, 95%CI: 1.05-2.37), with two or more underlying diseases (OR=3.10, 95%CI: 2.13-4.51), and the protective factors were with hobbies, good relationship between children, good relationship with spouse, positive aging attitude and good psychological resilience (all P<0.05). The risk factors of developing anxiety symptoms during the epidemic were living in rural areas (OR=1.77, 95%CI: 1.42-2.20), participating in social activities regularly (OR=1.23, 95%CI: 1.02-1.48), having a good relationship with friends (OR=1.42, 95%CI: 1.11-1.82) and were quarantined or people around were quarantined for medical observation (OR=2.80, 95% CI: 1.90-4.13). Conclusion: The COVID-19 epidemic leads to a double increase in anxiety among the elderly. We should pay more attention to the psychological state of the elderly in rural area and who is being quarantined or people around being quarantined for medical observation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Depressão , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(20): 10346-10351, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155190

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the regulatory effects of microRNA-655-3p (miR-655-3p) on growth and invasiveness of trophoblasts to influence the development of preeclampsia (PE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Relative levels of miR-655-3p and PBX3 in 24 PE pregnant women and 24 healthy ones were examined. Then, the regulatory effects of miR-655-3p and PBX3 on viability and invasiveness in HTR-8/SVneo cells were assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and transwell assay, respectively. Next, the expression levels of apoptosis-associated genes were determined. Finally, the interaction between miR-655-3p and PBX3 was tested by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: MiR-655-3p was upregulated in placental tissues of PE pregnant women than those of healthy ones. The overexpression of miR-655-3p suppressed viability and invasiveness, and induced apoptosis in HTR-8/SVneo cells. Besides, PBX3 was the target gene binding to miR-655-3p, and more importantly, the overexpression of PBX3 partially reversed the regulatory effects of miR-655-3p on viability and invasiveness in HTR-8/SVneo cells. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-655-3p is involved in the development of PE by regulating biological features of trophoblasts by targeting PBX3.

13.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1022-1026, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210880

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the endoscopic bilateral posterior transverse partial cordotomy in patients with upper airway obstruction due to bilateral vocal fold paralysis. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 48 cases of upper airway obstruction due to bilateral vocal fold paralysis, who were admitted to Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Sixth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from July 2009 to July 2019, was performed, including 13 males and 35 females. Patients' ages ranged from 27 to 83 years old. All patients underwent bilateral vocal fold posterior resection. Results: Among the 48 patients, 1 patient was lost to follow-up, and the remaining 47 patients were followed up for 5 months to 10 years . None of the 47 patients had a recurrence or severe complications. 89.58% (43/48) patients reconstructed a reliable and effective airway and 88.89% (40/45) patients were decannulated in 1-3 months postoperatively, with the median decannulation time of 1 month. Recovery rate of swallowing function and satisfactory pronunciation were 97.92% (47/48) and 95.35% (41/43) respectively. Conclusions: Endoscopic bilateral posterior transverse partial cordotomy can establish a reliable and effective airway and maximize the protection of swallowing and voice functions. At the same time, it is a safe, reliable, simple and minimally invasive treatment option.

15.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1043-1050, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212552

RESUMO

Objective: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common infectious complication after emergency abdominal surgery (EAS). To a large extent, most SSI can be prevented, but there are few relevant studies in China. This study mainly investigated the current situation of SSI occurrence after EAS in China, and further explored risk factors for SSI occurrence. Methods: Multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted. Clinical data of patients undergoing EAS in 33 hospitals across China between May 1, 2019 and June 7, 2019 were prospectively collected, including perioperative data and microbial culture results from infected incisions. The primary outcome was the incidence of SSI after EAS, while the secondary outcomes were postoperative hospital stay, ICU occupancy rate, length of ICU stay, hospitalization cost, and mortality within postoperative 30 days. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of SSI after EAS. Results: A total of 660 EAS patients aged (47.9±18.3) years were enrolled in this study, including 56.5% of males (373/660). Forty-nine (7.4%) patients developed postoperative SSI. The main pathogen of SSI was Escherichia coli [culture positive rate was 32.7% (16/49)]. As compared to patients without SSI, those with SSI were more likely to be older (median 56 years vs. 46 years, U=19 973.5, P<0.001), male [71.4% (35/49) vs. 56.1% (343/611), χ(2)=4.334, P=0.037] and diabetes [14.3% (7/49) vs. 5.1% (31/611), χ(2)=5.498, P=0.015]; with-lower preoperative hemoglobin (median: 122.0 g/L vs. 143.5 g/L, U=11 471.5, P=0.006) and albumin (median: 35.5 g/L vs. 40.8 g/L, U=9452.0, P<0.001), with higher blood glucose (median: 6.9 mmol/L vs. 6.0 mmol/L, U=17 754.5, P<0.001); with intestinal obstruction [32.7% (16/49) vs. 9.2% (56/611), χ(2)=25.749, P<0.001], with ASA score 3-4 [42.9% (21/49) vs. 13.9% (85/611), χ(2)=25.563, P<0.001] and with high surgical risk [49.0% (24/49) vs. 7.0% (43/611), χ(2)=105.301, P<0.001]. The main operative procedure resulting in SSI was laparotomy [81.6%(40/49) vs. 35.7%(218/611), χ(2)=40.232, P<0.001]. Patients with SSI experienced significantly longer operation time (median: 150 minutes vs. 75 minutes, U=25 183.5, P<0.001). In terms of clinical outcome, higher ICU occupancy rate [51.0% (25/49) vs. 19.5% (119/611), χ(2)=26.461, P<0.001], more hospitalization costs (median: 44 000 yuan vs. 15 000 yuan, U=24 660.0, P<0.001), longer postoperative hospital stay (median: 10 days vs. 5 days, U=23 100.0, P<0.001) and longer ICU occupancy time (median: 0 days vs. 0 days, U=19 541.5, P<0.001) were found in the SSI group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the elderly (OR=3.253, 95% CI: 1.178-8.985, P=0.023), colorectal surgery (OR=9.156, 95% CI: 3.655-22.937, P<0.001) and longer operation time (OR=15.912, 95% CI:6.858-36.916, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of SSI, while the laparoscopic surgery (OR=0.288, 95% CI: 0.119-0.694, P=0.006) was an independent protective factor for SSI. Conclusions: For patients undergoing EAS, attention should be paid to middle-aged and elderly patients and those of colorectal surgery. Laparoscopic surgery should be adopted when feasible and the operation time should be minimized, so as to reduce the incidence of SSI and to reduce the burden on patients and medical institutions.

16.
Domest Anim Endocrinol ; 75: 106575, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186842

RESUMO

Twice-daily (BID) insulin injections are a major deterrence to owners treating dogs with diabetes mellitus (DM). The hypothesis for this study was that Protamine Zinc Recombinant Human Insulin (PZIR) is safe and efficacious as a once-daily (SID) treatment for canine DM. This was a prospective, baseline-controlled, multi-center study over 182 ± 5 d. Two hundred seventy-six client-owned dogs with naturally occurring DM (naïve or pre-treated with insulin) were enrolled in the study. Enrollment was based upon demonstration of hyperglycemia, glycosuria, and ≥1 diabetic clinical sign (polyuria (PU), polydipsia (PD), or weight loss). Insulin treatment was initiated at 0.5-1.0 IU/kg SID. An improvement in at least one lab parameter related to DM (mean BG, min BG, Fructosamine) and one clinical parameter (PU/PD, body weight) was achieved in 72% of dogs (80% of naive, 62% of pre-treated). Dogs treated SID and BID showed improvement in 71% and 74% of cases, respectively. In naïve dogs, mean and minimum BG and fructosamine were significantly decreased (P < 0.05) by d 7 and 21, respectively, and in pre-treated dogs by d 63. By d 84, PU/PD improved in 90% and 88% of dogs, respectively, and the mean successful insulin dose was 1.4 IU/kg/d. Safety parameters were measured in 276 dogs for up to 182 d; clinical hypoglycemia occurred in 8.9% of dogs. We conclude that PZIR safely and effectively improved glycemic parameters and clinical signs in naïve and pre-treated diabetic dogs. The significant percentage of dogs on SID treatment with improvement in hyperglycemia and clinical signs confirms the prolonged action of PZIR in many dogs.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(19): 192503, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216609

RESUMO

ß-delayed one-proton emissions of ^{22}Si, the lightest nucleus with an isospin projection T_{z}=-3, are studied with a silicon array surrounded by high-purity germanium detectors. Properties of ß-decay branches and the reduced transition probabilities for the transitions to the low-lying states of ^{22}Al are determined. Compared to the mirror ß decay of ^{22}O, the largest value of mirror asymmetry in low-lying states by far, with δ=209(96), is found in the transition to the first 1^{+} excited state. Shell-model calculation with isospin-nonconserving forces, including the T=1, J=2, 3 interaction related to the s_{1/2} orbit that introduces explicitly the isospin-symmetry breaking force and describes the loosely bound nature of the wave functions of the s_{1/2} orbit, can reproduce the observed data well and consistently explain the observation that a large δ value occurs for the first but not for the second 1^{+} excited state of ^{22}Al. Our results, while supporting the proton-halo structure in ^{22}Al, might provide another means to identify halo nuclei.

18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1220-1226, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147920

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the knowledge awareness and service acceptance of HIV non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) men who have sex with men (MSM) among college students in three cities of China. Methods: Male college students in 10 universities of Beijing, Shenzhen and Kunming aged 18 and above who had sex with men in the last 3 months were recruited as research objects by cluster stratified sampling from March 15, 2019 to April 14, 2019.Basic information, sexual behavior characteristics, knowledge, and service acceptance of nPEP were collected through online questionnaire survey. Multivariate dichotomy and unconditioned logistic regression model was used to explore related factors about knowledge awareness and service acceptance of nPEP. Results: A total of 293 MSM were surveyed. The average age was (21.0±0.2) years old, and 91.1% (267) were undergraduates. In the last 3 months before the survey, 54.3%(159) used condom each time of sex; 4.4%(13) had intercourse with the HIV infected men, and 9.2% (27)suffered STDs in the past 6 months. The 29.4% (86) had not received HIV testing in the past year. The nPEP knowledge awareness rate was 47.8% (140). The 21.2% (62) counseled nPEP services, and 9.9% (29) received nPEP services. After multiple logistic regression analysis, compared with those who not received HIV testing in the past year, OR (95%CI) value of those who received HIV testing for more than twice in the past year to aware the nPEP knowledge was 3.15 (1.01-9.86). Compared with those who not received HIV testing in the past year, OR (95%CI) value of those who received HIV testing for more than twice in the past year to counsel the nPEP services was 5.29 (1.51-18.51). Compared with those who never used rush in the last 3 months, OR(95%CI) value of those who ever used rush in the last 3 months to receive the nPEP services was 3.86 (0.99-14.98). Compared with those who not sexed with HIV infected in the last 3 months, OR (95%CI) value of those who sexed with HIV infected in the last 3 months to receive the nPEP services was 14.30 (3.35-61.03). Conclusion: The proportions of awareness of nPEP knowledge and acceptance of nPEP services are low. MSM among college students need further health education of the nPEP knowledge to improve the accessibility of services.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adulto , Pequim , China , Cidades , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição , Comportamento Sexual , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1261-1267, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147927

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a lung cancer risk prediction model for female non-smokers. Methods: Based on the Kailuan prospective dynamic cohort (2006.05-2015.12), a nested case-control study was conducted. Participants diagnosed with primary pathologically confirmed lung cancer during follow-up were identified as the case group, and others were identified as the control group. A total of 24 701 subjects were included in the study, including 86 lung cancer cases and 24 615 control population, respectively. Questionnaires, physical examinations, and laboratory tests were conducted to collect relevant information. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regressions were conducted to develop a lung cancer risk prediction model. Area Under the Curve (AUC) and Hosmer-Lemeshow tests were used to evaluate discrimination and calibration, respectively. Ten-fold cross-validation was used for internal validation. Results: Two sets of models were developed: the simple model (including age and monthly income) and the metabolic index model [including age, monthly income, fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)].The AUC (95%CI) [0.745 (0.719-0.771)] of the metabolic index model was higher than that of the simple prediction model [0.688 (0.660-0.716)] (P=0.004). Both the simple model (PHL=0.287) and the metabolic index model (PHL=0.134) were well-calibrated. The results of ten-fold cross-validation indicated sufficient stability, with an average AUC of 0.699 and a standard error (SD) of 0.010. Conclusion: By incorporating metabolic markers, accurate and reliable lung cancer risk prediction model for female non smokers could be developed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , não Fumantes , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
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