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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725292

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the influence and significance of respiratory filter on the judgment of pulmonary function and the conclusion of occupational health examination in occupational health examination. Methods: From August to November 2020, 252 occupational health examinees were randomly selected as the research objects, and the lung function was examined with the respiratory filter bite and the straight cylinder bite without filter, respectively. The lung function examination indexes and the qualification rate of lung function examination were analyzed and compared between the two groups, and the diagnostic criteria of lung function examination was corrected. Results: 252 subjects were 36 (30, 42) years old. The qualified rate of lung function examination with respiratory filter bite (28.17%, 71/252) was lower than that with straight cylinder bite (34.92%, 88/252) , the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . The percentage of forced vital capacity in normal predicted value (FVC%) , percentage of forced expiratory volume in the first second in normal predicted value (FEV(1)%) , and percentage of forced expiratory volume in the first second in forced vital capacity (FEV(1)/FVC%) of subjects using respiratory filter bite were lower than those using the straight cylinder bite (P<0.05) . The corrected diagnostic criteria of pulmonary function were FVC%>78%, FEV(1)%>77%, FEV(1)/FVC%>68%. There was no significant difference between the qualified rate of the respiratory filter bite lung function test calculated according to the corrected diagnostic criteria (35.71%, 90/252) and the qualified rate of the straight cylinder bite lung function test calculated according to the original diagnostic criteria (34.92%, 88/252) (P>0.05) . Conclusion: In occupational health examination, the use of respiratory filter may affect the results of pulmonary function examination. The diagnostic criteria of pulmonary function can be corrected according to different filtering effects to ensure the accuracy of the conclusions of occupational health examination.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Adulto , Pulmão , Capacidade Vital , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos
2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725299

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis is end-stage of variety of heterogeneous interstitial lung disease, characterizedby excessive proliferation of fibroblasts and extracellular matrix deposition and destruction of lung parenchyma. Thyroid and lung are derived from the same endodermal cells, thyroid hormone affect the occurrence、development and prognosis of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and other lung diseases, This article reviews the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in pulmonary fibrosis in order to provide new idea for the study of the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in silicosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Fibrose Pulmonar , Silicose , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Fibroblastos , Hormônios Tireóideos , Fibrose
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725290

RESUMO

Objective: Differential flora and differential metabolites shared by the intestinal and respiratory tracts of rats were screened to analyze the possible role of changes in intestinal flora and metabolites in the progression of pneumoconiosis in rats. Methods: In April 2020, 18 SD rats were randomly divided into three groups (control group, coal mine dust group and silica group, 6 in each group) , rats in the coal mine dust group and silica group were perfused with 1 ml of 50 mg/ml coal mine well dust suspension and silica suspension by nontracheal exposure, respectively. While rats in the control group were perfused with an equal dose of sterilized normal saline. Twenty four weeks after dust staining, rat feces, throat swabs, and lung lavages were collected. 16SrDNA gene sequencing and UHPLC-QTOF-MS untargeted metabolomics were used to analyze the flora and metabolites in feces, throat swabs and lung lavage fluid of rats in each group, to screen for shared differential flora and shared differential metabolites in intestinal and respiratory tract, and the correlation analysis between the differential flora and metabolites was performed using Spearman's statistics. Results: Compared with the control group, a total of 9 species shared differential flora between intestinal and respiratory tract were screened at phylum level, and a total of 9 species shared differential genus between intestinal and respiratory tract were screened at genus level in the coal mine dust group, mainly Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, etc. Compared with the control group, a total of 9 shared differential flora were screened at the phylum level, and a total of 5 shared differential genus were screened at the genus level in the silica group, mainly Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Allobactera, Mucilaginibacter, etc. Compared with the control group, a total of 7 shared differential metabolites were screened for up-regulation of Stigmatellin, Linalool oxide and Isoleucine-leucine in both intestinal and respiratory tract in the coal mine dust group. Compared with the control group , a total of 19 shared differential metabolites werescreened in the silica group, of which Diethanolamine, 1-Aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid, Isoleucine-leucine, Sphingosine, Palmitic acid, D-sphinganine, 1, 2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine, and 1-Stearoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphocholine were up-regulated in both the intestinal and respiratory tract. Conclusion: There is a translocation of intestinal and respiratory flora in pneumoconiosis rats, and rats have an imbalance of lipid metabolism during the progression of pneumoconiosis.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão , Pneumoconiose , Ratos , Animais , Isoleucina , Leucina , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Poeira/análise , Dióxido de Silício , Carvão Mineral
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725296

RESUMO

Mercury is highly toxic and can be absorbed through skin contact. From December 5, 2020 to February 16, 2021, occupational disease laboratory of the First People's Hospital of Baiyin received 30 urine mercury test samples from a beauty salon in Lanzhou City. The test results showed that 28 samples exceeded the normal value (normal value: 4 µg/g Cr) . 15 patients were treated with sodium dimertopropyl sulfonate for mercury removal and tiopron for liver protection, and the prognosis was good.


Assuntos
Cosméticos , Intoxicação por Mercúrio , Mercúrio , Humanos , Mercúrio/efeitos adversos , Cosméticos/efeitos adversos , Pele
5.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725809

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered as both a vital risk factor and a consequence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Low total testosterone (TT) is common in men with T2DM, contributing to increased risks of metabolic diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between TT levels and the prevalence of NAFLD in men with T2DM. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 1005 men with T2DM were enrolled in National Metabolic Management Center (MMC) of First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University between January 2017 and August 2021. NAFLD was diagnosed using ultrasound as described by the Chinese Liver Disease Association. Overweight/obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 according to WHO BMI classifications. RESULTS: Individuals without NAFLD had higher serum TT levels than those with NAFLD. After adjustments for potential confounding factors, the top tertile was significantly associated with lower prevalence of NAFLD compared with the bottom tertile of TT level [odds ratio (OR) 0.303, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.281-0.713; P < 0.001]. The association between TT with NAFLD in individuals with normal weight (OR 0.175, 95% CI 0.098-0.315; P < 0.001) was stronger than in individuals with overweight/obesity (OR 0.509, 95% CI 0.267-0.971; P = 0.040). There was a significant interaction of TT with overweight/obesity (P for interaction = 0.018 for NAFLD). CONCLUSION: Higher serum TT was significantly associated with a lower prevalence of NAFLD in men with T2DM. We found that the relationship of TT and NAFLD was stronger in individuals with non-overweight/obesity.

6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 45(1): 50-55, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709120

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the effects of exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells on the proliferation and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells, and to analyze the contents of exosomes and explore the mechanisms affecting pancreatic cancer cells. Methods: Exosomes extracted from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were added to pancreatic cancer cells BxPC3, Panc-1 and mouse models of pancreatic cancer, respectively. The proliferative activity and invasion abilities of BxPC3 and Panc-1 cells were measured by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell assays. The expressions of miRNAs in exosomes were detected by high-throughput sequencing. GO and KEGG were used to analyze the related functions and the main metabolic pathways of target genes with high expressions of miRNAs. Results: The results of CCK-8 cell proliferation assay showed that the absorbance of BxPC3 and Panc-1 cells in the hucMSCs-exo group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(4.68±0.09) vs. (3.68±0.01), P<0.05; (5.20±0.20) vs. (3.45±0.17), P<0.05]. Transwell test results showed that the number of invasion cells of BxPC3 and Panc-1 in hucMSCs-exo group was significantly higher than that in the control group (129.40±6.02) vs. (89.40±4.39), P<0.05; (134.40±7.02) vs. (97.00±6.08), P<0.05. In vivo experimental results showed that the tumor volume and weight in the exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs-exo) group were significantly greater than that in the control group [(884.57±59.70) mm(3) vs. (695.09±57.81) mm(3), P<0.05; (0.94±0.21) g vs. (0.60±0.13) g, P<0.05]. High-throughput sequencing results showed that miR-148a-3p, miR-100-5p, miR-143-3p, miR-21-5p and miR-92a-3p were highly expressed. GO and KEGG analysis showed that the target genes of these miRNAs were mainly involved in the regulation of glucosaldehylation, and the main metabolic pathways were ascorbic acid and aldehyde acid metabolism, which were closely related to the development of pancreatic cancer. Conclusion: Exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells can promote the growth of pancreatic cancer cells and the mechanism is related to miRNAs that are highly expressed in exosomes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Exossomos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Sincalida/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Cordão Umbilical
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 45(1): 88-94, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709125

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application and efficacy of paclitaxel liposome in the treatment of advanced breast cancer among Chinese population in the real world. Methods: The clinical characteristics of patients with advanced breast cancer who received paclitaxel liposome as salvage treatment from January 1, 2016 to August 31, 2019 in 11 hospitals were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome was progression free survival (PFS), and the secondary outcome included objective response rate (ORR) and safety. The survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox regression model were used for the multivariate analysis. Results: Among 647 patients with advanced breast cancer who received paclitaxel liposome, the first-line treatment accounted for 43.3% (280/647), the second-line treatment accounted for 27.7% (179/647), and the third-line and above treatment accounted for 29.1% (188/647). The median dose of first-line and second-line treatment was 260 mg per cycle, and 240 mg in third line and above treatment. The median period of paclitaxel liposome alone and combined chemotherapy or targeted therapy is 4 cycles and 6 cycles, respectively. In the whole group, 167 patients (25.8%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with capecitabine±trastuzumab (TX±H), 123 patients (19.0%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome alone (T), and 119 patients (18.4%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with platinum ± trastuzumab (TP±H), 108 patients (16.7%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with trastuzumab ± pertuzumab (TH±P). The median PFS of first-line and second-line patients (5.5 and 5.5 months, respectively) were longer than that of patients treated with third line and above (4.9 months, P<0.05); The ORR of the first line, second line, third line and above patients were 46.7%, 36.8% and 28.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that event-free survival (EFS) and the number of treatment lines were independent prognostic factors for PFS. The common adverse events were myelosuppression, gastrointestinal reactions, hand foot syndrome and abnormal liver function. Conclusion: Paclitaxel liposomes is widely used and has promising efficacy in multi-subtype advanced breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/induzido quimicamente , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Lipossomos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Capecitabina/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos
9.
Comput Med Imaging Graph ; 104: 102170, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634467

RESUMO

Vascular tortuosity of supra-aortic vessels is widely considered one of the main reasons for failure and delays in endovascular treatment of large vessel occlusion in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Characterization of tortuosity is a challenging task due to the lack of objective, robust and effective analysis tools. We present a fully automatic method for arterial segmentation, vessel labelling and tortuosity feature extraction applied to the supra-aortic region. A sample of 566 computed tomography angiography scans from acute ischemic stroke patients (aged 74.8 ± 12.9, 51.0% females) were used for training, validation and testing of a segmentation module based on a U-Net architecture (162 cases) and a vessel labelling module powered by a graph U-Net (566 cases). Successively, 30 cases were processed for testing of a tortuosity feature extraction module. Measurements obtained through automatic processing were compared to manual annotations from two observers for a thorough validation of the method. The proposed feature extraction method presented similar performance to the inter-rater variability observed in the measurement of 33 geometrical and morphological features of the arterial anatomy in the supra-aortic region. This system will contribute to the development of more complex models to advance the treatment of stroke by adding immediate automation, objectivity, repeatability and robustness to the vascular tortuosity characterization of patients.

10.
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci ; 381(2242): 20210231, 2023 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587826

RESUMO

We study the dynamics of turbulence transport subject to a constraint on the profile formation and relaxation, dominated by the ion temperature gradient modes, within the framework of adiabatic electron response using a flux-driven global gyro-kinetic toroidal code, GKNET. We observe exponentially constrained profiles, with two different scale lengths, that are spatially constant in each region in higher input power regimes. The profiles are smoothly connected in the knee region located at [Formula: see text] of the minor radius, outside which the gradient is steepened and shows a weak confinement improvement. Based on the probability density function analysis of heat flux eddies, the power law demonstrates a dependence on the eddy size S, as [Formula: see text], which distinguishes events into diffusive and non-diffusive parts including the validation of quasi-linear hypotheses. Radially localized avalanches and global bursts, which exhibit different spatial scales, play central roles in giving rise to constrained profiles on an equal footing. It is also found that the [Formula: see text] shear layers are initiated by the global bursts, which evolve downward on a slow time scale across the knee region and play a role in adjusting the profile by increasing the gradient. This article is part of a discussion meeting issue 'H-mode transition and pedestal studies in fusion plasmas'.

11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603862

RESUMO

Objective: To describe a technique of endoscopic transoral approach nasopharyngectomy for petroclival and jugular foramen nasopharyngeal carcinoma, based on anatomic studies and surgeries. Methods: Three dry human skulls and five fresh human cadaver heads were used for anatomic study of a endoscopic transoral approach to expose petroclival and jugular foramen. The anatomical landmarks and the extent of exposure were recorded. Six clinical cases who were treated in Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University from June 2020 to April 2022 were used to illustrate the technique and feasibility of this approach and to assess its indications and advantages, including 3 males and 3 females, aged 42 to 69 years old. Descriptive analysis was used in this research. Results: On the basis of the preservation of the internal pterygoid muscle and the external pterygoid muscle, this approach could fully expose the parapharyngeal, petrosal and paraclival segment internal carotid arteries, and safely deal with the lesions of jugular foramen and petroclival region. The 6 patients in our study tolerated the procedure well. Postoperative enhanced MRI showed complete resection of the tumor and no postoperative masticatory dysfunction. Conclusion: Endoscopic transoral approach is a safe, minimally invasive and effective surgical treatment for petroclival and jugular foramen recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Assuntos
Forâmen Jugular , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Endoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/cirurgia
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(1): 48-51, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655257

RESUMO

In this study, Delphi method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey on 12 experts to determine the indicators system and the corresponding weight for early warning features of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron in Tianjin.The positive indexes of experts in three rounds of consultations were both 100%. The experts' authority coefficient was 0.79. The Kendall's W coordination coefficients were 0.375, 0.356 and 0.385 respectively (all P<0.05). The indicators system for early warning features of 2019-nCoV Omicron variant had 5 first-level indicators, 10 second-level indicators and 52 third-level indicators. The weight of each indicator was also determined.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Técnica Delfos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(1): 43-47, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655256

RESUMO

This study collected epidemic data of COVID-19 in Zhengzhou from January 1 to January 20 in 2022. The epidemiological characteristics of the local epidemic in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant were analyzed through epidemiological survey and big data analysis, which could provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of the Delta variant. In detail, a total of 276 close contacts and 599 secondary close contacts were found in this study. The attack rate of close contacts and secondary close contacts was 5.43% (15/276) and 0.17% (1/599), respectively. There were 10 confirmed cases associated with the chain of transmission. Among them, the attack rates in close contacts of the first, second, third, fourth and fifth generation cases were 20.00% (5/25), 17.86% (5/28), 0.72% (1/139) and 14.81% (4/27), 0 (0/57), respectively. The attack rates in close contacts after sharing rooms/beds, having meals, having neighbor contacts, sharing vehicles with the patients, having same space contacts, and having work contacts were 26.67%, 9.10%, 8.33%, 4.55%, 1.43%, and 0 respectively. Collectively, the local epidemic situation in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone has an obvious family cluster. Prevention and control work should focus on decreasing family clusters of cases and community transmission.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Epidemias , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Incidência
14.
Science ; 379(6627): 94-99, 2023 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603079

RESUMO

Maize (Zea mays) is a major staple crop in Africa, where its yield and the livelihood of millions are compromised by the parasitic witchweed Striga. Germination of Striga is induced by strigolactones exuded from maize roots into the rhizosphere. In a maize germplasm collection, we identified two strigolactones, zealactol and zealactonoic acid, which stimulate less Striga germination than the major maize strigolactone, zealactone. We then showed that a single cytochrome P450, ZmCYP706C37, catalyzes a series of oxidative steps in the maize-strigolactone biosynthetic pathway. Reduction in activity of this enzyme and two others involved in the pathway, ZmMAX1b and ZmCLAMT1, can change strigolactone composition and reduce Striga germination and infection. These results offer prospects for breeding Striga-resistant maize.


Assuntos
Lactonas , Striga , Zea mays , Germinação , Lactonas/metabolismo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Striga/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/genética , Zea mays/metabolismo
15.
Clin Radiol ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690510

RESUMO

AIM: To reveal the prognostic value of the postoperative and dynamic albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing trans-catheter chemoembolisation (TACE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 545 HCC patients undergoing initial TACE were enrolled into the study. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to determine the best cut-off for AAPR. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to confirm the independent prognostic effect of AAPR on overall survival (OS). The predictive performance of AAPR was assessed by ROC curves, concordance index (C-index), and Akaike information criterion (AIC), and was compared to existing liver function assessment systems. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value for the AAPR was 0.26. Elevated AAPR (>0.26) was associated with a low risk of death after adjustment whether before (HR: 0.53; 95% CI: 0.4-0.69) or after (HR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.43-0.95) TACE treatment. The combined pre- and postoperative AAPR showed much better performance in ROC curve (1-, 3-, and 5-year AUCs: 0.69, 0.71, 0.69), C-index (0.65; 95% CI: 0.59-0.72) and AIC analyses than pre-AAPR and post-AAPR alone or liver function assessment systems. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated both preoperative and postoperative AAPR were independent prognostic factors for HCC patients undergoing TACE. In addition, the combined pre- and post-AAPR showed better predictive performance than pre-AAPR and post-AAPR alone or liver function assessment systems.

16.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 61(1): 56-60, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594122

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the genetic and genomic profiling of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and factors affecting its survival rate. Methods: Clinical characteristics, cytogenetics, molecular biology results and survival status of children with 27 JMML cases admitted to the Hematology Department of Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from December 2012 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, and the outcomes of the children were followed up. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Univariate analysis was used for analyzing factors affecting the overall survival (OS) rates of patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Log-Rank test was used for comparison of survival curves. Results: Among 27 JMML cases, there were 11 males and 16 females. The age of disease onset was 28 (11,52) months. There are 20 cases of normal karyotype, 4 cases of monosomy 7, 1 case of trisomy 8,1 case of 11q23 rearrangement and 1 case of complex karyotype. A total of 39 somatic mutations were detected.Those involved in RAS signal pathway were the highest (64%(25/39)), among which PTPN11 mutation was the most frequent (44% (11/25)). A total of 17 cases (63%) received HSCT, 8 cases (30%) did not receive HSCT, and 2 cases (7%) lost follow-up. For children receiving transplantation, the follow-up time after transplantation was 47 (11,57) months. The 1-year OS rate of high-risk transplantation group (17 cases) and high-risk non transplantation group (6 cases) was (88±8)% and (50±20)% respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=5.01, P=0.025). The 5-year OS rate of the high-risk transplantation group was (75±11)%. The survival time of those who relapsed or progressed to acute myeloid leukemia after transplantation was significantly shorter than that of those who did not relapse (χ2=6.80, P=0.009). The OS rate of patients with or without PTPN11 mutation was (81±12) % and (67±19)% respectively (χ2=0.85, P=0.356). Conclusions: The main pathogenesis involved in JMML is gene mutation related to RAS signaling pathway, and the most common driver gene of mutation is PTPN11. Allogeneic HSCT can significantly improve the survival rate of high-risk JMML patients. The recurrence or progression after transplantation was related to poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Juvenil , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Juvenil/genética , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Juvenil/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Mutação
17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 61(2): 89-94, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36720616

RESUMO

Since trastuzumab was listed and approved for breast cancer in 2002, China has entered a new epoch of targeted therapy. Over the past 20 years, anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) targeted therapy for breast cancer in China has experienced the era of single-target, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, double-target and anti-HER2 plus antibody-drug conjugate. Advancement in the anti-HER2 targeted therapy is continuously changing the treatment mode of patients with HER2 positive status and even HER2 low expression, significantly improved their prognosis. In the past 20 years, Chinese scholars have participated in international clinical researches, completed a series of registration studies of imported drugs, developed new drugs with proprietary intellectual property rights, enriched the evidence of clinical research on HER2-targeted therapy, and formed a treatment system with both international standards and Chinese characteristics. In particular, the formulation of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology Breast Cancer Guidelines and the Chinese expert consensus on anti-HER2 targeted treatment in breast cancer are the concentrated embodiments of Chinese wisdom.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Trastuzumab , Mama , China
18.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 44(2): 180-185, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ultrasound is generally considered to have a minor role in guiding biopsies for deep head and neck space lesions. However, the ultrasound fusion technique may have the potential to change this opinion. This study evaluated the feasibility, histopathologic yield, and safety of ultrasound fusion-guided core needle biopsies for deep head and neck space lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2021 to April 2022, patients with primary deep head and neck space lesions were prospectively included in this study. Ultrasound fusion was performed with contemporaneous CT, MR imaging, or PET/CT studies, and ultrasound fusion-guided core needle biopsy was performed by using a Micro-Convex probe via 4 different needle approaches. Feasibility, histopathologic results, and biopsy-related complications were observed. Descriptive statistics were applied. RESULTS: Ultrasound-guided biopsy was feasible in all 16 patients (11 women and 5 men; mean age 46 [SD, 16] years; range, 16-76 years). The lesions were located in the parapharyngeal space, infratemporal fossa, and skull base, with a median diameter of 3.8 cm (range, 2.2-6.5 cm). An adequate and definite histopathologic yield was obtained in 15/16 (93.8%) patients; among them, 4/15 lesions (26.7%) were malignant, and 11/15 (73.6%) were benign. No major complications occurred. Minor complications were noted in 2 of the 16 (12.5%) patients (self-limiting inflammation in 1 and bleeding in 1). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that ultrasound fusion-guided biopsy of deep head and neck space lesions is feasible and safe, with a high histopathologic yield.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos
19.
Photoacoustics ; 29: 100453, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718271

RESUMO

Collective lattice dynamics determine essential aspects of condensed matter, such as elastic and thermal properties. These exhibit strong dependence on the length-scale, reflecting the marked wavevector dependence of lattice excitations. The extreme ultraviolet transient grating (EUV TG) approach has demonstrated the potential of accessing a wavevector range corresponding to the 10s of nm length-scale, representing a spatial scale of the highest relevance for fundamental physics and forefront technology, previously inaccessible by optical TG and other inelastic scattering methods. In this manuscript we report on the capabilities of this technique in the context of probing thermoelastic properties of matter, both in the bulk and at the surface, as well as discussing future developments and practical considerations.

20.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 62(1): 61-69, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631039

RESUMO

Objective: To detect the microRNAs (miRNAs) and proteins carried by exosomes in the plasma of patients with newly diagnosed Takayasu's arteritis (TAK) and analyze their possible roles in the pathogenesis of TAK. Methods: Ten patients with newly diagnosed TAK from the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital were selected during June-November 2020. Five healthy controls were matched with five patients by age and sex. RNA sequencing and protein mass spectrometry were used to detect miRNAs and proteins, respectively, carried by exosomes in the plasma. Differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) and proteins (DEPs) were screened. Thereafter, hierarchical cluster analysis, function, signal pathway, and protein domain enrichment analysis of DE-miRNAs and DEPs were performed. Finally, miRNAs and proteins related to vasculitis and autoimmunity were identified. The possible roles of the miRNAs and proteins in the pathogenesis of TAK were explored. Enumeration data were compared using Fisher's exact probability test or Chi-square test, and a P-value<0.05 was considered significant. Results: Compared with the healthy controls, patients with TAK had 29 DE-miRNAs on their plasma exosomes. Among these DE-miRNAs, miR-101-3p, miR-122-5p, miR-143-3p, miR-185-3p, miR-192-5p, miR-194-5p, miR-19a-3p, miR-19b-3p, miR-20b-5p, miR-21-5p, miR-22-3p, miR-335-5p, miR-34a-5p, miR-3613-5p, miR-548ad-5p, miR-590-3p, and miR-7-5p were upregulated; whereas miR-1249-3p, miR-141-3p, miR-199a-5p, miR-199b-5p, miR-200a-3p, miR-200c-3p, miR-204-5p, miR-29c-5p, miR-335-3p, miR-381-3p, miR-4433b-5p, and miR-584-5p were downregulated. Finally, miR-34a-5p, miR-200c-3p, miR-143-3p, miR-22-3p, and miR-21-5p were identified. Among the 357 DEPs screened, 236 DEPs were upregulated, whereas 121 DEPs were downregulated. Finally, kallikrein B1 (KLKB1), kininogen 1 (KNG1), desmoplakin (DSP) were identified. Conclusion: MiR-34a-5p, miR-200c-3p, miR-143-3p, miR-22-3p, miR-21-5p, KLKB1, KNG1, and DSP carried by exosomes in plasma might participate in the pathogenesis of TAK by regulating vascular physiology, inflammation, autoimmunity, and other processes. They may be biomarkers and therapeutic targets of TAK.


Assuntos
Exossomos , MicroRNAs , Arterite de Takayasu , Humanos , Exossomos/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Biomarcadores
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