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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13622, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193887

RESUMO

A detailed knowledge on the spatial distribution of pests is crucial for predicting population outbreaks or developing control strategies and sustainable management plans. The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, is one of the most destructive pests of cruciferous crops worldwide. Despite the abundant research on the species's ecology, little is known about the spatio-temporal pattern of P. xylostella in an agricultural landscape. Therefore, in this study, the spatial distribution of P. xylostella was characterized to assess the effect of landscape elements in a fine-scale agricultural landscape by geostatistical analysis. The P. xylostella adults captured by pheromone-baited traps showed a seasonal pattern of population fluctuation from October 2015 to September 2017, with a marked peak in spring, suggesting that mild temperatures, 15-25 °C, are favorable for P. xylostella. Geostatistics (GS) correlograms fitted with spherical and Gaussian models showed an aggregated distribution in 21 of the 47 cases interpolation contour maps. This result highlighted that spatial distribution of P. xylostella was not limited to the Brassica vegetable field, but presence was the highest there. Nevertheless, population aggregations also showed a seasonal variation associated with the growing stage of host plants. GS model analysis showed higher abundances in cruciferous fields than in any other patches of the landscape, indicating a strong host plant dependency. We demonstrate that Brassica vegetables distribution and growth stage, have dominant impacts on the spatial distribution of P. xylostella in a fine-scale landscape. This work clarified the spatio-temporal dynamic and distribution patterns of P. xylostella in an agricultural landscape, and the distribution model developed by geostatistical analysis can provide a scientific basis for precise targeting and localized control of P. xylostella.

2.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236991

RESUMO

Clinical evidence began to accumulate, suggesting that circRNAs can be novel therapeutic targets for various diseases and play a critical role in human health. However, limited by the complex mechanism of circRNA, it is difficult to quickly and large-scale explore the relationship between disease and circRNA in the wet-lab experiment. In this work, we design a new computational model MGRCDA on account of the metagraph recommendation theory to predict the potential circRNA-disease associations. Specifically, we first regard the circRNA-disease association prediction problem as the system recommendation problem, and design a series of metagraphs according to the heterogeneous biological networks; then extract the semantic information of the disease and the Gaussian interaction profile kernel (GIPK) similarity of circRNA and disease as network attributes; finally, the iterative search of the metagraph recommendation algorithm is used to calculate the scores of the circRNA-disease pair. On the gold standard dataset circR2Disease, MGRCDA achieved a prediction accuracy of 92.49% with an area under the ROC curve of 0.9298, which is significantly higher than other state-of-the-art models. Furthermore, among the top 30 disease-related circRNAs recommended by the model, 25 have been verified by the latest published literature. The experimental results prove that MGRCDA is feasible and efficient, and it can recommend reliable candidates to further wet-lab experiment and reduce the scope of the experiment.

3.
Chin Med Sci J ; 36(2): 79-84, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231455

RESUMO

Objectives To validate the reliability of the Chinese version of the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) in physician-standardized patient (SP) encounter. We also tried to examine the agreement between video-based ratings and in-room ratings, as well as the agreement between the faculty ratings and SP ratings. Methods The CARE was translated into Chinese. Forty-eight anesthesia residents were recruited to make preoperative interview in SP-counter. Performance of each resident was graded by in-room raters, video raters and SP raters. Consistency between different raters was examined. Results The Chinese-CARE measure demonstrated high scale reliability with a Cronbach's alpha value of 0.95 and high consistency in the in-room ratings in intraclass correlation (coefficient=0.888,P<0.001). Despite a good consistency in intraclass correlation, video ratings were significantly higher than in-room ratings (39.6±7.1vs. 24.0±10.0,P<0.001), and Wilcoxon signed-rank test indicated that the pass/fail rate was significantly higher based on video ratings than based on in-room ratings (45/48vs. 22/48, P<0.001). SP ratings had a moderate consistency with in-room faculty ratings (coefficient=0.568,P<0.001), and there was no significant difference between the pass/fail rates based on the in-room ratings and SP ratings (22/48vs. 28/48, P=0.12). Conclusions The Chinese-CARE measure is reliable in the assessment of empathy during preoperative anesthesia interview. In-room and video ratings are not equivalent, while SP may provide a feasible alternative for the faculty rater in the assessment of communication skills with an appropriate measure.

4.
Neurosci Bull ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235622

RESUMO

Sodium salicylate is an anti-inflammatory medication with a side-effect of tinnitus. Here, we used mouse cochlear cultures to explore the effects of salicylate treatment on cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs). We found that IHCs showed significant damage after exposure to a high concentration of salicylate. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings showed that 1-5 mmol/L salicylate did not affect the exocytosis of IHCs, indicating that IHCs are not involved in tinnitus generation by enhancing their neuronal input. Instead, salicylate induced a larger peak amplitude, a more negative half-activation voltage, and a steeper slope factor of Ca2+ current. Using noise analysis of Ca2+ tail currents and qRT-PCR, we further found that salicylate increased the number of Ca2+ channels along with CaV1.3 expression. All these changes could act synergistically to enhance the Ca2+ influx into IHCs. Inhibition of intracellular Ca2+ overload significantly attenuated IHC death after 10 mmol/L salicylate treatment. These results implicate a cellular mechanism for tinnitus generation in the peripheral auditory system.

5.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Accurate preoperative differentiation between squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in the palatine tonsil is crucial because of their different treatment. This study aimed to construct and validate a contrast-enhanced CT (CECT)-based radiomics nomogram for preoperative differentiation of SCC and NHL in the palatine tonsil. METHODS: This study enrolled 135 patients with a pathological diagnosis of SCC or NHL from two clinical centers, who were divided into training (n = 94; SCC = 50, NHL = 44) and external validation sets (n = 41; SCC = 22, NHL = 19). A radiomics signature was constructed from radiomics features extracted from routine CECT images and a radiomics score (Rad-score) was calculated. A clinical model was established using demographic features and CT findings. The independent clinical factors and Rad-score were combined to construct a radiomics nomogram. Performance of the clinical model, radiomics signature, and nomogram was assessed using receiver operating characteristics analysis and decision curve analysis. RESULTS: Eleven features were finally selected to construct the radiomics signature. The radiomics nomogram incorporating gender, mean CECT value, and radiomics signature showed better predictive value for differentiating SCC from NHL than the clinical model for training (AUC, 0.919 vs. 0.801, p = 0.004) and validation (AUC, 0.876 vs. 0.703, p = 0.029) sets. Decision curve analysis demonstrated that the radiomics nomogram was more clinically useful than the clinical model. CONCLUSIONS: A CECT-based radiomics nomogram was constructed incorporating gender, mean CECT value, and radiomics signature. This nomogram showed favorable predictive efficacy for differentiating SCC from NHL in the palatine tonsil, and might be useful for clinical decision-making. KEY POINTS: • Differential diagnosis between SCC and NHL in the palatine tonsil is difficult by conventional imaging modalities. • A radiomics nomogram integrated with the radiomics signature, gender, and mean contrast-enhanced CT value facilitates differentiation of SCC from NHL with improved diagnostic efficacy.

6.
Talanta ; 233: 122567, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215063

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) received great attention in cancer therapy due to the advantages of negligible drug resistance, low side effects, and minimal invasiveness. Development of theranostic nanoprobes with specific imaging-guided PDT is of great significance in the field. Herein we report the fabrication of a novel theranostic nanoprobe porphyrin/G-quadruplex conjugated gold/persistent luminescence nanocomposites for imaging-guided PDT. The developed nanoprobe contains NIR-emitting persistent luminescent nanoparticles (PLNP) as the core for autofluorescence-free bioimaging and Au coating on PLNP for facile subsequent DNA conjugation. The DNA sequence is designed to contain G-rich AS1411 aptamer for recognizing the over-expressed cellular nucleolin of cancer cell and forming a G-quadruplex structure to combine with tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP) to realize PDT. The AS1411 aptamer-contained DNA conjugated Au-coated PLNP is rapidly prepared via a freezing method with high content of DNA and good aqueous stability. Meanwhile, TCPP is easily loaded into the G-quadruplex structure formed from G-rich AS1411 aptamer on the surface of Au/PLNP in presence of K+. The theranostic nanoprobe gives integrated merits of PLNP for autofluorescence-free bioimging, TCPP for PDT and AS1411 aptamer-contained DNA for specific binding to cancer cells. This work provides a new specially designed imaging-guided PDT nanoplatform for theranostics.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ouro , Luminescência , Medicina de Precisão
7.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5527475, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257805

RESUMO

Aspirin eugenol ester (AEE) is a new pharmaceutical compound esterified by aspirin and eugenol, which has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and other pharmacological activities. This study is aimed at identifying the protective effect of AEE against H2O2-induced apoptosis in rat adrenal pheochromocytoma PC12 cells and the possible mechanisms. The results of cell viability assay showed that AEE could increase the viability of PC12 cells stimulated by H2O2, while AEE alone had no significant effect on the viability of PC12 cells. Compared with the control group, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were significantly decreased, and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) was significantly increased in the H2O2 group. By AEE pretreatment, the level of MDA was reduced and the levels of SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px were increased in H2O2-stimulated PC12 cells. In addition, AEE could reduce the apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by H2O2 via reducing superoxide anion, intracellular ROS, and mitochondrial ROS (mtROS) and increasing the levels of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm). Furthermore, the results of western blotting showed that compared with the control group, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, and Bcl-2 was significantly decreased, while the expression of Caspase-3 and Bax was significantly increased in the H2O2 group. In the AEE group, AEE pretreatment could upregulate the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, and Bcl-2 and downregulate the expression of Caspase-3 and Bax in PC12 cells stimulated with H2O2. The silencing of PI3K with shRNA and its inhibitor-LY294002 could abrogate the protective effect of AEE in PC12 cells. Therefore, AEE has a protective effect on H2O2-induced PC12 cells by regulating the PI3K/Akt signal pathway to inhibit oxidative stress.

8.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259239

RESUMO

A climax in the development of cost-effective and high-efficiency transition metal-based electrocatalysts has been witnessed recently for sustainable energy and related conversion technologies. In this regard, structure-activity relationships based on several descriptors have already been proposed to rationally design electrocatalysts. However, the dynamic reconstruction of the surface structures and compositions of catalysts during electrocatalytic water oxidation, especially during the anodic oxygen evolution reaction (OER), complicate the streamlined prediction of the catalytic activity. With the achievements in operando and in situ techniques, it has been found that electrocatalysts undergo surface reconstruction to form the actual active species in situ accompanied with an increase in their oxidation state during OER in alkaline solution. Accordingly, a thorough understanding of the surface reconstruction process plays a critical role in establishing unambiguous structure-composition-property relationships in pursuit of high-efficiency electrocatalysts. However, several issues still need to be explored before high electrocatalytic activities can be realized, as follows: (1) the identification of initiators and pathways for surface reconstruction, (2) establishing the relationships between structure, composition, and electrocatalytic activity, and (3) the rational manipulation of in situ catalyst surface reconstruction. In this review, the recent progress in the surface reconstruction of transition metal-based OER catalysts including oxides, non-oxides, hydroxides and alloys is summarized, emphasizing the fundamental understanding of reconstruction behavior from the original precatalysts to the actual catalysts based on operando analysis and theoretical calculations. The state-of-the-art strategies to tailor the surface reconstruction such as substituting/doping with metals, introducing anions, incorporating oxygen vacancies, tuning morphologies and exploiting plasmonic/thermal/photothermal effects are then introduced. Notably, comprehensive operando/in situ characterization together with computational calculations are responsible for unveiling the improvement mechanism for OER. By delivering the progress, strategies, insights, techniques, and perspectives, this review will provide a comprehensive understanding of the surface reconstruction in transition metal-based OER catalysts and future guidelines for their rational development.

9.
Acc Chem Res ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260201

RESUMO

ConspectusMetal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been attracting tremendous attention owing to their great structural diversity and functional tunability. Despite numerous inherent merits and big progress in the fundamental research (synthesizing new compounds, discovering new structures, testing associated properties, etc.), poor chemical stability of most MOFs severely hinders their involvement in practical applications, which is the final goal for developing new materials. Therefore, constructing new stable MOFs or stabilizing extant labile MOFs is quite important. As with them, some "potential" applications would come true and a lot of new applications under harsh conditions can be explored. Efficient strategies are being pursued to solve the stability problem of MOFs and thereby achieve and expand their applications.In this Account, we summarize the research advance in the design and synthesis of chemically stable MOFs, particularly those stable in acidic, basic, and aqueous systems, as well as in the exploration of their applications in several expanding fields of environment, energy, and food safety, which have been dedicated in our lab over the past decade. The strategies for accessing stable MOFs can be classified into: (a) assembling high-valent metals (hard acid, such as Zr4+, Al3+) with carboxylate ligands (hard base) for acid-stable MOFs; (b) combining low-valent metals (soft acid, such as Co2+, Ni2+) and azolate ligands (soft base, such as pyrazolate) for alkali-resistant MOFs; (c) enhancing the connectivity of the building unit; (d) contracting or rigidifying the ligand; (e) increasing the hydrophobicity of the framework; and (f) substituting liable building units with stable ones (such as metal metathesis) to obtain robust MOFs. In addition, other factors, including the geometry and symmetry of building units, framework-framework interaction, and so forth, have also been taken into account in the design and synthesis of stable MOFs. On the basis of these approaches, the stability of resulting MOFs under corresponding conditions has been remarkably enhanced.With high chemical stability achieved, the MOFs have found many new and significant applications, aiming at addressing global challenges related to environmental pollution, energy shortage, and food safety.A series of stable MOFs have been constructed for detecting and eliminating contaminations. Various fluorescent MOFs were rationally customized to be powerful platforms for sensing hazardous targets in food and water, such as dioxins, antibiotics, veterinary drugs, and heavy metal ions. Some hydrophobic MOFs even showed effective and specific capture of low-concentration volatile organic compounds.Novel MOFs with record-breaking acid/base/nucleophilic regent resistance have expanded their application scope under harsh conditions. BUT-8(Cr)A, as the most acid-stable MOF yet, showed reserved structural integrity in concentrated H2SO4 and recorded high proton conductivity; the most alkali-resistant MOF, PCN-601, retained crystallinity even in boiling saturated NaOH aqueous solution, and such base-stable MOFs composed of non-noble metal clusters and poly pyrazolate ligands also demonstrated great potential in heterogeneous catalysis in alkaline/nucleophilic systems for the first time.It is believed that this Account will provide valuable references on stable MOFs' construction as well as application expansion toward harsh conditions, thereby being helpful to promote MOF materials to step from fundamental research to practical applications.

10.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254096

RESUMO

Approaches that could enable precise photodynamic therapy (PDT) are of therapeutic potential. We herein report a trifunctional probe (Glu-RdEB) that could be activated to generate fluorescent rhodamine species to pinpoint tumor foci. The probe contains a γ-glutaminyl moiety cleavable to γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) overexpressed in multiple tumors, an entity of an ENBS photosensitizer for PDT, and an entity of rhodamine fluorescently quenched by ENBS. Upon activation by tumor-associated GGT, the probe releases highly fluorescent rhodamine that is selectively confined in tumors whereby light irradiation leads to effective tumor regression in mice. These results indicate the feasibility of a fluorescently quenched dye-photosensitizer pair to yield tumor-activatable fluorescence to direct PDT.

11.
Atherosclerosis ; 330: 29-35, 2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein-cholesterol (TRL-C) with recurrent cardiovascular events (RCVEs) has not been studied. Moreover, whether inflammation can affect TRL-C-associated cardiovascular risk is unknown. This study sought to examine the association between TRL-C and RCVEs, and whether this relationship is modulated by systemic inflammation in statin-treated patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and nearly normal triglyceride. METHODS: In this study, 6723 CAD patients were consecutively enrolled, following a first CVE with triglyceride <2.3 mmol/L. Baseline lipid profile and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels were determined. All patients were searched for RCVEs. The risk of RCVEs was assessed across quartiles (Q) of baseline TRL-C and further stratified by the median of hsCRP. RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up of 58.91 ± 17.79 months, 538 RCVEs were recorded. After adjustment for potential confounders, Q4 of TRL-C was significantly associated with the risk of RCVEs, which remained unchanged after hsCRP stratification. When subjects were grouped according to both TRL-C and hsCRP levels, patients with Q4 of TRL-C and hsCRP had the highest increase of the risk of RCVEs compared with the reference group (TRL-C Q1-3 and hsCRP Q1-3; HR, 1.90; 95%CI: 1.27-2.87). Furthermore, adding TRL-C to the original predicting model led to a slight but significant improvement. CONCLUSIONS: The present analysis firstly showed that elevated TRL-C was associated with an increased RCVEs risk in statin-treated patients with CAD independent of systemic inflammation, suggesting that it might be a useful marker for risk stratification and a treatment target in this patient population.

12.
Leuk Res ; 110: 106664, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271293

RESUMO

The prognostic nutritional index (PNI), an indicator of nutritional status and systemic inflammation, is associated with survival in several types of lymphoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of PNI in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). With three hundred and ten patients were enrolled, the median level of PNI was 45.90 (range 25.30-139.70). According to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, 44.85 was determined to be the best cutoff value to divide patients into two different groups. With a median follow-up of 33.3 months (range 3.5-118.5), compared with the high PNI group, the 3-year and adjusted 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were worse in the low PNI group (all P < 0.050). Multivariate Cox analysis suggested that low PNI was an independent risk factor for PFS (hazard ratio (HR) 2.196, 95 % CI 1.197-4.030, P = 0.011) and showed a tendency to predict inferior OS (HR 1.918, 95 % CI 0.932-3.948, P = 0.077). Furthermore, PNI combined with other significant prognostic factors to build a novel prognostic index, namely NPI, was more accurate than the National Comprehensive Cancer Network international prognostic index (NCCN-IPI) to predict worse PFS and had a similar effect on predicting OS. All these findings suggested that PNI, as a novel available biomarker, was of prognostic significance in DLBCL patients.

13.
J Exp Med ; 218(9)2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287641

RESUMO

Mucus produced by goblet cells in the gastrointestinal tract forms a biological barrier that protects the intestine from invasion by commensals and pathogens. However, the host-derived regulatory network that controls mucus secretion and thereby changes gut microbiota has not been well studied. Here, we identify that Forkhead box protein O1 (Foxo1) regulates mucus secretion by goblet cells and determines intestinal homeostasis. Loss of Foxo1 in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) results in defects in goblet cell autophagy and mucus secretion, leading to an impaired gut microenvironment and dysbiosis. Subsequently, due to changes in microbiota and disruption in microbiome metabolites of short-chain fatty acids, Foxo1 deficiency results in altered organization of tight junction proteins and enhanced susceptibility to intestinal inflammation. Our study demonstrates that Foxo1 is crucial for IECs to establish commensalism and maintain intestinal barrier integrity by regulating goblet cell function.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288301

RESUMO

Co-based electrocatalyst is among the most promising candidates towards electrochemical oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). However, the intrinsic active sites and detailed mechanism remains unclear. In this work, we combine experimental evidence and theoretical study to show that electrogenerated Co 3+ and Co 4+ species act as chemical oxidants but with distinct roles in selective HMF oxidation. It is found that Co 3+ is only capable of oxidizing formyl group to produce carboxylate while Co 4+ is required for the initial oxidation of hydroxyl group with significantly faster kinetics. As results, the product distribution shows explicit dependence on the Co oxidation states and selective production of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (HMFCA) and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) are achieved by tuning the applied potential. This work offers essential mechanistic insight on Co-catalyzed organic oxidation reactions and might guide the design of more efficient electrocatalyst.

15.
Anal Methods ; 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231565

RESUMO

Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has a wide range of applications in the chemical industry due to its excellent characteristics including good emulsification, foaming, water solubility and stability, easy synthesis and low price. However, it is a kind of anionic surfactant which is slightly toxic to the human body, and use of a large amount will cause potential pollution of the environment. Therefore, the development of a simple method to realize the monitoring of SDS in the environment is of great significance. Herein, a cationic fluorescent probe was prepared by the condensation reaction between 4-di-p-tolylamino-benzaldehyde and 3-ethylbenzothiazolium iodide. It can be used for the quantitative determination of SDS in the range of 5-50 µM showing red fluorescence and high selectivity by forming banded assemblies. This work provides an effective tool based on a new strategy for the detection of SDS.

16.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264250

RESUMO

The exquisite chemodiversity of terpenoids is the product of the large diverse terpene synthase (TPS) superfamily. Here, by using structural and phylogenetic analyses and site-directed mutagenesis, we identified a residue (Cys440 in Nicotiana tabacum 5-epi-aristolochene synthase) proximal to an ion-binding motif common to all TPSs and named the preNSE/DTE residue, which determines the product specificity of sesquiterpene synthases from different plant species. In sesquiterpene synthases catalyzing 1,10-cyclization (1,10-cyclases) of farnesyl diphosphate, mutation of the residue in both specific and promiscuous 1,10-cyclases from different lineages leads to the accumulation of monocyclic germacrene A-11-ol, which is "short-circuited" from complex cyclization cascades, suggesting a key role of this residue in generating the first common intermediate of 1,10-cyclization. Altering this residue in a specific 1,11-cyclase results in alternative 1,10-cyclization products. Moreover, the preNSE/DTE residue can be harnessed to engineer highly specific sesquiterpene synthases for an improved proportion of high-value terpenoids, such as patchoulol, a main constituent of several traditional Chinese medicines that could treat SARS-CoV-2.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(1): 014302, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270308

RESUMO

The combination of fast propagation speeds and highly localized nature has hindered the direct observation of the evolution of shock waves at the molecular scale. To address this limitation, an experimental system is designed by tuning a one-dimensional magnetic lattice to evolve benign waveforms into shock waves at observable spatial and temporal scales, thus serving as a "magnifying glass" to illuminate shock processes. An accompanying analysis confirms that the formation of strong shocks is fully captured. The exhibited lack of a steady state induced by indefinite expansion of a disordered transition zone points to the absence of local thermodynamic equilibrium and resurfaces lingering questions on the validity of continuum assumptions in the presence of strong shocks.

18.
Cancer Lett ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271104

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a malignancy with poor prognosis due to early metastasis. The aberrant N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA modification has emerged as an important mechanism in cancer progression and metastasis, but its role in PDAC remained largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated that an m6A regulator, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein C (HNRNPC), modulated alternative splicing events to promote PDAC metastasis. In clinical PDAC tissues, high expression of HNRNPC was correlated with metastasis, resulting in poor prognosis in PDAC patients. Knockdown of HNRNPC significantly reduced PDAC cell invasion in vitro and metastasis in vivo. In contrast, overexpression of HNRNPC provoked malignant phenotypes of PDAC cells. Mechanistically, HNRNPC antagonized the anti-metastatic isoform of TAF8 (TAF8L) but increased the pro-metastatic alternative splicing isoform of TAF8 (TAF8S). Mutation of the m6A-site of TAF8 attenuated the interaction between HNRNPC and TAF8 transcript, leading to the decrease of TAF8S. Furthermore, experimental manipulation of the anti-metastasis splicing isoform TAF8L revealed that splice isoform switching of TAF8 is crucial for PDAC metastasis. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate the essentiality of HNRNPC-mediated alternative splicing events that impinges on metastatic PDAC.

19.
J Occup Environ Med ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined associations of negative employment changes during the COVID-19 pandemic with mental health in a national sample of U.S. workers, and whether the associations differed by race. METHODS: Data were from the Health, Ethnicity, and Pandemic Study, a cross-sectional survey. The effects of negative employment changes on psychological distress in 1,510 workers were examined via linear regression, and stratified analyses were conducted across racial subgroups. RESULTS: After adjustment for covariates, compared to workers with no change in employment, those who experienced permanent job loss had the highest psychological distress (ß and 95% CI = 3.27 [1.89, 4.65]). Permanent job loss had the greatest effect on psychological distress in Blacks and Asians. CONCLUSION: Negative employment changes related to the pandemic may have deleterious impacts on workers' mental health, with disproportionate effects on racial minorities.

20.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(8): 258, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268648

RESUMO

Pathogenic bacteria have become a huge threat to social health and economy for their frighteningly infectious and lethal capacity. It is quite important to make a diagnosis in advance to prevent infection or allow a rapid treatment after infection. Noble metal nanoparticles, due to their unique physicochemical properties, especially optical properties, have drawn a great attention during the past decades and have been widely applied into all kinds of fields related to human health. By utilizing these noble metal nanoparticles, optical diagnosis platforms towards pathogenic bacteria have emerged continually, providing highly sensitive, selective, and particularly facile detection tools for clinic or point-of-care diagnosis. This review summarizes the recent development in this field. It begins with a brief introduction of pathogenic bacteria and noble metal nanoparticles. And then, optical detection methods are systematically discussed in three distinct aspects. In addition to these proof-of-concept methods, corresponding algorithms and point-of-care detection devices are also described. Finally, the review ends up with subjective views on present limitations and some appropriate advice for future research directions.

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