Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 424
Filtrar
1.
Biomed Opt Express ; 15(4): 2392-2405, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633092

RESUMO

Single-fiber-based sensing and imaging probes enable the co-located and simultaneous observation and measurement (i.e., 'sense' and 'see') of intricate biological processes within deep anatomical structures. This innovation opens new opportunities for investigating complex physiological phenomena and potentially allows more accurate diagnosis and monitoring of disease. This prospective review starts with presenting recent studies of single-fiber-based probes for concurrent and co-located fluorescence-based sensing and imaging. Notwithstanding the successful initial demonstration of integrated sensing and imaging within single-fiber-based miniaturized devices, the realization of these devices with enhanced sensing sensitivity and imaging resolution poses notable challenges. These challenges, in turn, present opportunities for future research, including the design and fabrication of complex lens systems and fiber architectures, the integration of novel materials and other sensing and imaging techniques.

2.
Nature ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600376

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has transformed the treatment of haematological malignancies such as acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, B cell lymphoma and multiple myeloma1-4, but the efficacy of CAR T cell therapy in solid tumours has been limited5. This is owing to a number of factors, including the immunosuppressive tumour microenvironment that gives rise to poorly persisting and metabolically dysfunctional T cells. Analysis of anti-CD19 CAR T cells used clinically has shown that positive treatment outcomes are associated with a more 'stem-like' phenotype and increased mitochondrial mass6-8. We therefore sought to identify transcription factors that could enhance CAR T cell fitness and efficacy against solid tumours. Here we show that overexpression of FOXO1 promotes a stem-like phenotype in CAR T cells derived from either healthy human donors or patients, which correlates with improved mitochondrial fitness, persistence and therapeutic efficacy in vivo. This work thus reveals an engineering approach to genetically enforce a favourable metabolic phenotype that has high translational potential to improve the efficacy of CAR T cells against solid tumours.

3.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1339208, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596631

RESUMO

Background and aim: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is a sensitive measure of low-grade inflammation and appears superior to conventional blood tests in assessing cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this investigation was to explore the link between high-sensitivity CRP and depressive symptoms among adults. Methods and results: Multiple logistic regression and smoothed curve fitting were used to investigate the association between hs-CRP and depressive symptoms based on data from the, 2017-2020 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Subgroup analyses and interaction tests were used to assess the stability of this relationship across populations. The study comprised 6,293 non-clinical participants, which included 549 individuals with depressive symptoms. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was found to increase with increasing levels of hs-CRP. This trend persisted even after quartetting hs-CRP levels. In the fully adjusted model, each unit increase in hs-CRP was associated with a 10% increase in the odds of depressive symptoms (OR=1.10,95%CI:1.01-1.21). Participants in the highest quartile of hs-CRP had a 39% higher prevalence of depressive symptoms compared to those in the lowest quartile (OR=1.39,95%CI:1.01-1.92). Additionally, this positive correlation was more pronounced in men. Conclusions: In adult Americans, there exists a positive association between elevated hs-CRP levels and depressive symptoms, with a more prominent manifestation of this association observed in males.

4.
Small ; : e2401024, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597755

RESUMO

Exposing different facets on metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is highly desirable to enhance the performance for various applications, however, exploiting a concise and effective approach to achieve facet-controlled synthesis of MOFs remains challenging. Here, by modulating the ratio of metal precursors to ligands, the facet-engineered iron-based MOFs (Fe-MOFs) exhibits enhanced catalytic activity for Fenton reaction are explored, and the mechanism of facet-dependent performance is revealed in detail. Fully exposed (101) and (100) facets on spindle-shaped Fe-MOFs enable rapid oxidation of colorless o-phenylenediamine (OPD) to colored products, thereby establishing a dual-mode platform for the detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and triacetone triperoxide (TATP). Thus, a detection limit as low as 2.06 nm is achieved, and robust selectivity against a wide range of common substances (>16 types) is obtained, which is further improved by incorporating a deep learning architecture with an SE-VGG16 network model, enabling precise differentiation of oxidizing agents from captured images. The present strategy is expected will shine light on both the rational synthesis of nanomaterials with modulated morphologies and the exploitation of high-performance trace chemical sensors.

5.
Small ; : e2400399, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607266

RESUMO

To address the issue of bacterial growth on fresh-cut fruits, this paper reports the synthesis of nanosized γ-cyclodextrin metal-organic frameworks (CD-MOFs) using an ultrasound-assisted method and their application as carriers of limonene for antibacterial active packaging. The effects of the processing parameters on the morphology and crystallinity of the CD-MOFs are investigated, and the results prove that the addition of methanol is the key to producing nanosized CD-MOFs. The limonene loading content of the nanosized CD-MOFs can reach approximately 170 mg g-1. The sustained-release behaviors of limonene in the CD-MOFs are evaluated. Molecular docking simulations reveal the distribution and binding sites of limonene in the CD-MOFs. CD-MOFs are deposited on the surfaces of polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers via an immersion method, and limonene-loaded CD-MOF@PCL nanofibers are prepared. The morphology, crystallinity, thermal stability, mechanical properties, and antibacterial activity of the nanofibers are also studied. The nanofiber film effectively inhibits bacterial growth and prolongs the shelf life of fresh-cut apples. This study provides a novel strategy for developing antibacterial active packaging materials based on CD-MOFs and PCL nanofibers.

6.
Nano Lett ; 24(10): 3176-3185, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436575

RESUMO

Inspired by the reverse thrust generated by fuel injection, micromachines that are self-propelled by bubble ejection are developed, such as microrods, microtubes, and microspheres. However, controlling bubble ejection sites to build micromachines with programmable actuation and further enabling mechanical transmission remain challenging. Here, bubble-propelled mechanical microsystems are constructed by proposing a multimaterial femtosecond laser processing method, consisting of direct laser writing and selective laser metal reduction. The polymer frame of the microsystems is first printed, followed by the deposition of catalytic platinum into the desired local site of the microsystems by laser reduction. With this method, a variety of designable microrotors with selective bubble ejection sites are realized, which enable excellent mechanical transmission systems composed of single and multiple mechanical components, including a coupler, a crank slider, and a crank rocker system. We believe the presented bubble-propelled mechanical microsystems could be extended to applications in microrobotics, microfluidics, and microsensors.

7.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e24668, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312596

RESUMO

The mounting body of evidence demonstrates the growing importance of long noncoding RNAs in the advancement of tumors. This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of lnc-SNAPC5-3:4 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the expression of miR-224-3p and lnc-SNAPC5-3:4 in clinical NSCLC samples and NSCLC cell lines using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In vitro studies, A549 cell growth was estimated using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EDU), and flow cytometry assays. In vivo studies, NSCLC tumorigenesis was determined using xenograft tumor mouse models, tumor growth was evaluated using antigen Kiel 67 (Ki67) staining, and tumor apoptosis was detected through terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. The relationship between lnc-SNAPC5-3:4 and miR-224-3p was determined by luciferase reporter gene assay. Results indicated that the expression of lnc-SNAPC5-3:4 was observed to be downregulated in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. After overexpression of lnc-SNAPC5-3:4 in cultured A549 cells, proliferation decreased and apoptosis increased. Furthermore, the expression of miR-224-3p was targeted and negatively regulated by lnc-SNAPC5-3:4. The lnc-SNAPC5-3:4 upregulation inhibited cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis, which was partially blocked by miR-224-3p overexpression in A549 cells. In addition, we constructed a subcutaneous inoculation model using BALB/c nude mice, and the results indicated that lnc-SNAPC5-3:4 overexpression restrained the growth of subcutaneous tumors, decreased Ki67 expression levels, and increased apoptosis, as indicated by TUNEL staining in nude mice. However, miR-224-3p transfection resulted in the reversal of the inhibitory effect of lnc-SNAPC5-3:4 on tumor growth. In conclusion, our study revealed that lnc-SNAPC5-3:4 inhibits tumor progression in NSCLC by targeting miR-224-3p. This study provides a potential therapeutic target for inhibiting NSCLC progression.

8.
Funct Integr Genomics ; 24(2): 31, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363405

RESUMO

Numerous studies have demonstrated that regulatory T (Treg) cells play an important role in the tumour microenvironment (TME). The aim of this study was to investigate whether VEGFR2 affects the expression of miR-3200-3p in exosomes secreted by tumour cells, thereby influencing Treg senescence in the TME. The results showed that VEGFR2 expression level was the highest in Calu-1 cells, and after transfection with si-VEGFR2, the exosomes secreted from Calu-1 cells were extracted and characterised with no significant difference from the exosomes of the untransfected group, but the expression of miR-3200-3p in the exosomes of the transfected si-VEGFR2 group was elevated. The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and flow cytometry (FCM) results suggested that exosomes highly expressing miR-3200-3p could inhibit Treg cell viability and promote apoptosis levels when treated with Treg cells. Detection of the senescence-associated proteins p16 INK4A and MMP3 by western blot (WB) revealed that exosomes highly expressing miR-3200-3p were able to elevate their protein expression levels. Tumour xenograft experiments demonstrated that exosomes with high miR-3200-3p expression promoted Treg cell senescence and inhibited subcutaneous tumour growth in nude mice. Dual-luciferase reporter assays and RNA pull-down assays showed that miR-3200-3p could be linked with DDB1. Overexpression of DDB1 reverses changes in DCAF1/GSTP1/ROS protein expression caused by exosomes with high miR-3200-3p expression. In conclusion, inhibition of VEGFR2 expression in tumour cells promotes the expression of miR-3200-3p in exosomes secreted by tumour cells. miR-3200-3p enters the TME through exosomes and acts on DDB1 in Treg cells to promote senescence of Treg cells to inhibit tumour progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Exossomos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , 60448 , Proliferação de Células/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
9.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1443, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365791

RESUMO

Despite their notable unidirectional water transport capabilities, Janus membranes are commonly challenged by the fragility of their chemical coatings and the clogging of open microchannels. Here, an on-demand mode-switching strategy is presented to consider the Janus functionality and mechanical durability separately and implement them by simply stretching and releasing the membrane. The stretching Janus mode facilitates unidirectional liquid flow through the hydrophilic micropores-microgrooves channels (PG channels) fabricated by femtosecond laser. The releasing protection mode is designed for the in-situ closure of the PG channels upon encountering external abrasion and impact. The protection mode imparts the Janus membrane robustness to reserve water unidirectional penetration under harsh conditions, such as 2000 cycles mechanical abrasion, 10 days exposure in air and other rigorous tests (sandpaper abrasion, finger rubbing, sand impact and tape peeling). The underlying mechanism of gridded grooves in protecting and enhancing water flow is unveiled. The Janus membrane serves as a fog collector to demonstrate its unwavering mechanical durability in harsh real-world conditions. The presented design strategy could open up new possibilities of Janus membrane in a multitude of applications ranging from multiphase separation devices to fog harvesting and wearable health-monitoring patches.

10.
Heliyon ; 10(4): e26044, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390089

RESUMO

Research on the pathogenesis of cataracts is ongoing and the number of publications on this topic is increasing annually. This study offers an overview of the research status, popular topics, and scholarly tendencies in the field of cataract pathogenesis over recent decades,which helps to guide future research directions, and optimize resource allocation. In the present study, we performed a bibliometric analysis of cataract pathogenesis. Publications from January 1, 1999, to December 20, 2023, were collected from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC), and the extracted data were quantified and analyzed. We analyzed and presented the data using Microsoft Excel, VOSviewer, CiteSpace, and Python. In all, 4006 articles were evaluated based on various characteristics, including publication year, authors, countries, institutions, journals, citations, and keywords. This study utilized VOSviewer to conduct visualized analysis, including co-authorship, co-citation, co-occurrence, and network visualization. The CiteSpace software was used to identify keywords with significant bursts of activity. The number of annual global publications climbed from 76 to 277 between 1999 and 2023, a 264.47% rise. Experimental Eye Research published the most manuscripts (178 publications), whereas Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science received the most citations (6675 citations). The most influential and productive country, institution, and author were the United States (1244 publications, 54,456 citations), University of California system (136 publications, 5401 citations), and Yao Ke (49 publications, 838 citations), respectively. The top 100 ranked keywords are divided into four clusters through co-occurrence analysis: (1) secondary cataracts, (2) oxidative stress, (3) gene mutations and protein abnormalities, and (4) alteration of biological processes in lens epithelial cells. Further discussions on the four subtopics outline the research topics and trends. In conclusion, the specific mechanism of cataract formation remains a popular topic for future research and should be explored in greater depth.

11.
Food Res Int ; 178: 113944, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309870

RESUMO

In this study, electrospun zein/alginate dialdehyde (AD) nanofibers were prepared by green crosslinking. The degree of crosslinking could reach 50.72 %, and the diameter of electrospun fibers ranged from 446.2 to 541.8 nm. The generation of AD and the bonding of crosslinking were further confirmed by the changes on characteristic peaks and conformational ratios in the infrared spectroscopy and secondary structure analysis. High concentrations of AD led to improved thermal stabilities, mechanical properties, and hydrophobicity. And the highly crosslinked nanofibers (Z-8) owned the highest elastic modulus (24.92 MPa), tensile strength (0.28 MPa), and elongation at break (8.14 %) among five samples. Moreover, Z-8 possessed a high swelling ratio of 5.45 g/g, and a low weight loss of 6.09 %. The samples could encapsulate curcumin efficiently and show controllable release behaviors based on different AD addition. And the oxidation resistance of nanofibers gradually improved, consistent with the release performances. This study indicated AD crosslinking favored the preparation and application of zein nanofibers, and the oxidized polysaccharide acted as the green crosslinking agent, which provided reference value for the application of polysaccharides in food-related electrospun materials.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Nanofibras , Zeína , Zeína/química , Alginatos , Nanofibras/química , Resistência à Tração
12.
Microbiol Res ; 282: 127648, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367479

RESUMO

Ligilactobacillus murinus, a member of the Ligilactobacillus genus, holds significant potential as a probiotic. While research on Ligilactobacillus murinus has been relatively limited compared to well-studied probiotic lactic acid bacteria such as Limosilactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus gasseri, a mounting body of evidence highlights its extensive involvement in host intestinal metabolism and immune activities. Moreover, its abundance exhibits a close correlation with intestinal health. Notably, beyond the intestinal context, Ligilactobacillus murinus is gaining recognition for its contributions to metabolism and regulation in the oral cavity, lungs, and vagina. As such, Ligilactobacillus murinus emerges as a potential probiotic candidate with a pivotal role in supporting host well-being. This review delves into studies elucidating the multifaceted roles of Ligilactobacillus murinus. It also examines its medicinal potential and associated challenges, underscoring the imperative to delve deeper into unraveling the mechanisms of its actions and exploring its health applications.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus , Probióticos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactobacillus/genética , Intestinos/microbiologia , Vagina/microbiologia
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 110-122, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403344

RESUMO

Studying the physicochemical properties and biological activities of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides(LBPs) is of great significance. The previous study had extracted LBPs(LBP-1, LBP-2, LBP-3, LBP-4, and LBP-5) by five different methods(cold water extraction, boiling water reflux extraction of the residue after cold water extraction, ultrasonic extraction with 50% ethanol, ultrasonic extraction with 25% ethanol of the residue after 50% ethanol extraction, and hot water extraction). In this study, the structures of the obtained five LBPs were characterized by UV spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. Furthermore, the antioxidant, blood lipid-lowering, nitrosation-inhibting, acetylcholinesterase-inhibiting, and tyrosinase-inhibiting activities of the five LBPs were measured in vitro. The results showed that high-temperature extraction destroyed the polysaccharide structure, while ultrasound-assisted extraction ensured the structural integrity. The thermal stability and degradation behaviors differed among the five LBPs. However, the UV spectroscopic results of the five LBPs did not show significant differences, and all of the five LBPs showed the characteristic absorption peaks of proteins. LBP-3 and LBP-4 exhibited strong antioxidant activity, while LBP-3 had the strongest blood lipid-lowering activity. In addition, LBP-3 outperformed other LBPs in inhibiting nitrosation and acetylcholineste-rase, and LBP-2 showed the strongest inhibitory effect on tyrosinase. This study explored the effects of different extraction methods on the physicochemical properties and biological activities of LBPs, with a view to providing a basis for the selection of suitable extraction methods to obtain LBPs with ideal biological activities.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lycium , Lycium/química , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase , Acetilcolinesterase , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Lipídeos , Etanol , Água
14.
Nano Lett ; 24(8): 2671-2679, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375804

RESUMO

The emerging two-photon polymerization (TPP) technique enables high-resolution printing of complex 3D structures, revolutionizing micro/nano additive manufacturing. Various fast scanning and parallel processing strategies have been proposed to promote its efficiency. However, obtaining large numbers of uniform focal spots for parallel high-speed scanning remains challenging, which hampers the realization of higher throughput. We report a TPP printing platform that combines galvanometric mirrors and liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator (LCoS-SLM). By setting the target light field at LCoS-SLM's diffraction center, sufficient energy is acquired to support simultaneous polymerization of over 400 foci. With fast scanning, the maximum printing speed achieves 1.49 × 108 voxels s-1, surpassing the existing scanning-based TPP methods while maintaining high printing resolution and flexibility. To demonstrate the processing capability, functional 3D microstructure arrays are rapidly fabricated and applied in micro-optics and micro-object manipulation. Our method may expand the prospects of TPP in large-scale micro/nanomanufacturing.

15.
Biomolecules ; 14(2)2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397465

RESUMO

Mitophagy, a conserved cellular mechanism, is crucial for cellular homeostasis through the selective clearance of impaired mitochondria. Its emerging role in cancer development has sparked interest, particularly in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Our study aimed to construct a risk model based on mitophagy-related genes (MRGs) to predict survival outcomes, immune response, and chemotherapy sensitivity in LUAD patients. We mined the GeneCards database to identify MRGs and applied LASSO/Cox regression to formulate a prognostic model. Validation was performed using two independent Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) cohorts. Patients were divided into high- and low-risk categories according to the median risk score. The high-risk group demonstrated significantly reduced survival. Multivariate Cox analysis confirmed the risk score as an independent predictor of prognosis, and a corresponding nomogram was developed to facilitate clinical assessments. Intriguingly, the risk score correlated with immune infiltration levels, oncogenic expression profiles, and sensitivity to anticancer agents. Enrichment analyses linked the risk score with key oncological pathways and biological processes. Within the model, MTERF3 emerged as a critical regulator of lung cancer progression. Functional studies indicated that the MTERF3 knockdown suppressed the lung cancer cell proliferation and migration, enhanced mitophagy, and increased the mitochondrial superoxide production. Our novel prognostic model, grounded in MRGs, promises to refine therapeutic strategies and prognostication in lung cancer management.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Prognóstico , Mitofagia/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Biologia
16.
Poult Sci ; 103(4): 103496, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330890

RESUMO

The avian influenza virus is infected through the mucosal route, thus mucosal barrier defense is very important. While the inactivated H9N2 vaccine cannot achieve sufficient mucosal immunity, adjuvants are needed to induce mucosal and systemic immunity to prevent poultry from H9N2 influenza virus infection. Our previous study found that polysaccharide from Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz binding with zinc oxide nanoparticles (AMP-ZnONPs) had immune-enhancing effects in vitro. This study aimed to evaluate the mucosal immune responses of oral whole-inactivated H9N2 virus (WIV)+AMP-ZnONPs and its impact on the animal challenge protection, and the corresponding changes of pulmonary metabolomics after the second immunization. The results showed that compared to the WIV, the combined treatment of WIV and AMP-ZnONPs significantly enhanced the HI titer, IgG and specific sIgA levels, the number of goblet cells and intestinal epithelial lymphocytes (iIELs) as well as the expression of J-chain, polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR), interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß). In viral attack experiments, WIV combing with AMP-ZnONPs effectively reduced lung damage and viral titers in throat swabs. Interestingly, significant changes of both the IgA intestinal immune network and PPAR pathway could also be found in the WIV+AMP-ZnONPs group compared to the non-infected group. Taken together, these findings suggest that AMP-ZnONPs can serve as a potential mucosal vaccine adjuvant, thereby avoiding adverse stress and corresponding costs caused by vaccine injection.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H9N2 , Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Aviária , Vacinas , Animais , Imunidade nas Mucosas , Galinhas , Anticorpos Antivirais , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados , Influenza Aviária/prevenção & controle
17.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 42(2): e3956, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403920

RESUMO

Pterostilbene (PTE, trans-3,5-dimethoxy-4'-hydroxystilbene), a natural plant polyphenol, possesses numerous pharmacological effects, including antioxidant, antidiabetic, antiatherosclerotic, and neuroprotective aspects. This study aims to investigate whether PTE plays a protective role against oxidative stress injury by GAS6/Axl signaling pathway in cardiomyocytes. Hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-induced oxidative stress HL-1 cells were used as models. The mechanism by which PTE protected oxidative stress is investigated by combining cell viability, cell ROS levels, apoptosis assay, molecular docking, quantitative real-time PCR, and western blot analysis. GAS6 shRNA was performed to investigate the involvement of GAS6/Axl pathways in PTE's protective role. The results showed that PTE treatment improved the cell morphology and viability, and inhibited the apoptosis rate and ROS levels in H2 O2 -injured HL-1 cells. Particularly, PTE treatment upregulated the levels of GAS6, Axl, and markers related to oxidative stress, apoptosis, and mitochondrial function related. Molecular docking showed that PTE and GAS6 have good binding ability. Taken together, PTE plays a protective role against oxidative stress injury through inhibiting oxidative stress and apoptosis and improving mitochondrial function. Particularly, GAS6/Axl axis is the surprisingly prominent in the PTE-mediated pleiotropic effects.


Assuntos
Receptor Tirosina Quinase Axl , Estresse Oxidativo , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases , Estilbenos , Apoptose , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Camundongos , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular
18.
Redox Biol ; 71: 103087, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377789

RESUMO

Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent lipid peroxidation-induced form of regulated cell death, shows great promise as a cancer therapy strategy. Despite the critical role of mitochondria in ferroptosis regulation, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. This study reveals that the mitochondrial protein METTL17 governs mitochondrial function in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells through epigenetic modulation. Bioinformatic analysis establishes that METTL17 expression positively correlates with ferroptosis resistance in cancer cells and is up-regulated in CRC. Depletion of METTL17 sensitizes CRC cells to ferroptosis, impairs cell proliferation, migration, invasion, xenograft tumor growth, and AOM/DSS-induced CRC tumorigenesis. Furthermore, suppression of METTL17 disrupts mitochondrial function, energy metabolism, and enhances intracellular and mitochondrial lipid peroxidation and ROS levels during ferroptotic stress. Mechanistically, METTL17 inhibition significantly reduces mitochondrial RNA methylation, including m4C, m5C, m3C, m7G, and m6A, leading to impaired translation of mitochondrial protein-coding genes. Additionally, the interacting proteins associated with METTL17 are essential for mitochondrial gene expression, and their knockdown sensitizes CRC cells to ferroptosis and inhibits cell proliferation. Notably, combined targeting of METTL17 and ferroptosis in a therapeutic approach effectively suppresses CRC xenograft growth in vivo. This study uncovers the METTL17-mediated defense mechanism for cell survival and ferroptosis in mitochondria, highlighting METTL17 as a potential therapeutic target for CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Ferroptose , Humanos , Carcinogênese/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Ferroptose/genética , Metiltransferases/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Animais
19.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 40(3): 94, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349469

RESUMO

D-glucuronic acid is a kind of glucose derivative, which has excellent properties such as anti-oxidation, treatment of liver disease and hyperlipidemia, and has been widely used in medicine, cosmetics, food and other fields. The traditional production methods of D-glucuronic acid mainly include natural extraction and chemical synthesis, which can no longer meet the growing market demand. The production of D-glucuronic acid by biocatalysis has become a promising alternative method because of its high efficiency and environmental friendliness. This review describes different production methods of D-glucuronic acid, including single enzyme catalysis, multi-enzyme cascade, whole cell catalysis and co-culture, as well as the intervention of some special catalysts. In addition, some feasible enzyme engineering strategies are provided, including the application of enzyme immobilized scaffold, enzyme mutation and high-throughput screening, which provide good ideas for the research of D-glucuronic acid biocatalysis.


Assuntos
Engenharia , Biocatálise , Catálise , Técnicas de Cocultura , Ácido Glucurônico
20.
Biomed Opt Express ; 15(1): 346-359, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38223187

RESUMO

The fabrication of a stable, reproducible optical imaging phantom is critical to the assessment and optimization of optical imaging systems. We demonstrate the use of an alternative material, glass, for the development of tissue-mimicking phantoms. The glass matrix was doped with nickel ions to approximate the absorption of hemoglobin. Scattering levels representative of human tissue were induced in the glass matrix through controlled crystallization at elevated temperatures. We show that this type of glass is a viable material for creating tissue-mimicking optical phantoms by providing controlled levels of scattering and absorption with excellent optical homogeneity, long-term stability and reproducibility.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...