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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775170

RESUMO

NiFe layered double hydroxide (LDH) with abundant heterostructures represents a state-of-the-art electrocatalyst for the alkaline oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Herein, NiFe LDH/Fe2O3 nanosheet arrays have been fabricated by facile combustion of corrosion-engineered NiFe foam (NFF). The in situ grown, self-supported electrocatalyst exhibited a low overpotential of 248 mV for the OER at 50 mA cm-2, a small Tafel slope of 31 mV dec-1, and excellent durability over 100 h under the industrial benchmarking 500 mA cm-2 current density. A balanced Ni and Fe composition under optimal corrosion and combustion contributed to the desirable electrochemical properties. Comprehensive ex-situ analyses and operando characterizations including Fourier-transformed alternating current voltammetry (FTACV) and in situ Raman demonstrate the beneficial role of modulated interfacial electron transfer, dynamic atomic structural transformation to NiOOH, and the high-valence active metal sites. This study provides a low-cost and easy-to-expand way to synthesize efficient and durable electrocatalysts.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; : 173249, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754502

RESUMO

Selenium (Se), a highly beneficial animal feed additive, exhibits remarkable antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Nano­selenium (Nano-Se) is an advanced formulation of Se featuring a specialized drug delivery vehicle, with good bioavailability, higher efficacy, and lower toxicity compared to the traditional form of Se. With the advancement of industry, cadmium (Cd) contamination occurs in different countries and regions and thereby contaminating different food crops, and the degree of pollution is degree increasing year by year. The present investigation entailed the oral administration of CdCl2 and/or Nano-Se to male chickens of the Hy-Line Variety White breed, which are one day old, subsequent to a 7-day adaptive feeding period, for a duration of 90 days. The study aimed to elucidate the potential protective impact of Nano-Se on Cd exposure. The study found that Nano-Se demonstrates potential in mitigating the blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction characterized by impairment of adherens junctions (AJS) and tight junctions (TJS) by inhibiting reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction. In addition, the data uncovered that Nano-Se demonstrates a proficient ability in alleviating BBB impairment and inflammatory reactions caused by Cd through the modulation of the Wnt7A/ß-catenin pathway, highlights its potential to maintain brain homeostasis. Hence, this research anticipates that the utilization of Nano-Se effectively mitigate the detrimental impacts associated with Cd exposure on the BBB.

3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132408, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754683

RESUMO

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) is a highly contagious virus that causes Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED). This enteric disease results in high mortality rates in piglets, leading to significant financial losses in the pig industry. However, vaccines cannot provide sufficient protection against epidemic strains. Spike (S) protein exposed on the surface of virion mediates PEDV entry into cells. Our findings imply that matrine (MT), a naturally occurring alkaloid, inhibits PEDV infection targeting S protein of virions and biological process of cells. The GLY434 residue in the autodocking site of the S protein and MT conserved based on sequence comparison. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of viral attachment, entry, and virucidal effects to investigate how that MT inhibits virus replication. MT inhibits PEDV attachment and entry by targeting S protein. MT was added to cells before, during, or after infection, it exhibits anti-PEDV activities and viricidal effects. Network pharmacology focuses on addressing causal mechanisms rather than just treating symptoms. We identified the key genes and screened the cell apoptosis involved in the inhibition of MT on PEDV infection in network pharmacology. MT significantly promotes cell apoptosis in PEDV-infected cells to inhibit PEDV infection by activating the MAPK signaling pathway. Collectively, we provide the biological foundations for the development of single components of traditional Chinese medicine to inhibit PEDV infection and spread.

4.
Plant Commun ; : 100975, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751121

RESUMO

Yield prediction is the primary goal of genomic selection (GS)-assisted crop breeding. As yield is a complex quantitative trait, making predictions from genotypic data is challenging. Transfer learning can produce an effective model for a target task by leveraging knowledge from a different, but related, source domain, considered as a great potential method for improving yield prediction by integrating multi-trait data. However, it has not been applied to genotype-to-phenotype prediction before due to the lack of an efficient implementation framework. We therefore developed TrG2P, a transfer learning-based framework. TrG2P first employs convolutional neural networks (CNN) to train models using non-yield trait phenotypic and genotypic data, thus obtaining the pre-trained models. Subsequently, the convolutional layer parameters from these pre-trained models are transferred to the yield prediction task, and the fully connected layers are retrained, thus obtaining the fine-tuned models. Finally, the convolutional layer and the first fully connected layer of the fine-tuned models are fused, and the last fully connected layer is trained to enhance prediction performance. We applied TrG2P to five sets of genotypic and phenotypic data from maize (Zea mays), rice (Oryza sativa), and wheat (Triticum aestivum), and compared model precision to that of seven other popular GS tools: rrBLUP, Random Forest, Support Vector Regression, LightGBM, CNN, DeepGS, and DNNGP. TrG2P improved the accuracy of yield prediction by 39.9%, 6.8%, and 1.8% in rice, maize, and wheat, respectively, compared to predictions generated by the best performing comparison model. Our work therefore demonstrated that transfer learning is an effective strategy for improving yield prediction by integrating information from non-yield trait data. We attribute the enhanced prediction accuracy to the valuable information available from traits associated with yield and to training dataset augmentation. The Python implementation of TrG2P is available at https://github.com/lijinlong1991/TrG2P. The web-based tool is available at http://trg2p.ebreed.cn:81.

5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10220, 2024 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702424

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to determine whether changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in middle-aged and elderly Chinese are associated with metabolic syndrome. In this cohort investigation, 3697 middle-aged and elderly people aged 45 or over were recruited from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (2005) defined metabolic syndrome (MetS). With Cox regression analysis, we calculated hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for MetS based on BMI-WC change categories. To assess the prevalence of MetS, the changes in BMI and WC levels were classified into four quartiles based on their relative and absolute changes. In subjects whose BMI and WC decreased (HR = 0.338; 95% CIs 0.264, 0.433) as well as those whose BMI increased and their WC decreased (HR = 0.375; 95% CIs 0.228, 0.499), metabolic syndrome risk was significantly lower compared with those with increases in both BMI and WC. Regarding the absolute changes in BMI, the lowest percentile of BMI was significantly lower in both males (HR = 0.302; 95% CIs 0.204, 0.448) and females (HR = 0.486; 95% CIs 0.354, 0.667) for the risk of metabolic syndrome. Similar results were observed in the absolute changes in WC, with the lowest quantile of WC having a significant impact on MetS risk in males (HR = 0.170; 95% CIs 0.107, 0.270) and females (HR = 0.303; 95% CIs 0.217, 0.424). The risk of metabolic syndrome was significantly associated with changes in BMI and WC in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. A reduced BMI and WC are associated with lower metabolic syndrome risks in middle-aged and elderly people.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Síndrome Metabólica , Circunferência da Cintura , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Prevalência , Povo Asiático , População do Leste Asiático
6.
Research (Wash D C) ; 7: 0378, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766643

RESUMO

The accumulation of senescent cells in kidneys is considered to contribute to age-related diseases and organismal aging. Mitochondria are considered a regulator of cell senescence process. Atrazine as a triazine herbicide poses a threat to renal health by disrupting mitochondrial homeostasis. Melatonin plays a critical role in maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis. The present study aims to explore the mechanism by which melatonin alleviates atrazine-induced renal injury and whether parkin-mediated mitophagy contributes to mitigating cell senescence. The study found that the level of parkin was decreased after atrazine exposure and negatively correlated with senescent markers. Melatonin treatment increased serum melatonin levels and mitigates atrazine-induced renal tubular epithelial cell senescence. Mechanistically, melatonin maintains the integrity of mitochondrial crista structure by increasing the levels of mitochondrial contact site and cristae organizing system, mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), adenosine triphosphatase family AAA domain-containing protein 3A (ATAD3A), and sorting and assembly machinery 50 (Sam50) to prevent mitochondrial DNA release and subsequent activation of cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate-adenosine 5'-monophosphate synthase pathway. Furthermore, melatonin activates Sirtuin 3-superoxide dismutase 2 axis to eliminate the accumulation of reactive oxygen species in the kidney. More importantly, the antisenescence role of melatonin is largely determined by the activation of parkin-dependent mitophagy. These results offer novel insights into measures against cell senescence. Parkin-mediated mitophagy is a promising drug target for alleviating renal tubular epithelial cell senescence.

7.
Microb Pathog ; 192: 106681, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754565

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major fatal infectious disease globally, exhibiting high morbidity rates and impacting public health and other socio-economic factors. However, some individuals are resistant to TB infection and are referred to as "Resisters". Resisters remain uninfected even after exposure to high load of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). To delineate this further, this study aimed to investigate the factors and mechanisms influencing the Mtb resistance phenotype. We assayed the phagocytic capacity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from Resisters, patients with latent TB infection (LTBI), and patients with active TB (ATB), following infection with fluorescent Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). Phagocytosis was stronger in PBMCs from ATB patients, and comparable in LTBI patients and Resisters. Subsequently, phagocytes were isolated and subjected to whole transcriptome sequencing and small RNA sequencing to analyze transcriptional expression profiles and identify potential targets associated with the resistance phenotype. The results revealed that a total of 277 mRNAs, 589 long non-coding RNAs, 523 circular RNAs, and 35 microRNAs were differentially expressed in Resisters and LTBI patients. Further, the endogenous competitive RNA (ceRNA) network was constructed from differentially expressed genes after screening. Bioinformatics, statistical analysis, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were used for the identification and validation of potential crucial targets in the ceRNA network. As a result, we obtained a ceRNA network that contributes to the resistance phenotype. TCONS_00034796-F3, ENST00000629441-DDX43, hsa-ATAD3A_0003-CYP17A1, and XR_932996.2-CERS1 may be crucial association pairs for resistance to TB infection. Overall, this study demonstrated that the phagocytic capacity of PBMCs was not a determinant of the resistance phenotype and that some non-coding RNAs could be involved in the natural resistance to TB infection through a ceRNA mechanism.

8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10901, 2024 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740846

RESUMO

To investigate the screening and predicting functions of obesity- and lipid-related indices for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in middle-aged and elderly Chinese, as well as the ideal predicted cut-off value. This study's data comes from the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). A cross-sectional study design was used to investigate the relationship of T2D and 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices, including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHtR), visceral adiposity index (VAI), a body shape index (ABSI), body roundness index (BRI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), conicity index (CI), Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI), triglyceride- glucose index (TyG index) and its correlation index (TyG-BMI, TyG-WC, TyG-WHtR). The unadjusted and adjusted correlations between 13 indices and T2D were assessed using binary logistic regression analysis. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to determine the usefulness of anthropometric indices for screening for T2D and determining their cut­off value, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC). The study comprised 9488 people aged 45 years or above in total, of whom 4354 (45.89%) were males and 5134 (54.11%) were females. Among them were 716 male cases of T2D (16.44%) and 870 female cases of T2D (16.95%). A total of 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices were independently associated with T2D risk after adjusted for confounding factors (P < 0.05). According to ROC analysis, the TyG index was the best predictor of T2D among males (AUC = 0.780, 95% CI 0.761, 0.799) and females (AUC = 0.782, 95% CI 0.764, 0.799). The AUC values of the 13 indicators were higher than 0.5, indicating that they have predictive values for T2D in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. The 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices can predict the risk of T2D in middle­aged and elderly Chinese. Among 13 indicators, the TyG index is the best predictor of T2D in both males and females. TyG-WC, TyG-BMI, TyG-WHtR, LAP, and CVAI all outperformed BMI, WC, and WHtR in predicting T2D.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Obesidade , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/diagnóstico , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Circunferência da Cintura , Curva ROC , Lipídeos/sangue , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , População do Leste Asiático
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 934: 173293, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759925

RESUMO

Anthropogenic activities and natural erosion caused abundant influx of heavy metals (HMs) and organic matter (OM) into estuaries characterized by the dynamic environments governed by tidal action and river flow. Similarities and differences in the fate of HM and OM as well as the influences of OM on HMs remain incomplete in estuaries with seasonal human activity and hydrodynamic force. To address this gap, dissolved HMs (dHMs) and fluorescence dissolved OM (FDOM) were investigated in the Pearl River Estuary, a highly seasonally anthropogenic and dynamic estuary. It aimed to elucidate the effects of hydrodynamic conditions and DOM on the seasonal fate of dHMs via the multivariate statistical methods. Our findings indicated dHMs and FDOM exhibited consistently higher levels in the upper estuarine and coastal waters in both seasons, predominantly controlled by the terrestrial/anthropogenic discharge. In the wet season, dHMs and humic-like substances (HULIS) were positively correlated, showing that dHMs readily combined with HULIS. This association led to a synchronous decrease offshore along the axis of the estuary and the transport following the river plume in the surface affected by the salt wedge. Contrarily, dHMs were prone to complex with protein-like components impacted by the hydrodynamics during the dry season. Principal component analysis (PCA) results revealed the terrestrial/anthropogenic inputs and the fresh-seawater mixing process were the most crucial factors responsible for the fate of dHM in wet and dry seasons, respectively, with DOM identified as a secondary but significant influencing factor in both seasons. This study holds significance in providing valuable insights into the migration, transformation, the ultimate fate of dHMs in anthropogenically influenced estuaries, as well as the intricate dynamics governing coastal ecosystems.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 270(Pt 1): 132312, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744370

RESUMO

This study aimed to immobilize ß-galactosidase (ß-GAL) into enhanced polystyrene (PS) electrospun nanofiber membranes (ENMs) with functionalized graphene oxide (GO). Initially, GO sheets were functionalized by salinization with 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane (APTES). Then the ENMs (PS, PS/GO, and PS/GO-APTES) were prepared and characterized. Then, the ß-GAL was immobilized in the different ENMs to produce the ß-GAL-bound nanocomposites (PS-GAL, PS/GO-GAL, and PS/GO-APTES-GAL). Immobilization of ß-GAL into PS/GO-APTES significantly improved enzyme adsorption by up to 87 %. Also, PS/GO-APTES-GAL improved the enzyme activity, where the highest enzyme activity was obtained at enzyme concentrations of 4 mg/L, 50 °C, and pH 4.5. Likewise, the storage stability and reusability of immobilized ß-GAL were improved. Furthermore, this process led to enhanced catalytic behavior and transgalactosylation efficiency, where GOS synthesis (72 %) and lactose conversion (81 %) increased significantly compared to the free enzyme. Overall, the immobilized ß-GAL produced in this study showed potential as an effective biocatalyst in the food industry.

11.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 351, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are one of the most common psychiatric disorders, with a high lifetime prevalence rate among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. Obesity may be one of the risk factors for depressive symptoms, but there is currently no consensus on this view. Therefore, we investigate the relationship and predictive ability of 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices with depressive symptoms among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. METHODS: The data were obtained from The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Our analysis includes individuals who did not have depressive symptoms at the baseline of the CHARLS Wave 2011 study and were successfully follow-up in 2013 and 2015. Finally, 3790 participants were included in the short-term (from 2011 to 2013), and 3660 participants were included in the long-term (from 2011 to 2015). The average age of participants in short-term and long-term was 58.47 years and 57.88 years. The anthropometric indicators used in this analysis included non-invasive [e.g. waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), and a body mass index (ABSI)], and invasive anthropometric indicators [e.g. lipid accumulation product (LAP), triglyceride glucose index (TyG index), and its-related indices (e.g. TyG-BMI, and TyG-WC)]. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to examine the predictive ability of various indicators for depressive symptoms. The association of depressive symptoms with various indicators was calculated using binary logistic regression. RESULTS: The overall incidence of depressive symptoms was 20.79% in the short-term and 27.43% in the long-term. In males, WC [AUC = 0.452], LAP [AUC = 0.450], and TyG-WC [AUC = 0.451] were weak predictors of depressive symptoms during the short-term (P < 0.05). In females, BMI [AUC = 0.468], LAP [AUC = 0.468], and TyG index [AUC = 0.466] were weak predictors of depressive symptoms during the long-term (P < 0.05). However, ABSI cannot predict depressive symptoms in males and females during both periods (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The research indicates that in the middle-aged and elderly Chinese, most obesity- and lipid-related indices have statistical significance in predicting depressive symptoms, but the accuracy of these indicators in prediction is relatively low and may not be practical predictors.


Assuntos
Depressão , Obesidade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/sangue , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Massa Corporal , Lipídeos/sangue , Circunferência da Cintura , População do Leste Asiático
12.
Synth Syst Biotechnol ; 9(2): 388-398, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572022

RESUMO

Vitamin B6 plays a crucial role in cellular metabolism and stress response, making it an essential component for growth in all known organisms. However, achieving efficient biosynthesis of vitamin B6 faces the challenge of maintaining a balanced distribution of metabolic flux between growth and production. In this study, our focus is on addressing this challenge through the engineering of phosphoserine aminotransferase (SerC) to resolve its redundancy and promiscuity. The enzyme SerC was semi-designed and screened based on sequences and predicted kcat values, respectively. Mutants and heterologous proteins showing potential were then fine-tuned to optimize the production of vitamin B6. The resulting strain enhances the production of vitamin B6, indicating that different fluxes are distributed to the biosynthesis pathway of serine and vitamin B6. This study presents a promising strategy to address the challenge posed by multifunctional enzymes, with significant implications for enhancing biochemical production through engineering processes.

13.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2401455, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38659236

RESUMO

In this work, a novel liquid nitrogen quenching strategy is engineered to fulfill iron active center coordination reconstruction within iron carbide (Fe3C) modified on biomass-derived nitrogen-doped porous carbon (NC) for initiating rapid hydrogen and oxygen evolution, where the chrysanthemum tea (elm seeds, corn leaves, and shaddock peel, etc.) is treated as biomass carbon source within Fe3C and NC. Moreover, the original thermodynamic stability is changed through the corresponding force generated by liquid nitrogen quenching and the phase transformation is induced with rich carbon vacancies with the increasing instantaneous temperature drop amplitude. Noteworthy, the optimizing intermediate absorption/desorption is achieved by new phases, Fe coordination, and carbon vacancies. The Fe3C/NC-550 (550 refers to quenching temperature) demonstrates outstanding overpotential for hydrogen evolution reaction (26.3 mV at -10 mA cm-2) and oxygen evolution reaction (281.4 mV at 10 mA cm-2), favorable overall water splitting activity (1.57 V at 10 mA cm-2). Density functional theory (DFT) calculations further confirm that liquid nitrogen quenching treatment can enhance the intrinsic electrocatalytic activity efficiently by optimizing the adsorption free energy of reaction intermediates. Overall, the above results authenticate that liquid nitrogen quenching strategy open up new possibilities for obtaining highly active electrocatalysts for the new generation of green energy conversion systems.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 277: 116350, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653026

RESUMO

Inorganic arsenic is a well-established environmental toxicant linked to acute liver injury, fibrosis, and cancer. While oxidative stress, pyroptosis, and ferroptosis are known contributors, the role of PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1)-mediated mitophagy in arsenic-induced hepatic immunotoxicity remains underexplored. Our study revealed that acute arsenic exposure prompts differentiation of hepatic dendritic cells (DCs) and T helper (Th) 1, Th2, Th17, and regulatory T (Treg) cells, alongside increased transcription factors and cytokines. Inorganic arsenic triggered liver redox imbalance, leading to elevated alanine transaminase (ALT), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), malondialdehyde (MDA), and activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway. PINK1-mediated mitophagy was initiated, and its inhibition exacerbates H2O2 accumulation while promoting DCs/Th1/Th2/Treg differentiation in the liver of arsenic-exposed mice. Mitoquinone (MitoQ) pretreatment relieved arsenic-induced acute liver injury and immune imbalance by activating Nrf2/HO-1 and PINK1-mediated mitophagy. To our knowledge, this is the first report identifying PINK1-mediated mitophagy as a protective factor against inorganic arsenic-induced hepatic DCs/Th1/Th2 differentiation. This study has provided new insights on the immunotoxicity of inorganic arsenic and established a foundation for exploring preventive and therapeutic strategies targeting PINK1-mediated mitophagy in acute liver injury. Consequently, the application of mitochondrial antioxidant MitoQ may offer a promising treatment for the metalloid-induced acute liver injury.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Arsênio , Diferenciação Celular , Fígado , Mitofagia , Compostos Organofosforados , Proteínas Quinases , Animais , Mitofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Organofosforados/toxicidade , Compostos Organofosforados/farmacologia , Arsênio/toxicidade , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/farmacologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Poult Sci ; 103(6): 103730, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631229

RESUMO

Atrazine (ATR) is widely used worldwide as a commercial herbicide, Diaminochlorotriazine (DACT) is the main metabolite of ATR in the organism. Both of them disrupt the production of steroids and induce abnormal reproductive development. The granulosa cells (GCs) are important for growth and reproduction of animals. However, the toxicity of ATR on the GCs of birds is not well clarified. To evaluate the effect of the environmental pollutant ATR on bird GCs. The quail GCs were allotted into 7 groups, C (The medium of M199), A20 (20 µM ATR), A100 (100 µM ATR), A250 (250 µM ATR), D20 (20 µM DACT), D100 (100 µM DACT) and D200 (200 µM DACT). The results demonstrated that ATR reduced the viability of GCs, disrupted mitochondrial structure (including mitochondrial cristae fragmentation and the mitochondrial morphology disappearance) and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential. Meanwhile, ATR interfered with the expression of key factors in the steroid synthesis pathway, inducing the secretion of the sex hormones E2 and P in GCs. which in turn induced apoptosis. Furthermore, the Nrf2/ARE pathway as a potential target to ameliorate ATR-induced endocrine disruption in GCs for proper reproductive functions. Our research provides a new perspective for understanding the effects of ATR on reproductive functions in birds.

16.
Poult Sci ; 103(5): 103638, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579575

RESUMO

Transport stress (TS) not only weakens poultry performance but also affects animal welfare. Additionally, TS can evoke cardiac damage by triggering sterile inflammation in chicks, but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Here, we aimed to elucidate how TS induces sterile inflammation and heart injury and to clarify the antagonism effect of astragalus polysaccharides (APS). We randomly divided 60 chicks (one-day-old female) into 5 groups (n = 12): Control_0h (Con_0h) group (chicks were slaughtered at initiation), Control group (stress-free control), TS group (simulated TS exposure for 8 h), TS plus water (TS+W) group, and TS plus APS (TS+APS) group. Before simulation transport, the chicks of TS+W and TS+APS groups were, respectively, dietary with 100 µL of water or APS (250 µg/mL). H&E staining was employed for cardiac histopathological observation. ELISA assay was used to measure oxidative stress marker levels (GSH, GPX, GST, and MDA). A commercial kit was used to isolate the mitochondrial portion, and qRT-PCR was employed to measure the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) levels. Furthermore, we evaluated the activity of mtDNA-mediated NF-κB, NLRP3 inflammasome, and cGAS-STING inflammatory pathways and the expression of downstream inflammatory factors by Western Blotting or qRT-PCR. Our findings revealed that APS notably relieved TS-induced myocardial histopathological lesions and infiltrations. Likewise, the decrease in proinflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6) and IFN-ß by APS further supported this result. Meanwhile, TS caused severe oxidative stress in the chick heart, as evidenced by decreased antioxidant enzymes and increased MDA. Importantly, APS prevented mtDNA stress and leakage by reducing oxidative stress. Interestingly, TS-induced mtDNA leakage caused a series of inflammation events via mtDNA-PRRs pathways, including TLR21-NF-κB, NLRP3 inflammasome, and cGAS-STING signaling. Encouragingly, all these adverse changes related to inflammation events induced by mtDNA-PRRs activation were all relieved by APS treatment. In summary, our findings provide the first evidence that inhibition of mtDNA-PRRs pathway-mediated sterile inflammation by APS could protect against TS-induced cardiac damage in chicks.


Assuntos
Galinhas , DNA Mitocondrial , Inflamação , Polissacarídeos , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Inflamação/veterinária , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/prevenção & controle , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Astrágalo/química , Distribuição Aleatória , Cardiopatias/veterinária , Cardiopatias/prevenção & controle , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Chempluschem ; : e202300605, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459914

RESUMO

Strain engineering is a novel method that can achieve superior performance for different applications. The lattice strain can affect the performance of electrochemical catalysts by changing the binding energy between the surface-active sites and intermediates and can be affected by the thickness, surface defects and composition of the materials. In this review, we summarized the basic principle, characterization method, introduction strategy and application direction of lattice strain. The reactions on hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) are focused. Finally, the present challenges are summarized, and suggestions for the future development of lattice strain in electrocatalytic overall water splitting are put forward.

18.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1333910, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439751

RESUMO

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is on the rise in developing countries and is characterized by a series of indications of metabolic disturbance. However, the prevalence of MetS varies under different definitions. The study aimed to compare five definitions of MetS in the China adult population, to explore their prevalence, characteristics and agreement. Methods: The data for the retrospective study came from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), consisting of 9,588 participants (≥45). MetS definitions from International Diabetes Federation (IDF) (2006), National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) (2005), National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) (2001), Chinese Diabetes society (CDS) (2004) and the World Health Organization (WHO) (1999). We used binary and multivariable logistic analysis to explore factors connected with MetS. Results: The five definitions of MetS led to different prevalence of MetS:34.52% by IDF (2006), 38.63% by ATP (2005), 25.94% by ATP (2001), 26.31% by CDS (2004), 21.57% by WHO (1999). According to the definition of IDF (2006) (22.32% vs. 45.06%), ATPIII (2005) definition (27.99% vs. 47.82%), ATPIII (2001) definition (15.37% vs. 35.07%), CDS (2004) definition (19.96% vs. 31.80%), and WHO (1999) definition (17.44% vs. 25.14%), the prevalence of MetS in men was low but in women was high. The agreement between the five definitions for men was good except for the IDF (2006) definition and ATPIII (2001) definition (kappa = 0.51), with kappa values from 0.64 to 0.85. For women, the agreement between the five definitions was good ranging from 0.67 to 0.95, however, except for the definition of CDS (2004) and the definition of IDF (2006) (kappa = 0.44), the definition of WHO (1999) and the definition of IDF (2006) (kappa = 0.55), and the definition of WHO (1999) and the definition of ATPIII (2005) (kappa = 0.54). Binary logistic analysis indicated that although the impact and relevance varied by sex and definition, age, education, marital status, current residence, current smoking, alcohol using, taking activities and number of chronic diseases were factors connected to MetS. Conclusion: the prevalence and characteristics of the five definitions of MetS are different in the Chinese population. Therefore, it is vital to use the same definition for a country to diagnose MetS. On the other side, a lower prevalence in men than in women and the consistency of five MetS definitions are good in men but relatively poor in women.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Síndrome Metabólica , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Prevalência , China/epidemiologia , Colesterol , Trifosfato de Adenosina
19.
Org Lett ; 26(11): 2249-2254, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451534

RESUMO

A copper-mediated [3 + 2] cyclization of CF3-imidoyl sulfoxonium ylides and terminal alkynes has been demonstrated. This work provides a practical approach for assembling 5-trifluoromethylpyrroles with the merits of a broad substrate scope, good functional tolerance, and mild reaction conditions. Control experiments and DFT studies indicate that this reaction may involve the addition of π-bonds of terminal alkynes by copper-carbene radicals and hydrogen migration.

20.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 156: 105166, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521378

RESUMO

C-type lectin proteins (CTLs), a group of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), play pivotal roles in immune responses. However, the signal transduction and regulation of CTLs in cephalochordates have yet to be explored. In this study, we examined the composition of CTLs in Branchiostoma japonicum, identifying a total of 272 CTLs. These CTLs underwent further analysis concerning domain arrangement, tandem and segmental duplication events. A multidomain C-type lectin gene, designated as BjCTL5, encompassing CLECT, KR, CUB, MAM, and SR domains, was the focal point of our investigation. BjCTL5 exhibits ubiquitous expression across all detected tissues and is responsive to stimulation by LPS, mannose, and poly (I:C). The recombinant protein of BjCTL5 can bind to Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, inducing their agglutination and inhibiting the proliferation of S. aureus. Yeast two-hybrid, CoIP, and confocal immunofluorescence experiments revealed the interaction between BjCTL5 and apoptosis-stimulating proteins of p53, BjASPP. Intriguingly, BjCTL5 was observed to induce the luciferase activity of the NF-κB promoter in HEK293T cells. These results suggested a potential interaction between BjCTL5 and BjASPP, implicating that they involve in the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway, which provides an evolutionary viewpoint on NF-κB signaling pathway in primitive chordate.


Assuntos
Anfioxos , Lectinas Tipo C , NF-kappa B , Transdução de Sinais , Staphylococcus aureus , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Anfioxos/genética , Anfioxos/imunologia , Anfioxos/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Staphylococcus aureus/imunologia , Staphylococcus aureus/fisiologia , Humanos , Apoptose , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Ligação Proteica , Células HEK293 , Receptores de Reconhecimento de Padrão/metabolismo , Receptores de Reconhecimento de Padrão/genética , Imunidade Inata
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