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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(2): 344-349, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900428

RESUMO

The current animal models of stroke primarily model a single intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) attack, and there is a lack of a reliable model of recurrent ICH. In this study, we established 16-month-old C57BL/6 male mouse models of ICH by injecting collagenase VII-S into the left striatum. Twenty-one days later, we injected collagenase VII-S into the right striatum to simulate recurrent ICH. Our results showed that mice subjected to bilateral striatal hemorrhage had poorer neurological function at the early stage of hemorrhage, delayed recovery in locomotor function, motor coordination, and movement speed, and more obvious emotional and cognitive dysfunction than mice subjected to unilateral striatal hemorrhage. These findings indicate that mouse models of bilateral striatal hemorrhage can well simulate clinically common recurrent ICH. These models should be used as a novel tool for investigating the pathogenesis and treatment targets of recurrent ICH.

2.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 4126273, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35345778

RESUMO

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) is an herbal medicine with polysaccharides as its important active ingredient. The purpose of this research was to identify the effects of the polysaccharides of P. quinquefolius (WQP) on rats with antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (AAD) induced by lincomycin hydrochloride. WQP was primarily composed of galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, and arabinose. The yield, total sugar content, uronic acid content, and protein content were 6.71%, 85.2%, 31.9%, and 2.1%, respectively. WQP reduced the infiltration of inflammatory cells into the ileum and colon, reduced the IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17A, and TNF-α levels, increased the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in colon tissues, improved the production of acetate and propionate, regulated the gut microbiota diversity and composition, improved the relative richness of Lactobacillus and Bacteroides, and reduced the relative richness of Blautia and Coprococcus. The results indicated that WQP can enhance the recovery of the intestinal structure in rats, reduce inflammatory cytokine levels, improve short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) levels, promote recovery of the gut microbiota and intestinal mucosal barrier, and alleviate antibiotic-related side effects such as diarrhoea and microbiota dysbiosis caused by lincomycin hydrochloride. We found that WQP can protect the intestinal barrier by increasing Occludin and Claudin-1 expression. In addition, WQP inhibited the MAPK inflammatory signaling pathway to improve the inflammatory status. This study provides a foundation for the treatment of natural polysaccharides to reduce antibiotic-related side effects.


Assuntos
Panax , Animais , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Diarreia/induzido quimicamente , Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Diarreia/metabolismo , Lincomicina/farmacologia , Lincomicina/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Panax/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Ratos
3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 144, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337273

RESUMO

Sophora davidii is an important plant resource in the karst region of Southwest China, but S. davidii plant-height mutants are rarely reported. Therefore, we performed phenotypic, anatomic structural, transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses to study the mechanisms responsible for S. davidii plant-height mutants. Phenotypic and anatomical observations showed that compared to the wild type, the dwarf mutant displayed a significant decrease in plant height, while the tall mutant displayed a significant increase in plant height. The dwarf mutant cells were smaller and more densely arranged, while those of the wild type and the tall mutant were larger and loosely arranged. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in cell wall biosynthesis, expansion, phytohormone biosynthesis, signal transduction pathways, flavonoid biosynthesis and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis were significantly enriched in the S. davidii plant-height mutants. Metabolomic analysis revealed 57 significantly differential metabolites screened from both the dwarf and tall mutants. A total of 8 significantly different flavonoid compounds were annotated to LIPID MAPS, and three metabolites (chlorogenic acid, kaempferol and scopoletin) were involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and flavonoid biosynthesis. These results shed light on the molecular mechanisms of plant height in S. davidii mutants and provide insight for further molecular breeding programs.


Assuntos
Sophora , Transcriptoma , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Metabolômica , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Sophora/genética , Sophora/metabolismo
4.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(9)2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140726

RESUMO

Pathogenic variants of zinc finger C4H2-type containing (ZC4H2) on the X chromosome cause a group of genetic diseases termed ZC4H2-associated rare disorders (ZARD), including Wieacker-Wolff Syndrome (WRWF) and Female-restricted Wieacker-Wolff Syndrome (WRWFFR). In the current study, a de novo c.352C>T (p.Gln118*) mutation in ZC4H2 (NM_018684.4) was identified in a female neonate born with severe arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) and Pierre-Robin sequence (cleft palate and micrognathia). Plasmids containing the wild-type (WT), mutant-type (MT) ZC4H2, or GFP report gene (N) were transfected in 293T cell lines, respectively. RT-qPCR and western blot analysis showed that ZC4H2 protein could not be detected in the 293T cells transfected with MT ZC4H2. The RNA seq results revealed that the expression profile of the MT group was similar to that of the N group but differed significantly from the WT group, indicating that the c.352C>T mutation resulted in the loss of function of ZC4H2. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) enrichment analysis showed that c.352C>T mutation inhibited the expression levels of a series of genes involved in the oxidative phosphorylation pathway. Subsequently, expression levels of ZC4H2 were knocked down in neural stem cells (NSCs) derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by lentiviral-expressed small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) against ZC4H2. The results also demonstrated that decreasing the expression of ZC4H2 significantly reduced the growth of NSCs by affecting the expression of genes related to the oxidative phosphorylation signaling pathway. Taken together, our results strongly suggest that ZC4H2 c.352C>T (p.Gln118*) mutation resulted in the loss of protein function and caused WRWFFR.

5.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(9)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140746

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare mendelian skeletal dysplasia with autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance pattern, and almost the most common primary osteoporosis in prenatal settings. The diversity of clinical presentation and genetic etiology in prenatal OI cases presents a challenge to counseling yet has seldom been discussed in previous studies. METHODS: Ten cases with suspected fetal OI were enrolled and submitted to a genetic detection using conventional karyotyping, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), and whole-exome sequencing (WES). Sanger sequencing was used as the validation method for potential diagnostic variants. In silico analysis of specific missense variants was also performed. RESULTS: The karyotyping and CMA results of these cases were normal, while WES identified OI-associated variants in the COL1A1/2 genes in all ten cases. Six of these variants were novel. Additionally, four cases here exhibited distinctive clinical and/or genetic characteristics, including the situations of intrafamilial phenotypic variability, parental mosaicism, and "dual nosogenesis" (mutations in collagen I and another gene). CONCLUSION: Our study not only expands the spectrum of COL1A1/2-related OI, but also highlights the complexity that occurs in prenatal OI and the importance of clarifying its pathogenic mechanisms.

6.
J Inorg Biochem ; 237: 111991, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115329

RESUMO

To further determine the factors that affect the binding properties of ruthenium(II) polypyridine complexes with RNA duplex and to find excellent RNA-binding agents, the binding properties of ruthenium(II) complexes [Ru(phen)2(7-OCH3-dppz)]2+ (Ru1, phen = 1,10-phenan- throline, 7-OCH3-dppz = 7-methoxy-dipyrido-[3,2-a,2',3'-c]-phenazine) and [Ru(phen)2(7-NO2- dppz)]2+ (Ru2, 7-NO2-dppz = 7-nitro-dipyrido-[3,2-a,2',3'-c]-phenazine) with RNA poly(A)•poly(U) duplex have been investigated by spectroscopic methods and viscosity measurements in this work. The results show that complexes Ru1 and Ru2 bind to poly(A)•poly(U) through intercalation and the binding affinity between Ru2 and poly(A)•poly(U) is greater than that of Ru1. Thermal denaturation experiments suggest that both ruthenium(II) complexes exhibit a significant stabilizing effect on poly(A)•poly(U) duplex. Moreover, fluorescence emission spectra exhibit that, deviating from Ru2, Ru1 exhibits a "light switch" effect for poly(A)•poly(U). This effect can be observed by the naked eye under UV light and adjusted by pH, meaning that Ru1 may act as a reversible pH controlled molecular "light switch". The results obtained in this work will contribute to our understanding of the significant influence of the intercalative ligand substituent effect in the binding process of ruthenium(II) complexes with RNA duplex.

7.
Acta Biomater ; 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087869

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is a pathological process of multiple chronic liver diseases progressing to cirrhosis for which there are currently no effective treatment options. During fibrosis progression, the overproduction of extracellular matrix (ECM) collagen secreted by hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) greatly impedes drug delivery and reduces drug therapeutic effects. In this study, a glycyrrhetinic acid (GA)-conjugated prodrug micellar system with collagenase I (COL) decoration (COL-HA-GA, abbreviated as CHG) was designed to codelivery sorafenib (Sora/CHG, abbreviated as S/CHG) for potentiating ECM degradation and HSCs targeting on liver fibrosis therapy. In ECM barrier models established in vitro or in vivo, CHG micelles efficiently degraded pericellular collagen and demonstrated enormous ECM penetration abilities as well as superior HSCs internalization. Moreover, CHG micelles exhibited more Sora & GA accumulations and activated HSCs targeting efficiencies in the fibrotic livers than those in the normal livers. More importantly, S/CHG micelles were more effective in anti-liver fibrosis by lowering the collagen content, inhibiting the HSCs activation, as well as down-regulating the fibrosis-related factors, leading to reverse the fibrotic liver to normal liver through the multi-mechanisms including angiogenesis reduction, liver fibrosis microenvironment regulation, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition inhibition. In conclusion, the developed COL decorated nano-codelivery system with fibrotic ECM collagen degradation and activated HSCs targeting dual-functions exhibited great potential for liver fibrosis therapy. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: A glycyrrhetinic acid (GA)-conjugated prodrug with collagenase I (COL) decoration (CHG) was designed for codelivery with sorafenib (S/CHG), potentiating extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation-penetration and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) targeting on liver fibrosis therapy. In ECM barrier models, CHG micelles efficiently degraded pericellular collagen and demonstrated ECM penetration abilities, as well as displayed superior HSCs internalization. Moreover, S/CHG micelles were more effective in anti-liver fibrosis by lowering the collagen content, inhibiting the HSCs activation, as well as down-regulating cytokines, reversing the fibrotic liver to normal through various mechanisms. In conclusion, the developed fibrotic ECM degradation and HSCs targeting dual-functional nano-codelivery system provided a prospective potentiality in liver fibrosis therapy.

8.
Poult Sci ; 101(11): 102091, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095864

RESUMO

Avian coccidiosis is the most serious parasitic disease in the poultry industry. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to explore the effects of B. subtilis and live coccidiosis vaccine alone or in combination on the production performance and anticoccidiosis, as well as the dynamic changes of intestinal microbial community. Nine hundred ninty Mahuang chickens were randomized into 4 preimmune groups including control group, coccidiosis vaccine immunization group; B. subtilis administration group and a group that was administrated a combination of live coccidiosis vaccine and B. subtilis group. Intestinal mucosal scraps collected from all these experimental groups at the age of 8 d and 15 d for microbial community 16S rRNA gene sequencing. At the age of 25 d, 30 broilers from each preimmune group were randomly assigned to a subgroup infected with Eimeria spp. and renamed as CI, V-CI BS-CI, and VBS-CI group. The production performance was monitored at the age of 25 d, 35 d, 45 d, and 55 d for the rest broilers from each pre-immune group. Otherwise, in the Eimeria spp. challenge stage, intestinal mucosal scraps collected for microbial community sequencing, while duodenum, jejunum, and cecum collected for pathological examination after sacrifice at the age of 32 d. In addition, the oocysts per gram of feces (OPG) and intestinal lesion score of broilers after Eimeria spp. challenge were also counted. Overall, the probiotics and coccidiosis vaccine resulted in the significantly improvement of the production performance. Otherwise, the intestinal lesion score and OPG after Eimeria spp. infection was significantly decreased in the VBS-CI group (P < 0.05). Moreover, these protective effects may also be closely related to genus such as Romboutsia, Blautia, and Butyricococcus, as well as microbiota functions like the quorum sensing pathway. According to these results, a combination of B. subtilis and coccidiosis vaccines can improve performance and provide additional protection against Eimeria spp. infection.

9.
J Hazard Mater ; 441: 129907, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099735

RESUMO

Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are typical semi-volatile chemicals (SVOCs) that have been used in copious quantities in indoor material additives. SVOCs distribute dynamically between the gas phase and various condensate phases, especially organic films. Investigating the dynamic behaviors of existing CPs in indoor environments is necessary for understanding their potential risk to humans from indoor exposure. We investigate the distribution profiles of CPs in both gas phase and organic films in indoor environments of residential buildings in Beijing, China. The concentrations of CPs were in the range of 32.21-1447 ng/m3 in indoor air and in the range of 42.30-431.1 µg/m2 and in organic films. Cooking frequency was identified as a key factor that affected the distribution profiles of CPs. Furthermore, a film/gas partitioning model was constructed to explore the transportation and fate of CPs. Interestingly, a re-emission phenomenon from organic films was observed for chemical groups with lower log Koa components, and, importantly, their residue levels in indoor air were well predicted. The estimated exposure risk of CPs in indoor environment was obtained. For the first time, these results produced convincing evidence that the co-exposure risk of short-chain CPs (SCCPs), medium-chain CPs (MCCPs), and long-chain CPs (LCCPs) in indoor air could be further increased by film/gas distribution properties, which is relevant for performing risk assessments of exposure to these SVOCs in indoor environments.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099578

RESUMO

In both hydrophobic and hydrophilic nanochannels, confined water clusters spontaneously form dense internal hydrogen bond networks and hence exhibit fast mass-transfer kinetics. Covalent organic frameworks (COFs), a porous polymer, enables one-dimensional open channels to achieve ordered assembly guided by synthetic techniques and allows the accommodation of a large number of water molecules within the nanochannels. In the field of alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cells, it has been a long-term pursuit of scientists to build abundant hydrogen bonds around hydrogen oxides (OH-) to improve the conduction of OH- by increasing the water content. Here, we designed and synthesized a OH- conductor by assembling benzimidazolium into COFs, and a significantly high conductivity of 10-1 S cm-1 was achieved at 353 K. Theoretical calculations showed that the water clusters confined in the pores of COFs and the regularly arranged hydroxides cooperatively formed a dense hydrogen bond network and OH- conducted diffusive conduction through the Grotthuss hopping of protons in this hydrogen bond network.

11.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15407, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104391

RESUMO

This paper proposes a new control scheme using two scaling matrices that realizes the finite-time synchronization of different-dimensional chaotic systems with parameter uncertainties and external disturbances. Firstly, based on Lyapunov stability theorem and finite-time stability theorem, the definition of finite-time synchronization of chaotic systems with different dimensions is introduced. Secondly, in the case of external disturbance and parameter uncertainty, an adaptive feedback hybrid controller and parameter adaptive laws are designed to synchronize different dimensional uncertain chaotic systems in finite-time. Then, according to the characteristics of the unknown parameters of the system, a transformation matrix is constructed to meet the needs of chaotic systems with different dimensions, and a simplified synchronization control scheme is designed. Finally, two numerical experiments are carried out to verify the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 39(9): 969-973, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of a Chinese pedigree affected with developmental and epileptic encephalopathy 9. METHODS: N048: epilepsy full version gene detection panel-V2 and genome wide copy number variation analysis were carried out on the genomic DNA extracted from the peripheral blood samples. Amniotic fluid was also sampled for single nucleoticle polymorphism array (SNP-array) analysis. RESULTS: Both the mother and her daughter were found to have loss of heterozygosity at Xq21.31q22.1, with which exons of protocadherin 19 (PCDH19) gene was deleted. SNP-array showed the fetus to be a female and had arr[hg19]Xq21.31q22.1 (89 558 626-99 701 006)x1. The mother, daughter and fetus of this family all had developmental and epileptic encephalopathy 9. CONCLUSION: Variant of the PCDH19 gene probably underlay the Developmental and epileptic encephalopathy 9 in this pedigree.


Assuntos
Epilepsia Generalizada , Epilepsia , Caderinas/genética , China , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Epilepsia/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação , Linhagem , Protocaderinas
14.
Front Oncol ; 12: 993775, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119505

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is a common malignancy that mainly occurred in women and it has become the most diagnosed cancer annually since 2020. Berberine (BBR), an alkaloid extracted from the Berberidacea family, has been found with broad pharmacological bioactivities including anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, anti-obesity, antidepressant, and anticancer effects. Mounting evidence shows that BBR is a safe and effective agent with good anticancer activity against BC. However, its detailed underlying mechanism in BC treatment remains unclear. Here, we will provide the evidence for BBR in BC therapy and summarize its potential mechanisms. This review briefly introduces the source, metabolism, and biological function of BBR and emphasizes the therapeutic effects of BBR against BC via directly interacting with effector proteins, transcriptional regulatory elements, miRNA, and several BBR-mediated signaling pathways. Moreover, the novel BBR-based therapeutic strategies against BC improve biocompatibility and water solubility, and the efficacies of BBR are also briefly discussed. Finally, the status of BBR in BC treatment and future research directions is also prospected.

15.
Front Neurol ; 13: 937417, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119700

RESUMO

Purpose: To identify the most important factors affecting physician decision-making regarding antiplatelet therapy. Methods: We retrospectively gathered data from minor ischemic stroke patients with NIHSS scores ≤ 5 within 72 h of onset from 2010 to 2018. The population was divided into four groups by initial antiplatelet therapy: aspirin monotherapy (AM), dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and a loading dose of clopidogrel (clopidogrel loading dose of 300 mg on the first day; DAPT-ALC), dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and no loading dose of clopidogrel (clopidogrel 75 mg daily, no loading dose; DAPT-AUC), and clopidogrel monotherapy (CM). Results: In total, 1,377 patients were included in the analysis (excluding patients who accepted thrombolytic drugs, participated in other clinical trials, or had not used antiplatelet drugs). The mean ± S.D. age was 62.0 ± 12.7 years; 973 (70.7%) patients were male. The four groups were AM (n = 541, 39.3%), DAPT-ALC (n = 474, 34.4%), DAPT- AUC (n = 301, 21.9%), and CM (n = 61, 4.4%). Patients receiving antiplatelet monotherapy were older than those receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (63.7-65.7 vs. 59.6-61.4 years), and the median initial systolic blood pressure level was higher in the DAPT-ALC group than in the other groups (all P < 0.05). Patients under 75 years old with an admission SBP lower than 180 mmHg, a history of AM, coronary heart disease, no history of intracerebral hemorrhage, stroke onset occurring after guideline recommendations were updated (the year of 2015), onset-to-arrival time within 24 h, and initial NIHSS score ≤ 3 were more likely to take DAPT-ALC than AM. Compared with DAPT-ALC, DAPT-AUC was associated with an initial SBP level lower than 180 mmHg, a history of smoking, hypertension, no history of ICH, previous treatment with antihypertensives, and onset year after the recommendations were updated. Conclusions: Many factors affect doctors' decisions regarding antiplatelet therapy, especially guidelines, age, admission SBP level, and hypertensive disease.

16.
Neuropharmacology ; : 109254, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122662

RESUMO

Bone cancer pain (BCP), which seriously affects the quality of life of patients, remains a clinically challenging problem. Hence, there is an urgent need to investigate new mechanisms and develop new therapeutics to relieve BCP. In the present study, we investigated the analgesic effect of melatonin on BCP and the underlying mechanisms. Male C57BL/6 mice were used to establish BCP models. We found that the levels of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and nucleus-high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) were decreased, whilst the levels of HMGB1, cytoplasm-HMGB1 and inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß) were increased in the spinal cord of BCP mice on days 7, 14 and 21 after implantation compared with the levels in sham mice. Intrathecal administration of melatonin dose-dependently increased values of PWMT and TWL compared with the BCP group. However, intrathecal administration of EX527 (a selective SIRT1 antagonist) reversed the analgesic effect of melatonin. Moreover, mice in the melatonin group exhibited an increase in SIRT1 and nucleus-HMGB1, whilst there was a decrease in HMGB1, cytoplasm-HMGB1, rage, acetyl-HMGB1 and inflammatory cytokines compared with those in BCP mice. EX527 also reversed these changes. Furthermore, SIRT1 physically interacted with HMGB1 in the BCP mice. In conclusion, intrathecal administration of melatonin attenuates BCP through SIRT1-dependent inhibition of HMGB1 translocation and inflammatory cytokines. Melatonin may be a promising drug for the clinical treatment of BCP.

17.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125926

RESUMO

A series of 4-(propargyloxy) benzenesulfonamide derivatives with different substituents on the benzene ring were synthesized and evaluated for their insecticidal activity. Some of the compounds showed good insecticidal activity against Mythimna separata, and the LC50 value of the most active compound B2.5 was 0.235 mg/ml. Ultrastructural changes in the midgut epithelial cells of Mythimna separata were observed using transmission electron microscopy, and severe structural damage was found in microvilli, mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum. It indicates that the possible site of action of these benzenesulfonamides is the cytoplasmic membrane and endomembrane system of the midgut epithelial cells. The above provides a basis for the development of novel insecticidal active compounds with a novel mechanism of action.

18.
J Oncol ; 2022: 7733251, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124031

RESUMO

Background: Sex, age, and International Metastatic Renal-Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium (IMDC) prognostic risk may influence the immune response. Nonetheless, the correlation between these factors and the survival benefits of immune-based combination therapies in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) is controversial and undefined. As a result, the purpose of this research is to evaluate the potential differences of immune-based combination therapies on survival benefits from mRCC subgroups. Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and http://www.clinicaltrials.gov were searched from inception to March 17, 2022. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with mRCC treated by immune-based combinations vs. contemporary first-line therapies were included. Results: Five RCTs with a total of 4206 subjects were included. An OS and PFS benefit of immune-based combinations were found for patients of different sex, age, and IMDC intermediate/poor risk. No obvious difference in relative PFS benefit from immune-based combinations over the control group was found in patients of different genders (P=0.71, I2 = 0%), ages (P=0.55, I2 = 0%), or IMDC prognostic risks (P=0.38, I2 = 0%). However, the difference in OS benefit was significant regarding age (P=0.009, I2 = 85.5%) and IMDC prognostic risk (P=0.004, I2 = 82.2%). Conclusions: This meta-analysis found that immune-based combination therapies should not be restricted to certain patients with mRCC in gender categories. However, age and IMDC prognostic risk of mRCC patients are associated with different outcomes of OS and thus help identify those patients most probably to benefit from immune-based combination therapies.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 950591, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124162

RESUMO

Objectives: To characterize the healthy ocular surface microbiota at the species level, including cultured and uncultured taxa. Methods: We integrated the metataxonomic method with culturomics and genome sequencing analysis of selected isolated strains to better illustrate the taxonomic structure of the ocular surface microbiota. The metataxonomics used the full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences and the operational phylogenetic unit strategy, which can precisely identify the cultured and uncultured or potentially new taxa to species level based on the phylogenetic tree constructed. Results: We detected 1,731 operational phylogenetic units (OPUs) in 196 healthy eyes from 128 people, affiliated to 796 cultured species, 784 potentially new species, and 151 potentially new higher taxa. The microbiota for each eye had 49.17 ± 35.66 OPUs. Of the 796 cultured species, 170 (21.36%) had previously caused clinical infections. Based on where they were initially isolated, the ocular surface microbiota mainly came from human body sites (34.55%), the environment (36.93%), plants (9.05%), animals (4.90%), and others; 428 strains were isolated from 20 eyes, affiliated to 42 species, and had come from the environment (33.33%) and the skin (16.67%). Of these, 47.62% had previously caused clinical infections. Genome analysis of 73 isolators revealed that 68.5% of them carried antibiotic resistance genes. The most frequently isolated genera, namely Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Moraxella, had an average of 5.30, four, and three resistance genes per strain, respectively. Discussion: The study found that the ocular surface microbiota mainly came from the environment, plants, animals, food, and human body sites such as the skin, oral cavity, upper respiratory tract, etc. No core member of ocular surface microbiota was detected at the species level. The human eyes were invaded and colonized by bacteria from the exposed environment, some of which were capable of causing infections in humans and carried antibiotic resistance genes. Preventive measures should be developed to protect our eyes from danger.

20.
Water Res ; 224: 119109, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126629

RESUMO

In water treatment with membrane filtration process, a lot of factors such as process design, operation, and fouling affect membrane flux. But it is often neglected the flux decline which attribute to air resistance. In this study, it has been observed that air resistance caused by air trapped initially at startup as well as the release of air from the permeating liquid has an adverse effect on the membrane filtration and backwash process in water treatment. In the study, a new in-situ monitoring method, ultrasonic phased array (UPA), was used to investigate the distribution of released air in the hollow fiber membrane module. The operation parameters such as backwash interval, duration and strength were investigated. A strategy was also proposed to mitigate the adverse effects of air resistance. The results showed that UPA can successfully monitor the distribution of released air, which has a good positive correlation with air sound pressure reflection R¯air. The released air is mainly distributed far away from the outlet, while as the backwash interval and strength increase, the range of released air distribution gradually expands. We also found the optimal operating parameters for the minimum released air volume that the backwash interval is 90 min and the backwash duration is 60 s. Besides, the air resistance has a good positive correlation with released air. Moreover, the released air migration results show that air dispersion and redissolution are beneficial to reduce the air resistance in the backwash process. In summary, the optimal operation can mitigate the air resistance in the variable membrane filtration mode in water treatment.

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