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1.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1331813, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572006

RESUMO

Background: Chinese youth are at high risk for depression with a significantly higher detection rate of depression risk than other age groups, which brings about a huge challenge to the mental health work of universities. Developing supportive resources that promote resilience against adverse environmental influences in high-risk groups is quite more urgent than medical treatment for firm diagnoses of mental issues that have developed into depression in the current background. Methods: A total of 665 university students in China completed self-reported questionnaires measuring psychological resilience, social support, and coping styles. The structural equation model testing on the goodness of fit of the theoretical framework was first performed. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation analysis among social support, resilience, and coping styles were then conducted. At last, we tested the mediating role of coping styles. Results: Social support has a significant positive effect on the psychological resilience of the youth. Mixed coping and immature coping styles have significant negative impacts on both social support and resilience, while mature coping styles have a significant positive effect on social support and resilience. Mature and immature coping styles mediate the association between social support and resilience in youth. Conclusion: Based on stress theory, this study explores mechanisms that facilitate the development of resilience in young people with regard to social support and coping styles. The current research depicts an interventional perspective of building a social support network that guides the youth to adopt mature coping styles to enhance their resilience and facilitate their mental health.


Assuntos
Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Adolescente , Adaptação Psicológica , Saúde Mental , Apoio Social
2.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 16: 1368539, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572152

RESUMO

Introduction: Although restriction of vertical ocular range of motion is known to be the hallmark of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), the maximal amplitude of ocular movement has not been quantitatively assessed despite of accumulating evidences of oculomotor dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we evaluated the maximal oculomotor range and its response to levodopa in PD, and compare findings to atypical parkinsonism. Methods: We recruited 159 healthy controls (HC) as well as 154 PD, 30 PSP, and 16 multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients. Oculomotor range was assessed using a kinetic perimeter-adapted device for the vertical and horizontal axes (four positions). Parameters were reassessed after levodopa challenge and compared among PD, PSP, and MSA patients. Results: Maximum oculomotor range in PD patients was reduced as compared to HC. Levodopa improved oculomotor range in all directions; corrective effects of upward range positively correlated with improvements in Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale III and bradykinesia sub-scores among PD patients. Although oculomotor range was markedly restricted among PSP and MSA patients, the beneficial effects of levodopa was less pronounced. Reduced oculomotor range of motion was more significant among PSP as compared to PD or MSA patients; MSA patients did not significantly differ from PD patients. The range of upward gaze was optimally sensitive for differentiating among PD, PSP, and MSA patients. Conclusion: Maximum oculomotor range was reduced among PD patients significantly improved by levodopa treatment. Variations in, as well as the positively effects of levodopa on, the range of upward gaze assist diagnostic differentiation among PD, PSP, and MSA patients.

3.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 88, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582875

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Real-world studies on neoadjuvant dual anti-HER2 therapy combined with chemotherapy for breast cancer (BC) are scarce in China. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant dual anti-HER2 therapy combined with chemotherapy in a real-world setting. Moreover, differences in estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and proliferation cell nuclear antigen (Ki-67) expression pre- and post-neoadjuvant therapy were analyzed. METHODS: Clinical and pathological data of patients with HER2-positive BC who received neoadjuvant dual anti-HER2 therapy combined with chemotherapy at Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute, China, between September 2021 and September 2023, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Among 179 included patients, a pathologic complete response (pCR) was achieved in 109 patients (60.9%). The univariate analysis results indicated that the hormone receptor (HR) status (P = 0.013), HER2 status (P = 0.003), and cycles of targeted treatment (P = 0.035) were significantly correlated with pCR. Subsequent multivariable analysis showed that HR negative and HER2 status 3 + were independent predictive factors of pCR. Anemia was the most common adverse event (62.0%), and the most common grade 3-4 adverse event was neutropenia (6.1%). The differences in HER2 (34.5%) and Ki-67 (92.7%) expression between core needle biopsy and the residual tumor after neoadjuvant therapy were statistically significant, whereas the differences were insignificant in terms of ER or PR status. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of neoadjuvant trastuzumab and pertuzumab with chemotherapy showed good efficiency, and the toxic side effects were tolerable in patients with BC. In cases where pCR was not achieved after neoadjuvant therapy, downregulation of HER2 and Ki-67 expressions was observed.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
4.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(9): 1597-1605, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (ANVUGIB) constitutes a prevalent emergency within Gastroenterology, encompassing 80%-90% of all gastrointestinal hemorrhage incidents. This condition is distinguished by its abrupt onset, swift progression, and notably elevated mortality rate. AIM: To gather clinical data from patients with ANVUGIB at our hospital in order to elucidate the clinical characteristics specific to our institution and analyze the therapeutic effectiveness of endoscopic hemostasis. METHODS: We retrospectively retrieved the records of 532 patients diagnosed with ANVUGIB by endoscopy at our hospital between March 2021 and March 2023, utilizing our medical record system. Data pertaining to general patient information, etiological factors, disease outcomes, and other relevant variables were meticulously collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 532 patients diagnosed with ANVUGIB, the male-to-female ratio was 2.91:1, with a higher prevalence among males. Notably, 43.6% of patients presented with black stool as their primary complaint, while 27.4% had hematemesis as their initial symptom. Upon admission, 17% of patients exhibited both hematemesis and black stool, while most ANVUGIB patients primarily complained of overt gastrointestinal bleeding. Urgent routine blood examinations at admission revealed that 75.8% of patients had anemia, with 63.4% experiencing moderate to severe anemia, and 1.5% having extremely severe anemia (hemoglobin < 30 g/L). With regard to etiology, 53.2% of patients experienced bleeding without a definitive trigger, 24.2% had a history of using gastric mucosa-irritating medications, 24.2% developed bleeding after alcohol consumption, 2.8% attributed it to improper diet, 1.7% to emotional excitement, and 2.3% to fatigue preceding the bleeding episode. Drug-induced ANVUGIB was more prevalent in the elderly than middle-aged and young individuals, while bleeding due to alcohol consumption showed the opposite trend. Additionally, diet-related bleeding was more common among the young age group compared to the middle-aged group. Gastrointestinal endoscopy identified peptic ulcers as the most frequent cause of ANVUGIB (73.3%), followed by gastrointestinal malignancies (10.9%), acute gastric mucous lesions (9.8%), and androgenic upper gastrointestinal bleeding (1.5%) among inpatients with ANVUGIB. Of the 532 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, 68 underwent endoscopic hemostasis, resulting in an endoscopic treatment rate of 12.8%, with a high immediate hemostasis success rate of 94.1%. CONCLUSION: ANVUGIB patients exhibit diverse characteristics across different age groups, and endoscopic hemostatic treatments have demonstrated remarkable efficacy.

5.
Front Vet Sci ; 11: 1375026, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566750

RESUMO

Coccidiosis is a costly intestinal disease of chickens caused by Eimeria species. This infection is associated with high mortality, reduced feed efficiency, and slowed body weight gain. The diagnosis and control of coccidiosis becomes challenging due to the fact that chickens can be infected by seven different Eimeria species and often occur mixed-species co-infections. Grasping the epidemiology of Eimeria species is crucial to estimate the efficiency of poultry management. This study aimed to explore the distribution of Eimeria species in broiler chickens in China after administering live anticoccidial vaccines. A total of 634 samples were obtained, and the survey results showed that the prevalence of Eimeria was 86.12% (546/634), and the most common species were E. acervulina (65.62%), E. necatrix (50.95%), E. mitis (50.79%), E. tenella (48.42%), and E. praecox (41.80%). Most samples indicated mixed-species infections (an average of 3.29 species per positive sample). Notably, 63.98% of samples contain 3 to 5 Eimeria species within a single fecal sample. The most prevalent combinations were E. acervulina-E. tenella (38.96%) and E. acervulina-E. necatrix (37.22%). Statistical analysis showed that flocks vaccinated with trivalent vaccines were significantly positive for E. necatrix in grower chickens (OR = 3.30, p < 0.05) compared with starter chickens, and tetravalent vaccinated flocks showed that starter chickens demonstrated a higher susceptibility to E. tenella-E. brunetti (OR = 2.03, p < 0.05) and E. acervulina-E. maxima (OR = 2.05, p < 0.05) compared with adult chickens. Geographically, in the case of tetravalent vaccine-immunized flocks, a substantial positive association was observed between E. necatrix infection rates and flocks from eastern (OR = 3.88, p < 0.001), central (OR = 2.65, p = 0.001), and southern China (OR = 3.17, p < 0.001) compared with southwestern China. This study also found a positive association between E. necatrix (OR = 1.64, p < 0.05), E. acervulina (OR = 1.59, p < 0.05), and E. praecox (OR = 1.81, p < 0.05) infection and coccidiosis occurrence compared with non-infected flocks in tetravalent vaccinated flocks. This molecular epidemiological investigation showed a high prevalence of Eimeria species in the field. The emergent species, E. brunetti and E. praecox, might be incorporated into the widely-used live vaccines in the future. These insights could be useful in refining coccidiosis control strategies in the poultry industry.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557029

RESUMO

With increasing global industrialization, it is urgent and challenging to develop multifunctional species for detection and adsorption in the environment. For this purpose, a novel anionic heterometallic organic framework, [(CH3)2NH2][CaEu(CAM)2(H2O)2]·4H2O·4DMF (CaEuCAM), is hydrothermally synthesized based on chelidamic acid (H3CAM). Single crystal analysis shows that CaEuCAM features two different oxygen-rich channels along the c-axis in which one CAM3- bridges two sextuple-coordinated Ca2+ and two octuple-coordinated Eu3+ with a µ4-η1: η1: η1: η1: η1: η1 new chelating and bridging mode. The characteristic bright red emission and superior hydrostability of CaEuCAM under harsh acidic and basic conditions benefit it by acting as a highly sensitive sensor for Fe3+ and 3-nitrophenol (3-NP) with extremely low LODs through remarkable quenching. The combination of experiments and theoretical calculations for sensing mechanisms shows that the competitive absorption and interaction are responsible for Fe3+-induced selective emission quenching, while that for 3-NP is the result of the synergism of host-guest chemistry and the inner filter effect. Meanwhile, the assimilation of negative charge plus channels renders CaEuCAM a highly selective adsorbent for methylene blue (MB) due to a synergy of electrostatic affinity, ion-dipole interaction, and size matching. Of note is the reusability of CaEuCAM toward Fe3+/3-NP sensing and MB adsorption besides its fast response. These findings could be very useful in guiding the development of multifunctional Ln-MOFs for sensing and adsorption applications in water media.

8.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558502

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of modified clear Twin Block (CTB) aligner and traditional twin block (TB) appliance from skeletal, dentoalveolar and soft tissue changes in adolescents with skeletal class II malocclusion. METHODS: A total of 80 adolescents, included in this study from two medical centres, were distributed into CTB group, TB group and control group based on the treatment they received. Lateral cephalograms at pre-treatment (T1) and post-treatment (T2) were measured by modified Pancherz's cephalometric analysis, and dentoskeletal and soft tissue changes were analysed by independent-sample t-test, paired-sample t-test, ANOVA test and Scheffe's Post Hoc test. RESULTS: Seventy-five adolescents completed the study, including 32 in the CTB group, 32 in the TB group and 11 in the control group. Both CTB and TB treatment showed significant differences in most dentoskeletal and soft tissue measurements. Compared with the control group, improvements were observed in class II molar relationship through significant different in S Vert/Ms-S Vert/Mi in the CTB group (P < .01) and the TB group (P < .001), as well as deep overjet through significant different in S Vert/Is-S Vert/Ii in the CTB group (P < .001) and the TB group (P < .001). Besides, the CTB group also showed less protrusion of lower incisors and resulted in a more significant improvement in profile with fewer adverse effects on speaking, eating and social activities. CONCLUSIONS: For adolescents with skeletal class II malocclusion, CTB appliance was as effective as TB on improving dentoskeletal and soft tissue measurements, featuring more reliable teeth control and patient acceptance.

9.
Curr Med Sci ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hemophilia carriers (HCs), who are heterozygous for mutations in the clotting factor VIII/clotting factor IX gene (F8 or F9), may have a wide range of clotting factor levels, from very low, similar to afflicted males, to the upper limit of normal, and may experience mental health issues. The purpose of this study was to provide genetic information on mothers of hemophilia patients and to understand the clotting factor activity and phenotype of HCs. Additionally, we aimed to investigate the mental health status of HCs in China. METHODS: A total of 127 hemophilia mothers, including 93 hemophilia A (HA) mothers and 34 hemophilia B (HB) mothers, were enrolled in this study. Long distance PCR, multiplex PCR, and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze mutations in F8 or F9. Coagulation factor activity was detected by a one-stage clotting assay. The Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90, China/Mandarin version) was given to HCs at the same time to assess their mental health. RESULTS: A total of 90.6% of hemophilia mothers were diagnosed genetically as carriers, with inversion in intron 22 and missense mutations being the most common mutation types in HA and HB carriers, respectively. The median clotting factor level in carriers was 0.74 IU/mL (ranging from 0.09 to 1.74 IU/mL) compared with 1.49 IU/mL (ranging from 0.93 to 1.89 IU/mL) in noncarriers, of which 14.3% of HCs had clotting factor levels of 0.40 IU/mL or below. A total of 53.8% (7/13) of HA carriers with low clotting factor levels (less than 0.50 IU/mL) had a history of bleeding, while none of the HB carriers displayed a bleeding phenotype. The total mean score and the global severity index of the SCL-90 for surveyed HCs were 171.00 (±60.37) and 1.78 (±0.59), respectively. A total of 67.7% of the respondents had psychological symptoms, with obsessive-compulsive disorder being the most prevalent and severe. The pooled estimates of all nine factors were significantly higher than those in the general population (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The detection rate of gene mutations in hemophilia mothers was 90.6%, with a median clotting factor level of 0.74 IU/mL, and 14.3% of HCs had a clotting factor level of 0.40 IU/mL or below. A history of bleeding was present in 41.2% of HCs with low clotting factor levels (less than 0.50 IU/mL). Additionally, given the fragile mental health status of HCs in China, it is critical to develop efficient strategies to improve psychological well-being.

10.
Chemphyschem ; : e202300816, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563655

RESUMO

The introduction of transition-metal doping has engendered a remarkable array of unprecedented boron motifs characterized by distinctive geometries and bonding, particularly those heretofore unobserved in pure boron clusters. In this study, we present a perfect (no defects) boron framework manifesting an inherently high-symmetry, bowl-like architecture, denoted as MB16- (M = Sc, Y, La). In MB16-, the B16 is coordinated to M atoms along the C5v-symmetry axis. The bowl-shaped MB16- structure is predicted to be the lowest-energy structure with superior stability, owing to its concentric (2π+10π) dual π aromaticity. Notably, the C5v-symmetry bowl-like B16- is profoundly stabilized through the doping of an M atom, facilitated by strong d-pπ interactions between M and boron motifs, in conjunction with additional electrostatic stabilization by an electron transfer from M to the boron motifs. This concerted interplay of covalent and electrostatic interactions between M and bowl-like B16 renders MB16- a species of exceptional thermodynamic stability, thus making it a viable candidate for gas-phase experimental detection.

11.
PeerJ ; 12: e17154, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560472

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the clinical viability of utilizing the flexor hallucis brevis as an alternative site for neuromuscular monitoring compared to the conventional adductor pollicis. Patients were recruited from three medical centers. Cis-atracurium was administered, and two monitors were employed independently to assess neuromuscular blockade of the adductor pollicis and the ipsilateral flexor hallucis brevis, following a train of four (TOF) pattern until TOF ratios exceeded 0.9 or until the conclusion of surgery. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences in onset time, duration of no-twitch response, spontaneous recovery time, and total monitoring time between the two sites, with mean differences of -53.54 s, -2.49, 3.22, and 5.89 min, respectively (P < 0.001).The posterior tibial nerve-flexor hallucis brevis pathway presents a promising alternative for neuromuscular monitoring during anesthesia maintenance. Further investigation is warranted to explore its utility in anesthesia induction and recovery. Trial registration: The trial was registered at www.chictr.org.cn (20/11/2018, ChiCTR1800019651).


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral , Monitoração Neuromuscular , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Nervo Tibial
12.
Crit Rev Biotechnol ; : 1-18, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566484

RESUMO

Global population growth and demographic restructuring are driving the food and agriculture sectors to provide greater quantities and varieties of food, of which protein resources are particularly important. Traditional animal-source proteins are becoming increasingly difficult to meet the demand of the current consumer market, and the search for alternative protein sources is urgent. Microbial proteins are biomass obtained from nonpathogenic single-celled organisms, such as bacteria, fungi, and microalgae. They contain large amounts of proteins and essential amino acids as well as a variety of other nutritive substances, which are considered to be promising sustainable alternatives to traditional proteins. In this review, typical approaches to microbial protein synthesis processes were highlighted and the characteristics and applications of different types of microbial proteins were described. Bacteria, fungi, and microalgae can be individually or co-cultured to obtain protein-rich biomass using starch-based raw materials, organic wastes, and one-carbon compounds as fermentation substrates. Microbial proteins have been gradually used in practical applications as foods, nutritional supplements, flavor modifiers, and animal feeds. However, further development and application of microbial proteins require more advanced biotechnological support, screening of good strains, and safety considerations. This review contributes to accelerating the practical application of microbial proteins as a promising alternative protein resource and provides a sustainable solution to the food crisis facing the world.

13.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2301854, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574304

RESUMO

Clinical trials frequently include multiple end points that mature at different times. The initial report, typically based on the primary end point, may be published when key planned co-primary or secondary analyses are not yet available. Clinical Trial Updates provide an opportunity to disseminate additional results from studies, published in JCO or elsewhere, for which the primary end point has already been reported.We previously reported superior symptom control of electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO)-based symptom management after lung cancer surgery for up to 1 month postdischarge. Here, we present the long-term results (1-12 months) of this multicenter, randomized trial, where patients were assigned 1:1 to receive postoperative ePRO-based symptom management or usual care daily postsurgery, twice weekly postdischarge until 1 month, and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months postdischarge. Long-term patient-reported outcomes were assessed with MD Anderson Symptom Inventory-Lung Cancer module. Per-protocol analyses were performed with 55 patients in the ePRO group and 57 in the usual care group. At 12 months postdischarge, the ePRO group reported significantly fewer symptom threshold events (any of the five target symptom scored ≥4; median [IQR], 0 [0-0] v 0 [0-1]; P = .040) than the usual care group. From 1 to 12 months postdischarge, the ePRO group consistently reported significantly lower composite scores for physical interference (estimate, -0.86 [95% CI, -1.32 to -0.39]) and affective interference (estimate, -0.70 [95% CI, -1.14 to -0.26]). Early intensive ePRO-based symptom management after lung cancer surgery reduced symptom burden and improved functional status for up to 1 year postdischarge, supporting its integration into standard care.

14.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101303, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590631

RESUMO

'Baimmaocha' is a distinctive resource for production of high-quality black tea, and its processed black tea has unique aroma characteristics. 190 volatile compounds were identified by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-olfactometry-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry(GC × GC-O-Q-TOMS), and among them 23 compounds were recognized as key odorants contributing to forming different aroma characteristics in 'Baimaocha' black teas of Rucheng, Renhua, and Lingyun (RCBT, RHBT, LYBT). The odor activity value coupled with GC-O showed that methyl salicylate (RCBT), geraniol (RHBT), trans-ß-ionone and benzeneacetaldehyde (LYBT) might be the most definitive aroma compounds identified from their respective regions. Furthermore, PLS analysis revealed three odorants as significant contributors to floral characteristic, four odorants related to fruity attribute, four odorants linked to fresh attribute, and three odorants associated with roasted attribute. These results provide novel insights into sensory evaluation and chemical substances of 'Baimaocha' black tea and provide a theoretical basis for controlling and enhancement tea aroma quality.

15.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593797

RESUMO

Many patient-derived tumor models have emerged recently. However, their potential to guide personalized drug selection remains unclear. Here, we report patient-derived tumor-like cell clusters (PTCs) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), capable of conducting 100-5,000 drug tests within 10 days. We have established 283 PTC models with an 81% success rate. PTCs contain primary tumor epithelium self-assembled with endogenous stromal and immune cells and show a high degree of similarity to the original tumors in phenotypic and genotypic features. Utilizing standardized culture and drug-response assessment protocols, PTC drug-testing assays reveal 89% overall consistency in prospectively predicting clinical outcomes, with 98.1% accuracy distinguishing complete/partial response from progressive disease. Notably, PTCs enable accurate prediction of clinical outcomes for patients undergoing anti-PD1 therapy by combining cell viability and IFN-γ value assessments. These findings suggest that PTCs could serve as a valuable preclinical model for personalized medicine and basic research in NSCLC.

16.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589686

RESUMO

Cardiopulmonary progenitor cells (CPPs) constitute a minor subpopulation of cells that are commonly associated with heart and lung morphogenesis during embryonic development but completely subside after birth. This fact offers the possibility for the treatment of pulmonary heart disease (PHD), in which the lung and heart are both damaged. A reliable source of CPPs is urgently needed. In this study, we reprogrammed human cardiac fibroblasts (HCFs) into CPP-like cells (or induced CPPs, iCPPs) and evaluated the therapeutic potential of iCPP-derived exosomes for acute lung injury (ALI). iCPPs were created in passage 3 primary HCFs by overexpressing GLI1, WNT2, ISL1 and TBX5 (GWIT). Exosomes were isolated from the culture medium of passage 6-8 GWIT-iCPPs. A mouse ALI model was established by intratracheal instillation of LPS. Four hours after LPS instillation, ALI mice were treated with GWIT-iCPP-derived exosomes (5 × 109, 5 × 1010 particles/mL) via intratracheal instillation. We showed that GWIT-iCPPs could differentiate into cell lineages, such as cardiomyocyte-like cells, endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells and alveolar epithelial cells, in vitro. Transcription analysis revealed that GWIT-iCPPs have potential for heart and lung development. Intratracheal instillation of iCPP-derived exosomes dose-dependently alleviated LPS-induced ALI in mice by attenuating lung inflammation, promoting endothelial function and restoring capillary endothelial cells and the epithelial cells barrier. This study provides a potential new method for the prevention and treatment of cardiopulmonary injury, especially lung injury, and provides a new cell model for drug screening.

17.
J Cell Physiol ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591363

RESUMO

Understanding how skeletal muscle fiber proportions are regulated is essential for understanding muscle function and improving the quality of mutton. While circular RNA (circRNA) has a critical function in myofiber type transformation, the specific mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Prior evidence indicates that circular ubiquitin-specific peptidase 13 (circUSP13) can promote myoblast differentiation by acting as a ceRNA, but its potential role in myofiber switching is still unknown. Herein, we found that circUSP13 enhanced slow myosin heavy chain (MyHC-slow) and suppressed MyHC-fast expression in goat primary myoblasts (GPMs). Meanwhile, circUSP13 evidently enhanced the remodeling of the mitochondrial network while inhibiting the autophagy of GPMs. We obtained fast-dominated myofibers, via treatment with rotenone, and further demonstrated the positive role of circUSP13 in the fast-to-slow transition. Mechanistically, activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) pathway significantly impaired the slow-to-fast shift in fully differentiated myotubes, which was restored by circUSP13 or IGF1 overexpression. In conclusion, circUSP13 promoted the fast-to-slow myofiber type transition through MAPK/ERK signaling in goat skeletal muscle. These findings provide novel insights into the role of circUSP13 in myofiber type transition and contribute to a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms underlying meat quality.

18.
Gerodontology ; 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Objective: To understand the barriers associated with self-management of oral health among rural older adults in Guangxi, and to explore the high incidence of oral problems. This information will assist in the formulation of relevant strategies to solve the oral health problems in this population. METHODS: Taking a phenomenological approach, the current status of, and barriers to, oral health self-management in rural older adults from different regions of Guangxi were explored. Participants were purposively selected and interviewed face-to-face. RESULTS: The interviews yielded four overarching themes and six corresponding sub-themes pertaining to barriers in oral health self-management. These included: (1) Older adults' understanding of oral health and disease, perceptions of oral health and their oral health behaviours; (2) Problems in accessing oral health information; (3) Role of family support; and (4) Barriers to healthcare that included access to dental services, oral treatment experience and financial burden of access to dental care. CONCLUSION: Rural older adults in Guangxi face oral health self-management barriers. Improving access to oral healthcare services and changing existing oral health perceptions and habits may assist them in overcoming self-management challenges.

19.
Food Chem ; 449: 139220, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579657

RESUMO

A colorimetry/fluorescence dual-mode assay based on the aptamer-functionalized magnetic covalent organic framework-supported CuO and Au NPs (MCOF-CuO/Au@apt) was developed for Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) biosensing. The nanohybrid combined three functions in one: good magnetic separation characteristic, excellent oxidase-mimic activity for tetrap-aminophenylethylene (TPE-4A), and target recognition capability. The attachment of MCOF-CuO/Au@apt onto the surface of S. typhimurium resulted in a significant reduction in the oxidase-mimicking activity of the nanohybrid, which could generate dual-signal of colorimetry and fluorescence through the catalytic oxidation of TPE-4A. Based on this, S. typhimurium could be specifically detected in the linear ranges of 102- 106 CFU·mL-1 and 101- 106 CFU·mL-1, with LODs of 7.6 and 2.1 CFU·mL-1, respectively in colorimetry/fluorescence modes. Moreover, the smartphone and linear discrimination analysis-based system could be used for on-site and portable testing. In addition, this platform showed applicability in detecting S. typhimurium in milk, egg liquid and chicken samples.

20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202404763, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588210

RESUMO

The electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (eCO2RR) to multicarbon products has been widely recognized for Cu-based catalysts. However, the structural changes in Cu-based catalysts during the eCO2RR pose challenges to achieving an in-depth understanding of the structure-activity relationship, thereby limiting catalyst development. Herein, we employ constant-potential density functional theory calculations to investigate the sintering process of Cu single atoms of Cu-N-C single-atom catalysts into clusters under eCO2RR conditions. Systematic constant-potential ab initio molecular dynamics simulations revealed that the leaching of Cu-(CO)x moieties and subsequent agglomeration into clusters can be facilitated by synergistic adsorption of H and eCO2RR intermediates (e.g., CO). Increasing the Cu2+ concentration or the applied potential can efficiently suppress Cu sintering. Both microkinetic simulations and experimental results further confirm that sintered Cu clusters play a crucial role in generating C2 products. These findings provide significant insights into the dynamic evolution of Cu-based catalysts and the origin of their activity toward C2 products during the eCO2RR.

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