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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(5): 1147-1153, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36255005

RESUMO

Research has shown that long-chain noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the regulation of a variety of biological processes, including peripheral nerve regeneration, in part by acting as competing endogenous RNAs. c-Jun plays a key role in the repair of peripheral nerve injury. However, the precise underlying mechanism of c-Jun remains unclear. In this study, we performed microarray and bioinformatics analysis of mouse crush-injured sciatic nerves and found that the lncRNA Pvt1 was overexpressed in Schwann cells after peripheral nerve injury. Mechanistic studies revealed that Pvt1 increased c-Jun expression through sponging miRNA-214. We overexpressed Pvt1 in Schwann cells cultured in vitro and found that the proliferation and migration of Schwann cells were enhanced, and overexpression of miRNA-214 counteracted the effects of Pvt1 overexpression on Schwann cell proliferation and migration. We conducted in vivo analyses and injected Schwann cells overexpressing Pvt1 into injured sciatic nerves of mice. Schwann cells overexpressing Pvt1 enhanced the regeneration of injured sciatic nerves following peripheral nerve injury and the locomotor function of mice was improved. Our findings reveal the role of lncRNAs in the repair of peripheral nerve injury and highlight lncRNA Pvt1 as a novel potential treatment target for peripheral nerve injury.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322943

RESUMO

A novel U(VI)-containing polytungstate (U-POW) tetramer, {K1.37Na26.63[K2(UO2)4Cl0.5(OH)5.5(γ-SiW10O36)4]}·ca66H2O (U4), was synthesized using the Keggin-type precursor [γ-SiW10O36]8- and UO2(NO3)2. U4 was further characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, solid-state diffuse reflection spectroscopy, ICP-OES, ESI-MS, TGA, and PXRD. The central {K2(UO2)4Cl0.5(OH)5.5} chromophore was constructed dexterously from four uranyl, four halves of K ions, 5.5 bridging µ2-OH, and disordered Cl ions, and was further stabilized by four {γ-SiW10} moieties to construct the tetramer [K2(UO2)4Cl0.5(OH)5.5(γ-SiW10O36)4]28-. Notably, U4 could work as an effective bifunctional Lewis acid-base catalyst for the synthesis of pyrazoles via the condensation of hydrazines with 1,3-diketones under mild conditions, which is attributed to the synergetic effect of the Lewis acidity of U(VI) and the Lewis basicity of {γ-SiW10}.

3.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2202380, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337007

RESUMO

To restore the disordered endogenous gas levels is an efficient alternative for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Both insufficient hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) and excessive nitric oxide (NO) contribute to synovial inflammation. Herein, a new block polymer PEG10 -b-PNAPA30 -b-PEG10 composed of an NO-responsive monomer and a cysteine-triggered H2 S donor, which can simultaneously scavenge NO and release therapeutic H2 S for RA treatment, is reported. In vitro experiments demonstrate that the polymer exhibits a synergistic effect on suppressing reactive oxygen species levels and pro-inflammatory cytokine production via NF-κB signaling pathway. It leads to the polarization of macrophages from M1 to M2 phenotype. Moreover, the released H2 S further restrains NO production by suppressing the expression of iNOS. In vivo experiments with an RA rat model show that the system markedly mitigates the synovial inflammation, osteoporosis, and clinical symptoms of RA rats, which is attributed to the combination therapy of H2 S release and NO depletion. This work provides new insight into the synergistic treatment of RA and endogenous gas-related diseases.

4.
J Adv Res ; 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334887

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Meteorin-like hormone (Metrnl) is ubiquitously expressed in skeletal muscle, heart, and adipose with beneficial roles in obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation. Metrnl is found to protect against cardiac hypertrophy and doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. However, its role in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is undefined. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to elucidate the potential roles of Metrnl in DCM. METHODS: Gain- andloss-of-function experimentswere utilized to determine the roles of Metrnl in the pathological processes of DCM. RESULTS: We found that plasma Metrnl levels, myocardial Metrnl protein and mRNA expressions were significantly downregulated in both streptozotocin (STZ)-induced (T1D) mice and leptin receptor deficiency (db/db) (T2D) mice. Cardiac-specific overexpression (OE) of Metrnl markedly ameliorated cardiac injury and dysfunction in both T1D and T2D mice. In sharp contrast, specific deletion of Metrnl in the heart had the opposite phenotypes. In parallel, Metrnl OE ameliorated, whereas Metrnl downregulation exacerbated high glucose (HG)-elicited hypertrophy, apoptosis and oxidative damage in primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Antibody-induced blockade of Metrnl eliminated the effects of benefits of Metrnl in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, Metrnl activated the autophagy pathway and inhibited the cGAS/STING signaling in a LKB1/AMPK/ULK1-dependent mechanism in cardiomyocytes. Besides, Metrnl-induced ULK1 phosphorylation facilitated the dephosphorylation and mitochondrial translocation of STING where it interacted with tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2), a scaffold protein and E3 ubiquitin ligase that was responsible for ubiquitination and degradation of STING, rendering cardiomyocytes sensitive to autophagy activation. CONCLUSION: Thus, Metrnl may be an attractive therapeutic target or regimen for treating DCM.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370160

RESUMO

Over the last few decades, increasing concerns regarding fossil fuel depletion and excessive CO2 emissions have led to extensive fundamental studies and industrial trials regarding microbial chemical production. As an additive or precursor, L-malic acid has been shown to exhibit distinctive properties in the food, pharmaceutical, and daily chemical industries. L-malic acid is currently mainly fabricated through a fumarate hydratase-based biocatalytic conversion route, wherein petroleum-derived fumaric acid serves as a substrate. In this review, for the first time, we comprehensively describe the methods of malic acid strain transformation, raw material utilization, malic acid separation, etc., especially recent progress and remaining challenges for industrial applications. First, we summarize the various pathways involved in L-malic acid biosynthesis using different microorganisms. We also discuss several strain engineering strategies for improving the titer, yield, and productivity of L-malic acid. We illustrate the currently available alternatives for reducing production costs and the existing strategies for optimizing the fermentation process. Finally, we summarize the present challenges and future perspectives regarding the development of microbial L-malic acid production. KEY POINTS: • A range of wild-type, mutant, laboratory-evolved, and metabolically engineered strains which could produce L-malic acid were comprehensively described. • Alternative raw materials for reducing production costs and the existing strategies for optimizing the fermentation were sufficiently summarized. • The present challenges and future perspectives regarding the development of microbial L-malic acid production were elaboratively discussed.

6.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394778

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) results in cardiac myocyte death and the formation of a fibrotic scar in the left ventricular free wall (LVFW). Following an acute MI, LVFW remodeling takes place consisting of several alterations in the structure and properties of cellular and extracellular components with a heterogeneous pattern across the LVFW. The normal function of the heart is strongly influenced by the passive and active biomechanical behavior of the LVFW, and progressive myocardial structural remodeling can have a detrimental effect on both diastolic and systolic functions of the LV leading to heart failure. Despite important advances in understanding LVFW passive remodeling in the setting of MI, heterogeneous remodeling in the LVFW active properties and its relationship to organ-level LV function remain understudied. To address these gaps, we developed high-fidelity finite-element (FE) rodent computational cardiac models (RCCMs) of MI using extensive datasets from MI rat hearts representing the heart remodeling from one-week (1-wk) to four-week (4-wk) post-MI timepoints. The rat-specific models (n = 2 for each timepoint) integrate detailed imaging data of the heart geometry, myocardial fiber architecture, and infarct zone determined using late gadolinium enhancement prior to terminal measurements. The computational models predicted a significantly higher level of active tension in remote myocardium in early post-MI hearts (1-wk post-MI) followed by a return to near the control level in late-stage MI (3- and 4-wk post-MI). The late-stage MI rats showed smaller myofiber ranges in the remote region and in-silico experiments using RCCMs suggested that the smaller fiber helicity is consistent with lower contractile forces needed to meet the measured ejection fractions in late-stage MI. In contrast, in-silico experiments predicted that collagen fiber transmural orientation in the infarct region has little influence on organ-level function. In addition, our MI RCCMs indicated that reduced and potentially positive circumferential strains in the infarct region at end-systole can be used to infer information about the time-varying properties of the infarct region. The detailed description of regional passive and active remodeling patterns can complement and enhance the traditional measures of LV anatomy and function that often lead to a gross and limited assessment of cardiac performance. The translation and implementation of our model in patient-specific organ-level simulations offer to advance the investigation of individualized prognosis and intervention for MI.

7.
J Neuroeng Rehabil ; 19(1): 121, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357939

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of early-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD) on the reach-to-grasp kinematics and kinetics with and without visual supervision of the grasping arm and hand. Seventeen patients who had been diagnosed with early-stage AD and 17 age- and gender-matched, cognitive normal (CN) adults participated in the experiment. A mirror operating system was designed to block the visual feedback of their grasping hand and forearms but to virtually show grasped targets. The target for reach-to-grasp kinematics was a reflective marker installed on a base; and the target for reach-to-grasp kinetics was a custom-made apparatus installed with two six-component force/torque transducers. Kinematics and kinetic parameters were used to quantify the reach-to-grasp performances. Results showed that the early-stage AD remarkably decreased the reaching speed, reduced the grasping accuracy and increased the transportation variability for reach-to-grasp kinematics. For kinetic analysis, early-stage AD extended the preload duration, disturbed the grip and lift forces coordination, and increased the feedforward proportion in the grasping force control. The AD-related changes in the reach-to-grasp kinematic and kinetic parameters depended on visual feedback and were associated with nervous system function according to correlation analyses with the neuropsychological testing. These results suggest that the abnormal kinematic and kinetic characteristics may correlate with the neuropsychological status of early-stage AD, and that the reach-to-grasp kinematic and kinetic maneuver could potentially be used as a novel tool for non-invasive screening or evaluation of early-stage AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Retroalimentação Sensorial , Adulto , Humanos , Retroalimentação Sensorial/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia , Cinética , Mãos/fisiologia , Movimento/fisiologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36346559

RESUMO

Solar-driven biocatalysis technologies can combine inorganic photocatalytic materials with biological catalysts to convert CO2, light, and water into chemicals, offering the promise of high energy efficiency and a broader product scope than that of natural photosynthesis. Solar energy is the most abundant renewable energy source on earth, but it cannot be directly utilized by current industrial microorganisms. Therefore, the establishment of a solar-driven bio-catalysis platform, a bridge between solar energy and heterotrophic microorganisms, can dramatically increase carbon flux in biomanufacturing systems and consequently may revolutionize the biorefinery. This review first discusses the main applications of microbe-photocatalyst hybrid (MPH) systems in biorefinery processes. Then, various strategies to improve the electron transfer by microorganisms at the inorganic photocatalytic material interface are discussed, especially biohybrid systems based on autotrophic or heterotrophic bacteria and photocatalytic materials. Finally, we discuss the current challenges and offer potential solutions for the development of MPH systems.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409652

RESUMO

Aromatic interactions are commonly involved in the assembly of naturally occurring building blocks, and these interactions can be replicated in an artificial setting to produce functional materials. Here we describe a colorimetric biosensor using co-assembly experiments with plasmonic gold and surfactant-like peptides (SLPs) spanning a wide range of aromatic residues, polar stretches, and interfacial affinities. The SLPs programmed in DDD-(ZZ) x -FFPC self-assemble into higher-order structures in response to a protease and subsequently modulate the colloidal dispersity of gold leading to a colorimetric readout. Results show the strong aggregation propensity of the FFPC tail without polar DDD head. The SLPs were specific to the target protease, i.e., Mpro, a biomarker for SARS-CoV-2. This system is a simple and visual tool that senses Mpro in phosphate buffer, exhaled breath condensate, and saliva with detection limits of 15.7, 20.8, and 26.1 nM, respectively. These results may have value in designing other protease testing methods.

10.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2201933, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337003

RESUMO

Extensive resection of the small intestine leads to the development of short bowel syndrome (SBS), which reduces the effective absorptive surface area of the intestine and predisposes patients to emaciation, malnutrition, and other severe symptoms. Herein, green tea catechin (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and ferrous ions (Fe2+ ) are utilized to construct a nutrient carrier platform that self-assembles with nutrients to form phenolic-based nutrient complexes (PNCs). PNCs effectively prolong the residence and absorption time of nutrients in the intestine. Further this platform is applied to integrate full nutrient formula, an enteral nutrition (EN) preparation containing a range of full nutrient components. In an SBS rat model, the prepared phenolic-based integrative nutrient complexes (PINCs) enhance nutritional status, improve anemia and immune function, as well as facilitate the growth of remaining intestinal villi and crypts, and maintain the integrity of the intestinal barrier. In addition, PINCs enable the modulation of gut microbial dysbiosis, enrich the abundance of beneficial bacteria, and have no toxic effects after the long-term ingestion. These results provide a proof of principle for the use of polyphenol-based nanocomplexes as EN preparation, offering a feasible strategy for both nutritional support and therapeutic perspectives for SBS treatment.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic profiling of patients with prostate cancer could potentially identify mutations prone to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Here, we aimed to identify the differences in genetic profiles of patients with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (HSPC) and CRPC and stratify HSPC patients to identify mutations associated with CRPC progression. METHODS: A total of 103 samples were collected, including 62 DNA samples from the tumor tissues of 59 HSPC patients and 41 cell-free DNA (cfDNA) samples from prostate cancer patients at different cancer stages. Targeted sequence was conducted on both the tissue DNA and cfDNA. The associations between mutations and clinical outcomes (CRPC-free time) were analyzed using χ2 test, logistic regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier analysis, and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: By comparing to that of cfDNA sequencing, the results from DNA sequencing of 1-needle (80%) and mixed 12-needle (77.8%) biopsies are highly comparable. FOXA1 (30.5%), CDK12 (23.7%), and TP53 (22.0%) were the top 3 most frequently mutated genes in HSPC patients; 50.8% (30/59) and 44.1% (26/59) HSPC patients had mutations in DDR and HRR pathway, respectively. Mutations in AR and APC as well as the members involved in the regulation of stem cell pluripotency and EMT pathway were often observed in CRPC samples. We established a panel of four genetic mutations (MSH2, CDK12, TP53, and RB1) to predict the risk of CRPC early progression with concordance index = 0.609 and the area under curve of the ROC curve as 0.838. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrated that the cfDNA can be used in genetic profiling in prostate cancer and our newly established panel is capable of predicting which mHSPC patient has a high risk of early CRPC progression.

12.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7043, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396665

RESUMO

Current therapies for HER2-positive breast cancer have limited efficacy in patients with triple-positive breast cancer (TPBC). We conduct a multi-center single-arm phase 2 trial to test the efficacy and safety of an oral neoadjuvant therapy with pyrotinib, letrozole and dalpiciclib (a CDK4/6 inhibitor) in patients with treatment-naïve, stage II-III TPBC with a Karnofsky score of ≥70 (NCT04486911). The primary endpoint is the proportion of patients with pathological complete response (pCR) in the breast and axilla. The secondary endpoints include residual cancer burden (RCB)-0 or RCB-I, objective response rate (ORR), breast pCR (bpCR), safety and changes in molecular targets (Ki67) from baseline to surgery. Following 5 cycles of 4-week treatment, the results meet the primary endpoint with a pCR rate of 30.4% (24 of 79; 95% confidence interval (CI), 21.3-41.3). RCB-0/I is 55.7% (95% CI, 44.7-66.1). ORR is 87.4%, (95% CI, 78.1-93.2) and bpCR is 35.4% (95% CI, 25.8-46.5). The mean Ki67 expression reduces from 40.4% at baseline to 17.9% (P < 0.001) at time of surgery. The most frequent grade 3 or 4 adverse events are neutropenia, leukopenia, and diarrhoea. There is no serious adverse event- or treatment-related death. This fully oral, chemotherapy-free, triplet combined therapy has the potential to be an alternative neoadjuvant regimen for patients with TPBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Humanos , Feminino , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Letrozol/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Antígeno Ki-67 , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
13.
Endocr J ; 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403965

RESUMO

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a type of rare tumor that can occur at multiple organs. Rectal NETs are the most common NETs in gastrointestinal tract. Due to the rarity of rectal NETs in rectal cancer, the molecular features and the correlation with patient therapeutic response and prognosis have not been investigated in detail. In this review, we focused on the molecular features, potential therapeutic targets and prognosis of rectal NETs. By summarizing the relevant studies, we established the mutational landscape of rectal NETs and identified a series of large fragment variations. Driver genes including TP53, APC, KRAS, BRAF, RB1, CDKN2A and PTEN were found as the top mutated genes. Large fragment alterations mainly involved known driver genes, including APC, TP53, CCNE1, MYC, TERT, RB1 and ATM. Germline mutations of APC, MUTYH, MSH6, MLH1 and MSH2 associated with Lynch syndrome or FAP were also found in rectal NETs. The BRAF-V600E mutation was reported as an actionable target in rectal NETs, and the combined BRAF/MEK inhibitors were found to be effective targeting BRAF-V600E in advanced or metastatic NETs. The known prognostic risk factors of rectal adenocarcinoma, including a series of demographic and clinicopathological factors were also prognostic factors for rectal NETs. Furthermore, three types of markers, including genetic alterations, protein expression levels and methylation, were also suggested as prognostic factors for rectal NETs. In summary, we established the landscape of mutations and large-fragment alterations of rectal NETs, and identified potential therapeutic targets and a series of prognostic factors. Future studies may focus on the optimization of therapeutic strategies based on potential actionable biomarkers.

14.
Nano Lett ; 22(22): 8932-8940, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36346642

RESUMO

Plasmonic coupling via nanoparticle assembly is a popular signal-generation method in bioanalytical sensors. Here, we customized an all-peptide-based ligand that carries an anchoring group, polyproline spacer, biomolecular recognition, and zwitterionic domains for functionalizing gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as a colorimetric enzyme sensor. Our results underscore the importance of the polyproline module, which enables the SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro) to recognize the peptidic ligand on nanosurfaces for subsequent plasmonic coupling via Coulombic interactions. AuNP aggregation is favored by the lowered surface potential due to enzymatic unveiling of the zwitterionic module. Therefore, this system provides a naked-eye measure for Mpro. No proteolysis occurs on AuNPs modified with a control ligand lacking a spacer domain. Overall, this all-peptide-based ligand does not require complex molecular conjugations and hence offers a simple and promising route for plasmonic sensing other proteases.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(46): 51900-51909, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348630

RESUMO

A rechargeable aqueous electrolytic MnO2/Zn battery (EMZB) based on a reversible Mn2+/MnO2 two-electron redox reaction in an acidic electrolyte is very attractive for large-scale energy storage due to its high output voltage, large gravimetric capacity, and low cost. However, severe hydrogen evolution corrosion (HEC) of the Zn anode in an acidic electrolyte limits its application. Here, a proton-trapping agent (PTA) is introduced in the electrolyte to improve the electrochemical performance of the EMZB. Experimental results and theoretical calculations demonstrate that HEC of the Zn electrode can be effectively mitigated through high binding energy between the protons and PTA. The optimized EMZB regulated by a PTA of acetate (EMZB-20% Ac) delivers a high discharge voltage of 1.91 V and over 400 stable cycles at 1 C, which is more than 5 times the cycle life of the battery without PTA. EMZB-20% Ac also shows a Coulombic efficiency of 90.7% at a high areal capacity of 8 mAh cm-2 and an energy retention of 83.6% after 1000 cycles at 5 C with an areal capacity of 1 mAh cm-2. This work provides a promising electrolyte regulation strategy for the design and application of a high-performance EMZB and other energy storage systems.

16.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6884, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371429

RESUMO

2D material hydrogels have recently sparked tremendous interest owing to their potential in diverse applications. However, research on the emerging 2D MXene hydrogels is still in its infancy. Herein, we show a universal 4D printing technology for manufacturing MXene hydrogels with customizable geometries, which suits a family of MXenes such as Nb2CTx, Ti3C2Tx, and Mo2Ti2C3Tx. The obtained MXene hydrogels offer 3D porous architectures, large specific surface areas, high electrical conductivities, and satisfying mechanical properties. Consequently, ultrahigh capacitance (3.32 F cm-2 (10 mV s-1) and 233 F g-1 (10 V s-1)) and mass loading/thickness-independent rate capabilities are achieved. The further 4D-printed Ti3C2Tx hydrogel micro-supercapacitors showcase great low-temperature tolerance (down to -20 °C) and deliver high energy and power densities up to 93 µWh cm-2 and 7 mW cm-2, respectively, surpassing most state-of-the-art devices. This work brings new insights into MXene hydrogel manufacturing and expands the range of their potential applications.

17.
Life (Basel) ; 12(11)2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362949

RESUMO

The sodium voltage-gated channel beta subunit 3 (SCN3B) plays a crucial role in electrically excitable cells and conduction tissue in the heart. Some previous studies have established that genetic modification in sodium voltage-channel genes encoding for the cardiac ß-subunits, such as SCN1B, SCN2B, SCN3B and SCN4B, can result in atrial fibrillation (AF). In the current study, we identified two rare variants in 5'UTR (NM_018400.4: c.-324C>A, rs976125894 and NM_018400.4: c.-303C>T, rs1284768362) of SCN3B in two unrelated lone AF patients. Our further functional studies discovered that one of them, the A allele of c.-324C>A (rs976125894), can improve transcriptional activity and may raise SCN3B expression levels. The A allele of c.-324C>A (rs976125894) has higher transcriptional activity when it interacts with GATA4, as we confirmed transcription factor GATA4 is a regulator of SCN3B. To the best of our knowledge, the current study is the first to demonstrate that the gain-of-function mutation of SCN3B can produce AF and the first to link a mutation occurring in the non-coding 5'UTR region of SCN3B to lone AF. The work also offers empirical proof that GATA4 is a critical regulator of SCN3B gene regulation. Our findings may serve as an encyclopedia for AF susceptibility variants and can also provide insight into the investigation of the functional mechanisms behind AF variants discovered by genetic methods.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378812

RESUMO

Chirality induction, transfer, and manipulation have aroused great interest in achiral nanomaterials. Here, we demonstrate strong upconverted circularly polarized luminescence from achiral core-shell upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) via a plasmonic chiral metasurface-induced optical chirality transfer. The Yb3+-sensitized core-shell UCNPs with good dispersity exhibit intense upconversion luminescence of Tm3+ and Nd3+ through the energy transfer process. By spin-coating the core-shell UCNPs on this chiral metasurface, strong enhancement and circular polarization modulation of upconversion luminescence can be achieved due to resonant coupling between surface plasmons and upconversion nanoparticles. In the UCNPs-on-metasurface composite, a significant upconversion luminescence enhancement can be achieved with a maximum enhancement factor of 32.63 at 878 nm and an overall enhancement factor of 11.61. The luminescence dissymmetry factor of the induced upconverted circularly polarized luminescence can reach 0.95 at the emission wavelength of 895 nm. The UCNPs-on-metasurface composite yields efficient modulation for the emission intensity and polarization of UCNPs, paving new pathways to many potential applications in imaging, sensing, and anticounterfeiting fields.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 3): 159972, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356763

RESUMO

We systematically examine historical and future changes in premature respiratory mortalities attributable to ozone (O3) exposure (O3-mortality) in China and identify the leading cause of respective change for the first time. The historical assessment for 2013-2019 is based on gridded O3 concentrations generated by a multi-source-data-fusion algorithm; the future prediction for 2019-2030 uses gridded O3 concentrations projected by four Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) models under three Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP) scenarios. During 2013-2019, national annual O3-mortality is 176.3 thousand (95%CI: 123.5-224.0 thousand) averaged over 2013-2019 with an increasing trend of 14.1 thousand yr-1 (95%CI: 10.2-17.4 thousand yr-1); sensitivity experiments show that the O3-mortality varies at a rate of +12.7 (95%CI: 9.2-15.6), +5.8 (95%CI: 4.0-7.4), +1.0 (95%CI: 0.7-1.2), -5.4 (95%CI: -6.9 to -3.7) thousand yr-1, owing to changes in O3 concentration, population age structure, population size, mortality rate for respiratory disease, respectively. The deterioration of O3 air quality, shown as significant increase in O3 concentration, is identified as the primary factor which contributes 90.1 % of 2013-2019 O3-mortality rise. Compared with O3-mortality estimated in this study, the widely-used O3-mortality assessment method based on urban-site-dominant O3 measurements generates close national O3-mortality but overestimates (underestimates) provincial O3-mortality in coastal (central) provinces. From 2019 to 2030, national O3-mortality is projected to increase by 50.4-103.7 thousand under different SSP scenarios. The change in age structure (i.e. population aging) alone will result in significant O3-mortality rises of 137.9-160.5 thousand. Compared with 2013-2019 rapid O3 increase (+2.5 µg m-3 yr-1 at national level), O3 concentrations are projected to increase at a lower rate (+0.4 µg m-3 yr-1 in SSP5-8.5) or even decrease (-0.7 µg m-3 yr-1 in SSP1-2.6) from 2019 to 2030. Therefore, population aging, in place of O3 air quality deterioration, will become the leading cause of future O3-mortality rises during the coming decade.

20.
Nano Lett ; 22(22): 9181-9189, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374229

RESUMO

The balance between degradability and drug release kinetics is a major challenge for the development of drug delivery systems. Here we develop hierarchically structured nanoparticles comprising multiple noncontact silica shells using an amorphous calcium carbonate template. The system could be degraded in a sequential fashion on account of the molecularly engineered multishelled structures. The hydrolysis rate of drug-containing cores is inversely correlated with the nanoparticle concentration due to the shielding effect of the hierarchical nanostructure and could be exploited to regulate the release kinetics. Specifically, multishelled nanospheres show a low drug release rate with high doses that increases steadily as the concentration decreases due to continuous degradation, thus stabilizing the local drug concentration for effective tumor therapy. Moreover, the nanoparticles could be eventually degraded completely, which may reduce their health risks. This kind of hierarchically structured silica-based nanoparticle could serve as a sustainable drug depot and provides a new avenue for tumor treatment.

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