Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.809
Filtrar
1.
Theranostics ; 14(8): 3339-3357, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855186

RESUMO

Rationale: Skin cells actively metabolize nutrients to ensure cell proliferation and differentiation. Psoriasis is an immune-disorder-related skin disease with hyperproliferation in epidermal keratinocytes and is increasingly recognized to be associated with metabolic disturbance. However, the metabolic adaptations and underlying mechanisms of epidermal hyperproliferation in psoriatic skin remain largely unknown. Here, we explored the role of metabolic competition in epidermal cell proliferation and differentiation in psoriatic skin. Methods: Bulk- and single-cell RNA-sequencing, spatial transcriptomics, and glucose uptake experiments were used to analyze the metabolic differences in epidermal cells in psoriasis. Functional validation in vivo and in vitro was done using imiquimod-like mouse models and inflammatory organoid models. Results: We observed the highly proliferative basal cells in psoriasis act as the winners of the metabolic competition to uptake glucose from suprabasal cells. Using single-cell metabolic analysis, we found that the "winner cells" promote OXPHOS pathway upregulation by COX7B and lead to increased ROS through glucose metabolism, thereby promoting the hyperproliferation of basal cells in psoriasis. Also, to prevent toxic damage from ROS, basal cells activate the glutathione metabolic pathway to increase their antioxidant capacity to assist in psoriasis progression. We further found that COX7B promotes psoriasis development by modulating the activity of the PPAR signaling pathway by bulk RNA-seq analysis. We also observed glucose starvation and high expression of SLC7A11 that causes suprabasal cell disulfide stress and affects the actin cytoskeleton, leading to immature differentiation of suprabasal cells in psoriatic skin. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates the essential role of cellular metabolic competition for skin tissue homeostasis.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Glucose , Queratinócitos , Psoríase , Psoríase/metabolismo , Psoríase/patologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Análise de Célula Única , Células Epidérmicas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético , Epiderme/metabolismo , Epiderme/patologia , Imiquimode , Masculino
2.
Biomaterials ; 311: 122649, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850718

RESUMO

Innovative solutions are required for the intervention of implant associated infections (IAIs), especially for bone defect patients with chronic inflammatory diseases like diabetes mellitus (DM). The complex immune microenvironment of infections renders implants with direct antibacterial ability inadequate for the prolonged against of bacterial infections. Herein, a synergistic treatment strategy was presented that combined sonodynamic therapy (SDT) with adaptive immune modulation to treat IAIs in diabetes patients. A multifunctional coating was created on the surface of titanium (Ti) implants, consisting of manganese dioxide nanoflakes (MnO2 NFs) with cascade catalytic enzyme activity and a responsive degradable hydrogel containing a sonosensitizer. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by glucose-hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) cascade catalysis and ultrasound (US) activation sonosensitizer helped kill bacteria and release bacterial antigens. Meanwhile, Mn2+ facilitated dendritic cells (DCs) maturation, enhancing antigen presentation to activate both cellular and humoral adaptive immunity against bacterial infections. This approach effectively eliminated bacteria in established diabetic IAIs model and activated systemic antibacterial immunity, providing long-term antibacterial protection. This study presents a non-antibiotic immunotherapeutic strategy for fighting IAIs in chronic diseases.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842082

RESUMO

Biological ion channels exhibit switchable cation transport with ultrahigh selectivity for efficient energy conversion, such as Ca2+-activated TRPM4 channels tuned by cation-π interactions, but achieving an analogous highly selective function is challenging in artificial nanochannels. Here, we design a TRPM4-inspired cation-selective nanochannel (CN) assembled by two poly(ether sulfone)s, respectively, with sulfonate acid and indole moieties, which act as cation-selective activators to manage Na+/Cl- selectivity via ionic and cation-π interactions. The cation selectivity of CNs can be activated by Na+, and thereby the Na+ transference number significantly improves from 0.720 to 0.982 (Na+/Cl- selectivity ratio from 2.6 to 54.6) under a 50-fold salinity gradient, surpassing the K+ transference number (0.886) and Li+ transference number (0.900). The TRPM4-inspired nanochannel membrane enabled a maximum output power density of 5.7 W m-2 for salinity-gradient power harvesting. Moreover, a record energy conversion efficiency of up to 46.5% is provided, superior to most nanochannel membranes (below 30%). This work proposes a novel strategy to biomimetic nanochannels for highly selective cation transport and high-efficiency salinity-gradient energy conversion.

4.
Chembiochem ; : e202400257, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847484

RESUMO

Nitroreductase (NTR) has long been a target of interest for its important role involved in the nitro compounds metabolism. Various probes have been reported for NTR analysis, but rarely able to distinguish the extracellular NTR from intracellular ones. Herein we reported a new NTR sensor, HCyS-NO2, which was a hemicyanine molecule with one nitro and two sulfo groups attached. The nitro group acted as the reporting group to respond NTR reduction. Direct linkage of nitro group into the hemicyanine π conjugate system facilitated the intramolecular electron transfer (IET) process and thus quenched the fluorescence of hemicyanine core. Upon reduction with NTR, the nitro group was rapidly converted into the hydroxylamino and then the amino group, eliminating IET process and thus restoring the fluorescence. The sulfo groups installed significantly increased the hydrophilicity of the molecule, and introduced negative charges at physiological pH, preventing the diffusion into bacteria. Both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria were able to turn on the fluorescence of HCyS-NO2, without detectable diffusion into cells, providing a useful tool to probe the extracellular reduction process.

5.
Meat Sci ; 215: 109548, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838568

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop an appropriate modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) system for displayed beef steaks following long-term superchilled (-1 °C) storage. After superchilled storage for 0, 2, 8, or 16 weeks, beef loins were fabricated into steaks and displayed with 20%, 50%, or 80% O2-MAP under chilled conditions. At each storage point, after display for 0, 3, 7, or 10 days, instrumental color, myoglobin redox forms percentage, lipid oxidation, total viable count (TVC), and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) were evaluated. Meat color stability decreased, with prolonged storage period and display time. When the storage period was within 8 weeks, under all the above MAP conditions, the display time for the beef steaks was up to 10 days. Considering 80% O2-MAP promoted lipid oxidation, 50% and 80% O2-MAP were not recommended for displaying steaks for more than 10 and 7 days respectively after 16 weeks of storage. However, 20%, 50%, or 80% O2-MAP could maintain 3 days of microbial shelf-life according to TVC and TVB-N results. Additionally, after long-term superchilled storage for 16 weeks, the various O2 concentrations had minimal impact on microbiota succession during the MAP display period. Furthermore, beef steaks packaged under various MAP systems exhibited similar microbial compositions, with the dominant bacteria alternating between Lactobacillus and Carnobacterium. This study provided practical guidance for improving beef color stability after long-term superchilled storage.


Assuntos
Cor , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Embalagem de Alimentos , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Oxigênio , Carne Vermelha , Bovinos , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Animais , Carne Vermelha/microbiologia , Carne Vermelha/análise , Mioglobina , Temperatura Baixa , Oxirredução , Bactérias
6.
Phys Med Biol ; 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Active bone marrow (ABM) can serve as both an organ at risk and a target in external beam radiotherapy. 18F-fluorothymidine (FLT) PET is the current gold standard for identifying proliferative ABM but it is not approved for human use, and PET scanners are not always available to radiotherapy clinics. Identifying ABM through other, more accessible imaging modalities will allow more patients to receive treatment specific to their ABM distribution. Multi-energy CT (MECT) and fat-fraction MRI (FFMRI) show promise in their ability to characterize bone marrow adiposity, but these methods require validation for identifying proliferative ABM. Approach: Six swine subjects were imaged using FFMRI, fast-kVp switching (FKS) MECT and sequential-scanning (SS) MECT to identify ABM volumes relative to FLT PET-derived ABM volumes. ABM was contoured on FLT PET images as the region within the bone marrow with a SUV above the mean. Bone marrow was then contoured on the FFMRI and MECT images, and thresholds were applied within these contours to determine which threshold produced the best agreement with the FLT PET determined ABM contour. Agreement between contours was measured using the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). Main Results: FFMRI produced the best estimate of the PET ABM contour. Compared to FLT PET ABM volumes, the FFMRI, SS MECT and FKS MECT ABM contours produced average peak DSC of 0.722+0.080, 0.619+0.070, and 0.464+0.080, respectively. The ABM volume was overestimated by 40.51%, 97.63%, and 140.13% by FFMRI, SS MECT and FKS MECT, respectively. Significance: This study explored the ability of FFMRI and MECT to identify the proliferative relative to ABM defined by FLT PET. Of the methods investigated, FFMRI emerged as the most accurate approximation to FLT PET-derived active marrow contour, demonstrating superior performance by both DSC and volume comparison metrics. Both FFMRI and SS MECT show promise for providing patient-specific ABM treatments. .

7.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 341, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aims to explore whether there exists an interaction between selenium and menopause concerning type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevalence and its related indicators such as fasting blood glucose (FBG) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). METHODS: 150 women aged 35-60 years old were finally analyzed in this study. Multivariate linear or logistic regression modeling was conducted to explore the association of selenium and the prevalence of T2D besides its related indicators. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on menopause status to assess the potential impact on the relationship. RESULTS: In the fully adjusted model, serum selenium was positively associated with FBG (ß: 0.03, CI: 0.01-0.05) and the prevalence of T2D (OR: 1.04, CI: 1.00-1.08). After stratifying the data by menopause status, compared with the postmenopausal women group, as the serum selenium concentrations increased, the FBG concentrations were significantly higher in the premenopausal women group (p for interaction = 0.0020). CONCLUSIONS: The present study found serum selenium was positively associated with FBG and the prevalence of T2D. Furthermore, the relationship between serum selenium and FBG was different in the premenopausal and postmenopausal women. More studies are still needed in the future to verify the relationship as well as to explore the specific mechanisms.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistência à Insulina , Menopausa , Selênio , Humanos , Feminino , Selênio/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Adulto , Menopausa/sangue , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Jejum/sangue , Prevalência , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Pré-Menopausa/sangue
8.
Food Chem ; 456: 140043, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38878544

RESUMO

Grain bran dietary fiber (DF) has the effect of promoting intestinal health and is worth being studied. In the present study, the physicochemical properties and prevention effect of DF on ulcerative colitis (UC) were investigated. The results showed that the optimal extraction conditions were determined as α-amylase (350 U/g, 70 °C, pH 7.0, 2.5 h) and papain (100 U/g, 60 °C, pH 7.0, 1.5 h), resulting in a yield of 83.81% for DF. Moreover, DF exhibited unique physicochemical properties contributing to its preventive effects, as evidenced by its ability to mitigate symptoms such as hematochezia, immune inflammation, and impaired intestinal barrier in UC mice. The underlying mechanism can be attributed to the regulation of phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis pathway and maintenance of intestinal microbial homeostasis. Therefore, our study suggests that grain bran DF holds potential for the prevention of UC, providing a basis for the development and utilization of grain bran.

9.
Environ Pollut ; 356: 124361, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871167

RESUMO

The effects of soil pH variations induced by submergence/drainage and biochar application on soil cadmium (Cd) availability to different rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties are not well understood. This study aims to investigate the possible reasons for available Cd(II) reduction in paddy soil as influenced by biochar and to determine Cd(II) absorption and translocation rates in different parts of various rice varieties. A pot experiment in a greenhouse using four japonica and four indica rice varieties was conducted in Cd(II) contaminated paddy soil with peanut straw biochar. The results indicated that the submerging led to an increase in soil pH due to the consumption of protons (H+) by the reduction reactions of iron/manganese (Fe/Mn) oxides and sulfate (SO42-) and thus the decrease in soil available Cd(II) contents. However, the drainage decreased soil pH due to the release of protons during the oxidation of Fe2+, Mn2+, and S2- and thus the increase in soil available Cd(II) contents. Application of the biochar increased soil pH during soil submerging and inhibited the decline in soil pH during soil drainage, and thus decreased soil available Cd(II) contents under both submerging and drainage conditions. The indica rice varieties absorbed more Cd(II) in their roots and accumulated higher amounts of Cd(II) in their shoots and grains than the japonica rice varieties. The Cd(II) sensitive varieties exhibited a greater absorption and translocation rate of Cd(II) compared to the tolerant varieties of both indica and japonica rice. Biochar inhibited the absorption and accumulation of Cd(II) in the rice varieties, which ultimately lowered the Cd(II) contents in rice grains below the national food safety limit (0.2 mg kg-1). Overall, planting japonica rice varieties in Cd(II) polluted paddy soils combined with the use of biochar can effectively reduce Cd(II) content in rice grains which protects human health against Cd(II) toxicity.

10.
Plant Methods ; 20(1): 81, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicinal Plants (CMPs) hold a significant and core status for the healthcare system and cultural heritage in China. It has been practiced and refined with a history of exceeding thousands of years for health-protective affection and clinical treatment in China. It plays an indispensable role in the traditional health landscape and modern medical care. It is important to accurately identify CMPs for avoiding the affected clinical safety and medication efficacy by the different processed conditions and cultivation environment confusion. RESULTS: In this study, we utilize a self-developed device to obtain high-resolution data. Furthermore, we constructed a visual multi-varieties CMPs image dataset. Firstly, a random local data enhancement preprocessing method is proposed to enrich the feature representation for imbalanced data by random cropping and random shadowing. Then, a novel hybrid supervised pre-training network is proposed to expand the integration of global features within Masked Autoencoders (MAE) by incorporating a parallel classification branch. It can effectively enhance the feature capture capabilities by integrating global features and local details. Besides, the newly designed losses are proposed to strengthen the training efficiency and improve the learning capacity, based on reconstruction loss and classification loss. CONCLUSIONS: Extensive experiments are performed on our dataset as well as the public dataset. Experimental results demonstrate that our method achieves the best performance among the state-of-the-art methods, highlighting the advantages of efficient implementation of plant technology and having good prospects for real-world applications.

11.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-11, 2024 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824676

RESUMO

Bupleurum chinense polysaccharide has a wide range of biological activities. In this study, Bupleurum chinense polysaccharides (BPs), BPs-1 (30 kDa) and BPs-2 (2000 kDa) with different molecular weights were isolated and prepared by ultrafiltration interception method. The structures of BPs, BPs-1 and BPs-2 were characterised by monosaccharide composition, GC-MS, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance. The results showed that the monosaccharide composition of BPs with different molecular weights was the same, but the proportion was different. BPs, BPs-1 and BPs-2 were mainly connected by Glup-(1→,→2,4)-Araf-(1→,→6)-Glup-(1→). The anti-inflammatory activity screening experiment in vitro showed that BPs-1 had stronger anti-inflammatory effect. Antioxidant experiments showed that BPs-2 had high free radical scavenging activity. This study laid a foundation for elucidating the fine structure and structure-activity relationship of Bupleurum chinense polysaccharides and will promote the product development of Bupleurum chinense polysaccharides.

12.
Water Environ Res ; 96(6): e11056, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825347

RESUMO

Nitrate poses a potential threat to aquatic ecosystems. This study focuses on the sulfur autotrophic denitrification mechanism in the process of water culture wastewater treatment, which has been successfully applied to the degradation of nitrogen in water culture farm effluents. However, the coexistence of organic acids in the treatment process is a common environmental challenge, significantly affecting the activity of denitrifying bacteria. This paper aims to explore the effects of adding benzoic acid and lactic acid on denitrification performance, organic acid removal rate, and microbial population abundance in sulfur autotrophic denitrification systems under optimal operating conditions, sulfur deficiency, and high hydraulic load. In experiments with 50 mg·L-1 of benzoic acid or lactic acid alone, the results show that benzoic acid and lactic acid have a stimulating effect on denitrification activity, with the stimulating effect significantly greater than the inhibitory effect. Under optimal operating conditions, the average denitrification rate of the system remained above 99%; under S/N = 1.5 conditions, the average denitrification rate increased from 88.34% to 91.93% and 85.91%; under HRT = 6 h conditions, the average denitrification rate increased from 75.25% to 97.79% and 96.58%. In addition, the addition of organic acids led to a decrease in microbial population abundance. At the phylum level, Proteobacteria has always been the dominant bacterial genus, and its relative abundance significantly increased after the addition of benzoic acid, from 40.2% to 61.5% and 62.4%. At the genus level, Thiobacillus, Sulfurimonas, Chryseobacterium, and Thermomonas maintained high population abundances under different conditions. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Employing autotrophic denitrification process for treating high-nitrate wastewater. Utilizing organic acids as external carbon sources. Denitrifying bacteria demonstrate high utilization efficiency towards organic acids. Organic acids promote denitrification more than they inhibit it. The promotion is manifested in the enhancement of activity and microbial abundance.


Assuntos
Processos Autotróficos , Ácido Benzoico , Desnitrificação , Ácido Láctico , Enxofre , Ácido Benzoico/metabolismo , Enxofre/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Bactérias/classificação , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Purificação da Água/métodos
13.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 671, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of novel circular RNAs (circRNAs) in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains to be determined. This study aimed to identify a novel circRNA involved in CRC pathogenesis, assess its diagnostic value, and construct a regulatory network. METHODS: Differential expression analysis was conducted using circRNA datasets to screen for differentially expressed circRNAs. The expression of selected circRNAs was validated in external datasets and clinical samples. Diagnostic value of plasma circRNA levels in CRC was assessed. A competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was constructed for the circRNA using TCGA dataset. RESULTS: Analysis of datasets revealed that hsa_circ_101303 was significantly overexpressed in CRC tissues compared to normal tissues. The upregulation of hsa_circ_101303 in CRC tissues was further confirmed through the GSE138589 dataset and clinical samples. High expression of hsa_circ_101303 was associated with advanced N stage, M stage, and tumor stage in CRC. Plasma levels of hsa_circ_101303 were markedly elevated in CRC patients and exhibited moderate diagnostic ability for CRC (AUC = 0.738). The host gene of hsa_circ_101303 was also found to be related to the TNM stage of CRC. Nine miRNAs were identified as target miRNAs for hsa_circ_101303, and 27 genes were identified as targets of these miRNAs. Subsequently, a ceRNA network for hsa_circ_101303 was constructed to illustrate the interactions between the nine miRNAs and 27 genes. CONCLUSIONS: The study identifies hsa_circ_101303 as a highly expressed circRNA in CRC, which is associated with the progression of the disease. Plasma levels of hsa_circ_101303 show promising diagnostic potential for CRC. The ceRNA network for hsa_circ_101303 provides valuable insights into the regulatory mechanisms underlying CRC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Colorretais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs , RNA Circular , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Masculino , Feminino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
14.
Exploration (Beijing) ; 4(1): 20230034, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38854495

RESUMO

Plasma etching treatment is an effective strategy to improve the electrocatalytic activity, but the improvement mechanism is still unclear. In this work, a nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube-encased iron nanoparticles (Fe@NCNT) catalyst is synthesized as the model catalyst, followed by plasma etching treatment with different parameters. The electrocatalytic activity improvement mechanism of the plasma etching treatment is revealed by combining the physicochemical characterizations and electrochemical results. As a result, highly active metal-nitrogen species introduced by nitrogen plasma etching treatment are recognized as the main contribution to the improved electrocatalytic activity, and the defects induced by plasma etching treatment also contribute to the improvement of the electrocatalytic activity. In addition, the prepared catalyst also demonstrates superior ORR activity and stability than the commercial Pt/C catalyst.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870463

RESUMO

Developing new methods to engineer photobiocatalytic reactions is of utmost significance for artificial photosynthesis, but it remains a grand challenge due to the intrinsic incompatibility of biocatalysts with photocatalysts. In this work, photocatalysts and enzymes were spatially colocalized at Pickering droplet interfaces, where the reaction microenvironment and the spatial distance between two distinct catalysts were exquisitely regulated to achieve unprecedented photobiocatalytic cascade reactions. As proof of the concept, ultrathin graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets loaded with Au nanoparticles were precisely positioned in the outer interfacial layer of Pickering oil droplets to produce H2O2 under light irradiation, while enzymes were exactly placed in the inner interfacial layer to catalyze the subsequent biocatalytic oxidation reactions using in situ formed H2O2 as an oxidant. In the alkene epoxidation and thioether oxidation, our interfacial photobiocatalytic cascades showed a 2.0-5.8-fold higher overall reaction efficiency than the photobiocatalytic cascades in the bulk water phase. It was demonstrated that spatial localization of the photocatalyst and the enzyme at Pickering oil droplet interfaces not only provided their respective preferable reaction environments and intimate proximity for rapid H2O2 transport but also protected the enzyme from oxidative inactivation caused by the photogenerated species. These remarkable interfacial effects contributed to the significantly enhanced photobiocatalytic cascading efficiency. Our work presents an innovative photobiocatalytic reaction system with manifold benefits, providing a cutting-edge platform for solar-driven chemical transformations via photobiocatalysis.

16.
Soc Sci Med ; 353: 117036, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870754

RESUMO

Since its beginning in the 1980s, the mental health rhetoric research (MHRR) has explored the rhetorical construction of mental illness from a genre perspective. Despite a growing body of research on the rhetorical study of mental health in the West, the discourse of depression has been rarely explored in the Chinese context. This study investigates a corpus of 3217 posts in the Baidu depression community in China with an attempt to identify typical rhetorical features of the posts in the depression community as a genre. We intend, through an exploration of the exigences, social actions, and consequences of the posts, to facilitate a better understanding of the depressed population in China. We argue that the social exigences for the posts in online depression communities can be regarded as a failure of the rhetorical environment in real life and that expressing emotions, exchanging information, establishing interpersonal relationships, and communicating across spatiotemporal boundaries are the typified social actions performed by the posts in the Baidu depression community. Moreover, as a genre, the posts have successfully created an ambience of collective intimacy. Taken together, the findings shed light on the rhetorical study of depression in China.

17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(11): e18450, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842133

RESUMO

Dynactin subunit 2 (DCTN2) has been reported to play a role in progression of several tumours; however, the involvement of DCTN2 in potential mechanism or the tumour immune microenvironment among various cancers still remains largely unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to comprehensively investigate the expression status and potential function of DCTN2 in various malignancies through different database, such as The Cancer Genome Atlas, the Genotype-Tissue Expression and Gene Expression Omnimus databases. We discovered that DCTN2 expression was high in many type of tumours tissues compared to adjacent non-tumour ones. High DCTN2 signified poor prognosis for patients with tumours. Additionally, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) analysis revealed that DCTN2 was positively correlated with oncogenic pathways, including cell cycle, tumour metastasis-related pathway, while it was negatively with anti-tumour immune signalling pathway, such as INF-γ response. More importantly, we elucidated the functional impact of DCTN2 on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression and its underlying mechanisms. DCTN2 expression was much higher in HCC tissues than in adjacent non-tumour tissues. Silencing DCTN2 dramatically suppressed the proliferative and metastasis capacities of tumour cell in vitro. Mechanistically, DCTN2 exerted tumour-promoting effects by modulating the AKT signalling pathway. DCTN2 knockdown in HCC cells inhibited AKT phosphorylation and its downstream targets as well. Rescue experiments revealed that the anti-tumour effects of DCTN2 knockdown were partially reversed upon AKT pathway activation. Overall, DCTN2 may be a potent biomarker signifying tumour prognosis and a promising therapeutic target for tumour treatment, particularly in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Transdução de Sinais , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Complexo Dinactina/metabolismo , Complexo Dinactina/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
18.
Opt Express ; 32(12): 21870-21886, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859531

RESUMO

In contrast to the passive remote sensing of global CO2 column concentrations (XCO2), active remote sensing with a lidar enables continuous XCO2 measurements throughout the entire atmosphere in daytime and nighttime. The lidar could penetrate most cirrus and is almost unaffected by aerosols. Atmospheric environment monitoring satellite (AEMS, also named DQ-1) aerosol and carbon dioxide detection Lidar (ACDL) is a novel spaceborne lidar that implements a 1572 nm integrated path differential absorption (IPDA) method to measure the global XCO2 for the first time. In this study, special methods have been developed for ACDL data processing and XCO2 retrieval. The CO2 measurement data products of ACDL, including the differential absorption optical depth between the online and offline wavelengths, the integral weighting function, and XCO2, are presented. The results of XCO2 measurements over the period from 1st June 2022 to 30th June 2022 (first month data of ACDL) are analyzed to demonstrate the measurement capabilities of the spaceborne ACDL system.

19.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2403485, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38803048

RESUMO

DNA damage plays a significant role in the tumorigenesis and progression of the disease. Abnormal DNA repair affects the therapy and prognosis of cancer. In this study, it is demonstrated that the deubiquitinase USP25 promotes non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), which in turn contributes to chemoresistance in cancer. It is shown that USP25 deubiquitinates SHLD2 at the K64 site, which enhances its binding with REV7 and promotes NHEJ. Furthermore, USP25 deficiency impairs NHEJ-mediated DNA repair and reduces class switch recombination (CSR) in USP25-deficient mice. USP25 is overexpressed in a subset of colon cancers. Depletion of USP25 sensitizes colon cancer cells to IR, 5-Fu, and cisplatin. TRIM25 is also identified, an E3 ligase, as the enzyme responsible for degrading USP25. Downregulation of TRIM25 leads to an increase in USP25 levels, which in turn induces chemoresistance in colon cancer cells. Finally, a peptide that disrupts the USP25-SHLD2 interaction is successfully identified, impairing NHEJ and increasing sensitivity to chemotherapy in PDX model. Overall, these findings reveal USP25 as a critical effector of SHLD2 in regulating the NHEJ repair pathway and suggest its potential as a therapeutic target for cancer therapy.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 271(Pt 1): 132544, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782318

RESUMO

The lobed leaves of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) offer significant advantages in dense planting, leading to increased yield. Although AtWIP2, a C2H2 zinc finger transcription factor, acts as a regulator of leaf development in Arabidopsis thaliana, the function and regulatory mechanisms of BnaWIP2 in B. napus remain unclear. Here, constitutive expression of the BnaC06.WIP2 paralog, predominantly expressed in leaf serrations, produced lobed leaves in both A. thaliana and B. napus. We demonstrated that BnaC06.WIP2 directly repressed the expression of BnaA01.TCP4, BnaA03.TCP4, and BnaC03.TCP4 and indirectly inhibited the expression of BnaA05.BOP1 and BnaC02.AS2 to promote leaf lobe formation. On the other hand, we discovered that BnaC06.WIP2 modulated the levels of endogenous gibberellin, cytokinin, and auxin, and controlled the auxin distribution in B. napus leaves, thus accelerating leaf lobe formation. Meanwhile, we revealed that BnaA09.STM physically interacted with BnaC06.WIP2, and ectopic expression of BnaA09.STM generated smaller and lobed leaves in B. napus. Furthermore, we found that BnaC06.WIP2 and BnaA09.STM synergistically promoted leaf lobe formation through forming transcriptional regulatory module. Collectively, our findings not only facilitate in-depth understanding of the regulatory mechanisms underlying lobed leaf formation, but also are helpful for guiding high-density breeding practices through improving leaf morphology in B. napus.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...