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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619980

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, R39T and R73T, were isolated from the rhizosphere soil of the selenium hyperaccumulator Cardamine hupingshanesis in China. Strain R39T transformed selenite into elemental and volatile selenium, whereas strain R73T transformed both selenate and selenite into elemental selenium. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses indicated that strain R39T belonged to the genus Achromobacter, while strain R73T belonged to the genus Buttiauxella. Strain R39T (genome size, 6.68 Mb; G+C content, 61.6 mol%) showed the closest relationship to Achromobacter marplatensis LMG 26219T and Achromobacter kerstersii LMG 3441T, with average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of 83.6 and 83.4 %, respectively. Strain R73T (genome size, 5.22 Mb; G+C content, 50.3 mol%) was most closely related to Buttiauxella ferragutiae ATCC 51602T with an ANI value of 86.4 %. Furthermore, strain A111 from the GenBank database was found to cluster with strain R73T within the genus Buttiauxella through phylogenomic analyses. The ANI and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains R73T and A111 were 97.5 and 80.0% respectively, indicating that they belong to the same species. Phenotypic characteristics also differentiated strain R39T and strain R73T from their closely related species. Based on the polyphasic analyses, strain R39T and strain R73T represent novel species of the genera Achromobacter and Buttiauxella, respectively, for which the names Achromobacter seleniivolatilans sp. nov. (type strain R39T=GDMCC 1.3843T=JCM 36009T) and Buttiauxella selenatireducens sp. nov. (type strain R73T=GDMCC 1.3636T=JCM 35850T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Achromobacter , Cardamine , Selênio , Ácidos Graxos/química , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cardamine/genética , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ácido Selenioso
2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 45(5): 2707-2714, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629534

RESUMO

Biofilms attached to submerged macrophytes play an important role in improving the water quality of the water environment supplemented with reclaimed water. In order to explore the effects of reclaimed water quality and submerged macrophyte species on the characteristics of an epiphytic bacterial community, different types of submerged macrophytes were selected as research objects in this study. 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing technology was used on the epiphytic bacteria and the surrounding environmental samples to analyze the bacterial community structure and functional genes. The results showed that approximately 20%-35% of the nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients were absorbed and utilized in the water environment supplemented with reclaimed water. However, the COD, turbidity, and chroma of the downstream water were significantly increased. The bacterial community of the biofilms attached to submerged macrophytes was significantly different from that in the surrounding environment (soil, sediment, and water body) and in the activated sludge that was treated by reclaimed water. In terms of bacterial community diversity, the richness and diversity were significantly lower than those of soil and sediment but higher than those of plankton bacteria in water. In terms of bacterial community composition, dominant genera and corresponding abundances were also different from those of other samples. The main dominant bacterial genera were Sphingomonas, Aeromonas, Pseudomonas, and Acinetobacter, accounting for 7%-40%, respectively. Both macrophyte species and the quality of reclaimed water (BOD5, TN, NH4+-N, and TP) could affect the bacterial community. However, the effect of water quality of the bacterial community was greater than that of macrophytes species. Additionally, the quality of reclaimed water also affected the abundance of functional genes in the bacterial community, and the relative abundance of nitrogen and phosphorus cycling functional genes was higher in areas with higher nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Nitrogênio , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Bactérias/genética , Fósforo , Solo
3.
Genet Sel Evol ; 56(1): 28, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) play a crucial role in transcriptional regulation. While significant progress has been made in understanding epigenetic regulation mediated by eRNAs, research on the construction of eRNA-mediated gene regulatory networks (eGRN) and the identification of critical network components that influence complex traits is lacking. RESULTS: Here, employing the pig as a model, we conducted a comprehensive study using H3K27ac histone ChIP-seq and RNA-seq data to construct eRNA expression profiles from multiple tissues of two distinct pig breeds, namely Enshi Black (ES) and Duroc. In addition to revealing the regulatory landscape of eRNAs at the tissue level, we developed an innovative network construction and refinement method by integrating RNA-seq, ChIP-seq, genome-wide association study (GWAS) signals and enhancer-modulating effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) measured by self-transcribing active regulatory region sequencing (STARR-seq) experiments. Using this approach, we unraveled eGRN that significantly influence the growth and development of muscle and fat tissues, and identified several novel genes that affect adipocyte differentiation in a cell line model. CONCLUSIONS: Our work not only provides novel insights into the genetic basis of economic pig traits, but also offers a generalizable approach to elucidate the eRNA-mediated transcriptional regulation underlying a wide spectrum of complex traits for diverse organisms.


Assuntos
Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Animais , Suínos/genética , Epigênese Genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Músculos
4.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570184

RESUMO

AIMS: Isoniazid (INH) has been used as a first-line drug to treat tuberculosis (TB) for more than 50 years. However, large interindividual variability was found in its pharmacokinetics, and effects of nonadherence to INH treatment and corresponding remedy regime remain unclear. This study aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model of INH in Chinese patients with TB to provide model-informed precision dosing and explore appropriate remedial dosing regimens for nonadherent patients. METHODS: In total, 1012 INH observations from 736 TB patients were included. A nonlinear mixed-effects modelling was used to analyse the PPK of INH. Using Monte Carlo simulations to determine optimal dosage regimens and design remedial dosing regimens. RESULTS: A 2-compartmental model, including first-order absorption and elimination with allometric scaling, was found to best describe the PK characteristics of INH. A mixture model was used to characterize dual rates of INH elimination. Estimates of apparent clearance in fast and slow eliminators were 28.0 and 11.2 L/h, respectively. The proportion of fast eliminators in the population was estimated to be 40.5%. Monte Carlo simulations determined optimal dosage regimens for slow and fast eliminators with different body weight. For remedial dosing regimens, the missed dose should be taken as soon as possible when the delay does not exceed 12 h, and an additional dose is not needed. delay for an INH dose exceeds 12 h, the patient only needs to take the next single dose normally. CONCLUSION: PPK modelling and simulation provide valid evidence on the precision dosing and remedial dosing regimen of INH.

5.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(3): 781-793, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is related to damage to the intestinal mucosal barrier function. Based on the Mast cell (MC)/Tryptase/Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2)/Myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) pathway, this study explored the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on IBS-D rats and its possible mechanism of protecting the intestinal mucosal barrier. METHODS: The IBS-D rat model was established by mother-offspring separation, acetic acid enema, and chronic restraint stress. The efficacy of EA on IBS-D rats was evaluated by observing the rate of loose stool (LSP) and the minimum volume threshold of abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) in rats. Mast cells and the ultrastructure of intestinal mucosa were observed by H&E staining, toluidine blue staining, and transmission electron microscopy. The expression levels of Tryptase, PAR-2, MLCK, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), and Occludin in rats were detected by ELISA, qRT-PCR, and western blot. RESULTS: After 7 days of intervention, compared to the IBS-D group, the loose stool rates of rats in IBS-D + EA group and IBS-D + ketotifen group were decreased (P < 0.01), the minimum volume thresholds of AWR were improved (P < 0.01), the inflammation of colon tissue decreased, the number of MCs were decreased (P < 0.01), the expression of Tryptase, PAR-2, and MLCK were lowered (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), and the expression of ZO-1 and Occludin were enhanced (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). Compared to the EA group, there was no significant difference in each index between the ketotifen groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: EA has a good therapeutic effect on IBS-D rats. Regulating the MCs/Tryptase/PAR-2/MLCK pathway may be a mechanism to protect the intestinal mucosal barrier.

6.
J Nucl Med ; 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514084

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) has achieved groundbreaking results in clinical cancer therapy; however, only a subset of patients experience durable benefits. The aim of this study was to explore strategies for predicting tumor responses to optimize the intervention approach using ICB therapy. Methods: We used a bilateral mouse model for proteomics analysis to identify new imaging biomarkers for tumor responses to ICB therapy. A PET radiotracer was synthesized by radiolabeling the identified biomarker-targeting antibody with 124I. The radiotracer was then tested for PET prediction of tumor responses to ICB therapy. Results: We identified galectin-1 (Gal-1), a member of the carbohydrate-binding lectin family, as a potential negative biomarker for ICB efficacy. We established that Gal-1 inhibition promotes a sensitive immune phenotype within the tumor microenvironment (TME) for ICB therapy. To assess the pre-ICB treatment status of the TME, a Gal-1-targeted PET radiotracer, 124I-αGal-1, was developed. PET imaging with 124I-αGal-1 showed the pretreatment immunosuppressive status of the TME before the initiation of therapy, thus enabling the prediction of ICB resistance in advance. Moreover, the use of hydrogel scaffolds loaded with a Gal-1 inhibitor, thiodigalactoside, demonstrated that a single dose of thiodigalactoside-hydrogel significantly potentiated ICB and adoptive cell transfer immunotherapies by remodeling the immunosuppressive TME. Conclusion: Our study underscores the potential of Gal-1-targeted PET imaging as a valuable strategy for early-stage monitoring of tumor responses to ICB therapy. Additionally, Gal-1 inhibition effectively counteracts the immunosuppressive TME, resulting in enhanced immunotherapy efficacy.

7.
Talanta ; 273: 125964, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521022

RESUMO

In this study, Cu-Cu2O/PtPd nanocomposites were synthesized and characterized for their peroxidase-like enzyme activity. X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyses confirmed the successful synthesis of the nanocomposites, which exhibited a flower-like morphology and a more uniform dispersion than Cu-Cu2O. The catalytic activity of Cu-Cu2O/PtPd was evaluated using the chromogenic substrate 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), finding that Cu-Cu2O/PtPd outperformed Cu-Cu2O. The optimal temperature and pH for the catalytic activity of Cu-Cu2O/PtPd were determined to be 40 °C and pH 4.0, respectively. A kinetic analysis revealed that Cu-Cu2O/PtPd followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics and exhibited a higher affinity toward TMB than the horseradish peroxidase enzyme. The catalytic mechanism of Cu-Cu2O/PtPd involved the generation of hydroxyl radicals, which facilitated the oxidation of TMB. Furthermore, the Cu-Cu2O/PtPd nanocomposite was successfully applied for the colorimetric detection of glucose, demonstrating a linear range of 8-90 µM, a detection limit of 2.389 µM, and high selectivity for glucose over other sugars.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Glucose , Colorimetria/métodos , Cinética , Glucose/análise , Peroxidase/química , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Catálise
8.
J Biol Chem ; : 107249, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556084

RESUMO

Tripartite-motif protein-56 (TRIM56) positively regulates the induction of type I interferon (IFN) response via the TLR3 pathway by enhancing IRF3 activation and depends on its C-terminal residues 621-750 for interacting with the adaptor TRIF. However, the precise underlying mechanism and detailed TRIM56 determinants remain unclear. Herein, we show ectopic expression of murine TRIM56 also enhances TLR3-dependent IFN-ß promoter activation, suggesting functional conservation. We found that endogenous TRIM56 and TRIF formed a complex early (0.5-2 h) after poly-I:C stimulation and that TRIM56 overexpression also promoted activation of NF-κB by poly-I:C but not that by TNF-α or IL-1ß, consistent with a specific effect on TRIF prior to the bifurcation of NF-κB and IRF3. Using transient transfection and Tet-regulated cell lines expressing various TRIM56 mutants, we demonstrated the Coiled-coil domain and a segment spanning residues ∼434-610, but not the B-box or residues 355-433, were required for TRIM56 augmentation of TLR3 signaling. Moreover, alanine substitution at each putative phosphorylation site, Ser471, Ser475 and Ser710, abrogated TRIM56 function. Concordantly, mutants bearing Ser471Ala, Ser475Ala, or Ser710Ala, or lacking the Coiled-coil domain, all lost the capacity to enhance poly-I:C-induced establishment of an antiviral state. Furthermore, the Ser710Ala mutation disrupted the TRIM56-TRIF association. Using phospho-specific antibodies, we detected biphasic phosphorylation of TRIM56 at Ser471 and Ser475 following TLR3 stimulation, with the early phase occurring at ∼0.5-1 h, prior to IRF3 phosphorylation. Together, these data reveal novel molecular details critical for the TRIM56 augmentation of TLR3-dependent antiviral response and highlight important roles for TRIM56 scaffolding and phosphorylation.

9.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 12: 1364741, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468687

RESUMO

Existing evaluation criteria for head impact injuries are typically based on time-domain features, and less attention has been paid to head frequency responses for head impact injury assessment. The purpose of the current study is, therefore, to understand the characteristics of human body head frequency response in blunt impacts via finite element (FE) modeling and the wavelet packet analysis method. FE simulation results show that head frequency response in blunt impacts could be affected by the impact boundary condition. The head energy peak and its frequency increase with the increase in impact; a stiffer impact block is associated with a higher head energy peak, and a bigger impact block could result in a high proportion of the energy peak. Regression analysis indicates that only the head energy peak has a high correlation with exiting head injury criteria, which implies that the amplitude-frequency aggregation characteristic but not the frequency itself of the head acceleration response has predictability for head impact injury in blunt impacts. The findings of the current study may provide additional criteria for head impact injury evaluation and new ideas for head impact injury protection.

10.
Chin J Traumatol ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458896

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cerebral edema (CE) is the main secondary injury following traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs). It is challenging to be predicted timely. In this study, we aimed to develop a prediction model for CE by identifying its risk factors and comparing the timing of edema occurrence in TBI patients with varying levels of injuries. METHODS: This case control study included 218 patients with TBI caused by RTAs. The cohort was divided into CE and non-CE groups, according to CT results within 7 days. Demographic data, imaging data, and clinical data were collected and analyzed. Quantitative variables that follow normal distribution were presented as mean ± standard deviation, those that do not follow normal distribution were presented as median and quartiles. Categorical variables were expressed as percentages. The Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to identify risk factors for CE. Logistic curve fitting was performed to predict the time to secondary CE in TBI patients with different levels of injuries. The efficacy of the model was evaluated using the receiver operator characteristic curve. RESULTS: According to the study, almost half (47.3%) of the patients were found to have CE. The risk factors associated with CE were bilateral frontal lobe contusion, unilateral frontal lobe contusion, cerebral contusion, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and abbreviated injury scale (AIS). The odds ratio values for these factors were 7.27 (95% CI: 2.08 - 25.42, p = 0.002), 2.85 (95% CI: 1.11 - 7.31, p = 0.030), 2.62 (95% CI: 1.12 - 6.13, p = 0.027), 2.44 (95% CI: 1.25 - 4.76, p = 0.009), and 1.5 (95% CI: 1.10 - 2.04, p = 0.009), respectively. We also observed that patients with mild/moderate TBI (AIS ≤ 3) had a 50% probability of developing CE 19.7 h after injury (χ2 = 13.82, adjusted R2 = 0.51), while patients with severe TBI (AIS > 3) developed CE after 12.5 h (χ2 = 18.48, adjusted R2 = 0.54). Finally, we conducted a receiver operator characteristic curve analysis of CE time, which showed an area under the curve of 0.744 and 0.672 for severe and mild/moderate TBI, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study found that the onset of CE in individuals with TBI resulting from RTAs was correlated with the severity of the injury. Specifically, those with more severe injuries experienced an earlier onset of CE. These findings suggest that there is a critical time window for clinical intervention in cases of CE secondary to TBI.

11.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 146: 109420, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325592

RESUMO

The impact of carbonate alkalinity in saline-alkaline water on aquatic organisms, particularly Penaeus vannamei, a significant species in aquaculture, remains a critical area of study. To elucidate the acute response mechanisms of P. vannamei to elevated carbonate alkalinity environments, we utilized 16S rRNA gene and transcriptome sequencing technologies to analyze intestinal bacteria and gene expressions within various tissues. Our investigation revealed notable changes in specific intestinal bacterial OTUs, whose abundances varied preceding the overall bacterial community, indicating the sensitivity to carbonate alkalinity exposure. These shifts are accompanied by a simplification in bacterial networks and alterations in pathogenic OTUs, notably Aeromonas OTU. Concurrently, gene expression variations were observed across the hepatopancreas, gills, muscles, and intestines, with decreasing numbers of DEGs in the mentioned order. Annotation of these DEGs revealed enrichments in pathways related to transport, catabolism, immune responses, circulatory functions, and lipid metabolism. Notably, correlations between specific intestinal bacterial OTUs and gene expression shifts were identified across these tissues. Several OTUs, attributed to Rhizobiales, Saccharimonadales, Acidovora, and Aeromona, exhibited a correlation with DEGs in all four tissues, primarily associated with amino acid metabolism, signal transduction, and transport and catabolism pathways. Our study provides comprehensive insights into the dynamic responses of P. vannamei to elevated carbonate alkalinity stress. These findings contribute crucial knowledge for effective P. vannamei cultivation in saline-alkaline water, advancing our understanding in this field.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Animais , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Carbonatos , Bactérias , Água , Transcriptoma
12.
Metabolites ; 14(2)2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393010

RESUMO

Chaenomeles speciosa (Sweet) Nakai (C. speciosa) fruit has medicinal and food applications and exhibits beneficial pharmacological properties. This study aimed to explore the hypouricemic effect of C. speciosa fruit extracts on hyperuricemic rats and uncover potential protective mechanisms. The rats were given hypoxanthine (HX, 100 mg/kg) and potassium oxonate (PO, 300 mg/kg) for 14 days to induce hyperuricemia. Subsequently, the rats were orally administered C. speciosa fruits total extract (CSFTE, 250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg) and allopurinol (AP, 10 mg/kg) one hour after exposure to HX and PO. The results showed that CSFTE had significant xanthine oxidase (XOD) inhibitory activity in vitro (IC50 value of 334.2 µg/mL) and exhibited hypouricemic effects in vivo, reducing uric acid (UA), creatinine (CRE), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels in serum. CSFTE increased UA excretion through the regulation of URAT1, GLUT9, OAT1, and OAT3 protein expression in the kidneys of hyperuricemic rats. Additionally, CSFTE (500 and 1000 mg/kg) was more effective than AP in improving renal injury and protecting kidney function in hyperuricemic rats. Our study demonstrated that CSFTE effectively reduced UA levels and protected the kidneys by inhibiting XOD expression in vitro and regulating UA, CRE, BUN, URAT1, GLUT9, OAT1, and OAT3 proteins in vivo.

13.
Ginekol Pol ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between stages of labour and the risk of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and provide evidence for clinical application. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Manual searches were undertaken, and computer searches of PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang and Wipu databases with a search window from database creation to April 2022 were conducted to procure relevant studies on the relationship between labour phase and PPH. The articles included in this study were evaluated for quality, and RevMan 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: Meta-analysis showed that the incidence of PPH in women with weak uterine contractions was 27.5%, compared with 18.1% in women with normal contractions [relative risk (RR) = 1.60; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.38, 1.85; p < 0.01]. There was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of PPH in pregnant women with a prolonged second stage of labour (≥ 2 h) (34.5%) compared with those whose second stage of labour was normal in duration (15.9%) (RR = 0.20; 95% CI 0.15, 0.25; p < 0.01). The incidence of PPH was 52.1% in pregnant women with a prolonged third stage of labour (≥ 15 min) compared with 20.9% in those whose third stage of labour was of normal duration (RR = 3.53; 95% CI 2.75, 4.52; p < 0.01). The difference in the incidence of a prolonged third stage of labour in pregnant women with weak contractions compared with those with normal contractions was statistically significant (72.3% vs 15.5%) (RR = 0.47; 95% CI 0.35, 0.60; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Duration of labour is associated with the development of PPH, and the risk of PPH is increased in women with weak contractions or with a prolonged second or third stage of labour.

14.
Virus Res ; 342: 199335, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331257

RESUMO

Tripartite motif 21 (TRIM21) is a cytosolic Fc receptor that targets antibody-bound, internalized pathogens for destruction. Apart from this intrinsic defense role, TRIM21 is implicated in autoimmune diseases, inflammation, and autophagy. Whether TRIM21 participates in host interactions with influenza A virus (IAV), however, is unknown. By computational modeling of body weight and lung transcriptome data from the BXD parents (C57BL/6 J (B6) and DBA/2 J (D2)) and 41 BXD mouse strains challenged by IAV, we reveal that a Trim21-associated gene network modulates the early host responses to IAV infection. Trim21 transcripts were significantly upregulated in infected mice of both B6 and D2 backgrounds. Its expression was significantly higher in infected D2 than in infected B6 early after infection and significantly correlated with body weight loss. We identified significant trans-eQTL on chromosome 14 that regulates Trim21 expression. Nr1d2 and Il3ra were among the strongest candidate genes. Pathway analysis found Trim21 to be involved in inflammation and immunity related pathways, such as inflammation signaling pathways (TNF, IL-17, and NF-κB), viral detection signaling pathways (NOD-like and RIG-I-like), influenza, and other respiratory viral infections. Knockdown of TRIM21 in human lung epithelial A549 cells significantly augmented IAV-induced expression of IFNB1, IFNL1, CCL5, CXCL10, and IFN-stimulated genes including DDX58 and IFIH1, among others. Our data suggest that a TRIM21-associated gene network is involved in several aspects of inflammation and viral detection mechanisms during IAV infection. We identify and validate TRIM21 as a critical regulator of innate immune responses to IAV in human lung epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Encefalite da Califórnia , Imunidade Inata , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteína DEAD-box 58 , Inflamação , Pulmão , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos DBA
15.
Radiat Prot Dosimetry ; 200(5): 481-486, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324740

RESUMO

The performance of two thermoluminescent dosimetry systems (RGD-3D and RE2000) manufactured in China and Finland was compared. Both of these dosimetry systems demonstrated satisfactory results as their performance met the requirements of the standard. The two dosimetry systems showed similar performance in the energy response. The RGD-3D dosimetry system performed better in nonlinear response, minimum detectable level and blind sample tests, whereas the RE2000 dosimetry system showed better stability.


Assuntos
Fótons , Dosimetria Termoluminescente , Dosimetria Termoluminescente/métodos , Radiometria/métodos , Oligopeptídeos , China
16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 59, 2024 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The stress hyperglycaemic ratio (SHR), a new marker that reflects the true hyperglycaemic state of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), is strongly associated with adverse clinical outcomes in these patients. Studies on the relationship between the SHR and in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) incidence are limited. This study elucidated the relationship between the SHR and incidence of IHCA in patients with ACS. METHODS: In total, 1,939 patients with ACS who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University were included. They were divided into three groups according to the SHR: group T1 (SHR ≤ 0.838, N = 646), group T2 (0.838< SHR ≤ 1.140, N = 646), and group T3 (SHR3 > 1.140, N = 647). The primary endpoint was IHCA incidence. RESULTS: The overall IHCA incidence was 4.1% (N = 80). After adjusting for covariates, SHR was significantly associated with IHCA incidence in patients with ACS who underwent PCI (odds ratio [OR] = 2.6800; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.6200-4.4300; p<0.001), and compared with the T1 group, the T3 group had an increased IHCA risk (OR = 2.1800; 95% CI = 1.2100-3.9300; p = 0.0090). In subgroup analyses, after adjusting for covariates, patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (OR = 3.0700; 95% CI = 1.4100-6.6600; p = 0.0050) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) (OR = 2.9900; 95% CI = 1.1000-8.1100; p = 0.0310) were at an increased IHCA risk. After adjusting for covariates, IHCA risk was higher in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) (OR = 2.5900; 95% CI = 1.4200-4.7300; p = 0.0020) and those without DM (non-DM) (OR = 3.3000; 95% CI = 1.2700-8.5800; p = 0.0140); patients with DM in the T3 group had an increased IHCA risk compared with those in the T1 group (OR = 2.4200; 95% CI = 1.0800-5.4300; p = 0.0320). The restriction cubic spline (RCS) analyses revealed a dose-response relationship between IHCA incidence and SHR, with an increased IHCA risk when SHR was higher than 1.773. Adding SHR to the baseline risk model improved the predictive value of IHCA in patients with ACS treated with PCI (net reclassification improvement [NRI]: 0.0734 [0.0058-0.1409], p = 0.0332; integrated discrimination improvement [IDI]: 0.0218 [0.0063-0.0374], p = 0.0060). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS treated with PCI, the SHR was significantly associated with the incidence of IHCA. The SHR may be a useful predictor of the incidence of IHCA in patients with ACS. The addition of the SHR to the baseline risk model had an incremental effect on the predictive value of IHCA in patients with ACS treated with PCI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus , Parada Cardíaca , Hiperglicemia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hiperglicemia/diagnóstico , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Parada Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Risco
17.
Clin Rehabil ; : 2692155241229398, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the effectiveness of different physical therapies for acute and sub-acute low back pain supported by evidence, and create clinical recommendations and expert consensus for physiotherapists on clinical prescriptions. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed and the Cochrane Library for studies published within the previous 15 years. REVIEW METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis, randomized controlled trials assessing patients with acute and sub-acute low back pain were included. Two reviewers independently screened relevant studies using the same inclusion criteria. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database and the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews tool were used to grade the quality assessment of randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews, respectively. The final recommendation grades were based on the consensus discussion results of the Delphi of 22 international experts. RESULTS: Twenty-one systematic reviews and 21 randomized controlled trials were included. Spinal manipulative therapy and low-level laser therapy are recommended for acute low back pain. Core stability exercise/motor control, spinal manipulative therapy, and massage can be used to treat sub-acute low back pain. CONCLUSIONS: The consensus statements provided medical staff with appliable recommendations of physical therapy for acute and sub-acute low back pain. This consensus statement will require regular updates after 5-10 years.

18.
Light Sci Appl ; 13(1): 12, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38185683

RESUMO

We demonstrate a novel flat-field, dual-optic imaging EUV-soft X-ray spectrometer and monochromator that attains an unprecedented throughput efficiency exceeding 60% by design, along with a superb spectral resolution of λ/Δλ > 200 accomplished without employing variable line spacing gratings. Exploiting the benefits of the conical diffraction geometry, the optical system is globally optimized in multidimensional parameter space to guarantee optimal imaging performance over a broad spectral range while maintaining circular and elliptical polarization states at the first, second, and third diffraction orders. Moreover, our analysis indicates minimal temporal dispersion, with pulse broadening confined within 80 fs tail-to-tail and an FWHM value of 29 fs, which enables ultrafast spectroscopic and pump-probe studies with femtosecond accuracy. Furthermore, the spectrometer can be effortlessly transformed into a monochromator spanning the EUV-soft X-ray spectral region using a single grating with an aberration-free spatial profile. Such capability allows coherent diffractive imaging applications to be conducted with highly monochromatic light in a broad spectral range and extended to the soft X-ray region with minimal photon loss, thus facilitating state-of-the-art imaging of intricate nano- and bio-systems, with a significantly enhanced spatiotemporal resolution, down to the nanometer-femtosecond level.

19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 45(1): 218-227, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216473

RESUMO

Exploring ecosystem health and its influencing factors is of great significance for promoting regional sustainable development. An ecosystem health assessment model was constructed, and the spatial-temporal evolution characteristics of ecosystem health in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region in 2000, 2010, and 2020 were analyzed. The geographical detector and GWR were used to identify the dominant factors affecting ecosystem health. The main conclusions were as follows:during the study period, the index of ecosystem natural health in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region was generally better in the north and west than that in the southeast, and it showed an overall upward trend. The index of ecosystem services in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region presented as a spatial differentiation pattern of high in the north and low in the south, and it showed a downward trend. The ecosystem health level in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region showed a trend of rising first and then declining, showing significant heterogeneity in spatial distribution. The ecological health level in the central urban area of large cities was mostly poor, and the ecosystem health level in the Yanshan and Taihang Mountains and Bohai Rim was better. During the study period, the spatial pattern of ecosystem health in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region remained relatively stable. The hot spots and sub-hot spots were mainly distributed in the northern mountainous areas of Hebei Province and the Taihang Mountains, and the cold spots and sub-cold spots were mainly distributed in the southeast plain and the surrounding areas of some big cities. Population density, annual average temperature, per capita cultivated land area, and urbanization level were the dominant factors of ecosystem health in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, and they were all negatively correlated with ecosystem health.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Urbanização , Pequim , Cidades , Temperatura , China
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270510

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterial strains, S171T and S2-9, were isolated from seleniferous soil in China. Comprehensive phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA genes, multilocus sequences and whole genome sequences indicated that the two strains belonged to the genus Citrobacter. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values of strains S171T and S2-9 with the closest relative Citrobacter koseri NCTC 10786T were 83.6-83.7% and 27.7-27.8 %, respectively, which were below the species cutoff values. The ANI and dDDH values between the two strains were 97.9% and 84.8 %, respectively. The biochemical characteristics revealed that selenite tolerance, H2S and indole production, arginine dihydrolase, ornithine decarboxylase, as well as acid production from carbon sources such as d-sorbitol and arbutin are distinctive features of the two strains. Based on these results, strain S171T and strain S2-9 represent a novel species of the genus Citrobacter, for which the name Citrobacter enshiensis sp. nov. is proposed, with strain S171T (=GDMCC 1.3637T=JCM 35851T) as the type strain. The genome size of strain S171T was 4.92 Mb with a G+C content of 52.6 mol%. The genome size of strain S2-9 was 4.89 Mb with a G+C content of 52.6 mol%.


Assuntos
Citrobacter , Ácidos Graxos , Composição de Bases , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Ácidos Graxos/química , Nucleotídeos
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