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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130186, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265381

RESUMO

Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are macromolecules with environment beneficial properties. Currently, numerous studies focus on the absorption of heavy metals by EPS, but less attention has been paid to the effects of EPS on the plants. This study explored the effects of EPS from Lactobacillus plantarum LPC-1 on the structure and function of cell walls in rice seedling roots under cadmium (Cd) stress. The results showed that EPS could regulate the remodeling process of the cell walls of rice roots. EPS affects the synthesis efficiency and the content of the substances that made up the cell wall, and thus plays an essential role in limiting the uptake and transport of Cd in rice root. Furthermore, EPS could induce plant resistance to heavy metals by regulating the lignin biosynthesis pathway in rice roots. Finally, the cell wall remodeling induced by EPS likely contributes to plant stress responses by activating the reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Oryza , Oryza/metabolismo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Plântula/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo
2.
Talanta ; 252: 123764, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35969927

RESUMO

The external acid environment of cancer cells is different from that of normal cells, making a profound impact on cancer progression. Here we report a simple poly-l-lysine-modified graphene field-effect transistor (PLL@G-FET) for in situ monitoring of extracellular acidosis around cancer cells. PLL is a well-known material with good biocompatibility and is rich in amino groups that are sensitive to hydrogen ions. After a simple drop-casting of PLL on the reduced graphene oxide (RGO) FET surface, the PLL@G-FET was able to realize the real-time monitoring of the localized pH change of cancer cells after the cancer cells were grown on the device. The PLL@G-FET sensor achieved a Nernstian value of 52.9 mV/pH in phosphate buffer saline from pH 4.0 to 8.0. In addition, the sensor exhibited excellent biocompatibility as well as good anti-interference ability in the cell culture medium. Furthermore, the device was used to real-time monitor the extracellular pH changes of MCF-7 cells under the intervention of different concentrations of drugs. This developed pH-sensitive FET provides a new method to study the extracellular acid environment in situ and helps us to enhance our understanding of cancer cell metabolism.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Grafite , Neoplasias , Humanos , Transistores Eletrônicos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Grafite/toxicidade , Células MCF-7 , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
3.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(5): 1132-1138, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36255003

RESUMO

Inhibiting retinal neovascularization is the optimal strategy for the treatment of retina-related diseases, but there is currently no effective treatment for retinal neovascularization. P-element-induced wimpy testis (PIWI)-interacting RNA (piRNA) is a type of small non-coding RNA implicated in a variety of diseases. In this study, we found that the expression of piR-1245 and the interacting protein PIWIL2 were remarkably increased in human retinal endothelial cells cultured in a hypoxic environment, and cell apoptosis, migration, tube formation and proliferation were remarkably enhanced in these cells. Knocking down piR-1245 inhibited the above phenomena. After intervention by a p-JAK2 activator, piR-1245 decreased the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor through the JAK2/STAT3 pathway. For in vivo analysis, 7-day-old newborn mice were raised in 75 ± 2% hyperoxia for 5 days and then piR-1245 in the retina was knocked down. In these mice, the number of newly formed vessels in the retina was decreased, the expressions of inflammation-related proteins were reduced, the number of apoptotic cells in the retina was decreased, the JAK2/STAT3 pathway was inhibited, and the expressions of hypoxia inducible factor-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor were decreased. Injection of the JAK2 inhibitor JAK2/TYK2-IN-1 into the vitreous cavity inhibited retinal neovascularization in mice and reduced expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor. These findings suggest that piR-1245 activates the JAK2/STAT3 pathway, regulates the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor, and promotes retinal neovascularization. Therefore, piR-1245 may be a new therapeutic target for retinal neovascularization.

4.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(4): 849-855, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204853

RESUMO

The mitochondrial permeability transition pore is a nonspecific transmembrane channel. Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening has been shown to alleviate mitochondrial swelling, calcium overload, and axonal degeneration. Cyclophilin D is an important component of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. Whether cyclophilin D participates in mitochondrial impairment and axonal injury after intracerebral hemorrhage is not clear. In this study, we established mouse models of intracerebral hemorrhage in vivo by injection of autologous blood and oxyhemoglobin into the striatum in Thy1-YFP mice, in which pyramidal neurons and axons express yellow fluorescent protein. We also simulated intracerebral hemorrhage in vitro in PC12 cells using oxyhemoglobin. We found that axonal degeneration in the early stage of intracerebral hemorrhage depended on mitochondrial swelling induced by cyclophilin D activation and mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening. We further investigated the mechanism underlying the role of cyclophilin D in mouse models and PC12 cell models of intracerebral hemorrhage. We found that both cyclosporin A inhibition and short hairpin RNA interference of cyclophilin D reduced mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening and mitochondrial injury. In addition, inhibition of cyclophilin D and mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening protected corticospinal tract integrity and alleviated motor dysfunction caused by intracerebral hemorrhage. Our findings suggest that cyclophilin D is used as a key mediator of axonal degeneration after intracerebral hemorrhage; inhibition of cyclophilin D expression can protect mitochondrial structure and function and further alleviate corticospinal tract injury and motor dysfunction after intracerebral hemorrhage. Our findings provide a therapeutic target for preventing axonal degeneration of white matter injury and subsequent functional impairment in central nervous diseases.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 2): 159439, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252671

RESUMO

Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) in wetland soils is widely recognized as a key sink for the greenhouse gas methane (CH4). The occurrence of this reaction is influenced by several factors, but the exact process and related mechanism of this reaction remain unclear, due to the complex interactions between multiple influencing factors in nature. Therefore, we investigated how environmental and microbial factors affect AOM in wetlands using laboratory incubation methods combined with molecular biology techniques. The results showed that wetland AOM was associated with a variety of environmental factors and microbial factors. The environmental factors include such as vegetation, depth, hydrogen ion concentration (pH), oxidation-reduction potential (ORP), electrical conductivity (EC), total nitrogen (TN), nitrate (NO3-), sulfate (SO42-), and nitrous oxide (N2O) flux, among them, soil N substances (TN, NO3-, N2O) have essential regulatory roles in the AOM process, while NO3- and N2O may be the key electron acceptors driving the AOM process under the coexistence of multiple electron acceptors. Moreover, denitrification communities (narG, nirS, nirK, nosZI, nosZII) and anaerobic methanotrophic (ANME-2d) were identified as important functional microorganisms affecting the AOM process, which is largely regulated by the former. In the environmental context of growing global anthropogenic N inputs to wetlands, these findings imply that N cycle-mediated AOM processes are a more important CH4 sink for controlling global climate change. This studying contributes to the knowledge and prediction of wetland CH4 biogeochemical cycling and provides a microbial ecology viewpoint on the AOM response to global environmental change.


Assuntos
Metano , Áreas Alagadas , Nitrogênio , Anaerobiose , Solo , Rios , Oxirredução
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 159089, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174690

RESUMO

The widespread presence and accumulation of microplastics (MPs) in organisms has led to their recognition as a major global ecological issue. There is a lot of data on how MPs affect the physiology and behavior of aquatic species, but the effects of MPs on poultry are less understood. Therefore, we aimed to explore the adverse effects and mechanisms of MPs exposure to chicken health. Results indicated that MPs exposure decreased growth performance and antioxidant ability and impaired chickens' intestine, liver, kidney, and spleen. Additionally, the gut microbiota in chickens exposed to MPs showed a significant decrease in alpha diversity, accompanied by significant alternations in taxonomic compositions. Microbial taxonomic investigation indicated that exposure to MPs resulted in a significant increase in the relative proportions of 11 genera and a distinct decline in the relative percentages of 3 phyla and 52 genera. Among decreased bacterial taxa, 11 genera even couldn't be detected in the gut microbiota of chickens exposed to MPs. Metabolomics analysis indicated that 2561 (1190 up-regulated, 1371 down-regulated) differential metabolites were identified, mainly involved in 5 metabolic pathways, including D-amino acid metabolism, ABC transporters, vitamin digestion and absorption, mineral absorption, and histidine metabolism. Taken together, this study indicated that MPs exposure resulted in adverse health outcomes for chickens by disturbing gut microbial homeostasis and intestinal metabolism. This study also provided motivation for environmental agencies worldwide to regulate the application and disposal of plastic products and decrease environmental contamination.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microplásticos , Animais , Plásticos/toxicidade , Galinhas , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Homeostase
7.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e938298, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457205

RESUMO

Stroke is a disease with a high incidence and disability rate, resulting in changes in neural network and corticoid-subcortical excitability and various functional disabilities. The aim of the present study was to discuss the current status of research and limitations and potential direction in the application of noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) on post-stroke patients. This literature review focused on clinical studies and reviews. Literature retrieval was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus, and CNKI, using the following keywords: Repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation, Transcranial direct current stimulation, Transcranial alternating current stimulation, Transcranial alternating current stimulation, Transcranial focused ultrasound, Noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation, Stroke, and Rehabilitation. We selected 200 relevant publications from 1985 to 2022. An overview of recent research on the use of NIBS on post-stroke patients, including its mechanism, therapeutic parameters, effects, and safety, is presented. It was found that NIBS has positive therapeutic effects on dysfunctions of motor, sensory, cognitive, speech, swallowing, and depression after stroke, but standardized stimulus programs are still lacking. The literature suggests that rTMS and tDCS are more beneficial to post-stroke patients, while tFUS and tVNS are currently less studied for post-stroke rehabilitation, but are also potential interventions.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Encéfalo
8.
J Robot Surg ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36469187

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety between single-port robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (da Vinci SP system) with conventional robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (da Vinci Si or Xi system). We systematically searched PubMed, Science Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library database for articles comparing single-port robotic-assisted partial nephrectomies (SP-RAPN) and conventional robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (Con-RAPN) till September 2022. The principal outcomes included perioperative outcomes, complications, and oncologic outcomes were evaluated. A total of 586 patients were included in six studies. There were no significant differences in operative time (p = 0.19), transfusion rates (p = 0.11), off-clamp (p = 0.32), total perioperative milligram morphine equivalents (MME) (p = 0.44), intraoperative complications (p = 0.60), major complications (p = 0.84), overall complications (p = 0.90), positive surgical margins (PSM) (p = 0.75) and local recurrence (p = 0.50) between SP-RAPN and Con-RAPN. In addition, the marginal results were recorded in length of hospital stay subgroup (WMD - 0.35 days, 95% CI - 0.70, 0.01; p = 0.06) and blood loss (WMD - 27.16 ml, 95% CI - 56.90, 2.58; p = 0.07). However, SP-RAPN had longer warm ischemia time compared to Con-RAPN (WMD 3.42 min, 95% CI 1.71, 5.13; p < 0.0001). The results of this study demonstrated that SP-RAPN provided similar effectiveness and safety to Con-RAPN, while SP-RAPN might be associated with a marginally shorter length of hospital stay and less blood loss.

9.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 950801, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457566

RESUMO

Immunotherapy with programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibitor has shown activity as first- or second-line treatment for various metastatic human malignancies. Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) are now well-described, and most organ sites are potentially influenced, but the prevalence of myocarditis and myositis/myasthenia gravis (MG) overlap syndrome following esophageal hiatal hernia induced by immunotherapy is rarely reported. Here, we describe a 71-year-old woman with a progressed unresectable extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and biliary obstruction. She had no prior history of muscle weakness and neuromuscular disease with a normal body mass index. She was treated with sintilimab as a rescue regimen of immunotherapy. After the first cycle of treatment, she experienced a grade 4 myopathy including simultaneous myositis, myalgia, and myocarditis due to multiple injuries in her cardiac, skeletal, and ocular muscles. She had elevated levels of creatine kinase (CK), cardiac troponin I, and myoglobin (MYO), but MG and myositis-specific and myositis-related antibodies were negative. Immunotherapy was discontinued and pulse high-dose methylprednisolone with a slow tapering and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) was initiated. Two weeks later, the patient's clinical presentation improved significantly. A subsequent cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) examination revealed an old myocardial injury that may be a result of immune-related cardiac toxicity. In the third month following the PD-1 inhibitor therapy, she restarted systemic chemotherapy in combination with an anti-angiogenic agent but without immunotherapy. Half a year later, she complained of repeated abdominal distension and radiographic examinations and endoscopy showed a clinically confirmed diagnosis of sliding hiatal hernia of the esophagus and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Due to mild symptoms associated with gastroesophageal reflux, she was suggested close monitoring with acid secretion blockade rather than immediate surgical intervention. The severity for patients with myositis and myocarditis accompanied without MG is similar to those with MG. Considering the use of PD-1 inhibitors is increasing in cancer patients, physicians should therefore pay more attention to immunotherapy-induced myocarditis with myositis/MG overlap syndrome. Since we hypothesize diaphragmatic hiatal hernia as a potential consequence of immunotherapy-induced myositis, reports on hiatal hernias subsequent to immunotherapy-induced myositis are needed.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1016852, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466677

RESUMO

The soil microbiome is crucial in determining contemporary realistic conditions for future terrestrial ecological and evolutionary development. However, the precise mechanism between the fecal deposition in livestock grazing and changes in the soil microbiome remains unknown. This is the first in-depth study of bacterial and fungal taxonomic changes of excrement contaminated soils in the plateau (>3,500 m). This suggests the functional shifts towards a harmful-dominated soil microbiome. According to our findings, excrement contamination significantly reduced the soil bacterial and fungal diversity and richness. Furthermore, a continuous decrease in the relative abundance of microorganisms was associated with nutrient cycling, soil pollution purification, and root-soil stability with the increasing degree of excrement contamination. In comparison, soil pathogens were found to have the opposite trend in the scenario, further deteriorating normal soil function and system resilience. Such colonization and succession of the microbiome might provide an important potential theoretical instruction for microbiome-based soil health protection measures in the plateau of China.

11.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 1030315, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452303

RESUMO

Objective: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a disease that seriously affects patients' quality of life and mental health. To address this issue, more and more researchers are examining the relationship between OAB treatment and urinary microecology. In this study, we sought to determine whether differences in treatment efficacy were related to microbiome diversity and composition as well as the abundance of specific genera. Machine learning algorithms were used to construct predictive models for urine microbiota-based treatment of OAB. Methods: Urine samples were obtained from 64 adult female OAB patients for 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Patients' overactive bladder symptom scores (OABSS) were collected before and after mirabegron treatment and patients were divided into effective and ineffective groups. The relationship between the relative abundance of certain genera and OABSS were analyzed. Three machine learning algorithms, including random forest (RF), supporting vector machine (SVM) and eXtreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) were utilized to predict the therapeutic effect of mirabegron based on the relative abundance of certain genera in OAB patients' urine microbiome. Results: The species composition of the two groups differed. For one, the relative abundance of Lactobacillus was significantly higher in the effective group than in the ineffective group. In addition, the relative abundance of Gardnerella and Prevotella in the effective group was significantly lower than in the ineffective group. Alpha-diversity and beta-diversity differed significantly between the two groups. LEfSe analysis revealed that Lactobacillus abundance increased while Prevotella and Gardnerella abundance decreased in the effective group. The Lactobacillus abundance ROC curve had high predictive accuracy. The OABSS after treatment was negatively correlated with the abundance of Lactobacillus, whereas the relationship between OABSS and Prevotella and Gardnerella showed the opposite trend. In addition, RF, SVM and XGBoost models demonstrated high predictive ability to assess the effect of mirabegron in OAB patients in the test cohort. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that urinary microbiota might influence the efficacy of mirabegron, and that Lactobacillus might be a potential marker for evaluating the therapeutic efficacy of mirabegron in OAB patients.


Assuntos
Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/tratamento farmacológico , Lactobacillus , Qualidade de Vida , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Gardnerella , Prevotella
12.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt B): 112108, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461408

RESUMO

Broken rice is an important by-product during milling process of rice, which is rich in protein. To increase the value of by-products and search for effective antioxidants, the antioxidant peptides from broken rice protein hydrolysate were separated and identified by ultrafiltration, gel filtration chromatography, fast protein liquid chromatography, and LC-MS/MS in this study. These identified peptides were further screened using a combined in silico and in vitro method and their antioxidant mechanism was explored by Western blot and molecular docking analysis. Ninety-eight peptides were obtained after antioxidant activity-oriented isolation and four novel peptides, SGDWSDIGGR, DFGSEILPR, GEPFPSDPKKQLQ, and GEKGGIPIGIGK, with excellent solubility, safety, and antioxidant activity were synthesized. Among these, SGDWSDIGGR showed good antioxidant activities in the extracellular assay (41.57 µmol TE/g and 29.41 % in ORAC and DPPH assay, respectively.), and it possessed a protective effect against H2O2-injured oxidative stress in 2BS cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, Western blot and molecular docking results showed that SGDWSDIGGR achieves antioxidant ability by occupying the Nrf2-binding site, activating the Keap1-Nrf2 signaling pathway, and upregulating the expression of antioxidant enzymes. This study extends the rice industry chain and provides insights into the selection and mechanisms research of antioxidant peptides.


Assuntos
Oryza , Hidrolisados de Proteína , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Cromatografia Líquida , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Peptídeos/farmacologia
13.
Microb Pathog ; 174: 105922, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462579

RESUMO

The infection of Cryptosporidium in pigs causes digestive system ailments, diarrhea and weight loss serving as an economic burden, especially in newborn animals. The bacterial fermentation products of short-chain fatty acids have important roles in immune function, microbiota regulation, osmotic balance and metabolism. However, till now little knowledge is available about the effect of Cryptosporidium infection on microbiota and SCFAs in plateau pigs. Hence, we performed this study to explore the response of microbiota and SCFAs in the natural infection of Cryptosporidium in Tibetan pigs. Cryptosporidium positive (infected, G) and negative samples (healthy, J) in our previous study were used for high throughputsequencing and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer analysis. Over 81 000 and 74 000 filtered sequences were detected in healthy and infected Tibetan pigs, respectively. Lower sample richness and evenness were observed in Cryptosporidium infection, as alpha diversity analysis found that chao1 (p < 0.05), faith_pd (p < 0.05), and observed_features in group G were significantly lower than pigs in group J. A total of 4 and 27 significant different phyla and genera were found between group G and J. The changed genera were Psychrobacter, Desemzia, Succiniclasticum, Treponema, Campylobacter, Atopobium, Olsenella, Pediococcus, Peptococcus, Sharpea, Desulfovibrio, Acinetobacter, Rhodococcus, Anaerostipes, Turicibacter, Lactobacillus, RFN20, Phascolarctobacterium, Roseburia, Megasphaera, Streptococcus, Blautia, Lachnospira, rc4_4, Gemmiger, Dorea, Oribacterium and Prevotella, which affected the microbiota functions with 360 abundance changed enzymes, and pathways in L1, L2 and L3 levels of KEGG. The concentration of acetic acid (p < 0.01), butyric acid (p < 0.05) and caproic acid (p < 0.01) were lower in group G. In conclusion, the present study herein uncovered that the host responses to Cryptosporidium infection in Tibetan pigs with 27 of significantly changed genera decreased SCFAs in pigs, which may provide insights in further developing novel therapy against this protozoan.

14.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 557, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is one of the most important factors affecting the prognosis of breast cancer. The accurate evaluation of lymph node status is useful to predict the outcomes of patients and guide the choice of cancer treatment. However, there is still lack of a low-cost non-invasive method to assess the status of axillary lymph node (ALN). Gene expression signature has been used to assess lymph node metastasis status of breast cancer. In addition, nucleosome footprint of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) carries gene expression information of its original tissues, so it may be used to evaluate the axillary lymph node status in breast cancer. METHODS: In this study, we found that the cfDNA nucleosome footprints between the ALN-positive patients and ALN-negative patients showed different patterns by implementing whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to detect 15 ALN-positive and 15 ALN-negative patients. In order to further evaluate its potential for assessing ALN status, we developed a classifier with multiple machine learning models by using 330 WGS data of cfDNA from 162 ALN-positive and 168 ALN-negative samples to distinguish these two types of patients. RESULTS: We found that the promoter profiling between the ALN-positive patients and ALN-negative patients showed distinct patterns. In addition, we observed 1071 genes with differential promoter coverage and their functions were closely related to tumorigenesis. We found that the predictive classifier based on promoter profiling with a support vector machine model, named PPCNM, produced the largest area under the curve of 0.897 (95% confidence interval 0.86-0.93). CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that promoter profiling can be used to distinguish ALN-positive patients from ALN-negative patients, which may be helpful to guide the choice of cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Metástase Linfática/genética , Nucleossomos , Linfonodos , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética
15.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 924784, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337701

RESUMO

Background: Progression of freezing of gait (FOG), a common pathological gait in Parkinson's disease (PD), has been shown to be an important risk factor for falls, loss of independent living ability, and reduced quality of life. However, previous evidence indicated poor efficacy of medicine and surgery in treating FOG in patients with PD. Music-based movement therapy (MMT), which entails listening to music while exercising, has been proposed as a treatment to improve patients' motor function, emotions, and physiological activity. In recent years, MMT has been widely used to treat movement disorders in neurological diseases with promising results. Results from our earlier pilot study revealed that MMT could relieve FOG and improve the quality of life for patients with PD. Objective: To explore the effect of MMT on FOG in patients with PD. Materials and methods: This was a prospective, evaluator-blinded, randomized controlled study. A total of 81 participants were randomly divided into music-based movement therapy group (MMT, n = 27), exercise therapy group (ET, n = 27), and control group (n = 27). Participants in the MMT group were treated with MMT five times (1 h at a time) every week for 4 weeks. Subjects in the ET group were intervened in the same way as the MMT group, but without music. Routine rehabilitation treatment was performed on participants in all groups. The primary outcome was the change of FOG in patients with PD. Secondary evaluation indicators included FOG-Questionnaire (FOG-Q) and the comprehensive motor function. Results: After 4 weeks of intervention, the double support time, the cadence, the max flexion of knee in stance, the max hip extension, the flexion moment of knee in stance, the comprehensive motor function (UPDRS Part III gait-related items total score, arising from chair, freezing of gait, postural stability, posture, MDS-UPDRS Part II gait-related items total score, getting out of bed/a car/deep chair, walking and balance, freezing), and the FOG-Q in the MMT group were lower than that in the control group and ET group (p < 0.05). The gait velocity, the max ankle dorsiflexion in stance, ankle range of motion (ROM) during push-off, ankle ROM over gait cycle, the knee ROM over gait cycle, and the max extensor moment in stance (ankle, knee) in the MMT group were higher than that in the control group and ET group (p < 0.05). However, no significant difference was reported between the control group and ET group (p > 0.05). The stride length and hip ROM over gait cycle in the MMT group were higher than that in the control group (p < 0.05), and the max knee extension in stance in the MMT group was lower than that in the control group (p < 0.05). Nevertheless, there was no significant difference between the ET group and MMT group (p > 0.05) or control group (p > 0.05). Conclusion: MMT improved gait disorders in PD patients with FOG, thereby improving their comprehensive motor function.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a self-management intervention delivered by mobile application (APP) for depression among community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: General communities in China. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury who were diagnosed within two years were recruited in this study. It was a convenience sample with an average age of 41.71, 82.7% participants were males. INTERVENTIONS: Participants in the intervention group received 5 sessions on self-management training provided by nurse-led multidisciplinary team via APP at the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th and 12th weeks respectively after they discharge from hospitals. A routine telephone counselling was provided for each participant in the control group by follow-up nurses at the 12th week after they discharge. OUTCOME MEASURE: The outcome of this study is depression, which is not the primary outcomes in the registration of this program. Depression was measured by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) at discharge (T0), the 12th week after discharge from hospitals (T1), and the 24th week after discharge from hospitals (T2). RESULTS: There were 98 participants (49 in the intervention group and 49 in the control group) completing the intervention and data collection. Compared with the control group, the intervention group had lower level of depression at T2 (B=-5.76; 95% CI= -9.97, -1.54; P =.007). Small to moderate effect sizes on depression favouring the intervention were demonstrated at T1 (Cohen's d=-.178) and T2 (Cohen's d=-.535). CONCLUSIONS: APP-based self-management support can be a potential intervention to reduce depression among community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury.

17.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0185622, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377944

RESUMO

To investigate the epidemic profile and genetic diversity of canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2), a total of 111 clinical samples collected from dogs suspected of CPV-2 infection in 10 cities of Henan province of China during 2020 to 2021 were screened by PCR. The results showed a CPV-2-positive rate of 88.29% (98/111). Nearly full-length genomes of 98 CPV-2 strains were sequenced and analyzed. CPV-2c strains (91.84%, 90/98) were significantly higher than that of new CPV-2a strains (8.16%, 8/98) in Henan province without detecting other CPV genotypes, indicating that CPV-2c has become the dominant genotype in Henan province. A phylogenetic analysis of NS1 and VP2 amino acids grouped the strains in this study with Asian strains, which clustered into an identical branch. Based on the CPV-2 VP2 sequences in this study and available in the NCBI database, the adaptation analyses showed that 17 positive selection sites and 10 parallel evolution sites were identified in the VP2 protein of CPV-2, of which three sites (sites 5, 370, and 426) were both under positive selection pressure and parallel evolution. Interestingly, two amino acid mutations (A5G and Q370R) were also observed in the VP2 proteins of 82 CPV-2c strains in this study, which differed from the earlier CPV-2c strain (GU380303) in China. In addition, a unique mutation (I447M) was observed in the VP2 protein of five CPV-2c strains, which was first reported in China. This study provides powerful insight to further our understanding of the epidemic status and evolution of CPV-2 in China. IMPORTANCE CPV-2 was the original virus strain identified in dogs, which cause an acute and lethal disease in dogs. Subsequently, the original CPV-2 was replaced throughout the world by novel antigenic variants (e.g., CPV-2a, CPV-2b, new CPV-2a, new CPV-2b, and CPV-2c). Currently, the epidemiological characteristics of CPV-2 in Henan province of China is still unclear. In our study, a total of 98 nearly full-length genomes of CPV-2 strains were obtained to explore prevalence and genetic evolution of CPV-2 in Henan Province. Moreover, the epidemiological and genetic evolution of CPV-2 in China since its discovery was also investigated. The results of this study will provide valuable information regarding the evolution of CPV-2 strains in China.

18.
J Org Chem ; 87(22): 15187-15196, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317743

RESUMO

A method for the synthesis of 2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one derivatives (IMCMs) from 3-cyanochromones and α-isocyanoacetates via a one-pot cascade reaction involving a 1,2-addition, Michael reaction, ring-closing, tautomerization, ring-opening, and [3 + 2] cyclization was enabled by refluxing a mixture of the starting materials in THF in the presence of Ag2CO3 as a catalyst. The cascade reaction resulted in the formation of five bonds and the cleavage of two bonds, including a triple bond, in one pot. This protocol enabled not only the synthesis of functionalized imidazoles (i.e., IMCMs) but also the synthesis of functionally useful enamine building blocks. This strategy is suitable for combinatorial and parallel syntheses of IMCMs.

19.
Hypertens Res ; 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357616

RESUMO

Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with the incidence of hypertension, but whether relevant metabolic factors have mediating effects is not certain. Our study was based on a functional community cohort established in Beijing. In 2015, a total of 7482 individuals without hypertension were recruited and followed up until 2019. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association between SUA and hypertension. Cross-lagged panel analysis and mediation analysis were used to explore the effects of metabolic factors on the association between SUA and incident hypertension. During the average 4-year follow-up, the cumulative incidence of hypertension was 10.9% (n = 580). SUA was an independent risk factor for hypertension, and the RRs (95% CI) for subjects with baseline SUA levels in quartile 2, quartile 3 and quartile 4 were 1.20 (0.88-1.63), 1.50 (1.10-2.05), and 1.57 (1.11-2.22) compared to those in quartile 1, respectively. The cross-lagged panel analysis showed that the increases in Cr, TG, LDL, ALT, AST and WBC occurred after SUA increased (P < 0.001). Among these factors, TG, WBC and ALT played an intermediary role in both men (TG: 14.76%; WBC: 11.61%; ALT: 15.93%) and women (TG: 14.55%; WBC: 8.55%; ALT: 6.89%). The elevated SUA concentration was an independent risk factor for hypertension in the Chinese population, and TG, WBC and ALT had important mediating effects on the association between SUA and hypertension.

20.
Front Oncol ; 12: 971730, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439510

RESUMO

Objective: When the lesions in the sellar region are large, they can involve both the inside and outside the sella, which brings challenges to the differential diagnosis of pituitary macroadenoma and lesions other than macroadenoma. Therefore, this study explored the diagnostic value of an ectopic posterior pituitary hyperintense signal (EPPHS) in pituitary macroadenoma and its possible causes. Methods: The clinical and imaging data of 131 patients with sellar tumors or tumor-like lesions involving both intrasellar and extrasellar regions in the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from February 2011 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The diagnostic value of EPPHS in pituitary macroadenoma was analyzed. The differences in clinical and imaging indexes between the EPPHS-positive group and the EPPHS-negative group were compared. Results: These 131 cases of sellar tumors or tumor-like lesions involving both intrasellar and extrasellar regions included 91 cases of pituitary macroadenoma and 40 cases of lesions other than macroadenoma. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis suggested that EPPHS had a diagnostic value in diagnosing pituitary macroadenoma [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.857, P = 0.0001]. Compared with the EPPHS negative group, the median prolactin level in the EPPHS positive group was significantly higher (P < 0.05). Through ROC curve analysis, prolactin value was found to be of diagnostic value for EPPHS (AUC = 0.612, P = 0.0312). Conclusion: In sellar tumors or tumor-like lesions involving both intrasellar and extrasellar regions, the appearance of EPPHS is helpful in the diagnosis of pituitary macroadenoma. The formation of EPPHS may be related to injuries to the pituitary stalk.

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