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1.
Thorac Cancer ; 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The data of the prognostic role of V-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF) mutations in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients is scarce. This study aimed to investigate the proportion, clinicopathological features, and prognostic significance of patients with stage I LUAD carrying BRAF mutations. METHODS: We collected 431 patients with pathological stage I LUAD from cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics and 1604 LUAD patients tested for BRAF V600E and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations from Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital. Survival curves were drawn by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test. Cox proportional hazard models, propensity-score matching (PSM), and overlap weighting (OW) were performed in this study. The primary endpoint was recurrence-free survival (RFS). RESULTS: The proportion of BRAF mutations was estimated at 5.6% in a Caucasian cohort. BRAF V600E mutations were detected in six (1.4%) patients in Caucasian populations and 16 (1.0%) patients in Chinese populations. Two BRAF V600E-mutant patients were detected to have concurrent EGFR mutations, one for 19-del and one for L858R. For pathological stage I LUAD patients, BRAF mutations were not significantly associated with worse RFS than wild-type BRAF patients (HR = 1.111; p = 0.885). After PSM and OW, similar results were presented (HR = 1.352; p = 0.742 and HR = 1.246; p = 0.764, respectively). BRAF V600E mutation status also lacked predictive significance for RFS (HR, 1.844; p = 0.226; HR = 1.144; p = 0.831 and HR = 1.466; p = 0.450, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrated that BRAF status may not be capable of predicting prognosis in stage I LUAD patients. There is a need for more data to validate our findings.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305809

RESUMO

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD) is a frequent malignant tumor in the pancreas. The incomplete understanding of cancer etiology and pathogenesis, as well as the limitations in early detection and diagnostic methods, have created an urgent need for the discovery of new therapeutic targets and drugs to control this disease. As a result, the current therapeutic options are limited. In this study, the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) method was employed to identify key genes associated with the progression and prognosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD) patients in the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database. To identify small molecule drugs with potential in the treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD), we compared key genes to the reference dataset in the CMAP database. First, we analyzed the antitumor properties of small molecule drugs using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), AO/EB and Transwell assays. Subsequently, we integrated network pharmacology with molecular docking to explore the potential mechanisms of the identified molecules' anti-tumor effects. Our findings indicated that the progression and prognosis of PAAD patients in pancreatic cancer were associated with 11 genes, namely, DKK1, S100A2, CDA, KRT6A, ITGA3, GPR87, IL20RB, ZBED2, PMEPA1, CST6, and MUC16. These genes were filtered based on their therapeutic potential through comparing them with the reference dataset in the CMAP database. Taxifolin, a natural small molecule drug with the potential for treating PAAD, was screened by comparing it with the reference dataset in the CMAP database. Cell-based experiments have validated the potential of Taxifolin to facilitate apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells while restraining their invasion and metastasis. This outcome is believed to be achieved via the HIF-1 signaling pathway. In conclusion, this study provided a theoretical basis for screening genes related to the progression of pancreatic cancer and discovered potentially active small molecule drugs. The experimental results confirm that Taxifolin has the ability to promote apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305966

RESUMO

The breathtaking economic development put a heavy toll on ecology, especially on water pollution. Efficient water resource management has a long-term influence on the sustainable development of the economy and society. Economic development and ecology preservation are tangled together, and the growth of one is not possible without the other. Deep learning (DL) is ubiquitous in autonomous driving, medical imaging, speech recognition, etc. The spectacular success of deep learning comes from its power of richer representation of data. In view of the bright prospects of DL, this review comprehensively focuses on the development of DL applications in water resources management, water environment protection, and water ecology. First, the concept and modeling steps of DL are briefly introduced, including data preparation, algorithm selection, and model evaluation. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages of commonly used algorithms are analyzed according to their structures and mechanisms, and recommendations on the selection of DL algorithms for different studies, as well as prospects for the application and development of DL in water science are proposed. This review provides references for solving a wider range of water-related problems and brings further insights into the intelligent development of water science.

4.
Environ Pollut ; 345: 123561, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355081

RESUMO

Tire wear particles (TWPs), abundant in the aquatic environment, pose potential ecological risks, yet their implications have not been extensively studied. Rolling friction TWPs, sliding friction TWPs (S-TWPs) and cryogenically milled tire treads were used as research objects to study the ecotoxicity and difference of the above materials before and after aging in natural water (AS-TWPs) to the periphytic biofilm. The results showed that there were significant differences in the microstructure, surface elements, size, functional groups and environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) of the three TWPs. After aging in natural water, the properties of the three TWPs mentioned above showed homogenization, but the EPFRs and reactive oxygen species (ROS) yield were different. After exposure to TWPs (10 mg L-1), total organic carbon and adenosine triphosphate decreased significantly (p < 0.05), and the production of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in the periphytic biofilm increased, in which the content of humic-like substance and proteins (tryptophan protein and humic acid-like substances) increased obviously. The increment of TB-EPS was higher than that of LB-EPS, and S-TWPs and AS-TWPs had the strongest promoting effect on EPS secretion. In addition, 10 mg L-1 TWPs caused massive cell death in the periphytic biofilm, which was more obvious in the S-TWPs and AS-TWPs exposure group. The toxic mechanism of TWPs promotes intracellular ROS accumulation and leads to the release of lactate dehydrogenase, which was attributed to the formation of EPFRs on the surface of TWPs and an increase in EPFRs intensity after aging in natural water. TWPs at environmentally relevant concentrations (0.1 mg L-1) had no biological toxicity to periphytic biofilms. This study fills the gap in the study of the surface structure characteristics of TWPs on the toxicity of periphytic biofilms, and is of great significance to the study of the aquatic toxicity mechanism of TWPs.

5.
Small ; : e2310352, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368257

RESUMO

Extensive research has focused on developing wide-bandgap metal compound-based passivating contacts as alternatives to conventional doped-silicon-layer-based passivating contacts to mitigate parasitic absorption losses in crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells. Herein, thermally-evaporated aluminum halides (AlX)-based electron-selective passivating contacts for c-Si solar cells are investigated. A low contact resistivity of 60.5 and 38.4 mΩ cm2 is obtained on the AlClx /n-type c-Si (n-Si) and AlFx /n-Si heterocontacts, respectively, thanks to the low work function of AlX. Power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 19.1% and 19.6% are achieved on proof-of-concept n-Si solar cells featuring a full-area AlClx /Al and AlFx /Al passivating contact, respectively. By further implementing an ultrathin SiO2 passivation interlayer and a pre-annealing treatment, the electron selectivity (especially the surface passivation) of AlX is significantly enhanced. Accordingly, a remarkable PCE of 21% is achieved on n-Si solar cells featuring a full-area SiO2 /AlFx /Al rear contact. AlFx -based electron-selective passivating contacts exhibit good thermal stability up to ≈400 °C and better long-term environmental stability. This work demonstrates the potential of AlFx -based electron-selective passivating contact for solar cells.

6.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 242: 115976, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350371

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the most common malignancy worldwide. Early diagnosis helps to reduce mortality and improve survival. Aptamers are widely used in cancer screening because of their high specificity, good stability and low cost. In this study, using the specific aptamer of lung cancer serum, the sandwich method colloidal gold test strip was prepared by isothermal amplification technique and the principle of nucleic acid hybridisation for the early diagnosis of lung cancer. The results showed that the test strip was positive in 8 patients with lung cancer, which was consistent with the actual cases. The test strip can accurately identify lung cancer patients. The concentration range of nucleic acid detection is 1 × 10-4 - 7 × 10-4 mol/L, and the detection limit is 0.67 mM. The test strip detection method has low cost and simple operation, and provides a reference for the development of home portable tumor early detection.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(3): 650-656, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebral syphilitic gumma is a relatively rare clinical disease. Its clinical manifestations are non-specific, and the imaging manifestations are similar to other intracranial occupying lesions, often misdiagnosed as tumors or abscesses. There are few reports on this disease in the relevant literature. To our knowledge, we have reported the first case of cerebral syphilitic gumma misdiagnosed as a brain abscess.We report this case and provide useful information for clinical doctors on neurosyphilis diseases. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case to explore the diagnostic essentials of cerebral syphilitic gumma and attempt to mitigate the rates of misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis by equipping physicians with knowledge of neurosyphilis characteristics. The clinical diagnosis and treatment of a patient with cerebral syphilitic gumma were reported. Clinical manifestations, classifications, and diagnostic points were retrospectively analyzed. The patient was admitted to the hospital with fever and limb weakness. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple space-occupying lesions and a positive serum Treponema pallidum gelatin agglutination test. The patient was misdiagnosed as having a brain abscess and underwent a craniotomy. A postoperative pathological diagnosis of syphilis gumma was made. The patient improved and was discharged after penicillin anti-syphilis treatment. Follow-up recovery was satisfactory. CONCLUSION: Cerebral syphilitic gumma is rare in clinical practice, and it is often misdiagnosed and missed. Clinical diagnosis should be considered in combination with multiple examinations.

8.
Mater Today Bio ; 25: 100975, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322662

RESUMO

Diabetic wound healing is delayed due to persistent inflammation, and macrophage-immunomodulating biomaterials can control the inflammatory phase and shorten the healing time. In this study, acellular embryoid bodies (aEBs) were prepared and mixed with thermosensitive hydroxybutyl chitosan (HBC) hydrogels to produce aEB/HBC composite hydrogels. The aEB/HBC composite hydrogels exhibited reversible temperature-sensitive phase transition behavior and a hybrid porous network. In vitro analysis showed that the aEB/HBC composite hydrogels exhibited better antimicrobial activity than the PBS control, aEBs or HBC hydrogels and promoted M0 to M2 polarization but not M1 to M2 macrophage repolarization in culture. The in vivo results showed that the aEB/HBC composite hydrogels accelerated cutaneous wound closure, re-epithelialization, ingrowth of new blood vessels, and collagen deposition and reduced the scar width during wound healing in diabetic mice over time. Macrophage phenotype analysis showed that the aEB/HBC composite hydrogels induce M2 macrophage reactions continually, upregulate M2-related mRNA and protein expression and downregulate M1-related mRNA and protein expression. Therefore, the aEB/HBC composite hydrogels have excellent antimicrobial activity, promote M2 macrophage polarization and accelerate the functional and structural healing of diabetic cutaneous wounds.

9.
Pharm Biol ; 62(1): 162-169, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327157

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Jian Gan powder (JGP) is a Chinese medicine compound comprised ginseng, Radix Paeoniae Alba, Radix Astragali, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Yujin, Rhizoma Cyperi, Fructus aurantii, Sophora flavescens, Yinchen, Bupleurum and licorice. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the inhibitory effects, polarization and potential mechanisms associated with JGP in macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RAW264.7 cells were randomly divided into six groups for 24 h: control, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), overexpression, 1% JGP, 2% JGP, 4% JGP, 8% JGP and 16% JGP. The effects of JGP on RAW264.7 cell proliferation were assessed using colony formation assays and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays. The Transwell assay was used to evaluate its impact on RAW264.7 cell migration. Moreover, we analysed the interleukin-6 (IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of the transcription 3 (IL-6/STAT3) signaling pathway using quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. Furthermore, we examined the M1/M2 polarization levels. RESULTS: Unlike LPS stimulation, JGP serum treatment markedly suppressed macrophage proliferation and migration capacity, while STAT3 overexpression enhanced RAW264.7 cell proliferation and migration. JGP inhibited the proliferation and migration of RAW264.7 cells by attenuating the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway. Furthermore, it inhibited macrophage M1 polarization, promoting M2 polarization. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: JGP effectively suppressed the cellular function of RAW264.7 cells by down-regulating the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway and modulating macrophage M1/M2 polarization. These findings provide valuable theoretical and experimental basis for considering the potential clinical application of JGP in the treatment of immune-mediated liver injury in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Interleucina-6 , Lipopolissacarídeos , Pós/metabolismo , Pós/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos , Proliferação de Células
10.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 195: 106723, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neutrophil elastase has been identified as a potential therapeutic target for acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome, and Sivelestat is a selective, reversible and competitive neutrophil elastase inhibitor. This study was designed to investigate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and neutrophil elastase inhibitory effects of Sivelestat in healthy Chinese subjects. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled single- and multiple-dose escalation clinical trial was carried out. Briefly, healthy volunteers in twelve cohorts with 8 per cohort received 1.0-20.2 mg/kg/h Sivelestat or placebo in an intravenous infusion manner for two hours, and healthy volunteers in four cohorts received two hours intravenous infusion of 2.0-5.0 mg/kg/h Sivelestat or placebo with an interval of twelve hours for seven times. The safety and tolerability were evaluated and serial blood samples were collected for pharmacokinetics and neutrophil elastase inhibitory effects analysis at the specified time-point. RESULTS: A total of 128 subjects were enrolled and all participants completed the study except one. Sivelestat exhibited satisfactory safety and tolerability up to 20.2 mg/kg/h in single-dose cohorts and 5.0 mg/kg/h in multiple-dose cohorts. Even so, more attention should be paid to the safety risks when using high doses. The Cmax and AUC of Sivelestat increased in a dose dependent manner, and Tmax was similar for different dose cohorts. In multiple-dose cohorts, the plasma concentrations reached steady state 48 h after first administration and the accumulation of Cmax and AUC was not obvious. Furthermore, the Cmin_ss of 5.0 mg/kg/h dose cohort could meet the needs of clinical treatment. For some reason, the pharmacodynamics data revealed that the inhibitory effect of Sivelestat on neutrophil elastase content in healthy subjects was inconclusive. CONCLUSION: Sivelestat was safe and well tolerated with appropriate pharmacokinetic parameters, which provided support for more diverse dosing regimen in clinical application. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.chinadrugtrials.org.cn identifier is CTR20210072.

11.
Food Chem ; 442: 138615, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309242

RESUMO

Rice gluten, as the hydrophobic protein, exhibits restricted application value in hydrophilic food, which may be enhanced through interaction with soybean 11S globulin, characterized by favorable functional properties. This study aims at revealing their interaction mechanism via multi-spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulation. The formation and structural change of rice glutelin-soybean 11S globulin complexes were detected using fluorescence, ultra-violet and circular dichroism spectra. The addition of 11S globulin increased the contents of α-helix, ß-turn and random coil, but decreased ß-sheet content, and the change in secondary structure was correlated with particle size. Moreover, exposure of hydrophobic groups and formation of disulfide bonds occurred in the complexes. Molecular dynamics simulation verified these experimental results through analyses of root mean square deviation and fluctuation, hydrogen bond, secondary structure, and binding free energy analysis. This study contributes to expounding the interaction mechanism of protein and protein from the molecular level.


Assuntos
Globulinas , Oryza , Glutens/química , Oryza/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Globulinas/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
12.
J. physiol. biochem ; 80(1): 189-204, Feb. 2024. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229950

RESUMO

Delayed wound healing is an urgent clinical issue. Cellular communication involving exosome-borne cargo such as miRNA is a critical mechanism involved in wound healing. This study isolated and identified human adipose tissue-derived exosomes (Exo-ATs). The specific effects of Exo-ATs on keratinocytes and fibroblasts were examined. Enriched miRNAs in Exo-ATs were analyzed, and miR-92a-3p was selected. The transfer of Exo-ATs-derived miR-92a-3p to keratinocytes and fibroblasts was verified. miR-92a-3p binding to LATS2 was examined and the dynamic effects of the miR-92a-3p/LATS2 axis were investigated. In a dorsal skin wound model, the in vivo effects of Exo-ATs on wound healing were examined. Exo-AT incubation increased keratinocytes and fibroblast proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. miR-92a-3p, enriched in Exo-ATs, could be transferred to keratinocytes and fibroblasts, resulting in enhanced proliferation, migration, and ECM accumulation. Large tumor suppressor kinase 2 (LATS2) was a direct target of miR-92a-3p. miR-92a-3p inhibitor effects on keratinocytes and fibroblasts could be partially reversed by LATS2 knockdown. In a dorsal skin wound model, Exo-ATs accelerated wound healing through enhanced cell proliferation, collagen deposition, re-epithelialization, and YAP/TAZ activation. In conclusion, Exo-ATs improve skin wound healing by promoting keratinocyte and fibroblast migration and proliferation and collagen production by fibroblast, which could be partially eliminated by miR-92a inhibition through its downstream target LATS2 and the YAP/TAZ signaling. (AU)


Assuntos
Exossomos , Cicatrização , Proliferação de Células
13.
iScience ; 27(1): 108702, 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38205260

RESUMO

Immunogenic cell death (ICD) can activate the anticancer immune response and its occurrence requires high reliance on oxidative stress. Inducing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a desirable capability for ICD inducers. However, in the category of ICD-associated drugs, numerous reported ICD inducers are a series of anthracyclines and weak in ICD induction. Herein, a mitochondria-targeting dihydroartemisinin derivative (T-D) was synthesized by conjugating triphenylphosphonium (TPP) to dihydroartemisinin (DHA). T-D can selectively accumulate in mitochondria to trigger ROS generation, leading to the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and ER stress. Notably, T-D exhibits far more potent ICD-inducing properties than its parent compound. In vivo, T-D-treated breast cancer cell vaccine inhibits metastasis to the lungs and tumor growth. These results indicate that T-D is an excellent ROS-based ICD inducer with the specific function of trigging vigorous ROS in mitochondria and sets an example for incorporating artemisinin-based drugs into the ICD field.

14.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 40, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38191314

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the association between admission MCV and preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in geriatric hip fractures. METHODS: Older adult patients with hip fractures were screened between January 2015 and September 2019. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were collected at the largest trauma center in northwest China. MCV was measured at admission and converted into a categorical variable according to the quartile. Multivariate binary logistic regression and generalized additive model were used to identify the linear and nonlinear association between MCV and preoperative DVT. Analyses were performed using EmpowerStats and the R software. RESULTS: A total of 1840 patients who met the criteria were finally enrolled and divided into four groups according to their MCV levels. The mean MCV was 93.82 ± 6.49 (80.96 to 105.91 fL), and 587 patients (31.9%) were diagnosed with preoperative DVT. When MCV was a continuous variable, the incidence of preoperative DVT increased with mean corpuscular volume. In the fully adjusted model, admission MCV was positively correlated with the incidence of preoperative DVT (OR: 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01-1.05; P = 0.0013). After excluding the effect of other factors, each additional 1fL of MCV increased the prevalence of preoperative DVT by 1.03 times as a continuous variable. CONCLUSION: MCV was linearly associated with preoperative DVT in geriatric patients with hip fractures and could be considered a predictor of DVT risk. The MCV may contribute to risk assessment and preventing adverse outcomes in the elderly. STUDY REGISTRATION: This study is registered on the website of the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR: ChiCTR2200057323).


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Trombose Venosa , Idoso , Humanos , Índices de Eritrócitos , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia
15.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 16: 17588359231220501, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38188468

RESUMO

Advanced breast cancer (ABC) that is positive for hormone receptors (HRs) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is a cancer subtype with distinctive characteristics. The primary treatment guidelines suggest that a combination therapy comprising anti-HER2 therapy and chemotherapy should be administered as the initial treatment for HR-positive/ HER2-positive (HR+/HER2+) ABC. However, crosstalk between the HR and HER2 pathways can partially account for the resistance of HR+/HER2+ disease to HER2-targeted therapy. This, in turn, provides a rationale for the concomitant administration of HER2-targeted therapy and endocrine therapy (ET). Many clinical studies have confirmed that the combination of HER2-targeted therapy and ET as a first-line treatment is not inferior to the combination of HER2-targeted therapy and chemotherapy, and support its use as a first-line treatment choice for HR+/HER2+ ABC. Other drugs, such as antibody-drug conjugates, cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-protein kinase B (AKT)-mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, and programmed cell death protein 1 or programmed cell death ligand 1 inhibitors, may also improve the prognosis of patients with breast cancer by blocking signaling pathways associated with tumor proliferation and break new ground for the treatment of HR+/HER2+ ABC.

16.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 23109, 2024 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38172628

RESUMO

To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a new modified MR dual precision positioning of thin-slice oblique sagittal fat suppression proton density-weighted imaging (DPP-TSO-Sag-FS-PDWI) sequence in detecting ACL injuries and its grades compared to standard sequences using arthroscopy as the standard reference. 42 patients enrolled in this retrospective study received the 1.5-T MRI with standard sequences and the new modified DPP-TSO-Sag-FS-PDWI sequence, and their arthroscopy results was recorded. The Mc Nemer-Bowker and weighted Kappa was performed to compare the consistency of MRI diagnosis with arthroscopic results. Finally, the diagnostic accuracy was calculated based on the true positive, true negative, false negative and false positive values. The diagnostic consistency of the DPP-TSO-Sag-FS-PDWI were higher than standard sequences for both reader 1 (K = 0.876 vs. 0.620) and reader 2 (K = 0.833 vs. 0.683) with good diagnostic repeatability (K = 0.794 vs. 0.598). Furthermore, the DPP-TSO-Sag-FS-PDWI can classify and diagnose three grades of ACL injury [the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value were more than 84%], especially for grade II injury as the PPV was superior for reader 1 (92.3% vs. 53.9%) and reader 2 (84.6% vs. 69.2%). The new modified DPP-TSO-Sag-FS-PDWI sequence can display the ACL injury on one or continuous levels by maximizing the acquisition of complete ligament shape and true anatomical images, and excluding the influence of anatomical differences between individuals. It can improve the diagnostic accuracy with good repeatability and classify three grades of the ACL injury.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Traumatismos do Joelho , Humanos , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótons , Traumatismos do Joelho/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Artroscopia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
J Clin Nurs ; 2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38178563

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relative merits of various heart failure models of care with regard to a variety of outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Five databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, Embase and Science Direct were searched from the inception date of databases to August 20, 2022. REVIEW METHODS: This review used the Cochrane Collaboration's 'Risk of Bias' tool to assess quality. Only randomised controlled trails were included in this review that assessed all care models in the management of adults with heart failure. A categorical summary of the pattern of the papers was found, followed by extraction of outcome indicators. RESULTS: Twenty articles (19 studies) were included. Seven examined nurse-led care, two examined multidisciplinary specialist care, nine (10 articles) examined patient self-management, and one examined nurse and physiotherapist co-led care. Regarding outcomes, this review examined how well the four models performed with regard to quality of life, health services use, HF self-care, and anxiety and depression for heart failure patients. The model of patient self-management showed more beneficial results than nurse-led care, multidisciplinary specialist care, and nurse and physiotherapist co-led care in reducing hospital days, improving symptoms, promoting self-care behaviours of HF patients, enhancing the quality of life, and strengthening self-care ability. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review synthesises the different care models and their relative effectiveness. Four different models of care were summarised. Of these models, the self-management model demonstrated better outcomes. IMPACT: The self-management model is more effective in increasing self-management behaviours and self-management abilities, lowering the risk of hospitalisation and death, improving quality of life, and relieving anxiety and depression than other models. NO PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: There was no funding to remunerate a patient/member of the public for this review.

18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 15, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is the main clinical cause of low back pain. The pathogenesis of lumbar disc herniation is still uncertain, while it is often accompanied by disc rupture. In order to explore relationship between loading rate and failure mechanics that may lead to lumbar disc herniation, the failure mechanical properties of the intervertebral disc under high rates of loading were analyzed. METHOD: Bend the lumbar motion segment of a healthy sheep by 5° and compress it to the ultimate strength point at a strain rate of 0.008/s, making a damaged sample. Within the normal strain range, the sample is subjected to quasi-static loading and high loading rate at different strain rates. RESULTS: For healthy samples, the stress-strain curve appears collapsed only at high rates of compression; for damaged samples, the stress-strain curves collapse both at quasi-static and high-rate compression. For damaged samples, the strengthening stage becomes significantly shorter as the strain rate increases, indicating that its ability to prevent the destruction is significantly reduced. For damaged intervertebral disc, when subjected to quasi-static or high rates loading until failure, the phenomenon of nucleus pulposus (NP) prolapse occurs, indicating the occurrence of herniation. When subjected to quasi-static loading, the AF moves away from the NP, and inner AF has the greatest displacement; when subjected to high rates loading, the AF moves closer to the NP, and outer AF has the greatest displacement. The Zhu-Wang-Tang (ZWT) nonlinear viscoelastic constitutive model was used to describe the mechanical behavior of the intervertebral disc, and the fitting results were in good agreement with the experimental curve. CONCLUSION: Experimental results show that, both damage and strain rate have a significant effect on the mechanical behavior of the disc fracture. The research work in this article has important theoretical guiding significance for preventing LDH in daily life.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Animais , Ovinos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Suporte de Carga , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estresse Mecânico , Disco Intervertebral/patologia
19.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 38, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common and serious complication of elective clean orthopedic surgery that can lead to severe adverse outcomes. However, the prognostic efficacy of the current staging systems remains uncertain for patients undergoing elective aseptic orthopedic procedures. This study aimed to identify high-risk factors independently associated with SSI and develop a nomogram prediction model to accurately predict the occurrence of SSI. METHODS: A total of 20,960 patients underwent elective clean orthopedic surgery in our hospital between January 2020 and December 2021, of whom 39 developed SSI; we selected all 39 patients with a postoperative diagnosis of SSI and 305 patients who did not develop postoperative SSI for the final analysis. The patients were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts in a 7:3 ratio. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted in the training cohort to screen for independent risk factors of SSI, and a nomogram prediction model was developed. The predictive performance of the nomogram was compared with that of the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) system. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to assess the clinical decision-making value of the nomogram. RESULTS: The SSI incidence was 0.186%. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) class (odds ratio [OR] 1.564 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.029-5.99, P = 0.046]), operative time (OR 1.003 [95% CI 1.006-1.019, P < 0.001]), and D-dimer level (OR 1.055 [95% CI 1.022-1.29, P = 0.046]) as risk factors for postoperative SSI. We constructed a nomogram prediction model based on these independent risk factors. In the training and validation cohorts, our predictive model had concordance indices (C-indices) of 0.777 (95% CI 0.672-0.882) and 0.732 (95% CI 0.603-0.861), respectively, both of which were superior to the C-indices of the NNIS system (0.668 and 0.543, respectively). Calibration curves and DCA confirmed that our nomogram model had good consistency and clinical predictive value, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Operative time, ASA class, and D-dimer levels are important clinical predictive indicators of postoperative SSI in patients undergoing elective clean orthopedic surgery. The nomogram predictive model based on the three clinical features demonstrated strong predictive performance, calibration capabilities, and clinical decision-making abilities for SSI.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Ortopedia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nomogramas , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(4): 3044-3050, 2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38180238

RESUMO

The electrosynthesis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) offers a sustainable and viable option for generating H2O2 directly, as an alternative to the anthraquinone oxidation method. This study focuses on the comparative study of Co nanoparticles and single-atomic Co sites (Co SACs) that were encapsulated into nitrogen-doped carbon for the electrosynthesis of H2O2, which has been synthesized by direct pyrolysis of Zn/Co-ZIF or Co-based zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-67). The electrochemical measurement results demonstrate that the coexistence of Co nanoparticles and single-atomic Co sites in the CoNC catalyst is more conducive for H2O2 production compared to Co SACs only, possessing better H2O2 selectivity of 73.3% and higher faradaic efficiency of 87%. The improved performance of CoNC with SACs can be attributed to the presence of additional Co nanoparticles in the nitrogen-doped carbon layers.

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