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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130541, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273855

RESUMO

Penicillium oxalicum has been used as a biocontrol fungus in agriculture for many years, but the antimicrobial substances are still uncertain. Herein, we isolated a linear peptide named Sanxiapeptin in the culture broth of Penicillium oxalicum SG-4 collecting from the Three Gorges riparian zone. Sanxiapeptin exhibited potent inhibitory effect on citrus green mold Penicillium digitatum, the main fungi responsible for postharvest decay. Sanxiapeptin was elucidated as composing of five amino acids, which were ß-amino-α-methoxybutyric acid (Amoba), N-Me-l-Thr, d-Thr, N-Me-l-Val and l-Ser. By analyzing three chemically synthesized oligopeptides with similar structures, we found that the first amino acid of Amoba was crucial to the antifungal activity, as was the methylation of peptide bond. Sanxiapeptin may act as an antimicrobial agent by affecting the function of cell membranes or walls. The antimicrobial spectrum, safety and stability analysis supported that Sanxiapeptin was a promising antifungal agent for citrus preservation.


Assuntos
Citrus , Penicillium , Frutas , Doenças das Plantas
2.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131865, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399262

RESUMO

The complexity of natural water made it difficult to remove fluoride. Based on the environmental problems found in the investigation, the fluoride removal research in the water containing algal cells was carried out. In this study, AlCl3 and [AlO4Al12(OH)24(H2O)12]7+ (Al13) were used to remove fluoride. Additionally, the role of aluminum speciation in fluoride removal and the effect of Microcystis aeruginosa on the fluoride removal by different aluminum species coagulants were elucidated. The results showed that AlCl3 mainly removed fluoride by physical interactions, surface adsorption and enmeshment. When algal cells were added to the system, the fluoride removal rate increased from 22.75 % to 72.99 % at a dosage of 40.0 mg/L. This was because algal cells greatly increased the distribution of Al(OH)3 in the flocs. In particular, the specific surface area of the flocs containing algal cells reached 160.77 m2/g, which allowed more fluoride to be adsorbed. However, excessive Al3+ led to serious damage to algal cells and release of intracellular organic matter (IOM), worsening the effect of defluoridation. F- and Al3+ formed AlF2+ and AlF2+ via complexation in water. These compounds were not conducive to defluoridation. Al13 removed fluorine mainly through ion exchange, substitution and hydrogen bonding. Algal cells had an inhibitory effect on defluorination, which was observed in the process of coagulation by different Al dosages. Al13 achieved agglomeration of algal cells and generated small and dense flocs through charge neutralization and electrostatic patch mechanism. Once Al13 combined with algal cells and algae organic matter (AOM), the reaction between Al13 and fluoride would be weakened. Al13 not only maintained the defluoridation performance, but also did not damage the integrity of algal cells, even at high dosages.


Assuntos
Microcystis , Purificação da Água , Alumínio , Hidróxido de Alumínio , Floculação , Polímeros
3.
J Affect Disord ; 297: 53-61, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Altered global signal (GS) topography features in the resting-state fMRI of major depressive disorder (MDD), showing abnormally strong global signal representation in the default-mode network (DMN). Whether the abnormal local to global change also shapes activity during task states, and how it relates to psychopathological symptoms, e.g., abnormally slow time speed of motor, cognitive, and affective symptoms, remains unknown. METHODS: We investigated fMRI-based GS with its topographical representation during task states in unmedicated 51 MDD subjects and 28 healthy subjects. Task-related global signal correlation (GSCORR) was probed by a novel paradigm testing the processing of negative/neutral emotions during different time speeds, i.e., slow and fast. RESULTS: We observed a significant interaction between time speed and emotion of GSCORR in various DMN regions in healthy subjects. Next, we showed that MDD exhibits reduced task-related GSCORR in various DMN regions during specifically the fast processing of negative emotions. Finally, we demonstrated that GSCORR in DMN and other brain regions (motor-related regions, inferior frontal cortex) correlated with the degree of psychomotor retardation especially during the fast emotional stimuli. LIMITATIONS: The measurement of interoceptive variables like respiration rate or heart rate were not included in our fMRI acquisition. CONCLUSION: Together, we demonstrated the functional relevance of GS topography by showing reduced GSCORR in DMN during specifically the fast processing of negative emotions in MDD, suggesting the abnormal slowness, i.e., reduced time speed, to be a key feature of both brain and symptoms in MDD.

4.
Nurse Educ Today ; 108: 105183, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the rapid spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) around the world, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared it a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. This declaration had an unprecedented impact on health profession education, especially the clinical clerkship of nursing and medical students. The teaching hospitals had to suspend traditional bedside clinical teaching and switch to digital education. OBJECTIVE: To systematically synthesize the available literature on the application of digital education in undergraduate nursing and medical interns during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: A systematic review informed by PRISMA guidelines. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases were systematically searched: PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE (OVID), CINAHL and the Cochrane Library. REVIEW METHODS: The retrieved articles were screened at the title, abstract, and full text stages. The Mixed-Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) was used to assess the quality of quantitative and mixed-method studies. Then, two reviewers extracted the quantitative data of the included studies. RESULTS: A total of 4596 studies were identified following a comprehensive search, and 16 studies were included after removing duplicates and screening, which focused on undergraduate nursing students (3 studies) and medical students (13 studies). We found that the standalone digital education modalities were as effective as conventional learning for knowledge and practice. Different educational technologies have different effects on the knowledge and practice of interns. CONCLUSION: Digital education plays a significant role in distance training for nursing and medical interns both now and in the future. The overall risk of bias was high, and the quality of evidence was found to be variable. There is a need for further research designing more quasi-experimental studies to assess the effectiveness of standalone digital education interventions for the remote training of nursing or medical interns to be fully prepared for emergencies.

5.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(5): 1202-1208, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850768

RESUMO

Aim of Study: The conclusions on the association between the rs2736100 polymorphisms of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene polymorphism and digestive cancers risk are still debated. This meta-analysis was conducted to update the association between the TERT rs2736100 polymorphisms and the risk of digestive cancers. Materials and Methods: The association investigations were identified from PubMed and Cochrane Library, and eligible studies were included and synthesized using the meta-analysis method. Results: Eight case-control studies were included in this meta-analysis for associating TERT rs2736100 gene polymorphism and digestive cancer susceptibility. Pooled odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was calculated using a fixed or random-effects model. Overall, no evidence has shown that the TERT rs2736100 polymorphism was associated with the susceptibility to digestive cancers. Besides, stratified analysis with ethnicity also indicated no significant association between TRET rs2736100 and the risk of digestive cancers under all genetic models in both Asian and Caucasian populations were observed. Conclusion: According to the meta-analysis, TERT rs2736100 polymorphism might be unrelated to digestive cancer susceptibility. Evidence with adequate sample size is still needed.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851623

RESUMO

Free-standing nanopapers based on graphene and its related materials have been widely studied and proposed for flexible heat spreader applications. Given that these materials are typically brittle, this work reports the exploitation of polycaprolactone (PCL) as a polymer binder to enhance resistance and flexibility of nanopapers based on graphite nanoplates (GNP), while maintaining a high thermal conductivity. Properties of nanopapers appear to correlate with the excellent PCL adhesion and strong nucleation of the surface of GNP flakes. Furthermore, different crystalline populations were observed for PCL within the nanopaper and were investigated in detail via differential scanning calorimetry advanced techniques and X-ray diffraction. These demonstrated the coexistence of conventional unoriented PCL crystals, oriented PCL crystals obtained as a consequence of the strong nucleation effect, and highly stable PCL fractions explained by the formation of crystalline pre-freezing layers, the latter having melting temperatures well above the equilibrium melting temperature for pristine PCL. This peculiar crystallization behavior of PCL, reported in this paper for the first time for a tridimensional structure, has a direct impact on material properties. Indeed, the presence of high thermal stability crystals, strongly bound to GNP flakes, coexisting with the highly flexible amorphous fraction, delivers an ideal solution for the strengthening and toughening of GNP nanopapers. Thermomechanical properties of PCL/GNP nanopapers, investigated both on a heating ramp and by creep tests at high temperatures, demonstrated superior stiffness well above the conventional melting temperature of PCL. At the same time, a thermal conductivity > 150 W/m·K was obtained for PCL/GNP nanopapers, representing a viable alternative to traditional metals in terms of heat dissipation, while affording flexibility and light weight, unmatched by conventional thermally conductive metals or ceramics. Besides the obtained performance, the formation of polymer crystals that are stable above the equilibrium melting temperature constitutes a novel approach in the self-assembly of highly ordered nanostructures based on graphene and related materials.

7.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-11, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851805

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To deliver specific antigens in tumor immunotherapy, tumor cell lysates are commonly used to sensitize dendritic cells (DCs). However, the lysates possess low immunogenicity and contain many types of non-tumor-related antigens, which may induce autoimmune diseases. Tumor antigen peptides can provide high specificity but are expensive and their short half-lives limit their clinical application. METHODS: In this study, we used adenovirus to transfer the carbonic anhydrase IX (CA9) gene into DCs to generate specificity to renal cell carcinoma (RCC) which is the most common space-occupying lesion in humans. Inhibition of antigen presentation attenuators (iAPA) technology was also used to enhance the DC delivery capacity. Finally, DCs were co-cultured with cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) and the anti-tumor effects were evaluated. RESULTS: The results showed that the CA9-DC-CTLs possessed a high specificity to CA9-positive cells and showed stronger anti-tumor activity than GFP-DC-CTLs both in vitro and in vivo. DISCUSSION: These findings may suggest a novel treatment option for RCC.

8.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856328

RESUMO

Prolonged cold ischemia (CI) is a risk factor for acute kidney injury (AKI) after kidney transplantation (KT). AKI is an abrupt and rapid reduction in renal function due to multi-factors, including inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis. V-set immunoglobulin-domain-containing 4 (VSIG4) is a B7 family-related protein and specifically expressed in resting tissue-resident macrophages to mediate various cellular events. In the study, we attempted to explore the effects of VSIG4 on CI/KT-induced AKI in a mouse model. Our results showed that VSIG4 expression was markedly down-regulated in serum of kidney transplant recipients with acute rejection, and in renal tissues of cold ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-operated mice with AKI, which was confirmed in murine macrophages stimulated by oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R). We then found that exogenous VSIG4 markedly ameliorated histological changes in kidney of CI/KT mice by suppressing inflammation and apoptosis through restraining nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and Caspase-3 activation, respectively. Oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation in renal tissues were also mitigated by exogenous VSIG4 in CI/KT mice through improving nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) nuclear expression. The inhibitory effects of VSIG4 on inflammation, ROS generation and cell death were confirmed in OGD/R-treated macrophages, which further ameliorated oxidative damage and apoptosis in podocytes. More in vivo and in vitro studies showed that CI/KT- and OGD/R-induced AKI was further accelerated by VSIG4 knockdown. Mechanistically, VSIG4 directly interacted with AKT, and AKT activation was necessary for VSIG4 to govern all these above mentioned cellular processes. Collectively, our findings demonstrated that VSIG4 could mitigate AKI in a CI/KT mouse model, and we identified VSIG4/AKT axis as a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of the disease.

9.
Front Public Health ; 9: 778539, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858937

RESUMO

Several recent studies have reported that a few patients had positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA tests after hospital discharge. The high-risk factors associated with these patients remain to be identified. A total of 463 patients with COVID-19 discharged from Leishenshan Hospital in Wuhan, China, between February 8 and March 8, 2020 were initially enrolled, and 351 patients with at least 2 weeks of follow-up were finally included. Seventeen of the 351 discharged patients had positive tests for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Based on clinical characteristics and mathematical modeling, patients with shorter hospital stays and less oxygen desaturation were at higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 RNA reoccurrence after discharge. Notably, traditional Chinese medicine treatment offered extensive benefits to reduce risk. Particular attention should be paid to those patients with high risk, and traditional Chinese medicine should be advocated.

10.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 678384, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777034

RESUMO

Background: The evaluation of treatment response to antidepressant therapy commonly depends on neuropsychologic assessments, as there are currently no suitable biomarkers. Previous research has identified a panel of increased proteins in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), including antithrombin III (ATIII), as potential biomarkers of depression. Methods: A total of 90 MDD patients were recruited. Of these, 74 patients received occipital repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as individualized, standard, or sham treatment for 5 days, and underwent the complete procedure, including clinical assessments, blood collection, and protein measurement. Results: After treatment, ATIII was significantly decreased in both the individualized and standard groups (both p < 0.001) relative to the sham group. In the individualized group, reduction in ATIII was associated with improvements in several neuropsychological assessments. Furthermore, ATIII at baseline in the standard group and after individualized rTMS showed good performance for evaluating or predicting the response to five-day treatment (AUC = 0.771, 95% CI, 0.571-0.971; AUC = 0.875, 95% CI, 0.714-1.000, respectively) and remission at follow-up (AUC = 0.736, 95% CI, 0.529-0.943; AUC = 0.828, 95% CI, 0.656-1.000, respectively). Lastly, both baseline ATIII and change in ATIII showed good predictive value for the 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale at follow-up (p = 0.024 and 0.023, respectively). Conclusion: Our study revealed a reduction in ATIII after occipital rTMS in MDD patients and a relationship between change in ATIII and therapeutic response. Taken together, these findings provide evidence for the potential of ATIII as a biomarker for the evaluation and prediction of antidepressive effects.

11.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 4280951, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790287

RESUMO

Decompressive craniectomy is an effective strategy to reduce intracranial hypertension after traumatic brain injury (TBI), but it is related to many postoperative complications, such as delayed intracranial hematoma and diffuse brain swelling. Our previous studies have demonstrated that controlled decompression (CDC) surgery attenuates brain injury and reduces the rate of complications after TBI. Here, we investigated the potential molecular mechanisms of CDC in experimental models. The in vitro experiments were performed in a traumatic neuronal injury (TNI) model following compression treatment in primary cultured cortical neurons. We found that compression aggravates TNI-induced neuronal injury, which was significantly attenuated by CDC for 2 h or 3 h. The results of immunocytochemistry showed that CDC reduced neuronal necroptosis and activation of RIP3 induced by TNI and compression, with no effect on RIP1 activity. These protective effects were associated with decreased levels of inflammatory cytokines and preserved intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis. In addition, the expression of the two-pore domain K+ channel TREK-1 and its activity was increased by compression and prolonged by CDC. Treatment with the TREK-1 blockers, spadin or SID1900, could partially prevent the effects of CDC on intracellular Ca2+ metabolism, necroptosis, and neuronal injury following TNI and compression. Using a traumatic intracranial hypertension model in rats, we found that CDC for 20 min or 30 min was effective in alleviating brain edema and locomotor impairment in vivo. CDC significantly inhibited neuronal necroptosis and neuroinflammation and increased TREK-1 activation, and the CDC-induced protection in vivo was attenuated by spadin and SID1900. In summary, CDC is effective in alleviating compressive neuronal injury both in vitro and in vivo, which is associated with the TREK-1-mediated attenuation of intracellular Ca2+ overload, neuronal necroptosis, and neuroinflammation.

12.
J Neuroinflammation ; 18(1): 256, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurotoxic microglia and astrocytes begin to activate and participate in pathological processes after spinal cord injury (SCI), subsequently causing severe secondary damage and affecting tissue repair. We have previously reported that photobiomodulation (PBM) can promote functional recovery by reducing neuroinflammation after SCI, but little is known about the underlying mechanism. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether PBM ameliorates neuroinflammation by modulating the activation of microglia and astrocytes after SCI. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: a sham control group, an SCI + vehicle group and an SCI + PBM group. PBM was performed for two consecutive weeks after clip-compression SCI models were established. The activation of neurotoxic microglia and astrocytes, the level of tissue apoptosis, the number of motor neurons and the recovery of motor function were evaluated at different days post-injury (1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days post-injury, dpi). Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2) and Janus kinase-2 (JAK2)-signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) signaling were regarded as potential targets by which PBM affected neurotoxic microglia and astrocytes. In in vitro experiments, primary microglia and astrocytes were irradiated with PBM and cotreated with cucurbitacin I (a JAK2-STAT3 pathway inhibitor), an adenovirus (shRNA-Lcn2) and recombinant Lcn2 protein. RESULTS: PBM promoted the recovery of motor function, inhibited the activation of neurotoxic microglia and astrocytes, alleviated neuroinflammation and tissue apoptosis, and increased the number of neurons retained after SCI. The upregulation of Lcn2 and the activation of the JAK2-STAT3 pathway after SCI were suppressed by PBM. In vitro experiments also showed that Lcn2 and JAK2-STAT3 were mutually promoted and that PBM interfered with this interaction, inhibiting the activation of microglia and astrocytes. CONCLUSION: Lcn2/JAK2-STAT3 crosstalk is involved in the activation of neurotoxic microglia and astrocytes after SCI, and this process can be suppressed by PBM.

13.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 5489-5500, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720597

RESUMO

Introduction: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) virus (HBV) infection has emerged as a global health burden affecting nearly 292 million people. Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) is an effective treatment for CHB patients. However, the detailed mechanism underlying the antiviral activity of TAF remains unclear. Methods: In this study, we investigated the antiviral effect of exosomes derived from the serum of CHB patients treated with TAF (Exo-serum) and TAF-treated macrophages (MP) (Exo-MP(TAF)). Results: RNAseq analysis was also performed to determine the associated long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). The results demonstrated that both Exo-serum and Exo-MP(TAF) could be taken up by HepAD38 cells and exhibited potent antiviral activities, as manifested by significantly downregulating the levels of hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis B e antigen, HBV DNA, and covalently closed circular DNA. The antiviral effect of Exo-serum was more potent than those of TAF treatment alone. RNAseq analysis revealed that lncRNA HOTTIP was upregulated significantly in Exo-serum. Further, lncRNA HOTTIP knockdown reversed the antiviral effect of Exo-MP(TAF) on HepAD38 cells, whereas lncRNA HOTTIP knockdown exerted the opposite roles. Discussion: Taken together, these results suggest that exosomal lncRNA HOTTIP is essential for the antiviral activity of TAF and provide a novel understanding of the exosome-mediated mechanism underlying HBV infection.

14.
Plant Cell ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726755

RESUMO

Inflorescence architecture is an important determinant of crop productivity. The number of spikelets produced by the wheat inflorescence meristem (IM) before its transition to a terminal spikelet (TS) influences the maximum number of grains per spike. Wheat MADS-box genes VERNALIZATION 1 (VRN1) and FRUITFULL 2 (FUL2) (in the SQUAMOSA-clade) are essential to promote the transition from IM to TS and for spikelet development. Here we show that SQUAMOSA genes contribute to spikelet identity by repressing MADS-box genes VEGETATIVE TO REPRODUCTIVE TRANSITION 2 (VRT2), SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE 1 (SVP1), and SVP3 in the SVP clade. Constitutive expression of VRT2 resulted in leafy glumes and lemmas, reversion of spikelets to spikes, and downregulation of MADS-box genes involved in floret development, whereas the vrt2 mutant reduced vegetative characteristics in spikelets of squamosa mutants. Interestingly, the vrt2 svp1 mutant showed similar phenotypes to squamosa mutants regarding heading time, plant height, and spikelets per spike, but it exhibited unusual axillary inflorescences in the elongating stem. We propose that SQUAMOSA-SVP interactions are important to promote heading, formation of the TS, and stem elongation during the early reproductive phase, and that downregulation of SVP genes is then necessary for normal spikelet and floral development. Manipulating SVP and SQUAMOSA genes can contribute to engineering spike architectures with improved productivity.

15.
Front Physiol ; 12: 761910, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744797

RESUMO

Potassium channels are involved in membrane hyperpolarization and ion homeostasis regulation during human sperm capacitation. However, the types of potassium channels in human sperm remain controversial. The voltage-gated ion channel KCNQ1 is ubiquitously expressed and regulates key physiological processes in the human body. In the present study, we investigated whether KCNQ1 is expressed in human sperm and what role it might have in sperm function. The expression and localization of KCNQ1 in human sperm were evaluated using Western blotting and indirect immunofluorescence. During capacitation incubation, human sperm were treated with KCNQ1- specific inhibitor chromanol 293B. Sperm motility was analyzed using a computer-assisted sperm analyzer. The acrosome reaction was studied using fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated Pisum sativum agglutinin staining. Protein tyrosine phosphorylation levels and localization after capacitation were determined using Western blotting and immunofluorescence. Intracellular K+, Ca2+, Cl-, pH, and membrane potential were analyzed using fluorescent probes. The results demonstrate that KCNQ1 is expressed and localized in the head and tail regions of human sperm. KCNQ1 inhibition reduced sperm motility, acrosome reaction rates, and protein tyrosine phosphorylation but had no effect on hyperactivation. KCNQ1 inhibition also increased intracellular K+, membrane potential, and intracellular Cl-, while decreasing intracellular Ca2+ and pH. In conclusion, the KCNQ1 channel plays a crucial role during human sperm capacitation.

16.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 726013, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733805

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to investigate the monocular and binocular accommodative amplitude (AMP) and accommodative function (AF) in children with different types of intermittent exotropia (IXT). Methods: A total of 40 children with IXT were enrolled in the study. Monocular and binocular AMP and AF were measured using the modified approach method and the ±2D flip method, and the differences between the fixing and non-fixing eyes of non-strabismic children and children with different types of IXT were compared. Results: The AMP of the fixing eyes of children with IXT was lower than that of their non-fixing eyes (p = 0.007). Conversely, the AF was higher in the fixing eyes than in the non-fixing eyes (p < 0.001). The AMPs of each group of children with IXT were lower than those of the control group, while the AMP of the group with convergence insufficiency was lower than that of the other two groups with IXT. In addition, the AF of the group with convergence insufficiency was lower than that of the group with basic exotropia and the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: There is a difference in accommodation between the fixing and non-fixing eyes of children with IXT, and the degree of variation depends on the type of IXT. Moreover, the binocular accommodative function of children with IXT is lower than that of non-strabismic children.

17.
Front Immunol ; 12: 729501, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721391

RESUMO

Background: Atopic march refers to the natural history of atopic dermatitis (AD) in infancy followed by subsequent allergic rhinitis and asthma in later life. Respiratory viruses interact with allergic sensitization to promote recurrent wheezing and the development of asthma. We aimed to evaluate whether influenza vaccination reduces asthma risk in people with AD. Methods: This cohort study was conducted retrospectively from 2000 to 2013 by the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). Patients with newly diagnosed AD (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code 691) were enrolled as the AD cohort. We matched each vaccinated patient with one non-vaccinated patient according to age and sex. We observed each participant until their first asthma event, or the end of the study on December 31, 2013, whichever came first. Results: Our analyses included 4,414 people with a mean age of 53 years. Of these, 43.8 were male. The incidence density of asthma was 12.6 per 1,000 person-years for vaccinated patients, and 15.1 per 1000 person-years for non-vaccinated patients. The adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) of asthma in the vaccinated cohort relative to the non-vaccinated cohort was 0.69 (95% CI = 0.55-0.87). Vaccinated patients had a lower cumulative incidence of asthma than unvaccinated patients. Vaccinated participants in all age and sex groups trended toward a lower risk of asthma. People will reduce more asthma risk when taking shots every year. Conclusion: Influenza vaccination was associated with lower asthma risk in patients with AD.

18.
Chin Med ; 16(1): 120, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Weifuchun (WFC), a Chinese herbal prescription consisting of Red Ginseng, Isodon amethystoides and Fructus Aurantii, is commonly used in China to treat a variety of chronic stomach disorders. The aim of the paper was to determine the effect of WFC on intestinal microbiota changes in precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC) patients. METHODS: PLGC patients of H. pylori negative were randomly divided into two groups and received either WFC tablets for a dose of 1.44 g three times a day or vitacoenzyme (Vit) tablets for a dose of 0.8 g three times a day. All patients were treated for 6 months consecutively. Gastroscopy and histopathology were used to assess the histopathological changes in gastric tissues before and after treatment. 16S rRNA gene sequencing was carried out to assess the effects WFC on intestinal microbiota changes in PLGC patients. Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) analysis was used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of different intestinal microbiota in distinguishing between PLGC patients and healthy control group. RESULTS: Gastroscopy and histopathological results indicated that WFC could improve the pathological condition of PLGC patients, especially in the case of atrophy or intestinal metaplasia. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequencing indicated that WFC could regulate microbial diversity, microbial composition, and abundance of the intestinal microbiota of PLGC patients. Following WFC treatment, the relative abundance of Parabacteroides decreased in WFC group when compared with the Vit group. ROC analysis found that the Parabacteroides could effectively distinguish PLGC patients from healthy individuals with sensitivity of 0.79 and specificity of 0.8. CONCLUSIONS: WFC could slow down the progression of PLGC by regulating intestinal microbiota abundance. Trial registration NCT03814629. Name of registry: Randomized Clinical Trial: Weifuchun Treatment on Precancerous Lesions of Gastric Cancer. Registered 3 August 2018-Retrospectively registered, https://register.clinicaltrials.gov/ NCT03814629.

19.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e3318, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of RNA-binding protein with serine-rich domain 1 (RNPS1) in uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma (UCEC), the role of RNPS1 knockdown in UCEC development in vitro and in vivo, and the relationship between RNPS1 and mismatch repair (MMR) in UCEC. METHODS: We predicted the potential function of RNPS1 using bioinformatics systems. The expression of RNPS1 in tissues and cell lines was analyzed by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The expression of RNPS1 in MMR was assessed using bioinformatics and western blotting. The proliferation and apoptosis of UCEC cells were assessed under RNPS1 knockdown conditions, and RNPS1 regulation in MMR was detected by suppressing Notch signaling. Associations between RNPS1 and gene mutations in UCEC and prognosis were analyzed. RESULTS: The RNPS1 level was higher in UCEC tumors than in normal tissues and tumors or RL952 cells. Prognostic outcomes were worse when UCEC showed abundant RNPS1 expression. Lentiviral RNPS1 knockdown weakened tumor cell proliferation and suppressed biomarker expression, reduced the tumor volume, promoted apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, and inhibited UCEC development. Increased MutS homolog 2 (MSH2) and MutS homolog 6 (MSH6) levels in MMR after RNPS1 knockdown were reversed by inhibiting Notch signaling. Furthermore, RNPS1 was associated with mutations in NAA11, C2orf57, NUPR1, and other genes involved in UCEC prognosis. CONCLUSION: RNPS1 may regulate the expression levels of MSH2 and MSH6 in MMR, enhancing the proliferation, development, and prognosis of UCEC through a Notch signaling pathway in UCEC. Our study offers a new method and strategy for delaying UCEC development through modulating MMR.

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