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1.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 191, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) hemangioblastomas are the most frequent cause of mortality in patients with Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, an autosomal dominant genetic disease resulting from germline mutations in the VHL tumor suppressor gene, with most mutations occurring in the exons. To date, there have been no reports of CNS hemangioblastoma cases related to pathogenic variants in intron 2 of VHL, which encodes a tumor suppressor protein (i.e., pVHL) that regulates hypoxia-inducible factor proteins. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the presence of a base substitution of c.464-1G > C and c.464-2A > G in the intron 2 of VHL causing CNS hemangioblastomas in six patients with VHL from two Chinese families. The clinical information about the two pathogentic variants has been submitted to ClinVar database. The ClinVar accession for NM_000551.3(VHL):c.464-1G > C was SCV001371687. This finding may provide a new approach for diagnosing and researching VHL-associated hemangioblastomas. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of a pathogenic variant at intron 2 in VHL-associated hemangioblastomas. Gene sequencing showed that not only exonic but also intronic mutations can lead to the development of CNS hemangioblastomas.

2.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 102043, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010483

RESUMO

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) on lip is conventionally treated by extended surgery or radiotherapy, which may cause deformities and dysfunction due to the special location. Topical 5-Aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) for SCC in situ is effective and non-invasive, which preserves normal morphological structure. However, the effectiveness is limited by tumor size and depth due to the permeability of photosensitizer and penetration depth of the therapeutic light source. We successfully treated two cases of lip invasive SCC (tumor size is 22.4 mm × 16.1 mm × 11.9 mm and 23 mm × 15 mm × 5 mm) with superficial resection surgery to reduce tumor load and sequential with ALA-PDT (20 % ALA, 3 h incubation, 200 J/cm2) to remove the residual tumor. During the treatment, the ultrasonography was used to monitor the tumor invasion depth and assess the therapeutic efficacy. Both cases showed tumor free at 12 months of follow-up. These two cases suggest that ALA-PDT combined minimal invasive surgery is a viable treatment for special cases of lip SCC.

3.
Neurology ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024025

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the spatial patterns and the probable sequences of grey matter atrophy in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3). METHODS: A total of 47 patients with SCA3 and 49 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects participated in the study. High-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance images were examined in all participants. We used the causal network of structural covariance (CasCN) to identify the sequence of grey matter atrophy patterns. This was achieved by applying Granger causality analysis to a grey matter atrophy staging scheme performed by voxel-based morphometry from the network level. RESULTS: Participants in the premanifest stage of the disease showed the presence of focal grey matter atrophy in the vermis. As the disease duration increased, there was progressive grey matter atrophy in the cerebellar, the neostriatum, the frontal lobe, and the parietal lobe. The patients with SCA3 also showed proximal and distal cortical atrophy sequences exerting from the vermis to the regions mainly located in the cerebellum-neostriatum-cortical network. CONCLUSION: Our results, although preliminary in nature, indicate that the grey matter atrophy in SCA3 lies and extends to involve more regions according to distinct anatomical patterns, mainly in the cerebellum-neostriatum-cortical network. These findings advance our understanding on the natural history of structural damage in SCA3, while confirming known clinical features. This could provide unique insight into the ordered sequential process of regional brain atrophy that targets a particular network.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025439

RESUMO

Soil fumigation using 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) and chloropicrin (CP) is an important strategy for agriculture production; however, excessive emissions can cause air pollution and possible human exposure. In this study, solar light-driven CuInS2/ZnS:Al-TiO2 photocatalytic film was prepared through spin-coating on the flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrate of 0.1 mm. Using the photocatalytic film, degradation of 1,3-D was inhibited in the Pci-clor 60 formulation of 1,3-D and CP. However, the degradation of CP was accelerated in this formulation, and the half-life was shortened from 0.66 to 0.40 h. Emissions of 1,3-D from soil to the air were reduced by 97.30%, 97.17%, 47.10%, and 7.88%, for treatments of D + Film, D + C + Film, D + PET, and D, respectively. The efficiencies for reducing 1,3-D emission were significantly improved by about 1.1 and 11.3 times using the film, compared with using the PET alone and no film, respectively. Furthermore, fumigation effects on nematodes could still achieve higher than 90%. The findings provided a basis for the practical application of quantum dot films to reduce soil fumigants emissions by photocatalytic degradation.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047275

RESUMO

A novel cellulase-producing actinomycete strain Gxj-6T, isolated from soil in the cold region (Heihe city, Heilongjiang province, the northernmost part of China), subjected to a taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach. In the neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain Gxj-6T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of species of the genus Microbispora. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity studies exhibited that species Gxj-6T was most closely related to Microbispora bryophytorum NEAU-TX2-2T (99.45%), Microbispora fusca NEAU-HEGS1-5T (99.41%), Microbispora camponoti 2C-HV3T (99.31%) and Microbispora rosea subsp. rosea JCM 3006T (98.68%). Organism Gxj-6T contained MK-9(H2) as the predominant ubiquinone and C18:0 10-methyl as the major fatty acid. The major polar lipids of culture Gxj-6T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, three unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified glycolipids and two unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content of strain Gxj-6T was 71.25 mol%. The morphological and chemotaxonomic properties of the strain are also consistent with those members of the genus Microbispora. Combinated with the lower DNA-DNA relatedness values, phenotypic properties, physiology and biochemistry distinctiveness with other recognized species strains, revealed that strain Gxj-6T is separated from other phylogenetically closely species of the genus Microbispora. Therefore, strain Gxj-6T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Microbispora, for which the name Microbispora cellulosiformans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Gxj-6T (= CGMCC 4.7605T = DSM 109712T).

6.
Life Sci ; 262: 118509, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010280

RESUMO

Phosphoesterase complex (Pho), a major active component of barley malt, has been demonstrated to be clinically effective in relieving alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD), and several lines of evidence have suggested that microbial dysbiosis, caused by chronic alcohol overconsumption, plays a key role in the progression of AFLD. The current study aimed to investigate the modulatory effect of Pho on gut microflora. The microbiota diversity, determined via detection of the V4 region of 16S rDNA genes, was analyzed in rats fed the Lieber-Decarli diet. Gut permeability was evaluated via mucus layer staining. Dysbiosis-associated chronic inflammation was investigated by observing the expression of the following inflammatory molecules in the liver: tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL-1) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1ß). Pyrosequencing revealed that the gut microbiota in Pho-treated rats was different from that of AFLD rats at both the phylum and genus levels. In addition, Pho significantly alleviated dysbiosis-associated disruption of gut permeability and inflammation, increased mucus layer thickness and downregulated TNF-α, MCP-1, CXCL-1 and IL-1ß expression. In summary, the current results revealed that the microflora, gut barrier and chronic inflammation in AFLD may be modulated by Pho.

7.
J Oleo Sci ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055439

RESUMO

In this study, a new way to produce tofu with lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus casei L. casei) and salt coagulant (magnesium sulfate) has been developed and optimized in order to improve the quality characteristics and the storage stability. Processing parameters (bean-water ratio, inoculation amount, magnesium sulfate concentration and pressing time) of tofu were studied. Yield, water holding capacity (WHC), texture and sensory were measured for evaluating quality characteristics of tofu. Based on the single factor and response surface methodology (RSM), the optimized conditions of tofu were determined as follows: bean-water ratio was 1:4 g/mL, fermentation time was 5 h at 37°C when the inoculation amount was 4.0%, magnesium sulfate concentration was 2.0 mol/L and pressing time was 1 h. Under the optimum conditions, the yield of the tofu was 140.45 g, the WHC was 87.25 %, the hardness was 420.36 g, and the tofu had better sensory characteristics, soft, uniform texture, as well as good flavor. The shelf life and stability of tofu during storage were also evaluated under the optimum conditions. The results showed that fermented tofu had a longer shelf life than unfermented tofu at room temperature. Compared with the "pasteurization + low temperature" group and "low temperature" group, the fermented tofu in the "microwave + low temperature" group had a longer shelf life and better-quality properties during storage. Tofu, prepared by the lactic acid bacteria fermentation and salt coagulant, would be accepted as a new type of tofu according to its quality characteristics and storage stability.

8.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 7013-7034, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061365

RESUMO

Purpose: Gastric cancer stem cells (CSCs) are important for the initiation, growth, recurrence, and metastasis of gastric cancer, due to their chemo-resistance and indefinite proliferation. Herein, to eliminate gastric CSCs, we developed novel CSC-targeting glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1) small interfering RNA (siRNA) nanoparticles that are specifically guided by a di-stearoyl-phosphatidyl-ethanolamine- hyaluronic-acid (DSPE-HA) single-point conjugate, as an intrinsic ligand of the CD44 receptor. We refer to these as targeting Gli1 siRNA nanoparticles. Methods: We used the reductive amination reaction method for attaching amine groups of DSPE to aldehydic group of hyaluronic acid (HA) at the reducing end, to synthesize the DSPE-HA single-point conjugate. Next, targeting Gli1 siRNA nanoparticles were prepared using the layer-by-layer assembly method. We characterized the stem cellular features of targeting Gli1 siRNA nanoparticles, including their targeting efficiency, self-renewal capacity, the migration and invasion capacity of gastric CSCs, and the penetration ability of 3D tumor spheroids. Next, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of the targeting Gli1 siRNA nanoparticles by using in vivo relapsed tumor models of gastric CSCs. Results: Compared with the multipoint conjugates, DSPE-HA single-point conjugates on the surface of nanoparticles showed significantly higher binding affinities with CD44. The targeting Gli1 siRNA nanoparticles significantly decreased Gli1 protein expression, inhibited CSC tumor spheroid and colony formation, and suppressed cell migration and invasion. Furthermore, in vivo imaging demonstrated that targeting Gli1 siRNA nanoparticles accumulated in tumor tissues, showing significant antitumor recurrence efficacy in vivo. Conclusion: In summary, our targeting Gli1 siRNA nanoparticles significantly inhibited CSC malignancy features by specifically blocking Hedgehog (Hh) signaling both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that this novel siRNA delivery system that specifically eliminates gastric CSCs provides a promising targeted therapeutic strategy for gastric cancer treatment.

9.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 479, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic lumbar surgeries (PELS) for lumbar disc herniation and spinal stenosis are growing in popularity. However, there are some problems in the establishment of the working channel and foraminoplasty such as nerve and blood vessel injuries, more radiation exposure, and steeper learning curve. Rapid technological advancements have allowed robotic technology to assist surgeons in improving the accuracy and safety of surgeries. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a robot-assisted system for transforaminal PELS, which can provide navigation and foraminoplasty. METHODS: The robot-assisted system consists of three systems: preoperative planning system, navigation system, and foraminoplasty system. In the preoperative planning system, 3D visualization of the surgical segment and surrounding tissues are realized using the multimodal image fusion technique of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, and the working channel planning is carried out to reduce the risk for injury to vital blood vessels and nerves. In the navigation system, the robot can obtain visual perception ability from a visual receptor and automatically adjust the robotic platform and robot arm to the appropriate positions according to the patient's position and preoperative plan. In addition, the robot can automatically register the surgical levels through intraoperative fluoroscopy. After that, the robot will provide navigation using the 6 degree-of-freedom (DOF) robot arm according to the preoperative planning system and guide the surgeon to complete the establishment of the working channel. In the foraminoplasty system, according to the foraminoplasty planning in the preoperative planning system, the robot performs foraminoplasty automatically using the high speed burr at the end of the robot arm. The system can provide real-time feedback on the working status of the bur through multi-mode sensors such as multidimensional force, position, and acceleration. Finally, a prototype of the system is constructed and performance tests are conducted. DISCUSSION: Our study will develop a robot-assisted system to perform transforaminal PELS, and this robot-assisted system can also be used for other percutaneous endoscopic spinal surgeries such as interlaminar PELS and percutaneous endoscopic cervical and thoracic surgeries through further research. The development of this robot-assisted system can be of great significance. First, the robot can improve the accuracy and efficiency of endoscopic spinal surgeries. In addition, it can avoid multiple intraoperative fluoroscopies, minimize exposure to both patients and the surgical staff, shorten the operative time, and improve the learning curve of beginners, which is beneficial to the popularization of percutaneous endoscopic spinal surgeries.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078380

RESUMO

Under a "cocktail-party" environment with simultaneous multiple talkers, recognition of target speech is effectively improved by a number of perceptually unmasking cues. It remains unclear whether emotions embedded in the target-speaker's voice can either improve speech perception alone or interact with other cues facilitating speech perception against a masker background. This study used two target-speaker voices with different emotional valences to examine whether recognition of target speech is modulated by the emotional valence when the target speech and the maskers were perceptually co-located or separated. The results showed that both the speech recognition against the masker background and the separation-induced unmasking effect were higher for the target speaker with a negatively emotional voice than for the target speaker with a positively emotional voice. Moreover, when the negative voice was fear conditioned, the target-speech recognition was further improved against speech informational masking. These results suggested that the emotionally vocal unmasking cue interacts significantly with the perceived spatial-separation unmasking cue, facilitating the unmasking effect against a masking background. Thus, emotional features embedded in the target-speaker's vocal timbre are also useful for unmasking the target speech in "cocktail-party" environments.

11.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 192: 113632, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069964

RESUMO

Henagliflozin is a highly specific inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) proposed as a more efficient medication for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this work, henagliflozin metabolic profile was investigated in human plasma and urine samples using a newly developed high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC/Q-TOF MS) method. A total of 8 metabolites were observed, while the structures of four major metabolites, including M1 (O-deethylation metabolite), M5-1 (2-O-ß-glucuronide conjugate), M5-2 (6-O-ß-glucuronide conjugate), and M5-3 (3-O-ß-glucuronide conjugate) were confirmed in our study after comparison with the reference standards. The principal henagliflozin metabolic pathways were identified as glucuronidation and O-deethylation in humans. The principal form of henagliflozin in human plasma was parent drug, followed by M5-1; while it was M5-3 and M5-1 in urine. Subsequently, an accurate and simple LC-MS/MS method was developed for simultaneously determine M5-1, M5-2, and M5-3 in human plasma. After optimization of this method, three M5 isomers were successfully separated and quantified using chromatography. Acetonitrile-induced protein precipitation method was adapted for extracting the analytes from human plasma. Separation was conducted using Gemini C18 column under gradient elution with 5 mM aqueous ammonium acetate (A) and acetonitrile (B) mobile phases. Negative electrospray ionization was conducted using a selective reaction monitoring with the same transition of m/z 629→321 for detection of three M5 isomers. The method showed good linearities for M5-1, M5-2, and M5-3 within the range of 1.00-150 ng/mL, 0.500-75.0 ng/mL, and 1.00-150 ng/mL, respectively. Conclusively, the method has been applied successfully to assess phase I henagliflozin pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and providing effective safety evaluations.

12.
Environ Pollut ; 268(Pt A): 115722, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010547

RESUMO

The search for optimal catalysts to improve the working efficiency of ozonation has always been an important issue in the research field of advanced oxidation processes. In this study, a novel catalyst, ferrosilicon, was selected as the catalyst in heterogeneous catalytic ozonation to degrade ibuprofen (IBP) in water and treat real pharmaceutical wastewater. During the procedure, 45#ferrosilicon exhibited the best catalytic activity. Under the optimized experimental conditions, the IBP removal reached 75%, which was a great improvement compared to the 37% removal by ozone alone. The 45#-ferrosilicon-catalysed ozonation also achieved 68% TOC removal for real pharmaceutical wastewater, which was 31% higher than that by ozone alone. The degradation pathway of IBP was proposed using GC/MS. The EPR test proved that the main active species in the system were free active radicals •OH, and the measured accumulative •OH amount was 102 µmol. The characterization results show that the nascent metallic oxides, hydroxides, and hydroxyoxides on the ferrosilicon surface facilitated the decomposition of ozone molecules and generation of free active radicals. The removal of target organic contaminants in the water was mainly attributed to the oxidization of these highly active species.

13.
Hepatology ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Therapeutic, clinical trial entry and stratification decisions for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are made based on prognostic assessments, using clinical staging systems based on small numbers of empirically selected variables that insufficiently account for differences in biological characteristics of individual patients' disease. APPROACH & RESULTS: We propose a novel approach for constructing risk scores from circulating biomarkers that produce a global biological characterization of individual patient's disease. Plasma samples were collected prospectively from 767 HCC patients and 200 controls, and 317 proteins were quantified in a CLIA-certified biomarker testing laboratory. We constructed a circulating biomarker aberration score for each patient, a score between 0 and 1 measuring the degree of aberration of their biomarker panel relative to normal, that we call HepatoScore. We used log-rank tests to assess its ability to sub-stratify patients within existing staging systems/prognostic factors. To enhance clinical application, we constructed a single-sample score, HepatoScore-14, requiring only a subset of 14 representative proteins encompassing the global biological effects. HCC patients were split into 3 distinct groups with low, medium, and high HepatoScore with vastly different prognoses (mOS 38.2/18.3/7.1m; P<0.0001). Further, HepatoScore accurately sub-stratified patients within levels of existing prognostic factors and staging systems (P<0.0001 for nearly all), providing substantial and sometimes dramatic refinement of expected patient outcomes with strong therapeutic implications. These results were recapitulated by HepatoScore-14, rigorously validated in repeated training/test splits, concordant across Myriad RBM and ELISA kits, and established as an independent prognostic factor. CONCLUSIONS: HepatoScore-14 augments existing HCC staging systems, dramatically refining patient prognostic assessments and therapeutic decision making and enrollment in clinical trials. The novel underlying strategy provides a global biological characterization of disease, and can be applied broadly to other disease settings and biological media.

14.
Curr Med Sci ; 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980902

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the protective effects of the traditional Chinese Medicine formula Shenkang VII recipe (SK-7) on renal fibrosis and the mechanisms. Renal fibrosis was induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in rats. The rats were then divided into 5 groups: control group (Sham operation), UUO model group, UUO model plus low to high doses of SK-7 (0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 g/kg/day, for 14 days) groups. The animals were sacrificed on the 7th or 14th day. Kidney tissues were collected for histopathological examinations (hematoxylin and eosin and Masson's trichrome staining). Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of collagen type III (Col III), fibronectin (FN), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 2 (TIMP2), matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). The TGF-ß1/Smad, NF-κB and Sonic hedgehog signaling proteins were detected by Western blotting. Our results showed that SK-7 prevented UUO-induced renal injury and accumulation of collagen fibrils. Renal fibrosis biomarkers Col III, FN, α-SMA and TIMP2 were increased in the rats after UUO and decreased by SK-7, while MMP2 was upregulated after treatment. SK-7 also suppressed the levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß and MCP-1 in UUO rats. In addition, SK-7 inhibited activation of the TGF-ß/Smad, NF-κB and sonic hedgehog signaling (SHH) pathways. Taken together, these findings suggest that SK-7 may regulate the synthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix, reduce inflammation and suppress the proliferation of fibroblasts, by blocking the TGF-ß1/Smad, NF-κB and SHH signaling pathways to exert its anti-renal fibrosis effect in UUO rats.

15.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 254, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study intended to determine important genes related to the prognosis and recurrence of breast cancer. METHODS: Gene expression data of breast cancer patients were downloaded from TCGA database. Breast cancer samples with recurrence and death were defined as poor disease-free survival (DFS) group, while samples without recurrence and survival beyond 5 years were defined as better DFS group. Another gene expression profile dataset (GSE45725) of breast cancer was downloaded as the validation data. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened between better and poor DFS groups, which were then performed function enrichment analysis. The DEGs that were enriched in the GO function and KEGG signaling pathway were selected for cox regression analysis and Logit regression (LR) model analysis. Finally, correlation analysis between LR model classification and survival prognosis was analyzed. RESULTS: Based on the breast cancer gene expression profile data in TCGA, 540 DEGs were screened between better DFS and poor DFS groups, including 177 downregulated and 363 upregulated DEGs. A total of 283 DEGs were involved in all GO functions and KEGG signaling pathways. Through LR model screening, 10 important feature DEGs were identified and validated, among which, ABCA3, CCL22, FOXJ1, IL1RN, KCNIP3, MAP2K6, and MRPL13, were significantly expressed in both groups in the two data sets. ABCA3, CCL22, FOXJ1, IL1RN, and MAP2K6 were good prognostic factors, while KCNIP3 and MRPL13 were poor prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: ABCA3, CCL22, FOXJ1, IL1RN, and MAP2K6 may serve as good prognostic factors, while KCNIP3 and MRPL13 may be poor prognostic factors for the prognosis of breast cancer.

16.
J Neural Eng ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Visual perception decoding plays an important role in understanding our visual systems. Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have made great advances in predicting the visual content of the single stimulus from the evoked response. In this work, we proposed a novel framework to extend previous works by simultaneously decoding the temporal and category information of visual stimuli from fMRI activities. APPROACH: 3T fMRI data of five volunteers were acquired while they were viewing five categories of natural images with random presentation intervals. For each subject, we trained two classification-based decoding modules that were used to identify the occurrence time and semantic categories of the visual stimuli. In each module, we adopted the Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), which has proven to be highly effective for learning nonlinear representations from sequential data, for the analysis of the temporal dynamics of fMRI activity patterns. Finally, we integrated the two modules into a complete framework. MAIN RESULTS: The proposed framework shows promising decoding performance. The average decoding accuracy across five subjects was over 19 times the chance level. Moreover, we compared the decoding performance of the early visual cortex (eVC) and the high-level visual cortex (hVC). The comparison results indicated that both eVC and hVC participated in processing visual stimuli, but the semantic information of the visual stimuli was mainly represented in hVC. SIGNIFICANCE: The proposed framework advances the decoding of visual experiences and facilitates a better understanding of our visual functions.

17.
Interdiscip Sci ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914205

RESUMO

In China, Banxia Xiexin decoction (BXD) is applied to treat diabetic gastroparesis (DGP), but its key active ingredients and mechanisms against DGP are unclear. This study is designated to reveal the molecular mechanisms of BXD in treating DGP by adopting a creative approach known as network pharmacology to explore the active ingredients and therapeutic targets of BXD. In our study, 730 differentially expressed genes of DGP were obtained, and 30 potential targets of BXD against DGP were screened out (including ADRB2, DRD1, FOS, MMP9, FOSL1, FOSL2, JUN, MAP2, DRD2, MYC, F3, CDKN1A, IL6, NFKBIA, ICAM1, CCL2, SELE, DUOX2, MGAM, THBD, SERPINE1, ALOX5, CXCL11, CXCL2, CXCL10, RUNX2, CD40LG, C1QB, MCL1, and ADCYAP1). Based on the findings, BXD contains 60 compounds with therapeutic effect on DGP, including the key active ingredients such as quercetin, wogonin, baicalein, beta-sitosterol, and kaempferol. Sixty-eight pathways including TNF signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, and AGE-RAGE signaling pathway were significantly enriched. In this study, the mechanisms of BXD in treating DGP are affirmed to be a complex network with multi-target and multi-pathway, which provides a reference for future experimental studies.

18.
Stereotact Funct Neurosurg ; : 1-12, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain metastasis (BM) is the most common brain malignancy and a common cause of death in cancer patients. However, the relative outcome-related advantages and disadvantages of surgical resection (SR) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in the initial treatment of BM are controversial. METHOD: We systematically reviewed the English language literature up to March 2020 to compare the efficacy of SR and SRS in the initial treatment of BM. We identified cohort studies from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMBASE databases and conducted a meta-analysis following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Twenty cohort studies involving 1,809 patients were included. Local control did not significantly differ between the SR and SRS groups overall (hazard ratio [HR] 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64-1.64, p = 0.92; I2 = 54%, p = 0.03) or in subgroup analyses of SR plus SRS vs. SRS alone, SR plus whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) versus SRS plus WBRT, or SR plus WBRT versus SRS alone. Distant intracranial control did not significantly differ between the SR and SRS groups overall (HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.38-1.60, p = 0.49; I2 = 61%, p = 0.03) or in subgroup analyses of SR plus SRS versus SRS alone or SR plus WBRT versus SRS alone. In addition, overall survival (OS) did not significantly differ in the SR and SRS groups (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.65-1.27, p = 0.57; I2 = 47%, p = 0.09) or in subgroup analyses of SR plus SRS versus SRS alone, SR plus WBRT versus SRS alone or SR plus WBRT versus SRS plus WBRT. CONCLUSION: Initial treatment of BM with SRS may offer comparable local and distant intracranial control to SR in patients with single or solitary BM. OS did not significantly differ between the SR and SRS groups in people with single or solitary BM.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909433

RESUMO

Lateral homojunctions made of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials are promising for optoelectronic and electronic applications. Here, we report the lateral WSe2-WSe2 homojunction photodiodes formed spontaneously by thickness modulation in which there are unique band structures of a unilateral depletion region. The electrically tunable junctions can be switched from n-n to p-p diodes, and the corresponding rectification ratio increases from about 1 to 1.2 × 104. In addition, an obvious photovoltaic behavior is observed at zero gate voltage, which exhibits a large open voltage of 0.49 V and a short-circuit current of 0.125 nA under visible light irradiation. In addition, due to the unilateral depletion region, the diode can achieve a high detectivity of 4.4 × 1010 Jones and a fast photoresponse speed of 0.18 ms at Vg = 0 and Vds = 0. The studies not only demonstrated the great potential of the lateral homojunction photodiodes for a self-power photodetector but also allowed for the development of other functional devices, such as a nonvolatile programmable diode for logic rectifiers.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967043

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), defined as tuberculosis (TB) resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampicin, is a major concern of TB control worldwide. However, the diagnosis of MDR-TB remains a huge challenge to its prevention and control. To identify new diagnostic methods for MDR-TB, a mass spectrometry strategy of data-independent acquisition and parallel reaction monitoring was used to detect and validate differential serum proteins. The bioinformatic analysis showed that the functions of differential serum proteins between the MDR-TB group and the drug-sensitive tuberculosis group were significantly correlated to the complement coagulation cascade, surface adhesion and extracellular matrix receptor interaction, suggesting a disorder of coagulation in TB. Here, we identified three potential candidate biomarkers such as sCD14, PGLYRP2 and FGA, and established a diagnostic model using these three candidate biomarkers with a sensitivity of 81.2%, a specificity of 90% and the area under the curve value of 0.934 in receiver operation characteristics curve to diagnose MDR-TB. Our study has paved the way for a novel method to diagnose MDR-TB and may contribute to elucidate the mechanisms underlying MDR-TB.

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