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1.
Gene ; 806: 145928, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455027

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 Family 19 (CYP19) is a crucial enzyme to catalyze the conversion of androgens to estrogens. However, the regulatory mechanism of goose CYP19 gene remains poorly understood. The present study attempted to obtain the full-length coding sequence (CDS) and 5'-flanking sequence of CYP19 gene, to investigate its expression and distribution profiles in different sized follicles, and to analyze the transcriptional regulatory mechanism of CYP19 gene in goose. Results showed that its CDS consisted of 1512 nucleotides and the encoded amino acid sequence contained a classical P450 structural domain. Homology analysis showed that there were high homologies of nucleotide and amino acid sequences between goose and other avian species. Its promoter sequence spanned from -1925 bp to the transcription start site (ATG) and several transcriptional factors were predicted in this region. Further analysis from luciferase assay showed that the luciferase activity was the highest spanning from -118 to -1 bp by constructing deletion promoter reporter vector. In addition, result from quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction indicated that the mRNA level of CYP19 gene were highly expressed in theca layer of the fifth largest follicle, and the cellular location was in the theca externa cells by immunohistochemistry. Taken together, it could be concluded that the transcription activity of CYP19 gene was activated by transcriptional factors in its proximal region of promoter to promote the synthesis of estrogens, regulating the selection of pre-hierarchical into hierarchical follicle in goose.


Assuntos
Proteínas Aviárias/genética , Família 19 do Citocromo P450/genética , Gansos/genética , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Transcrição Genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas Aviárias/metabolismo , Família 19 do Citocromo P450/metabolismo , Feminino , Gansos/classificação , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Filogenia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sítio de Iniciação de Transcrição
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20430, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650176

RESUMO

Grain filling is the key stage for achieving high grain yield. Subsoiling tillage, as an effective conservation tillage, has been widely used in the maize planting region of China. This study was conducted to explore the effects of subsoiling on the grain filling characteristics of maize varieties of different eras. Five typical maize varieties from different eras (1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s and 2010s) were used as experimental materials with two tillage modalities (rotation tillage and subsoiling tillage). The characteristic parameters (Tmax: the time when the maximum grouting rate was reached, Wmax: the grain weight at the maximum filling rate, Rmax: the maximum grouting rate, P: the active grouting stage, Gmean: the average grouting rate; A: the ultimate growth mass) and rate parameters (T1: the grain filling duration of the gradually increasing stage, V1: the average grain filling rate of the gradually increasing stage, T2: he grain filling duration of the rapidly increasing stage, V2: the average grain filling rate of the rapidly increasing stage, T3: the grain filling duration of the slowly increasing stage, V3: the average grain filling rate of the slowly increasing stage) of grain filling of two tillage modalities were analyzed and compared. The results showed that the filling parameters closely correlated with the 100-kernel weight were significantly different among varieties from different eras, and the grain filling parameters of the 2010s variety were better than those of the other varieties, the P and Tmax prolonged by 4.06-19.25%, 5.88-27.53% respectively, the Rmax and Gmean improved by 5.68-14.81%, 4.76-12.82% and the Wmax increased by 10.14-32.58%. Moreover, the 2010s variety helped the V2 and V3 increase by 6.49-13.89%, 4.55-15.00%. In compared with rotation tillage, the grain yield of maize varieties from different eras increased by 4.28-7.15% under the subsoiling condition, while the 100-kernel weight increased by 3.53-5.06%. Under the same contrast conditions, subsoiling improved the Rmax, Wmax and Gmean by 1.23-4.86%, 4.01-5.96%, 0.25-2.50% respectively, delayed the Tmax by 4.04-5.80% and extended the P by 1.19-4.03%. These differences were major reasons for the significant increases in 100-kernel dry weight under the subsoiling condition. Moreover, subsoiling enhanced the V2 and V3 by 0.70-4.29%, 0.00-2.44%. The duration of each filling stage and filling rate of maize varieties from different eras showed different responses to subsoiling. Under the subsoiling condition, the average filling rate of the 1970-2010s varieties were improved by 1.18%, 0.34%, 0.57%, 1.57% and 2.69%. In the rapidly increasing period, the grain filling rate parameters of the 2010s variety were more sensitive to subsoiling than those of the other varieties. The rapidly increasing and slowly increasing period are the key period of grain filling. Since the 2010s variety and subsoiling all improve the grain filling rate parameters of two periods, we suggest that should select the variety with higher grain filling rate in the rapidly increasing and slowly increasing period, and combine subsoiling measures to improve the grain filling characteristic parameters of maize in production, so as to achieve the purpose of increasing 100 grain weight and yield.

3.
Life Sci ; 286: 120027, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627778

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) caused by paraquat remains a critical issue, and the molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is regarded as a hallmark of PF, conferring alveolar epithelial cells partial mesenchymal characteristics, facilitating migration, expressing excessive extracellular matrix components, and participating in lung parenchyma remodeling and stiffening. Aberration of Wnt signaling has been identified in EMT and PF, and Wnt protein family consists of 19 ligands. The relationship of the specific Wnt ligands and fibrogenesis induced by PQ was not well defined. In current study, PQ-induced lung fibrosis rat model and EMT cell model were utilized to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms both in vivo and in vitro. The results demonstrated that canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signaling was highly activated and Wnt10b was the most affected. Additionally, suppression of Wnt10b by RNA interference could reverse EMT in vitro and detain the process of PF in vivo. These data establish Wnt10b as the key regulator of EMT and lung fibrogenesis, and suggest the potential of targeted interference against Wnt10b as a promising therapeutic strategy for lung fibrosis.

4.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; : 1-11, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649241

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is the leading global cause of mortality. The occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD) is regulated by a diversity of pathways, including circRNAs. However, the potential mechanisms of circRNAs in CAD remain unclear. Here, qRT-PCR was used to examine the expressions of miR-149 and circ_ROBO2. Their influences on cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis were measured by CCK-8, trans-well, and flow cytometry assays, respectively. The protein levels of p-IκBα and NF-κB p65 were examined using western blot. The molecular interactions were validated using dual luciferase reporter and RNA pull-down assays. The expression patterns of circ_ROBO2 and miR-149 in CAD patients and PDGF-BB-treated human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) were upregulated and downregulated, respectively. Knockdown of circ_ROBO2 could markedly inhibit the capabilities of proliferation and migration, enhance the apoptotic rate, and suppress NF-κB signaling in PDGF-BB-treated HASMCs. Mechanistically, circ_ROBO2 acted as a sponge of miR-149 to activate TRAF6/NF-κB signaling. Rescue studies demonstrated that neither silencing miR-149 nor activation of NF-κB signaling obviously abolished the biological roles of circ_ROBO2 knockdown in PDGF-BB treated-HASMCs. This discovery elucidated a functional mechanism of circ_ROBO2 in CAD, suggesting that circRNAs serve a vital role in the progression of CAD.

5.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown conflicting results on the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) for patients with COVID-19, with many confounders of clinical status and limited duration of the observation. Here, we evaluate the real-world long-term efficacy of TCZ in COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of hospitalized adult patients with COVID-19 using a large US-based multicenter COVID-19 database (Cerner Real-World Data; updated in September, 2020). The TCZ group was defined as patients who received at least one dose of the drug. Matching weight (MW) and a propensity score weighting method were used to balance confounding factors. RESULTS: A total of 20,399 patients were identified. 1,510 and 18,899 were in the TCZ and control groups, respectively. After MW adjustment, no statistically significant differences in all-cause mortality were found for the TCZ vs. control group (Hazard Ratio [HR]:0.76, p=0.06). Survival curves suggested a better trend in short-term observation, driven from a subgroup of patients requiring oxygen masks, BIPAP or CPAP. CONCLUSION: We observed a temporal (early) benefit of TCZ, especially in patients on non-invasive high-flow supplemental oxygen. However, the benefit effects faded with longer observation. The long-term benefits and risks of TCZ should be carefully evaluated with follow-up studies.

6.
Front Immunol ; 12: 711980, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34594327

RESUMO

Regulatory B cells (Breg) are considered as immunosuppressive cells. Different subsets of Breg cells have been identified both in human beings and in mice. However, there is a lack of unique markers to identify Breg cells, and the heterogeneity of Breg cells in different organs needs to be further illuminated. In this study, we performed high-throughput single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and single-cell B-cell receptor sequencing (scBCR-seq) of B cells from the murine spleen, liver, mesenteric lymph nodes, bone marrow, and peritoneal cavity to better define the phenotype of these cells. Breg cells were identified based on the expression of immunosuppressive genes and IL-10-producing B (B10) cell-related genes, to define B10 and non-B10 subsets in Breg cells based on the score of the B10 gene signatures. Moreover, we characterized 19 common genes significantly expressed in Breg cells, including Fcrl5, Zbtb20, Ccdc28b, Cd9, and Ptpn22, and further analyzed the transcription factor activity in defined Breg cells. Last, a BCR analysis was used to determine the clonally expanded clusters and the relationship of Breg cells across different organs. We demonstrated that Atf3 may potentially modulate the function of Breg cells as a transcription factor and that seven organ-specific subsets of Breg cells are found. Depending on gene expression and functional modules, non-B10 Breg cells exhibited activated the TGF-ß pathway, thus suggesting that non-B10 Breg cells have specific immunosuppressive properties different from conventional B10 cells. In conclusion, our work provides new insights into Breg cells and illustrates their transcriptional profiles and BCR repertoire in different organs under physiological conditions.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e2106537, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614261

RESUMO

Bipolar junction transistor (BJT), one important circuit element in the integrated circuits, is now widely used in high-speed computation and communication for its capability of high-power signal amplification. 2D materials and their heterostructures are promising in building high-amplification and high-frequency BJTs because they can be naturally thin and highly designable in tailoring components properties. However, currently the low emitter injection efficiency results in only moderate current gain achieved in the pioneer researches, severely restraining its future development. Herein, we show an elaborately designed double heterojunction bipolar transistor (DHBT) can greatly promote the injection efficiency, improving the current gain by order of magnitude. In this DHBT we use high-doping-density wide-bandgap 2D Cu9 S5 as emitter and narrow-bandgap PtS2 as base. This heterostructure efficiently suppress the current ratio of reverse electron flux from base and increase the injection efficiency. By exploiting this high injection efficiency, our DHBT experimentally achieves an excellent common-base current gain (α = ~0.996) and common-emitter current gain (ß = ~910). This work systematically explores the electrical behavior of 2D materials based DHBT, and provides deep insight of the architecture design for building high gain DHBT, which may promote the applications of 2D-materials based heterojunctions in the fields of integrated circuits. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 3479208, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630981

RESUMO

The combination of education and artificial intelligence is the developmental direction of future educational systems. Through the participation of artificial intelligence, an educational system with sensibility and computer rationality can be created. Albeit the advantages and importance of this education system are beyond doubt, nevertheless, at present, the combination of artificial intelligence and education is still in its infancy. This is because the theoretical application, equipment research, and development are neither perfect nor up to the required standard. The research points out the reality that artificial intelligence technology has been widely used in sports and analyzes the specific application of artificial intelligence in sports. In this paper, the knowledge of artificial intelligence is combined with the physical training and teaching in colleges and universities, and an educational system is developed to guide teachers' and students' training, which improves the teaching quality and training efficiency.

9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 684605, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34594323

RESUMO

Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) have been widely exploited in several industrial domains as well as our daily life, raising concern over their potential adverse effects. While in general ENMs do not seem to have detrimental effects on immunity or induce severe inflammation, their indirect effects on immunity are less known. In particular, since the gut microbiota has been tightly associated with human health and immunity, it is possible that ingested ENMs could affect intestinal immunity indirectly by modulating the microbial community composition and functions. In this perspective, we provide a few pieces of evidence and discuss a possible link connecting ENM exposure, gut microbiota and host immune response. Some experimental works suggest that excessive exposure to ENMs could reshape the gut microbiota, thereby modulating the epithelium integrity and the inflammatory state in the intestine. Within such microenvironment, numerous microbiota-derived components, including but not limited to SCFAs and LPS, may serve as important effectors responsible of the ENM effect on intestinal immunity. Therefore, the gut microbiota is implicated as a crucial regulator of the intestinal immunity upon ENM exposure. This calls for including gut microbiota analysis within future work to assess ENM biocompatibility and immunosafety. This also calls for refinement of future studies that should be designed more elaborately and realistically to mimic the human exposure situation.

10.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1184: 339053, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625259

RESUMO

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a promising multi-elemental analysis technique and has the advantages of rapidness and minimal sample preparation. In traditional LIBS measurement, sample spectra are generally collected based on a single set of fixed experimental parameters, such as laser energy and delay time. When samples have the same main components and similar component concentrations, the difference in their spectral intensities becomes less obvious. This can lower the sensitivity of LIBS measurement and pose a threat to the accuracy and robustness of LIBS qualitative analysis. In this work, we propose a new method to increase the spectral difference between similar samples, namely multiple-setting spectra. For each sample, it adopts different sets of experimental parameters and obtains a group of spectra to increase the fingerprint spectral information. The effectiveness of the proposed method is theoretically verified and then tested on 11 similar coal samples. Specifically, the sample spectra were collected with different laser energy and delay time, and processed by principal component analysis (PCA) and Davies-Bouldin index (DBI). The results show that the use of multiple-settings spectra can significantly improve the sample discrimination accuracy from 81.8% to 96.4%. In addition, the proposed method can maintain the efficiency and cost of LIBS measurement.


Assuntos
Lasers , Análise de Componente Principal , Análise Espectral
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127034, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481393

RESUMO

A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified by a hybrid, macroporous carbon (MPC) functionalized with triazine bridged covalent organic polycalix[4]arenes (CalCOP) (CalCOP-MPC), has been fabricated and utilized for simultaneous detection of nitrophenols (NP). The obtained CalCOP-MPC were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which confirmed that MPC had functionalized with CalCOP successfully. Benefiting from the synergistic supramolecular effect of macrocyclic receptor of CalCOP and the excellent electrical properties of MPC, the anodic peaks of o-nitrophenol (o-NP), m-nitrophenol (m-NP), and p-nitrophenol (p-NP) in their mixture can be well separated by the prepared electrode. Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) measurements at CalCOP-MPC/GCE revealed that the linear ranges of NP isomers were all 1-400 µM, and the detection limit limits were 0.383 µM, 0.122 µM, and 0.212 µM for o-NP, m-NP, and p-NP, respectively. Moreover, the prepared modified electrodes showed a relatively good selectivity and stability, implying the prospect for detecting NP in real environmental samples.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17746, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493780

RESUMO

Bullous pemphigoid (BP), the most frequent blistering dermatosis in the elderly, is associated with increased mortality. The severity of BP can be assessed by detecting the anti-BP180 immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration, but the lab test is not available in many community clinics. BP patients are usually in a hypercoagulable state with increased levels of D-dimer and fibrin degradation products (FDPs). We aimed to evaluate the use of D-dimer and FDPs in assessing BP severity. We compared the levels of plasma D-dimer, plasma FDPs, eosinophil counts, eosinophil cationic protein, and serum anti-BP180 IgG concentration between 48 typical BP patients and 33 Herpes zoster (HZ) patients (control group). Correlational analyses were conducted to determine the relationships between the lab values and common BP severity markers. The plasma D-dimer and FDP levels were higher in BP patients than in HZ controls (D-dimer: 3297 ± 2517 µg/L vs. 569.70 ± 412.40 µg/L; FDP: 9.74 ± 5.88 mg/L vs. 2.02 ± 1.69 mg/L, respectively, P < 0.0001). Significant positive correlations were found between D-dimer/FDP levels and BP severity markers (i.e. anti-BP180 IgG concentration [D-dimer: r = 0.3928, P = 0.0058; FDP: r = 0.4379, P = 0.0019] and eosinophil counts [D-dimer: r = 0.3625, P = 0.0013; FDP: r = 0.2880, P = 0.0472]) in BP patients. We also found an association between FDP and urticaria/erythema lesions (r = 0.3016, P = 0.0372), but no other BPDAI components. In 19 BP patients with complete remission after systemic glucocorticoid treatment, D-dimer and FDP levels decreased post-therapy (D-dimer: 5559 ± 7492 µg/L vs. 1738 ± 1478 µg/L; P < 0.0001; FDP: 11.20 ± 5.88 mg/L vs. 5.13 ± 3.44 mg/L; P = 0.0003), whereas they did not in BP patients with treatment resistant. Plasma D-dimer and FDP are convenient markers to evaluate BP severity assistant on BPDAI and eosinophil counts. FDP is also helpful for inflammatory lesions in BP patients.

13.
Drug Dev Res ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499759

RESUMO

Bevacizumab (BV) has an inhibitory effect on tumor growth including lung adenocarcinoma. However, its efficacy is greatly affected by drug resistance. Astragaloside IV (AST-IV) is effective in combination with other drugs is effective to treat cancer. This study aimed to investigate the effect of AST-IV on enhancing the sensibility of lung adenocarcinoma cells to BV. A549 cells were treated by different concentrations of BV and AST-IV. Cell viability, cell cycle, and apoptosis were detected by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry, respectively. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting were performed to detect the expression levels of autophagy- and apoptosis-related proteins, protein kinase B (AKT), and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). The results showed that BV or AST-IV could inhibit the viability and promote the apoptosis of A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, BV or AST-IV inhibited Bcl-2 expression and increased the expressions of Bax and Cleaved caspase-3, and promoted apoptosis. BV and AST-IV in combination acted synergistically on viability and apoptosis of A549 cells. However, BV alone down-regulated P62 expression, LC3I/LC3II level, the number of cells arrested at S phase and the phosphorylation levels of AKT and mTOR, but upregulated the number of cells arrested at G0/G1 phase and Beclin1 expression, whereas AST-IV alone could reverse the effect of BV on autophagy-related proteins, the phosphorylation levels of AKT and mTOR. This paper demonstrates that AST-IV enhances the effect of BV on inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma cells through inhibiting autophagy pathway.

14.
Eur J Neurosci ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494695

RESUMO

Detection of transient changes in interaural correlation is based on the temporal precision of the central representations of acoustic signals. Whether schizophrenia impairs the temporal precision in the interaural correlation process is not clear. In both participants with schizophrenia and matched healthy-control participants, this study examined the detection of a break in interaural correlation (BIC, a change in interaural correlation from 1 to 0 and back to 1), including the longest interaural delay at which a BIC was just audible, representing the temporal extent of the primitive auditory memory (PAM). Moreover, BIC-induced electroencephalograms (EEGs) and the relationships between the early binaural psychoacoustic processing and higher cognitive functions, which were assessed by the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), were examined. The results showed that compared to healthy controls, participants with schizophrenia exhibited poorer BIC detection, PAM and RBANS score. Both the BIC-detection accuracy and the PAM extent were correlated with the RBANS score. Moreover, participants with schizophrenia showed weaker BIC-induced N1-P2 amplitude which was correlated with both theta-band power and inter-trial phase coherence. These results suggested that schizophrenia impairs the temporal precision of the central representations of acoustic signals, affecting both interaural correlation processing and higher-order cognitions.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 126081, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492899

RESUMO

An anaerobic biofilm reactor was used to pretreat a typical municipal solid waste landfill leachate. It was challenging to remove Fe, Pb, and Ni to meet the discharge-to-sewer standards at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) typically used in previous studies. This work further systematically studied the factors that limited the metal removal. The HRT limited metal removal because the required metal sulfides precipitation time was more than 3.5 times of the HRT. Sulfide availability only slightly limited the metal removal since adding sulfate above the stoichiometric requirement improved the metal removal by only 5-11%. Via experiments combined with modeling, it was found that metal bisulfide was the dominant complex that limited Fe removal, but humic acids-metal complex was the dominant complex that limited the removal of Pb and Ni. When the total dissolved sulfide concentration is <18 mg/L, humic substances are more limiting the removal of the three metals than bisulfide. On the other hand, when the total dissolved sulfide concentration is >250 mg/L, bisulfide is more limiting than humic substances.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Anaerobiose , Substâncias Húmicas , Metais Pesados/análise , Resíduos Sólidos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
17.
Future Oncol ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519220

RESUMO

Aims: To determine how consistently Chinese glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients were treated according to the Stupp regimen. Patients and methods: The proportion of treatments conforming to the Stupp regimen and reasons for nonconformity were evaluated in 202 newly diagnosed GBM patients. Results: Only 15.8% of GBM patients received treatments compliant with the Stupp regimen. The main deviations were temozolomide dosages >75 mg/m2 (58/120; 48.3%) and treatment durations <42 days (84/120; 70.0%) in the concomitant phase and temozolomide dosages <150 mg/m2 (89/101; 88.1%) in the maintenance phase. Median overall survival (27.09 vs 18.21 months) and progression-free survival (14.27 vs 12.10 months) were longer in patients who received Stupp regimen-compliant treatments. Conclusion: Increased conformity to the Stupp regimen is needed for GBM patients in China.

18.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(8): 8797-8807, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CSF rhinorrhea is a type of CSF leakage caused by an aseptic abnormal passage between the subarachnoid space and the adjacent sinus and nasal cavity due to a cranial dural defect. At present, the value of computed tomography cisternography (CTC) in locating CSF rhinorrhea has been widely recognized, and magnetic resonance hydrography (MRH), as a heavy T2-weighted water imaging, plays a pivotal role in showing the location of the leak. In this paper, we retrospectively summarize the imaging manifestations seen at our hospital of patients with clinically confirmed CSF rhinorrhea at the skull base and evaluate the diagnostic value of different imaging methods in the localization of CSF rhinorrhea by means of preoperative imaging analysis using CTC and MRH. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with CSF rhinorrhea admitted to our department from October 2016 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients' conventional CT, CTC, and MRH imaging data were compared, and the location of the leak determined preoperatively matched the location of the leak found during surgery. Moreover, there was no recurrence during the follow-up period of 4 months to 3 years. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences between the diagnostic positivity rate of CTC and spiral CT (χ2=16.755, P<0.00), and between the diagnostic positivity rate of cranial MRH and spiral CT (χ2=6.338, 6.338=0.01), and no statistically significant difference between the diagnostic positivity rate of CTC and cranial MRH (χ2=2.625, P=0.1). CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of imaging techniques has important practical significance for the proper treatment and prognostic evaluation of CSF rhinorrhea. CTC has the highest positive rate for the diagnosis of CSF rhinorrhea, followed by MRH, while spiral CT is safer. CTC and MRH can promote the diagnostic rate in determining the location of CSF rhinorrhea, and selective combined application can be an important guide to surgery.


Assuntos
Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Rinorreia , Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(8): 663-70, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472751

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on the autonomic nerve function in a rat model of functional dyspepsia (FD), so as to explore the mechanism of taVNS underlying regulation of FD. METHODS: SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group(n=8) and FD model group(n=26).The FD model was replicated with iodoacetamide gavage. The FD model rats were randomly divided into model, taVNS, sham-taVNS and Zusanli(ST36) groups, with 6 rats in each group. Rats in the taVNS group received electrical stimulation of auricular concha,while the sham-taVNS group received no electrical stimulation and rats in the ST36 group received stimulation at ST36 for 30 min once daily for 14 consecutive days. Cervical trapezius electromyography score and abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) score were used to evaluate gastric sensitivity. Histopathological changes of the gastric antrum tissue were observed under microscope after H.E. staining. Autonomic nerve function in rats was recorded and assessed by heart rate variability(HRV). The content of acetylcholine (Ach) and the expression of Ach receptor M3R in gastric antrum was detect by ELISA and Western blot, separately. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the cervical trapezius electromyography and AWR scores of the model group increased (P<0.01, P<0.001), and there was no erosion in the gastric antral mucosa and muscle layer. The high-frequency power (HF) in HRV decreased (P<0.05), the ratio of low-frequency power/high-frequency power (LF/HF) increased (P<0.001), and the Ach content and its receptor M3R expression in gastric antrum tissue decreased (P<0.05). Following interventions, the cervical trapezius electromyography and AWR scores decreased (P<0.01,P<0.001, P<0.05), HF in HRV increased and LF/HF decreased(P<0.01,P<0.05,P<0.001), and the content of Ach in gastric antrum tissue and the expression of its receptor M3R increased (P<0.01, P<0.05) in both taVNS and ST36 groups relevant to the model group. CONCLUSION: taVNS can increase the activity of the vagus nerve and regulate the balance of the autonomic nerve function, which may be one of the mechanisms of taVNS in reducing the gastric sensitivity of rats with FD. In regulating the vagus nerve function, taVNS and acupuncture at ST36 acupoint have the similar effects.


Assuntos
Dispepsia , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Estimulação do Nervo Vago , Animais , Dispepsia/terapia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nervo Vago
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542142

RESUMO

The adsorption and dissociation of phosgene (COCl2) molecules on three kinds of rutile TiO2(110) surfaces (stoichiometric: TiO2-Sto; oxygen defective: TiO2-Ov; and substoichiometric: TiO1.875) were investigated based on density functional theory calculations. The nature of interactions between the COCl2 molecule and rutile TiO2(110) surfaces with different degrees of reduction was researched by the analysis of geometries, electron density difference, adsorption energies and density of states (DOS). Computational results show that COCl2 indicates instability and will dissociate directly without the presence of transition states on a substoichiometric TiO1.875(110) surface. The adsorption and dissociation behavior of COCl2 on the rutile surface is not only helpful in providing theoretical support for the clean and efficient degradation of COCl2, but also helpful in elucidating the role of COCl2 as an intermediate product in the carbochlorination of titanium ore.

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