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1.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 225: 116251, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701867

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the main histological subtype of primary liver cancer and remains one of the most common solid malignancies globally. Ferroptosis was recently defined as an iron-catalyzed form of regulated necrosis. Because cancer cells exhibit higher iron requirements than noncancer cells, treatment with ferroptosis-inducing compounds may be a feasible strategy for cancer therapy. However, cancer cells develop acquired resistance to evade ferroptosis, and the mechanisms responsible for ferroptosis resistance are not fully clarified. In the current study, we reported that DDX39B was downregulated during sorafenib-induced ferroptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Exogenous introduction of DDX39B ensured the survival of HCC cells upon exposure to sorafenib, while the opposite phenomenon was observed in DDX39B-silenced HCC cells. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that DDX39B increased GPX4 levels by promoting the splicing and cytoplasmic translocation of GPX4 pre-mRNA, which was sufficient to detoxify sorafenib-triggered excess lipid ROS production, lipid peroxidation accumulation, ferrous iron levels, and mitochondrial damage. Inhibition of DDX39B ATPase activity by CCT018159 repressed the splicing and cytoplasmic export of GPX4 pre-mRNA and synergistically assisted sorafenib-induced ferroptotic cell death in HCC cells. Taken together, our data uncover a novel role for DDX39B in ferroptosis resistance by modulating the maturation of GPX4 mRNA via a posttranscriptional approach and suggest that DDX39B inhibition may be a promising therapeutic strategy to enhance the sensitivity and vulnerability of HCC cells to sorafenib.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Both age and CYP2C19 genotypes affect voriconazole plasma concentration; the interaction of age and CYP2C19 genotypes on voriconazole plasma concentration remains unknown. This study aims to investigate the combined effects of age and CYP2C19 genotypes on voriconazole plasma concentration in Chinese patients. METHODS: A total of 480 patients who received voriconazole treatment were recruited. CYP2C19*2 (rs4244285) and CYP2C19*3 (rs4986893) polymorphisms were genotyped. Patients were divided into the young and the elderly groups by age of 60 years old. Influence of CYP2C19 genotype on steady-state trough concentration (Css-min) in overall patients and in age subgroups was analyzed. RESULTS: Voriconazole Css-min correlated positively with age, and mean voriconazole Css-min was significantly higher in the elderly group (P < 0.001). CYP2C19 poor metabolizers showed significantly increased mean voriconazole Css-min in the young but not the elderly group. The percentage of patients with subtherapeutic voriconazole Css-min (<1.0 mg/l) was higher in the young group and that of supratherapeutic voriconazole Css-min (>5.5 mg/l) was higher in the elderly patients. When the average Css-min in the CYP2C19 normal metabolizer genotype was regarded as a reference, CYP2C19 genotypes showed greater impact on voriconazole Css-min in the young group, while the influence of age on voriconazole Css-min exceeded CYP2C19 genotypes in the elderly. CONCLUSION: CYP2C19 genotypes affects voriconazole exposure is age dependent. Influence of CYP2C19 poor metabolizer genotype on increased voriconazoleexposure is prominent in the young, while age is a more important determinant factor for increased voriconazole exposure in the elderly patients.

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4.
Curr Res Food Sci ; 8: 100747, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708099

RESUMO

Meat analogs are anticipated to alleviate environmental and animal welfare concerns as the demand for meat rises. High moisture extrusion is commonly employed to produce meat analogs, and its flavor could influence consumers' choice. To improve the development and market demand of extruded meat analogs, flavor precursors and natural spices have been used in high moisture extrusion process to directly improve the flavor profile of extruded meat analogs. Although there have been many studies on the flavor of high moisture extruded meat analogs, flavor composition and influencing factors have not been summarized. Thus, this review systematically provides the main pleasant and unpleasant flavor-active substances with 79 compounds, as well as descriptive the influence of flavor-active compounds, chemical reactions (such as lipid oxidation and the Maillard reaction), and fiber structure formation (based on extrusion process, extrusion parameters, and raw materials) on flavor of extruded meat analogs. Flavor evaluation of extruded meat analogs will toward multiple assessment methods to fully and directly characterize the flavor of extruded meat analogs, especially machine learning techniques may help to predict and regulate the flavor characteristics of extruded meat analogs.

5.
ACS Omega ; 9(17): 19320-19333, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708228

RESUMO

Effective dust removal has long been a challenge in the blasting mining of underground metal mine tunnels, and uncontrolled dust diffusion seriously endangers workers' respiratory systems and the underground space safety environment. However, the vast majority of existing numerical studies on dust diffusion are focused on coal mine fully mechanized mining, which is different from metal mine blasting excavation in terms of stope structure and dust properties. Furthermore, the mechanism by which the forced and exhaust ventilation modes affect the diffusion characteristics of inhalable particles is unclear. In this work, gas-solid flow characteristics for dust diffusion in a typical metal mine blasting tunnel were numerically investigated based on the Euler-Lagrange method, where the blasting face instantly released 6.37 × 107 particles with 100 different sizes, ranging from 0.8 to 200 µm. The interphase forces between airflow and dust particles are comprehensively modeled, and the particle diffusion effect caused by fluid turbulence is described by a discrete random walk model. Detailed information for airflow turbulence and particle migration was revealed, and dust removal efficiencies for inhalable particulate matter (PM10) by forced, exhaust, and hybrid ventilation were analyzed. Numerical results predict a complex airflow pattern in the working roadway, including the jet-flow region, return airflow core region, airflow disorder region, and secondary flow region. Dust diffusion temporal characteristics can be divided into three stages, namely, the initial stage of dust generation, the efficient ventilation and dust removal stage, and the later stage of dust diffusion. Dust diffusion spatial characteristics indicate that under the Coanda wall attachment effect, the dust concentration exhibits nonuniform distribution in both vertical and horizontal directions of the return air roadway. The dust removal efficiency of hybrid ventilation on inhalable particles above respiratory height is better than that of forced ventilation, especially in the return air roadway. The additional exhaust air duct based on forced ventilation can discharge more inhalable particles from the tunnel.

6.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 111: 131-137, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703972

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze the correlation of carotid stenosis severity, the Plaque Reporting and Data System (RADS) score, arterial transit artifacts (ATAs), and cerebral blood flow (CBF) with clinical cerebral ischemic symptoms in patients with carotid artery stenosis (CAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients with unilateral internal carotid artery stenosis or occlusion (≥50% stenosis) diagnosed by ultrasound, Computed Tomography(CT) angiography, or Magnetic Resonance(MR) angiography in Yichang City Central People's Hospital from January 2022 to February 2024 were retrospectively enrolled and divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of symptoms. Both groups underwent MR plaque imaging and arterial spin labeling (ASL)-based 3.0 T MRI to compare the differences in stenosis degree, Plaque-RADS score, ATA grade, and CBF between the two groups. Binary regression analysis was used to identify the parameters with statistically significant differences between the two groups and to evaluate their diagnostic efficacy using the area under the workup curve of the subjects. RESULTS: The Plaque-RADS score, ATA grade, and CBF differences in the anterior cerebral artery(ACA)blood supply region were correlated with symptoms, and the areas under the ROC curves for the CBF differences in the ACA blood supply region, Plaque-RADS score, ATA grade and a joint model that combines all three to predict symptoms in CAS patients were 0.672, 0.796, 0.788 and 0.919, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CBF, Plaque-RADS and ATAs were identified as independent risk factors for symptoms in patients with CAS and have a certain predictive value for symptoms, and the combined predictive value is greater, potentially providing a more effective imaging modality for clinical treatment and evaluation.

7.
J Vet Intern Med ; 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral melanoma (OM) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are frequently diagnosed in dogs, presenting a challenge in distinguishing them from benign oral tumors (BN). Salivary metabolomic biomarkers offer a practical solution because of saliva's direct contact with tumors and the noninvasive nature of collection. OBJECTIVE: Assess the diversity and abundance of the salivary metabolome in dogs with BN, OM, and OSCC using amine/phenol submetabolome analysis and high-performance chemical isotope labeling liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (CIL LC-MS). ANIMALS: Study included 11 BN, 24 OM, 10 OSCC, and 20 healthy control dogs. METHODS: Case-control cross-sectional study was conducted to assess salivary submetabolic profiles in dogs with BN, OM, and OSCC and healthy dogs. Samples were labeled with 12C-dansyl chloride and analyzed using CIL LC-MS targeted to amine- and phenol-containing metabolites for amine/phenol submetabolome analysis. RESULTS: Distinct clusters and significant differences in metabolite concentrations were observed among the oral cancer, BN, and control groups. A total of 154 and 66 metabolites showed significantly altered concentrations, particularly in OM and OSCC, respectively, when compared with BN (Padj < .05). Potential metabolic biomarkers were identified for each cancer, including decreased concentrations of seryl-arginine and sarcosine in OSCC. Moreover, high-confidence putative metabolites were identified, including an increase in tryptophyl-threonine and a decrease in 1,2-dihydroxynapthalene-6-sulfonic acid and hydroxyprolyl-hydroxyproline for OM. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: We identified high coverage of the amine/phenol submetabolome, including seryl-arginine, and sarcosine, in OSCC. Our findings emphasize the potential of these biomarkers for distinguishing between oral OSCC and BN in dogs.

8.
Anal Chem ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709238

RESUMO

Polypropylene microcentrifuge tubes (MCTs) are increasingly used in lipidome sample preparation. In the absence of a comprehensive study evaluating ramifications of plasticware utilization in mass spectrometry-based lipidomic analyses, we conducted a systematic analysis to elucidate potential negative effects ascribable to labware contamination in serum lipidomics. During serum lipid extractions, tested glassware introduced 24 labware contaminants. In contrast, Eppendorf polypropylene MCTs contributed 485 contaminant features, many of which could be erroneously putatively identified as lipids via their m/z values. Eppendorf MCTs contamination engendered severe ion-suppression of 40 low abundance serum lipids, while generating mild to modest lipid ion-suppression across a multitude of higher abundance coeluting lipids. Less compatible polypropylene MCTs from an alternative manufacturer introduced a staggering 2,949 contaminant m/z values, severely affecting 75 coeluting serum lipids and causing more frequent and pronounced ion-suppression instances. Furthermore, by performing serum extractions with varied initial volumes, it was ascertained that labware-induced lipid ion-suppression is a dynamic phenomenon, contingent on both lipid and labware contaminant concentrations where low-abundance lipids are disproportionately impacted by coelutes of suppressive contaminants. In addition to lipid ion-suppression, the identification and quantification of 7 fatty acid endogenous serum lipids were compromised by the leaching of structurally identical surfactants from MCTs. MCTs artificially introduced 10 additional primary amides extraneous to serum samples. Utmost caution is imperative in interpreting data concerning primary amides and fatty acids when employing plastic labware. Through this investigation, we aspire to elevate awareness regarding the pernicious impact of labware contamination on lipidome analysis.

9.
10.
Neuroimage ; 295: 120635, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729542

RESUMO

In pursuit of cultivating automated models for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to aid in diagnostics, an escalating demand for extensive, multisite, and heterogeneous brain imaging datasets has emerged. This potentially introduces biased outcomes when directly applied for subsequent analysis. Researchers have endeavored to address this issue by pursuing the harmonization of MRIs. However, most existing image-based harmonization methods for MRI are tailored for 2D slices, which may introduce inter-slice variations when they are combined into a 3D volume. In this study, we aim to resolve inconsistencies between slices by introducing a pseudo-warping field. This field is created randomly and utilized to transform a slice into an artificially warped subsequent slice. The objective of this pseudo-warping field is to ensure that generators can consistently harmonize adjacent slices to another domain, without being affected by the varying content present in different slices. Furthermore, we construct unsupervised spatial and recycle loss to enhance the spatial accuracy and slice-wise consistency across the 3D images. The results demonstrate that our model effectively mitigates inter-slice variations and successfully preserves the anatomical details of the images during the harmonization process. Compared to generative harmonization models that employ 3D operators, our model exhibits greater computational efficiency and flexibility.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(20): 25923-25937, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725122

RESUMO

The management of severe full-thickness skin defect wounds remains a challenge due to their irregular shape, uncontrollable bleeding, high risk of infection, and prolonged healing period. Herein, an all-in-one OD/GM/QCS@Exo hydrogel was prepared with catechol-modified oxidized hyaluronic acid (OD), methylacrylylated gelatin (GM), and quaternized chitosan (QCS) and loaded with adipose mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (Exos). Cross-linking of the hydrogel was achieved using visible light instead of ultraviolet light irradiation, providing injectability and good biocompatibility. Notably, the incorporation of catechol groups and multicross-linked networks in the hydrogels conferred strong adhesion properties and mechanical strength against external forces such as tensile and compressive stress. Furthermore, our hydrogel exhibited antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties along with wound-healing promotion effects. Our results demonstrated that the hydrogel-mediated release of Exos significantly promotes cellular proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis, thereby accelerating skin structure reconstruction and functional recovery during the wound-healing process. Overall, the all-in-one OD/GM/QCS@Exo hydrogel provided a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of full-thickness skin defect wounds through actively participating in the entire process of wound healing.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Exossomos , Gelatina , Ácido Hialurônico , Hidrogéis , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Pele , Cicatrização , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Animais , Exossomos/química , Exossomos/metabolismo , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/farmacologia , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Gelatina/química , Gelatina/farmacologia , Luz , Humanos , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4356, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38778073

RESUMO

Coordinated motion in animal groups has predominantly been studied with a focus on spatial interactions, such as how individuals position and orient themselves relative to one another. Temporal aspects have, by contrast, received much less attention. Here, by studying pairwise interactions in juvenile zebrafish (Danio rerio)-including using immersive volumetric virtual reality (VR) with which we can directly test models of social interactions in situ-we reveal that there exists a rhythmic out-of-phase (i.e., an alternating) temporal coordination dynamic. We find that reciprocal (bi-directional) feedback is both necessary and sufficient to explain this emergent coupling. Beyond a mechanistic understanding, we find, both from VR experiments and analysis of freely swimming pairs, that temporal coordination considerably improves spatial responsiveness, such as to changes in the direction of motion of a partner. Our findings highlight the synergistic role of spatial and temporal coupling in facilitating effective communication between individuals on the move.


Assuntos
Natação , Realidade Virtual , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , Natação/fisiologia , Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Comportamento Social
13.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101447, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38779497

RESUMO

Dark tea refers to a kind of post-fermented product, and its quality and price vary owing to the distinct altitudes at which it grows. In this study, a novel method based on high performance liquid chromatography with a diode-array detector (HPLC-DAD) and an evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) was proposed for the classification of dark teas from distinct altitudes in China. Through implementing a strategy fusing feature-level data to construct a combined dataset, the classification performance of dark teas from distinct altitudes in China was evaluated after preprocessing. The results suggested that, through the feature fusion strategy, the identification accuracy rate increased from <70% of a single detector to 76.923%. After the implementation of preprocessing, the identification accuracy rate was further improved. Typically, the model identification accuracy rate after short-time Fourier Transform (STFT) treatment reached 92.85%, and the AUROC value was higher than 0.84, exhibiting a favorable generalization ability. This study provides a new thinking for the identification technology of dark teas from different altitudes in China.

14.
JCI Insight ; 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781030

RESUMO

Acute Pancreatitis (AP) is among the most common hospital gastrointestinal diagnosis; understanding the mechanisms underlying the severity of AP are critical for development of new treatment options for this disease. Here, we evaluate the biological function of phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) in AP pathogenesis in two independent genetically engineered mouse models of AP. PFKFB3 is elevated in AP and severe AP (SAP) and knockout of Pfkfb3 abrogates the severity of alcoholic SAP (FAEE-SAP). Using a combination of genetic, pharmacological, and molecular studies we define the interaction of PFKFB3 with inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) as a key event mediating this phenomenon. Further analysis demonstrated that the interaction between PFKFB3 and IP3R promotes FAEE-SAP severity by altering intracellular calcium homeostasis in acinar cells. Together our results support a PFKFB3-driven mechanism controlling AP pathobiology and define this enzyme as a therapeutic target to ameliorate the severity of this dismal condition.

15.
Acta Neurol Belg ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to prospectively compare an autologous duraplasty in situ technique (IS group) with the synthetic dural graft duraplasty (SDG group) to clarify the effectiveness and superiority of the former in the treatment of patients with Chiari malformation type 1 (CM-I). METHOD: 29 patients with CM-I were randomly assigned to either IS or SDG group. In both groups, a dissection from the occipital bone was performed. All procedures were performed by the same surgeon. The two duraplasty methods were compared in terms of surgical factors and complications. Data analysis was done for the baseline material, the neurological outcome and MRI-documented syrinx size at the 6 month follow-up. RESULT: 29 patients were enrolled in this study, 14 in the IS group and 15 in the SDG group. The results showed no significant difference in operation time (P = 0.916), amount of bleeding (P = 0.120), operation complications, hospitalization time (P = 0.854) and prognosis between the two groups. The hospitalization cost of IS group was 15,125 yuan less than that of SDG group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The autogenous duraplasty in situ technique is a novel, simple, effective and economical surgical management for patients with CM-I.

16.
Cell Discov ; 10(1): 53, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763950

RESUMO

Peripheral CD8+ T cell number is tightly controlled but the precise molecular mechanism regulating this process is still not fully understood. In this study, we found that epilepsy patients with loss of function mutation of DEPDC5 had reduced peripheral CD8+ T cells, and DEPDC5 expression positively correlated with tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells as well as overall cancer patient survival, indicating that DEPDC5 may control peripheral CD8+ T cell homeostasis. Significantly, mice with T cell-specific Depdc5 deletion also had reduced peripheral CD8+ T cells and impaired anti-tumor immunity. Mechanistically, Depdc5-deficient CD8+ T cells produced high levels of xanthine oxidase and lipid ROS due to hyper-mTORC1-induced expression of ATF4, leading to spontaneous ferroptosis. Together, our study links DEPDC5-mediated mTORC1 signaling with CD8+ T cell protection from ferroptosis, thereby revealing a novel strategy for enhancing anti-tumor immunity via suppression of ferroptosis.

17.
Neurospine ; 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763157

RESUMO

Objective: Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) is currently the most common surgical procedure for unstable Kummell disease (KD), but bone cement loosening or displacement often occurs after the operation. We had been using percutaneous pediculoplasty (PPP) or a self-developed bone cement bridging screw system to avoid this severe complication. This study intends to compare the safety, advantages and disadvantages of these 2 novel surgical procedures through a 2-year follow-up evaluation. Methods: In accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria, from May 2017 to May 2021, 77 patients with single segmental unstable KD who had received the PVP-PPP combined therapy were included in the PPP group, and 42 patients with the same who had received the PVP-bone cement bridging screw system combined therapy were included in the screw group. All patients received the operation through unilateral approach. The changes in the vertebral body index (VBI), bisegmental Cobb angle, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the bone cement loosening rate and displacement rate at different follow-up time points were used to evaluate the clinical efficacy. Results: The average operation duration of the PPP group was 85.52±10.78 minutes (range, 70-115 minutes), and its average bone cement injection volume was 4.98±0.67 mL (range, 4-6 mL). The average operation duration of the screw group was 52.07±9.90 minutes (range, 36-65 minutes), and its average bone cement injection volume was 4.43±0.89 mL (range, 2.5-6 mL). Before operation, immediately after operation and at 6 months after operation, there was no significant difference in VBI or bisegmental Cobb angle between the screw group and the PPP group (p>0.05), while at 1-year and 2-year midterm postoperative evaluations, the screw group had higher VBI and bisegmental Cobb angle than the PPP group (p<0.05). Before operation, immediately after operation, at 6 months after operation and at 1 year after operation, there was no significant difference in VAS or ODI score between the screw group and the PPP group (p>0.05), while at 2 years after operation, the screw group still had higher VAS and ODI scores than the PPP group (p<0.05). No bone cement displacement occurred in both groups, but the rate of bone cement loosening was 14.29% in group PPP, and 0 in screw group (p<0.05). Conclusion: This 2-year follow-up study shows that the PVP-bone cement bridging screw system combined therapy had better midterm treatment efficacy than the PVP-PPP combined therapy in patients with unstable KD, and the bone cement bridging screw system is a preferred therapy with better anti cement loosening ability.

18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 44(5): 513-20, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of acupoint application for Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) with liver-qi stagnation. METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients of HT with liver-qi stagnation were randomly divided into an acupoint application group (75 cases, 11 cases were excluded, 5 cases dropped out) and a control group (75 cases, 12 cases excluded, 3 cases dropped out). Based on the health education combined with conventional western medicine treatment, the patients in the acupoint application group were treated with acupoint application, while the patients in the control group were treated with placebo acupoint application. Shenque (CV 8), bilateral Yongquan (KI 1), Yeshi, and ashi point were selected in both groups, with Yeshi treated once a week and the remaining acupoints treated every other day, for a total of 4 weeks. The serum levels of thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), as well as the thickness of thyroid left lobe, right lobe, and isthmus, TCM symptom score, hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) score, and MOS 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) score were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. Adverse reactions in both groups were observed. RESULTS: Compared with before treatment, in the acupoint application group, the serum levels of TgAb and TPOAb were reduced after treatment (P<0.05), and the scores of role physical (RP), body pain (BP), vitality (VT), role emotional (RE), and mental health (MH) in SF-36 were increased after treatment (P<0.01, P<0.001). The thickness of the thyroid isthmus after treatment was smaller than that before treatment (P<0.05), and the TCM symptom scores and HADS anxiety (HADS-A) scores after treatment were lower than those before treatment (P<0.001, P<0.01) in both groups. In the control group, the scores of physical function (PF), RP, BP, VT, and RE in SF-36 after treatment were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05, P<0.01, P<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in serum FT3, FT4, and TSH levels within the groups (P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the above indexes between the two groups (P>0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the acupoint application group and the control group was 20.0% (15/75) and 10.7% (8/75) respectively, with skin allergy being the main adverse reaction. CONCLUSION: Acupoint application could reduce the serum levels of TgAb and TPOAb in patients of HT with liver-qi stagnation, alleviate thyroid enlargement, improve TCM symptoms and anxiety, and improve quality of life, with safe and reliable clinical efficacy.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Doença de Hashimoto , Humanos , Doença de Hashimoto/terapia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Qi , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem , Acupressão , Tireotropina/sangue , Terapia por Acupuntura
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776048

RESUMO

Exosomes, nano-sized small extracellular vesicles, have been shown to serve as mediators between intercellular communications by transferring bioactive molecules, such as non-coding RNA, proteins, and lipids from secretory to recipient cells, modulating a variety of physiological and pathophysiological processes. Recent studies have gradually demonstrated that altered exosome charges may represent a key mechanism driving the pathological process of ferroptosis. This review summarizes the potential mechanisms and signal pathways relevant to ferroptosis and then discusses the roles of exosome in ferroptosis. As well as transporting iron, exosomes may also indirectly convey factors related to ferroptosis. Furthermore, ferroptosis may be transmitted to adjacent cells through exosomes, resulting in cascading effects. It is expected that further research on exosomes will be conducted to explore their potential in ferroptosis and will lead to the creation of new therapeutic avenues for clinical diseases.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744717

RESUMO

Photoreduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) into fuels presents a promising approach to mitigate global warming and energy crises. Halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) with prominent optoelectronic properties have triggered substantial attention as photocatalysts but are limited by the charge recombination and instability. Here, we develop stable CsPbBr3/titania microspheres (TMs) by in situ growth of CsPbBr3 NCs inside mesoporous TMs through solid-state sintering, which significantly improves the stability of perovskite NCs, making them applicable in water with efficient CO2 photoreduction performance. Notably, the CsPbBr3/TMs demonstrates a 6.73- and 9.23-fold increase in the rate of CH4 production compared to TMs and CsPbBr3, respectively. The internal electric field facilitates S-scheme charge transfer, enhancing the separation of electron-hole pairs, as evidenced by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electron paramagnetic resonance analysis, which is pivotal for the selective photoreduction of CO2. These insights pave the way for the design of CsPbBr3-based photocatalysts with superior efficiency and stability.

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