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1.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124684, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524621

RESUMO

A novel biochar composite was fabricated via the pyrolysis of distillers grains treated phosphogypsum for phosphate removal from water. Batch adsorption experiments were performed on the adsorption characteristics of phosphate. Effects of pyrolysis temperature, solution pH, the dosage of adsorbent, ambient temperature on phosphate adsorption were also investigated. The results demonstrated that the optimum initial solution pH for phosphate adsorption was 6.0, and high pyrolysis temperature was favorable for phosphate adsorption. The optimal dosage of biochar was 1.25 g L-1. A pseudo-second-order kinetic model can well explain the adsorption kinetics, indicative of the energetically heterogeneous solid surface of the composite. The maximum phosphate adsorption capacity of the phosphogypsum modified biochar obtained from Langmuir isotherm reached 102.4 mg g-1 which was almost five times that of distillers grains biochar alone (21.5 mg g-1). The mechanism is mainly attributed to electrostatic adsorption, surface precipitation and ligand exchange. The ideal adsorption performance indicated that biochar supported phosphogypsum can be used as high-quality adsorbent for phosphate removal in wastewater treatment.

2.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 221-231, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187497

RESUMO

The motility of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is highly related to their homing in vivo, a critical issue in regenerative medicine. Our previous study indicated copper (Cu) might promote the recruitment of endogenous MSCs in canine esophagus defect model. In this study, we investigated the effect of Cu on the motility of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and the underlying mechanism in vitro. Cu supplementation could enhance the motility of BMSCs, and upregulate the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (Hif1α) at the protein level, and upregulate the expression of rho family GTPase 3 (Rnd3) at messenger RNA and protein level. When Hif1α was silenced by small interfering RNA (siRNA), Cu-induced Rnd3 upregulation was blocked. When Rnd3 was silenced by siRNA, the motility of BMSCs was decreased with or without Cu supplementation, and Cu-induced cytoskeleton remodeling was neutralized. Furthermore, overexpression of Rnd3 also increased the motility of BMSCs and induced cytoskeleton remodeling. Overall, our results demonstrated that Cu enhanced BMSCs migration through, at least in part, cytoskeleton remodeling via Hif1α-dependent upregulation of Rnd3. This study provided an insight into the mechanism of the effect of Cu on the motility of BMSCs, and a theoretical foundation of applying Cu to improve the recruitment of BMSCs in tissue engineering and cytotherapy.

3.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj ; 1864(1): 129462, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacteria routinely utilize two-component signal transduction pathways to sense and alter gene expression in response to environmental cues. While cyanobacteria express numerous two-component systems, these pathways do not regulate all of the genes within many of the identified abiotic stress-induced regulons. METHODS: Electron transport inhibitors combined with western analysis and measurement of chlorophyll a fluorescent yield, using pulse amplitude modulation fluorometry, were used to detect the effect of a diverse range of abiotic stresses on the redox status of the photosynthetic electron transport chain and the accumulation and degradation of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 DEAD box RNA helicase, CrhR. RESULTS: Alterations in CrhR abundance were tightly correlated with the redox poise of the electron transport chain between QA and cytochrome b6f, with reduction favoring CrhR accumulation. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence for an alternative, convergent sensing mechanism mediated through the redox poise of QB/PQH2 that senses multiple, divergent forms of abiotic stress and regulates accumulation of CrhR. The RNA helicase activity of CrhR could then function as a post-translational effector to regulate downstream gene expression. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: The potential for a related system in Staphylococcus aureus and higher plant chloroplasts suggest convergent sensing mechanisms may be evolutionarily conserved and occur more widely than anticipated.

4.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 232-244, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190343

RESUMO

Diabetes is often accompanied by dysfunction of salivary glands. However, the molecular mechanism remains unclear. The mechanisms that underlie diabetic hyposalivation were studied by db/db mice and SMG-C6 cells. We found morphological changes and decreased stimulated salivary flow rates of the submandibular gland (SMG) in diabetic mice. We observed structural changes and dysfunction of mitochondria. More mitophagosomes and higher expression of autophagy-related proteins were detected. Increased levels of proteins PINK1 and Parkin indicate that PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy was activated in diabetic SMG. Consistently, high glucose (HG) induced mitochondrial dysfunction and PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy in cultivated SMG-C6 cells. HG also increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lessened activation of antioxidants in SMG-C6 cells. In addition, HG lowered ERK1/2 phosphorylation and HG-induced mitophagy was decreased after ERK1/2 was activated by LM22B-10. Altogether, these data suggest that ROS played a crucial role in diabetes-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy and ERK1/2 was required in HG-induced mitophagy in SMG.

5.
Food Chem ; 303: 125400, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470275

RESUMO

Siraitia grosvenorii fruit (SGF) has been used as a natural sweetener and traditional medicine in China for more than two centuries. This study evaluated the effect of SGF extract supplementation (0.5%, 1%, and 2%) on the chemical, microbial and sensory properties of probiotic yogurt. The antioxidant, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitory (ACE-I) and antibacterial bioactivities were determined. SGF extract supplementation improved some of the chemical and physicochemical characteristics. Probiotic yogurt with the fruit extract had significantly more Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus bulgaricus, whereas there was no significant effect on the number of Streptococcus thermophiles. The bioactivities were significantly increased by SGF extract supplementation. Probiotic yogurt with 2% SGF extract showed the highest antioxidant, ACE-I, and antibacterial activities, whereas the one with 1% SGF extract conferred the highest sensory attributes score. Overall, SGF extract offers a promising option as a dietary supplement to produce novel dairy products that have high nutritional and bioactivity values.


Assuntos
Cucurbitaceae/química , Aditivos Alimentares/análise , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Probióticos/análise , Iogurte/microbiologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , China , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Lactobacillus casei/genética , Lactobacillus casei/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lactobacillus casei/isolamento & purificação , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/genética , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/isolamento & purificação , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/química , Paladar , Iogurte/análise
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683329

RESUMO

AIMS: Irisin, Betatrophin and Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) have been shown to be associated with insulin resistance (IR) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), respectively. The purpose of this study is to explore the potential accuracy of this combination of three cytokines in screening PCOS. METHODS: 186 individuals were recruited for this study. Circulating Irisin, Betatrophin and ZAG concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The association between these serum biomarkers and PCOS was assessed by logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of these biomarkers for PCOS women. RESULTS: In women with PCOS, serum Irisin and Betatrophin levels were markedly elevated compared to those in healthy controls (p<0.01), while ZAG levels were lower (p<0.01). PCOS women with IR (M-value<6.28) had lower circulating ZAG concentrations, and higher circulating Irisin and Betatrophin levels relative to PCOS women without IR (M-value ≥ 6.28). ROC curve analyses showed that the AUC for Irisin, ZAG and Betatrophin for predicting PCOS were 0.77, 0.83 and 0.85, respectively. In a joint ROC curves analysis of these serum markers and other parameters, the results showed that the AUC was 0.93, and the sensitivity and specificity were 82.1 % and 92.3 %, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: When compared to using single cytokine, the analysis of Irisin, ZAG and Betatrophin elevates the accuracy in diagnosing PCOS.

7.
Opt Express ; 27(20): 27536-27545, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684519

RESUMO

Bloch surface wave (BSW) can be considered as the dielectric analogue of surface plasmon polariton (SPP) with less loss since it is sustained at the surface of a truncated dielectric multilayer. As dielectric materials show nearly no ohmic loss, BSW can propagates much farther compared to SPP, and thus is beneficial for planar optical devices. In this paper, we study the spin-orbital interaction between incident beam and BSW. We demonstrate that due to the spin-orbital coupling, the near-field properties of generated BSW can be controlled with a meta-antenna structure. The meta-antenna is composed of two gold nano-antennas oriented at 45° and 135° as a near-field coupler. By careful design of the meta-antenna, the generated BSW can be guided and focused depending on the chirality of the incident beam. Three examples of meta-antennas are demonstrated for chiral sensitive focusing, directional switching and asymmetric focusing. The proposed method can be applied as a design method for low-loss on-chip photonic devices.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5061, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699989

RESUMO

A noncoding polymorphism (rs78378222) in TP53, carried by scores of millions of people, was previously associated with moderate risk of brain tumors and other neoplasms. We find a positive association between this variant and soft tissue sarcoma. In sharp contrast, it is protective against breast cancer. We generated a mouse line carrying this variant and found that it accelerates spontaneous tumorigenesis and glioma development, but strikingly, delays mammary tumorigenesis. The variant creates a miR-382-5p targeting site and compromises a miR-325-3p site. Their differential expression results in p53 downregulation in the brain, but p53 upregulation in the mammary gland of polymorphic mice compared to that of wild-type littermates. Thus, this variant is at odds with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome mutants in breast cancer predisposition yet consistent in glioma predisposition. Our findings elucidate an underlying mechanism of cancer susceptibility that is conferred by genetic variation and yet altered by microRNA expression.

9.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691467

RESUMO

The ability to perceive, understand, and react to the feelings of others' pain is referred to as empathy for pain which is composed of two components, affective-perceptual empathy and cognitive-evaluative empathy. Recent reviews on the neural mechanisms of empathetic pain showed the anterior insula (AI) cortex as a core circuit for empathy. However, little is known about the modulation of brain anatomy and empathic responses by trait measures of empathy (trait empathy). Thus, we investigated whether individual variation in the personality trait of empathy is associated with individual variation in the structure of specific brain regions using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). We further investigated the relationship between the trait empathy and the activity of the same regions using state measures of empathy for pain in a trial-by-trial fashion in the given situation. VBM analysis indicated a small but significant negative relationship between trait empathy and gray matter volume in the bilateral AI. Functional MRI study further demonstrated that experimentally induced activity of the bilateral AI during state empathy for pain was also correlated with trait empathy. An asymmetry exists between the right and left AI between the affective and cognitive empathy. The right AI was found to be involved in the affective-perceptual form of empathy and the left AI was active in cognitive-evaluative forms of empathy. The interindividual differences in trait empathy may be reflected both in the state empathy and more stable brain structure difference.

10.
Brain Res ; : 146543, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712087

RESUMO

The study investigated the underlying mechanisms associated with the ability of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) to utilize predictive contextual information in order to facilitate detection of predictable versus random targets. To this end we evaluated EEG event-related functional connectivity during the processing of predictive stimuli in MDD and control subjects. A target detection task was used where targets were either preceded by randomized sequences of standards, or by sequences that included a predictive sequence. Functional connectivity was evaluated using synchronization likelihood and graph theory. The cluster coefficient and local efficiency values were greater in MDD compared to controls, during the processing of the three stimuli consisting of the predictive sequence, in the beta frequency band, suggesting an increased structured network organization. These changes were associated with increased functional connectivity within frontal networks in MDD patients compared to controls. However, no significant functional connectivity group-changes were observed for target conditions or randomized standards. These findings suggest that MDD is associated with context-specific functional connectivity abnormalities during the processing of predictive stimuli.

11.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 776, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728707

RESUMO

A delaminated MXene-bismuth (Bi@d-Ti3C2) nanocomposite was synthesized for the construction of a microgrid electrochemical sensor via mechanical milling. The Bi@d-Ti3C2 nanocomposite was synthesized by accumulation of Bi(III) on the surface of delaminated Ti3C2 nanosheets through electrostatic attraction and subsequent in-situ growth of bismuth nanorods. Under optimized experimental conditions, the sensor exhibits (a) linear responses to Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) in the concentration range from 1 to 20 µg L-1, (b) well separated peak potentials at -0.54 V, -0.76 V and - 1.15 V vs. Ag/AgCl, (c) sensitivities of 0.98, 0.84 and 0.60 µA L µg-1, and (d) detection limits of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.5 µg L-1, respectively. This performance is attributed to the uniform dispersion of Bi nanorods on electrically conductive delaminated Ti3C2 MXene, and to the enhanced diffusion due to the microgrid structure. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of a microgrid sensor based on delaminated MXene-bismuth (Bi@d-Ti3C2) nanocomposite for the simultaneous electrochemical determination of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II).

12.
J Immunol Methods ; : 112701, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705859

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: ndirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) using HEp-2 as substrate plays a consolidate role for the detection and measurement of ANA, which is currently considered as the reference method for detection. Manual operation is still very common in China, therefore, the need of standardization and automation for ANA-IFA detecting has been highlighted. OBJECTIVE: The current multi-center study is aimed to evaluate if HELIOS (AESKU Diagnostics, Wendelsheim, Germany) contributes to comparability of ANA screening results among different labs,and establish application specification of HELIOS for standardization of ANA detection. METHODS: ANA detection by manual IFA method and HELIOS on 230 clinical serum samples in eight laboratories. The performance to discriminate positive/negative screening results, endpoint titer estimation and pattern recognition were evaluated in HELIOS and manual visual. RESULTS: The positive coincident rate for ANA detection by manual IFA ranges from 87.7% to 97.8%, the negative coincidence rate ranges from 68.8% to 100%, the correctly estimated titer evaluation were 80 to 171 cases, the correct pattern in 146 to 161 cases, respectively. The positive coincident rate of HELIOS for ANA detection ranges from 91.2% to 97.7%, the negative coincidence rate ranges from 96.5% to 100%, the correctly estimated titer evaluation were 145 to 157 cases, the correct pattern in 123 to 140 cases, respectively. CONCLUSION: HELIOS could provide accurate diagnostic results, this include not only positive/negative results, but also endpoint titer, common patterns. The application of this system can help to promote standardization of ANA detection.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706655

RESUMO

Photocatalysis technology is regarded as a promising way for environmental remediation, but rationally designing photocatalysis system with high-speed interfacial charge transfer, sufficient photoabsorption and surface reactive sites is still a challenge. In this study, anchoring single-unit-cell defective Bi2MoO6 on ultrathin g-C3N4 to form 2D/2D heterostructure system is a triple-purpose strategy for high-performance photocatalysis. The defect structure broadens photo-responsive range. The large intimate contact interface area between two monomers promotes charges carrier transfer. The enhanced specific surface area exposes more reactive sites for mass transfer and catalytic reaction. As a result, the obtained heterostructure displays excellent photocatalytic performance for ciprofloxacin (CIP) (0.0126 min-1), which is 3.32 and 2.93 folds higher than Bi2MoO6 and g-C3N4. In addition, this heterostructure retains high-performance for actual wastewaters treatment, and it displays strong mineralization ability. And this heterojunction also exhibits excellent photostability based on cyclic experiment. Mechanism exploration reveals that hole, superoxide radical, and hydroxyl radical are chief reactive species toward CIP degradation, thereby a Z-scheme charge carrier transfer channel is proposed. In addition, the intermediates and degradation pathways of CIP are tracked by liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (LCMS/MS) and three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy (3D EEMs). This study paves new way to design and construct atomic level 2D/2D heterojunction system for environment remediation.

14.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 378, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between preoperative sleep quality and postoperative clinical outcomes after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is unclear. We performed a prospective cohort study to determine whether preoperative sleep quality was correlated with postoperative outcomes after TJA. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 994 patients underwent TJA. Preoperative sleep measures included scores on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and a ten-point sleep quality scale. The primary study outcome measured was the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score to 12 weeks postoperation. The consumption of analgesic rescue drugs (oxycodone and parecoxib) and postoperative length of stay (LOS) were recorded. We also measured functional parameters, including range of motion (ROM), Knee Society Score (KSS), and Harris hip score (HHS). RESULTS: The mean age for total knee and hip arthroplasties was 64.28 and 54.85 years, respectively. The PSQI scores were significantly correlated with nocturnal and active pain scores and ROM and functional scores from postoperative day 1 (POD1) to POD3. In addition, significant correlation was noted between the correlation between the active pain scores and ESS scores in the TKA group at postoperative 3 months. The consumption of analgesics after joint arthroplasty was significantly correlated with the PSQI scores. Moreover, significant correlations were noted between the sleep parameters and postoperative length of hospital stay (LOS). CONCLUSION: Preoperative sleep parameters were correlated with clinical outcomes (i.e., pain, ROM, function, and LOS) after TJA. Clinicians should assess the sleep quality and improve it before TJA.

15.
J Control Release ; 316: 93-104, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704110

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (MSC-EVs) have shown great potential for tissue repair, but their therapeutic capacity is limited by rapid clearance and short half-life. Herein, we purposed a hydrogel-based slow release strategy to enhance the therapeutic potency of EVs. A matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) sensitive self-assembling peptide (KMP2) hydrogel was used for the local delivery of MSC-EVs. The structure and controlled release properties of the KMP2 hydrogel were analyzed. The effects of the EV-loaded KMP2 hydrogel (KMP2-EVs) on cell apoptosis, inflammation and angiogenesis were evaluated in mice with renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. In vitro, KMP2 formed a cross-linked nanofiber hydrogel to encapsulate MSC-EVs. KMP2 showed greater degradation and EV release in response to MMP2. The released EVs had similar structures and bioactivities as fresh, isolated EVs. In vivo, I/R mice treated with KMP2-EVs showed improved renal function by reducing tubular cell apoptosis, pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, and macrophage infiltration than mice receiving either EVs or KMP2. Moreover, KMP2-EVs showed better efficacy on promoting endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis than KMP2 or EVs alone, which subsequently decreased chronic renal fibrosis in I/R mice. This study highlighted that the EV-released KMP2 hydrogel is a promising cell-free therapy for tissue repair.

16.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 8618-8627, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Worldwide, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 80-90% of all cases of primary liver cancer, and is one of the ten most common malignancies. This study used bioinformatics analysis to identify genes associated with patient outcome in stages I-IV HCC and the gene pathways that distinguished between normal liver and liver cells and HCC and human HCC cell lines. MATERIAL AND METHODS Target genes were defined as those that had marketed drugs or drugs under development targeting a specific gene and acquired from the Clarivate Analytics Integrity Database. Differential expression gene analysis, co-expression network analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, survival analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were used to explore the similarities and differences in gene expression profiles, functional associations, and survival in stage I-IV HCC. Normal liver cells (HL-7702) and HCC cell lines (HepaRG, HepG2, SK-Hep1, and Huh7) were studied using Western blot and quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR). RESULTS Hierarchical gene clustering identified target genes that distinguished between HCC and normal liver tissue. For stages I-IV HCC, there were seven commonly upregulated target genes EPHB1, LTK, NTRK2, PTK7, TBK1, TIE1, and TLR3, which were mainly involved in immune and signaling transduction pathways. PTK7 was highly expressed in stage I-IV HCC and was an independent prognostic marker for reduced overall survival (OS). CONCLUSIONS Bioinformatics analysis, combined with patient survival analysis, identified PTK7 gene expression as a potential therapeutic target and prognostic biomarker for all stages of HCC.

17.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 824, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754805

RESUMO

The authors describe a tetrahedral DNA nanostructure loaded with SYBR Green (SG-TDN) for fluorometric determination of nucleic acids. After intercalating into the TDN, fluorescence of SG is enhanced by 260-fold (exc 480 nm, em 524 nm), and the resulting SG-TDN nanoflare displays >7-fold stronger fluorescence than that of FAM-labeled TDN. The SG-TDNs were coupled to magnetic microparticles and polydopamine nanoparticles to construct multi-functional nanoprobes through sequence hybridization using a toehold strand. The method was applied to detect a stretch of microRNA sequence (20 bp) in buffer and in undiluted serum with excellent selectivity, over a wide linear range and with a low limit of detection (0.2 nM). The probe was also applied for visualization of tumor-related microRNA in living cells via fluorescence imaging. Graphical abstract Schematic representation of tetrahedron-based DNA nanoflare for fluorometric nucleic acid determination in undiluted blood serum and living cells.

18.
Biomaterials ; : 119627, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767445

RESUMO

Cell therapy, the treatment of diseases using living cells, offers a promising clinical approach to treating refractory diseases. The global market for cell therapy is growing rapidly, and there is an increasing demand for automated methods that can produce large quantities of high quality therapeutic cells. Biomaterials can be used during cell production to establish a biomimetic microenvironment that promotes cell adhesion and proliferation while maintaining target cell genotype and phenotype. Here we review recent progress and emerging techniques in biomaterial-assisted cell production. The increasing use of auxiliary biomaterials and automated production methods provides an opportunity to improve quality control and increase production efficiency using standardized GMP-compliant procedures.

19.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(47): 23840-23849, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676549

RESUMO

The plant circadian clock evolved to increase fitness by synchronizing physiological processes with environmental oscillations. Crop fitness was artificially selected through domestication and breeding, and the circadian clock was identified by both natural and artificial selections as a key to improved fitness. Despite progress in Arabidopsis, our understanding of the crop circadian clock is still limited, impeding its rational improvement for enhanced fitness. To unveil the interactions between the crop circadian clock and various environmental cues, we comprehensively mapped abiotic stress inputs to the soybean circadian clock using a 2-module discovery pipeline. Using the "molecular timetable" method, we computationally surveyed publicly available abiotic stress-related soybean transcriptomes to identify stresses that have strong impacts on the global rhythm. These findings were then experimentally confirmed using a multiplexed RNA sequencing technology. Specific clock components modulated by each stress were further identified. This comprehensive mapping uncovered inputs to the plant circadian clock such as alkaline stress. Moreover, short-term iron deficiency targeted different clock components in soybean and Arabidopsis and thus had opposite effects on the clocks of these 2 species. Comparing soybean varieties with different iron uptake efficiencies suggests that phase modulation might be a mechanism to alleviate iron deficiency symptoms in soybean. These unique responses in soybean demonstrate the need to directly study crop circadian clocks. Our discovery pipeline may serve as a broadly applicable tool to facilitate these explorations.

20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16714, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723195

RESUMO

About a quarter of children with new onset of Kawasaki disease (KD) encounter coronary arterial involvement. While KD is known to cause vasculitis of medium-sized vessels, few studies have been done to study the involvement of the microcirculation. We aimed to investigate the association between coronary arterial dilatation and retinal microvasculature in a pilot setting, in order to further study the pathophysiological mechanism of KD from the perspective of small vessels changes. We performed a cross-sectional, observational, hospital-based study on 11 children aged 2 years and above with new-onset KD. Cardiac imaging technicians performed the echocardiographic examinations and recorded right coronary artery (RCA), left coronary artery (LCA) and left anterior descending artery (LAD). Qualified retinal graders reviewed and graded standardised retinal photographs to assess retinal microvascular parameters. Among 11 participants, there were 7 boys and 4 girls. Median and interquartile range of participants' age were 5.92 (3.08) years. After adjusting for age and sex, each unit increase in LAD (mm) was significantly associated with increment of retinal arteriolar tortuosity (4.25 × 10-5 units, 95% Confidence Interval: 1.19, 7.32). Retinal arteriolar geometric changes were associated with LAD dilatation in 11 children with new onset of KD. Our pilot provided proof-of-concept that retinal imaging might be useful for detecting coronary arterial involvement in young children with KD and it needs further investigation.

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