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1.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 37(2): 114-119, 2024 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425059

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore and compare the clinical efficacy of orthopedic robot assisted femoral neck system (FNS) and traditional manual FNS in the treatment of femoral neck fractures in middle-aged and young people. METHODS: The clinical data of 62 consecutive patients with femoral neck fracture and age less than 65 years old admitted to the Intelligent Orthopaedic Department of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from June 2021 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether orthopedic robot-assisted surgery the patients were divided into two groups:30 patients aged 34 to 56 years old were treated with orthopedic robot assisted FNS internal fixation after closed or limited open reduction(experimental group); 32 patients aged 33 to 54 years old underwent FNS internal fixation after closed or limited open reduction(control group). The age, gender, time from injury to admission, average hospital stay, surgical duration, intraoperative bleeding volume, and intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency of two groups of patients were analyzed and compared. The hip joint function in both groups of patients was evaluated using the Harris hip joint scoring standard at 6 months after surgery. RESULTS: All 62 patients with femoral neck fractures successfully completed the surgery. There was no significant difference(P>0.05) between the experimental group and the control group in terms of baseline data such as age, gender, time from injury to admission, time from admission to surgery and the intraoperative bleeding. The surgical duration of the experimental group was significantly shorter than that of the control group [42.1(28.5, 50.7)min vs. 53.4(36.9, 62.5) min, Z=-2.338, P=0.019]. The intraoperative X-ray fluoroscopy frequency of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group[8.0 (6.0, 11.0) times vs. 15.0(13.0, 17.0) times, Z=-5.960, P<0.001]. In terms of postoperative hip joint function, there was no significant difference in Harris score between the two groups of patients at 6-month follow-up(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with manual operation of FNS, orthopedic robot assisted FNS in the treatment of femoral neck fractures can help shorten surgical time, reduce intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, and have similar therapeutic effects on long-term hip joint function recovery.

2.
JACC Case Rep ; 29(3): 102196, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361566

RESUMO

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection occurs predominantly in women and is associated with fibromuscular dysplasia. We illustrate a rare case of sudden coronary death as a result of cardiac rupture from spontaneous coronary artery dissection in a 54-year-old man without fibromuscular dysplasia. Cardiac rupture has been previously reported in 6 cases, mostly in women.

3.
J Environ Manage ; 354: 120391, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364545

RESUMO

Timely and accurate implementation of carbon emissions (CE) analysis and evaluation is necessary for policymaking and management. However, previous inventories, most of which are yearly, provincial or city, and incomplete, have failed to reflect the spatial variations and monthly trends of CE. Based on nighttime light (NTL) data, statistical data, and land use data, in this study, a high-resolution (1 km × 1 km) monthly inventory of CE was developed using back propagation neural network, and the spatiotemporal variations and impact factors of CE at multiple administrative levels was evaluated using spatial autocorrelation model and spatial econometric model. As a large province in terms of both economy and population, Guangdong is facing the severe emission reduction challenges. Therefore, in this study, Guangdong was taken as a case study to explain the method. The results revealed that CE increased unsteadily in Guangdong from 2013 to 2022. Spatially, the high CE areas were distributed in the Pearl River Delta region such as Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Dongguan, while the low CE areas were distributed in West and East Guangdong. The Global Moran's I decreased from 2013 to 2022 at the city and county levels, suggesting that the inequality of CE in Guangdong steadily decreased at these two administrative levels. Specifically, at the city level, the Global Moran's I gradually decreased from 0.4067 in 2013 to 0.3531 in 2022. In comparison, at the county level, the trend exhibited a slower decline, from 0.3647 in 2013 to 0.3454 in 2022. Furthermore, the analysis of the impact factors revealed that the relationship between CE and gross domestic product was an inverted U-shaped, suggesting the existence of the inverted U-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve for CE in Guangdong. In addition, the industrial structure had larger positive impact on CE at the different levels. The method developed in this study provides a perspective for establishing high spatiotemporal resolution CE evaluation through NTL data, and the improved inventory of CE could help understand the spatial-temporal variations of CE and formulate regional-monthly-specific emission reduction policies.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381576

RESUMO

Deep-tissue optical imaging and photodynamic therapy (PDT) remain a big challenge for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Chemiluminescence (CL) has emerged as a promising tool for biological imaging and in vivo therapy. The development of covalent-binding chemiluminescence agents with high stability and high chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (CRET) efficiency is urgent. Herein, we design and synthesize an unprecedented chemiluminescent conjugated polymer PFV-Luminol, which consists of conjugated polyfluorene vinylene (PFV) main chains and isoluminol-modified side chains. Notably, isoluminol groups with chemiluminescent ability are covalently linked to main chains by amide bonds, which dramatically narrow their distance, greatly improving the CRET efficiency. In the presence of pathologically high levels of various reactive oxygen species (ROS), especially singlet oxygen (1O2), PFV-Luminol emits strong fluorescence and produces more ROS. Furthermore, we construct the PFV-L@PEG-NPs and PFV-L@PEG-FA-NPs nanoparticles by self-assembly of PFV-Luminol and amphiphilic copolymer DSPE-PEG/DSPE-PEG-FA. The chemiluminescent PFV-L@PEG-NPs nanoparticles exhibit excellent capabilities for in vivo imaging in different inflammatory animal models with great tissue penetration and resolution. In addition, PFV-L@PEG-FA-NPs nanoparticles show both sensitive in vivo chemiluminescence imaging and efficient chemiluminescence-mediated PDT for antitumors. This study paves the way for the design of chemiluminescent probes and their applications in the diagnosis and therapy of diseases.

5.
Intern Emerg Med ; 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372886

RESUMO

Stress hyperglycemia has been confirmed as a strong predictor of poor short-term prognosis in acute pancreatitis. However, whether stress hyperglycemia affects the long-term prognosis of patients with acute pancreatitis is unclear. We aimed to investigate the effect of stress hyperglycemia on the long-term prognosis of non-diabetic patients with acute pancreatitis. This retrospective observational study was conducted on 4055 patients with acute pancreatitis from 1 January 2016 to 31 October 2020. The association between stress hyperglycemia and the prognosis was evaluated using regression modeling. There were 935(71.5%) normoglycemic and 373(28.5%) stress hyperglycemia patients. 46(12.3%) patients with stress hyperglycemia had evidence of diabetes compared with 33(3.5%) patients without stress hyperglycemia (P < 0.001). After multivariate adjustment, patients with stress hyperglycemia were more likely to have evidence of diabetes (OR 2.905, 95% CI 1.688-4.999) compared with normoglycemic. However, stress hyperglycemia is not associated with the recurrence of pancreatitis and progression to chronic pancreatitis. Stress hyperglycemia was independently associated with diabetes secondary to acute pancreatitis. Accordingly, a follow-up diabetes-screening program for AP with stress hyperglycemia is an important part of identifying the disease as soon as possible, delaying islet damage, and improving the prognosis of post-acute pancreatitis diabetes mellitus.

6.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0217723, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319114

RESUMO

Lineage-wise physiological activities of plankton communities in the ocean are important but challenging to characterize. Here, we conducted whole-assemblage metatranscriptomic profiling at continental shelf and slope sites in the South China Sea to investigate carbon fixation potential in different lineages. RuBisCO expression, the proxy of Calvin carbon fixation (CCF) potential, was mainly contributed by Bacillariophyta, Chlorophyta, Cyanobacteria, and Haptophyta, which was differentially affected by environmental factors among lineages. CCF potential exhibited positive or negative correlations with phagotrophy gene expression, suggesting phagotrophy possibly enhances or complements CCF. Our data also reveal significant non-Calvin carbon fixation (NCF) potential, as indicated by the active expression of genes in all five currently recognized NCF pathways, mainly contributed by Flavobacteriales, Alteromonadales, and Oceanospirillales. Furthermore, in Flavobacteriales, Alteromonadales, Pelagibacterales, and Rhodobacterales, NCF potential was positively correlated with proton-pump rhodopsin (PPR) expression, suggesting that NCF might be energetically supported by PPR. The novel insights into the lineage-differential potential of carbon fixation, widespread mixotrophy, and PPR as an energy source for NCF lay a methodological and informational foundation for further research to understand carbon fixation and the trophic landscape in the ocean.IMPORTANCEMarine plankton plays an important role in global carbon cycling and climate regulation. Phytoplankton and cyanobacteria fix CO2 to produce organic compounds using solar energy and mainly by the Calvin cycle, whereas autotrophic bacteria and archaea may fix CO2 by non-Calvin cycle carbon fixation pathways. How active individual lineages are in carbon fixation and mixotrophy, and what energy source bacteria may employ in non-Calvin carbon fixation, in a natural plankton assemblage are poorly understood and underexplored. Using metatranscriptomics, we studied carbon fixation in marine plankton with lineage resolution in tropical marginal shelf and slope areas. Based on the sequencing results, we characterized the carbon fixation potential of different lineages and assessed Calvin- and non-Calvin- carbon fixation activities and energy sources. Data revealed a high number of unigenes (4.4 million), lineage-dependent differential potentials of Calvin carbon fixation and responses to environmental conditions, major contributors of non-Calvin carbon fixation, and their potential energy source.

7.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the protective effect and mechanism of hydroxyl safflower yellow A (HSYA) from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). METHODS: HUVECs were treated with oxygen-glucose deprivation reperfusion (OGD/R) to simulate the ischemia reperfusion model, and cell counting kit-8 was used to detect the protective effect of different concentrations (1.25-160 µ mol/L) of HSYA on HUVECs after OGD/R. HSYA 80 µ mol/L was used for follow-up experiments. The contents of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-18, IL-1 ß, monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and IL-6 before and after administration were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The protein expressions of toll-like receptor, NOD-like receptor containing pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3), gasdermin D (GSDMD) and GSDMD-N-terminal domain (GSDMD-N) before and after administration were detected by Western blot. NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor cytokine release inhibitory drug 3 sodium salt (CRID3 sodium salt, also known as MCC950) and agonist were added, and the changes of NLRP3, cysteine-aspartic acid protease 1 (Caspase-1), GSDMD and GSDMD-N protein expressions were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: HSYA inhibited OGD/R-induced inflammation and significantly decreased the contents of inflammatory cytokines IL-18, IL-1 ß, MCP-1, TNF-α and IL-6 (P<0.01 or P<0.05). At the same time, by inhibiting NLRP3/Caspase-1/GSDMD pathway, HSYA can reduce the occurrence of pyroptosis after OGD/R and reduce the expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD and GSDMD-N proteins (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The protective effect of HSYA on HUVECs after OGD/R is related to down-regulating the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome and inhibiting pyroptosis.

8.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1294: 342217, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microfluidic techniques have emerged as powerful tools in single-cell research, facilitating the exploration of omics information from individual cells. Cell morphology is crucial for gene expression and physiological processes. However, there is currently a lack of integrated analysis of morphology and single-cell omics information. A critical challenge remains: what platform technologies are the best option to decode omics data of cells that are complex in morphology and size? RESULTS: This review highlights achievements in microfluidic-based single-cell omics and isolation of cells based on morphology, along with other cell sorting methods based on physical characteristics. Various microfluidic platforms for single-cell isolation are systematically presented, showcasing their diversity and adaptability. The discussion focuses on microfluidic devices tailored to the distinct single-cell isolation requirements in plants and animals, emphasizing the significance of considering cell morphology and cell size in optimizing single-cell omics strategies. Simultaneously, it explores the application of microfluidic single-cell sorting technologies to single-cell sequencing, aiming to effectively integrate information about cell shape and size. SIGNIFICANCE AND NOVELTY: The novelty lies in presenting a comprehensive overview of recent accomplishments in microfluidic-based single-cell omics, emphasizing the integration of different microfluidic platforms and their implications for cell morphology-based isolation. By underscoring the pivotal role of the specialized morphology of different cells in single-cell research, this review provides robust support for delving deeper into the exploration of single-cell omics data.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Microfluídica , Animais , Separação Celular/métodos
9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(6): 4242-4251, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300828

RESUMO

Understanding the reconstruction of electrocatalysts under operational conditions is essential for studying their catalytic mechanisms and industrial applications. Herein, using spatiotemporally resolved Raman spectroscopy with CO as a probe molecule, we resolved the spontaneous reconstruction of Cu active sites during cathodic CO reduction reactions (CORRs). Quasi-in situ focused ion beam transmission electron microscopy (FIB-TEM) revealed that under prolonged electrolysis, the Cu surface can reconstruct to form nanometer-sized Cu particles with (111)/(100) facets and abundant grain boundaries, which strongly favor the formation of an inactive *CObridge binding site and deteriorate the CORR performance. A short period of anodic oxidation can efficiently remove these reconstructed nanoparticles by quick dissolution of Cu, thus providing an effective strategy to regenerate the Cu catalysts and recover their CORR performance. This study provides real-time in situ observations of Cu reconstruction and changes in the binding of key reaction intermediates, highlighting the decisive role of the local active site, rather than the macroscopic morphology, on adsorption of key reaction intermediates and thus CORR performance.

10.
Liver Int ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38391055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Abnormal liver chemistries are common in Turner syndrome (TS). Guidelines suggest that TS patients undergo annual screening of liver enzymes, but the role of non-invasive screening for steatosis and fibrosis is not clearly defined. We compared the prevalence of hepatic steatosis and fibrosis among TS patients to healthy controls using ultrasound with shear-wave elastography (SWE) and assessed for risk factors associated with steatosis and fibrosis in TS. METHODS: Prospective case-control study of TS versus control patients from 2019 to 2021. All patients underwent abdominal ultrasound with doppler and SWE to assess hepatic fibrosis and steatosis. Risk factors were compared between TS and controls, as well as within the TS group. RESULTS: A total of 55 TS and 50 control patients were included. Mean age was 23.6 years vs. 24.6 years in the control group (p = .75). TS patients had significantly more steatosis (65% vs. 12%, stage 1 vs. 0, p < .0001) and fibrosis (39% vs. 2%, average Metavir F2 vs. F0, p < .00001) than controls. These findings remained significant after adjusting for body mass index (BMI) (p < .01). GGT is more sensitive than AST or ALT in identifying these changes. CONCLUSION: TS is associated with an increased prevalence of hepatic steatosis and fibrosis compared to healthy controls. Our findings suggest that serum GGT and ultrasound with SWE may help identify TS patients with liver disease. Early risk factor mitigation including timely oestrogen replacement, weight control, normalization of lipids and promoting multidisciplinary collaboration should be encouraged.

11.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e46750, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and syphilis coinfections remains disproportionately high among people living with HIV/AIDS. Hubei province is located in central China, where there are distinct regional characteristics of the distribution of people living with HIV/AIDS acquired via diverse transmission routes and the AIDS epidemic itself. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to estimate the magnitude of HBV, HCV, or syphilis coinfections among people living with HIV/AIDS with blood-borne transmission, which includes former paid blood donors, contaminated blood recipients, and intravenous drug users, as well as among people with sex-borne HIV transmission (including heterosexual people and men who have sex with men) and people with mother-to-child HIV transmission. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2020, people living with HIV/AIDS were tested for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), HCV antibodies, and syphilis-specific antibodies. The positive patients were further tested for HBV markers, HBV DNA, and HCV RNA, and received a rapid plasma reagin circle card test. All people living with HIV/AIDS were first divided into transmission groups (blood, sex, and mother-to-child); then, people with blood-borne HIV transmission were divided into former paid blood donors, contaminated blood recipients, and intravenous drug users, while people with sex-borne HIV transmission were divided into heterosexual people and men who have sex with men. RESULTS: Among 6623 people living with HIV/AIDS, rates of chronic HCV infection were 80.3% (590/735) in former paid blood donors, 73.3% (247/337) in intravenous drug users, 57.1% (444/777) in contaminated blood recipients, 19.4% (21/108) in people with mother-to-child HIV transmission, 8.1% (240/2975) in heterosexual people, and 1.2% (21/1691) in men who have sex with men. Chronic HBV infection rates were similar among all people with blood-borne HIV transmission. However, compared to heterosexual people, the chronic HBV infection rate was greater in men who have sex with men (213/1691, 12.6% vs 308/2975, 10.4%; χ21=5.469; P=.02), although HBV exposure was less common (827/1691, 48.9% vs 1662/2975, 55.9%; χ21=20.982; P<.001). Interestingly, the combination of HBsAg and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) was found in 11 patients with sex-borne HIV transmission, but in 0 people with blood-borne HIV transmission (11/196, 5.6% vs 0/521, 0%; χ21=29.695, P<.001). In people with sex-borne HIV transmission, the proportions of patients with a syphilis titer ≥1:16 and neurosyphilis were 8.6% (105/1227) and 7.8% (37/473), respectively, whereas these values were 0 in people with blood-borne HIV transmission. CONCLUSIONS: In people living with HIV/AIDS, HCV transmission intensity was significantly associated with specific exposure modes of blood or sexual contact. The rate of chronic HBV infection among men who have sex with men was higher than in any other population. Attention should be paid to the high prevalence of neurosyphilis in people living with HIV/AIDS who contract HIV by sexual intercourse.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Coinfecção , Hepatite C , Neurossífilis , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Sífilis , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Hepacivirus , Vírus da Hepatite B , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas , Hepatite C/epidemiologia
12.
Blood ; 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394668

RESUMO

Treatment resistance of leukemia stem cells (LSCs) and suppression of the autologous immune system represent major challenges to achieve a cure in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Although AML blasts generally retain high levels of surface CD38 (CD38pos), LSCs are frequently enriched in the CD34posCD38neg blast fraction. Here, we report that IFNγ reduces LSCs clonogenic activity and induces CD38 upregulation in both CD38pos and CD38neg LSC-enriched blasts. IFNγ-induced CD38 upregulation depends on IRF-1 transcriptional activation of the CD38 promoter. To leverage this observation, we created a novel compact, single-chain CD38-CD3 T cell engager (BN-CD38) designed to promote an effective immunological synapse between both CD8 and CD4 T cells and CD38pos AML cells. We demonstrate that BN-CD38 engages autologous CD4pos and CD8pos T cells and CD38pos AML blasts leading to T cell activation and expansion and to the elimination of leukemia cells in an autologous setting. Importantly, BN-CD38 engagement induces the release of high levels of IFNγ, driving the expression of CD38 on CD34posCD38neg LSC-enriched blasts and their subsequent elimination. Critically, while BN-CD38 showed significant in vivo efficacy across multiple disseminated AML cell lines and patient derived xenograft models, it did not affect normal hematopoietic stem cell clonogenicity and the development of multi-lineage human immune cells in CD34pos humanized mice. Taken together, this study provides important insights to target and eliminate AML LSCs.

13.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1332490, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312743

RESUMO

Anal fistula is a common perianal disease that typically develops from an abscess caused by in-flammation in the area. It has long been believed that intestinal microbes play a significant role in its development, considering its close relation to the intestinal environment. This work attempts to identify the microbiomic signatures of anal fistula, and putative sources of microbes by analyzing microbiomes of 7 anal fistula-associated sites in 12 patients. This study found that microbes in anal fistulas may originate from the skin surface in addition to the intestinal tract. This finding was further validated by NMDS analysis, which also indicated that the microbial communities in the inner and outer openings of the fistula were more similar to their surrounding environments. Using MaAslin2, the characteristics of the microbiome were examined, demonstrating a higher similarity between the abundant bacteria in the anal fistula samples and those found on the skin surface. Moreover, pin-to-pair analysis conducted on all subjects consistently showed a higher abundance of skin-sourced bacteria in anal fistulas. This study identifies the microbiomic signatures of anal fistula, and provides novel insights into the origin of microorganisms in anal fistulas.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Fístula Retal , Humanos , Pele , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Clin Cardiol ; 47(2): e24233, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is great heterogeneity in the quality of care among hospitals in China, but studies on the performance measures and prognosis of patients with heart failure (HF) are still deficient. HYPOTHESIS: Performance measures have been used as a guideline to clinicans, however, the association between them and outcomes among HF patients in China remains unclear. METHODS: We analyzed 4497 patients with HF from the Heart Failure Registry of Patient Outcomes study. Performance measures were determined according to the guidelines, and the patients were divided into four groups based on a composite performance score. Multiple imputation and Cox proportional-hazard regression models were used to assess the association between the performance measures and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Overall, only 12.5% of patients met the top 25% of the performance measures, whereas 33.5% of patients met the bottom 25% of the measures. A total of 992 (22.2%) patients died within 1 year, involving a larger proportion of patients who had met only the bottom 25% of the performance measures than had met the top 25% (27.0% vs. 16.3%, respectively). The patients who met the top 25% of the measures had a lower 1-year mortality rate (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.78, 95% confidence interval: 0.61-0.98). CONCLUSIONS: The association between performance measures and mortality appeared to follow a dose-response pattern with a larger degree of compliance with performance measures being associated with a lower mortality rate in patients with HF. Accordingly, the quality of care for patients with HF in China needs to be further improved.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Hospitais , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , China/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros
15.
Neuroimage ; 289: 120552, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387742

RESUMO

Distractor suppression (DS) is crucial in goal-oriented behaviors, referring to the ability to suppress irrelevant information. Current evidence points to the prefrontal cortex as an origin region of DS, while subcortical, occipital, and temporal regions are also implicated. The present study aimed to examine the contribution of communications between these brain regions to visual DS. To do it, we recruited two independent cohorts of participants for the study. One cohort participated in a visual search experiment where a salient distractor triggering distractor suppression to measure their DS and the other cohort filled out a Cognitive Failure Questionnaire to assess distractibility in daily life. Both cohorts collected resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data to investigate function connectivity (FC) underlying DS. First, we generated predictive models of the DS measured in visual search task using resting-state functional connectivity between large anatomical regions. It turned out that the models could successfully predict individual's DS, indicated by a significant correlation between the actual and predicted DS (r = 0.32, p < 0.01). Importantly, Prefrontal-Temporal, Insula-Limbic and Parietal-Occipital connections contributed to the prediction model. Furthermore, the model could also predict individual's daily distractibility in the other independent cohort (r = -0.34, p < 0.05). Our findings showed the efficiency of the predictive models of distractor suppression encompassing connections between large anatomical regions and highlighted the importance of the communications between attention-related and visual information processing regions in distractor suppression. Current findings may potentially provide neurobiological markers of visual distractor suppression.

16.
Curr Issues Mol Biol ; 46(2): 1635-1650, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392224

RESUMO

Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is an important warm-season grass plant used as a turfgrass as well as pasture grass in tropical and subtropical regions, with wide application in land surface greening and soil conservation in South China and southern United States. In this study, the complete cp genome of E. ophiuroides was assembled using high-throughput Illumina sequencing technology. The circle pseudomolecule for E. ophiuroides cp genome is 139,107 bp in length, with a quadripartite structure consisting of a large single copyregion of 82,081 bp and a small single copy region of 12,566 bp separated by a pair of inverted repeat regions of 22,230 bp each. The overall A + T content of the whole genome is 61.60%, showing an asymmetric nucleotide composition. The genome encodes a total of 131 gene species, composed of 20 duplicated genes within the IR regions and 111 unique genes comprising 77 protein-coding genes, 30 transfer RNA genes, and 4 ribosome RNA genes. The complete cp genome sequence contains 51 long repeats and 197 simple sequence repeats, and a high degree of collinearity among E. ophiuroide and other Gramineae plants was disclosed. Phylogenetic analysis showed E. ophiuroides, together with the other two Eremochloa species, is closely related to Mnesithea helferi within the subtribe Rottboelliinae. These findings will be beneficial for the classification and identification of the Eremochloa taxa, phylogenetic resolution, novel gene discovery, and functional genomic studies for the genus Eremochloa.

17.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e25365, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322868

RESUMO

The establishment of a stable animal model for intrauterine adhesion (IUA) can significantly enhance research on the pathogenesis and pathological changes of this disease, as well as on the development of innovative therapeutic approaches. In this study, three different modeling methods, including phenol mucilage combined mechanical scraping, ethanol combined mechanical scraping and ethanol modeling alone were designed. The morphological characteristics of the models were evaluated. The underlying mechanisms and fertility capacity of the ethanol modeling group were analyzed and compared to those of the sham surgery group. All three methods resulted in severe intrauterine adhesions, with ethanol being identified as a reliable modeling agent and was subsequently subjected to further evaluation. Immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR results indicated that the ethanol modeling group exhibited an increase in the degree of fibrosis and inflammation, as well as a significant reduction in endometrial thickness, gland number, vascularization, and endometrial receptivity, ultimately resulting in the loss of fertility capacity. The aforementioned findings indicate that the intrauterine perfusion of 95 % ethanol is efficacious in inducing the development of intrauterine adhesions in rats. Given its cost-effectiveness, efficacy, and stability in IUA formation, the use of 95 % ethanol intrauterine perfusion may serve as a novel platform for evaluating innovative anti-adhesion materials and bioengineered therapies.

18.
Cancer Res ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335304

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD); however, a significant proportion of patients do not respond. Recent transcriptomic studies to understand determinants of immunotherapy response have pinpointed stromal-mediated resistance mechanisms. To gain a better understanding of stromal biology at the cellular and molecular level in LUAD, we performed single-cell RNA-sequencing of 256,379 cells, including 13,857 mesenchymal cells, from 9 treatment-naïve patients. Among the mesenchymal cell subsets, FAP+PDPN+ cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and ACTA2+MCAM+ pericytes were enriched in tumors and differentiated from lung resident fibroblasts. Imaging-mass cytometry revealed that both subsets were topographically adjacent to the perivascular niche and had close spatial interactions with endothelial cells (ECs). Modeling of ligand and receptor interactomes between mesenchymal and ECs identified that NOTCH signaling drives these cell-to-cell interactions in tumors, with pericytes and CAFs as the signal receivers and arterial and PLVAPhigh immature neovascular ECs as the signal senders. Either pharmacologically blocking NOTCH signaling or genetically depleting NOTCH3 levels in mesenchymal cells significantly reduced collagen production and suppressed cell invasion. Bulk RNA-sequencing data demonstrated that NOTCH3 expression correlated with poor survival in stroma-rich patients and that a T cell-inflamed gene signature only predicted survival in patients with low NOTCH3. Collectively, this study provides valuable insights into the role of NOTCH3 in regulating tumor stroma biology, warranting further studies to elucidate the clinical implications of targeting NOTCH3 signaling.

19.
Comput Biol Chem ; 109: 108036, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38422603

RESUMO

Metabolites represent the underlying information of biological systems. Revealing the links between metabolites and diseases can facilitate the development of targeted drugs. Traditional biological experiments can be used to validate the relationships of metabolite-disease, but these methods are time-consuming and labor-intensive. In contrast, the prevailing computational methods have improved efficiency but primarily rely on the metabolite-disease interactions, overlooking the impact of other biological components. To remedy the problem, we present a novel computational framework (MGDHGS) based on metabolite-gene-disease heterogeneous network to forecast potential associations. Specifically, we initially integrate data from multiple sources to construct metabolite-gene-disease heterogeneous network that includes known associations and computationally-derived similarities. Then, the GraphSAGE is harnessed to learn the low dimensional neighborhood representation in the heterogeneous network and self-attention mechanism is applied to effectively capture the connectivity patterns, which contributions to combine with nodes intrinsic and extrinsic features. Finally, the ultimate relationships probability scores are predicted by linear regression based on the these characteristics. The five-fold cross-validation showcases impressive AUC (0.9734) and PR (0.9718) for MGDHGS compared with five state-of-the-art methods, and the case studies validate that the metabolite-disease associations predicted by MGDHGS can be substantiated through pertinent biological experiments. The findings of this study show great potential contribution in the development of targeted drugs as well as offering solid support for our understanding of the complex interactions between metabolites, genes and diseases.

20.
Plant Sci ; : 112054, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423392

RESUMO

Perennial grasses seasonal nitrogen (N) cycle extends the residence and reuse time of N within the plant system, thereby enhancing N use efficiency. Currently, the mechanism of N metabolism has been extensively examined in model plants and annual grasses, and although perennial grasses exhibit similarities, they also possess distinct characteristics. Apart from assimilating and utilizing N throughout the growing season, perennial grasses also translocate N from aerial parts to perennial tissues, such as rhizomes, after autumn senescence. Subsequently, they remobilize the N from these perennial tissues to support new growth in the subsequent year, thereby ensuring their persistence. Previous studies indicate that the seasonal storage and remobilization of N in perennial grasses are not significantly associated with winter survival despite some amino acids and proteins associated with low temperature tolerance accumulating, but primarily with regrowth during the subsequent spring green-up stage. Further investigation can be conducted in perennial grasses to explore the correlation between stored N and dormant bud outgrowth in perennial tissues, such as rhizomes, during the spring green-up stage, building upon previous research on the relationship between N and axillary bud outgrowth in annual grasses. This exploration on seasonal N cycling in perennial grasses can offer valuable theoretical insights for new perennial grasses varieties with high N use efficiency through the application of gene editing and other advanced technologies.

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