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1.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 239, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cerebral malperfusion (CM) is a common comorbidity in acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD), which is associated with high mortality and poor neurological prognosis. This meta-analysis investigated the surgical strategy of ATAAD patients with CM, aiming to compare the difference in therapeutic effectiveness between the central repair-first and the early reperfusion-first according to clinical outcomes. METHODS: The meta-analysis and systematic review was conducted based on studies sourced from the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane literature database, in which cases of ATAAD with CM underwent surgical repair were included. Data for baseline characteristics, mortality, survival were extracted, and risk ratio (RR) values and the pooled mortality were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 17 retrospective studies were analyzed, including 1010 cases of ATAAD with CM underwent surgical repair. The pooled early mortality in early reperfusion group was lower (8.1%; CI, 0.02 to 0.168) than that in the central repair group (16.2%; CI, 0.115 to 0.216). The pooled long-term mortality was 7.9% in the early reperfusion cohort and 17.4% the central repair-first cohort, without a statistically significant heterogeneity (I [2] = 51.271%; p = 0.056). The mean time of symptom-onset-to-the-operation-room in all the reports was 8.87 ± 12.3 h. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggested that early reperfusion-first may achieved better outcomes compared to central repair-first in ATAAD patients complicated with CM to some extent. Early operation and early restoration of cerebral perfusion may reduce the occurrence of some neurological complications. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The meta-analysis was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews database (No. CRD CRD42023475629) on Nov. 8th, 2023.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico , Dissecção Aórtica , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Dissecção Aórtica/cirurgia , Dissecção Aórtica/mortalidade , Dissecção Aórtica/complicações , Dissecção Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Dissecção Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/mortalidade , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Aneurisma Aórtico/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Doença Aguda , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/cirurgia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/etiologia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/mortalidade , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Reperfusão , Tempo para o Tratamento
2.
Biodivers Data J ; 12: e120923, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721272

RESUMO

Background: Mirostrellusjoffrei Thomas, 1915 is the sole species within the genus Mirostrellus and its occurrence is notably rare in China. Despite the recent discovery of four previously unreported specimens from western Yunnan, China (Zaoteng River, 25.31°N, 98.80°E, altitude 1451 m) at the National Museum of Prague in the Czech Republic, comprehensive descriptions or detailed accounts of this species within China have yet to be published. New information: During a field expedition within the Guanyinshan Provincial Nature Reserve, Yuanyang, Yunnan, China, a bat was captured using a mist net. The specimen was of moderate size, with its ventral surface presenting a golden-brown hue and its dorsal surface ranging from dark brown to obsidian. The forearm measured 37.31 mm, while the fifth digit was conspicuously diminished in comparison to the others. The snout was robust, featuring prominent buccal glands. It was characterised by a well-developed upper frame and a barely visible low sagittal crest. The upper canines possessed well-developed posterior cusps. The dentition comprised two upper and two lower premolars, with the first upper premolar being notably small and the lower molars being distinctly myotodont. These attributes correspond with the known traits of Mirostrellusjoffrei. Phylogenetically, the sequence of this specimen clustered with that of M.joffrei, forming an independent clade. Through an examination of its morphological characteristics and a phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome b (Cyt b), cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) and recombination activating gene 2 (RAG2) sequences, we identified the specimen as M.joffrei, thus confirming the presence of Joffre's pipistrelle in China.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722819

RESUMO

CONTEXT: X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a rare metabolic bone disease caused by inactivation mutations in the PHEX gene. Despite the extensive number of reported PHEX variants, only a few cases of chromosomal abnormalities have been documented. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the pathogenic variants in six unrelated families with a clinical diagnosis of XLH and to propose a genetic workflow for hypophosphatemia patients suspected of XLH. METHODS: Multiple genetic testing assays were used to analyze the six families' genetic profiles, including whole exome sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, whole genome sequencing, reverse transcript polymerase chain reaction, Sanger sequencing, and karyotyping. RESULTS: The study identified six novel pathogenic variants, including one mosaic variant (exon 16-22 deletion), three chromosomal abnormalities (46, XN, inv[X][pter→p22.11::q21.31→p22.11::q21.31 →qter], 46, XN, inv[X][p22.11p22.11], and XXY), a nonclassical intron variant (NM_000444.6, c.1701_31A > G), and a deletion variant (NM_000444.6, c.64_5464-186 del5215) of PHEX. Additionally, a genetic testing workflow was proposed to aid in diagnosing patients suspected of XLH. CONCLUSION: Our research expands the mutation spectrum of PHEX and highlights the significance of utilizing multiple genetic testing methods to diagnose XLH.

4.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(9)2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730964

RESUMO

This study investigated the interfacial reactions between n-type Bi2(Te,Se)3 thermoelectric material, characterized by a highly-oriented (110) plane, and pure Sn and Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu (wt.%) solders, respectively. At 250 °C, the liquid-state Sn/Bi2(Te,Se)3 reactions resulted in the formation of both SnTe and BiTe phases, with Bi-rich particles dispersed within the SnTe phase. The growth of the SnTe phase exhibited diffusion-controlled parabolic behavior over time. In contrast, the growth rate was considerably slower compared to that observed with p-type (Bi,Sb)2Te3. Solid-state Sn/Bi2(Te,Se)3 reactions conducted between 160 °C and 200 °C exhibited similar interfacial microstructures. The SnTe phase remained the primary reaction product, embedded with tiny Bi-rich particles, revealing a diffusion-controlled growth. However, the BiTe layer had no significant growth. Further investigation into growth kinetics of intermetallic compounds and microstructural evolution was conducted to elucidate the reaction mechanism. The slower growth rates in Bi2(Te,Se)3, compared to the reactions with (Bi,Sb)2Te3, could be attributed to the strong suppression effect of Se on SnTe growth. Additionally, the interfacial reactions of Bi2(Te,Se)3 with Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu were also examined, showing similar growth behavior to those observed with Sn solder. Notably, compared with Ag, Cu tends to diffuse towards the interfacial reaction phases, resulting in a high Cu solubility within the SnTe phase.

5.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(9)2024 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731320

RESUMO

The behavior of pigs is intricately tied to their health status, highlighting the critical importance of accurately recognizing pig behavior, particularly abnormal behavior, for effective health monitoring and management. This study addresses the challenge of accommodating frequent non-rigid deformations in pig behavior using deformable convolutional networks (DCN) to extract more comprehensive features by incorporating offsets during training. To overcome the inherent limitations of traditional DCN offset weight calculations, the study introduces the multi-path coordinate attention (MPCA) mechanism to enhance the optimization of the DCN offset weight calculation within the designed DCN-MPCA module, further integrated into the cross-scale cross-feature (C2f) module of the backbone network. This optimized C2f-DM module significantly enhances feature extraction capabilities. Additionally, a gather-and-distribute (GD) mechanism is employed in the neck to improve non-adjacent layer feature fusion in the YOLOv8 network. Consequently, the novel DM-GD-YOLO model proposed in this study is evaluated on a self-built dataset comprising 11,999 images obtained from an online monitoring platform focusing on pigs aged between 70 and 150 days. The results show that DM-GD-YOLO can simultaneously recognize four common behaviors and three abnormal behaviors, achieving a precision of 88.2%, recall of 92.2%, and mean average precision (mAP) of 95.3% with 6.0MB Parameters and 10.0G FLOPs. Overall, the model outperforms popular models such as Faster R-CNN, EfficientDet, YOLOv7, and YOLOv8 in monitoring pens with about 30 pigs, providing technical support for the intelligent management and welfare-focused breeding of pigs while advancing the transformation and modernization of the pig industry.

6.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731557

RESUMO

The supramolecular solvent (SUPRAS) has garnered significant attention as an innovative, efficient, and environmentally friendly solvent for the effective extraction and separation of bioactive compounds from natural resources. However, research on the use of a SUPRAS for the extraction of phenolic compounds from plants, which are highly valued in food products due to their exceptional antioxidant properties, remains scarce. The present study developed a green, ultra-sound-assisted SUPRAS method for the simultaneous determination of three phenolic acids in Prunella vulgaris using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The experimental parameters were meticulously optimized. The efficiency and antioxidant properties of the phenolic compounds obtained using different extraction methods were also compared. Under optimal conditions, the extraction efficiency of the SUPRAS, prepared with octanoic acid reverse micelles dispersed in ethanol-water, significantly exceeded that of conventional organic solvents. Moreover, the SUPRAS method demonstrated greater antioxidant capacity. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) images revealed the spherical droplet structure of the SUPRAS, characterized by a well-defined circular fluorescence position, which coincided with the position of the phenolic acids. The phenolic acids were encapsulated within the SUPRAS droplets, indicating their efficient extraction capacity. Furthermore, molecular dynamics simulations combined with CLSM supported the proposed method's mechanism and theoretically demonstrated the superior extraction performance of the SUPRAS. In contrast to conventional methods, the higher extraction efficiency of the SUPRAS can be attributed to the larger solvent contact surface area, the formation of more types of hydrogen bonds between the extractants and the supramolecular solvents, and stronger, more stable interaction forces. The results of the theoretical studies corroborate the experimental outcomes.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Fenóis , Extratos Vegetais , Solventes , Solventes/química , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Química Verde , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/isolamento & purificação
7.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 560, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734819

RESUMO

Photosynthetic cryptophytes are eukaryotic algae that utilize membrane-embedded chlorophyll a/c binding proteins (CACs) and lumen-localized phycobiliproteins (PBPs) as their light-harvesting antennae. Cryptophytes go through logarithmic and stationary growth phases, and may adjust their light-harvesting capability according to their particular growth state. How cryptophytes change the type/arrangement of the photosynthetic antenna proteins to regulate their light-harvesting remains unknown. Here we solve four structures of cryptophyte photosystem I (PSI) bound with CACs that show the rearrangement of CACs at different growth phases. We identify a cryptophyte-unique protein, PsaQ, which harbors two chlorophyll molecules. PsaQ specifically binds to the lumenal region of PSI during logarithmic growth phase and may assist the association of PBPs with photosystems and energy transfer from PBPs to photosystems.


Assuntos
Criptófitas , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/metabolismo , Criptófitas/metabolismo , Criptófitas/genética , Complexos de Proteínas Captadores de Luz/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação à Clorofila/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação à Clorofila/genética , Fotossíntese , Ficobiliproteínas/metabolismo , Ficobiliproteínas/genética
8.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1371675, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694993

RESUMO

Background: In China, little is known about the hope level of older people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study was to examine the hope level of older PLWHA in China and identify related factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Sichuan province in China among older PLWHA. A standardized self-report questionnaire, the Herth Hope Index, was adopted. Multiple linear regression was used to identify factors influencing hope level. p-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: There were 314 participants with an average age of 64.5 (SD ± 8.7). Most of the participants were males (72.6%), primary school and below (65.9%), rural household registration (58.6%) and married (64.3%). More than half of the older adults had pension insurance, had a monthly income of more than RMB 1,000 and considered themselves to be in good health. About 80% confirmed being diagnosed for more than a year and disclosed their HIV status to family and friends. The majority of the population had low medium social support (79%). More than 80% had moderate and severe HIV stigma. Many older PLWHA had medium and high levels of hope, with an average score of 34.31 (SD ± 4.85). Multiple linear regression showed that having pension insurance (ß = 1.337, p = 0.015), longer diagnosis (ß = 0.497, p = 0.031), better self-reported health (ß = 1.416, p<0.001) and higher levels of social support (ß = 2.222, p < 0.001) were positively associated with higher levels of hope. HIV stigma (ß = -1.265, p < 0.001) was negatively correlated with hope level. Conclusion: The hope level of older PLWHA is good, but there is still room for improvement, and its hope is related to multiple factors. Therefore, the AIDS-related healthcare sector should pay special attention to the hope of older PLWHA, help them to improve their health, provide financial assistance and social aid to those with financial difficulties, and take measures to reduce HIV stigma, improve family support for the older adults, and guide the older adults to adopt a positive approach to life.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Esperança , Apoio Social , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , China , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estigma Social , Autorrelato
9.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous reports have suggested that coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA)-based radiomics analysis is a potentially helpful tool for assessing vulnerable plaques. We aimed to investigate whether coronary radiomic analysis of CCTA images could identify vulnerable plaques in patients with stable angina pectoris. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients initially diagnosed with stable angina pectoris. Patients were randomly divided into either the training or test dataset at an 8 : 2 ratio. Radiomics features were extracted from CCTA images. Radiomics models for predicting vulnerable plaques were developed using the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm. The model performance was assessed using the area under the curve (AUC); the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were calculated to compare the diagnostic performance using the two cohorts. RESULTS: A total of 158 patients were included in the analysis. The SVM radiomics model performed well in predicting vulnerable plaques, with AUC values of 0.977 and 0.875 for the training and test cohorts, respectively. With optimal cutoff values, the radiomics model showed accuracies of 0.91 and 0.882 in the training and test cohorts, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although further larger population studies are necessary, this novel CCTA radiomics model may identify vulnerable plaques in patients with stable angina pectoris.

10.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-9, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767208

RESUMO

A new lignan phyllanins A (1) and a lignan phyllanins B (2) for which the absolute configuration was determined for the first time, along with four known lignans (3-6) were isolated from the branch and leaf extracts of Phyllanthodendron dunnianum. Their planar structures were mainly determined by a combination of 1D and 2D NMR, HRESIMS spectral analyses, and the absolute configurations of the compounds 1 and 2 were established by DFT GIAO 13C NMR and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. In addition, all these six lignans were firstly tested for the antibacterial activities against MRSA, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. Among these compounds, 2 and 5 showed potential antibacterial activities against MRSA and S. aureus with MIC values of 4 and 8 µg/mL, respectively.

11.
Horm Metab Res ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772393

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary liver cancer with a high mortality rate. The search for a new biomarker could help the prognosis of HCC patients. We identified the glycolytic gene set associated with HCC and the glycolytic lncRNA based on TCGA and MsigDB databases. According to these lncRNAs, K-means clustering, and regression analysis were performed on the patients. Two groups of HCC patients with different lncRNA expression levels were obtained based on K-means clustering results. The results of difference analysis and enrichment analysis showed that DEmRNA in the two HCC populations with significant survival differences was mainly enriched in transmembrane transporter complex, RNA polymerase II specificity, cAMP signaling pathway, and calcium signaling pathway. In addition, a prognostic model of HCC with 4 DElncRNAs was constructed based on regression analysis. ROC curve analysis showed that the model had good predictive performance. Drug predictionresults showed that the efficacy of JQ1, niraparib, and teniposide was higher in the low-risk group than in the high-risk group. In conclusion, this study preliminarily identified glycolytic-related prognostic features of lncRNAs in HCC and constructed a risk assessment model. The results of this study are expected to guide the prognosis assessment of clinical HCC patients.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735794

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify if the local institutional shift from routine overnight observation to same-day discharge following percutaneous cryoablation (PCA) of renal tumors increases 30 day re-admission rates or serious adverse events (AEs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 133 adult patients. PCA patients in calendar years 2018-2019 were routinely observed overnight in the hospital, comprising the control group (Group A). PCA patients in calendar years 2021-2022 were routinely discharged the same day, comprising the test group (Group B). Relevant demographic information, tumor characteristics, technical outcomes, and clinical outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: 15 patients (11.3 %) from the total cohort were re-admitted to the hospital within 30 days of PCA for any reason. Seven patients (10.4 %) and eight patients (12.1 %) were re-admitted for any reason within 30 days in Group A and Group B, respectively, with no difference between the two groups (p = 0.76). Nine patients (6.8 %) from the total cohort were re-admitted to the hospital within 30 days for a diagnosis secondary to the procedure. Four patients (6 %) and five patients (7.6 %) were re-admitted within 30 days for reasons related to PCA in Group A and Group B, respectively, with no significant difference between the groups (p = 0.71). Eight patients (12 %) and four patients (6 %) had major AEs following PCA in Group A and Group B, respectively, with no difference between the two groups (p = 0.43). CONCLUSION: Overall, the change in post-procedural care after PCA did not have a deleterious effect on 30 day re-admission rates or rates of major AEs.

13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11591, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773220

RESUMO

Podocytes are specialized terminally differentiated cells in the glomerulus that are the primary target cells in many glomerular diseases. However, the current podocyte cell lines suffer from prolonged in vitro differentiation and limited survival time, which impede research progress. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a cell line that exhibits superior performance and characteristics. We propose a simple protocol to obtain an immortalized mouse podocyte cell (MPC) line from suckling mouse kidneys. Primary podocytes were cultured in vitro and infected with the SV40 tsA58 gene to obtain immortalized MPCs. The podocytes were characterized using Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR. Podocyte injury was examined using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and flow cytometry. First, we successfully isolated an MPC line and identified 39 °C as the optimal differentiation temperature. Compared to undifferentiated MPCs, the expression of WT1 and synaptopodin was upregulated in differentiated MPCs. Second, the MPCs ceased proliferating at a nonpermissive temperature after day 4, and podocyte-specific proteins were expressed normally after at least 15 passages. Finally, podocyte injury models were induced to simulate podocyte injury in vitro. In summary, we provide a simple and popularized protocol to establish a conditionally immortalized MPC, which is a powerful tool for the study of podocytes.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Podócitos , Animais , Podócitos/metabolismo , Podócitos/citologia , Camundongos , Proteínas WT1/metabolismo , Proteínas WT1/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Linhagem Celular , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Proliferação de Células
14.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1370, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aldosterone plays important parts in development of cardio-metabolic diseases as end product of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. However, factors elevating circulating aldosterone are not clear, and lifestyle-related factors are suggested to be involved, whereas less studied. Therefore, we aimed to explore the association of lifestyle factors with plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) in community population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited participants using multistage random sampling from Emin China in 2019, and collected data and fasting blood samples. The considered lifestyle factors included obesity parameters (neck circumference, abdominal circumference), alcohol consumption, blood pressure (BP), physical activity, sleep duration, sleep quality, mental state (depression and anxiety), fasting blood glucose (FBG), and lipid profiles (total cholesterol and triglyceride). PAC was measured using radioimmunoassay. We performed sex-stratified linear and logistic regressions to explore associated factors of PAC. Component analysis was further performed to identify the main factors affecting PAC. RESULTS: Twenty-seven thousand four hundred thirty-six participants with 47.1% men were included. Obesity parameters (neck circumference, abdominal circumference), glucose metabolism (FBG), psychological status (anxiety status in men and women, depression status in men), BP, liver function (in men), lipid metabolism (TC and TG in men), sleep parameters (sleep quality in women), and renal function (in women) are the main factors associated with elevated PAC. CONCLUSION: lower physical activity, alcohol consumption, higher BP, fat accumulation, dyslipidemia, higher fasting blood glucose, and presence of depression and anxiety were the main factors associated with eleveated PAC.


Assuntos
Aldosterona , Estilo de Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aldosterona/sangue , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Idoso , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
15.
J Chromatogr A ; 1726: 464963, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723493

RESUMO

The monitoring of organic compounds in aquatic matrices poses challenges due to its complexity and time-intensive nature. To address these challenges, we introduce a novel approach utilizing a dual-channel mono (1D) and comprehensive two-dimensional (2D) gas chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC-TOFMS) system, integrated with a robotic pretreatment platform, for online monitoring of both volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in water matrices. Employing the robotic platform, we establish a suite of online liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) pretreatment processes for water samples, marking the first instance of such procedures. Leveraging the automatic headspace (HS) module, dual robotic preparations of HS and LLE are sequentially executed to extract VOCs and SVOCs from water matrices. The GC × GC-TOFMS system is distinguished by its dual-channel analytical column configuration, facilitating sequential analysis of VOCs in GC-TOFMS mode and SVOCs in GC × GC-TOFMS mode. Quantitative detection of 55 target VOCs and 104 SVOCs is achieved in a water sample using the instrument system. Our method demonstrates excellent correlation coefficients ranging from 0.990 to 1.000, method detection limits ranging from 0.08 to 4.78 µg L-1, relative standard deviations below 19.3 %, and recovery rates ranging from 50.0 % to 124.0 %. To validate the online monitoring capabilities of our system, we assess target SVOCs at three different concentration levels over a 3-day period. Most compounds exhibit recovery rates ranging from 70.0 % to 130.0 %. Furthermore, we apply our method to analyze a real water sample, successfully identifying over 100 target and nontarget VOCs/SVOCs, including alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, acids, esters, and phenols. These results highlight the efficacy of the proposed analysis system, capable of conducting two distinct analyses in automatic sequence, thereby enhancing the efficiency and accuracy of organic compound analysis in water matrices.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Extração Líquido-Líquido , Robótica , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Extração Líquido-Líquido/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Limite de Detecção
16.
Anal Chem ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758012

RESUMO

Oxygen vacancy (Ov) is known to act as an active center of the metal oxide. Quantification of surface Ov is vital for understanding the quantitative structure-activity relationship. Facile quantification characterization of surface Ov is highly desirable but still challenging. In this study, we presented a simple colorimetric method for rapidly quantifying surface Ov. As an example of metal oxide nanoparticles, Co3O4 was used to catalyze the 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB)-H2O2 colorimetric reaction. It was found that the absorbance of the TMB-H2O2 system was dependent on the surface Ov amount in Co3O4. The investigation of the mechanism showed that the Ov-dependent absorbance would be attributed to the activity of surface Ov to easily adsorb and dissociate H2O2 into a hydroxyl radical (•OH). The absorbance signal of the TMB-H2O2 system acted as a probe to estimate the surface Ov. This colorimetric measurement could be completed in less than 20 min. The Ov concentrations obtained by the proposed colorimetric method matched well with those obtained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. This method does not require any complex operation and expensive equipment and can be performed in any ordinary chemical laboratory. So, this colorimetric method is expected to become an alternative approach for quantifying the surface Ov in metal oxide nanoparticles. This method will provide essential insights into the rational design and application of Ov.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 932: 172892, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719053

RESUMO

Organophosphate esters (OPEs) have been demonstrated to induce various forms of toxicity in aquatic organisms. However, a scarcity of evidence impedes the conclusive determination of whether OPEs manifest sex-dependent toxic effects. Here, we investigated the effects of tris (1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TCPP) and resorcinol bis (diphenyl phosphate) (RDP) on the intestines of both female and male zebrafish. The results indicated that, in comparison to TCPP, RDP induced more pronounced intestinal microstructural damage and oxidative stress, particularly in male zebrafish. 16S rRNA sequencing and metabolomics revealed significant alterations in the species richness and oxidative stress-related metabolites in the intestinal microbiota of zebrafish under exposure to both TCPP and RDP, manifesting gender-specific effects. Based on differential species analysis, we defined invasive species and applied invasion theory to analyze the reasons for changes in the male fish intestinal community. Correlation analysis demonstrated that alien species may have potential effects on metabolism. Overall, this study reveals a pronounced gender-dependent impact on both the intestinal microbiota and metabolic disruptions of zebrafish due to OPEs exposure and offers a novel perspective on the influence of pollutants on intestinal microbial communities and metabolism.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Resorcinóis , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Resorcinóis/toxicidade , Feminino , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Ribossômico 16S
18.
Transl Oncol ; 45: 101986, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723299

RESUMO

Microvascular invasion (MVI) is an adverse prognostic indicator of tumor recurrence after surgery for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore, developing a nomogram for estimating the presence of MVI before liver resection is necessary. We retrospectively included 260 patients with pathologically confirmed HCC at the Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 2021 and April 2024. The patients were randomly divided into a training cohort (n = 182) for nomogram development, and a validation cohort (n = 78) to confirm the performance of the model (7:3 ratio). Significant clinical variables associated with MVI were then incorporated into the predictive nomogram using both univariate and multivariate logistic analyses. The predictive performance of the nomogram was assessed based on its discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility. Serum carnosine dipeptidase 1 ([CNDP1] OR 2.973; 95 % CI 1.167-7.575; p = 0.022), cirrhosis (OR 8.911; 95 % CI 1.922-41.318; p = 0.005), multiple tumors (OR 4.095; 95 % CI 1.374-12.205; p = 0.011), and tumor diameter ≥3 cm (OR 4.408; 95 % CI 1.780-10.919; p = 0.001) were independent predictors of MVI. Performance of the nomogram based on serum CNDP1, cirrhosis, number of tumors and tumor diameter was achieved with a concordance index of 0.833 (95 % CI 0.771-0.894) and 0.821 (95 % CI 0.720-0.922) in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. It fitted well in the calibration curves, and the decision curve analysis further confirmed its clinical usefulness. The nomogram, incorporating significant clinical variables and imaging features, successfully predicted the personalized risk of MVI in HCC preoperatively.

19.
3D Print Addit Manuf ; 11(2): e751-e763, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694835

RESUMO

Binder jetting (3DP) is a kind of additive manufacturing at room temperature and atmospheric environment, which can reduce the risk of magnesium alloy forming. Magnesium alloy powder is bonded to a certain structure by a binder, so the appropriate binder is very important in 3DP. In this study, according to the characteristics of magnesium alloy, a simple and easy-to-obtain water-based low-molecular alcohol binder was used to reduce the difficulty of magnesium alloy 3DP. Additionally, we use COMSOL Multiphysics simulation software to establish a simulation model of the movement and deposition process of the binder. The results show that the increase in jet velocity will increase the quality and saturation of droplets. More importantly, the larger the jet velocity is, the larger the spreading width of the binder droplet after impacting the powder bed, which seriously affects the dimensional accuracy of the green part. In addition, lower binder saturation will weaken the formation of interparticle bonding neck and cannot form a stable structure. Furthermore, we analyzed the bond reactants of the binder and magnesium alloy powder, which eventually decompose into MgO, and the experimental results show that the final sintered sample has considerable performance.

20.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700834

RESUMO

Epithelial organoid monoculture is a powerful tool to model stem cell dynamics in vitro. However, extensive efforts have recently revealed various niche players and their significant roles in regulating epithelial stem cells. Among these niche components, fibroblasts have been heavily recognized in the field as a critical niche signal secretor. Thus, understanding the roles of fibroblasts in epithelial dynamics has become increasingly relevant and crucial. This propels the development of approaches to coculture epithelial 3D organoids with fibroblasts to model epithelial-fibroblast crosstalk in vitro. Here, we describe a stepwise coculture method to isolate and culture primary intestinal fibroblasts and epithelial organoids together. Aligned with the recent literature, our coculture protocol allows for primary intestinal fibroblast support of epithelial organoid growth.

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