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1.
Food Chem ; 337: 127921, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919266

RESUMO

Antioxidant peptides obtained from snakehead (Channa argus) soup (SHS) after simulated gastrointestinal (GI) digestion were separated, identified and characterized. Results showed that the fraction with MW < 3 kDa had the highest antioxidant capacity. Four novel antioxidant peptides were identified after RP-HPLC and UPLC-MS/MS. PGMLGGSPPGLLGGSPP and SDGSNIHFPN had the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 1.39 mM) and Fe2+ chelating ability (IC50 = 4.60 mM), respectively. Structures in silico for IVLPDEGK, PGMLGGSPPGLLGGSPP and SDGSNIHFPN suggest at least one ß-turn and/or α-helix, which are associated with antioxidant activity. Moreover, our results showed that these three peptides docked with a recombinant Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) with a binding score greater than TX6, a good ligand of Keap1. The cell viability assay also showed significant cytoprotective effects against H2O2-induced cellular oxidative damage. This information implies that antioxidant mechanisms of novel SHS peptides occurred via activation of cellular anti-oxidation Keap1-Nrf2 signaling pathway.

2.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 50(5): 674-680, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to establish a new external quality assessment (EQA) of chromosomal karyotype analysis. METHODS: Chimeric assembly A1 was established by collecting chimeric chromosome images prepared artificially from chromosomally abnormal amniocytes remaining after prenatal diagnosis. Chimeric assembly B1 and nonchimeric assembly C1 were constructed through the collection of chimeric and nonchimeric chromosome images from prenatal diagnosis, respectively. Then, chromosome images were selected randomly from assemblies A1, B1, or C1 to send to 20 technicians via email to verify the validity of a new EQA of chromosomal karyotype analysis. RESULTS: According to the EQA of 20 technicians, 47,XX,+mar from assembly A was easily misdiagnosed as 47,XX,+19 or 47,XXY, and 45,XX,t(13;22) (q10;q10) was misdiagnosed as 45,XX,13S+,-22. The total misdiagnosis rate was 3.8%. For assembly B, 46,X,+mar and 46,X,idic(Y) were easily misdiagnosed as 46,XY and 46,X,+mar, respectively. In addition, some testers missed 47,XXX in 47,XXX[2]/46,XX[48], as well as 47,XX,+18 in 46,XX [47]/47,XX,+18[3], and 45,X and 47,XXX in 46,XX[47]/45,X[2]/47,XXX[1]. The total misdiagnosis rate was 4.2%. All karyo-types from assembly C were correctly diagnosed, although incorrect descriptions used for 4% of cases. CONCLUSION: The quality of chromosome karyotype analysis can be comprehensively evaluated by a new EQA based on assembly A1 or B1.

3.
J Gene Med ; : e3282, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The source and availability of cells for tissue engineering in large scale research or clinical trials requires special attention. We put forward the idea of applying rabbit umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells for this purpose. METHODS: Here, the structure of the rabbit umbilical cord was analyzed and compared with that of human umbilical macroscopically and histologically. Next, we isolated, cultured, and identified the proliferative activity and immunological characteristics of rabbit umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells in vitro using mixed lymphocyte reaction, flow cytometry, and ELISA test. Further, we evaluated the effects of biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic scaffolds seeded with rabbit umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells in rat cranial defect models using multiple techniques, including radiological, histological, and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: In vitro studies demonstated a high level of proliferation and multi-lineage differentiation potential in rabbit umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells. Rabbit umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells exibited low immunogenicity property and immune suppression capability in both the allogeneic and xenogeneic immune response. Results of the in vivo study showed that rabbit umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells could promote osteogenesis in heterogeneous hosts. CONCLUSIONS: The rabbit umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells may be a new source for tissue engineering.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113436, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011372

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dingxin Recipe (DXR) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula that has been reported to be effective and safe treatment for cardiovascular diseases, such as arrhythmias, coronary heart disease. Dingxin Recipe IV (DXR IV) was further improved from the DXR according to the traditional use. However, the mechanism of DXR IV in atherosclerosis is unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to illustrate whether DXR IV improve atherosclerosis through modulating the lipid metabolism and gut microbiota in atherosclerosis mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 40 male ApoE-/- mice were fed on HFD for 12 weeks and were then treated with DXR IV (1.8, 0.9, or 0.45 g/kg/d) for another 12 weeks. The decroation of DXR IV contains four traditional Chinese medicines: the dried rhizome of Coptis chinensis Franch. (15.09%), the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (28.30%), the seed of Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (37.74%) and the fruiting body of Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss.ex Fr.) Karst. (18.87%). 8 male c57BL/6 mice fed a normal diet served as control group. The atherosclerotic plaque was quantified by oil-red O staining and masson trichrome staining. Mice feces were collected. The gut micobiota were detected by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and fecal metabolites were analyzed by 1H NMR spectroscopy. The effect of DXR IV on blood lipids (TG, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C) was investigated. The lipid metabolism related genes were determined by RT-qPCR and western blotting respectively. RESULTS: DXR IV exerted the anti-atherosclerosis effect by inhibiting the excessive cholesterol deposition in aorta and regulating the level of TG, TC, LDL-C and HDL-C. The composition of gut microbiota was changed. Interestingly, the relative abundance of Muribaculaceae and Ruminococcaceae increased after DXR IV administration, whereas the abundance of Erysipelotrichaceae decreased, which have been beneficial to lipid metabolism. Nine potential metabolic biomarkers, including acetate, butyrate, propionate, alanine, succinate, valerate, xylose, choline, glutamate, were identified, which were related to fatty acid metabolism. Further, the pathway of fatty acid was detected by the RT-qPCR and western blotting. Compared with model group, the level of LXR-α and SREBP1 decreased significantly in DXR IV group while LXR-ß, SREBP2 showed no statistical significance. It indicated that DXR IV modulated lipid metabolism by LXR-α/SREBP1 but not LXRß and SREBP2. CONCLUSIONS: DXR IV exhibits potential anti-atherosclerosis effect, which is closely related to lipid metabolism and the gut microbiota. This study may provide novel insights into the mechanism of DXR IV on atherosclerosis and a basis for promising clinical usage.

6.
mSphere ; 5(5)2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028683

RESUMO

This study provides the genomic characterization and clinical description of bloodstream infections (BSI) cases due to ST15 KPC-2 producer Klebsiella pneumoniae Six KPC-K. pneumoniae isolates were recovered in 2015 in a tertiary Brazilian hospital and were analyzed by whole-genome sequencing (WGS) (Illumina MiSeq short reads). Of these, two isolates were further analyzed by Nanopore MinION sequencing, allowing complete chromosome and plasmid circularization (hybrid assembly), using Unicycler software. The clinical analysis showed that the 30-day overall mortality for these BSI cases was high (83%). The isolates exhibited meropenem resistance (MICs, 32 to 128 mg/liter), with 3/6 isolates resistant to polymyxin B. The conjugative properties of the bla KPC-2 plasmid and its copy number were assessed by standard conjugation experiments and sequence copy number analysis. We identified in all six isolates a small (8.3-kb), high-copy-number (20 copies/cell) non-self-conjugative IncQ plasmid harboring bla KPC-2 in a non-Tn4401 transposon. This plasmid backbone was previously reported to harbor bla KPC-2 only in Brazil, and it could be comobilized at a high frequency (10-4) into Escherichia coli J53 and into several high-risk K. pneumoniae clones (ST258, ST15, and ST101) by a common IncL/M helper plasmid, suggesting the potential of international spread. This study thus identified the international K. pneumoniae ST15 clone as a carrier of bla KPC-2 in a high-copy-number IncQ1 plasmid that is easily transmissible among other common Klebsiella strains. This finding is of concern since IncQ1 plasmids are efficient antimicrobial resistance determinant carriers across Gram-negative species. The spread of such carbapenemase-encoding IncQ1 plasmids should therefore be closely monitored.IMPORTANCE In many parts of the world, carbapenem resistance is a serious public health concern. In Brazil, carbapenem resistance in Enterobacterales is mostly driven by the dissemination of KPC-2-producing K. pneumoniae clones. Despite being endemic in this country, only a few reports providing both clinical and genomic data are available in Brazil, which limit the understanding of the real clinical impact caused by the dissemination of different clones carrying bla KPC-2 in Brazilian hospitals. Although several of these KPC-2-producer K. pneumoniae isolates belong to the clonal complex 258 and carry Tn4401 transposons located on large plasmids, a concomitant emergence and silent dissemination of small high-copy-number bla KPC-2 plasmids are of importance, as described in this study. Our data identify a small high-copy-number IncQ1 KPC plasmid, its clinical relevance, and the potential for conjugative transfer into several K. pneumoniae isolates, belonging to different international lineages, such as ST258, ST101, and ST15.

7.
Microorganisms ; 8(10)2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036329

RESUMO

Candida albicans is a commensal polymorphic and opportunistic fungus, which usually resides as a small community in the oral cavities of a majority of humans. The latter eco-system presents this yeast varied opportunities for mutualistic interactions with other cohabitant oral bacteria, that synergizes its persistence and pathogenicity. Collectively, these communities live within complex plaque biofilms which may adversely affect the oral health and increase the proclivity for oral candidiasis. The proteome of such oral biofilms with myriad interkingdom interactions are largely underexplored. Herein, we employed limma differential expression analysis, and cluster analysis to explore the proteomic interactions of C. albicans biofilms with nine different common oral bacterial species, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Actinomyces naeslundii, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Enterococcus faecalis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Streptococcus mutants, Streptococcus sanguinis, Streptococcus mitis, and Streptococcus sobrinus. Interestingly, upon exposure of C. albicans biofilms to the foregoing heat-killed bacteria, the proteomes of the fungus associated with cellular respiration, translation, oxidoreductase activity, and ligase activity were significantly altered. Subsequent differential expression and cluster analysis revealed the subtle, yet significant alterations in the C. albicans proteome, particularly on exposure to bacteria with dissimilar cell morphologies, and Gram staining characteristics.

8.
Clin Genet ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009822

RESUMO

Variants of tubulin beta 8 class VIII (TUBB8) have been shown to be associated with female infertility characterized by oocyte or embryonic defects. To further investigate the mutational spectrum of TUBB8 and the prevalence of variants, we performed Sanger sequencing of TUBB8 on a total of 115 infertile females who had undergone repeated in vitro fertilization cycles with oocyte or embryonic defects and 200 healthy controls. A total of 31 variants which were absent from the controls were identified in 36 unrelated individuals, accounting for a large proportion of this cohort (31.3%). All of the variants including heterozygous/homozygous missense variants and a heterozygous frameshift insertion variant were at conserved sites and predicted to be deleterious. Besides, these variants had diverse phenotypic effects, including not only oocyte maturation arrest, fertilization failure, and early embryonic arrest, but also multi-pronuclei (MPN) formation, which is a new phenotype associated with TUBB8 variants. Overall, this study reveals a large number of variants of the TUBB8 gene in infertile females with oocyte or embryonic defects. Our results not only broaden the mutational and phenotypic spectra of TUBB8 variants, but also further confirm the critical role of TUBB8 in oocyte maturation, fertilization and early embryonic development.

9.
Environ Int ; 145: 106128, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011547

RESUMO

Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) is one of the most frequently used brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in the industries nowadays. Despite being listed as persistent organic pollutant (POP), it is still in use until 2025. Because of its bio-accumulative and toxic characteristics, the applicable remediation approach is required. The aim of this study is to identify the microbial community from soil with HBCD degradation ability. The soil suspension and soil samples from Chiang Chun Soil and River Bank Soil showed to degrade HBCD by 60% 4 days after treatment, the debromination ratio was around 60%, and the total HBCD removal ratio reached 70% and 77.9%, respectively. The HBCD debromination metabolites, and oxidation metabolites were identified by GC-MS. The microbial taxonomic diversity was observed with DGGE approach to evaluate the effect of HBCD of microbial community. Bacillus spp. and Clostridium spp. were identified as the dominant microbes in the Chiang Chun Soil, but the amount of Bacillus spp. were showed to be affected by HBCD. In conclusion, HBCD could be removed by the microbial consortium in soil under aerobic culturing condition by various metabolic pathways.

10.
Aquat Toxicol ; 228: 105650, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035767

RESUMO

Micro(nano)plastics (MPs/NPs) are already present as contaminants in the natural environment globally and have been shown to be difficult to degrade, resulting in the potential for ecological damage and public health concerns. However, the adverse effects of exposure to MPs/NPs by aquatic organisms, especially freshwater microalgae, remains unclear. In the present study, the growth, physiology and transcriptome of the freshwater microalgae Euglena gracilis were comprehensively analyzed following exposure to 1 mg/L of polystyrene (PS) microbeads (5 µm PS-MPs and 100 nm PS-NPs), 0.5 mg/L cadmium (Cd), or a mixture of PS microbeads and Cd for 96 h. Results showed that the toxicity of PS-MPs to microalgae was greater than PS-NPs, inducing increased growth inhibition, oxidative damage and decreased photosynthesis pigment concentrations. PS-MPs alone or in combination with Cd caused cavitation within microalgal cells, as well as increasing the number and volume of vacuoles. The combined exposure toxicity test showed that a combination of Cd + PS-NPs was more toxic than Cd + PS-MPs, which may be explained by the transcriptomic analysis results. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the Cd + PS-NPs group were mainly enriched in metabolism-related pathways, suggesting that algal metabolism was hindered, resulting in aggravation of toxicity. The reduced toxicity induced by Cd + PS-MPs may indicate a response to resist external stress processes. In addition, no adsorption of 0.5 mg/L Cd to 1 mg/L PS microbeads was observed, suggesting that adsorption of MPs/NPs and Cd was not the key factor determining the combined toxicity effects in this study.

11.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4775, 2020 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963221

RESUMO

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) poses serious threats to human health, particularly in Southeast Asia, and no drugs or vaccines are available. Previous work identified the stem loop II structure of the EV71 internal ribosomal entry site as vital to viral translation and a potential target. After screening an RNA-biased library using a peptide-displacement assay, we identify DMA-135 as a dose-dependent inhibitor of viral translation and replication with no significant toxicity in cell-based studies. Structural, biophysical, and biochemical characterization support an allosteric mechanism in which DMA-135 induces a conformational change in the RNA structure that stabilizes a ternary complex with the AUF1 protein, thus repressing translation. This mechanism is supported by pull-down experiments in cell culture. These detailed studies establish enterovirus RNA structures as promising drug targets while revealing an approach and mechanism of action that should be broadly applicable to functional RNA targeting.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A/genética , Enterovirus Humano A/fisiologia , Infecções por Enterovirus/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/fisiologia , Sítios Internos de Entrada Ribossomal/fisiologia , Replicação Viral/fisiologia , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Heterogênea D0/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , RNA Viral/química , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
12.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(5): 3028-3037, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been widely used for bowel preparation. However, the efficacy and safety of single and split dose PEG for bowel preparation in children undergoing colonoscopy remain unclear, it is necessary to evaluate the role of single and split dose PEG for bowel preparation in children population. METHODS: PubMed et al. databases up to September 1, 2019 were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) single and split dose PEG for bowel preparation in children undergoing colonoscopy were included. Based on the heterogeneity, data were synthesized using random-effects or fixed-effects models. Results were expressed as Mantel-Haenszel style odds ratio (OR) or mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). RESULTS: Four RCTs with 249 children were included. There was no significantly difference in the efficacy of single and split dose PEG for bowel preparation (OR =0.36, 95% CI: -0.12 to 1.10). The acceptability of split dose PEG for bowel preparation was significantly higher than that of single dose (OR =0.50, 95% CI: 0.29 to 0.85); the incidence of nausea in split dose PEG for bowel preparation was significantly lower than that of single dose (OR =2.1, 95% CI: 1.29 to 3.42); there was no significant difference on the incidence of abdominal pain between two regimes (OR =1.39, 95% CI: 0.67 to 2.89). CONCLUSIONS: Split dose PEG seems to be more superior to single dose for children undergoing colonoscopy. However, considering that the number of included RCTs are very limited, more related studies on this issue are needed in the future.

13.
Carbohydr Polym ; 248: 116760, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919558

RESUMO

Catechol-conjugated chitosan (CCs), used as tissue adhesive, wound dressing, and hemostatic materials, has been drawing much more attention. However, most CCs tissue adhesives exhibit poor adhesion strength, and few studies on optimization of cohesion and adhesion strength of CCs derivatives have been conducted. This work focused on the balance between cohesion and adhesion strength of catechol-conjugated chitosan (CCs) derivatives via different mechanisms of chemical and enzymatic conjugation. CCs derivatives were characterized regarding its mechanical property, cytotoxicity, platelet adhesion and wound healing test. Mechanical properties could be optimized by the degree of catechol substitution, pH and the presence of oxidizing agent, resulting in that the highest value of adhesive shear strength to the porcine tissue is 64.8 ± 5.7 kPa. In addition, CCs derivatives exhibit decreased toxicity and promoted in vivo wound healing effects as comparing to a commercially available adhesive (Dermabond®). All the results demonstrate that CCs derivatives can be used as well-optimized tissue adhesives as well as a hemostat.

14.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920683

RESUMO

Autosomal recessive hypophosphatemic rickets type 1 (ARHR1) was reported to be caused by homozygous mutation of dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1). To date, very few cases have been reported. Here, we summarized clinical, laboratory and imaging findings of ARHR1 patients in our hospital. Literature review was performed to analyze genotype-phenotype correlation. Five Chinese patients from three unrelated pedigrees presented with lower extremity deformity and short stature. Hypophosphatemia, elevated alkaline phosphatase, high intact fibroblast growth factor 23 and sclerostin were found. X-ray uncovered coexistence of osteomalacia and osteosclerosis. Although areal bone mineral density (aBMD) of axial bone measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was relatively high in all patients, volumetric BMD (vBMD) and microstructure of one adult patient's peripheral bone detected by HR-pQCT were damaged. Mutation analyses of DMP1 revealed three homozygous mutations including two novel mutations, c.54 + 1G > C and c.94C > A (p.E32X), and a reported mutation c.184-1G > A. Genotype-phenotype correlation analysis including 30 cases (25 from literature review and 5 from our study) revealed that patients harboring mutations affecting C-terminal fragment of DMP1 presented with shorter stature (Z score of height = - 3.4 ± 1.6 vs - 1.0 ± 1.6, p = 0.001) and lower serum phosphate level (0.70 ± 0.15 vs 0.84 ± 0.16, p = 0.03) than those harboring mutations only affecting N-terminal fragment. In summary, we reported five Chinese ARHR1 patients and identified two novel DMP1 mutations. High aBMD and local osteosclerosis in axial bone with low vBMD and damaged microstructure in peripheral bone were featured. Genotype-phenotype correlation analysis confirmed the important role of C-terminal fragment of DMP1.

15.
Sci Adv ; 6(28): eaaz5894, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32923589

RESUMO

Biologically active ligands (e.g., RGDS from fibronectin) play critical roles in the development of chemically defined biomaterials. However, recent decades have shown only limited progress in discovering novel extracellular matrix-protein-derived ligands for translational applications. Through motif analysis of evolutionarily conserved RGD-containing regions in laminin (LM) and peptide-functionalized hydrogel microarray screening, we identified a peptide (a1) that showed superior supports for endothelial cell (EC) functions. Mechanistic studies attributed the results to the capacity of a1 engaging both LM- and Fn-binding integrins. RNA sequencing of ECs in a1-functionalized hydrogels showed ~60% similarities with Matrigel in "vasculature development" gene ontology terms. Vasculogenesis assays revealed the capacity of a1-formulated hydrogels to improve EC network formation. Injectable alginates functionalized with a1 and MMPQK (a vascular endothelial growth factor-mimetic peptide with a matrix metalloproteinase-degradable linker) increased blood perfusion and functional recovery over decellularized extracellular matrix and (RGDS + MMPQK)-functionalized hydrogels in an ischemic hindlimb model, illustrating the power of this approach.

16.
Chin J Acad Radiol ; : 1-5, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864570

RESUMO

To determine changes in clinical and radiologic findings associated with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from diagnosis to recovery, we retrospectively reviewed the diagnosis and treatment records of the first patient cured of COVID-19 in Guangzhou. A 55-year-old woman from Wuhan was admitted to the hospital isolation ward with the chief complaint of "cough for 11 days and once fever 8 days ago" on January 22, 2020. COVID-19 was laboratory confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, and she received conventional antiviral therapy, such as moxifloxacin, traditional Chinese medicine, and arbidol. Repeat chest-computed tomography (CT) scans were performed on days 13 and 19 of her illness. The former showed radiologic findings, including ground-glass opacities (GGOs), which revealed viral pneumonia; the latter revealed that the previous lesions had been significantly absorbed. The lesions on CT scans were consistent with the changes in the course of disease. Some drugs, such as traditional Chinese medicine and arbidol, might play an important role in the recovery of COVID-19 patients. This study provides some new insights into the formulation of a timely and effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategy to cure patients with COVID-19.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21738, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899003

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Anti-interferon-gamma (anti-IFN-γ) autoantibody increases susceptibility to lower-virulence pathogens and causes immunodeficiency syndrome in HIV-negative patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 69-year-old Chinese man presented with a 2-month history of pruritic skin lesions on his forearms, trunk, and legs. He was diagnosed with 5 opportunistic infections without conventional immunosuppression-associated factors in past. The most conspicuous characteristics were recurrent pulmonary infection, persistent immunoglobulin E elevation and eosinophilia during the whole disease course. DIAGNOSIS: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed anti-IFN-γ autoantibody positive. The final diagnosis for the patient was adult-onset immunodeficiency due to anti-IFN-γ autoantibody, non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection and reactive dermatosis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent long-term anti-NTM and corticosteroid maintenance treatment. OUTCOMES: The patient was followed for 2 years during which opportunistic infection no longer happened, the immunoglobulin E level and eosinophil count reduced, the autoantibody levels remained largely steady and lung lesions absorbed. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should be vigilant for NTM infection in patients with anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies, even when culture results are negative. Long-term anti-non-tuberculous mycobacteria and glucocorticoid regimens were effective.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Interferon gama/imunologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/complicações , Idoso , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/diagnóstico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Masculino , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/imunologia , Infecções Oportunistas/complicações , Dermatopatias/complicações , Dermatopatias/imunologia
18.
Environ Microbiol ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996254

RESUMO

Plants harbour highly diverse mycobiomes which sustain essential functions for host health and productivity. However, ecological processes that govern the plant-mycobiome assembly, interactions and their impact on ecosystem functions remain poorly known. Here we characterized the ecological role and community assembly of both abundant and rare fungal taxa along the soil-plant continuums (rhizosphere, phyllosphere and endosphere) in the maize-wheat/barley rotation system under different fertilization practices at two contrasting sites. Our results indicate that mycobiome assembly is shaped predominantly by compartment niche and host species rather than by environmental factors. Moreover, crop-associated fungal communities are dominated by few abundant taxa mainly belonging to Sordariomycetes and Dothideomycetes, while the majority of diversity within mycobiomes are represented by rare taxa. For plant compartments, the abundant sub-community is mainly determined by stochastic processes. In contrast, the rare sub-community is more sensitive to host selection and mainly governed by deterministic processes. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that rare taxa play an important role in fungal co-occurrence network and ecosystem functioning like crop yield and soil enzyme activities. These results significantly advance our understanding of crop mycobiome assembly and highlight the key role of rare taxa in sustaining the stability of crop mycobiomes and ecosystem functions.

19.
Gene ; 766: 145118, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896588

RESUMO

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) is a multifunctional cell proliferation regulator that plays a critical role in regulating animal growth and development. In this study, the expression level of IGF1 gene in different tissues of Dezhou donkey in different periods was investigated by RT-qPCR. Meanwhile, two mutation sites were identified within the IGF1 gene and its effect on body size traits of Dezhou donkey was analysed. The results showed that the expression level of the adult donkey IGF1 gene in heart, liver, spleen, lung, renal and gastric tissues is higher than that of the young donkeys, but the young donkeys are significantly higher in muscle tissues than the adult donkeys. The IGF1-1 and IGF1-2 loci showed a trend that the GG mutant was larger than other genotypes in the growth traits of both male and female donkeys, among which the IGF1-1 loci had a significant association with the chest circumference and chest depth of male donkeys (P < 0.05), and the IGF1-2 loci had a significant association with the chest circumference of female donkeys. Haplotype combination Hap1Hap1 (GG-GG) showed a greater tendency than Hap2Hap2 (AA-GG) combination in terms of growth traits, reflecting that the results were consistent with the analysis results of genotypes, which also proved the analysis results of genotypes and growth traits had certain reliability. In summary, the IGF1 gene is a candidate gene for growth and development, and its polymorphisms can be used as the molecular markers for Dezhou donkey breeding.

20.
Exp Cell Res ; 396(1): 112295, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971116

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal fibrosing interstitial lung disease with limited therapeutic options and a median survival of 3 years after diagnosis. Dysregulated epithelial regeneration is key event involved in initiating and sustaining IPF. The type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECIIs) play a crucial role for epithelial regeneration and stabilisation of alveoli. Loss of cell apical-basal polarity contributes to fibrosis. AECII has apical-basal polarity, but it is poorly understood whether AECII apical-basal polarity loss is involved in fibrosis. Bleomycin is a traditional inducer of pulmonary fibrosis. Here firstly we observed that bleomycin induced apical-basal polarity loss in cultured AECIIs. Next, cell polarity proteins lethal (2) giant larvae 1 (Lgl1), PAR-3A, aPKC and PAR-6B were investigated. We found bleomycin induced increases of Lgl1 protein and decreases of PAR-3A protein, and bleomycin-induced PAR-3A depression was mediated by increased-Lgl1. Then Lgl1 siRNA was transfected into AECIIs. Lgl1 siRNA prevented apical-basal polarity loss in bleomycin-treated AECIIs. At last, Lgl1-conditional knockout mice were applied in making animal models. Bleomycin induced pulmonary fibrosis, but this was attenuated in Lgl1-conditional knockout mice. Together, these data indicated that bleomycin mediated AECII apical-basal polarity loss which contributed to experimental pulmonary fibrosis. Inhibition of Lgl1 should be a potential therapeutic strategy for the disease.

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