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1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2375: 21-34, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591296

RESUMO

Despite numerous efforts to generate vascular tissues that recapitulate the physiological characteristics of native vessels, vascular cell source remains one of the principal challenges in the construction of tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs). Human pluripotent stem cells, therefore, represent an indispensable source to supply a large production of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) for cell-based therapy. In particular, human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) generated from the same individual have opened up new avenues of achieving patient specificity through the derivation of autologous and immunocompatible VSMCs. This book chapter will detail three representative methods of differentiating hiPSCs into VSMCs that are structurally and functionally mature for TEVG engineering. Luo et al. reported an embryoid body (EB)-based approach to generate a robust, large-scale production of mature, functional hiPSC-derived VSMCs as a cell replacement for vascular tissue engineering. EB formation has an advantage of resembling early embryonic development and allowing cellular interactions in three dimensions. Cheung et al. established a system to produce embryological origin-specific hiPSC-derived VSMCs from the neuroectoderm, lateral plate mesoderm, and paraxial mesoderm lineages in a chemically defined manner. This allows site-specific vascular disease modeling. Moreover, Eoh et al. followed Wanjare et al.'s method to construct hiPSC-derived VSMCs using monolayer cultures of extracellular matrix proteins, with the addition of a pulsatile flow for the secretion of mature, organized elastic fibers. The generation of TEVGs, powered by the unlimited supply of hiPSC-derived VSMCs, has begun a new era in cellular therapy for vascular bypass and defective vessel segment replacement, aimed at addressing millions of cases of cardiovascular diseases across the globe.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114609, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508802

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Danggui-Yimucao herb pair (DY) is a classic combination in Chinese herbal formulas, consisting of the root of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels and the aerial parts of Leonurus japonicus Houtt. DY first appeared in "Zhulinsi fuke mifang" in the Jin Dynasty, and it has a long history as a drug for the treatment of abortion. However, its underlying immunomodulatory mechanisms involved are still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, network pharmacology and pharmacological experiments were used to explore the role and mechanism of DY in the treatment of medical abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Network pharmacology was used to establish the relationship between the components of DY and abortion-related targets, and to enrich important pathways and biological process for verification. ELISA was used to assess progesterone levels. Flow cytometry was used to detect the degree of differentiation of Th1/Th2 cells. Immunohistochemical methods and qPCR were used to measure the expression levels of T-bet, GATA-3 and IL-4. RESULTS: Through the prediction analysis of network pharmacology, we found that key pathway for DY treatment of abortion, such as anemia, pelvic infection, immune disorders, and coagulation disorders, was Th1/Th2 cell differentiation pathway. The pharmacological results revealed that DY greatly corrected the imbalance of Th cell subsets in abortion mice, significantly inhibited the differentiation of Th2 cells, and resulted in an increase in the Th1/Th2 ratio. In addition, the concentration of progesterone in the serum of mice after abortion was significantly reduced. We also found that DY upregulated spleen T-bet and downregulated IL-4 gene expression in mice. Besides, immunohistochemical results showed that DYE could up-regulate T-bet but inhibit GATA-3 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that after RU486-induced abortion, progesterone and Th1/Th2 paradigm were disordered in mice, but DY could make mice recover more quickly, which indicated that DY had great development value in immunoregulation.

3.
Gene ; 807: 145888, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a glucose intolerance condition encounters for the first time in a fraction of pregnant women. The role of different host inflammatory molecules in GDM etiology has been deciphered. Chemerin is a chemoattractant protein primarily associated with the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. However, the association of chemerin and its genetic variants with the predisposition of GDM is not clear, and our present study is aimed to address the issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 703 Chinese women comprising of GDM (n = 303), glucose tolerant pregnant women (n = 211), and non-pregnant glucose tolerant controls (n = 189) were recruited in the present investigation. GDM was diagnosed according to the World Health Organization recommendation for diagnosis of gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Plasma levels of chemerin were quantified by an Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Common variants in the chemerin gene (rs4721, rs17173617, rs7806429, and rs17173608) were genotyped by using TaqMan assay. RESULTS: Plasma chemerin level was found higher in subjects with GDM as compared to glucose tolerant pregnant and non-pregnant women. Further, a positive correlation between plasma chemerin and HOMA-IR index suggesting an essential role of chemerin in mediating insulin resistance. Variants of rs4721 and rs17173608 polymorphisms were associated with lower levels of plasma chemerin and low HOMA-IR index. Furthermore, mutants of rs4721 and rs17173608 polymorphisms were associated with protection against the development of GDM in the Chinese cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma chemerin is elevated in GDM patients. Genetic variation in chemerin gene associated with lower plasma levels of chemerin, HOMA-IR index and protects against the development of GDM in Chinese.

4.
Plant Physiol ; 187(1): 396-408, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618140

RESUMO

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) quality control system monitors protein homeostasis and relies on the activity of many molecular chaperones. Binding immunoglobulin protein (BiP) is a major ER luminal chaperone that is involved in most functions of the organelle. BiP activity is tightly regulated by nucleotide exchange factors (NEFs). However, information about NEFs in plants is limited. We obtained a Fes1-like protein (OsFes1C) through isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation-based proteomics analysis of ER-stressed rice (Oryza sativa) seeds. Unlike its homologs in yeast and mammals, which are located in the cytosol and respond to heat stress, OsFes1C is an ER membrane protein and responds to ER and salt stresses. OsFes1C interacts directly with OsBiP1 and the interaction is inhibited by ATP but promoted by ADP, suggesting that OsFes1C acts as a potential NEF of OsBiP1 in vivo. Overexpression or suppression of OsFes1C led to hypersensitivity to ER stress and affected the growth of rice. Furthermore, we established that OsFes1C directly interacts with a putative salt response protein and is involved in the salt response. Taken together, our study marks an important step toward elucidating the functional mechanisms of an identified ER stress response factor in rice.

5.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1387-1393, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibitory effects of novel phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor ZL-n-91 to the proliferation of leukemia cells L1210 and K562. METHODS: CCK-8 method was used to detect the effect of ZL-n-91 to the proliferation of L1210 and K562 cells, and the proliferation rate, IC50 were calculated. The effects of ZL-n-91 to the cycle of L1210 and K562 cells was detected by PE single staining, and the effects of ZL-n-91 to the apoptosis of L1210 and K562 cells was detected by PE/7AA-D double staining. Western blot was used to detect the effect of ZL-n-91 to the expression levels of apoptosis related proteins. Subcutaneous tumor transplantation model of acute lymphoblastic leukemia L1210 was established in the nude mice, and the inhibitory effect of oral administration of ZL-n-91 to the xenograft was observed. RESULTS: ZL-n-91 showed a significant inhibitory effect to the proliferation of leukemia cells L1210 and K562 in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.001). After treated by ZL-n-91, the leukemia cells L1210 and K562 in the S-phase in cell cycle decreased significantly compared with those in control group (P<0.01). The apoptosis of leukemia cells L1210 and K562 could be induced by ZL-n-91 (P<0.001), and the expression level of apoptosis related protein BAX significantly increased. In the animal experiment, the result showed that ZL-n-91 could significantly inhibit the growth of subcutaneously transplantation tumor (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The novel phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor ZL-n-91 can effectively inhibit the proliferation of leukemia cells L1210 and K562, which has the potential of anti-leukemia drug development.


Assuntos
Leucemia , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4 , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Células K562 , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4/farmacologia
6.
Proc Biol Sci ; 288(1960): 20211396, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641724

RESUMO

Plant growth depends on a range of functions provided by their associated rhizosphere microbiome, including nutrient mineralization, hormone co-regulation and pathogen suppression. Improving the ability of plant-associated microbiomes to deliver these functions is thus important for developing robust and sustainable crop production. However, it is yet unclear how beneficial effects of probiotic microbial inoculants can be optimized and how their effects are mediated. Here, we sought to enhance tomato plant growth by targeted introduction of probiotic bacterial consortia consisting of up to eight plant-associated Pseudomonas strains. We found that the effect of probiotic consortium inoculation was richness-dependent: consortia that contained more Pseudomonas strains reached higher densities in the tomato rhizosphere and had clearer beneficial effects on multiple plant growth characteristics. Crucially, these effects were best explained by changes in the resident community diversity, composition and increase in the relative abundance of initially rare taxa, instead of introduction of plant-beneficial traits into the existing community along with probiotic consortia. Together, our results suggest that beneficial effects of microbial introductions can be driven indirectly through effects on the diversity and composition of the resident plant rhizosphere microbiome.

7.
Neurosci Lett ; 765: 136277, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597706

RESUMO

Exposure to monetary cues might affect charitable donations, but little is known about how monetary cues affect charitable donations from the neural perspective. The present study examined the effect of monetary cues on charitable donations by means of event-related potentials (ERPs). Participants primed with monetary or neutral images decided whether to accept donation offers with the high, moderate, and low costs. The behavioural results showed that in the money-primed condition, participants took more time to decide for the high-cost than for the moderate and low-cost donation offers. The ERP results showed that the P2 and P3 were larger in the money-primed condition relative to the neutral images condition. Notably, participants primed with money demonstrated larger P3 for the high-cost donation offers than for the moderate and low-cost offers, but this difference was not observed in the control condition. These findings indicate that people primed with money may pay more attention to the cost-relevant information related to their self-interests when conducting prosocial behaviours.

8.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 747-753, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622587

RESUMO

Specialty courses are an important carrier for driving forward the education reform of integrating ideological and political theories education in all courses and implementing the philosophy of fostering character through moral education. Medical Laboratory Pathways and Their Clinical Applicationis an undergraduate specialty course offered by the Department of Laboratory Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. The paper is based on the campaign of Integrating Ideological and Political Theories Education in All Courses and takes into consideration the features of the medical laboratory technology specialty. The paper proposes the organic unity of knowledge and skills teaching objectives and emotions and value-guided teaching objectives. In regard to the teaching content, horizontal integration was carried out, transforming the design of the course content from being laboratory test-centered to being disease-centered. Ideological and political theories education was organically incorporated in the content of the specialty course, assigning to the course the important task of values guidance. In addition, we made discussions on course design and instruction of Medical Laboratory Pathways and Their Clinical Application mainly in regard to the instruction, teaching methodology, and the form of classroom instruction of the course. We hope that the paper will provide useful information and reference for the ongoing education reform of the medical laboratory technology specialty under the new circumstances.


Assuntos
Laboratórios , Universidades , China , Humanos
9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636375

RESUMO

An unusual rearrangement of saccharin-derived cyclic ketimines (SDCIs) and 3-chlorooxindoles has been developed to provide a series of spiro-1,3-benzothiazine oxindoles. The reaction features simple manipulations, short reaction times, mild reaction conditions and inexpensive reagents. It is the first example where SDCIs serve as a ring-opening reagent in organic synthesis.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(undefined)2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620734

RESUMO

High-fat diet (HFD) has been associated with neuroinflammation and apoptosis in distinct brain regions. To explore the effect of short-term (7, 14 and 21 days) high-fat overfeeding on apoptosis, inflammatory signaling proteins, APP changes and glial cell activities in cerebral cortex and cerebellum. Mice were fed with HFD for different lengths (up to 21 days) and after each time body weights of mice was tested, then the apoptotic proteins, IL-1ß, APP, BACE1and MAPKs, Akt and NF-κB signaling activity were evaluated by western blots. Results demonstrate that short period of high-fat overnutrition significantly promotes apoptosis, APP expression at day 21 of cerebral cortex and at day 7 of cerebellum compared to chow diet. In addition, increased GFAP+astrocytes, Iba-1+microglia and IL-1ß 30 were observed in cerebral cortex after 21 days HFD, but no changes for 7 days overfeeding of cerebellum. Serendipitously, ERK1/2 pathway was activated both in cerebral cortex and cerebellum for different time course of HFD. Furthermore, increased phospho-p38 MAPK level was observed in cerebellum only. In consistent with in vivo results, SH-SY5Y cells treatment with cholesterol (50 µM, 100 µM) for 48 h culture in vitro demonstrated that pro-apoptotic proteins were enhanced as well. In brief, short-term HFD consumption increases sensitivity to apoptosis, APP and IL-1ß production as well as gliosis in cerebral cortex and cerebellum, which may be related to enhancement of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK activation.

11.
Analyst ; 146(20): 6114-6118, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636369

RESUMO

We successfully developed a fluorescent probe that can quickly convert full-length antibodies to Quenchbodies, which represent a type of fluorescent immunosensor with high binding affinity and specificity depending on the reaction of antigens and antibodies. An anti-testosterone IgG was successfully converted to an immunosensor that detects testosterone with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.76 nM and concentration for 50% of maximal effect (EC50) of 61.5 nM. Another IgG-based immunosensor detected ractopamine with an LOD of 15.5 pM and EC50 of 48.6 nM.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Proteínas de Transporte , Imunoensaio , Imunoglobulina G , Limite de Detecção
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 807(Pt 1): 150781, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624280

RESUMO

Scarab larvae (Protaetia brevitarsis) could transform large quantities of agricultural waste into compost, providing a promising bio-fertilizer for soil management. There is an urgent need to assess the risk of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in soil-vegetable system with application of compost derived from P. brevitarsis larvae. We conducted a pot experiment to compare the changes of ARGs in the soil and lettuce by adding four types of manure, livestock manure (chicken and swine manure) and the corresponding larval frass. Significantly low numbers of ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were detected in both larval frass compared with the corresponding livestock manure. Pot experiment showed that the detected numbers of ARGs and MGEs in bulk soil, rhizosphere soil, and root endophytes were significantly lower in the frass-amended treatments than the raw manure-amended treatments. Furthermore, the relative abundance of ARGs and MGEs with application of chicken-frass was significant lower in rhizosphere soil and leaf endophyte. Using non-metric multidimensional scaling analysis, the patterns of soil ARGs and MGEs with chicken-frass application were more close to those from the bulk soil in the control. Structural equation models indicated that livestock manure addition was the main driver shaping soil ARGs with raw manure application, while MGEs were the key drivers in frass-amended treatments. These findings demonstrated that application of livestock manure vermicomposting via scarab larvae (P. brevitarsis) may be at low risk in spreading manure-borne ARGs through soil-plant system, providing an alternative technique for reducing ARGs in organic waste.

13.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 410, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While great attention has been paid to motor and cognitive impairments in children with neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE), sleep related circadian rhythm problems, although commonly present, are often neglected. Subsequently, no early clinical indicators have been reported to correlate with sleep-related circadian dysfunction during development. METHODS: In this study, we first analyzed patterns of the amplitude integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) in a cohort of newborns with various degrees of HIE. Next, during follow-ups, we collected information of sleep and circadian related problems in these patients and performed correlation analysis between aEEG parameters and different sleep/circadian disorders. RESULTS: A total of 101 neonates were included. Our results demonstrated that abnormal aEEG background pattern is significantly correlated with circadian rhythmic (r = 0.289, P = 0.01) and breathing issues during sleep (r = 0.237, P = 0.037). In contrast, the establishment of sleep-wake cycle (SWC) showed no correlation with sleep/circadian problems. Detailed analysis showed that summation of aEEG score, along with low base voltage (r = 0.272, P = 0.017 and r = -0.228, P = 0.048, respectively), correlates with sleep circadian problems. In contrast, background pattern (BP) score highly correlates with sleep breathing problem (r = 0.319, P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Abnormal neonatal aEEG pattern is correlated with circadian related sleep problems. Our study thus provides novel insights into predictive values of aEEG in sleep-related circadian problems in children with HIE.

14.
Neurol Ther ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial venous malformation (PAVM) is an abnormal vascular malformation between pulmonary arteries and veins characterized by varying degrees of right-to-left shunts (RLS). Cryptogenic stroke (CS) due to paradoxical embolism (PE) caused by PAVM is relatively rare in the clinic. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 54-year-old right-handed woman who presented with sudden-onset left-sided limb weakness for 2 h. A physical examination revealed normal vital signs but weakness in her left upper and lower limbs, graded as 1/5 using the Medical Research Council scale. Her National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 8, and her modified Rankin scale (mRS) was 4. Brain diffusion-weighted imaging showed acute infarction in the right basal ganglia and the radiation crown but brain magnetic resonance angiography found no obvious abnormality. A transcranial Doppler ultrasound with bubble study (TCD-b) found the rain curtain sign of microbubbles in the left middle cerebral artery, reflecting significant RLS. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) were conducted to distinguish between intra- and extracardiac shunts. A pulmonary computerized tomography angiogram (CTA) demonstrated a PAVM. We considered the patient had CS due to PE caused by PAVM. Thrombolytic therapy within the time window was performed. Then, transcatheter device occlusion of the arteriovenous fistula was successfully undertaken, and the patient carried on with rehabilitation training. At a 15-month follow-up, there were no catheter-related complications or recurrent stroke, and her NIHSS and mRS scores were both 0. CONCLUSIONS: PAVM is an important risk factor for PE and CS and should not be ignored as a possible etiology in stroke patients without any other risk factors. CTA of the pulmonary artery is the recommended gold standard for diagnosing and locating a PAVM. Thrombolytic therapy within the time window combined with transcatheter device occlusion of arteriovenous malformation and rehabilitation training may benefit the recovery of patients with CS caused by PE resulting from PAVM.

15.
Neuroepidemiology ; 55(5): 407-415, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Relationship between hypertension and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains undetermined in population from less-developed regions. We aimed to explore whether hypertension is associated with MCI in this specific population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled subjects aged ≥18 years using multistage random sampling from Emin, China, in 2019. Participants underwent questionnaires and data collection including mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and blood pressure measurement. RESULTS: Finally, 31,329 subjects were included, with 11,270 hypertensives. Compared with normotensive subjects, hypertensives were characterized by significantly older age (55.19 ± 12.25 vs. 43.26 ± 12.71), more men (52.5% vs. 42.9%), low education attainment (≤primary education: 42.4% vs. 26.3%), more abdominal obesity (39.7% vs. 19.1%), poor sleep quality (39.1% vs. 28.7%), and chronic kidney disease (6.6% vs. 3.4%, p for all <0.001). Prevalence of MCI in hypertensives was significantly higher than that of normotensive subjects (24.3% vs. 15.6%, p < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed in a fully adjusted model that the odds for MCI were significantly increased in hypertensives than in normotensive population (OR = 1.19, 95% CI: 1.09, 1.30, p < 0.001) and independent of all the parameters studied including age, education level, and stroke. In the age-stratified regression model, presence of hypertension significantly increased the odds of MCI by 1.17-fold (95% CI: 1.03, 1.33, p = 0.020) and by 1.22-fold (95% CI: 1.04, 1.44, p = 0.016) in middle-aged and elderly population. Sensitivity analysis of excluding those with stroke history showed that hypertension was still a risk factor for MCI in total, middle-aged, and elderly population. CONCLUSION: Hypertension is in independent negative association with MCI in middle-aged and elderly population from underdeveloped regions.

16.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(5)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498709

RESUMO

Ischemia reperfusion (I/R)­induced intestinal injury is a pathophysiological process leading to oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, and revealing its underlying mechanisms is essential for developing therapeutic strategies. Cyclooxygenase (COX) has been reported to be involved in I/R injury. Parecoxib sodium, a selective inhibitor for COX­2, exerts protective effects, such as reducing I/R­induced injuries in the heart, kidney and brain. However, the potential role of parecoxib sodium in protecting the small intestine against I/R­induced injury has rarely been investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the effects and potential mechanisms of parecoxib sodium in I/R­induced intestinal injury. In total, 60 Sprague­Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: Control (sham operation) group, intestinal I/R group, 10 mg/kg parecoxib sodium­pre­treated I/R (I/R + Pare/10) group and the 20 mg/kg parecoxib sodium­pre­treated I/R (I/R + Pare/20) group. A regular I/R model was established to induce the intestinal injury in rats. Parecoxib sodium at 10 or 20 mg/kg was intraperitoneally administered into rats in both I/R + Pare groups once daily for 5 consecutive days prior to ischemia. Blood samples and small intestinal tissues were collected at 2 h after reperfusion. Changes in the levels of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, interleukin (IL)­1ß, IL­8, intercellular cell adhesion molecule­1 and IL­10, as well as the total antioxidant capacity were determined using ELISA, as were the activities of superoxidase dismutase and myeloperoxidase. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of total caspase­3, cleaved caspase­3, Bcl­2 and Bax were examined via western blot analysis. In addition, the daily survival rate post­reperfusion was examined for 7 days. It was revealed that parecoxib sodium increased the levels of antioxidants and suppressed the intestinal oxidative injury induced by I/R. Moreover, parecoxib sodium downregulated the expression levels of the proinflammatory factors, but upregulated the expression levels of anti­inflammatory factors. The results also demonstrated that parecoxib sodium attenuated I/R­induced apoptosis and increased the survival rate of rats. Thus, administration of parecoxib sodium prior to intestinal I/R attenuated intestinal injury and increased the rat survival rate by inhibiting I/R­induced inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis.

17.
Am J Med Sci ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562416

RESUMO

Methotrexate (MTX) is an effective medication in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), other rheumatic diseases and various solid tumors. However, its side effects, including gastrointestinal discomfort, oral ulcers, and especially bone marrow suppression, could be fatal and require special attention, particularly in patients with renal failure. We present two hemodialysis patients with RA who presented with a complication of severe pancytopenia after treatment with MTX. After receiving various supportive and blood purification treatments, both patients recovered. We reviewed twenty-four pancytopenia patients on dialysis associated with methotrexate. Among these patients, high morbidity and mortality were observed, indicating that MTX should be used cautiously in the absence of alternatives in such a population. Compared with the patients who recovered, the deceased patients showed a lower level of leukocytes. Which dialysis method might be the best choice is unclear. The mode of renal replacement therapy can be chosen according to the actual situation.

18.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 51, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517915

RESUMO

To determine the prevalence and clinical features of olfactory and taste disorders among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in China. A cross-sectional study was performed in Wuhan from April 3, 2020 to April 15, 2020. A total of 187 patients with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) completed face-to-face interviews or telephone follow-ups. We found that the prevalence of olfactory and taste disorders was significantly lower in the Chinese cohort than in foreign COVID-19 cohorts. Females were more prone to olfactory and taste disorders. In some patients, olfactory and taste disorders precede other symptoms and can be used as early screening and warning signs.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia , Olfato , Distúrbios do Paladar/etiologia , Paladar , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos do Olfato/epidemiologia , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores Sexuais , Distúrbios do Paladar/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498364

RESUMO

Stomatal closure is an important process to prevent water loss in plants response to drought stress, which is finely modulated by ion channels together with their regulators in guard cells, especially the S-type anion channel AtSLAC1 in Arabidopsis. However, the functional characterization and regulation analyses of anion channels in gramineous crops, such as in maize guard cells are still limited. In this study, we identified an S-type anion channel ZmSLAC1 that was preferentially expressed in maize guard cells and involved in stomatal closure under drought stress. We found that two Ca2+ -dependent protein kinases ZmCPK35 and ZmCPK37 were expressed in maize guard cells and localized on the plasma membrane. Lesion of ZmCPK37 resulted in drought-sensitive phenotypes. Mutation of ZmSLAC1 and ZmCPK37 impaired ABA-activated S-type anion currents in maize guard cells, while the S-type anion currents were increased in the guard cells of ZmCPK35- and ZmCPK37-overexpression lines. Electrophysiological characterization in maize guard cells and Xenopus oocytes indicated that ZmCPK35 and ZmCPK37 could activate ZmSLAC1-mediated Cl- and NO3 - currents. The maize inbred and hybrid lines overexpressing ZmCPK35 and ZmCPK37 exhibited enhanced tolerance and increased yield under drought conditions. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that ZmSLAC1 plays crucial roles in stomatal closure in maize, whose activity is regulated by ZmCPK35 and ZmCPK37. Elevation of ZmCPK35 and ZmCPK37 expression levels is a feasible way to improve maize drought tolerance as well as reduce yield loss under drought stress.

20.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 499, 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anopheles sinensis is a dominant vector for malaria transmission in Asian countries. Voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) mutation-mediated knock-down resistance (kdr) has developed in many A. sinensis populations because of intensive and long-term use of pyrethroids. Our previous study showed that multiple mutations at position 1014 of the VGSC were heterogeneously distributed in A. sinensis populations across Sichuan, China. METHODS: To understand resistance genotypes at the haplotype level and reconstruct the phylogenetic relationship of VGSC haplotypes, a cost-effective next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based amplicon sequencing approach was established to clarify haplotypes containing codon 1014 of the VGSC gene from a total of 446 adults collected in 12 locations of Sichuan, China. RESULTS: Nineteen (19) haplotypes were identified, including 11 wild 1014L, 6 resistance 1014F, and 2 resistance 1014C haplotypes. We found that resistance haplotypes of A. sinensis VGSC were widely distributed at frequencies ranging from 3.67 to 92.61%. The frequencies of the 1014C haplotype in the southeast of Sichuan (Luzhou, Guangan, and Suining) were relatively higher than those in other sampling locations. Phylogenetic analyses support that kdr-type mutation at position 1014 is not singly originated and resistance 1014C haplotypes evolve from TTT-encoding 1014F. CONCLUSIONS: A cost-effective next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based amplicon sequencing approach has been established in this study. The data revealed the patchy distribution of VGSC resistance haplotypes with overall high frequencies in Sichuan, China. Phylogenetic analyses support multiple origins and sequential evolution (1014L → 1014F → 1014C) for kdr-type mutations in A. sinensis.

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