Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.744
Filtrar
1.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 317-327, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215035

RESUMO

Cardiomyocyte function and viability are highly modulated by mammalian Ste20-like kinase 1 (Mst1)-Hippo pathway and mitochondria. Mitophagy, a kind of mitochondrial autophagy, is a protective program to attenuate mitochondrial damage. However, the relationship between Mst1 and mitophagy in septic cardiomyopathy has not been explored. In the present study, Mst1 knockout mice were used in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced septic cardiomyopathy model. Mitophagy activity was measured via immunofluorescence, Western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pathway blocker and small interfering RNA were used to perform the loss-of-function assay. The results demonstrated that Mst1 was rapidly increased in response to LPS stress. Knockout of Mst1 attenuated LPS-mediated inflammation damage, reduced cardiomyocyte death, and improved cardiac function. At the molecular levels, LPS treatment activated mitochondrial damage, such as mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction, mitochondrial potential reduction, mitochondrial ATP depletion, and caspase family activation. Interestingly, in response to mitochondrial damage, Mst1 deletion activated mitophagy which attenuated LPS-mediated mitochondrial damage. However, inhibition of mitophagy via inhibiting parkin mitophagy abolished the protective influences of Mst1 deletion on mitochondrial homeostasis and cardiomyocyte viability. Overall, our results demonstrated that septic cardiomyopathy is linked to Mst1 upregulation which is followed by a drop in the protective mitophagy.

2.
Food Chem ; 308: 125577, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669942

RESUMO

Leveraging phenolic complexation to optimize starch functionality and digestibility is restrained by the obscurity of their physicochemical nature and molecular basis. To define starch-phenolic complexes under hydrothermal treatments, maize amylopectin and potato starch were complexed with caffeic acid, ferulic acid and gallic acid. Starch hydrothermal stability and digestibility were measured by differential scanning calorimeter and Englyst's method, respectively. While monosaccharide compositions and glycosidic linkages were analyzed by GC-MS, hydrodynamic radius and proton magnetic resonance of gelatinized complexes were measured by dynamic light scattering and NMR respectively. Compared with native starches, starch-phenolic complexes were not chemically modified and had modestly lower estimated glycemic indexes and significantly lower gelatinization temperatures (p < 0.05). Starch-phenolic complexes also had significantly lower levels of phenolic proton intensities and hydrodynamic radii relative to the control starch-phenolic mixtures (p < 0.05). These results suggested that phenolics may complex with starch through non-covalent CH-π bonds along α-(1 → 4) glycosidic chains.

3.
Nanotechnology ; 31(7): 075601, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645024

RESUMO

Inspired by the chemical and physical doping methods on traditional composites, bismaleimide (BMI) resin and graphene oxide (GO) are selected for doping modification of carbon nanotube (CNT) film in this paper. Based on the diverse enhancement effects of CNT film, the mechanisms and characteristics of resin crosslink and inorganic doping are compared. Due to the crosslinking network of resin, BMI is more beneficial for cooperative deformation and mechanical enhancement, while GO doping shows more advantages in improving electrical performance because of the numerous functional groups on the surface, and good intrinsic properties. With the appropriate doping method and optimized process conditions, the tensile property and electrical conductivity of CNT film can be improved by over 150% and 200% (e.g., tensile strength and modulus of 2990 MPa and 149 GPa, and electrical conductivity of 38 700 S m-1).

4.
Parasitol Int ; 74: 101925, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077806

RESUMO

Tick-borne diseases cause significant losses to livestock production in tropical and subtropical regions. However, information about the tick-borne infections in cattle in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), northwestern China, is scarce. In this study, nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays and gene sequencing were used to detect and analyze epidemiological features of Babesia bovis, B. bigemina, Coxiella burnetii and Anaplasma bovis infections in XUAR. Out of 195 samples tested, 24 (12.3%), 67 (34.4%), 40 (20.5%) and 10 (5.1%) were positive for B. bovis, B. bigemina, C. burnetii and A. bovis, respectively. Sequencing analysis indicated that B. bovis SBP-4, B. bigemina Rap1a, C. burnetii htpB and A. bovis 16S rRNA genes from XUAR showed 99%-100% identity with documented isolates from other countries. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that B. bovis SBP-4, B. bigemina Rap1a, C. burnetii htpB and A. bovis 16S rRNA gene sequences clustered in the same clade with isolates from other countries. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of C. burnetii infection of cattle in XUAR. Furthermore, this study provides important data for understanding the distribution of tick-borne pathogens, and is expected to improve the approach for prevention and control of tick-borne diseases in China.

5.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 50-58, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656107

RESUMO

GPR119 is a promising target for discovery of anti-type 2 diabetes mellitus agents. We described the optimisation of a novel series of pyrimido[5,4-b][1,4]oxazine derivatives as GPR119 agonists. Most designed compounds exhibited good agonistic activities. Among them, compound 10 and 15 demonstrated the potent EC50 values (13 and 12 nM, respectively) and strong inherent activities. Moreover, significant hypoglycaemic effect of compound 15 was observed by reducing the blood glucose AUC0-2h at the dose of 30 mg/kg, which is stronger than Vildagliptin (23.4% reduction vs. 17.9% reduction).

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(21)2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671600

RESUMO

Double-spikes Phalaenopsis orchids have greater market value than those with single-spike. In this study, a gene designated as Spike Activator 1 (SPK1), which encodes a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor, was isolated and characterized from Phalaenopsis aphrodite (moth orchid). SPK1 was highly expressed in the meristematic tissues. In the axillary bud, SPK1 was highly upregulated by a moderately low temperature of 20 °C but downregulated by a spike inhibition temperature of 30 °C. SPK1 protein is localized in the nucleus. Another bHLH, bHLH35, which is also highly expressed in young tissues in the same way as SPK1 was also identified. In contrast to SPK1, bHLH35 transcripts are downregulated at 20 °C but upregulated at 30 °C. Bimolecular florescence complementation assay and yeast two-hybrid assays indicated that SPK1 interacts with bHLH35 and forms a heterodimer. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) showed that 7 out of 15 vector control plants produced double spikes but that only 1 out of 15 VIGS-spk1 plants produced double spikes. RT-qPCR results indicated that VIGS-spk1 downregulated gene expression levels of SPK1, FT, CYCB, and EXPA8. Overall, we propose that SPK1 plays an essential role in early axillary bud development and spike initiation of P. aphrodite.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674604

RESUMO

The TiO2-Pt-water interface is of great relevance in photocatalysis where Pt is widely used as a co-catalyst for enhancing hydrogen evolution in aqueous TiO2. Using ab initio molecular dynamics, we investigated this interface focusing on Pt single atoms supported on anatase TiO2(101) in a water environment. Based on recent experiments showing a broad distribution of Pt coordination sites in TiO2, we examined six distinct single-Pt supported species with different nominal Pt oxidation states, namely: Pt, PtOH, and PtO2 species adsorbed on the stoichiometric surface; Pt adsorbed at a surface oxygen vacancy (Ov); and Pt substituting a surface Ti cation (PtTi), both without and with an accompanying Ov (PtTi + Ov). As found for the pristine anatase surface, interfacial water remained intact in the presence of a nearly neutral Pt adatom within the time duration of our simulations (∼15 ps). Similarly, no (or only temporary) water dissociation was observed at the PtTi + Ov and PtO2 interfaces, due to the formation of very stable planar Pt coordination structures that interact only weakly with water. In contrast, water dissociated with OH- (H+) on the Pt atom when this substituted a surface Ti (oxygen) ion as well as on PtOH. The significant proton affinity of Pt atoms at surface oxygen vacancies suggests that negatively charged Pt species are particularly efficient at catalyzing hydrogen evolution in aqueous TiO2.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4936, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666505

RESUMO

Single atom catalysts exhibit particularly high catalytic activities in contrast to regular nanomaterial-based catalysts. Until recently, research has been mostly focused on single atom catalysts, and it remains a great challenge to synthesize bimetallic dimer structures. Herein, we successfully prepare high-quality one-to-one A-B bimetallic dimer structures (Pt-Ru dimers) through an atomic layer deposition (ALD) process. The Pt-Ru dimers show much higher hydrogen evolution activity (more than 50 times) and excellent stability compared to commercial Pt/C catalysts. X-ray absorption spectroscopy indicates that the Pt-Ru dimers structure model contains one Pt-Ru bonding configuration. First principle calculations reveal that the Pt-Ru dimer generates a synergy effect by modulating the electronic structure, which results in the enhanced hydrogen evolution activity. This work paves the way for the rational design of bimetallic dimers with good activity and stability, which have a great potential to be applied in various catalytic reactions.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(47): 18910-18915, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691568

RESUMO

Receptor-ligand interactions (RLIs) that play pivotal roles in living organisms are often depicted with the classic keys-and-locks model. Nevertheless, RLIs on the cell surface are generally highly complex and nonlinear, partially due to the noncontinuous and dynamic distribution of receptors on extracellular membranes. Here, we develop a tetrahedral DNA framework (TDF)-programmed approach to topologically engineer RLIs on the cell membrane, which enables active recruitment-binding of clustered receptors for high-affinity capture of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). The four vertices of a TDF afford orthogonal anchoring of ligands with spatial organization, based on which we synthesized n-simplexes harboring 1-3 aptamers targeting epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) that are overexpressed on the membrane of tumor cells. The 2-simplex with three aptamers not only shows increased binding affinity (∼19-fold) but prevents endocytosis by cells. By using 2-simplex as the capture probe, we demonstrate the high-efficiency CTC capture, which is challenged in real clinical breast cancer patient samples. This TDF-programmed platform thus provides a powerful means for studying RLIs in physiological settings and for cancer diagnosis.

10.
Gastroenterology ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Pancreatic tumors undergo rapid growth and progression, become resistant to chemotherapy, and recur after surgery. We studied the functions of the solute carrier family 39 member 4 (SLC39A4, also called ZIP4), which regulates concentrations of intracellular zinc and is increased in pancreatic cancer cells, in cell lines and mice. METHODS: We obtained 93 pancreatic cancer specimens (tumor and adjacent non-tumor tissues) from patients who underwent surgery and gemcitabine chemotherapy and analyzed them by immunohistochemistry. ZIP4 and/or ITGA3 or ITGB1 were overexpressed or knocked down with small hairpin RNAs in AsPC-1 and MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic cancer cells lines, and in pancreatic cells from KPC and KPC-ZEB1 knockout mice, and pancreatic spheroids were established; cells and spheroids were analyzed by immunoblots, reverse transcription PCR, and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. We studied transcriptional regulation of ZEB1, ITGA3, ITGB1, JNK, and ENT1 by ZIP4 using chromatin precipitation and luciferase reporter assays. Nude mice were given injections of genetically manipulated AsPC-1 and MIA PaCa-2 cells and growth of xenograft tumors and metastases was measured. RESULTS: In pancreatic cancer specimens from patients, increased levels of ZIP4 associated with shorter survival times. MIA PaCa-2 cells that overexpressed ZIP4 had increased resistance to gemcitabine, 5-FU, and cisplatin, whereas AsPC-1 cells with ZIP4 knockdown had increased sensitivity to these drugs. In mice, xenograft tumors grown from AsPC-1 cells with ZIP4 knockdown were smaller and more sensitive to gemcitabine. ZIP4 overexpression significantly reduced accumulation of gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer cells, increased growth of xenograft tumors in mice, and increased expression of the integrin subunits ITGA3 and ITGB1; expression of ITGA3 and ITGB1 was reduced in cells with ZIP4 knockdown. Pancreatic cancer cells with ITGA3 or ITGB1 knockdown had reduced proliferation and formed smaller tumors in mice, despite overexpression of ZIP4; spheroids established from these cells had increased sensitivity to gemcitabine. We found ZIP4 to activate STAT3 to induce expression of ZEB1, which induced expression of ITGA3 and ITGB1 in KPC cells. Increased ITGA3 and ITGB1 expression and subsequent integrin α3ß1 signaling, via JNK, inhibited expression of the gemcitabine transporter ENT1, which reduced gemcitabine uptake by pancreatic cancer cells. ZEB1-knockdown cells had increased sensitivity to gemcitabine. CONCLUSIONS: In studies of pancreatic cancer cell lines and mice, we found that ZIP4 increases expression of the transcription factor ZEB1, which activates expression of ITGA3 and ITGB1. The subsequent increase in integrin α3ß1 signaling, via JNK, inhibits expression of the gemcitabine transporter ENT1, so that cells take up smaller amounts of the drug. Activation of this pathway might help mediate resistance of pancreatic tumors to chemotherapeutic agents.

11.
Nanoscale ; 11(46): 22550-22558, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746894

RESUMO

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have gained enormous research interests as negative materials of next generation lithium-ion batteries due to their higher energy density, lower cost, and better eco-friendliness. However, they are prone to low electronic conductivities and dramatic volume change during charge/discharge and there is also a great challenge in realizing TMO electrodes with satisfactory LIB performances. In this study, for the first time, amorphous nickel-boride (Ni-B) was introduced into porous NiCo2O4 nanospheres by an in situ solution growth route to overcome the existing issues. The coated Ni-B component could not only function as anchors for NiCo2O4 nanospheres to suppress the severe volume expansion but could also act as effective electron-conducting bridges to promote fast electron/charge transfer. Furthermore, the existence of abundant mesopores centered at ∼6.5 nm in this composite could effectively suppress the severe volume variations in the lithiation/delithiation process. As expected, the NiCo2O4@Ni-B composites delivered a high reversible capacity of 1221 mA h g-1 at 0.2 A g-1 and 865 mA h g-1 at 0.5 A g-1 over 500 cycles; more impressively, at the high rate of 5 A g-1, a capacity of 648 mA h g-1 could be also obtained, showing its good rate capability. As a result, these results demonstrated an effective and facile way to design conversion-type negative electrode materials with superior lithium storage properties.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772021

RESUMO

Bacterial MinD and MinE form a standing oscillatory wave which positions the cell division inhibitor MinC, that binds MinD, everywhere on the membrane except at the midpoint of the cell, ensuring midcell positioning of the cytokinetic septum. During this process MinE undergoes fold switching as it interacts with different partners. We explore the exchange dynamics between major and excited states of the MinE dimer in 3 forms using 15N relaxation dispersion NMR: the full-length protein (6-stranded ß-sheet sandwiched between 4 helices) representing the resting state; a 10-residue N-terminal deletion (Δ10) mimicking the membrane-binding competent state where the N-terminal helix is detached to interact with membrane; and N-terminal deletions of either 30 (Δ30) or 10 residues with an I24N mutation (Δ10/I24N), in which the ß1-strands at the dimer interface are extruded and available to bind MinD, leaving behind a 4-stranded ß-sheet. Full-length MinE samples 2 "excited" states: The first is similar to a full-length/Δ10 heterodimer; the second, also sampled by Δ10, is either similar to or well along the pathway toward the 4-stranded ß-sheet form. Both Δ30 and Δ10/I24N sample 2 excited species: The first may involve destabilization of the ß3- and ß3'-strands at the dimer interface; changes in the second are more extensive, involving further disruption of secondary structure, possibly representing an ensemble of states on the pathway toward restoration of the resting state. The quantitative information on MinE conformational dynamics involving these excited states is crucial for understanding the oscillation pattern self-organization by MinD-MinE interaction dynamics on the membrane.

14.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 7902874, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772709

RESUMO

Generally, depression is the result of complex gene-environment interactions. Recent studies have showed that the gut microbiota can affect brain function through the microbiota-gut-brain axis. However, the underlying mechanism of the microbiota and potential influence of depression remain elusive. We aimed to determine how gut microbiome contributes to the process of depression and further influences the host. Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) is used to establish a depression model. Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) is applied to illustrate that depression can be transmitted via microbiota, and metabolism of liver analysis is applied to demonstrate further influence to the liver. We also analyzed the astrocyte activation in the brain by immunofluorescence (IF). Here, we show that the structure of the gut microbiome changes markedly after rats undergo CUMS. Notably, we found that the ratio of Lactobacillus to Clostridium can be a vital index for the development of depression. Depression-like behavior can be duplicated through FMT. Moreover, increased zonulin and fatty acid binding protein-2 indicates that gut barrier integrity is broken after FMT. Subsequently, metabolomics shows that liver metabolic disorder occurs and leads to liver coagulative necrosis. In addition, increased inflammatory cytokine expression and higher astrocyte activation indicate an inflammatory process in the brain. These findings suggest that dysbiosis gut microbiome contributes to development of depression and further causes liver metabolic disorders in a way that may be relevant to the Lactobacillus to Clostridium ratio.

15.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774249

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and a concomitant hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, as well as the potential effects of HBV infection and antiviral therapy on prognosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all NPC patients from December 2010 to December 2014. After collecting medical records and conducting follow-ups on patients, a total of 876 eligible NPC patients were included. For each patient, medical records were reviewed. Factors predictive of outcome were compared using the log-rank test and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Among the 876 participants, 106 (12.1%) patients were HBV-infected patients. The hepatitis B surface antigen-positive [HBsAg(+)] group had a lower CD4+ T cell count than the HBsAg(-) group (P = .048). Among patients with stage I/II NPC, 5-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), relapse-free survival, and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) of the HBsAg(+) group were 82.5%, 70.7%, 87.7%, and 76.6%, respectively, whereas those of the HBsAg(-) group were 91.4%, 86.0%, 93.8%, and 92.1%, respectively. Statistically significant differences in OS, DFS, and DMFS existed between both groups (P = .017, .018, and .004, respectively). The multivariate analysis indicated that HBsAg status and N stage are independent risk factors affecting OS, DFS, and DMFS of NPC patients. A statistically significant difference in 5-year DMFS existed between the antivirus (90.0%) and no-antivirus groups (70.0%) (P = .043). CONCLUSIONS: Hepatitis B virus infection is an independent risk factor for early stage NPC, which may be associated with its reduced immune functions compared to the HBsAg(-) group. Anti-HBV treatment may improve the prognosis of HBV-infected NPC patients.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121505, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776085

RESUMO

Phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSBs) can effectively enhance the stability of lead via the formation of insoluble Pb-phosphate compounds. This research presents a bio-beads, which was implemented with the help of a self-designed porous spheres carrier, by immobilized PSBs strains Leclercia adecarboxylata (hereafter referred as L1-5). In addition, the passivation efficiency of lead via bio-beads under different conditions and its mechanism were also investigated in this study. The results indicated that phosphate solubilized by bio-beads could reach 30 mg/L in Ca3(PO4)2 medium containing 1 mM Pb2+, and the highest removal rate of Pb2+ in beef peptone liquid medium could reach 93%, which is better than that of free bacteria. Furthermore, it was also concluded that the lead could be transformed into stable crystal texture, such as Pb5(PO4)3Cl and Pb5(PO4)3OH. Both hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups in the bio-beads could capture Pb2+, which indicated that electrostatic attraction and ion-exchange were also the mechanism of Pb2+ adsorption. All the experimental findings demonstrated that this bio-bead could be consider as an efficient way for the lead immobilization in contaminated soil in the future.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776910

RESUMO

Ammonia (NH3) volatilization from paddy soils is a main source of atmospheric NH3 and the magnitude is affected by many factors. Because of the complex field condition, it is difficult to identify the relative importance of individual factor on NH3 volatilization process in different locations and at different times. In this study, the grey relational entropy method was used to evaluate the relative impact of four main factors (i.e., nitrogen fertilizer application rate, NH4-N concentration, pH, and temperature of the floodwater) on NH3 volatilization loss from three different field experiments. The results demonstrated that floodwater NH4-N concentration was the most important factor governing NH3 volatilization process. Floodwater pH was the second most important factor, followed by temperature of the floodwater and nitrogen fertilizer application rate. We further validated the grey relational entropy method with NH3 volatilization loss data from other published study and confirmed the order of importance for the four factors. We hope the findings of this study will be helpful for guiding design to reduce paddy soil NH3 emission.

18.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1182: 119-142, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777016

RESUMO

Radiation and chemotherapy are common and mainstay treatments for cancer patients. But they are also usually associated with some toxicity and side effects in most of the patients. Ganoderma (Lingzhi) is considered as a major kind of complementary/alternative medicine and used to prevent the adverse effects caused by radiation and chemotherapy. This chapter reviewed the protective effects of Ganoderma (Lingzhi) on radiation and chemotherapy, including the preventive effects on myelosuppression, intestinal injury, nephrotoxicity, cardiovascular toxicity, and other side effects. Both basic researches and clinical studies of Ganoderma (Lingzhi) in preventing side effects induced by radiation and chemotherapy were reviewed.

19.
Environ Int ; 134: 105288, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765862

RESUMO

Despite the global abundance of studies on children's lead (Pb) exposure, the magnitude of Pb exposure among children across China remains unclear, especially for rural areas. In 2000, Pb was removed from petrol, marking a change in the sources of Pb exposure in China. To better understand children's Pb exposure and inform potential approaches to exposure reduction, we conducted a national blood Pb survey of 31,373 children (0-84 months old) from May 2013 to March 2015, using a multi-stage and multi-strata sampling method. Blood lead levels (BLLs) were tested using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry with a detection limit of 1 µg/L. The results show that Chinese children had a contemporary geometric mean (GM) BLL of 26.7 µg/L, with 8.6% of BLLs exceeding 50 µg/L. Boys had higher BLLs (GM 27.2 µg/L) compared to girls (GM: 25.9 µg/L) (p < 0.001). Children at the age of 0-36 months had a lower PbB (GM 25.7 µg/L) level compared with those aged 36-84 months (GM 27.9 µg/L) (p < 0.001). When taking into account sociodemographic factors, a multivariate logistic regression analysis shows that the odds ratios (OR) of having a BLL of 27 µg/dL (i.e., median BLL of this study) or higher were 1.88 (95% CI: 1.76, 2.02) and 1.35 (95% CI: 1.22, 1.49) for homes using coal and biomass fuels, respectively, compared to those using gas or electricity. Meanwhile, children in homes close to roads were more likely to have BLLs exceeding 27 µg/dL (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.20). In China, rural children had higher BLLs compared to urban children. As a result of pediatric exposure to Pb, there were approximately 144 million and 36 million IQ points lost for rural children and urban children, respectively, revealing a disparity of Pb exposure between rural and urban areas in China. Cleaner domestic fuels and improved cooking/heating equipment will reduce contemporary Pb exposure in rural areas. In addition, the association between contemporary BLLs and distance away from roads further suggests that resuspension of legacy soil/dust Pb should not be neglected in future remediation programs and household interventions. As a large scale survey, this study provides evidence for revising the reference value of BLL, improving the guideline for clinical and public health management, and implementing interventions to prevent adverse health outcomes associated with low-level Pb exposure in children.

20.
Ann Nutr Metab ; : 1-8, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Asprosin, a novel peptide that has recently discovered as an important regulatory adipokine, is relevant to obesity in animals and adult humans. Little is known about its roles in children. The aim of the current study was to determine the potential role of asprosin and explore its relationship to various obesity-related markers in children with obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 119 Chinese children, including 79 children with obesity and 40 lean controls. Anthropometric parameters, clinical data, and circulating tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), adiponectin, leptin, and asprosin levels were measured. RESULTS: Serum asprosin concentrations were significantly elevated in children with obesity compared with lean controls. Children with insulin resistance (IR) had higher asprosin levels than non-IR group. Asprosin was positively correlated with waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), diastolic blood pressure, homoeostasis model of IR (HOMA-IR), leptin-to-adiponectin ratio, TNF-α independent of their body mass index, SDs score, and age. In multivariable linear regression analysis, WHR and HOMA-IR were associated with the circulating level of asprosin. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating asprosins are increased in children with obesity and associated with IR. It may be proposed as a novel marker to predict advanced disease.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA