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1.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 67, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317146

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading aging related cause of global mortality. Small airway narrowing is recognized as an early and significant factor for COPD development. Senescent fibroblasts were observed to accumulate in lung of COPD patients and promote COPD progression through aberrant extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). On the basis of our previous study, we further investigated the the causes for the increased levels of miR-377-3p in the blood of COPD patients, as well as its regulatory function in the pathological progression of COPD. We found that the majority of up-regulated miR-377-3p was localized in lung fibroblasts. Inhibition of miR-377-3p improved chronic smoking-induced COPD in mice. Mechanistically, miR-377-3p promoted senescence of lung fibroblasts, while knockdown of miR-377-3p attenuated bleomycin-induced senescence in lung fibroblasts. We also identified ZFP36L1 as a direct target for miR-377-3p that likely mediated its pro senescence activity in lung fibroblasts. Our data reveal that miR-377-3p is crucial for COPD pathogenesis, and may serve as a potential target for COPD therapy.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Envelhecimento , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Senescência Celular/genética , Fator 1 de Resposta a Butirato/metabolismo
2.
Biomark Res ; 12(1): 20, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321554

RESUMO

Multiple primary malignant neoplasms are a rare disease with tumors of different histology or morphology arising in various sites. Next-generation sequencing is essential in the etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance of this disease. No eight primary malignant neoplasm cases with high variant allele frequencies of RB1, TP53, and TERT have been reported. Herein, we report a 65-year-old male who exhibited eight primary malignancies of the vocal cord, pharynx, kidney, mouth floor, esophagus, and urinary bladder with different pathological types. The first seven tumors were early-stage tumors; the last tumor, small cell carcinoma of urinary bladder, showed liver metastasis at diagnosis. Next-generation sequencing results revealed extremely high somatic variant allele frequencies of RB1 c.1472 T > C, TP53 c.576A > G, and TERT c.-58-u66C > T (95.5%, 95.1%, and 51.0%, respectively). No germline mutations were detected. These findings denoted a heavy tumor burden and poor prognosis. This is the first report of eight primary malignant neoplasm cases with high variant allele frequencies of RB1, TP53, and TERT.

3.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1323866, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322259

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to decipher the protection effects of ellagic acid (EA) on piglets infected with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). Thirty 7-day-old piglets were randomly assigned to three treatment groups: control, PEDV, and EA + PEDV groups. After a 3-day period of adaption, piglets in the EA + PEDV group were orally administered with 20 mg/kg·BW EA during days 4-11 of the trial. On day 8, piglets were orally administered with PEDV at a dose of 106 TCID50 (50% tissue culture infectious dose) per pig. Additionally, intestinal porcine epithelial (IPEC-1) cells infected with PEDV were used to investigate the anti-PEDV effect of EA in vitro. The results showed that EA at a dose of 10-40 µmol/L increased the viability of PEDV-infected IPEC-1 cells, and EA administration mitigated intestinal edema in piglets challenged with PEDV. Further studies indicated that EA treatment significantly increased the proportion of white blood cells in blood and concentrations of IL-6, IL-1ß, and IL-10 in the serum, but decreased the TNF-α content and gene expression of IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α, and CXCL2 in the jejunum. Moreover, EA intervention considerably elevated the activity of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), but decreased the H2O2 concentration in the ileum of piglets. Importantly, EA suppressed the increased expression of antiviral-related genes and proteins (including MXI, ISG15, HSP70, and p-IRF7) induced by PEDV challenge in the jejunum. Furthermore, PEDV infection increased the protein abundance of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3, which were further enhanced by EA supplementation. In conclusion, our results revealed that EA could promote the restoration of intestinal homeostasis by regulating the interferon pathway that was interrelated with the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling. These findings provide theoretical basis for the use of EA as a therapy targeting PEDV infection in piglets.


Assuntos
Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína , Suínos , Animais , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/fisiologia , Ácido Elágico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Interleucina-6
4.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(3): 643-649, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elderly giant retrosternal thyroid goiter is a rare yet significant medical condition, often presenting clinical symptoms that can be confused with other diseases, posing diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. This study aims to delve into the characteristics and potential mechanisms of this ailment through pathological diagnosis and immunohistochemical analysis, providing clinicians with more precise diagnostic and treatment strategies. CASE SUMMARY: A 77-year-old male, was admitted to hospital with the chief complaint of finding a goiter in the semilunar month during physical examination, accompanied by dyspnea. Locally protruding into the superior mediastinum, the adjacent structure was compressed, the trachea was compressed to the right, and the local lumen was slightly narrowed. The patient was diagnosed with giant retrosternal goiter. Considering dyspnea caused by trachea compression, our department planned to perform giant retrosternal thyroidectomy. Immunohistochemical results: Tg (+), TTF-1 (+), Calcitonin (CT) (I), Ki-67 (+, about 20%), CD34 (-). Retrosternal goiter means that more than 50% of the volume of the thyroid gland is below the upper margin of the sternum. As retrosternal goiter disease is a relatively rare disease, once the disease is diagnosed, it should be timely surgical treatment, and the treatment is more difficult, the need for professional medical team for comprehensive treatment. CONCLUSION: The imaging manifestations of giant retrosternal goiter are atypical, histomorphology and immunohistochemistry can assist in its diagnosis. This article reviews the relevant literature of giant retrosternal goiter immunohistochemistry and shows that giant retrosternal goiter is positive for Tg, TTF-1, and Ki-67.

5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 1097-1108, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327597

RESUMO

Introduction: Osteosarcoma is a prevalent and highly malignant primary bone tumor. However, current clinical therapeutic drugs for osteosarcoma are not suitable for long-term use due to significant side effects. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop new drugs with fewer side effects. Dipsacus asperoides C. Y. Cheng et T. M. Ai, a traditional Chinese medicine, is commonly used for its anti-inflammatory, anti-pain, bone fracture healing, and anti-tumor effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of exosome-like nanoparticles derived from Dipsacus asperoides (DAELNs) on osteosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Methods: DAELNs were isolated and purified from Dipsacus asperoides and their physical and chemical properties were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). The cellular uptake of DAELNs in osteosarcoma cells was analyzed by PKH26 staining. The proliferation, invasion, migration, and apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells were assessed using CCK8 assay, EdU assay, colony-formation assay, transwell assay, wound healing assay, and mitochondrial membrane potential measurement, respectively. The regulatory mechanism of DAELNs inhibiting the progression of osteosarcoma via activating P38/JNK signaling pathway was investigated using Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Moreover, the therapeutic effects of DAELNs were evaluated using in vivo small animal imaging assay, HE staining, and immunohistochemistry. Results: Our results showed that DAELNs inhibited the proliferation, invasion, migration, and fostered the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells in vitro and suppressed the tumor growth of osteosarcoma cells in a xenograft nude mouse model. Furthermore, the bio-distribution of DiD-labeled DAELNs showed preferential targeting of osteosarcoma tumors and excellent biosafety in histological analysis of the liver and kidney. Mechanistically, DAELNs activated the P38/JNK signaling pathway-induced apoptosis. Conclusion: Taken together, DAELNs are novel, natural, and osteosarcoma-targeted agents that can serve as safe and effective therapeutic approaches for the treatment of osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Dipsacaceae , Exossomos , Osteossarcoma , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Dipsacaceae/química , Exossomos/metabolismo , Apoptose , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proliferação de Células , Movimento Celular
6.
J Exp Bot ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38318854

RESUMO

Grape white rot is a devastating fungal disease caused by Coniella diplodiella. The pathogen delivers effectors into host cell that target crucial immune components to facilitate its infection.. Here, we examined a secreted effector of Coniella diplodiella, known as CdE1, which has been found to inhibit Bax-triggered cell death in Nicotiana benthamiana plants. The expression of CdE1 was induced at 12 to 48 hours after inoculation with C. diplodiella and the transient over-expression of CdE1 led to increased susceptibility of grapevines to the fungus. Subsequent experiments revealed an interaction between CdE1 and Vitis davidii cysteine-rich receptor-like kinase 10 (VdCRK10) and suppression of VdCRK10-mediated immunity against C. diplodiella, partially by decreasing the accumulation of VdCRK10 protein. Furthermore, our investigation revealed that CRK10 expression was significantly higher and up-regulated in the resistant wild grapevine Vitis davidii during C. diplodiella infection. The activity of the VdCRK10 promoter is induced by C. diplodiella and is higher than that of VvCRK10, indicating the involvement of transcriptional regulation in CRK10 gene expression. Taken together, our results highlight the potential of VdCRK10 as a resistant gene for enhancing white rot resistance in grapevines.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 261(Pt 2): 129900, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316329

RESUMO

The presence of potentially toxic elements and compounds poses threats to the quality and safety of fruit juices. Among these, Hg(II) is considered as one of the most poisonous heavy metals to human health. Traditional chitosan-based and selenide-based adsorbents face challenges such as poor adsorption capacity and inconvenient separation in juice applications. In this study, we prepared nano­selenium functionalized chitosan gel beads (nanoSe@CBs) and illustrated the synergistic promotions between chitosan and nanoSe in removing Hg(II) from apple juice. The preparation conditions, adsorption behaviors, and adsorption mechanism of nanoSe@CBs were systematically investigated. The results revealed that the adsorption process was primarily controlled by chemical adsorption. At the 0.1 % dosage, the adsorbent exhibited high uptake, and the maximum adsorption capacity from the Langmuir isotherm model could reach 376.5 mg/g at room temperature. The adsorbent maintained high adsorption efficiency (> 90 %) across a wide range of Hg(II) concentrations (0.01 to 10 mg/L) and was unaffected by organic acids present in apple juice. Additionally, nanoSe@CBs showed negligible effects on the quality of apple juice. Overall, nanoSe@CBs open up possibilities to be used as a safe, low-cost and highly-efficient adsorbent for the removal of Hg(II) from juices and other liquid foods.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(3)2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334586

RESUMO

The construction of semiconductor heterojunction photocatalysts that improve the separation and transfer of photoinduced charge carriers is an effective and widely employed strategy to boost photocatalytic performance. Herein, we have successfully constructed a CdS/Ag/Bi2WO6 Z-scheme heterojunction with an Ag-bridge as an effective charge transfer channel by a facile process. The heterostructure consists of both CdS and Ag nanoparticles anchored on the surface of Bi2WO6 nanosheets. The photocatalytic efficiency of the CdS/Ag/Bi2WO6 system was studied by the decontamination of tetracycline (TC) and Rhodamine B (RhB) under visible light irradiation (λ ≥ 420). The results exhibited that CdS/Ag/Bi2WO6 shows markedly higher photocatalytic performance than that of CdS, Bi2WO6, Ag/Bi2WO6, and CdS/Bi2WO6. The trapping experiment results verified that the •O2- and h+ radicals are the key active species. The results of photoluminescence spectral analysis and photocurrent responses indicated that the CdS/Ag/Bi2WO6 heterojunctions exhibit exceptional efficiency in separating and transferring photoinduced electron-hole pairs. Based on a series of characterization results, the boosted photocatalytic activity of the CdS/Ag/Bi2WO6 system is mostly due to the successful formation of the Ag-bridged Z-scheme heterojunction; these can not only inhibit the recombination rate of photoinduced charge carriers but also possess a splendid redox capacity. The work provides a way for designing a Z-scheme photocatalytic system based on Ag-bridged for boosting photocatalytic performance.

9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(3)2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339606

RESUMO

In recent years, radar emitter signal recognition has enjoyed a wide range of applications in electronic support measure systems and communication security. More and more deep learning algorithms have been used to improve the recognition accuracy of radar emitter signals. However, complex deep learning algorithms and data preprocessing operations have a huge demand for computing power, which cannot meet the requirements of low power consumption and high real-time processing scenarios. Therefore, many research works have remained in the experimental stage and cannot be actually implemented. To tackle this problem, this paper proposes a resource reuse computing acceleration platform based on field programmable gate arrays (FPGA), and implements a one-dimensional (1D) convolutional neural network (CNN) and long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network (NN) model for radar emitter signal recognition, directly targeting the intermediate frequency (IF) data of radar emitter signal for classification and recognition. The implementation of the 1D-CNN-LSTM neural network on FPGA is realized by multiplexing the same systolic array to accomplish the parallel acceleration of 1D convolution and matrix vector multiplication operations. We implemented our network on Xilinx XCKU040 to evaluate the effectiveness of our proposed solution. Our experiments show that the system can achieve 7.34 giga operations per second (GOPS) data throughput with only 5.022 W power consumption when the radar emitter signal recognition rate is 96.53%, which greatly improves the energy efficiency ratio and real-time performance of the radar emitter recognition system.

10.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 11: 285-304, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38344425

RESUMO

Objective: Thermal ablation is a commonly used therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nevertheless, inadequate ablation can lead to the survival of residual HCC, potentially causing rapid progression. The underlying mechanisms for this remain unclear. This study explores the molecular mechanism responsible for the rapid progression of residual HCC. Methods: We established an animal model of inadequate ablation in BALB/c nude mice and identified a key transcriptional regulator through high-throughput sequencing. Subsequently, we conducted further investigations on RAD21. We evaluated the expression and clinical significance of RAD21 in HCC and studied its impact on HCC cell function through various assays, including CCK-8, wound healing, Transwell migration and invasion. In vitro experiments established an incomplete ablation model verifying RAD21 expression and function. Using ChIP-seq, we determined potential molecules regulated by RAD21 and investigated how RAD21 influences residual tumor development. Results: High RAD21 expression in HCC was confirmed and correlated with low tumor cell differentiation, tumor growth, and portal vein thrombosis. Silencing RAD21 inhibited the migration, invasion, and proliferation significantly in liver cancer cells. Patients with high RAD21 levels showed elevated multiple inhibitory immune checkpoint levels and a lower response rate to immune drugs. Heat treatment intensified the malignant behavior of liver cancer cells, resulting in increased migration, invasion, and proliferation. After subjecting it to heat treatment, the results indicated elevated RAD21 levels in HCC. Differentially expressed molecules regulated by RAD21 following incomplete ablation were primarily associated with the VEGF signaling pathway, focal adhesion, angiogenesis, and hepatocyte growth factor receptor signaling pathway etc. Conclusion: The upregulation of RAD21 expression after incomplete ablation may play a crucial role in the rapid development of residual tumors and could serve as a novel therapeutic target.

11.
Food Chem ; 445: 138657, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354640

RESUMO

Rice varieties of different subspecies types (indica rice and japonica rice) across various geographical origins (Hunan, Jiangsu, and Northeast China) were monitored using microsatellite markers (simple sequence repeats, SSR). 110 representative rice cultivars were collected from the main crop areas. Multiple methods including clustering analysis (neighbor-joining (NJ) method, unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) method), principal component analysis (PCA) and model-based grouping were applied. The study revealed that 25 pairs of SSR markers exhibited a broad range of polymorphism information content (PIC) values, ranging from 0.240 to 0.830. Furthermore, our study successfully achieved a higher overall mean correct rate of 99.09% in determining the geographical origin of rice. Simultaneously, it accurately classified indica rice and japonica rice. These findings are significant as they provide an SSR fingerprint of 110 high-quality rice cultivars, serving as a valuable scientific resource for the detection of rice adulteration and traceability of its origin.

12.
FEBS Lett ; 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355218

RESUMO

The cell death-inducing DFF45-like effector (CIDE) proteins, including Cidea, Cideb, and Cidec/Fsp27, regulate various aspects of lipid homeostasis, including lipid storage, lipolysis, and lipid secretion. This review focuses on the physiological roles of CIDE proteins based on studies on knockout mouse models and human patients bearing CIDE mutations. The primary cellular function of CIDE proteins is to localize to lipid droplets (LDs) and to control LD fusion and growth across different cell types. We propose a four-step process of LD fusion, characterized by (a) the recruitment of CIDE proteins to the LD surface and CIDE movement, (b) the enrichment and condensate formation of CIDE proteins to form LD fusion plates at LD-LD contact sites, (c) lipid transfer through lipid-permeable passageways within the fusion plates, and (d) the completion of LD fusion. Lastly, we outline CIDE-interacting proteins as regulatory factors, as well as their contribution in LD fusion.

13.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350739

RESUMO

The metabolite transport inhibition of tumor cells holds promise to achieve anti-tumor efficacy. Herein, we presented an innovative strategy to hinder the delivery of metabolites through the in-situ besieging tumor cells with polyphenolic polymers that strongly adhere to the cytomembrane of tumor cells. Simultaneously, these polymers underwent self-crosslinking under the induction of tumor oxidative stress microenvironment to form an adhesive coating on the surface of the tumor cells. This polyphenol coating effectively obstructed glucose uptake, reducing metabolic products such as lactic acid, glutathione, and adenosine triphosphate, while also causing reactive oxygen species to accumulate in the tumor cells. The investigation of various tumor models, including 2D cells, 3D multicellular tumor spheroids, and xenograft tumors, demonstrated that the polyphenolic polymers effectively inhibited the growth of tumor cells by blocking key metabolite transport processes. Moreover, this highly adhesive coating could bind tumor cells to suppress their metastasis and invasion. This work identified polyphenolic polymers as a promising anticancer candidate with a mechanism by impeding the mass transport of tumor cells.

14.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 34(2): 193-201, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential shared biological mechanism between obesity and clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC). STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. Place and Duration of the Study: Department of Urology, Lishui People's Hospital, Lishui City, China, from December 2022 to March 2023. METHODOLOGY: The test and validation cohorts were selected from the GEO database. WGCNA and PPI networks were applied to identify shared hub genes. GO/KEGG, GSEA, and ROC curve analyses were applied to explore the potential underlying mechanisms and diagnostic power. Logistic regression was used to select genes to construct the signature. The risk score and various immune-related analyses were performed to assess the clinical and immune performance of the signature. The CellMiner platform was used to screen potential FDA-approved drugs. RESULTS: PTPRC, TYROBP, ITGB2, CD86, and ITGAM were defined as shared hub genes with good diagnostic power for obesity and ccRCC. Eight immune cells exhibited a positive correlation with the hub genes, while two immune cells showed negative associations. MDSCs and Tregs had the strongest positive associations with the hub genes. The Treg-related pathway exhibited predominant enrichment. The TYROBP, ITGB2, and CD86 genes were selected to construct an immune signature that has good clinical and immune performance. Six FDA-approved drugs were screened. CONCLUSION: Five Treg-related genes were identified as shared hub genes in obese patients and ccRCC patients. A signature was constructed to describe the immune features of ccRCC. KEY WORDS: Treg-related genes, Shared biological mechanism, Immune signature, Obesity, Clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC).


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Obesidade/genética , Fatores de Risco , Antígenos CD18 , Neoplasias Renais/genética
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(5): e37067, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum galactomannan (GM) and ß-D-glucan (BG) are known markers of invasive aspergillosis (IA). The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficiency of serum GM and BG as diagnostic markers of symptomatic IA infection and compare the performance of the combined tests with that of either test individually. METHODS: A literature search was carried out using PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases to include relevant studies published in English up to May 2023. The quality assessment was performed using Review Manager 5.3 software. A bivariate model was applied to pool diagnostic parameters using Stata 14.0 software. We used Cochrane I2 index to assess heterogeneity and identify the potential source of heterogeneity by meta-regression. Paired t tests were used to compare the value of GM and BG for IA diagnosis when used in combination or alone. RESULTS: Sixteen studies were eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. For proven or probable IA, serum GM and BG yielded a pooled sensitivity of 0.53 (95% CI 0.40-0.66) vs 0.72 (95% CI 0.61-0.81) and a pooled specificity of 0.94 (95% CI 0.91-0.97) vs 0.82 (95% CI 0.73-0.88). The area under the curve (AUC) of ROC was 0.90 (95% CI 0.87-0.92) vs 0.83 (95% CI 0.80-0.86) for all studies. The pooled sensitivity and specificity for IA diagnosis by combined GM and BG assays (GM/BG) were 0.84 (95% CI 0.69-0.86) and 0.76 (95% CI 0.69-0.81), respectively. The sensitivity of the combined GM/BG test to diagnose IA was higher than of the GM or BG test alone. CONCLUSION: Serum GM and BG tests had a relatively high accuracy for IA diagnosis in suspected patients. The diagnostic accuracy of both assays is comparable, and the diagnostic sensitivity is further improved by the combined detection of the 2 markers.


Assuntos
Aspergilose , Galactose/análogos & derivados , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva , beta-Glucanas , Humanos , Aspergilose/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Mananas , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/diagnóstico , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/diagnóstico
16.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 311: 124032, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364513

RESUMO

In this work, we report for the first time that thiophenol-substituted naphthalimide can achieve thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) and room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) simultaneously through non-conjugated flexible connection. Herein, we explain that the enhancement of intersystem crossing (ISC) between the singlet excited state and triplet excited states in NISPh is mainly caused by the non-adiabatic conformation distortion charge transfer (CDCT) of the excited states. More precisely, CDCT results in the conformation matching and energy barrier decrease between the excited states. In addition, the electronic and vibration coupling is further enhanced in NISPh. Our work substantiates a rational design strategy for the development of simple purely organic materials to achieve dual emission of TADF and RTP.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366316

RESUMO

Urbanization and agricultural land use have led to water quality deterioration. Studies have been conducted on the relationship between landscape patterns and river water quality; however, the Wuding River Basin (WDRB), which is a complex ecosystem structure, is facing resource problems in river basins. Thus, the multi-scale effects of landscape patterns on river water quality in the WDRB must be quantified. This study explored the spatial and seasonal effects of land use distribution on river water quality. Using the data of 22 samples and land use images from the WDRB for 2022, we quantitatively described the correlation between river water quality and land use at spatial and seasonal scales. Stepwise multiple linear regression (SMLR) and redundancy analyses (RDA) were used to quantitatively screen and compare the relationships between land use structure, landscape patterns, and water quality at different spatial scales. The results showed that the sub-watershed scale is the best spatial scale model that explains the relationship between land use and water quality. With the gradual narrowing of the spatial scale range, cultivated land, grassland, and construction land had strong water quality interpretation abilities. The influence of land use type on water quality parameter variables was more distinct in rainy season than in the dry season. Therefore, in the layout of watershed management, reasonably adjusting the proportion relationship of vegetation and artificial building land in the sub-basin scale and basin scope can realize the effective control of water quality optimization.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367030

RESUMO

Film capacitors have become key electronic components for electrical energy storage installations and high-power electronic systems. Nonetheless, high-temperature and high-electric-field environments would cause a surge of the energy loss, placing a fundamental challenge for film capacitors applied in harsh environments. Here, we constructed a composite film, combining poly(ether sulfone) (PESU) with excellent thermal stability and large-band-gap filler boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs). The introduction of BNNSs would form deep/shallow traps inside the dielectric polymer matrix, effectively affecting charge migration. Via density functional theory (DFT) calculation, the higher highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy levels of the BNNS than the matrix facilitate scattering electrons and attracting holes. The resultant composite obtains the desired discharged energy densities (Ud) of 5.89 and 3.86 J/cm3 accompanied by an efficiency above 90% at 150 and 200 °C, respectively, surpassing those of existing dielectric materials at the high-temperature conditions. The paper provides a promising composite dielectric material for high-performance film capacitors capable of operating in harsh environments.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; 468: 133779, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367439

RESUMO

The efficient and green removal technology of refractory organics such as atrazine in water has been an important topic of research in water treatment. A novel membrane composite biocatalyst Lac-HBT-Pd/BC as prepared for the first time by co-immobilizing laccase, mediator 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT) and metal Pd on functionalized bacterial cellulose (BC) to investigate the removal of atrazine and degradation of its intermediates under mild ambient conditions. It was found that atrazine could be completely degraded in 5 h by the catalysis of Lac-HBT-Pd/BC, and the removal rate of degradation intermediates from atrazine was about 85% after continuous catalysis, which achieved deep degradation of atrazine. The effect of electrochemical activity and radical stability of the membrane composite biocatalysts loaded with Pd was investigated. The possible degradation pathways were proposed by identifying and analyzing the deep degradation products of atrazine. The Lac-HBT-Pd/BC demonstrated deep degradation of atrazine and favorable reusability as well as considerable adaptability to various water qualities. This work provides an important reference for preparing new kinds of biocatalysts to degrade refractory organic pollutants in water.

20.
J Infect Dis ; 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) has a high short-term mortality. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic and prognostic role of MER tyrosine kinase (MERTK) in HBV-ACLF patients. METHODS: Transcriptomics analysis evaluated MERTK expression and function during disease progression. The diagnostic and prognostic significance of MERTK for HBV-ACLF patients were verified by ELISA, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) analysis, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) of liver tissues. RESULTS: MERTK mRNA was highly expressed in the HBV-ACLF compared to the liver cirrhosis (LC), chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and normal controls (NC) groups. Elevated MERTK mRNA predicted poor prognosis for HBV-ACLF at 28/90 days (AUROCs=0.814/0.731). Functional analysis showed MERTK was significantly associated with TLR and inflammatory signaling, and several key biological processes. External validation with 285 plasma subjects confirmed the high diagnostic accuracy of plasma MERTK for HBV-ACLF (AUROC=0.859) and potential prognostic value for 28/90-day mortality rates (AUROC=0.673 and 0.644, respectively). Risk stratification analysis indicated higher mortality risk for patients with plasma MERTK level above the cut-off value. Moreover, IHC staining showed increasing MERTK expression from NC, CHB and LC to HBV-ACLF patients. CONCLUSIONS: MERTK shows promise as a candidate biomarker for early diagnosis and prognosis of HBV-ACLF.

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