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1.
Biol Res ; 53(1): 47, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066819

RESUMO

Nitrogen is the main limiting nutrient after carbon, hydrogen and oxygen for photosynthetic process, phyto-hormonal, proteomic changes and growth-development of plants to complete its lifecycle. Excessive and inefficient use of N fertilizer results in enhanced crop production costs and atmospheric pollution. Atmospheric nitrogen (71%) in the molecular form is not available for the plants. For world's sustainable food production and atmospheric benefits, there is an urgent need to up-grade nitrogen use efficiency in agricultural farming system. The nitrogen use efficiency is the product of nitrogen uptake efficiency and nitrogen utilization efficiency, it varies from 30.2 to 53.2%. Nitrogen losses are too high, due to excess amount, low plant population, poor application methods etc., which can go up to 70% of total available nitrogen. These losses can be minimized up to 15-30% by adopting improved agronomic approaches such as optimal dosage of nitrogen, application of N by using canopy sensors, maintaining plant population, drip fertigation and legume based intercropping. A few transgenic studies have shown improvement in nitrogen uptake and even increase in biomass. Nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase, glutamine synthetase, glutamine oxoglutarate aminotransferase and asparagine synthetase enzyme have a great role in nitrogen metabolism. However, further studies on carbon-nitrogen metabolism and molecular changes at omic levels are required by using "whole genome sequencing technology" to improve nitrogen use efficiency. This review focus on nitrogen use efficiency that is the major concern of modern days to save economic resources without sacrificing farm yield as well as safety of global environment, i.e. greenhouse gas emissions, ammonium volatilization and nitrate leaching.

2.
Acta Histochem ; 122(7): 151601, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is characterised by impairment of microarchitecture and bone mass. Therapeutic strategy promoting osteoblast differentiation is considered as a promising direction for the treatment of osteoporosis. Artesunate (ART) is related to osteoporosis, but the relationship between ART and osteogenic differentiation is still unknown. METHODS: Cells proliferation were measured by MTT, ALP activity assay and Alizarin Red S staining were used to assess osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs. Western blotting and qRT-PCR were applied for measuring expression of protein and mRNA, respectively. The relationship between miR-34a and Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) was detected by dual luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: The expression of osteoblasts differentiation related proteins (Runx2, OCN, and OPN) were significantly increased by ART. And ART accelerates the osteoblasts differentiation of hBMSCs through promoting Wnt signaling pathway by DKK1 inhibition. Significant higher expression of miR-34a and lower expression of DKK1 could be induced by ART. We firstly proved that miR-34a could bind DKK1 specifically. CONCLUSION: ART could promote osteoblast differentiation through miR-34a/DKK1/Wnt pathway. Therefore, our findings may provide a new thought for the treatment of osteoporosis by ART through osteoblast differentiation promotion.

3.
Orthop Surg ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043614

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of anesthetic management on scoliosis surgery and review the incidence rate of perioperative adverse events. METHODS: This was a retrospective study and approved by the ethics committee. Patients who underwent scoliosis surgery from April 2011 to March 2018 in the Third Hospital of ChengDu were enrolled in this study. Characteristics of patients were obtained from the hospital's electronic records. The following information on patients was collected: preoperative assessment details, premedication, type of anesthesia and operation, the main postoperative outcome, and complications. Data were presented as the mean ± standard deviations (SD) for normally distributed continuous variables and numbers for categorical variables. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 22.0. RESULTS: In total, 513 patients were enrolled in the present study. The main preoperative complication was cardiopulmonary dysfunction (386 cases, 75.24%). Anesthesia induction was performed with conscious tracheal intubation after oral surface anesthesia. In total, the common postoperative complications involved anesthesia (24 cases, 4.68%), surgery (23 cases, 4.48%), the respiratory system (138 cases, 26.90%), and the gastrointestinal tract (nine cases, 1.75%). The majority of postoperative complications were postoperative hypoxemia and hypercapnia, caused by poor cardiopulmonary function. Rare and serious complications still occurred. Three patients died in hospital. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated a high incidence of complications in scoliosis surgery, especially postoperative complications. Extreme postoperative vigilance is required and high-level monitoring of conditions is highly recommended.

4.
Adipocyte ; 9(1): 609-619, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043822

RESUMO

Aurora-A kinase, a serine/threonine mitotic kinase, is reportedly upregulated in skin tissues of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus , although its function in diabetes is unclear. C57BL/6 J mice were utilized to establish a type 2 diabetic model and explore the functions of Aurora-A in diabetes. Aurora-A was highly expressed in the pancreas of the diabetic mice as confirmed by western blot. Inhibition of Aurora-A did not affect fasting blood glucose and body weight, but did improve insulin resistance, as indicated by improved oral glucose tolerance, insulin tolerance, and the Homoeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance index. Blockade of Aurora-A dramatically decreased the number of infiltrating macrophages in the pancreas in parallel with decreases in the levels of serum insulin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA. The levels of phosphorylated forms of protein kinase B, which are the key mediators of in insulin resistance, were not induced in liver, adipocyte tissues, and skeletal muscle by alisertib treatment. Our findings indicate that suppression of Aurora-A could at least partially enhance insulin sensitivity by decreasing the number of infiltrating macrophages and IL-6 level in a type 2 diabetic mouse model.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044052

RESUMO

AIMS: Interleukin-35 (IL-35), a novel anti-inflammatory cytokine, has recently been implicated in tumor development, progression, and survival. However, the relationship between serum IL-35 levels and gastric cancer (GC) is inconclusive. Here, we performed this study to clarify the role of serum level of IL-35 in GC patients. METHODS: We enrolled 180 GC patients and 170 healthy controls and used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect serum IL-35 levels. The clinical relevance between IL-35 and clinical pathology parameters was assessed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to determine the feasibility of IL-35 as a clinical biomarker. RESULTS: We observed that serum IL-35 levels were significantly higher in GC patients (17.559 ± 13.266 pg/mL) than in healthy controls (8.077 ± 3.801 pg/mL, P < .001). High serum IL-35 levels were significantly associated with clinical stage (P = .048) and Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection (P < .001). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that patients in the high-IL-35 group had poor overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) (median OS: 26.0 vs 36.0 months, P < .001; median PFS: 18.0 vs.26.0 months, P = .044). Multivariate analyses demonstrated that serum IL-35 was an independent prognostic factor for GC (OS: hazard ratio [HR] = 1.031 [95% CI, 1.017-1.045], P < .001; PFS: HR = 1.029 [95% CI, 1.015-1.043], P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: High serum IL-35 levels are associated with poor disease prognosis in GC patients, and it may be become a new and promising biomarker for prognosis of gastric cancer.

6.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520921640, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value of the Xpert® MTB/RIF (GeneXpert) assay for tracheobronchial tuberculosis (TBTB) using bronchial washing fluid (BWF). METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients suspected of having TBTB and patients with non-TB pulmonary disease as controls. BWF were used to undertake acid-fast bacillus (AFB) smears, the GeneXpert assay and the LÓ§wenstein-Jensen (LJ) culture method. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were compared among BWF AFB smears, BWF GeneXpert and the BWF LJ culture method. RESULTS: A total of 130 patients with TBTB and 102 patients with non-TB pulmonary disease were enrolled in the study. Sputum AFB smears were positive in 62 of 130 patients (47.7%) with TBTB. Using the clinical diagnosis of TBTB as the gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of the three methods using BWF were as follows: 93.1%, 99.0%, 99.2% and 91.8% for BWF GeneXpert; 73.1%, 100.0%, 100.0% and 74.5% for BWF LJ cultures; 53.8%, 99.0%, 98.6% and 62.7% for BWF AFB smears. The diagnostic yield of BWF GeneXpert was significantly higher compared with BWF cultures for type III and IV TBTB. CONCLUSION: The Xpert® MTB/RIF assay using BWF exhibited higher sensitivity than bacteriological diagnostic methods and was particularly useful for the early diagnosis of smear-negative TBTB.

7.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(5): 3587-3596, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000223

RESUMO

Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is predominantly caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. CBAVD accounts for 2­6% of male infertility cases and up to 25% of cases of obstructive azoospermia. With the use of pre­implantation genetic diagnosis, testicular or epididymal sperm aspiration, intracytoplasmic sperm injection and in vitro fertilization, patients affected by CBAVD are able to have children who do not carry CFTR gene mutations, thereby preventing disease. Therefore, genetic counseling should be provided to couples receiving assisted reproductive techniques to discuss the impact of CFTR gene mutations on reproductive health. In the present article, the current literature concerning the CFTR gene and its association with CBAVD is reviewed.

8.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239605, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006971

RESUMO

The lily, a famous bulbous flower, is seriously affected by high temperatures, which affect their growth and production. To date, the signalling pathways and the molecular mechanisms related to heat response in Lilium have not been elucidated. In this study, a comparative transcriptome analysis was performed in an important thermo-tolerant flower, L. longiflorum, and a thermo-sensitive flower, L. distichum. Lily seedlings were first exposed to heat stress at 42°C for different lengths of time, and the optimal time-points (2 h and 24 h) were selected for RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). Approximately 66.51, 66.21, and 65.36 Mb clean reads were identified from three libraries of L. longiflorum (LL_CK, LL_T2h and LL_T24h, respectively) and 66.18, 66.03, and 65.16 Mb clean reads were obtained from three libraries of L. distichum (LD_CK, LD_T2h and LD_T24h, respectively) after rRNA removing. A total of 34,301 unigenes showed similarity to known proteins in the database NCBI non-redundant protein (NR), Swiss-Prot proteins, InterPro proteins, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COG) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). In addition, 1,621 genes were differentially expressed in the overlapping libraries between LL_DEGs and LD_DEGs; of these genes, 352 DEGs were obviously upregulated in L. longiflorum and downregulated in L. distichum during heat stress, including 4-coumarate, CoA ligase (4CL), caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase (CCoAOMT), peroxidase, pathogenesis-related protein 10 family genes (PR10s), 14-3-3 protein, leucine-rich repeat receptor-like protein kinase, and glycine-rich cell wall structural protein-like. These genes were mainly involved in metabolic pathways, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, plant-pathogen interactions, plant hormone signal transduction, and kinase signalling pathways. Quantitative RT-PCR was performed to validate the expression profiling of these DEGs in RNA-seq data. Taken together, the results obtained in the present study provide a comprehensive sequence resource for the discovery of heat-resistance genes and reveal potential key components that are responsive to heat stress in lilies, which may help to elucidate the heat signal transcription networks and facilitate heat-resistance breeding in lily.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16500, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020532

RESUMO

Taiwanofungus camphoratus is a highly valued medicinal mushroom that is endemic to Taiwan, China. In the present study, the mitogenome of T. camphoratus was assembled and compared with other published Polyporales mitogenomes. The T. camphoratus mitogenome was composed of circular DNA molecules, with a total size of 114,922 bp. Genome collinearity analysis revealed large-scale gene rearrangements between the mitogenomes of Polyporales, and T. camphoratus contained a unique gene order. The number and classes of introns were highly variable in 12 Polyporales species we examined, which proved that numerous intron loss or gain events occurred in the evolution of Polyporales. The Ka/Ks values for most core protein coding genes in Polyporales species were less than 1, indicating that these genes were subject to purifying selection. However, the rps3 gene was found under positive or relaxed selection between some Polyporales species. Phylogenetic analysis based on the combined mitochondrial gene set obtained a well-supported topology, and T. camphoratus was identified as a sister species to Laetiporus sulphureus. This study served as the first report on the mitogenome in the Taiwanofungus genus, which will provide a basis for understanding the phylogeny and evolution of this important fungus.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035422

RESUMO

Today's consumer electronics are made from nonrenewable and toxic components. They are also rigid, bulky, and manufactured in an energy-inefficient manner via CO2-generating routes. Though petroleum-based polymers such as polyethylene terephthalate and polyethylene naphthalate can address the rigidity issue, they have a large carbon footprint and generate harmful waste. Scalable routes for manufacturing electronics that are both flexible and ecofriendly (Fleco) could address the challenges in the field. Ideally, such substrates must incorporate into electronics without compromising device performance. In this work, we demonstrate that a new type of wood-based [nanocellulose (NC)] material made via nanosilicate (NS) reinforcement can yield flexible electronics that can bend and roll without loss of electrical function. Specifically, the NSs interact electrostatically with NC to reinforce thermal and mechanical properties. For instance, films containing 34 wt % of NS displayed an increased young's modulus (1.5 times), thermal stability (290 → 310 °C), and a low coefficient of thermal expansion (40 ppm/K). These films can also easily be separated and renewed into new devices through simple and low-energy processes. Moreover, we used very cheap and environmentally friendly NC from American Value Added Pulping (AVAP) technology, American Process, and therefore, the manufacturing cost of our NS-reinforced NC paper is much cheaper ($0.016 per dm-2) than that of conventional NC-based substrates. Looking forward, the methodology highlighted herein is highly attractive as it can unlock the secrets of Fleco electronics and transform otherwise bulky, rigid, and "difficult-to-process" rigid circuits into more aesthetic and flexible ones while simultaneously bringing relief to an already-overburdened ecosystem.

11.
Arch Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037888

RESUMO

A novel Gram-strain-negative, beige-pigmented, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-flagellated and non-gliding bacterium, designated strain lm93T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of Alhagi sparsifolia obtained from Alar city, located in Xinjiang province, China. Growth optimally occurred at 30 °C, pH 6.5-7.5, and 0-2% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain lm93T belonged to the genus Chelativorans, with highest sequence similarity to Chelativorans multitrophicus DSM 9103T (96.9%). Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 5 689 708 bp and a G + C content of 64.3 mol%. The ANI, POCP and the dDDH between strain lm93T and C. multitrophicus DSM 9103T were 76.4%, 54.8% and 0.8%, respectively. The prediction result of secondary metabolites based on genome showed that the strain lm93T contained one cluster of bacteriocin, one cluster of terpene production, two clusters of ectoine production, one cluster of non-ribosomal peptide synthetase, one cluster of type I polyketide synthases, three clusters of homoserine lactone production, one cluster of N-acetylglutaminylglutamine amide production and one cluster of phosphonate production. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10. The major fatty acids were C19:0 cyclo ω8c, iso-C17:0 and summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c and/or C18:1 ω7c) and its polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified aminophospholipids, aminoglycolipid, three unknown lipids and diphosphatidylglycerol. On the basis of these data, strain lm93T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Chelativorans, for which the name Chelativorans xinjiangense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is lm93T (= KCTC 72857T = CCTCC AB2019376T).

12.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 957, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chromosome mis-segregation caused by spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) dysfunction during mitosis is an important pathogenic factor in cancer, and modulating SAC function has emerged as a potential novel therapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). UbcH10 is considered to be associated with SAC function and the pathological types and clinical grades of NSCLC. KIAA0101, which contains a highly conserved proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-binding motif that is involved in DNA repair in cancer cells, plays an important role in the regulation of SAC function in NSCLC cells, and bioinformatics predictions showed that this regulatory role is related to UbcH10. We hypothesized KIAA0101 and UbcH10 interact to mediate SAC dysfunction and neoplastic transformation during the development of USCLC. METHODS: NSCLC cell lines were used to investigate the spatial-temporal correlation between UbcH10 and KIAA0101 expression and the downstream effects of modulating their expression were evaluated. Further immunoprecipitation assays were used to investigate the possible mechanism underlying the correlation between UbcH10 and KIAA0101. Eventually, the effect of modulating UbcH10 and KIAA010 on tumor growth and its possible mechanisms were explored through in vivo tumor-bearing models. RESULTS: In this study, we demonstrated that both UbcH10 and KIAA0101 were upregulated in NSCLC tissues and cells and that their expression levels were correlated in a spatial and temporal manner. Importantly, UbcH10 and KIAA0101 coordinated to mediate the premature degradation of various SAC components to cause further SAC dysfunction and neoplastic proliferation. Moreover, tumor growth in vivo was significantly inhibited by silencing UbcH10 and KIAA0101 expression. CONCLUSIONS: KIAA0101 and UbcH10 interact to cause SAC dysfunction, chromosomal instability and malignant proliferation in NSCLC, suggesting that UbcH10 and KIAA0101 are potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of NSCLC by ameliorating SAC function.

13.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 427, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontal tissue regeneration (PTR) is the ultimate goal of periodontal therapy. Currently, stem cell therapy is considered a promising strategy for achieving PTR. However, there is still no conclusive comparison that distinguishes clear hierarchies among different kinds of stem cells. METHODS: A systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed using MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, and Web of Science up to February 2020. Preclinical studies assessing five types of stem cells for PTR were included; the five types of stem cells included periodontal ligament-derived stem cells (PDLSCs), bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs), adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs), dental pulp-derived stem cells (DPSCs), and gingival-derived stem cells (GMSCs). The primary outcomes were three histological indicators with continuous variables: newly formed alveolar bone (NB), newly formed cementum (NC), and newly formed periodontal ligament (NPDL). We performed pairwise meta-analyses using a random-effects model and then performed a random-effects NMA using a multivariate meta-analysis model. RESULTS: Sixty preclinical studies assessing five different stem cell-based therapies were identified. The NMA showed that in terms of NB, PDLSCs (standardized mean difference 1.87, 95% credible interval 1.24 to 2.51), BMSCs (1.88, 1.17 to 2.59), and DPSCs (1.69, 0.64 to 2.75) were statistically more efficacious than cell carriers (CCs). In addition, PDLSCs were superior to GMSCs (1.49, 0.04 to 2.94). For NC, PDLSCs (2.18, 1.48 to 2.87), BMSCs (2.11, 1.28 to 2.94), and ADSCs (1.55, 0.18 to 2.91) were superior to CCs. For NPDL, PDLSCs (1.69, 0.92 to 2.47) and BMSCs (1.41, 0.56 to 2.26) were more efficacious than CCs, and PDLSCs (1.26, 0.11 to 2.42) were superior to GMSCs. The results of treatment hierarchies also demonstrated that the two highest-ranked interventions were PDLSCs and BMSCs. CONCLUSION: PDLSCs and BMSCs were the most effective and well-documented stem cells for PTR among the five kinds of stem cells evaluated in this study, and there was no statistical significance between them. To translate the stem cell therapies for PTR successfully in the clinic, future studies should utilize robust experimental designs and reports.

14.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dopamine and dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1), a member of the dopamine receptor family, have been indicated to play important roles in cancer progression, but dopamine secretion in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the effects of DRD1 on HCC remain unclear. This study was designed to explore the contribution of the dopaminergic system to HCC and determine the relationship between DRD1 and prognosis in HCC patients. METHODS: The dopamine metabolic system was monitored using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). The expression of DRD1 was detected by microarray analysis, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Stable DRD1 knockout and overexpression cell lines were established for investigation. Transwell, colony formation, and Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK8) assays were performed to assess the malignant behaviors of cancer cells. The cAMP/PI3K/AKT/ cAMP response element-binding (CREB) signaling pathway was evaluated by Western blot. This pathway, which is agitated by DRD1 in striatal neurons, had been proven to participate in tumor progression. Xenograft HCC tumors were generated for in vivo experiments. RESULTS: Dopamine secretion increased locally in HCC due to an imbalance in dopamine metabolism, including the upregulation of dopa decarboxylase (DDC) and the downregulation of monoamine oxidase A (MAOA). Dopamine promoted the proliferation and metastasis of HCC. DRD1 was highly expressed in HCC tissues and positive DRD1 expression was related to a poor prognosis in HCC patients. The upregulation of DRD1 agitated malignant activities, including proliferation and metastasis in HCC by regulating the cAMP/PI3K/AKT/CREB pathway, and the downregulation of DRD1 had opposing effects. The effects of dopamine on HCC was reversed by depleting DRD1. SCH23390, a selective DRD1 antagonist, inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of HCC cells both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: Dopamine secretion was locally increased in HCC and promoted HCC cell proliferation and metastasis. DRD1 was found to exert positive effects on HCC progression and play a vital role in the dopamine system, and could be a potential therapeutic target and prognostic biomarker for HCC.

15.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1679-1682, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018319

RESUMO

Epilepsy is one of the largest neurological diseases in the world, and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) usually occurs in adolescents, giving patients tremendous burdens during growth, which really needs the early diagnosis. Advanced diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could detect the subtle changes of the white matter, which could be a non-invasive early diagnosis biomarker for JME. Transfer learning can solve the problem of insufficient clinical samples, which could avoid overfitting and achieve a better detection effect. However, there is almost no research to detect JME combined with diffusion MRI and transfer learning. In this study, two advanced diffusion MRI methods, high angle resolved diffusion imaging (HARDI) and neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI), were used to generate the connectivity matrix which can describe tiny changes in white matter. And three advanced convolutional neural networks (CNN) based transfer learning were applied to detect JME. A total of 30 participants (15 JME patients and 15 normal controls) were analyzed. Among the three CNN models, Inception_resnet_v2 based transfer learning is better at detecting JME than Inception_v3 and Inception_v4, indicating that the "short cut" connection can improve the ability to detect JME. Inception_resnet_v2 achieved to detect JME with the accuracy of 75.2% and the AUC of 0.839. The results support that diffusion MRI and CNN based transfer learning have the potential to improve the automated detection of JME.

16.
Discov Med ; 29(157): 119-128, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recently, several studies demonstrated that serum HBV RNA levels were associated with liver disease progression in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This study aimed to determine whether serum HBV RNA levels were correlated with liver fibrosis. METHODS: 319 treatment-naïve patients with chronic HBV infection were included. The correlation between serum HBV RNA levels and liver histological fibrosis stages was analyzed, and calculations of the area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC) were performed for serum HBV RNA. RESULTS: Serum HBV RNA levels were an independent predictor for significant liver fibrosis both in HBeAg-positive patients (OR=0.514, p<0.001) and HBeAg-negative patients (OR=3.574, p<0.001). In 153 HBeAg-positive patients, HBV RNA had a better diagnostic performance than APRI and FIB-4 (AUROC of 0.77, 0.66, and 0.66 for HBV RNA, APRI, and FIB-4, respectively; p=0.045 for HBV RNA vs. APRI; p=0.043 for HBV RNA vs. FIB-4) for the diagnosis of significant liver fibrosis. In 166 HBeAg-negative patients, HBV RNA also had a better diagnostic performance than APRI and FIB-4 (AUROC of 0.78, 0.68, and 0.62 for HBV RNA, APRI, and FIB-4, respectively; p=0.036 for HBV RNA vs. APRI; p=0.003 for HBV RNA vs. FIB-4) for the diagnosis of significant liver fibrosis. CONCLUSION: Serum HBV RNA levels were a more accurate noninvasive test than APRI and FIB-4 for the diagnosis of significant liver fibrosis in treatment-naïve patients with chronic HBV infection.

17.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(5): 1002-1006, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004740

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the application and the feasibility of microwave ablation in laparoscopic partial splenectomy. Materials and Methods: From January 2018 to June 2019, four patients with benign spleen lesions in our hospital underwent laparoscopic partial splenectomy assisted by microwave ablation. The reviewed parameters included the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, ablation time, frequency of ablation, postoperative drainage time, postoperative hospitalization time, and postoperative complications. Results: All four patients underwent laparoscopic partial splenectomy assisted by microwave ablation successfully, and there were no cases of conversion to laparotomy. The operation time was 100-200 min (mean, 152.5 min) and ablation time was 16-35 min (mean, 22.8 min). The frequency of ablation was 4-7 times (mean, 5.3 times), and the intraoperative blood loss was 5-300 ml (mean, 138.8 ml). The postoperative drainage time was 3-5 d (mean, 3.3 d), and postoperative hospital stay was 3-9 d (mean, 7.8 d). There were no complications such as peripheral tissue injury, massive bleeding, infestation of spleen fossa, and pancreatic leakage. Conclusion: Microwave ablation is worthy of clinical application in laparoscopic partial spleen resection as it is safe and effective with low rates of bleeding and fast recovery.

18.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(5): 1165-1170, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004765

RESUMO

Context: Owing to the increasing age of the population, the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the elderly is increasing annually. Aims: This study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with low-dose apatinib for unresectable HCC treatment in elderly patients (≥65 years). Settings and Design: The clinical data from 61 elderly patients with unresectable HCC who were retrospectively analyzed. Subjects and Methods: Of these 61 patients, 27 received TACE combined with low-dose (250 mg/qd) apatinib (experimental group), and 34 patients received the standard TACE treatment (control group). The short-term efficacy was evaluated according to the mRECIST1.1 standards, and the mid- and long-term efficacy and safety in the two groups of patients were evaluated. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software (version 20.0; SPSS). Results: Both the objective response rate and disease control rate of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of control group (P < 0.05). The 6-month and 12-month survival rates of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of control group too (P < 0.05). The median survival in the experimental group was longer than in the control group (26.0 months vs. 20.0 months). The adverse reactions related to the intake of apatinib were higher in the experimental than the control group, but were generally alleviated after symptomatic treatment. Conclusions: TACE combined with low-dose apatinib provides an alternative treatment option for elderly patients with unresectable HCC. Our clinical study has proven its safety and efficacy.

19.
Biosci Rep ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006365

RESUMO

The cyclic GMP-AMP synthase-stimulator of interferon genes (cGAS-STING) pathway induces innate immunity by activating the production of inflammatory cytokines and type I interferons. Recently, studies revealed that self-DNA from by-products of chromosome instability and tumors could activate the cGAS-STING pathway, and subsequently promote or inhibit tumor development. However, the prognostic value and correlations with immune infiltrates of the cGAS-STING pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not been clarified. In this study, we used the Molecular Signatures Database, Oncomine, UALCAN, Human Protein Atlas, Kaplan-Meier plotter, LinkedOmics, and Tumor Immune Estimation Resource databases. Overexpression of XRCC5, IRF3, TRIM21, STAT6, DDX41, TBK1, XRCC6, TREX1, PRKDC, and TMEM173 was markedly correlated with clinical stages and pathological grades in HCC. Moreover, higher mRNA expression of XRCC5, XRCC6, and PRKDC was significantly related with shorter overall survival. However, higher mRNA expression of IFI16, STAT6, NLRC3, and TMEM173 was associated with favorable overall survival. Our results suggested that the kinase targets of the cGAS-STING pathway included the SRC family of tyrosine kinases (LCK and LYN), phosphoinositide 3-kinase-related protein kinase (PIKK) family kinases (ATM and ATR), and mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1). Furthermore, we identified significant correlations among the expression of cGAS-STING pathway and infiltration of B cells, CD4+T cells, CD8+ T cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells in HCC. The expression of the cGAS-STING pathway also exhibited strong relationships with diverse immune marker sets in HCC. These findings suggest that cGAS-STING pathway members may be used as prognostic biomarkers and immunotherapeutic targets HCC patients.

20.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 69: 101801, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) on lung cancer screening in high-risk populations in Sichuan. METHODS: From April 2014 to July 2018, LDCT was performed annually on 3185 subjects aged 50-74 years who had smoked ≥ 20 pack-years (or subjects having quit smoking within 5 years). Information about all deaths and lung cancer diagnoses were obtained by active investigation, or passive matching to disease surveillance system. RESULTS: The screening population had a median age of 60 years. 62.4 % of which were current smokers and had smoked 30 pack-years. After participating in the baseline screening, the compliance rates of subjects consecutively completing one round, two rounds, three rounds, and four rounds of annual screening were 67.22 %, 52.84 %, 43.24 %, and 40.04 %, respectively. The positive rates in baseline and annual screening were 6.53 % and 5.79 %, respectively. During the 5 rounds, a total of 9522 person-times were screened by LDCT with a screening sensitivity of 89.13 % (95 % CI: 76.96-95.27), specificity of 94.36 % (95 % CI: 93.88-94.81), positive predictive value of 7.13 % (95 % CI: 5.30-9.53), and negative predictive value of 99.94 % (95 % CI: 99.87-99.98). There were no statistically significant performance differences between baseline and annual screening. The difference in the proportion of screen-detected stage I lung cancer between baseline screening and annual screening was not statistically significant, neither. CONCLUSION: The application of LDCT on lung cancer screening in high-risk populations shows favorable compliance and a high screening performance in the project area of Sichuan,China.

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