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1.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 944547, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35911415

RESUMO

Background: A critical and controversial issue is whether antiviral therapy should be recommended in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection patients with persistently normal alanine aminotransferase (PNALT) and detectable HBV DNA. The study aimed to develop a non-invasive model for predicting significant liver histological changes (SLHC), which is the histological indication for antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with PNALT and detectable HBV DNA. Methods: 398 chronic HBV infection patients with PNALT and detectable HBV DNA who underwent liver biopsy were divided into the estimation set (n = 256) and validation set (n = 142). A multivariate logistic regression model was developed to predict SLHC in the estimation set, and the diagnostic performance was further validated in the validation set. Results: 132 patients (33.2%) with PNALT and detectable HBV DNA had SLHC. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), cholinesterase (ChE), and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) were identified as the independent predictors of SLHC. The AUROC of the SLHC index, which combined AST, ChE, and LSM, was 0.824 and 0.816 in the estimation and validation set, respectively, for the prediction of SLHC. Applying the SLHC index ≤ 0.15, the presence of SLHC could be excluded with high negative predictive value in the estimation set (93.2%) and in the validation set (90.2%). Applying the SLHC index ≥ 0.55, the presence of SLHC could be considered with high positive predictive value in the estimation set (79.2%) and in the validation set (76.5%). Conclusion: The SLHC index provides a high accuracy in predicting liver histological indication for antiviral therapy in CHB patients with PNALT and detectable HBV DNA.

2.
Ecol Evol ; 12(8): e9156, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919396

RESUMO

Extensive distribution of widespread species and the loss of native species driven by anthropogenic disturbances modify community similarity, resulting in a decrease or increase in community distinctiveness. Data from four basins in the Wannan Mountains, China, were used to evaluate the effects of low-head dams on patterns of fish faunal homogenization and differentiation based on abundance data. We aimed to examine the spatial changes in taxonomic and functional similarities of fish assemblages driven by low-head dams and to examine whether the changes in the similarity of fish assemblages differed between taxonomic and functional components. We found that low-head dams significantly decreased the mean taxonomic similarity but increased the mean functional similarity of fish assemblages in impoundments using abundance-based approaches, suggesting that taxonomic differentiation accompanied functional homogenization in stream fish assemblages. These results show the importance of population abundance in structuring fish faunal homogenization and differentiation at small scales, especially when the major differences among assemblages are in species abundance ranks rather than species identities. Additionally, we also found only a weak positive correlation between changes in mean taxonomic and functional similarities, and partial pairs exhibited considerable variation in patterns of fish faunal homogenization and differentiation for taxonomic and functional components. In conclusion, this study highlighted that the observed taxonomic differentiation of current fish assemblages (short-term phenomenon) is probably an early warning sign of further homogenization in regions where native species are completely predominated and that changes in taxonomic similarity cannot be used to predict changes in functional similarity.

4.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840657

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) refers to a group of common clinical syndromes characterized by acute renal dysfunction, which may lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD), and this process is called the AKI-CKD transition. The transcriptional coactivator YAP can promote the AKI-CKD transition by regulating the expression of profibrotic factors, and 14-3-3 protein zeta (14-3-3ζ), an important regulatory protein of YAP, may prevent the AKI-CKD transition. We established an AKI-CKD model in mice by unilateral renal ischemia-reperfusion injury and overexpressed 14-3-3ζ in mice using a fluid dynamics-based gene transfection technique. We also overexpressed and knocked down 14-3-3ζ in vitro. In AKI-CKD model mice, 14-3-3ζ expression was significantly increased at the AKI stage. During the development of chronic disease, the expression of 14-3-3ζ tended to decrease, whereas active YAP was consistently overexpressed. In vitro, we found that 14-3-3ζ can combine with YAP, promote the phosphorylation of YAP, inhibit YAP nuclear translocation, and reduce the expression of fibrosis-related proteins. In an in vivo intervention experiment, we found that the overexpression of 14-3-3ζ slowed the process of renal fibrosis in a mouse model of AKI-CKD. These findings suggest that 14-3-3ζ can affect the expression of fibrosis-related proteins by regulating YAP, inhibit the maladaptive repair of renal tubular epithelial cells, and prevent the AKI-CKD transition.

5.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 919044, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35783408

RESUMO

Chinese Baijiu is one of the famous distilled liquor series with unique flavors in the world. Under the open environment, Chinese Baijiu was produced by two solid-state fermentation processes: jiuqu making and baijiu making. Chinese Baijiu can be divided into different types according to the production area, production process, starter type, and product flavor. Chinese Baijiu contains rich flavor components, such as esters and organic acids. The formation of these flavor substances is inseparable from the metabolism and interaction of different microorganisms, and thus, microorganisms play a leading role in the fermentation process of Chinese Baijiu. Bacteria, yeasts, and molds are the microorganisms involved in the brewing process of Chinese Baijiu, and they originate from various sources, such as the production environment, production workers, and jiuqu. This article reviews the typical flavor substances of different types of Chinese Baijiu, the types of microorganisms involved in the brewing process, and their functions. Methods that use microbial technology to enhance the flavor of baijiu, and for detecting flavor substances in baijiu were also introduced. This review systematically summarizes the role and application of Chinese Baijiu flavor components and microorganisms in baijiu brewing and provides data support for understanding Chinese Baijiu and further improving its quality.

6.
J Cheminform ; 14(1): 43, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35794646

RESUMO

Lignin is an aromatic biopolymer found in ubiquitous sources of woody biomass. Designing and optimizing lignin valorization processes requires a fundamental understanding of lignin structures. Experimental characterization techniques, such as 2D-heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra, could elucidate the global properties of the polymer molecules. Computer models could extend the resolution of experiments by representing structures at the molecular and atomistic scales. We introduce a graph-based multiscale modeling framework for lignin structure generation and visualization. The framework employs accelerated rejection-free polymerization and hierarchical Metropolis Monte Carlo optimization algorithms. We obtain structure libraries for various lignin feedstocks based on literature and new experimental NMR data for poplar wood, pinewood, and herbaceous lignin. The framework could guide researchers towards feasible lignin structures, efficient space exploration, and future kinetics modeling. Its software implementation in Python, LigninGraphs, is open-source and available on GitHub.

7.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 14(1): 90, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35794676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of employing sublingual microcirculation as an early noninvasive screening technique for diabetic nephropathy (DN). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We recruited 89 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and 41 healthy subjects in this cross-sectional observational study. All participants underwent fluorescein fundus angiography, vibration perception testing, 10 g (Semmes-Weinstein) monofilament examination, nerve conduction velocity, and 24-h urine microalbumin determination. HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose, blood lipid, and estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR) were measured. Sublingual microcirculatory images were captured using side-stream dark-field (SDF) microcirculation microscopy, and total and perfused vascular density (TVD and PVD) were calculated. RESULTS: The sublingual microcirculatory parameters denoting microvascular density and perfusion were negatively correlated with both fasting plasma glucose (TVD, r = - 0.316, P < 0.001; PVD, r = - 0.350, P < 0.001; PPV, r = - 0.279, P = 0.001) and HbA1c (TVD, r = - 0.367, P < 0.001; PVD, r = - 0.423, P < 0.001; PPV, r = - 0.399, P < 0.001). Diabetes patients already had a reduction in sublingual microcirculation compared with healthy control, and more severe reductions in TVD (7.07 ± 1.64 vs. 9.67 ± 1.94 mm/mm2, P < 0.001) and PVD (5.88 ± 1.82 vs. 8.64 ± 2.46 mm/mm2, P < 0.001) were found in those diabetes patients developed microvascular complications. Sublingual microcirculation impairment was accompanied with higher urinary albumin creatinine ratio (UACR). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that TVD (area under the curve, AUC = 0.890 [0.836 0.944], P < 0.001) and PVD (AUC = 0.883 [0.826, 0.940], P < 0.001) could be indicators for DN screening. We derived a combined predictor index (CPI) considering both TVD and PVD for screening DN, and both the AUC (0.892, [0.838 0.945], P < 0.001) and cutoff point of 11.30 mm/mm2 showed great improvement (sensitivity: 95.5%, specificity: 67.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes patients experienced impaired sublingual microcirculation, which was closely correlated with UACR. Sublingual microcirculation monitoring could be used for the noninvasive early detection of DN.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(7): 596, 2022 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35817771

RESUMO

Exosome-mediated delivery of circular RNAs (circRNAs) is implicated in cancer progression. However, the role of exosomal circRNAs in the chemotherapy resistance of tumours remains poorly understood. Here we identified a novel circRNA, circWDR62. It was found that circWDR62 expression was upregulated in TMZ-resistant glioma cells and TMZ-resistant glioma cell-derived exosomes compared with their controls by using high-throughput microarray analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and high circWDR62 expression was associated with poor prognosis of glioma. Functionally, downregulation of circWDR62 expression could significantly inhibit the TMZ resistance and malignant progression of glioma. Further mechanistic studies showed that circWDR62 plays a role by sponging miR-370-3p as a competing endogenous RNA. Rescue experiments confirmed that MGMT is the downstream target of the circWDR62/miR-370-3p axis in glioma. In addition, circWDR62 could be transported between TMZ-resistant and TMZ-sensitive glioma cells via exosomes. Exosomal circWDR62 from TMZ-resistant cells conferred TMZ resistance in recipient sensitive cells while also enhancing the proliferation, migration and invasion of these cells. A series of clinical and in vivo trials corroborated that exosomal circWDR62 could promote TMZ chemoresistance and malignant progression of glioma. Our results demonstrate for the first time that exosome-mediated delivery of circWDR62 can promote TMZ resistance and malignant progression via targeting of the miR-370-3p/MGMT axis in vitro and in vivo in glioma, providing a new therapeutic strategy. Moreover, exosomal circWDR62 in human serum may serve as a promising therapeutic target and prognostic marker for glioma therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , MicroRNAs , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Metilases de Modificação do DNA/metabolismo , Enzimas Reparadoras do DNA/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Temozolomida/farmacologia , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
9.
RSC Adv ; 12(29): 18441-18444, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799919

RESUMO

Direct phosphorylation of benzylic C-H bonds was achieved in a biphasic system under transition metal-free conditions. A selective radical/radical sp3C-H/P(O)-H cross coupling was proposed, and various substituted toluenes were applicable. The transformation provided a promising method for constructing sp3C-P bonds.

10.
Phys Med ; 100: 120-128, 2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35797919

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of patient-specific digital radiography (DR)-only treatment planning for carbon ion radiotherapy in anthropomorphic thorax-and-abdomen phantom and head-and-neck patients. METHODS: The study was conducted on the anthropomorphic phantom and head-and-neck patients. We collected computed tomography (CT) and DR images of the phantom and cone beam CT (CBCT) and DR images of the patients, respectively. Two different deep neural networks were established to correlate the relationships between DR and digitally reconstructed radiograph (DRR) images, as well as DRR and CT images. The similarity between CT and predicted CT images was evaluated by computing the mean absolute error (MAE), root mean square error (RMSE), peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and structural similarity (SSIM), respectively. Dose calculations on the predicted CT images were compared against the true CT-based dose distributions for carbon-ion radiotherapy treatment planning with intensity-modulated pencil-beam spot scanning. Relative dose differences in the target volumes and organ-at-risks were computed and three-dimensional gamma analyses (3 mm, 3%) were performed. RESULTS: The average MAE, RMSE, PSNR and SSIM of the framework were 0.007, 0.144, 37.496 and 0.973, respectively. The average relative dose differences between the predicted CT- and CT-based dose distributions at the same carbon-ion irradiation settings for the phantom and the patients were <2% and ≤4%, respectively. The average gamma pass-rates were >98% for the predicted CT-based versus CT-based carbon ion plans of the phantom and the patients. CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated the feasibility of a patient-specific DR-only treatment planning workflow for heavy ion radiotherapy by using deep learning approach.

11.
Molecules ; 27(13)2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807394

RESUMO

Small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO)-specific protease 1 (SENP1) is a cysteine protease that catalyzes the cleavage of the C-terminus of SUMO1 for the processing of SUMO precursors and deSUMOylation of target proteins. SENP1 is considered to be a promising target for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and prostate cancer. SENP1 Gln597 is located at the unstructured loop connecting the helices α4 to α5. The Q597A mutation of SENP1 allosterically disrupts the hydrolytic reaction of SUMO1 through an unknown mechanism. Here, extensive multiple replicates of microsecond molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, coupled with principal component analysis, dynamic cross-correlation analysis, community network analysis, and binding free energy calculations, were performed to elucidate the detailed mechanism. Our MD simulations showed that the Q597A mutation induced marked dynamic conformational changes in SENP1, especially in the unstructured loop connecting the helices α4 to α5 which the mutation site occupies. Moreover, the Q597A mutation caused conformational changes to catalytic Cys603 and His533 at the active site, which might impair the catalytic activity of SENP1 in processing SUMO1. Moreover, binding free energy calculations revealed that the Q597A mutation had a minor effect on the binding affinity of SUMO1 to SENP1. Together, these results may broaden our understanding of the allosteric modulation of the SENP1-SUMO1 complex.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Cisteína Endopeptidases , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteína SUMO-1 , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/enzimologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Cisteína Endopeptidases/genética , Cisteína Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Masculino , Mutação , Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética , Proteína SUMO-1/genética , Proteína SUMO-1/metabolismo
12.
Small ; : e2203236, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35858243

RESUMO

Aluminum is the most abundant metal element in the Earth's crust, thus developing the rechargeable aluminum-ion batteries (AIBs) provides an ideal opportunity to realize cells with pleasing energy-to-price ratios. However, the further development of AIBs is plagued by the scarcity of suitable positive electrode materials. Here, for the first time, a tin-based alloy positive electrode material for AIBs, Co3 Sn2 wrapped with graphene oxide (Co3 Sn2 @GO composite) is well-designed and investigated to understand the aluminum storage behavior. A series of experimental measurements and theoretical calculations results reveal that a novel "bimetallic activated center alloying reaction" aluminum storage mechanism is occurred on the prepared Co3 Sn2 positive electrode. The reversible alloying/de-alloying process in AlCl3 /[EMIm]Cl ionic liquid, where both Co and Sn in Co3 Sn2 alloys react electrochemically with Al3+ to form Alx Sn and Aly Co is first put forward. This study delineates new insights on the aluminum storage mechanism, which may guide to ultimately exploit the energy benefits of "bimetallic activated center alloying redox".

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(30): 13688-13695, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35876697

RESUMO

Overcoming thermal quenching is an essential issue in the practical application of luminescent materials. Herein, we found that negative thermal expansion (NTE) can achieve the thermal enhancement of luminescence in molecular materials based on three metal-organic frameworks CuX-bpy (X = Cl, Br, I; bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine). All complexes exhibit NTE on the c-axis, and the strongest NTE leads to a contraction of the Cu...Cu distance in CuCl-bpy, which further intensifies the luminescence emission. This phenomenon indicates the existence of thermally enhanced charge transfer. Moreover, the origin of the distinction in charge transfer attributed to the different valence states of the copper is investigated through the combined studies of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray absorption near-edge structure, and density functional theory calculations. This research provides a new approach to modulating the luminescence thermal enhancement by NTE.

14.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 107(1): 86-88, 2022 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35895374

RESUMO

Community-acquired Burkholderia cepacia pneumonia is rare. We report a 29-year-old female who suffered pulmonary tuberculosis and developed community-acquired Burkholderia cepacia pneumonia, which was confirmed by the culture of the pulmonary tissue. The patient received antitubercular therapy. Meanwhile, she was treated with meropenem and minocycline. The patient was followed up for 6 months, and she achieved complete absorption of lung lesions.


Assuntos
Infecções por Burkholderia , Burkholderia cepacia , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas , Pneumonia , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Burkholderia/complicações , Infecções por Burkholderia/diagnóstico , Infecções por Burkholderia/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/complicações , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/diagnóstico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumonia/complicações , Pneumonia/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/complicações , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico
15.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(15): e025328, 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35904193

RESUMO

Background Salt-sensitive hypertension is highly prevalent and associated with cardiorenal damage. Large clinical trials have demonstrated that SGLT2 (sodium-glucose cotransporter 2) inhibitors exert hypotensive effect and cardiorenal protective benefits in patients with hypertension with and without diabetes. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Methods and Results Dahl salt-sensitive rats and salt-insensitive controls were fed with 8% high-salt diet and some of them were treated with canagliflozin. The blood pressure, urinary sodium excretion, and vascular function were detected. Transient receptor potential channel 3 (TRPC3) knockout mice were used to explain the mechanism. Canagliflozin treatment significantly reduced high-salt-induced hypertension and this effect was not totally dependent on urinary sodium excretion in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. Assay of vascular function and proteomics showed that canagliflozin significantly inhibited vascular cytoplasmic calcium increase and vasoconstriction in response to high-salt diet. High salt intake increased vascular expression of TRPC3 in salt-sensitive rats, which could be alleviated by canagliflozin treatment. Overexpression of TRPC3 mimicked salt-induced vascular cytosolic calcium increase in vitro and knockout of TRPC3 erased the antihypertensive effect of canagliflozin. Mechanistically, high-salt-induced activation of NCX1 (sodium-calcium exchanger 1) reverse mode increased cytoplasmic calcium level and vasoconstriction, which required TRPC3, and this process could be blocked by canagliflozin. Conclusions We define a previously unrecognized role of TRPC3/NCX1 mediated vascular calcium dysfunction in the development of high-salt-induced hypertension, which can be improved by canagliflozin treatment. This pathway is potentially a novel therapeutic target to antagonize salt-sensitive hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Canais de Potencial de Receptor Transitório , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Cálcio/metabolismo , Canagliflozina/farmacologia , Canagliflozina/uso terapêutico , Glucose/farmacologia , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Camundongos , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Dahl , Sódio/metabolismo , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/metabolismo , Canais de Potencial de Receptor Transitório/farmacologia , Canais de Potencial de Receptor Transitório/uso terapêutico
16.
BMJ Open ; 12(7): e062239, 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35906046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the associations between night-time sleep duration and fasting glucose (FG), triglyceride (TG) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio and body mass index (BMI) among adults free of type 2 diabetes (T2D) or without diagnosed T2D. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Medical examination centres at six hospitals in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, China. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited via multistage, stratified cluster sampling. We included adults free of T2D or without diagnosed T2D who attended for physical examination and completed the validated questionnaire. 32 497 participants were included in the study, of whom 52.50% were men. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: FG, TG, HDL-C, height and weight were measured. RESULTS: Overall, 12.80% and 9.67% reported night sleep duration <7 hours and ≥9 hours, respectively; 6.91% had elevated FG and 3.57% had undiagnosed T2D. Sleep duration had an independent, U-shaped associated with FG (ß1 (linear term)=-0.111, p=0.047; ß2 (quadratic term)=0.008, p=0.026) with 6.9 hours of sleep associated with the lowest FG and a negative association with BMI (ß=-0.154, p<0.001). BMI mediated a U-shaped association of sleep duration with TG/HDL-C (ß1=-0.040, p=0.017; ß2=0.003, p=0.023). CONCLUSIONS: Both short and long night-time sleep was associated with elevated FG, and short sleep duration was associated with increased BMI. BMI mediated a U-shaped association between sleep duration and TG/HDL-C.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Jejum , Feminino , Glucose , Humanos , Masculino , Sono , Triglicerídeos
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(14): 3765-3772, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35850833

RESUMO

Lignan is the main medicinal component of Eucommia ulmoides, and lignin is involved in the defense of plants against diseases and insect pests.They are synthesized from coniferyl alcohol with the help of dirigent(DIR) and peroxidase(POD), respectively.In this study, transcriptome assembly of stems and leaves of E.ulmoides was performed, yielding 112 578 unigenes.Among them, 70 459 were annotated in seven databases.A total of 59 unigenes encodes 11 key enzymes in the biosynthesis pathways of lignin and lignin, of which 11 encode POD and 8 encode DIR.A total of 13 unigenes encoding transcription factors are involved in phenylpropanoid metabolism. Compared with leaves of E.ulmoides, 7 575 unigenes were more highly expressed in stems, of which 462 were involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis.Our results extend the public transcriptome dataset of E.ulmoides, which provide valuable information for the analysis of biosynthesis pathways of lignan and lignin in E.ulmoides and lay a foundation for further study on the functions and regulation mechanism of key enzymes in lignan and lignin biosynthesis pathways.


Assuntos
Eucommiaceae , Lignanas , Vias Biossintéticas , Eucommiaceae/genética , Lignanas/metabolismo , Lignina/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
18.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35854635

RESUMO

We report a Trojan horse strategy to efficiently deliver the spherical nucleic acid probes (namely, nanoflares) into the cytoplasm for microRNA (miRNA) imaging with high fidelity, breaking through the cytoplasmic transport dilemma of RNA probes in living cells. The nanoflare is encapsulated into a "Trojan horse" consisting of zwitterionic choline phosphates (CPs) and acid-degradable crosslinkers; the former effectively promotes cell uptake and the latter triggers instantaneous liberation of the nanoflare probes from the lysosome to the cytoplasm. The exposed nanoflares in the cytoplasm can be lightened up by the target miRNAs specifically. Compared with the conventional nanoflares as well as the improved ones in previous reports, the "Trojan horse" nanoflares avoid nuclease degradation and thiol displacement during the delivery process, providing unprecedentedly high accuracy for intracellular miRNA imaging.

20.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-9, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35815397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD), as a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disease, is associated with autophagy. This study focused on the regulation of sinomenine (SN) on autophagy in PD and its related mechanism. METHODS: The PD mouse model was constructed by MPTP inducement, and the mouse motor function after modeling and SN treatment was examined by rotarod, grip strength, and foot printing tests. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)/LC3B-positive neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta of mouse brains were detected by immunofluorescence. The expressions of proteins related to autophagy (Beclin1, p62, LC3-I and LC3-II) and phosphorylated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) signaling pathway were measured by western blot. Rescue experiments were performed to determine the effects of MHY1485 (mTOR activator) on SN-treated PD mice. RESULTS: SN potentiated the motor ability in PD mice, promoted the survival of dopaminergic neurons, increased the protein expression level of Beclin1, LC3-II/LC3-I ratio and LC3B-positive neurons, lowered the protein expression level of p62 and inactivated PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in the substantia nigra tissue of mouse brains. Moreover, MHY1485 reversed the above effects of SN on PD mice via reactivating PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. CONCLUSION: SN augments the autophagy of dopaminergic neurons via inhibiting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and exerts a neuroprotective effect on PD mice.

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