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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130629, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314933

RESUMO

Hydrophilic fluorescent silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) with good pH stability, salt-tolerance and anti-photobleaching were for the first time prepared from hydrophobic 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane. Employing SiNPs as the fluorescence probe, selective quantification of curcuminoids based on the quenching effect was realized with a linearity of 0.046-7.4 µg/mL and a limit of detection of 17.6 ng/mL. Moreover, in light of fluorescence redshift of SiNPs corresponding to the elevated concentration of curcuminoids, a fluorescence colorimetric method was established based on only one extra probe, i.e. herein SiNPs. Thus, semi-quantification of curcuminoids (0-14.7 µg/mL) was visualized from blue to yellow color. Both the developed quantitative and semi-quantitative probe were successfully applied to determine curcuminoids in various actual food samples. Furthermore, SiNPs possessed low cytotoxicity and succeeded in intracellular curcuminoids imaging. The proposed SiNPs could be a promising fluorescence probe for multiple applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Silício , Colorimetria , Diarileptanoides , Corantes Fluorescentes
2.
J Card Surg ; 37(1): 186-196, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study has been compared the effectiveness of different surgical methods in the treatment of mitral regurgitation (MR) in adults by using the network meta-analysis method, so as to provide reference for clinical selection of the best surgical scheme. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Chongqing VIP Information databases were comprehensively searched until December 2020. We collected retrospective comparative studies on surgical procedures including 3D endoscopic mitral valve surgery (3D-MVS), robot-assisted mitral valve surgery (R-MVS); totally thoracoscopic mitral valve surgery (T-MVS), small incision mitral valve surgery (M-MVS), and traditional thoracotomy mitral valve surgery (C-MVS). Stata16.0 and Addis1.16.8 software was used for network meta-analysis using the Bayesian approach. RESULTS: A total of 31 studies were included, 12,998 patients, involving five surgical methods. Network meta-analysis showed that: in terms of complications (odds ratio [OR]: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.13-3.00, probability rank = 0.37) and MR (OR: 0.03, 95% CI: 0.0-8315, probability rank = 0.64), the 3D-MVS group had the lowest event rate. In terms of blood transfusion rate (OR: 0.55, 95% CI: 0.16-1.84, probability rank = 0.45), T-MVS had the lowest event rate. In addition, with the exception of operation time and chest drainage, the R-MVS group has the best curative effect. CONCLUSION: This minimally invasive surgery has their own advantages and disadvantages. Overall, 3D-MVS is most satisfactory, but more samples are needed.

3.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 5527-5540, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737602

RESUMO

Background: Systemic inflammation and cachexia are associated with adverse clinical outcomes in elderly patients with cancer. The survival outcomes of elderly patients with cancer cachexia (EPCC) with high inflammation and a high risk of mortality are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the impact of high inflammation on the prognosis of EPCC patients with high mortality. Patients and Methods: This multicenter cohort study included 746 EPCC (age >65 years) with a mean age of 72.00 ± 5.24 years, of whom 489 (65.5%) were male. The cut-off value for the inflammation index was obtained using the optimal survival curve. The different inflammatory indicators were assessed using the concordance index (C-index), decision curve analysis (DCA), and prognostic receiver operating characteristic (ROC). The high mortality risk group of EPCC was defined by the 2011 Fearon Cancer Diagnostic Consensus. EPCC were divided into the high-risk group, which satisfies three diagnostic criteria, and a low-risk group, which satisfies only one or two diagnostic criteria. Results: The C-index, DCA, and prognostic ROC indicated the superiority of advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) compared with other indicators, including neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). Whether ALI was used as a continuous or a categorical variable, ALI had a better prognostic value in EPCC compared with other inflammatory indicators. In particular, patients with low ALI (<25.03) had a worse overall survival (OS) than patients with high ALI (≥25.03) (P < 0.001, HR [95% CI] = 2.092 [1.590-2.751]). The combination effect analysis showed that the risk of mortality of the patients in the low-ALI and high-risk groups was 3.095-fold higher than that of patients in the high-ALI and low-risk groups. Conclusion: The prognostic and discriminative value of the inflammatory indicator ALI was better than that of NLR, PNI, SII, and PLR in EPCC. The high-risk group of EPCC with a low ALI would increase the death risk of OS.

4.
Cardiol Young ; : 1-4, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743766

RESUMO

This article reports three children who presented with negative pressure pulmonary oedema before or after removal of the airway foreign bodies. Of them, two cases were type I negative pressure pulmonary oedema and one case was type II negative pressure pulmonary oedema following foreign body removal from the airways. Pathogenesis and location differences between type I and type II negative pressure pulmonary oedema caused by airway foreign body obstruction, as well as diagnosis and treatment modalities of the negative pressure pulmonary oedema were discussed.

5.
Front Oncol ; 11: 753797, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745986

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate relationship of tumor stage-based gross tumor volume (GTV) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) measured on computed tomography (CT) with early recurrence (ER) after esophagectomy. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and four consecutive patients with resectable ESCC including 159 patients enrolled in the training cohort (TC) and 45 patients in validation cohort (VC) underwent contrast-enhanced CT less than 2 weeks before esophagectomy. GTV was retrospectively measured by multiplying sums of all tumor areas by section thickness. For the TC, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine factors associated with ER. Mann-Whitney U test was conducted to compare GTV in patients with and without ER. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to determine if tumor stage-based GTV could predict ER. For the VC, unweighted Cohen's Kappa tests were used to evaluate the performances of the previous ROC predictive models. Results: ER occurred in 63 of 159 patients (39.6%) in the TC. According to the univariate analysis, histologic differentiation, cT stage, cN stage, and GTV were associated with ER after esophagectomy (all P-values < 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that cT stage and GTV were independent risk factors with hazard ratios of 3.382 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.533-7.459] and 1.222 (95% CI: 1.125-1.327), respectively (all P-values < 0.05). Mann-Whitney U tests showed that GTV could help differentiate between ESCC with and without ER in stages cT1-4a, cT2, and cT3 (all P-values < 0.001), and the ROC analysis demonstrated the corresponding cutoffs of 13.31, 17.22, and 17.83 cm3 with areas under the curve of more than 0.8, respectively. In the VC, the Kappa tests validated that the ROC predictive models had good performances for differentiating between ESCC with and without ER in stages cT1-4a, cT2, and cT3 with Cohen k of 0.696 (95% CI, 0.498-0.894), 0.733 (95% CI, 0.386-1.080), and 0.862 (95% CI, 0.603-1.121), respectively. Conclusion: GTV and cT stage can be independent risk factors of ER in ESCC after esophagectomy, and tumor stage-based GTV measured on CT can help predict ER.

6.
Environ Toxicol ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761859

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of brain injury caused by carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) is very complex, and there is no exact and reliable treatment in clinic. In the present study, we screened the therapeutic target and related signal pathway of Salvia Miltiorrhiza for acute COP brain injury, and clarified the pharmacological mechanism of multicomponent, multitarget, and multisignal pathway in Salvia Miltiorrhiza by network pharmacology. To further verify the therapeutic effect of Salvia Miltiorrhiza on acute brain injury based on the results of network analysis, a total of 216 male healthy Sprague Dawley rats were collected in the present study and randomly assigned to a normal control group, a COP group and a Tanshinone IIA sulfonate treatment group (72 rats in each group). The rat model of acute severe COP was established by the secondary inhalation in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber. We found that Salvia Miltiorrhiza had multiple active components, and played a role in treating acute brain injury induced by COP through multiple targets and multiple pathways, among them, MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway was one of the most important. COP can start apoptosis process, activate the MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway, and promote the expression of VEGF-A protein and the formation of brain edema. Tanshinone IIA can effectively inhibit apoptosis, up-regulate the expressions of VEGF-A, P-MEK1/2 and P-ERK1/2 proteins, thereby protect endothelial cells, promote angiogenesis and microcirculation, and finally alleviate brain edema.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1183, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Viral infections are prevalent in human cancers and they have great diagnostic and theranostic values in clinical practice. Recently, their potential of shaping the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) has been related to the immunotherapy of human cancers. However, the landscape of viral expressions and immune status in human cancers remains incompletely understood. METHODS: We developed a next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based pipeline to detect viral sequences from the whole transcriptome and used machine learning algorithms to classify different TIME subtypes. RESULTS: We revealed a pan-cancer landscape of viral expressions in human cancers where 9 types of viruses were detected in 744 tumors of 25 cancer types. Viral infections showed different tissue tendencies and expression levels. Multi-omics analyses further revealed their distinct impacts on genomic, transcriptomic and immune responses. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-infected stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) and Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-infected head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) showed decreased genomic variations, significantly altered gene expressions, and effectively triggered anti-viral immune responses. We identified three TIME subtypes, in which the "Immune-Stimulation" subtype might be the promising candidate for immunotherapy. EBV-infected STAD and HPV-infected HNSC showed a higher frequency of the "Immune-Stimulation" subtype. Finally, we constructed the eVIIS pipeline to simultaneously evaluate viral infection and immune status in external datasets. CONCLUSIONS: Viral infections are prevalent in human cancers and have distinct influences on hosts. EBV and HPV infections combined with the TIME subtype could be promising biomarkers of immunotherapy in STAD and HNSC, respectively. The eVIIS pipeline could be a practical tool to facilitate clinical practice and relevant studies.

8.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conivaptan, a nonselective antagonist of vasopressin receptors V1a and V2, is the first drug of this class to be used for treating euvolemic and hypervolemic hyponatremia. Recently, increasing evidence supports the involvement of vasopressin in immune responses. AIMS: In this study, we investigated the effect of conivaptan on the modulation of CD4+ T cell homeostasis and the progression of experimental colitis. METHODS: The expression of the V1a receptor on CD4+ T cells was detected by immunofluorescence and western blot. The subset of isolated CD4+ T cells were examined after arginine vasopressin (AVP) incubation. CD4+ T cells were injected into DNBS-induced mice through the tail vein. The severity of colitis was evaluated according to weight, disease activity index (DAI), and morphological injury. Intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) signaling in CD4+ T cells was measured using the Fluo-3 AM loading method. T-bet and IFN-γ mRNAs in the colon were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). RESULTS: We found that CD4+ T cells expressed the V1a receptor. Activation of the V1a receptor significantly promoted the differentiation of CD4+ T cells into T helper 1 (Th1) cells. This process was blocked by conivaptan treatment. However, the activation of the V1a receptor did not evoke an increase in [Ca2+]i in CD4+ T cells. Notably, conivaptan markedly alleviated body weight loss, pathological damage, and expression of T-bet and IFN-γ in the colon of DNBS-treated mice. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, we report that conivaptan attenuated colitis by inhibiting the differentiation of CD4+ T cells into Th1 cells. Mechanistically, the anti-inflammatory role of conivaptan is independent of [Ca2+]i.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151209, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748828

RESUMO

Vegetation changes in karst areas are controlled by the soil formation rate (SFR) and soil moisture (SM). However, little is known about their thresholds and global control patterns. To this end, based on high-precision climate and vegetation data for 2000-2014, using Pearson correlation analysis, the Hurst index, and change-point analysis, the thresholds of the SFR and SM in vegetation growth in karst areas were identified. Furthermore, a spatial map (0.125° × 0.125°) of the global karst ecosystem with a static/dynamic limitation zone was established. We found that the net primary productivity (NPP) in 70% of the global climate zones exhibited a dual restriction relationship with the SM and SFR. The limitations of the SFR and SM in vegetation growth were most obvious in subpolar and semi-arid climates. In addition, their ecological thresholds were 25.2 t km-2 yr-1 and 0.28 m3 m-3, respectively. The static limitation of the SFR on the NPP in karst areas accounted for 28.37%, and the influence of the SM enhanced this limit (21.79%). The limitation of the SFR on vegetation was mainly concentrated in Boreal forests (17%), and the limitation of the SM was mainly concentrated in tropical savannas (12%). The NPP and the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) were the most sensitive to changes in the SM and SFR. Moreover, the analysis based on 14 ecologically limitation karst areas further revealed that the reduction in these factors may cause the tropical rain forest to experience degradation. It can be seen that the SM enhanced the limiting effect of the SFR on vegetation in karst areas. In short, this interpretation of karst vegetation limitations provides a deeper understanding of and approach to ecosystem evolution and vegetation restoration in these regions.

10.
Eur J Hosp Pharm ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: As part of the service provided by clinical pharmacists in our hospital, an assay for plasma amikacin quantification by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been established for clinical use since 2018. This study was undertaken to describe: (1) the establishment of this assay; (2) the application and results of the testing; and (3) the analysis and impact for patients. METHODS: The amikacin quantification assay was validated and the plasma amikacin concentration data were extracted and analysed. The clinical data for related patients were collected from electronic health and medical records. RESULTS: 121 plasma samples from 53 patients were included in this statistical analysis. The use of amikacin was mostly monitored in the intensive care unit and the haematology department, and the monitoring range of amikacin concentrations were about 0.1-57µg/mL. The main indications for amikacin concentration detection were combined medications, impaired renal function, or people over 65 years old, which may increase the incidence of adverse reactions. Amikacin prescribing decisions were diversified due to the combination of assay results and clinical disease progression, and the effective rate of amikacin administration was about 52.8% (28/53). CONCLUSIONS: The assay for plasma amikacin concentration has been successfully established to monitor the clinical use of amikacin, and the assay results served as one of the references for amikacin prescribing decisions.

12.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(20): 1542, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790748

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of primary intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PI-DLBCL) is much lower than primary gastric DLBCL, and large-scale analyses on the clinical characteristics, molecular features, therapeutic strategies, and risk stratification have been seldomly performed in PI-DLBCL. Methods: To assess prognostic model development, 107 PI-DLBCL patients diagnosed before 2014 were studied for prognosis factors including different primary involved sites and treatment strategies. For internal validation, a non-random split sample set with 77 PI-DLBCL patients after 2014 was included for validation of the prognosis factors. Results: Patients with an ileocecal lesion presented with better survival time than those with non-ileocecal sites, with surgical resection significantly influencing the prognosis. Non-ileocecal patients who underwent surgery with lymphadenectomy had superior overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) compared to those receiving surgery without lymphadenectomy or those not receiving (without) surgery. For ileocecal patients, surgery with or without lymphadenectomy resulted in better OS and PFS than those without surgery. For biomarker analysis, only BCL-2 >50% or Ki67 >80% on tumor cells indicated poor clinical outcome. In multivariate analysis, age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, and site of origin were independent prognostic factors for inferior OS in PI-DLBCL. A prognosis model was set up based on age, ECOG score, and site of origin, and validated well. Conclusions: The prognosis in patients with PI-DLBCL with ileocecal involvement showed was better than those with non-ileocecal involvement. Surgical strategy can impact the clinical outcome of PI-DLBCL patients.

13.
Cancer Cell ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822775

RESUMO

Reinvigoration of antitumor immunity remains an unmet challenge. Our retrospective analyses revealed that cancer patients who took antihistamines during immunotherapy treatment had significantly improved survival. We uncovered that histamine and histamine receptor H1 (HRH1) are frequently increased in the tumor microenvironment and induce T cell dysfunction. Mechanistically, HRH1-activated macrophages polarize toward an M2-like immunosuppressive phenotype with increased expression of the immune checkpoint VISTA, rendering T cells dysfunctional. HRH1 knockout or antihistamine treatment reverted macrophage immunosuppression, revitalized T cell cytotoxic function, and restored immunotherapy response. Allergy, via the histamine-HRH1 axis, facilitated tumor growth and induced immunotherapy resistance in mice and humans. Importantly, cancer patients with low plasma histamine levels had a more than tripled objective response rate to anti-PD-1 treatment compared with patients with high plasma histamine. Altogether, pre-existing allergy or high histamine levels in cancer patients can dampen immunotherapy responses and warrant prospectively exploring antihistamines as adjuvant agents for combinatorial immunotherapy.

14.
Front Immunol ; 12: 686057, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804000

RESUMO

Multiple gene-driven programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1)-expressing non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is very rare. Previous studies have shown that patients with NSCLC with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement rarely benefit from PD-L1 inhibitors. Besides the secondary mutations in ALK gene, other mechanisms might contribute to tumor resistance to ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (ALK-TKIs). Herein, we present a case of PD-L1-overexpressing lung adenocarcinoma that harbors both EML4-ALK gene rearrangement and BRAF mutation. In particular, a second molecular analysis after resistance to first- and second-generation ALK-TKIs revealed a high PD-L1 expression and tumor mutation burden. Therefore, treatment with nivolumab monotherapy, an anti-PD-1 inhibitor, was started and the patient achieved complete remission. This case report suggested that PD-1 inhibitors might be an effective treatment option for patients with multiple gene-driven PD-L1-expressing NSCLC harboring ALK gene rearrangement.

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 739951, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804087

RESUMO

Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) plays a role in stress response, secondary metabolism, and other physiological processes during plant growth and development, and is also a critical enzyme in black tea production. However, the regulatory mechanisms of PPO genes and their activity in tea plants are still unclear. In this study, we measured PPO activity in two different tea cultivars, Taoyuandaye (TYDY) and Bixiangzao (BXZ), which are commonly used to produce black tea and green tea, respectively. The expression pattern of CsPPO1 was assessed and validated via transcriptomics and quantitative polymerase chain reaction in both tea varieties. In addition, we isolated and identified an R2R3-MYB transcription factor CsMYB59 that may regulate CsPPO1 expression. CsMYB59 was found to be a nuclear protein, and its expression in tea leaves was positively correlated with CsPPO1 expression and PPO activity. Transcriptional activity analysis showed that CsMYB59 was a transcriptional activator, and the dual-luciferase assay indicated that CsMYB59 could activate the expression of CsPPO1 in tobacco leaves. In summary, our study demonstrates that CsMYB59 represents a transcriptional activator in tea plants and may mediate the regulation of PPO activity by activating CsPPO1 expression. These findings provide novel insights into the regulatory mechanism of PPO gene in Camellia sinensis, which might help to breed tea cultivars with high PPO activity.

16.
J Nat Prod ; 84(11): 2990-3000, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781681

RESUMO

Six new 16-residue peptaibols, acremopeptaibols A-F (1-6), along with five known compounds, were isolated from the cultures of the sponge-associated fungus Acremonium sp. IMB18-086 grown in the presence of the autoclaved bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa on solid rice medium. The peptaibol sequences were established based on comprehensive analysis of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data in conjunction with HRESIMS/MS experiments. The configurations of the amino acid residues were determined by advanced Marfey's analysis. Compounds 1-6 feature the lack of the highly conserved Thr6 and Hyp10 residues in comparison with other members of the SF3 subfamily peptaibols. A plausible biosynthetic pathway of compounds 1-6 was proposed on the basis of genomic analysis. Compounds 1, 5, 7, and 10 exhibited significant antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, Bacillus subtilis, and Candida albicans. Compounds 7-10 showed potent cytotoxicities against the A549 and/or HepG2 cancer cell lines.

17.
Opt Express ; 29(24): 40106-40115, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809359

RESUMO

Fractional Fourier transform (FRFT) is the generalization of Fourier transform. It provides many significant advantages, such as fractional order as the new degree of freedom and high efficiency and great performance for non-stationary signal analysis/processing, that other operations including Fourier transform cannot. Here, we report a hybrid optical system for computation of arbitrary-order FRFT of temporal signals. In experiment, the fractional-domain information of input temporal signals could be directly acquired by detector. In addition, the optical computing results are in good agreement with numerical results. Then we apply the optical computing engine to demodulation of chirp spread spectrum signals. Using sub-Nyquist sampling, the proposed technology could greatly save the number of measurements in demodulation. The compression ratio could be as low as 0.4%, because of the high compression performance of chirp signals in FRFT domain. As a result, the proposed technology has unique advantages in analysis and information extraction for non-stationary signals, especially for chirp-like signals, and may become a powerful optical time-frequency analysis tool for temporal signals.

18.
Gynecol Obstet Invest ; : 1-9, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer, one of the most malignant diseases in female, is associated with poor diagnosis and low 5-year survival rate. Taxol is a widely used chemotherapeutic drug for the treatment of ovarian cancer by targeting the microtubules of the mitotic spindle to induce cancer cell death. However, with the widespread clinical applications of Taxol, a large fraction of ovarian cancer patients developed drug resistance. RESULTS: Here, we report miR-138-5p is significantly downregulated in epithelial ovarian cancer tissues compared with their matched normal ovarian tissues. Overexpression of miR-138-5p effectively sensitized ovarian cancer cells to Taxol. By establishing Taxol-resistant cell line from the epithelial ovarian cancer cell line, HO-8910, we found miR-138-5p was significantly downregulated in Taxol-resistant cells. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-138-5p dramatically overcame the chemoresistance of Taxol-resistant cells. Intriguingly, bioinformatic analysis indicated miR-138-5p had putative binding sites for cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6). This negative regulation was further verified from epithelial ovarian cancer tissues. Luciferase assay demonstrated miR-138-5p could directly bind to 3'UTR of CDK6. Importantly, silencing CDK6 expression by siRNA successfully increased the sensitivity of both parental and Taxol-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Finally, rescue experiments clearly elucidated restoration of CDK6 in miR-138-5p-overexpressing ovarian cancer cells successfully recovered the Taxol resistance. CONCLUSION: In summary, these findings suggest important molecular mechanisms for the miR-138-5p-mediated Taxol sensitivity of ovarian cancer via directly targeting CDK6, suggesting miR-138-5p is an effective therapeutic target for the noncoding RNA-based anti-chemoresistance treatment.

19.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 108383, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824035

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: To date, the effects of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines on people living with HIV (PLWH) were mainly focused on messenger RNA (mRNA) and adenovirus vector-based vaccines, and little is known about the effects of inactivated virus-based vaccine. This study was designed to determine the effects of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccines on PLWH. METHODS: Twenty-four HIV-positive individuals and 24 healthy donors (HD) were respectively recruited from Malipo Country People's Hospital and community in Kunming city. Enumeration of lymphocyte and CD4+CD45RO+ memory T cells were evaluated by flow cytometry. Competitive ELISA was used to measure the level of Anti-SARS-CoV-2 neutralization antibody. Spearman or Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between laboratory indicators and neutralization antibodies in PLWH. T-cell responses (Th1, Th2, Th17, Treg) and intracellular expression of cytokines (IL-2 and TNF-α) in CD4 or CD8 were induced by spike protein in SARS-CoV-2 (SARS-2-S) and further measured by intracellular staining. RESULTS: CD4, B cells, CD4+CD45RO+ memory T cells in peripheral blood of PLWH are dramatically decreased in comparison with HD. Importantly, PLWH display comparable neutralizing antibody positive rate to HD after inoculation with inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. However, PLWH showed weaker responses to vaccines exhibited by lower levels of neutralizing antibodies. Correlation analysis shows that this is possibly caused by low number of CD4 and B cells. Furthermore, SARS-2-S-induced Th2 and Th17 responses are also decreased in PLWH, while no influences on Treg and other cytokines (IL-2, TNF-α and IFN-γ) observed. CONCLUSIONS: PLWH and HD have comparable neutralizing antibodies positive rates, but PLWH display weaker responses to inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in magnitude, which suggests that a booster dose or dose adjustment are required for HIV-infected individuals, especially for those with lower counts of CD4 T and B cells.

20.
Front Vet Sci ; 8: 739237, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733903

RESUMO

Background: Geese are conventionally considered to be herbivorous, which could also be raised with concentrate feeding diets without green grass because of the similar gastrointestinal tract with other poultry. However, the geese gut microbiota profiles and their interactions with epithelial cells are still of limited study. Flavonoids were well-documented to shape gut microbiota and promote epithelial barrier functions individually or cooperatively with other metabolites. Therefore, in the present study, honeycomb flavonoids (HF) were supplemented to investigate the effects on growth performances, intestinal development, and gut microbiome of geese. Material and Methods: A total of 400 1-day-old male lion-head geese with similar birth weight (82.6 ± 1.4 g) were randomly divided into five treatments: the control treatment (CON) and the HF supplementation treatments, HF was supplemented arithmetically to increase from 0.25 to 1%. Growth performance, carcass performances, and intestines' development parameters were measured to determine the optimum supplement. Junction proteins including ZO-1 and ZO-2 and cecal microbiota were investigated to demonstrate the regulatory effects of HF on both microbiota and intestinal epithelium. Results: Results showed that 0.5% of HF supplement had superior growth performance, carcass performance, and the total parameters of gastrointestinal development to other treatments. Further research showed that tight junction proteins including ZO-1 and ZO-2 significantly up-regulated, while Firmicutes and some probiotics including Clostridiales, Streptococcus, Lachnoclostridium, and Bifidobacterium, remarkably proliferated after HF supplement. In conclusion, HF supplement in concentrate-diet feeding geese effectively increased the growth performances by regulating the gut microbiota to increase the probiotic abundance to promote the nutrient digestibility and fortify the epithelial development and barrier functions to facilitate the nutrient absorption and utilization.

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