Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 84
Filtrar
1.
Acad Radiol ; 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458886

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a Dual generative-adversarial-network (GAN) Cascaded Network (DGCN) for generating super-resolution computed tomography (SRCT) images from normal-resolution CT (NRCT) images and evaluate the performance of DGCN in multi-center datasets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 278 patients with chest CT from two hospitals between January 2020 and June 2023, and each patient had all three NRCT (512×512 matrix CT images with a resolution of 0.70 mm, 0.70 mm,1.0 mm), high-resolution CT (HRCT, 1024×1024 matrix CT images with a resolution of 0.35 mm, 0.35 mm,1.0 mm), and ultra-high-resolution CT (UHRCT, 1024×1024 matrix CT images with a resolution of 0.17 mm, 0.17 mm, 0.5 mm) examinations. Initially, a deep chest CT super-resolution residual network (DCRN) was built to generate HRCT from NRCT. Subsequently, we employed the DCRN as a pre-trained model for the training of DGCN to further enhance resolution along all three axes, ultimately yielding SRCT. PSNR, SSIM, FID, subjective evaluation scores, and objective evaluation parameters related to pulmonary nodule segmentation in the testing set were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: DCRN obtained a PSNR of 52.16, SSIM of 0.9941, FID of 137.713, and an average diameter difference of 0.0981 mm. DGCN obtained a PSNR of 46.50, SSIM of 0.9990, FID of 166.421, and an average diameter difference of 0.0981 mm on 39 testing cases. There were no significant differences between the SRCT and UHRCT images in subjective evaluation. CONCLUSION: Our model exhibited a significant enhancement in generating HRCT and SRCT images and outperformed established methods regarding image quality and clinical segmentation accuracy across both internal and external testing datasets.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420729

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Anatomical study. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elaborate on the anatomical characteristics of the medial branch of the lumbar dorsal rami and to discuss its possible clinical significance. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Radiofrequency ablation targeting the medial branch of the lumbar dorsal rami has been increasingly used in the clinical management of facetogenic low back pain (FLBP). Nonetheless, attention is also being given to complications such as atrophy of the lumbar soft tissues and muscles. Therefore, a more detailed understanding of the innervation pattern on the facet joint may improve the precision of nerve ablation therapy for FLBP. METHODS: An anatomical study of 8 human specimens was carried out. The anatomic characteristics of the medial branch were observed and recorded. RESULTS: The medial branch originates from the lumbar dorsal rami, running close to the root of the posterolateral side of the superior articular process of the inferior cone. When passed through the mamillo-accessory ligament, it turns direction to the medial and caudal side, running in the multifidus muscle. In our study, each medial branch sent out 2-5 branches along the way. All the medial branches in L1-L4 gave off 1-2 small branches when crossing the facet joint and innervated the joint of the lower segment. Nineteen medial branches (23.75%) gave off recurrent branches to innervate the joint at the upper segment. CONCLUSION: The anatomical features of the medial branch remain similar in each lumbar segment. There are two types of joint branches, including the articular fibers that emanate from the medial branch as it runs along the medial border of the facet joint, and the recurrent branch from the medial branch that innervates the upper facet joint. Moreover, an anastomotic branch was found in the medial branches between different segments.

3.
Pain Physician ; 27(2): E245-E254, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessing the 3-dimensional (3D) relationship between critical anatomical structures and the surgical channel can help select percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) approaches, especially at the L5/S1 level. However, previous evaluation methods for PELD were mainly assessed using 2-dimensional (2D) medical images, making the understanding of the 3D relationship of lumbosacral structures difficult. Artificial intelligence based on automated magnetic resonance (MR) image segmentation has the benefit of 3D reconstruction of medical images. OBJECTIVES: We developed and validated an artificial intelligence-based MR image segmentation method for constructing a 3D model of lumbosacral structures for selecting the appropriate approach of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy at the L5/S1 level. STUDY DESIGN: Three-dimensional reconstruction study using artificial intelligence based on MR image segmentation. SETTING: Spine and radiology center of a university hospital. METHODS: Fifty MR data samples were used to develop an artificial intelligence algorithm for automatic segmentation. Manual segmentation and labeling of vertebrae bone (L5 and S1 vertebrae bone), disc, lumbosacral nerve, iliac bone, and skin at the L5/S1 level by 3 experts were used as ground truth. Five-fold cross-validation was performed, and quantitative segmentation metrics were used to evaluate the performance of artificial intelligence based on the MR image segmentation method. The comparison analysis of quantitative measurements between the artificial intelligence-derived 3D (AI-3D) models and the ground truth-derived 3D (GT-3D) models was used to validate the feasibility of 3D lumbosacral structures reconstruction and preoperative assessment of PELD approaches. RESULTS: Artificial intelligence-based automated MR image segmentation achieved high mean Dice Scores of 0.921, 0.924, 0.885, 0.808, 0.886, and 0.816 for L5 vertebrae bone, S1 vertebrae bone, disc, lumbosacral nerves, iliac bone, and skin, respectively. There were no significant differences between AI-3D and GT-3D models in quantitative measurements. Comparative analysis of quantitative measures showed a high correlation and consistency. LIMITATIONS: Our method did not involve vessel segmentation in automated MR image segmentation. Our study's sample size was small, and the findings need to be validated in a prospective study with a large sample size. CONCLUSION: We developed an artificial intelligence-based automated MR image segmentation method, which effectively segmented lumbosacral structures (e.g., L5 vertebrae bone, S1 vertebrae bone, disc, lumbosacral nerve, iliac bone, and skin) simultaneously on MR images, and could be used to construct a 3D model of lumbosacral structures for choosing an appropriate approach of PELD at the L5/S1 level.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Endoscopia/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Inteligência Artificial , Discotomia Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 45(12): 1535-1543, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37872310

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of MRI images to reveal foraminal ligaments at levels L1-L5 by comparing the results with those of anatomical studies. METHODS: Eighty lumbar foramina were studied. First, the best MRI scanning parameters were selected, and the transverse and sagittal axes of each lumbar foramina were scanned to identify and record the ligament-like structures in each lumbar foramen. Then, the cadaveric specimens were anatomically studied, and all ligament structures in the lumbar foramina were retained. The number, morphology and distribution of ligaments under anatomical and MRI scanning were observed. Histological staining of the dissected ligament structures was performed to confirm that they were ligamentous tissues. Finally, the accuracy of ligament recognition in MRI images was statistically analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 233 foraminal ligaments were identified in 80 lumbar intervertebral foramina through cadaveric anatomy. The radiating ligaments (176, 75.5%) were found to be attached from the nerve root to the surrounding osseous structures, while the transforaminal ligaments (57, 24.5%) traversed the intervertebral foramina without any connection to the nerve roots. A total of 42 transforaminal ligament signals and 100 radiating ligament signals were detected in the MRI images of the 80 intervertebral foramina. CONCLUSION: The MRI can identify the lumbar foraminal ligament, and the recognition rate of the transforaminal ligament is higher than that of the radiating ligament. This study provides a new method for the clinical diagnosis of the relationship between the lumbar foraminal ligament and radicular pain.


Assuntos
Ligamentos , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais , Humanos , Ligamentos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos/anatomia & histologia , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/diagnóstico por imagem , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/anatomia & histologia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/anatomia & histologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Cadáver
6.
J Digit Imaging ; 36(5): 2138-2147, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37407842

RESUMO

To develop a deep learning-based model for detecting rib fractures on chest X-Ray and to evaluate its performance based on a multicenter study. Chest digital radiography (DR) images from 18,631 subjects were used for the training, testing, and validation of the deep learning fracture detection model. We first built a pretrained model, a simple framework for contrastive learning of visual representations (simCLR), using contrastive learning with the training set. Then, simCLR was used as the backbone for a fully convolutional one-stage (FCOS) objective detection network to identify rib fractures from chest X-ray images. The detection performance of the network for four different types of rib fractures was evaluated using the testing set. A total of 127 images from Data-CZ and 109 images from Data-CH with the annotations for four types of rib fractures were used for evaluation. The results showed that for Data-CZ, the sensitivities of the detection model with no pretraining, pretrained ImageNet, and pretrained DR were 0.465, 0.735, and 0.822, respectively, and the average number of false positives per scan was five in all cases. For the Data-CH test set, the sensitivities of three different pretraining methods were 0.403, 0.655, and 0.748. In the identification of four fracture types, the detection model achieved the highest performance for displaced fractures, with sensitivities of 0.873 and 0.774 for the Data-CZ and Data-CH test sets, respectively, with 5 false positives per scan, followed by nondisplaced fractures, buckle fractures, and old fractures. A pretrained model can significantly improve the performance of the deep learning-based rib fracture detection based on X-ray images, which can reduce missed diagnoses and improve the diagnostic efficacy.


Assuntos
Fraturas das Costelas , Humanos , Fraturas das Costelas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Raios X , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 11: 1167476, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37469575

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fcell.2021.784719.].

9.
J Digit Imaging ; 36(5): 2278-2289, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37268840

RESUMO

Image quality control (QC) is crucial for the accurate diagnosis of knee diseases using radiographs. However, the manual QC process is subjective, labor intensive, and time-consuming. In this study, we aimed to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) model to automate the QC procedure typically performed by clinicians. We proposed an AI-based fully automatic QC model for knee radiographs using high-resolution net (HR-Net) to identify predefined key points in images. We then performed geometric calculations to transform the identified key points into three QC criteria, namely, anteroposterior (AP)/lateral (LAT) overlap ratios and LAT flexion angle. The proposed model was trained and validated using 2212 knee plain radiographs from 1208 patients and an additional 1572 knee radiographs from 753 patients collected from six external centers for further external validation. For the internal validation cohort, the proposed AI model and clinicians showed high intraclass consistency coefficients (ICCs) for AP/LAT fibular head overlap and LAT knee flexion angle of 0.952, 0.895, and 0.993, respectively. For the external validation cohort, the ICCs were also high, with values of 0.934, 0.856, and 0.991, respectively. There were no significant differences between the AI model and clinicians in any of the three QC criteria, and the AI model required significantly less measurement time than clinicians. The experimental results demonstrated that the AI model performed comparably to clinicians and required less time. Therefore, the proposed AI-based model has great potential as a convenient tool for clinical practice by automating the QC procedure for knee radiographs.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Articulação do Joelho , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Controle de Qualidade , Radiografia
11.
Spine J ; 23(8): 1223-1233, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37031892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Discogenic low-back pain (DLBP) is one of the primary causes of low back pain (LBP) and is associated with internal disc disruptions and is mainly transmitted by the sinuvertebral nerve (SVN). The lack of a universal understanding of the anatomical characteristics of the SVN has compromised surgical treatment for DLPB. PURPOSE: This study aims to elaborate on the anatomical characteristics of the SVN and to discuss their possible clinical significance. STUDY DESIGN: The SVNs were dissected and immunostained in ten human lumbar specimens. METHODS: The SVNs at the segments from L1-L2 to L5-S1 in ten human cadavers were studied, and the number, origin, course, diameter, anastomotic branches, and branching points of the SVNs were documented. Three longitudinal and five transverse zones were defined in the dorsal coronal plane of the vertebral body and disc. The vertebrae were divided longitudinally as follows: the region between the medial edges of the bilateral pedicles is divided into three equal parts, the middle third is zone I and the lateral third on both sides are zones II; the areas lateral to the medial margin of the pedicle were zones III. The transverse zones were designated as follows: (a)superior margin of the vertebral body to superior margin of the pedicle; (b) between superior and inferior margins of the pedicle; (c) inferior margin of the pedicle to inferior margin of the vertebral body; (d) superior margin of the disc to the midline of the disc; and (e) midline of the disc to the inferior margin of the disc. The distribution characteristics of SVNs in various zones were recorded, and tissue sections were immunostained with anti-NF 200 and anti-PGP 9.5. RESULTS: The SVNs are divided into main trunks and deputy branches, with 109 main trunks and 451 deputy branches identified in the 100 lumbar intervertebral foramens (IVFs). The main trunks of the SVN originate from the spinal nerve and/or the communicating branch, but the deputy branch originating from both roots was not observed. All the main trunks and deputy branches of the SVNs originate from the posterolateral disc (III d and III e). The deputy branches of the SVN primarily innervate the posterolateral aspect of the intervertebral disc (III d 46.78%, III e 36.36%) and the subpedicular vertebral body (III c 16.85%). The main trunk of the SVNs passes primarily through the subpedicular vertebral body (III c 96.33%) and divides into ascending, transverse, and descending branches in the IVF: III c (23/101, 22.77%) or spinal canal: II c (73/101, 72.28%), II d (3/101, 2.97%), II b (2/101, 1.98%). The main trunk possesses extensive innervation, and except for the most medial discs (I d and I e), it almost dominates all other zones of the spinal canal. At the segments from L1-L2 to L5-S1, 39 ipsilateral anastomoses connecting the ascending branch to the main trunk or spinal nerve at the upper level were observed, with one contralateral anastomosis observed at L5. CONCLUSION: The zone distribution characteristics of SVNs are similar across all levels. Comparatively, the proportion of double-root origin and the number of insertion points of the SVNs increased at the lower level. The three types of anastomosis offer connections between SVNs at the same level and at different levels. The posteromedial disc is innervated by corresponding and subjacent main trunks, with the posterolateral disc mainly innervated by the deputy branch. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Detailed information and zone distribution characteristics of the lumbar SVNs can help improve clinicians' understanding of DLBP and improve the effectiveness of treatments targeting the SVNs.


Assuntos
Relevância Clínica , Dor Lombar , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Nervos Espinhais , Região Lombossacral , Dor Lombar/etiologia
13.
Clin Anat ; 36(8): 1075-1080, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36942892

RESUMO

Far lateral interbody fusion is a minimally invasive operating technique. However, the incidence of postoperative neurological complications is high, and some scholars question its safety. This study describes the neuroanatomical features and spatial orientation within the psoas major. Ten embalmed male cadavers were selected and the left psoas major was dissected. Subsequently, the area between the anterior and the posterior edges of the vertebral body was divided into three equal zones. The nerves' distribution, number, and spatial orientation of the L1/2 to L4/5 intervertebral discs were examined. A caliper was used to measure the diameter of the nerve. The safety zone of the L1/2 intervertebral disc level is located in zone I and II, the relative safe zones of the L2/3 and L4/5 intervertebral discs are located in zone II, and the safety zone of the L3/4 intervertebral disc level is located in the caudal side of zone II. The genitofemoral nerve exits the psoas major in a co-trunk or two-branch pattern, and its exit point was distributed between the L3 and L4 vertebral bodies, mainly at the L3/4 intervertebral disc level. The sympathetic ganglia in the psoas major appeared only in zone I at the L2/3 intervertebral disc level. This is a systematic anatomical study that describes the nerves of the psoas major. Spine surgeons can use this study-which consists of important clinical implications-for preoperative planning, and thus, reduce the risk of nerve injury during surgery.


Assuntos
Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Masculino , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Plexo Lombossacral , Região Lombossacral , Músculos Psoas/inervação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
14.
Biomater Adv ; 146: 213310, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36716597

RESUMO

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has been widely used in the preparation of orthopedic implants due to its biological inertness and similar mechanical modulus to natural bone. However, the affinity between biological tissue (bone and soft tissue) and PEEK surface is weak, leading to low osseointegration and an increased risk of inflammation. The situation could be improved by modifying PEEK surface. Surfaces with good hydrophilicity and proper microtopography would promote cellular adhesion and proliferation. This work presented a two-step surface modification method to achieve the effect. Polyacrylic acid (PAA) chains were grafted on PEEK surface by UV irradiation. Then, ethylenediamine (EDA) was added to introduce amino groups and promote the cross-linking of PAA chains. Furthermore, a mathematical model was built to describe and regulate the surface topography growth process semi-quantitatively. The model fits experimental data quite well (adjusted R2 = 0.779). Results showed that the modified PEEK surface obtained superhydrophilicity. It significantly improved the adhesion and proliferation of BMSCs and MFBs by activating the FAK pathway and Rho family GTPase. The cellular affinity performed better when the surface topography was in network structure with holes in about 25 µm depth and 20-50 µm diameter. Good hydrophilicity seems necessary for the FAK pathway activation, but simply improving surface hydrophilicity might not be enough for cellular affinity improvement. Surface topography at micron scale should be a more important cue. This simple surface modification method could be contributed to further study of cell-microtopography interaction and have potential applications in clinical PEEK orthopedic implants.


Assuntos
Polietilenoglicóis , Polímeros , Benzofenonas , Cetonas/farmacologia , Cetonas/química , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
15.
Med Phys ; 50(6): 3612-3622, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultra-high resolution computed tomography (UHRCT) has shown great potential for the detection of pulmonary diseases. However, UHRCT scanning generally induces increases in scanning time and radiation exposure. Super resolution is a gradually prosperous application in CT imaging despite higher radiation dose. Recent works have proved that the convolution neural network especially the generative adversarial network (GAN) based model could generate high-resolution CT using phantom images or simulated low resolution data without extra dose. Research that used clinical CT particularly lung images are rare due to the difficulty in collecting paired dataset. PURPOSE: To generate clinical UHRCT in lung from low resolution computed tomography (LRCT) using a GAN model. METHODS: 43 clinical scans with LRCT and UHRCT were collected in this study. Paired patches were selected using the structural similarity index measure (SSIM) and the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) threshold. A relativistic GAN with gradient guidance was trained to learn the mapping from LRCT to UHRCT. The performance of the proposed method was evaluated using PSNR and SSIM. A reader study with five-point Likert score (five for the worst and one for the best) is also applied to assess the proposed method in terms of general quality, diagnostic confidence, sharpness and denoise level. RESULTS: Experimental results show that our method got PSNR 32.60 ± 2.92 and SSIM 0.881 ± 0.057 on our clinical CT dataset, outperforming other state-of-the-art methods based on the simulated scenarios. Moreover, reader study shows that our method reached the good clinical performance in terms of general quality (1.14 ± 0.36), diagnostic confidence (1.36 ± 0.49), sharpness (1.07 ± 0.27) and high denoise level (1.29 ± 0.61) compared to other SR methods. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the feasibility of generating UHRCT images from LRCT without longer scanning time or increased radiation dose.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Pulmão , Razão Sinal-Ruído
16.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(22): 1219, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544669

RESUMO

Background: Discogenic low back pain (DLBP) is considered the most common type of chronic low back pain (CLBP). Sinuvertebral nerve block (SVNB) is a rapid and precise intervention performed under local anesthesia to treat DLBP induced CLBP. Thus, in this study, we aimed to explore the clinical efficacy of SVNB for DLBP. Methods: We retrospectively included 32 DLBP patients from July 2020 and April 2021. Inclusion criteria: The patients had chronic pain, diagnosed as single-segment disc degeneration induced DLBP, and suffered from one-year ineffective conservative treatment. SVNB was performed and the patients were followed up at 3 and 7 days, and at 1 and 3 months after SVNB. The basic clinical characteristics, including age and gender, were collected. The measurements of Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were assessed. Results: The average age was 49.31±14.37 years, and females vs. males was 20 (62.50%) vs. 12 (37.50%). The preoperative VAS and ODI score were 5.75±1.41 and 32.59±21.56, respectively. The VAS score was reduced to 2.50±1.46, 2.63±1.60, 3.53±2.17, and 3.78±2.18 at 3 and 7 days, and 1 and 3 months after SVNB, respectively (P<0.05). The improvement rates in the VAS score were 56.52%, 54.34%, 38.61%, and 34.26% at 3 and 7 days, and 1 and 3 months after SVNB, respectively. 18 patients (56.25%) experienced varying degrees of pain recurrence within 3 months. The ODI score was reduced by 17.28±13.06, 16.84±13.51, 19.63±17.12, and 21.44±19.03 points at 3, 7 days and 1, 3 months after SVNB, respectively (P<0.05). At 3 day and 3 month after SVNB, the ODI scores of 22 patients (68.75%) and 20 patients (62.50%) decreased to ≤20, respectively. The ODI improvement rates were 46.98%, 48.33%, 39.80%, and 34.24% at 3, 7 days and 1, 3 months after SVNB, respectively. Conclusions: We conducted a retrospective study of the clinical efficacy of SVNB for DLBP. As a rapid and cost-effective minimally invasive treatment, SVNB provided some assistance for the short-term pain relief and physical functional improvement of DLBP. SVNB could be a good choice for the treatment of DLBP.

17.
Biomater Adv ; 141: 213119, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152523

RESUMO

Additive Manufactured (AM) Polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) orthopaedic implants offer new opportunities for bone substitutes. However, owing to its chemical inertness, the integration between PEEK implants and soft tissue represents a major challenge threatening the early success of the PEEK implants. Here we investigated the influence of hydroxyapatite (HA) fillers and porous structure of AM HA/PEEK scaffolds on the integration with soft tissue through in-vitro cellular experiments and in-vivo rabbit experiments. Among the animal experiments, HA/PEEK composite scaffolds with HA contents of 0, 20 wt%, 40 wt% and pore sizes of 0.8 mm, 1.6 mm were manufactured by fused filament fabrication. The results indicated that HA promoted the proliferation and adhesion of myofibroblasts on PEEK-based composites by releasing Ca2+ to active FAK and its downstream proteins, while the surface morphology of the scaffolds was also roughened by the HA particles, both of which led to the tighter adhesion between HA/PEEK scaffolds and soft tissue in-vivo. The macroscopic bonding force between soft tissue and scaffolds was dominated by the pore size of the scaffolds but was hardly affected by neither the HA content and nor the surface morphology. Scaffolds with larger pore size bonded more strongly to the soft tissue, and the maximum bonding force reached to 5.61 ± 2.55 N for 40 wt% HA/PEEK scaffolds with pore size of 1.6 mm, which was higher than that between natural bone and soft tissue of rabbits. Although the larger pore size and higher HA content of the PEEK-based scaffolds facilitated the bonding with the soft tissue, the consequent outcome of reduced mechanical properties has to be compromised in the design of the porous PEEK-based composite implants. The present study provides engineering-accessible synergistic strategies on material components and porous architecture of AM PEEK orthopaedic implants for improving the integration with soft tissue.


Assuntos
Substitutos Ósseos , Durapatita , Animais , Benzofenonas , Substitutos Ósseos/química , Durapatita/química , Éteres , Cetonas/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polímeros , Porosidade , Coelhos
18.
Front Oncol ; 12: 981769, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36158659

RESUMO

Purpose: Multiple myeloma (MM) and metastasis originated are the two common malignancy diseases in the spine. They usually show similar imaging patterns and are highly demanded to differentiate for precision diagnosis and treatment planning. The objective of this study is therefore to construct a novel deep-learning-based method for effective differentiation of two diseases, with the comparative study of traditional radiomics analysis. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled a total of 217 patients with 269 lesions, who were diagnosed with spinal MM (79 cases, 81 lesions) or spinal metastases originated from lung cancer (138 cases, 188 lesions) confirmed by postoperative pathology. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences of all patients were collected and reviewed. A novel deep learning model of the Multi-view Attention-Guided Network (MAGN) was constructed based on contrast-enhanced T1WI (CET1) sequences. The constructed model extracts features from three views (sagittal, coronal and axial) and fused them for a more comprehensive differentiation analysis, and the attention guidance strategy is adopted for improving the classification performance, and increasing the interpretability of the method. The diagnostic efficiency among MAGN, radiomics model and the radiologist assessment were compared by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: Ablation studies were conducted to demonstrate the validity of multi-view fusion and attention guidance strategies: It has shown that the diagnostic model using multi-view fusion achieved higher diagnostic performance [ACC (0.79), AUC (0.77) and F1-score (0.67)] than those using single-view (sagittal, axial and coronal) images. Besides, MAGN incorporating attention guidance strategy further boosted performance as the ACC, AUC and F1-scores reached 0.81, 0.78 and 0.71, respectively. In addition, the MAGN outperforms the radiomics methods and radiologist assessment. The highest ACC, AUC and F1-score for the latter two methods were 0.71, 0.76 & 0.54, and 0.69, 0.71, & 0.65, respectively. Conclusions: The proposed MAGN can achieve satisfactory performance in differentiating spinal MM between metastases originating from lung cancer, which also outperforms the radiomics method and radiologist assessment.

19.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 151: 113164, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35609371

RESUMO

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) tend to differentiate into adipocytes rather than osteoblasts in osteoporosis and other pathological conditions. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the adipo-osteogenic imbalance greatly contributes to the ability to induce specific MSC differentiation for clinical applications. This study aimed to explore whether DEP-domain containing mTOR-interacting protein (DEPTOR) regulated MSC fate and bone-fat switch, which was indicated to be a key player in bone homeostasis. We found that DEPTOR expression decreased during the osteogenesis of BMSCs but increased during adipogenesis and the shift of cell lineage commitment of BMSCs to adipocytes in mice with osteoporosis. DEPTOR facilitated adipogenic differentiation while preventing the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Deptor ablation in BMSCs alleviated bone loss and reduced marrow fat accumulation in mice with osteoporosis. Mechanistically, DEPTOR binds transcriptional coactivator with a PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) and inhibits its transactivation properties, thereby repressing the transcriptional activity of RUNX2 and elevating gene transcription by peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor-gamma. TAZ knockdown in BMSCs abolished the beneficial role of Deptor ablation in bone-fat balance in mice. Together, our data indicate that DEPTOR is a molecular rheostat that modulates BMSC differentiation and bone-fat balance, and may represent a potential therapeutic target for age-related bone loss.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Osteoporose , Adipogenia/genética , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese/genética , Osteoporose/patologia
20.
Bone Res ; 10(1): 25, 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35256591

RESUMO

Senescence impairs preosteoblast expansion and differentiation into functional osteoblasts, blunts their responses to bone formation-stimulating factors and stimulates their secretion of osteoclast-activating factors. Due to these adverse effects, preosteoblast senescence is a crucial target for the treatment of age-related bone loss; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We found that mTORC1 accelerated preosteoblast senescence in vitro and in a mouse model. Mechanistically, mTORC1 induced a change in the membrane potential from polarization to depolarization, thus promoting cell senescence by increasing Ca2+ influx and activating downstream NFAT/ATF3/p53 signaling. We further identified the sodium channel Scn1a as a mediator of membrane depolarization in senescent preosteoblasts. Scn1a expression was found to be positively regulated by mTORC1 upstream of C/EBPα, whereas its permeability to Na+ was found to be gated by protein kinase A (PKA)-induced phosphorylation. Prosenescent stresses increased the permeability of Scn1a to Na+ by suppressing PKA activity and induced depolarization in preosteoblasts. Together, our findings identify a novel pathway involving mTORC1, Scn1a expression and gating, plasma membrane depolarization, increased Ca2+ influx and NFAT/ATF3/p53 signaling in the regulation of preosteoblast senescence. Pharmaceutical studies of the related pathways and agents might lead to novel potential treatments for age-related bone loss.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...