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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(5): 1343-1352, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621982

RESUMO

A research strategy combining transcriptome data mining and experimental verification was adopted to identify the marker genes characterizing the syndrome elements of phlegm, stasis, and deficiency in steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head(SONFH). Firstly, the common differentially expressed gene sets of SONFH with the syndromes of phlegm-stasis obstructing collaterals, vessel obstruction, and liver-kidney deficiency were obtained from the clinical transcriptomic analysis of a previous study. The differential expression trend analysis and functional gene mining were then employed to predict the candidate marker gene sets representing phlegm, stasis, and deficiency. The whole blood samples from SONFH patients, whole blood samples from SONFH rats, and affected femoral head tissue samples were collected for qPCR, which aimed to determine the expression levels of the candidate marker genes mentioned above. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) was established to objectively evaluate the syndrome differentiation effectiveness of the candidate marker genes mentioned above. The transcriptome data analysis results showed that the candidate marker genes for phlegm was ELOVL fatty acid elongase 6(ELOVL6), and those for stasis were ankyrin 1(ANK1), glycophorin A/B(GYPA/B), and Rh-associated glycoprotein(RHAG). The candidate marker genes for deficiency were solute carrier family 2 member 1(SLC2A1) and stomatin(STOM). The qPCR results showed that compared with that in the non-SONFH group, ELOVL6 had the lowest expression level in the peripheral blood of the SONFH patients with the syndrome of phlegm-stasis obstructing collaterals(P<0.05). Compared with that in the normal control group, ELOVL6 had the lowest expression level in the peripheral blood and affected femoral head tissue of SONFH rats modeled for 4 weeks(P<0.01), and it showed better syndrome differentiation effectiveness of rats modeled for 4 weeks(AUC=0.850, P=0.006) than at other modeling time points(8, 12, 16, and 21 weeks, AUC of 0.689, 0.766, 0.588, and 0.662, respectively). Compared with that in the non-SONFH group, the expression levels of ANK1, GYPA, and RHAG were the lowest in the peripheral blood of SONFH patients with the vessel obstruction syndrome(P<0.05). The expression levels of the three genes were the lowest in the peripheral blood and affected femoral head tissue of SONFH rats modeled for 12 weeks(P<0.05, P<0.01), and their syndrome differentiation effectiveness in the rats modeled for 12 weeks(GYPA: AUC=0.861, P=0.012; ANK1: AUC=0.855, P=0.006; RHAG: AUC=0.854, P=0.009) was superior to that for 4, 8, 16, and 21 weeks(GYPA: AUC=0.646, 0.573, 0.691, and 0.617, respectively; ANK: AUC1=0.630, 0.658, 0.657, and 0.585, respectively; RHAG: AUC=0.592, 0.511, 0.515, and 0.536, respectively). Compared with the non-SONFH group, both SLC2A1 and STOM had the lowest expression levels in the peripheral blood of patients with the syndrome of liver and kidney deficiency(P<0.05). Compared with the normal control group, their expression levels were the lowest in the peripheral blood and affected femoral head tissue of SONFH rats modeled for 21 weeks(P<0.05, except STOM in the peripheral blood of rats). Moreover, the syndrome differentiation effectiveness of SLC2A1 in the rats modeled for 21 weeks(AUC=0.806, P=0.009) was superior to that for 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks(AUC=0.520, 0.580, 0.741, 0.774, respectively), and STOM was meaningless in syndrome differentiation. In summary, the candidate marker gene for phlegm in SONFH is ELOVL6; the candidate marker genes for stasis are GYPA, RHAG, and ANK1; the candidate marker gene for deficiency is SLC2A1. The results help to reveal the biological connotations of phlegm, stasis, and deficiency in SONFH at the genetic level.


Assuntos
Experimentação Animal , Osteonecrose , Doenças Vasculares , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Transcriptoma , Cabeça do Fêmur , Síndrome , Esteroides/efeitos adversos
2.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 444, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) is a cytokine with multiple functions, including cell growth regulation, extracellular matrix production, angiogenesis homeostasis adjustment and et al. TGF-ß pathway activation promotes tumor metastasis/progression and mediates epithelial-mesenchymal transmission suppressing immunosurveillance in advanced tumors. GFH018, a small molecule inhibitor blocking TGF-ß signal transduction, inhibits the progression and/or metastasis of advanced cancers. This first-in-human study evaluated the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and efficacy of GFH018 monotherapy in patients with advanced solid tumors. METHODS: This phase I, open-label, multicenter study used a modified 3+3 dose escalation and expansion design. Adult patients with advanced solid tumors failing the standard of care were enrolled. Starting at 5 mg, eight dose levels up to 85 mg were evaluated. Patients received GFH018 BID (14d-on/14d-off) starting on the 4th day after a single dose on cycle 1, day 1. Subsequent cycles were defined as 28 days. The study also explored the safety of 85 mg BID 7d-on/7d-off. Adverse events were graded using NCI criteria for adverse events (NCI-CTCAE v5.0). PK was analyzed using a noncompartmental method. Efficacy was evaluated using RECIST 1.1. Blood samples were collected for biomarker analysis. RESULTS: Fifty patients were enrolled and received at least one dose of GFH018. No dose-limiting toxicity occurred, and the maximum tolerated dose was not reached. Forty-three patients (86.0%) had at least one treatment-related adverse event (TRAE), and three patients (6.0%) had ≥ G3 TRAEs. The most common TRAEs (any grade/grade ≥3) were AST increased (18%/0%), proteinuria (14%/2%), anemia (14%/2%), and ALT increased (12%/0%). No significant cardiotoxicity or bleeding was observed. GFH018 PK was linear and dose-independent, with a mean half-life of 2.25-8.60 h from 5 - 85 mg. Nine patients (18.0%) achieved stable disease, and one patient with thymic carcinoma achieved tumor shrinkage, with the maximum target lesion decreased by 18.4%. Serum TGF-ß1 levels were not associated with clinical responses. The comprehensive recommended dose for Phase II was defined as 85 mg BID 14d-on/14d-off. CONCLUSIONS: GFH018 monotherapy presented a favorable safety profile without cardiac toxicity or bleeding. Modest efficacy warrants further studies, including combination strategies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrial. gov ( https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov/ ), NCT05051241. Registered on 2021-09-02.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta , Adulto , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Critérios de Avaliação de Resposta em Tumores Sólidos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta/antagonistas & inibidores
3.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28952, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596098

RESUMO

Amino acid variants in protein may result in deleterious effects on enzymatic activity. In this study we investigate the DNA variants on activity of CYP2B6 gene in a Chinese Han population for potential use in precision medicine. All exons in CYP2B6 gene from 1483 Chinese Han adults (Zhejiang province) were sequenced using Sanger sequencing. The effects of nonsynonymous variants on recombinant protein catalytic activity were investigated in vitro with Sf12 system. The haplotype of novel nonsynonymous variants with other single nucleotide variants in the same allele was determined using Nanopore sequencing. Of 38 alleles listed on the Pharmacogene Variation Consortium, we detected 7 previously reported alleles and 18 novel variants, of which 11 nonsynonymous variants showed lower catalytic activity (0.00-0.60) on bupropion compared to CYP2B6*1. Further, these 11 novel star-alleles (CYP2B6*39-49) were assigned by the Pharmacogene Variation Consortium, which may be valuable for pharmacogenetic research and personalized medicine.

5.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e48947, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteopenia and osteoporosis are posing a long-term influence on the aging population's health contributing to a higher risk of mortality, loss of autonomy, hospitalization, and huge health system costs and social burden. Therefore, more pertinent data are needed to demonstrate the current state of osteoporosis. OBJECTIVE: This sampling survey seeks to assess the trends in the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study involving 16,377 participants used a multistage sampling method. Bone mineral density was measured using the quantitative ultrasonic densitometry. Student t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to test the difference between normally and nonnormally distributed quantitative variables between male and female participants. A chi-square (χ2) test was used to compare categorized variables. Stratified analysis was conducted to describe the prevalence rates of osteoporosis (T score ≤-2.5) and osteopenia (T score -2.5 to -1.0) across age, sex, calcium intake, and menopause. A direct standardization method was used to calculate the age-standardized prevalence rates of osteoporosis and osteopenia. T-score was further categorized into quartiles (T1-T4) by age- and sex-specified groups. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of osteopenia and osteoporosis were 40.5% (6633/16,377) and 7.93% (1299/16,377), respectively, and the age-standardized prevalence rates were 27.32% (287,877,129.4/1,053,861,940) and 3.51% (36,974,582.3/1,053,861,940), respectively. There was an increase in osteopenia and osteoporosis prevalence from 21.47% (120/559) to 56.23% (754/1341) and 0.89% (5/559) to 17.23% (231/1341), respectively, as age increased from 18 years to 75 years old. The prevalence rates of osteopenia and osteoporosis were significantly higher in female participants (4238/9645, 43.94% and 1130/9645, 11.72%) than in male participants (2395/6732, 35.58% and 169/6732, 2.51%; P<.001), and in postmenopausal female participants (3638/7493, 48.55% and 1053/7493, 14.05%) than in premenopausal female participants (538/2026, 26.55% and 53/2026, 2.62%; P<.001). In addition, female participants with a history of calcium intake had a lower osteoporosis prevalence rate than female participants without any history of calcium intake in all age groups (P=.004). From low quartile to high quartile of T-score, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (752/4037, 18.63%; 779/4029, 19.33%; 769/3894, 19.75%; and 869/3879, 22.4%) and dyslipidemia (2228/4036, 55.2%; 2304/4027, 57.21%; 2306/3891, 59.26%; and 2379/3878, 61.35%) were linearly increased (P<.001), while the prevalence of cancer (112/4037, 2.77%; 110/4029, 2.73%; 103/3894, 2.65%; and 77/3879, 1.99%) was decreased (P=.03). CONCLUSIONS: Our data imply that as people age, osteopenia and osteoporosis are more common in females than in males, particularly in postmenopausal females than in premenopausal females, and bone mineral density significantly affects the prevalence of chronic diseases. These findings offer information that can be applied to intervention programs meant to prevent or lessen the burden of osteoporosis in China.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Osteoporose , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Adolescente , Cálcio , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários
6.
Cell Rep ; 43(4): 114111, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615319

RESUMO

The efficacy of immunotherapy against colorectal cancer (CRC) is impaired by insufficient immune cell recruitment into the tumor microenvironment. Our study shows that targeting circDNA2v, a circular RNA commonly overexpressed in CRC, can be exploited to elicit cytotoxic T cell recruitment. circDNA2v functions through binding to IGF2BP3, preventing its ubiquitination, and prolonging the IGF2BP3 half-life, which in turn sustains mRNA levels of the protooncogene c-Myc. Targeting circDNA2v by gene silencing downregulates c-Myc to concordantly induce tumor cell senescence and the release of proinflammatory mediators. Production of CXCL10 and interleukin-9 by CRC cells is elicited through JAK-STAT1 signaling, in turn promoting the chemotactic and cytolytic activities of CD8+ T cells. Clinical evidence associates increased circDNA2v expression in CRC tissues with reductions in CD8+ T cell infiltration and worse outcomes. The regulatory relationship between circDNA2v, cellular senescence, and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes thus provides a rational approach for improving immunotherapy in CRC.

7.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 81(1): 174, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597936

RESUMO

Mature spermatozoa with normal morphology and motility are essential for male reproduction. The epididymis has an important role in the proper maturation and function of spermatozoa for fertilization. However, factors related to the processes involved in spermatozoa modifications are still unclear. Here we demonstrated that CCDC28A, a member of the CCDC family proteins, is highly expressed in testes and the CCDC28A deletion leads to male infertility. We found CCDC28A deletion had a mild effect on spermatogenesis. And epididymal sperm collected from Ccdc28a-/- mice showed bent sperm heads, acrosomal defects, reduced motility and decreased in vitro fertilization competence whereas their axoneme, outer dense fibers, and fibrous sheath were all normal. Furthermore, we found that CCDC28A interacted with sperm acrosome membrane-associated protein 1 (SPACA1) and glycogen synthase kinase 3a (GSK3A), and deficiencies in both proteins in mice led to bent heads and abnormal acrosomes, respectively. Altogether, our results reveal the essential role of CCDC28A in regulating sperm morphology and motility and suggesting a potential marker for male infertility.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Masculino , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides/genética , Sêmen , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Cabeça do Espermatozoide , Espermatozoides
8.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0236723, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572997

RESUMO

Species delimitation based on lineage definition has become increasingly popular. However, these methods have been limited, especially for species that lack genomic data and are morphologically similar. The trickiest part for the species identification is that the interspecific and intraspecific boundaries are vague. Taking Prorocentrum (Dinophyta) as an example, analysis of cell morphology, growth, and toxin synthesis in both species of P. lima and P. arenarium does not provide a reliable basis for species delineation. However, through phylogenetic and genetic distance analyses of their ITS and LSU sequences, establishment of evolutionary tree based on orthologous gene sequences, and combining the results of automatic barcode gap discovery and Poisson tree processes models, it was sustained that P. arenarium does not belong to the P. lima complex and should be considered as an independent species. Interspecies genetic evolution analysis revealed that P. lima and P. arenarium may contribute to evolutionary direction that favors combating reverse environmental factors. In P. lima, viral invasion may be one of the reasons for its large genome size. In the study, P. lima complex has been selected as an example to enhance the taxonomic identification of microalgae through molecular and genetic evolution, offering valuable insights into refining taxonomic identification and promoting microbial biodiversity research in other species.IMPORTANCEMicroalgae, especially the species known as Prorocentrum, have received significant attention due to their ability to trigger harmful algal blooms and produce toxins. However, the boundaries between species and within species are ambiguous. Clear and comprehensive species delineation indicates that Prorocentrum arenarium should be considered as an independent species, separate from the Prorocentrum lima complex. Improving the classification and identification of microalgae through molecular and genetic evolution will provide reference points for other cryptic species. Prorocentrum occupy multiple ecological niches in marine environments, and studying their evolutionary direction contributes to understanding their ecological adaptations and community succession.

9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7648, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561388

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cells play essential roles in the tumor development, diagnosis, and prognosis of tumors. In this study, we aimed to establish a reliable signature based on marker genes in NK cells, thus providing a new perspective for assessing immunotherapy and the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer (GC). We analyzed a total of 1560 samples retrieved from the public database. We performed a comprehensive analysis of single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) data of gastric cancer and identified 377 marker genes for NK cells. By performing Cox regression analysis, we established a 12-gene NK cell-associated signature (NKCAS) for the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort, that assigned GC patients into a low-risk group (LRG) or a high-risk group (HRG). In the TCGA cohort, the areas under curve (AUC) value were 0.73, 0.81, and 0.80 at 1, 3, and 5 years. External validation of the predictive ability for the signature was then validated in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) cohorts (GSE84437). The expression levels of signature genes were measured and validated in GC cell lines by real-time PCR. Moreover, NKCAS was identified as an independent prognostic factor by multivariate analysis. We combined this with a variety of clinicopathological characteristics (age, M stage, and tumor grade) to construct a nomogram to predict the survival outcomes of patients. Moreover, the LRG showed higher immune cell infiltration, especially CD8+ T cells and NK cells. The risk score was negatively associated with inflammatory activities. Importantly, analysis of the independent immunotherapy cohort showed that the LRG had a better prognosis and immunotherapy response when compared with the HRG. The identification of NK cell marker genes in this study suggests potential therapeutic targets. Additionally, the developed predictive signatures and nomograms may aid in the clinical management of GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Prognóstico , Sequência de Bases , Imunoterapia , RNA , Microambiente Tumoral
10.
Ann Med ; 56(1): 2338604, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating plasma cells (CPCs) are defined by the presence of peripheral blood clonal plasma cells, which would contribute to the progression and dissemination of multiple myeloma (MM). An increasing number of studies have demonstrated the predictive potential of CPCs in the past few years. Therefore, there is a growing need for an updated meta-analysis to identify the specific relationship between CPCs and the prognosis of MM based on the current research status. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were screened to determine eligible studies from inception to November 5, 2023. Publications that reported the prognostic value of CPCs in MM patients were included. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were extracted to pool the results. Subgroup analyses were performed based on region, sample size, cut-off value, detection time, initial treatment, and data type. The association between CPCs level and clinicopathological characteristics, including the International Staging System (ISS), Revised-ISS (R-ISS), and cytogenetic abnormalities were also evaluated. Statistical analyses were conducted using STATA 17.0 software. RESULTS: Twenty-two studies with a total of 5637 myeloma patients were enrolled in the current meta-analysis. The results indicated that myeloma patients with elevated CPCs were expected to have a poor OS (HR = 2.19, 95% CI: 1.81-2.66, p < 0.001) and PFS (HR = 2.45, 95% CI: 1.93-3.12, p < 0.001). Subgroup analyses did not alter the prognostic role of CPCs, regardless of region, sample size, cut-off value, detection time, initial treatment, or data type. Moreover, the increased CPCs were significantly related to advanced tumour stage (ISS III vs. ISS I-II: pooled OR = 2.89, 95% CI: 2.41-3.46, p < 0.001; R-ISS III vs. R-ISS I-II: pooled OR = 3.65, 95% CI: 2.43-5.50, p < 0.001) and high-risk cytogenetics (high-risk vs. standard-risk: OR = 2.22, 95% CI: 1.60-3.08, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis confirmed that the increased number of CPCs had a negative impact on the PFS and OS of MM patients. Therefore, CPCs could be a promising prognostic biomarker that helps with risk stratification and disease monitoring.


There is a growing need for an updated meta-analysis to identify the specific relationship between CPCs and the prognosis of MM based on the current research status.Our meta-analysis revealed that a high CPCs level was significantly associated with worse OS and PFS in MM patients.CPCs could be a promising predictive biomarker that helps with risk stratification and disease monitoring.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Plasmócitos/patologia , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
11.
Phytomedicine ; 129: 155593, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preventing joint edema is crucial in halting osteoarthritis (OA) progression. Growing clinical evidence indicate that Jianpi-Tongluo Formula (JTF) may have a promising anti-edema effect. However, the therapeutic properties of JTF and the underlying mechanisms remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An OA rat model was established and employed to evaluate pharmacological effects of JTF in vivo based on dynamic histopathologic assessments and micro-CT observations. Then, OA-related genes and potential targets of JTF were identified through clinical transcriptomic data analysis and "disease gene-drug target" network analysis, which were verified by a series of in vivo experiments. RESULTS: JTF administration effectively reduced pain and joint edema, inhibited matrix degradation, chondrocyte apoptosis, and aquaporin expression in OA rats. Notably, JTF dose-dependently reversed damage-associated molecular patterns and inflammatory factor upregulation. Mechanically, our "disease gene-drug target" network analysis indicated that the NCOA4-HMGB1-GSK3B-AQPs axis, implicated in ferroptosis and aquaporin dysregulation, may be potentially served as a target of JTF against OA. Accordingly, JTF mitigated NCOA4, HMGB1, and GSK3B expression, oxidative stress, and iron metabolism aberrations in OA rats. Furthermore, JTF treatment significantly attenuated the aberrant upregulation of AQP1, AQP3, and AQP4 proteins observed in cartilage tissues of OA rats. CONCLUSION: Our data reveal for the first time that JTF may exert cartilage protective and anti-edema effects in osteoarthritis therapy by inhibiting NCOA4-HMGB1-driven ferroptosis and aquaporin dysregulation.

12.
Injury ; : 111540, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622039

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In far-distal extra-articular tibia fracture "extreme" nailing, debate surrounds the relative biomechanical performance of plating the fibula compared with extra distal interlocks. This study aimed to evaluate several constructs for extreme nailing including one interlock (one medial-lateral interlock), one interlock + plate (one medial-lateral interlock with lateral fibula compression plating), and two interlocks (one medial-lateral interlock and one anterior-posterior interlock). METHODS: Fifteen pairs of fresh cadaver legs were instrumented with a tibial nail to the physeal scar. A 1 cm segment of bone was resected from the distal tibia 3.5 cm from the joint and an oblique osteotomy was made in the distal fibula. We loaded specimens with three different distal fixation constructs (one interlock, one interlock + plate, and two interlocks) through 10,000 cycles form 100N-700 N of axial loading. Load to failure (Newtons), angulation and displacement were also measured. RESULTS: Mean load to failure was 2092 N (one interlock), 1917 N (one interlock + plate), and 2545 N (two interlocks). Linear mixed effects modeling demonstrated that two interlocks had a load to failure 578 N higher than one interlock alone (95 % CI, 74N-1082 N; P = 0.02), but demonstrated no significant difference between one interlock and one interlock + plate. No statistically significant difference in rates or timing of displacement >2 mm or angulation >10° were demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: When nailing far-distal extra-articular tibia and fibula fractures, adding a second interlock provides more stability than adding a fibular plate. Distal fibula plating may have minimal biomechanical effect in extreme nailing.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37636, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608065

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the clinical predictors, including traditional Chinese medicine tongue characteristics and other clinical parameters for chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression (CIM), and then to develop a clinical prediction model and construct a nomogram. A total of 103 patients with lung cancer were prospectively enrolled in this study. All of them were scheduled to receive first-line chemotherapy regimens. Participants were randomly assigned to either the training group (n = 52) or the test group (n = 51). Tongue characteristics and clinical parameters were collected before the start of chemotherapy, and then the incidence of myelosuppression was assessed after treatment. We used univariate logistic regression analysis to identify the risk predictors for assessing the incidence of CIM. Moreover, we developed a predictive model and a nomogram using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Finally, we evaluated the predictive performance of the model by examining the area under the curve value of the receiver operating characteristic, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis. As a result, a total of 3 independent predictors were found to be associated with the CIM in multivariate regression analysis: the fat tongue (OR = 3.67), Karnofsky performance status score (OR = 0.11), and the number of high-toxic drugs in chemotherapy regimens (OR = 4.78). Then a model was constructed using these 3 predictors and it exhibited a robust predictive performance with an area under the curve of 0.82 and the consistent calibration curves. Besides, the decision curve analysis results suggested that applying this predictive model can result in more net clinical benefit for patients. We established a traditional Chinese medicine prediction model based on the tongue characteristics and clinical parameters, which could serve as a useful tool for assessing the risk of CIM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Doenças da Medula Óssea , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Estatísticos , Prognóstico , Língua
14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 273: 116160, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432157

RESUMO

High alkaline environment can lead to respiratory alkalosis and ammonia toxification to freshwater fish. However, the Amur ide (Leuciscus waleckii), which inhabits an extremely alkaline lake in China with titratable alkalinity up to 53.57 mM (pH 9.6) has developed special physiological and molecular mechanisms to adapt to such an environment. Nevertheless, how the Amur ide can maintain acid-base balance and perform ammonia detoxification effectively remains unclear. Therefore, this study was designed to study the ammonia excretion rate (Tamm), total nitrogen accumulation in blood and tissues, including identification, expression, and localization of ammonia-related transporters in gills of both the alkali and freshwater forms of the Amur ide. The results showed that the freshwater form Amur ide does not have a perfect ammonia excretion mechanism exposed to high-alkaline condition. Nevertheless, the alkali form of Amur ide was able to excrete ammonia better than freshwater from Amur ide, which was facilitated by the ionocytes transporters (Rhbg, Rhcg1, Na+/H+ exchanger 2 (NHE2), and V-type H+ ATPase (VHA)) in the gills. Converting ammonia into urea served as an ammonia detoxication strategy to reduced endogenous ammonia accumulation under high-alkaline environment.


Assuntos
Amônia , Cipriniformes , Animais , Amônia/toxicidade , Amônia/metabolismo , Lagos , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Álcalis , Brânquias/metabolismo
15.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 672, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rapid global spread of COVID-19 has seriously impacted people's daily lives and the social economy while also posing a threat to their lives. The analysis of infectious disease transmission is of significant importance for the rational allocation of epidemic prevention and control resources, the management of public health emergencies, and the improvement of future public health systems. METHODS: We propose a spatiotemporal COVID-19 transmission model with a neighborhood as an agent unit and an urban spatial network with long and short edge connections. The spreading model includes a network of defined agent attributes, transformation rules, and social relations and a small world network representing agents' social relations. Parameters for each stage are fitted by the Runge-Kutta method combined with the SEIR model. Using the NetLogo development platform, accurate dynamic simulations of the spatial and temporal evolution of the early epidemic were achieved. RESULTS: Experimental results demonstrate that the fitted curves from the four stages agree with actual data, with only a 12.27% difference between the average number of infected agents and the actual number of infected agents after simulating 1 hundred times. Additionally, the model simulates and compares different "city closure" scenarios. The results showed that implementing a 'lockdown' 10 days earlier would lead to the peak number of infections occurring 7 days earlier than in the normal scenario, with a reduction of 40.35% in the total number of infections. DISCUSSION: Our methodology emphasizes the crucial role of timely epidemic interventions in curbing the spread of infectious diseases, notably in the predictive assessment and evaluation of lockdown strategies. Furthermore, this approach adeptly forecasts the influence of varying intervention timings on peak infection rates and total case numbers, accurately reflecting real-world virus transmission patterns. This highlights the importance of proactive measures in diminishing epidemic impacts. It furnishes a robust framework, empowering policymakers to refine epidemic response strategies based on a synthesis of predictive modeling and empirical data.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Epidemias , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Simulação por Computador
16.
Comput Biol Med ; 172: 108214, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508057

RESUMO

Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is a heart valve disorder characterized primarily by calcification of the aortic valve, resulting in stiffness and dysfunction of the valve. CAVD is prevalent among aging populations and is linked to factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, tobacco use, and genetic predisposition, and can result in becoming a growing economic and health burden. Once aortic valve calcification occurs, it will inevitably progress to aortic stenosis. At present, there are no medications available that have demonstrated effectiveness in managing or delaying the progression of the disease. In this study, we mined four publicly available microarray datasets (GSE12644 GSE51472, GSE77287, GSE233819) associated with CAVD from the GEO database with the aim of identifying hub genes associated with the occurrence of CAVD and searching for possible biological targets for the early prevention and diagnosis of CAVD. This study provides preliminary evidence for therapeutic and preventive targets for CAVD and may provide a solid foundation for subsequent biological studies.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Calcinose , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Humanos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/genética , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/genética , Calcinose/genética
17.
Inorg Chem ; 63(12): 5611-5622, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477101

RESUMO

The significant threat posed by the high toxicity of heavy metals and antibiotics in water pollutants has prompted a growing emphasis on the development of highly efficient removal methods for these pollutants. In this paper, flexible electrospinning polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber-supported CdBi2S4 was synthesized via a hydrothermal method, followed by amination treatment with diethylenetriamine (DETA). The as-prepared CdBi2S4/NH2-PAN nanofiber, enriched with sulfur vacancies, demonstrated outstanding visible-light trapping ability and a suitable band gap, leading to efficient separation and transport of photogenerated carriers, ultimately resulting in exceptional photocatalytic capability. The optimal 3-CdBi2S4/NH2-PAN nanofiber achieved impressive reduction rates of 92.26% for Cr(VI) and 96.45% for tetracycline hydrochloride (TCH) within 120 min, which were much higher than those for CdS/NH2-PAN, Bi2S3/NH2-PAN, and CdBi2S4/PAN nanofibers. After five cycles, the removal rate of the CdBi2S4/NH2-PAN nanofiber consistently remained above 90%. Their ease of separation and recovery from the application environment contributes to their practicality. Additionally, compared with conventional suspended particle catalyzers, the composite nanofiber exhibited remarkable flexibility and self-supporting properties.

18.
Phys Med Biol ; 69(9)2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537303

RESUMO

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) usually requires a long acquisition time. The movement of the patients during MRI acquisition will produce image artifacts. Previous studies have shown that clear MR image texture edges are of great significance for pathological diagnosis. In this paper, a motion artifact reduction method for cardiac MRI based on edge enhancement network is proposed. Firstly, the four-plane normal vector adaptive fractional differential mask is applied to extract the edge features of blurred images. The four-plane normal vector method can reduce the noise information in the edge feature maps. The adaptive fractional order is selected according to the normal mean gradient and the local Gaussian curvature entropy of the images. Secondly, the extracted edge feature maps and blurred images are input into the de-artifact network. In this network, the edge fusion feature extraction network and the edge fusion transformer network are specially designed. The former combines the edge feature maps with the fuzzy feature maps to extract the edge feature information. The latter combines the edge attention network and the fuzzy attention network, which can focus on the blurred image edges. Finally, extensive experiments show that the proposed method can obtain higher peak signal-to-noise ratio and structural similarity index measure compared to state-of-art methods. The de-artifact images have clear texture edges.


Assuntos
Artefatos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Movimento (Física) , Movimento , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
19.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 11(3): 100380, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440155

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize nonpharmacological interventions and assess their effects on symptom clusters and quality of life (QoL) in breast cancer (BC) survivors. Methods: Seven English and three Chinese electronic databases and three clinical trial registries were searched from January 2001 to August 2023. A narrative approach was applied to summarize the data. The primary outcome was symptom clusters measured by any patient-reported questionnaires, and the secondary outcomes were QoL and intervention-related adverse events. Results: Six published articles, one thesis, and one ongoing trial involving 625 BC survivors were included. The fatigue-sleep disturbance-depression symptom cluster was the most frequently reported symptom cluster among BC survivors. The nonpharmacological interventions were potentially positive on symptom clusters and QoL among the BC survivors. However, some of the included studies exhibited methodological concerns (e.g., inadequate blinding and allocation concealment). The intervention protocols in only two studies were developed following a solid evidence-based approach. Adverse events related to the targeted interventions were reported in six included studies, with none performing a causality analysis. Conclusions: The nonpharmacological interventions could be promising strategies for alleviating symptom clusters in BC survivors. Future studies should adopt rigorously designed, randomized controlled trials to generate robust evidence. Systematic review registration: INPLASY202380028.

20.
J Clin Med Res ; 16(2-3): 63-74, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38550548

RESUMO

Background: Migraine, vestibular migraine (VM) and tension-type headache (TTH) are the most common disorders in dizziness and headache clinics, associated with dizziness or vertigo and postural imbalance, causing a substantial burden on the individual and the society. The objective of this research was to examine the presence of spontaneous nystagmus, comorbidity of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), and Tumarkin fall in patients; additionally, the study focused on assessing the patients' responses to bithermal caloric irrigation and video head impulse test (vHIT). Methods: Consecutive patients diagnosed with migraine, VM, and TTH according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, third edition (beta version (ICHD-3ß)), who were referred to Dizziness and Headache Clinic were enrolled. BPPV and Tumarkin fall were assessed by questionnaires. The presence of BPPV was further evaluated through Dix-Hallpike or head roll maneuver, while spontaneous nystagmus was monitored using video-oculography during interictal period. Lastly, patients' responses to bithermal caloric irrigation and vHIT were analyzed. Results: There was a significantly higher incidence of spontaneous nystagmus in VM compared to both migraine and TTH. The drop attack episodes were slightly more frequent in VM than in TTH and migraine, though not statistically significant. The prevalence of BPPV was significantly higher in VM than in migraine and TTH. Unilateral vestibular paresis was more common in the VM group than in migraine and TTH. There was profound unilateral weakness (UW) in VM patients than in migraine, but no significant difference was found between VM and TTH. In VM, the percentage of saccades along with reduced vHIT gain was significantly higher than in migraine. Lastly, the percentage of abnormal response in vHIT was significantly lower than the percentage of abnormal UW in caloric irrigation across all groups. Conclusions: In VM patients, the prevalences of decompensated peripheral damage and BPPV were higher than in migraine and TTH patients as disclosed by the presence of peripheral spontaneous nystagmus and abnormal vHIT during the interictal period. Our findings suggest that the peripheral vestibular system acts as a significant mechanism in the pathogenesis of VM, and it might also be involved in migraine and TTH cases without vertigo symptoms.

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