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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832811

RESUMO

We theoretically investigated the host-guest chemistry between belt-like cycloparaphenylenes (CPPs) and entrapped bowl-shaped sumanene and corannulene. Density functional theory calculations show that the buckybowls can be stabilized in a CPP host with an appropriately sized cavity (e.g., [10]CPP) through multi-site CH-π interactions. Arising from the confined intermolecular interactions within the cavity, the restrictive buckybowls display novel reactivity distinct from that in their free state.

2.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate and compare the predictive accuracy of Sonazoid-contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for detecting microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: In this single-center prospective study, we included 64 patients with histopathologically confirmed single HCC lesions. Based on post-operative pathologic data, patients were categorized into two groups: those with MVI (n = 21) and those without MVI (n = 43). The diagnostic efficacy of CEUS was compared with that of MRI in predicting MVI. RESULTS: Multifactorial analysis revealed that US features (tumor size > 4.35 cm, peritumoral enhancement, post-vascular ring enhancement, peak energy in the arterial phase of the difference between the margin area of HCC and distal liver parenchyma <-1.0 × 106 a.u), MRI features (rim enhancement, irregular tumor margin, and the halo sign) were all independent predictors of MVI (p < 0.05). The sensitivity and specificity of CEUS features in predicting MVI ranged from 61.9% to 86.4% and from 42.9% to 71.4%, respectively. For MRI features, the sensitivity and specificity ranged from 33.3% to 76.3% and from 54.7% to 90.5%, respectively. No statistically significant differences were observed in the area under the curve between CEUS and MRI (p > 0.05). Notably, peak energy of the difference showed the highest sensitivity at 86.4%, while the halo sign in MRI exhibited the highest specificity at 90.5%. CONCLUSION: Sonazoid-CEUS and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI demonstrate potential in predicting MVI in HCC lesions. Notably, CEUS showed higher sensitivity, whereas MRI displayed greater specificity in predicting MVI.

3.
Hellenic J Cardiol ; 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is closely related with cardiovascular disease risk. The present study aims to evaluate the association between metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) and the presence of coronary atherosclerotic plaques and plaques burden as detected by computed tomography angiography (CTA), and further test the screening value of MAFLD on the presence of coronary atherosclerotic plaques and plaques burden. METHODS: We used data from the PolyvasculaR Evaluation for Cognitive Impairment and vaScular Events study, a community-based cohort. Hepatic steatosis was assessed by fatty liver index. Coronary atherosclerotic plaques and burden were detected by CTA. The association of MAFLD with the presence of coronary atherosclerotic plaques and burden was assessed by binary and ordinal logistic regression models, respectively. RESULTS: Among the 3,029 participants (mean age 61.2±6.7 years), 47.9% (1,452) presented with MAFLD. MAFLD was associated with an increased odds of the presence of coronary atherosclerotic plaques (OR, 1.27; 95% CI: 1.03-1.56), segment involvement score [cOR (common odds ratio), 1.25; 95% CI, 1.03-1.51], and segment stenosis score (cOR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.06-1.57). Participants with severe fibrosis or diagnosed as DM-MAFLD subtypes were with higher odds for the presence of coronary atherosclerotic plaques and plaques burden. In addition, MAFLD demonstrated higher sensitivity for detecting the presence of coronary atherosclerotic plaques and plaques burden (54%-64%) compared to conventional CVD risk factors (like diabetes, obesity, and dyslipidemia). CONCLUSIONS: MAFLD is associated with higher odds of suffering from the presence of coronary atherosclerotic plaques and plaques burden. Moreover, MAFLD may offer better screening potential for coronary atherosclerosis compared to established CVD risk factors.

4.
J Physiol ; 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837412

RESUMO

In mammals, odour information within the olfactory bulb (OB) is processed by complex neural circuits before being ultimately represented in the action potential activity of mitral/tufted cells (M/Ts). Cholecystokinin-expressing (CCK+) superficial tufted cells (sTCs) are a subset of tufted cells that potentially contribute to olfactory processing in the OB by orchestrating M/T activity. However, the exact role of CCK+ sTCs in modulating odour processing and olfactory function in vivo is largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that manipulating CCK+ sTCs can generate perception and induce place avoidance. Optogenetic activation/inactivation of CCK+ sTCs exerted strong but differing effects on spontaneous and odour-evoked M/T firing. Furthermore, inactivation of CCK+ sTCs disrupted M/T odour encoding and impaired olfactory detection and odour discrimination. These results establish the role of CCK+ sTCs in odour representation and olfactory behaviours. KEY POINTS: Mice could perceive the activity of CCK+ sTCs and show place avoidance to CCK+ sTC inactivation. Optical activation of CCK+ sTCs increased the percentage of cells with odour response but reduced the odour-evoked response in M/Ts in awake mice. Optical inactivation of CCK+ sTCs greatly decreased spontaneous firing and odour-evoked response in M/Ts. Inactivation of CCK+ sTCs impairs the odour decoding performance of M/Ts and disrupts odour detection and discrimination behaviours in mice. These results indicate that CCK+ sTCs participate in modulating the odour representation and maintaining normal olfactory-related behaviours.

5.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 503, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Life's Essential 8 (LE8), the recently updated construct for quantifying cardiovascular health, is related to the risks of cardiovascular events. The present study aimed to evaluate associations of LE8 score with the multi-territorial extent of atherosclerosis in a community-dwelling population. METHODS: Data were derived from the baseline cross-sectional survey of the PolyvasculaR Evaluation for Cognitive Impairment and vaScular Events (PRECISE) study in Lishui City. The LE8 included overall, medical and behavior LE8 scores, and were categorized as low (< 60), moderate (60-<80), and high (≥ 80) groups. Vascular magnetic resonance imaging was used to evaluate intracranial and extracranial arteries; thoracoabdominal computed tomography angiography to evaluate coronary, subclavian, aorta, renal, ilio-femoral arteries; and ankle-brachial index to evaluate peripheral arteries. The presence of atherosclerotic plaque or stenosis in any territory was defined as plaque or vascular stenosis with 1 territory affected or more in these arteries. The extent of atherosclerotic plaques or stenosis was assessed according to the number of these 8 vascular sites affected, and graded as four grades (none, single territory, 2-3 territories, 4-8 territories). RESULTS: Of 3065 included participants, the average age was 61.2 ± 6.7 years, and 53.5% were women (n = 1639). The moderate and high overall LE8 groups were associated with lower extent of multi-territorial plaques [common odds ratio (cOR) 0.44, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.35-0.55; cOR 0.16, 95%CI, 0.12-0.21; respectively] and stenosis (cOR 0.51, 95%CI, 0.42-0.62; cOR 0.16, 95%CI, 0.12-0.21; respectively) after adjustment for potential covariates. Similar results were observed for medical LE8 score with the extent of multi-territorial plaques and stenosis (P < 0.05). We also found the association between behavior LE8 score and the extent of multi-territorial stenosis (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The higher LE8 scores, indicating healthier lifestyle, were associated with lower presence and extent of atherosclerotic plaque and stenosis in southern Chinese adults. Prospective studies are needed to further validate these findings.


Assuntos
Placa Aterosclerótica , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Masculino , Feminino , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Constrição Patológica , Vida Independente/tendências
6.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis ; 109(4): 116328, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823207

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the dynamic changes in serum (1-3)-ß-D-glucan (BDG) caused by intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) infusion in adults. METHODS: This study included patients who received IVIG infusion from October 2021 to October 2022 during hospitalization. We randomly examined two IVIG samples for every patient. Serum samples were collected at nine time points: before (Tpre), immediately (T1-0), 6h (T1-1) and 12h (T1-2) later on the first day; immediately (T2-0) and six hours later (T2-1) on the second day during IVIG infusion, and within three days after IVIG infusion (Ta1, Ta2, and Ta3, respectively). The Friedman test was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: A total of 159 serum BDG from 19 patients were included in the analysis. The BDG content of IVIG ranged from 249 pg/ml to 4812 pg/ml. Patients had significantly elevated serum BDG on T1-0 (176 (113, 291) pg/ml, p = 0.002) and Ta1 (310 (199, 470) pg/ml, p < 0.001), compared with Tpre (41 (38, 65) pg/ml). The increments of serum BDG (ΔBDG) were associated with BDG concentration of IVIG (Spearman r = 0.59, p = 0.02). Individuals with abnormal renal function indexes showed higher serum ΔBDG values at Ta1 (403 (207, 484) pg/ml) than patients with normal renal function (172 (85, 316) pg/ml, p = 0.036). CONCLUSION: Patients who received IVIG had significantly higher serum BDG values. Elevated BDG levels correlate with BDG content of IVIG and abnormal renal function indexes.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas , beta-Glucanas , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/efeitos adversos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Feminino , beta-Glucanas/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto , Infusões Intravenosas , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Proteoglicanas
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13319, 2024 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858454

RESUMO

Prevention of subsequent fracture is a major public health challenge in the field of osteoporosis prevention and treatment, and older women are at high risk for osteoporotic fractures. This study aimed to examine factors associated with subsequent fracture in older Chinese women with osteoporosis. We collected data on 9212 older female patients with osteoporotic fractures from 580 medical institutions in 31 provinces of China. Higher odds of subsequent fractures were associated with age of 70-79 years (OR 1.218, 95% CI 1.049-1.414), age ≥ 80 (OR 1.455, 95% CI 1.222-1.732), index fracture site was vertebrae (OR 1.472, 95% CI 1.194-1.815) and hip (OR 1.286, 95% CI 1.041-1.590), index fracture caused by fall (OR 1.822, 95% CI 1.281-2.591), strain (OR 1.587, 95% CI 1.178-2.139), no inducement (OR 1.541, 95% CI 1.043-2.277), and assessed as high risk of fracture (OR 1.865, 95% CI 1.439-2.416), BMD T-score ≤ -2.5 (OR 1.725, 95% CI 1.440-2.067), history of surgery (OR 3.941, 95% CI 3.475-4.471) and trauma (OR 8.075, 95% CI 6.941-9.395). Low risk of fall (OR 0.681, 95% CI 0.513-0.904), use of anti-osteoporosis medication (AOM, OR 0.801, 95% CI 0.693-0.926), and women who had received fall prevention health education (OR 0.583, 95% CI 0.465-0.730) associated with lower risk. The areas under the curve of the prediction model was 0.818. The sensitivity was 67.0% and the specificity was 82.0%. The prediction model showed a good ability to predict the risk of subsequent fracture in older women with osteoporotic fractures and are suitable for early self-measurement which may benefit post-fracture management.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Osteoporose , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Densidade Óssea , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Osteoporose/complicações , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , População do Leste Asiático
8.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Morphine tolerance refers to gradual reduction in response to drug with continuous or repeated use of morphine, requiring higher doses to achieve same effect. METHODS: The morphine tolerance dataset GSE7762 profiles, obtained from gene expression omnibus (GEO) database, were used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) was applied to explore core modules of DEGs related to morphine tolerance. Core genes were input into Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD). Animal experiments were performed to validate role of Tsc22d3 in morphine tolerance and its relationship with ferroptosis-related pathway. RESULTS: 500 DEGs were identified. DEGs were primarily enriched in negative regulation of brain development, neuronal apoptosis processes, and neurosystem development. Core gene was identified as Tsc22d3. Tsc22d3 gene-associated miRNAs were mmu-miR-196b-5p and mmu-miR-196a-5p. Compared to Non-morphine tolerant group, Tsc22d3 expression was significantly upregulated in Morphine tolerant group. Tsc22d3 expression was upregulated in Morphine tolerant+Tsc22d3_OE, expression of HIF-1alpha, GSH, GPX4 in GPX4 ferroptosis-related pathway showed a more pronounced decrease. As Tsc22d3 expression was downregulated in Morphine tolerant+Tsc22d3_KO, expression of HIF-1alpha, GSH, GPX4 in GPX4 ferroptosis-related pathway exhibited a more pronounced increase. Upregulation of Tsc22d3 in Morphine tolerant+Tsc22d3_OE led to a more pronounced increase in expression of apoptosis proteins (P53, Caspase-3, Bax, SMAC, FAS). The expression of inflammatory factors (IL6, TNF-alpha, CXCL1, CXCL2) showed a more pronounced increase with upregulated Tsc22d3 expression in Morphine tolerant+Tsc22d3_OE. CONCLUSIONS: Tsc22d3 is highly expressed in brain tissue of morphine-tolerant mice, activating ferroptosis pathway, enhancing apoptosis, promoting inflammatory responses in brain cells.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202405615, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38856204

RESUMO

The fabrication of materials that can switch between circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) signals is both essential and challenging. Here, two new halogen-bonded fluorescent molecular photoswitches, namely, HB-switch 1 and HB-switch 2, containing α-cyano-substituted diarylethene compounds with different end groups were developed. Upon exposure to specific UV or visible light wavelengths, they exhibited controllable and reversible Z/E photoisomerization. When these switches were integrated into blue-phase liquid crystals (BPLCs), the temperature range of BP significantly expanded. Notably, the BP system incorporating HB-switch 1 exclusively achieved reversible polarization inversion of CPL signals under specific UV/visible light irradiation and during cooling/heating. The photo/thermal dual-response behavior of the CPL signals can be attributed to the phase transition from a high-symmetry 3D BP I lattice to a low-symmetry 1D helical superstructure induced by the Z/E photoisomerization of HB-switch 1 and temperature changes. This study underscores the significance of employing halogen-bond assembly strategies to design materials with switchable CPL signals, opening new possibilities for CPL-active systems.

10.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 2017-2029, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38800581

RESUMO

Objective: To define the antifungal activity of n-butylphthalide alone or in combination with fluconazole in Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis. Methods: The antifungal activity of n-butylphthalide alone and in combination with fluconazole was investigated by the classical broth microdilution method and the time-killing curve method. The QRT-PCR method was used to determine gene expressions changes of mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymes, drug efflux pumps and drug target enzymes in Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis after n-butylphthalide treatment. Results: The MIC values of n-butylphthalide against Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis ranged from 16 to 64 µg·mL-1. The FICI value of the combination of n-butylphthalide and fluconazole against drug-resistant Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis ranged from 0.5001 to 0.5315 with partial synergism. Time-killing curves showed that 256 µg·mL-1 n-butylphthalide significantly inhibited the growth of drug-resistant colonies of Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis, and 128 µg·mL-1 n-butylphthalide combined with 1 µg·mL-1 fluconazole had an additive effect. N-butylphthalide could alter the expression of mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymes COX1, COX2, COX3, and CYTB genes in Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis (P< 0.05) and downregulate the expression of the drug efflux pump genes CDR1 and CDR2 in drug-resistant Candida glabrata to 3.36% and 3.65%, respectively (P<0.001), but did not affect the drug target enzyme ERG11 in drug-resistant Candida tropicalis. Conclusion: N-butylphthalide had antifungal activity against Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis. N-butylphthalide improved the activity of fluconazole against drug-resistant Candida glabrata by affecting the expression of mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme genes and reversing the high expression of drug efflux pump genes CDR1 and CDR2.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1404432, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38807947

RESUMO

Objective: Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) is associated with the prognosis of some cardiac diseases, but studies on sST2 and the prognosis of patients with myocarditis are rare. This study investigated the relationship between major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and sST2 during hospitalization in pediatric patients with myocarditis. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study. A total of 252 patients aged ≤14 years diagnosed with myocarditis were enrolled. Events during the hospitalization were defined as MACEs (all-cause death > new heart failure > ventricular arrhythmia). Results: A total of 25 people had MACEs during their hospital stay. The mortality during hospitalization was 6/23 (26%) in patients with heart failure and 3/10 (30%) in patients with ventricular arrhythmias. After including these risk factors in a multivariate logistic regression analysis, NT-proBNP (OR 4.323; 95% CI, 2.433-7.679; p < 0.001) and sST2 (OR 1.020; 95% CI, 1.003-1.037; p = 0.022) remained statistically significant and were independent risk factors for MACEs during hospitalization in pediatric myocarditis patients. Conclusions: Elevated levels of NT-proBNP and sST2 were independently associated with major adverse cardiovascular events during hospitalization in children with myocarditis, and both showed good predictive efficacy.

12.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 536, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral traumatic ulcerative lesions (OTUL) are commonly encountered in clinical practice, yet there is limited research on their clinical characteristics and traumatic etiological factors. This retrospective study aimed to analyze the age, gender, clinical characteristics, and traumatic etiological factors in a large cohort of patients with OTUL and provide valuable insights for dental clinicians to optimize patient care and prevention strategies. METHODS: A total of 1543 patients with OTUL were enrolled in this study. Age, gender, medical history, clinical characteristics and traumatic etiological factors were collected and analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the significance of age and gender as factors related to OTUL. RESULTS: The study revealed significant variations in clinical characteristics and traumatic etiological factors among different age groups and between genders. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that both age and gender were significant factors related to OTUL. CONCLUSION: The clinical characteristics of OTUL and traumatic etiological factors appear to be significantly different according to age and gender. More targeted prevention strategies should be implemented for all age and gender groups.


Assuntos
Úlceras Orais , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Fatores Sexuais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Etários , Úlceras Orais/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Fatores de Risco , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
13.
PLoS Med ; 21(5): e1004389, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether intensification of the chemotherapy backbone in tandem with an anti-EGFR can confer superior clinical outcomes in a cohort of RAS/BRAF wild-type colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with initially unresectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). To that end, we sought to comparatively evaluate the efficacy and safety of cetuximab plus FOLFOXIRI (triplet arm) versus cetuximab plus FOLFOX (doublet arm) as a conversion regimen (i.e., unresectable to resectable) in CRC patients with unresectable CRLM. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This open-label, randomized clinical trial was conducted from April 2018 to December 2022 in 7 medical centers across China, enrolling 146 RAS/BRAF wild-type CRC patients with initially unresectable CRLM. A stratified blocked randomization method was utilized to assign patients (1:1) to either the cetuximab plus FOLFOXIRI (n = 72) or cetuximab plus FOLFOX (n = 74) treatment arms. Stratification factors were tumor location (left versus right) and resectability (technically unresectable versus ≥5 metastases). The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR). Secondary outcomes included the median depth of tumor response (DpR), early tumor shrinkage (ETS), R0 resection rate, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (not mature at the time of analysis), and safety profile. Radiological tumor evaluations were conducted by radiologists blinded to the group allocation. Primary efficacy analyses were conducted based on the intention-to-treat population, while safety analyses were performed on patients who received at least 1 line of chemotherapy. A total of 14 patients (9.6%) were lost to follow-up (9 in the doublet arm and 5 in the triplet arm). The ORR was comparable following adjustment for stratification factors, with 84.7% versus 79.7% in the triplet and doublet arms, respectively (odds ratio [OR] 0.70; 95% confidence intervals [CI] [0.30, 1.67], Chi-square p = 0.42). Moreover, the ETS rate showed no significant difference between the triplet and doublet arms (80.6% (58/72) versus 77.0% (57/74), OR 0.82, 95% CI [0.37, 1.83], Chi-square p = 0.63). Although median DpR was higher in the triplet therapy group (59.6%, interquartile range [IQR], [50.0, 69.7] versus 55.0%, IQR [42.8, 63.8], Mann-Whitney p = 0.039), the R0/R1 resection rate with or without radiofrequency ablation/stereotactic body radiation therapy was comparable with 54.2% (39/72) of patients in the triplet arm versus 52.7% (39/74) in the doublet arm. At a median follow-up of 26.2 months (IQR [12.8, 40.5]), the median PFS was 11.8 months in the triplet arm versus 13.4 months in the doublet arm (hazard ratio [HR] 0.74, 95% CI [0.50, 1.11], Log-rank p = 0.14). Grade ≥ 3 events were reported in 47.2% (35/74) of patients in the doublet arm and 55.9% (38/68) of patients in the triplet arm. The triplet arm was associated with a higher incidence of grade ≥ 3 neutropenia (44.1% versus 27.0%, p = 0.03) and diarrhea (5.9% versus 0%, p = 0.03). The primary limitations of the study encompass the inherent bias in subjective surgical decisions regarding resection feasibility, as well as the lack of a centralized assessment for ORR and resection. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of cetuximab with FOLFOXIRI did not significantly improve ORR compared to cetuximab plus FOLFOX. Despite achieving an enhanced DpR, this improvement did not translate into improved R0 resection rates or PFS. Moreover, the triplet arm was associated with an increase in treatment-related toxicity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03493048.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Camptotecina , Cetuximab , Neoplasias Colorretais , Fluoruracila , Leucovorina , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Compostos Organoplatínicos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf , Humanos , Cetuximab/administração & dosagem , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Idoso , Adulto , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Camptotecina/uso terapêutico , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteínas ras/genética
14.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 263, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38816810

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Increased respiratory drive has been demonstrated to correlate with weaning failure, which could be quantified by electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi). We described the physiological process of EAdi-based parameters during the spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) and evaluated the change of EAdi-based parameters as potential predictors of weaning failure. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study in 35 mechanically ventilated patients who underwent a 2-hour SBT. EAdi and ventilatory parameters were continuously measured during the SBT. Diaphragm ultrasound was performed before the SBT and at the 30 min of the SBT. Three EAdi-based parameters were calculated: neuro-ventilatory efficiency, neuro-excursion efficiency and neuro-discharge per min. RESULTS: Of the thirty 35 patients studied, 25 patients were defined as SBT success, including 22 patients weaning successfully and 3 patients reintubated. Before the SBT, neuro-excursion efficiency differed significantly between two groups and had the highest predictive value for SBT failure (AUROC 0.875, p < 0.01). Early increases in EAdi were observed in SBT, which are more prominent in SBT failure group. One minute, changes in EAdi and neuro-discharge per min also predicted weaning outcome (AUROCs 0.944 and 0.918, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: EAdi-based parameters, especially neuro-excursion efficiency and changes in neuro-discharge per min, may detect impending weaning failure earlier than conventional indices. EAdi monitoring provides physiological insights and a more tailored approach to facilitate successful weaning. Further research should validate these findings and explore the utility of combined EAdi and diaphragm ultrasound assessment in weaning ICU patients from mechanical ventilation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov on 20 September 2022 (Identifier: NCT05632822).


Assuntos
Diafragma , Respiração Artificial , Ultrassonografia , Desmame do Respirador , Humanos , Diafragma/diagnóstico por imagem , Diafragma/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Desmame do Respirador/métodos , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Respiração , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 331: 118279, 2024 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705425

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leonurus japonicus Houtt (L. japonicus, Chinese motherwort), known as Yi Mu Cao which means "good for women", has long been widely used in China and other Asian countries to alleviate gynecological disorders, often characterized by estrogen dysregulation. It has been used for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common endocrine disorder in women but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was designed to investigate the effect and mechanism of flavonoid luteolin and its analog luteolin-7-methylether contained in L. japonicus on aromatase, a rate-limiting enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of androgens to estrogens and a drug target to induce ovulation in PCOS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Estrogen biosynthesis in human ovarian granulosa cells was examined using ELISA. Western blots were used to explore the signaling pathways in the regulation of aromatase expression. Transcriptomic analysis was conducted to elucidate the potential mechanisms of action of compounds. Finally, animal models were used to assess the therapeutic potential of these compounds in PCOS. RESULTS: Luteolin potently inhibited estrogen biosynthesis in human ovarian granulosa cells stimulated by follicle-stimulating hormone. This effect was achieved by decreasing cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB)-mediated expression of aromatase. Mechanistically, luteolin and luteolin-7-methylether targeted tumor progression locus 2 (TPL2) to suppress mitogen-activated protein kinase 3/6 (MKK3/6)-p38 MAPK-CREB pathway signaling. Transcriptional analysis showed that these compounds regulated the expression of different genes, with the MAPK signaling pathway being the most significantly affected. Furthermore, luteolin and luteolin-7-methylether effectively alleviated the symptoms of PCOS in mice. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates a previously unrecognized role of TPL2 in estrogen biosynthesis and suggests that luteolin and luteolin-7-methylether have potential as novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of PCOS. The results provide a foundation for further development of these compounds as effective and safe therapies for women with PCOS.


Assuntos
Aromatase , Estrogênios , Células da Granulosa , Leonurus , Luteolina , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Feminino , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Luteolina/farmacologia , Luteolina/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Humanos , Aromatase/metabolismo , Aromatase/genética , Leonurus/química , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Estrogênios/biossíntese , Camundongos , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Inibidores da Aromatase/farmacologia , Inibidores da Aromatase/isolamento & purificação
16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12206, 2024 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38806552

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and its incidence increases with sepsis. However, data on new-onset AF during sepsis hospitalization remain limited in China. We aimed to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and associated mortality of new-onset AF in sepsis patients in China. We conducted a retrospective study using the National Data Center for Medical Service system, from 1923 tertiary and 2363 secondary hospitals from 31 provinces in China from 2017 to 2019.In total we included 1,425,055 sepsis patients ≥ 18 years without prior AF. The incidence of new-onset AF was 1.49%. Older age, male sex, hypertension, heart failure, coronary disease, valvular disease, and mechanical ventilation were independent risk factor. New-onset AF was associated with a slight increased risk of mortality (adjusted RR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.06). Population attributable fraction suggested AF accounted for 0.2% of sepsis deaths. In this large nationwide cohort, new-onset AF occurred in 1.49% of sepsis admissions and was associated with a small mortality increase. Further research should examine whether optimized AF management can improve sepsis outcomes in China.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Sepse , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incidência , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(18): e37910, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701282

RESUMO

To illustrate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of adult patients pathologically confirmed with brainstem gliomas (BSGs). Clinical data of 40 adult patients pathologically diagnosed with BSGs admitted to Beijing Shijitan Hospital from 2009 to 2022 were recorded and retrospectively analyzed. The primary parameters included relevant symptoms, duration of symptoms, Karnofsky performance status (KPS), tumor location, type of surgical resection, diagnosis, treatment, and survival. Univariate and multivariate analyses were evaluated by Cox regression models. The gliomas were located in the midbrain of 9 patients, in the pons of 14 cases, in the medulla of 5 cases, in the midbrain and pons of 6 cases and invading the medulla and pons of 6 cases, respectively. The proportion of patients with low-grade BSGs was 42.5%. Relevant symptoms consisted of visual disturbance, facial paralysis, dizziness, extremity weakness, ataxia, paresthesia, headache, bucking, dysphagia, dysacousia, nausea, dysphasia, dysosmia, hypomnesia and nystagmus. 23 (57.5%) patients accepted stereotactic biopsy, 17 (42.5%) patients underwent surgical resection. 39 patients received radiotherapy and 34 cases were treated with temozolomide. The median overall survival (OS) of all patients was 26.2 months and 21.5 months for the median progression-free survival (PFS). Both duration of symptoms (P = .007) and tumor grading (P = .002) were the influencing factors for OS, and tumor grading was significantly associated with PFS (P = .001). Duration of symptoms for more than 2 months and low-grade are favorable prognostic factors for adult patients with BSGs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico , Glioma , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/terapia , Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/patologia , Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glioma/patologia , Glioma/terapia , Glioma/mortalidade , Glioma/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Idoso
18.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 225: 116251, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701867

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the main histological subtype of primary liver cancer and remains one of the most common solid malignancies globally. Ferroptosis was recently defined as an iron-catalyzed form of regulated necrosis. Because cancer cells exhibit higher iron requirements than noncancer cells, treatment with ferroptosis-inducing compounds may be a feasible strategy for cancer therapy. However, cancer cells develop acquired resistance to evade ferroptosis, and the mechanisms responsible for ferroptosis resistance are not fully clarified. In the current study, we reported that DDX39B was downregulated during sorafenib-induced ferroptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Exogenous introduction of DDX39B ensured the survival of HCC cells upon exposure to sorafenib, while the opposite phenomenon was observed in DDX39B-silenced HCC cells. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that DDX39B increased GPX4 levels by promoting the splicing and cytoplasmic translocation of GPX4 pre-mRNA, which was sufficient to detoxify sorafenib-triggered excess lipid ROS production, lipid peroxidation accumulation, ferrous iron levels, and mitochondrial damage. Inhibition of DDX39B ATPase activity by CCT018159 repressed the splicing and cytoplasmic export of GPX4 pre-mRNA and synergistically assisted sorafenib-induced ferroptotic cell death in HCC cells. Taken together, our data uncover a novel role for DDX39B in ferroptosis resistance by modulating the maturation of GPX4 mRNA via a posttranscriptional approach and suggest that DDX39B inhibition may be a promising therapeutic strategy to enhance the sensitivity and vulnerability of HCC cells to sorafenib.

19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(22): 12529-12540, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764367

RESUMO

In this study, edible bird's nest (EBN) was proven to be a suitable source of bioactive peptides via enzymatic hydrolysis. The ultrafiltration component of the EBN peptides (EBNPs, Mw < 3 000 Da) could be responsible for moderate moisture retention and filaggrin synthesis. It was found that EBNP had a great capacity to protect HaCaT keratinocytes from DNA damage caused by UVB-irradiation and enhance wound healing by increasing the migratory and proliferative potential of cells. Furthermore, the external application of EBNP could effectively repair high glycolic acid concentration-induced skin burns in mice. A total of 1 188 peptides, predominantly the hydrophobic amino acids (e.g., Leu, Val, Tyr, Phe), were identified in the EBNP by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Molecular docking showed that hydrophobic tripeptides from EBNP had a good binding affinity to proton-dependent oligopeptide transporter PepT1. Our data indicated that the hydrophobic amino acid-rich EBNP plays an important role in skin wound healing.


Assuntos
Aves , Proteínas Filagrinas , Peptídeos , Hidrolisados de Proteína , Pele , Cicatrização , Animais , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/metabolismo , Camundongos , Pele/química , Pele/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Aves/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Masculino , Proteínas Aviárias/química , Proteínas Aviárias/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico , Células HaCaT , Absorção Cutânea
20.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4609, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38816425

RESUMO

The protection of the replication fork structure under stress conditions is essential for genome maintenance and cancer prevention. A key signaling pathway for fork protection involves TRPV2-mediated Ca2+ release from the ER, which is triggered after the generation of cytosolic DNA and the activation of cGAS/STING. This results in CaMKK2/AMPK activation and subsequent Exo1 phosphorylation, which prevent aberrant fork processing, thereby ensuring genome stability. However, it remains poorly understood how the TRPV2 channel is activated by the presence of cytosolic DNA. Here, through a genome-wide CRISPR-based screen, we identify TRPM8 channel-associated factor 1 (TCAF1) as a key factor promoting TRPV2-mediated Ca2+ release under replication stress or other conditions that activate cGAS/STING. Mechanistically, TCAF1 assists Ca2+ release by facilitating the dissociation of STING from TRPV2, thereby relieving TRPV2 repression. Consistent with this function, TCAF1 is required for fork protection, chromosomal stability, and cell survival after replication stress.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Citosol , Replicação do DNA , Proteínas de Membrana , Canais de Cátion TRPV , Humanos , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética , Cálcio/metabolismo , Citosol/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Células HEK293 , DNA/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Quinase da Proteína Quinase Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/metabolismo , Quinase da Proteína Quinase Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/genética , Fosforilação , Instabilidade Genômica , Dano ao DNA , Animais
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