Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 279
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mucinous adenocarcinoma (MAC) is an uncommon subtype of colorectal cancer (CRC). For colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CRLM), perioperative chemotherapy (PCT) has been developed to improve the rate of resection and reduce the rate of early recurrence; however, its impact on long-term outcomes in MAC is unclear. METHODS: From 1999 to 2016, 442 patients with CRLM were retrospectively reviewed, all of whom underwent CRC resection and liver metastasis resection. Among them, 34 were MAC, and the others were non-MAC. A total of 102 non-MAC patients with CRLM who underwent surgery at the same period were matched with 34 MAC patients in a ratio of 3:1 by using a random number table for analysis. RESULTS: Clinicopathologic characteristics for the MAC group (n=34) and non-MAC group (n=102) had no statistical difference. Both recurrence free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) did not significantly differ between the two groups. Nevertheless, in the non-MAC group, OS was fundamentally prolonged in patients with PCT compared to those who didn't have PCT (P=0.031). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, PCT had a survival benefit on non-MAC patients with CRLM while MAC patients with resectable CRLM do not benefit from PCT. When developing treatment like PCT or surgery alone for CRLM, mucinous histology should be considered as an important influence factor.

2.
Food Chem ; : 125748, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699564

RESUMO

Herein, a cold-induced aqueous two-phase system (CI-ATPS)-based concurrent sample enrichment and cleanup strategy was developed for the analysis of fipronil and its metabolites in dietary samples by liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry. By optimizing the conditions in CI-ATPS, the analytes were extracted to a small volume acetonitrile-rich phase with the enrichment factor of three-folds. Additionally, the lipids could be efficiently precipitated between the lower and upper layer to complete the removal of lipids. In detection analysis, a target single ion monitoring mode was employed to enhance the detection capability of fipronil and its metabolites. Generally, this established method could detect the target analytes in dietary samples at ng/kg level. Finally, this method was validated and certificated by a proficiency test, then was also successfully applied to dietary samples in the Total Diet Study, and the results showed that 56.3% of samples were detected with fipronil or its metabolites.

3.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701652

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to propose a strategy based on indocyanine green (ICG) (SBI) to provide better clinical guidelines for transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatments for Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) stage C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2005 to December 2012, 112 BCLC stage C HCC patients initially treated with TACE were investigated, randomly divided into a training cohort (n = 79) and validation cohort (n = 33). In training group, the patients were grouped based on their 15 minutes ICG retention rate (ICG R15), different chemo drugs and dose of lipidol in TACE. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed in subgroups. Strategy based on ICG was built and verified in validation group. RESULTS: For those patients with ICG R15 values >10%, the lipiodol ≤10 mL group showed better survival than the lipiodol >10 mL group. For those patients with ICG R15 values ≤10%, the group that received triple-drug chemotherapy treatments with lipiodol diameter ratio values between 1 and 3 showed better survival than the other group. Patients who conformed with the SBI had better survival times than those who did not conform with the SBI, in both the training cohort (median OS 10.3 vs 5.1 months; P < .001; median PFS, 3.3 vs 2.1 months; P = .006) and the validation cohort (median OS 8.9 vs 7.1 months; P = .087; median PFS, 6.6 vs 2.3 months; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The SBI is suitable and may provide survival benefits for TACE treatments in BCLC stage C HCC patients.

4.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 478, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resveratrol is a naturally occurring plant stilbene that exhibits a wide range of valuable biological and pharmacological properties. Although the beneficial effects of trans-resveratrol to human health and plant protection against fungal pathogens and abiotic stresses are well-established, yet little is known about the molecular mechanisms regulating stilbene biosynthesis in plant defense progress. RESULTS: Here, we cloned and identified the Chinese wild grape (Vitis davidii) R2R3-MYB transcription factor VdMYB1, which activates defense responses against invading pathogen. VdMYB1 transcripts were significantly upregulated after inoculation with the grapevine powdery mildew fungus Erysiphe necator (Schw.) Burr. Transient expression analysis using onion epidermal cells and Arabidopsis thaliana protoplasts showed that VdMYB1 was localized in the nucleus. Yeast one-hybrid assays revealed that VdMYB1 acts as a transcriptional activator. Grapevine leaves transiently overexpressing VdMYB1 showed a lower number of fungal conidiophores compared with wild-type leaves. Overexpression of VdMYB1 in grapevine leaves did not alter the expression of genes in salicylic acid- and jasmonate-dependent pathways, but affected the expression of stilbene synthase (STS) genes, key regulators of flavonoid metabolism. Results of electrophoretic mobility shift assays and in vivo transcriptional activation assays showed that VdMYB1 binds to the MYB binding site (MYBBS) in the STS2 gene promoter, thus activating STS2 transcription. In heterologous expression assays using tobacco leaves, VdMYB1 activated STS2 gene expression and increased the accumulation of resveratrol. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that VdMYB1 activates STS2 gene expression to positively regulate defense responses, and increases the content of resveratrol in leaves.

5.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported that the levels of serum interleukin-33 (IL-33) and its receptor, suppression of tumorigenicit 2 (ST2), are potential biomarkers for susceptibility of cardiovascular diseases. However, the genetic association of the IL-33/ST2 axis with cardiovascular diseases remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the association between common variants in the IL-33/ST2 axis and ischemic stroke in the Han Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 1166 patients with ischemic stroke and 1079 age- and gender-matched controls. Eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within IL-33/ST2 axis were genotyped using the improved Multiple Ligase Detection Reaction platform. We analyzed the association between the tested SNPs and ischemic stroke at both the genotype and haplotype levels. RESULTS: Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that rs10435816 (additive model: odds ratio [OR]=0.72, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54-0.95; recessive model: OR=0.72, 95%CI, 0.56-0.94) and rs16924159 (additive model: OR=1.22, 95%CI, 1.01-1.48; dominant model: OR=1.21, 95%CI, 1.01-1.45) were associated with a decreased risk of ischemic stroke after adjustment of confounding factors. Subgroup analysis indicated that rs10435816 (additive model: OR=0.61, 95%CI, 0.41-0.89; recessive model: OR=0.56, 95%CI, 0.40-0.80), rs7025417 (additive model: OR=0.57, 95%CI, 0.39-0.83), rs11792633 (additive model: OR=0.66, 95%CI, 0.46-0.95; recessive model: OR=0.67, 95%CI, 0.49-0.93), and rs7044343 (additive model: OR=0.69, 95%CI, 0.48-0.97; recessive model: OR=0.67, 95%CI, 0.49-0.91) were associated with a decreased risk of large-artery atherosclerosis stroke after adjustment of confounding factors. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested an association between common variants in the IL-33/ST2 axis and a decreased risk of ischemic stroke in the Han Chinese population.

6.
FASEB J ; 33(12): 13358-13366, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530101

RESUMO

Previous studies have demonstrated cardiac and vascular remodeling induced by microgravity exposure. Yet, as the most important branch of vasculatures circulating the heart, the coronary artery has been seldomly studied about its adaptations under microgravity conditions. Large-conductance Ca2+-activated potassium channel (BKCa) and the Ras homolog family member A (RhoA)/Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway play key roles in control of vascular tone and mediation of microgravity-induced vascular adjustments. Therefore, we investigated the adaptation of coronary vasoreactivity to simulated microgravity and the role of BKCa and the RhoA/ROCK pathway in it. Four-week-old hind-limb unweighted (HU) rats were adopted to simulate effects of microgravity. Right coronary artery (RCA) constriction was measured by isometric force recording. The activity and expression of BKCa and the RhoA/ROCK pathway were examined by Western blot, patch-clamp recordings, and immunoprecipitation. We found HU significantly decreased RCA vasoconstriction to KCl, serotonin, and U-46619, but increased protein expression and current densities of BKCa, inhibition of which by iberiotoxin (IBTX) further decreased RCA vasoconstriction (P < 0.05). Expression of RhoA and ROCK as well as active RhoA and phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC) at Ser19 and MLC phosphatase target-1 at Thr696 were significantly increased by HU, and ROCK inhibitor Y-27632 exerted greater suppressing effect on HU RCA vasoconstriction than that of control (P < 0.05). BKCa opener NS1619 increased HU RCA vasoconstriction, which was blocked by both RhoA and ROCK inhibitor, similar to the effect of IBTX. These results indicate that HU impairs coronary vasoconstriction but enhances BKCa activity acting as a protective mechanism avoiding excessive decrease of coronary vasoreactivity through activation of the RhoA/ROCK pathway.-Wu, Y., Yue, Z., Wang, Q., Lv, Q., Liu, H., Bai, Y., Li, S., Xie, M., Bao, J., Ma, J., Zhu, X., Wang, Z. BKCa compensates impaired coronary vasoreactivity through RhoA/ROCK pathway in hind-limb unweighted rats.

7.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486138

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) can interact with microRNAs (miRNAs) to regulate gene expression in cancer cells. However, the roles of competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks consisting of differentially expressed circRNAs (DECs), miRNAs, and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) remain unclear. This study was performed to explore novel regulatory networks in STAD. METHODS: The circRNA expression profiles, as well as miRNA and mRNA sequence data of STAD, were retrieved from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), respectively. Candidates were identified to construct a network through a comprehensive bioinformatics strategy. The expression of hub-genes identified by protein-protein interactions (PPI) was validated by quantitative reverse transcription (RT) polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: A total of 51 DECs were identified in the GSE83521 and GSE89143 datasets of GEO. A total of 11 448 differentially expressed mRNAs (DEMs) and 458 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMIs) were obtained by RNA sequencing of TCGA-STAD. Prediction by using five online databases (Cancer-Specific CircRNA, CircInteractome, miRTarBase, miRDB, and TargetScan) resulted in the selection of 6 DECs, 6 DEMIs, and 36 DEMs to establish a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network based on the interactions of circRNA-miRNA and miRNA-mRNA. Through PPI analysis, four hub-genes (COL10A1, COL5A2, COL4A1, and COL3A1) were discovered. Moreover, overexpressions of COL10A1, COL5A1, and COL4A1 were associated with a poor overall survival rate of patients with STAD. On the basis of TNM staging, we found that the expressions of COL10A1, COL5A2, and COL3A1 in T2, T3, and T4 was significantly higher than in T1. Hub-genes expressions were validated in STAD tissues and cell lines. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides a novel perspective on the regulatory mechanism of STAD involving ceRNAs including DECs, DEMIs, and DEMs.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; 292: 122048, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455551

RESUMO

Porphyridium spp. are a group of unicellular marine microalgae belonging to the Rhodophyta, which evolved over one billion years and are a source of a variety of natural active components. They can naturally and efficiently accumulate phycobilin, sulfated polysaccharides, polyunsaturated fatty acids and other bioactive substances. At present, numerous attempts have been made to explore the species Porphyridium spp., whereas mainly focused on cultivation methods, metabolism regulation and the function and application of bioactive products. There is a lack of systematic summary of the existing research conclusions. In this paper, we summarized the representative results related to culture and metabolism, analyzed and discussed the existing bottleneck restrictions for their large scale application, and proposed the potential industrial development and research direction in the future. This paper is expected to provide reference and thread for research and application of Porphyridium spp..


Assuntos
Microalgas , Porphyridium , Rodófitas , Polissacarídeos , Sulfatos
9.
Plant Cell Rep ; 38(12): 1541-1549, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446470

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: The recovery of non-functional-enhanced green fluorescence protein can be used as indicator to facilitate the identification of mutants generated by CRISPR/Cas9. The CRISPR/Cas9 system is a powerful tool for genome editing and it has been employed to knock out genes of interest in multiple plant species. Identification of desired mutants from regenerated plants is necessary prior to functional study. Current screening methods work based on the purification of genomic DNA and it would be laborious and time consuming using these methods to screen mutants from a large population of seedlings. Here, we developed the non-functional enhanced green fluorescence protein (nEGFP) reporter gene by inserting a single guide RNA (sgRNA) and the protospacer adjacent motif in the 5' coding region of EGFP, and the activity of nEGFP could be recovered after successful targeted editing. Using the nEGFP as the reporter gene in Nicotiana tabacum, we found that over 94% of the plants exhibiting EGFP fluorescence were confirmed to be desired mutants. The use of this nEGFP reporter construct had limited negative effect on editing efficiency, and the expression of Cas9 and sgRNA was not affected. Moreover, this method was also applied in grape by targeting the phytoene desaturase gene (PDS), and the grape cells with EGFP signal were revealed to contain targeted mutations in VvPDS. Our results show that the nEGFP gene can be used as reporter to help screen mutants according to the recovered EGFP fluorescence during the application of CRISPR/Cas9 in plants.

10.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 29(5): 313-320, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of multiband mucosectomy (MBM) for early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions is still in uncertainty. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this procedure and to compare it with cap-assisted endoscopic resection (EMR-cap). METHODS: A systematic search of both English and Chinese databases was performed from inception to April 30, 2019. Complete resection rate, local recurrence rate, and procedure time were considered the primary outcome measures. Prevalence of complications was considered the secondary outcome measure. All data analyses were performed using Review Manager Software. RESULTS: Two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 3 non-RCTs were included in the final meta-analysis. When compared with the EMR-cap technique, MBM had a similar complete resection rate [odds ratio (OR)=2.09, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.78-5.60, P=0.14], a similar local recurrence rate (OR=0.50, 95% CI: 0.09-2.67, P=0.42), a shorter resection time (mean difference: -9.08, 95% CI: -13.86 to -4.30, P=0.0002), a shorter procedure time (mean difference: -13.36, 95% CI: -17.85 to -8.86, P<0.00001), a lower bleeding rate (OR=0.45, 95% CI: 0.24-0.83, P=0.01), a similar perforation rate (OR=0.55, 95% CI: 0.15-2.06, P=0.37), and a similar stricture rate (OR=0.77, 95% CI: 0.10-5.84, P=0.80). The results of non-RCTs were consistent with those of RCTs. CONCLUSIONS: MBM is similar to EMR-cap in terms of efficacy and safety for endoscopic resection of early cancer and precancerous lesions of the esophagus. However, MBM is less time-consuming.

11.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 20(2): 101-108, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345003

RESUMO

Hypertension is a universal risk factor for a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Investigation of the mechanism for hypertension will benefit around 40% of the world's adult population. MicroRNA is crucial for the initiation and progression of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, angiotensin II-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells were used as a model to imitate the pathological changes in endothelial cells under hypertensive conditions. We demonstrated that microRNA-9 (miR-9) suppressed angiotensin II-induced apoptosis and enhanced proliferation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Direct interaction between miR-9 and mitochondria associated membrance domain containing glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor 2 (MDGA2) was determined. Moreover, miR-9 suppressed MDGA2 levels by binding to the 3' UTR site of the MDGA2 gene. This negative regulation of MDGA2 by miR-9 significantly increased proliferation and decreased apoptosis. Re-introduction of MDGA2 in the miR-9 overexpressed human umbilical vein endothelial cells and normalized proliferation, apoptosis, and the cell cycle. In summary, the present study demonstrated miR-9 inhibited expression of MDGA2 leading to the inhibition of apoptosis and promotion of proliferation in angiotensin II-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 6917147, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317036

RESUMO

'Eureka' lemon fruits were stored under four controlled atmosphere- (CA-) combinations at 8°C for 20 days to investigate the effects on weight loss (WL), total soluble solids (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), vitamin C (VC), total phenolic content (TPC), sodium carbonate-soluble pectin (SSP), malondialdehyde (MDA), and volatile compounds. Results showed that the contents of TSS, TA, VC, and SSP in the stored fruits reduced during the storage period, while the WL and MDA increased. Fruit stored under CA2-combination (6 % O2+8 % CO2) showed the lower contents of WL and MDA and the higher content of TSS, TA, TPC, and VC than that of other treated fruits. The main volatile compounds present in the lemons were terpenoids, aldehydes, alcohols, and esters. In addition, both the terpenoid and aldehyde content are substantially higher in lemons exposed to CA2 conditions. In contrast, the alcohols and esters displayed elevated levels in the regular air (RA) stored fruit. In conclusion, CA with the suitable conditions proves to be better than RA as a storage regimen to keep the quality of lemons. These results indicated that the application of 6% O2+8% CO2 CA conditions could maintain the quality of 'Eureka' lemon fruit during the storage time of 20 days and should be the optimal storage environment for postharvest Eureka lemons.

13.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(3): 426-430, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209814

RESUMO

Restoration of fracture alignment by osteotomy is crucial for the management of humeral nonunion. In the present study, we introduced a new way of osteotomy (Z-shaped) in treating humeral shaft nonunion secondary to failed plate osteosynthesis. Clinical data of 24 patients with humeral shaft nonunion following implant failure (from 2010 to 2014) were retrospectively evaluated. These patients underwent Z-shaped osteotomy in revision surgery after the initial surgery, plate osteosynthesis, was failed. Outcomes were evaluated using visual analogue scale (VAS) and Constant and Murley score. Repeated analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for statistical analysis. Patients were followed up for a minimum of 24 months (26.83±4.33 months). The operative time was 102.33±10.16 min, and hospital stay averaged 9.75±2.13 days. All patients achieved clinical union at the latest follow-up. Complications included radial palsy (n=1) and superficial wound infection (n=1). The postoperative VAS scores decreased significantly compared to preoperative score (F=257.99, P<0.01). Constant and Murley score increased and reached 81.33±0.95 at 24 months' follow-up (F=247.35, P<0.01). Among all the cases, 15 cases were graded as "excellent", and 9 as "good". In conclusion, Z-shaped osteotomy was easy to perform, and it provided additional medial support with more bone contact areas. Revision surgery using locking plate and Z-shaped osteotomy achieved high union rate and improved functional outcome. It was a reasonable and safe option for treating humeral nonunion following implant failure.

14.
Plant J ; 99(5): 988-1002, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063661

RESUMO

Cold stress is a major limiting factor in grape (Vitis) productivity. In this study, we characterized a cold-responsive ethylene response factor (ERF) transcription factor, VaERF092, from Amur grape (Vitis amurensis). VaERF092 expression was induced by both low temperatures and the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC), but was suppressed by treatment with the ethylene inhibitor aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) under cold conditions. Ectopic expression of VaERF092 in Arabidopsis thaliana enhanced cold tolerance. Co-expression network analysis of V. vinifera genes indicated that WRKY33 might be a downstream target of VaERF092. This hypothesis was supported by the fact that VaWRKY33 was expressed temporally after VaERF092 expression and could also be induced by cold and ACC, and inhibited by AVG. Yeast one-hybrid, transient ß-glucuronidase (GUS) and dual-luciferase reporter assays provided evidence for an interaction between VaERF092 and a GCC-box element in the VaWRKY33 promoter. In addition, heterologous overexpression of VaWRKY33 in A. thaliana resulted in enhanced cold tolerance. VaERF092- and VaWRKY33 overexpressing grape calli showed lower low-temperature exothermic values than the empty vector (EV) calli, indicating enhanced tolerance to cold. Together, these results indicated that VaERF092 regulates VaWRKY33 through binding to its promoter GCC-box, leading to enhanced cold stress tolerance.

15.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(7): 1860-1865, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that common variants within CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 are associated with statin pharmacokinetics and the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the association of variants in CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 with the prognosis of ischemic stroke remains undetermined. Therefore, we investigated this herein. METHODS: Four hundred thirty-three consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited. The outcome at the 1-year follow-up was assessed using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Two variants, CYP3A4*1G and CYP3A5*3, were genotyped by the improved Multiple Ligase Detection Reaction platform. RESULTS: Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the CYP3A4*1G/*1G homozygote was associated with poor outcome at 1 year (mRS score ≥2) after adjustment for conventional factors in the additive model (odds ratio [OR] = 2.92; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-7.98; P = .037) and recessive model (OR = 3.37; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-9.04; P = .016). Subgroup analysis indicated that the CYP3A4*1G/*1G homozygote was associated with poor prognosis at 1 year among patients with stable high-intensity atorvastatin therapy (40-80 mg/d) after adjustment for conventional factors in the additive model (OR = 8.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.50-44.44; P = .015) and recessive model (OR = 9.06; 95% confidence interval, 1.72-47.64; P = .009). No significant association was identified between CYP3A5*3 and the 1-year outcome of patients with ischemic stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Our study findings suggest that the CYP3A4*1G/CYP3A4*1G genotype may be associated with poor prognosis at 1 year after acute ischemic stroke in the Han Chinese population.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/genética , Variantes Farmacogenômicos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Idoso , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Atorvastatina/farmacocinética , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/enzimologia , Isquemia Encefálica/etnologia , China/epidemiologia , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/metabolismo , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Homozigoto , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacocinética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/enzimologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etnologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(5): 369, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068575

RESUMO

In our previous report, we identified miR-34c-3p as an independent factor contributing to the carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by targeting NCK Associated Protein 1 (NCKAP1). NCKAP1 has been known to promote the malignancy of cancer cells by disrupting the structural stability of WAS protein family member 1 (WASF1) and is correlated with poor prognosis of patients in several cancer types. Our results, however, show that NCKAP1 is correlated with a favorable outcome in HCC patients. The underlying mechanism of this contradictory phenomenon is unknown. The current study was designed to explore the mechanism of NCKAP1 in HCC. As a result, clinicopathological correlations and results from in vivo and in vitro models indicated that NCKAP1 was a tumor suppressor gene. Cell cycle analysis suggested that NCKAP1 inhibit cells from entering G2/M phase. Western blot analysis showed that WASF1 was barely expressed in HCC cell lines compared to that of breast cancer cell lines, which serve as positive controls. Furthermore, Rb1 and p53 expression was upregulated in cell lines overexpressing NCKAP1. Expression of several cell cycle regulating proteins also varied in the HCC cell lines. In conclusion, although previous studies have identified NCKAP1 as a cell invasion promoter by binding to WASF1, we found that NCKAP1 is a tumor suppress gene that modulates the cell cycle of HCC cell lines by targeting Rb1/p53 regulation.

17.
Dig Liver Dis ; 51(10): 1430-1437, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The liver function reserve in Child-Pugh (C-P) grade A hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients varies widely, and the value of platelet-albumin-bilirubin (PALBI) grade in predicting posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) grade B/C and overall survival (OS) remains unknown. METHODS: From Dec 2004 to Dec 2013, 2038 C-P grade A HCC patients after resection were enrolled. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to clarify the risk factors for PHLF grade B/C and OS. RESULTS: The PALBI grade had higher area under the curve values than albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) and C-P grade in predicting PHLF grade B/C (0.693, 0.683, 0.529 in the entire cohort; 0.677, 0.646, 0.516 in patients who underwent major resection). PALBI grade differentiated C-P grade A patients into three groups with distinct prognoses (P < 0.001), whereas ALBI grade differentiated C-P grade A patients into two groups (P < 0.001). Furthermore, PALBI grade identified three groups with clearly different prognoses in ALBI grade 1 patients (P = 0.032). Multivariate analyses showed that PALBI grade was one of the independent and significant prognostic factors of PHLF grade B/C and OS. CONCLUSIONS: PALBI grade offers a simple, objective and discriminatory method for risk stratification of PHLF grade B/C and OS in C-P grade A HCC patients following resection.

18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 552: 27-33, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100688

RESUMO

Underwater superoleophobic coatings have attracted significant research attention for their excellent oil-repellent properties. However, the major challenge for current coatings is poor performance under harsh conditions, leading to limitations in terms of practical application. In this paper, we present a novel bioinspired poly(vinyl alcohol)/zeolite composite coating that can be fabricated through a facile approach. This composite coating shows outstanding underwater superoleophobicity to various oils, as well as good wax-prevention and self-cleaning performance. Furthermore, the excellent mechanical and chemical stabilities of the coating make it suitable for practical applications in harsh environments. This bioinspired multifunctional composite coating has promising prospects in the petroleum industry.

19.
Elife ; 82019 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090540

RESUMO

Understanding the molecular mechanism of glaucoma and development of neuroprotectants is significantly hindered by the lack of a reliable animal model that accurately recapitulates human glaucoma. Here, we sought to develop a mouse model for the secondary glaucoma that is often observed in humans after silicone oil (SO) blocks the pupil or migrates into the anterior chamber following vitreoretinal surgery. We observed significant intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation after intracameral injection of SO, and that SO removal allows IOP to return quickly to normal. This simple, inducible and reversible mouse ocular hypertension model shows dynamic changes of visual function that correlate with progressive retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss and axon degeneration. It may be applicable with only minor modifications to a range of animal species in which it will generate stable, robust IOP elevation and significant neurodegeneration that will facilitate selection of neuroprotectants and investigating the pathogenesis of ocular hypertension-induced glaucoma.

20.
Plant Mol Biol ; 100(1-2): 95-110, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011887

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Overexpression of VaWRKY12, whose nuclear translocation increased under low temperature, enhanced the cold tolerance of Arabidopsis and grapevine calli and significantly increased the expression of antioxidant-related genes. Low temperature causes injuries to buds during winter and to young shoots during early spring, thereby affecting grapevine quality and yield. Understanding the regulatory mechanisms of cold stress responses is essential for the breeding of new grapevine cultivars with excellent cold tolerance. Previous studies indicated that WRKY family genes are induced by low temperature in grapevine, but their function in cold stress responses was not clear. Here, a cold-induced WRKY gene, named VaWRKY12, was cloned from Vitis amurensis, which displays remarkable cold tolerance. An atypical transmembrane (TM) region was found in its C-terminal region. Transient expression assays showed that VaWRKY12 was localized in the nucleus and cytoplasm at normal temperature but only in the nucleus after cold treatment. By contrast, a truncated version of VaWRKY12 without the TM region was found specifically in the nucleus at normal temperature, and its binding activity to tandem W-box elements in yeast was stronger than that of VaWRKY12, indicating that the TM region might affect the location and function of VaWRKY12. Overexpression of VaWRKY12 enhanced the cold tolerance of transformed Arabidopsis and grapevine calli. Transcriptome data revealed that the expression of genes encoding antioxidant enzymes, including peroxidases and glutathione S-transferases, was upregulated after cold treatment in VaWRKY12-overexpressing grapevine calli compared to the control calli. This study identifies candidate target genes as a basis for further studies on the roles of VaWRKY12 in cold stress responses in grapevine.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Termotolerância/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Vitis/fisiologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Arabidopsis/genética , Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Filogenia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Transporte Proteico/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Vitis/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA