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1.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 189, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence demonstrates that the synergistic interaction of far-red light with shorter wavelength lights could evidently improve the photosynthesis efficiency of multiple species. However, whether/how far-red light affects sink organs and consequently modulates the source‒sink relationships are largely unknown. RESULTS: Here, equal intensities of white and far-red lights were added to natural light for grape plantlets to investigate the effects of far-red light supplementation on grapevine growth and carbon assimilate allocation, as well as to reveal the underlying mechanisms, through physiological and transcriptomic analysis. The results showed that additional far-red light increased stem length and carbohydrate contents in multiple organs and decreased leaf area, specific leaf weight and dry weight of leaves in comparison with their counterparts grown under white light. Compared to white light, the maximum net photosynthetic rate of the leaves was increased by 31.72% by far-red light supplementation, indicating that far-red light indeed elevated the photosynthesis efficiency of grapes. Transcriptome analysis revealed that leaves were most responsive to far-red light, followed by sink organs, including stems and roots. Genes related to light signaling and carbon metabolites were tightly correlated with variations in the aforementioned physiological traits. In particular, VvLHCB1 is involved in light harvesting and restoring the balance of photosystem I and photosystem II excitation, and VvCOP1 and VvPIF3, which regulate light signal transduction, were upregulated under far-red conditions. In addition, the transcript abundances of the sugar transporter-encoding genes VvSWEET1 and VvSWEET3 and the carbon metabolite-encoding genes VvG6PD, VvSUS7 and VvPGAM varied in line with the change in sugar content. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that far-red light synergistically functioning with white light has a beneficial effect on grape photosystem activity and is able to differentially affect the growth of sink organs, providing evidence for the possible addition of far-red light to the wavelength range of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR).


Assuntos
Clorofila , Clorofila/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Fotossíntese , Açúcares , Carbono
2.
Bioinformatics ; 40(2)2024 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317054

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Effective identification of cell types is of critical importance in single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) data analysis. To date, many supervised machine learning-based predictors have been implemented to identify cell types from scRNA-seq datasets. Despite the technical advances of these state-of-the-art tools, most existing predictors were single classifiers, of which the performances can still be significantly improved. It is therefore highly desirable to employ the ensemble learning strategy to develop more accurate computational models for robust and comprehensive identification of cell types on scRNA-seq datasets. RESULTS: We propose a two-layer stacking model, termed CTISL (Cell Type Identification by Stacking ensemble Learning), which integrates multiple classifiers to identify cell types. In the first layer, given a reference scRNA-seq dataset with known cell types, CTISL dynamically combines multiple cell-type-specific classifiers (i.e. support-vector machine and logistic regression) as the base learners to deliver the outcomes for the input of a meta-classifier in the second layer. We conducted a total of 24 benchmarking experiments on 17 human and mouse scRNA-seq datasets to evaluate and compare the prediction performance of CTISL and other state-of-the-art predictors. The experiment results demonstrate that CTISL achieves superior or competitive performance compared to these state-of-the-art approaches. We anticipate that CTISL can serve as a useful and reliable tool for cost-effective identification of cell types from scRNA-seq datasets. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The webserver and source code are freely available at http://bigdata.biocie.cn/CTISLweb/home and https://zenodo.org/records/10568906, respectively.


Assuntos
Análise de Célula Única , Análise da Expressão Gênica de Célula Única , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Software , Aprendizado de Máquina Supervisionado , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Análise por Conglomerados
3.
Microbiol Spectr ; 12(3): e0243523, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319108

RESUMO

It is urgently needed to evaluate the necessity and benefits of booster vaccination against the coronavirus 2 of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron to facilitate clinical decision-making for 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) convalescents. We conducted a multicenter, prospective clinical trial (registration number: ChiCTR2100045810) in the first patients with COVID-19 from 28 January 2020 to 20 February 2020 to assess the long-term durability of neutralizing antibodies against live Omicron BA.5 and further assess the efficiency and safety of CoronaVac in the convalescent group. A total of 96 COVID-19 convalescents were enrolled in this study. Neutralizing antibody titers in convalescents were significantly reduced in 9-10 months. A dose-refreshing vaccination in 28 convalescents with an antibody titer below 96 significantly induced neutralizing antibodies against live Omicron by 4.84-fold. Meanwhile, the abundance of naive T cells increased dramatically, and TEMRA and TEM cells gradually decreased after vaccination. Activation-induced cell death and apoptosis-related genes were significantly elevated after vaccination in all T-cell subtypes. One-dose booster vaccination was effective in inducing a robust antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron in COVID-19 convalescents with low antibody titers. However, vaccine-mediated T-cell consumption and regeneration patterns may be detrimental to the antiviral response.IMPORTANCEThe globally dominant coronavirus 2 of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant raises the possibility of repeat infections among 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) convalescents with low neutralizing antibody titers. The importance of this multicenter study lies in its evaluation of the long-term durability of neutralizing antibodies in COVID-19 convalescents and the efficacy of a booster vaccination against the live Omicron. The findings suggest that a one-dose booster vaccination is effective in inducing a robust antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron in convalescents with low antibody titers. However, the study also highlights the potential detrimental effects on the antiviral response due to vaccine-mediated T-cell consumption and regeneration patterns. These results are crucial for facilitating clinical decision-making for COVID-19 convalescents and informing public health policies regarding booster vaccinations.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Antivirais , Apoptose , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Linfócitos T , Vacinação , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados
4.
Environ Pollut ; 348: 123439, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325505

RESUMO

Cocomposting coal gangue and sludge eliminates the challenge of utilizing coal gangue. However, there is limited understanding about the feasibility of cocomposting sludge and coal gangue, as well as the composting indicators, functional microorganisms, and safety risks involved. Therefore, this study evaluated the feasibility of enhancing carbon composting in coal gangue by incorporating sludge along with sawdust as a conditioner. Three laboratory-scale reactors were designed and labeled as T1 (20 % coal gangue, 60 % sludge, and 20 % sawdust), T2 (40 % coal gangue, 40 % sludge, and 20 % sawdust), and T3 (60 % coal gangue, 20 % sludge, and 20 % sawdust). Seed germination and plant growth assessments were conducted to ensure compost stability and assess phytotoxicity to cabbage (Brassica rapa chinensis L.) in terms of growth and biomass. The results indicated that the temperature, pH, EC and ammonia nitrogen of all three reactor conditions met the requirements for product decomposition. Composting was successfully achieved when the sludge proportion was 20 % (T3). However, when the sludge proportion was markedly high (T1), the harmlessness of the compost was reduced. The germination indices of T1, T2, and T3 reached 95 %, 122 %, and 119 % at maturity, respectively. This confirmed that the harmless cycle, which involved promoting condensation and aromatization, enhancing decay, and reducing composting time, was shorter in T2 and T3 than in T1. Coal gangue can also serve as a beneficial habitat for microorganisms, promoting an increase in their population and activity. Potting experiments in sandy soil revealed that the mechanism of action of compost products in soil included not only the enhancement of soil nutrients but also the improvement of soil texture. The results of this study suggest that using coal gangue as a raw material for composting is an efficient and environmentally friendly approach for producing organic fertilizers.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 263(Pt 1): 130225, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368973

RESUMO

The study presents a multifunctional catechol-modified chitosan (Chi-Ca)/oxidized dextran (Dex-CHO) hydrogel (CDP-PB) that possesses antibacterial, antioxidant, and pro-angiogenic properties, aimed at improving the healing of diabetic wounds. The achievement of the as-prepared CDP-PB hydrogel with superb antibacterial property (99.9 %) can be realized through the synergistic effect of phenylboronic acid-modified polyethyleneimine (PEI-PBA) and photothermal therapy (PTT) of polydopamine nanoparticles loaded with the nitric oxide (NO) donor BNN6 (PDA@BNN6). Notably, CDP-PB hydrogel achieves ∼3.6 log10 CFU/mL MRSA of inactivation efficiency under 808 nm NIR laser irradiation. In order to mitigate oxidative stress, the Chi-Ca was synthesized and afterward subjected to a reaction with Dex-CHO via a Schiff-base reaction. The catechol-containing hydrogel demonstrated its effectiveness in scavenging DPPH, •OH, and ABTS radicals (> 85 %). In addition, the cellular experiment illustrates the increased migration and proliferation of cells by the treatment of CDP-PB hydrogel in the presence of oxidative stress conditions. Moreover, the findings from the animal model experiments provide evidence that the CDP-PB hydrogel exhibited efficacy in the eradication of wound infection, facilitation of angiogenesis, stimulation of granulation, and augmentation of collagen deposition. These results indicate the potential of the CDP-PB hydrogel for use in clinical applications.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Diabetes Mellitus , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Dextranos , Cicatrização , Catecóis , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1301921, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313368

RESUMO

Background: Prediabetes is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality. Rare research in China has evaluated the prevalence of prediabetes among children and adolescents using the HbA1c criterion or the combined FPG-or-HbA1c diagnostic criterion, and researchers paid no attention to the distributions of blood glucose in Shenzhen, especially for juveniles. Methods: We conducted a school-based cross-sectional study based on the first-year students from 17 primary, middle, and high schools. Prediabetes was defined as FPG of 5.6-6.9 mmol/L or HbA1c of 5.7%-6.4%. The crude and standardized prevalence of prediabetes with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was estimated. Results: A total of 7519 participants, aged 6 to 17 years, were included. For all subjects, the crude prevalence (95% CI) of prediabetes was 1.49% (1.21-1.77), 8.72% (8.08-9.36), and 9.80% (9.13-10.47) by the FPG-only, HbA1c-only, and FPG-or-HbA1c criteria, respectively. Based on the 2010 Shenzhen census population, the standardized prevalence was 1.56% (males 1.85%, females 1.19%), 11.05% (males 11.47%, females 10.53%), and 12.19% (males 13.01%, females 11.15%) by the corresponding criteria. The proportion of prediabetes was higher for males than females, and the prevalence decreased with grade for males but increased for females. The association of BMI and prediabetes was U-shaped curve, indicating higher rates of prediabetes for underweight and obesity people. Conclusion: The blood glucose status of children and adolescents in Shenzhen is worrisome, and the early detection and management of prediabetes are imperative.


Assuntos
Estado Pré-Diabético , Masculino , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Glicemia , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Jejum , China/epidemiologia
7.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(1)2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38201816

RESUMO

Cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) solid particle is one of the most commonly used organic polymer flocculants in oilfield wastewater treatment, but it poses some problems, such as a slow dissolution rate and an easy formation into a "fish-eye" in the process of diluting into aqueous solution. However, the current liquid CPAM products also have some problems, such as low effective content, poor storage stability, degradation in a short time, and high preparation costs. In this paper, a CPAM suspension was successfully prepared with 50.00% CPAM fine powder, 46.87% oil phase solvent, 0.63% separating agent, 1.56% emulsifying and dispersing agent, and 0.94% rheology modifier. This suspension has an effective content of 50.00%. It also showed no separation in 7 days of storage at room temperature, no separation in 30 min of centrifugation at a speed of 2000 rpm, and diluted to a 0.40% solution in just 16.00 min. For 1000 NTU of diatomite-simulated wastewater, the optimal turbidity removal rate of the suspension was 99.50%, which was higher than the optimal turbidity removal rate of 98.40% for the inorganic flocculant polymeric aluminum chloride (PAC). For oilfield wastewater, the optimal turbidity removal rate of the CPAM suspension was 35.60%, which was higher than the optimal turbidity removal rate of 28.40% for solid particle CPAM. In a scale-up test, the CPAM suspension achieved a good application effect.

8.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 138(3): 103-115, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237016

RESUMO

High-altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) is a severe and progressive disease that can lead to right heart failure. Intermittent short-duration reoxygenation at high altitude is effective in alleviating HAPH; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. In the present study, a simulated 5,000-m hypoxia rat model and hypoxic cultured pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) were used to evaluate the effect and mechanisms of intermittent short-duration reoxygenation. The results showed that intermittent 3-h/per day reoxygenation (I3) effectively attenuated chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension and reduced the content of H2O2 and the expression of NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) in lung tissues. In combination with I3, while the NOX inhibitor apocynin did not further alleviate HAPH, the mitochondrial antioxidant MitoQ did. Furthermore, in PASMCs, I3 attenuated hypoxia-induced PASMCs proliferation and reversed the activated HIF-1α/NOX4/PPAR-γ axis under hypoxia. Targeting this axis offset the protective effect of I3 on hypoxia-induced PASMCs proliferation. The present study is novel in revealing a new mechanism for preventing HAPH and provides insights into the optimization of intermittent short-duration reoxygenation.


Assuntos
Doença da Altitude , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Animais , Ratos , Altitude , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Hipertensão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , NADPH Oxidase 4/genética , NADPH Oxidase 4/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Artéria Pulmonar/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Nat Prod Res ; 38(6): 1036-1043, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37221665

RESUMO

Aralianudaside A, a triterpene saponin with an unusual skeleton of pentacyclic triterpenoid, along with a new triterpene glycoside and six known compounds were obtained from the buds of Aralia elata. Their structures were determined through extensive spectral analysis, including HRESIMS, IR, 1D and 2D NMR, glycolysis and GC. All compounds were evaluated for anti-airway inflammatory activity in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced airway epithelial cells (16HBE), compounds 1, 3, 5, 7 and 8 significantly decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and IL-4.


Assuntos
Aralia , Saponinas , Triterpenos , Aralia/química , Saponinas/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Esqueleto/química
10.
Microb Biotechnol ; 17(1): e14379, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38085112

RESUMO

Tetracycline is a commonly used human and veterinary antibiotic that is mostly discharged into environment and thereby tetracycline-resistant bacteria are widely isolated. To combat these resistant bacteria, further understanding for tetracycline resistance mechanisms is needed. Here, GC-MS based untargeted metabolomics with biochemistry and molecular biology techniques was used to explore tetracycline resistance mechanisms of Edwardsiella tarda. Tetracycline-resistant E. tarda (LTB4-RTET ) exhibited a globally repressed metabolism against elevated proton motive force (PMF) as the most characteristic feature. The elevated PMF contributed to the resistance, which was supported by the three results: (i) viability was decreased with increasing PMF inhibitor carbonylcyanide-3-chlorophenylhydrazone; (ii) survival is related to PMF regulated by pH; (iii) LTB4-RTET were sensitive to gentamicin, an antibiotic that is dependent upon PMF to kill bacteria. Meanwhile, gentamicin-resistant E. tarda with low PMF are sensitive to tetracycline is also demonstrated. These results together indicate that the combination of tetracycline with gentamycin will effectively kill both gentamycin and tetracycline resistant bacteria. Therefore, the present study reveals a PMF-enhanced tetracycline resistance mechanism in LTB4-RTET and provides an effective approach to combat resistant bacteria.


Assuntos
Edwardsiella tarda , Resistência a Tetraciclina , Humanos , Edwardsiella tarda/metabolismo , Gentamicinas/farmacologia , Gentamicinas/metabolismo , Força Próton-Motriz , Leucotrieno B4/metabolismo , Leucotrieno B4/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Tetraciclina/farmacologia , Tetraciclina/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo
11.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(5): e18065, 2023 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38116696

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most prevalent malignancy of the digestive system. Glucose metabolism plays a crucial role in CRC development. However, the heterogeneity of glucose metabolic patterns in CRC is not well characterized. Here, we classified CRC into specific glucose metabolic subtypes and identified the key regulators. 2228 carbohydrate metabolism-related genes were screened out from the GeneCards database, 202 of them were identified as prognosis genes in the TCGA database. Based on the expression patterns of the 202 genes, three metabolic subtypes were obtained by the non-negative matrix factorization clustering method. The C1 subtype had the worst survival outcome and was characterized with higher immune cell infiltration and more activation in extracellular matrix pathways than the other two subtypes. The C2 subtype was the most prevalent in CRC and was characterized by low immune cell infiltration. The C3 subtype had the smallest number of individuals and had a better prognosis, with higher levels of NRF2 and TP53 pathway expression. Secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (SFRP2) and thrombospondin-2 (THBS2) were confirmed as biomarkers for the C1 subtype. Their expression levels were elevated in high glucose condition, while their knockdown inhibited migration and invasion of HCT 116 cells. The analysis of therapeutic potential found that the C1 subtype was more sensitive to immune and PI3K-Akt pathway inhibitors than the other subtypes. To sum up, this study revealed a novel glucose-related CRC subtype, characterized by SFRP2 and THBS2, with poor prognosis but possible therapeutic benefits from immune and targeted therapies.

12.
Gels ; 9(12)2023 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38131960

RESUMO

Filtrate reducer is a drilling fluid additive that can effectively control the filtration loss of drilling fluid to ensure the safe and efficient exploitation of oilfields. It is the most widely used treatment agent in oilfields. Due to its moderate conditions and controllable procedure, alkaline hydrolysis of high-purity waste polyacrylonitrile has been utilized for decades to produce filtrate reducer on a large scale in oilfields. However, the issues of long hydrolysis time, high viscosity of semi-finished products, high drying cost, and tail gas pollution have constrained the development of the industry. In this study, low-purity waste acrylic fiber was first separated and purified using high-temperature hydroplastization, and the hydrolyzed product was obtained using alkaline hydrolysis with the micro-water method, which was called MW-HPAN. The hydrolysis reaction was characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis, and the elemental analysis showed a hydrolysis degree of 73.21%. The experimental results showed that after aging at 180 °C for 16 h, the filtration volume of the freshwater base slurry with 0.30% dosage and 4% brine base slurry with 1.20% dosage was 12.7 mL and 18.5 mL, respectively. The microstructure and particle size analysis of the drilling fluid gel system showed that MW-HPAN could prevent the agglomeration of clay and maintain a reasonable particle size distribution even under the combined deteriorating effect of high temperature and inorganic cations, thus forming a dense filter cake and achieving a low filtrate volume of the drilling fluid gel system. Compared with similar commercially available products, MW-HPAN has better resistance to temperature and salt in drilling fluid gel systems, and the novel preparation method is promising to be extended to practical production.

13.
J Inflamm (Lond) ; 20(1): 35, 2023 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37915070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is one of the causes of poor ventricular remodelling and poor cardiac recovery after myocardial infarction (MI). We previously reported that tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 (TFPI2) was downregulated in response to hyperglycaemia and that it played a pivotal role in extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation and cell migration. Nonetheless, the function and mechanism of TFPI2 in post-MI remodelling under diabetic conditions remain unclear. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the role of TFPI2 in post-MI effects in a diabetic mouse model. RESULTS: TFPI2 expression was markedly decreased in the infarcted myocardium of diabetic MI mice compared with that in non-diabetic mice. TFPI2 knockdown in the MI mouse model promoted fibroblast activation and migration as well as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression, leading to disproportionate fibrosis remodelling and poor cardiac recovery. TFPI2 silencing promoted pro-inflammatory M1 macrophage polarization, which is consistent with the results of TFPI2 downregulation and M1 polarization under diabetic conditions. In contrast, TFPI2 overexpression in diabetic MI mice protected against adverse cardiac remodelling and functional deterioration. TFPI2 overexpression also inhibited MMP2 and MMP9 expression and attenuated fibroblast activation and migration, as well as excessive collagen production, in the infarcted myocardium of diabetic mice. TFPI2 promoted an earlier phenotype transition of pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages to reparative M2 macrophages via activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights TFPI2 as a promising therapeutic target for early resolution of post-MI inflammation and disproportionate ECM remodelling under diabetic conditions.

14.
BMJ Open ; 13(11): e072752, 2023 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37989359

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of fat and lean mass in specific regions with all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality. DESIGN: Population based cohort study. SETTING: US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2006 and 2011-2018). PARTICIPANTS: 22 652 US adults aged 20 years or older. EXPOSURES: Fat and lean mass in specific regions obtained from the whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality. RESULTS: During a median of 83 months of follow-up, 1432 deaths were identified. Associations between body composition metrics and mortality risks were evident above specific thresholds. For all-cause mortality, Android fat mass showed elevated HRs above 2.46 kg (HR: 1.17, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.34), while Android lean mass (ALM) had similar trends above 2.75 kg (HR: 1.17, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.33), and Android total mass above 5.75 kg (HR: 1.08, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.16). Conversely, lower HRs were observed below certain thresholds: Gynoid fat mass (GFM) below 3.71 kg (HR: 0.72, 95% CI 0.56 to 0.93), Gynoid lean mass below 6.44 kg (HR: 0.77, 95% CI 0.64 to 0.92), and Gynoid total mass below 11.78 kg (HR: 0.76, 95% CI 0.70 to 0.84). Notably, below 0.722 kg, the HR of visceral adipose tissue mass (VATM) was 1.25 (95% CI 1.04 to 1.48) for all-cause mortality, and above 3.18 kg, the HR of total abdominal fat mass was 2.41 (95% CI 1.15 to 5.05). Cardiovascular-related mortality exhibited associations as well, particularly for Android fat mass (AFM) above 1.78 kg (HR: 1.22, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.47) and below 7.16 kg (HR: 0.50, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.69). HRs varied for Gynoid total mass below and above 10.98 kg (HRs: 0.70, 95% CI 0.54 to 0.93, and 1.12, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.23). Android per cent fat, subcutaneous fat mass (SFM), AFM/GFM, and VATM/SFM were not statistically associated with all-cause mortality. Android per cent fat, Gynoid per cent fat, AFM/GFM, and VATM/SFM were not statistically associated with cardiovascular-related mortality. Conicity index showed that the ALM/GLM had the highest performance for all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality with AUCs of 0.785, and 0.746, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between fat or lean mass and all-cause mortality varies by region. Fat mass was positively correlated with cardiovascular mortality, regardless of the region in which they located. ALM/GLM might be a better predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality than other body components or body mass index.


Assuntos
Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Adulto , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estudos de Coortes , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Absorciometria de Fóton , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
15.
Front Microbiol ; 14: 1276954, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38029124

RESUMO

Introduction: Glucose level is related to antibiotic resistance. However, underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Methods: Since glucose transport is performed by phosphotransferase system (PTS) in bacteria, pts promoter-deleted K12 (Δpts-P) was used as a model to investigate effect of glucose metabolism on antibiotic resistance. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry based metabolomics was employed to identify a differential metabolome in Δpts-P compared with K12, and with glucose as controls. Results: Δpts-P exhibits the resistance to ß-lactams and aminoglycosides but not to quinolones, tetracyclines, and macrolide antibiotics. Inactivated pyruvate cycle was determined as the most characteristic feature in Δpts-P, which may influence proton motive force (PMF), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and nitric oxide (NO) that are related to antibiotic resistance. Thus, they were regarded as three ways for the following study. Glucose promoted PMF and ß-lactams-, aminoglycosides-, quinolones-mediated killing in K12, which was inhibited by carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone. Exogenous glucose did not elevated ROS in K12 and Δpts-P, but the loss of pts promoter reduced ROS by approximately 1/5, which was related to antibiotic resistance. However, NO was neither changed nor related to antibiotic resistance. Discussion: These results reveal that pts promoter regulation confers antibiotic resistance via PMF and ROS in Escherichia coli.

16.
Toxics ; 11(11)2023 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37999568

RESUMO

4-Methylimidazole (4-MEI), as a Maillard reaction product, often occurs in heat-processed food. Due to its widespread occurrence and strong carcinogenicity in food and beverages, 4-MEI has received attention from regulatory organizations and consumers. Some studies have reported the occurrence and exposure of 4-MEI in food, but few studies have involved traditional tea beverages, which is related to the limited analytical methods currently being influenced by complex tea matrices. For this issue, this study presents a simple, reliable, and highly sensitive analytical method for the determination of 4-MEI in tea using liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry. By means of this method, a total of 570 tea samples from typical tea-producing regions in China were monitored for contamination of 4-MEI. The results showed that the average 4-MEI level (136 µg/kg) in oolong tea was significantly higher than that in other types of tea samples. Based on contamination levels and tea consumption data in China, the daily intake doses (0.04-1.16 µg/day) of 4-MEI among tea consumers were obtained. As a result, the health risk of Chinese tea consumers consuming 4-MEI alone through tea consumption is relatively low, but the overall intake level of 4-MEI in other foods cannot be ignored.

17.
Hortic Res ; 10(10): uhad176, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37868620

RESUMO

Anthocyanins are essential for the quality of perennial horticultural crops, such as grapes. In grapes, ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5) and MYBA1 are two critical transcription factors that regulate anthocyanin biosynthesis. Our previous work has shown that Vitis vinifera B-box protein 44 (VvBBX44) inhibits anthocyanin synthesis and represses VvHY5 expression in grape calli. However, the regulatory mechanism underlying this regulation was unclear. In this study, we found that loss of VvBBX44 function resulted in increased anthocyanin accumulation in grapevine callus. VvBBX44 directly represses VvMYBA1, which activates VvBBX44. VvMYBA1, but not VvBBX44, directly modulates the expression of grape UDP flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (VvUFGT). We demonstrated that VvBBX44 represses the transcriptional activation of VvUFGT and VvBBX44 induced by VvMYBA1. However, VvBBX44 and VvMYBA1 did not physically interact in yeast. The application of exogenous anthocyanin stimulated VvBBX44 expression in grapevine suspension cells and tobacco leaves. These findings suggest that VvBBX44 and VvMYBA1 form a transcriptional feedback loop to prevent overaccumulation of anthocyanin and reduce metabolic costs. Our work sheds light on the complex regulatory network that controls anthocyanin biosynthesis in grapevine.

18.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2023: 4332684, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37868768

RESUMO

Objectives: To study trends of utilization, in-hospital outcomes, and short outcomes in patients undergoing transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) vs. surgical mitral valve repair (SMVR) in atrial fibrillation (AF). Background: TMVR is a treatment option in inoperable or high-risk patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). AF is a common comorbidity of MR. Data comparing between TMVR and SMVR in MR patients with AF is lacking. Methods: The National Readmission Database from 2016 to 2019 was utilized to identify hospitalizations undergoing TMVR or SMVR with AF. Outcomes of interest included mortality, postoperative complications, length of stay, and 30-day readmission rate. Results: A total of 9,195 patients underwent TMVR and 16,972 patients underwent SMVR with AF; the number of AF undergoing TMVR was increasing from 1,342 in 2016 to 4,215 in 2019 and SMVR. The incidence of in-hospital mortality decreased from 2.6% in 2016 to 1.8% in 2019. We identified length of stay>5 days, dyslipidemia, cerebrovascular disease, heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, and urgent/emergent admissions as independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality. After matching, we included 4,680 patients in each group; the in-hospital death, transfusion, acute kidney injury, sepsis, stroke, and mechanical ventilation were lower in TMVR compared with SMVR. TMVR was associated with a similar rate of all-cause readmission at 30 days compared with SMVR. Conclusion: Patients with AF receiving TMVR have been increasing along with progressive improvement in in-hospital death and length of stay. Compared to SMVR, AF patients receiving TMVR had a lower rate of in-hospital death and postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Resultado do Tratamento , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos
19.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 149(19): 17231-17239, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37801135

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Vessels encapsulating tumor clusters (VETC) is a novel vascular pattern structurally and functionally distinct from microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aims to explore the prognostic value of VETC in patients receiving hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) for unresectable HCC. METHODS: From January 2016 to December 2017, 145 patients receiving HAIC as the initial treatment for unresectable HCC were enrolled and stratified into two groups according to their VETC status. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR), and disease control rate (DCR) were evaluated. RESULTS: The patients were divided into two groups: VETC+ (n = 31, 21.8%) and VETC- (n = 114, 78.2%). The patients in the VETC+ group had worse ORR and DCR than those in the VETC- group (RECIST: ORR: 25.8% vs. 47.4%, P = 0.031; DCR: 56.1% vs. 76.3%, P = 0.007; mRECIST: ORR: 41.0% vs. 52.6%, P = 0.008; DCR: 56.1% vs. 76.3%, P = 0.007). Patients with VETC+ had significantly shorter OS and PFS than those with VETC- (median OS: 10.2 vs. 21.6 months, P < 0.001; median PFS: 3.3 vs. 7.2 months, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed VETC status as an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR: 2.40; 95% CI: 1.46-3.94; P = 0.001) and PFS (HR: 1.97; 95% CI: 1.20-3.22; P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: VETC status correlates remarkably well with the tumor response and long-term survival in patients undergoing HAIC. It may be a promising efficacy predictor and help identify patients who will benefit from HAIC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Prognóstico
20.
Curr Res Food Sci ; 7: 100606, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37822319

RESUMO

Perchlorate is a kind of persistent pollutant which occurs widely in the environment. The news of "high content of perchlorate detected in tea exported from China to Europe" has aroused public concerns on perchlorate in tea. However, limited data on its occurrence in tea and health risks for the tea consumers are available. To this end, this study explored the occurrence and spatial distribution of perchlorate based on 747 tea samples collected from the 13 major tea producing regions in China. Perchlorate was detected in 100% of tea samples. The average concentration of perchlorate was 163 µg/kg with the range from 1.2 µg/kg to 3132 µg/kg. From the perspective of spatial distribution, a remarkable difference was observed for perchlorate concentrations in tea samples between different regions (p < 0.0001), and the average concentration of perchlorate from the central China (409 µg/kg) was higher than that from the eastern (90.7 µg/kg) and western (140 µg/kg) regions. However, this study cannot obtain the difference of perchlorate concentrations between different tea categories. Furthermore, a human exposure assessment of perchlorate intake through tea consumption was performed by deterministic and probabilistic risk assessment. The average chronic daily intake (CDI) to perchlorate of Chinese tea consumers was 0.0183 µg/kg bw/day, however, CDI for high tea consumers (99% and 99.9%) was 0.1514-0.4675 µg/kg bw/day. The health risk assessment conducted with a hazard quotient showed that perchlorate exposure through tea consumption was under a safety threshold. Nevertheless, if other dietary exposure pathways were considered, health risks to perchlorate for high tea consumers would be paid attention to.

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