Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 144
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2110, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454003

RESUMO

Pilot-diesel-ignition ammonia combustion engines have attracted widespread attentions from the maritime sector, but there are still bottleneck problems such as high unburned NH3 and N2O emissions as well as low thermal efficiency that need to be solved before further applications. In this study, a concept termed as in-cylinder reforming gas recirculation is initiated to simultaneously improve the thermal efficiency and reduce the unburned NH3, NOx, N2O and greenhouse gas emissions of pilot-diesel-ignition ammonia combustion engine. For this concept, one cylinder of the multi-cylinder engine operates rich of stoichiometric and the excess ammonia in the cylinder is partially decomposed into hydrogen, then the exhaust of this dedicated reforming cylinder is recirculated into the other cylinders and therefore the advantages of hydrogen-enriched combustion and exhaust gas recirculation can be combined. The results show that at 3% diesel energetic ratio and 1000 rpm, the engine can increase the indicated thermal efficiency by 15.8% and reduce the unburned NH3 by 89.3%, N2O by 91.2% compared to the base/traditional ammonia engine without the proposed method. At the same time, it is able to reduce carbon footprint by 97.0% and greenhouse gases by 94.0% compared to the traditional pure diesel mode.

2.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1467, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368411

RESUMO

The noncentrosymmetric ferromagnetic Weyl semimetal CeAlSi with simultaneous space-inversion and time-reversal symmetry breaking provides a unique platform for exploring novel topological states. Here, by employing multiple experimental techniques, we demonstrate that ferromagnetism and pressure can serve as efficient parameters to tune the positions of Weyl nodes in CeAlSi. At ambient pressure, a magnetism-facilitated anomalous Hall/Nernst effect (AHE/ANE) is uncovered. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements demonstrated that the Weyl nodes with opposite chirality are moving away from each other upon entering the ferromagnetic phase. Under pressure, by tracing the pressure evolution of AHE and band structure, we demonstrate that pressure could also serve as a pivotal knob to tune the positions of Weyl nodes. Moreover, multiple pressure-induced phase transitions are also revealed. These findings indicate that CeAlSi provides a unique and tunable platform for exploring exotic topological physics and electron correlations, as well as catering to potential applications, such as spintronics.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330520

RESUMO

Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) is the most widespread and harmful form of shellfish poisoning with high mortality rate. In this study, a combined desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) and ultra-performance liquid chromatography triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UPLC-QqQ/MS) method was established for the detection of PSPs in urine. The method was optimized using a spray solution of methanol and water (1:1, v/v) containing 0.1 % FA, at a flow rate of 2.5 µL·min-1 and an applied voltage of 3 kV. The limit of detection (LOD) for PSPs detection by DESI-MS was in the range of 87-265 µg·L-1, which basically meets the requirements for the rapid screening of PSPs. The LOD for UPLC-QqQ/MS was in the range of 2.2-14.9 µg·L-1, with a limit of quantification (LOQ) of 7.3-49.7 µg·L-1, thus fulfilling the quantitative demand for PSPs in urine. Finally, after spiking the urine samples of six volunteers with PSPs to a concentration of 100 µg·L-1, DESI-MS successfully and efficiently detected the positive samples. Subsequently, UPLC-QqQ/MS was employed for precise quantification, yielding results in the range of 84.6-95.1 µg·L-1. The experimental findings demonstrated that the combination of DESI-MS and UPLC-QqQ/MS enables high-throughput, rapid screening of samples and accurate quantification of positive samples, providing assurance for food safety and human health.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Frutos do Mar , Humanos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Intoxicação por Frutos do Mar/diagnóstico , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , 60705 , Limite de Detecção
4.
Cell Discov ; 10(1): 20, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378648

RESUMO

Adenine base editors (ABEs) and cytosine base editors (CBEs) enable the single nucleotide editing of targeted DNA sites avoiding generation of double strand breaks, however, the genomic features that influence the outcomes of base editing in vivo still remain to be characterized. High-throughput datasets from lentiviral integrated libraries were used to investigate the sequence features affecting base editing outcomes, but the effects of endogenous factors beyond the DNA sequences are still largely unknown. Here the base editing outcomes of ABE and CBE were evaluated in mammalian cells for 5012 endogenous genomic sites and 11,868 genome-integrated target sequences, with 4654 genomic sites sharing the same target sequences. The comparative analyses revealed that the editing outcomes of ABE and CBE at endogenous sites were substantially different from those obtained using genome-integrated sequences. We found that the base editing efficiency at endogenous target sites of both ABE and CBE was influenced by endogenous factors, including epigenetic modifications and transcriptional activity. A deep-learning algorithm referred as BE_Endo, was developed based on the endogenous factors and sequence information from our genomic datasets, and it yielded unprecedented accuracy in predicting the base editing outcomes. These findings along with the developed computational algorithms may facilitate future application of BEs for scientific research and clinical gene therapy.

5.
J Chromatogr A ; 1718: 464715, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330726

RESUMO

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are one of the most prominent targets for drug discovery. Immobilizing GPCRs has proven to be an effective strategy for expanding the utility of GPCRs into nonbiological contexts. However, traditional strategies of immobilizing GPCRs have been severely challenged due to the loss of receptor function. Here, we reported a novel and general approach to realize the label-free and site-selective immobilization of 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor (5-HT1AR) and the application in developing a chromatographic method with improved specificity for pursuing 5-HT1AR ligands from natural products. This method involved the use of a clickable non-natural amino acid, O-allyl-L-tyrosine (O-ALTyr) to immobilize the receptor onto thiol-functionalized silica gels through a 'thiol-ene' click chemistry, which allowed us to avoid the purification step and directly immobilize 5-HT1AR on silica gels. The immobilized receptor was characterized using immunofluorescence assay, and receptor-ligand interaction analysis was conducted through frontal analysis. To test the feasibility of the immobilized 5-HT1ARO-ALTyr in complex matrices, bioactive compounds in Ziziphi Spinosae Semen (ZSS) were screened and their interaction with the receptor was assessed using zonal elution. Our findings indicated that immobilizing the receptor through nnAAs effectively minimizes the chromatographic peak tailing and broadening of specific ligands, leading to a significant improvement in chromatographic performance. The association constants of the three ligands to 5-HT1AR were approximately one order of magnitude greater than those of Halo-tag attachment. These results demonstrated that the immobilized 5-HT1AR exhibits high specificity and the ability to recognize receptor ligands from complex matrices. This allowed us to identify magnoflorine (Mag) as a potential ligand of 5-HT1AR from ZSS extract. In vivo assay also proved that Mag presented a promising anxiolytic effect by promoting the expression of 5-HT1AR in mice brain. The above findings pointed to the fact that the immobilized 5-HT1AR affinity chromatographic strategy relying on the site-specific encoded non-natural amino acid is a powerful alternative for precisely determining the drug-protein interaction and discovering the specific ligand of GPCRs from complex matrixes.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina , Camundongos , Animais , Ligantes , Serotonina , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G , Cromatografia de Afinidade/métodos , Tirosina , Compostos de Sulfidrila , Dióxido de Silício , Géis
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 325: 117812, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301984

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diabetic ulcers represent a chronic condition characterized by prolonged hyperglycemia and delayed wound healing, accompanied by endocrine disorders, inflammatory responses, and microvascular damage in the epidermal tissue, demanding effective clinical treatment approaches. For thousands of years, ancient Chinese ethnopharmacological studies have documented the use of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf in treating diabetic ulcers. Recent research has substantiated the diverse pharmacological effects of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf, including its potential to alleviate hyperglycemia and exhibit anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and immune regulatory properties, which could effectively mitigate diabetic ulcer symptoms. Furthermore, being a natural medicine, Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf has demonstrated promising therapeutic effects and safety in the management of diabetic ulcers, holding significant clinical value. Despite its potential clinical efficacy and applications in diabetic ulcer treatment, the primary active components and underlying pharmacological mechanisms of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf remains unclear. Further investigations are imperative to establish a solid foundation for drug development in this domain. AIM OF THE STUDY AND MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we aimed to identify the active compounds and potential targets of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf using UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS and TCMSP databases. Additionally, we attempt to identify targets related to diabetic ulcers. Following enrichment analysis, a network of protein-protein interactions was constructed to identify hub genes based on the common elements between the two datasets. To gain insights into the binding activities of the hub genes and active ingredients, molecular docking analysis was employed. Furthermore, to further validate the therapeutic effect of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf, we exerted in vitro experiments using human umbilical vein vascular endothelial cells and human myeloid leukemia monocytes (THP-1). The active ingredient of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf was applied in these experiments. Our investigations included various assays, such as CCK-8, scratch test, immunofluorescence, western blotting, RT-PCR, and flow cytometry, to explore the potential of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf triterpenoid extract (PTE) in treating diabetic ulcers. RESULTS: The findings here highlighted PTE as the primary active ingredient in Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf. Utilizing network pharmacology, we identified 74 potential targets associated with diabetic ulcer treatment for Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf, with five hub genes (JUN, MAPK1, STAT3, AKT1, and CTNNB1). Enrichment analysis revealed the involvement of multiple pathways in the therapeutic process, with the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway showing significant enrichment. Through molecular docking, we discovered that relevant targets within this pathway exhibited strong binding with the active components of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf. In vitro experiments unveiled that PTE (10 mg/L) facilitated the migration of human umbilical vein vascular endothelial cells (P < 0.05). PTE also increased the expression of CD31 and VEGF mRNA (P < 0.05) while activating the expressions of p-PI3K and p-AKT (P < 0.05). Moreover, PTE demonstrated its potential by reducing the expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and NF-κB mRNA in THP-1 (P < 0.05) and fostering M2 macrophage polarization. These results signify the potential therapeutic effects of PTE in treating diabetic ulcers, with its beneficial actions mediated through the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: PTE is the main active ingredient in Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf that exerts therapeutic effects. Through PI3K-AKT signaling pathway activation and inflammatory response reduction, PTE promotes angiogenesis, thereby healing diabetic ulcers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Diabetes Mellitus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hiperglicemia , Triterpenos , Wolfiporia , Lobos , Animais , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Wolfiporia/química , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Úlcera , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Células Endoteliais , Transdução de Sinais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico , Triterpenos/análise , RNA Mensageiro , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
7.
Acad Radiol ; 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233258

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the predictors of Gleason Grading Group (GGG) upgrading in low-risk prostate cancer (Gleason score=3 + 3) from transperineal biopsy after radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical data of 160 patients who underwent transperineal biopsy and RP from January 2017 to December 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. First, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to obtain independent predictors of postoperative GGG upgrading. Then receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of predictors. Finally, Linear-by-Linear Association test was used to analyze the risk trends of patients in different predictor groups in the postoperative GGG. RESULTS: In this study, there were 81 cases (50.6%) in the GGG concordance group and 79 cases (49.4%) in the GGG upgrading group. Univariate analysis showed age, free/total prostate-specific antigen (f/tPSA), proportion of positive biopsies, positive target of magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI) and positive target of contrast-enhanced ultrasound had significant effects on GGG upgrading (all P < .05). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, age (odds ratio [OR]=1.066, 95%CI=1.007-1.127, P = .027), f/tPSA (OR=0.001, 95%CI=0-0.146, P = .001) and positive target of MRI (OR=3.005, 95%CI=1.353-76.674, P = .007) were independent predictors. The prediction model (area under curve=0.751 P < .001) had higher predictive efficacy than all independent predictors. The proportion of patients in exposed group of different GGG increased with the level of GGG, but decreased in nonexposed group, and the linear trend was significantly different (all P < .001). CONCLUSION: Age, f/tPSA, and positive target of MRI were independent predictors of postoperative GGG upgrading. The predictive model constructed had the best diagnostic efficacy.

8.
Acad Radiol ; 31(1): 131-141, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37225530

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To estimate the diagnostic performance of the currently used ultrasound (US)-based risk stratification systems (RSSs) (American Thyroid Association, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, American College of Endocrinology, and Association Medici Endocrinology Medical Guidelines for Clinical Practice for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Nodules, European Thyroid Association Guidelines for Ultrasound Malignancy Risk Stratification of Thyroid Nodules in Adults [EU-TIRADS], American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System [ACR-TIRADS], Chinese Guidelines for Ultrasound Malignancy Risk Stratification of Thyroid Nodules [C-TIRADS], and Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System Developed by Kwak et al [Kwak-TIRADS]) for atypia of undetermined significance or follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) thyroid nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 514 consecutive AUS/FLUS nodules in 481 patients with final diagnosis. The US characteristics were reviewed and classified using the categories defined by each RSS. The diagnostic performance was evaluated and compared using a generalized estimating equation method. RESULTS: Of the 514 AUS/FLUS nodules, 148 (28.8%) were malignant and 366 (71.2%) were benign. The calculated malignancy rate increased from the low-risk to high-risk categories for all RSSs (all P < .001). Interobserver correlation for both US features and RSSs showed substantial to almost perfect agreement. The diagnostic efficacy of Kwak-TIRADS (AUC=0.808) and C-TIRADS (AUC=0.804) were similar (P = .721) and higher than those of other RSSs (all P < .05). The EU-TIRADS and Kwak-TIRADS exhibited similar sensitivity (86.5% vs 85.1%, P = .739) and were only higher than that of the C-TIRADS (all P < .05). The specificity of C-TIRADS and ACR-TIRADS were similar (78.1% vs 72.1%, P = .06) and were higher than those of other RSSs (all P < .05). CONCLUSION: Currently used RSSs can provide risk stratification for AUS/FLUS nodules. Kwak-TIRADS and C-TIRADS have the highest diagnostic efficacy in identifying malignant AUS/FLUS nodules. A detailed knowledge of the benefits and shortcomings of the various RSSs is essential.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Folicular , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide , Adulto , Humanos , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/patologia , Medição de Risco
10.
Endokrynol Pol ; 74(5): 553-560, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37902017

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) is known for its important functions in metabolism-related diseases. However, the function and molecular mechanism of APOC3 in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have not been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot assays were used to detect the expression of APOC3 in KGN cells. Small interference APOC3 (siAPOC3) was applied to reduce APOC3 expression, and the proliferation ability of human granulosa cell line (KGN cells) was measured by cell counting kit-8 and colony formation assays. The protein levels of key genes related to apoptosis were detected by western blot assay. The transcriptional regulator of APOC3 was predicted by the UCSC and PROMO website, and verified by dual luciferase assay. siAPOC3 and pcDNA3.1-specific protein 1 (SP1) vector were co-transfected into KGN cells to detect the function of SP1 and APOC3 in KGN cells. RESULTS: APOC3 was overexpressed in KGN cells, and siAPOC3 transfection significantly reduced the growth ability of KGN cells and increased the apoptosis ability of KGN cells. SP1 directly bound to the promoter of APOC3 and transcriptional regulated APOC3 expression. Overexpression of SP1 increased the growth ability of KGN cells and decreased the apoptosis ability of KGN cells, which were reversed after siAPOC3 transfection. The increased levels of toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and p65 phosphorylation (p-P65) nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) caused by SP1 overexpression were inhibited by siAPOC3 transfection. APOC3, transcriptionally regulated by SP1, promoted the growth of KGN cells, and inhibited the apoptosis by regulating TLR2/NF-κB signalling pathway.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteína C-III , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Fator de Transcrição Sp1 , Humanos , Apolipoproteína C-III/genética , Progressão da Doença , NF-kappa B , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 2 Toll-Like , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/genética , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética , Feminino
11.
Molecules ; 28(17)2023 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37687223

RESUMO

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) has attracted wide attention due to its high toxicity, persistence, and bioaccumulation. In this study, a sensitive UPLC-MS/MS method for the determination of PCP in seafood samples was developed and validated. The samples were ultrasonic extracted with acetonitrile containing 1% acetic acid-acetonitrile and followed by using a pass-through solid-phase extraction (SPE) cleanup on Captiva EMR-Lipid cartridges. The linearity of this method ranged from 1 to 1000 µg/L, with regression coefficients of >0.99. The detection limit and quantitation limit were 0.5 µg/kg and 1.0 µg/kg, respectively. The recoveries in different types of seafood samples ranged from 86.4% to 102.5%, and the intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations (RSDs) were 3.7% to 11.2% and 2.9% to 12.1%, respectively (n = 6). Finally, the method has been successfully utilized for the screening of PCP in 760 seafood samples from Zhejiang Province. PCP was detected in 5.8% of all seafood samples, with the largest portion of detections found in shellfish, accounting for approximately 60% of the total. The average concentrations detected ranged from 1.08 to 21.49 µg/kg. The non-carcinogenic risk indices for adults and children who consume PCP ranged from 10-4 to 10-3 magnitudes. All of these indices stayed significantly below 1, implying that the health risk from PCP in marine organisms to humans is minimal.


Assuntos
Pentaclorofenol , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Acetonitrilas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Exposição Dietética , Alimentos Marinhos , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
12.
Pharm Biol ; 61(1): 1462-1473, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37691404

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Diabetic wounds (DW) are a complication of diabetes and slow wound healing is the main manifestation. Methylene blue (MB) has been shown to exhibit therapeutic effects on diabetes-related diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanisms of action of MB-nanoemulsion (NE) in the treatment of DW. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The concentration of MB-NE used in the in vivo and in vitro experiments was 0.1 mg/mL. Streptozocin-induced diabetic mice were used as models. The mice were separated into nondiabetic, diabetic, MB-NE treated, and NE-treated groups. Intervention of high glucose-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells using MB-NE. The mechanism by which MB-NE promotes DW healing is investigated by combining histological analysis, immunofluorescence analysis, TUNEL and ROS assays and western blotting. RESULTS: In diabetic mice, the MB-NE accelerated DW healing (p < 0.05), promoted the expression of endothelial cell markers (α-SMA, CD31 and VEGF) (p < 0.05), and reduced TUNEL levels. In vitro, MB accelerated the migration rate of cells (p < 0.05); promoted the expression of CD31, VEGF, anti-apoptotic protein Bcl2 (p < 0.05) and decreased the expression of the pro-apoptotic proteins cleaved caspase-3 and Bax (p < 0.05). MB upregulated the expression of Nrf2, catalase, HO-1 and SOD2 (p < 0.05). In addition, MB reduced the immunofluorescence intensity of TUNEL and ROS in cells and reduced apoptosis. The therapeutic effect of MB was attenuated after treatment with an Nrf2 inhibitor (ML385). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This study provides a foundation for the application of MB-NE in the treatment of DW.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana
13.
Chemosphere ; 343: 140212, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37742762

RESUMO

The conventional carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) stabilization hampered available active sites of adsorption and reduction, due to irregular shape of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) particles with augmented average size and passivated surface, leading to insufficient removal and poor resistance against complex environmental conditions. Herein, we presented (2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl)-mediated (TEMPO-mediated) oxidation of cellulose nanocrystal (TOCNC) scaffolded nZVI (nZVI@TOCNC) with enhanced efficiency for chromium removal in comparison with CMC stabilized nZVI (nZVI@CMC). The anchoring of nZVI at the functional sites of TOCNC was initiated by liquid-phase chemical reduction method. The nZVI@TOCNC showed improved nZVI distribution with uniform particle size and thinner shell (∼1 nm). Characterizations using FT-IR, XPS and XRD demonstrated that bindings between TOCNC and nZVI were through hydrogen bonds, electrostatic attractions, coordination-covalent bonds and bidentate chelation. TOCNC with shorter branch-chain (-COC-) surrounding the nZVI could potentially form a porous and compact "mesh" to rigidly encapsulate nZVI, while CMC wrapped around nZVI in the way of traditional polymeric stabilizers. Thus, 0.5 g/L nZVI@TOCNC achieved 99.96% Cr (Ⅵ) removal efficiency (20 mg/L) at pH = 7 and the removal capacity were up to 55.86 mg/g. The nZVI@TOCNC consistently presented higher removal efficiency than nZVI@CMC under wide pH range (3-7). Cr (Ⅵ) was reduced to Cr (Ⅲ) by nZVI@TOCNC with deposition of CrxFe1-x (OH)3 and Cr2O3. The predominant mechanisms of removal probably consisted of electrostatic attractions, reduction, co-precipitation and surface complexation. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model well-fitted the sorption kinetic, indicating TOCNC scaffold stabilized nZVI for efficient reduction of Cr (Ⅵ) through multi-layer adsorption. As a template and delivery carrier, TOCNC shows promising potential to further improve the capability and practice of nZVI for in situ treatment of industrial waste water with heavy metal pollution.

14.
Innovation (Camb) ; 4(5): 100459, 2023 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37560333

RESUMO

The search of quantum spin liquid (QSL), an exotic magnetic state with strongly fluctuating and highly entangled spins down to zero temperature, is a main theme in current condensed matter physics. However, there is no smoking gun evidence for deconfined spinons in any QSL candidate so far. The disorders and competing exchange interactions may prevent the formation of an ideal QSL state on frustrated spin lattices. Here we report comprehensive and systematic measurements of the magnetic susceptibility, ultralow-temperature specific heat, muon spin relaxation (µSR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and thermal conductivity for NaYbSe2 single crystals, in which Yb3+ ions with effective spin-1/2 form a perfect triangular lattice. All these complementary techniques find no evidence of long-range magnetic order down to their respective base temperatures. Instead, specific heat, µSR, and NMR measurements suggest the coexistence of quasi-static and dynamic spins in NaYbSe2. The scattering from these quasi-static spins may cause the absence of magnetic thermal conductivity. Thus, we propose a scenario of fluctuating ferrimagnetic droplets immersed in a sea of QSL. This may be quite common on the way pursuing an ideal QSL, and provides a brand new platform to study how a QSL state survives impurities and coexists with other magnetically ordered states.

15.
Opt Express ; 31(12): 20160-20173, 2023 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37381416

RESUMO

A scheme of nonreciprocal conventional phonon blockade (PB) is proposed in a spinning optomechanical resonator coupled with a two-level atom. The coherent coupling between the atom and breathing mode is mediated by the optical mode with a large detuning. Due to the Fizeau shift caused by the spinning resonator, the PB can be implemented in a nonreciprocal way. Specifically, when the spinning resonator is driven from one direction, the single-phonon (1PB) and two-phonon blockade (2PB) can be achieved by adjusting both the amplitude and frequency of the mechanical drive field, while phonon-induced tunneling (PIT) occurs when the spinning resonator is driven from the opposite direction. The PB effects are insensitive to cavity decay because of the adiabatic elimination of the optical mode, thus making the scheme more robust to the optical noise and still feasible even in a low-Q cavity. Our scheme provides a flexible method for engineering a unidirectional phonon source with external control, which is expected to be used as a chiral quantum device in quantum computing networks.

16.
Genome Biol ; 24(1): 146, 2023 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37353834

RESUMO

The efficiency of homology-directed repair (HDR) plays a crucial role in the development of animal models and gene therapy. We demonstrate that microhomology-mediated end-joining (MMEJ) constitutes a substantial proportion of DNA repair during CRISPR-mediated gene editing. Using CasRx to downregulate a key MMEJ factor, Polymerase Q (Polq), we improve the targeted integration efficiency of linearized DNA fragments and single-strand oligonucleotides (ssODN) in mouse embryos and offspring. CasRX-assisted targeted integration (CATI) also leads to substantial improvements in HDR efficiency during the CRISPR/Cas9 editing of monkey embryos. We present a promising tool for generating monkey models and developing gene therapies for clinical trials.


Assuntos
Primatas , Roedores , Animais , Camundongos , Reparo do DNA , Edição de Genes , Haplorrinos , Reparo do DNA por Junção de Extremidades , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas
17.
Reprod Sci ; 30(8): 2362-2372, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37010703

RESUMO

Dysmenorrhea is a prevalent gynecological disease among women at reproductive age. It is classified as the primary dysmenorrhea and the secondary dysmenorrhea according to the etiology. The primary dysmenorrhea is caused by uterine hypercontraction without any identifiable pelvic lesions, while the secondary dysmenorrhea is incurred by gynecological disorder with pelvic organic lesions. However, the underlying mechanism of dysmenorrhea is not completely clear. Animal models of dysmenorrhea, especially mouse and rat model, are helpful to explore the pathophysiological mechanism of dysmenorrhea, clarify the therapeutic effect of compounds, and guide clinical treatment. The murine model of primary dysmenorrhea is commonly induced by oxytocin or prostaglandin F2α, while the secondary dysmenorrhea murine model was further created by injecting oxytocin on the basis of the established primary disease model. This review summarizes the current progress of dysmenorrhea models in rodent, including experimental methods, corresponding evaluation indexes, and the advantages and disadvantages of various murine dysmenorrhea models, in order to provide a reference for the selection of murine dysmenorrhea models and the further study of the pathophysiological mechanism of dysmenorrhea.


Assuntos
Dismenorreia , Ocitocina , Humanos , Feminino , Camundongos , Ratos , Animais , Dismenorreia/patologia , Ocitocina/uso terapêutico , Ocitocina/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Útero , Dinoprosta/farmacologia
18.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 2492, 2023 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37120572

RESUMO

The recently discovered kagome metals AV3Sb5 (A = Cs, Rb, K) exhibit a variety of intriguing phenomena, such as a charge density wave (CDW) with time-reversal symmetry breaking and possible unconventional superconductivity. Here, we report a rare non-monotonic evolution of the CDW temperature (TCDW) with the reduction of flake thickness approaching the atomic limit, and the superconducting transition temperature (Tc) features an inverse variation with TCDW. TCDW initially decreases to a minimum value of 72 K at 27 layers and then increases abruptly, reaching a record-high value of 120 K at 5 layers. Raman scattering measurements reveal a weakened electron-phonon coupling with the reduction of sample thickness, suggesting that a crossover from electron-phonon coupling to dominantly electronic interactions could account for the non-monotonic thickness dependence of TCDW. Our work demonstrates the novel effects of dimension reduction and carrier doping on quantum states in thin flakes and provides crucial insights into the complex mechanism of the CDW order in the family of AV3Sb5 kagome metals.

19.
J Diabetes Res ; 2023: 2422303, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37064758

RESUMO

Background: With the rise in diabetes incidence, diabetic foot ulcers have become the most common clinically chronic refractory wounds. Persistent chronic inflammation is a typical feature of diabetic cutaneous wounds, and diabetic wound healing can be improved by alleviating inflammation and oxidative stress. Chick early amniotic fluids (ceAF) consist of native conglutinant substances with balanced amounts of growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines. However, whether ceAF modulates inflammation and oxidative stress and thus promotes diabetic wound healing remains unknown. Materials and Methods: RAW264.7 cells were categorized into four groups: negative control, LPS, LPS + ceAF, and ceAF. 10% of ceAF was selected to treat different groups of mice with a full-thickness skin defect wound. Then, RT-qPCR, western blot, immunofluorescence, and other assays were carried out to explore the effect of ceAF on wound healing and its molecular mechanism. Results: Topical administration of ceAF improved M2 macrophage polarization and inflammatory response in the wound tissues, thereby ameliorating delayed wound healing. Histological improvement could be observed in the grade of inflammation, collagen deposition, and neovascularization in wound edge tissues. ceAF also increased M2 macrophage-specific markers expression and exogenous ceAF suppressed LPS-induced cellular inflammatory response in vitro high glucose environment. Additionally, ceAF could activate TLR4/NF-κB and Nrf2 signal transductions to promote M2 macrophage polarization in vitro. Conclusions: In summary, ceAF downregulates inflammatory response, regulates M2 macrophage transition via TLR4/NF-κB and Nrf2 signaling pathways, and thus improves diabetic wound healing.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , NF-kappa B , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Líquido Amniótico/metabolismo , Cicatrização , Estresse Oxidativo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo
20.
Polymers (Basel) ; 15(7)2023 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37050335

RESUMO

Homo-polymers of reasonable molecular weight relax very fast in the molten state. Starting from a semi-crystalline structure, when the homo-polymer is heated up to a temperature higher than its nominal melting temperature, it relaxes quickly into a homogenous molten state. The following crystallization temperature during cooling remains constant irrespective of the melt temperature. However, the situation is evidently different in copolymers. A phenomenon named the crystallization melt memory effect denotes an increased crystallization rate during cooling after a polymer was melted at different temperatures, which is often observed. The melt temperature can be even higher than the equilibrium melting temperature of the corresponding polymer crystals. In this work, we investigated such memory effect in a polyethylene random terpolymer with a small fraction of 1-octene and 1-hexene co-units using differential scanning calorimetry techniques. Both non-isothermal and isothermal protocols were employed. In non-isothermal tests, a purposely prepared sample with well defined thermal history (the sample has been first conditioned at 200 °C for 5 min to eliminate the thermal history and then cooled down to -50 °C) was melted at different temperatures, followed by a continuous cooling at a constant rate of 20 °C/min. Peak crystallization temperature during cooling was taken to represent the crystallization rate. Whereas, in isothermal tests, the same prepared sample with well defined thermal history was cooled to a certain crystallization temperature after being melted at different temperatures. Here, time to complete the isothermal crystallization was recorded. It was found that the results of isothermal tests allowed us to divide the melt temperature into four zones where the features of the crystallization half time change.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...