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1.
Respiration ; : 1-8, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transbronchial cryobiopsy (TBCB) is increasingly being identified as a potential alternative for the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD). The specimen size of TBCB is positively related to the freezing time. However, the proper initial freezing time for the clinical application of TBCB in ILD remains unknown. METHODS: A prospective randomized parallel group study was employed to investigate ILD patients with unclear diagnosis, who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from May 2019 to October 2020 and required TBCB. All patients were randomly divided into 4 groups according to the different freezing times of TBCB: 3 s, 4 s, 5 s, and 6 s groups. All operations were performed under intravenous anesthesia with endotracheal intubation, 60-65 bar pressure of freezing gas source, and 1.9-mm cryoprobe. Compare differences among groups in specimen size, complications, pathological diagnosis efficiency, and multidisciplinary discussion (MDD) diagnostic efficiency. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were recruited and randomly assigned into 4 groups (n = 25 each group). The specimen sizes of TBCB in ILD were positively correlated with the freezing time (r = 0.639, p < 0.05). None of the patients experienced Grade 3 severe bleeding. Pneumothorax occurred in 1 patient in the 4 s, 5 s, and 6 s groups, respectively. The diagnostic yield of MDD in the 3 s, 4 s, 5 s, and 6 s groups were 64%, 88%, 88%, and 96%, respectively (p < 0.05), but showing no significant differences among 4 s, 5 s, and 6 s groups. CONCLUSIONS: The specimen size and diagnostic efficiency of TBCB in ILD increased with a longer freezing time. When the freezing gas pressure is 60-65 bar, we recommended 4 s as the initial freezing time of TBCB, and this time is associated with high diagnostic efficiency and low incidence of complications.

2.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 26(1): 107, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) emerges in China, which spreads rapidly and becomes a public health emergency of international concern. Chinese government has promptly taken quarantine measures to block the transmission of the COVID-19, which may cause deleterious consequences on everyone's behaviors and psychological health. Few studies have examined the associations between behavioral and mental health in different endemic areas. This study aimed to describe screen time (ST), physical activity (PA), and depressive symptoms, as well as their associations among Chinese college students according to different epidemic areas. METHODS: The study design is cross-sectional using online survey, from 4 to 12 February 2020, 14,789 college students accomplished this online study, participants who did not complete the questionnaire were excluded, and finally this study included 11,787 college students from China. RESULTS: The average age of participants was 20.51 ± 1.88 years. 57.1% of the college students were male. In total, 25.9% of college students reported depression symptoms. ST > 4 h/day was positively correlated with depressive symptoms (ß = 0.48, 95%CI 0.37-0.59). COVID-19ST > 1 h/day was positively correlated with depressive symptoms (ß = 0.54, 95%CI 0.43-0.65), compared with COVID-19ST ≤ 0.5 h/day. Compared with PA ≥ 3 day/week, PA < 3 day/week was positively associated with depression symptoms (ß = 0.01, 95%CI 0.008-0.012). Compared with low ST and high PA, there was an interaction association between high ST and low PA on depression (ß = 0.31, 95%CI 0.26-0.36). Compared with low COVID-19ST and high PA, there was an interaction association between high COVID-19ST and low PA on depression (ß = 0.37, 95%CI 0.32-0.43). There were also current residence areas differences. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings identified that high ST or low PA was positively associated with depressive symptoms independently, and there was also an interactive effect between ST and PA on depressive symptoms.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Tela , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
4.
Eur Respir J ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625478

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive fibrotic lung disease that is characterised by aberrant proliferation of activated myofibroblasts and pathological remodelling of the extracellular matrix. Previous studies have revealed that the intermediate filament protein Nestin plays key roles in tissue regeneration and wound healing in different organs. Whether Nestin plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of IPF needs to be clarified.Nestin expression in lung tissues from bleomycin-treated mice and IPF patients was determined. Transfection with Nestin shRNA vectors in vitro that regulated TGF-ß/Smad signalling was conducted. Biotinylation assays to observe plasma membrane TßRI, TßRI endocytosis and TßRI recycling after Nestin knockdown were performed. Adeno-associated virus serotype 6 (AAV6)-mediated Nestin knockdown was assessed in vivoWe found that Nestin expression was increased in a murine pulmonary fibrosis model and IPF patients, and that the upregulated protein primarily localised in lung α-SMA+ myofibroblasts. Mechanistically, we determined that Nestin knockdown inhibited TGF-ß signalling by suppressing recycling of TßRI to the cell surface and that Rab11 was required for the ability of Nestin to promote TßRI recycling. In vivo, we found that intratracheal administration of adeno-associated virus serotype 6 (AAV6)-mediated Nestin knockdown significantly alleviated pulmonary fibrosis in multiple experimental mice models.In conclusion, our findings reveal a pro-fibrotic function of Nestin partially through facilitating Rab11-dependent recycling of TßRI and shed new light on pulmonary fibrosis treatment.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589131

RESUMO

Purpose: Severe COVID-19 patients were prone to develop venous thromboembolism. Unfortunately, to date, there is no evidence of any effective medications for thromboembolism in COVID-19. The management of the disease relies on symptomatic and supportive treatments, giving rise to a variety of guidelines. However, the quality of methodology and clinical recommendations remains unknown. Materials and Methods: We searched Medline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, websites of international organizations and medical societies, and gray literature databases. Four well-trained appraisers independently evaluated the quality of eligible guidelines and extracted recommendations using well-recognized guideline appraisal tools. Furthermore, recommendations were extracted and reclassified according to a composite grading system. Results: The search identified 23 guidelines that offered 108 recommendations. Guidelines scored average on AGREE II criteria, with Scope and Purpose and Clarity of Presentation highest. Only five (22%) guidelines provided high-quality recommendations. The existed clinical recommendations were inconsistent in terms of prophylaxis, diagnosis, and treatment of thromboembolic disease to some extent. Conclusion: Current guidelines for COVID-19 thromboembolism are generally of low quality, and clinical recommendations on thromboembolism are principally supported by insufficient evidence. There is still an urgent need for more well-designed clinical trials as evidence to prevent adverse events and improve prognosis during COVID-19 treatment.

6.
EClinicalMedicine ; 40: 101129, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541481

RESUMO

Background: A novel variant of SARS-CoV-2, the Delta variant of concern (VOC, also known as lineage B.1.617.2), is fast becoming the dominant strain globally. We reported the epidemiological, viral, and clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients infected with the Delta VOC during the local outbreak in Guangzhou, China. Methods: We extracted the epidemiological and clinical information pertaining to the 159 cases infected with the Delta VOC across seven transmission generations between May 21 and June 18, 2021. The whole chain of the Delta VOC transmission was described. Kinetics of viral load and clinical characteristics were compared with a cohort of wild-type infection in 2020 admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital. Findings: There were four transmission generations within the first ten days. The Delta VOC yielded a significantly shorter incubation period (4.0 vs. 6.0 days), higher viral load (20.6 vs. 34.0, cycle threshold of the ORF1a/b gene), and a longer duration of viral shedding in pharyngeal swab samples (14.0 vs. 8.0 days) compared with the wild-type strain. In cases with critical illness, the proportion of patients over the age of 60 was higher in the Delta VOC group than in the wild-type strain (100.0% vs. 69.2%, p = 0.03). The Delta VOC had a higher risk than wild-type infection in deterioration to critical status (hazards ratio 2.98 [95%CI 1.29-6.86]; p = 0.01). Interpretation: Infection with the Delta VOC is characterized by markedly increased transmissibility, viral loads and risk of disease progression compared with the wild-type strain, calling for more intensive prevention and control measures to contain future outbreaks. Funding: National Grand Program, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Guangdong Provincial Department of Science and Technology, Guangzhou Laboratory.

8.
Respiration ; 100(11): 1097-1104, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment of pulmonary malignancies remains a challenge. The efficacy and safety of bronchoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the treatment of lung cancer are not well elucidated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of RFA guided by bronchoscopic transparenchymal nodule access (BTPNA) in vivo. METHODS: In an attempt to determine the parameters of RFA, we first performed RFA in conjunction with automatic saline microperfusion in the lung in vitro with various ablation energy (10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 W) and ablation times (3, 5, 8, and 10 min). The correlation between ablated area and RFA parameter was recorded and analyzed. Further, we conducted a canine study with RFA by BTPNA in vivo, observing the ablation effect and morphological changes in the lung assessed by chest CT and histopathologic examination at various follow-up time points (1 day, n = 3; 30 days, n = 4; 90 days, n = 4). The related complications were also observed and recorded. RESULTS: More ablation energy, but not ablation time, induced a greater range of ablation area in the lung. Ablation energy applied with 15 W for 3 min served as the appropriate setting for pulmonary lesions ≤1 cm. RFA guided by BTPNA was performed in 11 canines with 100% success rate. Inflammation, congestion, and coagulation necrosis were observed after ablation, which could be repaired within 7 days; subsequently, granulation and fibrotic scar tissue developed after 30 days. No procedure-related complication occurred during the operation or in the follow-up periods. CONCLUSION: The novel RFA system and catheter in conjunction with automatic saline microperfusion present a safe and feasible modality in pulmonary parenchyma. RFA guided by BTPNA appears to be well established with an acceptable tolerance; it might further provide therapeutic benefit in pulmonary malignancies.

9.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(11): 941, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350256

RESUMO

Background: Risk of adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients by stratifying by the time from symptom onset to confirmed diagnosis status is still uncertain. Methods: We included 1,590 hospitalized COVID-19 patients confirmed by real-time RT-PCR assay or high-throughput sequencing of pharyngeal and nasal swab specimens from 575 hospitals across China between 11 December 2019 and 31 January 2020. Times from symptom onset to confirmed diagnosis, from symptom onset to first medical visit and from first medical visit to confirmed diagnosis were described and turned into binary variables by the maximally selected rank statistics method. Then, survival analysis, including a log-rank test, Cox regression, and conditional inference tree (CTREE) was conducted, regarding whether patients progressed to a severe disease level during the observational period (assessed as severe pneumonia according to the Chinese Expert Consensus on Clinical Practice for Emergency Severe Pneumonia, admission to an intensive care unit, administration of invasive ventilation, or death) as the prognosis outcome, the dependent variable. Independent factors included whether the time from symptom onset to confirmed diagnosis was longer than 5 days (the exposure) and other demographic and clinical factors as multivariate adjustments. The clinical characteristics of the patients with different times from symptom onset to confirmed diagnosis were also compared. Results: The medians of the times from symptom onset to confirmed diagnosis, from symptom onset to first medical visit, and from first medical visit to confirmed diagnosis were 6, 3, and 2 days. After adjusting for age, sex, smoking status, and comorbidity status, age [hazard ratio (HR): 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01-1.04], comorbidity (HR: 1.84; 95% CI: 1.23-2.73), and a duration from symptom onset to confirmed diagnosis of >5 days (HR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.10-2.60) were independent predictors of COVID-19 prognosis, which echoed the CTREE models, with significant nodes such as time from symptom onset to confirmed diagnosis, age, and comorbidities. Males, older patients with symptoms such as dry cough/productive cough/shortness of breath, and prior COPD were observed more often in the patients who procrastinated before initiating the first medical consultation. Conclusions: A longer time from symptom onset to confirmed diagnosis yielded a worse COVID-19 prognosis.

10.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 8(8): ofab376, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395712

RESUMO

Background: Little is known about the quality and potential impacts of the guidelines for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) management. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, guideline databases, and specialty society websites to evaluate the quality of the retrieved guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II. Results: A total of 66 guidelines were identified. Only 24% were categorized as "recommended" for clinical practice. The 211 identified recommendations for COVID-19 management were classified into 4 topics: respiratory support (27), acute respiratory distress syndrome management (31), antiviral or immunomodulatory therapy (95), or other medicines (58). Only 63% and 56% of recommendations were supported by, respectively, assessment of the strength of the recommendations or level of evidence. There were notable discrepancies between the different guidelines regarding the recommendations on COVID-19 management. Conclusions: The quality of the guidelines for COVID-19 management is heterogeneous, and the recommendations are rarely supported by evidence.

11.
Allergol Int ; 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of bronchial thermoplasty (BT) on smooth muscle (SM) and nerves in small airways are unclear. METHODS: We recruited 15 patients with severe refractory asthma, who received BT treatment. Endobronchial optical-coherence tomography (EB-OCT) was performed at baseline, 3 weeks' follow-up and 2 years' follow-up to evaluate the effect of BT on airway structure. In addition, we divided 12 healthy beagles into a sham group and a BT group, the latter receiving BT on large airways (inner diameter >3 mm) of the lower lobe. The dogs' lung lobes were resected to evaluate histological and neuronal changes of the treated large airways and untreated small airways 12 weeks after BT. RESULTS: Patients receiving BT treatment had significant improvement in Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) scores and significant reduction in asthma exacerbations. EB-OCT results demonstrated a notable increase in inner-airway area (Ai) and decrease in airway wall area percentage (Aw%) in both large (3rd-to 6th-generation) and small (7th-to 9th-generation) airways. Furthermore, the animal study showed a significant reduction in the amount of SM in BT-treated large airways but not in untreated small airways. Protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5)-positive nerves and muscarinic receptor 3 (M3 receptor) expression in large and small airways were both markedly decreased throughout the airway wall 12 weeks after BT treatment. CONCLUSIONS: BT significantly reduced nerves, but not SM, in small airways, which might shed light on the mechanism of lung denervation by BT.

12.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(8): 8557-8570, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2020 COVID-19 pandemic became an emergent public sanitary incident. The epidemiology data and the impact on prognosis of secondary infection in severe and critical COVID-19 patients in China remained largely unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of all adult patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 who were admitted to ICUs from January 18th 2020 to April 26th 2020 at two hospitals in Wuhan, China and one hospital in Guangzhou, China. We measured the frequency of bacteria and fungi cultured from respiratory tract, blood and other body fluid specimens. The risk factors for and impact of secondary infection on clinical outcomes were also assessed. RESULTS: Secondary infections were very common (86.6%) when patients were admitted to ICU for >72 hours. The majority of infections were respiratory, with the most common organisms being Klebsiella pneumoniae (24.5%), Acinetobacter baumannii (21.8%), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (9.9%), Candida albicans (6.8%), and Pseudomonas spp. (4.8%). Furthermore, the proportions of multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria and carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) were high. We also found that age ≥60 years and mechanical ventilation ≥13 days independently increased the likelihood of secondary infection. Finally, patients with positive cultures had reduced ventilator free days in 28 days and patients with CRE and/or MDR bacteria positivity showed lower 28-day survival rate. CONCLUSIONS: In a retrospective cohort of severe and critical COVID-19 patients admitted to ICUs in China, the prevalence of secondary infection was high, especially with CRE and MDR bacteria, resulting in poor clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Coinfecção , Infecção Hospitalar , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção Hospitalar/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
13.
J Neurol ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283286

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Brain metastases (BM) remains the most cumbersome disease burden in patients with lung cancer. This study aimed to investigate whether serum brain injury biomarkers can indicate BM, to further establish related diagnostic models, or to predict prognosis of BM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients diagnosed with lung cancer with BM (BM group), with lung cancer without BM (NBM group), and healthy participants (control group). Serum neurofilament light chain (NfL) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were detected at baseline. We identified and integrated the risk factors of BM to establish diagnostic models. RESULTS: A total of 158 patients were included (n = 37, 57, and 64 in the BM, NBM, and control groups, respectively). Serum biomarker levels were significantly higher in the NBM group than in the control group. Higher serum NfL and GFAP concentrations were associated with BM (odds ratios, 3.06 and 1.79, respectively). NfL (area under curve [AUC] = 0.77, p < 0.001) and GFAP (AUC = 0.64, p = 0.02) had diagnostic value for BM. The final diagnostic model included NfL level, age, Karnofsky Performance Status. The model had an AUC value of 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.75-0.92). High NfL concentration was correlated with poor overall survival of patients with BM (hazard ratio, 3.31; 95% CI 1.22-9.04; p = 0.019). CONCLUSION: Serum NfL and GFAP could be potential diagnostic biomarkers for BM in patients with lung cancer. We established a model that can provide individual diagnoses of BM. Higher NfL level may be associated with poor prognosis of patients with BM.

14.
Chest ; 160(1): e45-e50, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246388

RESUMO

CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old girl presented with shortness of breath with exercise for 2 weeks. Her oxygen saturation was 85% during exercise. Birth and family histories were unremarkable. The girl was healthy until 7.1 years of age, when she suffered a "pneumonia" with fever, dyspnea, and hypoxemia, which diminished after a 19-day treatment with antibiotics and methylprednisolone. These symptoms relapsed 8 months later, and she was diagnosed with rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (ILD) and a Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. At that time, her symptoms failed to respond to a course of antibiotic therapy but resolved with IV methylprednisolone at 2.7 mg/kg/day. She remained on a tapering dose of methylprednisolone plus methotrexate for the next 18 months until withdrawal of these medications because of return of almost normal lung imaging. She had never had myalgia, muscle weakness, arthritis, rashes, mechanic's hands, Raynaud's phenomenon, dry mouth, or dry eyes.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Dispneia/etiologia , Ligases/metabolismo , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Dispneia/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/enzimologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Síndrome , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 681669, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222336

RESUMO

The application of transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) and uniportal and tubeless video-assisted thoracic surgery (UT-VATS) in the multidisciplinary diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD) has not been demonstrated in real-world clinical practice. This prospective study included 137 patients with no definitive diagnosis who were the subject of two multidisciplinary discussion (MDD) sessions. As indicated in the first MDD, 67 patients underwent UT-VATS and 70 underwent TBLC. The specificity of biopsy information and its contribution to final MDD diagnosis were evaluated in the second MDD. The post-operative complications and hospitalization costs associated with the two biopsy methods were compared. UT-VATS was favored for patients initially diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD)/desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) and undefined idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (UIIP), while TBLC was preferred for pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (PLAM) and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). The spirometry parameters were better in patients who underwent UT-VATS than those who underwent TBLC. UT-VATS provided more specific pathological results than TBLC (85.7 vs 73.7%, p = 0.06). In patients initially diagnosed with UIIP, pathological information from UT-VATS was more clinically useful than that obtained from TBLC, although both tests contributed similarly to cases initially diagnosed as interstitial pneumonia with auto-immune features (IPAF)/connective tissue disease-related ILD (CTD-ILD). The safety of UT-VATS was comparable with TBLC although TBLC was cheaper during hospitalization (US$4,855.7 vs US$3,590.9, p < 0.001). multidisciplinary discussion decisions about biopsies were driven by current knowledge of sampling and diagnosis capacity as well as potential risks of different biopsy methods. The current MDD considered UT-VATS more informative than TBLC in cases initially diagnosed as UIIP although they were equally valuable in patients initially diagnosed with IPAF/CTD-ILD.

16.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 10(6): 2573-2587, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295663

RESUMO

Background: Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) complicated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with poor performance status (PS) are common in clinical practice with few related studies. Present studies have found that weekly low-dose docetaxel or gemcitabine combined with platinum is suitable for elderly or poor PS patients with advanced NSCLC. Methods: Untreated advanced driver mutation-negative NSCLC patients with COPD and PS ≥2 were enrolled in this double-blind randomized trial. Both groups controlled their COPD symptoms according to the GOLD guidelines. The anti-tumor regimens included docetaxel (37.5 mg/m2, D1, D8)/carboplatin (AUC 5.0) (DC group) and gemcitabine (1,000 mg/m2, D1, D8)/carboplatin (AUC 5.0) (GC group) were used every 3 weeks with continuous chemotherapy for 4-6 cycles or until disease progression. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Results: Among the 52 patients (DC, n=25; GC, n=27), the median follow-up time was 12.3 months. There was no significant difference in tumor overall response rate (ORR; DC, 20.0% vs. GC, 22.2%, P=0.845) and disease control rate (DCR; DC, 72.0% vs. GC, 74.1%, P=0.064) between the 2 groups. The median PFS (GC, 6.5 vs. DC, 5.5 months; P=0.296) and the median OS (GC, 14.9 vs. DC, 12.3 months; P=0.548) of the GC group was slightly longer than the DC group. The main adverse reactions were myelosuppression and there were few adverse reactions of grade 3-4. Compared with the anti-tumor therapy only group in previous literature, the median PFS in this study was longer (6.2 months, 95% CI: 3.533-6.733 vs. 3.5 months, 95% CI: 2.432-4.568; P=0.589). There was also no significant difference in median OS and median PFS between the 2 groups (14.0 vs. 15.0 months, P=0.718). Chemotherapy cycle (P<0.001) was an independent prognostic factor for PFS, while chemotherapy cycle (P=0.011) and PS (P=0.041) were independent prognostic factors for OS. Conclusions: Weekly low-dose docetaxel or gemcitabine combined with carboplatin chemotherapy regimens can yield survival benefits and a tolerable safety profile in patients with driver mutation-negative advanced NSCLC and poor PS complicated with COPD, with no significant difference between the two regimens. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR-IPR-15006164.

18.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1358, 2021 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Literature in the West suggested that bisexual men have a higher smoking rate compared to gay men. Data on patterns of smoking among gay and bisexual men are limited in Eastern Asian countries like China. This study examined the cigarette smoking prevalence for gay versus bisexual men in China and their unique minority stress - smoking pathways. METHODS: Between September 2017 and November 2018, we surveyed a convenience sample of 538 gay men and 138 bisexual men recruited from local sexual minority organizations in four metropolitan cities in China (i.e., Beijing, Wuhan, Nanchang, and Changsha). Measures included sexual orientation, sociodemographics, theory-based minority stressors, depressive symptoms, and past 30-day cigarette smoking. Two-group (gay men vs. bisexual men) structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test possible distinct mechanisms between theory-based stressors, depressive symptoms, and cigarette smoking among gay men and bisexual men, respectively. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 26.51 (SD = 8.41) years old and 76.3% of them had at least a college degree. Bisexual men reported a higher rate of cigarette smoking compared to gay men (39.9% vs. 27.3%). Two-group SEM indicated that the pathways for cigarette smoking were not different between gay and bisexual men. Higher rejection anticipation was associated with greater depressive symptoms (standardized ß = 0.32, p < .001), and depressive symptoms were not associated with cigarette smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Minority stress, specifically rejection anticipation, may be critical considerations in addressing depressive symptoms, but not smoking, among both gay and bisexual men in China.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adulto , Ásia , Pequim , Bissexualidade , China/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual
19.
Sleep Med ; 84: 165-172, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: School closure and home quarantine has been implemented worldwide during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. The study aims to assess the associations of circadian rhythm abnormalities (CRA) during the COVID-19 outbreak with mental health in Chinese undergraduates. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional university-based survey was conducted from 4th February to 12th, 2020. Based on different geographical locations and purposive sampling approach, 19 universities from 16 provinces or municipalities in the mainland of China were selected. A total of 14,789 participants were recruited by using multistage stratified random sampling. The data of CRA were collected by self-reported questionnaires consist of four items involved rest-activity cycle, diet rhythm, wake up rhythm and sleep rhythm. The Patient Health Questionnaire and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder were applied to evaluate the symptoms of depression and anxiety. Chi-square test and ordinal logistic regression models were used to describe the distributions and associations of CRA and mental health. RESULTS: A total of 11,787 students [female: 6731(57.1%)] aged 15-26 years old (M = 20.45, SD = 1.76) were analyzed (response rate: 79.7%). The results showed the percentage of CRA were 17.5-28.7%. The prevalence of depression and anxiety were significantly higher in students with single CRA. Students who reported the coexistence of four CRA were more likely to be with the symptoms of depression (OR: 4.43, 95% CI: 3.91-5.03) and anxiety (OR: 3.11, 95% CI: 2.70-3.60). Dose-response relationships were found between multiple CRA and mental problems. CONCLUSION: Circadian rhythm abnormalities are positively associated with mental health among university studies. Mental health care is needed for college students during the COVID-19 epidemic period.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade , China/epidemiologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Mental , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 10(5): 2218-2228, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164271

RESUMO

Background: Airway stenting is frequently used in the palliative treatment of patients with advanced tumor-induced airway stenosis and fistulas. However, there is paucity of studies regarding the use of airway stents in restoring patency. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of hybrid silicon Y stents and covered self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) and in reestablishing patency in airway stenoses and fistulas. Methods: This retrospective study included 31 patients between January 2016 to December 2019 with inoperable complex malignant airway stenoses and fistulas, managed with Silicone Y stents, and covered SEMS. The clinical details, clinical outcomes and complications up to 6 months were extracted from medical records. The improvement of performance was assessed based on modified British Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scores (t=6.892, P<0.001), Karnofsky Performance Scores (KPS) (t=-11.653, P<0.001), and performance status (PS) (t=3.503, P<0.001). Result: A total of 31 silicon Y stents and 35 covered SEMSs were inserted. Of the 31 patients (M:F 20:11; age: 54.64±9.57), 25/31 (80.6%) experienced immediate relief of symptoms following stent placement. Patients' mMRC dyspnea scores, KPS, and PS showed significant improvement following stenting. The mean duration of stent placement was 146.3±47.7 days, and 17/31 (55%) patients were alive at 6 months. No major complications related to hybrid stenting were observed during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Hybrid stenting is a feasible and safe palliative treatment for malignant airway stenosis and fistulas to improve quality of life and can be performed without major complications.

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